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1.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 133-146, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138526

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El tromboembolismo pulmonar (TEP) es una causa frecuente de morbimortalidad cardiovascular y la trombolisis local asistida por ultrasonido (TLUS) constituye una alternativa de tratamiento validada para pacientes de riesgo intermedio. No existen reportes del uso de esta tecnología en el ámbito nacional. MÉTODOS: Análisis descriptivo, prospectivo, sobre una serie de pacientes con TEP agudo, de riesgo intermedio, tratados en forma percutánea con trombolisis local asistida por catéter de ultrasonido terapéutico (EKOSonic®). Se analiza la eficacia y seguridad del procedimiento mediante variables clínicas, hemodinámicas y radiológicas, así como desenlaces intra hospitalarios. Se reporta, además, el seguimiento a 30 días. RESULTADOS: Entre Junio de 2019 y Marzo de 2020, 4 pacientes con TEP de riesgo intermedio fueron tratados con esta técnica. El score PESI (Pulmonary Embolism severity Index) promedio era de 79,5 + 6,1. Dos pacientes requirieron la instalación de 2 catéteres para efectuar terapia bilateral. Se observó una reducción promedio en la presión sistólica de arteria pulmonar de 29% y en 3 de los 4 enfermos se logró revertir la dilatación ventricular derecha presente al ingreso. La carga trombótica se redujo en un 20% medido por score CTOI. No hubo complicaciones intraoperatorias ni intrahospitalarias asociadas a la intervención. CONCLUSIONES: En esta serie inicial, el uso de la trombolisis local con catéter de ultrasonido en pacientes con TEP de riesgo intermedio fue segura y efectiva. Los resultados perioperatorios y a 30 días fueron comparables a los descritos en experiencias internacionales; sin embargo, aún se requieren de estudios con mayor número de pacientes para confirmar los beneficios de esta técnica en nuestro medio.


BACKGROUND: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PE) is a common cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and local ultrasound-assisted thrombolysis (USAT) is a validated alternative treatment for intermediate-risk patients. There are no reports on the use of this technology in our country. METHODS: Prospective series of patients with acute, intermediate-risk PE treated percutaneously with therapeutic ultrasound catheter-assisted local thrombolysis (EKOSonic®). The efficacy and safety of the procedure were analyzed using clinical, hemodynamic, and radiological variables, as well as intra-hospital outcomes. The 30-day follow-up is also reported. RESULTS: between June 2019 and March 2020, a total of 4 patients with intermediate-risk PE were treated with this technique. The average PESI score was 79.5 + 6.1. Two out of 4 patients required the use of 2 catheters for bilateral therapy. The average reduction in systolic pressure of the pulmonary artery was 29% and 3 patients reversed the right ventricular dilation present at admission. The thrombotic burden was reduced by 20% according to the Computed Tomography Obstruction Index (CTOI). There were no intraoperative or in hospital complications associated with the intervention. CONCLUSION: In this initial series, the use of local thrombolysis with an ultrasound catheter in patients with intermediate-risk PE was safe and effective. The perioperative and 30-day outcomes were similar to those previously reported in international series. However, larger randomized trials are needed to confirm this potential benefit.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/therapy , Ultrasonic Therapy , Catheters , Mechanical Thrombolysis , Pulmonary Artery , Pulmonary Embolism/physiopathology , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnostic imaging , Safety , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Disease , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Hemodynamics , Length of Stay
4.
Clinics ; 75: e1293, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055882

ABSTRACT

Exercising prior to experimental infarction may have beneficial effects on the heart. The objective of this study was to analyze studies on animals that had exercised prior to myocardial infarction and to examine any benefits through a systematic review and meta-analysis. The databases MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane were consulted. We analyzed articles published between January 1978 and November 2018. From a total of 858 articles, 13 manuscripts were selected in this review. When animals exercised before experimental infarction, there was a reduction in mortality, a reduction in infarct size, improvements in cardiac function, and a better molecular balance between genes and proteins that exhibit cardiac protective effects. Analyzing heart weight/body weight, we observed the following results - Mean difference 95% CI - -0.02 [-0.61,0.57]. Meta-analysis of the infarct size (% of the left ventricle) revealed a statistically significant decrease in the size of the infarction in animals that exercised before myocardial infarction, in comparison with the sedentary animals -5.05 [-7.68, -2.40]. Analysis of the ejection fraction, measured by echo (%), revealed that animals that exercised before myocardial infarction exhibited higher and statistically significant measures, compared with sedentary animals 8.77 [3.87,13.66]. We conclude that exercise performed prior to experimental myocardial infarction confers cardiac benefits to animals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Mice , Rats , Physical Conditioning, Animal , Ventricular Function/physiology , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Rats, Wistar , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal , Heart , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Models, Cardiovascular
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 517-524, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042055

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of high-dose vitamin C on cardiac reperfusion injury and plasma levels of creatine kinase-muscle/brain (CK-MB), troponin I, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This is a double-blind randomized clinical trial study. Fifty patients (50-80 years old) who had CABG surgery were selected. The intervention group received 5 g of intravenous vitamin C before anesthesia induction and 5 g of vitamin C in cardioplegic solution. The control group received the same amount of placebo (normal saline). Arterial blood samples were taken to determine the serum levels of CK-MB, troponin I, and LDH enzymes. Left ventricular ejection fraction was measured and hemodynamic parameters were recorded at intervals. Results: High doses of vitamin C in the treatment group led to improvement of ventricular function (ejection fraction [EF]) and low Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay. The cardiac enzymes level in the vitamin C group was lower than in the control group. These changes were not significant between the groups in different time intervals (anesthesia induction, end of bypass, 6 h after surgery, and 24 h after surgery) for CK-MB, LDH, and troponin I. Hemodynamic parameters, hematocrit, potassium, urinary output, blood transfusion, arrhythmia, and inotropic support showed no significant difference between the groups. Conclusion: Vitamin C has significantly improved the patients' ventricular function (EF) 72 h after surgery and reduced the length of ICU stay. No significant changes in cardiac biomarkers, including CK-MB, troponin I, and LDH, were seen over time in each group. IRCT code: IRCT2016053019470N33


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/prevention & control , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/blood , Double-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Ventricular Function/drug effects , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Troponin I/blood , Creatine Kinase, BB Form/blood , Creatine Kinase, MM Form/blood , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Intensive Care Units , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the changes in right ventricular (RV) volume, volume load, and function measured with cardiac computed tomography (CT) over the entire time course of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 374 patients with TOF, the ventricular volume, ventricular function, and RV volume load were measured with cardiac CT preoperatively (stage 1), after palliative operation (stage 2), after total surgical repair (stage 3), or after pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) (stage 4). The CT-measured variables were compared among the four stages. After total surgical repair, the postoperative duration (POD) and the CT-measured variables were correlated with each other. In addition, the demographic and CT-measured variables in the early postoperative groups were compared with those in the late postoperative and the preoperative group. RESULTS: Significantly different CT-based measures were found between stages 1 and 3 (indexed RV end-diastolic volume [EDV], 63.6 ± 15.2 mL/m2 vs. 147.0 ± 38.5 mL/m2 and indexed stroke volume (SV) difference, 7.7 ± 10.3 mL/m2 vs. 32.2 ± 16.4 mL/m2; p < 0.001), and between stages 2 and 3 (indexed RV EDV, 72.4 ± 19.7 mL/m2 vs. 147.0 ± 38.5 mL/m2 and indexed SV difference, 5.7 ± 13.1 mL/m2 vs. 32.2 ± 16.4 mL/m2; p < 0.001). After PVR, the effect of RV volume load (i.e., indexed SV difference) was reduced from 32.2 mL/m2 to 1.7 mL/m2. Positive (0.2 to 0.8) or negative (−0.2 to −0.4) correlations were found among the CT-based measures except between the RV ejection fraction (EF) and the RV volume load parameters. With increasing POD, an early rapid increase was followed by a slow increase and a plateau in the indexed ventricular volumes and the RV volume load parameters. Compared with the preoperative data, larger ventricular volumes and lower EFs were observed in the early postoperative period. CONCLUSION: Cardiac CT can be used to characterize RV volume, volume load, and function over the entire time course of TOF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Postoperative Period , Pulmonary Valve , Pulmonary Valve Insufficiency , Stroke Volume , Tetralogy of Fallot , Ventricular Function
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(10): 916-921, Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976779

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY The septomarginal trabecula is a muscular structure which transmits the right branch of the atrioventricular bundle. It is usually supplied by a branch from the second anterior septal artery. Anastomoses between the right and left coronary arteries may happen on the septomarginal trabecula. They are of great significance in order to prevent ischemia during a myocardial infarction. Surgeries such as Konno's and Ross' procedures implies in knowledge of these vessels anatomy. The coronary arteries of 50 human hearts were injected with latex and subsequentely dissected with the purpose of identifying the arterial branch that supplied the septomarginal trabecula. The trabecular branch arose from the second anterior septal artery in 38% of cases, and the branch arose from the first anterior septal artery in 26%. One of the hearts had its septomarginal trabecula supplied by the conus arteriosus arteryliterature. Anastomoses between the right and left coronary arteries were found inside the septomarginal trabecula. The right branch of the atrioventricular bundle is subject to a great number of clinical conditions and is often manipulated during surgery, thus, the study of the septal branches of the coronary arteries and the trabecular branch is essential.


RESUMO A trabécula septomarginal é uma estrutura muscular que transmite o ramo direito do feixe atrioventricular. É usualmente suprida por um ramo da segunda artéria septal anterior. Anastomoses entre as artérias coronárias direita e esquerda podem ocorrer na trabécula. São de grande significância especialmente na prevenção de isquemia durante um infarto do miocárdio. Procedimentos cirúrgicos como o de Konno's e Ross implicam conhecimento anatômico desses vasos. As artérias coronárias de 50 corações humanos foram injetadas com látex e dissecadas com o propósito de identificar o ramo arterial que supria a trabécula septomarginal. Em somente 38% dos casos o ramo foi proveniente da segunda artéria septal anterior, enquanto que em 26% dos casos a artéria se originou da primeira septal anterior. Um dos corações teve a trabécula septomarginal suprida por um ramo originário da artéria do cone arterioso. Além disso, foram encontradas anastomoses entre as artérias coronárias no interior da trabécula septomarginal. Em suma, o ramo direito do feixe atrioventricular está sujeito a inúmeras condições clínicas e é alvo de manuseio em cirurgias, logo, o estudo dos ramos septais das artérias coronárias, em especial o ramo trabecular é essencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Circulation , Coronary Vessels/anatomy & histology , Heart Ventricles/anatomy & histology , Ventricular Function , Contrast Media , Heart Conduction System , Heart Septum/anatomy & histology
11.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 31(4): 167-172, out.-dez. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-999253

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A cardiopatia chagásica crônica (CCC) engloba complexo espectro de apresentações, não sendo incomuns episódios de morte arrítmica em portadores de função ventricular esquerda preservada (FVEP) ou quase normal (FVEQN). Métodos: Avaliação retrospectiva de 7 portadores de CCC por 4 anos, com FVEP, submetidos a implante de cardiodesfibrilador implantável (CDI) devido taquicardia ou fibrilação ventricular (TV/FV). Foram realizadas avaliações clínica, estrutural e eletrocardiográfica. Resultados: Idade média: 57,5±4,45 anos e 71,4% do sexo masculino. Função ventricular esquerda (FVE) inicial foi de 56,14%±4,45, com alterações contrácteis em 100% e hipocinesia inferior em 85,7%. Classe funcional I: 100% sem modificações ao seguimento. Escore de Rassi avaliado previamente ao evento foi de 4,85±0,89. Síncope constituiu a apresentação inicial em 100%, média de 2 episódios por paciente e intervalo de 4 semanas entre os mesmos. Houve alterações em 85,71% dos eletrocardiogramas, sendo bloqueio de ramo direito a principal. TV sustentada foi encontrada em 100%; sítio epicárdico em 71,42% e saída anterolateral do ventrículo esquerdo em 57,14%. A FVE sequencial foi de 54%±3,31; sem alterações contráteis novas. Amiodarona e betabloqueadores foram os fármacos utilizados. Terapias apropriadas aconteceram em 100%; média de 2,1 choques por paciente, com 52,63% dos registros nos primeiros 14 meses. Não foram evidenciados óbitos, terapias inapropriadas ou tempestade elétrica. Conclusão: O elevado número de terapias corrobora o risco arrítmico desta população, ratifica a importância do dispositivo e alerta para a eficácia da terapia clínica. Síncope pode estar associada a maior risco de eventos arrítmicos na CCC


Introduction: Chronic chagasic cardiopathy (CCC) encompasses a complex spectrum of presentations, and episodes of arrhythmic death in patients with preserved left ventricular (PLVF) or near normal (VFNN) are not uncommon. Methods: Retrospective evaluation of 7 patients with PLVF, submitted for implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) due to tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation (VT / VF). Clinical, structural and electrocardiographic evaluations were performed. Results: Mean age was 57.5±4.45 years. Male sex comprised 71.4%. Left ventricular function (LVF) was 56.14%±4.45 with contractile changes in 100% and lower hypokinesia in 85.7%. Functional class I was evidenced in 100% without changes in follow-up. The Rassi score evaluated before the event was 4.85±0.89. Syncope was the initial presentation in 100%, average of 2 episodes per patient and interval of 4 weeks between them. Electrocardiogram showed alterations in 85.71% being right bundle branch block. Sustained VT was evidenced in 100%; epicardial site in 71.42% and left ventricular anterolateral outlet in 57.14%. The sequential LVF was 54%±3.31; without new contractile changes. Amiodarone and beta-blockers were the drugs used. Appropriate therapies occurred in 100%; average of 2.1 shocks per patient with 52.63% of the records in the first 14 months. There were no deaths, inappropriate therapies or electrical storm. Conclusion: The high number of therapies corroborates the arrhythmic risk of this population, ratifies the importance of the device and disputes the effectiveness of clinical therapy. Syncope may be associated with an increased risk of arrhythmic events in CCC


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/complications , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/therapy , Ventricular Function , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , Defibrillators, Implantable , Secondary Prevention/methods , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Stroke Volume , Syncope , Bundle-Branch Block/complications , Bundle-Branch Block/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Sex Factors , Chronic Disease , Retrospective Studies , Chagas Disease/therapy , Amiodarone/therapeutic use , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use
12.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 31(4): 138-141, out.-dez. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-999117

ABSTRACT

A forma cardíaca isolada da Sarcoidose é pouco frequente. no entanto, o envolvimento cardíaco na sarcoidose é mais prevalente e ocorre em 5 % desses pacientes. O diagnóstico de sarcoidose cardíaca é um desafio por causa das manifestações inespecíficas, sendo a sensibilidade e especificidade das modalidades diagnósticas limitadas. Este relato de caso teve por objetivo descrever o caso de um paciente sem diagnóstico prévio de sarcoidose com arritmias e distúrbio de condução ventricular compatíveis com acometimento cardíaco da doença. Optou-se para o tratamento um implante de marcapasso definitivo e terapia com corticosteroides


The isolated cardiac form of sarcoidosis is infrequent. However, cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis is more prevalent and occurs in 5% of these patients. The diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis is a challenge because of non-specific manifestations, and the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic modalities are limited. This case report aimed to describe the case of a patient without previous diagnosis of sarcoidosis with arrhythmias and ventricular conduction disturbance compatible with cardiac involvement of the disease. A definitive pacemaker implant and corticosteroid therapy were chosen for the treatment


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Sarcoidosis/complications , Sarcoidosis/diagnosis , Cardiac Electrophysiology/methods , Pacemaker, Artificial , Tachycardia , Echocardiography/methods , Ventricular Function , Electrocardiography/methods , Cardiomyopathies
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(3): 209-217, jul.-ago. 2018. ilus, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-908835

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A remodelagem cardíaca depende da intensidade, da duração e do método de treinamento. Objetivo: Avaliar se o treinamento realizado em uma tropa especial portuguesa incrementa a remodelagem cardíaca em uma amostra de jovens que previamente praticavam esporte de competição. Métodos: Estudo prospectivo que incluiu 76 militares candidatos a tropas especiais, 45 dos quais praticavam previamente exercício físico de nível competitivo (> 10 horas por semana). Destes militares atletas, apenas 17 concluíram com sucesso o curso. A avaliação foi realizada com 6 meses de intervalo e incluiu história clínica completa, exame físico, sinais vitais, dados antropométricos e avaliação ecocardiográfica. Considerou-se significância estatística quando p < 0,05, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. Resultados: No final do curso, verificaram-se diminuição da porcentagem de massa gorda (19,1 ± 3,3% vs. 13,1 ± 3,5%; p < 0,01), aumento da porcentagem de massa muscular (41,3 ± 2,1% vs. 44,4 ± 1,8%; p < 0,01), e diminuição da pressão arterial sistólica, diastólica e frequência cardíaca. Em relação à remodelagem cardíaca, verificaram-se aumento do diâmetro diastólico do ventrículo esquerdo (49,7 ± 3,2 mm vs. 52,8 ± 3,4 mm; p < 0,01), aumento tendencial do volume do átrio esquerdo (27,3 ± 4,5 mL/m2 vs. 28,2 ± 4,1 mL/m2; p = 0,07) e aumento da massa do ventrículo esquerdo (93,1 ± 7,7g/m2 vs. 100,2 ± 11,4 g/m2; p < 0,01). As variáveis funcionais também sofreram alterações, com aumento do S' (15 (13-16) cm/s vs. 17 (16-18) cm/s; p < 0,01) e diminuição da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (60 ± 6% vs. 54 ± 6%; p < 0,01). Conclusão: O treinamento físico militar intenso provocou remodelagem cardíaca adicional em atletas de nível competitivo, tanto estrutural como funcional


Background: Cardiac remodeling depends on the intensity, duration, and training method. Objective: To evaluate if the training performed in a Portuguese military special operations troop increases cardiac remodeling in a sample of young individuals who previously practiced competitive sports. Methods: A prospective study involving 76 military candidates for military special operations, 45 of whom previously practiced at competitive level (> 10 hours per week). Of these military athletes, only 17 successfully completed the course. The evaluation was performed at 6 months intervals and included a complete clinical history, physical examination, vital signs, anthropometric data and echocardiographic evaluation. Statistical significance was considered when p < 0.05, with a 95% confidence interval. Results: At the end of the course, there was a decrease in the percentage of fat mass (19.1 ± 3.3% vs. 13.1 ± 3.5%; p < 0.01), an increase in the percentage of lean mass (41.3 ± 2.1% vs. 44.4 ± 1.8%; p < 0.01), and decreased systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate. Regarding cardiac remodeling, there was an increase in left ventricular diastolic diameter (49.7 ± 3.2 mm vs. 52.8 ± 3.4 mm; p < 0.01), an increase trend in left atrial volume (27.3 ± 4.5 mL/m2 vs. 28.2 ± 4.1 mL/m2; p = 0.07) and increased left ventricular mass (93.1 ± 7.7 g/m2 vs.100.2 ± 11.4 g/m2 ; p < 0.01). Functional variables also changed, with an increase in S' (15 (13-16) cm/s vs. 17 (16-18) cm/s; p < 0,01) and a decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction (60 ± 6% vs. 54 ± 6%; p < 0.01). Conclusion: Intense military physical training resulted in additional cardiac remodeling in athletes of competitive level, both structural and functional


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Exercise , Athletes , Atrial Remodeling , Military Personnel , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Prospective Studies , Ventricular Function , Electrocardiography/methods , Arterial Pressure , Heart Rate
14.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 31(3)jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-967791

ABSTRACT

A cardiomiopatia induzida pelo marcapasso é uma cardiomiopatia que ocorre em pacientes expostos a estimulação ventricular direita, sendo definida pela piora da função sistólica do ventrículo esquerdo na ausência de outras etiologias possíveis, com ou sem evidência de insuficiência cardíaca. Sua incidência varia de 9% a 26%, dependendo da população estudada e do período de acompanhamento. Relata-se o caso de uma criança submetida a implante de marcapasso ventricular por bloqueio atrioventricular total, que evoluiu com disfunção ventricular grave e insuficiência cardíaca 14 meses após o implante. Após realização de terapia de ressincronização cardíaca, a criança evoluiu com melhora clínica e remodelamento reverso do ventrículo esquerdo


Pacing-induced cardiomyopathy is observed in patients exposed to right ventricular pacing and is defined as worsening of left ventricular systolic function in the absence of alternative causes, with or without clinical evidence of heart failure. Incidence ranges from 9% to 26%, depending on the study population and the length of follow-up. This is a case report of a child with univentricular pacemaker for total atrioventricular block that evolved into severe ventricular dysfunction and heart failure after implant. Cardiac resynchronization was performed and the child evolved with clinical improvement and reverse left ventricular remodeling


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Ventricular Function/physiology , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy/methods , Cardiomyopathies/diagnosis , Cardiomyopathies/therapy , Stroke Volume , Echocardiography/methods , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Dysfunction , Drug Therapy/methods , Atrioventricular Block/diagnosis , Atrioventricular Block/therapy , Heart Ventricles
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(4): 386-395, Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886279

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the safety and clinical, hemodynamic and tissue improvement ability in mini pigs undergoing cell and gene therapy for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction. Methods: Thirty-two mini pigs Br1 lineage, 12 months old, undergoing induction of acute myocardial infarction by occlusion of the diagonal branch of the paraconal coronary. They were divided into 4 groups: one control group and 3 treatment groups (cell therapy and gene cell therapy). Echocardiography reviews were performed on three occasions and histopathological analysis was performed after 4 weeks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA), Tukey and Wilcoxon tests, were performed. Results: Association of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) with angiopoietin1 (Ang1) presented satisfactory results in the improvement of ventricular function following ischemic cardiomyopathy in mini pigs when compared to the results of the other treated groups. Conclusion: The therapy with VEGF and the combination of VEGF with Ang1, promoted recovered function of the myocardium, characterized by reduced akinetic area and induction of neovascularization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Genetic Therapy/methods , Ventricular Function/physiology , Angiopoietin-1/therapeutic use , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/therapeutic use , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy/methods , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Swine , Swine, Miniature , Wound Healing , Echocardiography , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Disease Models, Animal , Hemodynamics/physiology , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/pathology , Necrosis
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(3): 231-239, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888029

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Despite significant advances in understanding the pathophysiology and management of asthma, some of systemic effects of asthma are still not well defined. Objectives: To compare heart function, baseline physical activity level, and functional exercise capacity in young patients with mild-to-moderate asthma and healthy controls. Methods: Eighteen healthy (12.67 ± 0.39 years) and 20 asthmatics (12.0 ± 0.38 years) patients were enrolled in the study. Echocardiography parameters were evaluated using conventional and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). Results: Although pulmonary acceleration time (PAT) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) were within normal limits, these parameters differed significantly between the control and asthmatic groups. PAT was lower (p < 0.0001) and PASP (p < 0.0002) was higher in the asthma group (114.3 ± 3.70 ms and 25.40 ± 0.54 mmHg) than the control group (135.30 ± 2.28 ms and 22.22 ± 0.40 mmHg). The asthmatic group had significantly lower early diastolic myocardial velocity (E', p = 0.0047) and lower E' to late (E'/A', p = 0.0017) (13.75 ± 0.53 cm/s and 1.70 ± 0.09, respectively) compared with control group (15.71 ± 0.34 cm/s and 2.12 ± 0.08, respectively) at tricuspid valve. In the lateral mitral valve tissue Doppler, the asthmatic group had lower E' compared with control group (p = 0.0466; 13.27 ± 0.43 cm/s and 14.32 ± 0.25 cm/s, respectively), but there was no statistic difference in the E'/A' ratio (p = 0.1161). Right isovolumetric relaxation time was higher (p = 0.0007) in asthmatic (57.15 ± 0.97 ms) than the control group (52.28 ± 0.87 ms), reflecting global myocardial dysfunction. The right and left myocardial performance indexes were significantly higher in the asthmatic (0.43 ± 0.01 and 0.37 ± 0.01, respectively) compared with control group (0.40 ± 0.01 and 0.34 ± 0.01, respectively) (p = 0.0383 and p = 0.0059, respectively). Physical activity level, and distance travelled on the six-minute walk test were similar in both groups. Conclusion: Changes in echocardiographic parameters, evaluated by conventional and TDI, were observed in mild-to-moderate asthma patients even with normal functional exercise capacity and baseline physical activity level. Our results suggest that the echocardiogram may be useful for the early detection and evoluation of asthma-induced cardiac changes.


Resumo Fundamento: Apesar de avanços significativos no entendimento da fisiopatologia e manejo da asma, alguns efeitos sistêmicos da asma ainda não são bem definidos. Objetivos: Comparar a função cardíaca, o nível de atividade física basal, e a capacidade funcional de pacientes jovens com asma leve a moderada com controles saudáveis. Métodos: Dezoito voluntários saudáveis (12,67 ± 0,39 anos) e 20 pacientes asmáticos (12,0 ± 0,38 anos) foram incluídos no estudo. Os parâmetros de ecocardiografia foram avaliados pelo exame de ecocardiogragia com Doppler convencional e tecidual (EDT). Resultados: Apesar de o tempo de aceleração pulmonar (TAP) e da pressão arterial sistólica pulmonar (PASP) encontrarem-se dentro da faixa de normalidade, esses parâmetros foram significativamente diferentes entre o grupo controle e o grupo asmático. O TAP foi menor (p < 0,0001) e a PASP maior (p < 0,0002) no grupo de indivíduos asmáticos (114,3 ± 3,70 ms e 25,40 ± 0,54 mmHg) que o grupo controle (135,30 ± 2,28 ms e 22,22 ± 0,40 mmHg). O grupo asmático apresentou velocidade diastólica inicial do miocárdio (E', p = 0,0047) e relação entre E' e velocidade tardia mais baixas (E'/A', p = 0,0017) (13,75 ± 0,53 cm/s e 1,70 ± 0,09, respectivamente) em comparação ao grupo controle (15,71 ± 0,34 cm/s e 2,12 ± 0,08, respectivamente) na valva tricúspide. No exame Doppler tecidual do anel mitral lateral, o grupo asmático apresentou menor E' em comparação ao grupo controle (p = 0,0466; 13,27 ± 0,43 cm/s e 14,32 ± 0,25 cm/s, respectivamente), mas não houve diferença estatística na razão E'/A' (p = 0,1161). O tempo de relaxamento isovolumétrico foi maior no grupo de pacientes asmáticos (57,15 ± 0,97 ms) que no grupo controle (52,28 ± 0,87 ms) (p = 0,0007), refletindo uma disfunção global do miocárdio. O índice de performance miocárdica direito e esquerdo foi significativamente maior no grupo asmático (0,43 ± 0,01 e 0,37 ± 0,01, respectivamente) que no grupo controle (0,40 ± 0,01 e 0,34 ± 0,01, respectivamente) (p = 0,0383 e p = 0,0059 respectivamente). O nível de atividade física e a distância percorrida no teste de caminhada de seis minutos foram similares entre os grupos. Conclusão: Mudanças nos parâmetros ecocardiográficos, avaliados pela ecocardiografia convencional e pela EDT foram observadas em pacientes com asma moderada a grave com capacidade funcional e nível de atividade física basal normais. Nossos resultados sugerem que o ecocardiograma pode ser útil para a detecção precoce e a evolução de alterações cardíacas induzidas pela asma. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2018; 110(3):231-239)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/physiopathology , Exercise/physiology , Ventricular Function/physiology , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Quality of Life , Reference Values , Respiratory Function Tests/methods , Systole/physiology , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Case-Control Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Ventricular Dysfunction/physiopathology , Ventricular Dysfunction/diagnostic imaging , Statistics, Nonparametric , Echocardiography, Doppler, Pulsed/methods , Diastole/physiology , Exercise Test/methods
17.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 397-402, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#To study the characteristics of ventricular function in Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) Patients with different shape of Interventricular Septum (IVS) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR).@*METHODS@#36 PH patients diagnosed by right heart catheterization accepted CMR. According to the morphology of IVS, the patients were divided into two groups: the non-deformation group (10 patients) and the deformation group (26 patients). The ventricular function parameters were as follows: RV and LV end-diastolic volume index (EDVI), end-systolic volume index (ESVI), stroke volume index (SVI), cardiac index (CI), ejection fraction (EF), and myocardial mass index (MMI).@*RESULTS@#ANOVA analysis showed that the differences of RVEDVI, RVESVI, RVSVI, RVCI, RVEF, RVMMI, LVEDVI, LVESVI, LVSVI and LVCI were significant among the three groups. Compared with control group, RVSVI (P=0.017), RVEF (P<0.001), LVEDVI (P=0.048) and LVSVI (P=0.015) decreased in IVS non-deformation group. Compared with IVS non-deformation group, RVEDVI (P<0.001), RVESVI (P<0.001), RVCI (P=0.002) and RVMMI (P=0.017) were increased in IVS deformation group; while RVEF (P=0.001), LVEDVI (P=0.003), LVSVI (P<0.001) and LVCI (P=0.029) were decreased. Compared with the control group, RVEDVI (P<0.001), RVESVI (P<0.001), RVCI (P=0.004) and RVMMI (P=0.003) were increased in the IVS deformation group, while RVEF (P<0.001), LVEDVI (P<0.001), LVESVI (P<0.001), LVSVI (P<0.001), LVCI (P<0.001) were decreased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ventricular function is different in PH Patients with different IVS shape. The IVS shape can represent the changes of ventricular function in PH patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Heart , Diagnostic Imaging , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Lung Neoplasms , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function , Ventricular Septum , Diagnostic Imaging
18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 251-276, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738702

ABSTRACT

The number of women with congenital heart disease (CHD) at risk of pregnancy is growing because over 90% of them are grown-up into adulthood. The outcome of pregnancy and delivery is favorable in most of them provided that functional class and systemic ventricular function are good. Women with CHD such as pulmonary hypertension (Eisenmenger syndrome), severe left ventricular outflow stenosis, cyanotic CHD, aortopathy, Fontan procedure and systemic right ventricle (complete transposition of the great arteries [TGA] after atrial switch, congenitally corrected TGA) carry a high-risk. Most frequent complications during pregnancy and delivery are heart failure, arrhythmias, bleeding or thrombosis, and rarely maternal death. Complications of fetus are prematurity, low birth weight, abortion, and stillbirth. Risk stratification of pregnancy and delivery relates to functional status of the patient and is lesion specific. Medication during pregnancy and post-delivery (breast feeding) is a big concern. Especially prescribing medication with teratogenicity should be avoidable. Adequate care during pregnancy, delivery, and the postpartum period requires a multidisciplinary team approach with cardiologists, obstetricians, anesthesiologists, neonatologists, nurses and other related disciplines. Caring for a baby is an important issue due to temporarily pregnancy-induced cardiac dysfunction, and therefore familial support is mandatory especially during peripartum and after delivery. Timely pre-pregnancy counseling should be offered to all women with CHD to prevent avoidable pregnancy-related risks. Successful pregnancy is feasible for most women with CHD at relatively low risk when appropriate counseling and optimal care are provided.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Arteries , Constriction, Pathologic , Counseling , Female , Fetus , Fontan Procedure , Heart Defects, Congenital , Heart Failure , Heart Ventricles , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Infant, Newborn , Maternal Death , Peripartum Period , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy , Stillbirth , Thrombosis , Ventricular Function
19.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 87(4): 307-315, oct.-dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-887541

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Objetivo: Evaluar la disincronía mecánica ventricular izquierda (DMVI) asociada a la estimulación endocárdica prolongada del ventrículo derecho mediante el ensayo piloto de una nueva técnica de imagen en Uruguay. Métodos: Se estudiaron 12 pacientes con marcapasos implantados al menos hace un año utilizando SPECT gatillada con 99mTc-MIBI y análisis de fase en reposo. Se registraron variables clínicas, duración del QRS, tasa, modo y sitio de estimulación ventricular, presencia y extensión de infarto e isquemia, volúmenes cavitarios y FEVI en reposo. Utilizando V-Sync de Emory Cardiac Toolbox se obtuvieron desviación estándar y ancho de banda de fase en reposo (grados), comparando los individuos con FEVI ≥ y < 50% con una población control. Resultados: Los pacientes de la serie con estimulación endocárdica prolongada en el ventrículo derecho exhibieron marcada DMVI. Los pacientes con FEVI moderada/severamente disminuida (con diámetros cavitarios mayores, estimulación septal, infarto extenso o isquemia significativa) exhibieron mayor disincronía que aquellos con FEVI conservada/levemente disminuida (ancho de banda = 144.33o vs. 77.41o, p < 0.05; desviación estándar = 46.67o vs. 26.81o, p < 0.05). Conclusiones: En la cardiopatía isquémica la elevada tasa de estimulación endocárdica crónica se asocia con marcada DMVI, aun cuando la función sistólica esté conservada. El análisis de fase podría ser una herramienta válida para evaluar la disincronía asociada al infarto en pacientes con marcapasos, y aportar a la indicación oportuna del pasaje (upgrading) al modo de estimulación biventricular.


Abstract: Objetive: To evaluate left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD) associated with prolonged right ventricular pacing through an innovative imaging technique as a pilot study in Uruguay. Methods: A 99mTc-MIBI gated-SPECT and phase analysis was performed in 12 patients with pace-makers implanted at least one year before scintigraphy, due to advanced atrioventricular block. Clinical data, QRS duration, rate, mode and site of pacing in right ventricle, chamber diameters, presence and extension of myocardial scar and ischaemia, as well as LVEF at rest, were recorded. Using V-Sync of Emory Cardiac Toolbox, a standard deviation (PSD) and band-width (PBW) from rest phase histogram was obtained and these indexes were compared with controls in the subgroups of patients with LVEF ≥ 50% and < 50%. Results: Patients with prolonged RV endocardial pacing exhibited marked LVMD. More severe dyssynchrony was found in patients with impaired LVEF than in patients with preserved LVEF (PSD: 46.67o vs. 26.81o, P < .05; PBW: 144.33o vs. 77.41o, P < .05). Higher left ventricle diameters, extensive infarct, or significant ischaemia were found in patients with impaired LVEF. Conclusions: Chronic right ventricular pacing was invariably associated with LVMD, even when systolic function was preserved. Phase analysis could be a potentially useful technique to evaluate LMVD associated with myocardial scar in patients with pacemakers, and to decide promptly the upgrading to biventricular pacing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Ventricular Function , Atrioventricular Block/physiopathology , Atrioventricular Block/therapy , Cardiac-Gated Single-Photon Emission Computer-Assisted Tomography , Pacemaker, Artificial , Time Factors , Biomechanical Phenomena , Pilot Projects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Atrioventricular Block/diagnostic imaging
20.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 24(6): 602-613, nov.-dic. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-900589

ABSTRACT

Resumen La insuficiencia cardiaca origina inicialmente una lesión miocárdica que conlleva remodelamiento ventricular, lo cual induce a la activación de mecanismos compensadores, entre los cuales el riñón es pieza fundamental ya que regula la homeostasis hidroelectrolítica y así el volumen circulante. El sistema nervioso simpático y el sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona aportan una retención de sodio y agua que afecta negativamente la función cardiaca y conduce a compromiso cardiovascular, miocárdico y renal; de allí nace la definición clínica de síndrome cardiorrenal que se clasifica de acuerdo con su forma de presentación y componentes fisiopatológicos. Esto motivó la definición y conceptualización del síndrome cardiorrenal, que incluye interacciones bidireccionales, en la que alteraciones, tanto agudas como crónicas de cualquier órgano, pueden afectar de manera funcional o estructural la función ventricular, la renal o ambas.


Abstract Heart failure initially causes myocardial damage that leads to ventricular remodelling. This, in turn, leads to activation of compensatory mechanisms where the kidney plays a fundamental role, as it regulates electrolyte homeostasis and thus the circulating volume. The sympathetic nervous system and the renin angiotensin-aldosterone system lead to the retention of sodium and water, which adversely affects cardiac function. This leads to cardiovascular, renal and myocardial compromise, or a cardiorenal syndrome, which is classified according to its presentation and pathophysiological components. The definition and conceptualization of cardiorenal syndrome includes two-way interactions, where acute and chronic changes of any organ can functionally or structurally affect the ventricular and/or renal function


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Diseases , Heart Diseases , Ventricular Function
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