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Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-17, jun. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284420


Background: Echocardiographic predictors for new onset heart failure in patients with ischemic heart disease with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFrEF) or with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (HFpEF) in Ethiopian and Sub-Saharan African is not well-known.Methods: Two hundred twenty-eight patients with ischemic heart disease were retrospectively recruited and followed. Analysis on baseline clinical and echocardiographic characteristics of patients, and risk factors for new onset HFpEF and new onset HFrEF were done. The exclusion criteria were known heart failure at baseline and those who did not have echocardiography data.Results: During the follow up period, heart failure developed in 62.2% (61/98) of ischemic heart disease patients with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and in 70.1% (92/130) of ischemic heart disease patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. We did not find significant difference between HFrEF and HFpEF in time to new onset heart failure. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, diabetes, left atrium and diastolic left ventricular dimension had significant association with new onset HFrEF on univariate regression analysis. Whereas new onset HFpEF was significantly associated with age, sex, presence of hypertension, Systolic blood pressure and diastolic left ventricular dimension. On cox regression analysis diastolic left ventricular dimension was associated with both new onset HFpEF and HFrEF. Age, diabetes, and dimension of left atrium were also associated with HFrEF.Conclusion: This cohort study in ischemic heart disease patients suggests a key role for the diastolic left ventricular dimension, left atrium size, diabetes, sex and age as predictors of new onset HFrEF and HFpEF. Strategies directed to prevention and early treatment of diabetes, dilatation of left ventricle and left atrium may prevent a considerable proportion of HFrEF or HFpEF.

Antecedentes: Los predictores ecocardiográficos de nuevos eventos de insuficiencia cardiaca en pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica con fracción de eyección ventricular preservada (HFpEF) o con fracción de eyección ventricular reducida (HFrEF) no son bien conocidos en la Africa etíope y subsahariana.Métodos: Doscientos veintiocho pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica fueron reclutados y seguidos retrospectivamente. Se realizaron análisis sobre las características clínicas y ecocardiográficas basales de los pacientes, así como los factores de riesgo para un nuevo evento de HFpEF y un nuevo evento de HFrEF. Los criterios de exclusión fueron insuficiencia cardíaca conocida al inicio del estudio y aquellos que no tenían datos de ecocardiografía.Resultados: Durante el período de seguimiento, la insuficiencia cardíaca se desarrolló en el 62,2% (61/98) de pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica con fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda preservada y en el 70,1% (92/130) de pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica con fracción de eyección ventricular izquierda reducida. No encontramos diferencias significativas entre HFrEF y HFpEF en el tiempo hasta la nueva aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca. La presión arterial sistólica, la presión arterial diastólica, la diabetes y las dimensiones de la aurícula iquierda y del ventrículo izquierdo en diástole tuvieron una asociación significativa con nuevos eventos de HFrEF en el análisis de regresión univariada. Mientras que un nuevo evento de HFpEF se asoció significativamente con la edad, el sexo, la presencia de hipertensión, la presión arterial sistólica y la dimensión ventricular izquierda diastólica. En el análisis de regresión de cox, la dimensión ventricular izquierda diastólica se asoció con HFpEF de nuevo inicio y HFrEF. La edad, la diabetes y la dimensión de la aurícula izquierda también se asociaron con HFrEF. Conclusión: Este estudio de cohorte en pacientes con cardiopatía isquémica sugiere un papel clave para la dimensión ventricular izquierda diastólica, el tamaño de la aurícula izquierda, la diabetes, el sexo y la edad como predictores de un nuevo evento de HFrEF y HFpEF. Las estrategias dirigidas a la prevención y el tratamiento temprano de la diabetes, la dilatación del ventrículo izquierdo y la aurícula izquierda pueden prevenir una proporción considerable de HFrEF o HFpEF.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Echocardiography/methods , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Tobacco Use Disorder , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Regression Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Age Factors , Myocardial Ischemia/physiopathology , Risk Assessment/methods , Heart Disease Risk Factors
Clinics ; 76: 2550, 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1278931


OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare the effects of home-and center-based exercise training programs on functional capacity, inspiratory muscle strength, daily physical activity level, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) over a 12-week period. METHODS: This study included 23 patients with CHF (left ventricular ejection fraction 31±6%) randomized to a home-based (n=11) or center-based (n=12) program. Patients underwent 12 weeks of aerobic training (60%-70% heart rate reserve): walking for the home-based and supervised cycling for the center-based group, both combined with resistance training (50% of 1 maximum repetition). At baseline and after 12 weeks of training, we assessed cardiopulmonary test variables, 6-min walk test distance (6 MWD), steps/day with accelerometry, and QoL (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure questionnaire). Maximal inspiratory pressure and handgrip strength were measured at baseline and after 4, 8, and 12 weeks of training. NCT03615157. RESULTS: There were no adverse events during training in either group. The home- and center-based training groups obtained similar improvements in peak oxygen uptake, maximal ventilation, and 6 MWD. However, there were significant between-group differences: center-based training was more effective in improving maximal inspiratory pressure (p=0.042), number of steps/day (p=0.001), and QoL (p=0.039). CONCLUSIONS: Home-based training is safe and can be an alternative to improve the exercise capacity of patients with stable CHF. However, center-based training was superior in improving inspiratory muscle strength, QoL, and daily physical activity.

Humans , Quality of Life , Heart Failure/therapy , Stroke Volume , Pilot Projects , Ventricular Function, Left , Exercise Tolerance , Hand Strength , Exercise Therapy
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10084, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142577


The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-heart failure (HF) coexistence on linear and nonlinear dynamics of heart rate variability (HRV). Forty-one patients (14 with COPD-HF and 27 HF) were enrolled and underwent pulmonary function and echocardiography evaluation to confirm the clinical diagnosis. Heart rate (HR) and R-R intervals (iRR) were collected during active postural maneuver (APM) [supine (10 min) to orthostasis (10 min)], respiratory sinus arrhythmia maneuver (RSA-M) (4 min), and analysis of frequency domain, time domain, and nonlinear HRV. We found expected autonomic response during orthostatic changes with reduction of mean iRR, root mean square of successive differences between heart beats (RMSSD), RR tri index, and high-frequency [HF (nu)] and an increased mean HR, low-frequency [LF (nu)], and LF/HF (nu) compared with supine only in HF patients (P<0.05). Patients with COPD-HF coexistence did not respond to postural change. In addition, in the orthostatic position, higher HF nu and lower LF nu and LF/HF (nu) were observed in COPD-HF compared with HF patients. HF patients showed an opposite response during RSA-M, with increased sympathetic modulation (LF nu) and reduced parasympathetic modulation (HF nu) (P<0.05) compared with COPD-HF patients. COPD-HF directly influenced cardiac autonomic modulation during active postural change and controlled breathing, demonstrating an autonomic imbalance during sympathetic and parasympathetic maneuvers compared with isolated HF.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , Heart Failure/complications , Heart Rate , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Nonlinear Dynamics
Clinics ; 76: e2732, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278936


OBJECTIVES: Coronary artery disease is the primary cause of death and is responsible for a high number of hospitalizations worldwide. Ventricular remodeling is associated with worse prognosis following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and is a risk factor for ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. This study aimed to identify the predictors of ventricular remodeling following STEMI. Additionally, we evaluated the clinical, laboratory, and echocardiographic characteristics of patients with anterior wall STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous intervention in the acute phase and at 6 months after the infarction. METHODS: This prospective, observational, and longitudinal study included 50 patients with anterior wall STEMI who were admitted to the coronary care unit (CCU) of a tertiary hospital in Brazil between July 2017 and August 2018. During the CCU stay, patients were evaluated daily and underwent echocardiogram within the first three days following STEMI. After six months, the patients underwent clinical evaluation and echocardiogram according to the local protocol. RESULTS: Differences were noted between those who developed ventricular remodeling and those who did not in the mean±standard deviation levels of creatine phosphokinase MB isoenzyme (CKMB) peak (no remodeling group: 323.7±228.2 U/L; remodeling group: 522.4±201.6 U/L; p=0.008) and the median and interquartile range of E/E' ratio (no remodeling group: 9.20 [8.50-11.25] and remodeling group: 12.60 [10.74-14.40]; p=0.004). This difference was also observed in multivariate logistic regression. CONCLUSIONS: Diastolic dysfunction and CKMB peak in the acute phase of STEMI can be predictors of ventricular remodeling following STEMI.

Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Myocardial Infarction/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Echocardiography , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Remodeling
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880670


OBJECTIVES@#To compare the left ventricular systolic function between the 1eft bundle branch pacing (LBBP) and right ventricular septum pacing (RVSP) in patients with pacemaker dependence by three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI).@*METHODS@#A total of 65 patients with atrioventricular block (AVB) (Mobitz type II second-degree AVB, high-degree AVB, or third-degree AVB), who underwent permanent cardiac pacing implantation including 32 patients receiving LBBP (LBBP group) and 33 patients receiving RVSP (RVSP group) from June 2018 to June 2019,were enrolled in this study. These patients met the following inclusion criterion: pre-operative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)>50% and ventricular pacing rate>40% at 6-month programming follow-up; and the patients underwent echocardiography at pre-operation and 6 months after operation. The 3D-STI was used to obtain global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), global radial strain (GRS), and global area strain (GAS).@*RESULTS@#All the patients in the LBBP group and the RVSP group had normal LVEF, there was no significant difference between the 2 group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with pacemaker dependence and normal LVEF at pre-operation, the cardiac function in the LBBP group is not significantly better than that in the RVSP group in short term follow-up. But in terms of physiologic pacing and long-term cardiac function protection, the 1eft bundle branch pacing is an optimal pacing mode.

Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septum/diagnostic imaging
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879886


OBJECTIVE@#To study the change and significance of serum pentraxin-3 (PTX-3) and syndecan-4 in children with chronic heart failure (CHF).@*METHODS@#A total of 40 children with CHF who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were enrolled as the heart failure group, and 30 children who underwent physical examination in the outpatient service during the same period of time were enrolled as the control group. The serum levels of PTX-3, syndecan-4, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The children with CHF had significant reductions in the serum levels of PTX-3, syndecan-4, and NT-proBNP after treatment. The levels of these markers in children with CHF were significantly higher than the control group before and after treatment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Serum PTX-3 and syndecan-4 may be involved in the development and progression of ventricular remodeling in children with CHF and may be used as markers for the diagnosis, cardiac function grading, and treatment outcome evaluation of children with heart failure.

Biomarkers , Child , Chronic Disease , Heart Failure , Humans , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Peptide Fragments , Stroke Volume , Syndecan-4 , Ventricular Function, Left
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879279


This study aims to explore the intraventricular pressure difference (IVPD) within left ventricle in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) by using the relative pressure imaging (RPI) of vector flow mapping (VFM). Twenty patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and thirty control subjects were enrolled in the study. Systolic and diastolic IVPD derived from VFM within left ventricle and conventional echocardiographic parameters were analyzed. It was found that the B-A IVPD of left ventricle in PAF patients showed the same pattern as controls-single peak and single valley during systole and double peaks and double valleys during diastole. Basal IVPD was the main component of base to apex IVPD (B-A IVPD). The isovolumetric systolic IVPD was associated with early systolic IVPD, early systolic IVPD was associated with late systolic IVPD, and late systolic IVPD was associated with isovolumic diastolic IVPD (all

Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Diastole , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Pressure
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879163


To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs in the treatment of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy. China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Ovid and Web of Science databases were searched by computer to retrieve the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs in the treatment of hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy from the establishment of databases to July 2020. After two researchers performed data retrieval, data extraction, and risk assessment of bias, they used RevMan 5.3 software for Meta-analysis. A total of 10 RCTs were included, with a total of 979 patients. Meta-analysis results showed that in terms of interventricular septal thickness(MD=-0.70, 95%CI[-1.15,-0.24], P=0.003), left ventricular posterior wall thickness(MD=-0.81, 95%CI[-1.41,-0.21], P=0.008), left ventricular mass index(MD=-8.75, 95%CI[-17.40,-0.10], P=0.05), systolic blood pressure(MD=-8.97, 95%CI[-13.46,-4.48], P<0.000 1), diastolic blood pressure(MD=-5.87, 95%CI[-8.39,-3.34], P<0.000 01) and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter(MD=-1.73, 95%CI[-2.38,-1.08], P<0.000 01), Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs was superior to conventional antihypertensive drugs. In terms of left ventricular ejection fraction(MD=0.41, 95%CI[-0.74, 1.55], P=0.49), there was no statistical difference in treatment between the two groups. Because of the small amount of literatures included in the safety aspect, it is impossible to give an accurate conclusion. The GRADE score showed that the level of evidence was low and extremely low. The results show that the Compound Danshen Dripping Pills combined with conventional antihypertensive drugs may effectively improve the clinical efficacy for hypertensive ventricular hypertrophy, and the safety needs to be further explored. Due to the low quality of the included literatures, more high-quality RCTs are needed for verification.

Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/drug therapy , Stroke Volume , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879056


To systemically evaluate the effect of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills combined with Western medicine on adverse cardiovascular events and quality of life after percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). A total of 7 Chinese and English databases including CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched by computer to collect the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) on Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills combined with Western medicine in the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease after PCI with the retrieval time from the database establishment to April 1, 2020. Two researchers independently conducted li-terature screening, data extraction and bias risk assessment. Then, Meta-analysis was performed by using RevMan 5.3 software. A total of 31 RCTs were included, involving 3 537 patients. The results of Meta-analysis showed that in terms of major adverse cardiovascular events(MACE) after PCI, the combination of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills could significantly reduce the recurrence of angina pectoris, incidence of arrhythmia, heart failure and re-revascularization, and the effect was better than that of Western medicine treatment alone. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the improvement of non-fatal myocardial infarction, cardiac death, stent restenosis, stroke and other adverse cardiovascular events. In terms of improving left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), 6 min walking test(6 MWT), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein(hs-CRP) and Seattle angina pectoris scale(SAQ), the combination of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills and Western medicine treatment had obvious advantages over Western medicine treatment alone in increasing LVEF, 6 MWT and SAQ, and reducing the level of hs-CRP, with statistically significant differences. There were few adverse reactions in both groups, and there was no significant difference between the two groups. The main manifestations were gastrointestinal reactions, rash, gingiva and other small bleeding, and no serious adverse reactions occurred. The above reactions could disappear after drug withdrawal or symptomatic treatment. The application of Qishen Yiqi Dripping Pills combined with Western medicine in the treatment of patients after PCI could reduce the occurrence of MACE, improve the clinical efficacy, quality of life and prognosis in a safe and reliable manner. However, due to the quantity and quality limitations of included studies, more standardized, rigo-rous and high-quality clinical studies are still needed to further verify the above conclusions.

Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Medicine , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877623


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease between the combined therapy of acupuncture and western medication and the simple administration of western medication.@*METHODS@#A total of 134 patients with T2DM and angina pectoris of coronary heart disease were randomly divided into two groups, i.e. an acupuncture plus medication group (67 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a medication group (67 cases, 4 cases dropped off). The routine western medication was used according to symptoms in the patients of both groups. In the acupuncture plus medication group, on the base of medication, acupuncture was applied to Jianshi (PC 5), Quchi (LI 11), Neiguan (PC 6), etc. The needles were retained for 20 min in each treatment and 3 treatments of acupuncture were required weekly. The treatment was given consecutively for 8 weeks in the two groups. Separately, before and after treatment, the symptom scores of TCM were observed and the indexes were detected, including glycolipid metabolism [fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2-h plasma glucose (2hPG), glucosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), triacylglycerol (TG) and total cholesterol (TC)], islet β cell function [homeostasis model assessment-β (HOMA-β), homeostasis model assessment-IR (HOMA-IR), fasting insulin (FINS) and insulin sensitivity index (ISI)], cardiac function indexes [cardiac output (CO), early diastolic peak velocity/late diastolic peak velocity (E/A), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)], as well as electrocardiogram QT dispersion (QTd). Besides, the clinical therapeutic effects were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the TCM symptom scores and the values of FPG, 2hPG, HbA1c, TG, TC, HOMA-IR, FINS, E/A and LVEDD as well as QTd were all lower than those before treatment in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#The combined therapy of acupuncture and medication is effective in treatment of T2DM complicated with angina pectoris of coronary heart disease. Such therapy effectively improves glucolipid metabolism, islet β cell function, cardiac function and myocardial blood supply. Its curative effect is better than the simple administration of western medicine.

Acupuncture Therapy , Angina Pectoris/etiology , Blood Glucose , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Humans , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 950-957, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143986


Abstract Introduction: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a potentially lethal complication of unfractionated or low-molecular weight heparin therapy. We aimed to determine the incidence and mortality rate of patients with positive heparin/platelet factor 4 (PF4) antibodies, which is a rapid detection test of HIT. Methods: Coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral and aortic valve surgeries were evaluated. Cardiopulmonary bypass was employed in all patients. The diagnosis of HIT was based on immunological assays. Postoperative complications, mortality rates, and the causes of death were specified in patients with positive heparin/PF4 antibodies. Results: Postoperative thrombocytopenia was detected in 257 patients. Twenty of these patients undergoing open heart surgery were included in the final analysis. Antibodies against heparin/PF4 complex were positive in 20 patients. The mean body mass index was 28.8±2.3 kg/m2, mean value of left ventricular ejection fraction was 48.3±6.7%, cardiopulmonary bypass time was 113.0±35.0 min, aortic cross-clamping time was 88.0±32.7 min, mean intensive care unit length of stay was 10.9±4.9 days, mean preoperative platelet count was 307.250±88528 platelets/microliter, and mean postoperative platelet count was 243.050±89.354 platelets/microliter. The mean duration of heparin exposure was 6.9±2.9 days. The mortality rate was 45% (nine patients) and 1.2% (three patients) in heparin/PF4 complex positive and negative patients, respectively. Conclusion: Although the incidence of HIT was low in patients undergoing open heart surgery, an increased rate of early mortality was observed in patients with positive heparin/PF4 antibodies.

Humans , Male , Female , Platelet Factor 4 , Heparin/adverse effects , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(12): 1673-1678, Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143654


SUMMARY BACKGROUND: New-onset postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is the most common arrhythmia following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) and is associated with prolonged hospitalization, stroke, and mortality. The frontal plane QRS-T [f(QRS-T)] angle, which is defined as the angle between the directions of ventricular depolarization (QRS-axis) and repolarization (T-axis), is a novel marker of ventricular repolarization heterogeneity. The f(QRS-T) angle is associated with adverse cardiac outcomes. In light of these findings, in this study, we aimed to investigate the potential relationship between the f(QRS-T) angle and POAF. METHODS: 180 patients who underwent CABG between August 2017 and September 2018 were included in the study retrospectively. Two groups were established as patients who preserved postoperative sinus rhythm (n=130) and those who developed POAF (n=50). The f(QRS-T) angle and all other data were compared between groups. RESULTS: The fF(QRS-T) angle (p<0.001), SYNTAX score (p=0.039), serum high-sensitivity CRP levels (p=0.026), mean age (p<0.001), electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy rate (LVH) (p=0.019), and hypertension rate (p=0.007) were higher, and the mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p<0.001) was lower in the POAF group. Multivariable logistic regression analyses demonstrated that lower LVEF (p=0.004), LVH (p=0.041), and higher age (p=0.008) and f(QRS-T) angle (p<0.001) were independently associated with POAF. CONCLUSIONS: High f(QRS-T) angle level is closely associated with the development of POAF. The f(QRS-T) angle can be a potential indicator of POAF.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: A fibrilação atrial pós-operatória de início recente (Poaf) é a arritmia mais comum após a cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CABG) e associada a hospitalização prolongada, acidente vascular cerebral e mortalidade. O ângulo QRS-T [f(QRS-T)] do plano frontal, que é definido como o ângulo entre as direções da despolarização ventricular (eixo-QRS) e repolarização (eixo-T), é um novo marcador da heterogeneidade da repolarização ventricular. O ângulo f(QRS-T) está associado a desfechos cardíacos adversos. À luz desses achados, neste estudo, objetivamos investigar a relação potencial entre o ângulo f(QRS-T) e a Poaf. MéTODOS: Cento e oitenta pacientes submetidos a CABG entre agosto de 2017 e setembro de 2018 foram incluídos no estudo retrospectivamente. Dois grupos foram estabelecidos como pacientes com ritmo sinusal pós-operatório (n=130) e com Poaf (n=50). O ângulo f(QRS-T) e todos os dados foram comparados entre os grupos. RESULTADOS: Ângulo f(QRS-T) (p<0,001), escore Syntax (p=0,039), níveis séricos de PCR de alta sensibilidade (p=0,026), idade média (p<0,001), taxa de hipertrofia ventricular esquerda eletrocardiográfica (LVH) (p=0,019) e taxa de hipertensão (p=0,007) foram maiores; a fração de ejeção média do ventrículo esquerdo (LVEF) (p<0,001) foi menor no grupo com Poaf. As análises de regressão logística multivariável demonstraram que menor LVEF (p=0,004), LVH (p=0,041), maior idade (p=0,008) e maior ângulo f(QRS-T) (p<0,001) foram independentemente associados à Poaf. CONCLUSÕES: Níveis de ângulo altos f(QRS-T) estão intimamente associados à Poaf. O ângulo f(QRS-T) pode ser um indicador potencial de Poaf.

Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Stroke Volume , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Ventricular Function, Left
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 33(4): eabc98, 20200000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146297


Fundamento: A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo é um dos parâmetros ecocardiográficos mais utilizados na prática clínica. Sua estimativa pelo método bidimensional manual (método de Simpson) tem reprodutibilidade e acurácia limitadas, e métodos semiautomáticos têm sido propostos. Torna-se necessário comparar o método bidimensional semiautomático com métodos mais acurados de avaliação da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, como a medida pela ecocardiografia tridimensional automática. Objetivo: Comparar as estimativas da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo e dos volumes diastólico final e sistólico final do ventrículo esquerdo pelo método bidimensional semiautomático com as obtidas pelo método tridimensional automático. Método: Estudo observacional transversal, com pacientes em ritmo sinusal, fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo >50% e sem cardiopatia estrutural significativa, submetidos ao ecocardiograma transtorácico. Teste t de Student, coeficiente de Pearson e análise de Bland-Altman foram usados na análise estatística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 40 pacientes, sendo: 53% mulheres, 35% hipertensos, 25% dislipidêmicos, 10% diabéticos, 10% tabagistas e 13% com angioplastia prévia. Os valores médios da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo aos métodos tri e bidimensionais foram 62,1 ± 5,8% e 61,7 ± 5,9% (p = 0,50), respectivamente. Houve forte correlação da fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo determinada melos métodos bi e tridimensional (r = 0,74; p<0,001), assim como com o volume diastólico final (r = 0,75; p<0,001) e o sistólico final (r = 0,76; p<0,001). Houve boa concordância entre a fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo bi e tridimensional (diferença média: -0,39; intervalo de confiança 95% -1,7-0,9). Conclusão: A fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo estimada pelo método bidimensional semiautomático mostrou boa concordância com o método tridimensional automático. Os achados sugerem que o método bidimensional semiautomático represente uma alternativa confiável para avaliação dos volumes e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo.

Background: Left ventricular ejection fraction is one of the most used echocardiographic parameters in clinical practice. Its estimation by twodimensional manual method (Simpson method) has limited reproducibility and accuracy, and semi-automatic methods have been proposed. It becomes necessary to compare the semiautomatic two-dimensional method with more accurate methods of assessing left ventricular ejection fraction, such as measurement by automatic three-dimensional echocardiography. Objective: To compare the left ventricular ejection fraction, and left ventricular end-diastolic and end-systolic volumes estimates by the semiautomatic two-dimensional method with those obtained using the automatic three-dimensional method. Method: Observational cross-sectional study, including patients in sinus rhythm, left ventricular ejection fraction > 50% and without significant structural heart disease, submitted to transthoracic echocardiography. Student's t test, Pearson's coefficient and Bland-Altman analysis wer

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Software Design , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Stroke Volume , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Echocardiography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional/methods
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 821-827, nov. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142272


Resumo Fundamento O tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana teve seu benefício prognóstico confirmado no ensaio PARADIGM-HF. No entanto, dados sobre alterações no teste de esforço cardiopulmonar (TECP) com o uso de sacubitril-valsartana são escassos. Objetivo O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar os parâmetros do TECP antes e depois do tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana. Métodos Avaliação prospectiva de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC) crônica e fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo ≤40%, mesmo sob terapia padrão otimizada, que iniciaram tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana, sem expectativa de tratamentos adicionais para a IC. Os dados do TECP foram coletados na semana anterior e 6 meses depois do tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana. Diferenças estatísticas com valor p <0,05 foram consideradas significativas. Resultados De 42 pacientes, 35 (83,3%) completaram o seguimento de 6 meses, uma vez que 2 (4,8%) morreram e 5 (11,9%) interromperam o tratamento devido a eventos adversos. A média de idade foi de 58,6±11,1 anos. A classe NYHA (classificação da New York Heart Association) melhorou em 26 (74,3%) pacientes. O consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2max) (14,4 vs. 18,3 ml/kg/min, p<0,001), a inclinação VE/VCO2 (36,7 vs. 31,1, p<0,001) e a duração do exercício (487,8 vs. 640,3 s, p<0,001) também melhoraram com o uso de sacubitril-valsartana. O benefício foi mantido mesmo com a dose de 24/26 mg (13,5 vs. 19,2 ml/kg/min, p=0,018) de sacubitril-valsartana, desde que esta tenha sido a maior dose tolerada. Conclusões O tratamento com sacubitril-valsartana está associado a uma melhora acentuada do VO2max, da inclinação VE/VCO2 e da duração do exercício no TECP. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

Abstract Background Sacubitril/valsartan had its prognosis benefit confirmed in the PARADIGM-HF trial. However, data on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) changes with sacubitril-valsartan therapy are scarce. Objective This study aimed to compare CPET parameters before and after sacubitril-valsartan therapy. Methods Prospective evaluation of chronic heart failure (HF) patients with left ventricular ejection fraction ≤40% despite optimized standard of care therapy, who started sacubitril-valsartan therapy, expecting no additional HF treatment. CPET data were gathered in the week before and 6 months after sacubitril-valsartan therapy. Statistical differences with a p-value <0.05 were considered significant. Results Out of 42 patients, 35 (83.3%) completed the 6-month follow-up, since 2 (4.8%) patients died and 5 (11.9%) discontinued treatment for adverse events. Mean age was 58.6±11.1 years. New York Heart Association class improved in 26 (74.3%) patients. Maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) (14.4 vs. 18.3 ml/kg/min, p<0.001), VE/VCO2slope (36.7 vs. 31.1, p<0.001), and exercise duration (487.8 vs. 640.3 sec, p<0.001) also improved with sacubitril-valsartan. Benefit was maintained even with the 24/26 mg dose (13.5 vs. 19.2 ml/kg/min, p=0.018) of sacubitril-valsartan, as long as this was the highest tolerated dose. Conclusions Sacubitril-valsartan therapy is associated with marked CPET improvement in VO2max, VE/VCO2slope, and exercise duration. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Function, Left , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Oxygen , Stroke Volume , Tetrazoles , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Drug Combinations , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists , Aminobutyrates
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(4): 639-645, out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131358


Resumo Fundamento: Índice de massa corporal (IMC) elevado tem sido associado a desfechos melhores em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção reduzida. Este achado tem levado ao conceito do paradoxo da obesidade. Objetivo: Investigar o impacto de tolerância ao exercício e capacidade cardiorrespiratória no paradoxo da obesidade. Método: Pacientes ambulatoriais com insuficiência cardíaca sintomática e fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda (FEVE) ≤ 40%, acompanhados no nosso centro, foram prospectivamente submetidos à avaliação abrangente de linha de base incluindo parâmetros clínicos, laboratoriais, eletrocardiográficos, ecocardiográficos e de exercício cardiopulmonar. A população do estudo foi dividida de acordo com o IMC (< 25, 25 - 29,9 e ≥ 30 kg/m2). Todos os pacientes foram acompanhados durante 60 meses. O desfecho composto foi definido como morte cardíaca, transplante cardíaco urgente ou necessidade de suporte circulatório mecânico. Valores de p < 0,05 foram considerados significativos. Resultados: Dos 282 pacientes incluídos (75% masculino, 54 ± 12 anos, IMC 27 ± 4 kg/m2, FEVE 27% ± 7%), o desfecho composto ocorreu em 24,4% durante o acompanhamento. Os pacientes com IMC elevado eram mais velhos e apresentavam FEVE e níveis séricos de sódio mais elevados, bem como menor inclinação de eficiência ventilatória (VE/VCO2). VE/VCO2 e consumo de oxigênio de pico (VO2p) eram fortes preditores prognósticos (p < 0,001). Na análise univariada de regressão de Cox, o IMC elevado foi associado a desfechos melhores (razão de risco 0,940, intervalo de confiança 0,886 - 0,998, p 0,042). Porém, após ajustar para ou inclinação VE/VCO2 ou VO2p, o papel protetor do IMC sumiu. O benefício de sobrevida do IMC não foi evidente quando os pacientes foram agrupados de acordo com a classe de aptidão cardiorrespiratória (VE/VCO2, valor de corte de 35, e VO2p, valor de corte de 14 mL/kg/min). Conclusão: Estes resultados sugerem que a aptidão cardiorrespiratória supera a relação entre o IMC e a sobrevida em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca.

Abstract Background: Higher body mass index (BMI) has been associated with improved outcomes in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. This finding has led to the concept of the obesity paradox. Objective: To investigate the impact of exercise tolerance and cardiorespiratory capacity on the obesity paradox. Methods: Outpatients with symptomatic heart failure and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 40%, followed up in our center, prospectively underwent baseline comprehensive evaluation including clinical, laboratorial, electrocardiographic, echocardiographic, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing parameters. The study population was divided according to BMI (< 25, 25 - 29.9, and ≥ 30 kg/m2). All patients were followed for 60 months. The combined endpoint was defined as cardiac death, urgent heart transplantation, or need for mechanical circulatory support. P value < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: In the 282 enrolled patients (75% male, 54 ± 12 years, BMI 27 ± 4 kg/m2, LVEF 27% ± 7%), the composite endpoint occurred in 24.4% during follow-up. Patients with higher BMI were older, and they had higher LVEF and serum sodium levels, as well as lower ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO2) slope. VE/VCO2 and peak oxygen consumption (pVO2) were strong predictors of prognosis (p < 0.001). In univariable Cox regression analysis, higher BMI was associated with better outcomes (HR 0.940, CI 0.886 - 0.998, p 0.042). However, after adjusting for either VE/VCO2 slope or pVO2, the protective role of BMI disappeared. Survival benefit of BMI was not evident when patients were grouped according to cardiorespiratory fitness class (VE/VCO2, cut-off value 35, and pVO2, cut-off value 14 mL/kg/min). Conclusion: These results suggest that cardiorespiratory fitness outweighs the relationship between BMI and survival in patients with heart failure.

Humans , Male , Female , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Heart Failure , Oxygen Consumption , Prognosis , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Exercise Test , Obesity/complications
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 619-625, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137340


Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of CHA2DS2-VASc and Anticoagulation and Risk Factors in Atrial Fibrillation (ATRIA) risk scores for prediction of postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) development in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operation. Methods: The population of this observational study consisted of 370 patients undergoing CABG operation. CHA2DS2-VASc and ATRIA risk scores were calculated for all patients and their association with postoperative AF (AF episode lasting > 5 min) were evaluated. Predictors of postoperative AF were determined by multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: During follow-up, 110 patients (29.7%) developed postoperative AF. With multiple logistic regression analysis, risk factors for postoperative AF were determined: ATRIA risk score (odds ratio [OR] 1.23; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.11-1.36; P<0.001), fasting glucose level (OR 1.006; 95% CI 1.004-1.009; P<0.001), and 24-hour drainage amount (OR 1.002; 95% CI; 1.001-1.004; P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses showed that CHA2DS2-VASc and ATRIA risk scores were significant predictors for new-onset AF (C-statistic 0.648; 95% CI 0.59-0.69; P<0.001; and C-statistic 0.664; 95% CI 0.61-0.71; P<0.001, respectively). Conclusion: CHA2DS2-VASc and ATRIA risk scores predict new AF in patients undergoing CABG.

Humans , Male , Female , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnosis , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Stroke , Stroke Volume , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Ventricular Function, Left , Risk Assessment
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 644-653, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137339


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the mid-term survival rate after tricuspid valve replacement (TVR). Methods: We retrospectively studied 110 consecutive patients who underwent TVR from January 2007 to November 2017. A survival analysis was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Results: The median survival was 65.81 months. Mean age was 50 (range 39 to 59) years. Forty-eight patients (43.6%) were male, and 62 patients (56.4%) were female. Most of the patients (78.5%) were categorized into the New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classes III/IV. Seventy-two patients (65.5%) had isolated TVR. Six-three patients (57.3%) had previously undergone heart surgery. The Kaplan-Meier survival rates at one year, three years, and five years were 59.0%±5%, 52.0%±6%, and 48.0%±6%, respectively. A Cox regression analysis demonstrated that the risk factors for mid-term mortality were advanced NYHA class (hazard ratio [HR] 2.430, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.099-5.375, P=0.028), need for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) treatment (HR 3.121, 95% CI 1.610-6.050, P=0.001), and need for intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) treatment (HR 3.356, 95% CI 1.072-10.504, P=0.038). Conclusion: In TVR, impaired cardiac function before the operation and a need for CRRT or IABP treatment after the operation is independently associated with increased mid-term mortality.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Tricuspid Valve/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome , Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 706-712, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137338


Abstract Introduction: Diffuse coronary artery disease (CAD) has a poor prognosis and many patients are ineligible for conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study evaluated the 12-month outcomes of coronary artery reconstruction and surgical patch angioplasty of the coronary artery for diffuse CAD. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent CABG with surgical patch angioplasty of the coronary artery (reconstruction group) or standard CABG alone (standard group) at the Cardiovascular Surgery Department of the local Hospital between January 2014 and January 2016. Follow-up was censored at 12 months after surgery. Results: Cardiopulmonary bypass and aortic cross-clamping durations were longer in the reconstruction group (n=32) than in the standard group (n=125) (P<0.05). There were no differences in graft blood flow and postoperative levels of cardiac markers between the two groups (P>0.05). In the reconstruction group, one patient died; a vein graft showed occlusion. In the standard group, two patients died; one left internal mammary artery graft and three vein grafts showed occlusion. There were no significant differences in mortality, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events, and patency between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Coronary artery reconstruction and surgical patch angioplasty of the coronary artery can be performed for diffuse CAD. Patient outcomes were not significantly different from those of patients who underwent standard CABG.

Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Angioplasty , Stroke Volume , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Function, Left