Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 176
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879279

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the intraventricular pressure difference (IVPD) within left ventricle in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) by using the relative pressure imaging (RPI) of vector flow mapping (VFM). Twenty patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) and thirty control subjects were enrolled in the study. Systolic and diastolic IVPD derived from VFM within left ventricle and conventional echocardiographic parameters were analyzed. It was found that the B-A IVPD of left ventricle in PAF patients showed the same pattern as controls-single peak and single valley during systole and double peaks and double valleys during diastole. Basal IVPD was the main component of base to apex IVPD (B-A IVPD). The isovolumetric systolic IVPD was associated with early systolic IVPD, early systolic IVPD was associated with late systolic IVPD, and late systolic IVPD was associated with isovolumic diastolic IVPD (all


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Diastole , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Pressure
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8761, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089339

ABSTRACT

Nitric oxide (NO) inhibition by high-dose NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) is associated with several detrimental effects on the cardiovascular system. However, low-dose L-NAME increases NO synthesis, which in turn induces physiological cardiovascular benefits, probably by activating a protective negative feedback mechanism. Aerobic exercise, likewise, improves several cardiovascular functions in healthy hearts, but its effects are not known when chronically associated with low-dose L-NAME. Thus, we tested whether the association between low-dose L-NAME administration and chronic aerobic exercise promotes beneficial effects to the cardiovascular system, evaluating the cardiac remodeling process. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to control (C), L-NAME (L), chronic aerobic exercise (Ex), and chronic aerobic exercise associated to L-NAME (ExL). Aerobic training was performed with progressive intensity for 12 weeks; L-NAME (1.5 mg·kg-1·day-1) was administered by orogastric gavage. Low-dose L-NAME alone did not change systolic blood pressure (SBP), but ExL significantly increased SBP at week 8 with normalization after 12 weeks. Furthermore, ExL promoted the elevation of left ventricle (LV) end-diastolic pressure without the presence of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. Time to 50% shortening and relaxation were reduced in ExL, suggesting a cardiomyocyte contractile improvement. In addition, the time to 50% Ca2+ peak was increased without alterations in Ca2+ amplitude and time to 50% Ca2+ decay. In conclusion, the association of chronic aerobic exercise and low-dose L-NAME prevented cardiac pathological remodeling and induced cardiomyocyte contractile function improvement; however, it did not alter myocyte affinity and sensitivity to intracellular Ca2+ handling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Calcium/analysis , Nitric Oxide Synthase/drug effects , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/pharmacology , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Myocardial Contraction/drug effects , Body Weight/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Pressure/drug effects , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester/administration & dosage , Models, Animal , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Myocytes, Cardiac/physiology , Enzyme Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Adiposity , Hemodynamics , Motor Activity/physiology , Myocardium/pathology
3.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(5): 925-932, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055040

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: D-limonene (DL) is a monoterpene and is the major component in the essential oil of citrus fruit. It presents antihyperglycemic and vasodilatation activities. Objectives: This study evaluated the cardiovascular effects and potential antiarrhythmic of DL in rats. Methods: Hemodynamic and electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters were measured in male Wistar rats, which under anesthesia had been cannulated in the abdominal aorta and lower vena cava and had electrodes subcutaneously implanted. In the in vitro approach, the heart was removed and perfused using the Langendorff technique. The significance level adopted was 5% (p < 0.05). Results: DL, in doses of 10, 20, and 40 mg/kg (i.v), produced intense and persistent bradycardia associated with hypotension. Bradycardia with prolonged QTc was observed in the ECG in vivo recording. In the in vivo model of arrhythmia induced by Bay K8644, DL (10 mg/kg) decreased the arrhythmia score from 15.33 ± 3.52 to 4.0 ± 2.64 u.a (p < 0.05, n = 4). In isolated perfused hearts, DL (10-3 M) promoted significant reductions in heart rate (from 228.6 ± 8.5 ms to 196.0 ± 9.3 bpm; p < 0.05) and left ventricular development pressure (from 25.2 ± 3.4 to 5.9 ± 1.8 mmHg; n = 5, p < 0.05). Conclusions: DL produces bradycardia and antiarrhythmic activity in rat heart.


Resumo Fundamento: O D-limoneno (DL) é um monoterpeno e o principal componente do óleo essencial de frutas cítricas. Ele apresenta atividades anti-hiperglicêmicas e vasodilatadoras. Objetivos: Este estudo avaliou os efeitos cardiovasculares e antiarrítmicos potenciais do DL em ratos. Métodos: Os parâmetros hemodinâmicos e eletrocardiográficos (ECG) foram mensurados em ratos Wistar machos que, sob anestesia, tiveram a aorta abdominal e a veia cava inferior canuladas e receberam eletrodos implantados subcutaneamente. Na abordagem in vitro, o coração foi removido e perfundido utilizando a técnica de Langendorff. O nível de significância adotado foi de 5% (p < 0,05). Resultados: DL, nas doses de 10, 20 e 40 mg/kg (i.v), produziu bradicardia intensa e persistente associada à hipotensão. A bradicardia com QTc prolongado foi observada no registro in vivo do ECG. No modelo in vivo de arritmia induzida por Bay K8644, DL (10 mg / kg) houve diminuição do escore da arritmia de 15,33 ± 3,52 para 4,0 ± 2,64 u.a (p < 0,05, n = 4). Em corações perfundidos isolados, o DL (10-3 M) promoveu reduções significativas na frequência cardíaca (de 228,6 ± 8,5 ms para 196,0 ± 9,3 bpm; p < 0,05) e na pressão desenvolvida do ventrículo esquerdo (de 25,2 ± 3,4 para 5,9 ± 1,8 mmHg; n = 5, p < 0,05). Conclusões: O DL produz bradicardia e atividade antiarrítmica no coração de ratos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Bradycardia/drug therapy , Limonene/therapeutic use , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/chemically induced , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Bradycardia/diagnosis , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Pressure/drug effects , Models, Animal , Electrocardiography , Isolated Heart Preparation , Limonene/pharmacology , Heart Rate/drug effects , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Hypotension , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/pharmacology
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(8): e201900807, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038127

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the effect of tanshinone IIA (TIIA) on ventricular remodeling in rats with pressure overload-induced heart failure. Methods Pressure overload-induced heart failure model (abdominal aortic coarctation) was established in 40 rats, which were divided into model and 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups. Ten rats receiving laparotomy excepting abdominal aortic coarctation were enrolled in sham-operated group. The 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA groups were treated with 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg TIIA, respectively, for 8 weeks. Results Compared with model group, in 20 mg/kg TIIA group the left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular fractional shortening, left ventricular systolic pressure, ±maximum left ventricular pressure rising and dropping rate, and myocardial B-cell lymphoma-2 and cleaved cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 protein levels were increased, respectively (P<0.05), and the left ventricular end diastolic diameter, left ventricular end systolic diameter, left ventricular end diastolic pressure, heart weight index, left ventricular weight index, serum B-type brain natriuretic peptide, interleukin 6 and C-reactive protein levels and myocardial B-cell lymphoma-2 associated X protein level were decreased, respectively (P<0.05). Conclusion TIIA may alleviate ventricular remodeling in rats with pressure overload-induced heart failure heart by reducing inflammatory response and cardiomyocyte apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ventricular Remodeling/drug effects , Abietanes/pharmacology , Heart/drug effects , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Immunosuppressive Agents/pharmacology , Random Allocation , Ventricular Pressure , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716768

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Abnormal potassium channels expression affects vessel function, including vascular tone and proliferation rate. Diverse potassium channels, including voltage-gated potassium (Kv) channels, are involved in pathological changes of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Since the role of the Kv1.7 channel in PAH has not been previously studied, we investigated whether Kv1.7 channel expression changes in the lung tissue of a monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH rat model and whether this change is influenced by the endothelin (ET)-1 and reactive oxygen species (ROS) pathways. METHODS: Rats were separated into 2 groups: the control (C) group and the MCT (M) group (60 mg/kg MCT). A hemodynamic study was performed by catheterization into the external jugular vein to estimate the right ventricular pressure (RVP), and pathological changes in the lung tissue were investigated. Changes in protein and mRNA levels were confirmed by western blot and polymerase chain reaction analysis, respectively. RESULTS: MCT caused increased RVP, medial wall thickening of the pulmonary arterioles, and increased expression level of ET-1, ET receptor A, and NADPH oxidase (NOX) 4 proteins. Decreased Kv1.7 channel expression was detected in the lung tissue. Inward-rectifier channel 6.1 expression in the lung tissue also increased. We confirmed that ET-1 increased NOX4 level and decreased glutathione peroxidase-1 level in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). ET-1 increased ROS level in PASMCs. CONCLUSION: Decreased Kv1.7 channel expression might be caused by the ET-1 and ROS pathways and contributes to MCT-induced PAH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arterioles , Blotting, Western , Catheterization , Catheters , Endothelins , Glutathione , Hemodynamics , Hypertension , Jugular Veins , Lung , Models, Animal , Monocrotaline , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , NADPH Oxidases , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Potassium , Potassium Channels , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , Pulmonary Artery , Rats , Reactive Oxygen Species , RNA, Messenger , Ventricular Pressure
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Simvastatin has been reported to attenuate the development of pulmonary hypertension through increased apoptosis as well as reduced proliferation of smooth muscle cells in obstructive vascular lesions. Microarray experiment can accomplish many genetic tests in parallel. The purpose of this study is to evaluate altered expressions of gene in rat hearts with monocrotaline (MCT)-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension after simvastatin treatment. METHODS: Six-week-old male rats were grouped as follows: control group (C group, saline injection), M group (MCT 60 mg/kg), and S group (MCT 60 mg/kg plus 10 mg/kg/day simvastatin by gavage during 28 days). Body weight, right ventricular pressure and right ventricular/left ventricle+septum ratio in each group were measured. The rats were sacrificed after 28 days. Total RNA was extracted from the rat heart tissue and microarray analysis was performed. RESULTS: Administration of simvastatin significantly inhibited the progression of right ventricular hypertrophy at day 28 in the S group than in the M group. Compared with the C group, MCT was associated with a significant difference in expression of genes related to biosynthesis and with the regulation of heart contraction rate. Simvastatin treatment resulted in a significantly changed expression of genes about the regulation of progression through cell cycle and system development compared to the M group. The expressions of nitric oxide synthase and brain natriuretic peptide were significantly decreased after simvastatin treatment. CONCLUSION: Administration of simvastatin exerted inhibitory effects on right ventricular hypertrophy during the development of MCT-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in rats. Simvastatin changes the expression of genes associated with various functions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Body Weight , Cell Cycle , Gene Expression , Heart , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Hypertension , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular , Male , Microarray Analysis , Monocrotaline , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Rats , RNA , Simvastatin , Ventricular Pressure
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 108(5): 443-451, May 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838732

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and long-term disability worldwide. Various studies have suggested a protective effect of lactation in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Objective: This study was designed to assess the effects of pregnancy and lactation on the vulnerability of the myocardium to an ischemic insult. Methods: Eighteen female rats were randomly divided into three groups: ischemia-reperfusion (IR), in which the hearts of virgin rats underwent IR (n = 6); lactating, in which the rats nursed their pups for 3 weeks and the maternal hearts were then submitted to IR (n = 6); and non-lactating, in which the pups were separated after birth and the maternal hearts were submitted to IR (n = 6). Outcome measures included heart rate (HR), left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), rate pressure product (RPP), ratio of the infarct size to the area at risk (IS/AAR %), and ventricular arrhythmias - premature ventricular contraction (PVC) and ventricular tachycardia (VT). Results: The IS/AAR was markedly decreased in the lactating group when compared with the non-lactating group (13.2 ± 2.5 versus 39.7 ± 3.5, p < 0.001) and the IR group (13.2 ± 2.5 versus 34.0 ± 4.7, p < 0.05). The evaluation of IR-induced ventricular arrhythmias indicated that the number of compound PVCs during ischemia, and the number and duration of VTs during ischemia and in the first 5 minutes of reperfusion in the non-lactating group were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those in the lactating and IR groups. Conclusion: Lactation induced early-onset cardioprotective effects, while rats that were not allowed to nurse their pups were more susceptible to myocardial IR injury.


Resumo Fundamento: As doenças cardiovasculares são a principal causa de mortalidade e invalidez a longo prazo a nível mundial. Diversos estudos têm sugerido um efeito protetor da lactação na redução do risco para doenças cardiovasculares. Objetivo: Este estudo foi desenvolvido para avaliar os efeitos da gestação e da lactação sobre a vulnerabilidade do miocárdio ao insulto isquêmico. Métodos: Dezoito ratas foram divididas aleatoriamente em três grupos: isquemia-reperfusão (IR), no qual os corações de ratas virgens foram submetidos à IR (n = 6); lactantes, no qual as ratas amamentaram seus filhotes por 3 semanas e os corações maternos foram, em seguida, submetidos à IR (n = 6); e não lactantes, no qual os filhotes foram separados após o nascimento e os corações maternos foram submetidos à IR (n = 6). As medidas de desfecho incluíram frequência cardíaca (FC), pressão desenvolvida no ventrículo esquerdo (PDVE), duplo produto (DP), razão do tamanho do infarto sobre a área sob risco (TI/ASR %) e arritmias ventriculares - contração ventricular prematura (CVP) e taquicardia ventricular (TV). Resultados: O TI/ASR foi substancialmente menor no grupo de lactantes quando comparado ao grupo de não lactantes (13,2 ± 2,5 versus 39,7 ± 3,5, p < 0,001) e ao grupo IR (13,2 ± 2,5 versus 34,0 ± 4,7, p < 0,05). A avaliação das arritmias ventriculares induzidas pela IR indicou que o número de CVPs compostas na isquemia, e o número e a duração das TVs na isquemia e nos primeiros 5 minutos de reperfusão no grupo de não lactantes foram significativamente (p < 0,05) mais elevados do que os encontrados nos grupos IR e de lactantes. Conclusão: A lactação induziu o aparecimento precoce de efeitos cardioprotetores, enquanto ratas que não foram permitidas a amamentar seus filhotes se mostraram mais suscetíveis à lesão miocárdica por IR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Lactation , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Myocardial Ischemia/rehabilitation , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/prevention & control , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ventricular Pressure/physiology , Models, Animal , Heart Rate/physiology , Myocardial Contraction/physiology
8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 786-793, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78945

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effectiveness of balloon dilatation of homograft conduits in the pulmonary position in delaying surgical replacement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent balloon dilatation of their homograft in the pulmonary position from 2001 to 2015. The pressure gradient and ratio of right ventricular pressure were measured before and after the procedure. The primary goal of this study was to evaluate the parameters associated with the interval to next surgical or catheter intervention. RESULTS: Twenty-eight balloon dilations were performed in 26 patients. The median ages of patients with homograft insertion and balloon dilatation were 20.3 months and 4.5 years, respectively. The origins of the homografts were the aorta (53.6%), pulmonary artery (32.1%), and femoral vein (14.3%). The median interval after conduit implantation was 26.7 months. The mean ratio of balloon to graft size was 0.87. The pressure gradient through the homograft and the ratio of right ventricle to aorta pressure were significantly improved after balloon dilatation (p<0.001). There were no adverse events during the procedure with the exception of one case of balloon rupture. The median interval to next intervention was 12.9 months. The median interval of freedom from re-intervention was 16.6 months. Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that the interval of freedom from re-intervention differed only according to origin of the homograft (p=0.032), with the pulmonary artery having the longest interval of freedom from re-intervention (p=0.043). CONCLUSION: Balloon dilatation of homografts in the pulmonary position can be safely performed, and homografts of the pulmonary artery are associated with a longer interval to re-intervention.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Angioplasty, Balloon , Aorta , Catheters , Dilatation , Femoral Vein , Freedom , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Medical Records , Pulmonary Artery , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , Rupture , Transplants , Ventricular Pressure
9.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(2): 147-153, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-794560

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal life could affect the cardiac function in later life. The mechanism underlying this action in fetal hypothyroidism (FH) in rats has not been elucidated thus far. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluation the effect of FH on cardiac function in male rats and to determine the contribution of α-myosin heavy chain (MHC) and β-MHC isoforms. Methods: Six pregnant female rats were randomly divided into two groups: The hypothyroid group received water containing 6-propyl-2-thiouracil during gestation and the controls consumed tap water. The offspring of the rats were tested in adulthood. Hearts from the FH and control rats were isolated and perfused with langendroff setup for measuring hemodynamic parameters; also, the heart mRNA expressions of α- MHC and β-MHC were measured by qPCR. Results: Baseline LVDP (74.0 ± 3.1 vs. 92.5 ± 3.2 mmHg, p < 0.05) and heart rate (217 ± 11 vs. 273 ± 6 beat/min, p < 0.05) were lower in the FH rats than controls. Also, these results showed the same significance in ±dp/dt. In the FH rats, β-MHC expression was higher (201%) and α- MHC expression was lower (47%) than control. Conclusion: Thyroid hormone deficiency during fetal life could attenuate normal cardiac functions in adult rats, an effect at least in part due to the increased expression of β-MHC to α- MHC ratio in the heart.


Resumo Fundamento: Deficiência de hormônio da tireoide durante vida fetal pode afetar a função cardíaca no futuro. O mecanismo subjacente dessa ação em hipotireoidismo fetal (HF) em ratos ainda não tem explicação. Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo é avaliar o efeito de HF na função cardíaca em ratos macho e determinar a contribuição da α-miosina de cadeia pesada (α-MCP) e de isoformas β-MCP. Métodos: Seis ratos fêmea gestantes foram aleatoriamente divididas em dois grupos. O grupo do hipotireoidismo recebeu água contendo 6-propil-2-tiouracil durante a gestação, e os ratos no grupo de controle receberam água de torneira. Os filhotes dos ratos foram testados quando atingiram idade adulta. O coração dos ratos HF e controle foram isolados e submetidos a perfusão pelo método de Langendorff para medição de parâmetros hemodinâmicos. Também foram medidas as expressões de mRNA do coração de α-MCP e β-MCP por qPCR. Resultados: PVED de base (74,0 ± 3,1 vs. 92,5 ± 3,2 mmHg, p < 0,05) e pressão arterial (217 ± 11 vs. 273 ± 6 batidas/min, p < 0,05) mostraram-se mais baixas em ratos HF do que em ratos controle. Além disso, esses resultados mostraram a mesma significância em ±dp/dt. Em ratos HF, a expressão de β-MCP foi mais alta (201%) e a de α-MCP foi mais baixa (47%) do que em ratos controle. Conclusão: Deficiência de hormônio da tireoide durante a vida fetal pode enfraquecer funções cardíacas normais em ratos adultos, efeito devido em parte à expressão aumentada de β-MCP em relação a α-MCP no coração.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Body Weight/drug effects , Myosin Heavy Chains/metabolism , Congenital Hypothyroidism/metabolism , Myocardium/metabolism , Propylthiouracil , Antithyroid Agents , Thyroxine/blood , Triiodothyronine/blood , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Ventricular Pressure , DNA, Complementary/metabolism , Congenital Hypothyroidism/chemically induced , Congenital Hypothyroidism/blood , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Rate
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107692

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) leads to right ventricular failure (RVF) as well as an increase in pulmonary vascular resistance. Our purpose was to study the effect of sildenafil on right ventricular remodeling in a rat model of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced RVF. METHODS: The rats were distributed randomly into 3 groups. The control (C) group, the monocrotaline (M) group (MCT 60 mg/kg) and the sildenafil (S) group (MCT 60 mg/kg+ sildenafil 30 mg/kg/day for 28 days). Masson Trichrome staining was used for heart tissues. Western blot analysis and immunohistochemical staining were performed. RESULTS: The mean right ventricular pressure (RVP) was significantly lower in the S group at weeks 1, 2, and 4. The number of intra-acinar arteries and the medial wall thickness of the pulmonary arterioles significantly lessened in the S group at week 4. The collagen content also decreased in heart tissues in the S group at week 4. Protein expression levels of B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)-associated X, caspase-3, Bcl-2, interleukin (IL)-6, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), endothelin (ET)-1 and ET receptor A (ERA) in lung tissues greatly decreased in the S group at week 4 according to immunohistochemical staining. According to Western blotting, protein expression levels of troponin I, brain natriuretic peptide, caspase-3, Bcl-2, tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-6, MMP-2, eNOS, ET-1, and ERA in heart tissues greatly diminished in the S group at week 4. CONCLUSION: Sildenafil alleviated right ventricular hypertrophy and mean RVP. These data suggest that sildenafil improves right ventricular function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arteries , Arterioles , B-Lymphocytes , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Collagen , Endothelins , Gene Expression , Heart , Hypertension , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Lung , Models, Animal , Monocrotaline , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Necrosis , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Rats , Sildenafil Citrate , Troponin I , Vascular Resistance , Ventricular Function, Right , Ventricular Pressure , Ventricular Remodeling
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80172

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Effusive-constrictive pericarditis (ECP) is traditionally diagnosed by using the expensive and invasive technique of direct pressure measurements in the pericardial space and the right atrium. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic role of echocardiography in tuberculous ECP. METHODS: Intrapericardial and right atrial pressures were measured pre- and post-pericardiocentesis, and right ventricular and left ventricular pressures were measured post-pericardiocentesis in patients with tuberculous pericardial effusions. Echocardiography was performed post-pericardiocentesis. Traditional, pressure-based diagnostic criteria were compared with post-pericardiocentesis systolic discordance and echocardiographic evidence of constriction. RESULTS: Thirty-two patients with tuberculous pericardial disease were included. Sixteen had ventricular discordance (invasively measured), 16 had ECP as measured by intrapericardial and right atrial invasive pressure measurements and 17 had ECP determined echocardiographically. The sensitivity and specificity of pressure-guided measurements (compared with discordance) for the diagnosis of ECP were both 56%. The positive and negative predictive values were both 56%. The sensitivity of echocardiography (compared with discordance) for the diagnosis of ECP was 81% and the specificity 75%, while the positive and the negative predictive values were 76% and 80%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Echocardiography shows a better diagnostic performance than invasive, pressure-based measurements for the diagnosis of ECP when both these techniques are compared with the gold standard of invasively measured systolic discordance.


Subject(s)
Atrial Pressure , Constriction , Diagnosis , Echocardiography , Heart Atria , Humans , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Pericardium , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tuberculosis , Ventricular Pressure
12.
São Paulo; s.n; 2016. 83 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1083963

ABSTRACT

A doença arterial coronária é importante e prevalente manifestação da aterosclerose. A avaliação da função diastólica pelos parâmetros mitrais obtidos com Doppler ecocardiográfico possui limitações nos coronariopatas com fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo (FEVE) preservada. Nestes, a disfunção diastólica, independentemente da FEVE, associa-se a maior incidência de desfechos desfavoráveis. A elevação da pressão diastólica final (PD2) do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) é a principal consequência fisiológica da disfunção diastólica. A pesquisa por melhores formas de determinação da PD2 do VE estendeu-se às modernas técnicas ecocardiográficas de quantificação da mecânica cardíaca. O objetivo deste estudo é correlacionar as medidas de deformação miocárdica, obtidas pelo speckle-tracking ecocardiográfico bidimensional, com a medida invasiva da PD2 do VE em pacientes com insuficiência coronariana e FEVE preservada. Métodos: foram avaliados 81 coronariopatas (idade: 61 ±8 anos) com FEVE >50%, encaminhados para cineangiocoronariografia eletiva, 40 destes com PD2 elevada (>16 mm Hg). Todos os indivíduos foram submetidos à avaliação ecocardiográfica convencional imediatamente antes do cateterismo e subsequente avaliação offline, com ecocardiografia speckle tracking (EST) para obtenção de medidas sistólicas e diastólicas de strain e strain rate circunferenciais e longitudinais, e estudo rotacional do VE. Foram analisadas as variáveis diastólicas da EST, tanto de forma isolada, quanto combinada com a velocidade da onda E ao Doppler...


Subject(s)
Diastole , Coronary Disease , Echocardiography , Heart Failure , Ventricular Pressure
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239562

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects and the underlying molecular mechanisms of curcumin on pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells in rat model with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).A total of 75 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group (group CN), model group (group M), low-dose curcumin group (group CL), medium-dose curcumin group (group CM) and high-dose curcumin group (group CH). HE staining was used to observe the morphology of pulmonary artery. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by immunohistochemical staining. TUNEL kit was used to analyze the effects of curcumin on apoptosis of smooth muscle cells, and the protein expressions of SOCS-3/JAK2/STAT pathway in lung tissues were determined by western blot.Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) and right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVMI) in group M were significantly higher than those in group CN, group CH and group CM (all<0.05). HE staining and TUNEL kit test showed that the number of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells had a significant increase in group M, while the pulmonary artery tube became thin, and the smooth muscle cells shrinked in group CM and group CH. Immunohistochemistry showed that PCNA and Bcl-2 in group M were significantly higher than those in group CN (all<0.05), while Bax expression was significantly lower than that in group CN (<0.05). PCNA in group CM and group CH were significantly lower than that in group M (all<0.05), while Bax expression was significantly higher than that in group M (<0.05). Western blot showed that SOCS-3 protein was significantly decreased in group M, while the p-JAK2, p-STAT1, p-STAT3 were significantly increased (all<0.05). Compared with group M, SOCS-3 protein in group CM and group CH were significantly increased (all<0.05), while the p-JAK2, p-STAT3 were significantly reduced (all<0.05).Curcumin could promote the apoptosis of smooth muscle cells in rats with COPD, and improve the mean pulmonary artery pressure and RVMI through stimulating SOCS-3/JAK2/STAT signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Physiology , Arterial Pressure , Physiology , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular , Pathology , Janus Kinase 2 , Physiology , Lung , Chemistry , Male , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Pathology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Pulmonary Artery , Pathology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , STAT Transcription Factors , Suppressor of Cytokine Signaling 3 Protein , Physiology , Ventricular Pressure , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(6): 439-444, 06/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749641

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether post-hemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph (PSML) is involved in cardiac dysfunction induced by hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: The hemorrhagic shock model (40±2 mmHg, 3h) was established in rats of the shock and shock+drainage groups; and PSML drainage was performed from hypotension 1-3h in the shock+drainage rats. Then, the isolated hearts were obtained from the rats for the examination of cardiac function with Langendorff system. Subsequently, the isolated hearts were obtained from normal rats and perfused with PSML or Krebs-Henseleit solution, and the changes of cardiac function were observed. RESULTS: The left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) and the maximal rates of LV developed pressure (LVDP) rise and fall (±dP/dt max) in the shock and shock+drainage groups were lower than that of the sham group; otherwise, these indices in the shock+drainage group were higher compared to the shock group. In addition, after isolated hearts obtained from normal rats perfusing with PSML, these cardiac function indices were gradual decline along with the extension of time, such as heart rate, LVSP, ±dP/dt max, etc. CONCLUSION: Post-hemorrhagic shock mesenteric lymph is an important contributor to cardiac dysfunction following hemorrhagic shock. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Heart Diseases/etiology , Heart Diseases/physiopathology , Lymph/physiology , Mesentery/physiopathology , Shock, Hemorrhagic/complications , Shock, Hemorrhagic/physiopathology , Disease Models, Animal , Drainage/methods , Glucose , Heart Rate/physiology , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Mesentery/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reference Values , Time Factors , Tromethamine , Ventricular Pressure/physiology
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCB-MSCs) may have multiple therapeutic applications for cell based therapy including the treatment of pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). As low survival rates and potential tumorigenicity of implanted cells could undermine the mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) cell-based therapy, we chose to investigate the use of conditioned medium (CM) from a culture of MSC cells as a feasible alternative. METHODS: CM was prepared by culturing hUCB-MSCs in three-dimensional spheroids. In a rat model of PAH induced by monocrotaline, we infused CM or the control unconditioned culture media via the tail-vein of 6-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats. RESULTS: Compared with the control unconditioned media, CM infusion reduced the ventricular pressure, the right ventricle/(left ventricle+interventricular septum) ratio, and maintained respiratory function in the treated animals. Also, the number of interleukin 1alpha (IL-1alpha), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5), and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1)-positive cells increased in lung samples and the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling technique (TUNEL)-positive cells decreased significantly in the CM treated animals. CONCLUSIONS: From our in vivo data in the rat model, the observed decreases in the TUNEL staining suggest a potential therapeutic benefit of the CM in ameliorating PAH-mediated lung tissue damage. Increased IL-1alpha, CCL5, and TIMP-1 levels may play important roles in this regard.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Culture Media , Culture Media, Conditioned , Deoxyuridine , Fetal Blood , Gene Expression , Humans , Hypertension , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Interleukin-1alpha , Lung , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Models, Animal , Monocrotaline , Pulmonary Artery , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Survival Rate , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Umbilical Cord , Ventricular Pressure
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-116733

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There are few data on the effects of low hemoglobin levels on the left ventricle (LV) in patients without heart disease. The objective of this study was to document changes in the echocardiographic variables of LV structure and function after the correction of anemia without significant cardiovascular disease. METHODS: In total, 34 iron-deficiency anemia patients (35 +/- 11 years old, 32 females) without traditional cardiovascular risk factors or cardiovascular disease and 34 age- and gender-matched controls were studied. Assessments included history, physical examination, and echocardiography. Of the 34 patients with anemia enrolled, 20 were followed and underwent echocardiography after correction of the anemia. RESULTS: There were significant differences between the anemia and control groups in LV diameter, left ventricular mass index (LVMI), left atrial volume index (LAVI), peak mitral early diastolic (E) velocity, peak mitral late diastolic (A) velocity, E/A ratio, the ratio of mitral to mitral annular early diastolic velocity (E/E'), stroke volume, and cardiac index. Twenty patients underwent follow-up echocardiography after treatment of anemia. The follow-up results showed significant decreases in the LV end-diastolic and end-systolic diameters and LVMI, compared with baseline levels. LAVI, E velocity, and E/E' also decreased, suggesting a decrease in LV filling pressure. CONCLUSIONS: Low hemoglobin level was associated with larger cardiac chambers, increased LV, mass and higher LV filling pressure even in the subjects without cardiovascular risk factors or overt cardiovascular disease. Appropriate correction of anemia decreased LV mass, LA volume, and E/E'.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/blood , Biomarkers/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Echocardiography, Doppler , Female , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Hematinics/therapeutic use , Hemoglobins/metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Recovery of Function , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Pressure , Ventricular Remodeling , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236350

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study a feasible method of measuring right ventricular pressure by catheterization in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Measuring the right ventricular pressure and the pulmonary artery pressure by homemade PE pipe through venous cannula in external jugular vein, using catheterization in mice with powerlab multimodal biometric signal recording system.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-six out of 51 mice were experimented with this method smoothly and got a total success rate of 90.2%. Thirty of 33 normal mice and 16 of 18 mice with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) were catheterized successfully. The right ventricular pressure were as follow: systolic blood pressure: (23.4 +/- 5.7) mmHg in normal group vs (32.2 +/- 2.8) mmHg in mice with PAH, diastolic blood pressure: (3.7 +/- 2.6) mmHg vs (3.8 +/- 2.0) mmHg, mean pressure: (12.0 +/- 3.7) mmHg vs (14.9 +/- 2.3) mmHg. After autopsy for those 5 failed cases, we found that 2 cases were into the inferior vena cava, another 2 cases pierced the right auricle and the last one punctured the axillary vein into the chest wall.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Measuring the right ventricular pressure through venous cannula in external jugular vein with homemade PE pipe in mice gets not only a high success rate but also help to save time. Moreover, this method can be popularized easily. It is a good and feasible method for measuring right ventricular pressure in mice.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiac Catheterization , Methods , Jugular Veins , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Ventricular Pressure
18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 105-112, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15684

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Increased vascular wall shear stress by elevated plasma viscosity significantly enhances the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity during an acute isovolemic hemodilution. Also the modulation of plasma viscosity has effects on the cardiac function that were revealed if a left ventricular (LV) pressure-volume (PV) measurement was used. The aim of this study was to assess cardiac function responses to nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors with the presence of an elevated plasma viscosity but a low hematocrit level. Furthermore, systemic parameters were monitored in a murine model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As test group five anesthetized hamsters were administered with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), NOS inhibitor, whereas five other hamsters were used as control group without L-NAME infusion. The dosage of L-NAME was 10 mg/kg. An isovolemic hemodilution was performed by 40% of estimated blood volume with 6% w/v dextran 2000 kDa, high viscosity plasma expanders (PEs) with viscosity 6.34 cP. LV function was measured and assessed using a 1.4 Fr PV conductance catheter. RESULTS: The study results demonstrated that NOS inhibition prevented the normal cardiac adaptive response after hemodilution. The endsystolic pressure increased 14% after L-NAME infusion and maintained higher than at the baseline after hemodilution, whereas it gradually decreased in the animals without L-NAME infusion. The admission of L-NAME significantly decreased the maximum rate of ventricular pressure rise (+dP/dtmax), stroke volume and cardiac output after hemodilution if compared to the control group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: This finding supports the presumption that nitric oxide induced by an increased plasma viscosity with the use of a high viscosity PE plays a major role in the cardiac function during an acute isovolemic hemodilution.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Viscosity , Blood Volume , Cardiac Output , Catheters , Cricetinae , Dextrans , Hematocrit , Hemodilution , NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Nitric Oxide , Plasma , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function , Ventricular Pressure , Viscosity
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(6): 531-537, jun. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-679141

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: A dilatação do ventrículo esquerdo (VE) após infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) é um importante determinante do prognóstico. A razão entre a velocidade diastólica E do fluxo mitral e a velocidade diastólica e' do anel mitral (relação E/e') é o melhor índice não invasivo para detectar elevação aguda da pressão de enchimento do VE. A hipótese deste estudo é que a E/e' possa predizer remodelação do VE após IAM tratado. OBJETIVO: Avaliar se a E/e' prediz remodelação ventricular após IAM, em comparação aos dados clínicos, laboratoriais e ecocardiográficos tradicionais. MÉTODO: Ecocardiogramas foram realizados em pacientes consecutivos com primeiro IAM, após angioplastia transluminal coronariana (ATC) seguida de recanalização efetiva, 48 horas e 60 dias após o evento. A E/e' foi calculada pela média de quatro sítios do anel mitral. Remodelação do VE foi definida como aumento ≥ 15% do volume sistólico final ao método de Simpson. Análises estatísticas incluíram teste t de Student, curvas receptor-operador (ROC) e regressão logística multivariada, com p significante < 0,05. RESULTADOS: Estudados 55 pacientes, com idade 58 ± 11 anos, 43 homens, observou-se E/e' maior (13 ± 4 versus 8,5 ± 2; p < 0,001) no grupo com remodelação (n = 13) em relação ao grupo sem remodelação (n = 42). A curva ROC indicou E/e' como preditor de remodelação (área sob a curva = 0,81, p = 0,001). Análises de regressão contendo variáveis clínicas, laboratoriais e Doppler-ecocardiográficas confirmaram E/e' como preditor independente da remodelação (odds ratio 1,42; p = 0,01). CONCLUSÃO: A relação E/e' é um preditor útil de remodelação do VE após IAM, indicando pacientes com maior risco cardiovascular.


BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) dilation after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an important determinant of prognosis. The ratio of early mitral inflow velocity (E) and peak early diastolic annular velocity (e') provides the best single index for noninvasive detection of acute elevation of LV filling pressure. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether E/e' ratio predicts LV remodeling after properly treated AMI compared with traditional clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic data. METHODS: Comprehensive echocardiograms were performed in a series of consecutive patients with first AMI successfully treated with primary percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTCA), both 48 hours after intervention and 60 days later. Mean E/e' was determined from four sites of the mitral annulus. LV remodeling was defined as more than 15% increase in end-systolic volume estimated by Simpson method. Statistical analysis included Student's t test, receiver-operator curves (ROC) and multivariate logistic regression (all significant with p < 0.05). RESULTS: Fifty-five patients were included, with mean age 58 ± 11 years, 43 men. The group of patients who underwent LV remodeling (n = 13) had higher baseline E/e' than those without (13 ± 4 versus 8.5 ± 2, p < 0.001). The ROC curve showed E/e' > 15 as a predictor of remodeling (AUC = 0.81, p = 0.001). In addition, regression analysis (comprising clinical, laboratory and echocardiographic variables along with AMI site) confirmed the independent value of E/e' in the prediction of LV remodeling (odds ratio 1.42, p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: The E/e' ratio is a useful predictor of LV remodeling after AMI, indicating patients with increased cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myocardial Infarction/physiopathology , Ventricular Pressure/physiology , Ventricular Remodeling/physiology , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Blood Flow Velocity/physiology , Echocardiography, Doppler , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Mitral Valve/physiopathology , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Myocardial Infarction , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Statistics, Nonparametric , Stroke Volume/physiology
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 615-621, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-85590

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the utility of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) left ventricular (LV) global myocardial deformity parameters for assessing LV diastolic function by comparing invasive measures of LV performance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Echocardiography and LV pressure were assessed in 39 patients. Myocardial LV longitudinal, circumferential, and radial deformations, as well as area strain, were evaluated utilizing 2D and 3D speckle tracking software. The 2D early diastolic strain rate (2D-SRe) was measured from the 3 apical and 3 short axis views. The 3D diastolic index (3D-DI) was calculated by the % change of global strain during the first one-third of the diastolic period. LV end diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and the rate of LV pressure change (dP/dt) were collected using a pressure-conducted catheter and tau was calculated. RESULTS: dP/dt(min) were related to early mitral annular velocity (e'), 2D-SRe(long), 2D-SRe(radial), as well as 3D-DI(long), and 3D-DI(as). Additionally, LVEDP was associated with the ratio of mitral early diastolic velocity (E) to 2D-SRe(long), 2D-SRe(circ), 2D-SRe(radial), 3D-DI(long), 3D-DI(circ), and 3D-DI(as). E/2D-SRe(long), E/2D-SRe(radial), E/3D-DI(long), and E/3D-DI(as) were comparable with E/e' in predicting patients with elevated LVEDP. Among those patients with E/e' of 8 to 15, E/3D-DI(long) provided incremental value in identifying those with LVEDP > or =15 mm Hg. CONCLUSION: 2D-SRe(long), 2D-SRe(radial), 3D-DI(long), and 3D-DI(as) were related to LV relaxation, and the ratios of E to those parameters were associated with LVEDP. In addition, among patients with indeterminate E/e', E/3D-DI(long) offered incremental value in predicting elevated LVEDP, suggesting it may provide supplementary information in the evaluation of LV diastolic function.


Subject(s)
Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Blood Pressure , Catheters , Congenital Abnormalities , Diastole , Echocardiography , Humans , Relaxation , Sprains and Strains , Track and Field , Ventricular Pressure
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL