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Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 209-213, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970182


Objective: To examine the short-term curative effect with minimally invasive right infra-axillary thoracotomy for transaortic modified Morrow procedure. Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients who underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure from August 2021 to August 2022 at Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 31 males and 29 females, with the age (M (IQR)) of 54.0(22.3) years (range: 15 to 71 years). The echocardiography confirmed the diagnosis of moderate mitral regurgitation in 30 patients, and severe mitral regurgitation in 13 patients. Systolic anterior motion (SAM) was present preoperatively in 54 patients. All 60 patients underwent transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary thoracotomy using femorofemoral cardiopulmonary bypass. Surgical procedures mainly included transverse aortic incision, exposure of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT), septal myectomy, and correction of the abnormal mitral valve and subvalvular structures. Results: All 60 patients underwent the programmatic procedures successfully without conversion to full sternotomy. The cardiopulmonary bypass time was (142.0±32.1) minutes (range: 89 to 240 minutes), while the cross-clamp time was (95.0±23.5) minutes (range: 50 to 162 minutes). The patients had a postoperative peak LVOT gradient of 7.0 (5.0) mmHg (range: 0 to 38 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). A total of 57 patients were extubated on the operating table. The drainage volume in the first 24 h was (175.9±57.0) ml (range: 60 to 327 ml). The length of intensive care unit stay was 21.0 (5.8)h (range: 8 to 120 h) and postoperative hospital stay was 8 (5) days (range: 5 to 19 days). The postoperative septal thickness was 11 (2) mm (range: 8 to 14 mm). All patients had no iatrogenic ventricular septal perforation or postoperative residual SAM. The patients were followed up for 4 (9) months (range: 1 to 15 months), and none of them needed cardiac surgery again due to valve dysfunction or increased peak LVOT gradient during follow-up. Conclusion: Using a video-assisted thoracoscopic transaortic modified Morrow procedure through a right infra-axillary minithoracotomy can provide good visualization of the LVOT and hypertrophic ventricular septum, ensure optimal exposure of the mitral valve in the presence of complex mitral subvalvular structures, so that allows satisfactory short-term surgical results.

Male , Female , Humans , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Thoracotomy , Retrospective Studies , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970180


Septal reduction therapies, which include septal myectomy and alcohol septal ablation and so on, are the current treatment strategies for patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and drug-refractory symptoms. With the deepening of theoretical understanding and the rapid development of interventional therapies, some researchers have tried to perform transcatheter mitral valve edge-to-edge repair to treat high-risk patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, including obstructive and non-obstructive. The reported results are relatively satisfactory, but many urgent problems need to be solved, such as the lack of data on animal experiments and large cohort studies, and the unknown medium- and long-term outcomes. However, transcatheter mitral valve edge-to-edge repair brings new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. On one hand, it can be used as a monotherapy, on the other hand, it can be combined with novel molecular targeted drug therapy or emerging minimally invasive surgical procedures targeting hypertrophic ventricular septum, which deserves our further attention and exploratory research.

Humans , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Mitral Valve/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Hypertrophy
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 113-116, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092459


Abstract A 30-month-old male patient with transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum (TGA/IVS) is presented. Arterial switch operation (ASO) was performed in the light of echocardiographic and angiographic findings. The patient remained under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support for seven days postoperatively, and his cardiac functions returned to normal at the postoperative 10th day. He was discharged at the postoperative 20th day. The present case, which presents one of the most advanced ages at operation for TGA/IVS among previously reported cases, is used to discuss late ASO in this study.

Male , Child, Preschool , Transposition of Great Vessels , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Arterial Switch Operation , Treatment Outcome
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 32(2): 97-103, 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-688429


Objetivo: Describir nuestra experiencia y evaluar los resultados a corto y mediano plazo de la miecto-mía videoasistida en el tratamiento de la obstrucción del tracto de salida del ventrículo izquierdo (OTSVI) en pacientes con miocardiopatía hipertrófica. Materiales y métodos: 52 pacientes con edad media de 56,2 (rango 12 - 83) y Euroscore de riesgo de 4,1 +/- 1,92 con diagnóstico de OTSVI fueron intervenidos de manera consecutiva en un mismo centro mediante miectomía videoasistida. Se realizó seguimiento clínico y ecocardiográfico con controles al mes y al año del postoperatorio. Resultados: Entre las patologías asociadas encontramos 11 pacientes con valvulopatía aórtica, 2 con valvulopatía mitral, 3 con cardiopatía isquémica, 1 con aneurisma de aorta ascendente y 1 con foramen oval permeable resueltos en el mismo acto quirúrgico. La mortalidad hospitalaria global fue de 5,8 por ciento (3 pacientes). En el momento de la intervención, 8 (15,4 por ciento) se encontraban en clase funcional II de la NYHA, 42 (80,8 por ciento) en clase III y 2 (3,8 por ciento) en clase IV. El gradiente máximo subaórtico disminuyó de 80,7 mmHg +/- 29,43 en el preoperatorio a 19,0 mmHg +/- 15,57 (p<0,001) en el postoperatorio inmediato, manteniéndose en 14,6 mmHg +/- 8,88 al mes (p<0,001 en relación al preoperatorio) y al año en 13,9 mmHg +/- 7,69 (p<0,001 en relación al preoperatorio). Además, se registró una disminución del grosor del tabique interventricular en diástole de 19,4 mm +/- 3,78 en el preoperatorio a 12,9 mm +/- 2,35 (p<0,001) en el postoperatorio. Todos los pacientes se encontraban en clase funcional I-II al final del seguimiento. Conclusión: Los resultados demuestran que la miectomía videoasistida es un tratamiento seguro para la OTSVI con el que se obtienen resultados favorables a corto y mediano plazo, tanto en parámetros clínicos, como ecocardiográficos.

Aim: To report a clinical experience and to evaluate early and mid term results of video assisted myec-tomy for relief of left ventricular tract obstruction (LVOTO) in patients with Obstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy. Methods: 52 patients with Obstructive Car-diomyopathy and a mean age 56.2 years (12 - 83) carrying a Euro score risk of 4.1 +/- (SD 1.92), were consecutively operated on in a single center. Relief of LVOTO was performed with video assisted myec-tomy. Clinical and echocardiographic follow up to 1 year postoperatively was carried out. Results: Apart from the Obstructive Cardiomyo-pathy, 11 patients had aortic valve disease, 2 mitral valve disease, 3 ischemic heart disease, 1 an ascending aortic aneurysm and 1 a patent foramen ovale. All these lesions were surgically repaired in the same surgical act. In hospital mortality was 5.8 percent (3 patients). Pre-operatively 15.4 percent of patients were in NYHA Class II, 80.8 per cent in Class III and 3.8 percent in Class IV. After surgery peak sub aortic gradient decreased from 80.7+/-29.43mmHg to 19.0 +/- 15.57 (p<0.001). Corresponding values were 14.6 +/- 8.88 at 1month and 13.9 +/- 7.69 at 1 year post operatively. Interven-tricular septal thickness in diastole decreased from 19.4 +/- 3.78 mm to 12.9 +/- 2.35 mm after surgery (p<0.001). All patients were Class I or II at the end of follow up. Conclusion: Video assisted myectomy is safe and effective for relief of LVOTO in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Good results are maintained one year after surgery.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Ventricular Septum/surgery , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods