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1.
Distúrbios Comun. (Online) ; 35(4): e63695, 31/12/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1552998

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A migrânea é um tipo de cefaleia primária incapacitante que, quando associada a crises de vertigem, configura-se migrânea vestibular. Objetivo: Verificar quais as principais manifestações clínicas da migrânea vestibular em adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, cujas buscas foram executadas nas bases de dados eletrônicas PubMed/Medline, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), e Portal da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), em junho de 2022. Foram incluídas publicações entre o ano 2012 e o mês de junho de 2022; estudos observacionais e ensaios clínicos envolvendo seres humanos, nos quais o objetivo fosse avaliar indivíduos com idades entre 12 e 19 anos com diagnóstico de migrânea vestibular e verificar suas principais manifestações clínicas nessa população. Resultados: Todos os estudos mencionaram um maior percentual de meninas nas amostras, porém a diferença entre os sexos para os diferentes diagnósticos não foi avaliada em todas as pesquisas. Conclusão: Verificou-se, com a presente revisão, que as manifestações clínicas da migrânea na adolescência são semelhantes às da população adulta. (AU)


Introduction: Migraine is a disabling type of primary headache that, when associated with vertigo attacks, constitutes vestibular migraine. Objective: To investigate the main clinical findings of vestibular migraine in adolescents. Methods: This is an integrative literature review, with searches conducted in the electronic databases PubMed/Medline, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), and the Virtual Health Library Portal (BVS) in June 2022. Publications from the year 2012 to June 2022 were included; observational studies and clinical trials involving human subjects, in which the objective was to assess individuals aged 12 to 19 years diagnosed with vestibular migraine and investigate their main clinical findings in this population. Results: All studies mentioned a higher percentage of girls in the samples; however, the difference between sexes for different diagnoses was not assessed in all studies. Conclusion: With this review, it was found that the clinical findings of migraine in adolescence are similar to those in the adult population. (AU)


Introducción: La migraña es em tipo de dolor de cabeza adolescente incapacitante que, cuando se dolesc em ataques de vértigo, constituye la migraña vestibular. Objetivo: Investigar las principales manifestaciones clínicas de la migraña vestibular em adolescentes. Métodos: Se trata de em revisión integradora de la literatura, em búsquedas realizadas em las bases de datos electrónicas PubMed/Medline, Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) y el Portal de la Biblioteca Virtual em Salud (BVS) em junio de 2022. Se incluyeron publicaciones desde el año 2012 hasta junio de 2022; dolescê observacionales y ensayos clínicos que involucraran a sujetos humanos, en los cuales el objetivo fuera evaluar adolescentes de 12 a 19 años en diagnóstico de migraña vestibular e investigar sus principales manifestaciones clínicas em esta población. Resultados: Todos los adolescentes mencionaron en mayor porcentaje de niñas en las muestras; sin embargo, la diferencia entre los sexos para diferentes diagnósticos no fue evaluada en todos los adolescentes. Conclusión: En esta revisión, se descobrió que las manifestaciones clínicas de la migraña en la dolescência son similares a las de la población adulta. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Migraine Disorders/physiopathology , Vertigo , Adolescent , Dizziness
2.
Distúrb. comun ; 35(2): 57752, 02/08/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1452416

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A reabilitação vestibular (RV) surge como uma opção terapêutica em casos de tontura e desequilíbrio postural. O The Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC Scale) é um questionário utilizado para avaliar a interferência destes sintomas vestibulares por meio do nível de confiança dos indivíduos em realizar atividades diárias que envolvem o equilíbrio postural. Objetivo: comparar o nível de confiança na realização de atividades diárias relacionadas ao equilíbrio corporal, pré e pós reabilitação vestibular (RV) em pacientes com disfunção vestibular. Método: Estudo primário, intervencional, clínico, longitudinal, prospectivo, analítico, não controlado. Participaram 14 indivíduos, do sexo feminino e masculino, portadores de vestibulopatia periférica. Foi aplicado o Activities-specific Balance Confidance Scale (ABC Scale) nas condições pré e pós RV. Os dados foram analisados de forma descritiva e inferencial, pelos testes Exato de Fisher, t-Sudent e o modelo linear de efeitos mistos. Resultados: A amostra se caracterizou por 78.57% do sexo feminino e 21.43% do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 59.21 anos. Observou-se diferença estatística quando comparados os resultados do ABC Scale nas condições pré e pós RV (p<0.0001). Não foi verificada diferença estatística entre os escores deste instrumento com as variáveis sexo, idade e número de sessões terapêuticas. Conclusão: Foi possível concluir que o nível de confiança dos pacientes dessa amostra modificou de baixo, na fase pré reabilitação, para alto, na fase final da intervenção, o que consolida a ocorrência do aumento no nível de confiança que acarretou melhoria na qualidade de vida. (AU)


Introduction: Vestibular rehabilitation (VR) appears as a therapeutic option in cases of dizziness and postural imbalance. The Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC Scale) is a questionnaire used to assess the interference of these vestibular symptoms with the individuals' level of confidence to carry out daily activities involving postural balance. Objective: to compare the level of confidence to carry out daily activities related to body balance, before and after VR, in patients with vestibular dysfunction. Method: Primary, interventional, clinical, longitudinal, prospective, analytical, and noncontrolled study. The sample comprised 14 male and female individuals with peripheral vestibulopathy. The ABC Scale was applied before and after VR. Descriptive and inferential data analysis were performed, using Fisher's Exact test, Student's t-test, and the linear mixed-effects model. Results: The sample had 78.57% females and 21.43% males, with a mean age of 59.21 years. There was a statistical difference in ABC Scale results before and after VR (p < 0.0001). There was no statistical difference between its scores and sex, age, or the number of therapy sessions. Conclusion: It was concluded that this study patients' confidence level changed from low in the pre-rehabilitation phase, to high in the final phase of the intervention, which consolidates the increase in confidence level that led to an improvement of quality of life. (AU)


Introducción: La rehabilitación vestibular (RV) aparece como una opción terapéutica en casos de mareos y desequilibrio postural. La Escala de Confianza en el Equilibrio Específica de Actividades (Escala ABC) es un cuestionario utilizado para evaluar la interferencia de estos síntomas vestibulares a través del nivel de confianza de los individuos en la realización de actividades diarias que involucran el equilibrio postural. Objetivo: comparar el nivel de confianza en la realización de actividades cotidianas relacionadas con el equilibrio corporal, pre y post rehabilitación vestibular (RV) en pacientes con disfunción vestibular. Método: Estudio primario, intervencionista, clínico, longitudinal, prospectivo, analítico, no controlado. Participaron 14 individuos, hombres y mujeres y con vestibulopatía periférica. La Escala de Confianza del Equilibrio Específica de Actividades (Escala ABC) se aplicó en condiciones previas y posteriores a la RV. Los datos fueron sometidos a análisis descriptivo e inferencial mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher, t-Sudent y el modelo lineal de efectos mixtos. Resultados: La muestra se caracterizó por 78,57% del sexo femenino y 21,43% del masculino, con una edad media de 59,21 años. Hubo diferencia estadística al comparar los resultados de la Escala ABC en condiciones pre y post RV (p<0,0001). No hubo diferencia estadística entre los puntajes de este instrumento con las variables sexo, edad y número de sesiones terapéuticas. Conclusión: Fue posible concluir que el nivel de confianza de los pacientes de esta muestra pasó de bajo, en la fase de pre-rehabilitación, a alto, en la fase final de la intervención, lo que consolida la ocurrencia del aumento en el nivel de confianza que llevó a una mejora en la calidad de vida. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Trust/psychology , Vertigo/rehabilitation , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Dizziness/rehabilitation , Labyrinth Diseases/therapy
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(3): 160-166, jun. 2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515206

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Evaluar las características clínicas, el impacto en la calidad de vida y los factores asociados con vértigo en gestantes hospitalizadas en una institución de alta complejidad. MÉTODO: Estudio transversal. Se realizó una encuesta dirigida a la presencia de vértigo y sus características clínicas en 2020-2021. La calidad de vida se evaluó con el cuestionario Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI). El análisis estadístico incluyó un modelo lineal generalizado. RESULTADOS: De 103 mujeres, el 19,4% indicaron vértigo principalmente en el segundo trimestre de gestación (60%), con una mediana de 3,5 (rango intercuartil: 1,5-7,5) episodios. Fueron referidos vértigos episódicos asociados con cambios posicionales (40%), acompañados de inestabilidad (60%), cefalea (60%), fotopsias (55%) y tinnitus (45%). Las mujeres con vértigo presentaron mayor frecuencia de discapacidad moderada a grave en las dimensiones del DHI emocional (30 vs. 2,4%; p = 0,001), funcional (40 vs. 2,4%; p < 0,001) y física (55 vs. 2,4%; p < 0,001) en comparación con las mujeres sin la patología. La hospitalización durante el embarazo Razón de proporción (RP): 4,02; intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC95%]: 1,64-9,85; p = 0,002) y la presencia de vértigo pregestacional (RP: 2,37; IC95%: 1,15-4,88; p = 0,019) se identificaron como factores asociados. CONCLUSIONES: La alta frecuencia de vértigo en las gestantes sugiere la importancia de estudiar esta condición durante el embarazo, para lograr un manejo integral y generar acciones de prevención y control efectivas.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinical characteristics, impact on quality of life and factors associated with vertigo in pregnant women hospitalized in a highly complex institution. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2021-2022. One focused survey including Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) was performed. The statistical analysis was performed using a generalized lineal regression. RESULTS: 103 patients were included, 19.4% indicated vertigo mostly during the second semester (60%). A median of 3.5 episodes was obtained (RIC: 1.5-7.5). Positional and episodic vertigos (40%) associated with unsteadiness (60%), headache (60%), photopsia (55%) and tinnitus (45%) were described. DHI in pregnant females with vertigo compared to those without vertigo, presented higher rates of moderate to severe disability in the emotional (30 vs. 2.4%: p = 0.001), functional (40 vs. 2.4%; p < 0.001) and physical (55 vs. 2.4%; p < 0.001) dimensions. Hospitalizations during the pregnancy (RP: 4.02; 95%CI: 1.64-9.85; p = 0.002) and previous episodes before pregnancy (RP: 2.37; 95%CI: 1.15-4.88; p = 0.019) were identified as associated factors with current vertigo episodes. CONCLUSIONS: The high frequency of vertigo in pregnant women suggests the importance of studying this condition during pregnancy, to achieve comprehensive management and generate effective prevention and control actions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Vertigo/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Linear Models , Precipitating Factors , Vertigo/diagnosis , Vertigo/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Sociodemographic Factors , Hospitalization
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 83(3): 263-266, 2023. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1522104

ABSTRACT

La terapia de rehabilitación vestibular es el tratamiento con mayor evidencia en la recuperación para la mayoría de los trastornos de equilibrio. En los casos que presentan una alteración estable del procesamiento central del equilibrio, o mixta, es decir, acompañada de una alteración a nivel del sistema nervioso periférico, la terapia de rehabilitación vestibular no se excluye como tratamiento. No obstante, los progresos suelen ser limitados y requieren de una mayor cantidad de sesiones. En este trabajo analizaremos un caso mixto, un paciente con síndrome de núcleo fastigial y el vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (VPPB), desde la pesquisa y evaluación hasta el tratamiento y alta, en el Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile.


Vestibular rehabilitation therapy is the treatment with the greatest evidence of recovery for most balance disorders. In the cases that have a loss of central balance processing, or mixed, that is, stable accompanied by a disorder of the peripheral nervous system the vestibular rehabilitation therapy is not excluded as a treatment; however, progress is usually limited and requires a greater number of sessions. In this work we will analyse a mixed case, a patient with nucleus fastigial syndrome and a benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, from the investigation and evaluation to the treatment and discharge, at the Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Vestibular Diseases/rehabilitation , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Vertigo/rehabilitation , Dizziness/rehabilitation , Postural Balance
5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 111-116, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971417

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reclassify the flat type sudden deafness according to the types of audiogram shape, and to explore the correlation between different pattern of hearing loss and prognosis. Methods: All of 1 024 patients with unilateral sudden deafness (492 males and 532 females, aged from 19 to 65 years, with an average age of 41.2 years old) admitted to 33 hospitals nationwide from August 2007 to October 2011 were divided into four types according to Chinese Guideline of Sudden Deafness(2015): low-frequency, high-frequency, flat and total deafness. Then, 402 patients with flat type sudden deafness were further divided into ascending type, descending type and consistent type according to the audiogram shapes. First, we compared the clinical characteristics and prognosis among these three subtypes of flat deafness, then compared the clinical characteristics and prognosis between ascending flat deafness and low-frequency deafness, descending flat deafness and high-frequency deafness, consistent flat deafness and total deafness, explored the factors related to the prognosis of flat deafness. SPSS 21.0 software, ANOVA, χ2 test, t-test and Logistic regression were used to analyze the data. Results: The cure rates of flat ascending, flat descending and flat consistent sudden deafness groups were 70.7%, 17.1% and 34.0% respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=33.984, P<0.001); However, there was no significant difference in age, sex and affected side (all P>0.05). The independent related factors for the recovery of flat type sudden deafness were as follows: whether there was dizziness [OR=0.459; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.271-0.777], the type of audiogram shape (OR=0.721; 95%CI: 0.530-0.981), and days from onset to therapy (OR=0.903, 95%CI: 0.835-0.978), all of which had P values<0.05. There was no significant difference in the cure rates between ascending flat sudden deafness and low-frequency descending sudden deafness, descending flat sudden deafness and high-frequency descending sudden deafness (all P>0.05). The pure tone average(PTA) of flat consistent sudden deafness and total deafness were (69.1±18.9) and (101.7±17.7) dB HL, respectively, with a statistically significant difference (t=20.890, P<0.001), and the cure rates were 34.0% and 14.5%, respectively, with a statistically significant difference (χ2=29.012, P<0.001). Conclusion: According to the audiogram shape, the flat type sudden deafness can be further divided into ascending flat sudden deafness, descending flat sudden deafness and consistent flat sudden deafness, which can more effectively evaluate the prognosis. The cure rate of ascending flat sudden deafness is similar to that of low-frequency sudden deafness, and the prognosis is well; The cure rate of descending flat sudden deafness is similar to that of high-frequency descending sudden deafness, and the prognosis is poor. The cure rate of consistent flat sudden deafness is higher than that of total deafness. PTA plays an important role in the prognosis of consistent flat sudden deafness and total deafness. Total deafness can be regarded as a single type of sudden deafness.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Hearing Loss, Sudden , Deafness , Hearing Tests , Prognosis , Vertigo , Hearing Loss, Unilateral , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
6.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 473-477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the classification of head shaking nystagmus(HSN) and its clinical value in vestibular peripheral diseases. Methods:Clinical data of 198 patients with peripheral vestibular disorders presenting with HSN were retrospectively analyzed. Video Nystagmograph(VNG) was applied to detect spontaneous nystagmus(SN), HSN, and Caloric Test(CT). The intensity and direction of SN and HSN as well as the unilateral weakness(UW) and direction preponderance(DP) values in caloric test was analyzed in patients. Results:Among the 198 patients with vestibular peripheral disease, there were 105 males and 93 females, with an average age of(49.1±14.4) years (range: 14-87 years). One hundred and thirty seven patients were diagnosed as Vestibular Neuritis(VN), 12 as Meniere's Disease(MD), 41 as sudden deafness(SD) and 8 as Hunt's syndrome accompanied by vertigo. Among them, there were 116 patients in the acute phase, including 68 cases(58.6%) with decreased HSN, 4 cases(3.4%) with increased HSN, 5 cases(4.3%) with biphasic HSN, 38 cases(32.8%) with unchanged HSN, and 1 case(0.9%) with perverted HSN. There were 82 cases in the non-acute phase, 51 cases(62.2%) with decreased HSN, 3 cases(3.6%) with increased HSN, 9 cases(11.0%) with biphasic HSN, and 19 cases(23.2%) with unchanged HSN. In biphasic HSN, the intensity of phase I nystagmus was usually greater than that of phase II, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.01). There was no correlation between HSN type and course of disease or DP value. The intensity of HSN was negatively correlated with the course of disease(r=-0.320, P<0.001) and positively correlated with DP value(r=0.364, P<0.001), respectively. The intensity of unchanged nystagmus and spontaneous nystagmus were(8.0±5.7) °/s and(8.5±6.4)°/s, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in the intensity of nystagmus before and after shaking the head. Conclusion:HSN can be classified into five types and could be regarded as a potential SN within a specific frequency range (mid-frequency). Similarly, SN could also be considered as a common sign of unilateral vestibular impairment at different frequencies. HSN intensity can reflect the dynamic process of vestibular compensation, and is valuable for assessing the frequency of damage in peripheral vestibular diseases and monitoring the progress of vestibular rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Vestibular Function Tests , Retrospective Studies , Nystagmus, Pathologic/diagnosis , Vertigo/diagnosis , Electronystagmography , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis
7.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 409-414, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982759

ABSTRACT

Isolated otolith dysfunction(iOD) involves a group of unexplained vestibular syndromes that manifest clinically as a sense of translation, tilting or floating, and blurred vision with head movement, with normal semicircular canal function but abnormal otolith function on laboratory vestibular testing. As vestibular medicine has gained widespread popularity in recent years, increasing attention has also been paid to iOD and case reports, clinical studies and diagnostic criteria have been published. However, there is no consensus document to guide the diagnosis of this disease in China. In this context, the Special Committee on Vertigo of China Medical Education Association organized a group of domestic experts in vestibular medicine and formulated this diagnostic consensus after thorough discussion based on the latest evidence in China and abroad, in order to promote the best clinical practice for iOD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Otolithic Membrane , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vertigo/diagnosis , Vestibule, Labyrinth , Semicircular Canals
8.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 398-402, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982757

ABSTRACT

Persistent postural-perceptual dizziness(PPPD) is the most common chronic vestibular disease, the clinical manifestation is dizziness, unstable and non-rotational dizziness for three months or more. And the symptom is exacerbated by upright posture, active or passive movement, and complex visual stimuli. In addition, PPPD is a functional disease, so routine vestibular function tests and imaging tests are often negative. According to the diagnostic criteria established by the Barany Association, the diagnosis of PPPD often relies on history. This article provides a review of PPPD-related questionnaires.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dizziness/diagnosis , Vertigo/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 302-306, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982737

ABSTRACT

Dizziness or vertigo is a common clinical symptom, and its underlying etiology is complex. Many clinicians are confused about its diagnosis and treatment. This article presents a case about chronic vestibular syndrome. And case appreciation and academic discussion are conducted by well-known domestic neurologists and otologists, so as to provide a good thinking model and basic ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of dizziness or vertigo, hoping to further improve the diagnosis and treatment level among clinicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dizziness/therapy , Vertigo/etiology , Vestibular Diseases/complications , Otolaryngologists
10.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 258-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between sleep status and the disease in children with recurrent vertigo(RVC) by analyzing the objective sleep condition of children with recurrent vertigo. Methods:According to the diagnostic criteria of RVC, 50 children with RVC and 20 normal controls without RVC were selected. According to the vertigo questionnaire score, the RVC group was divided into mild, moderate and severe groups according to severity. Continuous polysomnography(PSG) was performed for all participants, and SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used to analyze the monitoring results. Results:①There were significant differences in sleep time of each period, total sleep time and sleep efficiency between RVC group and control group(P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in sleep latency(P>0.05). The specific manifestations were that the proportion of sleep time in N1 and N2 phases increased, the proportion of sleep time in N3 and REM phases decreased, the total sleep time and sleep efficiency decreased in RVC group. ②The abnormal rate of sleep apnea hypopnea index, that is, the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and the abnormal rate of lowest blood oxygen saturation in RVC group were higher than those in normal control group. There was significant difference between the two groups(P<0.05). ③There were significant differences in the proportion of AHI≥5 times/h and lowest SpO2 among mild group, moderate group and severe group(P<0.05). ④There was no significant correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of AHI in children with RVC, but there was a negative correlation between the degree of vertigo and the abnormal rate of lowest SpO2 in children with RVC. Conclusion:Children with RVC are often accompanied by sleep disorders, clinicians should pay attention to both the symptoms of vertigo and sleep condition in children. Polysomnography is non-invasive and operable, providing a new idea to the auxiliary examination of RVC in children. It is of certain clinical significance for the comprehensive treatment of children with RVC to actively improve vertigo symptoms and pay attention to improving sleep quality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/diagnosis , Sleep , Dizziness , Vertigo/diagnosis
11.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 670-672, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011029

ABSTRACT

Delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH) is a rare disease that causes vertigo and is often misdiagnosed as other vertigo diseases. This article reports on a patient with vertigo who was easily misdiagnosed. The patient was a middle ear cholesteatoma complicated by labyrinthine fistula (LF); however, his vertigo was episodic vertigo, which could not be explained solely by LF causing labyrinthitis. The possibility of endolymphatic hydrops was suspected, which was confirmed by inner ear magnetic resonance gadolinium imaging. This is the first reported case of middle ear cholesteatoma complicated by LF and DEH. The patient underwent surgical resection of the cholesteatoma and three semicircular canal obstructions at the same time. During two years postoperative follow-up, the patient did not experience a recurrence of vertigo. When diagnosing vertigo diseases, a careful history of vertigo is of utmost importance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Endolymphatic Hydrops/diagnosis , Cholesteatoma, Middle Ear/complications , Vertigo/complications , Labyrinth Diseases/complications , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/adverse effects , Semicircular Canals
12.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(8): 392-396, 20220000. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1410685

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El Sars-CoV 2 puede afectar al nervio vestibulococlear debido a su neurotropismo. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo reportar el caso de un paciente con vértigo agudo posterior a la infección por COVID-19. Materiales y Métodos: Paciente masculino de 64 años que consultó por un ataque de vértigo agudo, de predominio en el lado izquierdo, quince días después de su convalecencia por una infección por COVID-19. Se realizaron estudios neurootológicos y de resonancia magnética. Resultados: La resonancia magnética descartó la presencia de lesiones que pudieran explicar las manifestaciones clínicas. A altas frecuencias, la audiometría tonal reveló una pérdida auditiva neurosensorial en ambos lados. vHIT (video Head Impulse Test) y VEMP cervical (potenciales miogénicos evocados vestibulares) mostraron afectación del lado izquierdo. Los VEMP oculares mostraron afectación bilateral. El paciente mejoró con rehabilitación vestibular, pero las manifestaciones de vHIT persistieron a los 6 y 12 meses. Discusión: El vértigo agudo en este paciente podría haber sido el resultado de una neuronitis vestibular, secundaria a la infección previa por Sars-CoV2. Sin embargo, no se deben descartar diferentes mecanismos virales directos


: Sars-CoV 2 may affect the vestibulocochlear nerve due to its neurotropism. This work aims to report the case of a patient with acute vertigo following COVID-19 infection. Materials and Methods: A 64-year-old male patient consulted for an acute vertigo attack, predominantly to the left side, fifteen days after his convalescence due to a COVID-19 infection. Neuro-otological and MRI studies were carried out. Results: MRI ruled out the presence of lesions that could explain clinical manifestations. At high frequencies, tonal audiometry revealed a sensorineural hearing loss on both sides. vHIT (video Head Impulse Test) and cervical VEMP (Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials) showed left side involvement. Ocular VEMP showed bilateral involvement. The patient improved with vestibular rehabilitation, but vHIT manifestations persisted at 6 and 12 months. Discussion: Acute vertigo in this patient might have been the result of vestibular neuronitis, secondary to the previous Sars-CoV2 infection. However, different direct viral mechanisms should not be ruled out


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vertigo/rehabilitation , Vestibule, Labyrinth/pathology , Vestibular Neuronitis/diagnosis , COVID-19/immunology
13.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 343-345, sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1409944

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de mal de desembarque es un cuadro clínico de mareo y oscilaciones corporales persistente, descrito siglos atrás cuando los marineros llegaban a tierra después de navegar. Actualmente, se sabe que este cuadro clínico ocurre también al bajarse de cualquier medio de transporte, ya sea marítimo, aéreo o terrestre. Cuando el cuadro clínico tiene una duración de tres o más días, se denomina mal de desembarque persistente, y se asocia a cefalea y mayores niveles de ansiedad y síntomas depresivos. A continuación, presentamos el cuadro clínico de un paciente que consultó por mareo persistente posterior a un paseo en bote en el mar. Se discute diagnóstico y manejo terapéutico.


Abstract Mal de Debarquement is a clinical syndrome characterized by persistent self-motion dizziness and increased oscillatory body sway, that was described centuries ago after sailors landed in port. Nowadays, it is known that mal de debarquement could appear after any travel in a motion vehicle, including airplanes, ships and cars. When the duration of the symptoms lasts longer than three days, a persistent mal de debarquement is diagnosed, and it is associated with headache and higher levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms. Here, we present a clinical case of a persistent mal de debarquement that attended to the Otolaryngology clinics at the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile after a boat trip in the sea. We discuss diagnosis and clinical management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Vertigo/etiology , Vertigo/therapy , Motion Sickness/etiology , Motion Sickness/therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Syndrome
14.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(2): e55278, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396702

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a literatura relata a associação entre o desequilíbrio e o comprometimento cogntivo, porém não é clara sobre quais habilidades cognitivas estão envolvidas com o sistema vestibular. Objetivo: avaliar quais habilidades cognitivas então envolvidas na avaliação e reabilitação vestibular em indivíduos jovens adultos e idosos. Estratégia de pesquisa: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura realizada entre julho e outubro de 2020, os artigos foram selecionados por meio das principais bases de dados da saúde MEDLINE via PubMed, LILACS via Portal Regional da BVS; Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, e CINAHL acesso via Portal CAPES, utilizando os descritores "Cognition" OR "Cognitive Dysfunction" AND "Vestibular Function Tests" AND "Vertigo" AND "Vestibular Rehabilitation" e seus correlatos em português e espanhol. Critérios de seleção: Foram incluídos artigos publicados até 2020 que investigaram a cognição com avaliação e reabilitação vestibular (tradicional e/ou com tecnologias) em indivíduos acima de 18 anos. Foram excluídos artigos que não possuíam texto completo disponível ou que utilizaram outra forma de tratamento. Resultados: dos 6965 artigos resultantes da busca inicial, 16 foram incluídos na presente revisão por satisfazerem os critérios de inclusão. Destes, 12 são estudos transversais, e quatro, estudos longitudinais. Conclusão: observou-se relação entre disfunção vestibular uni e bilateral com a memória de trabalho, funções executivas, navegação espacial e atenção. Nos estudos que realizaram a reabilitação vestibular encontrou-se melhora das habilidades cognitivas em geral, capacidade visuoespacial, atenção, funções executivas, memória de trabalho espacial, aumento do ganho do reflexo vestíbulo-ocular, do controle postural e uma diminuição do sofrimento psicológico.


Introduction: The literature reports an association between imbalance and cognitive impairment. However, it is not yet clear which cognitive skills are involved with the vestibular system. Objective: To evaluate which cognitive skills are involved in vestibular assessment and rehabilitation in young and older adults. Research strategy: This is an integrative review of the literature, conducted between July and October 2020. The articles were selected through search in the main health databases - MEDLINE via PubMed, LILACS via Regional Portal of VHL, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL, accessed via Portal CAPES, using the following descriptors "Cognition" OR "Cognitive Dysfunction" AND "Vestibular Function Tests" AND "Vertigo" AND "Vestibular Rehabilitation", and their equivalent terms in Portuguese and Spanish. Selection criteria: Articles published until 2020, investigating cognition with vestibular assessment or traditional and/or technology rehabilitation in subjects aged 18 years or older were included. Articles not available in full text or that used other types of treatment were excluded. Results: 16 out of the 6,965 articles initially retrieved met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review; 12 of them are cross-sectional, and four longitudinal studies. Conclusion: There was a relationship between uni- and bilateral vestibular dysfunction and working memory, executive functions, spatial navigation, and attention. The studies that conducted vestibular rehabilitation found improved overall cognitive skills, visuospatial capacity, attention, executive functions, spatial working memory, increased vestibulo-ocular reflex, postural control gains, and diminished psychological suffering.


Introducción: la literatura reporta la asociación entre desequilibrio y deterioro cognitivo, pero no está claro qué habilidades cognitivas están involucradas con el sistema vestibular. Objetivo: evaluar qué habilidades cognitivas están involucradas en la evaluación y rehabilitación vestibular en adultos jóvenes y ancianos. Estrategia de búsqueda: se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada entre julio y octubre de 2020, los artículos fueron seleccionados a través de las principales bases de datos en salud MEDLINE vía PubMed, LILACS vía Portal Regional BVS; Acceso a Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science y CINAHL a través del Portal CAPES, utilizando los descriptores "Cognición" O "Disfunción cognitiva" Y "Pruebas de función vestibular" Y "Vértigo" Y "Rehabilitación vestibular" y sus correlatos en portugués y español. Criterios de selección: Se incluyeron artículos publicados hasta 2020 que investigaban la cognición con valoración vestibular y rehabilitación (tradicional y / o con tecnologías) en mayores de 18 años. Se excluyeron los artículos que no tenían el texto completo disponible o que usaban otra forma de tratamiento. Resultados: de los 6965 artículos resultantes de la búsqueda inicial, 16 se incluyeron en esta revisión por cumplir con los criterios de inclusión. De estos, 12 son estudios transversales y cuatro estudios longitudinales. Conclusión: hubo relación entre la disfunción vestibular uni y bilateral con la memoria de trabajo, funciones ejecutivas, navegación espacial y atención. En estudios que realizaron rehabilitación vestibular se encontró una mejora en las habilidades cognitivas en general, capacidad visuoespacial, atención, funciones ejecutivas, memoria de trabajo espacial, aumento de ganancia en el reflejo vestibular-ocular, control postural y una disminución del malestar psicológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/rehabilitation , Cognition , Vestibular Function Tests , Vertigo , Cognitive Dysfunction
15.
Medwave ; 22(2): e8695, mar.2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366392

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCION La enfermedad de Ménière es una anomalía del oído interno de etiología multifactorial, caracterizada por episodios de vértigo espontáneo y recurrente, hipoacusia fluctuante y tinnitus. La terapia con gentamicina intratimpánica para la enfermedad de Ménière ha sido utilizada buscando reducir la intensidad y frecuencia de las crisis, pero se ha asociado a pérdida auditiva, por lo que existe controversia respecto a su eficacia y seguridad. MÉTODOS Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES Identificamos 13 revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron 80 estudios primarios, de los cuales tres corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que la gentamicina intratimpánica podría reducir el control del vértigo y resultar en poca o nula diferencia sobre el tinnitus, pero la certeza de evidencia es baja. Además, no es posible establecer con claridad si el uso de gentamicina intratimpánica disminuye la audición o la frecuencia de los ataques de vértigo porque la certeza de la evidencia existente ha sido evaluada como muy baja.


INTRODUCTION Ménière's disease is a multifactorial disorder affecting the inner ear, characterized by episodes of spontaneous and recurrent vertigo, fluctuating hearing loss and tinnitus. Intratympanic gentamicin therapy has been used to reduce the intensity and frequency of attacks in intractable Ménière's disease, but it is associated with hearing loss. There is controversy regarding its efficacy and safety. METHODS We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We identified 13 systematic reviews that included 80 primary studies overall, of which three correspond to randomized trials. We concluded that intratympanic gentamicin may improve the control of vertigo, and result in little or no difference to tinnitus, but the certainty of the evidence is low. Furthermore, we are uncertain whether intratympanic gentamicin reduces hearing or the frequency of vertigo attacks as the certainty of the evidence has been assessed as very low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tinnitus/etiology , Tinnitus/drug therapy , Meniere Disease/drug therapy , Gentamicins/therapeutic use , Vertigo/etiology , Vertigo/drug therapy , Systematic Reviews as Topic
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1413923

ABSTRACT

Introducción: múltiples factores se han relacionado con el desarrollo de la recurrencia del vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (VPPB). Objetivo: determinar la asociación entre la falla terapéutica de las maniobras de reposición canalicular (MRC) y las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas en los pacientes con diagnóstico de VPPB. Diseño: estudio observacional de cohorte retrospectiva. Materiales y métodos: revisión de historias clínicas de la consulta de vértigo de la Clínica Orlant, Medellín, Colombia. Resultados: se incluyeron 41 pacientes con diagnóstico de VPPB a quienes se les realizó MRC y seguimiento clínico entre 1 y 8 semanas. El 90,2 % eran de sexo femenino, con una mediana de edad de 58 (±183) años; se encontró uso de vestibulosupresores en un 68,3 %, y es la betahistina el más consumido (43,9 %). El 51,2 % de pacientes presentaron falla terapéutica y se identificó una asociación con el número total de MRC realizadas y el uso de vibrador mastoideo (p < 0,001), teniendo en cuenta que los pacientes mejoraron clínicamente al final del seguimiento con una media de 77 % (p < 0,001). No se encontraron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas con el resto de variables. Conclusión: no hubo asociación entre la falla terapéutica y las variables estudiadas, excepto número de MRC, el uso del vibrador mastoideo y la mejoría clínica final, posiblemente porque el vibrador mastoideo se aplica a los pacientes en quienes hay persistencia de síntomas y signos con las maniobras desencadenantes, y por factores fisiopatológicos no esclarecidos; con esto finalmente se logra una mejoría clínica con más de dos MRC


Introduction: Multiple factors have been related to the development of recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Objective: To determine the association between therapeutic failure of canalicular repositioning maneuvers (CRM) with sociodemographic and clinical variables in patients with a diagnosis of BPPV. Design: Observational retrospective cohort study. Materials and methods: Review of medical records of the vertigo clinic of the Orlant Clinic, Medellín - Colombia. Results: 41 patients with a diagnosis of BPPV who underwent CRM and clinical follow-up between 1 and 8 weeks were included. 90.2% were female, with a median age of 58 (± 18.3) years, use of vestibulosuppressants was found in 68.3%, betahistine being the most consumed (43.9%). 51.2% of patients presented therapeutic failure, identifying an association with the total number of CRMs performed and the use of a mastoid vibrator with (p < 0.001), taking into account that the patients improved clinically at the end of follow-up with a mean of 77% (p < 0.001). No statistically significant associations were found with the rest of the variables. Conclusion: There was no association between therapeutic failure and the variables studied except number of CRM, use of the mastoid vibrator and final clinical improvement, possibly because the mastoid vibrator is applied to patients in whom there are persistence of symptoms and signs with the triggering maneuvers for unclear pathophysiological factors, finally achieving clinical improvement with more than two CRMs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vertigo , Semicircular Canals , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
17.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 32: 32404, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1391280

ABSTRACT

A doença infecciosa emergente COVID-19, causada pelo novo coronavírus SARS-CoV-2, tem sido descrita como potencialmente multissistêmica. Apesar de sua apresentação sindrômica predominantemente respiratória, uma série de manifestações extrapulmonares, incluindo neurológicas, têm sido documentadas. Este relato se refere a um homem de 61 anos, atendido em regime ambulatorial para controle de comorbidades crônicas, com queixas de congestão nasal, vertigem e com PCR SARS-CoV-2 positivo à avaliação inicial e por até 21 dias após início dos sintomas. Não houve sinais de gravidade durante o curso de doença e a resolução completa dos sintomas ocorreu em aproximadamente dois meses após apresentação clínica inicial.


Emerging infectious disease COVID-19 is caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and it has been described as potentially multisystemic. Despite its predominantly respiratory syndromic presentation, a series of extra-pulmonary manifestations, including neurological ones, have been documented. This report refers to a 61-year-old male patient assisted in ambulatory regime for control of chronic comorbidities. This patient presented complaints of nasal congestion, vertigo and had positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 at the initial evaluation, remaining positive 21 days after symptoms onset. There were no aggravation signs during the course of the disease and complete resolution of symptoms occurred approximately two months after initial clinical presentation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vertigo , COVID-19 , Neurologic Manifestations
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(4): 1067-1074, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405252

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This paper was aimed to determine the morphometric measurements of cerebellum using MRI in subjects having migraine, ataxia, dementia and vertigo. Three hundred twenty six (326 subjects; 80 migraine subjects; 85 vertigo subjects; 83 dementia subjects; 78 ataxia subjects) subjects ranging from 20 up to 85 years were included in this study. Cerebellum morphometric measurements were taken from subjects having brain MRI in the Radiology Department. The means and standard deviations of the measurements were: Sagittal section cerebellum superior inferior length, 56.21±5.16 mm; sagittal section cerebellum anteroposterior length, 86.36 ±5.36 mm; axial section cerebellum antereoposterior length, 66.53±5.41 mm; axial section bi-cerebellar length, 100.48±5.14 mm; coronal section cerebellum supero-inferior length,53.60±3.84 mm; coronal section bi-cerebellar length, 99.77±6.24 mm in subjects with migraine, whereas the corresponding values were 62.33±8.66 mm; 93.31±9.89 mm; 60.26±7.98 mm; 99.89±6.41 mm; 54.35±4.64 mm; 85.58±14.74 mm in subjects with vertigo, respectively. The same values were found as 58.82±8.34 mm; 86.74±13.22 mm; 58.93±8.89 mm; 97.93±6.07 mm; 50.66±4.92 mm; 84.96±14.93 mm in patients having dementia, respectively, while the same measurements were as 60.83±8.59 mm; 92.18±9.12 mm; 57.76±7.85 mm; 97.71±5.82 mm; 52.48±4.85 mm; 81.49±14.38 mm in ataxia patients, respectively. Also, ages were divided into seven groups as decades. There were found significant difference in all parameters according to sex and ages (p<0.05). The cerebellum morphometry provides important and useful knowledge in terms of comparison of abnormalities clinicians and data will be valuable for the determination of pathologies for clinical disciplines.


RESUMEN: Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo determinar las medidas morfométricas del cerebelo mediante resonancia magnética en sujetos con migraña, ataxia, demencia y vértigo. Trescientos veintiseis sujetos (80 con migraña; 85 con vértigo; 83 con demencia y 78 con ataxia) entre los 20 y los 85 años de edad se incluyeron en este estudio. Se tomaron medidas morfométricas del cerebelo de sujetos sometidos a resonancia magnética en el Departamento de Radiología. Las medias y desviaciones estándar de las medidas fueron: sección sagital longitud superoinferior del cerebelo, 56,21±5,16 mm; sección sagital longitud anteroposterior del cerebelo, 86,36 ±5,36 mm; sección axial longitud anteroposterior del cerebelo, 66,53±5,41 mm; sección axial longitud bicerebelosa, 100,48±5,14 mm; sección coronal longitud superoinferior del cerebelo, 53,60±3,84 mm; longitud bicerebelosa de la sección coronal, 99,77±6,24 mm en sujetos con migraña, mientras que los valores correspondientes fueron 62,33±8,66 mm; 93,31±9,89mm; 60,26±7,98 mm; 99,89±6,41 mm; 54,35±4,64 mm; 85,58±14,74 mm en sujetos con vértigo, respectivamente. Se encontraron los mismos valores para pacientes con demencia 58,82±8,34 mm; 86,74±13,22 mm; 58,93±8,89 mm; 97,93±6,07 mm; 50,66±4,92 mm; 84,96±14,93 mm , respectivamente, mientras que las mismas medidas fueron de 60,83±8,59 mm; 92,18±9,12 mm; 57,76±7,85 mm; 97,71±5,82 mm; 52,48±4,85 mm; 81,49±14,38 mm en pacientes con ataxia, respectivamente. Las edades se dividieron en siete grupos, cada uno en década. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en todos los parámetros según sexo y edad (p<0,05). La morfometría del cerebelo proporciona un conocimiento importante y útil en términos de comparación de anormalidades clínicas y los datos serán valiosos para la determinación de patologías para las disciplinas clínicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Cerebellum/diagnostic imaging , Ataxia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebellum/anatomy & histology , Sex Factors , Vertigo , Age Factors , Dementia , Migraine Disorders
19.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 602-606, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936263

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and short-term effect of tensor tympani muscle Tenotomy in the treatment of Meniere's disease under otoscope. The possible pathogenesis was discussed and our views were put forward. Methods: The clinical data of 9 cases of Meniere's disease treated by otoscopic Tenotomy were analyzed retrospectively, including 2 males, 7 females, 5 right ones, 2 left ones and 2 bilateral ones. The average age was (56.33± 10.56) years, ranging from 38 to 75 years. We evaluated intraoperative findings and short-term postoperative efficacy, respectively evaluated postoperative aural fullness, tinnitus and hearing recovery, and evaluated postoperative vertigo attack in a short time. Results: Nine patients were completed the operation under general anaesthesia and otoscopy, and no serious complications occurred. We found new pathological changes in tympanic cavity in some cases during operation. There were rupture of round window membrane in 1 case, severe fibrous hyperplasia near the round window membrane and vestibular window and adhesion with ossicular chain in 1 case, fibrous cord and membranous hyperplasia near vestibular window and round window membrane in 1 case, fibrous hyperplasia and adhesion near the round window membrane in 2 cases, membranous hyperplasia and adhesion around vestibular window in 1 case. No fibrous hyperplasia was found in 3 cases in the tympanic cavity. The round window membrane can be exposed in 4 cases and failed in 5 cases. After 3 months of follow-up, we found that we found that 5/5 cases of aural fullness disappeared, 2/2 cases of earache disappeared, 3/8 cases of tinnitus improved, 5/8 cases presented with improvement and no aggravation, 3/3 cases of hearing allergy improved, 4/9 cases of hearing improved, and 5/9 cases showed no improvement or decrease. 9 patients were followed up for 3 months, of whom 8 patients had no vertigo, one patient suffered from vertigo twice within 3 months after operation, and the patient suffered from rupture of round window membrane. Conclusions: Endoscopic Tenotomy for Meniere's disease has obvious curative effect and quick recovery after operation. During the operation, we find that most of Meniere's patients have fibrous cord hyperplasia near the inner ear window membrane, which may be the pathological manifestation after repeated rupture and repair of the inner ear window membrane. The vertigo of Meniere's disease may be related to the destruction and repair of inner ear membrane structure caused by improper contraction or spasm of tympanic tensor muscle.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Hyperplasia/pathology , Meniere Disease/surgery , Otoscopes/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Tenotomy/adverse effects , Tensor Tympani/surgery , Tinnitus/complications , Vertigo/etiology
20.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 584-588, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936260

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the characteristics of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with vestibular migraine (VM) and to explore its possible mechanism. Methods: Forty-eight patients with VM [17 males and 31 females, age (36.2±9.2) years], 44 patients with migraine [15 males and 29 females, age (34.4±9.0) years], and 30 patients with health check-ups during the same period [12 males and 18 females, age (34.6±6.5) years old] were selected as study subjects. Ambulatory ECG monitoring was performed in all subjects, and the HRV characteristics of each group were analyzed from both daytime and nighttime time phases. Time domain parameters were analyzed: standard deviation of normal to normal (SDNN), root mean square of successive differences (RMSSD), and percentage of normal to normal intervals differing by more than 50 ms (pNN50). The parameters in the frequency domain were analyzed: high frequency power (HF), low frequency power (LF), and the ratio of low frequency to high frequency power (LF/HF). Statistical analysis of the data was performed using SPSS 26.0 software. Results: At night, RMSSD (F=6.694) and HF (F=9.434) were lower in the VM and migraine groups compared to the control group, while LF/HF (F=16.049) and LF (F=9.434) were elevated compared to the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while LF was significantly elevated in the VM group compared to the migraine group, with a statistically significant (P<0.05). On the daytime measurements, mainly LF was elevated in the vestibular migraine group compared with the control group, while RMSSD was decreased compared with the control group, with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). Conclusion: Autonomic dysfunction characterized by sympathetic hyperfunction and vagal hypofunction is present in VM patients and is more pronounced at night. In addition, the degree of autonomic dysfunction may be more pronounced in VM patients than in migraine patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Rate/physiology , Migraine Disorders , Vertigo
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