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1.
Distúrb. comun ; 34(2): e55278, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396702

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a literatura relata a associação entre o desequilíbrio e o comprometimento cogntivo, porém não é clara sobre quais habilidades cognitivas estão envolvidas com o sistema vestibular. Objetivo: avaliar quais habilidades cognitivas então envolvidas na avaliação e reabilitação vestibular em indivíduos jovens adultos e idosos. Estratégia de pesquisa: trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura realizada entre julho e outubro de 2020, os artigos foram selecionados por meio das principais bases de dados da saúde MEDLINE via PubMed, LILACS via Portal Regional da BVS; Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, e CINAHL acesso via Portal CAPES, utilizando os descritores "Cognition" OR "Cognitive Dysfunction" AND "Vestibular Function Tests" AND "Vertigo" AND "Vestibular Rehabilitation" e seus correlatos em português e espanhol. Critérios de seleção: Foram incluídos artigos publicados até 2020 que investigaram a cognição com avaliação e reabilitação vestibular (tradicional e/ou com tecnologias) em indivíduos acima de 18 anos. Foram excluídos artigos que não possuíam texto completo disponível ou que utilizaram outra forma de tratamento. Resultados: dos 6965 artigos resultantes da busca inicial, 16 foram incluídos na presente revisão por satisfazerem os critérios de inclusão. Destes, 12 são estudos transversais, e quatro, estudos longitudinais. Conclusão: observou-se relação entre disfunção vestibular uni e bilateral com a memória de trabalho, funções executivas, navegação espacial e atenção. Nos estudos que realizaram a reabilitação vestibular encontrou-se melhora das habilidades cognitivas em geral, capacidade visuoespacial, atenção, funções executivas, memória de trabalho espacial, aumento do ganho do reflexo vestíbulo-ocular, do controle postural e uma diminuição do sofrimento psicológico.


Introduction: The literature reports an association between imbalance and cognitive impairment. However, it is not yet clear which cognitive skills are involved with the vestibular system. Objective: To evaluate which cognitive skills are involved in vestibular assessment and rehabilitation in young and older adults. Research strategy: This is an integrative review of the literature, conducted between July and October 2020. The articles were selected through search in the main health databases - MEDLINE via PubMed, LILACS via Regional Portal of VHL, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL, accessed via Portal CAPES, using the following descriptors "Cognition" OR "Cognitive Dysfunction" AND "Vestibular Function Tests" AND "Vertigo" AND "Vestibular Rehabilitation", and their equivalent terms in Portuguese and Spanish. Selection criteria: Articles published until 2020, investigating cognition with vestibular assessment or traditional and/or technology rehabilitation in subjects aged 18 years or older were included. Articles not available in full text or that used other types of treatment were excluded. Results: 16 out of the 6,965 articles initially retrieved met the inclusion criteria and were included in this review; 12 of them are cross-sectional, and four longitudinal studies. Conclusion: There was a relationship between uni- and bilateral vestibular dysfunction and working memory, executive functions, spatial navigation, and attention. The studies that conducted vestibular rehabilitation found improved overall cognitive skills, visuospatial capacity, attention, executive functions, spatial working memory, increased vestibulo-ocular reflex, postural control gains, and diminished psychological suffering.


Introducción: la literatura reporta la asociación entre desequilibrio y deterioro cognitivo, pero no está claro qué habilidades cognitivas están involucradas con el sistema vestibular. Objetivo: evaluar qué habilidades cognitivas están involucradas en la evaluación y rehabilitación vestibular en adultos jóvenes y ancianos. Estrategia de búsqueda: se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura realizada entre julio y octubre de 2020, los artículos fueron seleccionados a través de las principales bases de datos en salud MEDLINE vía PubMed, LILACS vía Portal Regional BVS; Acceso a Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science y CINAHL a través del Portal CAPES, utilizando los descriptores "Cognición" O "Disfunción cognitiva" Y "Pruebas de función vestibular" Y "Vértigo" Y "Rehabilitación vestibular" y sus correlatos en portugués y español. Criterios de selección: Se incluyeron artículos publicados hasta 2020 que investigaban la cognición con valoración vestibular y rehabilitación (tradicional y / o con tecnologías) en mayores de 18 años. Se excluyeron los artículos que no tenían el texto completo disponible o que usaban otra forma de tratamiento. Resultados: de los 6965 artículos resultantes de la búsqueda inicial, 16 se incluyeron en esta revisión por cumplir con los criterios de inclusión. De estos, 12 son estudios transversales y cuatro estudios longitudinales. Conclusión: hubo relación entre la disfunción vestibular uni y bilateral con la memoria de trabajo, funciones ejecutivas, navegación espacial y atención. En estudios que realizaron rehabilitación vestibular se encontró una mejora en las habilidades cognitivas en general, capacidad visuoespacial, atención, funciones ejecutivas, memoria de trabajo espacial, aumento de ganancia en el reflejo vestibular-ocular, control postural y una disminución del malestar psicológico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/rehabilitation , Cognition , Vestibular Function Tests , Vertigo , Cognitive Dysfunction
2.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 181-186, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374724

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Bilateral vestibulopathy is a rare chronic condition with multiple etiologies. Bilateral vestibulopathy is characterized mainly by unsteadiness when walking or standing, which worsens in darkness, as well as oscillopsia. The degree of handicap caused by bilateral vestibulopathy is variable and remains controversial. Objectives: To determine the value of the video Head Impulse Test in quantifying vestibular deficit and to establish its impact on the quality of life. Methods: Twenty patients (mean age, 41.9 years; range 14-80 years) fulfilling the recent Barany criteria of bilateral vestibulopathy, responded to the Situational Vertigo Questionnaire and underwent vestibular examination including fixation, positional tests, oculomotor test battery and video head impulse test. Results: The relation between each of the video head impulse test parameters and the scores from the questionnaire were statistically analyzed. We observed that patients with covert saccades on the video head impulse test were more likely to have a better quality of life than those with both covert and overt saccades, regardless of the vestibulo-ocular reflex gain in each semicircular canal. The presence of covert saccades was found to be associated with an improved quality of life regardless of the severity of vestibule ocular reflex-deficit. Our conclusion was that vestibule ocular reflex gain, measured by video head impulse test, does not quantify the severity of affection of quality of life in patients with bilateral vestibulopathy. Conclusion: Covert saccades are strategies aiming at minimizing the blurring of vision during head movement, that is an adaptive mechanism that improves quality of life. Therefore, we recommend that video head impulse test should be a part of the routine diagnostic workup of bilateral vestibulopathy.


Resumo Introdução: A vestibulopatia bilateral é uma condição crônica rara, com múltiplas etiologias. É caracterizada principalmente por instabilidade ao caminhar ou ficar de pé, que piora na escuridão, e oscilopsia. O grau de deficiência causado pela vestibulopatia bilateral é variável e permanece controverso. Objetivos: Determinar o valor do teste do impulso cefálico na quantificação do déficit vestibular e estabelecer seu impacto na qualidade de vida. Método: Vinte pacientes (média de 41,9 anos; variação de 14 a 80) que atendiam aos critérios recentes da Bárány Society de vestibulopatia bilateral responderam ao Situational Vertigo Questionnaire e foram submetidos a exame vestibular, inclusive fixação, testes posicionais, bateria de testes oculomotores e teste do impulso cefálico com vídeo. Resultados: A relação entre cada um dos parâmetros do teste do impulso cefálico com vídeo e os escores do questionário foram analisados estatisticamente. Observamos que pacientes com sacadas corretivas cobertas do tipo covert no teste de impulso cefálico com vídeo tinham maior probabilidade de ter melhor qualidade de vida do que aqueles com ambas sacadas corretivas cobertas e sacadas corretivas abertas do tipo overt, independentemente do ganho no reflexo vestíbulo-ocular em cada canal semicircular. Verificou-se que a presença de sacadas corretivas do tipo covert está associada a uma melhor qualidade de vida, independentemente da gravidade do déficit no reflexo vestibulo-ocular. Concluímos que o ganho no reflexo vestíbulo-ocular, medido pelo teste do impulso cefálico com vídeo, não quantifica a gravidade do comprometimento da qualidade de vida em pacientes com vestibulopatia bilateral. Conclusão: As sacadas corretivas do tipo covert são estratégias que visam minimizar o embaçamento da visão durante o movimento da cabeça, ou seja, um mecanismo adaptativo que melhora a qualidade de vida. Portanto, recomendamos que o teste do impulso cefálico com vídeo faça parte da rotina de diagnóstico da vestibulopatia bilateral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Bilateral Vestibulopathy , Quality of Life , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Head Impulse Test , Middle Aged
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 733-741, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Caloric testing is the most frequently used test to assess peripheral vestibular function since the beginning of the 20th century. However, the video head impulse test, vHIT, has gained prominence in the field of neurotology, as it is a faster examination, easier to perform and less uncomfortable for the patient. Objective: To compare, through systematic review and meta-analysis, the proportion of altered cases between vHIT tests and caloric testing in patients with chronic dizziness, in addition to assessing the sensitivity and specificity of vHIT, with caloric testing as the gold standard. Methods: The literature search was carried out in the PubMed, Scopus, BVS-Bireme, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane and ProQuest indexed databases, with no restrictions regarding the publication period. All articles that contained the results of the two tests were included in the evaluation of patients with dizziness. Two researchers independently conducted data selection and extraction from the studies, strictly following the inclusion and exclusion criteria defined in the research protocol. In case of disagreement during the selection, a discussion was carried out with a third evaluator. Results: Eleven of the 1293 initial articles met the eligibility criteria and were analyzed. 2670 patients were evaluated, of which 1112 (41.6%) were males and 1558 (58.4%) females, with a mean age of 51.6 years. The proportion of altered results in the vHIT was 21% (95%CI 9% --33%), and 55% in the caloric testing (95%CI 43% --67%). Conclusion: The vHIT does not substitute for caloric testing. The tests are complementary in assessing the patient with dizziness, as they describe the tonotopy of the ampullary crest at different frequency ranges of stimulation. In chronic cases, the vHIT has a low sensitivity and high diagnostic specificity in comparison to caloric testing.


Resumo Introdução: A prova calórica é o exame mais usado para avaliação da função vestibular periférica desde os primórdios do século XX. Porém, o vídeo teste de impulso cefálico, vHIT, tem ganhado destaque no campo da otoneurologia por ser um exame mais rápido, de fácil execução e menos desconfortável para o paciente. Objetivo: Comparar, através de revisão sistemática e metanálise, a proporção de casos alterados entre os exames vHIT e prova calórica nos pacientes com tontura crônica, além de avaliar a sensibilidade e especificidade do vHIT, tendo a prova calórica como padrão-ouro. Método: A busca na literatura foi feita nas bases de dados indexadas PubMed, Scopus, BVS-Bireme, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane e ProQuest, sem restrições quanto ao período da publicação. Foram incluídos todos os artigos que tivessem os resultados dos dois exames na avaliação de pacientes com tontura. Dois pesquisadores conduziram de forma independente a seleção e extração de dados dos estudos, obedeceram rigorosamente os critérios de inclusão e exclusão definidos no protocolo de pesquisa. Em caso de discordância na seleção, fez-se discussão com um terceiro avaliador. Resultados: Onze dos 1.293 artigos iniciais preencheram os critérios de elegibilidade e foram analisados. Foram avaliados 2.670 pacientes, 1.112 (41,6%) do sexo masculino e 1.558 (58,4%) do feminino, com média de 51,6 anos. A proporção de exames alterados no vHIT foi de 21% (95% IC 9%-33%) e na prova calórica foi de 55% (95% IC 43%-67%). Conclusão: O vHIT não substitui a prova calórica. Ambos os testes são complementares na avaliação do paciente com tontura, pois descrevem a tonotopia da crista ampular em diferentes faixas de frequência de estimulação. Nos quadros crônicos, o vHIT tem baixa sensibilidade e alta especificidade diagnóstica em relação à prova calórica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Head Impulse Test , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Caloric Tests , Dizziness/diagnosis , Middle Aged
4.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(1): 35-41, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153584

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Vestibular migraine is a condition that associates headache and vestibular symptoms. Objective: To evaluate body-balance with virtual reality posturography in vestibular migraine. Methods: A total of 26 patients in the intercritical period of vestibular migraine were compared by means of the Balance Rehabilitation UnitMT (Medical/Interacoustics) posturography with 30 controls, paired for age and gender. Results: There was no significant statistical difference (p = 0.121) in the limit of stability area (cm2) between the experimental group and the control group values. There were significant differences (p < 0.05) in the values of sway velocity (cm/s) in nine of ten evaluated sensory conditions and in the pressure center displacement area (cm2) values in eight of those ten sensory conditions in the comparison between the control group and the experimental group. Conclusion: Posturography with virtual reality can identify changes in the sway velocity and the pressure center displacement area, characterizing the inability to maintain postural control with and without visual deprivation in situations of visual conflict and vestibulovisual interaction,in the intercritical period of the vestibular migraine.


Resumo Introdução: A migrânea vestibular é um quadro clínico que associa cefaleia migranosa e sintomas vestibulares. Objetivo: Avaliar o controle postural à posturografia com realidade virtual no período intercrítico da migrânea vestibular. Método: Um total de 26 pacientes com migrânea vestibular no período intercrítico da afecção foram comparados comparados à posturografia do Balance Rehabilitation UnitTM (Medical/Interacoustics) a um grupo controle com 30 indivíduos hígidos pareados por idade e sexo. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante (p = 0,102) entre os valores da área do limite de estabilidade (cm2) entre o grupo experimental e o controle. Houve diferença significante (p < 0,05) nos valores da velocidade de oscilação (cm/s) em nove de dez condições sensoriais avaliadas e nos valores da área de deslocamento do centro de pressão (cm2) em oito destas dez condições sensoriais em comparação entre os grupos controle e experimental. Conclusão: A posturografia com realidade virtual pode identificar alterações da velocidade de oscilação e da área de deslocamento do centro de pressão, o que caracteriza a inabilidade para manter o controle postural com e sem privação da visão, em situações de conflito visual e interação vestibulovisual, no período intercrítico da migrânea vestibular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Virtual Reality , Migraine Disorders/diagnosis , Vertigo/diagnosis , Sensation Disorders , Postural Balance
5.
Distúrb. comun ; 32(3): 406-413, set. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397554

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a avaliação vestibular é realizada tradicionalmente por meio da prova calórica para avaliação do labirinto em indivíduos com tonturas, porém este exame não avalia toda a via vestibular. Os potenciais evocados miogênicos vestibulares (VEMP) consistem em um exame de rápida execução, considerado método de escolha para avaliação dos órgãos otolíticos e do nervo vestibular. Objetivo: analisar as respostas do exame VEMP cervical (cVEMP) e ocular (oVEMP) em indivíduos com doenças vestibulares e compará-las àquelas obtidas em indivíduos de mesma faixa etária e sexo sem queixas de tontura pregressas e atuais. Métodos: Estudo observacional, transversal e analítico. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo com tontura (GT), composto por indivíduos com diversas doenças vestibulares e o grupo sem queixa de tontura (GC). Ambos os grupos foram submetidos à meatoscopia, ao VEMP cervical e ocular. Resultados: A amostra foi composta por 45 indivíduos com a idade entre 23 e 68 anos, sendo 27 indivíduos do grupo GC e 18 do grupo GT. No exame cVEMP as latências, amplitudes, índice de assimetria e o índice de assimetria corrigido foram iguais no GT quando comparado com o GC. No exame oVEMP encontrou-se a amplitude esquerda maior e a latência N10 menor estatisticamente no grupo GT quando comparado ao grupo GC. Dentre as doenças do grupo GT os indivíduos com deiscência de canal superior tiveram valores maiores na amplitude esquerda, o que pode ter interferido nos resultados. Conclusão: Não foram evidenciadas diferenças nas respostas do cVEMP entre os grupos neste estudo. Encontrou-se aumento da amplitude esquerda e o valor menor da latência N10 direita no grupo com tontura na análise do exame oVEMP. Acredita-se que a heterogeneidade de doenças vestibulares no grupo com tontura e o reduzido número de participantes em ambos os grupos tenham contribuído para esse desfecho.


Introduction: The vestibular assessment is traditionally carried out with the caloric test to evaluate the labyrinth in individuals with dizziness. However, this examination does not evaluate the entire vestibular pathway. The vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) are a quick test, considered a choice method to assess the otolith organs and the vestibular nerve. Purpose: To analyze the responses of the cervical (cVEMP) and ocular VEMP (oVEMP) examinations in individuals with vestibular diseases and compare them with the results obtained in individuals of the same age group and gender without previous and current complaints of dizziness. Methods: In this observational, cross-sectional, analytical study, the participants were divided into two groups: the dizziness group (DG), composed of individuals with several vestibular diseases, and the group without complaints of dizziness (CG). Both groups underwent meatoscopy, and cervical and ocular VEMP. Results: The sample comprised 45 individuals aged 23 to 68 years ­ 27 individuals in the CG and 18 in the DG. In the cVEMP exam, the latencies, amplitudes, asymmetry index, and the corrected asymmetry index were the same in the GT when compared to the GC. In the cVEMP examination, the latencies, amplitudes, asymmetry index, and corrected asymmetry index were equal in the DG when compared with the CG. In the oVEMP examination, the left amplitude was statistically greater and the N10 latency, smaller in the DG when compared with the CG. Of the diseases in the DG, individuals with superior canal dehiscence had higher left amplitude values, which may have interfered with the results.Conclusion: There were no differences in cVEMP responses between the groups in this study. An increase in the left amplitude and the lower value in the right N10 latency were found in the DG in the analysis of the oVEMP examination. It is believed that the heterogeneity of vestibular diseases in the DG and the small number of participants in both groups have contributed to this outcome.


Introducción: La evaluación vestibular se lleva a cabo tradicionalmente a través de la prueba calórica para evaluar el laberinto en individuos con mareos, sin embargo, este examen no evalúa toda la vía vestibular. Los potenciales miogénicos evocados vestibulares (VEMP) consisten en una prueba de funcionamiento rápido, considerada el método de elección para evaluar los órganos otolíticos y el nervio vestibular. Objetivo: Analizar las respuestas del examen VEMP cervical y ocular en individuos con enfermedades vestibulares y compararlas con las obtenidas en individuos del mismo grupo de edad y sexo sin quejas de mareos previas y actuales. Métodos:Estudio observacional, transversal y analítico. Los participantes se dividieron en dos grupos: grupo con mareos (GT), compuesto por individuos con varias enfermedades vestibulares y el grupo sin quejas de mareos (CG). Ambos grupos se sometieron a meatoscopia, VEMP cervical y ocular. Resultados: La muestra consistió en 45 individuos con edades comprendidas entre 23 y 68 años, 27 individuos del grupo GC y 18 del grupo GT. En el examen cVEMP, las latencias, amplitudes, índice de asimetría y el índice de asimetría corregido fueron los mismos en el GT en comparación con el CG. En el examen oVEMP, la amplitud izquierda fue mayor y la latencia N10 fue estadísticamente menor en el grupo GT en comparación con el grupo CG. Entre las enfermedades en el grupo GT, los individuos con dehiscencia del canal superior tenían valores más altos en la amplitud izquierda, lo que puede haber interferido con los resultados. Conclusión: No hubo diferencias en las respuestas de cVEMP entre los grupos en este estudio. Se encontró un aumento en la amplitud izquierda y un valor más bajo de la latencia N10 derecha en el grupo con mareos en el análisis del examen oVEMP. Se cree que la heterogeneidad de las enfermedades vestibulares en el grupo de mareos y el pequeño número de participantes en ambos grupos contribuyeron a este resultado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Dizziness/diagnosis , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Vestibular Function Tests , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age and Sex Distribution
6.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(2): 139-148, March-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132582

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Neurotology is a rapidly expanding field of knowledge. The study of the vestibular system has advanced so much that even basic definitions, such as the meaning of vestibular symptoms, have only recently been standardized. Objective: To present a review of the main subjects of neurotology, including concepts, diagnosis and treatment of Neurotology, defining current scientific evidence to facilitate decision-making and to point out the most evidence-lacking areas to stimulate further new research. Methods: This text is the result of the I Brazilian Forum of Neurotology, which brought together the foremost Brazilian researchers in this area for a literature review. In all, there will be three review papers to be published. This first review will address definitions and therapies, the second one will address diagnostic tools, and the third will define the main diseases diagnoses. Each author performed a bibliographic search in the LILACS, SciELO, PubMed and MEDLINE databases on a given subject. The text was then submitted to the other Forum participants for a period of 30 days for analysis. A special chapter, on the definition of vestibular symptoms, was translated by an official translation service, and equally submitted to the other stages of the process. There was then a in-person meeting in which all the texts were orally presented, and there was a discussion among the participants to define a consensual text for each chapter. The consensual texts were then submitted to a final review by four professors of neurotology disciplines from three Brazilian universities and finally concluded. Based on the full text, available on the website of the Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology and Cervical-Facial Surgery, this summary version was written as a review article. Result: The text presents the official translation into Portuguese of the definition of vestibular symptoms proposed by the Bárány Society and brings together the main scientific evidence for each of the main existing therapies for neurotological diseases. Conclusion: This text rationally grouped the main topics of knowledge regarding the definitions and therapies of Neurotology, allowing the reader a broad view of the approach of neurotological patients based on scientific evidence and national experience, which should assist them in clinical decision-making, and show the most evidence-lacking topics to stimulate further study.


Resumo Introdução: A otoneurologia é uma área de conhecimento que tem se expandido muito rapidamente. O estudo do sistema vestibular tem avançado tanto que mesmo definições básicas, como o significado dos sintomas vestibulares, foram apenas recentemente padronizadas. Objetivo: Apresentar uma revisão dos principais assuntos da otoneurologia, inclusive conceitos, diagnóstico e tratamento da otoneurologia, definir a evidência científica atual para facilitar a tomada de decisões e demonstrar as áreas mais carentes de evidência para estimular novas pesquisas. Método: Este texto é fruto do I Fórum Brasileiro de Otoneurologia, que reuniu os principais pesquisadores brasileiros dessa área para uma revisão da literatura. Serão feitos três trabalhos de revisão a serem publicados. Este primeiro abordou as definições e as terapias, o segundo abordará as ferramentas diagnósticas e o terceiro definirá os principais diagnósticos. Cada autor fez um levantamento bibliográfico na base de dados da Lilacs, SciELO, Pubmed e Medline de um determinado assunto. O seu texto foi então submetido aos demais participantes do Fórum por 30 dias para análise. Um capítulo especial, da definição dos sintomas vestibulares, foi traduzido por serviço de tradução oficial e igualmente submetido às demais etapas do processo. Houve então uma reunião presencial em que todos os textos foram apresentados oralmente e houve uma discussão entre os participantes para a definição de um texto consensual para cada capítulo. Os textos consensuais foram então submetidos a uma revisão final por quatro professores de otoneurologia de três universidades brasileiras e, por fim, finalizado. A partir do texto completo, publicado no site da Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial, foi escrita esta versão-resumo como artigo de revisão. Resultado: O texto apresenta a tradução oficial para o português da definição dos sintomas vestibulares propostos pela Barany Society e agrupa as principais evidências científicas para cada um das principais terapias existentes para as doenças otoneurológicas. Conclusão: Este texto agrupou de forma racional os principais tópicos de conhecimento a respeito das definições e terapias da otoneurologia, permite ao leitor uma visão ampla da abordagem dos pacientes otoneurológicos baseada em evidências científicas e experiência nacional, que deverá auxiliá-lo na tomada de decisões clínicas, e mostra os assuntos mais carentes de evidência para estimular novos estudos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/therapy , Evidence-Based Medicine , Societies, Medical , Acute Disease , Chronic Disease , Neurotology
8.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 5-10, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090555

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The cochlea and the vestibular receptors are closely related in terms of anatomy and phylogeny. Patients with moderate to profound sensorineural hearing loss (MPSHL) should have their vestibular organ functions tested. Objective To evaluate the incidence of vestibular abnormalities in patients with MPSHL and to study the correlation between the etiology of hearing loss (HL) and a possible damage to the labyrinth. Methods A case-control retrospective study was performed. In the case group, 20 adults with MPSHL of known etiology were included. The control group was composed of 15 adults with normal hearing. The case group was divided into 4 subgroups based on the etiology (bacterial meningitis, virus, vascular disease, congenital). Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) were used to rate the saccular function and lower vestibular nerve. Results The study was performed in 70 ears, and it highlighted the presence of early biphasic P1-N1 complex in 29 (71.5%) out of 40 ears in the study group, and in all of the 30 ears in the control group (p = 0.001). Regarding the presence or absence of cVEMPs among the four subgroups of patients with MPSHL, the data were statistically significant (p < 0.001). The comparison between the latencies and amplitude of P1-N1 in case and control groups from other studies and in the four subgroups of cases in the present study did not detect statistically significant differences. Conclusion The present study demonstrates that patients with MPSHL have a high incidence of damage to the labyrinthine organs, and it increases the current knowledge about the etiopathogenesis of sensorineural HL, which is often of unknown nature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/diagnosis , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/etiology , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/physiopathology , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Vascular Diseases/complications , Virus Diseases/complications , Case-Control Studies , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/epidemiology , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Meningitis, Bacterial/complications , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural/congenital , Labyrinth Diseases/diagnosis , Labyrinth Diseases/physiopathology , Labyrinth Diseases/epidemiology
9.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 389-395, Out.-Dez. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024150

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Agrochemicals, also known as pesticides, are widely used in agriculture and in public health. They are organic and inorganic chemical substances with a high level of toxicity not only for the environment, but also for human health. Objective: To verify findings on labyrinthine assessment in endemic disease control agents, and to recommend the inclusion of the vestibular exam in the set of tests for pesticide-exposed populations. Methods: Descriptive, prospective, cross-sectional study with a sample comprising 15 endemic disease control agents, males, mean age of 51.6 years old (standard deviation [SD] = 5.9). All of the participants were submitted to anamnesis, otorhinolaryngological screening, and vestibular assessment. Results: Regarding the most reported complaints, dizziness (73.4%), headache (60%), and tingling in the extremities (53.4%) were observed. The findings of the vestibular exams were normal in 53.3%, while 46.7% showed peripheral vestibular disorder, of which 26.7% were of deficitary type, and 20% of the irritative type. Conclusions: Alteration in the vestibular system was verified in 50% of the workers, with a greater prevalence in the caloric testing. Several disorders related to pesticides intoxication are scientifically known. Actions promoting knowledge and qualification of this population for the proper handling of chemicals are suggested, in addition to the elaboration and inclusion of protocols of vestibular assessment in hearing health programs for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of vestibular disorders (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Occupational Exposure , Pesticide Exposure , Agricultural Workers' Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/chemically induced , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Agrochemicals/adverse effects , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Nervous System Diseases/chemically induced
10.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 79(3): 374-380, set. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058710

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los sistemas vestibular, visual y somatosensorial coordinan el control postural y se adaptan a las actividades cotidianas en diferentes contextos, sin embargo, cuando existe un cuadro clínico con sintomatología vestibular, las ponderaciones de estos sistemas cambian mayoritariamente al sistema visual, creando una dependencia visual. El cerebelo, que es el principal encargado de generar una compensación vestibular en casos de hipofunción vestibular, juega un rol destacado en el aprendizaje motor generando comportamientos adaptativos que se transforman en puntos claves en la rehabilitación vestibular. Este artículo pretende exponer lo que la literatura informa en relación a la dependencia visual en pacientes con hipofunción vestibular.


ABSTRACT The vestibular, visual and somatosensory systems coordinate postural control and adapt to daily activities in different contexts, however, when there is a clinical picture with vestibular symptoms, the weights of these systems change mainly to the visual system, creating a visual dependence. The cerebellum, which is the main responsible for generating vestibular compensation in cases of vestibular hypofunction, plays a prominent role in motor learning generating adaptive behaviors that become key points in vestibular rehabilitation. This article aims to expose what the literature reports in relation to visual dependence in patients with vestibular hypofunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Visual Perception/physiology , Vestibular Diseases/physiopathology , Vestibular Diseases/rehabilitation , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vertigo , Motion Sickness , Postural Balance , Neurotology
11.
Clinics ; 74: e786, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Currently, cochlear implant procedures are becoming increasingly broad and have greatly expanded. Bilateral cochlear implants and cochlear implants are more frequently applied in children. Our hypothesis is that the video head impulse test may be more sensitive than the caloric test in detecting abnormal vestibular function before cochlear implant surgery. The objective of this study was to compare the video head impulse test and caloric test results of patients selected for cochlear implant procedures before surgery. METHODS: The patients selected for cochlear implant surgery were submitted to a bithermal caloric test and video head impulse test. RESULTS: By comparing angular slow phase velocity values below 5° in the bithermal caloric test (hypofunction) and video head impulse test with a gain lower than 0.8, we identified 37 (64.9%) patients with vestibular hypofunction or canal paresis and 21 (36.8%) patients with abnormal video head impulse test gain before the cochlear implant procedure. Of the 37 patients with caloric test vestibular hypofunction, 20 (54%) patients exhibited an abnormal gain in the video head impulse test. CONCLUSION: The caloric test is more sensitive than the video head impulse test (Fisher's exact test, p=0.0002) in detecting the impaired ear before cochlear implant delivery. The proportion of caloric test/video head impulse test positive identification of abnormal vestibular function or caloric test/video head impulse test sensitivity was 1.8:1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Caloric Tests/methods , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cochlear Implants , Head Impulse Test/methods , Paresis/diagnosis , Video Recording , Preoperative Care/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests
12.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(8): 563-565, Aug. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950572

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The main objective of this manuscript is to describe some personal and professional aspects of two outstanding researchers and pioneers in neuro-otology. Among other achievements, Margaret Ruth Dix, and Charles Skinner Hallpike, designed the most-used provocative test for positional nystagmus for the diagnosis of lithiasis in the vestibular posterior semicircular canal.


RESUMO O principal objetivo desse manuscrito diz respeito a alguns aspectos pessoais e profissionais de dois excelentes pesquisadores e pioneiros da neuro-otologia. Entre outras descrições, Margaret Ruth Dix e Charles Skinner Hallpike descreveram o teste provocativo mais utilizado de nistagmo posicional para o diagnóstico de litíase no canal semicircular posterior do sistema vestibular.


Subject(s)
History, 20th Century , Neurotology/history , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/history , Vestibular Diseases/therapy , Lithiasis/diagnosis , Lithiasis/history , Patient Positioning/history , Patient Positioning/methods , London
13.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(3): 197-202, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975587

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (cVEMPs) are difficult to test in toddlers who cannot follow instructions or stay calm. Objective Due to the growing need for vestibular testing in very young children as a part of a delayed walking assessment battery, this study aimed to provide a solution to this problem by recording the cVEMPs in toddlers during sedation. Method The cVEMPs measures were assessed in 30 toddlers aged 12 to 36 months with normal motormilestones. They were sedated with chloral hydrate. Then, the head was retracted ~ 30° backward with a pillow under the shoulders, and turned 45° contralateral to the side of stimulation to put the sternocleidomastoid (SCM)muscle in a state of tension. Results The P13 and N23 waves of the cVEMPs were recordable in all sedated toddlers. The cVEMPs measures resulted in the following: P13 latency of 17.5 ± 1.41 milliseconds, N23 latency of 25.58 ± 2.02 milliseconds, and peak-topeak amplitude of 15.39 ± 3.45 μV. One-sample t-test revealed statistically significant longer latencies and smaller amplitude of the toddlers' cVEMPs relative to the normative data for adults. Conclusions The difficulty of cVEMPs testing in toddlers can be overcome by sedating them and attaining a position that contracts the SCM muscle. However, the toddlers' recordings revealed delayed latencies and smaller amplitudes than those of adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Chloral Hydrate/administration & dosage , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials , Reaction Time , Reference Values , Auditory Threshold , Chloral Hydrate/adverse effects , Saccule and Utricle/physiology , Reproducibility of Results , Otoscopy , Ear, Middle/physiology
14.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(3): 131-138, Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888369

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe and compare the vestibular findings most evident among the hereditary ataxias, as well as correlate their clinical features with the nervous structures affected in this disease. Methods Seventy-five patients were evaluated and underwent a case history, otorhinolaryngological and vestibular assessments. Results Clinically, the patients commonly had symptoms of gait disturbances (67.1%), dizziness (47.3%), dysarthria (46%) and dysphagia (36.8%). In vestibular testing, alterations were predominantly evident in caloric testing (79%), testing for saccadic dysmetria (51%) and rotational chair testing (47%). The presence of alterations occurred in 87% of these patients. A majority of the alterations were from central vestibular dysfunction (69.3%). Conclusion This underscores the importance of the contribution of topodiagnostic labyrinthine evaluations for neurodegenerative diseases as, in most cases, the initial symptoms are otoneurological; and these evaluations should also be included in the selection of procedures to be performed in clinical and therapeutic monitoring.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever e comparar os achados vestibulares mais evidentes entre a ataxia hereditária, bem como correlacionar seus aspectos clínicos com o estudo das estruturas nervosas afetadas nesta doença. Métodos 75 pacientes foram avaliados e submetidos aos seguintes procedimentos: anamnese, avaliação otorrinolaringológica e vestibular. Resultados Clinicamente, os pacientes apresentaram sintomas de distúrbios da marcha (67,1%), tonturas (47,3%), disartria (46%) e disfagia (36,8%). No teste vestibular, as alterações foram predominantemente evidentes no teste calórico (79%), dismetria sacádicas (51%) e no teste rotatório (47%). A presença de alterações ocorreu em 87% dos pacientes. A maioria das alterações observadas foram da disfunção vestibular central (69,3%). Conclusão O estudo ressalta a importância da contribuição da avaliação labiríntica no topodiagnóstico para doenças neurodegenerativas, uma vez que, na maioria dos casos, os sintomas iniciais são otoneurológicos, e essas avaliações também devem ser incluídas na seleção de procedimentos a serem realizados no monitoramento clínico e terapêutico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Spinocerebellar Degenerations/diagnosis , Spinocerebellar Degenerations/epidemiology , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/epidemiology , Vestibular Function Tests/methods , Brazil/epidemiology , Deglutition Disorders/physiopathology , Deglutition Disorders/epidemiology , Spinocerebellar Degenerations/physiopathology , Spinocerebellar Degenerations/genetics , Nystagmus, Pathologic/physiopathology , Nystagmus, Pathologic/epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Gait Disorders, Neurologic/physiopathology , Gait Disorders, Neurologic/epidemiology , Dizziness/physiopathology , Dizziness/epidemiology , Dysarthria/physiopathology , Dysarthria/epidemiology , Mutation
15.
CoDAS ; 30(2): e20160260, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-890838

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a via auditiva em nível de tronco encefálico e cortical em indivíduos com disfunção vestibular periférica. Método Participaram do estudo 19 indivíduos, com idade entre 20 e 80 anos que possuíam exames vestibulares sugestivos de Disfunção Vestibular Periférica Deficitária (DVPD) ou Disfunção Vestibular (DV). Os participantes realizaram avaliação da via auditiva por meio dos Potenciais Evocados Auditivos de Tronco Encefálico (curta latência) e dos potenciais P1, N1, P2, N2 e P300 (longa latência). Resultados Nove indivíduos apresentaram diagnóstico de Disfunção Vestibular e 10 de Disfunção Vestibular Periférica Deficitária. A média geral dos potenciais de longa latência dos participantes ficou dentro da normalidade e no de curta latência houve uma média aumentada na latência das ondas III e V da orelha esquerda, bem como no intervalo interpico I-III de ambas as orelhas. Ao relacionar os potenciais auditivos com DV e DVPD, houve significância estatística apenas no intervalo interpico III-V no potencial de curta latência da orelha direita. Ao comparar longa e curta latência nos grupos, houve diferenças nas latências entre DV e DVPD, sem significância estatística. Conclusão Não houve relação significativa de DV e DVPD com os potenciais auditivos, porém, nos potenciais de longa latência, os indivíduos com Disfunção Vestibular apresentaram maior latência em P1, N1, P2, N2 e os indivíduos com Disfunção Vestibular Periférica Deficitária, maior latência no P300. No potencial de curta latência, houve um aumento nas latências absolutas no grupo Disfunção Vestibular e nos intervalos interpicos em Disfunção Vestibular Periférica Deficitária.


ABSTRACT Purpose Evaluate the auditory pathway at the brainstem and cortical levels in individuals with peripheral vestibular dysfunction. Methods The study sample was composed 19 individuals aged 20-80 years that presented exam results suggestive of Peripheral Vestibular Disorder (PVD) or Vestibular Dysfunction (VD). Participants underwent evaluation of the auditory pathway through Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials (BAEP) (short latency) and P1, N1, P2, N2, and P300 cortical potentials (long latency). Results Nine individuals presented diagnosis of VD and 10 participants were diagnosed with PVD. The overall average of the long latency potentials of the participants was within the normal range, whereas an increased mean was observed in the short latency of waves III and V of the left ear, as well as in the I - III interpeak interval of both ears. Association of the auditory potentials with VD and PVD showed statistically significant correlation only in the III - V interpeak interval of the right ear for short latency. Comparison between the long and short latencies in the groups showed differences between VD and PVD, but without statistical significance. Conclusion No statistically significant correlation was observed between VD/PVD and the auditory evoked potentials; however, for the long latency potentials, individuals with VD presented higher latency in P1, N1, P2, and N2, where as participants with PVD showed higher latency in P300. In the short latency potentials, there was an increase in the absolute latencies in the VD group and in the interpeak intervals in the PVD group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Reaction Time , Acoustic Stimulation , Vestibular Diseases/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Middle Aged
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(5): 530-535, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889303

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cochlear implants are undeniably an effective method for the recovery of hearing function in patients with hearing loss. Objective: To describe the preoperative vestibular assessment protocol in subjects who will be submitted to cochlear implants. Methods: Our institutional protocol provides the vestibular diagnosis through six simple tests: Romberg and Fukuda tests, assessment for spontaneous nystagmus, Head Impulse Test, evaluation for Head Shaking Nystagmus and caloric test. Results: 21 patients were evaluated with a mean age of 42.75 ± 14.38 years. Only 28% of the sample had all normal test results. The presence of asymmetric vestibular information was documented through the caloric test in 32% of the sample and spontaneous nystagmus was an important clue for the diagnosis. Bilateral vestibular areflexia was present in four subjects, unilateral arreflexia in three and bilateral hyporeflexia in two. The Head Impulse Test was a significant indicator for the diagnosis of areflexia in the tested ear (p = 0.0001). The sensitized Romberg test using a foam pad was able to diagnose severe vestibular function impairment (p = 0.003). Conclusion: The six clinical tests were able to identify the presence or absence of vestibular function and function asymmetry between the ears of the same individual.


Resumo Introdução: Os implantes cocleares (IC) são indiscutivelmente um método eficaz de recuperação da função auditiva de pacientes surdos. Objetivo: Descrever o protocolo de avaliação vestibular pré-operatória em sujeitos que serão submetidos ao IC. Método: Nosso protocolo institucional prevê o diagnóstico vestibular por meio de seis testes simples: testes de Romberg e Fukuda, nistagmo espontâneo, Head Impulse Test, Head Shaking Nistagmus, prova calórica. Resultados: Foram avaliados 21 pacientes com média de 42,75 ± 14,38 anos. Apenas 28% da amostra apresentaram todos os testes normais. A presença de informação vestibular assimétrica foi documentada pela prova calórica em 32% da amostra e o nistagmo espontâneo mostrou-se pista importante para seu diagnóstico. A arreflexia vestibular bilateral foi diagnosticada em quatro sujeitos; arreflexia unilateral em três e hiporreflexia bilateral em dois. O Head Impulse Test mostrou-se indicador significante (p = 0,0001) para diagnosticar arreflexia da orelha testada. O teste de Romberg sensibilizado em almofada foi capaz de diagnosticar os comprometimentos severos da função vestibular (p = 0,003). Conclusão: Os seis testes clínicos foram capazes de identificar a presença ou não de função vestibular e assimetria da função entre as orelhas de um mesmo indivíduo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vestibular Function Tests/classification , Vestibular Diseases/surgery , Cochlear Implantation , Deafness/surgery , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cochlear Implants , Deafness/diagnosis , Deafness/etiology
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(5): 646-651, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897011

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: A total of 771 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) were reported in Brazil in 2014. Treatment of MDR-TB with aminoglycosides can produce serious side effects such as permanent and irreversible hearing loss, which occurs in 5-64% of cases, and severely compromise patient quality of life. The goal of this research was to evaluate auditory and vestibular side effects in patients treated for MDR-TB and to identify associations between these complaints and the type of aminoglycoside used. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 599 medical records from patients with MDR-TB who were treated at the Hélio Fraga/Fiocruz Reference Center between 2006 and 2010. Cases without auditory or vestibular complaints and patients who were not treated with aminoglycoside drugs were excluded from the study. RESULTS: Of 164 eligible cases, 55 (33.5%) reported an auditory or vestibular complaint and medication was subsequently suspended, although hearing damage was not confirmed in all cases. Audiometric testing confirmed hearing loss in 11 (21.7%) of 12 cases submitted for evaluation. Hearing loss related to ototoxicity was confirmed in 15 (62.5%) cases. Tinnitus was significantly associated with the use of amikacin and streptomycin. CONCLUSIONS: Evaluations of ototoxicity symptoms were not usually reported in the routine care of patients with MDR-TB. Complaints of tinnitus were associated with amikacin and streptomycin use. These results require confirmation in future studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Audiometry/methods , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/drug therapy , Aminoglycosides/adverse effects , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Hearing Loss/chemically induced , Anti-Bacterial Agents/adverse effects , Time Factors , Tinnitus/diagnosis , Tinnitus/chemically induced , Amikacin/adverse effects , Streptomycin/adverse effects , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/chemically induced , Sex Factors , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant/complications , Dizziness/diagnosis , Dizziness/chemically induced , Middle Aged
18.
Clinics ; 72(8): 469-473, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-890725

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study compared the results of the caloric test with those of the video head impulse test obtained during the same session and evaluated whether the former can be used to screen for non-acute vestibular dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 157 participants complaining of dizziness with vestibular characteristics of varying durations and clinical courses completed the caloric test and video head impulse test. RESULTS: Significantly more caloric test results than video head impulse test results were abnormal. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the caloric test and video head impulse test are distinct but complement each other. Within our sample, the caloric test was more sensitive for vestibular dysfunction. Therefore, the video head impulse test is not a suitable screening tool of the vestibular system in patients with chronic complaints.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Caloric Tests/methods , Dizziness/diagnosis , Dizziness/physiopathology , Head Impulse Test/methods , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/physiopathology , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mass Screening , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Semicircular Canals/physiopathology , Video Recording
19.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 77(2): 124-134, jun. 2017. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902752

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La prueba Visual Subjetiva Vertical (SVV por sus siglas en inglés) corresponde a una prueba de bajo costo y complejidad que permite el estudio de la función vestibular "estática". En el año 2009 se valida la Prueba del Balde con igual confianza, sensibilidad y especificidad, que la prueba de domo. Sin embargo, diversos factores impresionan disminuir su precisión. Objetivo: Proponer un nuevo método utilizando un programa computacional y una interfaz pantalla-paciente, que permita disminuir la influencia de variables y aumentar la precisión de la evaluación. Material y método: En 43 voluntarios sin historia de patología vestibular y en 32 pacientes con patología vestibular se compararon los resultados de la aplicación de SVV en dos modalidades: prueba del balde tradicionalyuna prueba computarizada propuesta en el presente artículo. Resultados: En nuestro estudio el SVV con balde muestra 57% de sensibilidad y 90% de especificidad, mientras el SVV digital tiene 74% de sensibilidad y 93% de especificidad, el cual también presentó significativamente una menor desviación estándar. Conclusión: En suma, el SVV computarizado arroja un resultado más preciso que SVV con balde, con mejor utilidad clínica al tener mayor de discriminación con mejores perfiles de sensibilidad/especificidad.


Background: Subjective Visual Vertical Test (SVV) is a low-cost and simple evaluation that allows the physician to study the static vestibular function of a patient. In 2009 the Bucket Test was validated as a high confidence, sensitivity and specificity comparable to the hemispheric dome testing device. Although, its result can be affected by multiple variables. Aim: To propose a new method to evaluate SVV using a computer software interface, that allows a reduction ofvariables therefore increasing its precision. Material and method: In a sample of 43 volunteers with no previous history of vestibular pathologies and 32 patients with diagnosed vestibular pathologies we compared the results of 2 different modules of SVV testing: a traditional bucket test and a computerized test proposed in the present article. Results: Bucket test SVV for this research showed a sensitivity of 57% and a specificity of 90%, meanwhile Computerized SVV had a sensitivity of 74% and a specificity of 93%, which also presented a significant smaller standard deviation. Conclusion: In summary, digital SVV testing grants more accurate result in comparison to the Bucket Test, with a better clinical performance due to an improved discriminatory capacity with better Sensitivity/Specificity profiles.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Vestibular Function Tests/methods , Software , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Visual Perception , Vestibular Diseases/physiopathology , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 21(1): 79-85, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840781

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Friedreich's ataxia is a neurodegenerative disease and progressive by nature. It has autosomal recessive inheritance and early onset inmost cases. Nystagmus and hearing loss (in some cases) make up some of the common symptoms seen in this disorder. Objective The objective of this study is to examine vestibular disorders in patientswith Friedreich ataxia. Methods We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study. We evaluated 30 patients with ages ranging from six to 72 years (mean age of 38.6 ( 14.7). The patients underwent the following procedures: anamnesis, ENT, and vestibular evaluations. Results Clinically, the patients commonly had symptoms of incoordination of movement (66.7%), gait disturbances (56.7%), and dizziness (50%). In vestibular testing, alterations were predominantly evident under caloric testing (73.4%), gaze nystagmus testing (50.1%), rotational chair testing (36.7%), and optokinetic nystagmus testing (33.4%). The presence of alterations occurred under examination in 90% of subjects, with the majority occurring in those with central vestibular dysfunction (70% of the examinations). Conclusion The most evident neurotological symptoms were incoordination of movement, gait disturbances, and dizziness. Alterations in vestibular examinations occurred in 90% of patients, mostly in the caloric test, with a predominance of deficient central vestibular system dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Friedreich Ataxia/diagnosis , Signs and Symptoms , Spinocerebellar Degenerations , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vestibular Diseases/diagnosis , Vestibular Diseases/etiology
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