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1.
São Paulo; s.n; 2022. 55 p. tab, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1362687

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O carcinoma escamoso do pênis é uma neoplasia rara, mas sua incidência e mortalidade específica vêm aumentando. No Brasil, o câncer de pênis constitui 2,1% das neoplasias em homens. O acometimento dos linfonodos inguinais é o fator prognóstico mais importante. Comparados aos pacientes com linfonodos positivos, aqueles com linfonodos histologicamente negativos (pN0) têm o melhor prognóstico; entretanto, a ausência de metástases linfonodais não garante a cura, haja vista que uma proporção destes apresenta recorrência locorregional ou progressão tumoral após o tratamento. Poucos estudos examinaram populações de pacientes com pN0 ou clinicamente negativos (cN0). Objetivos: Avaliar o impacto da expressão imuno-histoquímica da E-caderina e da vimentina como fatores prognósticos para sobrevida global, sobrevida câncer específica e sobrevida livre de doença em pacientes com carcinoma escamoso do pênis clinicamente ou histologicamente negativos para metástase linfonodal. Material e Métodos: Coorte retrospectiva de 116 pacientes cN0 e pN0 com carcinoma escamoso do pênis consecutivamente tratados no A.C.Camargo Cancer Center entre 1953-2017. As variáveis registradas incluíram idade, estadiamento TNM, subtipo histológico, grau de diferenciação tumoral, invasão vascular microscópica, invasão perineural, padrão microscópico da fronte de invasão tumoral (expansivo/infiltrativo) e expressão imuno-histoquímica das proteínas E-caderina e vimentina. As amostras de tumor foram analisadas no centro do tumor e na fronte de invasão tumoral. As análises de sobrevida foram realizadas usando curvas de Kaplan-Meier e testes de log-rank. O modelo de riscos proporcionais de Cox foi usado para determinar quais variáveis influenciaram as taxas de sobrevida global, câncer específica e livre de doença. Resultados: O tempo de seguimento médio foi de 176 meses. A presença de invasão perineural foi associada à alta expressão de vimentina no centro tumoral (p = 0,013), à perda da expressão de Ecaderina no centro do tumor (p = 0,026) e na fronte de invasão tumoral (p = 0,02). A perda da expressão imuno-histoquímica da E-caderina na fronte de invasão e a presença de invasão perineural foram independentemente associadas à sobrevida livre de doença. Conclusões: A perda da expressão imuno-histoquímica da E-caderina na fronte de invasão tumoral e a presença de invasão perineural no tumor primário foram associadas a uma menor sobrevida livre de doença. Alta expressão de vimentina no centro do tumor, perda da expressão da Ecaderina no centro do tumor e na fronte de invasão do tumor foram associadas à presença de invasão perineural no tumor primário.


Introduction: Penile squamous cell carcinoma is a rare neoplasm, but its incidence and specific mortality have been increasing. In Brazil, penile squamous cell carcinoma constitutes 2.1% of neoplasms in men. The involvement of inguinal lymph nodes is the most important prognostic factor. Compared to patients with positive lymph nodes, histologically negative patients (pN0) have the best prognosis; however, the absence of lymph node metastases does not guarantee a cure. Some pN0 patients exhibit locoregional recurrence or tumor progression after treatment. Few studies have examined patient populations with histologically negative (pN0) or clinically negative (cN0) lymph nodes. Objectives: To evaluate the impact of E-cadherin and vimentin expression as prognostic factors for overall survival, cancer-specific survival, and disease-free survival in patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma who were clinically or histologically negative for lymph node metastasis. Material and Methods: Retrospective cohort of 116 patients (cN0 and pN0) treated at A. C. Camargo Cancer Center from 1953 to 2017. Recorded variables included age, TNM staging, histological subtype, degree of tumor differentiation, microscopic vascular invasion, perineural invasion, microscopic pattern of the tumor invasion front (pushing/infiltrating) and vimentin and E-cadherin immunohistochemical expression. Tumor samples were analyzed at the tumor center and at the tumor invasion front. Survival analyses were performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank testing. Cox's proportional hazards model was used to determine which variables influenced overall survival, disease-free survival, or cancer specific survival. Results: The median follow-up time was 176 months. Perineural invasion was associated with high vimentin expression at tumor center (p = 0.013), loss of E-cadherin expression in the tumor center (p = 0.026) and at the front invasion (p = 0.02). Loss of immunohistochemical E-cadherin expression at the front invasion and the presence of perineural were independently associated with disease-free survival. Conclusions: Lower disease-free survival was associated with loss of immunohistochemical E-cadherin expression at the tumor invasion front, and the presence of perineural invasion. High vimentin expression in the tumor center, loss of E-cadherin expression in the tumor center and in the tumor invasion front were associated with the presence of perineural invasion in the primary tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Penile Neoplasms , Vimentin , Cadherins , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Survival Analysis , Lymph Node Excision , Neoplasm Metastasis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880801

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of ALKBH5 on migration, invasion and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human trophoblast cells.@*METHODS@#The expression plasmid of ALKBH5 or a negative control plasmid (ALKBH5-NC) was transfected in human trophoblast HTR-8 /SVneo cells, and the expressions of ALKBH5 mRNA and protein were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. Transwell assay was used to assess the changes in migration and invasion abilities of the trophoblast cells after the transfection. Western blotting was performed to detect the expressions of EMT-related proteins in the cells including vimentin, fibronectin, E-cadherin, N-cadherin, MMP9 and MMP2.@*RESULTS@#ALKBH5 mRNA and protein expressions were significantly higher in ALKBH5 group than in the control group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALKBH5 is involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia by inhibiting EMT of trophoblast cells and hence reducing their migration and invasion abilities.


Subject(s)
AlkB Homolog 5, RNA Demethylase , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Female , Humans , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy , Trophoblasts , Vimentin/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781351

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of the focal adhesion kinase inhibitor TAE226 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell line.@*METHODS@#HSC-3 and HSC-4 cells were cultured with TAE226 under different concentrations (0, 1, 5, and 10 μmol·L⁻¹) for 24, 48, and 72 h. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the mRNA expressions of E-cadherin and Vimentin. The protein expressions of E-cadherin and Vimentin were determined by Western blot assay after 48 h of TAE226 treatment.@*RESULTS@#Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction showed that increasing the TAE226 dose and reaction time resulted in increased and decreased E-cadherin and Vimentin mRNA expressions, respectively (P<0.05). Western blot assays showed that increasing the TAE226 dose resulted in increased and decreased E-cadherin and Vimentin protein expressions, respectively (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAE226, which is expected to be an effective drug for OSCC treatment, can effectively inhibit the EMT of the OSCC cell line.


Subject(s)
Cadherins , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Humans , Morpholines , Mouth Neoplasms , Vimentin
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a HIV-1 gp120 transgenic mice (gp120 Tg) with vimentin (VIM) gene knockout.@*METHODS@#Female HIV-1 gp120 Tg mice were mated to VIM heterozygote mice (F0). All the offspring mice were derived from these original founders so that both genotypes had the same mixed genetic background. The F1 mice were bred to generate of VIM, VIM, VIM/gp120 Tg and VIM/gp120 Tg mice. PCR was performed for genotyping of the mice, and the expressions of VIM and gp120 in the brain tissues were examined using immunoblotting.@*RESULTS@#The results of PCR showed the presence of the target bands in VIM, VIM, VIM/gp120 Tg and VIM/gp120 Tg mice. In VIM/gp120 Tg mice, gp120 expression was detected throughout the brain regions while no VIM expression was detected.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We generated gp120 transgenic mouse models with VIM gene knockout, which facilitate the exploration of the role of VIM in gp120-induced neurotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Disease Models, Animal , Female , HIV Envelope Protein gp120 , HIV-1 , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Mice, Transgenic , Vimentin
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(2): e1433, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001041

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Metastasis is common in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer, and the presence of epithelial-mesenchymal transition markers in circulating tumor cells may suggest worse prognosis. Aim: To correlate the number of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of patients with a locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic tumor and the protein expression involved in epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in CTCs with clinical characteristics, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Method: This was a prospective study conducted using peripheral blood samples collected at three different times. CTCs were quantified by the ISET test and analyzed by immunocytochemistry. Proteins involved in EMT (vimentin, TGFß-RI and MMP2) were analyzed in all CTCs. Results: Twenty-one patients were included. Median CTCs detected were 22, 20 and 8 CTCs/8 ml blood at baseline, first and second follow-up, respectively. No statistically significant correlation was found in correlating the number of CTCs and the evaluated clinical characteristics, PFS, or OS. There was no difference in PFS and OS among the EMT markers in the groups with and without markers. Conclusion: CTC analysis was not relevant in this sample for comparing clinical findings, PFS and OS in patients with pancreatic cancer. However, marker analysis in CTCs could be useful for the MMP-2 and/or TGFß-RI expression, as observed by the separate PFS curve.


RESUMO Racional: A metástase é comum no diagnóstico de câncer de pâncreas; presença de marcadores de transição epitélio-mesenquimal nas células tumorais circulantes (CTCs) podem sugerir pior prognóstico. Objetivo: Correlacionar o número de CTCs no sangue periférico de pacientes com tumor de pâncreas localmente avançado ou metastático e expressão de proteínas envolvidas na transição epitélio-mesenquimal (TEM) nas CTCs com características clínicas, sobrevida livre de progressão (SLP) e global (SG). Método: Estudo prospectivo realizado por meio de coletas de sangue periférico em três tempos distintos. As CTCs foram quantificadas pelo sistema ISET e analisadas por imunocitoquímica. Proteínas envolvidas na TEM (vimentina, TGFß-RI e MMP2) foram analisadas em todas as CTCs. Resultados: Foram incluídos 21 pacientes. A mediana de CTCs detectadas foi de 22, 20 e 8 CTCs/8 ml de sangue no baseline, primeiro e segundo seguimentos, respectivamente. Na correlação entre número de CTCs e as características clínicas levantadas, SLP, SG não houve correlação estatisticamente significante. Nos marcadores de TEM não houve diferença de SLP e SG entre os grupos que apresentaram e não apresentaram marcação. Conclusão: As CTCs não se mostraram relevantes na comparação dos achados clínicos, SLP e SG em pacientes com câncer de pâncreas. No entretanto, pode ser que para a análise de marcador seja útil, como observado pelas curvas separadas de expressão de MMP-2 e TGFß-RI nas CTCs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pancreatic Neoplasms/blood , Adenocarcinoma/blood , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/blood , Receptor, Transforming Growth Factor-beta Type I/blood , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating/chemistry , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Vimentin/blood , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Prospective Studies , Disease Progression , Tumor Burden , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1420-1429, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763218

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small non-coding RNAs involved in different cancers, including lung cancer. Here, we aim to investigate the expression profiles of circulating miRNAs and their roles contributed to the progress of lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The levels of circulating miRNA in lung cancer patients were investigated by miRNAs assay. Then we predicted the target genes of aberrantly expressing miRNAs by searching genetic databases. Based on the A549 cells transfected with miR-1246 mimics or miR-1246 inhibitor,we further measured the roles of miR-1246 involving in the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), migration and invasion capacities of lung cancer cells in vitro. Finally, we detected the effects of miR-1246 on glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β)/β-catenin pathway by immunofluorescence and Western blot, respectively. RESULTS: We identified that 14 miRNAs were aberrantly expressed in the serum of lung cancer patients. Among them, miR-1246 was the most up-regulated. The cell assays indicated that miR-1246 significantly increased the migration and invasion capabilities of A549 lung cancer cells. Meanwhile, immunofluorescence analysis revealed that miR-1246 promoted EMT process of A549 cells accompanying with decreasing E-cadherin expression, while increasing vimentin and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) expression. Furthermore, an online tool predicated that miR-1246 might bind to 3′-untranslated region of GSK-3β, which was confirmed by overexpression and knockdown of miR-1246 assays. CONCLUSION: Taken together, the study illustrates that miR-1246 regulates Wnt/β-catenin pathway through targeting GSK-3β/β-catenin, which partly contributing to tumor metastasis. MiR-1246 may play an essential role in the diagnosis and therapeutic of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Databases, Genetic , Diagnosis , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Glycogen Synthase , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Lung Neoplasms , MicroRNAs , Neoplasm Metastasis , RNA, Small Untranslated , Transforming Growth Factors , Vimentin
7.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1207-1221, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763159

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The study aimed to search and identify genes that were differentially expressed in breast cancer, and their roles in cancer growth and progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Gene Expression Omnibus (Oncomine) and The Cancer Genome Atlas databases (https://cancergenome.nih.gov/) were screened for genes that were expressed differentially in breast cancer and were closely related to a poor prognosis. Gene expressions were verified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, and genes were knocked down by a lentivirus-based system. Cell growth and motility were evaluated and in vivo nude mice were used to confirm the in vitro roles of genes. Markers of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and the associations of KIF11 with the classical cancer signaling pathways were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: A series of genes expressed differentially in patients with breast cancer. The prognosis associated with high KIF11 expression was poor, and the expression of KIF11 increased significantly in high stage and malignant tumor cells. Inhibiting KIF11 expression in lentivirus-suppressed cells revealed that KIF11 inhibition significantly reduced cell viability and colony formation, inhibited migration and invasion, but promoted apoptosis. The sizes and weights of KIF11-inhibited tumors in nude mice were significantly lower than in the negative controls. Western blot showed that E-cadherin in breast cancer was significantly upregulated in KIF-inhibited cells and tumor tissues, whereas N-cadherin and vimentin were significantly down-regulated. BT549 and MDA231 cells with KIF11 knockdown exhibited decreased ERK, AMPK, AKT, and CREB phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: KIF11 acts as a potential oncogene that regulates the development and progression of breast cancer.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cadherins , Cell Survival , Gene Expression , Genome , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Mice, Nude , Oncogenes , Phosphorylation , Prognosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Vimentin , Weights and Measures
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762789

ABSTRACT

Myoepithelioma was recognized as a histological distinct entity by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1991. Myoepithelial cells are believed to be of ectodermal origin. In salivary glands, the myoepithelial cells that surround the intercalated ducts are spindled, which is in contrast to the large stellate ones that envelop the acini. Myoepithelioma is a benign salivary gland tumor that consists entirely of myoepithelial cells. A 53-year-old man presented with a 1-year history of a painless mass originating from the right parotid gland. The mass grew rapidly reaching a size of approximately 6 cm. The patient had no facial paralysis. The authors performed right parotidectomy. Immunohistochemistry study of this tumor showed that it was positive for vimentin, positive for S-100, focally positive for pancytokeratin, and focally positive for p63 and that it had a Ki-67 labeling index (below 10%). Additionally, the tumor was negative for epithelial membrane antigen, negative for actin, negative for desmin, negative for CD34 and negative for anaplastic lymphoma kinase. The authors present a case of benign spindle cell myoepithelioma of the parotid gland in a 53-year-old man diagnosed after immunohistochemistry study, describing its importance, along with a brief review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Actins , Desmin , Ectoderm , Facial Paralysis , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma , Middle Aged , Mucin-1 , Myoepithelioma , Parotid Gland , Parotid Neoplasms , Phosphotransferases , Salivary Glands , Vimentin , World Health Organization
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764061

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The characteristics of human hematopoietic stem cells are conditioned by the microenvironment of the bone marrow, where they interact with other cell populations, such as mesenchymal stem cells and endothelial cells; however, the study of this microenvironment is complex. The objective of this work was to develop a 3D culture system by magnetic levitation that imitates the microenvironment of human HSC. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human bone marrow-mesenchymal stem cells, umbilical cord blood-hematopoietic stem cells and a non-tumoral endothelial cell line (CC2811, Lonza®) were used to develop organotypic multicellular spheres by the magnetic levitation method. We obtained viable structures with an average sphericity index greater than 0.6, an average volume of 0.5 mm3 and a percentage of aggregation greater than 70%. Histological studies of the organotypic multicellular spheres used hematoxylin and eosin stains, and an evaluation of vimentin expression by means of immunohistochemistry demonstrated an organized internal structure without picnotic cells and a high expression of vimentin. The functional capacity of human hematopoietic stem cells after organotypic multicellular spheres culture was evaluated by multipotency tests, and it was demonstrated that 3D structures without exogenous Flt3L are autonomous in the maintenance of multipotency of human hematopoietic stem cells. CONCLUSIONS: We developed organotypic multicellular spheres from normal human cells that mimic the microenvironment of the human hematopoietic stem cells. These structures are the prototype for the development of complex organoids that allow the further study of the biology of normal human stem cells and their potential in regenerative medicine.


Subject(s)
Biology , Bone Marrow , Coloring Agents , Endothelial Cells , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Hematoxylin , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Methods , Organoids , Regenerative Medicine , Stem Cells , Umbilical Cord , Vimentin
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of sex determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9) on epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cloning of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).@*METHODS@#siRNA control, SOX9 siRNA were transfected into BcaCD885 cells in OSCC. Simultaneously, cells that did not undergo transfection were used as the control. Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to select SOX9 siRNA1 with enhanced interference effect. A cell cloning assay was used to determine the cell's clone formation ability. E-cadherin and Vimentin expressions were detected by immunofluorescence. The expressions of E-cadherin, matrix metalloprotease 2 (MMP-2), Vimentin and matrix metalloprotease 9 (MMP-9) were detected by Western blot. Cell invasion and migration were detected in the Transwell compartment.@*RESULTS@#The levels of SOX9 mRNA and protein in SOX9 siRNA cells were significantly lower than those of the control (P<0.05). An increase in the number of SOX9 siRNA1 cell clonesled to the considerable decrease of the number of cell invasion and migration. In addition, levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 proteins in cells decreased significantly compared with the control (P<0.05). The level of Vimentin expression in SOX9 siRNA1 cells decreased, and expression level of E-cadherin was elevated. Cell EMT was inhibited compared with the control, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Down-regulation of SOX9 inhibited EMT, clonogenic formation, cell invasion and OSCC migration.


Subject(s)
Cadherins , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Down-Regulation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Vimentin
11.
Intestinal Research ; : 527-536, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785863

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) induction of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is one of the mechanisms by which colorectal cancer (CRC) cells acquire migratory and invasive capacities, and subsequently metastasize. Parthenolide (PT) expresses multiple anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activities that inhibit nuclear factor κB by targeting the IκB kinase complex. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether PT can inhibit TGF-β1-induced EMT in CRC cell lines.METHODS: HT-29 and SW480 cell lines were used in the experiment. Cell viability was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and sub-G1 analysis was measured by flow cytometry. The induction of EMT by TGF-β1 and inhibition of the process by PT was analyzed by phase contrast microscopy, wounding healing, cellular migration and invasion assays, and Western blotting.RESULTS: TGF-β1 inhibits HT-29 cell proliferation, but has no effect on SW480 cell proliferation; different concentrations of TGF-β1 did not induce apoptosis in HT-29 and SW480 cells. PT attenuates TGF-β1-induced elongated, fibroblast-like shape changing in cells. PT inhibits TGF-β1-induced cell migration and cell invasion. In addition, other EMT markers such as β-catenin, Vimentin, Snail, and Slug were suppressed by PT, while E-cadherin was increased by PT.CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that PT inhibits TGF-β1-induced EMT by suppressing the expression of the mesenchymal protein and increasing expression of the epithelial protein. These findings suggest a novel approach for CRC treatment by suppression of TGF-β1-induced EMT.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Cell Line , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Colorectal Neoplasms , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Flow Cytometry , Gastropoda , HT29 Cells , Humans , Microscopy, Phase-Contrast , Phosphotransferases , Snails , Transforming Growth Factors , Vimentin , Wounds and Injuries
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a very serious health problem, usually caused by a trauma and accompanied by elevated levels of inflammation indicators. Stem cell-based therapy is promising some valuable strategies for its functional recovery. Nestin-positive progenitor and/or stem cells (SC) isolated from pancreatic islets (PI) show mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) characteristics. For this reason, we aimed to analyze the effects of rat pancreatic islet derived stem cell (rPI-SC) delivery on functional recovery, as well as the levels of inflammation factors following SCI.METHODS: rPI-SCs were isolated, cultured and their MSC characteristics were determined through flow cytometry and immunofluorescence analysis. The experimental rat population was divided into three groups : 1) laminectomy & trauma, 2) laminectomy & trauma & phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and 3) laminectomy+trauma+SCs. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) labelled rPI-SCs were transplanted into the injured rat spinal cord. Their motilities were evaluated with Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) Score. After 4-weeks, spinal cord sections were analyzed for GFP labeled SCs and stained for vimentin, S100β, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), 2’,3’-cyclic-nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and proinflammatory (interleukin [IL]-6, transforming growth factor [TGF]-β, macrophage inflammatory protein [MIP]-2, myeloperoxidase [MPO]) and anti-inflammatory (IL-1 receptor antagonis) factors.RESULTS: rPI-SCs were revealed to display MSC characteristics and express neural and glial cell markers including BDNF, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), fibronectin, microtubule associated protein-2a,b (MAP2a,b), β3-tubulin and nestin as well as antiinflammatory prostaglandin E2 receptor, EP3. The BBB scores showed significant motor recovery in group 3. GFP-labelled cells were localized on the injury site. In addition, decreased proinflammatory factor levels and increased intensity of anti-inflammatory factors were determined.CONCLUSION: Transplantation of PI-SCs might be an effective strategy to improve functional recovery following spinal cord trauma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Dinoprostone , Fibronectins , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Inflammation , Islets of Langerhans , Laminectomy , Macrophages , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Microtubules , Nestin , Neuroglia , Peroxidase , Rats , Regeneration , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spinal Cord , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Transforming Growth Factors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vimentin , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719526

ABSTRACT

Proliferative myositis is a rare, benign, probably pseudosarcomatous fibroblastic proliferation that typically presents as a rapidly growing soft tissue mass. Its relative rarity, fast growth rate, and unique histopathologic findings may lead to misdiagnosis as a malignant lesion and unnecessary radical surgical excision. A 57-year-old female presented with a non-tender, well-defined, indurated, solitary, hard papule on the median sulcus of the tongue for 2 weeks. Histologic examination revealed numerous fibroblastic or myofibroblastic spindle cells and large ganglion-like cells infiltrating between and around the muscle fascicles. Immunohistochemical staining showed positivity for vimentin, smooth muscle actin, and CD68 and negativity for S-100. Based on these characteristic clinical findings and histopathologic features, the patient was diagnosed with proliferative myositis. Here, we report a rare case of proliferative myositis on the tongue and recommend considering proliferative myositis in the differential diagnosis when a physician encounters a rapidly grown soft tissue mass.


Subject(s)
Actins , Diagnosis, Differential , Diagnostic Errors , Female , Fibroblasts , Humans , Middle Aged , Muscle, Smooth , Myofibroblasts , Myositis , Tongue , Vimentin
14.
Immune Network ; : e2-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740212

ABSTRACT

The enhanced differentiation and activation of osteoclasts (OCs) in the inflammatory arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gout causes not only local bone erosion, but also systemic osteoporosis, leading to functional disabilities and morbidity. The induction and amplification of NFATc1, a master regulator of OC differentiation, is mainly regulated by receptor activator of NF-κB (RANK) ligand-RANK and calcium signaling which are amplified in the inflammatory milieu, as well as by inflammatory cytokines such as TNFα, IL-1β and IL-6. Moreover, the predominance of CD4+ T cell subsets, which varies depending on the condition of inflammatory diseases, can determine the fate of OC differentiation. Anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies which are critical in the pathogenesis of RA can bind to the citrullinated vimentin on the surface of OC precursors, and in turn promote OC differentiation and function via IL-8. In addition to adaptive immunity, the activation of innate immune system including the nucleotide oligomerization domain leucine rich repeat with a pyrin domain 3 inflammasome and TLRs can regulate OC maturation. The emerging perspectives about the diverse and close interactions between the immune cells and OCs in inflammatory milieu can have a significant impact on the future direction of drug development.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Calcium Signaling , Cytokines , Gout , Immune System , Inflammasomes , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Leucine , Osteoclasts , Osteolysis , Osteoporosis , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Vimentin
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719329

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to identify novel fusion transcripts (FTs) and their functional significance in colorectal cancer (CRC) lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed paired-end RNA sequencing of 28 CRC cell lines. FT candidates were identified using TopHat-fusion, ChimeraScan, and FusionMap tools and further experimental validation was conducted through reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Sanger sequencing. FT was depleted in human CRC line and the effects on cell proliferation, cell migration, and cell invasion were analyzed. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred eighty FT candidates were detected through bioinformatics filtering. We selected six candidate FTs, including four inter-chromosomal and two intrachromosomal FTs and each FT was found in at least one of the 28 cell lines. Moreover, when we tested 19 pairs of CRC tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples, NFATC3–PLA2G15 FT was found in two. Knockdown of NFATC3–PLA2G15 using siRNA reduced mRNA expression of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers such as vimentin, twist, and fibronectin and increased mesenchymal–epithelial transition markers of E-cadherin, claudin-1, and FOXC2 in colo-320 cell line harboring NFATC3–PLA2G15 FT. The NFATC3–PLA2G15 knockdown also inhibited invasion, colony formation capacity, and cell proliferation. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that that NFATC3–PLA2G15 FTs may contribute to tumor progression by enhancing invasion by EMT and proliferation.


Subject(s)
Cadherins , Cell Line , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Claudin-1 , Colorectal Neoplasms , Computational Biology , Fibronectins , Humans , RNA , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Vimentin
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 326-335, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742551

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) gene, which located in 1q23.1, is recurrently amplified in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, it is unknown whether PRCC is overexpressed in primary NSCLCs and whether PRCC overexpression contributes to lung tumorigenesis. In this study, we aimed to identify the profiles of PRCC expression in Korean NSCLC patients and to elucidate the role of PRCC overexpression on lung tumorigenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed immunohistochemistry analysis with a tissue array containing 161 primary NSCLCs. Small interfering RNA targeting PRCC (siPRCC) was transfected into two lung cancer cell lines (NCI-H358 and A549), after which tumor growth, migration, and invasion were observed. Expressions of cell proliferation-, cell cycle-, and metastasis-related molecules were examined by Western blot analysis. We also explored the in vivo effect of PRCC silencing. RESULTS: PRCC overexpression was recurrently observed in NSCLCs (95/161, 59%). After siPRCC treatment, tumor cell proliferation, colony formation, and anchorage independent growth were significantly reduced (p < 0.001 for all three effects). Migration and invasiveness were also significantly repressed (p < 0.001 for both effects). Reflecting cell proliferation, cell cycle, and metastasis, the expressions of Ki67, cyclin D1, AKT-1, pAKT, NF-kB p65, vimentin and CXCL-12 were found to be downregulated. Through mouse xenograft analysis, we confirmed that PRCC silencing significantly repressed a xenograft tumor mass in vivo (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The present data provide evidence that PRCC overexpression is involved in the tumorigenesis and progression of lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Carcinogenesis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Heterografts , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Mice , Neoplasm Metastasis , NF-kappa B , RNA, Small Interfering , Vimentin
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a very serious health problem, usually caused by a trauma and accompanied by elevated levels of inflammation indicators. Stem cell-based therapy is promising some valuable strategies for its functional recovery. Nestin-positive progenitor and/or stem cells (SC) isolated from pancreatic islets (PI) show mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) characteristics. For this reason, we aimed to analyze the effects of rat pancreatic islet derived stem cell (rPI-SC) delivery on functional recovery, as well as the levels of inflammation factors following SCI. METHODS: rPI-SCs were isolated, cultured and their MSC characteristics were determined through flow cytometry and immunofluorescence analysis. The experimental rat population was divided into three groups : 1) laminectomy & trauma, 2) laminectomy & trauma & phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), and 3) laminectomy+trauma+SCs. Green fluorescent protein (GFP) labelled rPI-SCs were transplanted into the injured rat spinal cord. Their motilities were evaluated with Basso, Beattie and Bresnahan (BBB) Score. After 4-weeks, spinal cord sections were analyzed for GFP labeled SCs and stained for vimentin, S100β, brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), 2’,3’-cyclic-nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and proinflammatory (interleukin [IL]-6, transforming growth factor [TGF]-β, macrophage inflammatory protein [MIP]-2, myeloperoxidase [MPO]) and anti-inflammatory (IL-1 receptor antagonis) factors. RESULTS: rPI-SCs were revealed to display MSC characteristics and express neural and glial cell markers including BDNF, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), fibronectin, microtubule associated protein-2a,b (MAP2a,b), β3-tubulin and nestin as well as antiinflammatory prostaglandin E2 receptor, EP3. The BBB scores showed significant motor recovery in group 3. GFP-labelled cells were localized on the injury site. In addition, decreased proinflammatory factor levels and increased intensity of anti-inflammatory factors were determined. CONCLUSION: Transplantation of PI-SCs might be an effective strategy to improve functional recovery following spinal cord trauma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Dinoprostone , Fibronectins , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Inflammation , Islets of Langerhans , Laminectomy , Macrophages , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Microtubules , Nestin , Neuroglia , Peroxidase , Rats , Regeneration , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spinal Cord , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Transforming Growth Factors , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vimentin , Wounds and Injuries
18.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 464-471, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763473

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a developmental process, wherein the epithelial cells show reduced intercellular adhesions and acquire migratory fibroblastic properties. EMT is associated with downregulation in epithelial marker expression, abnormal translocation of E-cadherin, and upregulation in mesenchymal marker expression. Here, we investigated the immunohistochemical (IHC) expression of EMT markers in early gastric cancer (EGC) between cancer and noncancer tissues. METHODS: Tissue samples were prospectively obtained from 19 patients with EGC that underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). We compared the expression level of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), E-cadherin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and vimentin between cancer and noncancer tissues using IHC. Among the 19 patients, 15 patients had follow-up biopsy at 3 months after ESD for EGC. RESULTS: Cancer tissues presented higher values of EMT mesenchymal markers (α-SMA/vimentin/TGF-β/VEGF) than the noncancerous tissues (p<0.05) that were significantly low after ESD (p<0.05). No significant correlation was reported for tumor location and initial Helicobacter pylori infection. CONCLUSIONS: The mesenchymal expression of EMT markers was higher in the cancerous tissues than in the noncancer tissues.


Subject(s)
Actins , Biopsy , Cadherins , Down-Regulation , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Fibroblasts , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Prospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Transforming Growth Factors , Up-Regulation , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vimentin
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759733

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Juvenile xanthogranuloma is a benign, self-limited disorder that usually occurs in infants and young children. Xanthogranuloma is rare in adults, and therefore studies reporting adult xanthogranuloma are limited. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical characteristics of adult xanthogranuloma. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated 20 lesions in 19 patients with adult xanthogranuloma. RESULTS: A male predominance was observed (male : female ratio 1.4 : 1), and the mean age of patients was 35.1±16.3 years (range 15∼66 years), with the peak incidence observed in patients in their 20s. Notably, 65.0% of the lesions developed on the head and neck. The nodular form was more common than the papular form of this condition. Histopathological examination revealed dense monomorphic histiocytic infiltration without lipidization and scattered eosinophils without multinuclear giant cells in 5 lesions (25.0%), foamy histiocytic infiltration with variations of completely developed Touton giant cells in 10 lesions (50.0%), and fibrohistiocytic proliferation in 3 lesions (15.0%). On immunohistochemical examination, histiocytes including giant cells showed positive test results with Factor XIIIa (90.9%), vimentin (100%), and CD68 (100%) and negative test results with CD1a, smooth muscle actin, and S-100 protein stains. Tumor excision was the treatment for choice. CONCLUSION: Adult xanthogranuloma most commonly manifested as the nodular form of the disease on the head and neck of men in their late 20s. Histopathologically, the classic Touton cell-rich stage was most commonly observed, followed by the stage of early predominantly mononuclear infiltration. This was a single-center, small-sized retrospective study; however, we expect the results of this study to contribute to a better understanding of adult xanthogranuloma.


Subject(s)
Actins , Adult , Child , Coloring Agents , Eosinophils , Factor XIIIa , Female , Giant Cells , Head , Histiocytes , Humans , Incidence , Infant , Male , Muscle, Smooth , Neck , Retrospective Studies , S100 Proteins , Vimentin , Xanthogranuloma, Juvenile
20.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(12): 779-786, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977811

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The use of molecular markers can identify a subgroup of tumors with distinct recurrence patterns. The present study aimed to characterize the immunohistochemical expression of vimentin (VIM), of E-cadherin (CDH1), and of cytokeratin 5 (CK5) in patients with invasive ductal carcinomas (IDCs). Methods We have constructed a tissuemicroarray (TMA) from87 patients with IDC of the breast. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to study the expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PgR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), VIM, CDH1, CK5, and Ki67. The tumors were classified as luminal A and B (n = 39), HER2 enriched (n = 25), and triple-negative (TNBC) (n = 23), based on the IHC expression. Results We have observed that luminal A and B tumors lack the VIM+/CDH1-/low phenotype. This phenotype was observed in 16.5% of the HER2+ tumors and in 60% of the TNBC tumors (p = 0.0001). Out of a total of 20 TNBC tumors, the CK5 (basal-like marker) was positive in 11 of them. The VIM+/CDH1-/low phenotype was observed in 5 CK5+ TNBC tumors (45%) and in 7 out of 9 CK5- TNBC tumors (78%) (p = 0.02). The median Ki67 index in the VIM+/CDH1-/low tumors was 13.6 (range: 17.8-45.4) compared with 9.8 (range: 4.1-38.1) in other tumors (p = 0.0007). The presence of lymph nodemetastasis was less frequent in patients with VIM+/CDH1-/low tumors (23% versus 61%; X2 test; p = 0.01). Conclusion Our findings suggest that the expression of VIM and CDH1 can identify a subset of IDCs of the breast with a mesenchymal phenotype associated with poor prognosis, high-grade lesion, and high mitotic index.


Resumo Objetivo O uso de marcadores moleculares pode identificar subtipos tumorais com diferentes taxas de recidiva. O objetivo do presente estudo é caracterizar a expressão imunohistoquímica da vimentina (VIM), da E-caderina (CDH1) e de CK5 em pacientes com carcinoma ductal invasivo (CDI) da mama. Métodos Utilizamos uma matriz de amostras teciduais (TMA, na sigla em inglês) de 87 pacientes com CDI da mama. Para avaliar a expressão dos receptores de estrogênio (RE) e receptores de progesterona (RP), HER2, VIM, CDH1, CK5 e Ki67, utilizamos imunohistoquímica. Os tumores foram classificados como luminal A e B (n = 39), HER2+ (n = 25) e triplo negativo (TNBC) (n = 23). Resultados Foi observado que tumores luminais A e B não expressaram o fenótipo VIM+/CDH1-/low. Este fenótipo foi observado em 16,5% dos tumores HER2+ e em 60% dos tumores TNBC (p = 0,0001). Dos 20 tumores TNBC, a CK5 (marcador de tumor basalóide) foi super expressa em 11 amostras. O fenótipo VIM+/CDH1-/low foi observado em 5 tumores CK5+ TNBC (45%) e em 7 dos 9 tumores CK5- TNBC (78%) (p = 0,02). A expressão média de Ki67 nos tumores VIM+/CDH1-/low foi 13.6 (amplitude de 17,8 a 45,4) comparado com 9,8 (amplitude de 4,1 a 38,1) nos outros tumores (p = 0,0007). A presença demetástase linfonodal foimenor em tumores com fenótipo VIM+/CDH1-/low (23% contra 61%; teste X2; p = 0,01). Conclusão Nossos achados sugerem que a expressão de VIM e CDH1 pode identificar um subtipo de CDI da mama com fenótipo mesenquimal associado a pior prognóstico, lesões de alto grau e alto índice mitótico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Vimentin/biosynthesis , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cadherins/biosynthesis , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/metabolism , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Keratin-5/biosynthesis , Vimentin/analysis , Breast Neoplasms/classification , Breast Neoplasms/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Cadherins/analysis , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/classification , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/chemistry , Keratin-5/analysis , Middle Aged
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