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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(12): 779-786, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977811

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The use of molecular markers can identify a subgroup of tumors with distinct recurrence patterns. The present study aimed to characterize the immunohistochemical expression of vimentin (VIM), of E-cadherin (CDH1), and of cytokeratin 5 (CK5) in patients with invasive ductal carcinomas (IDCs). Methods We have constructed a tissuemicroarray (TMA) from87 patients with IDC of the breast. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to study the expression of estrogen and progesterone receptors (ER and PgR), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), VIM, CDH1, CK5, and Ki67. The tumors were classified as luminal A and B (n = 39), HER2 enriched (n = 25), and triple-negative (TNBC) (n = 23), based on the IHC expression. Results We have observed that luminal A and B tumors lack the VIM+/CDH1-/low phenotype. This phenotype was observed in 16.5% of the HER2+ tumors and in 60% of the TNBC tumors (p = 0.0001). Out of a total of 20 TNBC tumors, the CK5 (basal-like marker) was positive in 11 of them. The VIM+/CDH1-/low phenotype was observed in 5 CK5+ TNBC tumors (45%) and in 7 out of 9 CK5- TNBC tumors (78%) (p = 0.02). The median Ki67 index in the VIM+/CDH1-/low tumors was 13.6 (range: 17.8-45.4) compared with 9.8 (range: 4.1-38.1) in other tumors (p = 0.0007). The presence of lymph nodemetastasis was less frequent in patients with VIM+/CDH1-/low tumors (23% versus 61%; X2 test; p = 0.01). Conclusion Our findings suggest that the expression of VIM and CDH1 can identify a subset of IDCs of the breast with a mesenchymal phenotype associated with poor prognosis, high-grade lesion, and high mitotic index.


Resumo Objetivo O uso de marcadores moleculares pode identificar subtipos tumorais com diferentes taxas de recidiva. O objetivo do presente estudo é caracterizar a expressão imunohistoquímica da vimentina (VIM), da E-caderina (CDH1) e de CK5 em pacientes com carcinoma ductal invasivo (CDI) da mama. Métodos Utilizamos uma matriz de amostras teciduais (TMA, na sigla em inglês) de 87 pacientes com CDI da mama. Para avaliar a expressão dos receptores de estrogênio (RE) e receptores de progesterona (RP), HER2, VIM, CDH1, CK5 e Ki67, utilizamos imunohistoquímica. Os tumores foram classificados como luminal A e B (n = 39), HER2+ (n = 25) e triplo negativo (TNBC) (n = 23). Resultados Foi observado que tumores luminais A e B não expressaram o fenótipo VIM+/CDH1-/low. Este fenótipo foi observado em 16,5% dos tumores HER2+ e em 60% dos tumores TNBC (p = 0,0001). Dos 20 tumores TNBC, a CK5 (marcador de tumor basalóide) foi super expressa em 11 amostras. O fenótipo VIM+/CDH1-/low foi observado em 5 tumores CK5+ TNBC (45%) e em 7 dos 9 tumores CK5- TNBC (78%) (p = 0,02). A expressão média de Ki67 nos tumores VIM+/CDH1-/low foi 13.6 (amplitude de 17,8 a 45,4) comparado com 9,8 (amplitude de 4,1 a 38,1) nos outros tumores (p = 0,0007). A presença demetástase linfonodal foimenor em tumores com fenótipo VIM+/CDH1-/low (23% contra 61%; teste X2; p = 0,01). Conclusão Nossos achados sugerem que a expressão de VIM e CDH1 pode identificar um subtipo de CDI da mama com fenótipo mesenquimal associado a pior prognóstico, lesões de alto grau e alto índice mitótico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Vimentin/biosynthesis , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Cadherins/biosynthesis , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/metabolism , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Keratin-5/biosynthesis , Vimentin/analysis , Breast Neoplasms/classification , Breast Neoplasms/chemistry , Immunohistochemistry , Cadherins/analysis , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/classification , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/chemistry , Keratin-5/analysis , Middle Aged
2.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(12): 1479-1482, dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-895408

ABSTRACT

Os carcinomas mamários em cães apresentam alta capacidade metastática o que confere menor sobrevida para os pacientes com este tipo de neoplasia. O fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima, caracterizado pela troca dos filamentos intermediários de citoqueratina por vimentina, além da perda da proteína de adesão entre células (E-caderina) está relacionado com a maior ocorrência de metástase. Diante disto, objetivou-se avaliar, por meio de imunomarcações, a expressão de vimentina, citoqueratina e E-caderina nos tumores mamários caninos e suas metástases em linfonodo, a fim de avaliar o comportamento celular frente a esta neoplasia. Foram analisados cinco casos de neoplasias mamárias primárias caninas e suas respectivas metástases em linfonodos. Foram comparadas as médias de imunomarcações do grupo de neoplasias primárias com as médias do grupo metástase. Não houve diferença estatística nas imunomarcações da citoqueratina (p=0,1407) e E-caderina (p= 0,312) entre os grupos, apesar da média de expressão da E-caderina ter sido maior no grupo de metástases. A expressão da vimentina foi maior nos sítios das metástases (p=0,0462). Conclui-se que a expressão de vimentina aumenta no foco da metástase em relação aos seus respectivos tumores primários mamários caninos, caracterizando alteração estrutural celular, conferindo um fenótipo transição epitélio-mesênquima. Além da E-caderina apresentar fortes indícios de aumento no foco da metástase caracterizando maior adesão.(AU)


Mammary carcinomas in dogs have a high metastatic capacity which gives a shorter survival rate for patients with this type of tumor. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition phenotype, characterized by the trade of intermediary filaments of cytokeratin by vimentin, also by the loss of the adhesion protein between cells (E-cadherin) is associated with metastasis. Due to this fact, it was aimed to evaluate, by immunostaining, the expression of vimentin, cytokeratin and E-cadherin in canine mammary tumors and the metastasis in lymph node, in order to assess the cell behavior when facing this cancer. Five cases of canine mammary tumors and metastasis in lymph node were evaluated. The averages of immunostainings of the group of primary neoplasms were compared with the averages of the lymph node group. The results showed that immunostaining for cytokeratins (p=0,1407) and E-caderina (p=0,312) were not significant between the groups, despite the expression mean of cadherin was higher in the metastase group. The expression of vimentin (p=0,04) was greater at sites of metastases. It is concluded that the expression of vimentin increases in the focus of the metastase in relation to their respective primary canine mammary tumors, characterizing cellular structural alteration, conferring a transient epithelial-mesenchymal phenotype. And cadherin present strong evidence of increased focus on metastasis characterizing increased adhesion.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Vimentin/analysis , Cadherins/analysis , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/physiopathology , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/pathology , Epithelium/immunology , Keratins/analysis , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(9): 844-850, set. 2016. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-829314

ABSTRACT

Immunochemistry with anti-vimentin, anti-lysozyme, anti-alpha 1 antitrypsin, anti-CD3 and anti-CD79α antibodies has been used for characterization of primary cell culture in the transmissible venereal tumor (TVT). Samples for primary cell culture and immunohistochemistry assays were taken from eight dogs with cytological and clinical diagnosis of TVT. To validate the immunochemical results in the primary cell culture of TVT, a chromosome count was performed. For the statistical analysis, the Mann-Whitney test with p<0.05 was used. TVT tissues and culture cells showed intense anti-vimentin immunoreactivity, lightly to moderate immunoreactivity for anti-lysozyme, and mild for anti-alpha-antitrypsin. No marking was achieved for CD3 and CD79α. All culture cells showed chromosomes variable number of 56 to 68. This is the first report on the use of immunocytochemical characterization in cell culture of TVT. Significant statistic difference between immunochemistry in tissue and culture cell was not established, what suggests that the use of this technique may provide greater certainty for the confirmation of tumors in the primary culture. This fact is particularly important because in vitro culture of tumor tissues has been increasingly used to provide quick access to drug efficacy and presents relevant information to identify potential response to anticancer medicine; so it is possible to understand the behavior of the tumor.(AU)


Os anticorpos anti-vimentina, anti-lisozima, anti-alfa 1 antitripsina, anti-CD3 e anti-CD79α foram empregados para a caracterização de culturas primárias de tumor venéreo transmissível canino (TVT). Amostras para cultura primária e imuno-histoquímica foram coletadas de oito cães com diagnóstico clínico e citológico de TVT. Para validar o resultado inmunocitoquímico nas culturas de TVT foi realizada a contagem de cromossomos. Para a análise estatística o teste de Mann-Whitney foi empregado a um nível de significância de p<0.05. As culturas e os tecidos de TVT apresentaram intensa reatividade para vimentina, moderada a leve para Lisozima, moderada para alfa-antitripsina e não houve marcação para CD3 e CD79α. Finalmente, todas as culturas apresentaram números de cromossomos que variaram de 56 a 68. Este é o primeiro relato que apresenta o uso da immunocitoquímica para a caracterização de culturas de TVT. Assim, e devido ao fato de se observar semelhança entre a imunomarcação em células e tecidos, sugere-se que o uso desta técnica possa auxiliar na confirmação de culturas primárias do tumor, fato muito importante porque a utilização da cultura do tumor pode permitir o acesso a informação relevante sobre resposta potencial a um tratamento e conhecimento do comportamento biológico do tumor.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , alpha 1-Antitrypsin/analysis , Venereal Tumors, Veterinary , Cytogenetic Analysis/veterinary , Immunohistochemistry/veterinary , Muramidase/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Vimentin/analysis
4.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-11, 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mammary cell cultures are convenient tools for in vitro studies of mammary gland biology. However, the heterogeneity of mammary cell types, e.g., glandular milk secretory epithelial or myoepithelial cells, often complicates the interpretation of cell-based data. The present study was undertaken to determine the relevance of bovine primary mammary epithelial cells isolated from American Holstein (bMEC US) or Swiss Holstein-Friesian (bMEC CH) cows, and of primary bovine mammary alveolar epithelial cells stably transfected with simian virus-40 (SV-40) large T-antigen (MAC-T) for in vitro analyses. This was evaluated by testing their expression pattern of cytokeratin (CK) 7, 18, 19, vimentin, and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA. RESULTS: The expression of the listed markers was assessed using real-time quantitative PCR, flow cytometry and immunofluorescence microscopy. Characteristic markers of the mesenchymal (vimentin), myoepithelial (α-SMA) and glandular secretory cells (CKs) showed differential expression among the studied cell cultures, partly depending on the analytical method used. The relative mRNA expression of vimentin, CK7 and CK19, respectively, was lower (P < 0.05) in immortalized than in primary mammary cell cultures. The stain index (based on flow cytometry) of CK7 and CK19 protein was lower (P < 0.05) in MAC-T than in bMECs, while the expression of α-SMA and CK18 showed an inverse pattern. Immunofluorescence microscopy analysis mostly confirmed the mRNA data, while partly disagreed with flow cytometry data (e.g., vimentin level in MAC-T). The differential expression of CK7 and CK19 allowed discriminating between immortal and primary mammary cultures. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of the selected widely used cell type markers in primary and immortalized MEC cells did not allow a clear preference between these two cell models for in vitro analyses studying aspects of milk composition. All tested cell models exhibited to a variable degree epithelial and mesenchymal features. Thus, based on their characterization with widely used cell markers, none of these cultures represent an unequivocal alveolar mammary epithelial cell model. For choosing the appropriate in vitro model additional properties such as the expression profile of specific proteins of interest (e.g., transporter proteins) should equally be taken into account.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Actins/analysis , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Keratins/analysis , Mammary Glands, Animal/cytology , Vimentin/analysis , Analysis of Variance , Antigens, Viral, Tumor , Cell Line , Cells, Cultured , Epithelial Cells/chemistry , Flow Cytometry/methods , Mammary Glands, Animal/chemistry , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods , Primary Cell Culture , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(2): e4118, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-766982

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of intermittent passive manual stretching on various proteins involved in force transmission in skeletal muscle. Female Wistar weanling rats were randomly assigned to 5 groups: 2 control groups containing 21- and 30-day-old rats that received neither immobilization nor stretching, and 3 test groups that received 1) passive stretching over 3 days, 2) immobilization for 7 days and then passive stretching over 3 days, or 3) immobilization for 7 days. Maximal plantar flexion in the right hind limb was imposed, and the stretching protocol of 10 repetitions of 30 s stretches was applied. The soleus muscles were harvested and processed for HE and picrosirius staining; immunohistochemical analysis of collagen types I, III, IV, desmin, and vimentin; and immunofluorescence labeling of dystrophin and CD68. The numbers of desmin- and vimentin-positive cells were significantly decreased compared with those in the control following immobilization, regardless of whether stretching was applied (P<0.05). In addition, the semi-quantitative analysis showed that collagen type I was increased and type IV was decreased in the immobilized animals, regardless of whether the stretching protocol was applied. In conclusion, the largest changes in response to stretching were observed in muscles that had been previously immobilized, and the stretching protocol applied here did not mitigate the immobilization-induced muscle changes. Muscle disuse adversely affected several proteins involved in the transmission of forces between the intracellular and extracellular compartments. Thus, the 3-day rehabilitation period tested here did not provide sufficient time for the muscles to recover from the disuse maladaptations in animals undergoing postnatal development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Immobilization/physiology , Muscle Stretching Exercises , Muscle Fibers, Skeletal/metabolism , Muscle Proteins/metabolism , Muscle Strength/physiology , Antigens, CD/analysis , Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic/analysis , Collagen Type I/analysis , Collagen Type I/metabolism , Collagen Type III/analysis , Collagen Type III/metabolism , Collagen Type IV/analysis , Collagen Type IV/metabolism , Desmin/analysis , Desmin/metabolism , Dystrophin/analysis , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Inclusion Bodies/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Vimentin/analysis , Vimentin/metabolism
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(5): 849-858, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-767051

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and Objectives: Reactive Stroma (RStr) is observed in many human cancers and is related to carcinogenesis. The objectives of the present study were to stablish a relationship of the RStr microenvironment with prostate cancer (Pca) through a morphological and molecular characterization, and to identify a possible relationship between RStr with worse prognosis factors and occurrence of malignant prostatic stem cells. Materials and Methods: Forty prostatic samples were selected from men with Pca diagnosis submitted to radical prostatectomy; they were divided in two groups: Group-1 (n=20): samples without reactive stroma; Group-2 (n=20): samples of PCa with intense stroma reaction. Prostatic samples were evaluated for RStr intensity by Masson Trichromic stain and posteriorly submitted to histopathological and immunohistochemistry analysis for antigens: α-actin, vimentin, IGF-1, MMP-2, FGF-2, C-Myc, PSCA, AR, Erα and ERβ. Results: Reactive stroma with intense desmoplastic reactivity was significantly more frequent in intermediate (Gleason 7, 3+4) and high grade tumors (Gleason 7, 4+3). The group with intense stromal reactivity showed significant higher levels of Vimentin, IGF-1, MMP-2, FGF-2, C-Myc, PSCA and ERα. Conclusions: It can be concluded that RStr may be a predictive marker of Pca progression, since it was associated with increase of growth factors, imbalance of androgen and estrogen receptors and presence of malign prostatic stem cells.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Neoplastic Stem Cells/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Stromal Cells/pathology , Actins/analysis , Adenocarcinoma/chemistry , Antigens, Neoplasm/analysis , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Disease Progression , DNA-Binding Proteins/analysis , Epithelial Cells/chemistry , Estrogen Receptor alpha/analysis , /analysis , GPI-Linked Proteins/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis , /analysis , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Proteins/analysis , Neoplastic Stem Cells/chemistry , Prostatic Neoplasms/chemistry , Stromal Cells/chemistry , Tumor Microenvironment , Transcription Factors/analysis , Vimentin/analysis
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(1): 89-95, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745883

ABSTRACT

Objective Evaluate the effects of VEGF165 gene transfer in the process of remodeling of the extracellular matrix after an acute myocardial infarct. Methods Wistar rats were submitted to myocardial infarction, after the ligation of the left descending artery, and the left ventricle ejection fraction was used to classify the infarcts into large and small. The animals were divided into groups of ten, according to the size of infarcted area (large or small), and received or not VEGF165 treatment. Evaluation of different markers was performed using immunohistochemistry and digital quantification. The primary antibodies used in the analysis were anti-fibronectin, anti-vimentin, anti-CD44, anti-E-cadherin, anti-CD24, anti-alpha-1-actin, and anti-PCNA. The results were expressed as mean and standard error, and analyzed by ANOVA, considering statistically significant if p≤0.05. Results There was a significant increase in the expression of undifferentiated cell markers, such as fibronectin (protein present in the extracellular matrix) and CD44 (glycoprotein present in the endothelial cells). However, there was decreased expression of vimentin and PCNA, indicating a possible decrease in the process of cell proliferation after treatment with VEGF165. Markers of differentiated cells, E-cadherin (adhesion protein between myocardial cells), CD24 (protein present in the blood vessels), and alpha-1-actin (specific myocyte marker), showed higher expression in the groups submitted to gene therapy, compared to non-treated group. The value obtained by the relation between alpha-1-actin and vimentin was approximately three times higher in the groups treated with VEGF165, suggesting greater tissue differentiation. Conclusion The results demonstrated the important role of myocytes in the process of tissue remodeling, confirming that VEGF165 seems to provide a protective effect in the treatment of acute myocardial infarct. .


Objetivo Avaliar os efeitos da transferência gênica do VEGF165 no processo de remodelamento da matriz extracelular após infarto agudo do miocárdio. Métodos Ratos Wistar foram submetidos ao infarto do miocárdio por ligação da artéria coronária descendente esquerda, e a fração de ejeção de ventrículo esquerdo foi utilizada para classificar os infartos em grandes e pequenos. Os animais foram divididos em grupos de dez animais, de acordo com o tamanho do infarto (grande ou pequeno), e receberam ou não tratamento com o VEGF165. A avaliação dos diferentes marcadores foi realizada por imuno-histoquímica e quantificação digital. Os anticorpos primários utilizados foram antifibronectina, antivimentina, anti- CD44, anti-E-caderina, anti-CD24, anti-alfa-1-actina e anti-PCNA. Os resultados foram representados como média e erro padrão, e analisados por ANOVA, sendo considerado estatisticamente significativo se p≤0,05. Resultados Houve aumento significativo da expressão de marcadores de células indiferenciadas, como fibronectina (proteína presente na matriz extracelular) e CD44 (glicoproteína presente nas células endoteliais). Entretanto, houve diminuição da expressão de vimentina e PCNA, indicando possível diminuição do processo de proliferação celular após o tratamento com VEGF165. Os marcadores de células diferenciadas, E-caderina (proteína de adesão entre as células do miocárdio), CD24 (proteína presente nos vasos sanguíneos) e alfa-1-actina (marcador especifico de miócitos) também apresentaram maior expressão nos grupos submetidos à terapia gênica, comparativamente com o grupo não tratado. O valor obtido pela relação entre alfa-1-actina e vimentina foi aproximadamente três vezes maior nos grupos tratados com VEGF165, indicando maior diferenciação tecidual. Conclusão O papel dos miócitos se mostrou importante no processo de remodelamento tecidual, confirmando que o VEGF165 parece conferir um efeito protetor no tratamento do infarto agudo do miocárdio. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Extracellular Matrix/physiology , Gene Transfer Techniques , Myocardial Infarction/therapy , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/therapeutic use , Actins/analysis , /analysis , /analysis , Cadherins/analysis , Cell Proliferation/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , Fibronectins/analysis , Genetic Therapy/methods , Immunohistochemistry , Myocytes, Cardiac/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics , Vimentin/analysis
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 40(2): 179-189, Mar-Apr/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-711689

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe goal of this study was to utilize long-term patient follow-up to determine whether epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related markers can predict bladder cancer patient survival and progression of disease.Materials and MethodsThis study included 121 patients with bladder cancer. Sixty-four of these patients presented with non-muscle invasive (NMI, stage T1) bladder cancer and 57 with muscle invasive (MI, stage T2, T3). The patients were diagnosed and treated between May 1998 and July 2012. The EMT markers E-cadherin, Twist, and Vimentin were detected via immunohistochemistry. Univariate and multivariate/Cox analyses were then utilized to determine whether these EMT markers could be useful prognostic markers for predicting bladder cancer patient outcomes.ResultsAnalysis of the 121 bladder cancer patients in this study revealed that the frequency of E-cadherin expression was 59.5% (72/121), Twist was 54.5% (66/121), and Vimentin was 24.8% (30/121). Twist and Vimentin were found to have statistically significant correlations with grade, recurrence, and progression but not with stage, whereas E-cadherin was associated with stage but not with the other parameters. In the univariate analysis, grade (p = 0.02) was the only significant predictor for progression-free survival (PFS). Stage, grade, and expression of E-cadherin, Vimentin and Twist were included in the multivariate analysis of predicting PFS. In this analysis, grade (p = 0.01) and Vimentin expression (p = 0.001) were found to be significant prognostic factors in predicting PFS.ConclusionsGrade and Vimentin are potential independent indicators in predicting bladder cancer progression and survival.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cadherins/analysis , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Twist-Related Protein 1/analysis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/chemistry , Vimentin/analysis , Biopsy , Disease Progression , Follow-Up Studies , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Reference Values , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/mortality , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology
9.
Indian J Cancer ; 2013 July-Sept; 50(3): 189-194
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-148647

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Vimentin is a mesenchymal marker, known to express in some epithelial carcinomas. AIMS: 1. To find out the expression of vimentin in infiltrating ductal carcinoma of breast (not otherwise specified), 2. To find out the correlation between expression of vimentin and prognostic markers such as tumor size, tumor grade, lymph node status, proliferation index (measured by Ki 67), and Nottingham prognostic index (NPI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study was done at Department of Pathology; 50 cases of infiltrating ductal carcinoma (NOS) were studied for tumor grade; immunohistochemistry was done using antibodies against vimentin and Ki 67. Percentages of positive cells were documented. An immunoscore was also calculated for vimentin. Vimentin expression was correlated with tumor size, lymph node status, Nottingham prognostic index, and Ki 67. Statistical analysis used: statistical correlation was done using Pearson’s chi-square test. A P value less than 0.01 was considered significant. RESULTS: Vimentin expression was seen in 18% of cases. Its expression correlated with high tumor grade and high growth fraction (P value < 0.01). It did not correlate with lymph node status, tumor size, and NPI. CONCLUSIONS: Increased vimentin expression is associated with bad prognostic factors. Immunohistochemistry with vimentin may be helpful in knowing the prognosis in cases of infiltrating ductal carcinoma of breast (NOS).


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/metabolism , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast/pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen/analysis , Ki-67 Antigen/biosynthesis , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Grading , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Vimentin/analysis , Vimentin/biosynthesis
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 27(4): 283-289, Apr. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622351

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the implant of human adipose derived stem cells (ADSC) delivered in hyaluronic acid gel (HA), injected in the subcutaneous of athymic mice. METHODS: Control implants -HA plus culture media was injected in the subcutaneous of the left sub scapular area of 12 athymic mice. ADSC implants: HA plus ADSC suspended in culture media was injected in the subcutaneous, at the contra lateral area, of the same animals. With eight weeks, animals were sacrificed and the recovered implants were processed for extraction of genomic DNA, and histological study by hematoxilin-eosin staining and immunufluorescence using anti human vimentin and anti von Willebrand factor antibodies. RESULTS: Controls: Not visualized at the injection site. An amorphous substance was observed in hematoxilin-eosin stained sections. Human vimentin and anti von Willebrand factor were not detected. No human DNA was detected. ADSC implants - A plug was visible at the site of injection. Fusiform cells were observed in sections stained by hematoxilin- eosin and both human vimentin and anti von Willebrand factor were detected by immunofluorescence. The presence of human DNA was confirmed. CONCLUSION: The delivery of human adipose derived stem cells in preparations of hyaluronic acid assured cells engraftment at the site of injection.


OBJETIVO: Avaliar o implante de células tronco do tecido adiposo humano (CTTAH) em gel de ácido hialurônico (AH), injetados no tecido subcutâneo de camundongos atímicos. MÉTODOS: Implantes controle - HA com meio de cultura foram injetados no tecido subcutâneo da região infraescapular esquerda de 12 camundongos atímicos. Implantes de CTTAH: HA com CTTAH suspensas em meio de cultura foi injetado no subcutâneo da região contra lateral, dos mesmos animais. Com oito semanas, os animais foram sacrificados e os implantes recuperados foram processados para extração de DNA genômico, estudo histológico por coloração por hematoxilina eosina e imnuoflurescência utilizando anticorpos anti vimentina humana e anti fator de von Willebrand. RESULTADOS: Controles - implantes não visualizados no local da injeção. Uma substância amorfa foi observada nos cortes corados por hematoxilina eosina. Vimentina humana e fator anti von Willebrand não foram identificados. DNA humano não foi detectado. Implantes de CTTAH - Uma massa era visível no local da injeção. Células fusiformes foram observadas nos corte corados com hematoxilina eosina. Tanto vimentina humana quanto fator de von Willebrand foram identificados pela imunofluorescência. A presença de DNA humano foi confirmada. CONCLUSÃO: O implante de células tronco do tecido adiposo humano em veículo de ácido hialurônico gel assegurou a manutenção das células no local do implante.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Adipocytes/transplantation , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Stem Cell Transplantation/methods , Adipocytes/cytology , Adipocytes/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Implants, Experimental , Injections, Subcutaneous/methods , Mice, Nude , Models, Animal , Tissue Engineering/methods , Vimentin/analysis , von Willebrand Factor/analysis , von Willebrand Factor/antagonists & inhibitors
11.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2012 Apr-Jun 55(2): 236-238
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142231

ABSTRACT

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the liver is an extremely rare neoplasm of mesenchymal origin. In the English literature, less than 40 cases of SFTs of the liver have been reported. The present case concerns a 34-year-old female who presented to us with complaint of dyspepsia. On examination, there was hepatomegaly. On ultrasound examination, an SOL in the liver was detected. Large tumor measuring 14.5 × 10 × 8 cm was resected. Microscopic evaluation of the tumor showed a well-circumscribed, low to moderately cellular tumor demonstrating spindle- and fibroblast-like cells within the collagenous stroma. Immunohistochemistry revealed diffuse strong cytoplasmic immunopositivity of CD34, Bcl2, and vimentin. A diagnosis of a benign SFT was given. The patient remained well 4 years after surgery. SFT is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm that occasionally involves the liver in adult patients. Most SFTs are benign, but some may have malignant histological features. With less than 40 reported cases in the literature, little can be said regarding its natural history or the benefits of adjuvant radio chemotherapy. Complete surgical resection remains the cornerstone of its treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, CD34/analysis , Female , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Microscopy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/analysis , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/diagnosis , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/pathology , Solitary Fibrous Tumors/surgery , Treatment Outcome , United States , Vimentin/analysis
12.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2012 Apr-Jun 55(2): 227-229
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142228

ABSTRACT

Pericardial neoplasms are rare. Among pericardial neoplasms, metastatic spread is more common and primary synovial sarcomas of the pericardium are exceedingly rare. A 61-year-old man was found dead in bed. Autopsy revealed the cause of death as atherosclerotic and hypertensive heart disease. There was a pericardial soft tissue mass lying predominantly over the left atrium. The cut surface was bulging out and grayish white in color with cystic changes. Microscopy showed spindle cells in densely cellular fascicles surrounding the epithelial cells. The epithelial cells were cuboidal and formed glandular structures and cleft-like spaces. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated cytokeratin and vimentin positivity in the spindled areas. Molecular analysis confirmed the diagnosis. Synovial sarcoma may be mistaken for other common neoplasms occurring in the pericardium due to its rarity. In all cases of pericardial tumors, a diligent search for synovial sarcoma by way of histological analysis including, immunohistochemistry and molecular analysis is indicated.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Autopsy , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Keratins/analysis , Male , Microscopy , Middle Aged , Pericardium/pathology , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , Sarcoma, Synovial/pathology , Vimentin/analysis
13.
Braz. oral res ; 25(3): 235-240, May-June 2011. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-590041

ABSTRACT

Vimentin is a cytoeskeletal intermediate filament protein commonly observed in mesenchymal cells; however, it can also be found in malignant epithelial cells. It is demonstrated in several carcinomas, such as those of the cervix, breast and bladder, in which it is widely used as a marker of the epithelial to mesenchymal transition that takes place during embryogenesis and metastasis. Vimentin is associated with tumors that show a high degree of invasiveness, being detected in invasion front cells. Its expression seems to be influenced by the tumor microenvironment. The aim of this study was to evaluate vimentin expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines, and to investigate the contribution of the microenvironment to its expression. HNSCC cell lines (HN6, HN30 and HN31) and an immortalized nontumorigenic cell line (HaCaT) were submitted to a three-dimensional assay with Matrigel. Cytoplasmatic staining of the HN6 cell line cultured without Matrigel and of the HN30 and HN31 cell lines cultured with Matrigel was demonstrated through immunohistochemistry. Western Blotting revealed a significant decrease in vimentin expression for the HN6 cell line and a significant increase for the HN30 and HN31 cell lines cultured with Matrigel. The results suggest that vimentin can be expressed in HNSCC cells and its presence is influenced by the microenvironment of a tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Collagen/pharmacology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/metabolism , Laminin/pharmacology , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Proteoglycans/pharmacology , Vimentin/metabolism , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Drug Combinations , Extracellular Matrix , Head and Neck Neoplasms/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Neoplasm Proteins/analysis , Vimentin/analysis
15.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 69(1): 112-117, Feb. 2011. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-598356

ABSTRACT

Several animal experimental models have been used in the study of malignant gliomas. The objective of the study was to test the efficacy of a simple, reproducible and low cost animal model, using human cells of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) xenotransplantated in subcutaneous tissue of Wistar rats, immunosuppressed with cyclosporin given by orogastric administration, controlled by nonimunosuppressed rats. The animals were sacrificed at weekly intervals and we have observed gradual growth of tumor in the immunosuppressed group. The average tumor volume throughout the experiment was 4.38 cm³ in the immunosuppressed group, and 0.27 cm³ in the control one (p<0.001). Tumors showed histopathological hallmarks of GBM and retained its glial identity verified by GFAP and vimentin immunoreaction. Immunosuppression of rats with cyclosporin was efficient in allowing the development of human glioblastoma cells in subcutaneous tissues. The model has demonstrated the maintenance of most of the histopathological characteristics of human glioblastoma in an heterotopic site and might by considered in research of molecular and proliferative pathways of malignant gliomas.


Vários modelos animais têm sido avaliados no estudo dos gliomas e até o momento nenhum pôde ser considerado ideal. O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar a eficácia de um modelo animal simples, reprodutível e de baixo custo. Utilizamos células humanas de glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) xenotransplantadas em ratos Wistar, submetidos a imunossupressão com ciclosporina administrada por via orogástrica. Células tumorais foram implantadas no tecido subcutâneo dos ratos imunossuprimidos com ciclosporina, sendo o controle feito em ratos não imunossuprimidos. Os animais foram sacrificados em intervalos semanais e foi observado crescimento progressivo do tumor no grupo imunossuprimido. A média do volume tumoral em todo o experimento foi de 4,38 cm³ no grupo imunossuprimido e 0,27 cm³ no grupo controle (p<0,001). Os tumores apresentavam características histopatológica do GBM e mantinham sua identidade glial, verificadas por imunoreação para GFAP e vimentina. A imunossupressão dos ratos com ciclosporina foi eficiente em permitir o desenvolvimento do glioblastoma no tecido subcutâneo. Uma vez que o presente modelo mantém a maioria das características histopatológicas do glioblastoma humano, ele pode ser considerado em estudos que avaliem as vias moleculares e proliferativas dos gliomas malignos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Brain Neoplasms/pathology , Cyclosporine/administration & dosage , Glioblastoma/pathology , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Neoplasm Transplantation/methods , Administration, Oral , Brain Neoplasms/chemistry , Glioblastoma/chemistry , Models, Animal , Neoplasm Proteins/analysis , Nerve Tissue Proteins/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Tumor Burden , Transplantation, Heterologous/methods , Vimentin/analysis
16.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2011 Jan-Mar 54(1): 138-140
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-141936

ABSTRACT

The presence of sarcomatous element transforms the usually innocuous spermatocytic seminoma into a highly aggressive neoplasm. We report a case of spermatocytic seminoma with undifferentiated sarcomatous component in a 43-year-old male, presented with testicular mass since two and a half years. Orchidectomy was performed and after 9 months, the patient presented with recurrent scrotal mass with bilateral pulmonary metastases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Antigens, Neoplasm , Histocytochemistry , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/secondary , Male , Microscopy , Orchiectomy , Recurrence , Sarcoma/complications , Sarcoma/diagnosis , Sarcoma/pathology , Sarcoma/surgery , Seminoma/complications , Seminoma/diagnosis , Seminoma/pathology , Seminoma/surgery , Testicular Neoplasms/diagnosis , Testicular Neoplasms/pathology , Testicular Neoplasms/surgery , Vimentin/analysis
17.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139864

ABSTRACT

Congenital epulis of the newborn is a very rare and unique tumor first described in 1871 by Neuman. It has a female predilection. It is a tumor with no tendency to recur after excision. The histogenesis of the lesion is unknown, but it is believed to be of mesenchymal origin. We report a 2-day-old female with tumor mass on the anterior mandibular alveolar ridge, which demonstrated immunoreactivity for vimentin, S-100 and neuron-specific enolase; thus, suggesting a similar histogenesis with granular cell tumor.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Gingival Neoplasms/chemistry , Gingival Neoplasms/pathology , Gingival Neoplasms/surgery , Granular Cell Tumor/diagnosis , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Infant, Newborn , Mandible , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase/analysis , S100 Proteins/analysis , Vimentin/analysis
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 18(1): 83-91, Jan.-Feb. 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-545031

ABSTRACT

Myoepithelial cells have an important role in salivary gland tumor development, contributing to a low grade of aggressiveness of these tumors. Normal myoepithelial cells are known by their suppressor function presenting increased expression of extracellular matrix genes and protease inhibitors. The importance of stromal cells and growth factors during tumor initiation and progression has been highlighted by recent literature. Many tumors result from the alteration of paracrine growth factors pathways. Growth factors mediate a wide variety of biological processes such as development, tissue repair and tumorigenesis, and also contribute to cellular proliferation and transformation in neoplastic cells. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), transforming growth factor â-1 (TGFâ-1), platelet-derived growth factor-A (PDGF-A) and their respective receptors (FGFR-1, FGFR-2, TGFâR-II and PDGFR-á) in myoepithelial cells from pleomorphic adenomas (PA) by in vivo and in vitro experiments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Serial sections were obtained from paraffin-embedded PA samples obtained from the school's files. Myoepithelial cells were obtained from explants of PA tumors provided by surgery from different donors. Immunohistochemistry, cell culture and immunofluorescence assays were used to evaluate growth factor expression. RESULTS: The present findings demonstrated that myoepithelial cells from PA were mainly positive to FGF-2 and FGFR-1 by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. PDGF-A and PDGFR-á had moderate expression by immunohistochemistry and presented punctated deposits throughout cytoplasm of myoepithelial cells. FGFR-2, TGFâ-1 and TGFâR-II were negative in all samples. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that FGF-2 compared to the other studied growth factors has an important role in PA benign myoepithelial cells, probably contributing to proliferation of ...


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , /analysis , Platelet-Derived Growth Factor/analysis , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/analysis , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1/analysis , /analysis , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor alpha/analysis , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/analysis , Actins/analysis , Cells, Cultured , Calcium-Binding Proteins/analysis , Cell Nucleus/ultrastructure , Cytoplasm/ultrastructure , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunohistochemistry , /analysis , Lip Neoplasms/pathology , Microfilament Proteins/analysis , Muscle Cells/pathology , Muscle Proteins/analysis , Muscle, Smooth/pathology , Palatal Neoplasms/pathology , Vimentin/analysis , Young Adult
19.
Braz. dent. j ; 21(1): 74-79, Jan. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-552357

ABSTRACT

Ewing's sarcoma (ES) is a malignancy primarily affecting bone tissue that is commonly diagnosed in adolescents and young adults. Its occurrence in the head and neck region is unusual and generally involves the mandible and maxilla. An extensive review of the literature shows only few cases of the oral ES in patients under the age of 5. This paper reports a rare case of ES of the mandible in a 4-year-old girl, which had been previously misdiagnosed and treated as a dental abscess. In the clinical examination, a hard immobile expansive mass of 5 cm in diameter was observed on the left side of the mandible. Radiographic examination revealed a radiolucent lesion with ill-defined borders and wide vestibular bone plate destruction. Microscopically, the tumor was composed by monotonous small round cells that exhibited immunoreactivity for CD99, vimentin and pancytokeratin. The patient was subjected to multiagent chemotherapy with ifosfamide, carboplatin, etoposide, vincristine, cyclophosfamide and doxorrubycin (VAC/ICE regimen). However, after the first chemotherapeutic cycle, the patient died due to disseminated infection. This case elucidates the importance of professional knowledge of the relevant aspects of malignant lesions such as ES.


O sarcoma de Ewing é um tumor maligno primário do osso, comumente diagnosticado em adolescentes e adultos jovens. Sua ocorrência na região de cabeça e pescoço não é usual, e geralmente ocorre em maxila ou mandíbula. Após revisão extensiva da literatura, poucos casos foram identificados acometendo pacientes com menos de 5 anos de idade. Nós relatamos um caso raro de SE em uma criança de 4 anos de idade que foi previamente diagnosticada e tratada como abscesso dentoalveolar. Ao exame clínico, uma massa expansiva endurecida e imóvel de 5 cm de diâmetro foi observada no lado esquerdo da mandíbula. O exame radiográfico mostrou lesão radiolúcida, com bordas mal definidas e ampla destruição da tábua óssea vestibular. Microscopicamente, o tumor era composto por células pequenas e arredondadas que exibiam imunorreatividade para CD99, vimentina e pancitoqueratina. O paciente foi submetido à quimioterapia com ifosfamida, carboplatina, e etoposide além de vincristina, ciclofosfamida e doxorrubicina (regime VAC/IE). Entretanto, após o primeiro ciclo da quimioterapia, o paciente foi a óbito por infecção disseminada. Este caso salienta a importância do conhecimento profissional no diagnóstico de tumores malígnas tais como o SE.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Mandibular Neoplasms/diagnosis , Sarcoma, Ewing/diagnosis , Abscess/diagnosis , Antigens, CD/analysis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cell Adhesion Molecules/analysis , Diagnostic Errors , Fatal Outcome , Keratins/analysis , Mandibular Neoplasms/pathology , Sarcoma, Ewing/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Tooth Diseases/diagnosis , Vimentin/analysis
20.
Cir. & cir ; 77(5): 391-395, sept.-oct. 2009. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-566468

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tumor de vaina nerviosa periférica maligno (TVNPM) es un sarcoma de alto grado de malignidad, originado de componentes de las vainas nerviosas, fibroblastos, células perineurales y células de Schwann, que se asocia a neurofibromatosis tipo 1 con un riesgo de 10 a 13 %. Casos clínicos: Se presentan dos casos de TVNPM asociado a neurofibromatosis tipo 1. El primero presentó dolor moderado sin causa aparente, además de lesión intrarraquídea en resonancia magnética nuclear, manejada quirúrgicamente en dos ocasiones. Histológicamente correspondió a lesión neurofibromatosa en transición con neoplasia maligna. El segundo se manifestó con cifoescoliosis torácica, dolor y aumento de volumen. Asociado a la deformidad, la resonancia magnética mostró tumor en la región torácica posterior (T1 a T8), que fue resecado; se identificó neoplasia sarcomatosa infiltrante, muy celular, con inmunopositividad para proteína S100 y vimentina. Conclusiones: Los TNVPM son sarcomas con alto índice de recurrencia, capaces de producir metástasis a distancia desde etapas tempranas. A pesar de la resección amplia, los pacientes descritos no sobrevivieron dado el avance y tamaño de las lesiones. Por el crecimiento progresivo de los TNVPM y la dificultad anatómica para su abordaje, deberá tenerse un control estrecho de los pacientes con neurofibromatosis tipo 1 a fin de identificar tempranamente la transformación maligna de las lesiones.


BACKGROUND: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a sarcoma with a high grade of malignancy originating in the nerve sheath components, fibroblasts, perineural cells, and Schwann cells. It is associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) with a risk of 10-13%. CLINICAL CASES: We present two cases of NF-1-associated MPNST. The first patient presented moderate pain with no apparent cause, in addition to the presence of intraspinal lesion demonstrated by nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI), which was managed surgically on two occasions. Histologically, it corresponded to a neurofibromatosis lesion in transition with malignant neoplasm. The second case manifested with thoracic kyphoscoliosis, pain, and an increase in volume. Associated with the deformity, MRI showed a withering tumor in the posterior thoracic region (T1-T8), observing an infiltrating, cellular sarcomatous neoplasm with immunopositivity for S-100 protein and vimentin. CONCLUSIONS: MPNSTs are sarcomas with a high index of recurrence with the ability to produce distant metastasis during early stages. Despite wide resection, patients did not survive due to the advancement and size of the lesions (determining factors in the prognosis). Due to the progressive growth of MPNST and the anatomic difficulty for its approach, there should be strict surveillance of patients with NF-1 for early detection of malignant transformation in these lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Cervical Vertebrae , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/genetics , Spinal Neoplasms/genetics , Neurofibromatosis 1/pathology , Thoracic Vertebrae , Kyphosis/etiology , Scoliosis/etiology , Fatal Outcome , Laminectomy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/chemistry , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/complications , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms/surgery , Spinal Neoplasms/chemistry , Spinal Neoplasms/complications , Spinal Neoplasms/surgery , /analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/radiotherapy , Spinal Nerve Roots , Nerve Compression Syndromes/etiology , Vimentin/analysis , Young Adult
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