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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(4): 323-328, Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280047

ABSTRACT

Abstract Complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is a rare type of pregnancy, in which 15 to 20% of the cases may develop into gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN). The diagnostic of GTN must be done as early as possible through weekly surveillance of serum hCG after uterine evacuation.We report the case of 23-year-old primigravida, with CHM but without surveillance of hCG after uterine evacuation. Two months later, the patient presented to the emergency with vaginal bleeding and was referred to the Centro de Doenças Trofoblásticas do Hospital São Paulo. She was diagnosed with high risk GTN stage/score III:7 as per The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics/World Health Organization (FIGO/WHO). The sonographic examination revealed enlarged uterus with a heterogeneous mass constituted of multiple large vessels invading and causing disarrangement of the myometrium. The patient evolved with progressive worsening of vaginal bleeding after chemotherapy with etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide and vincristine (EMA-CO) regimen. She underwent blood transfusion and embolization of uterine arteries due to severe vaginal hemorrhage episodes, with complete control of bleeding. The hCG reached a negative value after the third cycle, and there was a complete regression of the anomalous vascularization of the uterus as well as full recovery of the uterine anatomy. The treatment in a reference center was essential for the appropriate management, especially regarding the uterine arteries embolization trough percutaneous femoral


Resumo Mola hidatiforme completa (MHC) é um tipo raro de gravidez, na qual 15 a 20% dos casos podem desenvolver neoplasia trofoblástica gestacional (NTG). O diagnóstico de NTG deve ser feito o mais cedo possível, pelo monitoramento semanal do hCG sérico após esvaziamento uterino. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente primigesta, de 23 anos de idade, com MHC, sem vigilância de hCG após esvaziamento uterino. Dois meses depois, a paciente compareceu na emergência com sangramento vaginal, sendo encaminhada ao Centro de Doenças Trofoblásticas do Hospital São Paulo, onde foi diagnosticada com NTG de alto risco, estádio e score de risco III:7 de acordo com a The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics/Organização Mundial de Saúde (FIGO/OMS). O exame ultrassonográfico revelou útero aumentado com uma massa heterogênea constituída pormúltiplos vasos volumosos invadindo e desestruturando o miométrio. A paciente evoluiu com piora progressiva do sangramento vaginal após quimioterapia com o regime etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide and vincristine (EMA-CO). Ela foi submetida a transfusão de sangue e embolização das artérias uterinas devido aos episódios graves de hemorragia vaginal, com completo controle do sangramento. O hCG atingiu valor negativo após o terceiro ciclo, havendo regressão completa da vascularização uterina anômala, assim como recuperação da anatomia uterina. O tratamento em um centro de referência permitiu o manejo adequado, principalmente no que se refere à embolização das artérias uterinas através da punção percutânea da artéria femoral, que foi crucial para evitar a histerectomia, permitindo a cura da NTG e a manutenção da vida reprodutiva.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Arteriovenous Malformations/complications , Uterine Hemorrhage/therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/complications , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/drug therapy , Embolization, Therapeutic , Uterine Hemorrhage/etiology , Uterine Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Dactinomycin/therapeutic use , Gestational Trophoblastic Disease/diagnostic imaging , Etoposide/therapeutic use , Uterine Artery
2.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 40-45, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147477

ABSTRACT

El linfoma de Burkitt es una neoplasia altamente agresiva y es un tipo raro de linfoma no Hodgkin localizado. Aunque los niños son los más frecuentemente afectados, en adultos ocurren principalmente durante el embarazo o el puerperio. La mama rara vez constituye la localización primaria del linfoma no Hodgkin. Se presenta un caso de linfoma de Burkitt primario de mama durante el embarazo. Paciente de 37 años con embarazo de 24 semanas quien presentó aumento de volumen difuso de mama derecha. La mama estaba aumentada de tamaño, dolorosa y homogénea con tumoración elástica y firme. La ecografía demostró inflamación difusa con tumoración heterogénea e hipoecoica con contornos ligeramente irregulares, marcadores tumorales estaban normales las pruebas serológicas fueron negativas. La biopsia de la lesión mostró tejido mamario reemplazado por células linfoideas de tamaño mediano con citoplasma basófilo y múltiples vacuolas. Estudios inmunohistoquímicos fueron positivos para el antígeno leucocitario común, CD10, CD20, CD43, Bcl-6. El análisis cromosómico reveló que más del 90 % de las células neoplásicas exhibieron translocación t llevando al diagnóstico final de linfoma de Burkitt de mama. Luego de evaluar las posibilidades terapéuticas y del consentimiento de la paciente se inició tratamiento citostático sistémico. Los linfomas primarios de mama son extremadamente raros. El linfoma de Burkitt primario de la mama es mucho menos común que los otros linfomas. Los métodos de clasificación, detección y tratamiento de esta afección siguen siendo objeto de debates e investigaciones(AU)


The Burkitt's lymphoma is a highly aggressive neoplasm and is a rare type of localized non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Although children are the most frequently affected, in adults they occur mainly during the pregnancy or the puerperium. The breast rarely constitutes the primary location for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The study of a case of primary Burkitt lymphoma of the breast during pregnancy is presented. This is a 37 year old patient with a 24 week pregnancy who presented a diffuse increase in the volume of the right breast. The breast was enlarged, painful and homogeneous with a firm, elastic mass. The ultrasonography showed diffuse inflammation with a heterogeneous and hypoechoic tumor with slightly irregular contours. The tumor marker values were normal and the serological tests were negative. The biopsy of the lesion showed breast tissue replaced by medium-sized lymphoid cells with basophilic cytoplasm and multiple vacuoles. Immunohistochemically studies were positive for the common leukocyte antigen, CD10, CD20, CD43, Bcl-6. The chromosomal analysis revealed that more than 90 % of neoplastic cells exhibited t translocation leading to the final diagnosis of Burkitt lymphoma of the breast. After evaluating the therapeutic possibilities and the patient's consent, systemic cytostatic treatment was started. Primary breast lymphomas are extremely rare. The primary Burkitt lymphoma of the breast is much less common than other lymphomas. The methods of classification, detection, and the treatment of this condition continue to be the subject of debate and research(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Breast Neoplasms , Burkitt Lymphoma/physiopathology , Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1797-1801, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the treatment outcome and prognosis of the newly-treated myc@*METHODS@#152 double-expression lymphoma patients (myc@*RESULTS@#The median age of 152 DEL patients was 60.5 years old (15-87 years old). 85 patients (55.9%) were Ann Arbor stage III/IV. There was no significant difference in clinical data between the patients in the two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that bcl-6 expression, ECOG score, and stage were the independent prognostic factors for the entire group of DEL patients. There was no statistical difference in ORR between the patients in the two groups (χ2=0.749, P=0.387). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that PFS and OS of the bcl-6@*CONCLUSION@#bcl-6


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Prednisolone , Prognosis , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Young Adult
4.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06575, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1250486

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to report the hematological and biochemical changes caused by conventional and metronomic chemotherapies, using vincristine sulfate to treat canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor (TVT). Twelve dogs were selected, six of them for the group receiving conventional chemotherapy (G1), and six dogs for the group receiving metronomic chemotherapy (G2). The G1 group received vincristine sulfate once a week at the dose of 0.75mg/m² until the tumor had disappeared with treatment, and the G2 group was treated with vincristine sulfate three times a week at the dose of 0.25mg/m2 until the tumor had disappeared. Before and after chemotherapy treatment, hematological and biochemical blood tests were performed to evaluate the main alterations caused by both chemotherapeutic models. Dogs undergoing conventional chemotherapy had significant leukocyte changes (p<0.05), causing neutropenia and leukopenia. In dogs undergoing metronomic chemotherapy, leukocytes remained within the reference range. Half of the dogs in group G1 had normochromic, normocytic anemia. The only biochemical alteration observed was the increase of urea in group G2. Thus, metronomic chemotherapy for the treatment of TVT with vincristine sulfate proved to be an excellent method for treatment, with fewer adverse effects, especially in maintaining the leukogram of dogs within normal range and reducing the number of anemia in animals during treatment.(AU)


Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo relatar as alterações hematológicas e bioquímicas causadas pelo tratamento quimioterápico convencional e pela quimioterapia metronômica, utilizando-se sulfato de vincristina para o tratamento do tumor venéreo transmissível canino(TVTC). Foram selecionados 12 cães, sendo seis para o grupo que recebeu quimioterapia convencional (G1) e seis cães para o grupo que recebeu quimioterapia metronômica (G2). O grupo G1 recebeu sulfato de vincristina, uma vez por semana, na dose de 0,75mg/m2, até o desaparecimento do tumor e o grupo G2 foi tratado com sulfato de vincristina, três vezes por semana, na dose de 0,25mg/m2, até o desaparecimento do tumor. Antes e após o tratamento quimioterápico foram realizados exames hematológicos e bioquímicos sanguíneos para avaliação das principais alterações causadas pelos dois modelos quimioterápicos. Os cães submetidos à quimioterapia convencional tiveram alterações leucocitárias significativas (p<0,05), causando uma leucopenia por neutropenia enquanto nos cães, submetidos à quimioterapia metronômica, os leucócitos mantiveram-se dentro do intervalo de referência. A metade dos cães do grupo G1 tiveram uma anemia do tipo normocítica normocrômica. A única alteração bioquímica observada foi o aumento da ureia no grupo G2. Desta forma, a quimioterapia metronômica para o tratamento do TVT com sulfato de vincristina, demonstrou ser um excelente método para a cura do animal, com menores reduções de efeitos adversos, sobretudo, na manutenção do leucograma dos cães e na redução de animais com anemia.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Venereal Tumors, Veterinary , Vincristine/analogs & derivatives , Biochemistry/methods , Hematologic Tests/veterinary , Anemia , Leukopenia , Neoplasms , Urea , Dogs/blood , Drug Therapy
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1136-1140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888529

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CHOP regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome in the initial treatment of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Thirty-one patients with DLBCL treated from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, their median age was 83 (71-95) years old, and all of them were in Ⅲ-Ⅳ stage, including 17 cases who had international prognostic index (IPI) ≥ 3. The patients were treated with R-CHOP and CHOP regimens based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome. The efficacy and safety were evaluated during and after treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 219 chemotherapy cycles and 7 median cycles were performed in 31 patients. The overall response (OR) rate and complete remission (CR) rate was 80.7% (25/31) and 61.3% (19/31), respectively, as well as 2 cases (6.5%) stable, 4 cases (12.9%) progressive. The main toxicities were as follows: the incidence of grade Ⅲ -Ⅳ neutropenia was 29% (9/31); two patients (6.5%) developed degree Ⅰ-Ⅱ cardiac events, which were characterized by new degree Ⅰ atrioventricular block; there were no cardiac events requiring emergency treatment and discontinuation of chemotherapy. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year overall survival rate was 83.9%, 77.4% and 61.3%, respectively. The 1-year, 2-year and 3-year progression-free survival rate was 77.4%, 64.5% and 61.3%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The chemotherapy regimen based on doxorubicin hydrochloride liposome has better efficacy and higher cardiac safety for elderly patients with DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Liposomes/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisolone , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1919-1922, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879993

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis of acute lung injury in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) after chemotherapy with rituximab chemotherapy, so as to improve the understanding of the disease and guide the clinical treatment.@*METHODS@#Twenty-Six patients with DLBCL were treated with rituximab chemotherapy and developed to acute lung injury in Third Hospital of Peking University from January 2013 to September 2018 were selected. The clinical features, imaging findings, chemotherapy course, therapeutic effect and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The main clinical symptoms of patients were fever, cough and chest tightness, among which 12 patients showed hypoxia and 3 patients showed respiratory failure type I. The mainly manifested chest CT was diffusive glass grinding in both lungs, and some patients were complicated with a small amount of pleural effusion. The onset chemotherapy time was mainly distributed in 2 to 4 courses, the time between the onset of symptoms and the infusion of rituximab was 8 to 49 days. 25 patients shows no obvious limitation in daily life after effective treatment, and 1 patient died of ineffective treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#There are no typical clinical symptoms in the early stage of acute lung injury after rituximab chemotherapy in DLBCL. Early detection and early hormone therapy are very important to achieve good therapeutic effect.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prognosis , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine/therapeutic use
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1912-1918, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879992

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the efficacy of rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen for treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL) patients, and to explore the high risk factors of refractory and relapsed patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 72 patients with de novo DLBCL from December 2012 to December 2018 in the Department of Hematology, Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University were retrospectively analyzed. The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH was analyzed, and survival analysis was conducted to explore the risk factors influencing refractory recurrence.@*RESULTS@#45 cases among 72 patients achieved complete remission (CR), 11 cases achieved partial remission (PR), the total remission rate was 77.78%. 25 cases (34.2%) refractory and relapsed. Single factor analysis showed that the B symptoms, low Hb, high NLR, low MLR, high β@*CONCLUSION@#The remission rate of DLBCL patients treated by rituximab combined with CHOP/EPOCH regimen is high, but about one third of the patients still show refractory and relapsed. B Symptoms, anemia, high β


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Etoposide , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876594

ABSTRACT

@#Background: Recent studies have shown poorer outcomes for patients with prognostic score above 12. Authors have proposed categorizing these patients as ultra high-risk to emphasize the need for a different treatment regimen. Objectives: This study was conducted to compare the clinical response of high-risk and ultra high-risk Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia (GTN) patients who were managed at the Philippine General Hospital, from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015, after receiving the EMACO regimen as first line treatment. Methods: All patients diagnosed with metastatic high-risk GTN who were managed at the Philippine General Hospital from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015 and given the EMACO regimen as first-line treatment were included in the study. Patients were divided into high-risk disease or patients with a WHO prognostic score of 7-11 and ultra high-risk disease or patients with WHO prognostic score of 12 and above. Using the Z-test on two proportion, treatment outcome between the two groups were compared. Results: A total of 57 patients diagnosed with metastatic high-risk GTN were included in the study. Of these, 35 or 61% were classified as high-risk while 22 or 39% were ultra high-risk. The primary remission rate of the high-risk group was 89% compared to 77% for the ultra high-risk group. The difference was not statistically significant (p=0.2542). Out of the 57 patients included in the study, 48 patients achieved remission after being treated with EMACO. An additional 4 patients achieved remission after being shifted to EPEMA due to resistance to the first line agent. All patients were alive after one year of follow-up, giving a one-year survival rate of 91.2%. Conclusion: The result of this study showed a relatively higher remission rate for high-risk (89%) than ultra highrisk GTN (77%) with EMACO as first line chemotherapy regimen, but statistical analysis revealed no significant difference. This finding suggests that EMACO may still be used as first line regimen for ultra high-risk GTN to attain remission.


Subject(s)
Gestational Trophoblastic Disease , Etoposide , Dactinomycin , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Methotrexate , Vincristine
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827196

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression and clinical significance of EZH2 in DLBCL patients accompanied by HBV infection.@*METHODS@#The clinicopathological data of 59 patients with DLBCL accompanied by HBV infection in our hospital from February 2015 to October 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into HBV negative and HBV positive groups by serological testing before surgery. The expression of EZH2 was detected by immumohistochemical staining, and the clinicopathological characteristics and survival were analyzed and compared between these two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 30 patients (50.8%) in the HBV negative group and 29 patients (49.2%)in the HBV positive group. The differences of age, LDH level and IPI score between two groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of EZH2 in HBV- positive group was significantly higher than that in the HBV- negative group (P<0.05), where the expression of EZH2 correlated with the expression of the BCL-6 (r=0.282, P<0.05), especially in the GCB-DLBCL (r=0.549, P<0.05). PFS was not significantly different between two groups of HBV (P>0.05), while the PFS in the R-CHOP regimen group was higher than that in the CHOP regimen group (P<0.05). COX multivariate analysis showed that both the chemotherapy regimen without R and the increased level of LDH were the risk factors affecting the prognosis of DLBCL patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EZH2 highly expresses in HBV positive group, suggesting that the significance of EZH2 in DLBCL with HBV infection is worth further explore.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Genetics , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab , Vincristine
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1210-1214, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827138

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical efficacy and safety of rituximab therapy for patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and to explore the factors influencing the clinical efficacy.@*METHODS@#According to therapeutic regimen, 66 patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were divided into two groups: CHOP group (32 cases) and R-CHOP group (CHOP+ rituximab, 34 cases). The clinical efficacy and the incidence of complication were compared between two groups. The clinical risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL were confirmed by multivariate Logistic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with CHOP group, the complete remission rate, partial remission rate and the overall effective rate in R-CHOP group all were high (P<0.05), moreover the disease progression rate in R-CHOP group were low (P<0.05). The occurrences rate of myelotoxicity, hepatic injury and gastrointestinal reaction were not statistically significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis showed that the Ann Arbor staging, IPI risk score and Ki-67 positive rate were independent risk factors for the clinical efficacy in patients with EBV-positive DLBCL (OR=2.689, P=0.038; OR=3.232, P=0.025; OR=2.919, P=0.023).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical efficacy and safety of the therapy with rituximab on the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL are better. The poor Ann Arbor stage, high IPI risk score and the Ki-67 positive rate are factors affecting the clinical efficacy for the patients with EBV-positive DLBCL.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Doxorubicin , Therapeutic Uses , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Drug Therapy , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses , Rituximab , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Vincristine , Therapeutic Uses
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 253-260, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877995

ABSTRACT

Although the first-line rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone regimen (R-CHOP) substantially improved outcomes for patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 40% of the patients suffered from relapsed/refractory disease and had poor survival outcomes. The detailed mechanism underlying R-CHOP resistance has not been well defined. For this review, we conducted a thorough search for literature and clinical trials involving DLBCL resistance. We discussed DLBCL biology, epigenetics, and aberrant signaling of the B-cell receptor (BCR), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, nuclear factor kappa light chain enhancer of activated B-cells (NF-κB), and the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathways as defining mechanisms of DLBCL heterogeneity and R-CHOP resistance. The cell of origin, double- or triple-hit lymphoma and double-protein-expression, clonal evolution, tumor microenvironment, and multi-drug resistance help to contextualize DLBCL resistance in an (epi)genetically and biologically comparative manner. With better understanding of the biological and molecular landscape of DLBCL, a more detailed classification system and tailored treatments will ideally become available to further improve the prognosis of DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Tumor Microenvironment , Vincristine/therapeutic use
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2796-2802, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877934

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Numerous studies have focused on lymphoma among patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, little is known about the treatment options and survival rate of lymphoma in the Chinese people living with HIV (PLHIV). Our study aimed to investigate the prognosis and compare outcome of dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) with standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab(R-CHOP) as front line therapy for PLHIV with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) receiving modern combined antiretroviral therapy (cART).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis evaluating PLHIV with DLBCL was performed in Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from July 2012 to September 2019. The demographic and clinical data were collected, and overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) analyses of patients receiving R-CHOP or DA-EPOCH-R therapy were performed by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Additionally, a Cox multiple regression model was constructed to identify related factors for OS.@*RESULTS@#A total of 54 eligible patients were included in the final analysis with a median follow-up of 14 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 8-29 months). The proportion of high international prognostic index (IPI) patients was much larger in the DA-EPOCH-R group (n = 29) than that in the R-CHOP group (n = 25). The CD4 cell counts and HIV RNA levels were not significantly different between the two groups. The 2-year OS for all patients was 73%. However, OS was not significantly different between the two groups, with a 2-year OS rate of 78% for the DA-EPOCH-R group and 66% for the R-CHOP group. Only an IPI greater than 3 was associated with a decrease in OS, with a hazard ratio of 5.0. The occurrence of grade 3 and 4 adverse events of chemotherapy was not significantly different between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Outcomes of R-CHOP therapy do not differ from those of DA-EPOCH-R therapy. No HIV-related factors were found to be associated with the OS of PLHIV in the modern cART era.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , China , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , HIV , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787234

ABSTRACT

Intussusception is a medical condition, in which a proximal part of the intestine folds into the distal intestine. Adult intussusceptions are rare and account for approximately 5% of all cases of intussusceptions. The anatomical leading points include tumors, diverticulums, polyps, and strictures in 80-90% of adult intussusceptions, and 65% of colon intussusceptions and 30% of small bowel intussusceptions originate from malignant tumors. Treatments for adult intussusception have not been established, but most cases require surgical treatment. The gastrointestinal tract is the most common extranodal site for non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The symptoms are mostly non-specific, but they rarely lead to complications, such as bleeding, perforation, and intussusception. Furthermore, few cases of primary gastrointestinal lymphomas causing intussusception have been reported. This paper reports a case of small bowel diffuse large B cell lymphoma that caused ileocolic intussusception in a 69-year-old woman with no medical history. She underwent a small bowel resection and received six cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone. Since then, she has been in complete remission.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colon , Constriction, Pathologic , Cyclophosphamide , Diverticulum , Doxorubicin , Female , Gastrointestinal Tract , Hemorrhage , Humans , Intestines , Intussusception , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Polyps , Prednisone , Rituximab , Vincristine
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(10): e201901001, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054675

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To examine the effects of Arrabidaa chica (Bignoniacea) extract, a native plant of the Amazon known as crajiru, on a 7,12-dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene (DMBA)-induced breast cancer model in Wistar rats. Methods: We compared the response of breast cancer to the oral administration of A. chica extract (ACE) for 16 weeks, associated or not with vincristine. Groups: normal control; DMBA (50mg/kg v.o,) without treatment; DMBA+ACE (300 mg/kg); DMBA+vincristine. 500μg/kg injected i.p; DMBA+ACE+Vincristine 250μg/kg i.p. Imaging by microPET and fluorescence, biochemistry, oxidative stress, hematology and histopathology were used to validate the treatments. Results: All animals survived. A gradual weight gain in all groups was observed, with no significant difference (p>0.05). The oral administration of ACE and ACE+vincristine 50% significantly reduced breast tumors incidence examined with PET-18FDG and fluorescence (p<0.001). Significant reduction of serum transaminases, oxidative stress and hematological toxicity were observed in these groups. Antioxidant enzyme levels in breast tissue were significantly higher compared to the DMBA and DMBA+vincristine groups. Conclusion: These results demonstrate for the first time that ACE positively influences the treatment of DMBA-induced breast cancer in animal model, inducing a reduction in oxidative stress and chemotherapy toxicity, meaning that ACE may have clinical implication in further studies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Carcinoma/drug therapy , Bignoniaceae/chemistry , Neoplasms, Experimental/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Vincristine/pharmacology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinogens , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Catalase/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , 9,10-Dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(3): 275-280, mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004347

ABSTRACT

Background: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is an uncommon indolent B-cell lymphoma, due to the proliferation of lymphoplasmacytic cells, and secretion of a monoclonal IgM protein. Aim: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, management and results of treatment of patients with WM at a public hospital in Chile. Patients and Methods: Review of medical records of 31 patients aged 43 to 85 years (16 males) with WM diagnosed between 2002 and 2017. Clinical features and survival were recorded. Results: All patients had bone marrow compromise, and 31%, extranodal involvement. According to the International Prognostic Score System for WM (IPSSWM) 16, 58 and 26% were at low, intermediate and high risk, respectively. Twenty-five patients (81%) were treated, 32% with plasmapheresis and 36% with rituximab. Four cases (16%) achieved complete remission. Median follow up was 35 months (range 6-159). Estimated overall survival (OS) at 5 and 10 years was 74% and 53%, respectively. According to IPSSWM, the estimated five-year OS was 80, 92 and 39%, for low, intermediate and high-risk patients, respectively. Conclusions: OS was similar to that reported abroad, except for low risk patients, probably due to the low number of cases and short follow up. An improved survival should be expected with the routine use of immunochemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/diagnosis , Vincristine , Biopsy , Bone Marrow/pathology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Chile/epidemiology , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/mortality , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia/drug therapy , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological/therapeutic use
16.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 247-250, Feb. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004339

ABSTRACT

Patients transplanted from solid organs have an increased risk of cancer, especially lymphomas. Lymphomas correspond to 4 to 5% of malignant neoplasms in the general population and in solid organ transplant patients it reaches an incidence of 21%. The incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphomas is 10 times higher than in the non-transplanted population. We report the case of a 68-year-old man with a kidney transplant who 6 years after transplantation, developed a non-Hodgkin diffuse large cells B lymphoma with lymph node and pulmonary involvement, with markers of very poor prognosis (triple MYC expressor, BCL2 and BCL6). and its evolution with chemotherapy with DA R EPOCH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/genetics , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/etiology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/drug therapy , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Genes, myc/genetics , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/etiology , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/drug therapy , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6/genetics , Etoposide/therapeutic use
17.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 273-283, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990038

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: In spite of being one of the most powerful anti-cancer drug, the nephrotoxicity of Vincristine (VCR) is not well established in either animals or humans. Hence, this study evaluates the nephrotoxic effect of VCR in rats after sub-chronic long-term administration. Rats were divided into 2 groups (n=10/group) of either control and VCR treated rats (50 mg/kg). Treatments were carried out for 30 consecutive days, after which a series of biochemical and molecular experiments related to kidney function were evaluated. VCR administration significantly decreased the survival rate (69.8 %) and impaired renal function as evidenced by lowered creatinine (Cr) clearance (Ccr), high serum levels of urea and Cr, increased urinary protein levels and resulted in sever cortex pathological alterations, including glomerulus congestion and damage as well as vascular degenerations up to necrosis of both proximal and distal convoluted tubules. Mechanistically, VCR lowered renal antioxidant potential and ATP levels, enhanced lipid peroxidation and induced inflammation. In addition, VCR induced activation of Raf-1-MEK1/2-ERK1/2 signaling pathway leading to downregulation of Bcl2 and upregulation of P53, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3. In conclusion, these findings show a nephrotoxic effect of VCR sulfate in rats after sub-chronic administration and such effect was mediated by activation of ERK1/2 induced apoptosis.


RESUMEN: A pesar de ser uno de los medicamentos de mayor eficacia contra el cáncer, aún no se ha establecido la nefrotoxicidad de la vincristina (VCR) en animales y humanos. Por lo tanto, este estudio evalúa el efecto nefrotóxico de la VCR en ratas después de la administración subcrónica a largo plazo. Las ratas se dividieron en 2 grupos (n = 10 / grupo) de control y ratas tratadas con VCR (50 mg / kg). Los tratamientos se llevaron a cabo durante 30 días consecutivos, después de los cuales se evaluaron una serie de experimentos bioquímicos y moleculares relacionados con la función renal. La administración de VCR disminuyó significativamente la tasa de supervivencia (69,8 %), dificultó la función renal, lo que se observó además en los bajos niveles de creatinina (Cr) (Ccr), los niveles séricos elevados de urea y Cr, un nivel más alto de proteína urinaria, los que dieron lugar a alteraciones patológicas severas de la corteza, incluido el glomérulo congestión y daño, como también degeneraciones vasculares, incluyendo la necrosis de los túbulos contorneados proximales y distales. Mecánicamente, el VCR redujo el potencial antioxidante renal y los niveles de ATP, mejoró la peroxidación lipídica y la inflamación inducida. Además, la VCR indujo la activación de la vía de señalización Raf-1-MEK1 / 2-ERK1 / 2 que conduce a la regulación negativa de Bcl-2 y la regulación positiva de P53, Bax y la caspasa-3. En conclusión, estos hallazgos muestran un efecto nefrotóxico del sulfato de VCR en ratas después de la administración subcrónica. Dicho efecto fue mediado por la activación de la apoptosis inducida por ERK1 / 2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Vincristine/toxicity , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Urea/blood , RNA, Messenger , Blotting, Western , Survival Rate , Rats, Wistar , Apoptosis/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Creatinine/blood , MAP Kinase Signaling System , MAP Kinase Kinase 1 , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Necrosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781713

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of bevacizumab in the treatment of children with optic pathway glioma (OPG).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 30 children with OPG who underwent chemotherapy. According to whether bevacizumab was used, they were divided into conventional chemotherapy (carboplatin, vincristine and etoposide) group with 12 children and combined chemotherapy (bevacizumab, carboplatin, vincristine and etoposide) group with 18 children. The children were followed up to 6 months after chemotherapy, and the two groups were compared in terms of visual acuity and tumor size before and after chemotherapy and adverse reactions during chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#The combined chemotherapy group had a significantly higher proportion of children achieving tumor regression than the conventional chemotherapy group (P0.05). No chemotherapy-related death was observed in either group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Bevacizumab combined with conventional chemotherapy can effectively reduce tumor size. Compared with conventional chemotherapy, such combination does not increase adverse reactions and can thus become a new direction for the treatment of OPG in children.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Bevacizumab , Carboplatin , Child , Humans , Optic Nerve Glioma , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764365

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neuronal growth factor that plays an essential role in the maintenance of the nervous system. We have evaluated the peripheral blood protein levels of BDNF and the valine-to-methionine substitution at codon 66 (Val66Met) single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) as potential biomarkers for the early recognition of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) in non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma patients. METHODS: CIPN was assessed in 45 patients at the diagnosis and during vincristine or bortezomib-based therapy using objective [reduced version of the Total Neuropathy Score (TNSr)] and subjective (FACT-GOG-NTx) tools. Depression was assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) questionnaire. BDNF protein levels and the Val66Met SNP were determined using ELISA and Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The pretreatment BDNF protein level was inversely correlated with the maximum TNSr, FACT-GOG-NTx, and PHQ-9 scores in both genotypes. BDNF patients with the Val/Val genotype demonstrated significantly higher maximum FACT-GOG-NTx and PHQ-9 scores than those with the Val/Met and Met/Met genotypes (Met-BNDF carriers). Correlations between PHQ-9 and TNSr score were found only in Met-BDNF carriers, suggesting that peripheral neuropathy and depression coincide in Met-BDNF carriers. CONCLUSIONS: Determining the BDNF protein levels before initiating chemotherapy might be a useful tool for CIPN risk assessment and preemptive dose modification. The present data should be validated in larger studies that include other neurotoxic agents.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Codon , Depression , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Genes, vif , Genotype , Humans , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Multiple Myeloma , Nervous System , Neurons , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases , Risk Assessment , Vincristine
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763514

ABSTRACT

Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, also known as Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), is a rare histiocytic disorder of unknown etiology. Most patients with RDD have spontaneous remission, but in some patients, the disease recurs after complete remission and may not respond to general treatment. Some patients with RDD involving the extranodal system can have serious symptoms such as vital organ dysfunction due to mass effects, neurological symptoms caused by intracranial involvement, and respiratory distress with airway involvement. We report the case of a 7-year-old girl with severe dyspnea due to refractory extranodal RDD that caused progressive upper airway obstruction. She was admitted because of nasal congestion and persistent cervical lymphadenopathy, and diagnosed as having RDD by cervical lymph node incisional biopsy. The initial prednisone treatment did not improve her symptoms. The following contrast-enhanced neck computed tomography revealed a newly developed airway mass protruding in the upper trachea. After 8 weeks of chemotherapy with vinblastine, methotrexate, and prednisone, complete remission was attained. Seven months after chemotherapy cessation, the disease recurred, and chemotherapy with vincristine, cytarabine, and prednisone was resumed. Despite the chemotherapy and emergency radiotherapy, no improvement was observed in the cervical lymph node enlargement and airway obstructive symptom due to the upper tracheal mass. 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (cladribine) therapy was initiated, and the patient got complete remission after 6 cycles of the cladribine treatment and maintained no evidence of disease for 2 years. We suggest that cladribine is an effective treatment option for recurrent/refractory RDD.


Subject(s)
Airway Obstruction , Biopsy , Child , Cladribine , Cytarabine , Drug Therapy , Dyspnea , Emergencies , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Female , Histiocytosis, Sinus , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Methotrexate , Neck , Prednisone , Radiotherapy , Remission, Spontaneous , Trachea , Vinblastine , Vincristine
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