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Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2206-2215, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878479


Dengue virus (DENV) is the most widely transmitted arbovirus in the world. Due to the lack of diagnostic technology to quickly identify the virus serotypes in patients, severe dengue hemorrhagic fever cases caused by repeated infections remain high. To realize the rapid differential diagnosis of different serotypes of DENV infection by immunological methods, in this study, four DENV serotype NS1 proteins were expressed and purified in mammalian cells. Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against NS1 protein were obtained by hybridoma technology after immunizing BALB/c mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, indirect immunofluorescence assay, dot blotting, and Western blotting were used to confirm the reactivity of MAbs to viral native NS1 and recombinant NS1 protein. These MAbs include not only the universal antibodies that recognize all DENV 1-4 serotype NS1, but also serotype-specific antibodies against DENV-1, DENV-2 and DENV-4. Double antibody sandwich ELISA was established based on these antibodies, which can be used to achieve rapid differential diagnosis of serotypes of DENV infection. Preparation of DENV serotype-specific MAbs and establishment of an ELISA technology for identifying DENV serotypes has laid the foundation for the rapid diagnosis of DENV clinical infection.

Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Antibodies, Viral/metabolism , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serogroup , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200287, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154869


BACKGROUND The heat-labile nature of Dengue virus (DENV) in serum samples must be considered when applying routine diagnostic tests to avoid issues that could impact the accuracy of test results with direct implications for case management and disease reporting. OBJECTIVES To check if pre-analytical variables, such as storage time and temperature, have an impact on the accuracy of the main routine diagnostic tests for dengue. METHODS Virus isolation, reverse transcription real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and NS1 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were evaluated using 84 samples submitted to different pre-analytical conditions. FINDINGS Sensitivity and negative predictive value were directly affected by sample storage conditions. RT-PCR and virus isolation showed greater dependence on well-conserved samples for an accurate diagnosis. Interestingly, even storage at -30ºC for a relatively short time (15 days) was not adequate for accurate results using virus isolation and RT-PCR tests. On the other hand, NS1 ELISA showed no significant reduction in positivity for aliquots tested under the same conditions as in the previous tests. MAIN CONCLUSIONS Our results support the stability of the NS1 marker in ELISA diagnosis and indicate that the accuracy of routine tests such as virus isolation and RT-PCR is significantly affected by inadequate transport and storage conditions of serum samples.

Humans , Immunologic Tests/methods , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue Virus/isolation & purification , Antigens, Viral/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Sensitivity and Specificity , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/genetics , Dengue/blood , Dengue/virology , Dengue Virus/genetics , Dengue Virus/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antigens, Viral/immunology
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(5): 447-450, Sep-Oct/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-722322


Serum samples from 150 NS1-negative (Platelia ELISA) patients presumptively diagnosed with dengue were analyzed by the TaqMan probed real-time reverse transcription PCR (TaqMan qRT-PCR) method. The qRT-PCR positive samples were tested for serotype by semi-nested RT-PCR and a qualitative immunochromatographic assay for IgG and IgM. Molecular detection methods showed 33 (22%) positive samples out of 150 NS1-antigen negative samples. Of these, 72% were collected up to day 2 after the onset of symptoms, when diagnostic sensitivity of NS1-antigen test assays is significantly enhanced. Most of the cases were not characterized as secondary infection. Twenty-eight samples were successfully serotyped, 75% of which for DENV-4, 14% for DENV-2, 7% for DENV-3 and 4% for DENV-1. These findings reaffirm the hyperendemic situation of the state of Roraima and suggest a lower sensitivity of the NS1 test, mainly when DENV-4 is the predominant serotype. Health care providers should therefore be aware of samples tested negative by NS1 antigen assays, especially when clinical symptoms and other laboratory data results show evidence of dengue infection.

Amostras séricas de 150 pacientes, com diagnóstico presuntivo de dengue e resultado negativo para dengue por ELISA-NS1-Antígeno do kit Platelia™ (NS1-Ag), foram analisadas pela técnica de TaqMan Transcrição Reversa seguida da Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real (qRT-PCR). As amostras positivas por qRT-PCR, foram submetidas a identificação dos sorotipos por RT-Hemi nested-PCR e a ensaio imunocromatográfico para detecção qualitativa dos anticorpos IgG e IgM. A técnica molecular apresentou como resultado 33 (22%) amostras positivas entre as 150 negativas pela detecção do NS1-Ag, destas o 72% foram coletadas até o segundo dia de início dos sintomas da doença, período de maior sensibilidade para pesquisas de NS1-Ag. A maioria dos casos não evidenciou infecção secundária. Dessas amostras, 28 foram satisfatoriamente sorotipadas sendo 75% de DENV-4, 14% de DENV-2, 7% de DENV-3 e 4% de DENV-1. Os resultados reafirmam a situação hiperendêmica do Estado de Roraima e sugerem baixa sensibilidade do NS1 test, especialmente quando o sorotipo predominante é DENV-4. Sugerimos assim, que a comunidade médica deve ser alertada no sentido de ser cautelosa com resultados de NS1-Ag negativo, principalmente quando sintomas clínicos e outros resultados laboratoriais sejam indicativos de provável infecção por dengue.

Humans , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Dengue/diagnosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology , Brazil , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , False Negative Reactions , Reagent Kits, Diagnostic , Sensitivity and Specificity
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Feb; 51(2): 124-128
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147575


Out of 200 serum samples collected from cattle (142) and buffaloes (58) of various ages and sexand subjected to latex agglutination test (LAT) using serotype specific peptides (O, A, Asia 1) and also with peptide for non-structural protein 2B (NSP-2B), 114 (70%) samples were positive against FMDV type ‘O’, 102 (51%) against serotype ‘A’ and 104 (52%) against serotype ‘Asia 1’. With NSP-2B peptide a total of 71 (35.5%) samples were positive. The results suggest that LAT could be used for the diagnosis of foot and mouth disease virus as it is easy, cheap and effective test.

Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Cattle , Foot-and-Mouth Disease/immunology , Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/classification , Latex Fixation Tests/methods , Microspheres , Molecular Sequence Data , Peptides/chemistry , Peptides/immunology , Serotyping , Vaccination , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 53(6): 315-320, Nov.-Dec. 2011. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-608548


The present work evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of detection of Dengue NS1 antigen employing two NS1 assays, an immunochromatographic assay and ELISA, in the diagnostic routine of Public Health laboratories. The results obtained with NS1 assay were compared with virus isolation and, in a subpopulation of cases, they were compared with the IgM-ELISA results obtained with convalescent samples. A total of 2,321 sera samples were analyzed by one of two NS1 techniques from March to October 2009. The samples were divided into five groups: groups I, II and III included samples tested by NS1 and virus isolation, and groups IV and V included patients with a first sample tested by NS1 and a second sample tested by IgM-ELISA. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, Kappa Index and Kappa Concordance were calculated. The results showed that NS1 testing in groups I, II and III had high sensitivity (98.0 percent, 99.5 percent and 99.3 percent), and predictive values and Kappa index between 0.9 - 1.0. Groups IV and V only had Kappa Concordance calculated, since the samples were analyzed according to the presence of NS1 antigen or IgM antibody. Concordance of 92.1 percent was observed when comparing the results of NS1-negative samples with IgM-ELISA. Based on the findings, it is possible to suggest that the tests for NS1 detection may be important tools for monitoring the introduction and spread of Dengue serotypes.

Esse estudo avaliou a acurácia do diagnóstico por detecção do antígeno NS1 do vírus Dengue empregando-se ensaios em dois formatos, imunocromatográfico e ELISA, na rotina diagnóstica dos laboratórios de Saúde Pública. Compararam-se os resultados de NS1 com os resultados de isolamento viral e, em parte dos casos, foi feita a comparação com os resultados de IgM-ELISA, obtidos nas segundas amostras. Um total de 2.321 amostras de soros, obtidas no período de março a outubro de 2009, foram analisadas por uma das duas técnicas NS1. As amostras foram divididas em cinco grupos: I, II e III, que incluíram amostras analisadas por testes NS1 e por isolamento de vírus. Os grupos IV e V incluíram pacientes com a primeira amostra processada por NS1 e segunda por IgM-ELISA. Foram analisadas sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo e negativo, concordância e índice Kappa. Os resultados mostraram que os grupos I, II e III apresentaram alta sensibilidade (98,0 por cento, 99,5 por cento e 99,3 por cento), valores preditivos e índice Kappa entre 0,9 - 1,0. Nos grupos IV e V, apenas concordância foi calculada, dado que as amostras foram analisadas quanto à presença de antígeno NS1 ou de anticorpos IgM. Comparando-se os resultados negativos de NS1 com IgM-ELISA houve 92,1 por cento de concordância. Com base nas constatações feitas, é possível sugerir que a detecção de NS1 pode ser importante ferramenta para monitorar a introdução e disseminação dos sorotipos de Dengue.

Humans , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antigens, Viral/blood , Dengue Virus/immunology , Dengue/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology , Dengue/immunology , Dengue/virology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Chromatography, Affinity , Sensitivity and Specificity
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149195


To evaluate the clinical feasibility of the antibody titer against a chimeric polypeptide (named Core 518), in which a domain of Core and NS3 of hepatitis C virus (HCV) was fused, ELISA was performed in a total of 76 serum samples. Each serum was serially diluted using two-fold dilution method with distilled water into 10 concentrations. They were all positive for second generation anti-HCV assay (HCV EIA II; Abbott Laboratories). Genotyping RT-PCR, quantitative competitive RT-PCR, and RIBA (Lucky Confirm; LG Biotech) were also assayed. Anti-Core 518 antibody was detected in x 12800 or higher dilutions of sera from 35 of 43 chronic hepatitis C (81.4%) and nine of 16 hepatocellular carcinoma sera (56.3%), one of four cirrhosis (25%), 0 of four acute hepatitis C, and one of nine healthy isolated anti-HCV-positive subjects (p=0.0000). The anti-Core 518 antibody titers were well correlated with the presence of HCV RNA in serum (p=0.002). The anti-Core 518 antibody titers decreased significantly in nine of ten responders to IFN-alpha treatment. Monitoring anti-Core 518 titers may be helpful not only for differentiating the status of HCV infection among patients with various type C viral liver diseases, but also for predicting responses to IFN-alpha treatment.

Adult , Aged , Female , Genotype , Hepatitis C/immunology , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/diagnosis , Hepatitis C/blood , Hepatitis C Antibodies/immunology , Hepatitis C Antibodies/blood , Hepatitis C Antigens/immunology , Hepacivirus/immunology , Hepacivirus/genetics , Humans , Immunoblotting , Interferon alpha-2/therapeutic use , Male , Middle Aged , RNA, Viral/blood , Recombinant Fusion Proteins/immunology , Viral Core Proteins/immunology , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 1997 Sep; 15(3): 133-40
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-37055


The immunoreactivity profiles of plasma samples obtained from patients infected with different hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes were studied using immunoblot assay containing multiple HCV antigens. The immunoblot assay was found to be positive in 81.5% of 195 blood donors who had anti-HCV antibodies as detected by second generation enzyme immunoassays. The samples reacted preferentially with the viral core, NS3-1 and NS5 antigens, and these reactivities were not influenced by HCV genotype. However, the reactivities with NS3-2 and NS4 antigens varied depending on HCV genotypes. The samples from patients infected with HCV genotype 1 reacted well with NS3-2 and NS4 antigens whereas those with other genotypes did not. In addition, samples with the unclassified HCV genotype reacted poorly with all antigens, except NS3-1. This study demonstrates the importance of the core, NS3-1 and NS5 antigens in the detection of antibodies against HCV, especially in areas where more than one genotypes of HCV are present. It also demonstrates that there is a need for further improvement of the currently used assays as new HCV genotypes are recently discovered.

Genotype , Hepacivirus/classification , Hepatitis C/diagnosis , Hepatitis C Antigens/immunology , Humans , Immunoblotting/methods , RNA, Viral/analysis , Viral Nonstructural Proteins/immunology