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1.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 21, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1366966

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 13/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 13/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Viruses , Epidemiology , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Alert , Notification , El Salvador
2.
San Salvador; MINSAL; abr. 29, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1368064

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 16/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 16/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Surveillance , Notification , Infections
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(2): 99-105, abril 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1363681

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los virus respiratorios son la principal causa de infección respiratoria aguda baja (IRAB) en la población pediátrica. En marzo de 2020, la Organización Mundial de la Salud declaró el estado de pandemia de la enfermedad por el nuevo coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) con un impacto global elevado. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir el impacto de la pandemia de COVID-19 en las internaciones por IRAB en el Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez (HNRG) y la circulación viral. Métodos. Estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo de pacientes internados por IRAB, comparando los años 2019 y 2020. Resultados. En 2020, la tasa de hospitalización por IRAB se redujo un 73 % en el HNRG (575,1/10 000 en 2019 y 155,3/10 000 en 2020). En 2019 se internaron 517 pacientes con IRAB; en 174 se identificaron los virus: sincicial respiratorio (71,2 %), adenovirus (AV) (10,3%), parainfluenza (PIF) (9,7 %) e influenza (FLU) (8,6 %). En 2020, se hospitalizaron 94 pacientes con IRAB. Hasta la semana epidemiológica (SE) 13 se registraron casos de IRAB por PIF y AV; en la SE 29 un caso de bronquiolitis por AV y rinovirus (RV), seguido de casos aislados de RV; no hubo IRAB por VSR ni por FLU. Se registraron 9 casos de IRAB por COVID-19: 2 bronquiolitis moderadas y 7 neumonías focales; con un adolescente fallecido por neumonía por COVID-19 con comorbilidades. En 2020, los casos presentaron mayor edad, más comorbilidades e internaciones previas en comparación con el 2019. La neumonía focal fue la presentación clínica predominante. Conclusión. En 2020, la tasa de hospitalización por IRAB se redujo significativamente en comparación con el año anterior, con ausencia de circulación de virus respiratorios estacionales en la población asistida en nuestro centro.


Introduction. Respiratory viruses are the main cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRTI) in the pediatric population. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared that the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) had reached the pandemic status. Our objective was to describe the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on hospitalizations due to ALRTI at Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez (HNRG) and virus circulation. Methods. Observational, retrospective, and descriptive study of patients hospitalized due to ALRTI comparing 2019 and 2020. Results. In 2020, the rate of hospitalization due to ALRTI decreased by 73%. In 2019, 517 patients with ALRTI were hospitalized; the following viruses were identified in 174: respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) (71.2%), adenovirus (AV) (10.3%), parainfluenza virus (PIV) (9.7%), and influenza virus (FLU) (8.6%). In 2020, 94 patients with ALRTI were hospitalized. Until epidemiological week (EW) 13, cases of ALRTI due to PIV and AV were recorded; in EW 29, there was 1 case of bronchiolitis due to AV and rhinovirus (RV), followed by isolated cases of RV; no ALRTI due to RSV or FLU was recorded. In total, 9 cases of ALRTI due to COVID-19 were recorded: 2 moderate bronchiolitis and 7 focal pneumonia; 1 adolescent with comorbidities died due to COVID-19 pneumonia. In 2020, patients were older and had more comorbidities and prior hospitalizations compared to 2019. Focal pneumonia prevailed. Conclusion. In 2020, the rate of hospitalization due to ALRTI decreased significantly compared to 2019,with the absence of seasonal respiratory virus circulation in the pediatric population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Viruses , COVID-19/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , Hospitals, Pediatric
5.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 17, 2022. 151 p.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1363033

ABSTRACT

El presente manual se constituye en una herramienta metodológica para el abordaje de la consejería y contribuir al logro del reto 95-95-95 marcado por la ONU para luchar contra el Sida para el 2030, durante la Conferencia Mundial del Sida 2020, en donde se estableció que el 95% de las personas que viven con el VIH conozcan su estado serológico con respecto al virus; que un 95% de los que conocen dicho estado tengan acceso a tratamiento; y que un 95% de las personas en tratamiento contra el VIH tengan la carga viral suprimida, por lo tanto, el presente manual deberá ser utilizado para todo proceso de capacitación y acreditación en consejería para VIH en todas las instituciones del Sistema Nacional Integrado de Salud y organizaciones de la sociedad civil


This manual constitutes a methodological tool for approaching counseling and contributing to the achievement of the 95-95-95 challenge set by the UN to fight against AIDS by 2030, during the World AIDS Conference 2020, where established that 95% of people living with HIV know their serological status with respect to the virus; that 95% of those who know this state have access to treatment; and that 95% of people receiving HIV treatment have a suppressed viral load, therefore, this manual should be used for all training and accreditation processes in HIV counseling in all institutions of the National Integrated Health System. and civil society organizations


Subject(s)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Counselors , Viruses
6.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 22, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1362213

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 10/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 10/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Viruses , Electronic Publications , Infections , Disease , Epidemiology , Notification
7.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 08, 2022. 29 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1361722

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 08/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 08/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Viruses , Electronic Publications , Infections , Surveillance , Notification
8.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar. 15, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1361725

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 09/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 09/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Viruses , Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Surveillance , Notification
9.
San Salvador; MINSAL; mar.31, 2022. 23 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1363027

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 11/2022. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 11/2022. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Infections , Viruses , Notification
10.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 04, 2022. 24 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1353079

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 50/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS). Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Resumen de quemados por pólvora 2020 ­ 2021


Summary of notification events up to SE 50/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO). Sentinel surveillance for influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Summary of gunpowder burns 2020 - 2021


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Viruses , Burns , Alert , Notification
11.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 06, 2022. 37 p. ilus, graf.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1359275

ABSTRACT

La presente guía clínica para la atención de las personas con coinfección TB/VIH, es el resultado de un esfuerzo multidisciplinario, en el que se aborda un problema de salud pública tan importante como es la coinfección TB/VIH. La intersección y la interacción entre las epidemias del virus de inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) y tuberculosis (TB) han tenido consecuencias mortales en todo el mundo. Sin un control adecuado de la TB/VIH, no se alcanzará el objetivo de eliminación de la tuberculosis a largo plazo. Existe una necesidad urgente de recursos adicionales y enfoques novedosos para el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y la prevención tanto del VIH como de la tuberculosis. Además, serán necesarios enfoques multidisciplinarios que consideren el VIH y la tuberculosis juntos, en lugar de como problemas y enfermedades separados, para prevenir un mayor empeoramiento de la sindemia del VIH-TB


This clinical guideline for the care of people with TB/HIV coinfection is the result of a multidisciplinary effort, in which a public health problem as important as TB/HIV coinfection is addressed. The intersection and interaction between the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) epidemics have had deadly consequences around the world. Without adequate TB/HIV control, the long-term goal of tuberculosis elimination will not be achieved. There is an urgent need for additional resources and novel approaches for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of both HIV and tuberculosis. In addition, multidisciplinary approaches that consider HIV and TB together, rather than as separate problems and diseases, will be necessary to prevent further worsening of the HIV-TB syndemic.


Subject(s)
Tuberculosis , HIV , Guideline , Coinfection , Viruses , Disease , Epidemics
12.
San Salvador; MINSAL; ene. 04, 2022. 24 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1353081

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 51/2021. Alertas internacionales, situación epidemiológica de dengue, situación epidemiológica de zika y Chikungunya, infección respiratoria aguda, neumonías, situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS), vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios, vigilancia centinela de rotavirus y enfermedad diarreica aguda


Summary of notification events until SE 51/2021. International alerts, epidemiological situation of dengue, epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya, acute respiratory infection, pneumonia, global situation of 2019-nCov (WHO), sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses, sentinel surveillance of rotavirus and acute diarrheal disease


Subject(s)
Viruses , Epidemiology , Electronic Publications , Infections , Pneumonia , Alert , Notification
13.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e231134, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249257

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was estimated to be the third cause of global mortality by 2020. Acute exacerbation COPD (AECOPD) is a sudden worsening of COPD symptoms and could be due to virus/bacterial infections and air pollution. Increased expression of inflammatory markers in patients with AECOPD is associated with viral infection. This study aimed to detect different viruses and analyze the expression of various inflammatory markers associated with AECOPD patients. Three hundred and forty-seven patients diagnosed with COPD according to GOLD criteria were included in this study. Swab samples and blood were collected for the detection of viruses by RT-PCR and expression of inflammatory markers, respectively. Of the swab samples, 113 (32.6%) of samples were positive for virus detection. Of these, HRV (39.8%) was the predominant virus detected followed by FluB (27.4%) and FluA (22.1%). The presence of HRV was significantly higher (p=0.044) among the other detected viruses. When compared to healthy controls the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 were significantly higher (p<0.05) in virus-positive patients. The IL-6 and IL-8 were the next predominantly expressed in markers among the samples. The higher expression rate of IL-8 was significantly (p<0.05) associated with patients having COPD GOLD III severity level and smoking history. Although HRV was the predominant virus detected the combined prevalence of Influenza A and B surpassing the rate of HRV. The high-level expression of well known inflammatory markers of AECOPD, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8 indicates a chronic severe illness. These markers play an important role and could be used as a marker for determining the severity of AECOPD.


Resumo Estima-se que a doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC) seja a terceira causa de mortalidade global em 2020. A exacerbação aguda DPOC (AECOPD) é um agravamento súbito dos sintomas da DPOC e pode ser devido a infecções por vírus/bactérias e poluição do ar. O aumento da expressão de marcadores inflamatórios em pacientes com AECOPD está associado à infecção viral. Este estudo teve como objetivo detectar diferentes vírus e analisar a expressão de vários marcadores inflamatórios associados a pacientes com AECOPD. Trezentos e quarenta e sete pacientes com diagnóstico de DPOC de acordo com os critérios GOLD foram incluídos neste estudo. Amostras de swab e sangue foram coletadas para detecção de vírus por RT-PCR e expressão de marcadores inflamatórios, respectivamente. Das amostras de esfregaço, 113 (32,6%) amostras foram positivas para detecção de vírus. Nestas, o HRV (39,8%) foi o vírus predominante detectado, seguido do FluB (27,4%) e do FluA (22,1%). A presença de VFC foi significativamente maior (p = 0,044) entre os demais vírus detectados. Quando comparados a controles saudáveis, os níveis de expressão de TNF-α, IL-6 e IL-8 foram significativamente maiores (p <0,05) em pacientes com vírus positivo. A IL-6 e a IL-8 foram as próximas predominantemente expressas em marcadores entre as amostras. A maior taxa de expressão de IL-8 foi significativamente (p <0,05) associada a pacientes com grau de gravidade GOLD III da DPOC e história de tabagismo. Embora o HRV tenha sido o vírus predominante, a prevalência combinada de Influenza A e B ultrapassou a taxa de HRV. O alto nível de expressão de marcadores inflamatórios bem conhecidos de AECOPD, TNF-α, IL-6 e IL-8 indica uma doença crônica grave. Esses marcadores desempenham um papel importante e podem ser usados como um marcador para determinar a gravidade da AECOPD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Viruses , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , China/epidemiology , Cytokines/genetics , Mongolia
14.
Infectio ; 25(4): 296-299, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286726

ABSTRACT

Resumen La identificación del nuevo Coronavirus tipo 2 en marzo de 2020 en Colombia ha generado paradigmas e incógnitas en la epidemiología nacional con respecto a la llegada aproximada del virus y sus mecanismos de diseminación local en los departamentos y ciudades principales. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con COVID-19 que tuvo su inicio de síntomas dos semanas antes de la declaración del primer caso en Colombia, lo que sugiere circulación del virus y transmisión local en Colombia previo a la declaración de la epidemia.


Abstract The identification of Coronavirus type 2 in March 2020 in Colombia has generated paradigms and unknows in the national epidemiology regarding the approxi mate arrival of the virus and its mechanisms of local dissemination in the main departments and cities. We present the case of a patient with COVID-19 that had its onset of symptoms two weeks before the declaration of the first case in Colombia, wich moves the circulation of the virus and local transmission in Colombia prior the declaration of the epidemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Coronavirus , COVID-19 , Pneumonia , Viruses , Epidemiology , Colombia , Epidemics , Infections
15.
Infectio ; 25(4): 289-292, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286724

ABSTRACT

Resumen La trombosis de senos venosos cerebrales es un evento infrecuente en la población pediátrica y sus manifestaciones clínicas pueden variar dependiendo de la localización y extensión de la lesión, etiología o grupo etario (1); así mismo, la asociación de esta patología con virus es poco común, sin embargo, se han repor tado casos de trombosis de senos venosos en pacientes adultos con SARS-CoV-2 en relación con los mecanismos de lesión endotelial y respuesta inflamatoria que desencadena mecanismos procoagulantes. A continuación se presenta el primer caso reportado en Colombia de un caso de trombosis venosa cerebral en un lactante previamente sano, que debuta con un cuadro infeccioso gastrointestinal que resuelve y una semana después se presenta con cefalea y paralisis del VI par craneal derecho. Se documentó por angioto mografía trombosis del seno venoso sagital con extensión a senos transversos; los laboratorios fueron negativos para otras causas sistémicas y con prueba de anticuerpos para coronavirus positiva.


Abstract Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is infrequent in the pediatric population and its clinical manifestations may vary depending on the anatomical location and the extent of the lesion, etiology or age group(1). The association of this pathology with viruses is uncommon, however, cases in adults with SARS-Cov2 have been reported triggered by procoagulant mechanisms due to endothelial injury and inflammatory response. The following article is the first reported case in Colombia of cerebral venous thrombosis in a previously healthy child, who debuted with gastrointestinal infectious disease and a week later with headache and sixth right cranial nerve palsy . The diagnosis of sagittal venous sinus thrombosis with extension to transverse sinuses was documented in a computed tomography angiography; laboratories for systemic diseases were negative and antibodies for coronavirus were positive.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Thrombosis , Viruses , Coronavirus , Venous Thrombosis , Cranial Nerve Diseases , Transverse Sinuses , Headache
16.
Infectio ; 25(4): 270-275, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286721

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Comparar la expresión de mRNA y proteínas de SFRP1, PTPRN, CDO1, EDNRB, CDX2, EPB41L3 y HAND1 en pacientes con lesión intra-epitelial cervical de bajo y alto grado, con posterior progresión o regresión. Material y Método: Se realizó análisis de expresión de genes mediante RT-PCR y análisis de expresión de proteínas por inmunohistoquímica. El análisis estadís tico fue realizado con las pruebas: Wilcoxon, coeficiente de correlación de Spearman e índice de concordancia. Las muestras fueron pareadas en momento 1 y momento 2. Resultados: SFRP1 mostró tendencia de mayor expresión de mRNA en lesión intra-epitelial de bajo grado (momento 2) Vs. alto grado (momento 1). La expresión de proteínas por inmunohistoquímica de SFRP1 en casos de progresión (83,3 %) mostró disminución en su graduación (p = 0,0313*); los demás genes en estudio no tuvieron cambios estadísticamente significativos. Discusión: SFRP1 mostró comportamiento ajustado a resultados de estudios previos donde se encontró hipermetilado en lesiones intra-epiteliales de alto grado; su subexpresión por hipermetilación se reportó en otros canceres, proceso que colabora con su silenciamiento y transición epitelial-mesenquimatosa del cáncer de cuello uterino. Conclusiones. SFRP1 es potencial biomarcador en lesiones preneoplásicas del cuello uterino asociadas al virus de papiloma humano.


Abstract Objective. The aim of this work was to compare the expression of mRNA and proteins of SFRP1, PTPRN, CDO1, EDNRB, CDX2, EPB41L3 and HAND1 in patients with low and high grade cervical intraepithelial lesion, with subsequent progression or regression. Material and Methods: Gene expression analysis was conducted through RT-PCR and protein expression analysis was performed by immunohistochemistry. The statistics analysis were Wilcoxon test, Spearman's correlation coefficient and concordance index. The samples were paired during moment 1 (initial patient diag nosis) and moment 2 (follow-up histological diagnosis). Results: SFRP1 showed a trend of higher mRNA expression in low-grade intra-epithelial lesions (moment 2) Vs. high-grade (moment 1). The expression of proteins by immunohistochemistry of SFRP1 in progression cases (83.3%) showed a decrease in its graduation (p = 0.0313*); the other genes under study had no statistically significant. Discussion: SFRP1 showed a biological behavior adjusted to the results of previous studies where hypermethylation was found in high-grade intra-epithelial lesions; its subexpression by hypermethylation has been reported in other cancers, a process that collaborates with its silencing and epithelial-mesenchymal tran sition of cervical. Conclusions. SFRP1 is a potential biomarker in preneoplastic lesions of the cervix associated with human papillomavirus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Papilloma , DNA Probes, HPV , Viruses , Proteins , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Disease Progression , Alphapapillomavirus
17.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e800, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280189

ABSTRACT

In which country did the first epidemic caused by the avian flu virus, known as severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) emerged.


¿En qué país surgió la primera epidemia causada por el virus de la gripe aviar, conocida como síndrome respiratorio agudo severo (SARS)


Subject(s)
Humans , Viruses , Epidemics , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Influenza in Birds
18.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e700, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280186

ABSTRACT

The SARS-CoV-2 virus affects all age groups. According to the Colombian National Institute of Health, by November 5, 2020, nearly 83,698 children under 18 years of age had been infected by the virus in Colombia. The probability of viral transmission in this age group is similar to that found in adults, even in asymptomatic individuals 1,2. The World Health Organization has advocated social distancing, hand washing and the use of face masks as effective measures to mitigate contagion, and healthcare institutions have implemented measures for the protection of patients and healthcare workers in order to cope with this "new normal" at work 3-5. In accordance with national and international recommendations, our institution has implemented a new preoperative care protocol during the COVID-19 pandemic.


El virus SARS-CoV-2 afecta a todos los grupos de edad. Según el Instituto Nacional de Salud de Colombia, al 5 de noviembre de 2020, cerca de 83.698 niños menores de 18 años habían sido infectados por el virus en Colombia. La probabilidad de transmisión viral en este grupo de edad es similar a la encontrada en adultos, incluso en individuos asintomáticos 1 , 2 . La Organización Mundial de la Salud ha abogado por el distanciamiento social, el lavado de manos y el uso de mascarillas como medidas efectivas para mitigar el contagio, y las instituciones de salud han implementado medidas para la protección de pacientes y trabajadores de la salud para hacer frente a esta "nueva normalidad" en el trabajo. 3 - 5. De acuerdo con las recomendaciones nacionales e internacionales, nuestra institución ha implementado un nuevo protocolo de atención preoperatoria durante la pandemia de COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Viruses , Risk , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Preoperative Care , Hand Disinfection , Health Personnel , Delivery of Health Care , Physical Distancing , COVID-19 , Health Facilities
19.
Rev. APS ; 23(3): 569-577, 2021-06-23.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358232

ABSTRACT

O human papillomavirus (HPV) é considerado o agente infeccioso de transmissão sexual mais comum em todo o mundo. Relacionado ao câncer de colo de útero e causador das verrugas genitais, é o terceiro tipo de câncer mais letal no Brasil. Devido ao início sexual precoce e ao aumento a exposição ao vírus, foi identificada a necessidade de prevenção a nível primário. Assim, vacinas contra alguns subtipos do HPV foram desenvolvidas como forma profilática. A vacina quadrivalente imuniza contra os subtipos 6, 11, 16 e 18 e foi instituída no ano de 2013 de forma pioneira no Distrito Federal com objetivo de imunizar 100% das meninas de 11 a 13 anos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, de caráter descritivo, com objetivo analisar a taxa de adesão, abstenção e conclusão à campanha de vacinação. Foi analisado um banco de dados realizado pela Vigilância Epidemiológica da cidade do Gama- DF especificamente para o controle da dispensa nominal dos imunobiológicos para cada adolescente. Observou-se no estudo que das meninas que aderiram à campanha apenas 72,5% concluíram o esquema vacinal, taxa inferior à esperada pelas autoridades governamentais do Distrito Federal.


The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually infection agent worldwide. Cervical cancers and genital warts are common disorders of its infection and the third most lethal cancer in Brazil. Due to early sexual life and the increasing virus exposure, it was identified a need for primary healthcare prevention. Thus, prophylactic vaccines against some HPV subtypes have been developed. The quadrivalent vaccine immunizes against subtypes 6, 11, 16 and 18 and it was first introduced by the Federal District Government in 2013 aiming to immunize 100% of the target audience. This is a cross-sectional and descriptive study that aimed to analyze the adherence, abstention and conclusion rates of the vaccination campaign. A database made by the Epidemiological Surveillance of the city of Gama-DF was analyzed specifically for nominal dispensation control of the immunobiological agents for each adolescent. Our results show that among all the girls who joined the HPV campaign, only 72,5% of them completed the vaccination schedule, a lower rate than the expected by government agencies in the Federal District.


Subject(s)
Papillomaviridae , Viruses , Vaccination
20.
San Salvador; MINSAL; may. 26, 2021. 11 p. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1224604

ABSTRACT

Resumen de eventos de notificación hasta SE 19/2021. Alertas internacionales. Situación epidemiológica de dengue. Situación epidemiológica de zika y chikungunya. Infección respiratoria aguda. Neumonías. Situación mundial del 2019-nCov (OMS. Vigilancia centinela de influenza y otros virus respiratorios. Vigilancia centinela de rotavirus. Enfermedad diarreica aguda. Fiebre tifoidea


Summary of notification events up to SE 19/2021. International alerts. Epidemiological situation of dengue. Epidemiological situation of Zika and Chikungunya. Acute respiratory infection. Pneumonia Global situation 2019-nCov (WHO. Sentinel surveillance of influenza and other respiratory viruses. Sentinel surveillance for rotavirus. Acute diarrheal disease. Typhoid fever


Subject(s)
Alert , Surveillance , Electronic Publications , Viruses , Notification
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