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1.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 35: e38825, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279766

ABSTRACT

Objetivo avaliar o efeito da musicoterapia sobre os parâmetros vitais, ansiedade e as sensações vivenciadas no período gestacional. Método estudo de intervenção mista antes e depois, realizado com 30 gestantes atendidas em clínica-escola e no projeto de extensão universitária. Utilizou-se formulário de caracterização sociodemográfica, escala de ansiedade-estado, parâmetros vitais e roteiro de entrevista semiestruturado. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, inferencial e análise temática de conteúdo. Resultados houve melhoria da frequência de pulso (p<0,000), respiração (p=0,002), frequência cardíaca (p<0,000) e saturação de oxigênio (p=0,002) evidenciando a efetividade da música sobre estes sinais vitais. Conclusão a gestação gera possíveis sensações negativas que podem impactar o estado emocional, e a musicoterapia promoveu impacto positivo, pois favoreceu a redução do grau da ansiedade, repercutiu na mobilidade da criança e possuiu efeito significativo na melhoria da pulsação, respiração, frequência cardíaca e saturação de oxigênio.


Objetivo evaluar el efecto de la musicoterapia en los parámetros vitales, ansiedad y sensaciones experimentadas durante el período gestacional. Método estudio mixto de intervención antes y después, realizado con 30 mujeres embarazadas atendidas en una clínica escolar y en el proyecto de extensión de la universidad. Se utilizó forma de caracterización sociodemográfica, escala de ansiedad del estado, parámetros vitales y guión de entrevista semiestructurado. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadísticas descriptivas, análisis de contenido inferencial y temático. Resultados hubo una mejora en la frecuencia del pulso (p<0.000), respiración (p=0.002), frecuencia cardíaca (p<0.000) y saturación de oxígeno (p=0.002), evidenciándose la eficacia de la música en estos signos vitales. Conclusión el embarazo genera posibles sensaciones negativas que pueden afectar el estado emocional, y la musicoterapia promovió un impacto positivo, ya que favoreció la reducción del grado de ansiedad, tuvo repercusiones en la movilidad del niño y tuvo un efecto significativo en la mejora del pulso, la respiración, la frecuencia cardíaca y la saturación de oxígeno.


Objective to evaluate the effect of music therapy on the vital parameters, anxiety and sensations experienced during the gestational period. Method mixed intervention before-after study, conducted with 30 pregnant women who attended a school clinic and in the university extension project. Sociodemographic characterization form, state anxiety scale, vital parameters and semi-structured interview script were used. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, inferential and thematic content analysis. Results there was an improvement in pulse frequency (p<0.000), breathing (p=0.002), heart rate (p<0.000) and oxygen saturation (p=0.002) evidencing the effectiveness of music on those vital signs. Conclusion pregnancy generates possible negative sensations that can influence the emotional state, and music therapy promoted a positive impact, as it favored the reduction of the degree of anxiety, had repercussions on the child's mobility and had a significant effect on the improvement of pulse, breathing, heart rate and oxygen saturation.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Complementary Therapies , Pregnant Women , Music Therapy , Vital Signs , Heart Rate , Methods
2.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE00461, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1152658

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da música sobre a ansiedade-estado, parâmetros fisiológicos e laboratoriais, em doadores de sangue. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo-cego, realizado em um Hemocentro Regional, localizado no interior de Minas Gerais. Participaram do estudo 126 doadores de sangue, divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, sendo grupo experimental (intervenção musical antes da doação de sangue) e grupo controle (rotina padrão). Utilizou-se para a avaliação dos escores de ansiedade-estado, o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado (IDATE). A intervenção musical constitui-se de um repertório de músicas eruditas aplicadas através de fones de ouvidos, por aproximadamente 26 minutos. Para as variáveis quantitativas empregou-se análises descritivas, para análise das diferenças entre os escores de ansiedade-estado, frequência cardíaca e respiratória, utilizou-se Teste t Student e, Teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney para avaliar a diferença entre os valores de pressão arterial, saturação de oxigênio e níveis de cortisol. Resultados: O grupo submetido à intervenção musical não apresentou redução estatisticamente significativa dos escores de ansiedade-estado (p=0,31). Entretanto, observou-se reduções significativas na frequência cardíaca (p=0,006), frequência respiratória (p=0,007) e níveis de cortisol sanguíneo (p<0,001). Conclusão: A música não reduziu os níveis de ansiedade-estado. Contudo, foi possível demonstrar a eficácia da intervenção na redução de parâmetros fisiológicos e laboratoriais, os quais apresentam-se alterados frente a situações ansiogênicas.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar los efectos de la música sobre la ansiedad-estado, parámetros fisiológicos y de laboratorio en donantes de sangre. Métodos: Ensayo clínico aleatorizado, doble ciego, realizado en un centro de donación de sangre regional, ubicado en el interior del estado de Minas Gerais. Participaron en el estudio 126 donantes de sangre, divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: un grupo experimental (intervención musical antes de la donación de sangre) y un grupo de control (rutina normal). Para analizar la puntuación de la ansiedad-estado, se utilizó el Cuestionario de Ansiedad Estado Rasgo (IDATE). La intervención musical estaba compuesta por un repertorio de música erudita aplicada con auriculares, durante 26 minutos aproximadamente. Para las variables cuantitativas, se emplearon análisis descriptivos. Se utilizó el test-T Student para analizar las diferencias entre la puntuación de la ansiedad-estado, la frecuencia cardíaca y respiratoria y la prueba no paramétrica de Mann-Whitney para analizar la diferencia entre los valores de presión arterial, saturación de oxígeno y niveles de cortisol. Resultados: El grupo sometido a la intervención musical no presentó reducción estadísticamente significativa en la puntuación de la ansiedad-estado (p=0,31). Sin embargo, se observaron reducciones significativas en la frecuencia cardíaca (p=0,006), frecuencia respiratoria (p=0,007) y niveles de cortisol sanguíneo (p<0,001). Conclusión: La música no redujo los niveles de ansiedad-estado. No obstante, fue posible demostrar la eficacia de la intervención para la reducción de parámetros fisiológicos y de laboratorio, que se presentan alterados ante situaciones ansiógenas.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of music on state-anxiety, physiological and laboratory parameters in blood donors. Methods: Randomized, double-blinded clinical trial, conducted in a regional blood bank, located in the interior of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. In total, 126 blood donors participated in the study, randomly divided into two groups, being one experimental group (musical intervention before blood donation) and one control group (standard routine). To assess the state-anxiety scores, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used. The musical intervention consists of a repertoire of classical songs played through headphones, lasting approximately 26 minutes. For the quantitative variables, descriptive analyses were used to analyze the differences between state-anxiety, heart rate and respiratory rate, Student's t- test and Mann-Whitney's nonparametric test to evaluate the difference between blood pressure, oxygen saturation and cortisol levels. Results: The group submitted to musical intervention did not present a statistically significant reduction in state-anxiety scores (p = 0.31). Nevertheless, significant reductions in heart rate (p=0.006), respiratory rate (p=0.007) and blood cortisol levels (p<0.001) were observed. Conclusion: Music did not reduce the state-anxiety levels. We were able to demonstrate the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing physiological and laboratory parameters though, which are altered in the face of anxiogenic situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Blood Donors , Vital Signs , Music , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trial
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880449

ABSTRACT

Life monitoring technology as the basis of health evaluation, in recent years, its related technology research also has new development, in which cardiopulmonary parameters are the core physiological indicators to measure the basic state of vital signs, the analysis of its monitoring technology is particularly important. In this study, the main means of life monitoring are analyzed, and the monitoring technology of cardiopulmonary parameters is the main focus. What is more, the research status and development of contact and non-contact cardiopulmonary monitoring technology at home and abroad were also considered. Lastly, this study will be combined with the radar wave vital signs monitoring technology, which has been achieved good results in the field of cardiopulmonary monitoring, in order to provide a reference for the long-term development of life monitoring field and the technology integration of intelligent pension, intelligent automobile and other related industries.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Heart Rate , Monitoring, Physiologic , Radar , Respiratory Rate , Technology , Vital Signs
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880417

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain the three-dimensional pulse information and blood pressure waveform needed in the study, a radial artery simulation platform with programmable controlled injection pump as the core was constructed by using the circulation theory of human cardiovascular system and pulse wave formation mechanism. Gaussian function model was selected to synthesize multi-type pulse wave to program and drive the platform. The three-dimensional pulse information and blood pressure waveform of the simulated radial artery were collected by binocular visual pulse detection system and pressure transmitter respectively, and the platform stability and repeatability were tested by Pearson correlation. The experimental results show that the radial artery simulation platform is stable, reliable and repeatable, and can generate multiple types of three-dimensional pulse information and blood pressure waveform at the simulated radial artery. The platform is simple in structure, low in cost, and produces many types of pulsating flow. It provides an experimental research platform for revealing the relationship between the three-dimensional pulse information of radial artery and the change of pressure inside the vessel, as well as the prediction of blood pressure waveform from the three-dimensional pulse information.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Computer Simulation , Heart Rate , Humans , Radial Artery , Vital Signs
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922079

ABSTRACT

Physiological parameters monitoring is essential to direct medical staff to evaluate, diagnose and treat critical patients quantitatively. ECG, blood pressure, SpO2, respiratory rate and body temperature are the basic vital signs of patients in the ICU. The measuring methods are relatively mature at present, and the trend is to be wireless and more accurate and comfortable. Hemodynamics, oxygen metabolism and microcirculation should be taken seriously during the treatment of acute critical patients. The related monitoring technology has made significant progress in recent years, the trend is to reduce the trauma and improve the accuracy and usability. With the development of machine vision and data fusion technology, the identification of patient behavior and deterioration has become hot topics. This review is focused on current parameters monitoring technologies, aims to provide reference for future related research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intensive Care Units , Monitoring, Physiologic , Technology , Vital Signs
6.
Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; 2021. 52 p. ilus.^c28 cm., tab..
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1352860

ABSTRACT

La presente propuesta de diseño busca la interoperabilidad de datos en salud por medio de la integración de un sistema de comunicación a equipos especializados, utilizando las TI (Tecnologías de la Información) y el IoT (Internet de las Cosas) en los equipos biomédicos especializados o monitor que está siendo utilizado actualmente en los centros hospitalarios público a nivel nacional para la medición de signos vitales, con el objetivo de poder brindar una atención sanitaria a pacientes con padecimientos médicos y que necesitan de una constante supervisión y vigilancia. En los centros hospitalarios se cuenta con equipo biomédico especializado que carece de dichas funcionalidades. Esto repercute u obliga al responsable especialista a tener que estar frente al monitor y paciente para poder observar las mediciones o lecturas que presenta un paciente.


This design proposal seeks the interoperability of health data through the integration of a communication system to specialized equipment, using IT (Information Technology) and IoT (Internet of Things) in specialized biomedical equipment or monitor that is currently being used in public hospitals nationwide for the measurement of vital signs, in order to provide health care to patients with medical conditions and who need constant surveillance. Hospitals have specialized biomedical equipment that lacks these functionalities. This forces the responsible specialist to have to be in front of the monitor and the patient to be able to observe the measurements or readings that a patient presents.


Subject(s)
Monitoring , Equipment and Supplies, Hospital/trends , Vital Signs , Health Information Interoperability/trends , Internet of Things , Patients , Surveillance , Equipment and Supplies , Information Technology , Hospitals
7.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 685-693, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134558

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in vital signs and laboratory tests of patients with odontogenic infections who required hospitalization as well as checking their effectiveness in determining the severity of the case and possible correlations with the length of stay. Patients with odontogenic infections who required hospitalization were assessed prospectively between October 2016 and April 2018. The patients were divided into two groups considered as simple (Group 1) or complex (Group 2) cases according to the length of stay. The personal data, comorbidities, signs and symptoms, vital signs and laboratory tests were analyzed. In this study, 84 cases of maxillofacial infections were detected and 50 cases of odontogenic infections were included. There were significant increases in heart rate (p = 0.012), leukocytosis (p = 0.037), neutrophilia (p = 0.021), neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio (p = 0.044) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (p = 0.004) in Group 2. Additionally, there were positive correlations between the length of stay and the following variables: heart rate (p = 0.028), leukocytosis (p = 0.045), neutrophilia (p = 0.033), N/L ratio (p = 0.041) and CRP level (p = 0.003). The N/L ratio was found to have a greater value in regression analysis. It was concluded that there were significant increases in heart rate, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, N/L ratio and CRP levels for the complex cases. There were also positive correlations between the length of stay and the following variables: heart rate, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, N/L ratio and CRP level.


RESUMEN: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios en los signos vitales y las pruebas de laboratorio de pacientes con infecciones odontogénicas que requirieron hospitalización, así como verificar su efectividad para determinar la gravedad del caso y las posibles correlaciones con la duración de la internación. Pacientes con infecciones odontogénicas que requirieron hospitalización fueron evaluados prospectivamente entre octubre de 2016 y abril de 2018. Los pacientes se dividieron en dos grupos considerados como casos simples (Grupo 1) o complejos (Grupo 2) según la duración de la internación. Se analizaron los datos personales, comorbilidades, signos y síntomas, signos vitales y pruebas de laboratorio. En este estudio, se detectaron 84 casos de infecciones maxilofaciales y se incluyeron 50 casos de infecciones odontogénicas. Hubo aumentos significativos en la frecuencia cardíaca (p = 0,012), leucocitosis (p = 0,037), neutrofilia (p = 0,021), relación neutrófilos / linfocitos (N/L) (p = 0,044) y niveles de proteína C reactiva (PCR) (p = 0,004) en el Grupo 2. Además, hubo correlaciones positivas entre la duración de la internación y las siguientes variables: frecuencia cardíaca (p = 0,028), leucocitosis (p = 0,045), neutrofilia (p = 0,033), relación N/L (p = 0,041) y nivel de PCR (p = 0,003). Se encontró que la relación N/L tenía un mayor valor en el análisis de regresión. En conclusión, hubo aumentos significativos en la frecuencia cardíaca, leucocitosis, neutrofilia, relación N/L y niveles de PCR para los casos complejos. También hubo correlaciones positivas entre la duración de la internación y las siguientes variables: frecuencia cardíaca, leucocitosis, neutrofilia, relación N/L y nivel de PCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vital Signs , Focal Infection, Dental/therapy , Severity of Illness Index , C-Reactive Protein , Drainage , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Age and Sex Distribution , Hospitalization , Length of Stay
8.
Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; ene. 2020. 76 p. ^c28 cm.ilus., tab., graf..
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1222441

ABSTRACT

Se desarrolló el prototipo y pruebas de verificación del funcionamiento necesarias en un equipo médico, con el fin de obtener información confiable de dicho dispositivo. Se enfocó la investigación en el área de la tecnología aplicada en el sector de la salud, desarrollando un sistema de monitoreo local y remoto de signos vitales de pacientes utilizando como base la tecnología IoT y dispositivos inteligentes Smartphone. Para ello se diseñó una App Android, un dispositivo electrónico biomédico a partir de la tarjeta electrónica MySignals HW, así como la integración y programación de sensores biométricos con el controlador y periféricos de visualización de la información. El sistema cuenta con la capacidad necesaria de comunicación para que, a través de la red se envíen los datos obtenidos como resultado del proceso de lectura de los sensores a la base de datos en el servidor IoT, lo que permite saber desde cualquier lugar, las lecturas medicas tomadas del paciente por medio de dispositivos inteligentes a través de la App o portal web. Los sensores utilizados y probados en esta investigación son: Oximetría (SpO2 y Pulso), Temperatura corporal, frecuencia respiratoria y tensión o presión arterial.


The prototype and verification tests of the necessary operation in a medical equipment were developed, in order to obtain reliable information from said device. Research was focused on the area of ​​applied technology in the health sector, developing a local and remote monitoring system of vital signs of patients using IoT technology and Smartphone smart devices as a basis. For this, an Android App was designed, a biomedical electronic device based on the MySignals HW electronic card, as well as the integration and programming of biometric sensors with the controller and information display peripherals. The system has the necessary communication capacity so that, through the network, the data obtained as a result of the sensor reading process are sent to the database on the IoT server, which allows to know from anywhere, the Medical readings taken from the patient through smart devices through the App or web portal. The sensors used and tested in this investigation are: Oximetry (SpO2 and Pulse), Body temperature, respiratory rate and blood pressure or pressure.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Arterial Pressure , Internet of Things , Patients , Pressure , Pulse , Body Temperature , Oximetry , Equipment and Supplies , Vital Signs , Respiratory Rate , Telemonitoring
9.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 10: e81, 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1151934

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as características dos registros de enfermagem, incluindo os sinais vitais, e comparar o desfecho clínico dos pacientes segundo a presença de alteração dos sinais vitais no ambiente de emergência. Método: estudo transversal, com análise retrospectiva de prontuários de pacientes adultos admitidos em maio/2018 em um Pronto-Socorro de São Paulo. Os dados dos registros de enfermagem coletados foram inseridos no sistema REDCap® e análises descritivas e inferenciais foram realizadas. Resultados: dos 194 prontuários (54,1% masculino, idade média 59,7 anos) a queixa de entrada, comorbidades e primeiras condutas realizadas na emergência foram os registros de enfermagem mais anotados. Frequências cardíaca e respiratória e pressão arterial foram os sinais vitais mais alterados e associados ao óbito. Conclusão: a clareza e a frequência dos registros de enfermagem, assim como a correta interpretação dos sinais vitais, são componentes essenciais para a segurança do cuidado prestado ao paciente na emergência.


Objective: to describe the characteristics of the nursing records, including the vital signs, and to compare the patient's clinical outcome according to the presence of alterations in the vital signs in the emergency setting. Method: a cross-sectional study, with retrospective analysis of patient records of adult individuals admitted in May 2018 in an Emergency Room of São Paulo. The data collected from the nursing records were inserted in the REDCap® system and descriptive and inferential analyses were carried out. Results: of the 194 patient records (54.1% male, mean age of 59.7 years old), the complaints at admission, comorbidities and first care measures carried out in the emergency room were the most written down records. Heart and respiratory rates and blood pressure were the most altered and death-associated vital signs. Conclusion: the clarity and frequency of the nursing records, as well as the correct interpretation of the vital signs, are essential components for the safety of the care provided to the emergency patient.


Objetivo: describir las características de los registros de Enfermería, incluidos los signos vitales, y comparar el resultado clínico de los pacientes según la presencia de alteraciones de los signos vitales en el entorno del servicio de emergencia. Método: estudio transversal, con análisis retrospectivo de historias clínicas de pacientes adultos admitidos en mayo de 2018 en una Unidad de Emergencias de San Pablo. Los datos de los registros recolectados se cargaron al sistema REDCap® y se realizaron análisis descriptivos e inferenciales. Resultados: en 194 historias clínicas (54,1% de pacientes masculinos con media de 59,7 años), el motivo de consulta inicial, las comorbilidades y las primeras acciones realizadas en el área de emergencias fueron los registros de enfermería más anotados. La frecuencia cardíaca, el ritmo respiratorio y la presión arterial fueron los signos vitales que presentaron mayores alteraciones y estuvieron más relacionados con un resultado final de fallecimiento. Conclusión: la claridad y la frecuencia de los registros de Enfermería, al igual que la correcta interpretación de los signos vitales, son componentes esenciales para la seguridad en la atención que se brinda a los pacientes en el área de Emergencias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Records , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Vital Signs , Nursing Care
10.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(2): e3252, abr.-jul.2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280255

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem deve ser implementada, principalmente nos quais há um nível de cuidado mais avançado com os pacientes, a exemplo das Unidades de Terapia Intensiva que são reconhecidamente locais nos quais se concentram grande especialização e tecnologias. Objetivo: Propor um modelo de um Sistema de Apoio à Decisão utilizando Redes Neurais Artificiais para a elaboração de Diagnósticos de Enfermagem através de um aplicativo para Android. Métodos: O presente estudo se caracteriza como metodológico e tecnológico do tipo prototipagem, no qual onde serão analisados os sinais vitais de pacientes internados em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Os dados serão obtidos a partir do banco de dados Monitoramento Inteligente Multiparâmetro em Terapia Intensiva que contém sinais fisiológicos e séries de sinais vitais capturados de monitores de pacientes, obtidos de sistemas de informações médicas hospitalares de milhares de pacientes em unidades de terapia intensiva. Resultados: O aplicativo, em fase final de implementação, está projetado com telas ativas trabalhadas junto com corpo de profissionais de enfermagem que opinaram sobre utilidades desejadas e primeiras impressões. Conclusões: No presente momento, os testes para o treinamento da Rede Neural Artificial estão acontecendo, e espera-se o uso de um aplicativo para a promoção dos diagnósticos de enfermagem advindo dos sinais vitais de pacientes, das avaliações sobre o estado geral, e informações do prontuário eletrônico do paciente, juntamente com o julgamento clínico e crítico do profissional enfermeiro(AU)


Introducción: La sistematización de la atención de enfermería debe ser implementada, especialmente en el caso de que haya un nivel más avanzado de atención con pacientes, como en las unidades de cuidados intensivos, que son lugares reconocidos donde se concentran gran experiencia y tecnologías. Objetivo: Proponer un modelo de un Sistema de Apoyo a la Decisión utilizando redes neuronales artificiales para la elaboración de diagnósticos de enfermería a través de una aplicación de Androide. Métodos: Este estudio se caracteriza por ser un tipo de prototipo metodológico y tecnológico en el que se analizarán los signos vitales de los pacientes ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Los datos se obtendrán de la base de datos de Monitoreo Inteligente de Parámetros Intensivos de Cuidados Intensivos, que contiene señales fisiológicas y series de signos vitales capturados de monitores de pacientes, obtenidos de los sistemas de información médica hospitalaria de miles de pacientes en unidades de cuidados intensivos. Resultados: La aplicación, en su fase final de implementación, está diseñada con pantallas activas trabajadas junto con un cuerpo de profesionales de enfermería que dieron su opinión sobre las utilidades deseadas y las primeras impresiones. Conclusiones: En este momento, se están realizando pruebas para la capacitación de la Red Neural Artificial, y se espera utilizar una aplicación para promover diagnósticos de enfermería a partir de signos vitales del paciente, evaluaciones generales de salud e información del historial médico electrónico del paciente, junto con el juicio clínico y crítico de la enfermera profesional(AU)


Introduction: Systematization of nursing care must be implemented, especially in the case that there is a more advanced level of patient care, such as in intensive care units, which are recognized places where great experience and technologies are concentrated. Objective: To propose a model of a decision support system using artificial neural networks for the elaboration of nursing diagnoses through an Android application. Methods: This study is characterized by being a type of methodological and technological prototype in which the vital signs of patients admitted to an intensive care unit will be analyzed. The data will be obtained from the database of Smart Monitoring of Intensive Care Parameters, which contains physiological signals and vital sign series captured from patient monitors, and which are obtained from hospital medical information systems of thousands of patients in intensive care units. Results: The application, in its final phase of implementation, is designed with active screens worked together by a body of nursing professionals who gave their opinion on the desired benefits and first impressions. Conclusions: At this time, tests are being carried out to train the artificial neural network, and an application is expected to be used for promoting nursing diagnoses based on the patient's vital signs, general health evaluations, and information on the patient's electronic medical history, together with the clinical and critical judgment of the professional nurse(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Diagnosis/methods , Electronic Health Records/trends , Patient Care/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care/methods , Information Systems , Vital Signs
11.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(11): 783-785, dic2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1049774

ABSTRACT

Background: It is widely established that the extraction of impaled objects should be carried out under direct vision. In the case of stable patients, endoscopic vision can be used as an alternative. Clinical Case: A 70-year-old male is admitted for a 5-hour impaled precordial stab wound. Evolution valued according to ATLS standards. Clinically and hemodynamically compensated patient. On physical examination: left pulmonary hypoventilation, subcutaneous emphysema, no jugular engorgement. Control of vital signs: TA: 110 / 70mmHg, FC: 70min, FR: 20min, Sat02: 97%. Complementary studies: ECO FAST: no pericardial fluid. Rx thorax: mild left pneumothorax heme. Chest CT: Puncture object of 18 cm in the left lung of AP and medial to the lateral path, hematoma of the angle, and hemopneumothorax grade I. Surgery: Patient in dorsal recumbency, under ARM with selective intubation. An incision in 5th left intercostal space, middle axillary line. 10mm trocar placement, 30 ° optics introduction. After discarding the commitment of the pericardium, active bleeding, and observing that the end of the weapon was going through the end of the angle, the weapon is removed under endoscopic vision. Clot washing/aspiration. Verification of hemostasis, absence of air leakage and pulmonary expansion. Drainage with 28 French tubes. Evolution: Derived from UTI extubated. CT scan thorax 72 h post: small intraparenchymal hematoma left, expanded lung. Minimum serohematic debit. Pleural tube and definitive discharge are removed on the 4th post-surgical day. Discussion: The literature suggests in the urgency, the removal of impaled objects under direct vision of the compromised structures. However, in stable patients, the previous study with CT should be unavoidable. Video-thoracoscopy in these wounded can avoid open surgery, but the procedure must be performed in trauma reference centers, with the appropriate means and by a trained surgical team willing to perform an emergency thoracotomy


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Chest Pain/surgery , Thoracotomy , Laparoscopy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Vital Signs
12.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1307-1311, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1022248

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study's goal has been to describe the antecedent signs and symptoms of sepsis in patients hospitalized in the Medical Clinic of a Federal Hospital in Rio de Janeiro city, which are identified by a Registered Nurse; to analyze how the Nurse correlates the signs and symptoms with Sepsis-1, Sepsis-2 and Sepsis-3. Methods: It is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach; the population were 10 Registered Nurses who worked daytime shifts in the nursing ward. Data collection was performed through a structured questionnaire, addressing the identification of signs and symptoms that precede sepsis, including the characteristics and peculiarities of sepsis. Results: The Nurses have adequate understanding regarding the concept of sepsis, although they have showed difficulties in correlating some of the signs and symptoms. Conclusion: The Nurses are aware that sepsis is a health problem and that they provide direct care to the patient, therefore, it is important to identify the signs and symptoms that precede it in order to offer quality assistance and to help reducing new cases


Objetivo: Descrever os sinais e sintomas que antecedem a sepse em pacientes internados na Clínica Médica de um Hospital Federal no Rio de Janeiro identificados pelo Enfermeiro; analisar como o Enfermeiro correlaciona os sinais e sintomas com a Sepsis-1, Sepsis-2 e Sepsis-3. Métodos: Estudo descritivo com abordagem quantitativa, a população foram 10 Enfermeiros em plantões diurnos na enfermaria da Clínica. A coleta de dados foi um questionário estruturado, abordando identificação dos sinais e sintomas que antecedem a sepse, englobando as características e particularidades da sepse. Resultados: Evidenciou-se que possuem entendimento sobre o conceito de sepse, entretanto apresentaram dificuldades em correlacionar alguns dos sinais e sintomas dos tipos de sepse. Conclusão: Ciente que a sepse é um problema de saúde e o Enfermeiro presta cuidado direto ao paciente, percebe-se a importância na identificação dos sinais e sintomas que a antecedem para oferecer assistência de qualidade e auxiliar na redução dos casos


Objetivo: Describe los síntomas y antecedentes de la sepsis en pacientes internados en la Clínica Médica de un Hospital Federal en Río de Janeiro por el enfermero; analizar cómo el enfermero correlaciona los signos y síntomas con Sepsis-1, Sepsis-2 y Sepsis-3. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo con abordaje cuantitativo, la población fue 10 enfermeros en turnos diurnos en la enfermería de la Clínica. La recolección de datos fue un cuestionario estructurado, abordando identificación de los signos y síntomas que anteceden a la sepsis, englobando las características y particularidades de la sepsis. Resultados: Tienen un entendimiento adecuado sobre el concepto de sepsis, sin embargo, presentan dificultades en correlacionar algunos de los signos y síntomas. Conclusión: Es consciente de que la sepsis es un problema de salud y el enfermero presta atención directa al paciente, se percibe la importancia en la identificación de los signos y síntomas que la anteceden para ofrecer asistencia de calidad y auxiliar en la reducción de los casos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/diagnosis , Sepsis/nursing , Sepsis/prevention & control , Diagnosis , Vital Signs
14.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 19(3): 545-555, Jul.-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041088

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to evaluate the modified early obstetric warning system (MEOWS) in women after pregnancies in a tertiary hospital in Brazil. Methods: a descriptive study was conducted with 705 hospitalized women. Vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature) and lochia were registered on medical records and transcribed into the MEOWS chart of physiological parameters. On this graphic chart, yellow alerts were used to present moderate abnormalities in vital signs, while severe abnormalities were presented in red. The presence of at least one red alert or two yellow alerts were triggered to indicate the need for medical evaluation. Results: although abnormalities were found in the physiological parameters of 49.8% of the women identified from MEOWS triggers, medical evaluation was only requested for three patients (0.8%). Conclusions: in a retrospective application of the use of MEOWS showed a significant number of patients had triggered in which the nursing team did not recognize 99.2% of cases. This finding could be attributed to the fact that MEOWS has not been yet adopted in this service as part of the nursing care. The application of this tool would result in a better care because critical situations would be recognized and corrected quickly, avoiding unfavorable outcomes.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar o modified early obstetric warning system (MEOWS) em mulheres após gestações, em um hospital terciário do Brasil. Métodos: foi realizado um estudo descritivo incluindo 705 mulheres internadas. Os sinais vitais (pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica, frequência cardíaca, frequência respiratória, temperatura) e lóquios, registrados no prontuário, foram transcritos para o gráfico de parâmetros fisiológicos do MEOWS. Neste gráfico, anormalidades moderadas nos sinais vitais eram sinalizadas por alertas amarelos, enquanto anormalidades graves eram sina-lizadas em vermelho. A presença de, pelo menos, um alerta vermelho ou dois alertas amarelos foi chamada de eventos gatilho, indicando necessidade de avaliação médica. Resultados: dentre as mulheres estudadas, 49,8% apresentaram anormalidades nos parâmetros fisiológicos, através da identificação de eventos gatilho no MEOWS, porém avaliação médica foi solicitada para apenas três pacientes, resultando num percentual de 0,8%. Conclusões: a utilização do MEOWS, de forma retrospectiva, evidenciou uma quantidade significativa de pacientes apresentando eventos gatilho, os quais não foram reconhecidos pela equipe de enfermagem em 99,2% dos casos. Este achado pode ser atribuído ao fato de o MEOWS ainda não ser adotado no serviço como parte da rotina dos cuidados de enfermagem. A aplicação dessa ferramenta resultaria numa assistência melhor, pois situações críticas seriam reconhecidas e corrigidas com maior precocidade, evitando desfechos desfavoráveis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , Clinical Alarms/standards , Monitoring, Physiologic/methods , Pregnancy Complications/mortality , Maternal Mortality , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Risk , Retrospective Studies , Health Status Indicators , Vital Signs , Near Miss, Healthcare
15.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 20(1): 34-44, Agosto2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010312

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: el nivel de ruido recomendado en las unidades de cuidados intensivos neonatales es menor a 45 dBA, para lo cual es necesario controlar sus fuentes y aplicar estrategias efectivas de auditoría e insonorización. Superar el valor recomendado expone al recién nacido a procesos de estrés continuo, que producen efectos adversos en el desarrollo posnatal. Propósito: determinar los niveles de presión sonora y sus efectos fisiológicos en el recién nacido admitido en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Neonatales. Materiales y métodos: este estudio es descriptivo, observacional, prospectivo y se realizó en el Hospital Ginecológico Obstétrico Isidro Ayora. Un total de 66 recién nacidos fueron evaluados. Las mediciones con sonómetro integrador tipo B calibrado se realizaron en las áreas de la unidad, obteniendo los niveles diarios de presión sonora equivalente (Laeq, dBA). Se utilizó la frecuencia relativa y la prueba chi-cuadrado de Pearson para las variables categóricas. Se analizaron las diferencias de medias con el test U de Mann Whitney. Se utilizaron medidas de tendencia central y dispersión para las variables cuantitativas. Finalmente, se diseñaron los diagramas de caja para la valoración de los resultados y la variación de los parámetros fisiológicos. Resultados: el 72.7 % de los muestreos realizados determinaron valores de niveles de presión sonora superiores a 45 dBA. El tipo de ruido presentado en las diversas salas de cuidados neonatales es de carácter grave, con frecuencias críticas que varían entre 1000 y 2000 Hz, con niveles de presión sonora ponderada equivalente de 57.8 dBA, 62.1 dBA, 56.9 dBA, 59.3 dBA, 59.7 dBA y 57.6 dBA. En nuestro estudio encontramos una variación del 21 al 25,6% en la frecuencia cardiaca y al menos del 3 al 5 % en la saturación de oxígeno con respecto al nivel basal cuando el recién nacido fue expuesto a un nivel de presión sonora superior a 45 dBA. Conclusiones: la exposición a niveles de presión ponderada continua sobre los 45 dBA produce efectos fisiológicos significativos en el recién nacido.


Background: The recommended noise level in the neonatal intensive care units is less than 45 dBA, for which it is important to control sources of sounds and apply effective soundproofing strategies. Exceeding the recommended value exposes the neonate to continuous stress which produces adverse effects in postnatal development. Aim: To determine sound pressure levels and their physiological effects in the neonates admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Materials and Methods: This is aprospective, observational and descriptive study, it was carried out in the Gynecological Obstetric Hospital Isidro Ayora. A total of 66 newborns were evaluated. Sound levels were measured with a calibrated Type B integrating sound level meter in different areas of the unit obtaining the daily equivalent sound pressure levels (Laeq, dBA). Relative frequency and Pearson's Chi Square were applied for categorical variables. Mean differences were analyzed with the Mann Whitney U test. Measures of central tendency and dispersion were applied for quantitative variables. Box diagrams were designed for the evaluation of results and variation of physiological parameters. Results: 72.7% of the samplings carried out, determined values of sound pressure levels higher than 45 dBA. We found a variation of 21 to 25.6% on the heart rate and at least 3 to 5% on the oxygen saturation level when neonates were exposed to a sound pressure level above 45 dBA. Conclusions: Exposure to continuous weighted pressure levels above 45 dBA, produces significant physiological effects in the newborn.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units , Noise , Hour Variations , Environment , Vital Signs
16.
Rev. ADM ; 76(4): 229-233, jul.-ago 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023911

ABSTRACT

La medición de los signos vitales es de gran importancia en el consultorio dental, de esta forma podemos obtener una visión objetiva y anticipada del estado funcional del paciente. Según la información obtenida, se tomarán decisiones terapéuticas. El odontólogo debe saber que el seguimiento clínico y el uso de la técnica adecuada para sus mediciones representan un aspecto muy relevante para prevenir emergencias en el consultorio dental. El odontólogo debe medir los signos vitales antes, durante y después del procedimiento dental y, del mismo modo, debe estar involucrado en la situación individual de cada paciente y proporcionar medidas higiénicodietéticas para mejorar su calidad de vida. La evaluación continua de los signos vitales durante el procedimiento quirúrgico dental, en el que se usan anestésicos locales, es particularmente relevante en este caso, ya que puede ayudarnos a prevenir complicaciones como arritmias cardiacas, crisis hipertensivas o angina de pecho. El objetivo de este artículo es promover en toda la profesión odontológica, el monitoreo de los signos vitales, su técnica de medición correcta y su correlación con otros datos de un historial completo médico y dental (AU)


The measurement of vital signs is of great importance in the dental office, this way we can obtain an objective and anticipated vision of the functional state of the patient. According to the information obtained, therapeutic decisions will be made. The dentist must know that monitoring and using the appropriate technique for its measurements, represents a very relevant aspect for the emergency in the dental office. The dentist must measure the vital signs before, during and after the dental procedure, likewise, they must be involved in the individual situation of each patient and provide hygienic-dietetic measures to improve their quality of life. The continuous assessment of vital signs during the dental surgical procedure, in which local anesthetics are used, is particularly relevant in this case since it can help us prevent complications such as cardiac arrhythmias, hypertensive crisis or angor pectoris. The objective of this article is to promote throughout the dental profession, the monitoring of vital signs, their correct measurement technique and their correlation with other data from a complete medical and dental history (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergencies , Vital Signs , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Pulse , Vasoconstrictor Agents , Comprehensive Dental Care , Oral Surgical Procedures , Arterial Pressure , Hypertension , Angina Pectoris
17.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3072, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-985655

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the occurrence of warning signs and changes in vital signs in individuals who experienced in-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest and correlate them with the occurrence of this event. Method: this is a retrospective, analytical and quantitative study that included 218 medical records of patients who suffered in-hospital cardiorespiratory arrest and identified warning signs and alterations in vital signs. Mean, standard deviation, median, minimum and maximum values were calculated for the continuous variables, and frequency and percentage for the categorical variables. We compared the age and occurrence of cardiorespiratory arrest with the occurrence of warning signs using the Chi-Square Test and the Mann Whitney non-parametric test (p-value < 0.05). Results: 62.1% of the patients presented signs and symptoms of shock, 44.9% of neurological alteration, 40.4% of malaise, 15.2% presented signs suggestive of acute coronary syndrome, and 25.9% presented mental confusion. In the last measurement of vital signs before cardiorespiratory arrest, the majority of patients had altered abnormal (32.6%) and severely abnormal (23.9%) heart rate, and abnormal (37.1%) and severely abnormal (27.0%) respiratory rate. Conclusion: the warning signs identified were: shock, neurological signs, malaise and acute coronary syndrome. The prevalent changes in vital signs were: heart rate, respiratory rate and O2 saturation. Patients with severely abnormal systolic blood pressure were not discharged and those with abnormal respiratory rate did not survive 6 months after cardiorespiratory arrest.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar ocorrência dos sinais de alerta e alterações nos sinais vitais em indivíduos com parada cardiorrespiratória intra-hospitalar e correlacioná-los à ocorrência desse evento. Método: estudo retrospectivo, analítico e quantitativo que incluiu 218 prontuários de pacientes que sofreram parada cardiorrespiratória intra-hospitalar e identificados sinais de alerta e alterações nos sinais vitais. Para variáveis contínuas, calculou-se média, desvio padrão, mediana, mínimo e máximo; para as categóricas, frequência e percentual. Comparou-se a idade e ocorrência de parada cardiorrespiratória com ocorrência de sinais de alerta pelo Teste Qui-Quadrado e Teste não paramétrico de MannWhitney (p-valor<0,05). Resultados: 62,1% dos pacientes apresentaram sinais e sintomas de choque, 44,9% neurológicos, 40,4% mal-estar, 15,2% sugestivos de síndrome coronariana aguda e 25,9% confusão mental. Na última mensuração dos sinais vitais antes da parada cardiorrespiratória, a maioria apresentou frequência cardíaca alterada, anormal (32,6%) e severamente anormal (23,9%), frequência respiratória anormal (37,1%) e severamente anormal (27,0%). Conclusão: identificou-se como sinais de alerta: sinais de choque, neurológicos, mal-estar e síndrome coronariana aguda. Alterações nos sinais vitais prevalentes foram: frequência cardíaca, respiratória e saturação de O2. Pacientes com pressão arterial sistólica severamente anormal não receberam alta e aqueles com frequência respiratória anormal não sobreviveram em 6 meses após a parada cardiorrespiratória.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar la presencia de señales de alerta y alteraciones en los signos vitales en individuos con parada cardiorrespiratoria intrahospitalaria y correlacionarlos a la ocurrencia de ese evento. Método: estudio retrospectivo, analítico y cuantitativo que incluyó 218 prontuarios de pacientes que sufrieron paro cardiorrespiratorio intrahospitalario e identificados signos de alerta y alteraciones en los signos vitales. Para variables continuas, se calculó la media, desviación estándar, mediana, mínima y máxima; para las categóricas, se calculó la frecuencia y el porcentaje. Se comparó la edad y ocurrencia de parada cardiorrespiratoria con ocurrencia de señales de alerta por el Test Chi-cuadrado y Test no paramétrico de MannWhitney (p-valor <0,05). Resultados: 62,1% de los pacientes presentaron signos y síntomas de shock, 44,9% neurológicos, 40,4% malestar, 15,2% sugestivos de síndrome coronario agudo y 25,9% confusión mental. En la última medición de los signos vitales antes de la parada cardiorrespiratoria, la mayoría presentó frecuencia cardiaca alterada, anormal (32,6%) y severamente anormal (23,9%), frecuencia respiratoria anormal (37,1%) y severamente anormal (27,0%). Conclusión: como signos de alerta se identificaron: signos de shock, neurológicos, malestar y síndrome coronario agudo. Los cambios en los signos vitales prevalentes fueron: frecuencia cardíaca, respiratoria y saturación de O2. Los pacientes con presión arterial sistólica severamente anormal no recibieron alta y aquellos con frecuencia respiratoria anormal no sobrevivieron en 6 meses después de la parada cardiorrespiratoria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergency Nursing/organization & administration , Hospital Care/organization & administration , Secondary Prevention/organization & administration , Vital Signs , Heart Arrest
18.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1258694

ABSTRACT

Background There are few reports of electrocardiogram (ECG) findings and their prognostic value in acutely ill patients admitted to low resource hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa.Methods:We undertook an observational study of acutely ill medical patients admitted to a low-resource hospital in Uganda. Vital signs were used to calculate the National Early Warning Score (NEWS), and all ECGs were assessed using Tan et al.'s scoring system as described in Clin Cardiol 2009;32:82­86.Results There were 1361 ECGs performed, covering 68% of all acutely ill medical patients admitted to the hospital during the study. The most common ECG abnormality was a prolonged QTc interval (42% of all patients) and left ventricular hypertrophy (13.5%). Compared to the 519 patients (38%) with no Tan score abnormality, the 842 (62%) patients with one or more abnormalities were more likely to die in hospital (OR = 2.82; CI95% = 1.50­5.36) and within 30 days of discharge (OR = 2.46; CI95% = 1.50­4.08). There was no relationship between age and mortality; however, after adjustment by logistic regression, any NEWS ≥1 on admission, a Tan score of ≥1, and male sex all remained clinically significant predictors of both in-hospital and 30-day mortality.Discussion:The majority of acutely ill medical patients admitted in a low-resource hospital in sub-Saharan Africa had ECG abnormalities, of which prolonged QTc and left ventricular hypertrophy were most common. Those with any Tan score abnormality were twice as likely to die as those without an abnormality


Subject(s)
Electrocardiography , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Prognosis , Uganda , Vital Signs
19.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 295-305, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816610

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although lavender is purported to possess anxiolytic and sedative properties and is often recommended for relieving anxiety, the efficacy of lavender has not been well established. Thus, this review aimed to evaluate the anxiolytic effects of lavender aromatherapy.METHODS: Ten data bases were searched for studies published between 2000 and 2018. Randomized controlled trials investigating the anxiolytic effects of lavender aromatherapy with any type of application for persons with or without clinical anxiety were included. The outcome variables included self-rated anxiety, vital signs, and salivary cortisol and chromogranin A (CgA) levels. In the meta-analysis, standardized mean difference and 95% confidence interval were calculated as effect measures by applying the random effect model and inverse variance method.RESULTS: Twenty-two trials met our inclusion criteria. Lavender aromatherapy was found to have favorable effects in relieving anxiety (Hedges' ĝ = −0.65; 95% CI, −0.84 to −0.46) and decreasing systolic blood pressure (ĝ = −0.22; 95% CI, −0.43 to −0.02), heart rate (ĝ = −0.53; 95% CI, −0.74 to −0.32), and salivary cortisol (ĝ = −1.29; 95% CI, −2.23 to −0.35) and CgA (ĝ = −2.29; 95% CI, −3.24 to −1.34) levels. However, the meta-analysis did not reveal any significant effects of lavender on diastolic blood pressure (effect size: −0.17; 95% CI, −0.37e0.04).CONCLUSION: Aromatherapy using lavender oil might have favorable effects on anxiety and its physiological manifestations. Future studies are recommended with an emphasis on methodological quality. In nursing practice, it is suggested that lavender aromatherapy be included in programs intended to manage anxiety in patients across diverse healthcare settings.


Subject(s)
Anti-Anxiety Agents , Anxiety , Aromatherapy , Blood Pressure , Chromogranin A , Delivery of Health Care , Heart Rate , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Lavandula , Methods , Nursing , Vital Signs
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758477

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS) has been used in all emergency departments (EDs) since 2016. Medical personnel can provide the treatment priority based on the KTAS levels. The inter-rater agreement with KTAS has not been reported, even though most triage assignments are performed by nurses in Korea. This study was aimed to verify the agreement of triage levels between emergency physicians (EPs) and nurses with KTAS. METHODS: This was a prospective, single-center study of an academic tertiary medical center. If the patient visits the ED, the triage nurse and EP meet the patients together. The nurse performed the history taking and physical examinations including vital signs measurements then recorded the KTAS levels. The EP did not interfere with the nurse's decision. The EP also decided the KTAS levels. The designated codes and levels were compared. The EP recorded the detailed reasons for the disagreement if there was discrepancy. RESULTS: Comparisons were performed with 928 patients. The number of patients in each KTAS level was 95 (10.2%) in level I, 263 (28.3%) in level II, 348 (37.5%) in level III, 144 (15.5%) in level IV, and 78 (8.4%) in level V. The overall agreement was 761 (82%), and the Kappa coefficient was 0.691. The errors of history taking were most frequent (131, 78.4%). Insufficient understanding of the disease pathophysiology, inaccurate neurological examinations, and errors that did not consider the vital signs except for the blood pressure were encountered in 12 (7.2%). CONCLUSION: The agreement rate was high between EPs and nurses using KTAS (K=0.691, substantial agreement).


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Korea , Neurologic Examination , Observer Variation , Physical Examination , Prospective Studies , Triage , Vital Signs
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