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1.
Rev. tecnol. (St. Tecla, En línea) ; (15): 43-47, ene.-dic. 2022. ilus.^c28 cm., graf.
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1413137

ABSTRACT

El presente estudio de factibilidad técnica realizado por docentes investigadores del Centro Regional MEGATEC Zacatecoluca se centró en desarrollar una investigación descriptiva y aplicada para escalar la comunicación de un Sistema Central de Monitoreo de Pacientes a dispositivos móviles. El objetivo principal del proyecto fue brindar alternativas para escalar y optimizar el acceso a la información de los signos vitales de pacientes, a través de la integración y desarrollo de herramientas informáticas y aplicaciones de terceros, con el software del sistema y componentes informáticos del Sistema Central de Monitoreo. El proyecto integró herramientas, conocimientos, habilidades, experiencias, métodos y procedimientos requeridos para el desarrollo e implementación de un sistema de comunicación interoperable entre aplicaciones heterogéneas. Se utilizaron protocolos y estándares para intercambiar información entre aplicaciones de salud HL7 y FHIR.


This technical feasibility study carried out by research professors from the Centro Regional MEGATEC Zacatecoluca focused on the developing of a descriptive and applied research to scale the communication of a Central Patient Monitoring System to mobile devices. The main objective of the project was to provide alternatives to scale and optimize access to information on the vital signs of patients, through the integration and development of computer tools, and third-party applications with the system software and computer components of the Central System Monitoring. The project integrated tools, knowledge, skills, experiences, methods and procedures required for the development and implementation of an interoperable communication system between heterogeneous applications. Protocols and standards were used to exchange information between HL7 and FHIR health applications.


Subject(s)
Software , Vital Signs , Patients
2.
Medicina UPB ; 41(2): 114-120, julio-diciembre 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392151

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: el dolor se define como "una experiencia sensorial y emocional desagradable asociada o similar a la asociada con daño tisular real o potencial". El objetivo de este estudio es describir la prevalencia, evaluación y manejo del dolor, en pacientes hospitalizados en una institución de alta complejidad. Metodología: estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal. Se incluyeron adultos hospitalizados en una institución de alta complejidad durante tres meses; excluyendo pacientes con <48h de hospitalización, alteración del estado de conciencia, diálisis extrainstitucional o historias clínicas incompletas para cumplir los objetivos. El análisis de la información se realizó aplicando métodos descriptivos. Los análisis fueron llevados a cabo en el paquete estadístico SPSSv.26(Inc, Chicago, IL). Resultados: se incluyeron 655 pacientes hospitalizados que cumplieron criterios de elegibilidad, con una edad promedio de 53.9 años. La mediana de días de estancia hospitalaria fue de 5 (RIQ 2­8). El número de tomas del dolor en relación con el número de tomas de signos vitales es de 1:4. Los pacientes recibieron entre 2 y 6 medicamentos diferentes para el control del dolor, siendo la dipirona, con el 68.5%, la más utilizada. Al egreso casi la totalidad de los pacientes presentó un adecuado control del dolor. Conclusiones: persiste una deficiencia en las tomas de la eva cada vez que se toman los signos vitales del paciente hospitalizado. La implementación de la política institucional "clínica que alivia el dolor" busca que se logre un adecuado control del dolor durante la hospitalización.


Objective: pain is defined as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated or similar to that associated with actual or potential tissue damage." The aim was to describe the prevalence, evaluation, and management of pain in patients hospitalized in a high complexity institution. Methodology: longitudinal descriptive observational study. Adults hospitalized from an overly complex institution for three months were included; excluding patients with <48h of hospitalization, altered state of consciousness, extra-institutional dialysis or incomplete medical records to meet the objectives. The information analysis was conducted by applying descriptive methods. The analyzes were carried out in the statistical package SPSSv.26 (Inc, Chicago, IL). Results: 655 hospitalized patients who met eligibility criteria were included, with a mean age of 53.9 years. The median days of hospital stay was 5 (IQR, 2­8). The number of shots of pain in relation to the number of vital signs shots is 1: 4. The patients received between 2 and 6 different medications for pain control, with dipyrone being the most widely used (68.5%). At discharge, almost all of the patients had adequate pain control. Conclusions: a deficiency persists in the VAS measurements each time the vital signs of the hospitalized patient are taken. The implementation of the institutional policy "clinic that relieves pain" seeks to achieve adequate pain control during hospitalization.


Objetivo: A dor é definida como "uma experiência sensorial e emocional desagradável associada ou semelhante àquela associada a dano tecidual real ou potencial". O objetivo deste estudo é descrever a prevalência, avaliação e manejo da dor em pacientes internados em uma instituição de alta complexidade. Metodologia:estudo observacional descritivo longitudinal. Foram incluídos adultos internados em instituição de alta complexidade por três meses; excluindo pacientes com menos de 48h de internação, estado alterado de consciência, diálise extrainstitucional ou prontuários incompletos para atender aos objetivos. A análise das informações foi realizada por meio de métodos descritivos. As análises foram realizadas no pacote estatístico SPSSv.26( Inc , Chicago, IL).Resultados: Foram incluídos 655 pacientes internados que preencheram os critérios de elegibilidade, com média de idade de 53,9 anos. O número médio de dias de internação foi de 5 (IQR 2-8). O número de injeções de dor em relação ao número de injeções de sinais vitais é 1:4. Os pacientes receberam entre 2 e 6 medicamentos diferentes para controle da dor, sendo a dipirona , com 68,5%, a mais utilizada. Na alta, quase todos os pacientes apresentavam controle adequado da dor. Conclusões: persiste uma deficiência nas medidasvas toda vez que se mede os sinais vitais do paciente hospitalizado. A implantação da política institucional "clínica que alivia a dor" busca alcançar o controle adequado da dor durante a internação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain , Vital Signs , Pain Management , Hospitalization
3.
MedUNAB ; 25(2): 253-263, 2022/08/01.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395932

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En este artículo se presenta una reflexión sobre la necesidad de tener una visión holística en la problemática de la prematurez, para que los equipos del área de salud puedan tener una comprensión de la multiplicidad de factores presentes en el parto prematuro, y sus consecuencias para el menor, la madre, los familiares y el personal de salud involucrado. Tema de reflexión. El tema se sustenta en dos investigaciones realizadas con las madres, los padres y los niños beneficiarios del Programa Madre Canguro en un hospital del Estado, en dos momentos, 2012 y 2014, con algunos de los autores del presente artículo. Conclusiones. Además de la revisión de la literatura científica relacionada con el tema y la problemática, se concluye que, bajo una mirada holística, se comprende de manera integral la problemática y se propicia una mejor comunicación con los padres; con el equipo de la atención en salud, se logra un manejo transdisciplinario, superando los objetos de estudios aislados. Se da así un abordaje integrador y significativo en la cotidianidad de cada actor, desde la piel, con el Programa Madre Canguro, hasta la racionalidad de la ciencia.


Introduction. This article presents a reflection on the need for a holistic view of the problem of premature births, so that healthcare teams can understand the multiplicity of factors present in premature births, and its consequences for the minor, the mother, the family members, and the healthcare staff involved. Topic of reflection. The topic is based on two investigations carried out with mothers, fathers, and children's beneficiaries of the Mother Kangaroo Program in a State hospital, at two moments, 2012 and 2014, with some of the authors of this article. Conclusions. In addition to the review of the scientific literature related to the topic and the problem, it is concluded that, under a holistic view, the problem is understood in a comprehensive way and better communication with the parents is encouraged. With the healthcare team, cross-disciplinary handling is achieved, overcoming the objects of isolated studies. As such, there is an integrative and significant approach in the daily life of each actor, from the skin, with the Mother Kangaroo Program, to the rationality of science.


Introdução. Este artigo apresenta uma reflexão sobre a necessidade de se ter uma visão holística da problemática da prematuridade, para que as equipes da área da saúde possam ter uma compreensão da multiplicidade de fatores presentes no parto prematuro, e suas consequências para a criança, a mãe, os familiares e o pessoal de saúde envolvido. Tópico de reflexão. O tema é baseado em duas pesquisas realizadas com mães, pais e filhos beneficiários do Programa Mãe Canguru em um hospital estadual, em dois momentos, 2012 e 2014, com alguns dos autores deste artigo. Conclusões. Além da revisão da literatura científica relacionada ao tópico e ao problema, conclui-se que, sob uma visão holística, o problema é plenamente compreendido e incentiva-se uma melhor comunicação com os pais; com a equipe de saúde, consegue-se uma gestão transdisciplinar, superando os objetos de estudos isolados. Isto proporciona uma abordagem integradora e significativa no cotidiano de cada ator, desde a pele, com o Programa Mãe Canguru, até a racionalidade da ciência.


Subject(s)
Infant, Premature , Child Development , Patient Care Team , Anthropometry , Comprehensive Health Care , Vital Signs , Kangaroo-Mother Care Method
4.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 32: 32113, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1418995

ABSTRACT

Avaliar a associação da medida de frequência cardíaca (FC) e saturação periférica de oxigênio (SpO2 ) utilizando um aplicativo de celular e um monitor multiparamétrico. Métodos: Estudo experimental e randomizado entre participantes saudáveis. Investigou o aplicativo Samsung Health® e o monitor multiparamétrico da marca Midway®, modelo: PM-60. O estudo foi estruturado em quatro etapas. Para análise estatística, aplicou correlação de Pearson e Spearman, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Dos 150 participantes a idade média foi de 22,3±4,5 anos, o sexo feminino foi predominante (71,3%). Verificouse forte correlação da FC medida pelo monitor com a FC do aplicativo de celular (r=0,93) indicando correlação positiva (p<0,001). A SpO2 medida por monitor multiparamétrico e pelo aplicativo de celular revelou um r=0,05 (p=0,51), o que atesta uma correlação nula e não significativa. Conclusão: Não houve correlação entre a medida da SpO2 do monitor multiparamétrico e do aplicativo Samsung Health®, não sendo confiável a utilização deste aplicativo para monitorar e gerenciar o sinal vital SpO2 em pessoas saudáveis. A FC medida com o aplicativo é significativa, e pode ser utilizada para monitorar e gerenciar esse sinal vital.


Assess the association of the measure of heart rate (HR) and oxygen saturation (SpO2 ) using a mobile application and a multiparameter monitor. Methods: Study experimental and randomized healthy participants. Investigated the application Samsung Health® and multiparameter monitor Midway® make, model: PM-60. The study was divided into four stages. Statistical analysis was applied Pearson and Spearman correlation with 5% significance level. Results: Of the 150 participants average age was 22.3±4.5 years, females were predominant (71.3%). There was a strong correlation HR measured by the monitor application to cell FC (r=0.93) indicating a positive correlation (p<0.001). SpO2 measured by multiparameter monitor and the mobile application revealed r=0.05 (p=0.51), which demonstrates a zero and no significant correlation. Conclusion: There was no correlation between the SpO2 measurement of the multiparameter monitor and the Samsung Health® app, not being trusted to use this application to monitor and manage the vital sign SpO2 in healthy people. The HR measured with the application is significant, and can be used to monitor and manage this vital sign.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Mobile Applications/statistics & numerical data , Oxygen Saturation , Heart Rate , Simple Random Sampling , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Cell Phone/statistics & numerical data , Vital Signs , Heart Rate Determination/instrumentation , Monitoring, Physiologic/instrumentation
5.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56(spe): e20210445, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387302

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the effect of using the National Early Warning Score (NEWS) system on the compliance of the vital signs monitoring interval with those recommended for patients in the emergency room. Methods: This is a quasi-experimental, before-and-after study, performed in an emergency room with 280 adult patients selected by convenience. The effect of NEWS on the compliance of the vital signs monitoring interval with those recommended by the system was analyzed by linear regression. Results: In the Pre-NEWS phase, 143 patients were analyzed (mean age ± standard deviation: 54.4 ± 20.5; male: 56.6%) and, in the Post-NEWS phase, 137 patients (mean age ± standard deviation: 55.5 ± 20.8; male: 50.4%). There was compliance of the vital signs monitoring interval with what is recommended by NEWS in 92.6% of vital signs records after adopting this instrument. This compliance was 9% (p < 0.001) higher in the Post-NEWS phase. Conclusion: The use of the NEWS system increased the compliance of the vital signs monitoring intervals with the ones recommended, but this compliance decreased when the NEWS score pointed to a shorter interval in the monitoring of vital signs.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Verificar el efecto del uso del sistema National Early Warning Score (NEWS) sobre el cumplimiento del intervalo de monitoreo de los signos vitales conforme a lo recomendado a pacientes en urgencias. Método: Estudio casi experimental, de tipo antes y después, realizado con 280 pacientes adultos seleccionados por conveniencia en un servicio de urgencias. Con el uso de la regresión lineal se analizó el efecto del NEWS sobre el cumplimiento del intervalo de monitoreo de los signos vitales conforme a lo recomendado por el sistema. Resultados: En la fase Pre-NEWS se analizaron 143 pacientes (edad media ± desviación estándar: 54,4 ± 20,5; sexo masculino: 56,6%) y, en la fase Post-NEWS, 137 pacientes (edad media ± desviación estándar: 55,5 ± 20,8; sexo masculino: 50,4%). El 92,6% de los registros de signos vitales después de la adopción de este instrumento presentaron cumplimiento del intervalo de monitoreo de los signos vitales conforme a lo recomendado por el NEWS. Este cumplimiento fue mayor en la fase Post-NEWS con un 9% (p < 0,001). Conclusion: El uso del sistema NEWS tuvo un incremento del cumplimiento de los intervalos de monitoreo de los signos vitales conforme a lo recomendado, pero este cumplimiento disminuyó cuando el puntaje NEWS apuntó a un intervalo más corto en el monitoreo de los signos vitales.


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar o efeito do uso do sistema National Early Warning Score (NEWS) na conformidade do intervalo de monitoramento dos sinais vitais com o recomendado em pacientes no pronto-socorro. Método: Estudo quasi-experimental, do tipo antes e depois, realizado em um pronto-socorro com 280 pacientes adultos selecionados por conveniência. O efeito do NEWS na conformidade do intervalo de monitoramento dos sinais vitais com o recomendado pelo sistema foi analisado por regressão linear. Resultados: Na fase Pré-NEWS, foram analisados 143 pacientes (idade média ± desvio-padrão: 54,4 ± 20,5; sexo masculino: 56,6%) e, na fase Pós-NEWS, 137 pacientes (idade média ± desvio-padrão: 55,5 ± 20,8; sexo masculino: 50,4%). Houve conformidade do intervalo de monitoramento dos sinais vitais com o recomendo pelo NEWS em 92,6% dos registros de sinais vitais após adoção desse instrumento. Essa conformidade foi maior na fase Pós-NEWS em 9% (p < 0,001). Conclusão: O uso do sistema NEWS aumentou a conformidade dos intervalos de monitorização dos sinais vitais com o recomendado, porém essa conformidade diminuiu quando o escore NEWS apontou para intervalo menor no monitoramento dos sinais vitais.


Subject(s)
Emergency Service, Hospital , Early Warning Score , Vital Signs , Clinical Deterioration , Nursing Care
6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 68-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928860

ABSTRACT

Physiological parameter monitoring is essential to medical staff to evaluate, diagnose and treat patients in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Monitoring in NICU includes basic vital signal monitoring and functional monitoring. Basic vital signal monitoring (including ECG, respiration, SpO2, blood pressure, temperature) is advanced and focus on study of usability, continuity and anti-interference. Functional monitoring (including respiratory function, circulatory function, cerebral function) still focus on study of monitoring precision and reliability. Meanwhile, video monitoring and artifact intelligence have presented well performance on improving monitoring precision and anti-interference. In this article, the main parameters and relevant measurement technology for monitoring critical neonates were described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Monitoring, Physiologic , Reproducibility of Results , Respiration , Technology , Vital Signs
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 506-514, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347158

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: This quasi-experimental study aimed to evaluate the impact of early and regular mobilization on vital signs and oxygen saturation in open-heart surgery patients. Methods: The study universe comprised patients undergoing open-heart surgery in the cardiovascular intensive care unit of a heart center. The study sample consisted of patients who underwent open-heart surgery from November 2016 to April 2017, met the inclusion criteria, and voluntarily agreed to participate in the study. The study included 75 patients. Of these, 67 completed the mobilization program in two days, starting on the first postoperative day. Each patient was mobilized three times: twice on the first postoperative day and once on the second postoperative day. Vital signs and oxygen saturation for each patient were measured 10 minutes before and 20 minutes after each mobilization. Results: The difference between pulse and systolic blood pressure values measured before and after the first mobilization was statistically significant (P<0.05). In addition, the difference between the mean systolic blood pressure values before the first mobilization and after the third mobilization (123.43±14.09 mmHg and 117.94±14.05 mmHg, respectively) was statistically significant (P<0.05). The other parameters measured in relation to the mobilizations were in the normal range. Conclusion: Early and frequent mobilization did not cause vital signs and oxygen saturation to deviate from normal limits in open-heart surgery patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vital Signs , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Oxygen , Heart Rate , Intensive Care Units
8.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 35: e38825, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1279766

ABSTRACT

Objetivo avaliar o efeito da musicoterapia sobre os parâmetros vitais, ansiedade e as sensações vivenciadas no período gestacional. Método estudo de intervenção mista antes e depois, realizado com 30 gestantes atendidas em clínica-escola e no projeto de extensão universitária. Utilizou-se formulário de caracterização sociodemográfica, escala de ansiedade-estado, parâmetros vitais e roteiro de entrevista semiestruturado. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva, inferencial e análise temática de conteúdo. Resultados houve melhoria da frequência de pulso (p<0,000), respiração (p=0,002), frequência cardíaca (p<0,000) e saturação de oxigênio (p=0,002) evidenciando a efetividade da música sobre estes sinais vitais. Conclusão a gestação gera possíveis sensações negativas que podem impactar o estado emocional, e a musicoterapia promoveu impacto positivo, pois favoreceu a redução do grau da ansiedade, repercutiu na mobilidade da criança e possuiu efeito significativo na melhoria da pulsação, respiração, frequência cardíaca e saturação de oxigênio.


Objetivo evaluar el efecto de la musicoterapia en los parámetros vitales, ansiedad y sensaciones experimentadas durante el período gestacional. Método estudio mixto de intervención antes y después, realizado con 30 mujeres embarazadas atendidas en una clínica escolar y en el proyecto de extensión de la universidad. Se utilizó forma de caracterización sociodemográfica, escala de ansiedad del estado, parámetros vitales y guión de entrevista semiestructurado. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadísticas descriptivas, análisis de contenido inferencial y temático. Resultados hubo una mejora en la frecuencia del pulso (p<0.000), respiración (p=0.002), frecuencia cardíaca (p<0.000) y saturación de oxígeno (p=0.002), evidenciándose la eficacia de la música en estos signos vitales. Conclusión el embarazo genera posibles sensaciones negativas que pueden afectar el estado emocional, y la musicoterapia promovió un impacto positivo, ya que favoreció la reducción del grado de ansiedad, tuvo repercusiones en la movilidad del niño y tuvo un efecto significativo en la mejora del pulso, la respiración, la frecuencia cardíaca y la saturación de oxígeno.


Objective to evaluate the effect of music therapy on the vital parameters, anxiety and sensations experienced during the gestational period. Method mixed intervention before-after study, conducted with 30 pregnant women who attended a school clinic and in the university extension project. Sociodemographic characterization form, state anxiety scale, vital parameters and semi-structured interview script were used. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, inferential and thematic content analysis. Results there was an improvement in pulse frequency (p<0.000), breathing (p=0.002), heart rate (p<0.000) and oxygen saturation (p=0.002) evidencing the effectiveness of music on those vital signs. Conclusion pregnancy generates possible negative sensations that can influence the emotional state, and music therapy promoted a positive impact, as it favored the reduction of the degree of anxiety, had repercussions on the child's mobility and had a significant effect on the improvement of pulse, breathing, heart rate and oxygen saturation.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Complementary Therapies , Pregnant Women , Music Therapy , Vital Signs , Heart Rate , Methods
9.
Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; 2021. 52 p. ilus.^c28 cm., tab..
Monography in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1352860

ABSTRACT

La presente propuesta de diseño busca la interoperabilidad de datos en salud por medio de la integración de un sistema de comunicación a equipos especializados, utilizando las TI (Tecnologías de la Información) y el IoT (Internet de las Cosas) en los equipos biomédicos especializados o monitor que está siendo utilizado actualmente en los centros hospitalarios público a nivel nacional para la medición de signos vitales, con el objetivo de poder brindar una atención sanitaria a pacientes con padecimientos médicos y que necesitan de una constante supervisión y vigilancia. En los centros hospitalarios se cuenta con equipo biomédico especializado que carece de dichas funcionalidades. Esto repercute u obliga al responsable especialista a tener que estar frente al monitor y paciente para poder observar las mediciones o lecturas que presenta un paciente.


This design proposal seeks the interoperability of health data through the integration of a communication system to specialized equipment, using IT (Information Technology) and IoT (Internet of Things) in specialized biomedical equipment or monitor that is currently being used in public hospitals nationwide for the measurement of vital signs, in order to provide health care to patients with medical conditions and who need constant surveillance. Hospitals have specialized biomedical equipment that lacks these functionalities. This forces the responsible specialist to have to be in front of the monitor and the patient to be able to observe the measurements or readings that a patient presents.


Subject(s)
Equipment and Supplies, Hospital/trends , Vital Signs , Health Information Interoperability/trends , Internet of Things , Patients , Surveillance in Disasters , Equipment and Supplies , Information Technology , Hospitals
10.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; s.n; 2021. 109 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1369659

ABSTRACT

Hypothermia is one of the main events and consequently nursing diagnoses found in patients undergoing anesthetic-surgical procedures. The consequences caused by hypothermia directly interfere with the individual's recovery after the surgical anesthetic procedure, which can cause an increase in cardiac and respiratory morbidity, an increase in the rate of infections and an increase in the hospital stay. It aimed to evaluate the patient's warm-up using the Forced Air Heating System, during the post-anesthetic recovery period. The method used was a clinical trial, randomized-controlled, without blinding, following the recommendations of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials, carried out from August to October 2020, in a large, public Municipal Hospital in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. The sample consisted of 66 patients, 33 belonging to the Control Group (standard care of the Institution) and 33 to the Experimental Group (heating intervention by Forced Air Heating System), allocated by systematic probabilistic sampling technique, associated with random sampling simple. Data were collected with sociodemographic, clinical, surgical aspects and parameters evaluated in the post-anesthetic recovery period. The research project followed all ethical principles and was submitted to the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials. The Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney test and the Generalized Equations Estimating method were used. The software used in the analyzes was R (version 4.0.2). The results demonstrate that the patient heating as a forced air system was not efficient and did not reestablish the normothermic state, but other benefits related to the heating were evidenced. The mean temperature of the patients at the exit of the post-anesthetic recovery room was higher for the experimental group (35.78ºC) than for the control group (35.60ºC), but this difference was not significant (p = 0.274); the experimental group shows a higher mean time of permanence in the post-anesthetic recovery room (96.97 minutes) than the control group (82.67 minutes) (p = 0.011); the mean body temperature of the patient's entry into the post-anesthetic recovery room was higher in patients in the control group (34.91ºC) than in the experimental group (34.57ºC), this difference being significant (p = 0.003); the mean difference in body temperature in and out of the post-anesthetic recovery room was higher in the experimental group (1.21ºC) than in the control group (0.69ºC); the control group patients present a higher mean systolic blood pressure in the 15 minutes (p = 0.043) and 90 minutes (p = 0.007) of anesthetic recovery and more episodes of hypertension and hypotension (p <0.001) than the patients in the experimental group; the patients of the control group present more episodes of mild and moderate hypoxemia (p <0.001) than the patients of the experimental group; and only the patients in the experimental group presented reports of improvement in the sensation of cold and tremors.


Subject(s)
Postanesthesia Nursing , Perioperative Care , Hypothermia , Recovery Room , Randomized Controlled Trial , Academic Dissertation , Vital Signs , Hospitals, Public
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 188-193, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880449

ABSTRACT

Life monitoring technology as the basis of health evaluation, in recent years, its related technology research also has new development, in which cardiopulmonary parameters are the core physiological indicators to measure the basic state of vital signs, the analysis of its monitoring technology is particularly important. In this study, the main means of life monitoring are analyzed, and the monitoring technology of cardiopulmonary parameters is the main focus. What is more, the research status and development of contact and non-contact cardiopulmonary monitoring technology at home and abroad were also considered. Lastly, this study will be combined with the radar wave vital signs monitoring technology, which has been achieved good results in the field of cardiopulmonary monitoring, in order to provide a reference for the long-term development of life monitoring field and the technology integration of intelligent pension, intelligent automobile and other related industries.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Heart Rate , Monitoring, Physiologic , Radar , Respiratory Rate , Technology , Vital Signs
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 26-31, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880417

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain the three-dimensional pulse information and blood pressure waveform needed in the study, a radial artery simulation platform with programmable controlled injection pump as the core was constructed by using the circulation theory of human cardiovascular system and pulse wave formation mechanism. Gaussian function model was selected to synthesize multi-type pulse wave to program and drive the platform. The three-dimensional pulse information and blood pressure waveform of the simulated radial artery were collected by binocular visual pulse detection system and pressure transmitter respectively, and the platform stability and repeatability were tested by Pearson correlation. The experimental results show that the radial artery simulation platform is stable, reliable and repeatable, and can generate multiple types of three-dimensional pulse information and blood pressure waveform at the simulated radial artery. The platform is simple in structure, low in cost, and produces many types of pulsating flow. It provides an experimental research platform for revealing the relationship between the three-dimensional pulse information of radial artery and the change of pressure inside the vessel, as well as the prediction of blood pressure waveform from the three-dimensional pulse information.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Computer Simulation , Heart Rate , Radial Artery , Vital Signs
13.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 662-669, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922079

ABSTRACT

Physiological parameters monitoring is essential to direct medical staff to evaluate, diagnose and treat critical patients quantitatively. ECG, blood pressure, SpO2, respiratory rate and body temperature are the basic vital signs of patients in the ICU. The measuring methods are relatively mature at present, and the trend is to be wireless and more accurate and comfortable. Hemodynamics, oxygen metabolism and microcirculation should be taken seriously during the treatment of acute critical patients. The related monitoring technology has made significant progress in recent years, the trend is to reduce the trauma and improve the accuracy and usability. With the development of machine vision and data fusion technology, the identification of patient behavior and deterioration has become hot topics. This review is focused on current parameters monitoring technologies, aims to provide reference for future related research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intensive Care Units , Monitoring, Physiologic , Oxygen Saturation , Technology , Vital Signs
14.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE00461, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1152658

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da música sobre a ansiedade-estado, parâmetros fisiológicos e laboratoriais, em doadores de sangue. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado, duplo-cego, realizado em um Hemocentro Regional, localizado no interior de Minas Gerais. Participaram do estudo 126 doadores de sangue, divididos aleatoriamente em dois grupos, sendo grupo experimental (intervenção musical antes da doação de sangue) e grupo controle (rotina padrão). Utilizou-se para a avaliação dos escores de ansiedade-estado, o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado (IDATE). A intervenção musical constitui-se de um repertório de músicas eruditas aplicadas através de fones de ouvidos, por aproximadamente 26 minutos. Para as variáveis quantitativas empregou-se análises descritivas, para análise das diferenças entre os escores de ansiedade-estado, frequência cardíaca e respiratória, utilizou-se Teste t Student e, Teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney para avaliar a diferença entre os valores de pressão arterial, saturação de oxigênio e níveis de cortisol. Resultados: O grupo submetido à intervenção musical não apresentou redução estatisticamente significativa dos escores de ansiedade-estado (p=0,31). Entretanto, observou-se reduções significativas na frequência cardíaca (p=0,006), frequência respiratória (p=0,007) e níveis de cortisol sanguíneo (p<0,001). Conclusão: A música não reduziu os níveis de ansiedade-estado. Contudo, foi possível demonstrar a eficácia da intervenção na redução de parâmetros fisiológicos e laboratoriais, os quais apresentam-se alterados frente a situações ansiogênicas.


Resumen Objetivo: Analizar los efectos de la música sobre la ansiedad-estado, parámetros fisiológicos y de laboratorio en donantes de sangre. Métodos: Ensayo clínico aleatorizado, doble ciego, realizado en un centro de donación de sangre regional, ubicado en el interior del estado de Minas Gerais. Participaron en el estudio 126 donantes de sangre, divididos aleatoriamente en dos grupos: un grupo experimental (intervención musical antes de la donación de sangre) y un grupo de control (rutina normal). Para analizar la puntuación de la ansiedad-estado, se utilizó el Cuestionario de Ansiedad Estado Rasgo (IDATE). La intervención musical estaba compuesta por un repertorio de música erudita aplicada con auriculares, durante 26 minutos aproximadamente. Para las variables cuantitativas, se emplearon análisis descriptivos. Se utilizó el test-T Student para analizar las diferencias entre la puntuación de la ansiedad-estado, la frecuencia cardíaca y respiratoria y la prueba no paramétrica de Mann-Whitney para analizar la diferencia entre los valores de presión arterial, saturación de oxígeno y niveles de cortisol. Resultados: El grupo sometido a la intervención musical no presentó reducción estadísticamente significativa en la puntuación de la ansiedad-estado (p=0,31). Sin embargo, se observaron reducciones significativas en la frecuencia cardíaca (p=0,006), frecuencia respiratoria (p=0,007) y niveles de cortisol sanguíneo (p<0,001). Conclusión: La música no redujo los niveles de ansiedad-estado. No obstante, fue posible demostrar la eficacia de la intervención para la reducción de parámetros fisiológicos y de laboratorio, que se presentan alterados ante situaciones ansiógenas.


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effects of music on state-anxiety, physiological and laboratory parameters in blood donors. Methods: Randomized, double-blinded clinical trial, conducted in a regional blood bank, located in the interior of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. In total, 126 blood donors participated in the study, randomly divided into two groups, being one experimental group (musical intervention before blood donation) and one control group (standard routine). To assess the state-anxiety scores, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was used. The musical intervention consists of a repertoire of classical songs played through headphones, lasting approximately 26 minutes. For the quantitative variables, descriptive analyses were used to analyze the differences between state-anxiety, heart rate and respiratory rate, Student's t- test and Mann-Whitney's nonparametric test to evaluate the difference between blood pressure, oxygen saturation and cortisol levels. Results: The group submitted to musical intervention did not present a statistically significant reduction in state-anxiety scores (p = 0.31). Nevertheless, significant reductions in heart rate (p=0.006), respiratory rate (p=0.007) and blood cortisol levels (p<0.001) were observed. Conclusion: Music did not reduce the state-anxiety levels. We were able to demonstrate the effectiveness of the intervention in reducing physiological and laboratory parameters though, which are altered in the face of anxiogenic situations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anxiety , Blood Donors , Vital Signs , Music , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Randomized Controlled Trial
15.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 685-693, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134558

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in vital signs and laboratory tests of patients with odontogenic infections who required hospitalization as well as checking their effectiveness in determining the severity of the case and possible correlations with the length of stay. Patients with odontogenic infections who required hospitalization were assessed prospectively between October 2016 and April 2018. The patients were divided into two groups considered as simple (Group 1) or complex (Group 2) cases according to the length of stay. The personal data, comorbidities, signs and symptoms, vital signs and laboratory tests were analyzed. In this study, 84 cases of maxillofacial infections were detected and 50 cases of odontogenic infections were included. There were significant increases in heart rate (p = 0.012), leukocytosis (p = 0.037), neutrophilia (p = 0.021), neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio (p = 0.044) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels (p = 0.004) in Group 2. Additionally, there were positive correlations between the length of stay and the following variables: heart rate (p = 0.028), leukocytosis (p = 0.045), neutrophilia (p = 0.033), N/L ratio (p = 0.041) and CRP level (p = 0.003). The N/L ratio was found to have a greater value in regression analysis. It was concluded that there were significant increases in heart rate, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, N/L ratio and CRP levels for the complex cases. There were also positive correlations between the length of stay and the following variables: heart rate, leukocytosis, neutrophilia, N/L ratio and CRP level.


RESUMEN: El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar los cambios en los signos vitales y las pruebas de laboratorio de pacientes con infecciones odontogénicas que requirieron hospitalización, así como verificar su efectividad para determinar la gravedad del caso y las posibles correlaciones con la duración de la internación. Pacientes con infecciones odontogénicas que requirieron hospitalización fueron evaluados prospectivamente entre octubre de 2016 y abril de 2018. Los pacientes se dividieron en dos grupos considerados como casos simples (Grupo 1) o complejos (Grupo 2) según la duración de la internación. Se analizaron los datos personales, comorbilidades, signos y síntomas, signos vitales y pruebas de laboratorio. En este estudio, se detectaron 84 casos de infecciones maxilofaciales y se incluyeron 50 casos de infecciones odontogénicas. Hubo aumentos significativos en la frecuencia cardíaca (p = 0,012), leucocitosis (p = 0,037), neutrofilia (p = 0,021), relación neutrófilos / linfocitos (N/L) (p = 0,044) y niveles de proteína C reactiva (PCR) (p = 0,004) en el Grupo 2. Además, hubo correlaciones positivas entre la duración de la internación y las siguientes variables: frecuencia cardíaca (p = 0,028), leucocitosis (p = 0,045), neutrofilia (p = 0,033), relación N/L (p = 0,041) y nivel de PCR (p = 0,003). Se encontró que la relación N/L tenía un mayor valor en el análisis de regresión. En conclusión, hubo aumentos significativos en la frecuencia cardíaca, leucocitosis, neutrofilia, relación N/L y niveles de PCR para los casos complejos. También hubo correlaciones positivas entre la duración de la internación y las siguientes variables: frecuencia cardíaca, leucocitosis, neutrofilia, relación N/L y nivel de PCR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vital Signs , Focal Infection, Dental/therapy , Severity of Illness Index , C-Reactive Protein , Drainage , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Age and Sex Distribution , Hospitalization , Length of Stay
16.
Santa Tecla, La Libertad; ITCA Editores; ene. 2020. 76 p. ^c28 cm.ilus., tab., graf..
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1222441

ABSTRACT

Se desarrolló el prototipo y pruebas de verificación del funcionamiento necesarias en un equipo médico, con el fin de obtener información confiable de dicho dispositivo. Se enfocó la investigación en el área de la tecnología aplicada en el sector de la salud, desarrollando un sistema de monitoreo local y remoto de signos vitales de pacientes utilizando como base la tecnología IoT y dispositivos inteligentes Smartphone. Para ello se diseñó una App Android, un dispositivo electrónico biomédico a partir de la tarjeta electrónica MySignals HW, así como la integración y programación de sensores biométricos con el controlador y periféricos de visualización de la información. El sistema cuenta con la capacidad necesaria de comunicación para que, a través de la red se envíen los datos obtenidos como resultado del proceso de lectura de los sensores a la base de datos en el servidor IoT, lo que permite saber desde cualquier lugar, las lecturas medicas tomadas del paciente por medio de dispositivos inteligentes a través de la App o portal web. Los sensores utilizados y probados en esta investigación son: Oximetría (SpO2 y Pulso), Temperatura corporal, frecuencia respiratoria y tensión o presión arterial.


The prototype and verification tests of the necessary operation in a medical equipment were developed, in order to obtain reliable information from said device. Research was focused on the area of ​​applied technology in the health sector, developing a local and remote monitoring system of vital signs of patients using IoT technology and Smartphone smart devices as a basis. For this, an Android App was designed, a biomedical electronic device based on the MySignals HW electronic card, as well as the integration and programming of biometric sensors with the controller and information display peripherals. The system has the necessary communication capacity so that, through the network, the data obtained as a result of the sensor reading process are sent to the database on the IoT server, which allows to know from anywhere, the Medical readings taken from the patient through smart devices through the App or web portal. The sensors used and tested in this investigation are: Oximetry (SpO2 and Pulse), Body temperature, respiratory rate and blood pressure or pressure.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Arterial Pressure , Internet of Things , Patients , Pressure , Pulse , Body Temperature , Oximetry , Equipment and Supplies , Vital Signs , Respiratory Rate , Telemonitoring
17.
São Paulo; s.n; 2020. 160 p
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1398956

ABSTRACT

Introdução: recém-nascidos (RN), que passam semanas ou meses na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal (UTIN), são submetidos a um número elevado de procedimentos dolorosos. Estes procedimentos podem desencadear uma resposta global, que inclui alterações fisiológicas, endócrinas e comportamentais. Apesar do grande número de escalas validadas nas últimas décadas, até o momento, não existe um método ideal para a avaliação da dor neonatal. Desta forma, outros parâmetros têm sido explorados, como por exemplo, as dosagens de mediadores inflamatórios. Objetivos: avaliar padrões fisiológicos, comportamentais e endócrinos, relacionados a procedimentos dolorosos, nos primeiros três dias de vida em RN, hospitalizados em UTIN. Método: estudo clínico primário, observacional e prospectivo, desenvolvido na UTIN do Hospital Universitário, da Universidade de São Paulo. Foram coletados dados demográficos dos RN, bem como do número e o tipo de procedimentos dolorosos, medidas farmacológicas e não farmacológicas adotadas. Foram coletados ainda sinais vitais e escores de dor registrados em prontuário clínico. Finalmente, foram coletadas três amostras de saliva, por três dias consecutivos (1-3) para a dosagem de 11 citocinas (IFNg, IL1b, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL8, IL10, IL12, IL17, TNF e VEGF). Resultados: foram incluídos no estudo 90 RN, dos quais 53,33% nasceram de parto cesárea; 62,22% do sexo masculino; 87,78% classificados como adequado para a idade gestacional (AIG); 48,88% são pré-termo e 48,88% de termo; idade gestacional média de 35 semanas; Escore de Apgar médio no 5°min 7,51 (DP=1,95); peso ao nascimento médio 2,56Kg (DP=1,0); o principal diagnóstico registrado foi desconforto respiratório precoce (60%). Tempo médio de permanência na UTIN foi de 54,98 horas (DP=30,61). Os RN foram submetidos ao total de 2.732 procedimentos dolorosos, foram empregadas 540 estratégias não farmacológicas e 216 medidas farmacológicas. Da admissão ao terceiro dia de internação, foram realizados, em média, 30,36 procedimentos dolorosos por RN, com média de 5,98 medidas não farmacológicas e 2,39 medidas farmacológicas. Nas primeiras 24 horas após a admissão, a média de procedimentos foi de 12,78, no primeiro dia, a média foi de 8,1, no segundo e terceiro dias, a média de procedimentos realizados foi de 5,36 e 3,84, respectivamente. O procedimento doloroso mais frequentemente realizado foi a glicemia capilar (20,96%). Registrou-se média de 1,98 medidas não farmacológicas nas primeiras 24 horas após admissão, 1,73 no primeiro dia, sendo média de 1,23 e 0,97 no segundo e terceiro dias, respectivamente. A estratégia não farmacológica mais comumente registrada foi a redução de luminosidade (28,33%). Com relação às medidas farmacológicas, foram adotadas, em média, 0,81 na admissão, 0,66 no primeiro dia, 0,544 no segundo dia e, 0,36 no terceiro dia, sendo o fentanil contínuo (48,83%) a principal medida farmacológica documentada. O escore NIPS e os sinais vitais apresentam variabilidade da admissão ao terceiro dia de internação. Finalmente, observou-se oscilação do nível das 11 citocinas e, destaca-se a presença de correlação positiva das IL-1b (r = 0,52; p<0,05), IL-2 (r = 0,4; p<0,05), IL-6 (r = 0,64; p<0,05) e VEGF (r = 0,44; p<0,05) com o número de procedimentos dolorosos Conclusões: evidencia-se que da admissão ao terceiro dia de internação na UTIN, os RN foram expostos a número elevado de procedimentos potencialmente dolorosos, sendo insuficiente o manejo da dor. As alterações fisiológicas e comportamentais não refletem necessariamente o número de intervenções nas quais os RN foram submetidos. Destaca-se ainda, que a dosagem dos mediadores inflamatórios nas amostras de saliva pode fornecer fundamentação científica para a avaliação da dor, que juntamente com os parâmetros fisiológicos e comportamentais, amplia as perspectivas para o desenvolvimento de novas pesquisas para investigar a associação entre dor e as citocinas inflamatórias e compreender melhor as características das condições dolorosas.


Introduction: newborns (NB), who spend weeks or months in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), undergo a high number of painful procedures. These procedures can trigger a global response, which includes physiological, endocrine and behavioral changes. Despite the large number of scales validated in recent decades, so far, there is no ideal method for the assessment of neonatal pain. Thus, other parameters have been explored, such as, for example, the dosages of inflammatory mediators. Objectives:to evaluate physiological, behavioral and endocrine patterns, related to painful procedures, in the first three days of life in newborns hospitalized in the NICU. Method: primary, observational and prospective clinical study, developed at the NICU of the University Hospital of the University of São Paulo. Demographic data of newborns were collected, as well as the number and type of painful procedures, pharmacological and non-pharmacological measures adopted. Vital signs and pain scores recorded in clinical records were also collected. Finally, three saliva samples were collected for three consecutive days (1-3) for the measurement of 11 cytokines (IFNg, IL1b, IL2, IL4, IL6, IL8, IL10, IL12, IL17, TNF e VEGF). Results: 90 newborns were included in the study, of which 53.33% were born by cesarean delivery; 62.22% were male; 87.78% classified as adequate for gestational age (AGA);48.88% are preterm and 48.88% term; average gestational age of 35 weeks;Mean Apgar score in the 5th min 7.51 (SD = 1.95); average birth weight 2.56 kg (SD = 1.0); the main diagnosis recorded was early respiratory distress (60%). The average length of stay in the NICU was 54.98 hours (SD = 30.61). The newborns underwent a total of 2,732 painful procedures, 540 non-pharmacological strategies and 216 pharmacological measures were used. From admission to the third day of hospitalization, an average of 30.36 painful procedures per NB were performed,with an average of 5.98 non-pharmacological measures and 2.39 pharmacological measures. In the first 24 hours, after admission, the average of procedures was 12.78, on the first day, the average was 8.1, on the second and third days, the average of the procedures performed was 5.36 and 3.84, respectively. The most frequently performed painful procedure was capillary glycemia (20.96%).An average of 1.98 non-pharmacological measures was recorded in the first 24 hours after admission, 1.73 on the first day, with an average of 1.23 and 0.97 on the second and third days, respectively.The most commonly registered non-pharmacological strategy was the reduction in brightness (28.33%). Regarding pharmacological measures, an average of 0.81 was taken at admission, 0.66 on the first day, 0.544 on the second day and 0.36 on the third day, with continuous fentanyl (48.83%) being the main pharmacological measure documented. The Neonatal Infant Pain Scale (NIPS) and vital signs show variability from admission to the third day of hospitalization. Finally, there was an oscillation in the level of the 11 cytokines and the presence of a positive correlation of IL-1b (r = 0.52; p <0.05), IL-2 (r = 0.4; p < 0.05), IL-6 (r = 0.64; p <0.05) and VEGF (r = 0.44; p <0.05), with the number of painful procedures. Conclusions: it is evident that from admission to the third day of hospitalization to the NICU,the NBs were exposed to a high number of potentially painful procedures, with insufficient pain management. Physiological and behavioral changes do not necessarily reflect the number of interventions to which newborns have undergone. It is also noteworthy that the dosage of inflammatory mediators in saliva samples can provide a scientific basis for pain assessment,which, together with the physiological and behavioral parameters, expands the perspectives for the development of new research to investigate the association between pain and inflammatory cytokines and to better understand the characteristics of painful conditions.


Subject(s)
Pain , Infant, Newborn , Nursing , Cytokines , Vital Signs , Intensive Care Units
18.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 36(2): e3252, abr.-jul.2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | CUMED, LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1280255

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem deve ser implementada, principalmente nos quais há um nível de cuidado mais avançado com os pacientes, a exemplo das Unidades de Terapia Intensiva que são reconhecidamente locais nos quais se concentram grande especialização e tecnologias. Objetivo: Propor um modelo de um Sistema de Apoio à Decisão utilizando Redes Neurais Artificiais para a elaboração de Diagnósticos de Enfermagem através de um aplicativo para Android. Métodos: O presente estudo se caracteriza como metodológico e tecnológico do tipo prototipagem, no qual onde serão analisados os sinais vitais de pacientes internados em uma Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Os dados serão obtidos a partir do banco de dados Monitoramento Inteligente Multiparâmetro em Terapia Intensiva que contém sinais fisiológicos e séries de sinais vitais capturados de monitores de pacientes, obtidos de sistemas de informações médicas hospitalares de milhares de pacientes em unidades de terapia intensiva. Resultados: O aplicativo, em fase final de implementação, está projetado com telas ativas trabalhadas junto com corpo de profissionais de enfermagem que opinaram sobre utilidades desejadas e primeiras impressões. Conclusões: No presente momento, os testes para o treinamento da Rede Neural Artificial estão acontecendo, e espera-se o uso de um aplicativo para a promoção dos diagnósticos de enfermagem advindo dos sinais vitais de pacientes, das avaliações sobre o estado geral, e informações do prontuário eletrônico do paciente, juntamente com o julgamento clínico e crítico do profissional enfermeiro(AU)


Introducción: La sistematización de la atención de enfermería debe ser implementada, especialmente en el caso de que haya un nivel más avanzado de atención con pacientes, como en las unidades de cuidados intensivos, que son lugares reconocidos donde se concentran gran experiencia y tecnologías. Objetivo: Proponer un modelo de un Sistema de Apoyo a la Decisión utilizando redes neuronales artificiales para la elaboración de diagnósticos de enfermería a través de una aplicación de Androide. Métodos: Este estudio se caracteriza por ser un tipo de prototipo metodológico y tecnológico en el que se analizarán los signos vitales de los pacientes ingresados en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Los datos se obtendrán de la base de datos de Monitoreo Inteligente de Parámetros Intensivos de Cuidados Intensivos, que contiene señales fisiológicas y series de signos vitales capturados de monitores de pacientes, obtenidos de los sistemas de información médica hospitalaria de miles de pacientes en unidades de cuidados intensivos. Resultados: La aplicación, en su fase final de implementación, está diseñada con pantallas activas trabajadas junto con un cuerpo de profesionales de enfermería que dieron su opinión sobre las utilidades deseadas y las primeras impresiones. Conclusiones: En este momento, se están realizando pruebas para la capacitación de la Red Neural Artificial, y se espera utilizar una aplicación para promover diagnósticos de enfermería a partir de signos vitales del paciente, evaluaciones generales de salud e información del historial médico electrónico del paciente, junto con el juicio clínico y crítico de la enfermera profesional(AU)


Introduction: Systematization of nursing care must be implemented, especially in the case that there is a more advanced level of patient care, such as in intensive care units, which are recognized places where great experience and technologies are concentrated. Objective: To propose a model of a decision support system using artificial neural networks for the elaboration of nursing diagnoses through an Android application. Methods: This study is characterized by being a type of methodological and technological prototype in which the vital signs of patients admitted to an intensive care unit will be analyzed. The data will be obtained from the database of Smart Monitoring of Intensive Care Parameters, which contains physiological signals and vital sign series captured from patient monitors, and which are obtained from hospital medical information systems of thousands of patients in intensive care units. Results: The application, in its final phase of implementation, is designed with active screens worked together by a body of nursing professionals who gave their opinion on the desired benefits and first impressions. Conclusions: At this time, tests are being carried out to train the artificial neural network, and an application is expected to be used for promoting nursing diagnoses based on the patient's vital signs, general health evaluations, and information on the patient's electronic medical history, together with the clinical and critical judgment of the professional nurse(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Diagnosis/methods , Electronic Health Records/trends , Patient Care/adverse effects , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care/methods , Information Systems , Vital Signs
19.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 10: e81, 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1151934

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as características dos registros de enfermagem, incluindo os sinais vitais, e comparar o desfecho clínico dos pacientes segundo a presença de alteração dos sinais vitais no ambiente de emergência. Método: estudo transversal, com análise retrospectiva de prontuários de pacientes adultos admitidos em maio/2018 em um Pronto-Socorro de São Paulo. Os dados dos registros de enfermagem coletados foram inseridos no sistema REDCap® e análises descritivas e inferenciais foram realizadas. Resultados: dos 194 prontuários (54,1% masculino, idade média 59,7 anos) a queixa de entrada, comorbidades e primeiras condutas realizadas na emergência foram os registros de enfermagem mais anotados. Frequências cardíaca e respiratória e pressão arterial foram os sinais vitais mais alterados e associados ao óbito. Conclusão: a clareza e a frequência dos registros de enfermagem, assim como a correta interpretação dos sinais vitais, são componentes essenciais para a segurança do cuidado prestado ao paciente na emergência.


Objective: to describe the characteristics of the nursing records, including the vital signs, and to compare the patient's clinical outcome according to the presence of alterations in the vital signs in the emergency setting. Method: a cross-sectional study, with retrospective analysis of patient records of adult individuals admitted in May 2018 in an Emergency Room of São Paulo. The data collected from the nursing records were inserted in the REDCap® system and descriptive and inferential analyses were carried out. Results: of the 194 patient records (54.1% male, mean age of 59.7 years old), the complaints at admission, comorbidities and first care measures carried out in the emergency room were the most written down records. Heart and respiratory rates and blood pressure were the most altered and death-associated vital signs. Conclusion: the clarity and frequency of the nursing records, as well as the correct interpretation of the vital signs, are essential components for the safety of the care provided to the emergency patient.


Objetivo: describir las características de los registros de Enfermería, incluidos los signos vitales, y comparar el resultado clínico de los pacientes según la presencia de alteraciones de los signos vitales en el entorno del servicio de emergencia. Método: estudio transversal, con análisis retrospectivo de historias clínicas de pacientes adultos admitidos en mayo de 2018 en una Unidad de Emergencias de San Pablo. Los datos de los registros recolectados se cargaron al sistema REDCap® y se realizaron análisis descriptivos e inferenciales. Resultados: en 194 historias clínicas (54,1% de pacientes masculinos con media de 59,7 años), el motivo de consulta inicial, las comorbilidades y las primeras acciones realizadas en el área de emergencias fueron los registros de enfermería más anotados. La frecuencia cardíaca, el ritmo respiratorio y la presión arterial fueron los signos vitales que presentaron mayores alteraciones y estuvieron más relacionados con un resultado final de fallecimiento. Conclusión: la claridad y la frecuencia de los registros de Enfermería, al igual que la correcta interpretación de los signos vitales, son componentes esenciales para la seguridad en la atención que se brinda a los pacientes en el área de Emergencias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Records , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Vital Signs , Nursing Care
20.
Prensa méd. argent ; 105(11): 783-785, dic2019. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1049774

ABSTRACT

Background: It is widely established that the extraction of impaled objects should be carried out under direct vision. In the case of stable patients, endoscopic vision can be used as an alternative. Clinical Case: A 70-year-old male is admitted for a 5-hour impaled precordial stab wound. Evolution valued according to ATLS standards. Clinically and hemodynamically compensated patient. On physical examination: left pulmonary hypoventilation, subcutaneous emphysema, no jugular engorgement. Control of vital signs: TA: 110 / 70mmHg, FC: 70min, FR: 20min, Sat02: 97%. Complementary studies: ECO FAST: no pericardial fluid. Rx thorax: mild left pneumothorax heme. Chest CT: Puncture object of 18 cm in the left lung of AP and medial to the lateral path, hematoma of the angle, and hemopneumothorax grade I. Surgery: Patient in dorsal recumbency, under ARM with selective intubation. An incision in 5th left intercostal space, middle axillary line. 10mm trocar placement, 30 ° optics introduction. After discarding the commitment of the pericardium, active bleeding, and observing that the end of the weapon was going through the end of the angle, the weapon is removed under endoscopic vision. Clot washing/aspiration. Verification of hemostasis, absence of air leakage and pulmonary expansion. Drainage with 28 French tubes. Evolution: Derived from UTI extubated. CT scan thorax 72 h post: small intraparenchymal hematoma left, expanded lung. Minimum serohematic debit. Pleural tube and definitive discharge are removed on the 4th post-surgical day. Discussion: The literature suggests in the urgency, the removal of impaled objects under direct vision of the compromised structures. However, in stable patients, the previous study with CT should be unavoidable. Video-thoracoscopy in these wounded can avoid open surgery, but the procedure must be performed in trauma reference centers, with the appropriate means and by a trained surgical team willing to perform an emergency thoracotomy


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Chest Pain/surgery , Thoracotomy , Laparoscopy , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Vital Signs
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