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1.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(4): 205-209, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087949

ABSTRACT

The main source of Vitamin D is the bioconversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholecalciferol, however, the level of sun exposition has been drastically reduced during the last decades, so it is not unusual to find a high deficit of Vitamin D in the population. There is evidence to suggest that the deficit of Vitamin D is associated with a worse evolution of asthma and a greater risk of serious exacerbations. Possibly prenatal Vitamin D supplementation to pregnant mothers reduces the risk of wheezing and asthma in the offspring, and supplementation to asthmatic children could improve the evolution of the disease.


La principal fuente de Vitamina D es la bioconversión del 7-dehidrocolesterol a colecalciferol, sin embargo, el nivel de exposición solar se ha reducido drásticamente durante las últimas décadas, por lo que no es extraño encontrar un déficit elevado de Vitamina D en la población. Existe evidencia que sugiere que el déficit de Vitamina D se asocia a peor evolución del asma y mayor riesgo de exacerbaciones graves. Posiblemente la suplementación prenatal de Vitamina D a madres embarazadas reduzca el riesgo de sibilancias y asma en los hijos que nacerán, y la suplementación a niños asmáticos podría mejorar la evolución de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/therapy , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Asthma/etiology , Asthma/prevention & control , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Dietary Supplements
2.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 508-516, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040105

ABSTRACT

The study is based on the fact that left atrial (LA) volume measurement is a marker of the presence of diastolic dysfunction and that Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with ventricular remodeling, worsening of left ventricular (LV) diastolic and systolic function, and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Objective: To evaluate whether LAV changes are related to vitamin D deficiency. Method: A cross-sectional, population-based, unicentric study in which 640 patients over 45 years of age enrolled in the Niterói's Médico de Família program, RJ, were evaluated. Patients were submitted to tissue Doppler echocardiography to evaluate the parameters of diastolic and systolic function and vitamin D dosage. The presence or absence of hypovitaminosis D associated with structural and functional cardiac changes was compared between each group. A p < 0.05 value was considered as an indicator of statistical significance. Results: Of the 640 individuals analyzed, hypovitaminosis D was confirmed in 39.2% of the patients, of whom 34.8% had diastolic dysfunction. The most relevant echocardiographic parameters that were statistically significant were non-indexed AEDs and LAV, E'/A' and E wave deceleration time, which were associated with the presence of hypovitaminosis D (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The study of the association of hypovitaminosis D and the appearance of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities may contribute to the discussion of the adoption of one more criterion to select individuals at risk of developing clinical cardiac insufficiency in primary care since, with the use of echocardiography, the subclinical condition of cardiac involvement, with prognostic and treatment implications for the referred patients with hypovitaminosis D, can be identified early


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care/methods , Vitamin D , Atrial Function, Left , Heart Atria , Avitaminosis/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Blood Pressure , Echocardiography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Heart Failure , Heart Rate
3.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(1): e20170431, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-984612

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency in children 0-18 years of age with recurrent wheezing and/or asthma residing in the microregion of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and treated at a referral center, and to determine its association with major risk factors for wheezing. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using a semi-structured questionnaire, which was administered by trained interviewers to the legal guardians of the study participants. Data were obtained regarding general characteristics of recurrent wheezing; general sociodemographic, environmental, and biologic factors; and atopy-related factors. The magnitude of the statistical association was assessed by calculating ORs and their corresponding 95% CIs by using multiple logistic regression. Results: We included 124 children in the study. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency in the sample was 57.3%. Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency was found to be associated with wheezing in the first year of life, personal history of atopic dermatitis, environmental pollution, and vitamin D supplementation until 2 years of age. Conclusions: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency was high in our sample. Vitamin D concentrations were directly associated with vitamin D supplementation until 2 years of age and were inversely associated with wheezing events in the first year of life, personal history of atopic dermatitis, and environmental pollution.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência da deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D em indivíduos com sibilância recorrente e/ou asma com idade de 0-18 anos e residentes na microrregião de Viçosa (MG) atendidos em um centro de referência e determinar sua associação com os principais fatores de risco para sibilância. Métodos: Estudo transversal utilizando um questionário semiestruturado por entrevistadores treinados, aplicado aos responsáveis pelos participantes do estudo. Foram obtidas informações sobre características gerais da sibilância recorrente, fatores sociodemográficos, ambientais e biológicos gerais e aqueles relacionados à atopia. A magnitude da associação estatística foi avaliada por meio do cálculo da OR e IC95% obtidos por regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: Foram incluídos 124 indivíduos no estudo. A prevalência da deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D na amostra foi de 57,3%. Observaram-se associações da deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D com sibilância no primeiro ano de vida, antecedentes pessoais de dermatite atópica, poluição ambiental e suplementação de vitamina D até os 2 anos de idade. Conclusões: A prevalência de deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D foi alta em nossa amostra. As concentrações de vitamina D foram associadas diretamente com a suplementação de vitamina D até os 2 anos de idade e inversamente com eventos de sibilância no primeiro ano de vida, antecedentes pessoais de dermatite atópica e poluição ambiental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Reference Values , Asthma/etiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Dermatitis, Atopic/etiology
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(6): 736-743, dic. 2018. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-973688

ABSTRACT

Introducción.La vitamina D afecta la eritropoyesis.Objetivo: evaluar, en niños de 6 meses a 5 años, la asociación entre concentraciones de 25-hidroxi vitamina D (25-OHD) en la madre/niño, ferropenia y anemia ferropénica (AF). Población y métodos. Se incluyeron los niños que asistieron a la consulta entre septiembre de 2014 y enero de 2016. Se excluyeron aquellos con infección aguda/crónica, desnutrición, enfermedades crónicas y prematuros. Se realizó hemograma, hierro sérico, capacidad fijación del hierro, ferritina y 25-OHD. Se investigó suplemento con hierro y vitamina D durante lactancia y embarazo.Resultados. Se incluyeron 117 niños: 67 tenían ferropenia/AF [Grupo 1, edad (años): 2,05 ± 1,24 (0,5-5)] y 50 niños sanos [Grupo 2, edad (años): 1,87 ± 1,12 (0,58-5)]. Más niños y madres tuvieron deficiencia de vitamina D en Grupo 1 que en Grupo 2 (niños, 49,3 % vs 20 %, p = 0,002, y madres: 94 % vs 64 %; p= < 0,001, respectivamente). Hubo correlación positiva entre la hemoglobina en niños y la 25-OHD en madres/niños. Factores independientes de riesgo de AF fueron más tiempo de lactancia (OR: 0,35; IC 95 % [0,155-0,789]; p = 0,011), más breve suplementación con hierro durante la lactancia (OR: 1,69; IC 95 % [1,148-2,508]; p = 0,008) y embarazo (OR: 1,39; IC 95 % [1,070-1,820]; p = 0,014) y concentraciones < 25-OHD en madres (OR: 1,16; IC del 95 % [1,034-1,292]; p = 0,011). Conclusiones. La deficiencia de vitamina D en madres/niños está asociada con ferropenia/AFen los niños.


Introduction. Vitamin D (VitD) affects the erythropoiesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal/child 25-OH VitD (25-OHD) levels and iron deficiency (ID) and anemia (IDA) in children aged 6 months-5 years. Population and methods. Between September 2014 and January 2016 children who were admitted to outpatient clinic were included to study. We excluded the children with acute or chronic infection, malnutrition, chronic disease and preterm birth history. Complete blood count, serum iron, total iron binding capacity, ferritin, 25-OHD levels were examined from children and their mothers. Iron and VitD supplementation during infancy and pregnancy and breastfeeding history were questioned.Results. The study included totally 117 children. There were 67 children with ID/IDA [Group 1, mean age (years):2.05±1.24 (0.5-5)] and 50 normal children [Group 2, mean age (years): 1.87±1.12 (0.58-5)]. There were more VitD deficient children and mothers in Group 1 than in Group 2 (respectively, children 49.3 % vs. 20 % p=0.002; mothers 94 % vs.64 %, p=<0.001). There was a positive correlation between hemoglobin levels of children and maternal/child 25-OHD. The independent risk factors for IDA in children were longer exclusively breastfeeding time (odds ratio [OR], 0.35; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.155-0.789; p=0.011), shorter duration of regular iron supplementation during infancy and pregnancy (infancy: OR,1.69; 95 % CI 1.148-2.508; p=0.008. pregnancy: OR,1.39; 95 % CI,1.070-1.820; p=0.014) and lower maternal 25-OHD level (OR,1.16; 95 % CI,1.034-1.292; p=0.011). Conclusions. Maternal/child VitD deficiency is associated with ID/IDA in children aged 6 months-5 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Iron/deficiency , Time Factors , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Hemoglobins/analysis , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Dietary Supplements , Ferritins/blood , Iron/blood
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(3): 445-450, jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-950024

ABSTRACT

La hipertensión endocraneana idiopàtica se asocia infrecuentemente con la hipovitaminosis A y D. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 8 años con visión borrosa de 24 horas y papiledema bilateral. Resonancia magnética nuclear normal. Presión de apertura de líquido cefalorraquídeo: 260 mm^O. Presentó déficit de vitamina A y D, e inició un tratamiento sustitutivo. El segundo caso corresponde a un paciente masculino de 12 años con fiebre y odinofagia de 3 días. Con antecedente de glomerulonefritis y sobrepeso. Presentaba edema bipalpebral y papiledema. Tomografia axial computada de la órbita: aumento de líquido en la vaina de ambos nervios ópticos. Resonancia magnética nuclear: aracnoidocele intraselar. Presión de apertura de líquido cefalorraquídeo: 400 mm^O. Presentó déficit de vitamina D y B6, e inició el tratamiento sustitutivo. La elevación de la presión intracraneal desencadena mecanismos de compensación que, al fallar, pueden comprometer la vida o provocar graves discapacidades neurológicas. Reconocer la causa para un enfoque terapéutico preciso es clave para disminuir la morbimortalidad asociada a esta patología.


Idiopathic endocranial hypertension is infrequently associated with hypovitaminosis A and D. The case of an 8-year-old female with 24-hour blurred vision and bilateral papilledema is presented. Nuclear magnetic resonance was normal. Opening pressure of cerebrospinal fluid: 260 mm^O. She presented vitamin A and D deficiency and started replacement therapy. The second case corresponds to a 12-year-old male with fever and odynophagia of 3 days. History of glomerulonephritis and overweight. He had bipalpebral edema and papilledema. Computed tomography scan of the orbit: increase of fluid in the sheath of both optic nerves. Nuclear magnetic resonance: intrasellar arachnoidocele. Opening pressure of cerebrospinal fluid: 400 mmH2O. He presented vitamin D and B6 deficiency and started replacement treatment. The elevation of intracranial pressure triggers compensation mechanisms that, when they fail, can compromise life or cause serious neurological disabilities. Recognizing the cause for an accurate therapeutic approach is key to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Vitamin B 6 Deficiency/complications , Vitamin A Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Pseudotumor Cerebri/diagnosis , Vitamin B 6 Deficiency/drug therapy , Vision Disorders/etiology , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Vitamin A Deficiency/drug therapy , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy , Pseudotumor Cerebri/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Papilledema/etiology , Intracranial Hypertension/diagnosis , Intracranial Hypertension/etiology , Vitamin B 6/administration & dosage
7.
Actual. osteol ; 14(1): 22-29, Ene - Abr. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1116628

ABSTRACT

Las estatinas son fármacos habitualmente seguros y bien tolerados, muy eficaces para la prevención de trastornos cardiovasculares. La presencia de mialgias, poco frecuente, pero con incidencia dispar en diversos reportes, es una de las causas de abandono de su uso. También las distintas denominaciones (mialgia, miopatía, rabdomiólisis) y la subjetividad de cada paciente para referirlas han creado confusión en el tema. Se ha comenzado a reportar asociación entre niveles de vitamina D sérica disminuida y mayor riesgo de miopatía, por un lado, y trabajos donde pacientes que las abandonaban a causa de mialgias, con deficiencia de vitamina D, pueden tolerarlas una vez que se suplementa la vitamina hasta valores deseables. La presencia de polimorfismos en genes de enzimas que metabolizan o transportan a las estatinas es otro factor claramente relacionado con miopatía. Es posible que el déficit de vitamina D deba ser considerado un factor de riesgo para desarrollar miopatía por estatinas, como lo serían también la administración simultánea de fármacos que se metabolizan por la misma vía de citocromo P450, o la presencia de los polimorfismos mencionados. En conclusión, el hallazgo de tener deficiencia de vitamina D se asocia a miopatía por estatinas, o que es un factor de riego para desarrollarla, abre nuevas perspectivas para un gran número de pacientes que abandonan este tratamiento debido a esta patología. (AU)


Statins are usually safe and well tolerated drugs, very effective for preventing cardiovascular complications. The rare presence of myalgia, with different incidence as reported by several studies, is one of the causes of lack of drug compliance. Also the different symptoms referred (myalgia, myopathy, rhabdomyolysis) and the lack of objetivity of each patient when referring to the symptoms, have created confusion in this matter. Associations between decreased vitamin D levels and increased risk of myopathy has been reported. Indeed, studies describing patients with vitamin D deficiency who are not compliant due to myalgia show that they become tolerant to the drugs once the vitamin is supplemented to desirable values. The presence of gene polymorphisms for enzymes that metabolize or transport statins is another factor clearly related to myopathy. Therefore, we should consider vitamin D deficiency and other conditions such as the simultaneous administration of drugs that are metabolized by the same cytochrome P450 pathway, or the presence of mentioned polymorphisms as a risk factor for developing myopathy due to statins. In conclusion, the finding that vitamin D deficiency is associated with statin myopathy, or is a risk factor its develpoment, opens new perspectives for a large number of patients who leave this treatment due to this condition. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Myalgia/chemically induced , Myotoxicity/diagnosis , Polymorphism, Genetic/drug effects , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Risk Factors , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Drug Interactions , Myalgia/diagnosis , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Fruit and Vegetable Juices/adverse effects , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Mevalonic Acid/pharmacology , Muscular Diseases/physiopathology
8.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(5): 466-471, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-899456

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this systematic review was to analyze clinical trials carried out for the investigation of the effect of vitamin D supplementation on systemic lupus erythematosus. The research was performed from August to September 2016, without limits regarding year of publication, restriction of gender, age, and ethnicity. For the guiding question, the PICO strategy was employed. To evaluate the quality of the publications the PRISMA protocol and Jadad scale were used. The risk of bias analysis of the clinical trials was performed using the Cochrane collaboration tool. After the process of article selection and removal of duplicates, four articles were identified as eligible. The results of three studies showed a positive effect of supplementation on disease activity reduction and significant improvement in levels of inflammatory markers, fatigue, and endothelial function. Only one study showed no improvement in disease activity after supplementation. Moreover, all studies showed an increase in serum vitamin D levels. The data from this review provide evidence on the benefits of vitamin D supplementation in patients with lupus and vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency. However, it is still necessary to elucidate whether vitamin D acts in the protection against this metabolic disorder, as well as the standardization of the type, dose and time of vitamin D supplementation.


Resumo O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi analisar ensaios clínicos feitos na investigação do efeito da suplementação com vitamina D sobre o lúpus eritematoso sistêmico. A pesquisa foi feita nas bases de dados Scopus, PubMed e Biblioteca Cochrane, de agosto a setembro de 2016, sem limite de ano de publicação, restrição de gênero, idade e etnicidade. Para a questão norteadora foi empregada a estratégia Pico. Para avaliar a qualidade das publicações usaram-se o protocolo Prisma e a escala de Jadad. A análise do risco de viés dos ensaios clínicos ocorreu pela ferramenta de colaboração Cochrane. Após o processo de seleção e remoção de artigos duplicados, quatro artigos foram identificados como elegíveis. Os resultados de três estudos mostraram efeito positivo da suplementação na redução da atividade da doença e melhoria significativa nos níveis de marcadores inflamatórios, fadiga e função endotelial. Em apenas um estudo não houve melhoria na atividade da doença após a suplementação. Ademais, todos os estudos apresentaram aumento dos níveis séricos de vitamina D. Os dados desta revisão fornecem evidências dos benefícios da suplementação com vitamina D sobre o lúpus em pacientes com insuficiência/deficiência. Contudo, ainda é necessário elucidar a atuação do nutriente na proteção contra esse distúrbio metabólico, bem como a padronização do tipo, da dose e do tempo de suplementação com vitamina D.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy , Vitamins/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Treatment Outcome , Dietary Supplements
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(4): 336-342, ago. 2017. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-887344

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Determinar la concentración de vitamina D en pacientes de entre 6 y 18 años de edad sometidos a un seguimiento por asma y la relación entre la concentración de vitamina D y el control y la gravedad del asma. Materiales y métodos. Se inscribió en el estudio a pacientes con asma y voluntarios sanos de entre 6 y 18 años de edad, asignados al grupo de pacientes y al grupo de referencia, respectivamente. Se registraron las características demográficas y los hallazgos clínicos de los pacientes, y se les realizó una prueba funcional respiratoria. Se estimaron el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la concentración de 25-hidroxi vitamina D (25(OH)D), calcio, fósforo, fosfatasa alcalina, inmunoglobulina E total y eosinófilos de todos los pacientes. La gravedad del asma y las condiciones de control se determinaron según los criterios de la Iniciativa Global para el Asma (Global Initiative for Asthma, GINA). Resultados. Se incluyó a 72 pacientes con asma y a 66 niños sanos. En comparación con el grupo de referencia, en el grupo de pacientes se detectó una menor concentración de vitamina D. En 38 (52,8%) niños del grupo de pacientes con asma se observó deficiencia de vitamina D; en este grupo, el control del asma era deficiente y la gravedad, significativamente mayor. No se observó una correlación significativa entre la concentración de vitamina D y el sexo, la obesidad, las pruebas funcionales respiratorias, las pruebas cutáneas, la concentración sérica de eosinófilos e inmunoglobulina E (IgE) total. Conclusión. La deficiencia y la insuficiencia de vitamina D fueron más frecuentes en los niños con asma, en comparación con los niños del grupo de referencia. Una menor concentración de vitamina D se asocia con un control deficiente del asma y una mayor gravedad de esta.


Background. The objective was to determine vitamin D levels in patients between the ages 6 and 18 years, followed for asthma, and the relation between vitamin D levels and asthma control and severity. Materials and Methods. Patients with asthma and healthy volunteers between the ages 6 and 18 years were enrolled into the study as patient and control groups, respectively. Patient demographic information and clinical findings were recorded; a respiratory function test was performed. Body mass index (BMI), 25(OH) D,calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, total IgE and eosinophil levels were determined for all patients. Asthma severity and control conditions were established based on GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) criteria. Results. Seventy two patients with asthma and 66 healthy children were included. Compared to the control group, decreased serum vitamin D levels were detected in patient group. Thirty eight (52.8%) patients in asthma patient group had vitamin D defficiency; in this group, asthma control was poor and asthma severity was significantly higher. No significant correlation was found between vitamin D levels and gender, obesity, respiratory functions, skin test, serum eosinophil and total IgE levels. Conclusion. The frequency of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency was higher in children with asthma, compared to the controls. Lower levels of vitamin D are associated with poor asthma control and increased asthma severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/complications , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Asthma/blood , Asthma/therapy , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Rev. Col. Méd. Cir. Guatem ; 156(1): 37-38, 2017 jul. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-981399

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En Guatemala, el cáncer de mama representa el segundo en frecuencia, superado únicamente por el cáncer de cérvix. El presente estudio se realizó con el fin de determinar la asociación entre los niveles de vitamina D y el cáncer de mama, en pacientes que acuden al Hospital General San Juan de Dios. Material y métodos: Estudio no experimental de casos y controles. autorizado por el comité de ética de dicha institución. Se incluyó una muestra de 52 casos y 104 controles. Se revisó el expediente médico para confirmar el diagnóstico y se extrajo una muestra de sangre para determinar los niveles de 25OHD, las cuales fueron procesadas en el Laboratorio Clínico Popular (LABOCLIP). Resultados: Ocho pacientes presentaron niveles óptimos de 25OHD, de los cuales dos (3.85%) son casos y seis (5.77%) corresponden a controles; no se encontró pacientes con riesgo de toxicidad. Para niveles subóptimos se determinó un OR=1.5 (IC=.29-7.86) de riesgo de padecer cáncer de mama. En el grupo etario de 66-70 se encontraron los niveles más altos de vitamina 250HD con una media de más o menos 22.01 ng/ml, y para el grupo etario de 56 a 65 años, una media de más o menos 21.82ng/ml. Conclusiones: Nueve de cada 10 pacientes presentan niveles subóptimos de 25=HD, con una media de 20.65 ng/ml en casos y 19.71 ng/ml controles. Existe una tendencia inversamenteproporcional entre los niveles séricos de 25 OHD y el estadío del cáncer de mama (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Guatemala/epidemiology
11.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(2): 133-139, abr. 2017. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-838339

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La dislipidemia es una de las mayores complicaciones de la obesidad; la deficiencia de vitamina D y la resistencia a la insulina son complicaciones metabólicas que se presentan en niños obesos con dislipidemia. Objetivo. Determinar si la deficiencia de vitamina D y la resistencia a la insulina son factores de riesgo de dislipidemia en niños obesos. Materiales y métodos. Este estudio se llevó a cabo en el Departamento de Pediatría del Hospital Universitario y de Investigación Bagcilar en Estambul, Turquía, entre 2014 y 2015. Se incluyeron en el estudio pacientes obesos de 8 a 14 años de edad. Se midió la concentración sérica de triglicéridos, colesterol total, colesterol de las LDL, colesterol de las HDL, glucemia en ayunas, insulina, alanina aminotransferasa y vitamina D; también se hicieron ecografías hepáticas. La resistencia a la insulina se calculó utilizando el índice de la evaluación del modelo homeostático (HOMA-IR). Resultados. Se incluyeron en el estudio 108 niños obesos, de los cuales 39 (36,11%) padecían dislipidemia. Los valores promedio de glucemia en ayunas (88,74 ± 7,58 frente a 95,31 ± 6,82; p= 0,0001), insulina (14,71 ± 12,44 frente a 24,39 ± 15,02; p= 0,0001) y alanina aminotransferasa (23,45 ± 11,18 frente a 30,4 ± 18,95; p= 0,018) fueron significativamente más altos en los niños con dislipidemia. En los niños obesos con dislipidemia, la tasa promedio de esteatosis hepática y el índice HOMA-IR fueron más altos: 28 niños (71,9%) tuvieron esteatosis hepática y 37 (94,87%), presentaron resistencia a la insulina; las concentraciones de vitamina D fueron <20 ng/ml en el 69,3% de los niños. La deficiencia de vitamina D fue notablemente más frecuente (p= 0,033). El análisis de regresión multivariante confirmó que el aumento del índice HOMA-IR (p= 0,015) y el bajo nivel de vitamina D (p= 0,04) fueron factores importantes de riesgo de dislipidemia. Conclusión. En los niños obesos de nuestra región se observanbajas concentraciones de vitamina D y aumento del índice HOMA-IR, ambos factores de riesgo significativos para la dislipidemia.


Introduction. Dyslipidemia is one of the major complications of obesity; vitamin D deficiency and insulin resistance are attending metabolic complications in dyslipidemic obese children. Objective. To determine if vitamin D deficiency and insulin resistance are risk factors for dyslipidemia in obese children. Materials and Methods. This study was conducted in the Department of Pediatrics at Bagcilar Training and Research Hospital in Istanbul, Turkey between 2014 and 2015. Obese patients whose age range was 8-14 were included in the study. The serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting glucose, insulin, alanine aminotransferase, vitamin D levels were measured; a liver ultrasonography was performed. Homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), was used to calculate insulin resistance. Results. 108 obese children were included; 39 (36.11%) had dyslipidemia. The average fasting blood glucose (88.74 ± 7.58 vs. 95.31 ± 6.82; p= 0.0001), insulin level (14.71 ± 12.44 vs. 24.39 ± 15.02; p= 0.0001) and alanine aminotransferase level (23.45 ± 11.18 vs. 30.4 ± 18.95; p= 0.018) were significantly higher in the children with dyslipidemia. In the dyslipidemic obese children, the average hepatosteatosis rate and HOMA-IR level were higher; 28 (71.9%) had hepatosteatosis, 37 (94.87%) had insulin resistance; the vitamin D levels were <20 ng/ml in 69.3%. Vitamin D deficiency was significantly more common (p= 0.033). The multivariate regression analysis confirmed that the increase in the HOMA-IR level (p= 0.015) and the low vitamin D level (p= 0.04) were important risk factors for dyslipidemia. Conclusion. Obese children in our region exhibit low vitamin D and increased HOMA-IR levels, which are efficient risk factors of dyslipidemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Dyslipidemias/etiology , Pediatric Obesity/complications , Pediatric Obesity/metabolism , Turkey , Risk Factors , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(11): e6527, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-888953

ABSTRACT

Immunological mechanisms have been proposed to underlie the pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). Vitamin D has a potent immunomodulatory effect, which may affect pregnancy outcome. The objective of this study was to investigate 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] concentration and vitamin D receptor (VDR) expression in the decidual tissues of RSA patients. Thirty women with RSA (RSA group) and thirty women undergoing elective abortion (control group) were recruited during 2016 from gynecology outpatient clinics. We measured 25(OH) D, interleukin (IL)-17, IL-23, transforming growth factor β (TGF-β), VDR and 1-α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) in decidual tissues collected during the abortion procedure. In the RSA group, 25(OH) D and TGF-β were significantly decreased while IL-17 and IL-23 were significantly increased compared with the control group. VDR expression was significantly decreased in the RSA group compared with the control group. Logistic regression analysis showed a significant negative correlation between 25(OH) D in decidual tissues and RSA. These results indicated that vitamin D concentrations in the decidua are associated with inflammatory cytokine production, suggesting that vitamin D and VDR may play a role in the etiology of RSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Abortion, Habitual/metabolism , Receptors, Calcitriol/analysis , Decidua/chemistry , 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha-Hydroxylase/analysis , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Vitamin D/analysis , Vitamin D/metabolism , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Logistic Models , Risk Factors , Abortion, Habitual/etiology , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Receptors, Calcitriol/metabolism , Statistics, Nonparametric , Interleukin-17/analysis , Interleukin-23/analysis , 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha-Hydroxylase/metabolism
13.
PAFMJ-Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal. 2017; 67 (3): 386-390
in English | IMEMR (Eastern Mediterranean) | ID: emr-188565

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study was conducted in Pakistani population to find association of vitamin D deficiency with persistent non-specific musculoskeletal pains by comparing with pain free controls


Study Design: Case control study


Material and Methods: Patients aged 12 years or more presenting to Medical OPD with persistent nonspecific musculoskeletal pains for more than 3 months were selected as cases, while healthy individuals served as controls


Results: A total of 60 cases [patients with persistent non-specific pains] presenting to medical outpatients department at Military Hospital Rawalpindi and 60 controls were studied. Mean age of cases was 43.9 +/- 14.0 years and amongst controls were 33.2 +/- 17.8 years. Mean serum vitamin D level of 32.8 nmol/L was reported in cases whereas mean serum vitamin D level amongst controls was 26.7 +/- 17.8 nmol/L. Hypovitaminosis D amongst cases and controls was 86.6% and 95% respectively. The proportion of vitamin D deficiency did not differ significantly as compared to controls. There was non-significant difference in proportion of deficiency amongst cases and controls


Conclusion: Overall there was no association between persistent non-specific musculoskeletal pains and vitamin D deficiency


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Case-Control Studies , Healthy Volunteers
14.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 3(3): 933-941, sept. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087613

ABSTRACT

La vitamina D clásicamente ha sido relacionada con el metabolismo óseo, sin embargo ejerce diversas funciones en varios tejidos del organismo que poseen el receptor para vitamina D (VCR) yson susceptibles a su efecto. La disminución de vitamina D también se ha asociado a patologías "no clásicas"como hipertensión, síndrome metabólico, resistencia a insulina, diabetes, desarrollo de algunos canceres,alteraciones pulmonares, autoinmunidad e infertilidad, entre otras. También se ha asociado la deficiencia materna de vitamina D en la génesis de patologías postnatales. Además, muchas de estas patologías se producirían por alteraciones moleculares, principalmente relacionadas con su metabolismo y con polimorfismos del receptor VCR. La vitamina D se considerara una hormona, puede ser sintetizada en la piel a partir 7-dehidrocolesterol mediante radiación ultravioleta B. Su metabolismo es complejo e implica la interacción de diversos factores en su incorporación y formación final de calcitriol, su forma activa. Para ejercer su efecto requiere de la activación del receptor VDR en la célula blanco, el cual a su vez activa secuencias de genes específicos con funciones diversas, a través de secuencias promotoras del ADN denominadas elementos de respuesta de vitamina D (VDRE). Muchos tejidos presentan el receptor VDR y enzimas necesarias para su metabolismo, por lo cual el espectro de acción de la vitamina D es muy amplio, así como la variedad de patologías que produce. Esta revisión de vitamina D, está centrada principalmente en los aspectos moleculares de su metabolismo y su rol en la génesis de enfermedades "no clásicas", producto de su disminución o alteración de su metabolismo.


Vitamin D has traditionally been associated with bone metabolism, however it exerts different functions in various tissues of the body that possess the vitamin D (VCR) receptor and they are susceptible to its effect. Decreased vitamin D has also been associated with "nonclassical" diseases such as hypertension, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, diabetes, development of some cancers, lung disorders,autoimmunity and infertility, among others. Maternal vitamin D deficiency has been associated in the genesis of postnatal diseases. Further, many of these pathologies are produced by molecular alterations, mainly related to metabolism and receptor polymorphisms VCR. Vitamin D is considered a hormone, can be synthesized in the skin from 7-dehydrocholesterol by ultraviolet radiation B. The metabolism is complex and involves the interaction of several factors in its incorporation and final formation of calcitriol, the active form. To produce its effect requires activation of VDR receptor on the target cell, which activates specific gene sequences with different functions, through DNA promoter sequences in identified vitamin D response elements (VDRE).Many tissues have the VDR receptor and enzymes necessary for metabolism, so the spectrum of vitamin Daction is very broad in the variety of pathologies produced. This review of vitamin D focuses primarily on the molecular aspects of its metabolism and its role in the genesis of "nonclassical", diseases, product of its reduction or alteration of metabolic diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D/metabolism , Vitamin D Deficiency/metabolism , Receptors, Calcitriol/deficiency , Immune System/metabolism , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Disease/etiology , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Hormones/metabolism
15.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 57(2): 64-68, mayo-ago. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-909726

ABSTRACT

La única patología asociada al déficit de vitamina D fue durante el siglo XX el raquitismo. Nuevas consecuencias asociadas a esta deficiencia han surgido destacando la osteomalacia, mayor riesgo de fracturas, mayor incidencia de caídas en los adultos mayores y una peor coordinación neuromuscular. El propósito de la presente revisión es proporcionar una actualización dirigida a especialistas en ortopedia y traumatología, respecto a definiciones, beneficios, patologías relevantes y guías de manejo que el especialista debe conocer respecto a este problema.


The only condition related to vitamin D deficiency during the 20th century was rickets. New conditions associated with this deficiency have been increasingly reported including: osteomalacia, increased fracture risk, greater incidence of falls among the elderly population, and a worse neuromuscular coordination. The main purpose of this review is to present an update regarding the useful aspects for the orthopaedic community related to vitamin D deficiency, including definitions, benefits, significant diseases, and management guidelines that the specialist must know.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D/metabolism
16.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(4): 337-344, July-Aug. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-792768

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation of vitamin D levels with clinical parameters, bone mineral density (BMD), quality of life (QoL) and nailfold capillaroscopy (NC) in patients with diffuse systemic sclerosis (SSc). Methods: Thirty-eight female patients with diffuse SSc were analyzed regarding 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) serum levels. At inclusion, organ involvement, autoantibodies, modified Rodnan skin score (mRSS), Medsger Disease Severity Index (MDSI), body mass index (BMI), BMD, NC, Short-Form-36 Questionnaire (SF-36), and Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), were performed through a standardized interview, physical examination and electronic chart review. Results: Mean 25OHD serum level was 20.66 ± 8.20 ng/mL. Eleven percent of the patients had 25OHD levels ≤10 ng/mL, 50% ≤20 ng/mL and 87% ≤30 ng/mL. Vitamin D serum levels were positively correlated with BMI (r = 0.338, p = 0.038), BMD-total femur (r = 0.340, p = 0.037), BMD-femoral neck (r = 0.384, p = 0.017), SF-36-Vitality (r = 0.385, p = 0.017), SF-36-Social Function (r = 0.320, p = 0.050), SF-36-Emotional Role (r = 0.321, p = 0.049) and SF-36-Mental Health (r = 0.531, p = 0.0006) and were negatively correlated with HAQ-Reach (r = −0.328, p = 0.044) and HAQ-Grip Strength (r = −0.331, p = 0.042). A negative correlation with NC-diffuse devascularization (p = 0.029) and NC-avascular area (p = 0.033) was also observed. Conclusion: The present study provides novel evidence demonstrating that low levels of 25OHD have a negative impact in diffuse SSc QoL and further studies are needed to define whether vitamin D supplementation can improve health related QoL in these patients. The additional observation of a correlation with severe NC alterations suggests a possible role of 25OHD in the underlying SSc vascular involvement.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a correlação entre os níveis de vitamina D e parâmetros clínicos, densidade mineral óssea (DMO), qualidade de vida (QV) e capilaroscopia periungueal (CPU) em pacientes com esclerose sistêmica difusa (ES). Métodos: Mensuraram-se os níveis séricos de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) de 38 pacientes do sexo feminino com ES difusa. No momento da inclusão, analisaram-se o envolvimento de órgãos, autoanticorpos, escore cutâneo de Rodnan modificado (ERM), Medsger Disease Severity Index (MDSI), índice de massa corporal (IMC), DMO, CPU, Short-Form-36 Questionnaire (SF-36) e Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) por meio de uma entrevista padronizada, exame físico e avaliação de prontuário eletrônico. Resultados: A média do nível sérico de 25OHD foi de 20,66 ± 8,20 ng/mL. Dos pacientes, 11% tinham níveis de 25OHD ≤ 10 ng/mL, 50% ≤ 20 ng/mL e 87% ≤ 30 ng/mL. Os níveis séricos de vitamina D estiveram positivamente correlacionados com o IMC (r = 0,338, p = 0,038), DMO-fêmur total (r = 0,340, p = 0,037), DMO-colo femoral (r = 0,384, p = 0,017), SF-36-Vitalidade (r = 0,385, p = 0,017), SF-36-Aspecto social (r = 0,320, p = 0,050), SF-36-Aspecto emocional (r = 0,321, p = 0,049) e SF-36-Saúde mental (r = 0,531, p = 0,0006) e se correlacionaram negativamente com o HAQ-Alcance (r = –0,328, p = 0,044) e HAQ-força de preensão (r = –0,331, p = 0,042). Também foi observada uma correlação negativa com a CPU- desvascularização difusa (p = 0,029) e CPU-área avascular (p = 0,033). Conclusão: O presente estudo fornece evidências novas de que níveis baixos de 25OHD têm um impacto negativo sobre a qualidade de vida de pacientes com ES difusa e que são necessários mais estudos para definir se a suplementação de vitamina D pode melhorar a qualidade de vida relacionada com a saúde desses pacientes. A observação adicional de uma correlação com alterações graves na CPU sugere um possível papel da 25OHD no envolvimento vascular subjacente da ES.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Quality of Life , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Scleroderma, Diffuse/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Severity of Illness Index , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Surveys and Questionnaires , Microscopic Angioscopy , Scleroderma, Diffuse/blood
17.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 60(1): 15-20, jan.-mar.2016. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-831224

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A deficiência de vitamina D é considerada um problema de saúde pública no mundo todo em razão de suas implicações no desenvolvimento de diversas doenças, incluindo a Diabetes Mellitus tipo I (DMI). Os objetivos deste estudo são avaliar os níveis séricos de 25 OH Vitamina D, Cálcio, Fosfatase alcalina, fósforo e hemoglobina glicada em crianças diabéticas tipo I e correlacionar os níveis de vitamina D com a hemoglobina glicada e com a presença de Tireoidite de Hashimoto, microalbuminúria e Doença celíaca. Métodos: Estudo do tipo quantitativo, observacional transversal obtido pela analise de exames laboratoriais de 48 pacientes, maiores de 3 anos, com diagnóstico de Diabetes Mellitus tipo I. Os dados foram obtidos mediante análise dos prontuários. Resultados: Dezenove pacientes (59,4%) apresentaram vitamina D deficiente/insuficiente. A média dos níveis de cálcio, fósforo, fosfatase alcalina e HbA1c foram de 9,24, 281,17, 4,69 e 9,34, respectivamente. Em 31 pacientes (91,17%) o controle da DMI foi considerado ruim ou regular, sendo este avaliado pelo valor da hemoglobina glicosilada. Dez pacientes (29,41%) apresentaram uma ou mais das comorbidades associadas à DMI. Conclusão: Em 59,4 % dos pacientes o nível de vitamina D foi deficiente ou insuficiente. A média dos níveis de cálcio, fósforo e fosfatase alcalina dos pacientes estavam dentro dos valores normais. Em 31 pacientes (91,17%) o controle da DMI, avaliado pela HbA1c, foi considerado ruim ou regular. Não houve associação significativa entre a presença de Tireoidite de Hashimoto, doença celíaca ou microalbuminúria e os níveis de vitamina D.


Introdução: Vitamin D deficiency is considered a public health problem worldwide because of its implications in the development of various diseases, including diabetes mellitus type I (DMI). The aims of this study are to evaluate the serum levels of 25 OH Vitamin D, calcium, alkaline phosphatase, phosphorus and glycated hemoglobin in diabetic children type I and correlate vitamin D levels with glycated hemoglobin and presence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, microalbuminuria and celiac disease. Methods: A quantitative, observational cross-sectional study performed by analysis of laboratory tests from 48 patients over three years of age and diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type I. The data were obtained by analyzing medical charts. Results: Nineteen patients (59.4%) were vitamin D deficient/insufficient. Calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase and HbA1c mean levels were 9.24, 281.17, 4.69, and 9.34, respectively. In 31 patients (91.17%), control of DMI was considered poor or fair, as measured by the value of glycosylated hemoglobin. Ten patients (29.41%) had one or more comorbidities associated with DMI. Conclusion: In 59.4% of the patients vitamin D level was deficient or insufficient. Patients’ mean levels of calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase were within the normal range. In 31 patients (91.17%) the control of DMI, assessed by HbA1c, was considered poor or fair. There was no significant association between presence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis, celiac disease or microalbuminuria and vitamin D levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 34-39, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-776418

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: The role played by vitamin D in atopic dermatitis is controversial and has been the focus of many studies. The ultraviolet index has not been considered in this type of research. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were to assess 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] serum level in atopic dermatitis patients and control group, to investigate the association between atopic dermatitis clinical severity (using the SCORing Atopic Dermatitis index - SCORAD) and 25(OH)D serum levels, and to evaluate the independent predictors, including Ultraviolet index, SCORAD and 25(OH)D. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 atopic dermatitis patients. A control group was matched with a subsample of 54 participants with atopic dermatitis. SCORAD index, laboratory tests, and local Ultraviolet index were assessed. RESULTS: The atopic dermatitis patients had serum 25(OH)D levels and mean UVI significantly higher than the control group. Immunoglobulin E and Ultraviolet index were associated with the SCORAD index. Skin type, age and Ultraviolet index were independent predictors of 25(OH)D. CONCLUSIONS: Although statistically significant, the different levels of 25(OH)D between the paired groups may be attributed to the higher mean Ultraviolet index in atopic dermatitis patients. Since Ultraviolet index is an independent predictor of SCORAD index and of 25(OH)D level, it may work as a confounding factor in studies involving atopic dermatitis and 25(OH)D and must be considered in this kind of research.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Dermatitis, Atopic/blood , Ultraviolet Rays , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic/etiology , Dermatitis, Atopic/pathology , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Seasons , Severity of Illness Index , Statistics, Nonparametric , Sunlight/adverse effects , Time Factors , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D/blood
20.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 32(1): 56-63, 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIVECS | ID: biblio-1009608

ABSTRACT

Para mantener un esqueleto sano y mineralizado es de importancia crítica tener una fuente adecuada de vitamina D, que puede conseguirse mediante la exposición solar o la dieta. Se ha observado un aumento de la prevalencia del déficit de Vitamina D que se ha extendido a distintos grupos de edad y diferentes regiones, y ha alcanzado proporciones epidémicas. Estudios recientes han demostrado la importancia de la Vitamina D en la función neuromuscular y su déficit se ha relacionado con alteraciones funcionales y riesgo de caídas en ancianos. La vitamina D es esencial para la absorción normal del calcio en el intestino y tiene un papel fundamental en la mineralización del hueso. Objetivo: Determinar los valores de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25-OH D3) en hombres con baja masa ósea. Materiales y métodos: Se estudiaron sujetos masculinos con baja masa ósea que acudieron a la Unidad de Investigación UNILIME-UC Hospital Universitario "Dr. Ángel Larralde" entre Junio a Diciembre 2015, la muestra quedó constituida por 47 sujetos con criterios de inclusión (> 60 años con baja masa ósea (osteopenia-osteoporosis) por densitometría ósea (DEXA), en ausencia de enfermedades que determinan hipovitaminosis. A los mismos se les midió calcio sérico y 25 -hidroxivitamina D ( 25 -OH D3) este último se determinó por inmmuno ensayo (OCTEIA 25 -hidroxi vitamina D. IDS.UK). Se tomaron muestras de sangre venosa en ayuno, se congelaron a -70 °C y se midió por duplicado en el mismo tiempo. Los resultados se analizaron con programa SPSS.20 para Windows, utilizando técnicas de análisis descriptivos y para la significancía estadística, el coeficiente correlación de Pearson. Resultados: Se estudiaron 47 hombres con un promedio de edad de 66,28± 5,17 años, con valores promedio de calcio sérico de 8,88±0.38 mg/dl y con baja masa osea por DEXA a nivel de cuello de fémur (CF) de 0,870 g/cm3 con T score -1.5 y a nivel de columna lumbar L1-L4 de 0,917 g/cm3 con T score -1.8. Valores promedio de Vitamina D (25-OH D3) de 28,72±5,33 ng/ml (valor mínimo 18 ng/ml y valor máximo 39,60 ng/ml), observando un 38,30% (n=18) con valores inferiores de 30 ng/dl; de los cuales el 23,5% (n=11) presentaron valores entre 20 - 30 ng/ml catalogados como sujetos con deficit relativo de 25-OH D3 y un 14,8% (n=7) con valores inferiores a 20 ng/ml catalogados como sujetos con insuficiencia de 25-OH D3. Al correlacionar los valores de 25-OH D3 con la edad se observó una relación estadisticamente significativa (p<0,05), no asi con los niveles de calcio sérico (p=0.2), con DEXA CF (p=0.18) y con DEXA L1- L4 (p= -0,15). Conclusiones: La prevalencia de la disminución de vitamina D (25-OH D3) está sobrestimada, sobre todo en los paises tropicales donde se supone que contamos con uno de los principales factores que influyen en mantener dichos valores como es la exposición solar. En este estudio se observa una alta prevalencia de ipoavitaminosis (deficiencia e insuficiencia) de Vitamina D (38,3%). Por lo cual recomendamos se considere (AU)


To maintain a healthy mineralized skeleton is critically important to have an adequate supply of vitamin D, which can be achieved by sun exposure or diet. There has been an increase in the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency that has spread to different age groups and different regions, and has reached epidemic proportions. Recent studies have shown the importance of vitamin D in the neuromuscular function, and its deficit has been associated with functional alterations and risk of falls in the elderly. Vitamin D is essential for normal calcium absorption in the intestine and plays a key role in bone mineralization. Objective: To determine the values of 25 -hydroxyvitamin D (25 - OH D3) in men with low bone mass. Methods: Male patients with low bone mass who came to the Research Unit UNILIME -UC University Hospital " Angel Larralde" were studied from June to Diciemnbre 2015; the sample consisted of 47 subjects with theses inclusion criteria. >60 years with low bone mass (osteopenia - (osteoporosis) by bone densitometry (DEXA ) in the absence of diseases that determine hipovitaminosis. Serum calcium and 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25 -OH D3 ) were measured by enzymeinmmunoassay (25 -hydroxy vitamin D. OCTEIA IDS.UK ) venous blood samples in fasting state , frozen at - 70° C and measured in duplicate at the same time. the results were analyzed with SPSS.20 program for Windows, using descriptive analysis techniques and statistical significance the Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: the average age was 66.28 ± 5.17 years (minimum value of 61 years and maximum 71 years ), with average values of serum calcium of 8.88 ± 0.38 mg / dl and low bone mass by DEXA level Femur neck ( CF ) of 0.870 g / cm3 with Tscore -1.5 and level L1- L4 lumbar spine of 0.917 g / cm3 with Tscore -1.8. average Vitamin D values (25 - OHD3) of 28.72 ± 5.33 ng / ml (minimum value of 18 ng/ ml and maximum value 39.60 ng / ml), observing a 38.30 % (n = 18) with values lower than 30 ng / dl ; of which 23.5 % (n = 11) showed values between 20 to 30 ng / ml classified as subjects with relative deficit of 25 - OH D3 and 14.8 % (n = 7) with values lower than 20 ng / ml classified as failure subjects with 25 - OH D3. By correlating the values of 25 - OH D3 with age A statistically significant relationship (p < 0.05) was observed, but not with serum calcium levels (p = 0.2) with DEXA CF (p = 0.18) and with DEXA L1 -L4 (p = -0.15). Conclusions: Decrease of the prevalence of vitamin D (25 - OHD3) is overestimated, especially in tropical countries where sun exposure happens. In this study a high prevalence of Vit D hypovitaminosis (deficiencyand insufficiency) Vitamin D (38.3 %) was found. Therefore we recommend the determination of serum Vitamin D is considered in male subjects over 60 years and which have low bone mass(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Bone Density , Calcium/administration & dosage , Dietary Supplements , Osteoporotic Fractures , Internal Medicine
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