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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223054, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365396

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the relationship between 25(OH)D3 levels and fatal outcome in patients over 60 years of age undergoing surgical repair of hip fractures. Methods: prospective cohort of patients undergoing surgical repair of hip fractures. At admission, 25(OH)D3 levels were measured, among other parameters. Patients were followed for at least 1 year, and incident mortality was recorded. Results: 209 patients were included in the study, with a mean age of 79.5 ± 7.6 years among survivors and 80.7 ± 8.2 years among those who died in the first postoperative year (p=0.346). The 25(OH)D3 levels of survivors were significantly higher than those of patients who died (p=0.003). After adjusting for confounding variables, 25(OH)D3 levels below 12.5ng/mL were significant risk factors regardless of mortality (adjusted OR: 7.6; 95% CI: 2.35 to 24.56). Conclusions: our data show that serum 25(OH)D3 levels below 12.5ng/mL significantly and independently increased the risk of mortality in the first year after surgical repair of low-energy hip fracture in patients over 60 years of age in the geographic region where this study was conducted. Low albumin also showed a significant association with mortality in these patients. All other factors had no significant associations.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a relação entre os níveis de 25(OH)D3 e o desfecho fatal em pacientes acima de 60 anos submetidos a correção cirúrgica de fratura de quadril. Métodos: coorte prospectiva de pacientes submetidos a correção cirúrgica de fraturas de quadril. À admissão, foram medidos os níveis de 25(OH)D3, entre outros parâmetros. Os pacientes foram acompanhados por, pelo menos, um ano e a mortalidade foi registrada. Resultados: foram incluídos 209 pacientes no estudo, com média de idade de 79,5 ± 7,6 anos entre os sobreviventes e 80,7 ± 8,2 anos entre os que morreram no primeiro ano de pós-operatório (p=0,346). Os níveis de 25(OH)D3 dos sobreviventes foram significativamente maiores do que os dos pacientes que morreram (p=0,003). Após o ajuste para variáveis de confusão, níveis de 25(OH)D3 abaixo de 12,5ng/mL foram fator de risco significativo, independentemente da mortalidade (OR ajustado 7,6; IC 95% 2,35 24,56). Conclusões: níveis séricos de 25(OH)D3 abaixo de 12,5ng/mL aumentaram significativa e independentemente o risco de morte no primeiro ano após o reparo cirúrgico de fratura de quadril de baixa energia em pacientes com mais de 60 anos de idade na região geográfica onde este estudo foi realizado. A albumina baixa também teve associação significativa com a mortalidade nesses pacientes. Todos os outros fatores não tiveram associações significativas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Hip Fractures/surgery , Vitamin D , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Middle Aged
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 284-294, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355616

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The serum Vitamin D status in patients with vitiligo is ambiguous when compared to controls. A systematic review and updated meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the association between Vitamin D and vitiligo. Methods: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and other databases. The random effects model was used to obtain standardized mean differences and pooled correlation coefficients. Meta-regression and sub-group analyses were conducted to explore heterogeneity. The presence of publication bias and the study robustness were tested using funnel plot and sensitivity analyses, respectively. Results: This meta-analysis finally included 31 studies. Compared with controls, vitiligo patients showed significantly decreased serum Vitamin D levels (standardized mean difference = −1.03; p < 0.0001). The sub-group analysis showed that vitiligo patients with indoor/urban work had a significantly lower Vitamin D level when compared to their outdoor/rural counterparts (standardized mean differences = −0.45; p = 0.03). The sensitivity analysis indicated that no single study had a significant influence on the overall outcome, suggesting the robustness of this meta-analysis. Study limitations: Varied sample sizes and heterogeneous study populations from different countries are the limitations of this study. However, the between-study heterogeneity has been addressed by the random-effects model with meta-regression and sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed significantly decreased Vitamin D level in vitiligo, and its association with indoor/outdoor type of work of vitiligo patients. This study highlights the need to assess Vitamin D status for improving its level in vitiligo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitiligo , Vitamin D , Sample Size
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 284-294, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285081

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The serum Vitamin D status in patients with vitiligo is ambiguous when compared to controls. A systematic review and updated meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the association between Vitamin D and vitiligo. Methods: Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed and other databases. The random effects model was used to obtain standardized mean differences and pooled correlation coefficients. Meta-regression and sub-group analyses were conducted to explore heterogeneity. The presence of publication bias and the study robustness were tested using funnel plot and sensitivity analyses, respectively. Results: This meta-analysis finally included 31 studies. Compared with controls, vitiligo patients showed significantly decreased serum Vitamin D levels (standardized mean difference = −1.03; p < 0.0001). The sub-group analysis showed that vitiligo patients with indoor/urban work had a significantly lower Vitamin D level when compared to their outdoor/rural counterparts (standardized mean differences = −0.45; p = 0.03). The sensitivity analysis indicated that no single study had a significant influence on the overall outcome, suggesting the robustness of this meta-analysis. Study limitations: Varied sample sizes and heterogeneous study populations from different countries are the limitations of this study. However, the between-study heterogeneity has been addressed by the random-effects model with meta-regression and sensitivity analyses. Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed significantly decreased Vitamin D level in vitiligo, and its association with indoor/outdoor type of work of vitiligo patients. This study highlights the need to assess Vitamin D status for improving its level in vitiligo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitiligo , Vitamin D , Sample Size
4.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(3): 279-284, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252247

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has relationships with pathogenesis and inflammation pathways in many diseases. Its deficiency may make clinicians think not only of supplementation but also of presence of other diseases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between vitamin D levels and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), given that reduced levels are related to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. DESIGN AND SETTING: Case-control study conducted in the cardiovascular surgery and family medicine departments of a hospital in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 280 participants were included: 140 each in the DVT and control groups. Basic clinical characteristics, comorbidities and serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were recorded and then compared between the groups. Serum 25(OH)D levels were also evaluated separately in three subgroups (sufficient, insufficient and deficient). RESULTS: Serum 25(OH)D levels were significantly lower in the DVT group than in the controls (P < 0.001). Females in the DVT group had lower 25(OH)D levels than those in the control group (P = 0.002). Nonetheless, the median 25(OH)D level (16.41 ng/ml) of the control group was still below the reference value. Logistic regression analysis showed that 25(OH)D was a significant predictor of DVT. Weight, height and body mass index, which all presented interaction, were significant in the logistic regression analysis but not in individual analyses. CONCLUSION: The serum vitamin D levels of DVT patients were lower than those of controls. If the results obtained from our study are supported by further large-scale randomized controlled trials, vitamin D replacement may be brought into the agenda for protection against DVT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Venous Thrombosis/etiology , Turkey , Case-Control Studies , Extremities
5.
Femina ; 49(1): 44-51, 20210131. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146937

ABSTRACT

O estudo objetiva avaliar a relação dos níveis de vitamina D em gestantes com as principais complicações gestacionais. A pesquisa foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed, LILACS e BIREME, sendo selecionados artigos relevantes publicados de 2013 a 2018, usando os descritores: "vitamin D" AND "maternity" OR "pregnancy". Foram revisados 14 estudos observacionais incluindo casos-controles e coortes que investigaram a relação dos níveis de vitamina D maternos com pré-eclâmpsia, diabetes mellitus gestacional e prematuridade, sendo excluídos os estudos que utilizaram suplementação de vitamina D. Os dados foram extraídos por meio de uma tabulação com as seguintes informações: autor, ano da publicação, país do estudo, score obtido no downs and black, ano da coleta da amostra, tipo do estudo, número de participantes, método de obtenção da amostra de 25(OH)D, tempo da gestação na obtenção da amostra, complicação obstétrica, fatores de confusão ajustados e os principais desfechos. Foi obtido um total de 32.505 pacientes após a soma das amostras de todos os artigos analisados. O principal resultado encontrado, abrangendo as três comorbidades analisadas, relaciona níveis menores que 30 nmol/L de vitamina D como potencial fator de risco para pré-eclâmpsia, diabetes mellitus gestacional e prematuridade.(AU)


The study aims to assess the relationship between vitamin D levels in pregnant women and the main gestational complications. The research was carried out in the PubMed, LILACS and BIREME databases, with the selection of relevant articles published from 2013 to 2018, using the descriptors: "vitamin D" AND "maternity" OR "pregnancy". 14 observational studies were reviewed including control cases and cohorts that investigated the relationship between maternal vitamin D levels and pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus and prematurity, and studies that used vitamin D supplementation were excluded. Data were extracted using a tabulation with the following information: author, year of publication, country of study, score obtained in downs and black, year of sample collection, type of study, number of participants, method of obtaining the sample of 25(OH)D, time of pregnancy in obtaining the sample, obstetric complication, adjusted confounding factors and the main outcomes. A total of 32,505 patients were obtained after adding the samples of all analyzed articles. The main result found, covering the three comorbidities analyzed, lists levels below 30 nmol/L of vitamin D as a potential risk factor for pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes mellitus and prematurity.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Diabetes, Gestational/physiopathology , Premature Birth/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Databases, Bibliographic
6.
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 14(4): 166-170, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344802

ABSTRACT

La epilepsia es una enfermedad neurológica frecuente que afecta a cerca de 50.000 millones de personas en el mundo. En Chile, la prevalencia estimada es de 10.8 a 17 por 1.000 habitantes. La primera opción para su tratamiento son los fármacos antiepilépticos (FAE) los cuales logran un aceptable control de enfermedad en la mayoría de los casos, sin embargo, tienen la potencialidad de desencadenar una serie de efectos adversos destacando entre ellos el desarrollo de hipocalcemia (HC) secundaria a hipovitaminosis D (HD), alteración que por lo general es leve y asintomática. Presentamos el caso de una mujer perimenopausica con antecedente de epilepsia en tratamiento con anticonvulsivante que desarrolla hipocalcemia severa. Además revisamos los mecanismos descritos a través de los cuales los FAE afectan el metabolismo de esta vitamina.


Epilepsy is a common neurological disease that affects about 50,000 million people in the world. The estimated prevalence is 10.8 to 17 per 1.000 inhabitants in Chile. The first option for its treatment are antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) which achieve an acceptable control of the disease in most cases, however, they have the potential to trigger a series of adverse effects (AE) highlighting among them the development of hypocalcemia (HC) secondary to hypovitaminosis D (HD), an alteration that is generally mild and asymptomatic. We present the case of a perimenopausal woman with a history of epilepsy under treatment with an anticonvulsant who develops severe hypocalcemia. We also review the mechanisms described through which AEDs affect the metabolism of this vitamin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/chemically induced , Epilepsy/drug therapy , Anticonvulsants/adverse effects , Vitamin D/metabolism , Epilepsy/metabolism , Hypercalcemia/etiology
7.
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(1): e20200279, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134931

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT In this cross-sectional study, we investigated the relationship that levels of vitamin D had with eosinophil counts and IgE levels in 26 children with asthma (6-12 years of age) in the city of Londrina, Brazil. Vitamin D levels were found to correlate significantly, albeit moderately, with age (r = −0.51) and eosinophilia (r = −0.49), although not with IgE levels (r = −0.12). When we stratified the sample into two groups by the median vitamin D level (< or ≥ 24 ng/mL), we found that those in the < 24 ng/mL group were older, had higher eosinophil counts, and had higher IgE levels. To our knowledge, this is the first study to show an association between low levels of vitamin D and more pronounced eosinophilia in children with asthma in Brazil.


RESUMO A associação entre níveis de vitamina D, eosinófilos e IgE foi analisada transversalmente em 26 crianças (6-12 anos) com asma na cidade de Londrina (PR). Foram observadas correlações moderadas dos níveis de vitamina D com idade (r = −0,51) e eosinofilia (r = −0,49), mas não com IgE (r = −0,12). Ao separar a amostra pelo ponto de corte obtido com a mediana dos níveis de vitamina D (< ou ≥ 24 ng/mL), valores mais altos de idade, eosinófilos e IgE ocorreram no grupo abaixo desse ponto. Pelo que sabemos, este estudo exploratório é o primeiro a mostrar uma associação entre níveis baixos de vitamina D e eosinofilia mais acentuada em crianças asmáticas no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D , Brazil , Immunoglobulin E , Cross-Sectional Studies , Eosinophils
8.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 400-404, oct. 31, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179031

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Vitamin D deficiency is a global health problem that can be a risk factor for a broad range of diseases such as some autoimmune diseases. Due to the autoimmune base of lichen planus, it seems that a reduction of the serum level of vitamin D is related to lichen planus. In this study, we investigate the relation between serum level of vitamin D and oral lichen planus patients (OLP). Material and Methods: In this case-control study, 35 patients with OLP (including 15 men and 20 women) and 70 healthy volunteers (including 35 men and 35 women), aged between 30-60 years old, referred to Qazvin University of Medical Sciences were investigated. None of these volunteers had systemic diseases. Vitamin D levels were measured with ELFA (Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay) and the data was analyzed using the chi-squared test and t-test. Results: The mean serum level of vitamin D in the control group was 23.7±9ng/ml and in the case group was 18.12±8/7ng/ml. The results show that the serum level of vitamin D in patients with OLP is significantly less than in the control group (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results, the serum level of vitamin D in patients with OLP was significantly lower than that of healthy people.


Introducción: La deficiencia de vitamina D es un problema de salud global que puede ser un factor de riesgo para una amplia gama de enfermedades, como algunas enfermedades autoinmunes. Debido a la base autoinmune del liquen plano, parece que una reducción del nivel sérico de vitamina D está relacionada con el liquen plano. En este estudio, investigamos la relación entre el nivel sérico de vitamina D y los pacientes con liquen plano oral (LPO). Material y Métodos: En este estudio de casos y controles, 35 pacientes con LPO (incluidos 15 hombres y 20 mujeres) y 70 voluntarios sanos (incluidos 35 hombres y 35 mujeres), con edades comprendidas entre 30 y 60 años, remitieron a la Universidad de Medicina de Qazvin. Se investigaron las ciencias. Ninguno de estos voluntarios padecía enfermedades sistémicas. Los niveles de vitamina D se midieron con ELFA (ensayo fluorescente ligado a enzimas) y los datos se analizaron utilizando la prueba de chi-cuadrado y la prueba t. Resultados: El nivel sérico medio de vitamina D en el grupo de control fue de 23,7 ± 9 ng / ml y en el grupo de casos fue de 18,12 ± 8/7 ng / ml. Los resultados muestran que el nivel sérico de vitamina D en pacientes con OLP es significativamente menor que en el grupo de control (p<0.05). Conclusión: De acuerdo con los resultados, el nivel sérico de vitamina D en pacientes con LPO fue significativamente menor que en personas sanas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Lichen Planus, Oral/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Case-Control Studies , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Experimental , Serum
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1444-1448, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136162

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To conduct a review of articles which have evaluated the relationship between vitamin D and cardioprotection in adult. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the Pubmed and Scielo databases. The results were extracted from primary and secondary sources and will be presented in the form of a bibliographic review. RESULTS: Twenty-three articles were identified from the electronic search that reported on physiological mechanisms relating the vitamin D axis and the cardiovascular system through receptors. Of the ten studies that evaluated the therapeutic effect of vitamin D in cardiovascular diseases, none reported significant results. CONCLUSION: The articles assessed in this review did not demonstrate a cardioprotective effect of vitamin D, despite the epidemiological correlation of vitamin D deficiency with a higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/prevention & control , Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy , Vitamin D , Vitamins/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Prevalence
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): 265-272, agosto 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118500

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo fue determinar la relación entre la concentración materna e infantil de vitamina D y la sepsis de aparición tardía. Población y métodos. En este estudio se incluyó a los bebés nacidos con ≥ 37 semanas de gestación hospitalizados con diagnóstico de sepsis de aparición tardía. Se comparó la concentración de vitamina D de los niños y sus madres del grupo del estudio y del de referencia. Resultados. El grupo del estudio incluyó a 46 pacientes con sepsis de aparición tardía nacidos a término y el grupo de referencia, 46 pacientes con hiperbilirrubinemia. La suplementación con vitamina D durante el embarazo fue menor en las madres del grupo del estudio que en el de referencia (p = 0,001). La concentración sérica de 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D] de los niños y las madres del grupo del estudio fue significativamente menor que la del grupo de referencia (p < 0,001). Se observó una correlación positiva entre la 25(OH)D en las madres y los niños de ambos grupos (r: 0,38; p < 0,001). El valor de corte para la 25(OH)D, que determina el riesgo de sepsis neonatal de aparición tardía, se estableció en 15,45 ng/ml (sensibilidad: 91,3 %; especificidad: 71,7 %; área bajo la curva: 0,824; p < 0,001). Conclusiones. La concentración de 25(OH)D fue inferior en los bebés nacidos a término con sepsis de aparición tardía y sus madres en comparación con el grupo de referencia. La correlación entre la concentración sérica de 25(OH)D de los niños y sus madres fue positiva.


Introduction. The objective was to determine the relationship between mother and infant vitamin D levels and late onset sepsis. Population and methods.Infants born ≥37 weeks of gestational age who were hospitalized with the diagnosis of late-onset sepsis were enrolled to this prospective case control study. VitaminD levels of the infants and their mothers in the study and a control group were compared. Results. Fourty six term patients with lateonset sepsis composed the study group, 46 patients with hyperbilirubinemia as the control group. Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy was lower in mothers of study group compared to the control group (p = 0.001). Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels of infants and mothers in the study group were significantly lower than the control group (p < 0.001). There was a positive correlation between 25-hydroxyvitaminD levels of mothers and infants in both groups (r: 0.38, p < 0.001). The best cut off value of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, which determines the risk of late-onset sepsis in neonates, was detected as 15.45 ng/ml (sensitivity: 91.3 %, specificity: 71.7 %, area under the curve: 0.824, p < 0.001). Conclusions.In this study, 25-hydroxyvitaminD levels were found to be lower in term infants with late-onset sepsis and among their mothers compared to the control group. Positive correlation was found between serum 25(OH)D levels of infants and their mothers. Key words: newborn infant, sepsis,


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Vitamin D , Neonatal Sepsis/diagnosis , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Case-Control Studies , Neonatal Sepsis/prevention & control , Neonatal Sepsis/drug therapy , Mothers
11.
Actual. osteol ; 16(2): [116]-[131], mayo.-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129745

ABSTRACT

"Los coronavirus pertenecen a una gran familia de virus (Coronaviridae) que infectan aves y varios mamíferos. El coronavirus actualmente denominado SARS-CoV-2, fue descubierto en diciembre de 2019 en Wuhan, provincia de Hubei, China, y es el agente causal de la epidemia de neumonía atípica actual" (COVID-19; Coronavirus Disease 2019). Los casos más graves presentan un síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda que puede conducir a la muerte. La vitamina D (VD), además del efecto bien conocido y positivo sobre la salud ósea y la homeostasis del calcio, tiene efecto pleiotrópico en varios órganos, con distribución casi universal del receptor de VD y de las enzimas de metabolización de 25 hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) en las células del organismo. Estas acciones extraesqueléticas dependen de la síntesis en dichas células del metabolito activo 1,25 dihidroxivitamina D por regulación paracrina y autocrina, dependiente de niveles circulantes óptimos de 25OHD. Por sus acciones inmunomoduladora, antiinflamatoria, antimicrobiana, reguladora del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona, favorecedora de la indemnidad del epitelio respiratorio y la homeostasis redox celular, la VD podría tener efecto protector en la infección por COVID-19. Entre los grupos de riesgo para COVID-19 figuran los adultos mayores, obesos, diabéticos, hipertensos, con afecciones cardiovasculares, patologías con mayor incidencia en individuos con hipovitaminosis VD. La suplementación con VD, para alcanzar niveles óptimos de 25OHD de 40-60 ng/ml, podría reducir la incidencia, severidad y riesgo de muerte en la actual pandemia por COVID-19, como medida complementaria mientras se desarrollan la vacuna y otras medicaciones específicas. (AU)


Coronaviruses belong to a large family of viruses (Coronaviridae) that infect birds and various mammals. The novel coronavirus currently known as SARS-CoV-2 was discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei province, China and is the causal agent of the current atypical pneumonia epidemic (COVID-19: Coronavirus Disease 2019); The most severe cases present with acute respiratory distress syndrome that can lead to death. Vitamin D (VD) has a pleiotropic effect on several organs, in addition to its wellknown and positive effect on bone health and calcium homeostasis, with an almost universal distribution of the VD receptor and the metabolites of 25hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in all cells of the body. These extra-skeletal actions depend on the synthesis of the active metabolite 1,25dihydroxyvitamin D in the cells depending on the optimal circulating levels of 25OHD and though paracrine and autocrine regulation. Due to its immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and regulatory actions on the renin angiotensin aldosterone system, which favors the compensation of the respiratory epithelium and cellular redox homeostasis, the VD could have a protective effect on COVID-19 infection. Among the risk groups for COVID-19 are obese, diabetic, and hypertensive patients, subjects with cardiovascular conditions, and elderly people. All these pathologies show a higher incidence in individuals with VD hypovitaminosis. VD supplementation, to achieve optimal 25OHD levels of 40-60 ng/ml, could reduce the incidence, severity, and risk of death in the current COVID-19 pandemic, as a complementary measure while the vaccine and other specific therapies are being developed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Vitamin D/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/biosynthesis , Vitamin D/physiology , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Calcifediol/biosynthesis , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
12.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(4): 279-285, 20200000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368340

ABSTRACT

Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a typical hair issue, which may have obliterating mental and social outcomes and is portrayed by the nearness of nonscarring alopecia. Objective: This examination has targets to assess the serum nutrient D levels , with AA; contrast the outcome and clearly sound control; and confirm relationship between AA types and serum nutrient D levels. Patients Also Methods: the examine might have been led clinched alongside Tikrit educating healing facility throughout those time starting with June 2019 of the limit for January 2020. Irrefutably the quantity of subjects associated with the assessment was ninety individuals isolated in two social events; the patients bundle were forty five the people who whimper of AA while the resulting gathering including a forty five age and sex-made solid volunteers were picked as a benchmark gathering. The degree and movement of the alopecia were noted and the patients were meticulously broke down for signs of various ailments. Research center assessments were led to patients and also to those control population, these included serum vitamin D levels were measured as 25-hydroxyvitamin D {25(OH)D} using a chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay. Blood models were gotten starting with patients and control subjects after totally taught consent was gotten. Results : An essential complexity may have been found for serum 25-OH Vit D levels between patients other than controls. Vitamin D sufficiency were more common in controls than in patients. Serum Vitamin D was deficient in both cases and controls group; but, the deficiency was significantly more throughout AA group (35. 6%) compared to the handle group (11. 1%). Among the list patients gathering, levels associated with nutrient D were totally higher in guys in contrast with females. Conclusions: AA might be related with nutrient D deficiency as mean degrees of nutrient D of patients were seen as fundamentally lower than typical sound controls.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Treponema Immobilization Test , Nutrients/deficiency , Antibodies, Antinuclear/immunology , Alopecia Areata/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies
13.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(3): 268-274, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136203

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between low serum vitamin D levels and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). METHODS A cross-sectional study with a consecutive sample of 133 individuals from Caxias do Sul, Brasil. We considered PAD patients those with an ankle-brachial index (ABI) ≤ 0.90 or with arterial revascularization. Vitamin D serum level was categorized as sufficient (≥30 ng/mL), insufficient (>20 to 29 ng/mL), and deficient (<20 ng/mL). Prevalence ratios (RP) were calculated through Poisson regression. RESULTS The prevalence of PAD was 50.7% (95% CI 42-59). After adjustment for potential PAD risk factors, RP were 1.08 (95% CI 0.66-1.76) for insufficient serum level and 1.57 (95% CI 0.96-2.57) for deficient vitamin D serum level; (p for trend = 0.020). CONCLUSION Vitamin D serum levels showed an inverse and significant dose-response relationship with PAD.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar a associação entre níveis séricos de vitamina D e doença arterial obstrutiva periférica (DAOP). MÉTODOS Estudo transversal, com amostra consecutiva de 133 indivíduos. Foram considerados com DAOP pacientes com índice tornozelo braquial ≤ 0,90 ou com revascularização arterial. O nível sérico de vitamina D foi classificado em: suficiente (≥30 ng/mL), insuficiente (>20 a 29 ng/mL) e deficiente (<20 ng/mL). Razões de Prevalência (RP) foram calculadas por meio de regressão de Poisson. RESULTADOS A prevalência de DAOP foi de 50,7% (IC95% 42-59). Após ajuste para potenciais fatores de risco para DAOP, as RP foram de 1,08 (IC95% 0,66-1,76) para nível sérico insuficiente e de 1,57 (IC95% 0,96-2,57) para o nível sérico deficiente de vitamina D; (p para tendência = 0,020). CONCLUSÃO O nível sérico de vitamina D mostrou uma relação dose/resposta inversa e significativa com DAOP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease/etiology , Peripheral Arterial Disease/blood , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease/epidemiology , Middle Aged
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1101865

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The study discusses the possible role of adequate vitamin D status in plasma or serum for preventing acute respiratory infections during the Covid-19 pandemic. Our arguments respond to an article, published in Italy, that describes the high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in older Italian women and raises the possible preventive and therapeutic role of optimal vitamin D levels. Based on literature review, we highlight the findings regarding the protective role of vitamin D for infectious diseases of the respiratory system. However, randomized controlled trials are currently lacking. Adequate vitamin D status is obtained from sun exposure and foods rich in vitamin D. Studies in Brazil have shown that hypovitaminosis D is quite common in spite of high insolation. Authors recommend ecological, epidemiological and randomized controlled trials studies to verify this hypothesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pneumonia, Viral/etiology , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D/pharmacology , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Brazil , Risk Factors , Coronavirus Infections/etiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
15.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(12): 848-854, Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055204

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vitamin D is a pleiotropic steroid hormone that modulates the autonomic balance. Its deficiency has been described as an environmental risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to investigate the serum levels of vitamin D, vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) and vitamin D receptors (VDR) and to evaluate cardiac dysautonomia in MS patients due to bidirectional interaction between vitamin D and the autonomic nervous system. Methods: The current cross-sectional study was conducted on 26 patients with relapsing-remitting MS and on 24 healthy controls. Twenty-four-hour ambulatory blood pressure variability (BPV) was calculated and the participants were evaluated for orthostatic hypotension and supine hypertension. Serum levels of vitamin D, VDBP and VDR were measured. Results: The mean serum vitamin D level was significantly lower in MS patients than in controls (p = 0.044); however there was no significant difference in terms of VDR and VDBP levels between the groups. Supine hypertension and orthostatic hypotension were significant and the 24-hour systolic BPV was significantly decreased in patients with MS (p < 0.05) compared to controls. No correlation was found between vitamin D, VDBP and VDR with supine hypertension, orthostatic hypotension and systolic BPV values (p > 0.05). Also, there was a negative correlation between VDBP and the EDSS (p = 0.039, r = −0.406). Conclusion: There was no correlation between orthostatic hypotension, supine hypertension and systolic BPV values and serum vitamin D, VDBP and VDR in MS patients. Future prospective studies with large number of patients may help us to better understand the relationship between vitamin D and the autonomic nervous system.


RESUMO A vitamina D é um hormônio esteroide pleiotrópico que modula o equilíbrio autonômico. Sua deficiência tem sido descrita como fator de risco ambiental para esclerose múltipla (EM). O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar os níveis séricos de vitamina D, proteína de ligação à vitamina D (VDBP) e receptor de vitamina D (VDR) e avaliar a disautonomia cardíaca em pacientes com EM devida à interação bidirecional entre vitamina D e sistema nervoso autônomo. Métodos: O presente estudo transversal foi realizado em 26 pacientes com EM remitente-recorrente e em 24 controles saudáveis. A variabilidade da pressão arterial ambulatorial (BPV) por 24 horas foi calculada e os participantes foram avaliados quanto à hipotensão ortostática e hipertensão supina. Os níveis séricos de vitamina D, VDBP e VDR foram medidos. Resultados: O nível sérico médio de vitamina D foi significativamente menor nos pacientes com EM do que nos controles (p = 0,044); no entanto, não houve diferença significativa em termos de níveis de VDR e VDBP entre os grupos. Hipertensão supina e hipotensão ortostática foram significativas e a BPV sistólica de 24 horas diminuiu significativamente em pacientes com EM (p < 0,05) em comparação aos controles. Não foi encontrada correlação entre vitamina D, VDBP e VDR com hipertensão supina, hipotensão ortostática e BPV sistólica (p > 0,05). Também houve correlação negativa entre VDBP e EDSS (p = 0,039, r = −0,406). Conclusão: Não houve correlação entre hipotensão ortostática, hipertensão supina e valores de BPV sistólica e vitamina D sérica, VDBP e VDR em pacientes com EM. Futuros estudos prospectivos com grande número de pacientes podem nos ajudar a entender melhor a relação entre vitamina D e sistema nervoso autônomo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/blood , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/blood , Receptors, Calcitriol/blood , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/blood , Primary Dysautonomias/blood , Reference Values , Autonomic Nervous System Diseases/physiopathology , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Blood Pressure/physiology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Supine Position/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting/physiopathology , Primary Dysautonomias/etiology , Primary Dysautonomias/physiopathology , Heart Rate/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Hypertension/blood , Hypotension, Orthostatic/physiopathology , Hypotension, Orthostatic/blood
16.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(4): 205-209, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087949

ABSTRACT

The main source of Vitamin D is the bioconversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholecalciferol, however, the level of sun exposition has been drastically reduced during the last decades, so it is not unusual to find a high deficit of Vitamin D in the population. There is evidence to suggest that the deficit of Vitamin D is associated with a worse evolution of asthma and a greater risk of serious exacerbations. Possibly prenatal Vitamin D supplementation to pregnant mothers reduces the risk of wheezing and asthma in the offspring, and supplementation to asthmatic children could improve the evolution of the disease.


La principal fuente de Vitamina D es la bioconversión del 7-dehidrocolesterol a colecalciferol, sin embargo, el nivel de exposición solar se ha reducido drásticamente durante las últimas décadas, por lo que no es extraño encontrar un déficit elevado de Vitamina D en la población. Existe evidencia que sugiere que el déficit de Vitamina D se asocia a peor evolución del asma y mayor riesgo de exacerbaciones graves. Posiblemente la suplementación prenatal de Vitamina D a madres embarazadas reduzca el riesgo de sibilancias y asma en los hijos que nacerán, y la suplementación a niños asmáticos podría mejorar la evolución de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/therapy , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Asthma/etiology , Asthma/prevention & control , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Dietary Supplements
17.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 605-609, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042038

ABSTRACT

Abstract Atrial fibrillation is a common type of arrhythmia and is an important cause of stroke and heart failure. vitamin D is an emerging risk factor of AF, and is implicated in the pathophysiology of atrial fibrillation. It has been established that this vitamin is extensively involved in the regulation of both the renin angiotensin aldosterone system and the immune system. Epidemiological studies have not yet reached a consensus on the possible association between vitamin D deficiency and atrial fibrillation. Better research designs and methods can further clarify the relationship between the two.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Atrial Fibrillation/metabolism , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Renin-Angiotensin System/physiology , Risk Factors
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(5): 508-516, Sept-Oct. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040105

ABSTRACT

The study is based on the fact that left atrial (LA) volume measurement is a marker of the presence of diastolic dysfunction and that Vitamin D deficiency may be associated with ventricular remodeling, worsening of left ventricular (LV) diastolic and systolic function, and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Objective: To evaluate whether LAV changes are related to vitamin D deficiency. Method: A cross-sectional, population-based, unicentric study in which 640 patients over 45 years of age enrolled in the Niterói's Médico de Família program, RJ, were evaluated. Patients were submitted to tissue Doppler echocardiography to evaluate the parameters of diastolic and systolic function and vitamin D dosage. The presence or absence of hypovitaminosis D associated with structural and functional cardiac changes was compared between each group. A p < 0.05 value was considered as an indicator of statistical significance. Results: Of the 640 individuals analyzed, hypovitaminosis D was confirmed in 39.2% of the patients, of whom 34.8% had diastolic dysfunction. The most relevant echocardiographic parameters that were statistically significant were non-indexed AEDs and LAV, E'/A' and E wave deceleration time, which were associated with the presence of hypovitaminosis D (P < 0.01). Conclusion: The study of the association of hypovitaminosis D and the appearance of structural and functional cardiac abnormalities may contribute to the discussion of the adoption of one more criterion to select individuals at risk of developing clinical cardiac insufficiency in primary care since, with the use of echocardiography, the subclinical condition of cardiac involvement, with prognostic and treatment implications for the referred patients with hypovitaminosis D, can be identified early


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Primary Health Care/methods , Vitamin D , Atrial Function, Left , Heart Atria , Avitaminosis/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Blood Pressure , Echocardiography/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Heart Failure , Heart Rate
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 621-628, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012317

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25 (OH) D) levels and acquired premature ejaculation (PE). Materials and Methods: A total of 97 patients with acquired PE and 64 healthy men as a control group selected from volunteers without PE attending our Andrology Outpatient Clinic between November 2016 and April 2017 were included the study. All patients were considered to have acquired PE if they fulfilled the criteria of the second Ad Hoc International Society for Sexual Medicine Committee. Premature ejaculation diagnostic tool questionnaires were used to assessment of PE and all participants were instructed to record intravaginal ejaculatory latency time. Vitamin D levels were evaluated in all participants using high performance liquid chromatography method included in the study. Results: Compared to men without PE, the patients with acquired PE had significantly lower 25 (OH) D levels (12.0 ± 4.5 ng/mL vs. 18.2 ± 7.4 ng/mL, p < 0.001). In the logistic regression analysis, 25 (OH) D was found to be an independent risk factor for acquired PE, with estimated odds ratios (95% CI) of 0.639 (0.460-0.887, p = 0.007) and the area under curve of the ROC curve of 25 (OH) D diagnosing acquired PE was 0.770 (95% CI: 0.695 to 0.844, p < 0.001). The best cut-off value was 16 ng/mL with a sensitivity of 60.9%, specificity of 83.5%, PPV of 70.9%, and NPV of 76.4% to indicate acquired PE. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that lower vitamin D levels are associated with the acquired PE. The result of our study showed that the role of serum vitamin D levels should be investigate in the etiology of acquired PE. Perhaps supplementation of vitamin D in men with acquired PE will ameliorate the sexual health of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Premature Ejaculation/etiology , Premature Ejaculation/blood , Testosterone/blood , Vitamin D/blood , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Middle Aged
20.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(3): 241-247, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020959

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The relationship between preoperative vitamin D deficiency and postoperative hypocalcemia in cases of total thyroidectomy (TT) is a matter of controversy and may vary according to geographical scenarios and populations. OBJECTIVE: The objective here was to evaluate whether preoperative vitamin D deficiency was associated with postoperative symptomatic hypocalcemia in a population in South America. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study on data from all patients undergoing total thyroidectomy, with or without central compartment lymph node dissection, from January 2014 to December 2017, at the A. C. Camargo Cancer Center. METHODS: Patients with benign thyroid disease (Graves' disease, multinodular goiter or hyperthyroidism) or thyroid cancer who underwent primary total thyroidectomy with or without central compartment lymph node dissection were included. The exclusion criteria were simultaneous parathyroidectomy and conditions that could affect serum calcium levels. The data collected included patient demographics, thyroid pathology, extent of the surgical procedure and complications. Information on preoperative and postoperative calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH) and vitamin D levels were retrieved from the medical records. RESULTS: 1,347 patients were assessed and postoperative hypocalcemia was diagnosed in 284 patients (21%). The vitamin D levels were considered deficient in 243 patients (18%). Postoperative hypocalcemia was diagnosed in 357 patients (31.5%). Multivariate analysis showed that central compartment dissection and preoperative total calcium and deficient vitamin D levels were significant risk factors for postoperative hypocalcemia. CONCLUSION: Deficient preoperative vitamin D levels were a significant risk factor for postoperative hypocalcemia. Preoperative oral supplementation should be considered, to minimize this risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Thyroid Diseases/surgery , Thyroidectomy/adverse effects , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Hypocalcemia/etiology , Postoperative Complications , Preoperative Care , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
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