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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 95-101, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1099857

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El objetivo fue evaluar la concentración de vitamina D en niños sanos de 12 a 24 meses suplementados con vitamina D (400 UI/día) durante el primer año.Métodos. Estudio descriptivo transversal entre junio de 2015 y mayo de 2016 en Estambul. Se incluyó a niños de 12 a 24 meses en seguimiento en la clínica del niño sano y con suplementación con vitamina D durante el primer año. Se midió calcio, fósforo, fosfatasa alcalina, hormona paratiroidea y 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D]. Se definió suficiencia (>20 ng/ml), insuficiencia (15-20 ng/ml) y deficiencia (<15 ng/ml) de vitamina D.Resultados. El estudio incluyó 197 niños. El 26,9 % (n = 53) siguió recibiendo suplementación después del año (dosis media: 491 ± 267 UI/día). La concentración media de 25(OH)D fue 38,0 ± 13,9 ng/ml. La ingesta regular de vitamina D en menores de un año (p = 0,008) y la continuación de suplementación después del año (p = 0,042) aumentaron la concentración de 25(OH)D en niños de 12 a 24 meses. Hubo deficiencia en 4,1 % e insuficiencia en 7,1 %. El nivel educativo materno (p = 0,009) y la leche maternizada (p = 0,012) fueron factores protectores contra deficiencia o insuficiencia.Conclusiones. La concentración de 25(OH)D era suficiente en el 88,8 % de los niños de 12 a 24 meses con suplementación con vitamina D (400 UI/día) durante el primer año. Los niños sanos de 12 a 24 meses con una suplementación correcta de vitamina D en el primer año podrían no requerir suplementación.


Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate vitamin D levels between 12-24 month-old healthy children supplemented with vitamin D (400 IU/day) during the first year.Methods. Descriptive-sectional study conducted between June 2015, and May 2016, in Istanbul (latitude 41ºN). Children aged 12-24 months followed up by the well-child clinic who had vitamin D supplementation in the first year were included in the study. The levels of calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] were measured. Vitamin D status was defined as >20 ng/mL: sufficiency, 15-20 ng/mL: insufficiency and <15 ng/mL: deficiency.Results. The study was completed with 197 children. 26.9 % of children (n = 53) went on receiving supplementation after one year (mean dose 491 ± 267 IU/day). The mean 25(OH)D level was 38.0 ± 13.9 ng/mL. It was found that regular vitamin D intake under one year of age (p = 0.008) and continued support after one year of age (p = 0.042) increased level of 25(OH)D in children aged 12-24 months. Vitamin D deficiency was found in 4.1 % and vitamin D insufficiency in 7.1 %. Mother's education (p = 0.009) and use of formula (p = 0.012) were protective factors in relation to development of vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency.Conclusions. The level of 25(OH)D was sufficient in 88.8 % of children aged 12-24 months receiving 400 IU/day vitamin D supplementation in the first year. Vitamin D supplementation could not be required in healthy children aged 12-24 months who received properly vitamin D supplementation in the first year.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Vitamin D/blood , Dietary Supplements , Turkey , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis
2.
Actual. osteol ; 15(3): 214-224, Sept-Dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1116039

ABSTRACT

En la Argentina, las embarazadas presentan alta prevalencia (80%) de hipovitaminosis D y de sobrepeso u obesidad (27,4%). Ambas condiciones pueden aumentar la morbimortalidad materno-fetal. Bajos niveles de vitamina D se han relacionado con aumento del colesterol total, LDL, triglicéridos (Tg) y descenso de HDL. Objetivo: evaluar los niveles de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) y su relación con el perfil lipídico en pacientes embarazadas de alto riesgo. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal entre septiembre de 2016 y abril de 2017. Se excluyeron pacientes que recibieron suplementos de vitamina D, con disfunción tiroidea no compensada, malabsorción, insuficiencia cardíaca, renal o hepática y dislipidemia familiar. Niveles circulantes de 25OHD < 30 ng/ml se consideraron hipovitaminosis. Resultados: se evaluaron 86 embarazadas de 29,3 ± 7,1 años durante la semana 28 ± 6,5. El IMC pregestacional fue 28,3 ± 6,5 kg/m2 y la ganancia de peso 7 ± 4,3 kg. Perfil lipídico: colesterol total 240 ± 54 mg/dl; LDL 156 ± 54 mg/dl; HDL 66 ± 15 mg/dl; Tg 204 ± 80 mg/dl. La media de 25OHD fue de 23,8 ± 9 ng/ml, con una prevalencia de hipovitaminosis D de 77,9 %. Las pacientes con hipovitaminosis D presentaron mayores valores de colesterol total y LDL (p < 0,05), con tendencia no significativa a presentar mayores valores de Tg. Conclusión: en embarazadas de alto riesgo se observó una alta prevalencia de hipovitaminosis D, asociada con mayores concentraciones de colesterol total y LDL. (AU)


In Argentina, pregnant women have a high prevalence (80 %) of hypovitaminosis D and verweight/obesity (27.4%), conditions that can increase maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. Low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) have been linked to an increase in total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides (TG) and a decrease in HDL cholesterol. Objective: to evaluate the levels of vitamin D and its relationship with the lipid profile in high risk pregnant patients. Materials and methods: cross-sectional study between September 2016 and April 2017. Patients who received vitamin D supplements or had non-compensated thyroid dysfunction, malabsorption, heart failure, renal or hepatic failure, or familial dyslipidemia were excluded. Hypovitaminosis D was defined as a circulating level of 25OHD < 30 ng/ml. Results: We assessed 86 women of 29.3 ± 7.1 years during pregnancy week 28 ± 6.5. Pre-gestational BMI was 28.3 ± 6.5 kg/m2. Their weight gain was 7 ± 4.3 kg. Lipid profile: total cholesterol 240 ± 54 mg/dl; LDL cholesterol 156 ± 54 mg/dl; HDL cholesterol 66 ± 15 mg/dL; TG 204 ± 80 mg/dl. The mean 25OHD level was 23.8 ± 9 ng/ml, with a 77.9 % prevalence of hypovitaminosis D. Patients with hypovitaminosis D had higher values of total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol (p<0.05), and a non-significant trend toward higher triglyceridemia. Conclusion: A high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D, associated with high total and LDL cholesterol was found in high risk pregnant women. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Young Adult , Avitaminosis/metabolism , Vitamin D/metabolism , Pregnancy, High-Risk/metabolism , Argentina/epidemiology , Avitaminosis/blood , Avitaminosis/epidemiology , Vitamin D/analysis , Vitamin D/blood , Epidemiologic Studies , Body Mass Index , Cholesterol/analysis , Cholesterol/blood , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Public Health/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/statistics & numerical data , Diabetes, Gestational/metabolism , Pregnancy, High-Risk/blood , Dyslipidemias/metabolism , Overweight/metabolism , Obstetric Labor, Premature/metabolism , Cholesterol, LDL/analysis , Cholesterol, LDL/blood , Obesity/metabolism
3.
Mem. Inst. Invest. Cienc. Salud (Impr.) ; 17(2): 36-43, ago. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1008411

ABSTRACT

La vitamina D es una hormona cumple una función en la regulación de numerosos genes que participan en la proliferación y maduración celular. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar la prevalencia de valores inadecuados de esta vitamina en jóvenes sanos de Asunción e identificar los posibles factores de riesgo asociados. Estudio observacional descriptivo basado en datos clínico-epidemiológicos y en la determinación de la 25-hidroxivitamina D (25-OH vitamina D) por el método de quimioluminiscencia (CMIA). Se consideró valor adecuado ≥30 ng/dl, inadecuado por debajo de este rango y deficiente ≤20 ng/dl. El análisis estadístico se realizó con el programa R-proyect. Para establecer factores de riesgo para tener deficiencia de vitamina D se utilizó regresión logística bi y multivariante. Se incluyeron 817 jóvenes universitarios de edad promedio 21 años. La concentración de vitamina D tuvo una media de 25 ± 8 ng/dl, oscilando entre 64,3 y 2,4 ng/dl. El 75,5% de los participantes tenían valores inadecuados de vitamina D. La deficiencia de vitamina D fue significativamente (p = 0,006) más frecuente en mujeres, personas con sobrepeso (p = 0,03), con falta de exposición al sol (p = 0,001) y con sedentarismo (p = 0,0001). Este estudio confirma la elevada prevalencia de valores inadecuados de vitamina D en nuestro país y permite definir un perfil de muy alto riesgo para las jóvenes sedentarias y con sobrepeso, lo que justifica una atención especial de parte de los médicos y las instituciones responsables de la salud pública en nuestro país(AU)


Vitamin D is a hormone that plays a role in the regulation of numerous genes involved in cell proliferation and maturation. The objective of this work was to determine the prevalence of inadequate values of this vitamin in healthy young people of the city of Asunción and to identify the possible risk factors associated with it. Descriptive observational study based on clinical-epidemiological data and in the determination of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH vitamin D) by the chemiluminescence method (CMIA). It was considered appropriate values ≥30 ng/dl, inappropriate below this range and deficient <20 ng/dl. Statistical analyzes were carried out with the R-project program. To establish the association, bivariate and multivariate logistic regression was used. We included 817 university students with an average age of 21 years. The average value of the vitamin D concentration was 25 ± 8 ng/dl, ranging from 64.3 to 2.4 ng/dl. Inadequate vitamin D values were found in 75.5% of the participants. Vitamin D deficiency was significantly (p <0.006) more frequent in women, overweight people (p <0.03), lack of sun exposure (p = 0.001) and sedentary lifestyle (p = 0.0001). This study confirms the high prevalence of inadequate vitamin D values in our country and allows us to define a very high risk profile for sedentary and overweight young women, which justifies special attention from physicians and institutions responsible for public health in our country(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Sunlight , Body Weights and Measures , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Eating
4.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 279-286, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1011121

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Exposure to UVR provides benefits related to vitamin D synthesis, but also causes harms, since UVB is considered a complete carcinogen. There is no definition of the level of sun exposure and the proportion of exposed body required for proper synthesis of vitamin D in the skin without causing it damage. Objectives: This study aims to analyze the sun exposure index, vitamin D levels and clinical changes in the skin caused by constant sun exposure in the fishermen population. Methods: It is a cross-sectional, observational and analytical study. The sample consisted of fishermen and was calculated in 174 individuals. The questionnaire was applied, the dermatological examination was carried out and the examinations of calcidiol, parathyroid hormone, calcium and phosphorus were requested. Data were expressed as percentages. The comparative analysis was done through the Chi-square test, and the correlations were established through the Pearson's linear coefficient. Results: We observed that there was vitamin D deficiency in a small part of the cases (11.46%), and the frequency of diagnosis of skin cancer was 2.7% of the cases surveyed. Study Limitations: The difficulty in categorizing the sun exposure index. Conclusion: The fact that fishermen expose themselves to the sun chronically and have been exposed to the sun for more than 15 years, between 21 and 28 hours a week, and without photoprotection, were indicative factors for protection against vitamin D deficiency. Chronic exposure to sun and high vitamin levels D may be indicative of protection of this population against skin cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Sunlight , Ultraviolet Rays , Vitamin D/biosynthesis , Vitamin D Deficiency/rehabilitation , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Vitamin D/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Nutritional Status , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Diet
5.
Actual. osteol ; 15(1): 11-19, ene. abr. 2019. tab., ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1048549

ABSTRACT

El hiperparatiroidismo persistente/recurrente representa un desafío en la localización del tejido paratiroideo hiperfuncionante. En esta subpoblación, los métodos convencionales ofrecen un menor rédito diagnóstico. La 18F-colina PET/TC podría ser una buena alternativa dada su mejor resolución espacial, capacidad de detectar glándulas ectópicas y la conjunción de la imagen molecular y anatómica. Sin embargo, la evidencia en este subgrupo de pacientes es escasa. Objetivo: evaluar la utilidad de la 18F-colina PET/TC como método de localización en el hiperparatiroidismo persistente o recurrente. Materiales y métodos: se analizaron los pacientes con 18F-colina PET/TC para hiperparatiroidismo entre diciembre de 2015 y enero de 2018 en un centro terciario de alto volumen. Se analizaron el número de lesiones, su localización, tamaño y el Standard Uptake Value máximo (SUV max) en las imágenes tempranas y tardías. Se compararon los resultados con los métodos convencionales. Resultados: 7 de 15 pacientes habían sido operados previamente (persistentes/recurrentes). La 18F-colina PET/TC detectó 6/7 casos (83,33%), la ecografía cervical 1/4 (25%) y el SPECT de paratiroides y la resonancia nuclear magnética 2/5 (40%). El SUV max obtenido fue variable, en la mitad de los casos a los 10 minutos y en los restantes a la hora; el tamaño promedio de las lesiones fue 8,61 mm (6-12 mm). Conclusiones: la 18F-colina PET/TC muestra una alta tasa de detección en los pacientes con hiperparatiroidismo persistente/recurrente. La combinación del comportamiento biológico del PET con los hallazgos morfológicos aportados por la TC con contraste endovenoso le ofrecería ventajas sobre otros estudios que podrían posicionarlo como método de primera línea en esta subpoblación. (AU)


Persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism represents a challenge regarding the localization of the hyper-functioning parathyroid tissue. In this subpopulation of hyperpharathyroid patients, conventional methods have a low diagnostic yield. The 18F-choline PET /CT could be a good alternative given its better spatial resolution, ability to detect ectopic glands, and the conjunction of the molecular and anatomical image. However, the evidence in this subgroup of patients is limited. Objective: to evaluate the utility of 18F-choline PET/ CT as a localization method in persistent or recurrent hyperparathyroidism. Materials and methods: patients with 18F-choline PET / CT for hyperparathyroidism between December 2015 and January 2018 in a high-volume tertiary center were included. The number of lesions, and their location, size, and maximum Standard Uptake Value (SUV) in the early and late images were analyzed. The results were compared to conventional methods. Results: 7 of 15 patients had been previously operated (persistent/recurrent). 18F-choline PET / CT detected 6/7 cases (83,33%), cervical ultrasound 1/4 (25%) and parathyroid SPECT and magnetic resonance 2/5 (40%). The maximum SUV was variable, one half at 10 minutes and the other half at 60 minutes; the average size of the lesions was 8.61 mm (6-12 mm). Conclusions: 18F-Choline PET / CT shows a high detection rate in patients with persistent / recurrent hyperparathyroidism. The combination of the biological behavior of PET with the morphological findings provided by CT with intravenous contrast would offer advantages over other studies that could position it as a first line method in this subpopulation. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/diagnostic imaging , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/statistics & numerical data , Recurrence , Vitamin D/blood , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/statistics & numerical data , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/statistics & numerical data , Choline/analogs & derivatives , Ultrasonography/statistics & numerical data , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/complications , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary/etiology , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Methionine/analogs & derivatives
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 56-61, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-983734

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Most of the organism's vitamin D (VD) is obtained through the cutaneous synthesis after exposure to the sun's UVB radiation. Sunscreens are indicated for the prevention of actinic damage to the skin, however, there are few clinical trials assessing the synthesis of cutaneous VD in real-life situations of sun exposure with ordinary clothing and usual photoprotection. Objectives: To evaluate the synthesis of VD with suberythemal sun exposure in healthy adults using topical photoprotection (SPF 30). Methods: Quasi-experimental study, conducted at Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), during winter, with 95 healthy adults who had 25-OH-VD checked twice, 24 hours apart, and were exposed to the sun (UVB=20 mJ/cm2), according to a randomized grouping: SC - use of SPF 30 on the face, neck and chest (n=64), NO - no sunscreens (n=10), CO - confined from sun exposure for 24h (n=21). The groups were matched according to the propensity score related to gender, age, phototype, body mass index, glycosylated hemoglobin and baseline levels of VD. The outcome evaluated was the variation (ΔVD) in serum level of 25-OH-VD (ng/ml) between the groups. Results: A statistically significant difference was identified between CO and SC groups [median (p25-p75)]: ΔVD =1.4 (-0.3-3.6) vs. 5.5 (4.8-6.6); p<0.01. There was no difference between SC and NO groups: 5.4 (3.1-6.1) vs. 4.1 (2.5-6.0); p=0.17. Study limitations: Laboratory analysis technique (chemiluminescence) with great variability, loss of food intake standardatization, unbalanced groups. Conclusions: Suberythemal sun exposure with sunscreen (SPF 30) provides similar vitamin D serum variation than without photoprotection in healthy adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sunlight , Sunscreening Agents , Vitamin D/blood , Reference Values , Skin/radiation effects , Time Factors , Vitamin D Deficiency , Statistics, Nonparametric , Luminescent Measurements
7.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(1): e20170431, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-984612

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency in children 0-18 years of age with recurrent wheezing and/or asthma residing in the microregion of Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and treated at a referral center, and to determine its association with major risk factors for wheezing. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using a semi-structured questionnaire, which was administered by trained interviewers to the legal guardians of the study participants. Data were obtained regarding general characteristics of recurrent wheezing; general sociodemographic, environmental, and biologic factors; and atopy-related factors. The magnitude of the statistical association was assessed by calculating ORs and their corresponding 95% CIs by using multiple logistic regression. Results: We included 124 children in the study. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency in the sample was 57.3%. Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency was found to be associated with wheezing in the first year of life, personal history of atopic dermatitis, environmental pollution, and vitamin D supplementation until 2 years of age. Conclusions: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency was high in our sample. Vitamin D concentrations were directly associated with vitamin D supplementation until 2 years of age and were inversely associated with wheezing events in the first year of life, personal history of atopic dermatitis, and environmental pollution.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência da deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D em indivíduos com sibilância recorrente e/ou asma com idade de 0-18 anos e residentes na microrregião de Viçosa (MG) atendidos em um centro de referência e determinar sua associação com os principais fatores de risco para sibilância. Métodos: Estudo transversal utilizando um questionário semiestruturado por entrevistadores treinados, aplicado aos responsáveis pelos participantes do estudo. Foram obtidas informações sobre características gerais da sibilância recorrente, fatores sociodemográficos, ambientais e biológicos gerais e aqueles relacionados à atopia. A magnitude da associação estatística foi avaliada por meio do cálculo da OR e IC95% obtidos por regressão logística múltipla. Resultados: Foram incluídos 124 indivíduos no estudo. A prevalência da deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D na amostra foi de 57,3%. Observaram-se associações da deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D com sibilância no primeiro ano de vida, antecedentes pessoais de dermatite atópica, poluição ambiental e suplementação de vitamina D até os 2 anos de idade. Conclusões: A prevalência de deficiência/insuficiência de vitamina D foi alta em nossa amostra. As concentrações de vitamina D foram associadas diretamente com a suplementação de vitamina D até os 2 anos de idade e inversamente com eventos de sibilância no primeiro ano de vida, antecedentes pessoais de dermatite atópica e poluição ambiental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Reference Values , Asthma/etiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Dermatitis, Atopic/etiology
8.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(1): e20170280, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-990106

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Bone disease is a common comorbidity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). We sought to determine risk factors and identify potential biochemical markers for CF-related bone disease (CFBD) in a unique cohort of CF patients with end-stage lung disease undergoing lung transplantation (LTx) evaluation. Methods: All of the CF patients who were evaluated for LTx at our center between November of 1992 and December of 2010 were included in the study. Clinical data and biochemical markers of bone turnover, as well as bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and femoral neck, were evaluated. Spearman's rho and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used. Results: A total of 102 adult CF patients were evaluated. The mean age was 28.1 years (95% CI: 26.7-29.5), and the mean body mass index was 17.5 kg/m2 (95% CI: 17.2-18.2). Mean T-scores were −2.3 and −1.9 at the lumbar spine and femoral neck, respectively, being lower in males than in females (−2.7 vs. −2.0 at the lumbar spine and −2.2 vs. −1.7 at the femoral neck). Overall, 52% had a T-score of < −2.5 at either skeletal site. The homozygous Phe508del genotype was found in 57% of patients without osteoporosis and in 60% of those with low BMD. Mean T-scores were not particularly low in patients with severe CFTR mutations. Although the BMI correlated with T-scores at the femoral neck and lumbar spine, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone levels did not. Conclusions: CFBD is common in CF patients with end-stage lung disease, particularly in males and patients with a low BMI. It appears that CF mutation status does not correlate with CFBD. In addition, it appears that low BMD does not correlate with other risk factors or biochemical parameters. The prevalence of CFBD appears to have recently decreased, most likely reflecting increased efforts at earlier diagnosis and treatment.


RESUMO Objetivo: A doença óssea é uma comorbidade comum em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC). Nosso objetivo foi determinar os fatores de risco e identificar possíveis marcadores bioquímicos de doença óssea relacionada à FC (DOFC) em uma coorte única de pacientes com FC e doença pulmonar terminal submetidos a avaliação para transplante de pulmão (TxP). Métodos: Todos os pacientes com FC avaliados para TxP em nosso centro entre novembro de 1992 e dezembro de 2010 foram incluídos no estudo. Foram avaliados dados clínicos e marcadores bioquímicos de remodelação óssea, bem como a densidade mineral óssea (DMO) na coluna lombar e colo do fêmur. Foram usados rô de Spearman e análise de regressão logística multivariada. Resultados: Foram avaliados 102 pacientes adultos com FC. A média de idade foi de 28,1 anos (IC95%: 26,7-29,5), e a média do índice de massa corporal foi de 17,5 kg/m2 (IC95%: 17,2-18,2). A média do escore T foi de −2,3 e −1,9 na coluna lombar e colo do fêmur, respectivamente, sendo menor nos homens que nas mulheres (−2,7 vs. −2,0 na coluna lombar e −2,2 vs. −1,7 no colo do fêmur). No geral, 52% apresentaram escore T < −2,5 em um dos dois sítios esqueléticos. O genótipo homozigoto para Phe508del foi encontrado em 57% dos pacientes sem osteoporose e em 60% daqueles com DMO baixa. A média do escore T não foi particularmente baixa em pacientes com mutações graves do gene CFTR. Embora o IMC tenha se correlacionado com o escore T no colo do fêmur e coluna lombar, os níveis séricos de 25-hidroxivitamina D e paratormônio não o fizeram. Conclusões: A DOFC é comum em pacientes com FC e doença pulmonar terminal, particularmente em homens e pacientes com IMC baixo. O estado de mutação da FC aparentemente não se correlaciona com a DOFC. Além disso, aparentemente não há correlação entre DMO baixa e outros fatores de risco ou parâmetros bioquímicos. A prevalência de DOFC parece ter diminuído recentemente, o que provavelmente é reflexo do aumento dos esforços para antecipar o diagnóstico e tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Osteoporosis/etiology , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Lung Diseases/complications , Osteoporosis/epidemiology , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Switzerland/epidemiology , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Lung Transplantation , Critical Illness , Bone Remodeling , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/genetics , Cystic Fibrosis/epidemiology , Lung Diseases/epidemiology , Mutation
9.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 22(4): 428-431, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-975595

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Allergic rhinitis is one of the most common allergic diseases that cause a decrease in quality of life. Over the last decades, the increase in the number of cases is supposed to be a result of industrialization and lifestyle changes. Vitamin D, which is a steroid hormone, has a significant immunomodulatory and antioxidant role in the human body. Objective The objective of the present study is to investigate the role of 1α-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 levels in allergic rhinitis patients and to compare them to the levels found in the healthy population. Methods A total of 256 participants were included in the present study. Allergic rhinitis is diagnosed with the help of the Allergic Rhinitis and Its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines confirmed through skin prick tests. Control subjects were selected among people without allergy history, which was also confirmed through skin prick tests. The levels of 1α-25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, immunoglobulin E (IgE), and eosinophil counts were measured in blood samples from both groups. Results The mean value of serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 was 25.5 ± 3.74 in the allergic rhinitis group, and 31.58 ± 3.85 in the control subjects. This difference reveals statistically-decreased levels in the allergic rhinitis group (p< 0.05). The total IgE levels are increased in the allergic rhinitis group (p< 0.05) and negatively correlated with the serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (r = - 0.259, p< 0.05). Conclusion Lower serum levels of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 were detected in the allergic rhinitis population. This data is also correlated to the IgE response in the study group. A supplement of 1α-25-hydroxyvitamin D3 in deficient patients might be helpful to relieve symptoms and signs of allergic rhinitis, but further studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cholecalciferol/blood , Rhinitis, Allergic/diagnosis , Turkey , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin E/blood , Skin Tests
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(6): 736-743, dic. 2018. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-973688

ABSTRACT

Introducción.La vitamina D afecta la eritropoyesis.Objetivo: evaluar, en niños de 6 meses a 5 años, la asociación entre concentraciones de 25-hidroxi vitamina D (25-OHD) en la madre/niño, ferropenia y anemia ferropénica (AF). Población y métodos. Se incluyeron los niños que asistieron a la consulta entre septiembre de 2014 y enero de 2016. Se excluyeron aquellos con infección aguda/crónica, desnutrición, enfermedades crónicas y prematuros. Se realizó hemograma, hierro sérico, capacidad fijación del hierro, ferritina y 25-OHD. Se investigó suplemento con hierro y vitamina D durante lactancia y embarazo.Resultados. Se incluyeron 117 niños: 67 tenían ferropenia/AF [Grupo 1, edad (años): 2,05 ± 1,24 (0,5-5)] y 50 niños sanos [Grupo 2, edad (años): 1,87 ± 1,12 (0,58-5)]. Más niños y madres tuvieron deficiencia de vitamina D en Grupo 1 que en Grupo 2 (niños, 49,3 % vs 20 %, p = 0,002, y madres: 94 % vs 64 %; p= < 0,001, respectivamente). Hubo correlación positiva entre la hemoglobina en niños y la 25-OHD en madres/niños. Factores independientes de riesgo de AF fueron más tiempo de lactancia (OR: 0,35; IC 95 % [0,155-0,789]; p = 0,011), más breve suplementación con hierro durante la lactancia (OR: 1,69; IC 95 % [1,148-2,508]; p = 0,008) y embarazo (OR: 1,39; IC 95 % [1,070-1,820]; p = 0,014) y concentraciones < 25-OHD en madres (OR: 1,16; IC del 95 % [1,034-1,292]; p = 0,011). Conclusiones. La deficiencia de vitamina D en madres/niños está asociada con ferropenia/AFen los niños.


Introduction. Vitamin D (VitD) affects the erythropoiesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal/child 25-OH VitD (25-OHD) levels and iron deficiency (ID) and anemia (IDA) in children aged 6 months-5 years. Population and methods. Between September 2014 and January 2016 children who were admitted to outpatient clinic were included to study. We excluded the children with acute or chronic infection, malnutrition, chronic disease and preterm birth history. Complete blood count, serum iron, total iron binding capacity, ferritin, 25-OHD levels were examined from children and their mothers. Iron and VitD supplementation during infancy and pregnancy and breastfeeding history were questioned.Results. The study included totally 117 children. There were 67 children with ID/IDA [Group 1, mean age (years):2.05±1.24 (0.5-5)] and 50 normal children [Group 2, mean age (years): 1.87±1.12 (0.58-5)]. There were more VitD deficient children and mothers in Group 1 than in Group 2 (respectively, children 49.3 % vs. 20 % p=0.002; mothers 94 % vs.64 %, p=<0.001). There was a positive correlation between hemoglobin levels of children and maternal/child 25-OHD. The independent risk factors for IDA in children were longer exclusively breastfeeding time (odds ratio [OR], 0.35; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.155-0.789; p=0.011), shorter duration of regular iron supplementation during infancy and pregnancy (infancy: OR,1.69; 95 % CI 1.148-2.508; p=0.008. pregnancy: OR,1.39; 95 % CI,1.070-1.820; p=0.014) and lower maternal 25-OHD level (OR,1.16; 95 % CI,1.034-1.292; p=0.011). Conclusions. Maternal/child VitD deficiency is associated with ID/IDA in children aged 6 months-5 years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency/epidemiology , Iron/deficiency , Time Factors , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Hemoglobins/analysis , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Dietary Supplements , Ferritins/blood , Iron/blood
11.
Actual. osteol ; 14(3): 190-204, sept. - dic. 2018. ilus., graf., tab.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1052625

ABSTRACT

Mole rats live in permanent darkness, in networks of underground tunnels (which extend up to 1 km in the subsoil), excavated with their incisors, in warm and semi-arid areas of South Africa. Mole rats have an unusually impoverished vitamin D3 status with undetectable and low plasma concentrations of 25- hydroxyvitamin D3 and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, respectively. They express 25-hydroxylase in the liver and 1-hydroxylase and 24-hydroxylase in their kidneys. The presence of specific receptors (VDR) was confirmed in the intestine, kidney, Harderʼs glands and skin. In spite of their poor vitamin D3 status, the apparent fractional intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium and phosphate was high, always greater than 90%. Oral supplementation with cholecalciferol to mole rats did not improve the efficiency of gastrointestinal absorption of these minerals. Mole ratsdo not display the typical lesion of rickets: hypertrophic and radiolucent growth cartilages. Histological studies reported normal parameters of trabecular and cortical bone quality. Marmosets (monkeys of the New World) are not hypercalcaemic, eventhough they exhibit much higher levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and parathyroid hormonethan that of rhesus monkeys and humans. Fed a high vitamin D3 intake (110 IU/day/100 g of body weight), a fraction of the experimental group was found to display osteomalacic changes in their bones: distinct increases in osteoid surface, relative osteoid volume, and active osteoclastic bone resorption. These findings suggest that some marmosets appears to suffer vitamin D-dependent rickets, type II. The maximum binding capacity of the VDR or the dissociation constant of VDR1α,25(OH)2D3 complex of mole rats and New World monkeys are distinctly different of VDR isolated from human cells. Health status of those species appears to be adaptations to the mutations of their VDR. Though rare, as mutations may occur at any time in any patient, the overall message of this review to clinicians may be: recent clinical studies strongly suggests that the normality of physiological functions might be a better indicator of the health status than the serum levels of vitamin D metabolites. (AU)


Las ratas topo viven en la oscuridad permanente, en redes de túneles subterráneos excavadas con sus incisivos (que se extienden hasta 1 km en el subsuelo), en áreas cálidas y semiáridas de Sudáfrica. Las ratas topo tienen un estatus de vitamina D3 inusualmente empobrecido con concentraciones plasmáticas indetectables de 25-hidroxivitamina D3 y bajas de 1α, 25-dihidroxivitamina D3. Poseen 25-hidroxilasa en el hígado y 1-hidroxilasa y 24-hidroxilasa en sus riñones. La presencia de receptores específicos (VDR) ha sido confirmada en el intestino, el riñón, las glándulas de Harder y la piel. A pesar de su pobre estatus de vitamina D3,la absorción fraccional intestinal aparente de calcio, magnesio y fosfato fue alta, siempre superior al 90%. La suplementación oral con colecalciferol a las ratas topo no mejoró la eficacia de la absorción gastrointestinal de estos minerales. No muestran la lesión típica del raquitismo: cartílagos de crecimiento hipertróficos y radiolúcidos. Varios estudios histológicos confirman los hallazgos radiológicos y se informan parámetros normales de la calidad ósea trabecular y cortical. Los titíes (monos del Nuevo Mundo) exhiben calcemias normales con niveles más elevados de 25-hidroxivitamina D3, 1α,25-dihidroxivitamina D3 y hormona paratiroidea que los monos rhesus y los seres humanos. Un tercio de un grupo de titíes alimentados con una alta ingesta de vitamina D3 (110 I/día/100 g de peso corporal) exhibió cambios osteomalácicos en sus huesos: aumento en la superficie osteoide, volumen osteoide y activa reabsorción osteoclástica. Estos hallazgos sugieren que una fracción de la población de titíes padece raquitismo dependiente de vitamina D, tipo II. Debido a mutaciones ocurridas hace millones de años, las máximas capacidades de ligamiento del VDR o los valores de la constante de disociación del complejo VDR-1α,25(OH)2D3 de las ratas topo o monos del Nuevo Mundo son muy diferentes de los verificables en receptores aislados de células humanas actuales. El mensaje de esta revisión a los médicos clínicos podría ser: varios estudios clínicos recientes indican que la normalidad de las funciones fisiológicas de un paciente es un mejor indicador de su salud que los niveles séricos de los metabolitos de la vitamina D. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mole Rats/physiology , Platyrrhini/physiology , Rickets/veterinary , Vitamin D/blood , Cholecalciferol/administration & dosage , Mole Rats/anatomy & histology , Platyrrhini/anatomy & histology , Vitamin D3 24-Hydroxylase/blood , 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha-Hydroxylase/blood , Hydroxycholecalciferols/blood
12.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 36(3): 269-274, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-977072

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a relação dos polimorfismos do gene do receptor de vitamina D (RVD) com sinais clínicos e níveis de vitamina D (VD) em asmáticos. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 77 crianças de 7 a 14 anos de um ambulatório especializado, divididas em 3 grupos: asmáticos, em uso de corticoide inalatório (ICS) por mais de um ano; asmáticos sem necessidade de ICS; não asmáticos e não alérgicos (de acordo com o International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood - ISAAC. Foram avaliados: espirometria, testes alérgicos, presença do polimorfismo CDX2 do promotor do RVD por reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) e genotipagem de polimorfismos dos éxons 2 e 3 por PCR-SSCA (single-strand conformational analysis), imunoglobulina E (IgE) total e IgE específica para ácaros e gramíneas nos três grupos estudados. Níveis de 25-hidroxivitamina D foram dosados nos asmáticos. Resultados: A média de idade foi 10,8±2,2 anos, 57% masculinos, 38 asmáticos com ICS, 22 sem ICS e 17 não asmáticos. Rinite alérgica esteve presente em 90% dos asmáticos, polimorfismo CDX2 em 23% dos asmáticos e ausente nos controles (p=0,03). Menores níveis de volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo (VEF1%) foram observados nos asmáticos homozigotos para CDX2 (p=0,001). Variações nas sequências dos éxons 2 e 3 não foram relacionadas com a asma ou demais testes. Deficiência ou insuficiência de VD foi diagnosticada em 98% dos asmáticos. Não houve associação entre níveis de VD e polimorfismos genéticos dos éxons 2 e 3. Conclusões: Observou-se associação positiva entre polimorfismo CDX2 em homozigoze com asma e menores valores de VEF1%. O CDX2 pode modificar a interação celular do RVD com a vitamina, bem como pode estar associado com a asma e com a dificuldade de controle da doença.


ABSTRACT Objective: To verify the relationship between polymorphisms of the vitamin D receptor gene (VDR), clinical findings, and serum vitamin D (VD) levels in asthmatics. Methods: A cross sectional study of 77 children aged 7 to 14 years old, who were attended at a specialized clinic. The children were divided into 3 groups: asthmatics who had been using inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) for more than one year; asthmatics who had not been using ICS; non-asthmatics, and children without allergies (according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood ­- ISAAC). Spirometry, skin prick tests, the presence of a VDR promoter CDX2 polymorphism from an allele-specific polimerase chain reaction (PCR), exons 2 and 3 polymorphisms genotyping by PCR-SSCA (single-strand conformational analysis), total immunoglobulin E (IgE) and specific IgE to mites and grass were evaluated in these three groups. Levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D were determined in asthmatics only. Results: The mean age of the children was 10.8±2.0 years old, 57% were male, 38 were asthmatic and using ICS, 22 were asthmatic and not using ICS, and 17 were non-asthmatic. Allergic rhinitis was present in 90% of asthmatics. Homozygous CDX2 was detected in 23% of the patients and absent in the control group (p=0.03). Lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%) values were observed in CDX2 homozygous asthmatics (p=0.001). Variations in the exon 2 and 3 sequences were not related to asthma or the other tests. VD deficiency or insufficiency was detected in 98% of asthmatics. There was no association between VD levels and genetic polymorphisms from exons 2 and 3. Conclusions: There was a positive association between homozygous CDX2 polymorphism, asthma and lower FEV1% values. CDX2 is capable of modifying cell interaction between VDR and VD, and it could be associated with the prevalence of asthma, and the difficulty in controlling the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/blood , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Asthma/drug therapy , Vitamin D/blood , Calcium/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Mutation
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(4): 535-538, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-949908

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Recent studies that investigated the effect of vitamin D on skin cancer risk have exhibited inconsistent results. Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate vitamin D status in patients with actinic keratosis. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 31 patients with actinic keratosis and 29 healthy controls. Serum vitamin D levels in the study group were determined by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. Results: Serum 25(OH)D levels in patients with actinic keratosis were significantly higher than those of the healthy controls (P=0.04). Prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency was significantly higher in the healthy controls (75.9%) compared to the patients with actinic keratosis (54.8%), but the difference was not statistically significant (P= 0.09). Study limitations: The cross-sectional design of the study, data on smoking based on patient self-report, and subjects' different dietary habits, which can influence 25(OH)D levels, are the study's limitations. Conclusion: Serum vitamin D level can be used as a marker for ultraviolet B radiation from sun exposure; therefore, it can be used in individuals at risk of actinic keratosis. Oral intake of vitamin D through diet or supplements is proposed instead of prolonged ultraviolet exposure to maintain adequate vitamin D serum levels. Further research is needed to elucidate the role of vitamin D in skin carcinogenesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Vitamin D/blood , Keratosis, Actinic/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(4): e7185, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-889065

ABSTRACT

Hypovitaminosis D has been identified as a possible new cardiovascular risk factor. However, the results of studies correlating serum vitamin D levels with markers of subclinical atherosclerosis have been conflicting. The aim of this study was to correlate serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) and conventional cardiovascular risk factors in Afro-descendants. A cross-sectional analysis was performed on a sample of 382 individuals from a cohort of descendants of African slaves, inhabitants of "Quilombola" communities, with a mean age of 57.79 ±15.3 years, 54.5% of whom were women. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected and biochemical tests were performed, including serum levels of 25(OH)D by electrochemiluminescence and urinary albumin excretion, evaluated by the albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR) in a spot urine sample. All participants underwent high-resolution ultrasonography for C-IMT measurement. Hypovitaminosis D was defined as serum 25(OH)D levels <30 ng/mL. The mean serum 25(OH)D levels were 50.4±13.5 ng/mL, with a low prevalence of hypovitaminosis D (4.86%). By simple linear correlation, a significant inverse association between 25(OH)D levels and C-IMT (r=-0.174, P=0.001) was observed. However, after multiple linear regression analysis, the significance of the association between serum levels of 25(OH)D and C-IMT measurement was lost (β=-0.039, P=0.318) and only male gender, age, smoking, systolic blood pressure, glucose and low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol remained significantly associated with C-IMT. Levels of 25(OH)D were independently and positively associated with HDL-cholesterol and inversely associated with age and ACR. In conclusion, no independent association between 25(OH)D levels and C-IMT was observed in this population. On the other hand, there was an inverse association with albuminuria, a marker of endothelial lesion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , African Continental Ancestry Group , Atherosclerosis/blood , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Albuminuria , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Blood Pressure , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Vitamin D/blood
15.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 42: 1-6, Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-881547

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between phase angle (PhA), sarcopenia, and the length of stay (LOS) in the coronary intensive care unit (ICU) in patients with non-ST acute coronary syndrome(NSTE-ACS).Methods: This was a prospective observational study that evaluated 80 patients with NSTE-ACS over the age of18 years, admitted to the ICU from January to June 2014. Upon admission, the patients'demographic information was recorded. Handgrip strength and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) were performed, and blood samples were taken within the first 72 h of admission. All of the patients were followed during their ICU stays. Results: We evaluated 80 patients, five were excluded due to impossibility of assessing handgrip strength, and seven patients were not subjected to BIA. Thus, 68 patients with a mean age of 63.3 ± 13.1 years were included in the analysis. Among these patients, 60.1% were male, 27.9% of the patients had sarcopenia, 8.8% had LOSs≥8 days, and median phase angle was 6.5 (6.1­7.3)°. Multiple logistic regression adjusted for age and gender revealed tha PhA was not associated with the presence of sarcopenia. Additionally, PhA (OR 0.337; CI 95% 0.118­0.961;p= 0.04)but not sarcopenia (OR 0.517; CI 95% 0.055­4.879;p= 0.56) was associated with an increased LOS. Conclusions: PhA is associated with LOS in patients with NSTE-ACS. Additionally, there was no association between PhA and sarcopenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/physiopathology , Body Composition/physiology , Sarcopenia/complications , Vitamin D/blood
16.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(6): 632-638, Nov.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-894065

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To verify whether infants with cow's milk protein allergy have inadequate vitamin D levels. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 120 children aged 2 years or younger, one group with cow's milk protein allergy and a control group. The children were recruited at the pediatric gastroenterology, allergology, and pediatric outpatient clinics of a university hospital in the Northeast of Brazil. A questionnaire was administered to the caregiver and blood samples were collected for vitamin D quantification. Vitamin D levels <30 ng/mL were considered inadequate. Vitamin D level was expressed as mean and standard deviation, and the frequency of the degrees of sufficiency and other variables, as proportions. Results: Infants with cow's milk protein allergy had lower mean vitamin D levels (30.93 vs.35.29 ng/mL; p = 0.041) and higher deficiency frequency (20.3% vs.8.2; p = 0.049) than the healthy controls. Exclusively or predominantly breastfed infants with cow's milk protein allergy had higher frequency of inadequate vitamin D levels (p = 0.002). Regardless of sun exposure time, the groups had similar frequencies of inadequate vitamin D levels (p = 0.972). Conclusions: Lower vitamin D levels were found in infants with CMPA, especially those who were exclusively or predominantly breastfed, making these infants a possible risk group for vitamin D deficiency.


Resumo Objetivo: Verificar se lactentes com alergia à proteína do leite de vaca (APLV) apresentam níveis inadequados de vitamina D. Métodos: Estudo transversal, envolveu 120 crianças de até dois anos, um grupo com APLV e outro de comparação, captadas dos ambulatórios de Gastroenterologia Pediátrica, Alergologia Pediátrica e Puericultura de um hospital universitário, no Nordeste brasileiro. Foi aplicado um formulário e foram coletadas amostras sanguíneas para a análise da vitamina D, foram considerados inadequados os níveis < 30 ng/mL. Níveis de vitamina D foram expressos em média e desvio padrão e a frequência dos graus de suficiência e demais variáveis, em proporções. Resultados: Lactentes com APLV, quando comparados com os saudáveis, apresentaram uma menor média do nível da vitamina D (30,93 vs. 35,29 ng/mL) (p = 0,041) e maior frequência de deficiência (20,3% vs. 8,2) (p = 0,049). Maior frequência de níveis inadequados de vitamina D foi observada nas crianças com APLV que estavam em aleitamento materno exclusivo/predominante (p = 0,002). Independentemente do período de exposição solar, a frequência de um status inadequado de vitamina D foi semelhante entre os grupos (p = 0,972). Conclusões: Menores níveis de vitamina D foram observados em lactentes com APLV, especialmente naqueles em aleitamento materno exclusivo/predominante, que configura esse como um possível grupo de risco para essa deficiência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/etiology , Milk Hypersensitivity/complications , Milk Hypersensitivity/blood , Socioeconomic Factors , Vitamin D Deficiency/diagnosis , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(4): 336-342, ago. 2017. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-887344

ABSTRACT

Objetivo. Determinar la concentración de vitamina D en pacientes de entre 6 y 18 años de edad sometidos a un seguimiento por asma y la relación entre la concentración de vitamina D y el control y la gravedad del asma. Materiales y métodos. Se inscribió en el estudio a pacientes con asma y voluntarios sanos de entre 6 y 18 años de edad, asignados al grupo de pacientes y al grupo de referencia, respectivamente. Se registraron las características demográficas y los hallazgos clínicos de los pacientes, y se les realizó una prueba funcional respiratoria. Se estimaron el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y la concentración de 25-hidroxi vitamina D (25(OH)D), calcio, fósforo, fosfatasa alcalina, inmunoglobulina E total y eosinófilos de todos los pacientes. La gravedad del asma y las condiciones de control se determinaron según los criterios de la Iniciativa Global para el Asma (Global Initiative for Asthma, GINA). Resultados. Se incluyó a 72 pacientes con asma y a 66 niños sanos. En comparación con el grupo de referencia, en el grupo de pacientes se detectó una menor concentración de vitamina D. En 38 (52,8%) niños del grupo de pacientes con asma se observó deficiencia de vitamina D; en este grupo, el control del asma era deficiente y la gravedad, significativamente mayor. No se observó una correlación significativa entre la concentración de vitamina D y el sexo, la obesidad, las pruebas funcionales respiratorias, las pruebas cutáneas, la concentración sérica de eosinófilos e inmunoglobulina E (IgE) total. Conclusión. La deficiencia y la insuficiencia de vitamina D fueron más frecuentes en los niños con asma, en comparación con los niños del grupo de referencia. Una menor concentración de vitamina D se asocia con un control deficiente del asma y una mayor gravedad de esta.


Background. The objective was to determine vitamin D levels in patients between the ages 6 and 18 years, followed for asthma, and the relation between vitamin D levels and asthma control and severity. Materials and Methods. Patients with asthma and healthy volunteers between the ages 6 and 18 years were enrolled into the study as patient and control groups, respectively. Patient demographic information and clinical findings were recorded; a respiratory function test was performed. Body mass index (BMI), 25(OH) D,calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, total IgE and eosinophil levels were determined for all patients. Asthma severity and control conditions were established based on GINA (Global Initiative for Asthma) criteria. Results. Seventy two patients with asthma and 66 healthy children were included. Compared to the control group, decreased serum vitamin D levels were detected in patient group. Thirty eight (52.8%) patients in asthma patient group had vitamin D defficiency; in this group, asthma control was poor and asthma severity was significantly higher. No significant correlation was found between vitamin D levels and gender, obesity, respiratory functions, skin test, serum eosinophil and total IgE levels. Conclusion. The frequency of vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency was higher in children with asthma, compared to the controls. Lower levels of vitamin D are associated with poor asthma control and increased asthma severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/complications , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Asthma/blood , Asthma/therapy , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Severity of Illness Index , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Clinics ; 72(7): 415-421, July 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-890715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have shown a high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D, defined as a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level less than 30 ng/ml, in both healthy populations and patients with chronic kidney disease. Patients undergoing kidney transplant are at an increased risk of skin cancer and are advised to avoid sunlight exposure. Therefore, these patients might share two major risk factors for hypovitaminosis D: chronic kidney disease and low sunlight exposure. This paper describes the prevalence and clinical characteristics of hypovitaminosis D among patients undergoing kidney transplant. METHODS: We evaluated 25-hydroxyvitamin D serum levels in a representative sample of patients undergoing kidney transplant. We sought to determine the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D, compare these patients with a control group, and identify factors associated with hypovitaminosis D (e.g., sunlight exposure and dietary habits). RESULTS: Hypovitaminosis D was found in 79% of patients undergoing kidney transplant, and the major associated factor was low sunlight exposure. These patients had higher creatinine and intact parathyroid hormone serum levels, with 25-hydroxyvitamin D being inversely correlated with intact parathyroid hormone serum levels. Compared with the control group, patients undergoing kidney transplant presented a higher prevalence of 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency and lower serum calcium, phosphate and albumin but higher creatinine and intact parathyroid hormone levels. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirmed the high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in patients undergoing kidney transplant. Therapeutic strategies such as moderate sunlight exposure and vitamin D supplementation should be seriously considered for this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sunlight , Vitamin D Deficiency/etiology , Kidney Transplantation/adverse effects , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Environmental Exposure
19.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 39(3): 102-109, Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-843921

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To assess the prevalence of hypovitaminosis D, altered arterial blood pressure, and serum levels of glucose and lipids in community-dwelling women in the city of Ribeirão Preto, in the southeast of Brazil. Methods Thiswas a cross-sectional studyof women aged40-70years old.Calciumintake and level of sun exposure were assessed by means of a questionnaire. A blood sample was used to determine glucose, lipid profile and 25-hydroxyvitaminD(25[OH]D) concentration. Results Ninety-one women were enrolled (age = 54.2 ± 7.1 years). Themean serum 25(OH)D concentration was 25.7 ± 8.9 ng/mL. A total of 24 (26.4%) women had 25 (OH)D levels < 20 ng/mL. Seventy women (76.9%) had 25(OH)D levels < 30 ng/mL. Seventy-five women (90.4%) had inadequate calcium intake, and 61 women (67%) had appropriate sun exposure, 49 of whom (80.3%) had serum 25(OH)D levels < 30 ng/mL. Conclusion This study indicates that even in community-dwelling women, living in a city with high sun exposure, serum levels of 25(OH)D > 30 ng/ml are hardly reached. Thus, it is probable that other intrinsic factors besides sun exposure may regulate the levels of vitamin D.


Resumo Objetivos Estimar a prevalência de hipovitaminose D, hipertensão arterial, e níveis séricos de glicose e perfil lipídico em uma comunidade de mulheres de Ribeirão Preto, no Sudeste brasileiro. Métodos Estudo transversal com mulheres de 40 a 70 anos de idade, submetidas a um questionário para determinar ingestão diária de cálcio e nível de exposição solar, e coleta de sangue para determinar glicose, perfil lipídico e concentração de 25- hidroxivitamina D (25[OH]D). Resultados Noventa e uma mulheres foram incluídas (idade = 54,2 ± 7,1 anos). O nível sérico médio de 25(OH)D foi 25,7 ± 8,9 ng/mL. Um total de 24 (26,4%) mulheres teve níveis de 25(OH)D < 20 ng/mL. Setenta mulheres (76.9%) tiveram níveis de 25 (OH)D < 30 ng/mL. Setenta e uma mulheres (90.4%) tiveram uma ingesta inadequada de cálcio e 61 mulheres (67%) tiveram exposição solar adequada; 49 das quais (80.3%) tiveram níveis séricos de 25(OH)D < 30 ng/mL. Conclusão Este estudo indica que mesmo morando em uma cidade com exposição solar adequada, níveis séricos de 25(OH)D > 30 ng/mL dificilmente são atingidos por mulheres climatéricas. Logo, é provável que outros fatores intrínsecos podem regular o nível de vitamina D.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Sunlight , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prevalence , Vitamin D/blood
20.
Clinics ; 72(1): 11-16, Jan. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-840030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In post-menopausal women with osteoporosis, insufficient vitamin D levels decrease calcium fixation in the bones and calcium transport in the sarcoplasmic reticulum, which impairs muscle strength, possibly leading to detrimental consequences for the preservation of functional capacity and postural balance, fall prevention, and fracture risk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between vitamin D levels and knee muscle strength, postural balance and functional mobility among postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 63 osteoporotic older women (aged 60.6±3.1 years). The subjects completed the Timed Up and Go Test to measure functional mobility, and postural balance was assessed on the AccuSway Plus portable force platform. Maximal strength was tested using an isokinetic dynamometer for knee flexion and extension. The subjects were assessed as a group and were divided into quartiles according to their vitamin D levels. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT02771834. RESULTS: Vitamin D status was independently associated with the normalized peak torque of the knee extensors (β=0.59; p=0.04) and Timed Up and Go Test (β=-0.07; p<0.001). No between-group differences were observed in the demographic and clinical variables or postural balance; however, significant differences were observed in the Timed Up and Go Test, and the group with the highest vitamin D levels exhibited better performance than the group with the lowest vitamin D levels (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The serum vitamin D levels were independently associated with normalized knee extension strength and functional mobility in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/blood , Postural Balance/physiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Knee Joint/physiology , Vitamin D/blood , Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal/physiopathology , Cross-Sectional Studies
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