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Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 697-705, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385688


SUMMARY: An association between certain food additives and chronic diseases is reported. Current study determined whether administering toxic doses of the food additive monosodium glutamate (MSG) into rats can induce aortopathy in association with the oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers upregulation and whether the effects of MSG overdose can be inhibited by vitamin E. MSG at a dose of (4 mg/kg; orally) that exceeds the average human daily consumption by 1000x was administered daily for 7 days to the rats in the model group. Whereas, rats treated with vitamin E were divided into two groups and given daily doses of MSG plus 100 mg/ kg vitamin E or MSG plus 300 mg/kg vitamin E. On the eighth day, all rats were culled. Using light and electron microscopy examinations, a profound aortic injury in the model group was observed demonstrated by damaged endothelial layer, degenerated smooth muscle cells (SMC) with vacuoles and condensed nuclei, vacuolated cytoplasm, disrupted plasma membrane, interrupted internal elastic lamina, clumped chromatin, and damaged actin and myosin filaments. Vitamin E significantly protected aorta tissue and cells as well as inhibited MSG-induced tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). The highest used vitamin E dosage was more effective. Additionally, a significant correlation was observed between the aortic injury degree and tissue MDA, TNF-α, IL-6, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels (p=0.001). Vitamin E effectively protects against aortopathy induced by toxic doses of MSG in rats and inhibits oxidative stress and inflammation.

RESUMEN: Se reporta una asociación entre ciertos aditivos alimentarios y enfermedades crónicas. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar si la administración de dosis tóxicas del aditivo alimentario glutamato monosódico (MSG) en ratas puede inducir aortopatía en asociación con el estrés oxidativo y la regulación positiva de los biomarcadores inflamatorios y si el efecto de una sobredosis de MSG se puede inhibir con vitamina E. Se administró MSG diariamente durante 7 días una dosis de (4 g/kg; por vía oral) que excede el consumo diario humano promedio, en 1000x a las ratas del grupo modelo. Mientras que las ratas tratadas con vitamina E se dividieron en dos grupos y se administraron dosis diarias de MSG más 100 mg/kg de vitamina E o MSG más 300 mg/kg de vitamina E. Todas las ratas fueron sacrificadas en el octavo día. Usando exámenes de microscopía óptica y electrónica, se observó una lesión aórtica profunda en el grupo modelo demostrada por una capa endotelial dañada, células musculares lisas degeneradas (SMC) con vacuolas y núcleos condensados, citoplasma vacuolado, membrana plasmática rota, lámina elástica interna interrumpida, cromatina agrupada y filamentos de actina y miosina dañados. La vitamina E protegió significativamente el tejido y las células de la aorta, además de inhibir el malondialdehído tisular (MDA) inducido por MSG, la interleucina-6 (IL-6) y el factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α). La dosis más alta de vitamina E utilizada fue más efectiva. Además, se observó una correlación significativa entre el grado de lesión aórtica y los niveles tisulares de MDA, TNF-α, IL-6 y superóxido dismutasa (SOD) (p=0,001). La vitamina E efectivamente protege contra la aortopatía inducida por dosis tóxicas de MSG en ratas e inhibe el estrés oxidativo y la inflamación.

Animals , Rats , Aorta/drug effects , Aortic Diseases/chemically induced , Sodium Glutamate/toxicity , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Aorta/pathology , Sodium Glutamate/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Electron , Interleukin-6/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Malondialdehyde/antagonists & inhibitors
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 39: e2019295, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143846


ABSTRACT Objective: To assess vitamin E intake and its relationship with sociodemographic variables, and to identify the main dietary sources of the nutrient in the diet of adolescents. Methods: This is a population-based cross-sectional study that used data from 891 adolescents living in Campinas, SP, participating in ISACamp 2014/15 (Health Survey) and ISACamp-Nutri 2015/16 (Food Consumption and Nutritional Status Survey). The nutrient intake averages were estimated using the Generalized Linear Model, adjusted for the total energy of the diet. Dietary sources of vitamin E were identified from the calculation of the relative contribution. Results: The average vitamin E intake was 3.2 mg for adolescents aged 10 to 13 years and 3.5 mg for those aged 14 to 19 years, results far below the recommended values of 9 and 12 mg, respectively. The prevalence of inadequacy was 92.5%. ­Ten ­foods/­food groups represented 85.7% of vitamin E present in the adolescents' diet; the vegetable oils group accounted for more than a quarter of the contribution (25.5%), followed by cookies (9.1%) and beans (8.9%). Conclusions: There were a low intake and a high prevalence of inadequate vitamin E intake among adolescents in Campinas, with vegetable oil as the main source. For the total number of adolescents, almost 33% of the nutrient content was derived from foods of poor nutritional quality such as cookies, packaged snacks, and margarine. The results of this study can guide public health actions that aim to improve the quality of adolescents' diets.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a ingestão de vitamina E e sua relação com variáveis sociodemográficas, e identificar as principais fontes alimentares do nutriente na dieta de adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo transversal de base populacional que utilizou dados de 891 adolescentes residentes em Campinas, SP, participantes do ISACamp 2014/15 (Inquérito de Saúde) e ISACamp-Nutri 2015/16 (Inquérito de Consumo Alimentar e Estado Nutricional). As médias de ingestão do nutriente foram estimadas por meio de modelo linear generalizado, ajustado pela energia total da dieta. As fontes alimentares de vitamina E foram identificadas pelo cálculo de contribuição relativa. Resultados: A ingestão média de vitamina E foi de 3,2 mg para os adolescentes de 10 a 13 anos e de 3,5 mg para os de 14 a 19 anos, resultados bem inferiores aos valores recomendados de 9 e 12 mg, respectivamente. A prevalência de inadequação foi de 92,5%. Dez alimentos/grupos alimentares representaram 85,7% da vitamina E presente na dieta dos adolescentes; o grupo dos óleos vegetais totalizou mais de um quarto da contribuição (25,5%), seguido dos biscoitos (9,1%) e dos feijões (8,9%). Conclusões: Observou-se baixa ingestão e elevada prevalência de inadequação do consumo de vitamina E nos adolescentes de Campinas, apontando o óleo vegetal como principal fonte. Para o total de adolescentes, quase 33% do teor do nutriente derivava de alimentos de má qualidade nutricional como biscoitos, salgadinhos de pacote e margarina. Os resultados deste estudo podem direcionar ações de saúde pública que objetivem melhorar a qualidade da dieta dos adolescentes.

Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Vitamin E/analysis , Nutritional Status , Feeding Behavior , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Brazil , Dietary Fats/administration & dosage , Nutrition Surveys , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet, Western/adverse effects , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/analysis , Nutritional Requirements
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 278-288, abr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056435


This experiment was designed to study the effects of oral administration of artemether which is the most rapid-acting class of antimalarial drugs and the possible protective effect of vitamin E taken with it on the liver of albino rats. A total of twenty-four adult male albino rats were used in this study and were divided into four groups. Group one served as a control and rats in group two exposed to oral intake of artemether daily for fifteen days. The third and fourth groups treated with artemether plus low and high doses of vitamin E respectively. At the end of the experiment, the rats were sacrificed, and the livers were obtained and processed for histological, biochemical and statistical studies. Histological study of the hepatocytes of rats exposed to artemether showed nearly complete disintegration of most cellular contents except few numbers of mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum. Also, the cytoplasm of these cells had few lysosomes, many vacuoles and irregular nuclei with abnormal distribution of chromatin and were shown. The hepatic sinusoids were dilated and filled with blood and vacuoles and bile ductules were abnormal in its structure. Treatment with low and high doses of vitamin E in concomitant with artemether ameliorated the hepatic histopathological lesions and its parenchyma attained nearly normal structure. As far as biochemical changes, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in rats treated with artemether were significantly elevated as compared to the control. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were significantly increased in the liver in rats treated with artemether. However, vitamin E ameliorated the rise in ALT and AST with decreased MDA concentration and levels of SOD as compared to the corresponding artemether group values. Results of the present suggest that artemether has a harmful and stressful effect on hepatic tissue and the treatment with vitamin E may alleviate this toxicity.

Este experimento fue diseñado para estudiar los efectos de la administración oral de arteméter, la clase de medicamentos antipalúdicos de acción rápida, y el posible efecto protector de la vitamina E en el hígado de ratas albinas. Se utilizaron un total de 24 ratas albinas machos adultas y se dividieron en cuatro grupos. El grupo uno sirvió como control y las ratas en el grupo dos recibieron la dosis oral de arteméter diariamente durante 15 días. Los grupos tres y cuatro fueron tratados con arteméter, más dosis bajas y altas de vitamina E, respectivamente. Al final del experimento, se sacrificaron las ratas y se obtuvieron y procesaron los hígados para estudios histológicos, bioquímicos y estadísticos. El estudio histológico de los hepatocitos de ratas expuestas a arteméter mostró una desintegración casi completa de la mayoría de los contenidos celulares, excepto algunos mitocondrias y retículo endoplásmico rugoso. Además, el citoplasma de estas células tenía pocos lisosomas, muchas vacuolas y núcleos irregulares con distribución anormal de cromatina. Los sinusoides hepáticos estaban dilatados y llenos de sangre y vacuolas, y los conductos biliares tenían una estructura anormal. El tratamiento con dosis bajas y altas de vitamina E en forma concomitante con arteméter mejoró las lesiones histopatológicas hepáticas y su parénquima alcanzó una estructura casi normal. En cuanto a los cambios bioquímicos, la alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y la aspartato aminotransferasa (AST) en ratas tratadas con arteméter se elevaron significativamente en comparación con el control. Los niveles de superóxido dismutasa (SOD) y malondialdehído (MDA) aumentaron significativamente en el hígado en ratas tratadas con arteméter. Sin embargo, la vitamina E mejoró el aumento de ALT y AST con una disminución de la concentración de MDA y los niveles de SOD en comparación con los valores correspondientes del grupo de arteméter. Los resultados del presente estudio sugieren que el arteméter tiene un efecto dañino y estresante sobre el tejido hepático y el tratamiento con vitamina E puede aliviar esta toxicidad.

Animals , Male , Rats , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Artemisinins/toxicity , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic/enzymology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/drug effects , Antimalarials/toxicity
Int. j. morphol ; 38(2): 461-471, abr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056463


This experiment was designed to study the administration of normal doses of one of recent antimalarial drug and coadministration of vitamin E on the kidney tissue. A total twenty-four adult male albino rats were used and divided into four groups: the first one served as a control, the second received artemether orally for three days consecutively. The rats of the third and fourth groups received the same dose of artemether concomitantly with 50 and 100 mg/kg vitamin E orally daily for 2 weeks. After the last dose, the rats were sacrificed and the kidney tissues with blood samples obtained and processed for light, electron microscopic and biochemical analysis. Histologically, artemether treated kidneys showed atrophied glomeruli with widened urinary space and kidney tubules were degenerated with disturbed contour and some vacuoles inside it. Ultrastructurally, the glomeruli of this group showed hypertrophic endothelial cells, irregularity of its basement membrane, disrupted foot processes and filtration slits. The kidney tubule cells showed loss of basal infoldings, cytoplasmic vacuolation, polymorphic damaged swollen mitochondria a loss of its microvilli towards its capillary lumen. Artemether plus vitamin E of the rat kidney groups showed improvement of morphological changes compared to the changes seen in artemether alone. These data were confirmed by biochemical findings with marked improvement of blood urea and creatinine levels and increase of anti-oxidant enzyme activities of glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase in the vitamin E treated groups. The results of this study revealed that vitamins E can improve the adverse changes of artemether of rat renal tissue.

Este proyecto fue diseñado para estudiar la administración de dosis normales de uno de los medicamentos antipalúdicos y de la administración de vitamina E en el tejido renal. Se utilizaron 24 ratas albinas machos adultas divididas en cuatro grupos: el primero sirvió como control, el segundo recibió arteméter por vía oral durante tres días consecutivos. Las ratas del tercer y cuarto grupos recibieron la misma dosis de arteméter concomitantemente con 50 y 100 mg / kg de vitamina E por vía oral diariamente durante 2 semanas. Después de la última dosis, las ratas fueron sacrificadas y se obtuvo el tejido renal de cada muestra los cuales fueron procesados para análisis con microscopías de luz y electrónica, además de exámenes bioquímicos. Histológicamente, los riñones tratados con arteméter mostraron atrofia glomerular con espacio urinario ensanchado y túbulos renales degenerados con contorno alterado y algunas vacuolas en su interior. Ultraestructuralmente, los glomérulos de este grupo mostraron células endoteliales hipertróficas, irregularidad de su membrana basal, procesos alterados del pie y hendiduras de filtración. Las células del túbulo renal mostraron pérdida de inflexiones basales, vacuolación citoplasmática, mitocondrias dañadas y pérdida de sus microvellosidades hacia la luz capilar. Arteméter más vitamina E en los grupos de riñón de rata mostraron una mejora de los cambios morfológicos, en comparación con los cambios observados en arteméter solamente. Estos datos fueron confirmados por hallazgos bioquímicos con una marcada mejoría de los niveles de urea y creatinina en sangre y un aumento de las actividades enzimáticas antioxidantes de la glutatión peroxidasa y la superóxido dismutasa en los grupos tratados con vitamina E. Los resultados de este estudio revelaron que la vitamina E puede mejorar los cambios adversos del arteméter del tejido renal de la rata.

Animals , Male , Rats , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Artemether/toxicity , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Microscopy, Electron , Biomarkers/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Kidney/ultrastructure , Antimalarials/toxicity
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 402-410, dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056476


RESUMEN: Los bisfosfonatos (BP) disminuyen la resorción ósea al frenar la actividad de los osteoclastos. La vitamina E es antioxidante y su efecto positivo en el hueso sería mediante la prevención del estrés oxidativo. Se estudió la administración infiltrativa de Alendronato y Vitamina E para determinar si favorecían la formación de hueso en la reparación ósea del alvéolo postexodoncia. Se utilizaron ratas machos Wistar (n=96), de 90 ± 15 g, se les realizó la exodoncia de los primeros molares inferiores. Fueron dividos en 4 grupos: Un grupo control (C) recibió solución salina. El grupo AL 0,5 mg/ Kg; grupo E recibió 20 mg/kg; y grupo con tratamiento combinado AL y E. Los animales se sacrificaron a los 0, 7, 15 y 30 días postextracción. Se realizó la resección de las mandíbulas; las muestras fueron descalcificadas con EDTA y luego se incluyeron en parafina. Se realizaron cortes histológicos y se colorearon con Hematoxilina/Eosina. Se realizó análisis histológico e histomorfométrico. Se utilizó análisis de Varianza (ANOVA). En el análisis histológico, a los 7 y 15 días el grupo E presentó mayor neoformación de tejido óseo que los otros grupos. A los 30 días se observó hueso maduro con presencia de osteonas en el grupo E. En el estudio histomorfométrico a los 15 y 30 días se evidencian diferencias significativas en el número de osteoblastos por mm lineal, entre el grupo AL + E y C (p<0,01) y a los 30 días se encontró diferencia entre el grupo E y C (p<0,01). Al medir espesor trabecular se observó a los 30 días diferencias significativas entre el grupo AL+E y C (p<0,01) y entre el grupo C y E (p<0,01). La Vitamina E demostró que administrada por vía infiltrativa favorece la remodelación ósea en los alvéolos post exodoncia.

ABSTRACT: Bisphosphonates (BP) decrease bone resorption to curb the activity of the osteoclasts. Vitamin E is an antioxidant and its positive effect on the bone would be by preventing oxidative stress. Infiltrative Alendronate and vitamin E administration wasstudied to determine if they favored the formation of bone in bone repair of the postextraction alveolus. Male Wistar rats were used (n = 96), 90 ± 15 g, underwent extraction of the lower first molars. They were divided into 4 groups: A control group (C) received saline. The Group at the 0.5 mg/Kg; Group E received 20 mg/kg; and combined treatment group to AL and E. The animals were sacrificed at days 0, 7, 15 and 30 post extraction. With the resection of the jaws; samples were decalcified with EDTA and then included in paraffin. Histological cuts were made and colored with Hematoxylin/ eosin. Histomorphometric and histological analysis was performed. We used analysis of variance (ANOVA). In the histological analysis, 7 to 15 days the Group E presented greater neoformation of bone tissue than other groups. At 30 days mature bone was observed, with presence of osteons in the Group E. Study shows significant differences in the number of osteoblast histomorphometric function to 15 to 30 days by linear mm, among the group to the + E and C (p < 0.01) and 30-day difference was found among the Group E and C (p < 0.01). When measuring thick trabecular, significant differences were observed at 30 days between the AL+E and C Group (p < 0.01) and between C and E (p < 0.01). Vitamin E showed that administered infiltrative favors the bone remodeling in post extraction sockets.

Animals , Male , Rats , Osteogenesis/physiology , Vitamin E/therapeutic use , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Osteoblasts , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Intervention Studies , Analysis of Variance , Histological Techniques , Rats, Wistar , Cancellous Bone
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(4): 1227-1235, jul.-ago. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1038598


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito metafilático de minerais traços e vitaminas A e E injetáveis, em parâmetros do estresse oxidativo e na função de neutrófilos em fêmeas da raça Holandesa no período de transição. Sessenta animais foram divididos em dois grupos: animais que receberam minerais traços e vitaminas A e E injetáveis (GMTV) (n= 30) e grupo controle (GC) (n= 30). Não houve diferença significativa entre os grupos nos parâmetros avaliados, porém observou-se diferença significativa entre tratamento e dia para os valores da SOD, com maior atividade dessa enzima em fêmeas GMTV, nas semanas próximas ao parto. Observou-se diferença de dia e para interação tratamento e dia para o TBARS, em que fêmeas GMTV mostraram menores valores de TBARS em todos os momentos, exceto sete dias após o parto. Houve efeito significativo de dia para leucócitos, interação tratamento e dia para neutrófilos e interação tratamento e dia para fagocitose de neutrófilos, em que as fêmeas GMTV apresentaram valores menores de leucócitos e neutrófilos próximo ao parto, além de maior fagocitose de neutrófilos. Pode-se observar que houve melhora no sistema oxidativo e imune de fêmeas GMTV, resposta que provavelmente está relacionada com a administração dos minerais traços e vitaminas A e E.(AU)

This study evaluates the metaphylactic of the subcutaneous administration of a trace minerals and vitamins A and E, on the oxidative stress and neutrophil function in Holsteins cows under the transition period. Sixty females were divided in two groups: group with trace minerals and vitamins (GMTV) (n= 30) and group control (GC) (n= 30). There was no significant difference between those groups; however, we find significant difference between treatment and day for Superoxide dismutase (SOD) values with higher activity of this enzyme in females GMTV on the weeks next to the parturition. Still, there was difference on day and, for interactions between treatment and day for TBARS, were females GMTV showed lower values of TBARS in all moments, except on day seven after the parturition. For leucocytes, there is a significant effect by day, interaction on treatment and day on neutrophils, and interaction treatment and day for neutrophil phagocytosis, were females GMTV showed lower values of leucocytes and neutrophils next to the parturition, and an increase of neutrophils phagocytosis. In summary, cows from the GMTV group had an improvement on the immune and oxidative systems, probably correlated with the administration of this supplement.(AU)

Animals , Female , Cattle , Trace Elements/analysis , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Oxidative Stress , Neutrophils , Injections, Subcutaneous/veterinary
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 137-141, jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002296


RESUMEN: El balance óseo está mediado por una regulación inmunoendócrina, siendo éste un complejo proceso. Entre las acciones llevadas a cabo para mantener la densidad y estructura del esqueleto son variadas las farmacoterapias utilizadas. Diversos estudios han demostrado que tanto Alendronato (AL) y Vitamina E (E) contribuyen a la inhibición de la reabsorción ósea. El objectivo de este trabajo fue estudiar el efecto de la administración combinada de (AL) por vía subcutánea y (E) se administró tres veces por semana también por vía subcutánea con una dosificación de 20 mg/kg de peso corporal. La fórmula farmacéutica fue de 0,5 mg/kg de peso corporal para AL, y 20 mg/kg de vitamina E. El efecto se evaluó en ratas machos Wistar (n=108), de 90 ± 20 g, divididas en 4 grupos. Se realizó la exodoncia de los primeros molares inferiores. La droga se inyectó en forma subcutánea en tiempos 0, 7, 15 y 30 días post cirugía. Las imágenes de las mandíbulas fueron adquiridas mediante radiovisiógrafo, en cada tiempo experimental y fueron analizadas con el Software Image ProPlus versión 4,1 de Media Cibernetics. Estudios estadísticos: no paramétrico: prueba de Kruskal-Wallis Resultados: El grupo C (que registró la media de intensidad más baja), se diferenció significativamente de los grupos E y A-E (p<0,001), no así del grupo que utilizó únicamente Al (p=0,070; p>0,05). Los grupos Al, E y el combinado Al-E no se diferenciaron significativamente entre sí (p>0,05 en todos los casos). Los datos evaluados sirven para mostrar una tendencia favorable en relación al efecto beneficioso de la combinación de AL y vitamina E.

ABSTRACT: The bone balance is mediated by an immunoendocrine regulation, this being a complex process. A number of pharmacotherapies are used among the actions taken to maintain the density and structure of the skeleton. Several studies have shown that both Alendronate (AL) and Vitamin E (E) contribute to the inhibition of bone resorption. Objective: To study the effect of combined administration of (LA) subcutaneously and (E) was administered three times per week also subcutaneously with a dosage of 20 mg / kg body weight. The pharmaceutical formulation was 0.5 mg / kg body weight for AL and 20 mg / kg vitamin E. The effect was evaluated in male Wistar rats (n = 108), 90 ± 20 g, divided into 4 groups. Extraction of the first lower molars was performed. The drug was injected subcutaneously at time 0, 7, 15 and 30 days post-surgery. The images of the jaws were acquired by radiovisiography, at each experimental time and were analyzed with Image ProPlus Software version 4.1 of Media Cibernetics. Statistical studies: non-parametric: Kruskal-Wallis test Group C (which recorded the lowest mean intensity) was significantly different from the E and AE groups (p <0.001), but not from the group that used only Al (P = 0.070, p> 0.05). The Al, E and combined Al-E groups did not differ significantly from each other (p> 0.05 in all cases). The data evaluated serve to show a favorable trend in relation to the beneficial effect of the combination of AL and vitamin E.

Animals , Rats , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Alendronate/administration & dosage , Radiography, Dental , Analysis of Variance , Animal Experimentation , Diphosphonates/administration & dosage
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1350-1355, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975707


SUMMARY: We sought to investigate the potential protective effect of Vitamin E supplementation against hepatocyte ultrastructural alterations induced by high fat diet (HFD) in a rat model of pre-diabetes. Therefore, rats were either fed with HFD (model group) or a standard laboratory chow (control group) for 12 weeks before being sacrificed. The protective group fed on a HFD and started the treatment with vitamin E (100 mg/kg/day, i.p) from day 1 until being sacrificed at week 12. The harvested liver tissues were examined using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and blood samples were assayed for biomarkers of liver injury and prediabetes. TEM images showed that HFD induced profound pathological changes to the hepatocyte ultrastructure as demonstrated by degenerated hepatocytes with damaged cytoplasm that have mitochondrial swelling, dilation of endoplasmic reticulum, blebbing of plasma membranes, and cytoplasmic accumulations of lipid droplets and vacuoles, which were substantially but not completely protected with vitamin E. In addition, HFD significantly (p<0.05) augmented biomarkers of liver injury and pre-diabetes such as alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), which were significantly (p<0.05) reduced with vitamin E except TNF-α and TC. Furthermore, none of these biomarkers were reduced to the control level by vitamin E. We conclude that vitamin E is a partial protective agent against HFD-induced liver injury and pre-diabetes.

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el posible efecto protector de la administración de suplementos de vitamina E contra las alteraciones ultraestructurales de los hepatocitos inducidas por una dieta rica en grasas (DRG) en un modelo de prediabetes en ratas. Antes de ser sacrificadas las ratas fueron alimentadas con DRG (grupo modelo) o un alimento estándar de laboratorio (grupo control) durante 12 semanas. El grupo protector se alimentó con una DRG y comenzó el tratamiento con vitamina E (100 mg/kg/día, i.p) desde el día 1 hasta sacrificarlo en la semana 12. Los tejidos hepáticos recolectados se examinaron mediante microscopía electrónica de transmisión (MET) y se tomaron muestras de sangre y se analizaron los biomarcadores de daño hepático y prediabetes. Las imágenes de MET mostraron que el DRG indujo cambios patológicos profundos en la ultraestructura de los hepatocitos, como lo demuestran los hepatocitos degenerados con citoplasma dañado e hinchazón mitocondrial, dilatación del retículo endoplasmático, formación de ampollas en las membranas plasmáticas y acumulaciones citoplásmicas de gotas de lípidos y vacuolas, los que fueron sustancialmente protegidas con vitamina E. Además, DRG aumentó significativamente (p <0,05) los biomarcadores de daño hepático y prediabetes como alanina aminotransferasa (ALT), aspartato aminotransferasa (AST), factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α), malondialdehído (MDA), colesterol total (CT), triglicéridos (TG) y lipoproteína de colesterol de baja densidad (LDL-C), la cual se redujo significativamente (p <0,05) con vitamina E, excepto TNF-α y CT. Ninguno de estos biomarcadores se redujo al nivel de control por la vitamina E. Concluimos que la vitamina E es un agente protector parcial contra la lesión hepática inducida por DRG y la prediabetes.

Animals , Rats , Prediabetic State/drug therapy , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Aspartate Aminotransferases/drug effects , Vitamin E/pharmacology , Cholesterol/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hepatocytes/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Alanine Transaminase/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/prevention & control , Liver/drug effects , Malondialdehyde/analysis
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(2): 1259-1268, Apr.-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886691


ABSTRACT This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of vitamin E and selenium on performance, viability, productive efficiency, and yields of carcass, major cuts, and organs of broilers from 22 to 42 days submitted to cyclic-heat stress. The experimental design was randomized blocks, in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement with two levels of selenium (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg) and three levels of vitamin E (300, 400, and 500 mg/kg), plus a control treatment. Animals were submitted to a natural condition of high cyclic temperature. Organic selenium levels of 0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg associated with 300, 400, and 500 mg/kg of vitamin E were tested. The level of vitamin E did not affect the performance or production efficiency of broilers in the period from 22 to 33 days and 22 to 42 days. However, the selenium inclusion level of 0.3 mg/kg improved the viability in both phases. The yields of carcass, major cuts, intestine, and heart were not influenced by the levels of selenium and vitamin E, whereas abdominal fat for the selenium level 0.1 mg/kg decreased linearly with the inclusion in vitamin E.

Animals , Male , Female , Selenium/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Chickens/anatomy & histology , Chickens/physiology , Animal Feed , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Reference Values , Selenium/analysis , Time Factors , Vitamin E/analysis , Body Weight , Weight Gain , Food, Fortified , Reproducibility of Results , Heat Stress Disorders/prevention & control , Antioxidants/analysis
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 35(2): 158-164, abr.-jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-902830


RESUMO Objetivos: Determinar a concentração de alfa-tocoferol no leite materno em diferentes períodos de lactação e estimar o provável fornecimento de vitamina E ao lactente. Métodos: Estudo longitudinal observacional realizado com 100 puérperas atendidas para o parto no Hospital Universitário Ana Bezerra (HUAB) da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), em Santa Cruz (RN). Foram coletados leite colostro (n=100), leite de transição (n=77) e leite maduro (n=63) no seguimento da lactação. O alfa-tocoferol foi analisado por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. O fornecimento de vitamina E para o neonato foi estimado comparando-se o requerimento nutricional de vitamina E (4 mg/dia) com a ingestão diária de leite. Resultados: A concentração média de alfa-tocoferol encontrada nos leites colostro, de transição e maduro foi 40,5±15,0 µmol/L, 13,9±5,2 µmol/L e 8,0±3,8 µmol/L, respectivamente (p<0,001). A possível ingestão desses leites pelo lactente forneceu 6,2 mg/dia de vitamina E no colostro, 4,7 mg/dia no de transição e 2,7 mg/dia no maduro (p<0,0001), evidenciando que apenas o último não garantiu a quantidade recomendada dessa vitamina. Conclusões: Os níveis de alfa-tocoferol no leite diminuíram com a progressão da lactação, e a provável ingestão dos leites colostro e de transição conseguiu atender ao requerimento nutricional do lactente. O leite maduro pode fornecer menores quantidades da vitamina E, o que torna importante o estudo dos fatores que se associam a esses baixos níveis.

ABSTRACT Objectives: To determine the alpha-tocopherol concentration in breast milk at different periods of lactation and to estimate the possible supply of vitamin E to the infant. Methods: A longitudinal observational study was carried out with 100 mothers at University Hospital Ana Bezerra (HUAB), at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, in Santa Cruz (RN), Northeast Brazil. Samples of colostrum (n=100), transitional milk (n=77), and mature milk (n=63) were collected. Alpha-tocopherol was analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. Vitamin supply to the newborn was estimated by comparing the nutritional requirement of vitamin E (4 mg/day) with the potential daily intake of milk. Results: The mean alpha-tocopherol concentration found in colostrum, transitional, and mature milk was 40.5±15.0 µmol/L, 13.9±5.2 µmol/L, and 8.0±3.8 µmol/L, respectively (p<0.001). The possible effect of these milks offered to the infant 6.2 mg/day of vitamin E in colostrum, 4.7 mg/day in transitional milk, and 2.7 mg/day in mature milk (p<0.0001), shows that only the mature milk did not guarantee the recommended quantity of this vitamin. Conclusions: Alpha-tocopherol levels in human milk decrease through the progression of lactation, and the possible intake of colostrum and transitional milk met the nutritional requirement of the infant. Mature milk may provide smaller amounts of vitamin E. Thus, it is important to study the factors that are associated with such low levels.

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Vitamin E/analysis , Milk, Human/chemistry , Nutritional Requirements , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Longitudinal Studies , Term Birth
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(1): 40-46, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841316


Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of maternal supplementation with vitamin E on the concentration of α-tocopherol in colostrum and its supply to the newborn. Method: This randomized clinical trial enrolled 99 healthy adult pregnant women; of these, 39 were assigned to the control group and 60 to the supplemented group. After an overnight fast, 5 mL of blood and 2 mL of colostrum were collected. After the first sampling (0 h milk), the supplemented group received 400 IU of supplementary vitamin E. Another 2 mL milk aliquot was collected in both groups 24 h after supplementation (24 h milk). The samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The α-tocopherol content provided by colostrum was calculated by considering a daily intake of 396 mL of milk and comparing the resulting value to the recommended daily intake for infants aged 0-6 months (4 mg/day). Results: The initial mean concentration of α-tocopherol in colostrum was 1509.3 ± 793.7 µg/dL in the control group and 1452.9 ± 808.6 µg/dL in the supplemented group. After 24 h, the mean α-tocopherol concentration was 1650.6 ± 968.7 µg/dL in the control group (p > 0.05) and 2346.9 ± 1203.2 µg/dL in the supplemented group (p < 0.001), increasing the vitamin E supply to the newborn to 9.3 mg/day. Initially, 18 women in the supplemented group provided colostrum α-tocopherol contents below 4 mg/day; after supplementation only six continued to provide less than the recommended amount. Conclusion: Maternal vitamin E supplementation increases the supply of the vitamin to the infant by providing more than twice the Recommended Daily Intake.

Resumo: Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da suplementação materna com vitamina E sobre a concentração de α-tocoferol no colostro e o fornecimento dessa para o recém-nascido. Método: O estudo clínico randomizado foi feito com 99 parturientes adultas e saudáveis, 39 alocadas no grupo controle e 60 no grupo suplementado. Após jejum noturno, foram coletados 5 mL de sangue e 2 mL de colostro das parturientes. Após a primeira coleta (leite 0 h), o grupo suplementado recebeu suplementação com 400 UI de vitamina E. Foi feita nova coleta de 2 mL de colostro, em ambos os grupos, 24 h após a suplementação (leite 24 h). As amostras foram analisadas por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. A quantidade de α-tocoferol fornecida pelo colostro foi considerada para uma ingestão diária de 396 mL de leite e comparada com a ingestão diária recomendada para crianças de 0 a 6 meses (4 mg/dia). Resultados: A concentração média inicial de α-tocoferol no colostro foi de 1.509,3 ± 793,7 µg/dL no grupo controle e 1.452,9 ± 808,6 µg/dL no grupo suplementado. Após 24 horas a concentração média de α-tocoferol no grupo controle foi de 1.650,6 ± 968,7 µg/dL (p > 0,05) e de 2.346,9 ± 1203,2 µg/dL (p < 0,001) no grupo suplementado. Aumentou-se assim a oferta de vitamina E para o recém-nascido para 9,3 mg/dia. Inicialmente 18 mulheres do grupo suplementado forneciam valores inferiores a 4 mg/dia de α-tocoferol em seu colostro, após suplementação apenas seis continuaram a fornecer quantidade inferior ao recomendado. Conclusão: A suplementação materna com vitamina E promove o aumento do fornecimento da vitamina para o recém-nascido e fornece mais do que o dobro da ingestão diária recomendada.

Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Vitamin E/analysis , Vitamins/analysis , Colostrum/chemistry , alpha-Tocopherol/analysis , Milk, Human/chemistry , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Lactation , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 68(5): 1177-1182, set.-out. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-827881


Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos de antioxidantes suplementados às dietas de galos de matrizes pesadas em idade avançada sobre as características reprodutivas. Foram utilizados galos da linhagem Cobb com 47 semanas de idade. Estes foram distribuídos em quatros tratamentos, de acordo com a adição de antioxidante à dieta, sendo: A = grupo controle (sem suplementação antioxidante); B = suplementação de 9ppm de citranaxantina; C = suplementação de 6ppm de cantaxantina e D = 150ppm de vitamina E. Foram avaliadas as características seminais, tais como volume, vigor, motilidade e concentração, a composição de ácidos graxos do sêmen (saturados, insaturados, monoinsaturados, poli-insaturados, ômega 3, ômega 6 e ômega 9) e a correlação entre o peso dos testículos e o peso dos galos. Não foram observados efeitos das substâncias antioxidantes testadas sobre os parâmetros reprodutivos avaliados. Os antioxidantes avaliados não influenciam as respostas reprodutivas de machos reprodutores de matrizes pesadas em idade avançada.(AU)

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of antioxidant supplementation in diets of aging broiler breeder roosters on reproductive characteristics. Cobb roosters were divided into four groups, according to antioxidant addition, where: A = control group (without antioxidant supplementation); B = 9ppm of citranaxanthin; C = 6ppm of canthaxanthin, and D = 150ppm of vitamin E. Seminal characteristics (volume, force, motility and concentration), semen fatty acid composition (saturated, unsaturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, ω3, ω6 and ω9), and the correlation between testis weight with rooster weight were evaluated. No effects of the antioxidants tested were observed. The antioxidants do not influence the reproductive responses of aging male broiler breeder.(AU)

Animals , Male , Animal Feed/analysis , Antioxidants/analysis , Chickens , Dietary Supplements/statistics & numerical data , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Canthaxanthin/therapeutic use , Vitamin E/administration & dosage
Int. j. morphol ; 34(3): 1044-1050, Sept. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-828983


Sonic hedgehog (SHH) es un morfógeno esencial para el desarrollo del tubo neural, miembros y somitos. Variaciones en su expresión pueden ocasionar alteraciones en el sistema nervioso. Esto lo producen teratógenos, como el ácido valproico (VPA), el cual aumenta las especies reactivas de oxígeno, pudiendo contrarrestarse con la administración de vitamina E (VE). Se buscó determinar la expresión de SHH en tubo neural y médula espinal en embriones y fetos de ratones expuestos a VPA, VPA + VE y VE. Se conformaron 8 grupos de ratones hembra (Mus musculus). A los 8 días post-coito (p.c.) se les administró a los grupos 1 y 5 suero fisiológico 0,3 ml; grupos 2 y 6 VPA 600 mg/kg; grupos 3 y 7 VPA 600 mg/kg + VE 200 UI/kg; grupos 4 y 8 VE 200 UI/kg, todos los tratamientos vía oral. A los 12 días p.c., se sacrificaron los grupos 1, 2, 3 y 4, y a los 17 días los restantes. Fueron fijados en solución Bouin e incluidos en paraplast. Se realizaron cortes transversales a nivel torácico. Se utilizó anticuerpo policlonal anti-SHH (Santa Cruz, H-160, conejo), dilución 1:100. Se describió la morfología de las muestras marcadas positivamente, se midió la densidad óptica integrada y porcentaje de área inmunoreactiva. La expresión de SHH fue inmunopositiva en notocorda y placa del piso del tubo neural solo en embriones de 12 días p.c. Los grupos tratados con VPA+VE y VE presentaron mayor intensidad inmunohistoquímica y porcentaje de área inmunoreactiva en comparación al grupo tratado con VPA (p 0,0001) en la placa del piso, siendo similar al grupo control. En la notocorda, la intensidad de inmunoreacción fue similar a lo demostrado en la placa del piso, con diferencias significativas (p 0,0001), pero el porcentaje de área no arrojó diferencias. Los grupos de 17 días de gestación resultaron negativos a la expresión de SHH. La vitamina E regula la expresión de SHH en tubo neural, atenuando así los efectos del VPA.

Sonic hedgehog (SHH) is an essential morphogen for the development of neural tube, members and somites. Variations in expression can cause abnormalities in the nervous system. This will produce teratogens, such as valproic acid (VPA), which increases the reactive oxygen species and can be counteracted with the administration of vitamin E (VE). We sought to determine the expression of SHH in the neural tube and spinal cord in mice embryos and fetuses exposed to VPA, VPA + VE and VE. For the study we used 8 groups of female mice (Mus musculus). At day 8 post-coitus (p.c.) the groups were administered as follows: groups 1 and 5,0.3ml saline; groups 2 and 6, VPA 600 mg/kg; groups 3 and 7, VPA 600 mg / kg + VE 200 IU/kg; groups 4 and 8, VE 200 IU/kg, all treatments were given orally. On the 12th day p.c., groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 were euthanized and the remaining groups at day 17. They were fixed in Bouin solution and included in paraplast; thoracic cross sections were performed, anti-SHH polyclonal antibody (Santa Cruz, H-160, rabbit) dilution 1:100 was used. We described morphology of the positively labeled samples and measured integrated optic density and percentage of immunoreactivearea.SHH expression was immunopositive in notochord and floor plate of the neural tube in embryos only 12 day p.c. In the groups treated with VPA + VE and VE immunohistochemistry showed greater intensity and percentage of immunoreactive area compared to those in the group treated with VPA (p0.0001) in the floor plate, being similar to the control group. In the notochord, immunoreaction intensity was similar to that shown in the floor plate, with significant differences (p 0.0001), but the percentage of area showed no differences. The groups at day 17 of gestation were negative for the expression of SHH. VE regulates expression of SHH in neural tube, thus attenuating the effects of VPA.

Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Mice , Hedgehog Proteins/drug effects , Neural Tube/drug effects , Neural Tube/metabolism , Valproic Acid/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Hedgehog Proteins/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Time Factors
Int. j. morphol ; 34(2): 732-741, June 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-787062


El ácido valproico (VPA) es el principal anticonvulsivante utilizado contra la epilepsia durante la gestación. Sin embargo, en etapas iniciales del embarazo actúa como teratógeno y ocasiona malformaciones como fisura labio-palatina, alteraciones en el desarrollo genital y espina bífida, siendo esta última la más frecuente. Esto se produce debido al aumento de especies reactivas de oxígeno, pudiendo contrarrestarse administrando vitamina E. El objetivo fue determinar si la vitamina E disminuye el daño en tubo neural y médula espinal de embriones y fetos de ratonas expuestas a VPA. Se conformaron 8 grupos de animales. A los 8 días post-fecundación se les administró a los grupos 1 y 5 suero fisiológico 0,3 mL; grupos 2 y 6 VPA 600 mg/Kg; grupos 3 y 7 VPA 600 mg/Kg y vitamina E 200 UI/Kg; grupos 4 y 8 vitamina E 200 UI/kg. A los 12 días post-fecundación, se sacrificaron los grupos 1, 2, 3 y 4, y a los 17 días los restantes grupos. Los embriones fueron procesados y teñidos con cresil violeta, observándose cortes histológicos a nivel cervical, torácico y lumbar. Los grupos tratados con vitamina E presentaron menor cantidad de neuroblastos y motoneuronas, pero de tamaño mayor en comparación al grupo tratado con VPA (p<0,05), siendo similares a los grupos controles. Al comparar el tubo neural y médula espinal en los distintos niveles (cervical, torácico y lumbar), no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas. La administración prenatal de vitamina E disminuye los defectos en tubo neural y médula espinal de embriones de 12 y 17 días de gestación sometidos a VPA.

Valproic Acid (VPA) is the main anticonvulsant used for epilepsy throughout the gestation period. However, when used at early stages of pregnancy, it acts as a tetarogenic agent, causing congenital malformations such as cleft-lip and/or cleft palate, abnormal genital development and spina bifida, being the latter the most frequent. This is the result of the increase of reactive oxygen species, which can be countered with the supplementation of vitamin E. The aim was determine if vitamin E minimizes the damage to the neural tube and spinal cord of mice embryos and fetuses previously exposed to VPA. Eight groups of mice were constituted. Eight days post fertilization, groups 1 and 5 were administered 0,3 ml of saline solution; groups 2 and 6 600mg/Kg of VPA, groups 3 and 7 600mg/Kg of VPA and 200UI/Kg of Vitamin E; groups 4 and 8 200 UI/Kg of Vitamin E. 12 days after fertilization, groups 1, 2, 3 and 4 were euthanized, whereas in the case of the remaining groups, the same process was performed 17 days after fertilization. The embryos were stained with cresyl violet, thus enabling the observation of histological sections at cervical, thoracic and lumbar levels. Groups supplied with vitamin E presented a lower amount of neuroblasts and motoneurons. However, these elements were bigger in size compared to the group treated with VPA (p<0,05), being these results similar to those obtained with the control groups. When comparing the neural tube and spinal cord at different levels (cervical, thoracic and lumbar), no statistically significant differences were found. It was determined that prenatal administration of vitamin E lessens the damage to the neural tube and spinal cord of mice embryos of 12 and 17 days of gestation previously exposed to VPA.

Animals , Female , Mice , Neural Tube/drug effects , Neural Tube/pathology , Spinal Cord/drug effects , Spinal Cord/pathology , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Neural Tube Defects/chemically induced , Neural Tube Defects/embryology , Spinal Cord Diseases/chemically induced , Spinal Cord Diseases/embryology , Valproic Acid/toxicity
Int. braz. j. urol ; 41(4): 773-790, July-Aug. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763046


ABSTRACTPurpose:This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of isolated and co-administration of vitamin E (VitE) and dexamethasone (DEX) on varicocele (VCL)-induced damages in testicular tissue.Materials and Methods:Wistar rats were divided into five groups (n=6), including; control-sham, non-treated VCL-induced, VitE-treated VCL-induced (VitE, 150 mg/kg, orally), DEX-administrated VCL-induced (DEX, 0.125 mg/kg, i.p.), VitE+DEX-received VCL-induced animals. The antioxidant status analyses, histopathological examinations, hormonal assay and tissue levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were analyzed. The germinal epithelium RNA damage and Leydig cells steroidogenesis were analyzed. Moreover, the Hsp70-2 protein expression was examined based on immunohistochemical and western blot analyses. The sperm parameters, DNA integrity and chromatin condensation were investigated.Results:VitE and DEX in simultaneous form of administration significantly (P<0.05) down-regulated the tissue ALP level and attenuated the VCL-decreased GSH-px, SOD and TAC levels and remarkably (P<0.05) down-regulated the testicular malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) contents. The VCL-induced histopathological alterations significantly (P<0.05) improved in VitE and DEX-administrated animals. The VitE and DEX co-administration reduced the VCL-increased RNA damage and elevated the Leydig cells steroidogenic activity. The Hsp70-2 protein level completely (P<0.05) increased in VitE and DEX alone–and-simultaneous-administrated animals. Finally, the VitE and DEX could significantly (P<0.05) improve the VCL-decreased semen quality and improved the sperm DNA integrity and chromatin condensation.Conclusion:Our data suggest that Vit E by up-regulating the antioxidant status and DEX by reducing inflammation-dependent oxidative and nitrosative stresses could improve the VCL-reduced Hsp70-2 chaperone expression and ultimately protected the testicular endocrine activities and promoted the spermatogenesis process.

Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Dexamethasone/administration & dosage , /metabolism , Varicocele/drug therapy , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Blotting, Western , Chromatin/physiology , Disease Models, Animal , DNA Damage , Drug Interactions , Glutathione Peroxidase/analysis , Immunohistochemistry , Malondialdehyde/analysis , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Protective Agents , Rats, Wistar , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Spermatozoa/drug effects , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Testis/drug effects , Testis/enzymology , Testis/pathology , Testosterone/blood , Varicocele/physiopathology
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 67(2): 506-510, Mar-Apr/2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-747049


Objetivou-se a avaliação dos efeitos dos níveis de suplementação de vitamina E na ração para frangos de corte sobre o desempenho na fase inicial (um a 21 dias de idade) e de crescimento (21 a 39 dias de idade). Os tratamentos foram definidos pelos níveis de suplementação de vitamina E (DL-α tocoferol). As quantidades adicionadas às rações foram: 10; 30; 50; 75 e 100mg de vitamina E para cada kg de ração. Na fase inicial (experimento I), o menor nível de suplementação de vitamina E mostrou-se superior aos demais, apresentando efeito significativo (P≤0,05) sobre o peso médio aos 21 dias de idade e ganho de peso de um a 21 dias de idade. Na fase de crescimento (experimento II), não houve efeito significativo (P>0,05) dos níveis de suplementação de vitamina E sobre as variáveis estudadas. O nível mínimo de suplementação de vitamina E testado (10mg/kg) é suficiente para atender às exigências dos frangos de corte machos sobre o desempenho.(AU)

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of vitamin E supplementation on the performance of broiler chickens in the initial and growth phase, from one to 21 and 21 to 39 days of age, respectively. Five increasing levels of DL-α tocopherol supplementation (10, 30, 50, 75 and 100mg to each kg of diet) were added to the diet. In the initial phase (experiment I), the lowest vitamin E level was superior by presenting significant effect (P≤0.05) on body weight at 21 days of age and weight gain from one to 21 days old. In the growth phase (experiment II), there was no significant effect (P>0.05) of vitamin E supplementation on the variables studied. The minimum level of vitamin E supplementation tested is sufficient to attend the requirements of male broiler chickens.(AU)

Animals , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Weight Gain , Chickens/growth & development , Dietary Supplements , Tocopherols , Animal Feed/analysis
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 60(6): 555-559, Nov-Dec/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-736316


Objective: to investigate dietary intake of antioxidants in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods: this is a cross-sectional case series study with 53 women accompanied at the Rheumatology Outpatient Clinic, Hospital das Clínicas/UFPE, from January to October 2012. Demographic and anthropometric parameters (weight, height, body mass index, weight change) were collected by means of a form. The assessment of food consumption was conducted using a semi-quantitative food frequency survey, analyzed according to a food composition table. Database construction and statistical analysis were performed using Excel and SPSS version 18.0, using chi-squared test, Anova, and Student’s t-test, at a confidence level of 5%. Results: the sample was composed of 53 women with a mean age of 54.51 ± 4.24 years and BMI of 25.97 ± 5.94 kg/m². In the sociodemographic variables, statistically significant differences in origin, occupation, and income were observed. Daily consumption showed significance for vitamins A, C, and zinc. In adults, vitamins A and C were in accordance with recommendations, while in the elderly a low intake of vitamin E and selenium was observed. The relation between vitamin E and origin was significant. Conclusion: the sample was composed of 53 women with a mean age of 54.51 ± 4.24 years and BMI of 25.97 ± 5.94 kg/m². In the sociodemographic variables, statistically significant differences in origin, occupation, and income were observed. Daily consumption showed significance for vitamins A, C, and zinc. In adults, vitamins A and C were in accordance with recommendations, while in the elderly a low intake of vitamin E and selenium was observed. The relation between vitamin E and origin was significant. .

Objectivo: investigar o consumo alimentar de antioxidantes em pacientes portadores de artrite reumatoide. Métodos: estudo transversal do tipo série de casos com 53 mulheres acompanhadas no Ambulatório de Reumatologia do Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (HC-UFPE), de janeiro a outubro de 2012. Por meio de formulário, foram coletados parâmetros sociodemográficos e antropométricos (peso, estatura, índice de massa corpórea [IMC], alteração ponderal). A avaliação do consumo alimentar foi realizada por questionário de frequência alimentar semiquantitativo, analisado por tabela de composição de alimentos. A construção do banco de dados e a análise estatística foram realizadas por Excel e SPSS versão 18.0, com aplicação de testes Qui-quadrado, Anova e t-Student, com nível de confiança de 5%. Resultados: demonstrou-se que os pacientes apresentaram baixo consumo de vitaminas A, C e zinco. Portanto, ressalta-se a importância de maior consumo de alimentos fontes em antioxidantes, a fim de contribuir para a prevenção da lesão articular e a perda da função reumática, melhorando a qualidade de vida do paciente. Conclusão: demonstrou-se que os pacientes apresentaram baixo consumo de vitaminas A, C e zinco. Portanto, ressalta-se a importância de maior consumo de alimentos fontes em antioxidantes, a fim de contribuir para a prevenção da lesão articular e a perda da função reumática, melhorando a qualidade de vida do paciente. .

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Energy Intake/physiology , Feeding Behavior/physiology , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Body Weight , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Nutritional Status , Surveys and Questionnaires , Selenium/administration & dosage , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Zinc/administration & dosage
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 34(11): 1141-1145, nov. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: lil-736042


A number of studies has shown that antioxidants, fatty acids and trace minerals may modulate different immune cell activities, and that their deficiency may be associated with diseases and impaired immune responses. In innate immunity, natural killer (NK) cells have a central role, killing virally infected and cancerous cells, and also secreting cytokines that shape adaptive immune responses. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of enriched diets in selenium plus vitamin E and/or canola oil on complete blood count and on NK cell cytotoxicity from blood lymphocytes of Nellore bulls. Bulls that received selenium plus vitamin E had (P=0.0091) higher NK cell cytotoxicity than control bulls. This result positively correlated with serum selenium levels. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that showed immunostimulatory effects of selenium plus vitamin E on NK cell cytotoxicity of Nellore bulls.(AU)

Vários estudos demonstraram que antioxidantes, ácidos graxos e minerais podem modular a atividade de diferentes células do sistema imunológico e que as suas carências podem estar associadas a doenças e a respostas imunes comprometidas. Na imunidade inata, os linfócitos natural killer (NK) têm um papel central matando células infectadas por vírus e células cancerígenas, ao mesmo tempo em que também secretam citocinas que modulam as respostas imunes adaptativas. Assim, o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito de dietas enriquecidas em selênio e vitamina E e/ou óleo de canola no hemograma e na citotoxicidade das células NK do sangue de bovinos da raça Nelore. Os animais que receberam selênio e vitamina E tiveram (P = 0,0091) maior citotoxicidade das células NK do que os animais do grupo controle. Este resultado foi positivamente correlacionado com os níveis de selênio no sangue. Para o melhor do nosso conhecimento, este é o primeiro estudo que mostrou efeitos imunoestimulatórios do selênio e vitamina E sobre a citotoxicidade das células NK de bovinos Nelore.(AU)

Animals , Cattle , Selenium/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Killer Cells, Lymphokine-Activated/drug effects , Cytotoxins/analysis , Trace Elements/analysis , Immunization/veterinary , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Diet/veterinary
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(7): 744-749, 10/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-726257


Objective Our goal was to assess the effects of weight loss on antioxidant enzymes of red blood cells and it’s relation with vitamins A, E and C intake in 30 obese women. Subjects and methods General information, anthropometric measurements, 3-day food recall, and fasting blood samples were collected from 30 obese women at the beginning of the study and after 3 months intervention. Weight loss was set at about 10% of their weight before the intervention. Results Glutathione reductase and catalase activities showed a significant increase (P < 0.01) after weight reduction, but no significant changes were seen in the superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities. There was a positive linear correlation between daily vitamin C intake with superoxide dismutase enzyme after intervention (P = 0.004, r = 0.507). There was a negative linear correlation between vitamin E intake and glutathione peroxidase activity before intervention (P = 0.005, r = -0.5). A negative correlation was found between daily vitamin A intake and glutathione reductase enzyme before and after intervention (r = -0.385, r = -0.397, P < 0.05) respectively. No significant correlation was observed between vitamins A, C, E amounts and catalase activity. Conclusions Ten percent weight reduction can have a significant role in increasing antioxidant enzymes activities, especially glutathione reductase, and catalase enzymes in obese women. However, it is important to take into consideration a balanced amount of certain nutrients while administering a diet with limited energy. .

Objetivo Nosso objetivo foi avaliar os efeitos da perda de peso sobre as enzimas antioxidantes de eritrócitos, e a relação destas com a ingestão das vitaminas A, E e C. Sujeitos e métodos Foram coletadas informações gerais e medidas antropométricas, registro alimentar de três dias e amostras de sangue em jejum de 30 mulheres obesas no início do estudo e depois de três meses da intervenção. A perda de peso determinada antes da intervenção foi de 10% do peso. Resultados As atividades da glutationa redutase e da catalase mostraram aumento significativo (P < 0,01) depois da perda de peso, mas não houve mudanças significativas nas atividades da superóxido dismutase e da glutationa peroxidase. Foi observada uma correlação linear positiva entre a ingestão diária de vitamina C e a enzima superóxido dismutase após a intervenção (P = 0,004, r = 0,507). Houve uma correlação linear negativa entre a ingestão de vitamina E e a atividade da glutationa peroxidase antes da intervenção (P = 0,005, r = -0,5). Foi observada uma correlação negativa entre a ingestão diária de vitamina A e a enzima glutationa redutase antes e depois da intervenção (r = -0,385, r = -0,397, P < 0,05), respectivamente. Não foram observadas correlações significativas entre as vitaminas A, C, E e os níveis e a atividade da catalase. Conclusões Uma redução de 10% no peso pode ter um papel significativo no aumento da atividade das enzimas antioxidantes, especialmente na glutationa redutase e catalase em mulheres obesas. Entretanto, é importante levar em consideração uma ingestão equilibrada de certos nutrientes ao se recomendar uma dieta com níveis de energia restritos. .

Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Obesity/diet therapy , Oxidoreductases/metabolism , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Vitamin E/metabolism , Weight Loss/physiology , Antioxidants/metabolism , Ascorbic Acid/metabolism , Body Weight/physiology , Caloric Restriction , Catalase/blood , Glutathione Peroxidase/blood , Glutathione Reductase/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Non-Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic/methods , Oxidoreductases/analysis , Superoxide Dismutase/blood , Vitamin A/metabolism , Weight Loss/drug effects
Rev. Inst. Nac. Hig ; 45(1): 7-13, jun. 2014. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: lil-772699


Poco se sabe sobre los cambios en la actividad de las enzimas séricas relacionadas con la función hepática durante la hipervitaminosis E. En el presente trabajo se estudió el efecto de la administración intraperitoneal de 50, 100, 200 y 400 mg de vitamina E/día, durante 20 días sobre la actividad enzimática sérica en 60 ratas Wistar machos, de 12 semanas de edad, con pesos entre 180 y 200 gramos. El grupo control estuvo integrado por 15 ratas Wistar sanas, con edad y peso similares a los animales tratados. Al final del estudio, se tomaron muestras de sangre para la determinación de la vitamina E y la actividad de las enzimas: alanina aminotransferasa (ALT), aspartato aminotransferasa (AST), α-amilasa (AMS), arginasa (ARG), fosfohexosaisomerasa (PHI), fosfatasa alcalina (ALP), γ-glutamiltransferasa (γ-GT) y 5´-nucleotidasa (5´-N). La administración de vitamina E en exceso incrementó de manera significativa (p<0,05) el contenido sérico de la vitamina E y la actividad de todas las enzimas valoradas (p< 0,05); mientras que la α-amilasa disminuyó (p< 0,05) al ser comparada con los controles no tratados. Nuestros resultados proporcionan evidencia que la administración a corto plazo de dosis altas de vitamina E, produce un incremento en la actividad de las enzimas marcadoras de daño hepático (como aminotransferasas, ARG y PHI) y de colestasis (como ALP, 5´-N y γ-GT), que se corresponde con la forma mixta de enfermedad hepática (daño+colestasis).

Little is known about the possible changes in blood enzyme activity related to liver function during hypervitaminosis E. In the present work the effects of intraperitoneal administration of 50, 100, 200 and 400 mg of vitamin E (α-tocopherol) daily for 20 days, respectively, on the serum enzyme activity in 60 white male Wistar rats, aged 12 weeks and weighing 180-200 g, were studied. The group control was integrated by 15 healthy rats with similar characteristics (age and weight) to treated animals. Excess of vitamin E produced a significant (p<0.05) increase in the serum content of vitamin E and in the activity (p<0.05) of the following enzymes: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), arginase (ARG), phosphohexosaisomerase (PHI), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), γ-glutamyltransferase (γ-GT) and 5´-nucleotidase (5´-N) while α-amylase (AMS) decreased (p<0.05) on comparing with the control group. These changes depend on the doses given of vitamin E. In conclusion, our results provide evidence that short-term administration of high doses of vitamin E produces an increase in the activity of the enzymes marker of liver damage (as aminotransferases, ARG and PHI) and of cholestasis (as ALP, γ-GT and 5´-N) that correspond to the mixed form of liver disease (injury+cholestasis).

Animals , Male , Rats , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Rats, Wistar/metabolism , Enzyme Activators , alpha-Tocopherol , Public Health , Transaminases/analysis , Infusions, Parenteral/methods