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1.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 57(1): 30-38, jan.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177699

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Pesquisar as recomendações nutricionais para pacientes com Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne (DMD). MÉTODO: Trata- se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, através de levantamento bibliográfico nas bases cientificas PubMed e Scielo, foram utilizadas as palavras chaves: Distrofia Muscular de Duchenne em combinação com os termos Nutrição, Nutrientes, Nutracêuticos, Vitaminas e Antioxidantes. Foi realizada a busca dos artigos publicados nos últimos 10 anos. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 102 artigos, dos quais após análise dos critérios de exclusão e inclusão, resultaram em 31 artigos referentes a 31,62% da amostra inicial que foram utilizados para a produção dessa revisão. CONCLUSÃO: O acompanhamento nutricional do paciente com DMD é fundamental, de forma a garantir a manutenção do estado nutricional, além de contribuir de forma significativa para a desaceleração dos sintomas da doença e melhora da qualidade de vida.


OBJECTIVE: To search for nutritional recommendations for patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD). METHOD: It is an integrative review of the literature, through a bibliographic survey on the scientific bases PubMed and Scielo, the keywords used were Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy in combination with the terms Nutrition, Nutrients, Nutraceuticals, Vitamins and Antioxidants. The search was based on articles published in the last 10 years. RESULTS: A total of 102 articles were selected, of which, after analyzing the exclusion and inclusion criteria, resulted in 32 articles referring to 32.64% of the initial sample that were used to produce this review. CONCLUSION: Nutritional monitoring of patients with DMD is essential, in order to guarantee the maintenance of nutritional status, in addition to contributing significantly to the deceleration of the symptoms of the disease and improving the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diet therapy , Nutrition Therapy/methods , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Nutritional Status , Antioxidants
2.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 39: e2020087, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250807

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To identify the effects of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on newborns and infants. Data sources: The present study is an integrative review of literature based on clinical trials published in journals indexed in the PubMed and Web of Science databases. Two searches were carried out, starting with the association (and) of the health term "vitamin D" with "pregnancy". In the search for information, selection criteria were established, and there was no language limitation and year of publication. Data synthesis: The final selection resulted in 44 clinical trials, most of which were randomized and double blind, which were carried out in outpatient clinics, referral hospitals and universities, mainly in Europe. The samples studied were predominantly of newborns. In these 44 trials, 23 types of different doses of vitamin D during pregnancy, with different doses, regimens and times of use, and 14 different outcomes were studied in newborns (NB) and infants. Of the 44 studies performed, 35 showed statistically significant beneficial effects of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on newborns and infants compared to control groups. Conclusions: Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy for at least three months before delivery has the potential of positively influencing calcium metabolism, physical growth and immune system development in newborns and infants. However, there is insufficient knowledge to define the optimal dose and to guarantee the absence of possible long-term adverse effects.


RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar os efeitos da suplementação de vitamina D durante a gestação no recém-nascido e lactente. Fontes de dados: Revisão integrativa da literatura baseada em ensaios clínicos publicados em revistas indexadas nas bases de dados PubMed e Web of Science. Foi realizada uma busca em cada base de dados, que partiu da associação (and) dos descritores de saúde vitamin D e pregnancy. Na busca pelas informações, foram estabelecidos critérios de seleção e não houve limitação de idioma nem de ano de publicação. Síntese de dados: A seleção final resultou em 44 ensaios clínicos - a maioria randomizada e duplo-cego -, que foram realizados em ambulatórios, hospitais de referência e universidades sobretudo da Europa. As amostras estudadas foram predominantemente de recém-nascidos. Nesses 44 ensaios, foram testadas 23 formas de suplementação de vitamina D na gestação, com diferentes doses, regimes e tempos de uso, e estudaram-se 14 desfechos diferentes nos recém-nascidos e lactentes. Dos 44 estudos, 35 demonstraram efeitos benéficos da suplementação de vitamina D durante a gestação nos recém-nascidos e lactentes de forma estatisticamente significante, quando comparados aos do grupo controle. Conclusões: A suplementação de vitamina D na gestação, por no mínimo três meses antes do parto, potencialmente influencia de forma positiva o metabolismo do cálcio, o crescimento físico e o desenvolvimento do sistema imunológico dos recém-nascidos e lactentes, entretanto não há conhecimento suficiente para a definição da dose ideal nem para garantir a inexistência de possíveis efeitos adversos em longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Prenatal Care/methods , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
3.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(5): 684-690, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144266

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El primer año de vida es un periodo de riesgo de deficiencia de vitamina D (VD). La administración de 400 UI diarias de VD no tiene una adherencia del 100%, en cambio dosis únicas de 100.000 UI de VD oral son seguras en recién nacidos. OBJETIVO: Comparar el efecto de la suplementación oral de VD en dosis única de 100.000 UI al mes de edad vs dosis diarias de 400 UI sobre las concentraciones séricas de VD, a los 6 meses de vida. SUJETOS Y MÉTODOS: Ensayo clínico aleatorizado, sin enmascaramiento. Se incluyeron 84 lactantes sanos de 1 mes de vida, asignados al azar al grupo de estudio (GE) que recibió una dosis única de VD de 100.000 UI oral o al grupo control (GC), que recibió dosis diarias de VD de 400 UI oral del 1er al 6to mes de vida. A los 6 meses de edad se determinó la concentración sérica de VD. RESULTADOS: 65 lactantes terminaron el estudio, 36 en GE y 29 en GC. No se encontró deficiencia de VD. La insuficiencia de VD fue de 5,5% y 6,8% en el GE y GC, respectivamente. La concentración sérica de VD a los 6 meses de vida, fue de 38,8 ± 5,2 ng/ml y 39,7 ± 6,3 ng/ml para GE y GC, respectivamente (NS). CONCLUSIONES: La suplementación con 100.000 UI de VD única al mes de edad logra concentraciones séricas de VD a los 6 meses de vida, similares a dosis diarias de 400 UI de VD, del 1er al 6to mes.


INTRODUCTION: Infants are a group at risk of vitamin D (VD) deficiency. The administration of 400 IU of VD per day during the first year of life does not achieve 100% adherence. A single dose of 100,000 IU of oral VD is safe in newborns. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of oral administration of VD between a single dose of 100,000 IU at one month of age vs daily doses of 400 IU on serum concentrations of VD, at 6 months of age. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Randomized clinical trial, without masking. 84 healthy infants were included at 1 month of age, randomized to the study group (SG) receiving a single oral dose of 100,000 IU or to the control group (CG), who received daily oral doses of VD of 400 IU from the 1st to the 6th month of life. At 6 months of life, the serum concentration of VD was determined. RESULTS: 65 infants completed the study, 36 in SG and 29 in CG. No VD deficiency was found. VD insufficient was 5.5% and 6.8% in the SG and CG, respectively. The serum concentration of VD at six months of age was 38.8 ± 5.2 ng/ml and 39.7 ± 6.3 ng/ml for the SG and CG, respectively (NS). CONCLUSIONS: Supplementation of 100,000 IU of VD at one month age achieves serum concentrations of VD at 6 months of life similar to the administration of daily doses of 400 IU of VD from the 1st to the 6th month.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D Deficiency/prevention & control , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Dietary Supplements , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency/diagnosis , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Vitamins/therapeutic use , Drug Administration Schedule , Biomarkers/blood , Nutritional Status , Administration, Oral , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
5.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(1): 39-46, 2020. ^c27 cmilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120258

ABSTRACT

La flexibilidad laboral es característica de la producción estacional agroindustrial, cuyo principal problema es aprovechar con intensidad los períodos en los que se incrementa la producción. Pero, ¿cómo la demandante competitividad laboral influye en las estrategias de los trabajadores para incrementar su productividad? A partir de esta pregunta, se identificaron los aspectos económicos, sociales y laborales que inciden en la salud, así como las respuestas para disminuir el dolor físico y aumentar las exigencias de competitividad, flexibilización y desregularización del mercado de trabajo. La exposición ambiental y ocupacional en las condiciones de trabajo, el estrés térmico asociado a la deshidratación en la actividad física intensa, el limitado acceso a los servicios de salud, la mala alimentación y la pobre calidad de vida, también pueden producir otras enfermedades como diabetes e hipertensión, así como infecciones y lesiones renales. En ese contexto, en los últimos 20 años, se empezaron a reportar casos de enfermedad renal. La metodología cualitativa aplicada a este estudio, permitió llevar a cabo un proceso investigativo descriptivo e interpretativo sobre la forma en que los sujetos interactúan. Para ello se utilizaron las trayectorias laborales como técnicas en la recolección de datos. Los resultados arrojaron información relevante sobre las estrategias que los trabajadores utilizan para incrementar su rendimiento laboral, entre ellas la automedicación de vitaminas y analgésicos para tratar los espasmos musculares, que estimulan el sistema nervioso central, así como de bebidas saborizadas y energizantes con posibles repercusiones en la excreción renal.


Labor flexibility is characteristic of seasonal agroindustrial production whose main problem is to take advantage of the periods in which production increases. But, how does this demanding labor competitiveness influence workers' strategies to increase their productivity? From this question, the economic, social and labor aspects that affect health were identified, as well as the answers to reduce physical pain and increase the demands for competitiveness, flexibility and deregulation of the labor market. Environmental and occupational exposure in working conditions, thermal stress associated with dehydration in intense physical activity, limited access to health services, poor diet and quality of life, can also cause other diseases such as diabetes and hypertension, as well as infections and kidney lesions. In that context, in the last 20 years, cases of kidney disease began to be reported. The qualitative methodology applied to this study, allowed to carry out a descriptive and interpretive investigation process on the way in which the subjects interact, for this, the work trajectories were used as techniques in data collection. The results yielded relevant information on the strategies that workers use to increase their work performance, including self-medication of "vitamins" and analgesics to treat muscle spasms, drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, as well as flavored and energizing drinks with possible repercussions on renal excretion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Rural Workers , Working Conditions , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/economics , Pain/drug therapy , Self Medication , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Coasts , Dehydration/complications , Job Market , Energy Drinks/adverse effects , Renal Elimination , Work Performance , Guatemala , Analgesics/adverse effects
6.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 23(12): 4085-4094, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-974787

ABSTRACT

Resumo Este estudo objetivou analisar os padrões alimentares e a ingestão de nutrientes em cada padrão alimentar de idosos. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, com idosos de Botucatu, São Paulo. Foram analisadas as médias de ingestão diária de nutrientes de indivíduos com alta adesão a padrões alimentares identificados por análise fatorial, comparando a ingestão através de análise de variância. Indivíduos com alta adesão ao padrão "Saudável" apresentaram a maior média de ingestão de retinol, vitamina A e vitamina E. Indivíduos com alta adesão ao padrão "Lanches e refeição de final de semana" apresentaram médias de consumo menores de vitamina B12, vitamina C, fósforo e retinol; e as maiores médias de consumo de ferro, manganês e magnésio. Indivíduos com alta adesão ao padrão "frutas" apresentaram as menores médias de ingestão de fibras. Indivíduos com alta adesão ao padrão "Light e integral" apresentaram as maiores médias de ingestão de vitamina C. Indivíduos com alta adesão ao padrão "Dieta branda" apresentaram menor consumo de proteína e mais de açúcar de adição. Indivíduos com alta adesão ao padrão "Tradicional" apresentaram médias elevadas de ingestão de nutrientes. Foi possível uma melhor caracterização do comportamento alimentar dos idosos que aderem a cada um desses padrões alimentares.


Abstract This study aims to analyse the eating patterns and nutrient intake in different eating patterns of elderly persons. This is a cross-sectional study with elderly people from Botucatu, São Paulo state, Brazil. The mean daily nutrient intake of individuals with high adherence to the eating patterns identified by factor analysis was analysed, comparing the intake by analysis of variance. Individuals with high adherence to the Healthy eating pattern had the highest mean intake of retinol, vitamin A and vitamin E. Individuals with high adherence to the eating pattern Snacks and weekend meal presented lower means of vitamin B12, vitamin C, phosphorus, and retinol intake and the highest means of iron, manganese and magnesium intake. Individuals with high adherence to Fruits had the lowest mean fibre intake. Individuals with high adherence to Light and whole foods had the highest means of vitamin C intake. Individuals with high adherence to Soft diet showed lower protein intake and increased added sugar intake. Individuals with high adherence to the Traditional eating pattern presented high means of nutrient intake. In general, a better characterization of the eating behaviour of elderly people who adhere to each of these eating patterns was possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Energy Intake , Nutrients/administration & dosage , Feeding Behavior , Diet, Healthy/statistics & numerical data , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Micronutrients/administration & dosage , Middle Aged
7.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(2): 193-200, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887652

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To study the effect of using a one time high dose "stoss therapy" of vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol: VD2) on indices of insulin sensitivity {whole body sensitivity index: WBISI} and secretion {insulinogenic index: IGI} measured during an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) in obese adolescents with VDD (25 OHD; serum metabolite of vit D: < 30 ng/dL). Subjects and methods In a randomized placebo controlled cross over design 20 obese adolescents with vitamin D deficiency (VDD) had baseline OGTT. Arm A received one time high dose 300,000 IU of ergocalciferol and Arm B received placebo. After 6 weeks the adolescents were reassigned to Arm A if they were in Arm B and vice versa. 25OHD, calcium, parathyroid hormone, comprehensive metabolic panel, urine calcium creatinine ratio were measured at each study visit. OGTTs to assess indices of sensitivity and secretion were done at baseline, 6 weeks and 12 weeks respectively. Results Adolescents were obese and insulin resistant (mean ± SD: mean age = 15.1 ± 1.9 years; BMI: 32.7 ± 9.8; homeostatic model of insulin resistance: HOMA-IR: 4.2 ± 2.8). Stoss therapy with VD2 increased 25OHD from baseline (16.7 ± 2.9 to 19.5 ± 4.5; p = 0.0029) when compared to the placebo. WBISI (2.8 ± 1.9) showed a trend towards improvement in Rx group (p = 0.0577) after adjustment for covariates. IGI (3 ± 2.2) showed an improvement in both Rx and placebo groups. Conclusions Our study demonstrated that using a high dose of VD2 (300,000 IU) did not have any beneficial effect on insulin sensitivity (whole body sensitivity index {WBISI}) and secretory indices (insulinogenic index {IGI}) in obese adolescents. High dose "stoss therapy" of VD2 did not appear to have any beneficial effect on glucose homeostasis on obese adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Vitamin D Deficiency/drug therapy , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Ergocalciferols/administration & dosage , Pediatric Obesity/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Blood Glucose/drug effects , Insulin Resistance , Body Mass Index , Cross-Over Studies , Pediatric Obesity/complications , Glucose Tolerance Test , Homeostasis/drug effects
8.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 34(9): e00133317, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952456

ABSTRACT

To verify the prevalence of use, purchase and sources of iron salts and vitamins by children aged from 0 to 12 years in Brazil. Population-based transversal study (Brazilian National Survey on Access, Utilization, and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - PNAUM), including 7,528 children up to 12 years of age. Information was obtained through questionnaires answered by the children's tutors, about the use of iron salts and vitamins 15 days before the interview; forms of financing, and sources of obtainment, sociodemographic characteristics, and presence of chronic disease. Descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed and the main variables were expressed by relative frequencies and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). The prevalence of use of iron salts was 1.6% (95%CI: 1.2-2.1), with higher prevalence among children under 1 year old (8.5%; 95%CI: 6.3-11.5) and residents of the southeastern region (2.3%; 95%CI: 1.5-3.4). Prevalence of use of vitamins was 4.8% (95%CI: 4.2-5.6), with higher prevalence among children under 1 year old (24.3%; 95%CI: 20.3-28.7) and residents of the northern region (8.6%; 95%CI: 6.2-11.7). Purchase occurred by direct reimbursement for 41.6% (95%CI: 27.9-56.7) of the iron salts, and for 82.4% (95%CI: 76.3-87.2) of the vitamins. The iron salts were predominantly obtained from SUS pharmacies (51.5%; 95%CI: 36.4-66.4), and the vitamins from commercial pharmacies (80.6%; 95%CI: 77.4-85.6). The results suggested the use of iron salts in the Brazilian pediatric population was low, with reduction in use as age increased, regional differences and free-of-charge obtainment, predominantly from SUS.


O estudo teve como objetivo verificar a prevalência do uso, aquisição e fontes de saís de ferro e vitaminas para crianças entre 0 e 12 anos de idade no Brasil. Foi realizado um estudo transversal de base populacional (Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos - PNAUM), incluindo 7.528 crianças até 12 anos de idade. As informações foram obtidas através de questionários respondidos pelos pais ou responsáveis, sobre o uso de sais de ferro e vitaminas nos 15 dias anteriores à entrevista; formas de financiamento e fontes de aquisição, características sociodemográficas e presença de doenças crônicas. Foram realizadas análises descritivas e bivariadas, e as principais variáveis foram expressas como frequências relativas com intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%). A prevalência do uso de sais de ferros foi 1,6% (IC95%: 1,2-2,1), com prevalência maior entre crianças com menos de 1 ano de idade (8,5%; IC95%: 6,3-11,5) e residentes da Região Sudeste (2,3%; IC95%: 1,5-3,4). A prevalência do uso de vitaminas foi 4,8% (IC95%: 4,2-5,6), com prevalência maior entre crianças com menos de 1 ano (24,3%;IC95%: 20,3-28,7) e residentes da Região Norte (8,6%; IC95%: 6,2-11,7). A aquisição ocorreu por reembolso direto em 41,6% (IC95%: 27,9-56,7) dos sais de ferro e em 82,4% (IC95%: 76,3-87,2) das vitaminas. Os sais de ferro foram adquiridos predominantemente através das farmácias do SUS (51,5%; IC95%: 36,4-66,4), e as vitaminas em farmácias comerciais (80,6%; IC95%: 77,4-85,6). Os resultados sugerem que o uso de sais de ferro na população pediátrica brasileira é por baixo, com uma redução no uso conforme aumenta a idade da criança, além de diferenças regionais e aquisição gratuita, predominantemente do SUS.


Este trabajo tiene el fin de verificar la prevalencia de uso, adquisición y fuentes de sales de hierro y vitaminas por parte de niños desde 0 a 12 años de edad en Brasil. Se trata de un estudio transversal, basado en población (Encuesta Nacional sobre el Acceso, Uso y Promoción de Uso Racional de Medicinas - PNAUM por sus siglas en portugués), que incluye a 7.528 niños de hasta 12 años de edad. La información se obtuvo a través de cuestionarios respondidos por los tutores de los niños, sobre el uso de sales de hierro y vitaminas 15 días antes de la entrevista; formas de financiación, y fuentes de adquisición, características sociodemográficas, y presencia de alguna enfermedad crónica. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y bivariados, además las variables principales se plasmaron mediante frecuencias relativas e intervalos del 95% de confianza (IC95%). La prevalencia del uso de sales de hierro fue de un 1,6% (IC95%: 1,2-2,1), con una prevalencia más alta entre niños por debajo de un 1 año de edad (8,5%; IC95%: 6,3-11,5) y residentes de la Región sudeste (2,3%; IC95%: 1,5-3,4). La prevalencia del uso de vitaminas fue de un 4,8% (IC95%: 4,2-5,6), con una prevalencia más alta con niños menores de 1 año de edad (24,3%; IC95%: 20,3-28,7) y residentes de la Región nordeste (8,6%; IC95%: 6,2-11,7). La adquisición tuvo lugar por reembolso directo en un 41,6% (IC95%: 27,9-56,7) de sales de hierro, y por un 82,4% (IC95%: 76,3-87,2) de las vitaminas. Las sales de hierro se obtuvieron predominantemente en farmacias del SUS (51,5%; IC95%: 36,4-66,4), y las vitaminas en farmacias comerciales (80,6%; IC95%: 77,4-85,6). Los resultados sugirieron el consumo de las sales de hierro en la población pediátrica brasileña fue por bajo, con una reducción en su consumo a medida que la edad aumentaba, además de diferencias regionales, y su obtención gratuita, predominantemente del SUS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Vitamins/supply & distribution , Iron, Dietary/administration & dosage , Iron, Dietary/supply & distribution , Dietary Supplements/supply & distribution , Reference Values , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
9.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 135(5): 497-507, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-904102

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the high prevalence of vitamin D supplementation, its use remains controversial. The objective of this review was to identify and summarize the evidence from Cochrane systematic reviews regarding vitamin D supplementation for preventing ortreating any clinical condition. DESIGN AND SETTING: Review of systematic reviews, conducted in the Discipline of Evidence-Based Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina, Universidade Federal de São Paulo. METHODS: A search was conducted to identify all Cochrane systematic reviews that fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Titles and abstracts were screened by two authors. RESULTS: We included 27 Cochrane systematic reviews: 10 assessing use of vitamin D for prevention and 17 for treatment. The reviews found moderate to high quality of evidence regarding the benefit of vitamin D for pregnant women (prevention of adverse events: preterm birth risk [rate ratio, RR 0.36; 95% confidence interval, CI 0.14 to 0.93] and low birthweight risk [RR 0.40; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.67]) and for asthma patients (reduction of severe exacerbations [RR 0.63; 95% CI 0.45 to 0.88]). No benefit was found regarding vitamin D supplementation alone (without calcium) for preventing hip or any new fracture. For all other outcomes assessed under various conditions, the current quality of evidence is low or unknown, and therefore insufficient for any recommendation. CONCLUSION: Based on moderate to high quality of evidence, the Cochrane systematic reviews included here showed that there were some benefits from vitamin D supplementation for pregnant women and asthma patients and no benefits for preventing fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Review Literature as Topic , Evidence-Based Medicine , Dietary Supplements , Fractures, Bone/prevention & control , Vitamin D Deficiency/prevention & control , Vitamins/administration & dosage
10.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 83(5): 541-545, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889311

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The ethiopathogenesis of tympanosclerosis has not been completely under- stood yet. Recent studies have shown that free oxygen radicals are important in the formation of tympanosclerosis. Melatonin and Vitamin C are known to be a powerful antioxidant, interacts directly with Reactive Oxygen Species and controls free radical-mediated tissue damage. Objective: To demonstrate the possible preventative effects of melatonin and Vitamin C on tympanosclerosis in rats by using histopathology and determination of total antioxidant status total antioxidant status. Methods: Standard myringotomy and standard injury were performed in the middle ear of 24 rats. The animals were divided into three groups: Group 1 received melatonin, Group 2 received vitamin C, and Group 3 received saline solution. Results: The mean values of total antioxidant status were similar in the all study groups before the treatment period. The mean values of total antioxidant status were significantly higher in the melatonin and vitamin C groups compared to control group but vitamin C with melatonin groups were similar after the treatment period (p < 0.001). Minimum and maximum wall thicknesses were lower in the melatonin and vitamin C groups compared to the control group but the differences were insignificant. Conclusion: Melatonin increases total antioxidant status level and might have some effect on tympanosclerosis that develops after myringotomy.


Resumo Introdução: A etiopatogênese da timpanoesclerose (TE) não foi ainda totalmente esclarecida. Estudos recentes têm demonstrado que os radicais livres de oxigênio são importantes na formação de TE. Melatonina e vitamina C são conhecidas por serem poderosos antioxidantes, interagir diretamente com espécies reativas de oxigênio (ROS) e controlar danos em tecidos mediados por radicais livres. Objetivo: Demonstrar os possíveis efeitos preventivos da melatonina e da vitamina C na TE em ratos com histopatologia e determinação da capacidade antioxidante total (CAT). Método: Miringotomias padronizadas foram feitas na orelha média de 24 ratos. Os animais foram divididos em três grupos: o Grupo 1 recebeu melatonina, o Grupo 2 vitamina C e o grupo 3 solução salina. Resultados: Os valores médios de CAT foram semelhantes em todos os grupos de estudo antes do período de tratamento. Os valores médios de CAT foram significativamente maiores nos grupos que receberam melatonina e vitamina C em comparação com o grupo de controle, mas os grupos vitamina C e melatonina foram semelhantes após o período de tratamento (p < 0,001). As espessuras mínimas e máximas de parede foram menores nos grupos melatonina e vitamina C, em comparação com o grupo controle, mas as diferenças não foram significativas. Conclusão: A melatonina aumenta os níveis de CAT e pode ter algum efeito sobre a TE que se desenvolve após a miringotomia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Myringosclerosis/drug therapy , Melatonin/administration & dosage , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Tympanic Membrane/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Myringosclerosis/pathology
11.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 67(3): 169-177, sept. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1021741

ABSTRACT

La caquexia, un síndrome multifactorial caracterizado por la pérdida de masa muscular con o sin pérdida de tejido adiposo que no puede ser revertido con soporte nutricional convencional, es frecuente en pacientes con enfermedades crónicas como cáncer, en quienes empeora notablemente su estado de salud. El objetivo de esta revisión fue estudiar el impacto que tienen los suplementos nutricionales en la morbimortalidad de los pacientes con caquexia secundaria a cáncer. Se realizó una búsqueda de literatura en las bases de datos Embase y Medline (Pubmed), sobre los suplementos y desenlaces clínicos en pacientes con caquexia secundaria a cáncer. Se excluyeron revisiones de literatura no sistemáticas, y aquellos que se centraran en otros desenlaces. Se seleccionaron 42 artículos, y se revisó su versión en texto completo. Se encontró que los ácidos grasos poliinsaturados aumentan el peso corporal; los antioxidantes podrían reducir la progresión del cáncer; selenio, zinc, hierro y cobre mejorarían el sistema inmunológico; y las proteínas y suplementos calóricos podrían reducir la lipólisis y proteólisis. Dentro de las limitaciones del estudio se encuentra la referencia a múltiples tipos de cáncer, con diferencias significativas en el tratamiento y el pronóstico de los pacientes. Se concluye que el soporte con suplementos nutricionales que contengan ácidos grasos poliinsaturados (EPA y DHA), micronutrientes (Fe, Cu, Zn, Se, vitamina E y C) y aminoácidos (l-arginina, l-glutamina, y b hidrometilbutirato), puede mejorar la morbimortalidad y por lo tanto la calidad de vida en pacientes con caquexia secundaria a cáncer(AU)


Cachexia, a multifactorial syndrome characterized by the loss of skeletal muscle mass with or without loss of fat mass that cannot be reversed by conventional nutrition support, is frequently present in patients with chronic diseases such as cancer, in whom the health status deteriorates markedly. The objective of this review was to study the impact of nutritional supplements on morbidity and mortality of patients with cachexia secondary to cancer. A literature search was conducted (Embase and Medline-Pubmed) looking for references that described associations between supplements and morbidity or mortality in patients with cachexia secondary to cancer. Non-systematic literature reviews, or studies with other non-clinical outcomes were excluded. A total of 42 articles were selected, and their full text version reviewed. We found that polyunsaturated fatty acids increase body weight; antioxidants reduce cancer progression; selenium, zinc, iron and copper improve the immune system and proteins and caloric supplements prevent lipolysis and proteolysis. Within the limitations of the study is the reference to multiple types of cancer, which in themselves present significant differences in treatment and prognosis of patients. As a conclusion, nutritional support with nutritional supplements containing polyunsaturated fatty acids (EPA-DHA), micronutrients (Zn, Se, Cu, Fe, vitamins C and E) and amino acids (l-arginine, l-glutamine and b hidroxymethylbutyrate), can improve morbimortality and therefore quality of life in patients with cachexia secondary to cancer(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Cachexia/physiopathology , Deficiency Diseases , Minerals/administration & dosage , Nutrition Disorders/diagnosis , Dietary Supplements
12.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 69(4): 980-988, jul.-ago. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-876722

ABSTRACT

O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi alcançado com a divisão da pesquisa em dois experimentos: (1) aperfeiçoar o protocolo de congelação utilizando água de coco em pó (ACP-104) como diluente para a criopreservação seminal de carpa comum; (2) avaliar o efeito da suplementação das vitaminas C (ácido ascórbico) ou E (α-tocoferol) sobre os melhores diluidores testados no experimento 1 na qualidade do sêmen pós-descongelado da espécie. Para o experimento 1, foram formados oito pools de sêmen, provenientes de 14 machos selecionados. As amostras seminais coletadas foram avaliadas quanto à motilidade total, à velocidade, ao percentual de espermatozoides normais e à vitalidade espermática antes e depois da criopreservação seminal. Esta foi realizada em meio ACP-104 acrescido de dimetilsulfóxido (DMSO), ou etilenoglicol (EG), ou glicerol, ou metanol, todos à concentração de 10%, diluídos em 1:3 (sêmen:diluidor). As amostras foram, então, congeladas em vapor de nitrogênio líquido em dry shipper e estocadas em nitrogênio líquido (-196°C). Para o experimento 2, foram formados oito pools provenientes da coleta de sêmen de 15 machos. As amostras seminais foram avaliadas seguindo as mesmas análises do experimento 1, acrescentando-se a duração da motilidade total. A criopreservação seminal utilizou-se do meio ACP-104 acrescido de DMSO ou EG, suplementado ou não com vitamina C ou E. Os melhores resultados encontrados no experimento 1 foram obtidos com o DMSO e o EG. Estes não diferiram significativamente entre si para a motilidade total (24% e 28%; P>0,05) e a normalidade espermática (32% e 26%; P>0,05), respectivamente. Para o experimento 2, o EG suplementado com vitamina E produziu significativamente resultados superiores de motilidade total, normalidade espermática e duração da motilidade em relação ao DMSO, concluindo-se que o EG deve ser, portanto, o crioprotetor de escolha a ser utilizado com o ACP-104 suplementado ou não com vitamina E.(AU)


The objective was achieved by dividing the research into two experiments: (1) improving the freezing protocol using powdered coconut water (ACP-104) as a diluent for the cryopreservation seminal of common carp; (2) evaluating the effect of supplementation of vitamins C (ascorbic acid) or vitamin E (α-tocoferol) with the best extenders tested in experiment 1 on the quality of post-thawed. For experiment 1, semen pools from 14 selected males were formed. Seminal samples were evaluated for total motility, velocity, percentage of normal sperm and sperm vitality before and after the seminal cryopreservation. This was done in ACP-104 extender plus dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), or ethylene glycol (EG), or glycerol or methanol all at concentration 10% diluted in 1:3 (semen:extender). The samples were frozen in vapors of nitrogen into dry shippers and stored in liquid nitrogen (-196 °C). For experiment 2, eight pools were formed from the 15 males. The semen samples were evaluated following the same analysis of experiment 1 adding duration of total motility. The sperm cryopreservation was performed in extenders ACP-104 plus DMSO or EG supplemented or not with vitamin C or E. The best results found in Experiment 1 were obtained with DMSO and EG. They do not differ significantly for total motility (24% and 28%; P>0.05) and normal sperm (32% and 26%; P>0.05) respectively. For experiment 2, EG supplemented with vitamin E, produced significantly better results overall motility, sperm normality and duration of motility relative to DMSO. In conclusion, EG should be the cryoprotectant of choice for use with the ACP-104 supplemented or not with vitamin E.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/analysis , Carps , Cryopreservation/veterinary , Semen Analysis/veterinary , Semen Preservation/veterinary , Vitamins/administration & dosage
13.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 67(2): 86-97, jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1021829

ABSTRACT

La Moringa oleifera es un árbol originario de determinadas regiones Asia y África, con capacidad de adaptación a territorios de climas calurosos y pluviometrías escasas. Las diferentes estructuras de la planta (hoja, raíz, corteza, flores, vainas…) se consumen como terapéutico para diferentes dolencias. Estas estructuras posee un elevado poder nutritivo (vitaminas, minerales o aminoácidos esenciales entre otros) que le otorgan un importante papel potencial en la prevención y lucha de la desnutrición. La literatura científica recoge numerosos efectos saludables de las diferentes partes de la moringa tales como efecto antioxidante y antiinflamatorio o bactericida entre otros. Con el objetivo de hacer llegar las propiedades de la moringa al consumidor se están desarrollando estudios con diferentes alimentos, principalmente productos cárnicos y panes, en los que se incorpora la moringa (hoja, semilla, extractos, etc.) como ingrediente. En los productos cárnicos se utiliza como aditivo conservante y antioxidante con muy buenos resultados sin afectar las características sensoriales del producto final. En el sector de la panadería el objetivo suele ser el enriquecimiento nutricional del alimento. En estos casos las características sensoriales son más variables dependiendo de la dosis utilizada y el producto en estudio (pan, galletas, etc.). La industria alimentaria tiene un interesante reto por delante: la incorporación de la moringa como ingrediente, sustituyendo diferentes conservantes y antioxidantes químicos por otros naturales y al mismo tiempo la preparación de productos básicos, como el pan, altamente nutritivos, ideales para determinados grupos poblacionales en mayor riesgo de desnutrición(AU)


Moringa oleifera is a tree native to certain regions Asia and Africa, adaptable to territories of hot weather and low precipitation rates. In some areas different parts of the tree (leaves, roots, bark, flowers, pods...) are consumed as a therapeutic for different illnesses. These structures have also a high nutritional value (vitamins, minerals and essential amino acids among others) giving an important potential role in the prevention of malnutrition. The scientific literature describes many salutary effects of the different parts of the moringa such as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory or bactericide, among others. With the aim of bringing the properties of moringa to consumers, a few studies have been developed with different foods, mainly meat and bread, in which the moringa is incorporated as an ingredient (leaf, seed, extracts, etc). In meat products it is used as a preservative and antioxidant additive with very good results without affecting the sensory characteristics of the final product. In the field of bakery the objective is usually as nutritional fortification. In these cases the sensory characteristics are variable depending on the dose used and the product under study (bread, cookies, etc). The food industry has an interesting challenge ahead: the incorporation of moringa as a natural ingredient, as a substituting different classical preservatives and antioxidant and at the same time preparing food commodities, such as bread, with high nutritional value, ideal for certain population groups in risk of malnutrition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Nutrients/administration & dosage , Moringa oleifera/genetics , Minerals/administration & dosage , Therapeutics , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Amino Acids
14.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 93(1): 40-46, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841316

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the effect of maternal supplementation with vitamin E on the concentration of α-tocopherol in colostrum and its supply to the newborn. Method: This randomized clinical trial enrolled 99 healthy adult pregnant women; of these, 39 were assigned to the control group and 60 to the supplemented group. After an overnight fast, 5 mL of blood and 2 mL of colostrum were collected. After the first sampling (0 h milk), the supplemented group received 400 IU of supplementary vitamin E. Another 2 mL milk aliquot was collected in both groups 24 h after supplementation (24 h milk). The samples were analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The α-tocopherol content provided by colostrum was calculated by considering a daily intake of 396 mL of milk and comparing the resulting value to the recommended daily intake for infants aged 0-6 months (4 mg/day). Results: The initial mean concentration of α-tocopherol in colostrum was 1509.3 ± 793.7 µg/dL in the control group and 1452.9 ± 808.6 µg/dL in the supplemented group. After 24 h, the mean α-tocopherol concentration was 1650.6 ± 968.7 µg/dL in the control group (p > 0.05) and 2346.9 ± 1203.2 µg/dL in the supplemented group (p < 0.001), increasing the vitamin E supply to the newborn to 9.3 mg/day. Initially, 18 women in the supplemented group provided colostrum α-tocopherol contents below 4 mg/day; after supplementation only six continued to provide less than the recommended amount. Conclusion: Maternal vitamin E supplementation increases the supply of the vitamin to the infant by providing more than twice the Recommended Daily Intake.


Resumo: Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da suplementação materna com vitamina E sobre a concentração de α-tocoferol no colostro e o fornecimento dessa para o recém-nascido. Método: O estudo clínico randomizado foi feito com 99 parturientes adultas e saudáveis, 39 alocadas no grupo controle e 60 no grupo suplementado. Após jejum noturno, foram coletados 5 mL de sangue e 2 mL de colostro das parturientes. Após a primeira coleta (leite 0 h), o grupo suplementado recebeu suplementação com 400 UI de vitamina E. Foi feita nova coleta de 2 mL de colostro, em ambos os grupos, 24 h após a suplementação (leite 24 h). As amostras foram analisadas por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. A quantidade de α-tocoferol fornecida pelo colostro foi considerada para uma ingestão diária de 396 mL de leite e comparada com a ingestão diária recomendada para crianças de 0 a 6 meses (4 mg/dia). Resultados: A concentração média inicial de α-tocoferol no colostro foi de 1.509,3 ± 793,7 µg/dL no grupo controle e 1.452,9 ± 808,6 µg/dL no grupo suplementado. Após 24 horas a concentração média de α-tocoferol no grupo controle foi de 1.650,6 ± 968,7 µg/dL (p > 0,05) e de 2.346,9 ± 1203,2 µg/dL (p < 0,001) no grupo suplementado. Aumentou-se assim a oferta de vitamina E para o recém-nascido para 9,3 mg/dia. Inicialmente 18 mulheres do grupo suplementado forneciam valores inferiores a 4 mg/dia de α-tocoferol em seu colostro, após suplementação apenas seis continuaram a fornecer quantidade inferior ao recomendado. Conclusão: A suplementação materna com vitamina E promove o aumento do fornecimento da vitamina para o recém-nascido e fornece mais do que o dobro da ingestão diária recomendada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Young Adult , Vitamin E/analysis , Vitamins/analysis , Colostrum/chemistry , alpha-Tocopherol/analysis , Milk, Human/chemistry , Vitamin E/administration & dosage , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Lactation , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
15.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 61(1): 28-35, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838412

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study sought to investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation and aquatic exercise on pulmonary function in postmenopausal women. Materials and methods This prospective and controlled study included 104 women (62 ± 6.5 years) divided into three groups: a control group lacking vitamin D and calcium supplementation which remained sedentary (CG; n = 17); a control group receiving vitamin D and calcium supplementation which remained sedentary (CDG, n = 33); and a group that completed aquatic exercises three times a week and received vitamin D and calcium supplementation (DTG, n = 54). Data before and after 6 months of the study were analyzed, including serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) and calcium concentrations, peak expiratory flow (PEF), forced vital capacity (FVC), and cirtometry. Results We observed significant increases in 25(OH)D concentrations in CDG (52.9 ± 2.4 to 69.1 ± 2.2; nmol/L; p < 0.0001) and DTG groups (55.5 ± 3 to 71.5 ± 3 nmol/L; p < 0.0001). PEF increased by 7 ± 2% (p = 0.0080) in CDG group and 11 ± 2% (p < 0.0001) in DTG group, whereas FVC increased by 7 ± 2% (p = 0.0016) in the CDG group and 10 ± 2% (p < 0.0001) in the DTG group, whereas CG had no changes in any of these parameters. The increment value of cirtometry in DTG group (+43 ± 3%) were significantly (p < 0.0001) higher than those in CG (−4 ± 8%) and CDG (+4 ± 9%) groups. Conclusion Our data suggest that vitamin D supplementation improves pulmonary function parameters in postmenopausal women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Swimming/physiology , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Postmenopause/physiology , Dietary Supplements , Exercise Test/methods , Spirometry , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate/physiology , Vital Capacity/physiology , Prospective Studies , Flow Cytometry
16.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 134(3): 274-275,
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785799

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency is thought to be common among pregnant women. Vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy has been suggested as an intervention to protect against adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: To examine whether oral supplements with vitamin D alone or in combination with calcium or other vitamins and minerals given to women during pregnancy can safely improve maternal and neonatal outcomes. METHODS: Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (23 February 2015), the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform (31 January 2015), the Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (28 January 2015) and also contacted relevant organisations (31 January 2015). Selection criteria: Randomized and quasi-randomized trials with randomization at either individual or cluster level, evaluating the effect of supplementation with vitamin D alone or in combination with other micronutrients for women during pregnancy. Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently i) assessed the eligibility of studies against the inclusion criteria ii) extracted data from included studies, and iii) assessed the risk of bias of the included studies. Data were checked for accuracy. The quality of the evidence was assessed using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: In this updated review we included 15 trials assessing a total of 2833 women, excluded 27 trials, and 23 trials are still ongoing or unpublished. Nine trials compared the effects of vitamin D alone versus no supplementation or a placebo and six trials compared the effects of vitamin D and calcium with no supplementation. Risk of bias in the majority of trials was unclear and many studies were at high risk of bias for blinding and attrition rates. Vitamin D alone versus no supplementation or a placebo Data from seven trials involving 868 women consistently show that women who received vitamin D supplements alone, particularly on a daily basis, had higher 25-hydroxyvitamin D than those receiving no intervention or placebo, but this response was highly heterogeneous. Also, data from two trials involving 219 women suggest that women who received vitamin D supplements may have a lower risk of pre-eclampsia than those receiving no intervention or placebo (8.9% versus 15.5%; risk ratio (RR) 0.52; 95% CI 0.25 to 1.05, low quality). Data from two trials involving 219 women suggest a similar risk of gestational diabetes among those taking vitamin D supplements or no intervention/placebo (RR 0.43; 95% CI 0.05, 3.45, very low quality). There were no clear differences in adverse effects, with only one reported case of nephritic syndrome in the control group in one study (RR 0.17; 95% CI 0.01 to 4.06; one trial, 135 women, low quality). Given the scarcity of data for this outcome, no firm conclusions can be drawn. No other adverse effects were reported in any of the other studies. With respect to infant outcomes, data from three trials involving 477 women suggest that vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy reduces the risk preterm birth compared to no intervention or placebo (8.9% versus 15.5%; RR 0.36; 95% CI 0.14 to 0.93, moderate quality). Data from three trials involving 493 women also suggest that women who receive vitamin D supplements during pregnancy less frequently had a baby with a birthweight below 2500 g than those receiving no intervention or placebo (RR 0.40; 95% CI 0.24 to 0.67, moderate quality). In terms of other outcomes, there were no clear differences in caesarean section (RR 0.95; 95% CI 0.69 to 1.31; two trials; 312 women); stillbirths (RR 0.35 95% CI 0.06, 1.99; three trials, 540 women); or neonatal deaths (RR 0.27; 95% CI 0.04, 1.67; two trials, 282 women). There was some indication that vitamin D supplementation increases infant length (mean difference (MD) 0.70, 95% CI -0.02 to 1.43; four trials, 638 infants) and head circumference at birth (MD 0.43, 95% CI 0.03 to 0.83; four trials, 638 women). Vitamin D and calcium versus no supplementation or a placebo Women who received vitamin D with calcium had a lower risk of pre-eclampsia than those not receiving any intervention (RR 0.51; 95% CI 0.32 to 0.80; three trials; 1114 women, moderate quality), but also an increased risk of preterm birth (RR 1.57; 95% CI 1.02 to 2.43, three studies, 798 women, moderate quality). Maternal vitamin D concentration at term, gestational diabetes, adverse effects and low birthweight were not reported in any trial or reported only by one study. AUTHORS CONCLUSIONS: New studies have provided more evidence on the effects of supplementing pregnant women with vitamin D alone or with calcium on pregnancy outcomes. Supplementing pregnant women with vitamin D in a single or continued dose increases serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D at term and may reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia, low birthweight and preterm birth. However, when vitamin D and calcium are combined, the risk of preterm birth is increased. The clinical significance of the increased serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations is still unclear. In light of this, these results need to be interpreted with caution. Data on adverse effects were lacking in all studies. The evidence on whether vitamin D supplementation should be given as a part of routine antenatal care to all women to improve maternal and infant outcomes remains unclear. While there is some indication that vitamin D supplementation could reduce the risk of pre-eclampsia and increase length and head circumference at birth, further rigorous randomized trials are required to confirm these effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Dietary Supplements , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Pregnancy Outcome , Calcium, Dietary/administration & dosage
18.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(1): 29-35, Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-774620

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of vitamin A supplementation on serum Th17 (IL-6, IL-17, IFNγ) and Treg (TGF-β, IL-10) related cytokines in obese and non-obese women. Subjects and methods In a randomized double blind placebo controlled design, 56 obese women were randomly assigned to receive either an oral dose of 25,000 IU retinyl palmitate or placebo per day for 4 months. Twenty eight ages matched non-obese women were also received vitamin A. At the study entry, anthropometric variables were measured and serum Th17 and Treg related cytokine profile were determined at baseline and 4 months after intervention. Results Significantly higher baseline concentrations of IL-6 were observed in obese compared with non-obese women (P < 0.05). However, the initial concentrations of other cytokines were not significantly different between groups. The mean concentrations of IL-17 and TGF-β were significantly decreased after vitamin A supplementation in non-obese and obese women respectively. Positive relationships between IL-17 and IL-10 (r = 0.42, P < 0.001), TGF-β and IL-17 (r = 0.35, P < 0.001) and between IL-10 and IFN-γ (r = 0.41, P = 0.002) in total participants were also observed. Conclusions The results of the present study showed for the first time that vitamin A supplementation reduces serum concentrations of IL-17 and TGF-β in reproductive age women. Further studies are needed to explore the possible underlying mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Cytokines/blood , Dietary Supplements , Obesity/blood , Vitamin A/administration & dosage , Vitamin A/therapeutic use , Vitamins/administration & dosage , Analysis of Variance , Double-Blind Method , Interferon-gamma/blood , /blood , /blood , /blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/metabolism , /metabolism , Transforming Growth Factor beta/blood , Vitamins/therapeutic use
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 237-243, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193423

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aims of this study were to compare the bowel-cleansing efficacy, patient affinity for the preparation solution, and mucosal injury between a split dose of poly-ethylene glycol (SD-PEG) and low-volume PEG plus ascorbic acid (LV-PEG+Asc) in outpatient scheduled colonoscopies. METHODS: Of the 319 patients, 160 were enrolled for SD-PEG, and 159 for LV-PEG+Asc. The bowel-cleansing efficacy was rated according to the Ottawa bowel preparation scale. Patient affinity for the preparation solution was assessed using a questionnaire. All mucosal injuries observed during colonoscopy were biopsied and histopathologically reviewed. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in bowel cleansing between the groups. The LV-PEG+Asc group reported better patient acceptance and preference. There were no significant differences in the incidence or characteristics of the mucosal injuries between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Compared with SD-PEG, LV-PEG+Asc exhibited equivalent bowel-cleansing efficacy and resulted in improved patient acceptance and preference. There was no significant difference in mucosal injury between SD-PEG and LV-PEG+Asc. Thus, the LV-PEG+Asc preparation could be used more effectively and easily for routine colonoscopies without risking significant mucosal injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonoscopy/methods , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa/drug effects , Male , Middle Aged , Patient Compliance , Patient Satisfaction , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Preoperative Care/adverse effects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vitamins/administration & dosage
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