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1.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(1): e762, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126724

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La endoftalmitis es considerada una forma grave de inflamación intraocular, generalmente de etiología infecciosa. Objetivo: Identificar la incidencia de la endoftalmitis posqueratoplastia en la población y los posibles factores de riesgo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" del año 2010 al 2015. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, diagnóstico preoperatorio, procedimientos asociados a la queratoplastia, tiempo de inicio de los síntomas, gérmenes aislados en cultivos y alternativas terapéuticas realizadas. Resultados: Se realizaron 1 442 queratoplastias; 0,41 por ciento de los casos (6 casos, 6 ojos) presentaron endoftalmitis posqueratoplastia. La causa más frecuente de la queratoplastia en estos pacientes fue la queratopatía bulosa pseudofáquica y fáquica, y al 33,3 por ciento se le había realizado cirugía combinada de queratoplastia y catarata. El 66,7 por ciento de los pacientes con endoftalmitis posqueratoplastia tenía más de 60 años de edad y correspondió al sexo masculino. El 50,0 por ciento de los gérmenes aislados eran gram postivos. El 100,0 por ciento de los pacientes recibió intravítreas de antibióticos y solo al 33,3 por ciento de ellos se les realizó vitrectomía precoz. Conclusiones: Es indispensable una estrecha comunicación entre el banco de ojos, los microbiólogos y los oftalmólogos para contribuir a la identificación y a la eliminación de los factores de riesgo, así como a la temprana detección y a una acertada elección terapéutica que favorezca tanto a su prevención como al mejor resultado funcional visual en pacientes portadores de esta devastadora complicación(AU)


ABSTRACT Endophthalmitis is considered to be a severe form of intraocular inflammation of frequent infectious etiology. Objective: Identify the incidence of post-keratoplasty endophthalmitis in the population and its possible risk factors. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology in the period 2010-2015. The variables analyzed were age, sex, preoperative diagnosis, keratoplasty-related procedures, time of symptom onset, germs isolated in cultures and therapeutic alternatives implemented. Results: A total 1 442 keratoplasties were performed; 0.41 percent of the cases (6 cases, 6 eyes) presented post-keratoplasty endophthalmitis. The most common reason for keratoplasty among these patients was pseudophakic bullous and phakic keratopathy. 33.3 percent had undergone combined keratoplasty-cataract surgery. Of the patients with post-keratoplasty endophthalmitis, 66.7 percent were aged over 60 years and male. Of the germs isolated, 50.0 percent were gram-positive. 100.0 percent of the patients received intravitreal antibiotics, and only 33.3 percent of them underwent early vitrectomy. Conclusions: Close communication is indispensable between the eye bank, microbiologists and ophthalmologists to contribute to identification and elimination of risk factors, as well as early detection and appropriate therapeutic selection to facilitate prevention and obtain the best visual functional result in sufferers of this devastating complication(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Corneal Transplantation/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 214-219, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001304

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the effects of suturing 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomies on ocular discomfort and tear film dynamics. Methods: This retrospective chart review involved data from 50 procedures in 50 patients who underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy from January to November 2016. We divided the eyes into two groups according to the presence or absence of sutures; 35 eyes underwent sutureless vitrectomies (Group 1), and 15 eyes underwent vitrectomy with at least one sclerotomy suture site (Group 2). In each group, we assessed objective variables including tear film break-up time, Schirmer test I, corneal surface grading with Oxford system, and a quantitative method evaluating subjective dry eye symptoms using ocular surface disease index questionnaires preoperatively 1 week, and 1 and 3 months after surgery. Results: The tear film break-up time showed a significant difference at the 3-months follow-up (p=0.026). The Schirmer test I and corneal surface staining score showed no statistically significant differences between two groups at any time after the operations. The ocular surface disease index score was significantly lower in Group 1 than in Group 2 at 1 week (p=0.032), 1 month (p=0.026), and 3 months (p=0.041) after the operation. Conclusion: Sclerotomy suturing caused ocular discomfort and had a negative effect on tear film dynamics during the late postoperative period. Sclerotomies without suturing seem to reduce the ocular surface changes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da sutura da vitrectomia via pars plana de 23-gauge sobre o desconforto ocular e a dinâmica do filme lacrimal. Métodos: Esta revisão retrospectiva de prontuários envolveu dados de 50 casos em 50 pacientes submetidos à vitrectomia via pars plana de 23-gauge, de janeiro a novembro de 2016. Dividimos os olhos em dois grupos de acordo com a presença ou ausência de suturas; 35 olhos foram submetidos à vitrectomia sem sutura (Grupo 1) e 15 olhos foram submetidos à vitrectomia com pelo menos um ponto de sutura no local da esclerotomia (Grupo 2). Em cada grupo, avaliamos variáveis objetivas incluindo tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal, teste de Schirmer I, gradação da superfície corneana com o sistema Oxford e um método quantitativo avaliando sintomas subjetivos de olho seco usando questionários de índice de doença da superfície ocular nos períodos: 1 semana do pré-operatório, 1 mês e 3 meses após a cirurgia. Resultados: O tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal apresentou diferença significativa no seguimento de 3 meses (p=0,026). O teste de Schirmer I e o escore da coloração da superfície da córnea não mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os dois grupos em nenhum momento após as operações. O escore do índice de doença da superfície ocular foi significativamente menor no Grupo 1 em relação ao Grupo 2 no período de 1 semana (p=0,032), 1 mês (p=0,026) e 3 meses (p=0,041) após a cirurgia. Conclusão: A sutura da esclerotomia causou desconforto ocular e teve um efeito negativo na dinâmica do filme lacrimal durante o período pós-operatório. Esclerotomias sem sutura parecem reduzir as alterações da superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tears/physiology , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Sclerostomy/adverse effects , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Time Factors , Vitrectomy/methods , Sclerostomy/methods , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
3.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(3): 156-158, May-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959084

ABSTRACT

Abstract The authors report a case of retinal fold after retinal detachment repair performed using 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy technic (PPV). The fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed a posterior retinal fold with the retina periphery attached. The patient's best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/200 with severe metamorphopsia. A 25-gauge PPV, subretinal balanced saline solution (BSS) injection using a 25-39-gauge cannula, and gas-fluid exchange were performed. The patient's BCVA improved significantly after treatment. The retinal fold observed is not a frequent complication and can be managed with PPV, subretinal BSS injection and fluid-air exchange.


Resumo Os autores relatam um caso de dobra retiniana após a cirurgia de reparação de descolamento de retina realizada com vitrectomia via pars plana de 23 gauge (VVPP). A retinografia e a tomografia de coerência óptica (OCT) mostraram uma dobra posterior da retina com a periferia da retina colada. A melhor acuidade visual corrigida do paciente foi de 20/200 e severa metamorfopsia. Foi realizada uma VVPP de 25G, injeção subretiniana de solução salina balanceada (BSS) utilizando uma cânula de calibre 25-39 e troca de fluido-gasosa. A melhor acuidade visual corrigida do paciente melhorou significativamente após o tratamento. A dobra retiniana não é uma complicação freqüente e pode ser tratada com VVPP, realização de injeção subretiniana de BSS e troca fluido-gasosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Ophthalmic Solutions , Postoperative Complications , Retinal Diseases/surgery , Retinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Vitrectomy/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Intravitreal Injections , Macula Lutea
4.
Medwave ; 18(6): e7277, 2018.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-948463

ABSTRACT

Resumen INTRODUCCIÓN: l desprendimiento de retina de tipo regmatógeno es aquel causado por un desgarro o ruptura de la retina, y es causa frecuente de pérdida de visión. Dentro del manejo quirúrgico existen varias opciones, entre ellas el implante de silicona o cirugía convencional y la retinopexia neumática. A pesar de que la mayoría de los profesionales prefiere el uso de implante de silicona, la retinopexia neumática es un procedimiento más simple, de menor costo y sigue siendo considerada como alternativa en algunos casos de desprendimiento de retina regmatógeno, sin embargo hay poca evidencia que compare ambas intervenciones. MÉTODOS: Para responder esta pregunta utilizamos Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante búsquedas en múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, reanalizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES: Identificamos tres revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron seis estudios primarios, de los cuales tres corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que el resultado anatómico podría ser mejor con el uso de implante de silicona en términos de re-aplicación de la retina y del riesgo de recurrencia del desprendimiento, pero la retinopexia neumática podría disminuir la incidencia de efectos adversos quirúrgicos oculares.


Abstract INTRODUCTION: Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment is caused by a tear in the retina and is a frequent cause of vision loss. Its treatment is mainly surgical and the following alternatives can be identified: scleral buckling or classic surgery, pneumatic retinopexy and vitrectomy. Between the first two options, most professionals prefer scleral buckling over pneumatic retinopexy, but the latter is a simpler, cheaper and lower-risk procedure, so it is still considered as an option for selected patients. However, there is little evidence comparing both interventions. METHODS: To answer this question we used Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We identified three systematic reviews including six studies overall, of which three were randomized trials. We concluded the anatomic result might be better with scleral buckling in terms of retinal reattachment and risk of recurrence, but the risk of ocular adverse events might be lower with pneumatic retinopexy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scleral Buckling/methods , Vitrectomy/methods , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Recurrence , Scleral Buckling/adverse effects , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Databases, Factual , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 30(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-901350

ABSTRACT

La foseta papilar es una rara anomalía congénita que forma parte del espectro de las anormalidades congénitas del disco óptico. Se trata de invaginaciones intrapapilares que suelen localizarse en el margen del disco óptico. La mayoría se localiza a nivel temporal; en torno al 20 por ciento son de localización central seguidas por las fosetas superiores, inferiores o nasales. La bilateralidad se estima en un 10-15 por ciento y su incidencia se ha establecido en torno al 0,19 por ciento. Suelen ser asintomáticas, aunque en aproximadamente el 50 por ciento de los casos se produce afectación macular por el paso de fluido procedente desde la foseta papilar hacia las diferentes capas retinianas, lo que afecta secundariamente la agudeza visual y es, por tanto, el motivo de consulta. Hasta el momento se han descrito múltiples alternativas terapéuticas para el tratamiento de los desprendimientos de retina serosos asociados a foseta de papila, pero ninguna de estas alternativas se ha impuesto sobre el resto. El tratamiento de esta enfermedad consiste en cerrar la comunicación entre la foseta y el espacio subretiniano con diversas opciones terapéuticas como: la fotocoagulación láser, la neumoretinopexia, la indentación escleral posterior, la fenestración del nervio óptico, la vitrectomía o alguna combinación de las anteriores. La actual revisión bibliográfica se propone profundizar en el tema, sobre la base de pacientes en consulta con dicha afección retiniana(AU)


Papillary pit is a rare congenital anomaly that is part of the congenital optic disc anomaly spectrum. It deals with intrapapillary invaginations that may be located at the border of the optic disc. Most of them is located at temporal level, around 20 percent are located centrally followed by upper, lower and nasal pits. Bilateral pits are estimated to be 10-15 percent and their incidence has been set at 0.19 percent. They are asymptomatic although 50 percent of cases suffer macular damage due to the passing of fluid from the papillary pit to the different retinal layers, which affecgs in a secondary way the visual acuity and thus it is the reason to go to the ophthalmologist. Multiple therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of papillary pit-associated serous retinal detachments have been described but none of them has predominated over the others. The treatment of this disease consists of closing the communication between the pit and the subretinal space with several therapeutic options such as laser photocoagulation, pneumoretinopexia, posterior scleral indentation, optic nerve fenestration, vitrectomy or any combination of the above-mentioned methods(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Coloboma/physiopathology , Databases, Bibliographic , Optic Disk/abnormalities , Retinal Detachment/therapy , Review Literature as Topic , Laser Coagulation/adverse effects , Vitrectomy/adverse effects
6.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 30(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-901353

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso de un paciente varón de 22 años, miope, sometido a vitrectomía pars plana 23 G en ojo único (valioso), por desprendimiento de retina regmatógeno. A las 24 horas presentó pérdida de visión, dolor, signos inflamatorios en globo y anejos oculares. Acudió al Servicio de Emergencias, donde se decidió su ingreso hospitalario para la toma de muestra y la aplicación de inyección intravítrea de vancomicina (1 mg/0,1 mL) y ceftazidima (2 mg/0,1 mL), con lo que mostró mejoría clínica. El estudio microbiológico reportó Pseudomona aeruginosa sensible a la ceftazidima y a la ciprofloxacina. La mejor visualización fundoscópica al quinto día posintravítrea permitió observar depósitos blanquecinos en la interfaz aceite de silicona-retina, y se decidió la extracción de aceite por incisiones mixtas 23 g y 20 g (infusión, endoiluminación y extracción respectivamente), lavado de cámara anterior, cámara vítrea, reposición de aceite de silicón y segunda dosis de ceftazidima, con evolución posoperatoria favorable. Se dio el alta una semana después, con la retina aplicada y una mejor visión corregida de 0,1(AU)


This is the report about a male 22 years-old myopic patient who underwent a pars plana 23 G vitrectomy in one eye (valuable) due to regmatogen retinal detachment. Twenty four hours after the surgery, he presented with vision loss, pain, eye bulb inflammation and ocular adnexa. He went to the emergency service where it was decided to admitted him to the hospital for sample taking and application of intravitreal injection of vancomycin (1 mg/0,1 mL) and ceftazidime (2 mg/0,1 mL) which brought about clinical improvement. The microbiological test reported the presence of ceftazidime and ciprofloxacine-susceptible Pseudomona aeruginosa. The fundus oculi performed five days after vitrectomy allowed observing whitish deports in the silicon oil/retina interface, so it was decided to remove the oil by making mixed incisions of 23 and 20 g (infusion, endoilumination and extraction, respectively), washing the anterior chamber, the vitreal chamber, returning the silicon oil and a second dosage of ceftazidime, all of which caused favorable postoperative progress. One week later, he was discharged from the hospital with replaced retina and better corrected vision of 0.1(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Intravitreal Injections/methods , Pseudomonas Infections/microbiology , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Vitrectomy/adverse effects
7.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 30(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-901354

ABSTRACT

La endoftalmitis es una rara pero devastadora complicación que puede presentarse después de una cirugía de catarata. Su incidencia se reporta en un 0,4-0,41 por ciento de los casos. El diagnóstico es clínico, sustentado por el cultivo de los fluidos intraoculares. La terapéutica general se basa en la biopsia vítrea, la administración de antibióticos intravítreos y la realización o no de la vitrectomía pars plana. El manejo óptimo en estos casos con endoftalmitis posoperatoria después de una facoemulsificación depende del entrenamiento médico, la prevención, el diagnóstico temprano y las terapéuticas activas e inmediatas de tratamiento. Se presenta un paciente de 65 años de edad que a las 72 horas de la facoemulsificación en el ojo izquierdo comenzó con dolor, disminución de la visión, membrana inflamatoria en cámara anterior, hipopión y opacidad vítreas que no dejaban ver el fondo de ojo. Se diagnósticó endoftalmitis aguda y se decidió inmediatamente la toma de muestra, la vitrectomía temprana y la intravítrea de antibióticos. Al mes la agudeza visual era de 90 var sin otras complicaciones(AU)


The endoftalmitis is a strange but devastating complication that can be presented after a waterfall surgery. Their incidence is reported in 0.04 percent-0.41 percent of the cases. The diagnosis is clinical, sustained by the cultivation of the flowing intraoculares. The general therapy is based on the vitreous biopsy, the administration of antibiotic intravítreos, and the realization or not of the vitrectomía plane pars (VPP). THE good handling in these cases with postoperative endoftalmitis after a facoemulsificación depends on the medical training, the prevention, the early diagnosis and active and immediate therapies of treatment. A 65 year-old patient is presented that at the 72 hours of the facoemulsificación in left eye, you/he/she begins with pain, decrease of the vision, inflammatory membrane in previous camera, hipopión and vitreous opacity that don't allow to see eye bottom. You diagnóstica sharp endoftalmitis and he/she decides immediately taking of sample, vitrectomía temprarna and intravítrea of antibiotics. A month the visual sharpness was of 90 var without other complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Endophthalmitis/diagnosis , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Intravitreal Injections/adverse effects
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(5): 342-345, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827962

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Herein, we report a case of nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) following uneventful pars plana vitrectomy for macular hole treatment. A 56-year-old previously healthy woman presented with a full-thickness macular hole in right eye (OD) and small cup-to-disc ratios in both eyes. Five days after surgery, she noticed sudden painless loss of vision in OD and was found to have an afferent pupillary defect and intraocular pressure of 29 mmHg. Fundus examination showed right optic disc edema and the resolution of a macular hole with an inferior altitudinal visual field defect. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein levels, and general physical examination findings were normal. She was treated with hypotensive eyedrops and oral prednisone, resulting in mild visual improvement and a pale optic disc. A combination of face-down position and increased intraocular pressure due to a small optic disc cup were considered as potential mechanisms underlying NAION in the present case. Vitreoretinal surgeons should be aware of NAION as a potentially serious complication and be able to recognize associated risk factors and clinical findings.


RESUMO Nosso objetivo é descrever a ocorrência de neuropatia óptica isquêmica anterior não-arterítica (NOIA-NA) após vitrectomia posterior para tratamento do buraco macular. Uma mulher de 56 anos de idade previamente hígida apresentou buraco macular de espessura total no olho direito (OD) e uma relação escavação disco pequena em ambos os olhos. No quinto dia de pós-operatório ela notou uma perda visual súbita e indolor OD associado a presença de um defeito pupilar aferente relativo e pressão intraocular de 29 mmHg neste mesmo olho. A avaliação do fundo de olho revelou a presença de edema de disco óptico e buraco macular fechado OD associado a presença de defeito de campo visual altitudinal inferior. A velocidade de hemossedimentação e a dosagem da proteína C reativa foram normais, assim como o exame físico geral. A paciente foi tratada com colírios hipotensores e prednisona oral e evoluiu com discreta melhora visual e palidez de disco óptico. Acreditamos que a combinação de posição de cabeça virada para baixo associado a um aumento da pressão intraocular em um paciente com relação escavação disco pequena são os possíveis mecanismos para a ocorrência de NOIA-NA neste presente caso. Os cirurgiões de retina e vítreo devem estar atentos a esta possível grave complicação e reconhecer os seus fatores de risco relacionados assim como sua apresentação clinica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Retinal Perforations/surgery , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Vitrectomy/methods , Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic/etiology , Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic/pathology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Visual Acuity , Visual Fields , Treatment Outcome , Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic/drug therapy , Optic Neuropathy, Ischemic/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Fundus Oculi , Intraocular Pressure
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(3): 159-162, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787328

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of three different surgical techniques for foldable posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) implantation in vitrectomized eyes without capsular support. Methods: A total of 60 patients with aphakic and vitrectomized eyes without capsular support were enrolled. All patients underwent three-piece foldable PCIOL implantation into the posterior chamber through a small corneal incision. Transscleral fixation (TSF), iris fixation (IF), and intrascleral tunnel fixation (ISF) surgical techniques were performed. Results: Postoperative PCIOL subluxation or dislocation occurred in one case in the TSF group and two cases in the ISF group. Intraoperative PCIOL dislocation occurred in two patients in the IF group. The incidence of temporary postoperative complications, such as mild intraocular hemorrhage and cystoid macular edema, was higher in the ISF group. No statistically significant difference in PCIOL-related astigmatism was observed between groups. Visual acuity improved in all groups. Conclusions: Postoperative outcomes were comparable between TSF, IF, and ISF for PCIOL in vitrectomized eyes without capsular support.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados de três diferentes técnicas cirúrgicas para implantação da lente intraocular de câmara posterior (PCIOL) dobrável em olhos vitrectomizados sem apoio capsular. Métodos: Um total de 60 olhos de 60 pacientes afácicos vitrectomizados, sem apoio capsular foram inscritos. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao implante de PCIOL dobrável de três peças na câmara posterior, através de uma pequena incisão na córnea. Foram utilizados as técnicas cirúrgicas de fixação transescleral (TSF), fixação iriana (IF) e túnel de fixação intraescleral (ISF). Resultados: Subluxação ou luxação da PCIOL ocorreu em um caso no grupo TSF e em dois casos no grupo ISF. Deslocamentos intraoperatórios da PCIOL ocorram em dois pacientes no grupo IF. Frequência de complicações pós-operatórias temporárias como hemorragia intraocular leve e edema macular cistóide foi maior no grupo ISF. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa do astigmatismo relacionado à PCIOL entre os grupos. A acuidade visual melhorou em todos os grupos. Conclusões: Nenhuma das três técnicas cirúrgicas teve destaque em termos de resultados cirúrgicos comparativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aphakia/surgery , Vitrectomy/methods , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Lenses, Intraocular , Postoperative Complications , Astigmatism/etiology , Sclera/surgery , Time Factors , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Visual Acuity , Iris/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cornea/surgery , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects
10.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 29(2): 308-315, abr.-jun. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-791546

ABSTRACT

Con este trabajo nos proponemos revisar las evidencias científicas relacionadas con la aparición del glaucoma de ángulo abierto posterior a la vitrectomía pars plana. Se revisaron las evidencias científicas relacionadas con la aparición del glaucoma de ángulo abierto posterior a la cirugía de vitrectomía pars plana. Para la investigación documental se examinaron los artículos de la temática indexados en las bases de datos Pubmed, Pubmed Central y Scielo, que correspondieron a los descriptores DeCs-MeSH: glaucoma de ángulo abierto y vitrectomía pars plana. En la búsqueda de avanzada se utilizó el booleano AND y la restricción de tiempo entre los años 2004 y 2014. De los 38 artículos identificados, se desecharon 16 por no tenerse acceso íntegro al documento. El tratamiento de los datos se realizó mediante el análisis de contenido de tipo directo. Los mecanismos patológicos que causan glaucoma de ángulo abierto posterior a la vitrectomía pars plana son múltiples y complejos. La hipótesis del daño por estrés oxidativo en las celdas de la malla trabecular y su repercusión en la salida del humor acuoso, tiene un sustento científico en su patogenia que la hace plausible. El tratamiento para controlar la hipertensión ocular en estos pacientes después de la vitrectomía es individualizado; puede transitar desde el tratamiento médico y hasta el uso de técnicas quirúrgicas simples o complejas en algunos casos. Aún no se han esclarecido los mecanismos fisiopatológicos del glaucoma de ángulo abierto posterior a la vitrectomía pars plana, por lo que son necesarias nuevas investigaciones sobre el tema(AU)


Scientific evidence related with occurrence of the open angle glaucoma after pars plana vitrectomy surgery were reviewed. For the purpose of the documentary research, the articles about this topic indexed in Pubmed-PubmedCentral-Scielo databases were revised, using the subject headings "open angle glaucoma" and "pars plana vitrectomy". The advanced search used Boolean AND and time restriction between 2004 and 2014. Of 38 identified articles, 16 had to be discarded since they could not be fully accessed. Data were processed through the direct contents analysis. The pathological mechanisms that cause open angle glaucoma after pars plana vitrectomy are numerous and complex. The hypothesis about the oxidative stress damage in the trabecular mesh cells and its effect in the discharge of aqueous humor has a scientific foundation in its pathogeny that makes it plausible. The treatment to manage the ocular hypertension in these patients after vitrectomy is customized; it may go from medical treatment to the use of simple or complex surgical techniques in some cases. The physiopathological mechanisms of the open angle glaucoma after pars plana vitrectomy have not been clarified yet, so new research on the topic is needed. This paper was aimed at reviewing the scientific evidence linked to the occurrence of open angle glaucoma after pars plana vitrectomy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Databases, Bibliographic , Glaucoma, Open-Angle/pathology , Glaucoma, Open-Angle/physiopathology , Oxidative Stress , Vitrectomy/adverse effects
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 78(5): 283-285, Sep.-Oct. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761528

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACTPurpose:To evaluate and compare corneal topographic changes following pars plana vitrectomy with the 23-gauge (G) and 25-G transconjuntival sutureless vitrectomy system as well as the standard 20-G vitrectomy system.Methods:We prospectively evaluated corneal topographic changes in 45 eyes of 45 patients divided into three groups according to vitrectomy system used (20-, 23-, and 25-G). All patients underwent computer-assisted videokeratography using an EyeSys System 3000 topographer preoperatively and at one week, one month, and three months postoperatively.Results:In the 20-G vitrectomy group, we found statistically significant postoperative changes in corneal curvature parameters with an average steepening of 0.98 ± 0.18 D (P<0.001) and 0.93 ± 0.21 D (P<0.001) at one week and one month, respectively. No statistically significant difference was observed at the three-month follow-up visit. In the 23- and 25-G groups, no statistically significant changes in corneal curvature parameters were observed at any postoperative follow-up visit.Conclusion:Twenty-three-gauge and 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy did not induce topographic corneal changes following surgery, whereas 20-G vitrectomy was found to induce transient topographic corneal changes that had returned to preoperative levels at three months postoperatively.


RESUMOObjetivos:Avaliar e comparar as alterações topográficas da córnea após a vitrectomia via pars plana com o sistema transconjuntival sem suturas de 23 gauge (g) e 25 g e com o sistema tradicional de vitrectomia via pars plana 20 g.Método:Neste estudo prospectivo, as alterações topográficas da córnea foram avaliadas em 45 olhos de 45 pacientes, divididos em 3 grupos de acordo com o sistema de vitrectomia utilizado (20, 23 e 25 g). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a topografia corneana computadorizada utilizando-se o topógrafo EyeSys System 3000 antes da cirurgia, e com 1 semana, 1 mês e 3 meses após a cirurgia.Resultados:No período pós-operatório, no grupo de vitrectomia 20 g, foram encontradas alterações estatisticamente significativas nos parâmetros da curvatura corneana estudados, com um aumento médio da curvatura de 0,98 ± 0,18 D (p<0,001) e 0,93 ± 0,21D (p<0,001) após uma semana, e um mês, respectivamente. Não se observou diferença estatisticamente significativa na visita realizada 3 meses após a cirurgia. Nos grupos 23 g e 25 g, não se observaram alterações estatisticamente significativas nos parâmetros da curvatura corneana em nenhum dos momentos analisados no pós-operatório.Conclusão:A vitrectomia transconjuntival sem suturas 23 g e 25 g não induziu alterações topográficas da córnea após a cirurgia, enquanto que a vitrectomia 20 g induziu alterações topográficas da córnea transitórias que retornaram aos níveis pré-operatórios três meses após a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cornea/surgery , Corneal Topography/methods , Vitrectomy/methods , Astigmatism/etiology , Cornea/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Preoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Reference Values , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Suture Techniques , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy/adverse effects
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19161

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the visual outcome of combined phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation, and vitrectomy for macula-sparing rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. METHODS: The results of combined vitrectomy with cataract extraction were retrospectively analyzed in patients with preexisting cataracts and new-onset rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. To qualify, patients must also have had macular sparing in a region 6,000 microm in diameter on optical coherence tomography. The anatomical success rate, visual outcomes, and postoperative complications relating to visual acuity were evaluated. RESULTS: In 56 patients followed postoperatively for more than 12 months, the initial and final surgical success rate was 96.4% and 100%, respectively. The mean preoperative logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution visual acuity was 0.05 and decreased to 0.11 postoperatively (p < 0.001). Of the 56 patients, 20 (35.7%) had worse visual acuity postoperatively, compared with preoperatively (0.06 vs. 0.27, p < 0.001); these cases were comprised of six patients with epiretinal membranes, 12 patients with a posterior capsule opacity, and two patients with cystoid macular edema. In the remaining 36 patients, there were no significant differences in visual acuity preoperatively and postoperatively (0.04 vs. 0.03, p = 0.324). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with cataracts who develop macula-sparing rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and whose visual prognosis is excellent assuming the retina can be reattached successfully, combined phacoemulsification, intraocular lens implantation, and vitrectomy might be an effective treatment. However, the visual prognosis is significantly affected by postoperative complications such as an epiretinal membranes, posterior capsule opacity, and cystoid macular edema. Therefore, further studies should examine methods to prevent these postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Retinal Detachment/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Treatment Outcome , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy/adverse effects
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(11): 721-726, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728649

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the behavior of intraocular pressure and its relationship with infusion pressure in vitrectomy, phacofragmentation and phacoemulsification surgeries in rabbits. METHODS: Intraocular pressure fluctuation was measured in 24 eyes of 12 rabbits submitted to vitrectomy, phacofragmentation and phacoemulsification procedures (eight eyes per group). The procedures were divided according to the force of aspiration of the instrument. Intraocular pressure was monitored with a computerized polygraph by means of a cannula introduced into the vitreous chamber. RESULTS: Intraocular pressure showed a mean variation from 33 mmHg (maximum) to 6 mmHg (minimum). Vitrectomy showed the greatest difference between weak and strong aspiration. The greatest fluctuations occurred during procedures with strong aspiration, with phacoemulsification showing the widest variation, with maximum peaks almost reaching 50 mmHg. The infusion pressure varied less than the intraocular pressure, especially at the lowest pressures. CONCLUSIONS: The fluctuation of intraocular pressure during ocular surgeries was not great. The higher the aspiration pressure, the higher the intraocular pressure. The infusion pressure did not show a good correlation with intraocular pressure. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Intraocular Pressure/physiology , Phacoemulsification/methods , Vitrectomy/methods , Models, Animal , Perioperative Period , Pressure , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Reference Values , Reproducibility of Results , Suction/methods , Time Factors , Vitrectomy/adverse effects
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 73(2): 93-97, Mar-Apr/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-718430

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate possible predictive factors related to anterior chamber fibrin formation after vitreoretinal surgery in a large series of patients. Methods: The data of 185 eyes of 185 patients submitted to vitreoretinal surgery was reviewed. The following variables were evaluated: the postoperatively presence of fibrin, age, diabetes mellitus, the vitrectomy system gauge (20, 23 or 25 gauge), the type of vitreous substitute, the influence of prior surgical procedures and the combination with cataract extraction. To evaluate predictive factors for anterior chamber fibrin formation, univariate analysis was performed. A multivariate stepwise logistic regression model was adjusted to investigate factors associated with fibrin formation (p<0.05). Results: Fibrinoid anterior chamber reaction was found in 12 (6.4%) patients. For multivariate logistic regression analysis, balanced salt solution (BSS), the chance of fibrin occurrence was 5 times greater (odds ratio 4.83, CI 95% 1.302 - 17.892; p=0.019), while combination with phacoemulsification increased the chance of fibrin formation by 20 times (odds ratio 20, CI 95% 2.480 - 161.347; p=0.005). No significant difference was found regarding other variables. Conclusion: Anterior chamber fibrin formation is an unwanted complication after vitreoretinal surgery. Factors such as combined performance of phacoemulsification and the use of balanced salt solution as a vitreous substitute may predispose the occurrence of this complication. .


Objetivo: Avaliar os possíveis fatores relacionados à formação de fibrina na câmara anterior após cirurgia vitreorretiniana em uma grande série de casos. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo retrospectivo, observacional, caso-controle, onde os dados de 185 olhos de 185 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia vitreorretiniana foram avaliados. Os seguintes dados foram analisados: presença ou não de fibrina na câmara anterior na primeira semana de pós-operatório, idade, presença ou não de diabetes mellitus, calibre do sistema de vitrectomia utilizado (20,23 ou 25 gauge), substituto vítreo, a influência de cirurgias oftalmológicas prévias e a realização de cirurgia de catarata combinada. Para avaliação dos fatores preditivos para formação de fibrina, a análise univariada foi realizada. O modelo de regressão logística multivariada foi utilizado para investigar os fatores associados com a formação de fibrina (p<0,05). Resultados: A presença de fibrina na câmara anterior foi encontrada em 12 (6,4%) pacientes. Pela análise de regressão logística multivariada, o uso de solução salina balanceada (BSS) como substituto vítreo, a chance da presença de fibrina foi 5 vezes maior (odds ratio 4,83, IC 95% 1,302 - 17,892; p=0,019), enquanto que a realização de cirurgia facoemulsificação combinada aumentou a chance de formação de fibrina 20 vezes (odds ratio 20, IC 95% 2,480 - 161,347; p=0,005). Nenhuma diferença estatisticamente significativa foi encontrada para as outras variáveis. Conclusão: A formação de fibrina na câmara é uma complicação indesejada após cirurgia vitreorretiniana. Fatores como realização de cirurgia de facoemulsificação combinada e ...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Fibrin/metabolism , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/therapeutic use , Vitreoretinal Surgery/adverse effects , Anterior Chamber/metabolism , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Tissue Plasminogen Activator/administration & dosage , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Fibrinolysis/drug effects
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147479

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The 2.2-mm microincision cataract surgery and small-gauge vitrectomy system is known to result in less surgically-induced astigmatism (SIA) in comparison to conventional surgical methods. We compared the amounts of SIA after combined phacoemulsification and 23-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy (23G-TSV) using the 2.2-mm microincision and 2.75-mm standard incision methods. METHODS: We studied 59 patients (61 eyes) who underwent combined phacoemulsification and 23G-TSV from November 2008 to September 2012. Twenty-eight patients (28 eyes) underwent 2.2-mm microincision coaxial phacoemulsification, and 31 patients (33 eyes) underwent 2.75-mm standard incision phacoemulsification. SIA was evaluated using Naeser's polar method with the simulated keratometric values obtained from corneal topography. Preoperative and 1-week and 1-month postoperative KP (Naeser's polar value along the specific axis) and DeltaKP values were compared between the 2.2-mm microincision and 2.75-mm standard incision groups. RESULTS: One week after surgery, both groups exhibited similar amounts of SIA (-DeltaKP[120], 0.40 +/- 0.41 vs. 0.51 +/- 0.56 diopters [D]; p = 0.390). One month after surgery, however, the amount of SIA was significantly smaller in the 2.2-mm microincision group as compared to the 2.75-mm standard incision group (-DeltaKP[120], 0.31 +/- 0.54 vs. 0.56 +/- 0.42 D; p = 0.045). CONCLUSIONS: In combined phacoemulsification with 23G-TSV, 2.2-mm microincision coaxial phacoemulsification induces less SIA than does 2.75-mm standard coaxial phacoemulsification.


Subject(s)
Aged , Astigmatism/diagnosis , Cataract , Cornea/surgery , Corneal Topography/methods , Female , Humans , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Phacoemulsification/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Sclera/surgery , Vitrectomy/adverse effects
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143097

ABSTRACT

We report a case of complete surgical resolution of Valsalva retinopathy that manifested as a premacular hemorrhage involving a membrane followed by a macular hole (MH) resulting from the first vitrectomy. A 20-year-old female patient was referred to our hospital due to sudden vision loss in the left eye. Her best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the left eye was hand motion. Fundus photographs and optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed a premacular hemorrhage. Nine weeks later, the BCVA in the left eye had returned to 20 / 100 and the premacular hemorrhage had completely resolved, but residual sub-internal limiting membrane deposits and a preretinal membrane were present. The preretinal membrane was removed by core vitrectomy and preretinal membrane peeling, but the foveal deposits could not be excised. Two weeks after the first vitrectomy, the deposits resolved spontaneously, but a full-thickness MH was present. Six months after a second vitrectomy with fluid-gas exchange, the BCVA in the left eye had improved to 20 / 25 and OCT showed that the MH had closed. This case illustrates the possibility of MH formation following vitrectomy for Valsalva retinopathy.


Subject(s)
Epiretinal Membrane/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Retinal Perforations/diagnosis , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Young Adult
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143092

ABSTRACT

We report a case of complete surgical resolution of Valsalva retinopathy that manifested as a premacular hemorrhage involving a membrane followed by a macular hole (MH) resulting from the first vitrectomy. A 20-year-old female patient was referred to our hospital due to sudden vision loss in the left eye. Her best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in the left eye was hand motion. Fundus photographs and optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealed a premacular hemorrhage. Nine weeks later, the BCVA in the left eye had returned to 20 / 100 and the premacular hemorrhage had completely resolved, but residual sub-internal limiting membrane deposits and a preretinal membrane were present. The preretinal membrane was removed by core vitrectomy and preretinal membrane peeling, but the foveal deposits could not be excised. Two weeks after the first vitrectomy, the deposits resolved spontaneously, but a full-thickness MH was present. Six months after a second vitrectomy with fluid-gas exchange, the BCVA in the left eye had improved to 20 / 25 and OCT showed that the MH had closed. This case illustrates the possibility of MH formation following vitrectomy for Valsalva retinopathy.


Subject(s)
Epiretinal Membrane/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Retinal Perforations/diagnosis , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Young Adult
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