Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 174
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0012, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360916

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: A unusual case of ocular toxoplasmosis with significant vitreomacular traction is reported. The patient improved significantly following pars plana vitrectomy combined with visual stimulation and occlusion therapy. Methods: The case of a 5-year-old girl with significant unilateral vision loss associated with vitreous condensation and macular traction is described. Results: Pars plana vitrectomy was carried out for vitreomacular traction release. This was followed by visual stimulation and occlusion therapy. Significant improvement was observed. Conclusion: Despite structural damage, the combination of properly indicated surgery and amblyopia management strategies allowed the achievement of maximum vision goals in this case, suggesting structural damage may be associated with functional amblyopia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Relata-se um caso de apresentação atípica de toxoplasmose ocular, com importante tração vitreomacular. A paciente apresentou melhora significativa após vitrectomia via pars plana, com estimulação visual e oclusão. Métodos: Descreve-se o caso de uma menina de 5 anos, com importante perda de visão unilateral associada à condensação vítrea e à tração macular. Resultados: Foi realizada vitrectomia via pars plana para alívio da tração vitreomacular, seguida de estimulação visual e oclusão. Foi observada melhora significativa. Conclusão: Apesar dos danos estruturais, a combinação de cirurgia bem indicada com estratégias de tratamento da ambliopia permitiu alcançar o máximo do potencial visual nesta paciente, sugerindo que os danos estruturais podem estar associados à ambliopia funcional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Photic Stimulation , Vitrectomy/methods , Tissue Adhesions/surgery , Toxoplasmosis, Ocular/complications , Chorioretinitis/etiology , Epiretinal Membrane/surgery , Epiretinal Membrane/etiology , Traction , Chorioretinitis/complications , Vitreous Detachment/therapy , Vitreoretinal Surgery
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(5): 294-295, set.-out. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137982

ABSTRACT

Abstract This paper provides a fast and inexpensive technique to prevent slippage of the infusion cannula from the EVA DORC® 27-gauge system. After the usual retrobulbar anesthesia, antisepsis and asepsis, a 2% hydroxypropyl methylcellulose drop is placed around the infusion cannula in the trocar to hold it in position. This technique prevents the slippage of the infusion cannula and both the surgical time and creation of the first sclerotomy in the eye can be shortened slightly.


Resumo Este artigo fornece uma técnica rápida e barata para evitar o deslizamento da cânula de infusão do sistema EVA DORC® 27-gauge. Após a habitual anestesia retrobulbar, antissepsia e assepsia, uma gota de 2% de hidroxipropilmetilcelulose é colocada ao redor da cânula de infusão no trocater para mantê-la em posição. Essa técnica evita o deslizamento da cânula de infusão e o tempo cirúrgico e da criação da primeira esclerotomia no olho podem ser ligeiramente reduzidos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitrectomy/methods , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Vitreoretinal Surgery/methods , Cannula
3.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(3): e903, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139100

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El agujero macular es un desorden de la interface vitreorretinal definido como un defecto de espesor completo desde la membrana limitante interna hasta los segmentos externos de los fotorreceptores, que normalmente involucra a la fóvea. Con el desarrollo de la tomografía de coherencia óptica se han mejorado el diagnóstico, el tratamiento y el seguimiento de las enfermedades de la interface vitreorretinal, entre ellas el agujero macular. La vitrectomía pars plana es la técnica quirúrgica de elección para el agujero macular. Se presenta una paciente de 75 años, pseudofáquica, con mejor agudeza visual corregida en el ojo derecho de 0,1 Snellen. Se diagnostica agujero macular grande (810 µm) según su mínima apertura, con 8 meses de evolución. Se realizó vitrectomía pars plana, el levantamiento de la hialodes posterior, el flap invertido de membrana limitante interna, el uso de hexafluoruro de azufre en mezcla 20 por ciento y el posicionamiento de la paciente 24-72 horas. Se logró el cierre anatómico del agujero macular y la recuperación visual de 0,6 Snellen a los seis meses del tratamiento quirúrgico(AU)


ABSTRACT Macular hole is a disorder of the vitreous-retina interface defined as a full-thickness defect from the internal limiting membrane to the external segments of photoreceptors which typically involves the fovea. The development of optical coherence tomography has improved the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of vitreous-retina interface diseases, among them macular hole. Pars plana vitrectomy is the surgical technique of choice for macular hole. A case is presented of a female 75-year-old pseudophakic patient with best corrected right eye visual acuity of 0.1 on the Snellen chart. Large macular hole is diagnosed (810 µm) according to its minimum opening, of 8 month's evolution. The following procedures were performed: pars plana vitrectomy, posterior hyalode lifting, inverted internal limiting membrane flap, use of sulfur hexafluoride in a 20% mixture, and positioning of the patient for 24-72 hours. Anatomical closure of the macular hole and a visual recovery of 0.6 Snellen were achieved six months after surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Retinal Perforations/diagnosis , Sulfur Hexafluoride/therapeutic use , Vitrectomy/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods
4.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(3): e839,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139095

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se hace una revisión bibliográfica acerca del tratamiento que se utiliza en el edema macular clínicamente significativo. Esta es la primera causa de mala visión en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus. Entre las líneas de tratamiento tenemos los antiangiogénicos con sus variantes, los esteroides y la cirugía por medio de la vitrectomía pars plana con pelado de la membrana limitante interna. No existe hasta el momento el tratamiento ideal. La tomografía de coherencia óptica ayuda a predecir la visión final(AU)


ABSTRACT Treatment of clinically significant diabetic macular edema is the topic of our review. This condition is the first cause of vision loss in diabetic patients. Treatment options include anti-VEFG drugs, steroids and surgery (vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling). There is no an ideal treatment at present. Optic coherence tomography is a useful tool to predict final vision in these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitrectomy/methods , Macular Edema/diagnosis , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Review Literature as Topic , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology
6.
Medwave ; 20(6): e7965, 31-07-2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1119730

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La cirugía de cataratas es un factor de riesgo para el desprendimiento de retina regmatógeno. Dentro de las técnicas utilizadas para su reparación, se encuentran la vitrectomía pars plana y la banda de silicona. La combinación de ambas técnicas ha sido propuesta en pacientes con desprendimiento de retina previamente operados de cataratas (pseudofáquicos o afáquicos), pero su efectividad no está clara. MÉTODOS: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES: Identificamos cuatro revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron ocho estudios primarios, de los cuales, uno corresponde a un ensayo aleatorizado. A partir de éste, concluimos que la combinación de vitrectomía pars plana y banda de silicona podría resultar en poca o nula diferencia en la reaplicación retinal primaria, en la reaplicación retinal final y en la agudeza visual, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja. Respecto a las complicaciones, no es posible establecer con claridad si la combinación de ambas técnicas aumenta la frecuencia de vitreorretinopatía proliferativa o si disminuye el desarrollo de glaucoma, debido a que la certeza de la evidencia fue evaluada como muy baja.


INTRODUCTION: Cataract surgery increases the risk for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Pars plana vitrectomy and scleral buckling are two surgical procedures used for its repair. The combination of both techniques had been proposed for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in patients with previous cataract surgery (pseudophakic or aphakic), but its effectiveness remains unclear. METHODS: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We identified four systematic reviews with eight studies overall, one of them was a randomized trial. With this data, we conclud-ed that pars plana vitrectomy plus scleral buckle may make little or no difference in primary or final retinal reattachment rate nor in final visual acuity, but the certainty of the evidence is low. In terms of surgery complications, we are uncertain if vitrecto-my plus scleral buckle increases the risk of proliferative vitreoretinopathy or reduces the risk of glaucoma because the certainty of the evidence is very low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Scleral Buckling/methods , Vitrectomy/methods , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Cataract Extraction/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Databases, Factual
7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(1): 69-72, Jan.-Feb. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088959

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Optic disc pit is a rare congenital anomaly that can cause serous macular detachment. It has no universally accepted single treatment. Recently, several investigators have performed new procedures to directly seal the pit. Herein, we report a case showing a promising method for optic pit maculopathy surgical treatment. We created an inverted internal limiting membrane flap and fold it over the pit to promote barrier in order to stop further fluid accumulation. Gradual absorption of subretinal fluid was observed over 12 months of follow-up. Optical coherence tomography can demonstrate internal limiting membrane folded over the pit and progressive subretinal fluid resolution. This technique resulted in a satisfactory anatomic outcome with good functional improvement in the best-corrected visual acuity.


RESUMO A fosseta do disco óptico é uma rara anomalia con gênita que pode causar descolamento de retina seroso na mácula. Não há um tratamento cirúrgico padrão universalmente aceito. Recentemente, cirurgiões têm realizado procedimentos novos que visam selar o buraco diretamente. Esse caso clínico mostra um método promissor para o tratamento cirúrgico da maculopatia causada pela fosseta do disco. Optamos por criar um flap invertido com a membrana limitante interna, dobrando-o sobre a fosseta para promover uma barreira, impedindo o acúmulo de fluido. A absorção gradual do líquido subretiniano foi observada ao longo de 12 meses de acompanhamento. Imagens de tomografia de coerência óptica podem demonstrar a membrana limitante interna dobrada sobre a fosseta e a resolução progressiva do fluido subretiniano. Esta técnica resultou em um resultado anatômico satisfatório com boa melhora funcional na acuidade visual.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Vitrectomy/methods , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Eye Abnormalities/surgery , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Optic Disk/abnormalities , Retinal Diseases , Retinal Detachment/etiology , Visual Acuity , Eye Abnormalities/complications , Subretinal Fluid , Macular Degeneration/complications
8.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 78(6): 399-402, nov.-dez. 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057915

ABSTRACT

Resumo A síndrome de Marfan é uma doença de herança autossômica dominante e que afeta o tecido conjuntivo com manifestações fenotípicas que envolvem os sistemas esquelético, cardiovascular e ocular. As principais manifestações oculares são a subluxação do cristalino, a miopia e o descolamento da retina. O objetivo deste artigo foi relatar a conduta clínico-cirúrgica de um paciente portador da síndrome de Marfan com cristalino luxado para a cavidade vítrea e que evoluiu com severa reação facoanafilática caracterizada por um glaucoma secundário severo e descompensação corneana.


Abstract Marfan syndrome is an autosomal dominant inheritance disease that affects connective tissue with phenotypic manifestations involving the skeletal, cardiovascular and ocular systems. The main ocular manifestations are the subluxation of the lens, myopia and retinal detachment. The aim of this article was to report the clinical and surgical management of a patient with Marfan syndrome with luxated lens for the vitreous cavity and who developed a severe phacoanaphylactic reaction characterized by severe secondary glaucoma and corneal decompensation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lens Subluxation/complications , Lens Subluxation/etiology , Anaphylaxis/etiology , Marfan Syndrome/complications , Vitrectomy/methods , Vitreous Body/surgery , Visual Acuity , Corneal Edema/etiology , Glaucoma/etiology , Lens Subluxation/surgery , Lens Subluxation/diagnosis , Vision, Low , Ultrasonography , Lens Implantation, Intraocular/methods , Eye Pain , Slit Lamp Microscopy , Intraocular Pressure
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(6): 481-487, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038688

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the functional and anatomical success rates as well as the safety of sutureless combined surgery involving vitreous base removal and internal limiting membrane peeling after Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL) staining for the management of idiopathic macular holes after three years. Methods: Forty-six eyes of 46 patients with an idiopathic macular hole were enrolled in this retrospective study. The inclusion criteria were macular holes with a minimum linear diameter below 1,500 mm, 0.05 or better decimal best-corrected visual acuity and duration of symptoms less than two years. The exclusion criteria included pregnancy, optic nerve atrophy, advanced glaucoma, and other chronic ocular diseases. The surgical procedure included internal limiting membrane peeling after Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL) staining, along with C3F8 tamponade and face-down positioning for three days postoperatively. Ophthalmologic examinations and optical coherence tomography were performed at 1 and 7 days and 1, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months postoperatively. If no anatomic closure of the macular holes occurred within the first month, the area of the internal limiting membrane peeling was enlarged in a second procedure. Multiple logistic regression and chi-squared tests were used for data analyses, and p-values of <0.05 were considered significant. Results: Out of 46 eyes with a preoperative idiopathic macular hole, anatomic closure was achieved in 42 (91.3%) after one procedure and in 45 (97.8%) after an additional surgery. The median postoperative best-corrected visual acuity improvement was 0.378 (range: 0.050-0.900) decimal. None of the patients experienced macular hole reopening, surgery-related complications, or ocular complications related to the dye. Conclusion: Combined surgery including vitreous base removal and internal limiting membrane peeling after staining with Brilliant Blue G (0.5 mg/mL) for the management of idiopathic macular holes resulted in adequate staining, best-corrected visual acuity improvement, and macular hole closure with no signs of ocular toxicity at the three-year follow-up examination.


RESUMO Objetivo: Determinar, após 3 anos de seguimento, as taxas de sucesso funcional e anatômico e a segurança da cirurgia combinada sem sutura, incluindo remoção da base vítrea e da membrana limitante interna após coloração com azul brilhante (0,5 mg/ml) para o manejo de buracos maculares idiopáticos. Métodos: Quarenta e seis olhos de 46 pacientes com buraco macular idiopático foram incluídos neste estudo retrospectivo. Os critérios de inclusão foram: buraco macular com diâmetro linear mínimo menor que 1500 micrômetros, acuidade visual com melhor correção de 0,05 decimal ou melhor e tempo de sintomas menor que 2 anos. Os critérios de exclusão foram gravidez, atrofia do nervo óptico, glaucoma avançado ou outra doença ocular crônica. A técnica cirúrgica incluiu a remoção da membrana limitante interna após coloração com Azul Brilhante 0,5 mg/ml, tamponamento com C3F8 posicionamento em prona ção durante 3 dias de pós-operatório. O seguimento foi realizado por exame oftalmológico e Tomografia de Coerência Óptica no 1 e 7 dias, 1, 6, 12, 24 e 36 meses de pós-operatório. Se o fechamento anatômico do buraco macular não fosse atingido na visita de um mês, realizava-se um segundo procedimento no qual a área do peeling da membrana limitante interna era ampliada. Para análise estatística, foram utilizados testes de regressão logística múltipla e Qui-quadrado. Valores de p menores que 0.05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Dos 46 olhos com buraco macular idiopático, 42 (91,3%) obtiveram fechamento do buraco macular após um procedimento cirúrgico e 45 (97,8%) após uma cirurgia adicional. A média de melhora da acuidade visual com melhor correção no pós-operatório foi de 0.378 (0.050-0.900) decimal. Não foram observados: reabertura do buraco macular, complicações relacionadas ao procedimento cirúrgico ou complicações relacionadas ao corante. Conclusão: A cirurgia combinada sem sutura que incluiu remoção da base vítrea e remoção membrana limitante interna após coloração com Azul Brilhante (0,5 mg/ml) para o tratamento de buracos maculares idiopáticos foi realizada com adequada capacidade de coloração, melhora da acuidade visual e fechamento do buraco macular sem sinais de toxicidade ocular no seguimento de 3 anos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Retinal Perforations/surgery , Vitrectomy/methods , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Benzenesulfonates , Visual Acuity , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Injections, Intraocular
11.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 214-219, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001304

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the effects of suturing 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomies on ocular discomfort and tear film dynamics. Methods: This retrospective chart review involved data from 50 procedures in 50 patients who underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy from January to November 2016. We divided the eyes into two groups according to the presence or absence of sutures; 35 eyes underwent sutureless vitrectomies (Group 1), and 15 eyes underwent vitrectomy with at least one sclerotomy suture site (Group 2). In each group, we assessed objective variables including tear film break-up time, Schirmer test I, corneal surface grading with Oxford system, and a quantitative method evaluating subjective dry eye symptoms using ocular surface disease index questionnaires preoperatively 1 week, and 1 and 3 months after surgery. Results: The tear film break-up time showed a significant difference at the 3-months follow-up (p=0.026). The Schirmer test I and corneal surface staining score showed no statistically significant differences between two groups at any time after the operations. The ocular surface disease index score was significantly lower in Group 1 than in Group 2 at 1 week (p=0.032), 1 month (p=0.026), and 3 months (p=0.041) after the operation. Conclusion: Sclerotomy suturing caused ocular discomfort and had a negative effect on tear film dynamics during the late postoperative period. Sclerotomies without suturing seem to reduce the ocular surface changes.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da sutura da vitrectomia via pars plana de 23-gauge sobre o desconforto ocular e a dinâmica do filme lacrimal. Métodos: Esta revisão retrospectiva de prontuários envolveu dados de 50 casos em 50 pacientes submetidos à vitrectomia via pars plana de 23-gauge, de janeiro a novembro de 2016. Dividimos os olhos em dois grupos de acordo com a presença ou ausência de suturas; 35 olhos foram submetidos à vitrectomia sem sutura (Grupo 1) e 15 olhos foram submetidos à vitrectomia com pelo menos um ponto de sutura no local da esclerotomia (Grupo 2). Em cada grupo, avaliamos variáveis objetivas incluindo tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal, teste de Schirmer I, gradação da superfície corneana com o sistema Oxford e um método quantitativo avaliando sintomas subjetivos de olho seco usando questionários de índice de doença da superfície ocular nos períodos: 1 semana do pré-operatório, 1 mês e 3 meses após a cirurgia. Resultados: O tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal apresentou diferença significativa no seguimento de 3 meses (p=0,026). O teste de Schirmer I e o escore da coloração da superfície da córnea não mostraram diferenças estatisticamente significativas entre os dois grupos em nenhum momento após as operações. O escore do índice de doença da superfície ocular foi significativamente menor no Grupo 1 em relação ao Grupo 2 no período de 1 semana (p=0,032), 1 mês (p=0,026) e 3 meses (p=0,041) após a cirurgia. Conclusão: A sutura da esclerotomia causou desconforto ocular e teve um efeito negativo na dinâmica do filme lacrimal durante o período pós-operatório. Esclerotomias sem sutura parecem reduzir as alterações da superfície ocular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Tears/physiology , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Sclerostomy/adverse effects , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Time Factors , Vitrectomy/methods , Sclerostomy/methods , Dry Eye Syndromes/etiology , Dry Eye Syndromes/physiopathology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(1): 156-162, ene.-feb. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991333

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La retinitis necrotizante aguda, es una necrosis retinal de todas las capas de la retina. Se caracteriza por necrosis fibrinoides de la pared de los vasos y oclusión vascular. Se presentó un caso de una paciente de 42 años de edad, con pérdida brusca de la visión del ojo derecho, con una semana de evolución. Al examen oftalmológico se observó haze vítreo 2+, edema sucio del disco óptico, con borramiento de todos sus bordes. Presencia de exudación blanca-amarillenta retiniana extensa, en toda la periferia y área ecuatorial asociada a hemorragias intraretinianas. Se realizó además del examen fundoscòpico toma de muestra de humor acuoso para reacción en cadena de la polimerasa y angiografía fluoresceínica. Los signos fundoscópicos de la paciente, así como las anomalías detectadas en la angiografía fluoresceínica sugirieron el diagnóstico clínico de síndrome de necrosis retinal aguda. Se confirmó el diagnóstico etiológico viral, semanas después por el resultado de polimerasa. Se practicó la terapéutica médica y fotocoagulación laser focal retiniano correspondiente, asociado a cirugía del desprendimiento de retina mixto mediante vitrectomía pars plana y se logró la re aplicación de la retina.


ABSTRACT The acute necrotizing retinitis is a retinal necrosis of all the retinal layers. It is characterized by fibrinoid necrosis of the vases' wall and vascular occlusion. The case presented is the case of a female patient aged 42 years, who suffers sudden loss of the left eye vision, with a week of evolution. At the ophthalmologic examination it was observed a 2+ vitreous haze, dirty edema of the optic disk, with effacement of all of its margins. There it was an extended white-yellowish retinal exudation in the entire periphery and the equatorial area, associated to intra-retinal hemorrhages. Besides the funduscopic examination, it was taken a sample of the aqueous humor for a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and fluorescein angiography. The patient's funduscopic signs, and also the anomalies detected in the fluorescein angiography suggested the clinical diagnosis of acute retinal necrosis syndrome. After several weeks, the viral etiologic diagnosis was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction. It was practiced the correspondent medical therapeutics and focal retinal laser coagulation associated to mixt retinal detachment through pars plana vitrectomy; the retina reapplication was achieved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/complications , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/diagnosis , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/etiology , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute/drug therapy , Uveitis, Anterior/complications , Vitrectomy/methods , Retinal Detachment/diagnosis , Acyclovir/therapeutic use , Keratitis, Herpetic/drug therapy
13.
Medwave ; 19(1): e7511, 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-980908

ABSTRACT

ACTUALIZACIÓN: Este resumen Epistemonikos (Living FRISBEE: Living FRIendly Summary of the Body of Evidence using Epistemonikos) es una actualización del resumen publicado en diciembre de 2014. INTRODUCCIÓN: La retinopatía diabética proliferativa conlleva un alto riesgo de ceguera si no es tratada de manera oportuna. El tratamiento muchas veces incluye la vitrectomía. El uso preoperatorio de bevacizumab, un anti-factor de crecimiento endotelial vascular, podría mejorar variables intraoperatorias que facilitan la cirugía y mejorarían el curso postoperatorio. MÉTODOS: Realizamos una búsqueda en Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante el cribado de múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, analizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis y preparamos una tabla de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES: Identificamos cinco revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron 16 estudios primarios, de los cuales 14 corresponden a ensayos aleatorizados. Concluimos que el uso preoperatorio de bevacizumab disminuye la incidencia de hemorragia vítrea en el postoperatorio temprano y probablemente también en el postoperatorio tardío, pero no está claro su efecto sobre la agudeza visual. Además, probablemente disminuye el tiempo quirúrgico, podría disminuir la incidencia de roturas retinianas iatrogénicas, y si bien no está claro que disminuya la ocurrencia de sangrado intraoperatorio, podría disminuir la necesidad de uso de endodiatermia.


UPDATE: This Living FRISBEE (Living FRIendly Summary of the Body of Evidence using Epistemonikos) is an update of the summary published in December 2014. INTRODUCTION: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy can cause severe vision loss and even blindness if left untreated. Vitrectomy is often required in the treatment of more severe cases. Preoperative administration of bevacizumab, a humanized anti-vascular endothelial growth factor would improve intraoperative variables that facilitate surgery and improve postoperative course. METHODS: We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: We identified five systematic reviews including 16 studies overall, of which 14 were randomized trials. We concluded the preoperative use of intravitreal bevacizumab reduces the rate of vitreous hemorrhage in the early postoperative period, and probably also in the late postoperative period, but its effect on visual acuity is not clear. Furthermore, it probably decreases the surgical time and may decrease the incidence of iatrogenic retinal breaks. Although we are uncertain whether preoperative bevacizumab decreases intraoperative bleeding, it may reduce the need for endodiathermy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitrectomy/methods , Diabetic Retinopathy/therapy , Bevacizumab/administration & dosage , Preoperative Care , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Angiogenesis Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Intravitreal Injections
14.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(4): 45-53, oct.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-991118

ABSTRACT

La endoftalmitis es una complicación grave de la cirugía de cataratas que todos los cirujanos oculares y pacientes se esfuerzan por evitar. La pérdida visual que se produce en una gran proporción de endoftalmitis posoperatorias puede ser de carácter grave e irreversible. Se debe sospechar endoftalmitis aguda ante una disminución brusca de la agudeza visual después de la cirugía de cataratas, normalmente asociada a dolor y signos de inflamación ocular difusa. La sospecha de endoftalmitis es una urgencia médica que se ha de tratar con antibióticos intravítreos y/o vitrectomía en el menor tiempo posible. Se realizó una búsqueda de los últimos 10 años sobre el tema, su incidencia, las recomendaciones y el manejo preoperatorio en la profilaxis de esta, los signos y síntomas clínicos, los gérmenes que con mayor frecuencia pueden ocasionarla, así como las opciones de tratamiento. Se utilizó la plataforma Infomed, específicamente la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud(AU)


Endophtalmitis is a severe complication of the cataract surgery which all the eye surgeons and patients try to avoid. The visual loss that occurs in a great proportion of postoperative endophthalmitis can be serious and irreversible. One may suspect the existence of acute endophthalmitis when there is sudden reduction of visual acuity after cataract surgery, normally associated to pain and signs of diffuse ocular inflammation. The suspicion of endophthalmitis is a medical urgency that must be treated with intravitreous antibiotics and/or vitrectomy as soon as possible. Information search about this topic in the last ten years, its incidence, recommendations and preoperative management in its prophylaxis, clinical signs and symptoms and the germs that may frequently cause it as well as the treatment options was made in Informed platform, particularly in the Virtual Library of Health(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitrectomy/methods , Cataract Extraction/methods , Endophthalmitis/complications , Review Literature as Topic , Libraries, Digital/statistics & numerical data , Emergencies
15.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 47(4)oct.-dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-985545

ABSTRACT

Los traumatismos oculares representan la principal causa de pérdida de la agudeza visual en individuos jóvenes y se sitúa entre las causas de ceguera en el mundo. Pueden tener un efecto devastador sobre el globo ocular; es el tipo de traumatismo más severo en esta zona, con un pobre pronóstico visual para el paciente. Constituye un accidente grave, que en muchas ocasiones conlleva a la enucleación. Se presentan tres pacientes con rotura del globo ocular, con la conducta terapéutica, seguimiento y resultados visuales en cada caso, para mostrar a la comunidad médica, la complejidad y particularidades de este traumatismo(AU)


Ocular traumatisms represent the principal cause of loss of vision in young people and they are among the causes of blindness in the world. Trauma can result in a wide spectrum of tissue lesions of the globe and it can has devastating effect on the eyeball, since it is the most severe type of trauma in this area, with a poor visual prognosis for the patient. It is a serious accident, which often leads to nucleation as result of a bruised intense trauma. This is the report of three patients with rupture of the ocular globe with the therapeutic behavior, follow-up and visual results in each case, to show the medical community, the complexity and particularities of this traumatism(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Vitrectomy/methods , Eye Enucleation/methods , Eye Injuries, Penetrating/surgery , Tomography, Spiral Computed/methods , Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative/drug therapy
16.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(3): 1-8, jul.-set. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985573

ABSTRACT

La candidiasis es la causa más común de endoftalmitis endógena. La afectación ocular se produce entre los 3 y los 15 días siguientes a la fungemia. Las dos formas características de presentación son la coriorretinitis candidiásica, que afecta a la coroides y a la retina sin afectar claramente al vítreo, y la endoftalmitis candidiásica, con presencia de lesiones vítreas redondeadas, de aspecto algodonoso (perlas vítreas), características de esta infección. Los síntomas visuales precoces más habituales son la visión borrosa y los flotadores. Se recomienda entonces realizar fondo de ojo en las 2 primeras semanas del diagnóstico de candidemia para prevenir complicaciones oculares y usar la afectación ocular como indicador de probable infección fúngica invasiva. La anfotericina B, el fluconazol, el voriconazol, el posaconazol y el ravuconazol, así como las equinocandinas entre las que se encuentran la caspofungina han demostrado su utilidad en el tratamiento de la coriorretinitis, pero la efectividad disminuye en los casos de afectación vítrea si no se asocian a vitrectomía(AU)


Candidiasis is the most common cause of endogenous endophthalmitis. Ocular damage occurs within 3 and 15 days after fungemia. The two characteristic forms of presentation are Candida chorioretinitis, affecting the choroid and the retina with no clear impact on the vitreous, and Candida endophthalmitis, with the presence of rounded cottony vitreous lesions (vitreous pearls), characteristic of this infection. The most common early visual symptoms are blurred vision and floaters. It is thus recommended to perform funduscopy within the first two weeks after the candidemia diagnosis to prevent ocular complications and use the ocular damage as an indicator of probable invasive fungal infection. Amphotericin B, fluconazole, voriconazole, posaconazole and ravuconazole, as well as echinocandins, among them caspofungin, have proven useful in the treatment of chorioretinitis, but effectiveness is lower in vitreous damage cases when they are not associated to vitrectomy(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vitrectomy/methods , Candidiasis/diagnosis , Chorioretinitis/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/etiology , Risk Factors , Candidemia/etiology , Fundus Oculi
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 77(3): 156-158, May-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959084

ABSTRACT

Abstract The authors report a case of retinal fold after retinal detachment repair performed using 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy technic (PPV). The fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed a posterior retinal fold with the retina periphery attached. The patient's best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was 20/200 with severe metamorphopsia. A 25-gauge PPV, subretinal balanced saline solution (BSS) injection using a 25-39-gauge cannula, and gas-fluid exchange were performed. The patient's BCVA improved significantly after treatment. The retinal fold observed is not a frequent complication and can be managed with PPV, subretinal BSS injection and fluid-air exchange.


Resumo Os autores relatam um caso de dobra retiniana após a cirurgia de reparação de descolamento de retina realizada com vitrectomia via pars plana de 23 gauge (VVPP). A retinografia e a tomografia de coerência óptica (OCT) mostraram uma dobra posterior da retina com a periferia da retina colada. A melhor acuidade visual corrigida do paciente foi de 20/200 e severa metamorfopsia. Foi realizada uma VVPP de 25G, injeção subretiniana de solução salina balanceada (BSS) utilizando uma cânula de calibre 25-39 e troca de fluido-gasosa. A melhor acuidade visual corrigida do paciente melhorou significativamente após o tratamento. A dobra retiniana não é uma complicação freqüente e pode ser tratada com VVPP, realização de injeção subretiniana de BSS e troca fluido-gasosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Vitrectomy/adverse effects , Retinal Detachment/surgery , Ophthalmic Solutions , Postoperative Complications , Retinal Diseases/surgery , Retinal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Vitrectomy/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Intravitreal Injections , Macula Lutea
18.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 34(2)abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093439

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El trauma ocular es una causa importante de morbilidad oftalmológica en el mundo, con implicaciones socio-económicas importantes para el paciente y sus familiares, pues ocurre generalmente en adultos jóvenes, con una buena agudeza visual al inicio del evento traumático y que se verá comprometida según la severidad del trauma, las estructuras oculares que afecte y las complicaciones que puedan aparecer; de ahí que la pérdida de la visión sea una de las minusvalías más temidas. Presentación del caso: Paciente con alteraciones anatómicas y funcionales producidas por un trauma ocular a globo abierto penetrante zona 3, y presencia de cuerpo extraño intraocular vegetal, donde se logró un diagnóstico precoz y conducta quirúrgica oportuna obteniendo resultados visuales excelentes. Conclusiones: El trauma ocular a globo abierto penetrante zona III con cuerpo extraño intraocular vegetal, a pesar de su difícil manejo, permite alcanzar buenos resultados visuales. Esto depende del diagnóstico precoz, y una conducta pertinente basándose en criterios actuales del BETT Y del OTS(AU)


Introduction: Ocular trauma is a fundamental cause for ophthalmological morbidity worldwide, with important socio-economic implications for the patient and their relatives, since it usually occurs in young adults, with good visual acuity at the beginning of the traumatic event and which will be seen compromised based on trauma seriousness, the affected ocular structures and the complications that may appear; hence, vision loss is one of the most feared handicaps. Case presentation: Patient with anatomical and functional alterations produced by an ocular trauma in open penetrating globe zone III, and the presence of a vegetal intraocular foreign body, where an early diagnosis and timely surgical behavior were achieved, obtaining excellent visual results. Conclusions: Ocular trauma in open penetrating globe zone III with vegetal intraocular foreign body, in spite of its difficult management, allows to achieve good visual results. Based on current criteria, this depends on early diagnosis and relevant behavior based on current criteria(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Vitrectomy/methods , Eye Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Foreign-Body Reaction/etiology
19.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(1): 145-152, ene.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960638

ABSTRACT

La toxocariasis es una zoonosis parasitaria. Se describen las alteraciones anatómicas y funcionales producidas por membranas que traccionan el polo posterior y la periferia de la retina, las cuales provocan hemorragia vítrea parcial asociada a neovascularización del disco óptico con membrana epirretiniana, y un agujero macular lamelar relacionado con la presencia de granuloma periférico. Se presenta un caso clínico de un paciente sano, quien comenzó con disminución de la agudeza visual del ojo izquierdo y se le diagnosticó, por cuadro clínico y examen oftalmológico con resultado positivo de la prueba de Toxocara, una toxocariasis ocular complicada. Se le realizó cirugía de vitrectomía mínimamente invasiva 23 G asociada a membranectomía, y pelado de la membrana limitante interna, así como endofotocoagulación con láser panretiniana. Se usó como tamponador al final de la cirugía el gas SF6 y el posicionamiento del paciente. Se aplicó tratamiento antiparasitario y esteroideo sistémico previo a la cirugía, y se obtuvieron resultados satisfactorios tanto anatómicos como funcionales del paciente(AU)


Toxocariasis is a parasitic zoonosis. A description is provided of the anatomical and functional alterations produced by membranes that pull the posterior pole and the periphery of the retina, causing partial vitreous hemorrhage associated to neovascularization of the optic disk with epiretinal membrane, and a lamellar macular hole related to the presence of peripheral granuloma. A clinical case is presented of a healthy male patient who started out with a decrease in the visual acuity of his left eye and was diagnosed with a complicated ocular toxocariasis based on his clinical status and ophthalmological examination with a positive toxocara test. Minimally invasive vitrectomy was performed: 23G associated to membranectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling, as well as panretinal laser endophotocoagulation, using patient positioning and gas (SF6) as tamponade at the end of surgery. Systemic steroid and antiparasitic treatment was provided before surgery, and satisfactory anatomical and functional results were obtained(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Ophthalmoscopy/adverse effects , Vitrectomy/methods , Toxocariasis/diagnosis , Toxocariasis/complications , Eye Infections, Parasitic/therapy
20.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 31(1): 123-131, ene.-mar. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-960636

ABSTRACT

El agujero macular es un desorden de la interfase vitreorretinal definido como un defecto de espesor completo desde la membrana limitante interna hasta los segmentos externos de los fotorreceptores que normalmente involucra a la fóvea. Es más frecuente en mujeres mayores de 55 años y existe un riesgo de un 10-15 por ciento de afectación del ojo contralateral. Con el aumento de la esperanza de vida, se demandan nuevos retos y técnicas quirúrgicas para este problema de salud. Se realizó una revisión de artículos publicados e indexados en la base de datos de PubMed, que se refirieran a las características y clasificación por tomografía de coherencia óptica del agujero macular y las opciones terapéuticas para este. Nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas se han descrito para los agujeros maculares idiopáticos. El surgimiento de la tomografía de coherencia óptica, sobre todo la de dominio espectral, ha aumentado las posibilidades diagnósticas de tratamiento y seguimiento en las enfermedades de la interfase vitreorretinal, específicamente el agujero macular(AU)


A macular hole is a disorder of the vitreous-retina interface defined as a full-thickness defect from the internal limiting membrane to the external segments of photoreceptors which typically involves the fovea. It is more common among women aged over 55 years, and there is a 10-15 percent risk that the contralateral eye is affected. As life expectancy increases, new challenges come up and new surgical techniques are required for this health problem. A review was conducted of papers published and indexed in the database PubMed which referred to the optical coherence tomography classification and characteristics of macular holes, as well as the therapeutic options to treat it. New surgical techniques have been described for idiopathic macular holes. Introduction of optical coherence tomography, especially spectral domain OCT, has increased the diagnostic possibilities of the treatment and follow-up of vitreous-retina interface disorders, particularly macular holes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Retinal Perforations/surgery , Vitrectomy/methods , Life Expectancy , Periodicals as Topic/statistics & numerical data , Journal Article
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL