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Audiol., Commun. res ; 28: e2725, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1429891


RESUMO Objetivo descrever os principais métodos quantitativos utilizados para análise morfométrica do trato vocal em cantores, suas aplicações e os principais segmentos estudados. Estratégia de pesquisa trata-se de uma revisão integrativa guiada pela pergunta condutora: "Quais os principais métodos quantitativos utilizados para análise morfométrica do trato vocal, suas aplicações e os principais segmentos estudados em cantores?". Foram utilizadas as bases eletrônicas PubMed, Scopus e BVS, por meio da chave de busca Vocal tract OR Oropharynx AND Morphology OR Geometry AND Evaluation OR Diagnosis AND voice, sem restrições de ano de publicação, sendo incluídos artigos em três idiomas: português, inglês e espanhol. Critérios de seleção: a seleção se deu de forma independente, por meio da leitura por pares e posterior aplicação dos critérios de exclusão e inclusão. Resultados dos 380 estudos, foram excluídos 30 duplicados. A partir da leitura dos resumos, aplicando-se os critérios de seleção, foram selecionados 18 estudos para leitura na íntegra, dos quais, 12 foram incluídos nesta revisão. A ressonância magnética foi o principal instrumento utilizado e os segmentos analisados incluíram desde o comprimento e volume do trato vocal, como segmentos isolados e suas particularidades morfológicas. Conclusão os métodos de quantificação morfológica do trato vocal integram instrumentos importantes para a avaliação instrumental do trato vocal e de seus segmentos, colaborando na atualização tecnológica em voz para melhor compreensão e intervenções fonoaudiológicas na voz cantada

ABSTRACT Purpose To describe the main quantitative methods used for morphometric analysis of the vocal tract in singers, their applications and the main segments studied. Research strategy This is an integrative review guided by the guiding question "What are the main quantitative methods used for morphometric analysis of the vocal tract, their applications and the main segments studied in singers?". The electronic databases PubMed, Scopus and VHL were used through the search key (Vocal tract OR Oropharynx) AND (Morphology OR Geometry) AND (Evaluation OR Diagnosis) AND (voice), without restriction of years of publication, including articles in three languages: Portuguese, English and Spanish. Selection criteria The selection took place independently through reading by pairs and subsequent application of exclusion and inclusion criteria. Results Of the 380 studies, 30 duplicates were excluded. After reading the abstracts, applying the selection criteria, 18 studies were selected for full reading, of which 12 were included in this review. Magnetic resonance imaging was the main instrument used and the analyzed segments ranged from the length and volume of the vocal tract to isolated segments and their morphological particularities. Conclusion Vocal tract morphological quantification methods are important for the instrumental evaluation of the vocal tract and its segments, a technological update leading to better understanding of singers' voice and therapeutical intervention.

Humans , Vocal Cords/anatomy & histology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Singing , Speech Therapy , Voice Quality
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982748


Objective:To analyze the risk factors of recurrence and canceration for premalignant vocal fold lesions after surgery, and to provide a reasonable basis for preoperative evaluation and postoperative follow-up. Methods:This study retrospective analyzed the relationship between clinicopathological factors and clinical outcome(recurrence, canceration, recurrence-free survival, and canceration-free survival) in 148 patients undergoing surgical treatment in Chongqing General Hospital from 2014 to 2017. Results:The five-year overall recurrence rate was 14.86% and the overall recurrence rate was 8.78%. Univariate analysis showed that smoking index, laryngopharyngeal reflux and lesion range were significantly associated with recurrence(P<0.05), and smoking index and lesion range were significantly associated with canceration(P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that smoking index ≥600 and laryngopharyngeal reflux were independent risk factors for recurrence(P<0.05), and smoking index ≥600 and lesion range ≥1/2 vocal cord were independent risk factors for canceration(P<0.05). The mean carcinogenesis interval for the postoperative smoking cessation group was significantly longer(P<0.05). Conclusion:Excessive smoking, laryngopharyngeal reflux and a wide range of lesions may be related to postoperative recurrence or malignant progression of precancerous lesions in the vocal cord, and further large-scale multi-center prospective randomized controlled studies are needed to clarify the effects of the above factors on recurrence and malignant changes in the future.

Humans , Vocal Cords/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/complications , Prospective Studies , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Risk Factors
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982747


Objective:To determine the effectiveness of individualized voice therapy in persistent pediatric voice disorders. Methods:Thirty-eight children who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Otolaryngology Shenzhen Hospital, Southern Medical University due to persistent voice disorder from November 2021 to October 2022 were included. All children were evaluated by dynamic laryngoscopy before voice therapy. Two voice doctors performed GRBAS score and acoustic analysis on the children's voice samples to obtain the relevant parameters including F0, Jitter, Shimmer, and MPT; All children were given personalized voice therapy for 8 weeks. Results:Among 38 children with voice disorders, 75.8%(29 cases) were diagnosed with vocal nodules, 20.6%(8 cases) were vocal polyps, and 3.4%(1 case) were vocal cysts. And in all children. And 51.7%(20 cases) had the sign of supraglottic extrusion under dynamic laryngoscopy. GRBAS scores decreased from 1.93 ± 0.62, 1.82 ± 0.55, 0.98 ± 0.54, 0.65 ± 0.48, 1.05 ± 0.52 to 0.62 ± 0.60, 0.58 ± 0.53, 0.32 ± 0.40, 0.22 ± 0.36, 0.37 ± 0.36. F0, Jitter, Shimmer decreased from(243.11±39.73) Hz, (0.85±0.99)%, (9.96±3.78)% to(225.43±43.20) Hz, (0.33±0.57)%, (7.72±4.32)%, respectively MPT was prolonged from(5.82±2.30) s to(7.87±3.21) s after treatment. All parameters changes had statistical significance. Conclusion:Voice therapy can solve children's voice problems, improve their voice quality and effectively treat children's voice disorders.

Humans , Child , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Voice , Voice Quality , Acoustics , Speech Acoustics , Vocal Cords/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971403


Objective: To investigate the long-term outcomes of patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in dysphonia treated with lateral vocal fold autologous fat injection. To analyze the factors that may affect the long-term efficacy of the procedure. Methods: From July 2003 to June 2020, 163 patients (86 males and 77 females), aged 9-73 years (mean (34.50±12.94) years) with unilateral vocal fold paralysis resulting in dysphonia underwent transoral laryngoscopic injection of autologous fat into the lateral vocal folds. Subjective auditory perception assessment (GRBAS scale), objective acoustic assessment, voice handicap index (VHI) evaluation and stroboscopic laryngoscopy were compared before and after the surgery. Patients were followed up for 1 to 18 years, with median follow-up time of 6 years. SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: Of 163 patients, 17 patients (10.4%) had mild hoarseness (G1) and 146 patients (89.6%) had moderate to severe hoarseness (G2-3). Stroboscopic laryngoscopy revealed an arch-shaped vocal fold on the affected side, fixed in the paramedian position or abduction position, with obvious glottic closure fissure. Postoperatively, voice recovered to normal (G0) in 139 patients (85.3%), mild hoarseness (G1) in 18 patients (11.0%) and moderate hoarseness (G2) in 6 patients (3.7%). Of these, 131 patients (80.4%) showed significant improvement in hoarseness, 29 patients (17.8%) showed mild improvement and 3 patients (1.8%) showed no significant improvement in hoarseness. Objective acoustic parameters of Jitter, Shimmer, NHR and MPT improved significantly, as did VHI scores. Stroboscopic laryngoscopy showed medialization of the affected vocal folds, improved vocal fold closure and normal or nearly normal vocal fold mucosal waves. With a fat injection volume of 3.0-4.5 ml, the patient's subjective auditory perception scores of G, R, B and A improved more significantly within 3 months after surgery, and both VHI and MPT were significantly better since 1 year after surgery. With bilateral vocal fold injection, the B and A scores improved significantly from 1 month postoperatively compared to unilateral injections(unilateral vs. bilateral injection 1 month post-operation, tB scores=1.42,tA scores=1.51,P<0.05). Conclusions: The long-term efficacy of autologous fat injection in the paraglottic space for the treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis was stable. The efficacy of the surgery was related to the amount of fat injected, unilateral or bilateral of the injection.

Male , Female , Humans , Vocal Cords/surgery , Dysphonia/surgery , Hoarseness , Treatment Outcome , Vocal Cord Paralysis/surgery
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(3): 338-342, sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | BBO, LILACS | ID: biblio-1409943


Resumen La neuropatía laríngea es una condición de hipersensibilidad, hiperreactividad e hiper-función laríngea secundaria a un desequilibrio entre las aferencias y eferencias laríngeas. La respuesta individual y exagerada frente a diversos gatillantes específicos puede generar síntomas como tos crónica, parestesia laríngea, carraspera, disfonía, estridor, sensación de globus faríngeo, movimiento paradojal de las cuerdas vocales (también conocido como disfunción cordal) y/o laringoespasmo. Existe abundante literatura sobre neuropatía laríngea en adultos, sin embargo, en niños es limitada. El objetivo de este artículo es dar a conocer un caso de neuropatía laríngea en la edad pediátrica y la importancia de su consideración en el enfrentamiento de estos pacientes. Se presenta caso clínico de un paciente de 13 años, con antecedente de cirugía cardiaca reciente, evoluciona con disfonía severa evidenciándose aparente inmovilidad cordal bilateral con resultados discordantes entre nasofibrolaringoscopía y electromiografía laríngea. Posteriormente presenta mejorías en su voz, sin embargo, se agregan otros síntomas laringológicos como carraspera, globus faríngeo y estridor no explicados por causas anatómicas. Se expone la evaluación y abordaje otorrinolaringológico-fonoaudiológico para el caso. Se concluye que el diagnóstico de neuropatía laríngea requiere un alto índice de sospecha clínica ante signos laringológicos sugerentes, debiendo descartarse causas orgánicas y estructurales. El abordaje otorrinolaringológico-fonoaudiológico constituye el pilar terapéutico asociado al uso de neuromoduladores en casos seleccionados.

Abstract Laryngeal neuropathy is a condition of hypersensitivity, hyperresponsiveness and laryngeal hyperfunction secondary to an imbalance between laryngeal afferent and efferent information. The individual and exaggerated response to diverse specific triggers can lead to symptoms such as chronic cough, laryngeal paresthesia, throat clearing, dysphonia, stridor, globus pharyngeus, vocal cord dysfunction, and/or laryngospasm. There is plentiful literature on laryngeal neuropathy in adults, however, in children, it is limited. Here, we present a case report of laryngeal neuropathy in the pediatric age and discuss the importance of its consideration in the approach of these patients. A case of a 13-year-old patient, recently intervened with cardiac surgery that evolves with severe dysphonia is presented. Nasofibrolaryngoscopy shows apparent bilateral vocal fold immobility with discordant results in laryngeal electromyography. Later, his voice improves but other laryngological symptoms appeared, such as throat clearing, globus pharyngeus and stridor, not explained by anatomical causes. The otolaryngological-speech therapy evaluation and approach for the case is exposed. We conclude that for the diagnosis of laryngeal neuropathy, a high index of clinical suspicion is required in the presence of suggestive laryngological symptoms, and organic and structural causes must be previously ruled out. The otorhinolaryngological-logopedic approach constitutes the mainstay of treatment associated with the use of neuromodulators in selected cases.

Humans , Male , Adolescent , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnosis , Laryngeal Diseases/therapy , Vocal Cords/physiopathology , Respiratory Sounds , Cough/diagnosis , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Vocal Cord Dysfunction/physiopathology , Globus Sensation/diagnosis
Audiol., Commun. res ; 27: e2655, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420253


RESUMO Objetivo Comparar as medidas acústicas e perceptivo-auditivas de mulheres com e sem nódulos vocais. Métodos Participaram do estudo 12 mulheres com nódulos vocais (grupo MNV) e 12 sem nódulos vocais (grupo MSNV). Foram submetidas à gravação da vogal /a/ sustentada, com o objetivo de extrair a média da frequência fundamental (f0), desvio padrão de f0 (DP f0), jitter, shimmer, Glottal Noise Excitation, medidas relacionadas ao Cepstral Peak Prominence-Smoothed, medidas espectrais das diferenças do primeiro e segundo harmônico (H1-H2) e gravação das frases-veículo: "Digo papa baixinho", "Digo pipa baixinho" e "Digo pupa baixinho", para extração do primeiro (F1) e segundo formante (F2) dos segmentos vocálicos /a, i, u/. Para avaliação perceptivo-auditiva, utilizou-se a Escala Visual Analógica. Resultados A análise comparativa entre os grupos evidenciou maiores valores para o grupo MNV nos parâmetros grau geral, rugosidade e soprosidade e para a medida acústica shimmer. Os valores de F1 para as vogais /a/ e /u/ e os valores de F2 para a vogal /a/ apresentaram-se mais elevados no mesmo grupo. Conclusão mulheres com nódulos apresentaram vozes mais desviadas, com presença de rugosidade e soprosidade e modificações nos ajustes do trato vocal, com possível redução na amplitude dos articuladores, quando comparadas às mulheres sem nódulos vocais.

ABSTRACT Purpose To compare the acoustic and auditory-perceptual measures of the voice of women with and without vocal nodules. Methods Twelve women with vocal nodules (MNV group) and 12 without vocal nodules (MSNV group) participated in the study. They were submitted to the recording of their sustained /a/ vowel, in order to extract the mean of the fundamental frequency (f0), standard deviation of f0 (SD f0), jitter, shimmer, GNE, cepstral measure of CPPS, and spectral measures of differences of the first and second harmonics (H1-H2); and recording of the carrier phrases: "I say papa baixinho", "I say pipa baixinho" and "I say pupa baixinho", to extract the first (F1) and second formant (F2) of the vowel segments /a, i, u/. For auditory-perceptual assessment, the visual-analog scale (VAS) was used. Results The comparative analysis between the groups shows higher values for the MNV in the parameters general degree, roughness and breathiness, and for the shimmer acoustic measure. The F1 values for the vowels /a/ and /u/, and the F2 values for the vowel /a/ were higher in the same group. Conclusion According to the data observed in the investigated sample, women with nodules have more deviated voices, with the presence of roughness and breathiness, and changes in vocal tract adjustments, with a possible reduction in the amplitude of the articulators, when compared to women without vocal nodules.

Humans , Female , Auditory Perception , Speech Acoustics , Vocal Cords/physiopathology , Voice Disorders , Voice Quality
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 4(1): 16-25, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391338


Introduction. Laryngeal disorders are characterized by a change in the vibratory pattern of the vocal folds. This disorder may have an organic origin described by anatomical fold modification, or a functional origin caused by vocal abuse or misuse. The most common diagnostic methods are performed by invasive imaging features that cause patient discomfort. In addition, mild voice deviations do not stop the in-dividual from using their voices, which makes it difficult to identify the problem and increases the possibility of complications. Aim. For those reasons, the goal of the present paper was to develop a noninvasive alternative for the identification of voices with a mild degree of vocal deviation ap-plying the Wavelet Packet Transform (WPT) and Multilayer Perceptron (MLP), an Artificial Neural Network (ANN). Methods. A dataset of 74 audio files were used. Shannon energy and entropy mea-sures were extracted using the Daubechies 2 and Symlet 2 families and then the processing step was performed with the MLP ANN. Results. The Symlet 2 family was more efficient in its generalization, obtaining 99.75% and 99.56% accuracy by using Shannon energy and entropy measures, re-spectively. The Daubechies 2 family, however, obtained lower accuracy rates: 91.17% and 70.01%, respectively. Conclusion. The combination of WPT and MLP presented high accuracy for the identification of voices with a mild degree of vocal deviation

ntroducción. Los trastornos laríngeos se caracterizan por un cambio en el patrón vibratorio de los pliegues vocales. Este trastorno puede tener un origen orgánico, descrito como la modificación anatómica de los pliegues vocales, o de origen fun-cional, provocado por abuso o mal uso de la voz. Los métodos de diagnóstico más comunes se realizan mediante procedimientos invasivos que causan malestar al pa-ciente. Además, los desvíos vocales de grado leve no impiden que el individuo utilice la voz, lo que dificulta la identificación del problema y aumenta la posibilidad de complicaciones futuras.Objetivo. Por esas razones, el objetivo de esta investigación es desarrollar una he-rramienta alternativa, no invasiva para la identificación de voces con grado leve de desvío vocal aplicando Transformada Wavelet Packet (WPT) y la red neuronal artifi-cial del tipo Perceptrón Mutlicapa (PMC). Métodos. Fue utilizado un banco de datos con 78 voces. Fueron extraídas las me-didas de energía y entropía de Shannon usando las familias Daubechies 2 y Symlet 2 para después aplicar la red neuronal PMC. Resultados. La familia Symlet 2 fue más eficiente en su generalización, obteniendo un 99.75% y un 99.56% de precisión mediante el uso de medidas de energía y en-tropía de Shannon, respectivamente. La familia Daubechies 2, sin embargo, obtuvo menores índices de precisión: 91.17% y 70.01%, respectivamente. Conclusión. La combinación de WPT y PMC presentó alta precisión para la iden-tificación de voces con grado leve de desvío vocal

Humans , Vocal Cords , Aphonia/diagnosis , Voice Disorders , Patients , Voice , Aphonia/physiopathology , Larynx/abnormalities
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 4(1): 26-42, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1391356


Introducción. Los docentes son usuarios ocupacionales de la voz con alto riesgo de desarrollar patologías vocales a causa de su labor. Para enfrentar esta proble-mática, suelen usarse ejercicios con tracto vocal semiocluido (TVSO), estrategia de educación/rehabilitación empleada para generar un cambio en el patrón de vibración de los pliegues vocales, minimizando el riesgo de lesión vocal al reducir el estrés de colisión al que se someten los tejidos. Diversos reportes han indicado que este tratamiento tiene efectos en el cociente de cierre (CQ), medida indirecta del estrés de colisión.Objetivo. Examinar el efecto fisiológico de dos ejercicios con TVSO en la actividad laríngea de profesores con esfuerzo vocal constante pero sin patología vocal. Metodología. Se registraron muestras de 43 profesores antes, durante y después de la realización de dos ejercicios con TVSO (vibración lingual y fonación en tubos). Las muestras de electroglotografía se analizaron para obtener el CQ. Resultados y conclusión. Se observó una diferencia significativa al comparar los valores del CQ antes y durante la realización de ambos ejercicios. No se encontraron cambios en este parámetro después de ejecutar la actividad. Estos hallazgos concuer-dan con reportes previos en los cuales el CQ tiende a aumentar durante la fonación en tubos; contrariamente, la realización de la vibración lingual tiende a decrecer el valor del CQ. Es posible que este comportamiento se deba a los mecanismos biome-cánicos particulares de cada ejercicio

Introduction. Teachers are occupational voice users with high risk of developing vocal pathologies due to their work. To face this situation, it is common the use of semi-occluded vocal tract (SOVT) exercises, a strategy of voice education/rehabil-itation implemented to induce a change in the vibration pattern of the vocal folds, mitigating, therefore, the risk of vocal lesion by reducing the collision stress applied to tissues. A variety of reports have indicated that this treatment has effects in the closed quotient (CQ), an indirect measure of collision stress. Aim. The purpose of this study was to examine the physiological effect of two dif-ferent SOVT exercises in larynx activity of teachers with constant vocal effort but without vocal pathology. Methods. 43 samples of teachers were recorded before, during and after executing two SOVT exercises (tongue trill and tube phonation). Electroglottographic samples were analyzed in order to obtain CQ. Results and conclusion. Both exercises had a significant difference of CQ scores when before and during conditions were compared. Any difference was found on this parameter after executing the activity. These findings agree with previous reports where CQ tends to increase during phonation through resonance tubes; on the con-trary, execution of tongue trill tends to decrease CQ values. This behavior might be because of the particular biomechanical mechanisms of each exercise

Humans , Phonation , Speech Therapy , Voice/physiology , Respiratory System/pathology , Vocal Cords , Exercise , Education , Laryngeal Mucosa , Larynx
Acta cir. bras ; 37(1): e370106, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1413343


Purpose: To present a detailed, reproducible, cost-efficient surgical model for controlled subepithelial endoscopic vocal fold injury in the rat model. Methods: Six male Sprague Dawley rats were enrolled in the experiment. The left vocal folds were used to carry out the injury model, and the right vocal fold served as control. After deep sedation, the rats were placed on a custom operating platform. The vocal fold injury by subepithelial stripping was carried out using custom-made microsurgical instruments under endoscopic guidance. Data were analyzed for procedural time and post-procedural pain. Microcomputed tomography (micro-CT) scan and histologic images were obtained to assess the length, area, and depth of injury to the vocal fold. Results: The mean procedural time was 112 s. The mean control vocal fold length was 0.96 ± 0.04 mm. The mean vocal fold injury length was 0.53 ± 0.04 mm. The mean vocal fold surface was 0.18 ± 0.01 mm2 with a mean lesion area of 0.05 ± 0.00 mm2. Mean vocal fold injury depth was 375.4 ± 42.8 µm. The lesion length to vocal fold length ratio was 0.55 ± 0.03, as well as lesion area to vocal fold surface area was 0.29 ± 0.02. Conclusions: Our described experimental vocal fold injury model in rats is found to be fast, safe, cost-efficient, and reproducible with a rapid learning curve.

Animals , Male , Rats , Vocal Cords/surgery , Vocal Cords/injuries , Rats, Sprague-Dawley/surgery , Endoscopy/veterinary
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936189


Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of mucosal flap combined with silicone keel for preventing and treating anterior commissure adhesion in canines and clinical cases. Methods: A prospective experiment was performed from November 2019 to June 2021. Twenty five canines were randomly divided into 5 groups(A, B, C, D, E). Group A, B, C, D received anterior commissure injury by CO2 laser, then separately treated with free mucosal flap-keel complex,intralaryngeal mucosal flap-keel complex, silicone keels and without treatment, group E didn't injure the vocal cord after intubation. The keel was removed after 2 weeks, the larynx was harvested after 4 weeks. The effectiveness of anterior commissure adhesion prevention was evaluated by manifestation under laryngoscope, standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area. A retrospective analysis was performed on sixteen patients with anterior commissure lesion, who underwent mucosal flap-keel technique in Huashan Hospital of Fudan University from January 2019 to January 2021 (10 cases with free mucosal flap-keel complex and 6 cases with intralaryngeal mucosal flap-keel complex). All the patients underwent evaluation of laryngeal function included manifestation under laryngoscope each month and voice analysis before and 3 month after surgery. SPSS 20.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: No surgery accident or complication happened in canines and patients. The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group B were significantly higher than those in group A, C, D (Hstandard vocal cord length=31.688, Hstandard glottic area=16.444, P<0.05). The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group A were also significantly higher than those in group C, D(Hstandard vocal cord length=20.936, Hstandard glottic area=11.786, P<0.05). The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group A, B, E were not significantly different to that before surgery(tA left standard vocal cord length=2.636, tA right standard vocal cord length=2.582, tB left standard vocal cord length=2.707, tB right standard vocal cord length=2.673, tE left standard vocal cord length=0.370, tE right standard vocal cord length=0.821, tA standard glottic area=2.731, tB standard glottic area=2.753, tE standard glottic area=-0.529, P>0.05). The standard vocal cord length and standard glottic area after 4 weeks in group C, D were significantly lower than those before surgery(tC left standard vocal cord length=16.137, tC right standard vocal cord length=13.984, tD left standard vocal cord length=11.903, tD right standard vocal cord length=14.587, tC standard glottic area=10.280, tD standard glottic area=22.974, P<0.05). During 6-18 months of follow-up in clinical patients, no one developed a glottic web. Three months after surgery, Jitter, Shimmer, noise to harmonic ratio(NHR), the maximum phonation time(MPT)in all patients were significantly different from preoperative(tintralaryngeal mucosal flap jitter=24.885, tintralaryngeal mucosal flap shimmer=22.643, tintralaryngeal mucosal flap NHR=6.202, tintralaryngeal mucosal flap MPT=-9.661, tfree mucosal flap jitter=25.459, tfree mucosal flap shimmer=18.683, tfree mucosal flap NHR=5.705, tfree mucosal flap MPT=-20.840, P<0.05). Conclusion: Mucosal flap combined with silicone keel is an effective technique for preventing and treating anterior commissure adhesion. The effect of pedicled intralaryngea lmucosal flap is better.

Animals , Dogs , Humans , Free Tissue Flaps , Glottis , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Vocal Cords/surgery
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961096


Objective@#To describe the initial outcomes of endoscopic CO2 laser posterior cordectomy and partial arytenoidectomy among patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis in our institution.@*Methods@# Design: Case Series Setting: Tertiary National University Hospital Participants: 17 Patients @*Results@#Seventeen (17) patients who underwent transoral posterior cordectomy and partial arytenoidectomy using carbon dioxide laser were included in the study consisting of 14 females and 3 males. Iatrogenic injury was the most common cause of bilateral vocal cord paralysis in this subset of patients. Five patients who tolerated decannulation and another six who had no preoperative tracheostomy all reported subjective improvement in breathing. All of them were also observed to have resolution of stridor and increased respiratory comfort compared to their preoperative condition. The most common postoperative complication was granuloma formation at the medial arytenoidectomy site occurring only in 4 patients. None of the patients complained of aspiration episodes or dysphagia during the postoperative period. @*Conclusion@#Our initial experience with transoral endoscopic posterior cordectomy and partial arytenoidectomy using carbon dioxide laser has good postoperative outcomes among patients with bilateral vocal cord paralysis.

Humans , Male , Paralysis , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Vocal Cords , Carbon Dioxide , Tracheostomy , Voice Quality
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 60-66, 30 junio 2021. tabs., graf.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292871


INTRODUCTION. Airway abnormalities are rare but potentially fatal. Stridor is a res-piratory noise with greater predominance in the inspiratory phase. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the etiology of stridor, determine its comorbidities and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective cross-sectional study. Population of 110 and sample of 33 data from the Medical Records of neonatal or infant patients who presented stri-dor at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital of Quito-Ecuador, from january 2009 to december 2020. RESULTS. The 51,51% (17; 33) of cases were men. The age of the first consultation for stridor was within the first month in 18,00% (6; 33) and 40,00% (13; 33) at 3 months. The most frequent congenital laryngeal patholo-gy was: laryngomalacia 81,82% (27; 33), followed by subglottic stenosis 9,09% (3; 33), bilateral chordal paralysis 6,06% (2; 33) and tracheal stenosis 3,03% (1; 33). The 51,51% (17; 33) presented comorbidities of causes: neurological, pulmonary and genetic among the main ones. Mortality was 18,20% (6; 33) related to the severity of comorbidities, except one secondary to tracheal stenosis. CONCLUSION. Laryn-gomalacia and subglottic stenosis were the predominant pathologies with congenital stridor. The comorbidities that occurred were neurological, pulmonary, genetic and caused mortality within 90 days after diagnosis.

INTRODUCCIÓN. Las anomalías de la vía aérea son poco frecuentes, pero potencialmente mortales. El estridor es un ruido respiratorio con mayor predominio en la fase inspiratoria. OBJETIVO. Evaluar la etiología del estridor, determinar sus comorbilidades y la mortalidad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal retrospectivo. Población de 110 y muestra de 33 datos de Historias Clínicas de pacientes neonatos o lactantes que presentaron estridor en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín de Quito - Ecuador, de enero 2009 a diciembre 2020. RESULTADOS. El 51,51% (17; 33) de casos fueron hombres. La edad de la primera consulta por estridor fue dentro del primer mes en el 18,00% (6; 33) y del 40,00% (13; 33) a los 3 meses. La patología congénita laríngea más frecuente fue: laringomalacia 81,82% (27; 33), seguida de estenosis subglótica 9,09% (3; 33), parálisis cordal bila-teral 6,06% (2; 33) y estenosis traqueal 3,03% (1; 33). El 51,51% (17; 33) presentaron comorbilidades de causas: neurológica, pulmonar y genética entre las principales. La mortalidad fue 18,20% (6; 33) relacionada con la severidad de las comorbilidades, excepto una secundaria a estenosis traqueal. CONCLUSIÓN. La laringomalacia y la estenosis subglótica fueron las patologías que predominaron con estridor congénito. Las comorbilidades que se presentaron fueron neurológica, pulmonar, genética y causaron mortalidad dentro de los 90 días posteriores al diagnóstico.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Congenital Abnormalities , Vocal Cords , Respiratory Sounds , Laryngostenosis , Laryngomalacia/congenital , Neonatology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Tracheal Stenosis , Cyanosis , Airway Remodeling
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(3): 274-282, May-Jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285692


Abstract Introduction Postoperative dysphonia is mostly caused by vocal fold scarring, and careful management of vocal fold surgery has been reported to reduce the risk of scar formation. However, depending on the vocal fold injury, treatment of postoperative dysphonia can be challenging. Objective The goal of the current study was to develop a novel prophylactic regenerative approach for the treatment of injured vocal folds after surgery, using biodegradable gelatin hydrogel microspheres as a drug delivery system for basic fibroblast growth factor. Methods Videoendoscopic laryngeal surgery was performed to create vocal fold injury in 14 rabbits. Immediately following this procedure, biodegradable gelatin hydrogel microspheres with basic fibroblast growth factor were injected in the vocal fold. Two weeks after injection, larynges were excised for evaluation of vocal fold histology and mucosal movement. Results The presence of poor vibratory function was confirmed in the injured vocal folds. Histology and digital image analysis demonstrated that the injured vocal folds injected with gelatin hydrogel microspheres with basic fibroblast growth factor showed less scar formation, compared to the injured vocal folds injected with gelatin hydrogel microspheres only, or those without any injection. Conclusion A prophylactic injection of basic fibroblast growth factor -containing biodegradable gelatin hydrogel microspheres demonstrates a regenerative potential for injured vocal folds in a rabbit model.

Resumo Introdução A disfonia pós-operatória é causada principalmente por cicatrizes nas pregas vocais. Tem sido relatado que o manejo cuidadoso da cirurgia das pregas vocais reduz o risco de formação de cicatriz. No entanto, a depender da lesão da prega vocal, o tratamento da disfonia pós-operatória pode ser desafiador. Objetivo Desenvolver uma nova abordagem regenerativa profilática para o tratamento de pregas vocais lesionadas após a cirurgia, com microesferas biodegradáveis de hidrogel de gelatina como sistema de administração de medicamentos para o Fator Básico de Crescimento de Fibroblastos (bFGF). Método A cirurgia laríngea videoendoscópica foi feita para criar lesão nas pregas vocais em 14 coelhos. Imediatamente após esse procedimento, microesferas biodegradáveis de hidrogel de gelatina com bFGF foram injetadas na prega vocal. Duas semanas após a injeção, as laringes foram excisadas para avaliação da histologia das pregas vocais e do movimento da mucosa. Resultados A presença de função vibratória deficiente foi confirmada nas pregas vocais lesionadas. A histologia e a análise de imagem digital demonstraram que as pregas vocais lesionadas injetadas com microesferas de hidrogel de gelatina com bFGF apresentaram menor formação de cicatriz, em comparação com as pregas vocais lesionadas injetadas apenas com microesferas de hidrogel de gelatina ou aquelas sem injeção. Conclusão Uma injeção profilática de microesferas biodegradáveis de hidrogel de gelatina com bFGF demonstra um potencial regenerativo para pregas vocais lesionadas em um modelo de coelho.

Animals , Vocal Cords/surgery , Gelatin , Rabbits , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Hydrogels , Microspheres
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 137-144, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249351


Resumo Introdução: A microarquitetura dos vasos mucosos e submucosos é crucial para o diagnóstico. A neoangiogênese é um parâmetro biológico confirmado que implica progressão e metástase no câncer de laringe. Objetivo: Investigar a correlação entre as classificações de padrões vasculares por imagem de banda estreita e densidade imuno-histológica de microvasos em diferentes tipos de lesões intraepiteliais da prega vocal. Método: A análise da densidade imuno-histológica de microvasos com o uso de anticorpos CD31 e CD34 foi feita em 77 lesões, inclusive: 20 lesões não displásicas, 20 com displasia de baixo grau, 17 com displasia de alto grau e 20 com câncer invasivo. A avaliação dos padrões vasculares com a imagem de banda estreita, de acordo com as diretrizes de classificação de Ni e da European Laryngological Society, foi feita antes da ressecção cirúrgica. Resultados: O valor médio da densidade imuno-histológica de microvasos com CD31 foi o mais alto para as lesões do Tipo IV de Ni (20,55), enquanto para o padrão longitudinal e perpendicular, de acordo com a classificação da European Laryngological Society, foi de 12,50 e 19,45, respectivamente. O maior valor médio da densidade imuno-histológica de microvasos com CD34 foi identificado nas lesões de Ni Tipo Va (35,43) e nos padrões longitudinal e perpendicular de acordo com a classificação da European Laryngological Society foi de 15,12 e 30,40, respectivamente. Conclusões: As alterações morfológicas microvasculares das lesões laríngeas intraepiteliais observadas na endoscopia por imagem de banda estreita foram positivamente correlacionadas com os índices de angiogênese da avaliação imuno-histológica.

Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Narrow Band Imaging , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Endoscopy , Microvascular Density
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 3(2): 35-46, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392565


Introducción. La disfonía por tensión muscular fue definida, desde 1983, como un desorden que ocasiona un desbalance en las fuerzas de tensión muscular laríngea sin evidencia de patología estructural o neurológica. Denominado también disfonía por tensión muscular, tipo 1, este desorden aún no tiene estandarizadas las características que en la práctica han sido consideradas parte de su diagnóstico.Objetivo. Revisar la información actual, no mayor a cinco años, sobre disfonía por tensión muscular para unificar criterios y diagnósticos actuales.Metodología. Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática a través de las bases de datos PubMed, Google Scholar y Cochrane. Los términos MESH utilizados fueron: dis-fonía por tensión muscular, disfonía funcional, disfonía hipercinética y fatiga vocal. Criterios de inclusión: artículos publicados en revistas arbitradas, sin importancia del diseño y antigüedad no mayor a cinco años. Criterios de exclusión: artículos cuyo enfoque principal no fuera disfonía por tensión muscular y con idioma diferente al inglés o español.Resultados. Dos estudios refieren mayor patología en mujeres que hombres; cuatro investigaciones reportan presión subglótica aumentada (>90 mmHg); tres trabajos reportaron medidas fonatorias; un trabajo propone video de alta resolución como demostración de hiperfunción vocal; una investigación evaluó onda mucosa por elec-troglotografía; una investigación estudió el uso de resonancia magnética funcional; otro trabajo propuso un estudio piloto de evaluación de flujo sanguíneo de músculos infrahioideos. Otro trabajo hace una revisión del uso de métodos diagnósticos.Conclusiones. Los parámetros de mayor peso fueron pico cepstral y presión sub-glótica. Aún es necesario ampliar el conocimiento con nuevas investigaciones que permitan criterios universales

Introduction. Muscle tension dysphonia has been defined since 1983 as a disorder in which there is an imbalance in laryngeal muscle tension forces, without evidence of structural or neurological pathology; it has also been called type I muscle tension dysphonia. The characteristics that in practice have been considered part of the di-agnosis are not standardized.Objective. To review current information, not older than 5 years, on muscle tension dysphonia, unifying current diagnostic criteria.Methodology. A systematic search was carried out through the Pub Med, Google scholar and Cochrane databases. The MESH terms used were: muscle tension dys-phonia, functional dysphonia, hyperkinetic dysphonia, and vocal fatigue. Inclusion criteria: articles published in peer-reviewed journals, regardless of design and pub-lished no more than 5 years before. Exclusion criteria: articles whose main focus was not muscle tension dysphonia and with a language other than English or Spanish.Results. Two studies report more pathology in women than men; four investiga-tions report increased subglottic pressure (> 90 mmHg); three studies reported pho-natory measures; a work proposes high resolution video as a demonstration of vo-cal hyperfunction; an investigation evaluated mucosal wave by electroglottography; an investigation studied the use of functional magnetic resonance imaging; another work proposed a pilot study of infrahyoid muscle blood flow assessment: another work reviews the use of diagnostic methods.Conclusions. The parameters of greater weight were cepstral peak and subglottic pressure. It is still necessary to expand the knowledge with new research that allows universal criteria

Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Dysphonia , Dysphonia/diagnosis , Vocal Cords/abnormalities , Voice , Voice/physiology , Laryngeal Muscles , Mucous Membrane , Muscle Tonus/physiology
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 3(2): 47-56, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1392575


Introduction. The rapid technological evolution in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has recently offered a great opportunity for the analysis of voice production.Objectives. This article is aimed to describe main physiological principles at the base of voice production (in particular of vocal tract), and an overview about liter-ature on MRI of the vocal tract. This is presented in order to analyze both present results and future perspectives.Method. A narrative review was performed by searching the MeSH terms "vocal tract" and "MRI" in Pub Med database. Then, the obtained studies were subse-quently selected by relevancy.Results. Main fields described in literature concern technical feasibility and op-timization of MRI sequences, modifications of vocal tract in vowel or articulatory phonetics, modifications of vocal tract in singing, 3D reproduction of vocal tract and segmentation, and describing vocal tract in pathological conditions.Conclusions. MRI is potentially the best method to study the vocal tract physi-ology during voice production. Most recent studies have achieved good results in representation of changes in the vocal tract during emission of vowels and singing. Further developments in MR technique are necessary to allow an equally detailed study of faster movements that participate in the articulation of speaking, which will allow fascinating perspectives in clinical use.

Introducción. La rápida evolución tecnológica en la resonancia magnética (MRI) ha ofrecido recientemente una gran oportunidad para el análisis de la producción de voz.Objetivos. Este artículo tiene como objetivo describir los principales principios fisiológicos en la base de la producción de la voz (en particular, del tracto vocal) y una descripción general de la literatura sobre resonancia magnética del tracto vocal. Esto se presenta con el fin de analizar tanto los resultados actuales como las perspectivas futuras.Método. Se realizó una revisión narrativa mediante la búsqueda de los términos MeSH "tracto vocal" y "MRI" en la base de datos PubMed. Los estudios obtenidos se seleccionaron posteriormente por relevancia.Resultados. Los campos principales descritos en la literatura se refieren a la viabi-lidad técnica y optimización de secuencias de resonancia magnética, modificaciones del tracto vocal en una vocal o fonética articulatoria, modificaciones del tracto vocal en el canto, reproducción 3D del tracto vocal y segmentación y descripción del tracto vocal en condiciones patológicas.Conclusiones. La resonancia magnética es potencialmente el mejor método para estudiar la fisiología del tracto vocal en el momento de la producción de la voz. Los estudios más recientes han obtenido buenos resultados en la representación de cambios en el tracto vocal durante la emisión de vocales y el canto. Se necesitan más desarrollos en la técnica de RM para permitir un estudio igualmente detallado de los movimientos más rápidos que participan en la articulación del habla, lo que permi-tirá perspectivas fascinantes en el uso clínico.

Vocal Cords/physiology , Voice/physiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Respiratory System/anatomy & histology , Speech , Vocalization, Animal , Voice , Phonetics , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences
Rev. Investig. Innov. Cienc. Salud ; 3(1): 61-86, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1393175


Introducción. Los ejercicios de tracto vocal semiocluido (ETVSO) son herramien-tas utilizadas en la rehabilitación fisiológica de la voz. Los ETVSO son ejercicios vocales producidos por la semioclusión del tracto vocal, a través de una serie de posturas que buscan alargar y/o ocluir el tracto vocal, generando un cambio en el patrón vibratorio de los pliegues vocales, grado de aducción y el patrón respiratorio. Los ETVSO pueden dividirse, según el tipo de semioclusión, en sostenida, transitoria y oscilatoria, así como en ejercicios de mayor resistencia a menor resistencia.Objetivo. Describir los diferentes tipos de ejercicios de tracto vocal semiocluido, el tipo de semioclusión, el grado de resistencia y sus efectos en los pliegues vocales, patrón respiratorio y configuración del tracto vocal. Metodología. Se realizó una revisión de la literatura en las bases de datos PubMed, Medline y Science Direct, usando los siguientes términos: "Semi-Occluded Vocal Tract Postures", "tract vocal semiocclude" y "ejercicios de tracto vocal semiocluido". Se utilizaron operadores booleanos "AND" y "OR" para especificar la búsqueda.Resultados. Los beneficios de estos ejercicios impactan positivamente en variables aerodinámicas, en la función glótica y en la configuración del tracto vocal. Conclusiones. Los ejercicios de tracto vocal semiocluido son una familia de ejerci-cios vocales producidos por semioclusión sostenida, transitoria y oscilatoria del tracto vocal, a través de una serie de posturas que buscan alargar y/o ocluir el tracto vocal, cuyos beneficios impactan positivamente los pliegues vocales y el tracto vocal

Introduction. Semi-occluded vocal tract exercises (SOVTE) are tools used in physiologic voice rehabilitation. Semi-occluded vocal tract exercises are vocal exer-cises produced by the semi-occlusion of the vocal tract through a series of postures that seek to lengthen and/or occlude the vocal tract, generating a change in the vibratory pattern of vocal folds, degree of vocal folds adduction, and the respira-tory pattern. SOVTE can be divided, according to the type of semi-occlusion, into sustained, transient and oscillatory, as well as exercises with high and low degree of airflow resistance.Objective. To describe the different types of semi-occluded vocal tract exercises, the type of semi-occlusion, the type of resistance, and their effects on the vocal folds, respiratory pattern, and configuration of the vocal tract.Methodology. A literature review was performed in the PubMed, Medline, and Science Direct databases, using the following terms: "Semi-occluded vocal tract pos-tures", "Semi-occluded vocal tract" and "Semi-occluded vocal tract exercises". Boo-lean operators "AND" and "OR" were used to specify the search.Results. The benefits of these exercises positively impact aerodynamic variables, glottal function, and configuration of the vocal tract.Conclusions. The semi-occluded vocal tract exercises are a family of vocal exerci-ses produced by the sustained, transitory, and oscillatory semi-occlusion of the vocal tract, through a series of postures that seek to lengthen and/or occlude the vocal tract, whose benefits positively impact on vocal folds and vocal tract.

Speech Therapy , Voice/physiology , Voice Training , Rehabilitation of Speech and Language Disorders , Vocal Cords , Exercise , Voice Disorders , Vocal Cord Dysfunction , Language Therapy
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1393225


El presente artículo corresponde a una reflexión sobre las orientaciones filosóficas en la terapia vocal actual. Cuando existe alguna alteración o trastorno vocal, se habla comunmente de un desequilibrio entre los subsistemas involucrados en el proceso fonatorio, es decir, fuelle (sistema respiratorio), fuente (pliegues vocales) y filtro (tracto vocal). Si no hay un correcto balance, entonces el sistema no tiene un correcto funcionamiento y pueden aparecer síntomas como ronquera, sensación de cuerpo extraño, prurito, fatiga vocal o bien disfonía o incluso afonía. Como con-secuencia de estas dificultades, se generan compensaciones que durante el proceso de la intervención fonoaudiológica el profesional debe volver a "equilibrar". Para lograr este objetivo, se desarrollan y analizan las diversas herramientas que entregan las filosofías de pensamiento a lo largo de la historia de la rehabilitación vocal, don-de se encuentran la orientación higiénica, psicológica, sintomatológica, fisiológica y ecléctica. En este mismo sentido, el profesional debe buscar lo que percibe como más idóneo para cada paciente o grupo a intervenir, centrado en mejorar la calidad vocal y las necesidades actuales de estos, basándose en el contexto mundial actual, con el objetivo de lograr un buen proceso de entrenamiento o rehabilitación y final-mente lograr el alta.

The present article corresponds to a reflection about the philosophical orientations in the current vocal therapy. When there are some vocal alterations or disorders, we usually talk about an imbalance between the sub-sysmtems involved in the fonatory process, which are bellows (respiratory system), source (vocal folds) and filter (vocal tract). When there is not a correct balance, the system does not work properly and as a consequence, it is possible to experiment symptoms such as hoarseness, foreign body sensation, pruritus, vocal fatigue, dysphonia or even aphonia. As a result of these difficulties, it is possible to generate compensations through the intervention of speech therapy. By virtue of this therapy the professional must 'balance'. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to develop and analyze the different tools that philoso-phical studies offer through the history of vocal rehabilitation. Some of these tools are hygienic orientation, psychological, symptomatological, physiological and eclec-tic. Thinking on that, the professional must search what it is most suitable for every patient or group of people that he/she will be working with. This must be focus on improving vocal quality and the actual necessities of the patient, based on the current global context. The final purpose of the professional is to achieve a good and healthy process of training and/or rehabilitation to accomplish medical discharge.

Voice/physiology , Voice Disorders/diagnosis , Voice Disorders/rehabilitation , Patients , Pruritus , Respiratory System , Speech , Speech Therapy , Vocal Cords , Aphonia , Hoarseness , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences , Dysphonia , Dysphonia/rehabilitation
CoDAS ; 33(3): e20200095, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249625


ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate and compare the parameters of Digital kymography obtained through the High-speed Videolaryngoscopy of women without laryngeal disorders, of women with vocal fold nodules and of women with vocal cysts. Methods A cross-sectional observational study in which 60 women aged 18 years and 45 years were selected. Three study groups were formed: 20 women without laryngeal disorder forming the control group (Group 1), 20 women with diagnosis of vocal fold nodules forming Group 2 and 20 women with diagnosis of vocal cysts forming Group 3. Subsequently the participants were evaluated by High-speed Videolaryngoscopy for analysis and comparison of laryngeal images using Digital kymography. The laryngeal parameters processed by the program KIPS® were: minimum, maximum and mean opening; dominant amplitude of the left and right vocal folds; dominant frequency of the right and left vocal folds; and close. Results The analysis of Digital kymography suggests that the presence of the vocal fold nodules and the vocal cysts tend to restrict more to the maximum and minimum opening of the vocal fold and the dominant amplitude of the opening variation in the middle region of the glottis. Conclusion Digital kymography parameters were similar in the presence of vocal fold nodules and vocal cysts lesions.

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar e comparar os parâmetros da videoquimografia digital obtidos pela videolaringoscopia de alta velocidade de mulheres sem alterações laríngeas, de mulheres com nódulos de prega vocal e de mulheres com cistos vocais. Método Estudo observacional transversal, no qual foram selecionadas 60 mulheres com idade entre 18 e 45 anos. Três grupos foram formados: 20 mulheres sem alterações laríngeas formando o grupo controle (Grupo 1), 20 mulheres com diagnóstico de nódulos nas pregas vocais formando o Grupo 2 e 20 mulheres com diagnóstico de cistos vocais formando o Grupo 3. Posteriormente, os participantes foram avaliados por Videolaringoscopia de alta velocidade para análise e comparação de imagens da laringe usando videoquimografia digital. Os parâmetros videoquimográficos avaliados pelo programa KIPS® foram: aberturas mínima, máxima e média; amplitudes da prega vocal direita e esquerda; frequências da abertura da prega vocal direita e esquerda; e fechamento. Resultados A análise da videoquimografia digital sugere que a presença dos nódulos e dos cistos de pregas vocais tendem a restringir a abertura máxima e média da prega vocal e a amplitude dominante da variação de abertura na região média da glote. Conclusão Os parâmetros da videoquimografia digital foram semelhantes na presença de nódulos nas pregas vocais e lesões de cistos vocais.

Humans , Female , Adolescent , Phonation , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Vibration , Video Recording , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Kymography
CoDAS ; 33(5): e20200128, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249632


ABSTRACT Purpose Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is heterogenous condition with commonly associated symptoms include irregular menstrual cycle, hirsutism, baldness, adult acne, and weight gain There have been few attempts at profiling the voice characteristics of women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Videokymography enables to detect even subtle variations in vocal fold vibrations. The aim of the present study was to study the videokymographic characteristics among women with PCOS. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out among 50 women with and without PCOS diagnosed on ultrasonography. Videokymography was carried out and the characteristics were perceptually analyzed using a vocal fold kymographic rating scale. The analysis of the kymogram was done for the following characteristics; presence of vocal fold vibration,interference of surroundings, Cycle to cycle variability, left-right asymmetry,cycle aberrations and shape of lateral peaks. The kymographic images were obtained for all the participants of both the groups and a subjective consensus evaluation was done by two clinicians. The percentage of participants with the listed kymographic characteristics were tabulated. Chi Square test was also done to decide if there was a significant difference between the two groups for different kymographic features of vocal fold vibration. Results Six of the 25 women with PCOS were found to have abnormal kymographic features such as surrounding structural interference, presence of cycle to cycle variability and the shape of lateral peaks. Conclusion Early detection of the vocal abnormalities in individuals with PCOS would help in the vocal rehabilitation especially for professional voice users.

Humans , Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Voice , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Kymography