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1.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 60-66, 30 junio 2021. tabs., graf.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292871

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION. Airway abnormalities are rare but potentially fatal. Stridor is a res-piratory noise with greater predominance in the inspiratory phase. OBJECTIVE. To evaluate the etiology of stridor, determine its comorbidities and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Retrospective cross-sectional study. Population of 110 and sample of 33 data from the Medical Records of neonatal or infant patients who presented stri-dor at the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital of Quito-Ecuador, from january 2009 to december 2020. RESULTS. The 51,51% (17; 33) of cases were men. The age of the first consultation for stridor was within the first month in 18,00% (6; 33) and 40,00% (13; 33) at 3 months. The most frequent congenital laryngeal patholo-gy was: laryngomalacia 81,82% (27; 33), followed by subglottic stenosis 9,09% (3; 33), bilateral chordal paralysis 6,06% (2; 33) and tracheal stenosis 3,03% (1; 33). The 51,51% (17; 33) presented comorbidities of causes: neurological, pulmonary and genetic among the main ones. Mortality was 18,20% (6; 33) related to the severity of comorbidities, except one secondary to tracheal stenosis. CONCLUSION. Laryn-gomalacia and subglottic stenosis were the predominant pathologies with congenital stridor. The comorbidities that occurred were neurological, pulmonary, genetic and caused mortality within 90 days after diagnosis.


INTRODUCCIÓN. Las anomalías de la vía aérea son poco frecuentes, pero potencialmente mortales. El estridor es un ruido respiratorio con mayor predominio en la fase inspiratoria. OBJETIVO. Evaluar la etiología del estridor, determinar sus comorbilidades y la mortalidad. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio transversal retrospectivo. Población de 110 y muestra de 33 datos de Historias Clínicas de pacientes neonatos o lactantes que presentaron estridor en el Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín de Quito - Ecuador, de enero 2009 a diciembre 2020. RESULTADOS. El 51,51% (17; 33) de casos fueron hombres. La edad de la primera consulta por estridor fue dentro del primer mes en el 18,00% (6; 33) y del 40,00% (13; 33) a los 3 meses. La patología congénita laríngea más frecuente fue: laringomalacia 81,82% (27; 33), seguida de estenosis subglótica 9,09% (3; 33), parálisis cordal bila-teral 6,06% (2; 33) y estenosis traqueal 3,03% (1; 33). El 51,51% (17; 33) presentaron comorbilidades de causas: neurológica, pulmonar y genética entre las principales. La mortalidad fue 18,20% (6; 33) relacionada con la severidad de las comorbilidades, excepto una secundaria a estenosis traqueal. CONCLUSIÓN. La laringomalacia y la estenosis subglótica fueron las patologías que predominaron con estridor congénito. Las comorbilidades que se presentaron fueron neurológica, pulmonar, genética y causaron mortalidad dentro de los 90 días posteriores al diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Congenital Abnormalities , Vocal Cords , Respiratory Sounds , Laryngostenosis , Laryngomalacia/congenital , Neonatology , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Tracheal Stenosis , Cyanosis , Airway Remodeling
2.
CoDAS ; 33(5): e20200128, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249632

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is heterogenous condition with commonly associated symptoms include irregular menstrual cycle, hirsutism, baldness, adult acne, and weight gain There have been few attempts at profiling the voice characteristics of women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Videokymography enables to detect even subtle variations in vocal fold vibrations. The aim of the present study was to study the videokymographic characteristics among women with PCOS. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out among 50 women with and without PCOS diagnosed on ultrasonography. Videokymography was carried out and the characteristics were perceptually analyzed using a vocal fold kymographic rating scale. The analysis of the kymogram was done for the following characteristics; presence of vocal fold vibration,interference of surroundings, Cycle to cycle variability, left-right asymmetry,cycle aberrations and shape of lateral peaks. The kymographic images were obtained for all the participants of both the groups and a subjective consensus evaluation was done by two clinicians. The percentage of participants with the listed kymographic characteristics were tabulated. Chi Square test was also done to decide if there was a significant difference between the two groups for different kymographic features of vocal fold vibration. Results Six of the 25 women with PCOS were found to have abnormal kymographic features such as surrounding structural interference, presence of cycle to cycle variability and the shape of lateral peaks. Conclusion Early detection of the vocal abnormalities in individuals with PCOS would help in the vocal rehabilitation especially for professional voice users.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Polycystic Ovary Syndrome/complications , Voice , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Kymography
3.
CoDAS ; 33(3): e20200095, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249625

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To evaluate and compare the parameters of Digital kymography obtained through the High-speed Videolaryngoscopy of women without laryngeal disorders, of women with vocal fold nodules and of women with vocal cysts. Methods A cross-sectional observational study in which 60 women aged 18 years and 45 years were selected. Three study groups were formed: 20 women without laryngeal disorder forming the control group (Group 1), 20 women with diagnosis of vocal fold nodules forming Group 2 and 20 women with diagnosis of vocal cysts forming Group 3. Subsequently the participants were evaluated by High-speed Videolaryngoscopy for analysis and comparison of laryngeal images using Digital kymography. The laryngeal parameters processed by the program KIPS® were: minimum, maximum and mean opening; dominant amplitude of the left and right vocal folds; dominant frequency of the right and left vocal folds; and close. Results The analysis of Digital kymography suggests that the presence of the vocal fold nodules and the vocal cysts tend to restrict more to the maximum and minimum opening of the vocal fold and the dominant amplitude of the opening variation in the middle region of the glottis. Conclusion Digital kymography parameters were similar in the presence of vocal fold nodules and vocal cysts lesions.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar e comparar os parâmetros da videoquimografia digital obtidos pela videolaringoscopia de alta velocidade de mulheres sem alterações laríngeas, de mulheres com nódulos de prega vocal e de mulheres com cistos vocais. Método Estudo observacional transversal, no qual foram selecionadas 60 mulheres com idade entre 18 e 45 anos. Três grupos foram formados: 20 mulheres sem alterações laríngeas formando o grupo controle (Grupo 1), 20 mulheres com diagnóstico de nódulos nas pregas vocais formando o Grupo 2 e 20 mulheres com diagnóstico de cistos vocais formando o Grupo 3. Posteriormente, os participantes foram avaliados por Videolaringoscopia de alta velocidade para análise e comparação de imagens da laringe usando videoquimografia digital. Os parâmetros videoquimográficos avaliados pelo programa KIPS® foram: aberturas mínima, máxima e média; amplitudes da prega vocal direita e esquerda; frequências da abertura da prega vocal direita e esquerda; e fechamento. Resultados A análise da videoquimografia digital sugere que a presença dos nódulos e dos cistos de pregas vocais tendem a restringir a abertura máxima e média da prega vocal e a amplitude dominante da variação de abertura na região média da glote. Conclusão Os parâmetros da videoquimografia digital foram semelhantes na presença de nódulos nas pregas vocais e lesões de cistos vocais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Phonation , Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Vibration , Video Recording , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Kymography
4.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(2): e024, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1119384

ABSTRACT

La identificación humana es uno de los objetivos principales de la odontología forense. Para llegar a esta identificación científica, el odontólogo debe encontrar propiedades tales como edad, sexo y características odontológicas individualizantes. La cavidad oral ofrece muchas posibilidades para la identificación, no solo a partir de los dientes y huesos de la cavidad craneal, sino también de los tejidos blandos orales; en consecuencia, ofrece un mayor campo de estudio.La rugoscopía, técnica basada en el estudio de las rugas palatinas, es un método de identificación muy poco explorado y de gran ayuda en la odontología forense para identificar personas. Las rugas palatinas son estructuras inmutables y perennes que, por su ubicación en la cavidad oral, están protegidas de cualquier trauma y no se alteran con la vecindad de las prótesis dentales ni por sustancias químicas. Ya que todos presentamos rugas diferentes en cuanto a su tamaño, posición, número y disposición (su forma no cambia desde el nacimiento hasta la muerte), las rugas constituyen elementos importantes en el proceso de identificación de personas en casos en los que las huellas dactilares son irrecuperables. Por tanto, el objetivo de esta investigación es revisar la reelevancia del análisis rugoscópico como un método efectivo y de bajo costo para la identificación de sujetos vivos, cadáveres recientes y cadáveres momificados o antiguos. (AU)


Human identification is one of the primary objectives of forensic dentistry. To achieve this scientific identification, dentists must find characteristics such as age, sex, and other individualizing dental traits. The oral cavity offers many possibilities for identification, not only based on teeth and the bones of the cranial cavity; but also on the oral soft tissues; thus, offering us a wider field of study.Rugoscopy, a technique based on the study of palatal rugae, is a little explored method of identification, but is of great utility in forensic dentistry. Palatal rugae are immutable and perennial structures, which, are protected from external trauma due to their location in the oral cavity and are not altered with the vicinity of dental prostheses or by erosion of chemical substances. Since all human beings present different rugae Since rugae differ among all humans in terms of size, position, number, and arrangement (their shape does not change from birth to death), they are important elements in the identification process of people from whom fingerprints are unrecoverable. Therefore, the aim of this study was to review the usefulness of rugoscopic analysis as an effective and low-cost method for identifying living subjects, recent corpses, and mummified or ancient corpses. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vocal Cords , Forensic Anthropology , Forensic Sciences , Forensic Dentistry
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(4): 237-244, 20200000. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1368101

ABSTRACT

External division of the superior laryngeal nerve supplies the crico-thyroid muscle to excite length and thickness of the vocal fold. Thus, increasing voice tone. The vicinity with the superior thyroid vessels sets the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve in danger every time the superior end of the thyroid is dissected. Thus, the aim of present study is to assess the rate and complication of external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve injury post- thyroidectomy when segregated ligation of superior thyroid vessels closes to thyroid capsule without prior nerve identification and without nerve stimulator or intraoperative neuro-monitoring. The presented study is a prospective, non- randomized clinical study included 1450 patients who underwent thyroidectomy which either (total thyroidectomies, near total thyroidectomies or lobectomy and isthmectomy) in the Department of Surgery/AL-Diawania Teaching Hospital in Diawania City, Iraq, between January 2000 and February 2018. All patients underwent thyroidectomy through segregated ligation of superior thyroid artery very closely to thyroid capsule without prior nerve identification and without nerve stimulator or intraoperative neuromonitoring. Postoperative indirect laryngoscopy vocal cord examination with long term follow up through physical examination and clinical history to evaluate nerve integrity. In present study, the total cases with EBSLN injury were 38 (2.6%), in which the transient EBSLN injury occurred in 28 (1.9%) of patients and permanent injury occurred in 10 (0.7%) of patients and majority of cases with EBSLN injury were occur in patients with large size goiter 29 (2%) more than small size goiter 9 (0.6%) And these differences were statistically significant differences, (P<0.005). In addition to, the majority of cases with EBSLN injury were occur in male {25(1.7%)} more than female patients {13(0.9%)} And these differences were statistically significant differences, (P<0.005). Segregated ligation of superior thyroid artery is a safe technical option, cost effective, time preserved and need surgical skills to minimized risk of injury to the external laryngeal nerve


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Gland/injuries , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Thyroidectomy , Vocal Cords/injuries , Carotid Artery, External , Cranial Nerve Injuries/complications , Laryngoscopy , Ligation , Prospective Studies
6.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(1): 4-10, mar. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100756

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio prospectivo y descriptivo, incluyendo 103 pacientes que fueron tratados por cáncer de laringe en etapa inicial (T1-T2) con cirugía transoral. De ellos, 55 se diagnosticaron en estadio T1, 16 en estadio T1-b y 32 en estadio T2. El control local inicial (CLI) en pacientes con tumores malignos de laringe estadificados T1 fue 91%, el control local con rescate (CLR) 96%, la preservación de la función de la laringe (PFL) 93% y la sobrevida específica 96%. En T1-b, el CLI fue 81%, el CLR 94%, la PFL 94% y la sobrevida específica 94%. En T2, el CLI fue 63%, el CLR 94%, la PFL 72% y la sobrevida específica 78%. La cirugía transoral en cáncer de laringe con T inicial tiene resultados oncológicos similares a otros tratamientos (cirugía externa o radioterapia), pero consideramos que es la mejor opción por su baja morbilidad, menor duración del tratamiento, y porque deja abiertas todas las posibilidades para tratar posibles recurrencias. (AU)


A prospective and descriptive study was conducted, including 103 patients who were treated for early stage laryngeal cancer (T1-T2) with transoral surgery. Of these, 55 were diagnosed in stage T1, 16 in stage T1-b and 32 in stage T2. The initial local control (CLI) in patients with malignant T1 laryngeal tumors was: 91%, local control with rescue (CLR) 96%, preservation of larynx function (PFL) 93% and specific survival 96%. In T1-b the CLI was 81%, the CLR 94%, the PFL 94% and the specific survival 94%. In T2 the CLI was 63%, the CLR 94%, the PFL 72% and the specific survival 78%. Transoral surgery in laryngeal cancer with initial T has oncological results similar to other treatments (external surgery or radiotherapy), but we consider that it is the best option because of its low morbidity, shorter duration of treatment, and because it leaves open all the possibilities to treat possible recurrences. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Vocal Cords/pathology , Voice Quality , Tracheostomy/statistics & numerical data , Laryngeal Neoplasms/classification , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Laryngeal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/mortality , Laryngeal Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Prospective Studies , Epiglottis/pathology , Duration of Therapy , Intubation, Gastrointestinal/statistics & numerical data
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811202

ABSTRACT

Cri-du-chat syndrome (CdCS) is caused by the deletion of the short arm of chromosome 5. Most patients with CdCS develop intellectual disabilities. Therefore, they have poor oral hygiene and a high caries index. However, treating such patients is not an easy task, because of the difficulty in communication. General anesthesia may be a useful option in adult patients with CdCS and intellectual disability. General anesthesia should be administered very carefully, owing to the presence of comorbid diseases, which may need airway management. Infants with CdCS need general anesthesia if they have a concomitant cardiac anomaly. Intubation is reportedly difficult for such patients was, owing to the structural and functional abnormalities in the larynx and vocal cords. The purpose of this study was to report a case of difficult intubation while inducing general anesthesia in a patient with CdCS during dental treatment, due to a narrow larynx and trachea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Airway Management , Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Arm , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 , Congenital Abnormalities , Cri-du-Chat Syndrome , Humans , Infant , Intellectual Disability , Intubation , Larynx , Oral Hygiene , Outpatients , Trachea , Vocal Cords
8.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 384-388, Out.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024143

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The understanding of normal vocal production is essential to guide any voice professional as it is fundamental to understand the effects of the posterior glottal gap on the vocal quality. Objective: The aim of the present study was to verify the association between glottic closure, acoustic parameters, and some characteristics of the videolaryngostroboscopy of young women without vocal complaints nor laryngeal disorders. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 56 women between 20 and 30 years old who underwent videolaryngostroboscopy. The acoustic parameters of the vowel /a:/ were analyzed using the Praat software, Release 4.6.10 (Paul Boersman and David Weenik, Amsterdam, Netherlands). Statistical Analysis: The chi-squared, Fischer, and Kruskall-Wallis tests were applied, with 5% significance. Results: Significant occurrence of posterior glottal gap (85.71%, p < 0.001), of normal vocal folds vibration amplitude (82.14%, p < 0.001), and of absence of significant constriction of the laryngeal vestibule (98.21%, p < 0.001); no significant association of the glottic closure with the vocal acoustic parameters; no significant association of glottic closure, vocal folds vibration amplitude, and constriction of the laryngeal vestibule. Conclusion: There was a predominance of posterior glottal gap, normal vocal folds vibration amplitude, and absence of laryngeal vestibule constriction, and no relation with the acoustic parameters, suggesting that the posterior glottal gap did not generate impact on the vocal production of the young adult women studied (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Voice/physiology , Glottis/physiology , Speech Acoustics , Vocal Cords/physiology , Voice Quality/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Laryngoscopy/methods , Larynx/physiology
9.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 678-684, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055518

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Vocal fold polyp is a benign proliferative disease in the superficial lamina propria of the vocal fold, and vocal microsurgery can improve the voice quality of patients with vocal fold polyp. In preliminary studies, we found that vocal training could improve the vocal quality of patients with early vocal fold polyp. Objective: This study aimed to compare the efficacies of vocal training and vocal microsurgery in patients with early vocal fold polyp. Methods: A total of 38 patients with early vocal fold polyp underwent 3 months of vocal training (VT group); another 31 patients with early vocal fold polyp underwent vocal microsurgery (VM group). All subjects were assessed using laryngostroboscopy, voice handicap index, and dysphonia severity index, and the efficacies of vocal training and vocal microsurgery were compared. Results: The cure rates of vocal training and vocal microsurgery were 31.6% (12/38) and 100% (31/31), respectively. The intragroup paired-sample t-test showed that the post treatment vocal handicap index, maximum phonation time, highest frequency (F0-high), lowest intensity (I-low), and dysphonia severity index in both the VT and VM groups were better than those before treatment, except for the jitter value. The intergroup independent-sample t-test revealed that the emotional values of vocal handicap index (t = − 2.22, p = 0.03), maximum phonation time (t = 2.54, p = 0.013), jitter (t = − 2.11, p = 0.03), and dysphonia severity index (t = 3.24, p = 0.002) in the VT group were better than those in the VM group. Conclusions: Both, vocal training and vocal microsurgery could improve the voice quality of patients with early vocal fold polyp, and these methods present different advantages.


Resumo Introdução: O pólipo de prega vocal é uma doença proliferativa benigna da camada superficial da lâmina própria da prega vocal e a microfonocirurgia pode melhorar a qualidade vocal desses pacientes. Em estudos preliminares, observamos que o treinamento vocal era capaz de melhorar a qualidade vocal de pacientes com pólipo incipiente de prega vocal. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo comparar a eficiência entre treinamento vocal e microfonocirurgia em pacientes com pólipo incipiente de prega vocal. Método: Um total de 38 pacientes com pólipo incipiente de prega vocal foram submetidos a três meses de treinamento vocal (grupo TV); outros 31 pacientes foram submetidos à microfonocirurgia (grupo MC). Todos os indivíduos foram avaliados por meio de laringoestroboscopia, índice de desvantagem vocal e índice de severidade da disfonia e a eficácia entre treinamento vocal e microfonocirurgia foi comparada. Resultados: As taxas de cura do treinamento vocal e da microfonocirurgia foram de 31,6% (12/38) e 100% (31/31), respectivamente. O teste t para amostras pareadas intragrupo mostrou que o índice de desvantagem vocal pós-tratamento, tempo máximo de fonação, frequência máxima, intensidade mínima e índice de severidade da disfonia nos grupos TV e MC foram melhores do que aqueles antes do tratamento, exceto pelo valor do jitter. O teste t para amostras independentes intergrupos revelou que o valor emocional do índice de desvantagem vocal (t = -2,22, p = 0,03), tempo máximo de fonação (t = 2,54, p = 0,013), jitter (t = -2,11, p = 0,03) e índice de severidade da disfonia (t = 3,24, p = 0,002) no grupo TV foram melhores do que os do grupo MC. Conclusões: Tanto o treinamento vocal quanto a microfonocirurgia podem melhorar a qualidade da voz de pacientes com pólipo incipiente de prega vocal e esses métodos apresentam diferentes vantagens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Vocal Cords/surgery , Voice Training , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Dysphonia/etiology
10.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 753-759, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055514

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The endoscopic methods are progressing and becoming more common in routine clinical diagnosis in the field of otorhinolaryngology. Relatively large amount of researches have proved high accuracy of narrow band imaging endoscopy in differentiating benign and malignant lesions within vocal folds. However, little is known about learning curve in narrow band imaging evaluation of laryngeal lesions. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the learning curve for the narrow band imaging evaluation of vocal folds pathologies depending on the duration of the procedure. Methods: Records of 134 narrow band imaging that were analyzed in terms of the duration of the procedure and the accuracy of diagnosis confirmed by histopathological diagnosis were enrolled in the study. The narrow band imaging examinations were performed sequentially by one investigator over a period of 18 months. Results: The average duration of narrow band imaging recordings was 127.82 s. All 134 studies were divided into subsequent series of several elements. An evident decrease in time of investigation was noticed between 13th and 14th series, when the examinations were divided into 5 elements series, which corresponds to the difference between 65th and 70th subsequent narrow band imaging examination. Parallel groups of 67 examinations were created. Group 1 included 1st to 67th subsequent narrow band imaging examination; Group 2 - 68th to 134th narrow band imaging examinations. The non-parametric U Mann-Whitney test confirmed statistically significant difference between the mean duration of narrow band imaging examination in both groups 160.5 s and 95.1 s, respectively (p < 10−7). Sensitivity and specificity of narrow band imaging examination in the first group were respectively: 83.7% and 76.7%. In the second group, these indicators amounted 98.1% and 80% respectively. Conclusions: A minimum of 65th-70th narrow band imaging examinations are required to reach a plateau phase of the learning process in assessment of glottis lesions. Analysis of learning curves is useful for the development of training programs and determination of a mastery level.


Resumo Introdução: Os métodos endoscópicos estão progredindo e se tornando comuns no diagnóstico clínico de rotina também na otorrinolaringologia. Um número relativamente grande de pesquisas demonstrou alta precisão na endoscopia com imagem de banda estreita na diferenciação de lesões benignas e malignas nas pregas vocais. Entretanto, pouco se sabe sobre a curva de aprendizado na avaliação da de banda estreita de lesões laríngeas. Objetivo: Determinar a curva de aprendizado para a avaliação por imagem de banda estreita das afecções das pregas vocais, de acordo com a duração do procedimento. Método: Foram incluídos no estudo 134 registros de imagens de banda estreita analisadas em termos da duração do procedimento e da acurácia do diagnóstico confirmado pelo diagnóstico histopatológico. Os exames com imagem de banda estreita foram feitos sequencialmente por um investigador por 18 meses. Resultados: A duração média dos registros de imagem de banda estreita foi de 127,82s. Todos os 134 estudos foram divididos em séries subsequentes de vários elementos. Uma evidente diminuição no tempo de investigação foi observada entre as séries 13 e 14, quando os exames foram divididos em séries de cinco elementos, o que corresponde à diferença entre o 65° e 70° exames de imagem de banda estreita subsequentes. Foram criados grupos paralelos de 67 exames. O grupo 1 incluiu o 1° ao 67° exame de imagem de banda estreita subsequente; Grupo 2 - o 68° ao 134° exame de imagem de banda estreita. O teste não paramétrico U de Mann-Whitney confirmou uma diferença estatisticamente significante entre a duração média do exame de imagem de banda estreita em ambos os grupos de 160,5s e 95,1s, respectivamente (p < 10-7). A sensibilidade e especificidade do exame de imagem de banda estreita no primeiro grupo foram, respectivamente: 83,7% e 76,7%. No segundo grupo, esses indicadores foram 98,1% e 80%, respectivamente. Conclusões: Um mínimo de 65 a 70 exames de imagem de banda estreita é necessário para se atingir a fase de estabilização (plateau) do processo de aprendizado na avaliação de lesões de glote. A análise das curvas de aprendizado é útil para o desenvolvimento de programas de treinamento e determinar o n.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Narrow Band Imaging , Vocal Cords/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Endoscopy , Learning Curve , Glottis/pathology , Glottis/diagnostic imaging
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(5): 588-596, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039291

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: There is still no general method for discriminating between benign and malignant leukoplakia and identifying vocal fold leukoplakia. Objective: To evaluate the reliability of a morphological classification and the correlation between morphological types and pathological grades of vocal fold leukoplakia. Methods: A total of 375 patients with vocal fold leukoplakia between 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Two observers divided the vocal fold leukoplakia into flat and smooth, elevated and smooth, and rough type on the basis of morphological appearance. The inter-observer reliability was evaluated and the results of classification from both observers were compared with final pathological grades. Clinical characteristics between low risk and high risk group were also analyzed. Results: The percentage inter-observer agreement of the morphological classification was 78.7% (κ = 0.615, p < 0.001). In the results from both observers, the morphological types were significantly correlated with the pathological grades (p1 < 0.001, p2 < 0.001, Kruskal-Wallis test; r1 = 0.646, p1 < 0.001, r2 = 0.539, p2 < 0.001, Spearman Correlation Analysis). Multivariate analysis showed patient's age (p = 0.018), the size of lesion (p < 0.001), and morphological type (p < 0.001) were significantly different between low risk group and high risk group. Combined receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of significant parameters revealed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.863 (95% CI 0.823-0.903, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The proposed morphological classification of vocal fold leukoplakia was consistent between observers and morphological types correlated with pathological grades. Patient's age, the size of lesion, and morphological type might enable risk stratification and provide treatment guidelines for vocal fold leukoplakia.


Resumo Introdução: Ainda não há um método universal estabelecido para diferenciar entre a leucoplasia benigna e maligna ou identificar as leucoplasias das pregas vocais. Objetivo: Avaliar a confiabilidade de uma classificação morfológica e a correlação entre os tipos morfológicos e os graus histopatológicos das leucoplasias de pregas vocais. Método: Os registros de 375 pacientes com leucoplasia da prega vocal assistidos entre 2009 e 2015 foram revisados retrospectivamente. Dois observadores dividiram a leucoplasia da prega vocal entre tipo plano e liso, elevado e liso, e rugoso, com base na aparência morfológica. A confiabilidade interobservador foi avaliada e os resultados de classificação de ambos os observadores foram comparados com os graus histopatológicos finais. As características clínicas entre os grupos de baixo risco e alto risco também foram analisadas. Resultados: A porcentagem da concordância interobservador da classificação morfológica foi de 78,7% (κ = 0,615, p < 0,001). Nos resultados de ambos os observadores, os tipos morfológicos correlacionaram-se significativamente com os graus histopatológicos (p1 < 0,001, p2 < 0,001, teste de Kruskal-Wallis; r1 = 0,646, p1 < 0,001, r2 = 0,539, p2 < 0,001, análise de correlação de Spearman). A análise multivariada mostrou que a idade do paciente (p = 0,018), o tamanho da lesão (p < 0,001) e o tipo morfológico (p < 0,001) foram significativamente diferentes entre o grupo de baixo risco e o de alto risco. A análise da curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) combinada de parâmetros significativos revelou uma área sob a curva de 0,863 (IC 95%: 0,823 ± 0,903, p < 0,001). Conclusões: A classificação morfológica proposta para leucoplasia de prega vocal foi consistente entre observadores e os tipos morfológicos correlacionaram-se com os graus histopatológicos. A idade do paciente, o tamanho da lesão e o tipo morfológico podem permitir a estratificação de risco e fornecem diretrizes de tratamento para a leucoplasia da prega vocal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vocal Cords/pathology , Laryngeal Diseases/pathology , Leukoplakia/pathology , Vocal Cords/anatomy & histology , Vocal Cords/surgery , Observer Variation , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Laryngoscopy , Leukoplakia/surgery , Leukoplakia/diagnostic imaging
12.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 331-337, July-Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040030

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Sulcus vocalis is defined as a longitudinal depression on the vocal cord, parallel to its free border. Its most marked characteristic is breathlessness, caused by incomplete glottal closure, in addition to roughness, due to the decrease in mucosal wave amplitude of the vocal cords. Vocal acoustic aspects, such as fundamental voice frequency, jitter, and shimmer, may also be altered in individuals with this type of laryngeal disorder. To assess the voice of individuals with sulcus vocalis, studies generally include a sample of subjects with vocal symptoms, excluding asymptomatic persons. To better characterize the vocal characteristics of individuals with sulcus vocalis, their asymptomatic counterparts must also be included. Objective Characterize the larynx and voice of asymptomatic adults with sulcus vocalis. Method A total of 26 adults, 13 with sulcus vocalis (experimental group) and 13 without (control group) were assessed. All the participants were submitted to suspension microlaryngoscopy, voice self-assessment, auditory perception and acoustic evaluation of the voice. Results Among the individuals with sulcus vocalis, 78% of the sulci were type I and 22% type II. Auditory perception assessment obtained statistically significant lower scores in individuals with sulcus vocalis compared with the control group, and a slight difference in the overall degree of hoarseness and roughness. No statistically significant intergroup diferences were found in self-reported voice or acoustic assessment. Conclusion Type I was the predominant sulcus vocalis observed in individuals without voice complaints, who may also exhibit slight changes in vocal quality and roughness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vocal Cords/physiopathology , Laryngeal Diseases/physiopathology , Larynx/physiopathology , Auditory Perception , Speech Acoustics , Voice Quality , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(3): 242-244, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001307

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 12-year-old girl presented with recurrent crusty debris and dandruff at the base of both eyelashes despite having completed different medical treatments. She had had a hoarse voice since her early childhood. Upon anterior segment examination of the eyes, we found yellow-white, bead-like papules on the margins of the eyelids. An otolaryngologist detected multiple nodules on the vocal cords and buccal mucosa. Ultrasonography revealed salivary stones in the main parotid ducts. And a dermatological examination revealed thickened skin lesions on the elbows and knees with a biopsy showing histopathological findings of lipoid proteinosis. We diagnosed the patients as having Urbach-Wiethe syndrome or lipoid proteinosis, a rare autosomal recessive multisystem disorder with variable manifestations vary that difficult the diagnosis. The ocular manifestations are not well known among ophthalmologists, but the typical lid lesions are pathognomonic and ophthalmologists should be aware of this presentation to identify patients with Urbach-Wiethe syndrome.


RESUMO Uma menina de 12 anos apresentava restos crostosos e caspa recorrente na base de ambos os cílios, apesar de ter completado diferentes tratamentos médicos. Ela tinha uma voz rouca desde a infância. No exame do segmento anterior dos olhos, encontramos pápulas amarelo-esbranquiçadas nas margens das pálpebras. Um otorrinolaringologista detectou múltiplos nódulos nas cordas vocais e na mucosa bucal. A ultrassonografia revelou cálculos salivares nos principais ductos parotídeos. Um exame dermatológico revelou lesões cutâneas espessas nos cotovelos e joelhos com uma biópsia mostrando os achados histopatológicos de proteinose lipoide. Diagnosticamos os pacientes da síndrome de Urbach-Wiethe ou proteinose lipoide, um distúrbio multissistêmico autossômico recessivo raro, com manifestações variáveis, que dificultam o diagnóstico. Manifestações oculares não são bem conhecidas entre oftalmologistas, mas as lesões típicas da pálpebra são patognomônicas e os oftalmologistas devem estar atentos a essa apresentação para identificar pacientes com síndrome de Urbach-Wiethe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Blepharitis/diagnosis , Blepharitis/pathology , Lipoid Proteinosis of Urbach and Wiethe/diagnosis , Lipoid Proteinosis of Urbach and Wiethe/pathology , Skin/pathology , Vocal Cords/pathology , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyalin , Mouth Mucosa/pathology
14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 228-236, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001551

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Trans-oral laser microsurgery is an established technique for the treatment of early and moderately advanced laryngeal cancer. Objective: The authors intend to test the usefulness of narrow-band imaging in the intraoperative assessment of the larynx mucosa in terms of specifying surgical margins. Methods: Forty-four consecutive T1-T2 glottic cancers treated with trans-oral laser microsurgery Type I-VI cordectomy were presented. Suspected areas (90 samples/44 patients) were biopsied under the guidance of narrow-band imaging and white light and sent for frozen section. Results: Our study revealed that 75 of 90 (83.3%) white light and narrow-band imaging-guided samples were histopathologically positive: 30 (40%) were confirmed as carcinoma in situ or invasive carcinoma and 45 (60%) as moderate to severe dysplasia. In 6 patients mucosa was suspected only in narrow-band imaging, with no suspicion under white light. Thus, in these 6 patients 18/90 (20%) samples were taken. In 5/6 patients 16/18 (88.8%) samples were positive in frozen section: in 6/18 (33.3%) carcinoma (2 patients), 10/18 (66.6%) severe dysplasia was confirmed (3 patients). In 1 patient 2/18 (11.1%) samples were negative in frozen section. Presented analysis showed, that sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of white light was 79.5%, 20% and 71.1% respectively, while narrow-band imaging was 100%, 0.0% and 85.7%, respectively. Conclusion: The intraoperative use of narrow-band imaging proved to be valuable in the visualization of suspect areas of the mucosa. Narrow-band imaging confirms the suspicions undertaken in white light and importantly, it showed microlesions beyond the scope of white light.


Resumo Introdução: A microcirurgia transoral a laser é uma técnica bem estabelecida para o tratamento de câncer de laringe inicial e moderadamente avançado. Objetivo: Verificar a utilidade da imagem de banda estreita na avaliação intraoperatória da mucosa laríngea na especificação das margens cirúrgicas. Método: Foram avaliados 44 cânceres glóticos T1-T2 consecutivos, tratados com cordectomia Tipo I-VI, por microcirurgia transoral a laser. As áreas suspeitas (90 amostras/44 pacientes) foram submetidas a biopsia e avaliadas através de imagens de banda estreita e luz branca e enviadas para cortes por congelação. Resultados: Nosso estudo revelou que 75 (83,3%) das 90 amostras apresentaram histopatologia positiva na análise com luz branca e imagens de banda estreita: 30 (40%) foram confirmadas como carcinoma in situ ou carcinoma invasivo e 45 (60%) como displasia moderada a grave. Em seis pacientes, a mucosa apresentou-se suspeita apenas na imagem de banda estreita, sem suspeita sob luz branca. Assim, nesses seis pacientes 18/90 (20%) amostras foram colhidas. Em 5/6 pacientes, 16/18 (88,8%) amostras mostraram resultado positivo na análise de congelação: em 6/18 (33,3%) amostras foi confirmado carcinoma (dois pacientes) e em 10/18 (66,6%) foi confirmada displasia grave (três pacientes). Em um paciente, 2/18 (11,1%) as amostras mostraram resultado negativo na congelação. A análise apresentada mostrou que a sensibilidade, a especificidade e a acurácia da luz branca foram de 79,5%, 20% e 71,1%, respectivamente, enquanto a imagem de banda estreita apresentou como resultados 100%, 0,0% e 85,7%, respectivamente. Conclusão: O uso intraoperatório de imagem de banda estreita provou ser valioso na identificação de áreas suspeitas da mucosa, confirmou as suspeitas verificadas na análise com luz branca e, o que é mais importante, identificou microlesões além do alcance da luz branca.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Laser Therapy/methods , Narrow Band Imaging/methods , Microsurgery/methods , Vocal Cords/surgery , Vocal Cords/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma/pathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease-Free Survival , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery/methods , Margins of Excision , Intraoperative Period
15.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 116-124, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002187

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Vocal fold polyps are one of themost frequent benign laryngeal lesions, impacting the quality of life of those affected by them, primarily the vocal production. Despite being a well-established therapy in conjunction with surgery, speech therapy alone may also be effective in treating these lesions. As such, otolaryngologists and speech therapists need updated bibliographic knowledge on the issue. Objective To describe the literature findings on vocal fold polyps that discuss prevalence, etiology, histology, physiopathology, vocal characteristics or treatment. Data Synthesis The present study is a review article based on a bibliographic search using platforms, databases and search engines, with no restrictions on means of publication, methodological quality or language. All the articles on vocal fold polyps pertaining to the object of study published in the past 15 years were included. Among the characteristics investigated, the most discussed were prevalence of men, smoking as an etiological cofactor, the possibility of histological differentiation from vocal nodules, the relationship with cover minor structural alterations, and the indication and effectiveness of different treatment options. Conclusion Despite the discrepancies found in the present literature review on vocal fold polyps, there has been a notable scientific progress in the otolaryngologic techniques and in the effectiveness of speech therapy as initial treatment, with direct and indirect techniques, corroborating the need for scientific investigation of the issue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Polyps , Vocal Cords , Laryngeal Diseases , Polyps/diagnosis , Polyps/etiology , Polyps/physiopathology , Polyps/pathology , Polyps/therapy , Polyps/epidemiology , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Vocal Cords/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 60-64, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002175

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The human larynx is a very important organ for communication. Many conditions lead to scarring of the vocal folds, decreasing voice quality. Objective We aimed to determine whether fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) may influence tissue integration of grafted fascia into the vocal folds of an animal model. Methods This is an experimental animal study with 12 adult rabbits that were submitted to a grafting fragment obtained from superficial cervical fascia into the vocal fold lamina propria, bilaterally. The right vocal fold was injected with FGFs. The animals were sacrificed after 1 month or 12 months, depending on the group they were assigned to, and a histological analysis of their vocal folds was performed.We analyzed the histological changes (such as the presence of fibrosis and neovascularization) induced by the acute or chronic inflammatory reactions. Results The FGFs induced acute inflammatory changes in all animals after 1 month of the initial experiment. The presence of FGFs triggered more fibrosis than the expected due to the surgical procedure itself when compared with the control side of all animals after 12 months of the initial experiment. Conclusions Fibroblast growth factors alone do not represent a good therapeutic option in phonosurgery, since we observed higher levels of fibrosis in the vocal fold lamina propria. Further studies combining more substances may be necessary to elucidate the best option to be used in this kind of surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Vocal Cords/pathology , Fascia Lata/transplantation , Fibroblast Growth Factors/pharmacology , Rabbits , Fibrosis/etiology , Laryngeal Diseases/congenital , Inflammation/chemically induced , Neovascularization, Pathologic/etiology
17.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1264033

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: A multitude of treatment modalities have been proposed in management of early laryngeal squamous cell cancers(SCC). With the improvement of survival rates of these tumours, the degree of voice impairment after treatment became a deciding parameter in the choice of treatment modality. Many reports based on objective tools showed acceptable voice outcomes in patients treated with transoral laser microsurgery (TLM). This is a single centre study representing voice outcomes in patients treated with TLM using a patient-self assessment tool.PATIENTS AND METHODS: we retrospectively reviewed medical data of patients treated with TLM between 2012 and 2017. Voice outcomes were evaluated using the Arabic version of the voice handicap index (VHI). Thirty patients participated in the questionnaire.Scores were collected then studied following type of cordectomy, resection of one or both vocal cords, number of laser sessions and age.RESULTS: The mean age was 62 years. Sex ratio was 14:1. We performed 3 type III cordectomies, 10 type IV and 17 type Va (extended to the Anterior commissure). Local control was achieved since the first cordectomy in 27 cases, after 2 laser sessions in 2 cases and after 1 laser session in 1 case. The VHI score was realized in a mean delay of 29 months after surgery. The overall mean VHI was 47 (VHI-F= 15, VHI-P= 17 and VHI-E= 15). The handicap severity was considered mild in 2 cases (overall VHI<30), severe in 2 other cases (overall VHI> 60) and moderate in the remaining cases .The mean VHI following type of cordectomy was 26 ±6, 43 ±5 and 53 ±4 respectively in type III, IV and Va cordectomies. The mean overall VHI was 60 ±10 when the resection was extended to controlateral vocal cord (VC). However, it was 45 ±12 when the resection was limited to a single vocal cord. The mean overall VHI increased from 44 ±11 when a unique laser session was performed to 62 ±8 when extra laser sessions were needed. Older patients had a mean VHI equals to 46 ±14. In younger patients it was 48 ±10.CONCLUSION: The VHI is a reliable self assessment tool based on subjective perception of the quality of voice. TLM in well trained hands offers acceptable functional outcomes


Subject(s)
Glottis , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Laser Therapy , Tunisia , Vocal Cords
18.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1264034

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: A multitude of treatment modalities have been proposed in management of early laryngeal squamous cell cancers (SCC). With the improvement of survival rates of these tumours, the degree of voice impairment after treatment became a deciding parameter in the choice of treatment modality. Many reports based on objective tools showed acceptable voice outcomes in patients treated with transoral laser microsurgery (TLM). This is a single centre study representing voice outcomes in patients treated with TLM using a patient-self assessment tool.PATIENTS AND METHODS: we retrospectively reviewed medical data of patients treated with TLM between 2012 and 2017. Voice outcomes were evaluated using the Arabic version of the voice handicap index (VHI). Thirty patients participated in the questionnaire. Scores were collected then studied following type of cordectomy, resection of one or both vocal cords, number of laser sessions and age.RESULTS: The mean age was 62 years. Sex ratio was 14:1. We performed 3 type III cordectomies, 10 type IV and 17 type Va (extended to the Anterior commissure). Local control was achieved since the rst cordectomy in 27 cases, after 2 laser sessions in 2 cases and after 1 laser session in 1 case. The VHI score was realized in a mean delay of 29 months after surgery. The overall mean VHI was 47 (VHI-F= 15, VHI-P= 17 and VHI-E= 15). The handicap severity was considered mild in 2 cases (overall VHI<30), severe in 2 other cases (overall VHI> 60) and moderate in the remaining cases .The mean VHI following type of cordectomy was 26 ±6, 43 ±5 and 53 ±4 respectively in type III, IV and Va cordectomies. The mean overall VHI was 60 ±10 when the resection was extended to controlateral vocal cord (VC). However, it was 45 ±12 when the resection was limited to a single vocal cord. The mean overall VHI increased from 44 ±11 when a unique laser session was performed to 62 ±8 when extra laser sessions were needed. Older patients had a mean VHI equals to 46 ±14. In younger patients it was 48 ±10. CONCLUSION: The VHI is a reliable self-assessment tool based on subjective perception of the quality of voice. TLM in well trained hands offers acceptable functional outcomes


Subject(s)
Glottis , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Laser Therapy , Tunisia , Vocal Cords
19.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(2): 125-130, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010076

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Vocal cord dysfunction is characterized by unintentional paradoxical vocal cord movement resulting in abnormal inappropriate adduction, especially during inspiration; this predominantly manifests as unresponsive asthma or unexplained stridor. It is prudent to be well informed about the condition, since the primary presentation may mask other airway disorders. Objective: This descriptive study was intended to analyze presentations of vocal cord dysfunction in a tertiary care referral hospital. The current understanding regarding the pathophysiology and management of the condition were also explored. Methods: A total of 27 patients diagnosed with vocal cord dysfunction were analyzed based on demographic characteristics, presentations, associations and examination findings. The mechanism of causation, etiological factors implicated, diagnostic considerations and treatment options were evaluated by analysis of the current literature. Results: There was a strong female predilection noted among the study population ( n = 27), which had a mean age of 31. The most common presentations were stridor (44%) and refractory asthma (41%). Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease was the most common association in the majority (66%) of the patients, with a strong overlay of anxiety, demonstrable in 48% of the patients. Conclusion: Being aware of the condition is key to avoid misdiagnosis in vocal cord dysfunction. Fiberoptic laryngoscopy is the diagnostic gold standard to demonstrate paradoxical vocal cord adduction during an attack. A multidisciplinary approach should be adapted for the management, which should be specific and tailored for individual patients (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Vocal Cords/physiopathology , Vocal Cord Dysfunction/diagnosis , Vocal Cord Dysfunction/physiopathology , Asthma , Spirometry , Diagnosis, Differential , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux , Vocal Cord Dysfunction/therapy , Laryngoscopy
20.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 24: e2197, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038757

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Trata-se de um estudo de casos de três homens com 25, 39 e 40 anos de idade, avaliados antes e após dez sessões consecutivas de fonação em tubo de vidro imerso em água. O objetivo foi descrever os resultados vocais da terapia breve intensiva com fonação em tubo de vidro imerso em água, em três homens sem afecções laríngeas e com queixas vocais. Em dois sujeitos, a maioria das medidas de fonte glótica melhorou, mas sem entrar na normalidade. Nos três sujeitos, a maioria das medidas de pressão sonora aumentou acima da normalidade; a maioria dos tempos máximos de fonação aumentou, mas sem entrar na normalidade; a diferença entre a média das vogais e a contagem de números permaneceu fora da normalidade; os resultados das relações s/z e ė/e permaneceram ou entraram na normalidade. Os resultados dos questionários de autoavaliação (Perfil de Participação em Atividades Vocais, Escala de Desconforto do Trato Vocal e Autoavaliação do Grau de Quantidade de Fala e Volume de Voz) mostraram que os escores se mantiveram ou pouco mudaram após a terapia. Todos os sujeitos mostraram Pré-contemplação, primeiro estágio, na Escala URICA-Voz. Nos três homens, após terapia breve intensiva com fonação em tubo de vidro imerso em água, houve discreta melhora na maioria das medidas vocais, mas ainda permaneceram alteradas e, na escala URICA-Voz, o grupo se classificou em Pré-Contemplação.


ABSTRACT This is a case study of three men aged 25, 39, and 40 years old, evaluated before and after ten consecutive phonation sessions into a glass tube immersed in water. The objective of this study was to describe the vocal results of intensive short-term therapy with phonation into a glass tube immerse in water in three men without laryngeal disorders and vocal complaints. In two subjects, most glottic source measurements improved, but without becoming normal. In all three subjects, most sound pressure measurements increased above normal; most of the maximum phonation times have increased, but without becoming normal; the difference between vowel average and number count remained outside the normal range; the results of s/z and ė/e ratios remained or entered the normal range. The results of the self-assessment questionnaires (Voice Activity and Participation Profile, Vocal Tract Discomfort Scale, and Talkativeness and Vocal Loudness Self-Assessment Scale) showed that the scores remained or little changed after therapy. All subjects showed pre-contemplation, first stage, on the URICA-Voice Scale. In the three men, after intensive short-term therapy with phonation into a glass tube immerse in water, there was a slight improvement in most vocal measures, but they still remained altered and, on the URICA-Voice scale, the group was classified as Pre-Contemplation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Phonation , Speech Therapy/methods , Vocal Cords , Voice Quality , Noise Meters , Laryngeal Muscles/physiology
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