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1.
Arq. bras. psicol. (Rio J. 2003) ; 72(1): 173-186, jan.-abr. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1114679

ABSTRACT

O estudo exploratório e qualitativo do qual este artigo faz um recorte teve como objetivo caracterizar as estratégias de aprendizagem de estudantes de Ensino Técnico brasileiro. A amostra compreendeu 20 estudantes do primeiro ano do Ensino Técnico. Os participantes foram submetidos a uma entrevista semiestruturada sobre o seu modo de aprendizagem (a maneira como aprendem) e a sua prática de análise crítica (o grau de análise crítica empregue na aprendizagem). As respostas foram sujeitas a uma análise temática, que sugere uma replicação da estratégia de superfície (mecanização da aprendizagem e reduzida análise crítica), da estratégia de profundidade (compreensão e elevada análise crítica), da estratégia de organização (enfoque nos conteúdos que serão avaliados) e da estratégia intermédia (memorização e compreensão dos conteúdos). Foram igualmente encontradas variações daquelas estratégias.


The exploratory and qualitative study in which this article makes a cut had the objective of characterizing the learning strategies of Brazilian Vocational Education students. The sample comprised 20 students from the first year of a Technical Education course. Participants underwent a semi-structured interview about their learning mode (the way they learn) and their use of critical analysis (the degree of critical analysis employed in learning). The responses were subject to a thematic analysis, which suggests a replication of the surface strategy (mechanization of learning - reduced critical analysis), deep strategy (comprehension - high degree of critical analysis), achieving strategy (focus on the contents that will be evaluated) and the intermediate strategy (memorization and understanding of contents). Variations of these strategies were also found.


El estudio exploratorio y cualitativo del cual este artículo hace un recorte tuvo como objetivo caracterizar las estrategias de aprendizaje de estudiantes de Enseñanza Técnica brasileña. La muestra comprendió 20 estudiantes del primer año de la Enseñanza Técnica. Los participantes fueron sometidos a una entrevista semiestructurada sobre su modo de aprendizaje (la manera como aprenden) y su práctica de análisis crítico (el grado de análisis crítico empleado en el aprendizaje).Las respuestas se sometieron a un análisis temático, que sugiere una replicación de la estrategia de superficie (mecanización del aprendizaje y reducido análisis crítico), de la estrategia de profundidad (comprensión y alto análisis crítico), de la estrategia de organización (enfoque en los contenidos que serán evaluados) y de la estrategia intermedia (memorización y comprensión de los contenidos). También se encontraron variaciones de esas estrategias.


Subject(s)
Students , Teaching , Vocational Education , Education, Professional , Learning , Brazil
3.
Psicol. esc. educ ; 22(1): 103-114, jan.-abr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-955667

ABSTRACT

Os contextos de vida moderna trazem desafios que despertam o interesse de (re)pensar a importância e a forma de realizar um percurso para uma carreira. O objetivo do presente artigo é compreender como a frequência de cursos profissionais possibilita aos jovens institucionalizados em centros educativos portugueses uma exploração vocacional. Os jovens participantes (N=15) encontravam-se em cumprimento de medidas tutelares educativas, com a média de idades situada nos 16 anos de idade, a frequentar cursos de Educação e Formação de Adultos para aquisição de competências escolares e profissionais. As oportunidades disponíveis nos centros educativos portugueses promovem a caminhada dos jovens na educação e na responsabilidade através da frequência em atividades de educação e formação. É necessário dinamizar programas de intervenção para os jovens institucionalizados, para o desenvolvimento de um trilho para a vida ativa ancorado na realização e no equilíbrio positivo entre a vida pessoal e a carreira.


The modern life setting brings forth challenges that instigate the interest of (re)considering the importance of a career and ways to achieve such goal. This paper aim is to deepen the understanding of opportunities of career exploration for institutionalized youngsters in Portuguese educational centers. Pursuant to the court's decision, the youngsters participants (N=15), with an average age of 16 years old, attended Adult Education and Training courses for the acquisition of academic and professional skills. The available opportunities in the Portuguese educational centers promote the youngsters path through education and responsibility by participating in educational and training activities. It is necessary to stimulate intervention programs for institutionalized youngsters, in order to develop a journey for the active life built upon the achievement and positive balance between personal life and a career.


Los contextos de vida moderna traen retos que despiertan el interés de (re)pensar la importancia y a la forma de realizar una trayectoria hacia a una carrera. El objetivo del presente artículo es comprender como la frecuencia de cursos profesionales posibilita a los jóvenes institucionalizados en centros educativos portugueses una exploración vocacional. Los jóvenes participantes (N=15) se encontraban en cumplimiento de medidas tutelares educativas, con un promedio de edades situada en los 16 años de edad, a frecuentar cursos de Educación y Formación de Adultos para adquisición de competencias escolares y profesionales. Las oportunidades disponibles en los centros educativos portugueses promueven la caminata de los jóvenes en la educación y en la responsabilidad a través de la frecuencia en actividades de educación y formación. Es necesario dinamizar programas de intervención para los jóvenes institucionalizados, para el desarrollo de un sendero para la vida activa anclado en la realización y en la satisfacción entre la vida personal y la carrera.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vocational Education , Adolescent , Faculty
4.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 398-407, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-718440

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Occupational skin diseases (OSDs) are frequent in professions with exposure to skin hazards. Thus, a health educational intervention for apprentices of high-risk professions was conducted. It was the aim of this study to gain insight into possible effects of this intervention. METHODS: A one-time skin protection seminar was conducted in 140 apprentices of health-related and non-health–related professions [trained cohort (TC)]. In addition, 134 apprentices of the same occupations were monitored [untrained cohort (UTC)]. The OSD-specific knowledge and the skin condition of the hands were assessed at baseline (T0), after the seminar (T1), and after 6 (T2) and 12 months (T3). RESULTS: The OSD-specific knowledge increased in all cohorts from T0 to T3, but we found a significantly higher knowledge in the TC at T2 (p < 0.001, t = 3.6, df = 196, 95% confidence interval = 0.9, 3.3) and T3 (p < 0.001, t = 3.8, df = 196, 95% confidence interval = 1.0, 3.2) compared to the UTC. Our results indicated a better skin condition of the hands in the TC of the health-related professions but not in the non-health–related professions. CONCLUSION: The study indicates that an educational intervention may positively influence the disease-specific knowledge and the prevalence of OSD in apprentices. However, definite conclusions cannot be drawn because of the heterogeneous study cohorts and the study design. Future research should aim at tailoring primary prevention to specific target groups, e.g., in view of the duration and frequency of skin protection education, different professions, and gender-specific prevention approaches.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Dermatitis, Contact , Education , Hand , Longitudinal Studies , Occupations , Prevalence , Primary Prevention , Prospective Studies , Skin Diseases , Skin , Vocational Education
5.
Rev. bras. orientac. prof ; 17(2): 233-243, dez. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-959116

ABSTRACT

Embora tenha surgido nos Estados Unidos na década de 70, a Educação para a Carreira ainda é uma abordagem desconhecida nas escolas brasileiras. O objetivo deste artigo é apresentar parte dos resultados de uma pesquisa desenvolvida numa escola técnica em São Paulo, que procurou avaliar a viabilidade de se implantar uma proposta de Educação para a Carreira baseada na estratégia aditiva: aulas semanais foram integradas à grade horária regular dos alunos do 1º ano do ensino médio. Constatou-se que essas aulas proporcionaram um importante espaço de reflexão para os alunos, além de demonstrarem, concretamente, que é possível instituir uma proposta de Educação para a Carreira na escola de forma sistematizada, mesmo que não haja uma obrigatoriedade legal.


Despite having emerged in the United States in the 1970s, Career Education in Brazilian schools is still an unknown approach. The objective of this article is to present partial results of a research developed in a technical school in São Paulo, which sought to evaluate the feasibility of implementing a Career Education proposal based on the additive strategy: weekly classes were integrated in the regular schedule of the first year of high school students. It was stated that these classes provided an important space for reflection for the students, besides concretely demonstrating, that it is possible to institute a Career Education proposal in the school in a systematized way, even if there is no legal obligation.


A pesar de haber surgido en los Estados Unidos en la década de los 70, la Educación para la Carrera aún es un abordaje desconocido en las escuelas brasileñas. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar una parte de los resultados de una investigación desarrollada en una escuela técnica en São Paulo. Se buscó evaluar la viabilidad de implantar una propuesta de Educación para la Carrera basada en la estrategia aditiva: clases semanales fueron integradas en el calendario regular de los alumnos del primer año de enseñanza media. Se constató que estas clases proporcionaron un importante espacio de reflexión para los alumnos, además de demostrar, concretamente, que es posible instituir una propuesta de Educación para la Carrera en la escuela de forma sistematizada, aunque no exista una obligatoriedad legal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Vocational Education , Vocational Guidance , Mentors , Career Choice , Curriculum
6.
Rev. bras. orientac. prof ; 17(2): 211-223, dez. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-959114

ABSTRACT

Com fundamentação sociocognitiva, o estudo analisa o papel das perceções de feedback do professor nas competências percebidas e interesses na infância. Participaram 228 crianças do 4º ano de escolaridade, que responderam ao Inventário de Atividades para Crianças (ICA-R) e à Escala de Feedback do Professor (TFS). A análise de trajetórias demonstrou associação indireta entre feedback atribucional de esforço e capacidade a matemática e interesses Realistas e Convencionais, sendo a relação mediada pelas respetivas perceções de competência. Na leitura, o feedback tem efeito indireto nos interesses Artísticos e Sociais, mediado pelas competências percebidas. O feedback do professor atua ainda como moderador da relação entre género, perceções de competência e interesses. Discutem-se as implicações teóricas e práticas dos resultados.


From a socio-cognitive perspective, the study analyzes the role of teacher feedback perceptions in perceived skills and interests in childhood. In this study took part 228 fourth grade children, who responded to the Children Activities Inventory - Revised (CAI-R) and the Teacher Feedback Scale (TFS). The trajectory analysis showed an indirect association between the effort attribution feedback and mathematical skill, and realistic and conventional interests, being the relation mediated by the respective perceptions of skills. In reading, feedback has an effect on artistic and social interests, also mediated by perceived skills. The teacher's feedback still acts as moderator of the relationship between gender, perceived skills and interests. The theoretical and practical implications of the results are discussed.


Con fundamentación sociocognitiva, el estudio analiza el papel de las percepciones del feedback del profesor en las habilidades percibidas y en los intereses en la infancia. Participaron 228 niños del 4º año de escolaridad, que respondieron al Inventario de Actividades para Niños (ICA-R) y a la Escala de Feedback del Profesor (TFS). El análisis de trayectorias mostró asociación indirecta entre el feedback de atribución de esfuerzo y la capacidad matemática e intereses realistas y convencionales, estando mediada esta relación por las respectivas percepciones de competencia. En la lectura, el feedback tiene un efecto indirecto en los intereses Artísticos y Sociales, mediado por las competencias percibidas. El feedback del profesor actúa aún como moderador de la relación entre género, competencias percibidas e intereses. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y prácticas de los resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Perception , Vocational Education , Vocational Guidance
7.
Rev. bras. orientac. prof ; 17(1): 1-11, jun. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-844070

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of a career intervention (pre-test/post-test) that promotes the parental involvement in career issues, particularly with regard to career exploration, career decision-making and perception of parental support. Participants (42 Portuguese students from 8th grade) were asked to answer a set of dilemmas that implied the involvement of their own parents to be solved. Results show a positive impact of the intervention in the environmental exploration. They also indicate that adolescents' perceptions about parents', or caregivers', interest in their career options are positively associated to their own exploration behavior.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o impacto de uma intervençãoo vocacional (pré-teste/pós-teste) promotora do envolvimento parental nas questões de carreira, ao nível dos processos de exploragäo vocacional, tomada de decisão de carreira e percepção do suporte parental. Foi pedido aos participantes (42 alunos portugueses de 8° ano) que respondessem a um conjunto de dilemas que implicavam o envolvimento dos pais na sua resolugäo. Os resultados revelam um impacto positivo da intervenção na dimensäo exploragäo do meio e indicam que a perceção do adolescente acerca do interesse dos seus pais, ou cuidadores, relativamente ás suas opções de carreira surge positivamente associado aos comportamentos de exploração.


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar, en una intervención vocacional (pre-test/post-test), el impacto que provoca la participación de los padres en asuntos vinculados con la elección de la carrera, particularmente en lo que respecta a la exploración vocacional, la toma de decisiones, y la percepción del apoyo parental. Se pidió a los participantes (42 estudiantes portugueses de octavo ano) que respondieran un conjunto de dilemas que exigían la participación de los padres en su solución. Los resultados revelan un impacto positivo de la intervención en la dimensión exploración del medio e indican que la percepción del alumno acerca del interés de sus padres, o cuidadores, respecto a sus elecciones de carrera aparece asociado, de manera positiva, a sus comportamientos de exploración.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Education, Primary and Secondary , Parental Consent , Students , Vocational Education
8.
Rev. chil. ter. ocup ; 15(2): 11-23, dic.2015. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-790584

ABSTRACT

La formación de profesionales ha sido una preocupación ampliamente estudiada y cambiante a lo largo de la historia, en correspondencia con las transformaciones sociales y económicas a nivel mundial. En este escenario, la formación de terapeutas ocupacionales se ve tensionada a reflexionar en torno a los curriculum existentes, enfrentándonos a la dualidad entre la racionalidad técnica, el saber científico y la complejización de los actuales desafíos que encara la profesión. En este artículo, problematizo la formación de terapeutas ocupacionales a partir de la metodología de self-study, la cual busca indagar sobre el proceso de reflexividad de la propia práctica. Para ello, empleo la perspectiva de pensamiento reflexivo, en un contexto de formación de estudiantes de terapia ocupacional y su inmersión en el campo práctico. Desde la posición de formadora, analizo las condicionantes claves que tensionan el pensamiento reflexivo, las prácticas y metodologías de enseñanza implementadas para el desarrollo de la reflexión en y sobre la práctica. Finalmente, a partir de la nueva epistemología de Schõn (2010), propongo un modelo integrado entre la propuesta de Smith (1991) y Korthagen (2010) como contribución a la enseñanza de la profesión...


Career training has been a widely studied challenge throughout history, in line with social and economic transformations worldwide. In this scenario, the formation of occupational therapists face the challenge to reflect on existing curricula, confronting the duality between technical rationality, scientific knowledge and the complexity of the current challenges that the profession confronts. In this article, I problematize the formation of occupational therapists through the self-study methodology, which seeks to investigate the reflexivity process of the practice itself. To do this, I use the reflective thought perspective, in the context of training of occupational therapists students and their immersion in the practical field. From the trainer position, I analyze the key constraints that stress reflective thinking, practice and teaching methodologies implemented for the development of reflection in and on practice. Finally, from the model of Schõn new epistemology (2010), I propose an integrated approach between what Smith (1991) and Korthagen (2010) proposed as a contribution to the teaching of profession...


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Higher , Thinking , Occupational Therapy/education , Vocational Education
9.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(5): 855-864, Sept.-Oct. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: lil-763270

ABSTRACT

Objective: to identify the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder, trait and state anxiety, and intimate partner violence during pregnancy.Method: observational, cross-sectional study developed with 358 pregnant women. The Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version was used, as well as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and an adapted version of the instrument used in the World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence.Results: after adjusting to the multiple logistic regression model, intimate partner violence, occurred during pregnancy, was associated with the indication of posttraumatic stress disorder. The adjusted multiple linear regression models showed that the victims of violence, in the current pregnancy, had higher symptom scores of trait and state anxiety than non-victims.Conclusion: recognizing the intimate partner violence as a clinically relevant and identifiable risk factor for the occurrence of anxiety disorders during pregnancy can be a first step in the prevention thereof.


Objetivo: identificar a relação entre transtorno de estresse pós-traumático, ansiedade-traço e estado e violência por parceiro íntimo, durante a gestação.Método: estudo observacional e transversal, desenvolvido com 358 gestantes. Foram utilizados o Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version, o Inventário de Ansiedade Traço-Estado e uma versão adaptada do instrumento usado no World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence.Resultados: após se ajustar ao modelo de regressão logística múltipla, a violência por parceiro íntimo, ocorrida durante a gestação, associou-se com o indicativo de transtorno de estresse pós-traumático. Os modelos de regressão linear múltipla ajustados evidenciaram que as vítimas de violência, na atual gestação, apresentaram maiores escores dos sintomas de ansiedade-traço e estado do que as não vítimas.Conclusão: reconhecer a violência por parceiro íntimo como um fator de risco clinicamente relevante e identificável, para a ocorrência de transtornos ansiosos, durante a gestação, pode ser um primeiro passo na prevenção desses problemas.


Objetivos: identificar la relación entre el trastorno de estrés postraumático, ansiedad estado-rasgo y la convivencia con pareja íntima violenta durante el embarazo.Método: estudio observacional y transversal, desarrollado con 358 mujeres embarazadas. Fueran utilizados el Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist - Civilian Version, el Inventario de Ansiedad Estado-Rasgo y una versión adaptada del instrumento utilizado por World Health Organization Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence.Resultados: después de ajustar el modelo de regresión logística múltiple, el comportamiento violento de las parejas, que se produjo durante el embarazo, se asoció con la indicación de trastorno de estrés postraumático. Los modelos de regresión lineal múltiple ajustados evidenciaron que las víctimas de violencia, en el embarazo actual, tenían una puntuación más alta de síntomas de ansiedad estado-rasgo que las que no son o no fueran víctimas de violencia.Conclusión: reconocer que la pareja íntima violenta es factor de riesgo clínicamente relevante e identificable para la aparición de los trastornos de ansiedad durante el embarazo y que puede ser un primer paso en la prevención de esos problemas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Anxiety Disorders/etiology , Anxiety Disorders/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/etiology , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology , Intimate Partner Violence/statistics & numerical data , Nursing Staff/education , Pregnancy Complications/psychology , Vocational Education , Cross-Sectional Studies
10.
Rev. psicol. (Fortaleza, Online) ; 6(2): 59-75, Jul.-Dez. 2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-878117

ABSTRACT

O modelo de entrevista biográfca é utilizado para abordar o desenvolvimento do comportamento vocacional conforme teorizado por Donald Super. Diferentes sistemáticas ajudam na construção de uma biografa. O modelo de entrevista utilizado proporciona determinadas informações que servem para a análise do comportamento vocacional da entrevistada. A nomeada análise foi feita a partir das sete sistemáticas que compõem a entrevista biográfca à luz do paradigma de Donald Super. O método utilizado permitiu a identifcação e descrição do desenvolvimento de uma identidade relacionada ao trabalho, na qual a escolha e preparação para uma ocupação estava presente e esperada como uma continuação de fases da vida, isto é, fases de jogos e estudo que antecedem e formam uma interface com a formação profssional. Por meio da experiência acolhida, viu-se que a geração considerada é preparada para a prática de uma experiência profssional como base de sua escolha, ou melhor, de seu destino vocacional, principalmente no sentido de assegurar, em perspectiva, uma independência econômica. Finalmente, as conclusões apontaram para a adequação do recurso da entrevista biográfca para a exploração vocacional(AU)


The present work uses the modell of biographic interview for studying the development of a vocational behavior from the point of view of Donald. Super's theory. The interview has seven diferent systematics for obtaining the necessary information for an analysis about vocational behavior. The theory of Super is the outgoing point for this analysis. The named analysis was made based upon the seven sistematics that compound the biographic interview and based upon Super's paradigma. This method allowed the identifcation and description of the development of a identity related to work, in which the choice and preparation for a ocupation was present as well as expected while a continuation of the life periods, i.e., playing and educational periods, which antecipates and build a interface with the vocational formation. Through this experience we discovered that the considered generation is prepared for its professional experience as a basis for its choice, or rahter, its vocational destination, especially to ensure an economic independence in perspective. Finally, the fndings pointed to the appropriateness of the use of biographical interviews for vocational exploration (AU)


Subject(s)
Personal Narratives as Topic , Vocational Education , Work , Education , Interview
11.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 68(1): 20-25, Jan-Feb/2015.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: lil-744614

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar necessidades de aprendizagem de alunos da Educação Profissional Técnica (EPT) em Enfermagem. Estudo qualitativo, realizado em município do Estado de São Paulo. Método: os sujeitos foram alunos, professores e coordenadores da EPT e alunos do curso de bacharelado e licenciatura do ensino superior que já tiveram contato com EPT. A coleta de dados deu-se por questionário socioeconômico e círculos de cultura sobre as necessidades de aprendizagem. Para análise de dados utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo. Resultados: constatou-se que alunos têm dificuldades em conteúdos não relacionados à Enfermagem, como português e matemática, e também em disciplinas introdutórias do curso de EPT o que possivelmente pode interferir negativamente na aprendizagem de conteúdos específicos da Enfermagem, bem como na qualidade do cuidado à saúde. Conclusão: faz-se necessário repensar os conteúdos ministrados e modos de ensinar desde a educação básica, assim como a formação do docente que hoje atua na EPT. .


Objetivo: identificar las necesidades de los estudiantes de educación técnica profesional (EPT) de aprendizaje en enfermería. Estudio cualitativo realizado en el municipio de São Paulo. Método: los sujetos eran estudiantes, profesores y coordinadores de EPT y los estudiantes de la educación superior que han tenido contacto con EPT. La recolección de datos se realizó mediante cuestionario círculos socioeconómicos y culturales sobre las necesidades de aprendizaje. Para el análisis de los datos se utilizó el análisis de contenido. Resultados: se encontró que los estudiantes tienen dificultades contenidos no relacionados con la enfermería como portugués y matemáticas, así como cursos de iniciación en el curso de la EPT, que posiblemente puedan interferir negativamente en el aprendizaje de contenidos específicos de la enfermería y la calidad de la atención sanitaria. Conclusión: es necesario repensar los contenidos impartidos y formas de ensenar desde la educación básica, así como la formación de los profesores, que ahora trabaja en el EPT. .


Objective: identify learning needs of students of Technical Vocational Education (TVE) in Nursing. Qualitative study conducted in a city of São Paulo state. Method: the subjects were students, teachers and coordinators of TVE and students of the bachelor degree who have had contact with TVE. Data collection was performed by questionnaire socioeconomic and cultural circles about the learning needs. For data analysis we used the content analysis. Results: it was found that students have difficulties contents not related to nursing as portuguese and mathematics, as well as introductory courses in the course of TVE which possibly may interfere negatively in learning specific content of nursing and the quality of health care. Conclusion: it is necessary to rethink the content taught and ways to teach from basic education, as well as the training of teachers who now works in the TVE. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Education, Nursing , Vocational Education , Students, Nursing
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-86598

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a peer helper training program on existential spiritual well-being, peer relationship, and depression for students attending a specialized girls vocational high school. METHODS: The participants were forty-two students attending a specialized girls vocational high school in D city. Data were collected form october 23 to December 24, 2013. To test the effects of the peer helper training program, the participants were divided into two mached groups, an experimental group (21) and a control group (21). Data were analyzed using chi2-test, Fisher exact probability test, and t-test with the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program. RESULTS: After attending the peer helper training program, significant differences between the experimental group and the control group were found for existential spiritual well-being (t=3.35, p=.002) and peer relationship (t=2.29, p=.028). However, there was no significant differences in depression between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the peer helper training program enhances existential spiritual well-being and peer relationship for students attending a specialized girls vocational high school. Therefore, this program is a good strategy that teachers and community mental health nurses can use to increase existential spiritual well-being and peer relationship of these high school girls.


Subject(s)
Depression , Education , Female , Humans , Mental Health , Peer Group , Spirituality , Vocational Education
13.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 317-323, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-16907

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Young people are at an increased risk for illness in working life. The authorities stipulate certain goals for training in occupational health and safety (OHS) in vocational schools. A previous study concluded that pupils in vocational education had limited knowledge in the prevention of health risks at work. The aim of the current study, therefore, was to study how OHS training is organized in school and in workplace-based learning (WPL). METHODS: The study design featured a qualitative approach, which included interviews with 12 headmasters, 20 teachers, and 20 supervisors at companies in which the pupils had their WPL. The study was conducted at 10 upper secondary schools, located in Central Sweden, that were graduating pupils in four vocational programs. RESULTS: The interviews with headmasters, teachers, and supervisors indicate a staggered picture of how pupils are prepared for safe work. The headmasters generally give teachers the responsibility for how goals should be reached. Teaching is very much based on risk factors that are present in the workshops and on teachers' own experiences and knowledge. The teaching during WPL also lacks the systematic training in OHS as well as in the traditional classroom environment. CONCLUSION: Teachers and supervisors did not plan the training in OHS in accordance with the provisions of systematic work environment management. Instead, the teachers based the training on their own experiences. Most of the supervisors did not receive information from the schools as to what should be included when introducing OHS issues in WPL.


Subject(s)
Education , Humans , Learning , Occupational Health , Pupil , Risk Factors , Sweden , Vocational Education
14.
Educ. fis. deporte ; 33(2): 343-379, jul.-dec. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), RHS | ID: lil-786818

ABSTRACT

O que seriam boas práticas no âmbito das aulas de Educação Física em escolas públicas brasileiras?. Essa questão motivou o projeto que deu origen a este texto, o qual nos permitiu a imersão na rotina de uma professora de Educação Física de elevada reputação na comunidade na qual trabalhava. Aqui apresento uma interpretação do que consideramos, no interior daquela pesquisa, indícios de boas práticas pedagógicas no âmbito da educação física escolar, tendo como suporte analítico a trajetória profissional da professora Mercedes. Vali-me das observações de aulas feitas por uma equipe de colaboradores, dos documentos curriculares da Escola que acolheu a nossa iniciativa e, fundamentalmente, dos registros de quatro seções de entrevistas, duas feitas com a professora e duas com a pedagoga da Escola. O objetivo foi articular a trajetória da professora com o desenvolvimento das suas aulas, a partir do diagnóstico que a sua comunidade a reconhecia como uma excelente professora.


Cuál sería una buena práctica dentro de las clases de Educación Física en las escuelas públicas brasileras? Esta cuestión motivo el proyecto que dio origen a este texto, el cual nos permitió la inmersión en la rutina de una profesora de Educación Física de alta reputación en la comunidad en la que trabaja. Aquí presento una interpretación de lo que considero, a partir de la investigación, indicios de una buena práctica pedagógica en el ámbito de la educación física escolar, teniendo como soporte analítico la trayectoria profesional de la profesora Mercedes. Me valí de observaciones de clases realizadas por un equipo de colaboradores, los planes curriculares acogieron nuestra iniciativa y, fundamentalmente, los registros de cuatro secciones de entrevistas, dos realizadas con la profesora y dos con la pedagoga de la escuela. El objetivo fue articular la trayectoria de la profesora con el desarrollo de sus clases, a partir del diagnóstico con el cual su comunidad la reconocía como una excelente profesora.


What would be a good practice in Physical Education classes in Brazilian public schools? This question motivated the project that created this document and allowed the immersion into the routine of a very well-known Physical Education teacher. Here is presented an interpretation of what is thought to be (from the research) evidence of a good teaching practice in the field of Physical Education, having as analytic support the career of professor Mercedes. Classroom observations by a team of collaborators were made, and, fundamentally the recordings of four interview sections: two with the teacher and two with the school’s pedagogue. The objective was connect the trajectory of the teacher to the development of her classes based on the diagnosis that her community recognized her as an excellent teacher.


Subject(s)
Education , Physical Education and Training , Professional Practice , Education, Professional , Vocational Education
15.
Educ. med. super ; 28(2): 363-370, abr.-jun. 2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-723727

ABSTRACT

Las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación, ofrecen un universo ilimitado de posibilidades como recurso para el aprendizaje y socialización del conocimiento; la educación no ha escapado a ello. La revolución informática demanda nuevos retos, uno de ellos lo constituye la enseñanza de la lectura en idioma inglés. El sitio web KidsHealth, tiene potencialidades para trabajar la comprensión de textos en inglés y consolidar la formación vocacional hacia las ciencias médicas. Las filiales médicas de salud, están estrechamente vinculadas, mediante el proceso de extensión universitaria, a la consolidación de la formación vocacional. El objetivo del presente trabajo es divulgar y promocionar las ventajas y potencialidades de este sitio Web para la comprensión de textos en inglés y la formación vocacional hacia las ciencias médicas...


The information and communication technologies offer unlimited possibilities as a resource of learning and knowledge socialization, and education is not exempted from this reality. The informational revolution demands new challenges; one of them is the teaching of English reading. Website known as KidsHealth has potentialities to develop the understanding of English texts and to consolidate the vocational formation of students for the medical sciences. The universitarian medical sites are closely related to the consolidation of the vocational process through the process of university extension program. The objective of the present paper was to disseminate and to promote the advantages and the potentialities of this Website for the comprehension of English texts and the vocational formation in medical sciences...


Subject(s)
Humans , Motivation , Vocational Education , Web Browser
16.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 140-146, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-103190

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Young male and female workers are over-represented in statistics concerning negative outcomes of poor work environment and risky work. Young workers often have low awareness of risk, a lack of safety training, and inadequate introduction to the work. The aim of this study was to identify the knowledge and experiences of pupils of vocational schools concerning potential work environment risks in their future work. METHODS: The study design was a dual one, and included a questionnaire and focus group interviews. The study group consisted of 239 pupils from 10 upper secondary schools, who were graduating pupils in four vocational programs: the Industrial Technology Programme, the Restaurant Management and Food Programme, the Transport Programme, and the Handicraft Programme (in which students specialize in wood products). The upper secondary schools were located in the central region of Sweden. RESULTS: The pupils had limited knowledge that employers must, by law, conduct risk analyses and prevent risks. Many felt that they themselves are mainly responsible for performing their tasks safely. Pupils in all programs mentioned acute risk as the greatest risk at work. The theoretical education about safety at work was provided in the 1st year of the 3-year vocational programs. CONCLUSION: A systematic approach to pupils' training in work environment, which is a basis for a safe and healthy workplace, is lacking. The study findings indicate that pupils are offered knowledge far from that intended by laws and by state-of-the-art occupational health risk research.


Subject(s)
Education , Female , Focus Groups , Humans , Jurisprudence , Male , Occupational Health , Pupil , Surveys and Questionnaires , Restaurants , Sweden , Vocational Education , Wood
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-150362

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the historical characteristics of medical education and healthcare environment in Korea and to suggest the desirable direction for future medical education. We draw a consensus through the literature analysis and several debates from the eight experts of medical education. There are several historical characteristics of medical education: medical education as vocational education and training, as a higher education, rapid growth of new medical schools, change to the medical education system, curriculum development, reinforcement of medical humanities, improvement of teaching and evaluation methods, validation of the national health personnel licensing examination, accreditation system for quality assurance, and establishment of specialized medical education division. The changes of health care environment in medical education are development of medical technologies, changes in the structures of the population and diseases, growth of information and communication technology, consumer-centered society, and increased intervention by the third party stakeholder. We propose five suggestions to be made to improve future medical education. They are plan for outcome and competency-based medical education, connection between the undergraduate and graduate medical education, reinforcement of continuous quality improvement of medical education, reorganization of the medical education system and construction of leadership of "academic medicine."


Subject(s)
Accreditation , Consensus , Curriculum , Delivery of Health Care , Education , Education, Medical , Education, Medical, Graduate , Health Personnel , Humanities , Humans , Korea , Leadership , Licensure , Quality Improvement , Schools, Medical , Vocational Education
18.
Edumecentro ; 5(3): 69-81, sep.-dic. 2013. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-685252

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: la formación vocacional se considera como una de las vías imprescindibles para propiciar una correcta elección profesional de las nuevas generaciones. Métodos: se realizó una investigación descriptiva retrospectiva, durante el periodo de 2005 a 2012, en la Facultad de Enfermería de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara, con el objetivo de describir las experiencias del trabajo de formación vocacional a través de los círculos de interés en instituciones prescolares y escolares. Para ello se utilizaron como métodos teóricos: el análisis síntesis y el inductivo deductivo; empíricos, el análisis documental y la observación; y matemáticos para ofrecer resultados en valores absolutos y relativos. Resultados: se destacan las experiencias positivas de los círculos de interés en la formación vocacional, el tratamiento de sus temas a través del pensamiento martiano y la cultura como vías para lograr la motivación hacia esta especialidad desde edades tempranas, empleando programas y medios de enseñanza elaborados por sus docentes y familias. En ellos se vincularon teoría y práctica en las visitas a laboratorios de Enfermería, museo de Anatomía, consultorios médicos y policlínicos; los datos numéricos permitieron apreciar que el índice de permanencia de los matriculados en los círculos de interés de las diferentes enseñanzas fue de 100 %, lo cual demuestra el alto grado de aceptación que tienen los interesados. Conclusiones: el trabajo de formación vocacional realizado por la Facultad de Enfermería a través de los círculos de interés fue una experiencia útil y efectiva para la motivación de niños y adolescentes hacia la profesión enfermera.


Background: vocational guidance is considered as one of the most essential ways to promote a correct professional choice in the new generations. Methods: a retrospective descriptive study was conducted at the Faculty of Nursing of the Medical University of Villa Clara, from 2005 to 2012, in order to describe the experiences of vocational training through science clubs in preschool and school institutions. Theoretical methods such as analysis-synthesis and inductive-deductive method were used; as well as empirical methods, such as documentary analysis and observation, and mathematical methods in order to deliver results in absolute and relative terms. Results: there are positive experiences concerning the science clubs in vocational training, the approach to their topics through culture and Marti's thinking as a way to achieve motivation for this specialty from an early age, and the use of programs and teaching aids developed by their teachers and families. Theory and practice was linked by means of visits to nursing labs, museums of anatomy, medical offices and polyclinics. The numerical data showed that the retention rate of those enrolled in the science clubs in the different teaching levels was 100%, which shows the high level of acceptance among the students. Conclusions: the vocational training activities conducted by the Faculty of Nursing through the science clubs have been a useful and effective experience for motivating children and adolescents to approach the nursing profession.


Subject(s)
Social Values , Vocational Education , Nursing
19.
Rev. cuba. enferm ; 29(4): 296-306, oct.-dic. 2013.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), CUMED | ID: lil-797640

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el fundamento de esta investigación -realizada a lo largo de siete años (1995-2002)- parte del conocimiento del pasado para comprender el presente y transformar el futuro. Desde la fundación de la primera Escuela de Enfermeras en Cuba, se tuvo en cuenta la necesidad de conocimientos acerca de la Historia de la profesión, como contenido importante para fortalecer la vocación y la identidad profesional; y también la enseñanza de la ética, como fundamento teórico de la conducta moral de las futuras profesionales. En los años 90s se evidenció deterioro del modelo actuante entre un número nada despreciable de enfermeras, de diferentes grupos de edades; además, poca identidad con la profesión, pobre autoestima y orgullo profesional. Se hacía necesario responder al problema científico generado: ¿cómo fortalecer identidad profesional y valores éticos profesionales?. Objetivo: socializar con los profesionales de enfermería con el propósito de contribuir a la formación humanística de las enfermeras. Métodos: cualitativo e Histórico. Tipo de investigación: Investigación-acción, usando las técnicas de: encuesta, observación participante, grupo focal, Delphi, análisis documental, entrevista histórica y triangulación de datos. Conclusiones: cuando surgieron los Planes D en Cuba, en el año 2002, fueron incluidas las asignaturas curriculares de Historia de la Enfermería y Ética y Bioética en Enfermería, en reconocimiento a la necesidad de la formación humanística de estos profesionales, cuyos programas y textos básicos fueron propuestos y elaborados por la autora. Sin embargo, en la siguiente edición se eliminó la Ética y Bioética, lo que desestima el anterior reconocimiento(AU)


Introduction: The foundation of this research work, which was carried out from 1995 to 2002, lays in the knowledge of the past to understand the present and to transform the future. From the emergence of the first School of Nurses in Cuba, it was evident that knowledge about the history of this profession was needed since it was an important content to strengthen vocation and professional identity as well as teaching ethics as a theoretical fundamental of the moral behavior of the future nurses. In the 90's, there was deterioration of the performance model in a large number of nurses of different age groups in addition to poor identification with the profession, low self-esteem and professional pride. It was then necessary to respond to the generated scientific problem of how to strengthen the professional identity and the professional ethical values. Objective: To share ideas with the nursing professionals with a view to contributing to the humanistic formation of nurses. Methods: Qualitative and historical methods based on research-action by using techniques such as survey, participating observation, focal group, Delphi, documentary analysis, historical interview and data triangulation. Conclusions: On the emergence of Plans D in Cuba in 2002, curricular subjects like history of nursing, ethics and bioethics were then included in recognition of the requirements of the humanistic formation of these professionals. The basic syllabi and texts were prepared and submitted by the author of this paper. However, the following plans eliminated Ethics and Bioethics, thus denying the previous importance given to them(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Schools, Nursing/ethics , Vocational Education/methods , Ethics, Professional , History of Nursing , Bioethics/education
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