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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(6): e202202850, dic. 2023. tab, fig
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517878

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La prueba de provocación oral (PPO) para el diagnóstico de alergia a las proteínas de la leche de la vaca (APLV) presenta riesgos y requiere de recursos. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar condiciones y pruebas complementarias para identificar una alta probabilidad de APLV. Población y métodos. Análisis secundario sobre estudio de pacientes atendidos en una unidad de alergia entre 2015 y 2018. Se determinaron las probabilidades prepruebas asociadas a los síntomas y sus combinaciones, y las probabilidades pospruebas luego de realizadas pruebas cutáneas y determinación de inmunoglobulina E (IgE) sérica. Resultados. Se evaluó la información de 239 pacientes. Se observaron probabilidades mayores al 95 % en pacientes con angioedema y combinación de urticaria y vómitos. Usando puntos de corte propuestos por Calvani et al., la combinación de vómitos con rinitis, sin angioedema, también superó el 95 %. Conclusión. Se ofrece una metodología para identificar pacientes en los que puede diagnosticarse APLV sin realización de PPO.


Introduction. The oral food challenge (OFC) for the diagnosis of cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) poses risks and requires resources. Our objective was to assess conditions and complementary tests used to identify a high probability of CMPA. Population and methods. Secondary analysis of a study of patients seen at a unit of allergy between 2015 and 2018. Pre-testing probabilities associated with symptoms and their combinations and post-testing probabilities after skin prick testing and serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels were determined. Results. The data from 239 patients were assessed. A probability greater than 95% was observed for angioedema and a combination of urticaria and vomiting. Based on the cut-off points proposed by Calvani et al., the combination of vomiting with rhinitis, without angioedema, also exceeded 95%. Conclusion. A methodology is provided to identify patients in whom CMPA may be diagnosed without an OFC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Infant , Milk Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Milk Hypersensitivity/epidemiology , Angioedema/complications , Vomiting , Cattle , Skin Tests/methods , Milk Proteins/adverse effects
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(3): 281-289, July-Sept. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514162

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: This study was performed to evaluate the degree of 3-day chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in children with cancer who received highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) to ascertain the efficacy of aprepitant single-dose on dayL 1 plus granisetron and dexamethasone (DEX). Methods: This clinical trial study was conducted on 120 patients in the age range of 5 to 18 years old who received chemotherapy. Patients were divided into two groups; Group A received aprepitant at 125 mg/kg on day 1 orally, followed by 80 mg/kg daily on days 2 and 3 and Group B received a single dose of aprepitant 125 mg/kg on day 1 orally and placebo on days 2 and 3. All groups received granisetron 3 mg/m2 on day 1 and DEX on days 1 to 3. The primary and secondary endpoints were to evaluate the proportion of patients with acute, delayed and overall CINV within each group. Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups for vomiting, nausea or the use of rescue therapy. The number of patients without vomiting on day 1 was similar in both groups (96.5% vs. 98.3%, respectively; p = 0.848). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, a single dose of aprepitant 125 mg/kg was as effective as administering three doses of aprepitant on 3 days. Therefore, the use of a single dose of aprepitant in combination with other standard treatment regimens to prevent CINV in children who received HEC was safe and efficacious and can be beneficial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Vomiting , Dexamethasone , Granisetron , Aprepitant , Nausea
3.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(3): 147-149, sept. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1519047

ABSTRACT

Las malrotaciones por bandas de Ladd son un subtipo de anormalidades de la embriogénesis consistentes en prolongaciones fibrosas, producto de una fijación anómala del mesenterio. Se extienden desde el ciego mal rotado hacia el retroperitoneo, pudiendo producir compresión extrínseca del duodeno. En el 90% de los casos la presentación clínica tiene lugar dentro del primer año de vida como un cuadro agudo, en forma de oclusión duodenal o vólvulo de intestino delgado con la consecuente isquemia de este o hernia interna. En la edad adulta, las formas de presentación son menos específicas. Los métodos de referencia ("gold standard") utilizados para el diagnóstico son la seriada gastroduodenal y la tomografía computarizada. El tratamiento quirúrgico consiste en la cirugía de Ladd, cuyo abordaje convencional fue descripto en 1936 por William Ladd. Presentamos el caso de un paciente adulto con un cuadro oclusivo, causado por dicha anomalía, diagnosticado de forma oportuna y resuelto de manera segura por vía laparoscópica. (AU)


Ladd's band malrotations are a subtype of abnormalities of embryogenesis consisting of fibrous extensions, product of abnormal fixation of the mesentery, that goes from the poorly rotated cecum towards the retroperitoneum, which can cause extrinsic compression of the duodenum. In 90% of cases, the clinical presentation takes place within the first year of life, as an acute condition, like duodenal occlusion or small bowel volvulus with its consequent ischemia or internal hernia. In adulthood, the forms of presentation are less specific. The gold standard methods used for diagnosis are gastroduodenal series and computed tomography. Surgical treatment consists of Ladd's surgery, whose conventional approach was described in 1936 by William Ladd. We present ta case of an adult patient with an occlusive presentation, given by this anomaly, diagnosed in a timely manner and safely resolved by laparoscopic approach. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Digestive System Surgical Procedures/methods , Intestinal Volvulus/surgery , Digestive System Abnormalities/surgery , Intestinal Obstruction/surgery , Vomiting , Laparoscopy/methods , Intestinal Volvulus/diagnostic imaging , Digestive System Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Intestinal Obstruction/diagnostic imaging
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(1): e202102482, feb. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413257

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de enterocolitis inducido por proteínas de los alimentos (FPIES, por su sigla en inglés) es una reacción alérgica no mediada por inmunoglobulina E (IgE) con síntomas gastrointestinales, como vómitos y diarrea. El diagnóstico se basa en criterios clínicos y en una prueba de provocación para confirmarlo. Es una enfermedad desconocida en las unidades neonatales, debido a la inespecificidad de los síntomas en los recién nacidos. La cifra de metahemoglobina elevada es una opción sencilla de aproximación diagnóstica. Se describe el caso clínico de un recién nacido que ingresa al servicio de urgencias por deshidratación, letargia, vómitos, diarrea y acidosis metabólica grave con elevación de metahemoglobina, con mejora clínica y recuperación total tras el inicio del aporte de fórmula elemental. La sospecha diagnóstica se confirmó tras la prueba de provocación positiva.


Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE mediated allergic reaction with gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting and diarrhea. FPIES diagnosis is based on clinical criteria and on a food challenge test. It is an unknown disease in neonatal units due to its nonspecific symptoms in newborn infants. An elevated methemoglobin level is a simple way to approach diagnosis. Here we describe a clinical case of a newborn admitted to the emergency department because of dehydration, lethargy, vomiting, diarrhea, severe metabolic acidosis, and a high methemoglobin level. Clinical improvement and complete recovery was achieved after initiation of elemental formula. The diagnostic suspicion was confirmed after a positive challenge test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Acidosis/diagnosis , Acidosis/etiology , Enterocolitis/diagnosis , Enterocolitis/etiology , Food Hypersensitivity/complications , Food Hypersensitivity/diagnosis , Syndrome , Vomiting/etiology , Methemoglobin , Dietary Proteins , Diarrhea/etiology
5.
Med. U.P.B ; 42(1): 2-9, ene.-jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1416060

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar el efecto de dos tipos de ayuno sobre parámetros de satisfacción, náuseas, vómito, presión arterial y glucometría en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos de intervencionismo percutáneo bajo anestesia local en un servicio de hemodinámica en Medellín, 2019. Metodología: ensayo clínico aleatorizado abierto de dos brazos en pacientes sometidos a procedimientos de intervencionismo percutáneo bajo anestesia local durante tres meses. Cada brazo con 153 participantes; se asignó un ayuno de seis horas y al grupo de exposición un ayuno de dos horas para alimentos de fácil digestión; no hubo cega­miento, se realizó cálculo de muestra, y se hizo análisis univariado, bivariado y modelo de regresión logística con la variable satisfacción. Resultados: en el grupo de ayuno de seis horas el 2.6% presentó náuseas y en el grupo de exposición el 1.3%; se observó un caso de vómito. La presión arterial y glucometría mostraron diferencias estadísticas sin relevancia clínica. Se encontró significancia esta­dística para mareo, cefalea, hambre, sed y tipo de ayuno respecto con la satisfacción del paciente. Los pacientes con ayuno tuvieron un puntaje de satisfacción entre 60 y 100 y los de dieta ligera entre 82.5 y 100 puntos. Conclusiones: El ayuno de dos horas en dieta ligera mejora la satisfacción de los pa­cientes, disminuye la sensación de hambre, sed, presencia de cefalea y mareo, compa­rado con un ayuno de seis horas. Este estudio no encontró diferencias en las variables hemodinámicas ni en la frecuencia de náuseas y vómito.


Objective: to determine the effect of two types of fasting on parameters of satisfaction, nausea, vomiting, blood pressure and glucose measurement in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention procedures under local anesthesia in a hemodynamic service in Medellín, 2019. Methodology: Two-arm open-label randomized clinical trial in patients undergoing percutaneous interventional procedures under local anesthesia for three months, each arm with 153 participants, who were assigned a six-hour fast and the exposure group a two-hour fast for easily digestible foods. There was no blinding, sample calculation was performed, and univariate and bivariate analysis and logistic regression model were performed with the satisfaction variable. Results: in the six-hour fasting group, 2.6% presented nausea and in the exposure group, 1.3%; one case of vomiting was observed. Blood pressure and blood glucose showed statistical differences without clinical relevance. Statistical significance was found for dizziness, headache, hunger, thirst, and type of fasting with respect to patient satisfaction. Fasting patients had a satisfaction score between 60 and 100 and those on a light diet between 82.5 and 100 points. Conclusions: Fasting for two hours on a light diet improves patient satisfaction, decreases the sensation of hunger, thirst, headache and dizziness, compared to a six-hour fast. This study found no differences in the hemodynamic variables, nor in the frequency of nausea and vomiting.


Objetivo: determinaro efeito de dois tipos de jejum nos parâmetros de satisfação, náuseas, vômitos, pressão arterial e glicemia em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos de intervenção percutânea sob anestesia local em um serviço de hemodinâmica em Medellín, 2019. Metodologia: Ensaio clínico randomizado aberto de dois braços em pacientes submetidos a procedimentos intervencionistas percutâneos sob anestesia local por três meses. Cada braço com 153 participantes; um jejum de seis horas foi designado e o grupo de desafio um jejum de duas horas para alimentos facilmente digeríveis; não houve cegamento, foi realizado cálculo amostral, análise univariada, bivariada e modelo de regressão logística com a variável satisfação. Resultados: no grupo de jejum de seis horas, 2,6% apresentaram náuseas e no grupo de exposição, 1,3%; foi observado um caso de vômito. A pressão arterial e a glicemia apresentaram diferenças estatísticas sem relevância clínica. Foi encontrada significância estatística para tontura, dor de cabeça, fome, sede e tipo de jejum em relação à satisfação do paciente. Os pacientes em jejum tiveram um escore de satisfação entre 60 e 100 e os em dieta light entre 82,5 e 100 pontos. Conclusões: O jejum de duas horas com dieta leve melhora a satisfação do paciente, diminui a sensação de fome, sede, dor de cabeça e tontura, em comparação com o jejum de seis horas. Este estudo não encontrou diferenças nas variáveis hemodinâmicas ou na frequência de náuseas e vômitos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fasting , Vomiting , Blood Glucose , Patient Satisfaction , Hemodynamics , Anesthesia, Local
6.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e262262, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529218

ABSTRACT

As restrições impostas pela pandemia de covid-19 levaram os serviços de saúde a reorganizarem seu funcionamento, ajustando-se à modalidade remota. A transição repentina e sem o devido preparo técnico impôs desafios adicionais para usuários e profissionais. Para aprimorar as estratégias assistenciais, torna-se imprescindível dar voz aos usuários dos serviços, para que narrem suas experiências e possam manifestar suas facilidades e dificuldades com essa passagem. Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar como os principais cuidadores familiares de pessoas com transtornos alimentares vivenciaram a transição do grupo de apoio para o formato remoto e identificar vantagens e desvantagens percebidas nesse modelo. Estudo clínico-qualitativo, exploratório, realizado em um serviço de atendimento especializado de um hospital terciário. O cenário investigado foi o grupo de apoio psicológico aberto a familiares que, desde o início da pandemia de covid-19, passou a ser oferecido na modalidade online. Participaram do estudo cinco mães e três pais presentes em 13 sessões grupais consecutivas. Entrevistas individuais foram aplicadas com a Técnica do Incidente Crítico logo após o término de cada encontro grupal, totalizando 26 entrevistas audiogravadas, transcritas e submetidas à análise temática. A transição para o online foi vivenciada pelos participantes como um recurso válido para permitir que o grupo funcionasse em tempos de grave crise sanitária. Como vantagens, foram mencionadas: a continuidade do cuidado, maior acessibilidade e facilidade em relação à logística da participação. Como limitações do formato online, foram destacadas: nem todos os familiares contam com conexão de internet de qualidade e possível dificuldade para manusear a tecnologia digital. Apesar dos desafios impostos pela súbita mudança para a modalidade online, na perspectiva dos usuários do serviço os esforços de adaptação foram bem-sucedidos, possibilitando a continuidade do cuidado à saúde mental.(AU)


The constraints imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic led health services to reorganize their operation, adjusting to the online modality. The sudden and unprepared technical transition has imposed additional challenges for both users and professionals. To improve care strategies, it is essential to give voice to services users, so that they can narrate their experiences and express their facilities and difficulties with this transition. This study aims to investigate how main family caregivers of people with eating disorders experienced the transition of the support group to the remote modality and to identify perceived advantages and disadvantages in this model. This is a clinical-qualitative, exploratory study carried out in a specialized care service of a tertiary hospital. The investigated setting was the psychological support group open to family members, which since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic has been offered online. Five mothers and three fathers who attended 13 consecutive group sessions participated in the study. Individual interviews were carried out with the Critical Incident Technique shortly after the end of each group meeting with all members, totaling 26 audio-recorded interviews. Data were subjected to thematic analysis. Transition was experienced as a valid resource to maintain the group active in times of a severe health crisis. As advantages of the remote modality were mentioned: continuity of care, greater accessibility, and ease in relation to the logistics of participation. As limitations of the online format were highlighted: not everyone has a good-quality connection to the internet, and difficulty in handling the digital technology. Despite the challenges imposed by the sudden shift to the online modality, from the service users' perspective the adaptation efforts were successful, enabling continuity of mental health care.(AU)


Las limitaciones que impuso la pandemia de la COVID-19 llevaron a los servicios sanitarios a reorganizar su funcionamiento adaptándose a la modalidad remota. El súbito cambio y sin la preparación técnica adecuada implicó retos adicionales a los usuarios y profesionales. Para mejorar las estrategias de atención es fundamental dar voz a los usuarios de los servicios, para que puedan narrar sus experiencias y expresar sus facilidades y dificultades con esta transición. Este estudio pretende investigar cómo han vivido los cuidadores de personas con trastornos alimentarios la transición del grupo de apoyo presencial al formato remoto e identificar las ventajas y desventajas percibidas en este modelo. Se trata de un estudio clínicocualitativo, exploratorio. El escenario investigado fue el grupo de apoyo psicológico abierto a los familiares en la modalidad en línea. Cinco madres y tres padres participaron en 13 sesiones de grupo consecutivas. Se realizaron entrevistas individuales con la técnica de incidentes críticos inmediatamente después de cada reunión del grupo, con un total de 26 entrevistas grabadas en audio, transcritas y sometidas a análisis temático. La transición a la red fue experimentada como un recurso válido para permitir que el grupo funcione en tiempos de crisis sanitaria grave. Las ventajas de la modalidad remota fueron conexión segura en tiempos de confinamiento físico, continuidad, mayor accesibilidad y facilidad en relación con la logística de la participación. Las limitaciones del formato en línea fueron la falta de una conexión de calidad a Internet y la posible dificultad de manejo de la tecnología digital. A pesar de las dificultades impuestas por el cambio repentino a la modalidad en línea, desde la perspectiva de los usuarios del servicio los esfuerzos de adaptación fueron un éxito, lo que permitió seguir con la atención de salud mental.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Parents , Self-Help Groups , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Caregivers , COVID-19 , Anxiety , Patient Care Team , Patients , Psychology , Psychopathology , Quality of Life , Rejection, Psychology , Respiratory Tract Infections , Self-Assessment , Self Concept , Social Isolation , Social Support , Stress, Physiological , Stress, Psychological , Therapeutics , Thinness , Vomiting , Women , Behavior Therapy , Body Image , Body Weight , Food and Nutrition Education , Adaptation, Psychological , Career Mobility , Biological Factors , Anorexia , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Bulimia , Anorexia Nervosa , Crowding , Efficacy , Adolescent , Employment, Supported , Suicide, Assisted , Interview , Compulsive Behavior , Privacy , Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood , Counseling , Cultural Characteristics , Death , Depression , Diagnosis , Diet , Diuretics , Educational Status , Environment and Public Health , Renal Insufficiency , Bulimia Nervosa , Laxatives , Family Conflict , Fear , Feeding Behavior , Ideal Body Weight , Binge-Eating Disorder , Pandemics , Social Networking , Patient Care Bundles , Nutritionists , Clinical Study , Perfectionism , Psychosocial Support Systems , Food Addiction , Systematic Review , Sadness , Information Technology Management , Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Psychological Distress , Weight Prejudice , Teleworking , Physical Distancing , Psychotherapists , Orthorexia Nervosa , Social Structure , Sociodemographic Factors , Family Support , Guilt , Health Facility Moving , Learning , Mass Media , Mental Disorders , Neurotic Disorders , Obesity
7.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 57: e20230104, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1535156

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of ginger with P6 acupressure in preventing and treating chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in cancer patients. Method: A total of 172 participants were randomly divided into the control, ginger, acupressure, and joint groups, who were hospitalized in the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from February and September 2022. The baseline characteristics, nausea, vomiting, and retching, benefit finding, functional living index-emesis, treatment satisfaction, and adverse reaction, were used in data collection. Results: No significant difference was found in benefit finding and adverse reactions among the four groups (P > 0.05). Ginger significantly improved delayed CINV and function living index-nausea (P < 0.05) but had no significant effect on acute CINV, retching, and delayed vomiting, functional living index-emesis, and treatment satisfaction (P>0.05). Acute nausea and retching, delayed nausea, vomiting, and retching, functional living index-emesis, and treatment satisfaction were effectively improved in the acupressure and joint groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Ginger with P6 acupressure may contribute to improving CINV in patients undergoing chemotherapy.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del jengibre con acupresión P6 en la prevención y tratamiento de las náuseas y vómitos (nviq) inducidos por la quimioterapia en pacientes con cáncer. Método: Se dividió al azar A un total de 172 participantes en los grupos control, jengibre, acupresión y conjunto, que fueron hospitalizados en el Hospital afiliado de la universidad médica Xuzhou entre febrero y septiembre de 2022. En la recolección de datos se utilizaron las características basales: náuseas, vómitos y náuseas, hallazgo de beneficios, índice de vida funcional, satisfacción con el tratamiento y reacciones adversas. Resultados: No se encontró diferencia significativa en el hallazgo del beneficio y las reacciones adversas entre los cuatro grupos (P >0.05). El jengibre mejoró significativamente las nviq diferidas y el índice de vida funcional (nausea) de forma significativa (P < 0.05), pero no tuvo un efecto significativo en las nvi, las náuseas y el vómito diferidos, la emesis del índice de vida funcional y la satisfacción con el tratamiento (P >0.05). Las náuseas agudas y las arcadas, las náuseas, los vómitos y las arcadas tardías, la medida del índice de vida funcional y la satisfacción con el tratamiento mejoraron efectivamente en los grupos de acupresión y articulares (P < 0,05). Conclusión: El jengibre con acupresión P6 puede contribuir a mejorar las nviq en pacientes sometidos a quimioterapia.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da compressão do acuponto gengibre e Neiguan na prevenção e tratamento de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia em pacientes oncológicos. Métodos: Um total de 172 pacientes hospitalizados no Hospital Afiliado da Xuzhou Medical University de fevereiro a setembro de 2022 foram divididos aleatoriamente em grupo controle, grupo gengibre, grupo acuponto e grupo combinado. A recolha de dados incluiu principalmente dados basais, pontuação de náuseas, vómitos e vómitos, sensação de benefício da doença, índice de vida funcional, satisfação com o tratamento e efeitos adversos. Resultados: Não houve diferenças significativas no benefício da doença e efeitos adversos entre os quatro grupos (P >0,05). O gengibre melhorou significativamente o índice de vida funcional tardia e náusea (P < 0,05), mas não melhorou a NVI tardia e vómitos e vómitos retardados, o índice de vida funcional dos vómitos e a satisfação com o tratamento (P >0,05). Ambos os grupos de acuponto e combinação melhoraram náuseas agudas, vómitos, náuseas tardias, vómitos, vómitos, vómitos, índice de vida funcional e satisfação com o tratamento (P < 0,05). Conclusão: A acupuntura de gengibre e neiguan pode ajudar a melhorar a NVIQ em pacientes submetidos a quimioterapia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupressure , Drug Therapy , Vomiting , Ginger , Nausea
8.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(2): e310, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1520110

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el síndrome hemolítico urémico (SHU) es en muchos países, de las causas más frecuentes de insuficiencia renal aguda. La mayoría de los casos ocurre luego de un episodio de gastroenteritis aguda (GEA) por Escherichia coli productora de toxina Shiga (STEC). En Uruguay a pesar de ser una enfermedad de notificación obligatoria, existe subregistro. Objetivo: describir dos casos clínicos de SHU asociados a GEA con nexo epidemiológico. Casos clínicos: se trata de dos varones de 4 y 5 años, sanos. En los días previos, ingesta de carne en el mismo local comercial. Consultaron por dolor abdominal, deposiciones líquidas y vómitos reiterados. El niño de 4 años presentaba fiebre y deposiciones líquidas con sangre. El niño de 5 años dolor abdominal. El estado de hidratación y las constantes vitales eran normales en ambos. Fueron admitidos a cuidados moderados. A las 48 horas y a los 5 días, respectivamente, agregan palidez cutáneo-mucosa intensa, edemas y oliguria. Estudios complementarios: anemia, plaquetopenia e insuficiencia renal. Ingresaron a cuidados intensivos y se realizó diálisis peritoneal. La investigación de STEC fue negativa y la evolución favorable. Conclusiones: en menores de 5 años el SHU asociado a GEA es la forma de enfermedad más frecuente. En Uruguay predominan las cepas STEC no-O157. En estos casos no se pudo identificar el agente. La existencia de un nexo epidemiológico alerta sobre la necesidad de extremar los cuidados en la preparación y cocción de la carne. Debido a la asociación con una enfermedad prevalente, es necesario tener presente esta complicación para poder sospecharla e iniciar el tratamiento en forma precoz y oportuna.


Introduction: hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is one of the most frequent causes of acute renal failure in many countries. Most cases occur after an episode of acute gastroenteritis (GEA) due to the Shiga toxin producing Escherichia Soli (STEC). In Uruguay, despite being a disease that requires mandatory notification, it is under reported. Objective: to describe two clinical cases of HUS associated with GEA with an epidemiological link. Clinical cases: these are two healthy boys aged 4 and 5 years. In the previous days, they reported meat intake in the same commercial premises. They consulted for abdominal pain, liquid stools and repeated vomiting. The 4 year old boy had a fever and bloody stools. The 5 year old boy had abdominal pain. They both showed normal hydration levels and vital signs. They were admitted to moderate care. At 48 hours and 5 days, respectively, they showed intense skin and mucosal paleness, edema and oliguria. Complementary studies: anemia, thrombocytopenia and renal failure. They were admitted to intensive care and peritoneal dialysis was performed. The STEC's investigation was negative and the evolution favorable. Conclusions: in children under 5 years of age, HUS associated with GEA is the most frequent form of the disease. In Uruguay, non-O157 STEC strains predominate. In these cases, the agent could not be identified. The existence of an epidemiological link warns us about the need for extreme care in the preparation and cooking of meat. Due to the association with a prevalent disease, it is necessary to keep this complication in mind in order to suspect it and initiate early and timely treatment.


Introdução: a síndrome hemolítico urêmica (SHU) é uma das causas mais frequentes de insuficiência renal aguda em muitos países. A maioria dos casos ocorre após um episódio de gastroenterite aguda (GEA) devido à Escherichia Coli, a toxina produtora de Shiga (STEC). No Uruguai, apesar de ser uma doença de notificação compulsória, há subnotificação. Objetivo: descrever dois casos clínicos de SHU associada à AGE com vínculo epidemiológico. Casos clínicos: dois meninos saudáveis com idades entre 4 e 5 anos. Nos dias anteriores, eles reportaram consumo de carne nos mesmos estabe- lecimentos comerciais. Eles consultaram para dor abdominal, fezes líquidas e vômitos repetidos. O menino de 4 anos teve febre e fezes com sangue. O menino de 5 anos teve dores abdominais. O estado de hidratação e os sinais vitais foram normais em ambos meninos. Foram internados em cuidados moderados. Às 48 horas e 5 dias, respectivamente, apresentaram aliás palidez intensa da pele e mucosas, edema e oligúria. Realizaramse estudos complementares: anemia, trombocitopenia e insuficiência renal. Eles foram internados em terapia intensiva e realizouse diálise peritoneal. A investigação do STEC foi negativa e a evolução favorável. Conclusões: em crianças menores de 5 anos, a SHU associada à GEA é a forma mais frequente da doença. No Uruguai, predominam cepas STEC não-O157. Nesses casos, o agente não pôde ser identificado. A existência de um nexo epidemiológico alerta para a necessidade de extremo cuidado no preparo e cozimento da carne. Devido à associação com doença prevalente, é necessário considerar essa complicação para suspeitar e iniciar o tratamento precoce e oportunamente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Gastroenteritis/complications , Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome/etiology , Vomiting , Abdominal Pain , Diarrhea , Fever , Red Meat/poisoning , Gastroenteritis/diagnosis , Gastroenteritis/therapy , Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome/diagnosis , Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome/therapy
9.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e261792, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529200

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi compreender como mulheres adultas (acima de 30 anos) diagnosticadas com transtornos alimentares (TAs) vivenciam o adoecer. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, descritivo e exploratório, desenvolvido com base no referencial teórico-metodológico da Análise Fenomenológica Interpretativa (AFI). Participaram seis mulheres, com idades entre 34 e 65 anos, atendidas em um serviço especializado. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista aberta, de inspiração fenomenológica, na modalidade remota. As entrevistas foram audiogravadas, transcritas e analisadas seguindo os passos da AFI. Duas categorias temáticas foram identificadas: "Vivendo antes do adoecer" e "Encontrando-se doente." Constatou-se que os sintomas tiveram início anteriormente à vida adulta e que houve dificuldade na confirmação do diagnóstico. Na perspectiva das participantes, conviver com a sintomatologia ficou mais complicado em função de particularidades de manejo dos sintomas na vida adulta, e a idade é percebida como um fator que impacta e dificulta ainda mais a recuperação. As participantes relataram desesperança em relação ao futuro, apesar de a maioria reconhecer melhoras no quadro clínico ao longo do tempo e de valorizar a relação de confiança estabelecida com a equipe multiprofissional.(AU)


This study aimed to understand the experience of illness of adult women (over 30 years) diagnosed with eating disorders (ED). This is a qualitative, descriptive, and exploratory study, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) as theoretical and methodological framework. A sample of six women aged 34-64 years, assisted in a specialized service, were recruited to complete a phenomenological in-depth open interview. The data were remotely collected. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed and analyzed following the IPA. Two thematic categories were identified: "Living before the illness" and "Finding about the illness." It was found that the symptoms started before adulthood and that there was difficulty establishing the diagnosis. Living with the symptoms became more complicated due to particularities of symptom management in adulthood and age is perceived as a factor that impacts recovery and makes it even more difficult. The participants reported hopelessness about the future, although most recognized improvements in the clinical condition over time and valued the trusting relationship they established with the multiprofessional team.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue comprender las experiencias de las mujeres adultas (mayores de 30 años) diagnosticadas con trastornos alimentarios (TA) respecto a la enfermedad. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo, descriptivo y exploratorio, desarrollado a partir del marco teórico y metodológico del Análisis Fenomenológico Interpretativo (AFI). Participaron seis mujeres, con edades de entre 34 y 65 años, atendidas en un servicio especializado. Los datos se recogieron mediante entrevistas abiertas, de inspiración fenomenológica, en la modalidad a distancia. Las entrevistas fueron grabadas en audio, transcritas y analizadas siguiendo los pasos del AFI. Se identificaron dos categorías temáticas: "Vivir antes de enfermar" y "Encontrarse enfermo." Se constató que los síntomas comenzaron antes de la edad adulta y que hubo dificultades de establecer el diagnóstico. La convivencia con síntomas se complicó debido a las particularidades del manejo de los síntomas en la vida adulta y la edad se percibe como un factor que influye y dificulta aún más la recuperación. Los participantes manifestaron desesperanza sobre el futuro, aunque reconocieron mejoras en el cuadro clínico con el paso del tiempo y valoraron la relación de confianza establecida con el equipo multiprofesional.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Anorexia Nervosa , Feeding and Eating Disorders , Bulimia Nervosa , Pandemics , Anxiety , Perceptual Distortion , Appetite , Personal Satisfaction , Psychiatry , Psychology , Psychopathology , Quality of Life , Self-Assessment , Shame , Stomach Diseases , Stress, Psychological , Therapeutics , Thinness , Beauty Culture , Vomiting , Nutrition Rehabilitation , Body Weight , Aging , Menopause , Weight Loss , Family , Comorbidity , Mental Health , Mortality , Interview , Cultural Factors , Dehydration , Transcription Factors, General , Malnutrition , Depressive Disorder , Diagnosis , Diet , Diet Therapy , Emotions , Nutritional Sciences , Laxatives , Feeding Behavior , Binge-Eating Disorder , Bullying , Social Stigma , Physical Appearance, Body , Self-Control , Applied Behavior Analysis , Food Addiction , Rumination, Digestive , Mental Health Recovery , Body-Weight Trajectory , Embarrassment , Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder , Body-Shaming , Social Representation , Orthorexia Nervosa , Social Status , Guilt , Health Promotion , Mass Media , Mental Disorders , Metabolism , Obesity
10.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 57: e20230191, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1521561

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of acupuncture and auriculotherapy protocol in relieving chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in cancer patients compared to the antiemetic protocol. Method: Pilot study of a pragmatic two-arm clinical trial: an acupuncture group received systemic acupuncture, auriculotherapy, and antiemetic protocol; a control group used antiemetic protocol. The sample consisted of 42 patients with cancer of the gastrointestinal system or multiple myeloma. The outcome was assessed using the Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting Assessment Tool and the patient's diary. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between groups according to the assessment of the patient's diary and the Assessment Tool of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. The patients were 60 years old on average and the groups were homogeneous, except for marital status. In the diary, there was no statistical difference between groups and sessions for days of nausea (p = 0.873) and vomiting episodes (p = 0.993). Conclusion: The protocol of acupuncture and auriculotherapy as a complementary treatment of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting was ineffective, considering the limitations of the study.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del protocolo de acupuntura y auriculoterapia para aliviar las náuseas y los vómitos inducidos por la quimioterapia en pacientes con cáncer en comparación con el protocolo antiemético. Método: Estudio piloto tipo ensayo clínico pragmático con dos brazos: el grupo de acupuntura recibió acupuntura sistémica, auriculoterapia y protocolo antiemético, el grupo control utilizó un protocolo antiemético. La muestra estuvo compuesta por 42 pacientes con cáncer del sistema gastrointestinal o mieloma múltiple. El resultado se evaluó mediante el Instrumento de Evaluación de Náuseas y Vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia y el diario del paciente. Resultados: No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos según la evaluación del diario del paciente y el Instrumento de Evaluación de náuseas y vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia. Los pacientes tenían en promedio 60 años y los grupos eran homogéneos, excepto por el estado civil. En el diario no hubo diferencia estadística entre los grupos y sesiones para los días de náuseas (p = 0,873) y episodios de vómitos (p = 0,993). Conclusión: El protocolo de acupuntura y auriculoterapia como tratamiento complementario de las náuseas y vómitos inducidos por la quimioterapia resultó ineficaz, considerando las limitaciones del estudio.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade do protocolo de acupuntura e auriculoterapia no alívio de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia em pacientes oncológicos em comparação ao protocolo antiemético. Método: Estudo piloto tipo ensaio clínico pragmático de dois braços: grupo acupuntura recebeu acupuntura sistêmica, auriculoterapia e protocolo antiemético, o grupo controle utilizou protocolo antiemético. A amostra foi composta por 42 pacientes com câncer do sistema gastrointestinal ou mieloma múltiplo. O desfecho foi avaliado pelo Instrumento de Avaliação de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia e diário do paciente. Resultados: Não houve diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos pela avaliação do diário do paciente e Instrumento de Avaliação de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia. Os pacientes apresentavam em média 60 anos e os grupos foram homogêneos, exceto para o estado civil. No diário, não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos e as sessões para os dias de náuseas (p = 0,873) e episódios de vômitos (p = 0,993). Conclusão: O protocolo de acupuntura e auriculoterapia como tratamento complementar de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia foi inefetivo, considerando as limitações do estudo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing , Acupuncture , Antineoplastic Agents , Vomiting , Nausea
11.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 69(3)jul-set. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1512587

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) are common adverse drug reactions (ADR) experienced by children undergoing treatment for cancer. New paediatric ADR Assessment Causality and Avoidability tools (LCAT and LAAT) of Liverpool are suitable for categorizing factors related to ADR prevention and improving patient care. Still, no studies to date have compared the utility and results of its application for CINV in countries with different levels of development. Objective: To investigate the utility of the Liverpool Adverse Drug Reaction Causality and Avoidability Assessment Tools (LCAT and LAAT) in assessing CINV in children. Method: Prospective observational study of CINV assessment in children aged 4 to 16 years from Alder Hey Children's Hospital (Liverpool, UK) and "Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira" (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Children (helped by the parents) completed a symptom diary during chemotherapy and for 24 hours after treatment. Information regarding underlying diagnosis, past medical history, and medications administered was collected from the patient record. Case reports were prepared, and the temporal relationship between nausea and vomiting and exposure to chemotherapy, including any strategy to prevent CINV, was recorded. The causality and avoidability were assessed with LCAT and LAAT, respectively. Results: There were 26 reports of CINV in 36 chemotherapy cycles. The causality assessment was 'definite' for 24 cases. Twenty ADRs were deemed 'definitely avoidable' and four 'not avoidable'. Selection of inappropriate therapeutic options and non-administration of antiemetic were the most common factors observed in the hospitals studied. Conclusion: The LCAT and LAAT were helpful for assessing CINV in children in two different hospitals.


Introdução: Náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia (NVIQ) são reações adversas a medicamentos (RAM) comuns em crianças em tratamento oncológico. Novas ferramentas de Avaliação de Causalidade e Evitabilidade de RAM de Liverpool (LCAT e LAAT) foram validadas e auxiliam a categorização de fatores de risco. Contudo, até o momento, nenhum estudo comparou a utilidade e os resultados de sua aplicação para NVIQ em países com diferentes níveis de desenvolvimento. Objetivo: Investigar a utilidade da LCAT e LAAT na avaliação de NVIQ. Método: Estudo observacional prospectivo com crianças de 4 a 16 anos do Alder Hey Children's Hospital (Liverpool, Reino Unido) e do Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil). As crianças (ajudadas pelos pais) preencheram um diário de sintomas durante e até 24 horas após administração da quimioterapia. Informações sobre diagnóstico subjacente, história médica pregressa e medicamentos administrados foram coletadas do prontuário do paciente. Relatos de casos foram preparados e a relação temporal entre náuseas e vômitos e exposição à quimioterapia, incluindo qualquer estratégia para prevenir NVIQ, foi registrada para análise da causalidade e evitabilidade com o auxílio de LCAT e LAAT, respectivamente. Resultados: Houve 26 notificações de NVIQ em 36 ciclos de quimioterapia. A causalidade foi 'definida' para 24 casos. Foram consideradas 'definitivamente evitáveis' 20 RAM e 'não evitáveis', quatro. A seleção de opções terapêuticas inadequadas e a omissão de antieméticos foram os principais problemas evitáveis. Conclusão: O LCAT e o LAAT foram úteis para avaliar NVIQ em crianças em dois hospitais diferentes


Introducción: Las náuseas y vómitos inducidos por quimioterapia (NVIQ) son reacciones adversas a medicamentos (RAM) comunes en niños en tratamiento oncológico. Nuevas herramientas de Evaluación de Causalidad y Evitabilidad de RAM de Liverpool (LCAT y LAAT) han sido validadas y ayudan en la categorización de factores de riesgo. Sin embargo, ningún estudio ha comparado su utilidad y resultados para evaluación de NVIQ en países con diferentes niveles de desarrollo. Objetivo: Investigar la utilidad de LCAT y LAAT en la evaluación de NVIQ. Método: Estudio observacional prospectivo con niños de 4 a 16 años del Alder Hey Children's Hospital (Liverpool, Reino Unido) y del Instituto de Pediatría Martagão Gesteira (Río de Janeiro, Brasil). Los niños (ayudados por los padres) completaron un diario de síntomas durante y hasta 24 horas después de la quimioterapia. La información sobre el diagnóstico subyacente, la historia médica previa y los medicamentos se recopiló de la historia clínica médico del paciente. Se prepararon informes de casos y se registró la relación temporal entre las RAM y la exposición a la quimioterapia, incluyendo cualquier estrategia para prevenir NVIQ, para análisis de causalidad y evitabilidad con LCAT y LAAT, respectivamente. Resultados: Hubo 26 notificaciones de NVIQ en 36 ciclos de quimioterapia. La causalidad fue "definida" para 24 casos. Fueron consideradas "definitivamente evitables" 20 RAM y "no evitables", cuatro. La selección de opciones terapéuticas inadecuadas y la omisión de antieméticos fueron los principales problemas evitables. Conclusión: LCAT y LAAT fueron útiles para evaluar NVIQ en niños en dos hospitales diferentes


Subject(s)
Vomiting , Child , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Nausea , Neoplasms
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1017-1022, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987016

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) rs671 polymorphisms and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV).@*METHODS@#A total of 90 Chinese patients with malignant tumors receiving chemotherapy for the first time were recruited in this study. The occurrence of CINV was observed within 120 h after treatment with docetaxel and cis-platinum chemotherapy (DP regimen). The data of the patients (including age, gender, tumor stage, habitual alcohol consumption, motion sickness, morning sickness, and average sleep time prior to chemotherapy) were collected through a questionnaire. ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms of the patients were analyzed using a multiple single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping, and the Hardy-Weinberg equation was used for genetic linkage analysis. The correlations between the factors including ALDH2 rs671 polymorphisms and the occurrence of CINV were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of CINV was 48.9% among the patients receiving their first chemotherapy with DP regimen. Univariate analysis indicated that the genetic polymorphisms of ALDH2 rs671 were significantly correlated with the occurrence of CINV (P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis indicated that ALDH2 rs671 mutation (OR: 3.019, 95% CI: 1.056-8.628, P < 0.05) and average sleep time prior to chemotherapy no longer than 6 h (OR: 2.807, 95% CI: 1.033-7.628, P < 0.05) were risk factors for CINV in patients with malignant tumors receiving the first chemotherapy with DP regimen.@*CONCLUSION@#ALDH2 gene mutation at rs671 is a risk factor contributing to the occurrence of CINV, and understanding of the underlying mechanism may help to more effectively control the occurrence of CINV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial/genetics , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Nausea/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Vomiting/genetics , Neoplasms/drug therapy
13.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 705-710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985978

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the misdiagnosis of area postrema syndrome (APS) manifesting as intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups in neuromyelitis optic spectrum disease (NMOSD) and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data from NMOSD patients attending the Department of Neurology at the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital between January 2019 and July 2021. SPSS25.0 was then used to analyze the manifestations, misdiagnosis, and mistreatment of APS. Results: A total of 207 patients with NMOSD were included, including 21 males and 186 females. The mean age of onset was 39±15 years (range: 5-72 years). The proportion of patients who were positive for serum aquaporin 4 antibody was 82.6% (171/207). In total, 35.7% (74/207) of the NMOSD patients experienced APS during the disease course; of these patients, 70.3% (52/74) had APS as the first symptom and 29.7% (22/74) had APS as a secondary symptom. The misdiagnosis rates for these conditions were 90.4% (47/52) and 50.0% (11/22), respectively. As the first symptom, 19.2% (10/52) of patients during APS presented only with intractable nausea, vomiting and hiccups; 80.8% (42/52) of patients experienced other neurological symptoms. The Departments of Gastroenterology and General Medicine were the departments that most frequently made the first diagnosis of APS, accounting for 54.1% and 17.6% of patients, respectively. The most common misdiagnoses related to diseases of the digestive system and the median duration of misdiagnosis was 37 days. Conclusions: APS is a common symptom of NMOSD and is associated with a high rate of misdiagnosis. Other concomitant symptoms often occur with APS. Gaining an increased awareness of this disease/syndrome, obtaining a detailed patient history, and performing physical examinations are essential if we are to reduce and avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Neuromyelitis Optica/diagnosis , Area Postrema , Retrospective Studies , Hiccup/complications , Vomiting/etiology , Nausea/etiology , Inflammation , Syndrome , Autoantibodies , Diagnostic Errors , Aquaporin 4
14.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): 346-353, oct. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1391193

ABSTRACT

Los trastornos funcionales gastrointestinales (TFGI) se caracterizan por síntomas atribuibles al tracto gastrointestinal que no pueden ser explicados por anormalidades estructurales ni bioquímicas. Durante el primer año de vida, pueden generar mucho malestar en el lactante y preocupación en sus padres. Su diagnóstico se basa en criterios clínicos que expertos han determinado y en una historia clínica y un examen físico completo que descartan causas orgánicas. El objetivo de esta actualización es presentar estrategias para el manejo de los TFGI más frecuentes durante el primer año de vida: cólicos, regurgitaciones, disquecia y estreñimiento, bajo la visión de los nuevos conocimientos fisiopatológicos, que eviten los estudios y medicaciones innecesarias.


Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are characterized by symptoms attributable to the gastrointestinal tract that cannot be explained by the presence of structural or biochemical abnormalities. During the first year of life, FGIDs can cause great discomfort in infants and concern in their parents. The diagnosis of FGIDs is based on clinical criteria determined by experts and on a comprehensive case-taking process and physical exam to rule out organic causes. The objective of this update is to describe strategies for the management of the most frequent FGIDs during the first year of life: colics, regurgitations, dyschezia, and constipation, in light of new pathophysiological insights, to avoid unnecessary tests and medications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Colic , Gastrointestinal Diseases/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Diseases/etiology , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Vomiting , Prevalence , Constipation/diagnosis , Constipation/drug therapy
16.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408248

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pileflebitis, trombosis séptica del sistema portal por cuadros inflamatorios agudos abdominales, se presenta con manifestaciones clínicas variables en dependencia de la causa de origen y por rama portal afectado. El diagnóstico incluye función hepática normal o ligeramente alterada con leucocitosis, hemocultivos positivos, eco doppler o tomografía computarizada que corrobore la enfermedad. Objetivo: Describir la pileflebitis como una complicación inusual en una paciente embarazada con apendicitis aguda, desde su concepto, fisiopatología, presentación clínica, diagnóstico y medidas terapéuticas. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 18 años, gestante, que refirió dolor abdominal de gran intensidad, acompañado de vómito y deposiciones diarreicas y tinte ictérico. Por tales motivos fue trasladada al Hospital General Docente Ambato. Se diagnosticó sepsis de origen abdominal por apendicitis aguda perforada, peritonitis generalizada complicada con pileflebitis. Se realizó intervención quirúrgica y resolución del cuadro clínico. Conclusiones: La pileflebitis presenta una gran dificultad diagnóstica, por lo que herramientas como la ecografía doppler y la tomografía computarizada son de ayuda en estos casos. Los pilares del tratamiento incluyen control del foco séptico abdominal y tratar la pileflebitis(AU)


Introduction: Pylephlebitis, septic thrombosis of the portal system due to acute abdominal inflammatory conditions, it presents with variable clinical signs depending on the cause of origin and the affected portal branch. Diagnosis includes normal or mildly impaired liver function with leukocytosis, positive blood cultures, Doppler echocardiography, or computed tomography confirming the disease. Objective: To describe pylephlebitis as an unusual complication in a pregnant patient with acute appendicitis, referring to its concept, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and therapeutic measures. Clinical case report: This is the case of an 18-year-old female pregnant patient, who had severe abdominal pain, accompanied by vomiting, diarrhea and jaundiced stools. For such reasons, she was transferred to the Ambato General Teaching Hospital. Sepsis of abdominal origin was diagnosed due to acute perforated appendicitis, generalized peritonitis complicated with pylephlebitis. Surgical intervention was performed and the clinical condition was solved. Conclusions: Pylephlebitis represents a great diagnostic difficulty, hence tools such as Doppler ultrasound and computed tomography are helpful in these cases. The mainstays of treatment include control of the abdominal septic focus and treating pylephlebitis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Appendicitis/complications , Peritonitis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Vomiting , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography, Doppler
17.
Medicina UPB ; 41(1): 85-90, mar. 2022. Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1362717

ABSTRACT

Se presenta el caso de una mujer en la quinta década de la vida que ingresa al servicio de urgencias con manifestaciones gastrointestinales consistentes en vómito e hipo. Después de múltiples estudios e intervenciones por especialistas, se piensa en el origen central de los síntomas. Se realiza una resonancia magnética nuclear (RMN) cerebral que permite el enfoque del caso y posterior confirmación del diagnóstico de una enfermedad dentro del espectro de la neuromielitis óptica, positiva para anticuerpos anti-acuaporinas-4. El tratamiento con esteroide y anticuerpo monoclonal (Rituximab) llevan a un control adecuado de la enfermedad.


We present a case report of a woman in her 50s admitted to the emergency room with gastrointestinal manifestations consisting of vomiting and hiccups. After a series of studies and interventions by specialists, a brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is performed in order to find the central origin of the symptoms. This allows the approach of the case and subsequent confirmation of the diagnosis of Neuromyelitis optica, positive for anti-acuaporin-4 antibodies. Finally, it seems that treatment with steroids and monoclonal antibodies leads to proper control of the disease.


Se apresenta o caso de uma mulher na quinta década de vida que ingressa ao serviço de urgências com manifestações gastrointestinais consistentes em vômito e soluço. Depois de múltiplos estudos e intervenções por especialistas, se pensa na origemcentral dos sintomas. Se realiza uma ressonância magnética nuclear (RMN) cerebral que permite o enfoque do caso e posterior confirmação do diagnóstico de uma doença dentro do espectro da neuromielite óptica, positiva para anticorpos anti-acuaporinas-4. O tratamento com esteroide e anticorpo monoclonal (Rituximab) levam a um controle adequado da doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neuromyelitis Optica , Vomiting , Brain , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Aquaporins , Hiccup , Antibodies
18.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56: e20210515, 2022. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1406769

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to synthesize the evidence available in the literature on the effects of integrative and complementary practices in nausea and vomiting treatment in pregnant women. Method: a systematic review, reported according to PRISMA and registered in PROSPERO. The search for studies was carried out in 11 databases. To assess risk of bias in randomized clinical trials, the Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 2) was used. Results: the final sample consisted of 31 articles, divided into three categories: aromatherapy, phytotherapy and acupuncture. It was observed that aromatherapy with lemon essential oil, ginger capsules, pericardial 6 point acupressure were the interventions that proved to be effective. Less than half of studies reported adverse effects, with mild and transient symptoms predominating. Most articles were classified as "some concern" in risk of bias assessment. Conclusion: the three most effective interventions to control gestational nausea and vomiting were aromatherapy, herbal medicine and acupuncture, with significant results in the assessment of individual studies.


RESUMEN Objetivo: sintetizar las evidencias disponibles en la literatura sobre los efectos de las prácticas integradoras y complementarias en el tratamiento de náuseas y vómitos en gestantes. Método: revisión sistemática, reportada según PRISMA y registrada en PROSPERO. La búsqueda de estudios se realizó en 11 bases/bases de datos. Para evaluar el riesgo de sesgo en los ensayos clínicos aleatorios, se utilizó la herramienta Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 2). Resultados: la muestra final estuvo compuesta por 31 artículos, divididos en tres categorías: aromaterapia, fitoterapia y acupuntura. Se observó que la aromaterapia con aceite esencial de limón, las cápsulas de jengibre, la acupresión en el punto 6 del pericardio fueron las intervenciones que demostraron ser efectivas. Menos de la mitad de los estudios reportaron efectos adversos, predominando los síntomas leves y transitorios. La mayoría de los artículos se clasificaron como "cierta preocupación" en la evaluación del riesgo de sesgo. Conclusión: las tres intervenciones más efectivas para controlar las náuseas y los vómitos gestacionales fueron la aromaterapia, la fitoterapia y la acupuntura, con resultados significativos en la evaluación de los estudios individuales.


RESUMO Objetivo: sintetizar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre os efeitos das práticas integrativas e complementares no tratamento de náusea e vômito em gestantes. Método: revisão sistemática, relatada conforme o PRISMA e registrada no PROSPERO. A busca pelos estudos foi realizada em 11 bases/bancos de dados. Para avaliação do risco de viés dos ensaios clínicos randomizados, utilizou-se a ferramenta Cochrane Collaboration Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 2). Resultados: a amostra final foi composta por 31 artigos, divididos em três categorias: aromaterapia, fitoterapia e acupuntura. Observou-se que a aromaterapia com óleo essencial de limão, cápsulas de gengibre, acupressão no ponto pericárdio 6 foram as intervenções que se provaram eficazes. Menos da metade dos estudos relatou efeitos adversos, sendo que predominaram sintomas de leve intensidade e transitórios. A maioria dos artigos foi classificada como "alguma preocupação" na avaliação do risco de viés. Conclusão as três intervenções mais eficazes para controle de náusea e vômito gestacional foram aromaterapia, fitoterapia e acupuntura, com resultados significativos na avaliação dos estudos individuais.


Subject(s)
Complementary Therapies , Pregnancy , Nausea , Vomiting , Systematic Review
19.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(4): 757-762, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1412494

ABSTRACT

Se identificó la relación entre los síntomas gastrointestinales y la afectación hepática en pacientes diagnosticados con COVID-19. El daño hepático en estos pacientes puede ser causado por el virus que infecta directamente las células hepáticas, por ello se debe prestar más atención al estado de la función hepática de los pacientes con COVID-19. Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en pacientes diagnosticados con COVID-19, pertenecientes a dos hospitales del cantón Ambato, de enero a julio de 2021. Se seleccionó una muestra no probabilística, de 125 pacientes con los siguientes criterios: no presentar afectación hepática, no estar bajo tratamiento con fármacos hepatotóxicos. Para identificar posible diferencia de medias entre los niveles de las determinaciones de TGP, TGO, GGT y LDH en los pacientes con y sin síntomas se utilizó la prueba t de Student para muestras independientes. Posteriormente, se realizó la prueba estadística Regresión logística binaria con el método Intro. La prueba de bondad de ajuste Hosmer-Lemeshow permitió evaluar el ajuste del modelo. Para todas las pruebas de hipótesis se empleó un nivel de significación del 5%(AU)


The relationship between gastrointestinal symptoms and liver involvement in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 was identified. Liver damage in these patients may be caused by the virus directly infecting liver cells, so more attention should be paid to the liver function status of COVID-19 patients. An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in patients diagnosed with COVID-19, belonging to two hospitals in the Ambato canton, from January to July 2021. A non-probabilistic sample of 125 patients was selected with the following criteria: no liver involvement, no treatment with hepatotoxic drugs. To identify possible mean differences between the levels of TGP, TGO, GGT and LDH determinations in patients with and without symptoms, the Student's t-test was used for independent samples. Subsequently, the binary logistic regression statistical test was performed with the Intro method. The Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test allowed us to evaluate the fit of the model. For all hypothesis tests, a significance level of 5% was used(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , COVID-19 , Signs and Symptoms , Vomiting , Diarrhea , Gastrointestinal Diseases
20.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e191123, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394050

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) and post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a problem, often occurs in patient. Inspite of high bioavailability, the demerits such as: hepatic first pass metabolism and invasive nature of oral and parenteral dosage forms can be avoided with anti-emetic therapy of transdermal device. The major objective of the present study is to modify the hydrochloride (HCl) form of Ondansetron (OND) to the base form followed by improvement of solubility and permeability of OND by employing solid dispersion (SD) loaded patches. Preformulation study, as observed, begins with an approach to enthuse solubility of OND by SD technique choosing different carriers. The choice of carriers was rationalized by phase solubility study. Several combinations of transdermal films were prepared with pure drug, carriers and SDs with plasticizer Ka values of OND-HPßCD binary system were found lower (54.43 to 187.57 M-1) than that of OND-PVP K-30 binary system (1156.77 to 12203.6 M-1). The drug content of SDs and patches were found satisfactory. Better permeation rate (236.48±3.66 µg/3.935 cm2) with promising flux enhancement (8.30 fold) was found with DBP loaded SD patch (P6*). Hence, enhancement of solubility and permeability of P6* ensures that it can successfully enhance the bioavailability


Subject(s)
Plasticizers/adverse effects , Solubility , Ondansetron/antagonists & inhibitors , Patients/classification , Vomiting , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Dosage Forms , Drug Therapy/instrumentation , Methods , Motion Pictures/classification
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