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Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 106, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139472


ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence and to evaluate risk factors for antineoplastic nausea and vomiting with high and moderate emetogenic chemotherapy in adult patients in the first treatment cycle. METHODS: Prospective cohort study with follow-up of 269 adults during the first cycle of antineoplastic chemotherapy. The incidence of nausea and vomiting was evaluated in the acute phase (0-24 hours), in the late phase (24 hours-5th day) and in the total phase (0-5th day). RESULTS: In total, 152 patients underwent high emetogenic chemotherapy and 117 moderate emetogenic chemotherapy. The relative frequency of nausea was higher when compared with vomiting in the acute phase (p < 0.001) and in the late phase (p < 0.001). The risk factors identified were: age group ≤ 49 years (odds ratio = 0.47; 95%CI 0.23-0.95) and 50-64 years (odds ratio = 0.45; 95%CI 0.23-0.87), tobacco use (odds ratio = 0.35; 95%CI 0.14-0.88), and high emetogenic chemotherapy (odds ratio 0.55; 95%CI 0.31-0.95). CONCLUSION: The incidence of nausea was higher than that of vomiting, and adverse effects were more frequent in the late phase. The results suggest the risk factors for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting are tobacco, age (young adults), and high emetogenic chemotherapy.

RESUMO OBJETIVO: Estimar a incidência e avaliar os fatores de risco para náuseas e vômitos induzidos por antineoplásicos com alto e moderado potencial emético em pacientes adultos, no primeiro ciclo de tratamento. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte prospectiva, com 269 adultos acompanhados durante o primeiro ciclo de quimioterapia antineoplásica. A incidência de náuseas e vômitos foi avaliada na fase aguda (0-24 horas), na fase tardia (24 horas-5° dia) e na fase total (0-5° dia). RESULTADOS: 152 pacientes foram submetidos a quimioterápico com alto potencial emético e 117 a moderado potencial emético. A frequência relativa de náuseas foi maior quando comparada à de vômitos na fase aguda (p < 0,001) e na fase tardia (p < 0,001). Os fatores de risco identificados foram: faixa etária ≤ 49 anos (odds ratio = 0,47; IC95% 0,23-0,95) e 50-64 anos (odds ratio = 0,45; IC95% 0,23-0,87), uso de tabaco (odds ratio = 0,35; IC95% 0,14-0,88) e alto potencial emético dos quimioterápicos (odds ratio 0,55; IC95% 0,31-0,95). CONCLUSÃO: A incidência de náuseas foi maior do que a de vômitos, e na fase tardia os efeitos adversos foram mais frequentes. Os resultados sugerem que os fatores de risco para náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia são o tabaco, a idade (adultos jovens) e o alto potencial emético do quimioterápico.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vomiting/chemically induced , Nausea/chemically induced , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Vomiting/drug therapy , Vomiting/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Middle Aged , Antiemetics/therapeutic use , Nausea/drug therapy , Nausea/epidemiology , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 30(2): 103-108, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052593


Background. The cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) was first described in 2004. It is considered as a functional gastrointestinal syndrome characterized by the presence of nausea, severe and cyclic morning vomiting, epigastric abdominal pain, hot water bathing for symptom relief, in patients that use cannabis regularly and has a resolution of the syndrome after cessation of cannabis consumption. Clinical Case. Report of a 29 year old male, with daily consumption of cannabis, with history of intense epigastric abdominal pain and recurrent vomiting that partially responded to the use of antispasmodics. After 4 visits to the emergency department he was hospitalized for study and treatment. Laboratory and image exploration are carried out without positive results for organic disease. Therefore, a functional gastrointestinal syndrome is thought, and a cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome was suspected. A psychiatric evaluation is carried out, diagnosing a cannabis use disorder. Discussion and conclusion. CHS is a syndrome that has been described recently and is not usually considered as a differential diagnosis for patients with hyperemesis. However, the current high prevalence of cannabis consumption, will probably lead to a more frequent presentation of the syndrome at different health providers. Therefore, it is important to diffuse and update the knowledge about this syndrome to recognize it and develop a timely treatment, avoiding medical complications from invasive exploratory methods and the use of unnecessary resources. (AU)

Humans , Male , Adult , Cannabinoids/adverse effects , Marijuana Abuse/physiopathology , Vomiting/chemically induced , Marijuana Abuse/complications , Nausea/chemically induced
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(5): e20180414, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040274


RESUMO Objetivo Ensaios clínicos mostraram que 150 mg de Nintedanibe duas vezes ao dia reduzem a progressão da doença em pacientes com Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática (FPI), com um perfil de efeitos adversos que é controlável para a maioria dos pacientes. Antes da aprovação do Nintedanibe como tratamento para a FPI no Brasil, um Programa de Acesso Expandido (PEA) foi iniciado para fornecer acesso precoce ao tratamento e avaliar a segurança e a tolerância do Nintedanibe para este grupo de pacientes. Métodos Foram elegíveis para participar da PEA pacientes com diagnóstico de FPI nos últimos 5 anos, com capacidade vital forçada (CVF) ≥ 50% do previsto e capacidade de difusão dos pulmões para monóxido de carbono (DLco) 30%-79% do previsto. Os pacientes receberam Nintedanibe 150 mg, 2 vezes ao dia (bid). As avaliações de segurança incluíram eventos adversos que levaram à suspensão permanente do Nintedanibe e eventos adversos graves. Resultados O PEA envolveu 57 pacientes em 8 centros. A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo masculino (77,2%) e brancos (87,7%). No início do estudo, a média de idade foi de 70,7 (7,5) anos e a CVF foi de 70,7 (12,5%) do previsto. A média de exposição ao Nintedanibe foi de 14,4 (6,2) meses; a exposição máxima foi de 22,0 meses. Os eventos adversos frequentemente relatados pelo pesquisador como relacionados ao tratamento com Nintedanibe foram diarreia (45 pacientes, 78,9%) e náusea (25 pacientes, 43,9%). Os eventos adversos levaram à suspensão permanente do Nintedanibe em 16 pacientes (28,1%) que passaram por um evento adverso grave. Conclusões No PEA brasileiro, o Nintedanibe apresentou um perfil aceitável de segurança e tolerância em pacientes com FPI, condizendo com dados de ensaios clínicos.

ABSTRACT Objective Clinical trials have shown that nintedanib 150 mg twice daily (bid) reduces disease progression in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), with an adverse event profile that is manageable for most patients. Prior to the approval of nintedanib as a treatment for IPF in Brazil, an expanded access program (EAP) was initiated to provide early access to treatment and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of nintedanib in this patient population. Methods Patients with a diagnosis of IPF within the previous five years, forced vital capacity (FVC) ≥ 50% predicted and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLco) 30% to 79% predicted were eligible to participate in the EAP. Patients received nintedanib 150 mg bid open-label. Safety assessments included adverse events leading to permanent discontinuation of nintedanib and serious adverse events. Results The EAP involved 57 patients at eight centers. Most patients were male (77.2%) and white (87.7%). At baseline, mean (SD) age was 70.7 (7.5) years and FVC was 70.7 (12.5) % predicted. Mean (SD) exposure to nintedanib was 14.4 (6.2) months; maximum exposure was 22.0 months. The most frequently reported adverse events considered by the investigator to be related to nintedanib treatment were diarrhea (45 patients, 78.9%) and nausea (25 patients, 43.9%). Adverse events led to permanent discontinuation of nintedanib in 16 patients (28.1%). Sixteen patients (28.1%) had a serious adverse event. Conclusion In the Brazilian EAP, nintedanib had an acceptable safety and tolerability profile in patients with IPF, consistent with data from clinical trials.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Indoles/administration & dosage , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Time Factors , Vomiting/chemically induced , Algorithms , Brazil , Vital Capacity/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Diarrhea/chemically induced , Drug Tolerance , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/etiology , Transaminases/analysis , Indoles/adverse effects , Nausea/chemically induced
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 82-90, July-Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-757418


This article reports orthodontic treatment of a case of hypodontia of five premolars in an 11-year-old female patient with a positive tooth size-arch length discrepancy in both dental arches. The patient had a straight profile with balanced facial growth. Setup manufacture revealed the possibility of achieving ideal occlusion by mesializing permanent molars up to 15 mm, in addition to keeping a primary molar in the dental arch. With the aid of absolute anchorage, the proposed mechanics was performed and the occlusion predicted in the setup was achieved, while profile and facial growth pattern were maintained. The use of miniscrews for extensive orthodontic movements was successful. Furthermore, one primary molar was extensively mesialized. The indication of gingivoplasty to correct gingival smile proved effective. This is considered a useful technique for orthodontists.

Este artigo apresenta o tratamento ortodôntico de um caso com hipodontia de cinco pré-molares, em uma paciente, de 11 anos de idade, com discrepância positiva de modelo em ambas as arcadas. A paciente apresentava perfil reto, com crescimento facial equilibrado. Por meio da confecção de set-up, verificou-se a possibilidade de se estabelecer uma oclusão ideal por meio da mesialização, de até 15mm, dos molares permanentes e manutenção de um molar decíduo no arco. Com o auxílio de ancoragem absoluta, foi realizada a mecânica proposta, alcançando-se a oclusão prevista em set-up, além da manutenção do perfil e do padrão de crescimento facial. A utilização de mini-implantes para grandes movimentos ortodônticos foi favorável, incluindo a extensa mesialização de um molar decíduo. A indicação da gengivoplastia para correção do sorriso gengival se mostrou acertada, sendo essa uma técnica de grande auxílio à Ortodontia.

Animals , Dogs , Female , Male , Dog Diseases/chemically induced , Hydromorphone/adverse effects , Nausea/veterinary , Quinuclidines/therapeutic use , Vomiting/veterinary , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects , Antiemetics/administration & dosage , Antiemetics/therapeutic use , Dog Diseases/drug therapy , Drug Administration Schedule/veterinary , Nausea/chemically induced , Nausea/drug therapy , Quinuclidines/administration & dosage , Vomiting/chemically induced , Vomiting/drug therapy
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(3): 220-225, 06/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751315


Objective To compare the two anthropometric standards for screening of overweight and cardio-metabolic risk in 6–10-year-old children.Subjects and methods This cross-sectional study included 175 subjects attending the Referral Center for the Treatment of Children and Adolescents in Campos, Rio de Janeiro. They were classified according to CDC and WHO BMI z scores as normal-weight (z-score > –1 and < 1), overweight (z-score ≥ 1 and < 2) or obese (z-score ≥ 2). Sensitivities and specificities in predicting systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP) blood pressure and homeostatic model assessment insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) alterations were calculated.Results There was a major difference in 11 children who rated overweight by the CDC but were reclassified as obese by the WHO. Their mean z-scores for SBP (1.71 ± 1.54), DBP (2.64 ± 1.83) and HOMA-IR (1.84 ± 0.98) were higher than those classified as overweight by both references (SBP = 0.49 ± 1.34, p < 0.023, DBP = 1.45 ± 0.97, p < 0.04 and HOMA = 1.24 ± 0.67, p < 0.04), but were similar to those classified as obese by both criteria (SBP = 1.25 ± 2.04, p = 0.60, DBP = 1.94 ± 1.19, p = 0.50 and HOMA = 2.09 ± 1.12, p = 0.76).Conclusion the 2007 WHO reference was the most sensitive in screening for overweight and alterations in blood pressure and HOMA-IR in 6–10-year-old children. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2015;59(3):220-5.

Animals , Female , Male , Breeding , Isoflurane/pharmacology , Motion Sickness/complications , Motion Sickness/genetics , Vomiting/chemically induced , Vomiting/complications , Copper Sulfate/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Emetics/pharmacology , Nicotine/pharmacology , Shrews , Species Specificity
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123435


OBJECTIVE: There is no research regarding the appropriate antiemetic agents for female patients, especially those receiving moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). We evaluated the antiemetic efficacy of a combination of 5-HT3 receptor with/without aprepitant in patients with gynecological cancer treated with the TC (paclitaxel and carboplatin) regimen of MEC. METHODS: We enrolled 38 patients diagnosed with gynecologic cancer and scheduled to receive the TC regimen. The patients were randomly assigned to receive a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, either palonosetron in the first cycle followed by granisetron in the second cycle or vice versa. In the third cycle, all patients received a combination of the 5-HT3 receptor and dexamethasone with/without aprepitant. RESULTS: When three drugs were administered, palonosetron consistently produced an equivalent complete response (CR) rate to granisetron in the acute phase (89.5% vs. 86.8%, p=0.87) and delayed phase (60.5% vs. 65.8%, p=0.79). With regard to the change in dietary intake, palonosetron exhibited similar efficacy to granisetron in the acute phase (92.1% vs. 89.4%, p=0.19) and delayed phase (65.7% vs. 68.4%, p=0.14). However, in the delayed phase, the addition of aprepitant therapy with a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist and dexamethasone produced a higher CR rate than a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist with dexamethasone (93.3% vs. 47.8%, p<0.001) and allowed the patients to maintain a higher level of dietary intake (93.3% vs. 56.5%, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The addition of aprepitant therapy was more effective than the control therapy of a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, and dexamethasone in gynecological cancer patients treated with the TC regimen.

Adult , Aged , Antiemetics/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Carboplatin/administration & dosage , Cross-Over Studies , Diet , Drug Administration Schedule , Female , Genital Neoplasms, Female/drug therapy , Granisetron/administration & dosage , Humans , Isoquinolines/administration & dosage , Middle Aged , Morpholines/administration & dosage , Nausea/chemically induced , Paclitaxel/administration & dosage , Quinuclidines/administration & dosage , Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonists , Vomiting/chemically induced
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 35(3): 117-123, Sep/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-725732


The objective of this study was to analyze the incidence of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in women with breast cancer and identify strategies used by them to control these signs and symptoms. Data for this cross-sectional study were collected through interviews during the last cycle of chemotherapy, between August 2011 and March 2012, in a university hospital in the State of São Paulo. The sample consisted of 22 women between the ages of 31 and 70, of whom 77.3% reported nausea and 50% vomiting during treatment. Regarding symptom management, 82% of the women reported having received some information centered on the use of prescribed medication. However, 27.3% did not know what medication they had taken. We concluded that there is a lack of systematic care and institutional protocol to guide professionals in providing standardized information to women so they can better control nausea and vomiting.

Este estudio objetivó analizar la incidencia de náuseas y vómitos en mujeres con cáncer de mama durante la quimioterapia, identificar el manejo utilizado para controlar estos signos y síntomas. Estudio transversal, cuyos datos fueron recolectados por medio de entrevistas en el último ciclo de quimioterapia entre agosto 2011 y marzo 2012 en un hospital universitario en el Estado de São Paulo. La muestra consistió de 22 mujeres, con edades entre 31 y 70 años, que el 77,3% reportó náuseas y el 50% vómitos durante el tratamiento. Cuanto al manejo, el 82% afirmó que habían recibido algún tipo de información centrada en el uso de la medicación prescrita, sin embargo, el 27,3% no supo responder cuál medicación fue utilizada. Se concluye que falta de sistematización de la atención y protocolo institucional para orientar profesionales para ofrecer información estandarizada, posibilitando el seguimiento de las mujeres para tener un mejor control de náuseas y vómitos.

Objetivou-se analisar a ocorrência de náusea e vômito em mulheres com câncer de mama durante a quimioterapia, e identificar o manejo utilizado para o controle desses sinais e sintomas. Pesquisa transversal, cujos dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista, no último ciclo de quimioterapia, entre agosto de 2011 e março de 2012 em um hospital universitário no interior do Estado de São Paulo. A amostra foi composta por 22 mulheres, com idade entre 31 e 70 anos, e 77,3% relataram náusea e 50% vômito, durante o tratamento. Quanto ao manejo, 82% delas afirmaram ter recebido algum tipo de informação que ficou centrada no uso da medicamento prescrito, entretanto, 27,3% não souberam responder qual medicamento usaram. Concluiu-se que há falta de sistematização da assistência e protocolo institucional que norteiem os profissionais a fornecer informações padronizadas, possibilitando o seguimento das mulheres, a fim de terem controle mais adequado da náusea e vômito.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antiemetics/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Nausea/drug therapy , Nausea/epidemiology , Vomiting/drug therapy , Vomiting/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Incidence , Nausea/chemically induced , Vomiting/chemically induced
Rev. bras. enferm ; 67(4): 630-636, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-722677


Objetivou-se aplicar as experiências musicais para avaliação dos efeitos terapêuticos em náuseas e vômitos associados à quimioterapia antineoplásica e identificar alterações nos parâmetros vitais dos pacientes que participaram da experiência. Estudo descritivo, transversal, nível II, de abordagem quantitativa, realizado com treze pacientes de um ambulatório de quimioterapia de um hospital particular no município de São Paulo. Foram utilizados dois instrumentos, sendo um deles proposto pela MASCC (Multinational Association on Supportive Care in Cancer). A maior parte da amostra foi composta por pacientes do sexo feminino, com idade entre 40 a 60 anos, casadas e com câncer de mama. Reduziu-se a frequência cardíaca em 77% da amostra; a náusea diminuiu em 100% dos pacientes após a primeira experiência musical, e em 85% após a segunda. Concluiuse ter havido houve redução estatisticamente significativa dos sintomas de náusea e vômito após as experiências musicais.

The study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of musical experiments in nausea and vomiting associated with antineoplastic chemotherapy, and to identify changes in vital parameters of the patients who participated in the experience. This is a descriptive, transversal study, level II, which used a quantitative approach, conducted with thirteen patients from an outpatient chemotherapy unit, of a private hospital in São Paulo City. Two instruments were used, one of them proposed by MASCC (Multinational Association on Supportive Care in Cancer). The participants were predominantly females, aged 40 to 60 years, married and with breast cancer. Heart rate has decreased in 77% of the sample, and the reduction of nausea occurred in 100% of patients after the first musical experience, and in 85% after the second one. Patients reported disbelief in music in relieving nausea and vomiting before the sessions, and relief of nausea after them. It was concluded that there was a statistically significant reduction of the symptoms nausea and vomiting after the musical experiences.

Objetivó-se evaluar los efectos terapéuticos de experimentos musicales en las náuseas y los vómitos asociados con la quimioterapia del cáncer, e identificar cambios en los parámetros vitales de los pacientes sometidos a esa experiencia. Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, transversal, nivel II, con enfoque cuantitativo, llevado a cabo con 13 pacientes de un ambulatorio de quimioterapia, en un hospital privado en São Paulo. En la recopilación de datos, utilizó-se dos instrumentos, uno que fue propuesto por la MASCC (Multinational Associationon Supportive Care in Cancer). Lla mayoría de los participantes estaba compuesta por pacientes de sexo femenino, con edades entre 40 y 60 años, casados y con cáncer de mama. Con respecto a los signos vitales, hubo reducción de la frecuencia cardíaca en 77%; e de las náuseas en el 100% de los pacientes después de la primera experiencia musical, y en el 85% después de la segunda. Antes de las sesiones, los pacientes reportaron falta de fe en la música para el alivio de las náuseas y los vómitos; y alivio de las náuseas después de las sesiones. En conclusión, hubo una reducción estadísticamente significativa en las puntuaciones de náuseas y vómitos después de las experiencias musicales.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Music Therapy , Nausea/therapy , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Vomiting/therapy , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Rate , Music Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Nausea/chemically induced , Vomiting/chemically induced
Säo Paulo med. j ; 132(3): 147-151, 14/abr. 2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-710417


CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Nausea and vomiting are major inconveniences for patients undergoing chemotherapy. Despite standard preventive treatment, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) still occurs in approximately 50% of these patients. In an attempt to optimize this treatment, we evaluated the possible effects of carbamazepine for prevention of CINV. DESIGN AND LOCATION: Prospective nonrandomized open-label phase II study carried out at a Brazilian public oncology service. METHODS: Patients allocated for their first cycle of highly emetogenic chemotherapy were continuously recruited. In addition to standard antiemetic protocol that was made available, they received carbamazepine orally, with staggered doses, from the third day before until the fifth day after chemotherapy. Considering the sparseness of evidence about the efficacy of anticonvulsants for CINV prevention, we used Simon's two-stage design, in which 43 patients should be included unless overall complete prevention was not achieved in 9 out of the first 15 entries. The Functional Living Index-Emesis questionnaire was used to measure the impact on quality of life. RESULTS: None of the ten patients (0%) presented overall complete prevention. In three cases, carbamazepine therapy was withdrawn because of somnolence and vomiting before chemotherapy. Seven were able to take the medication for the entire period and none were responsive, so the study was closed. There was no impact on the patients' quality of life. CONCLUSION: Carbamazepine was not effective for prevention of CINV and also had a deleterious side-effect profile in this population. .

CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Náusea e vômito são inconvenientes importantes para pacientes submetidos a quimioterapia. A despeito do tratamento preventivo padrão, náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia (NVIQ) ocorrem em aproximadamente 50% dos pacientes. Na tentativa de otimizar este tratamento, avaliamos os possíveis efeitos da carbamazepina na prevenção de náuseas e vômitos induzidos por quimioterapia. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo fase II, prospectivo, não randomizado, aberto, realizado em um serviço público brasileiro de oncologia. MÉTODOS: Recrutaram-se continuamente pacientes alocados para o primeiro ciclo de quimioterapia altamente emetogênica. Além do protocolo anti-emético padrão disponibilizado, os pacientes receberam carbamazepina, por via oral, em doses escalonadas, a partir do terceiro dia anterior até o quinto dia após a quimioterapia. Dada a escassa evidência de eficácia dos anticonvulsivantes na prevenção de NVIQ, adotamos o desenho de Simon em duas fases, que deveria incluir 43 pacientes a não ser que prevenção completa global não fosse alcançada em 9 dos primeiros 15 participantes. O questionário "Functional Living Index-Emesis" foi usado para avaliar o impacto na qualidade da vida. RESULTADOS: Nenhum dos 10 pacientes (0%) apresentou prevenção completa global. Três tiveram a carbamazepina suspensa por sonolência e vômito antes da quimioterapia. Sete foram capazes de tomar a medicação por todo o período proposto e nenhum obteve resposta, sendo então interrompido o estudo. Não houve impacto na qualidade da vida. CONCLUSÃO: Carbamazepina não foi efetiva para prevenção de NVIQ e apresentou perfil deletério de efeitos adversos nesta população. .

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antiemetics/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Carbamazepine/therapeutic use , Nausea/prevention & control , Vomiting/prevention & control , Antiemetics/adverse effects , Carbamazepine/adverse effects , Nausea/chemically induced , Nausea/drug therapy , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Sleep Wake Disorders/chemically induced , Vomiting/chemically induced , Vomiting/drug therapy
Indian J Cancer ; 2013 Oct-Dec; 50(4): 285-291
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154279


Context: Currently, there is limited data on the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) in Indian patients. Aims: This post hoc study assessed the efficacy and safety of fosaprepitant compared with aprepitant for prevention of CINV in the Indian population. A subgroup analysis was performed from data collected in a phase 3 study of intravenous (IV) fosaprepitant or oral aprepitant, plus the 5-HT 3 antagonist ondansetron and the corticosteroid dexamethasone, in cisplatin-naοve patients with solid malignancies. Materials and Methods: Patients scheduled to receive cisplatin (≥70 mg/m 2 ) were administered a single IV dose of fosaprepitant dimeglumine (150 mg) on day 1 or a 3-day dosing regimen of oral aprepitant (day 1:125 mg, days 2 and 3:80 mg) with standard doses of ondansetron and dexamethasone. Patients recorded nausea and/or vomiting episodes and their use of rescue medication and were monitored for adverse events (AEs) and tolerability. Statistical Analysis Used: Differences in response rates between fosaprepitant and aprepitant were calculated using the Miettinen and Nurminen method. Results: In the Indian subpopulation (n = 372), efficacy was similar for patients in both the fosaprepitant or aprepitant groups; complete response in the overall, acute, and delayed phases and no vomiting in all phases were approximately 4 percentage points higher in the fosaprepitant group compared with the aprepitant group. Fosaprepitant was generally well-tolerated; common AEs were similar to oral aprepitant. Conclusions: IV fosaprepitant is as safe and effective as oral aprepitant in the Indian subpopulation and offers an alternative to the oral formulation.

Adult , Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , African Continental Ancestry Group , Antiemetics/therapeutic use , Cisplatin/adverse effects , Continental Population Groups , Double-Blind Method , Female , Humans , Indians, North American , Male , Middle Aged , Morpholines/administration & dosage , Morpholines/therapeutic use , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Nausea/chemically induced , Nausea/drug therapy , Nausea/prevention & control , Oceanic Ancestry Group , Vomiting/chemically induced , Vomiting/drug therapy , Vomiting/prevention & control
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 34(3): 110-116, set. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-695263


Objetivou-se avaliar a qualidade de vida (QV) de mulheres com câncer de mama em tratamento quimioterápico e identificar a ocorrência de náuseas e vômitos durante o tratamento. Os dados foram coletados com a aplicação do instrumento da Organização Europeia de Pesquisa e Tratamento de Câncer, EORTC-QLQ-C30, na versão em português, bem como do módulo para câncer de mama BR-23, aplicados antes, no meio e ao final do tratamento. Das 79 mulheres incluídas, 93% apresentaram náuseas e 87% vômitos pelo menos uma vez durante o tratamento. A QV apresentou pequena diminuição durante o tratamento. O coeficiente alfa de Cronbach para cada aplicação dos questionários foi de 0,890492, 0,936392 e de 0,937639. A disponibilidade de informações sobre o tratamento e de orientações quanto ao manejo da náusea e do vômito é crucial para o gerenciamento adequado das toxicidades da quimioterapia.

Evaluar la calidad de vida (QOL) de las mujeres con cáncer de mama durante la quimioterapia e identificar el acontecimiento de náuseas y vómitos durante el tratamiento. Se recogieron datos con la aplicación del instrumento de la Organización Europea para la Investigación y Tratamiento del Cáncer, EORTC-QLQ-C30 versión en portugués y módulo para el cáncer de mama BR-23 aplicado antes, en la mitad y al final del tratamiento. Se incluyeron 79 mujeres, el 93% tuvo náuseas, el 87% vómitos al menos una vez durante el tratamiento. La QOL presentó una ligera disminución durante el tratamiento. El coeficiente alfa de Cronbach para cada aplicación de los cuestionarios fue 0.890492, 0.936392 y 0.937639. La disponibilidad de informaciones sobre el tratamiento y directrices sobre el manejo de la náusea y vómito es fundamental para la correcta gestión de las toxicidades de la quimioterapia.

The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QoL) of women with breast cancer during chemotherapy and to identify the incidence of nausea and vomiting during the treatment. Data were assessed with the application of the instrument of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, EORTC-QLQ-C30 Portuguese version and breast cancer module BR-23, which was applied before, in the middle and in the end of the treatment. The participants were 79 women, of which 93% had nausea and 87% had vomited at least once during the treatment. QoL showed a slight decrease during treatment. Cronbach's alpha for each application of the questionnaires was 0.890492, 0.936392 and 0.937639. The availability of treatment information and guidelines on the management of nausea and vomiting is crucial for the proper management of the toxicities of chemotherapy.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Nausea/chemically induced , Vomiting/chemically induced , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/administration & dosage , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/nursing , Breast Neoplasms/psychology , Cyclophosphamide/administration & dosage , Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects , Epirubicin/administration & dosage , Epirubicin/adverse effects , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Fluorouracil/adverse effects , Nausea/nursing , Nausea/psychology , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Severity of Illness Index , Socioeconomic Factors , Taxoids/administration & dosage , Vomiting/nursing , Vomiting/psychology
IPMJ-Iraqi Postgraduate Medical Journal. 2009; 8 (4): 350-355
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-102187


Accidental kerosene ingestion is the commonest cause of poisoning and its subsequent mortality and morbidity in children less than five year of age in developing countries. Low socio- economic status and frequent use of kerosene for cooking, lighting and heating are the major cause. To study the epidemiology, presentations and radiological appearance of kerosene poisoning in children. A prospective study comprised fifty patients, who were admitted with accidental kerosene poisoning into children welfare hospital in medical city complex /Baghdad. In the period from the 1[st] of January to the 31[st] of august 2008. History was taken from the relatives on a specially designed questionnaire. Every patient was examined completely concentrating on symptoms of cough, dyspnea, cyanosis, drowsiness, vomiting, and fever. Chest X-ray was done to every patient after 6-8 hours from the time of ingestion. White blood cell count was done to 39 patients within the 1[st] 24 hour of admission. Fisher's exact test was considered for the statistical analysis with a significance level of P< 0.05. Of the fifty admitted children, 86% of them aged between 1-3 years, 31[62%] were boys, the majority from poor and crowded families, and the kerosene ingested, in the majority, from small containers. The most common presentations were cough [96%], fever [94%] and dyspnea [80%].Vomiting which occurred in 90%, had a significant association with the development of pneumonitis the major radiological abnormality was right lower lobe infiltration in 16 patients [32%]. The major complication was pneumothorax, pleural effusion and respiratory failure. Fever appeared in 94% of the patients in the first 24 hours, lasting 2-7 days. Pneumonitis occurred in 42 patients who were diagnosed clinically and radiologically. All patients improved except one who died. All the kerosene poisoning was accidental, occurred in children under five year of age. Ignorance and poor storage of kerosene played a big role in the kerosene ingestion process. The respiratory system is the main target involved. Vomiting playing a role in the development of pneumonitis

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Accidents, Home , Prospective Studies , Age Distribution , Vomiting/chemically induced , Pneumonia/chemically induced
HAYAT-Journal of Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery [The]. 2009; 15 (2): 5-14
in Persian | IMEMR | ID: emr-102582


Nausea and vomiting is one of the major side-effects of chemotherapy. Due to complex nature of its management, both medical and non-medical therapies are recommended. This study aimed to investigate the effect of music therapy on chemotherapy nausea and vomiting in children with malignancy. In this quasi-experimental study, 30 children aged 8-12 who were under chemotherapy were recruited. After getting the current treatments, the children listened to a kind of music for 45 minutes at 6, 9, and 12 hours after the beginning of the chemotherapy. Nausea and vomiting was measured using both numerical and descriptive scales every 8 hours for 24 hours after beginning of the chemotherapy. Data were analyzed using Willcoxon and Mcnemar statistical tests in the SPSS, version 11.5. The rate of nausea was declined significantly at the 16[th] and 24[th] hours after music therapy. Assessment of nausea by descriptive scale showed a decline only at 24[th] hours after music therapy. The rate of vomiting did not show any significant difference between two stages. Music therapy could decrease the amount of nausea in children with malignancy under chemotherapy; however, it does not any effect on the rate of vomiting

Humans , Child , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Nausea/chemically induced , Vomiting/chemically induced , Vomiting/therapy , Nausea/therapy
Indian Pediatr ; 2008 Nov; 45(11): 899-904
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-6749


OBJECTIVE: To compare a combined dose of ketamine and midazolam versus ketamine alone in the sedation of children requiring lumbar puncture. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized, controlled study, conducted between January 2004 and December 2006. SETTING: The Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) at Ankara Training and Research Hospital, Turkey. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample of 99 children (59 boys, 40 girls) aged 2-14 years (mean age 6.5+/-3.7) undergoing lumbar puncture. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomized to receive intravenous (IV) ketamine only (1 mg/kg; IVK) (n=51) or ketamine plus midazolam (1 mg/kg ketamine+0.1 mg/kg midazolam; IVKM) (n=48). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The mean time to sedation and adverse events. RESULTS: The mean time to sedation was significantly shorter in the IVKM group than the IVK group (2.6+/-1.1 and 3.4+/-1.7 min, respectively; P=0.01). The parental satisfaction was significantly higher in the IVKM group (P=0.001). Also the fasting time and recovery time did not differ between groups, nor was there a significant difference in nausea/vomiting between groups. Nightmares or crying spells were more common in the IVK group than in the IVKM group (P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that adding midazolam to ketamine did not increase the frequency of adverse events and that the combined sedative was superior to ketamine alone in terms of speed of sedation and parental satisfaction.

Adolescent , Anesthetics, Dissociative/administration & dosage , Anesthetics, Intravenous/administration & dosage , Child , Confidence Intervals , Dizziness/chemically induced , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Humans , Ketamine/administration & dosage , Male , Midazolam/administration & dosage , Nausea/chemically induced , Odds Ratio , Oxygen Consumption , Pain/drug therapy , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Patient Satisfaction , Vomiting/chemically induced , Young Adult
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 54(5): 415-421, set.-out. 2008. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-495902


OBJETIVO: A azatioprina (AZA) tem sido usada freqüentemente no tratamento da doença de Crohn (DC). O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar a freqüência, evolução e abordagem dos efeitos adversos da AZA no tratamento de pacientes com DC. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos prospectivamente 106 pacientes portadores de DC em uso de AZA, de janeiro de 2002 a dezembro de 2006. Registraram-se dados clínicos e demográficos, com controle laboratorial mensal dos efeitos hematológicos e supervisão de reações adversas por meio de avaliação clínica. Realizou-se comparação entre os grupos com e sem efeitos adversos. RESULTADOS: Cinqüenta e seis (52,7 por cento) dos pacientes estudados apresentaram pelo menos um efeito adverso, requerendo redução transitória da dose da droga; 18 (17 por cento) necessitaram suspender definitivamente o uso de AZA, geralmente devido a reações de hipersensibilidade. Náuseas e vômitos, freqüentemente leves, ocorreram em 29 (27,4 por cento); a raça negra e aqueles com comorbidades apresentaram mais intolerância gástrica do que os brancos e aqueles sem outras doenças associadas (p=0,04). Leucopenia foi o efeito adverso mais freqüente, ocorrendo em 36 (34 por cento). O tempo de uso de AZA foi maior em pacientes com leucopenia do que nos não leucopênicos (p=0,001), enquanto a dose média de AZA foi menor naqueles com leucopenia comparados aos não leucopênicos (p=0,005). Não houve infecções graves, neoplasias ou óbitos durante o tratamento com AZA. CONCLUSÃO: A AZA mostrou ser uma droga relativamente segura no tratamento da DC, desde que seja mantida supervisão clínica e laboratorial periódica durante todo o tratamento.

OBJECTIVE: Azathioprine (AZA) is frequently used in Crohn's disease (CD) therapy. This paper aimed to evaluate the frequency, evolution and management of AZA side effects in CD patients. METHODS: One hundred and six CD patients under AZA therapy were evaluated prospectively from January 2002 to December 2006. Clinical and demographic data were recorded, together with a monthly laboratory control of hematological or other adverse reactions by means of clinical evaluation. Comparison was carried out between groups with and without side effects. RESULTS: At least one adverse reaction was found in 56 (52.7 percent) of the patients studied and required a transient drug reduction; 18 (17 percent) had to definitely stop use of AZA, often because of hypersensitivity reactions. Nausea, vomit, although slight, occurred in 29 (27.4 percent). The black race and those with co-morbidities had more gastric intolerance than Caucasians and those without other associated disease (p=0.04). Leucopoenia was the more frequent side effect observed, occurring in 36 (34 percent). The period of AZA use was longer for patients with leucopoenia than for those without (p=0.001), while the mean dose of AZA was lower for those with leucopoenia when compared to non-leucopoenics (p=0.005). No serious infections, malignancy or death was noticed as a consequence of AZA use. CONCLUSION: In this study use of AZA in therapy for Crohn's disease disclosed that the drug is satisfactorily safe as long as periodical clinical and laboratory supervision is carried out during treatment.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Azathioprine/adverse effects , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/adverse effects , Leukopenia/chemically induced , African Continental Ancestry Group , Azathioprine/administration & dosage , Brazil , Crohn Disease/blood , Crohn Disease/ethnology , Epidemiologic Methods , European Continental Ancestry Group , Immunosuppressive Agents/administration & dosage , Nausea/chemically induced , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting/chemically induced , Young Adult
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-110564


Eight patients who had taken accidental overdose of Isoniazid were followed in relation to its clinical manifestations, EEG changes and management. All cases survived without any residual effect.

Acidosis/chemically induced , Adolescent , Adult , Antitubercular Agents/poisoning , Electroencephalography/drug effects , Gastric Lavage , Humans , Isoniazid/poisoning , Male , Medical Errors/adverse effects , Nausea/chemically induced , Drug Overdose/therapy , Seizures/chemically induced , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/drug therapy , Vomiting/chemically induced
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 70(4): 615-618, jul.-ago. 2007. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-461950


PURPOSES: To determine both the incidence of adverse reactions in patients who underwent fluorescein angiography for the first time and to determine whether systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes or allergy history increases the chance of reaction to intravenous fluorescein. METHODS:Data collection was carried out between January 2001 and October 2002 in Recife, Brazil. Patients with prior fluorescein angiography history, pregnant patients or patients in use of corticosteroids, immunosuppressive or antihistamine drugs were excluded. RESULTS: Out of 1,500 enrolled patients, 1,039 (69.3 percent) underwent the test for the first time. The mean age was 58 ± 16 years and the median age was 60 years. Of these, 628 (60.4 percent) were women. Nausea occurred in 71 (6.83 percent) patients, vomiting in 14 (1.35 percent), urticaria in 11 (1.06 percent), bronchospasm in 4 (0.38 percent) and laryngeal edema in 1 (0.01 percent). Five patients presented more than one adverse reaction. Higher incidences of adverse reactions were observed in diabetic patients [p<0.002, RR=1.80 (CI=1.24-2.60)], patients with systemic arterial hypertension [p<0.002, RR=1.84 (CI=1.26-2.71)] and patients with allergy history [p<0.001, RR=3.90 (CI=2.70-5.63)]. CONCLUSIONS: A cumulative incidence of 9.72 percent adverse reactions was observed in patients who had undergone this test for the first time. The presence of the allergy history, diabetes or systemic arterial hypertension increased the incidence of adverse reactions to the dye.

OBJETIVO: Determinar a incidência de reações adversas em pacientes submetidos à angiofluoresceinografia pela primeira vez e determinar se hipertensão arterial sistêmica, diabetes ou história de alergia aumentam a chance de reações à fluoresceína intravenosa. MÉTODOS: Os dados foram coletados entre janeiro de 2001 e outubro de 2002 em Recife, Brasil. Pacientes com angiofluoresceinografia prévia, gestantes ou pacientes em uso de medicamentos corticosteróides, imunossupressores ou anti-histamínicos foram excluídos. RESULTADOS: Dos 1.500 pacientes iniciais, 1.039 (69,3 por cento) realizavam o exame pela primeira vez. A idade média foi de 58 ± 16 anos e a mediana de 60 anos. Dentre esses, 628 (60,4 por cento) pessoas eram do sexo feminino. Náusea ocorreu em 71 (6,83 por cento) pacientes, vômito em 14 (1,35 por cento), urticária em 11 (1,06 por cento), broncoespasmo em 4 (0,38 por cento) e edema de laringe em 1 (0,01 por cento). Cinco pacientes apresentaram mais de uma reação adversa. Maiores incidências de reações adversas foram observadas em diabéticos [p<0,002, RR=1,80 (IC=1,24-2,60)], hipertensos [p<0,002, RR=1,84 (IC=1,26-2,71)] e pacientes com história de alergia [p<0,001, RR=3,90 (IC=2,70-5,63)]. CONCLUSÕES: Uma incidência cumulativa de 9,72 por cento de reações adversas foi observada em pacientes submetidos à angiofluoresceinografia pela primeira vez. Presença de história de alergia, diabetes ou hipertensão arterial aumentou a incidência de reações adversas ao contraste.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fluorescein Angiography/adverse effects , Brazil , Diabetes Complications , Drug Hypersensitivity/complications , Epidemiologic Methods , Fluorescein/adverse effects , Hypertension/complications , Nausea/chemically induced , Time Factors , Urticaria/chemically induced , Vomiting/chemically induced
J Health Popul Nutr ; 2007 Jun; 25(2): 127-33
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-592


On 8 May 2004, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) recommended routine administration of zinc in the management of children, aged less than five years, with acute diarrhoea. In making the recommendation, WHO and UNICEF also suggested careful monitoring for adverse events associated with routine administration of zinc, particularly unusual or excess vomiting. The study assessed, in a phase IV trial, i.e. post-marketing surveillance of zinc, the occurrence of adverse events during the first hour after the administration of the first dose of zinc in children with acute or persistent diarrhoea. The study was conducted at the Dhaka Hospital of ICDDR,B and at an outpatient clinic operated by a local health NGO-Progoti Samaj Kallyan Protisthan (PSKP), Dhaka, Bangladesh. Eligible children, aged 3-59 months, were treated with 20 mg of zinc sulphate provided in a dispersible tablet formulation. The children were observed for 60 minutes following the initial treatment with zinc for adverse events, with particular attention given to vomiting or regurgitation. During the one-year observation period, 42,440 children (male 57% and female 43%) received zinc, and 20,246 (47.8%) of them were observed. Regurgitation and/or vomiting occurred in 4,392 (21.8%) of the children; 90.8% of these children had vomiting only once, 8.7% twice, and 0.5% more than twice. No children revisited the hospital for recurrent vomiting following their discharge. A significant proportion of infants and children may experience vomiting or regurgitation, usually once, following the administration of the first dose of zinc. This is a transient phenomenon that did not impact on continuation of treatment with zinc.

Bangladesh/epidemiology , Child, Preschool , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux/chemically induced , Humans , Infant , Male , Product Surveillance, Postmarketing , Safety , Trace Elements/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vomiting/chemically induced , Zinc/adverse effects