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1.
Univ. salud ; 23(3): 284-290, sep.-dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341775

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La baja variabilidad del ritmo cardíaco (VRC) se ha asociado con desbalances autonómicos y riesgo cardiovascular en diversas poblaciones. Objetivo: Relacionar la variabilidad del ritmo cardíaco e índices antropométricos en hombres universitarios jóvenes, físicamente activos con bajo riesgo cardiometabólico. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal. Participaron 10 hombres de 23,15 ± 2,91 años con un índice de masa corporal (IMC) de 25,48 ± 2,19 kg/m2 y un índice Cintura-Cadera (IC-C) de 0,81±0,02. La VRC en reposo se midió en un período de 5 minutos. Se realizó un análisis correlacional entre el IMC e IC-C con la proporción baja/alta frecuencia (LF/HF), desviación estándar de la variación instantánea de intervalos RR (SD1) y complejidad de los intervalos RR (α-1). Además, se determinó el poder estadístico (1- β) y tamaño del efecto ("d" de Cohen). Resultados: El LF/HF sólo se relaciona significativamente con el IC-C (r=0,638; p=0,047; d=0,80), mientras que SD1 y α-1 no reportaron ninguna asociación con el IMC e IC-C. Conclusiones: Existe un predominio parasimpático que sugiere un mecanismo protector sobre el tejido adiposo intraabdominal relacionado al IC-C. Se requieren otros estudios que expliquen todas las variables moduladoras de la VRC.


Abstract Introduction: Low heart rate variability (HRV) has been associated with autonomic imbalances and cardiovascular risk in various populations. Objective: To relate HRV and anthropometric indices in young, physically active university male students with low cardiometabolic risk. Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study, which included 10 men aged 23.15 ± 2.91 years, with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 25.48 ± 2.19 kg/m2, and a Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR) of 0.81 ± 0.02. Resting heart rate variability was measured over a 5 minute period. A correlational analysis was performed between BMI and WHR with the low frequency/high frequency ratio (LF/HF), standard deviation of the instantaneous variation of RR intervals (SD1), and complexity of the RR intervals (α-1). In addition, statistical power (1-β) and effect size (Cohen's "d") were determined. Results: LF/HF is only significantly related to WHR (r=0.638; p=0.047; d=0.80), while SD1 and α-1 did not show any association with BMI and WHR. Conclusions: There is a parasympathetic predominance that suggests a protective mechanism on intra-abdominal adipose tissue related to WHR. Further studies are required to explain all the modulating variables of the heart rate variability.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Heart Rate , Autonomic Nervous System , Waist-Hip Ratio
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e0649-2020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155589

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Neck circumference (NC) and anthropometric data of people living with HIV (PLWH) are correlated. METHODS: Socioeconomic, NC, body mass index (BMI), tricipital skinfold thickness (TSF), mid-arm circumference (MAC), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC), and hip circumference (HC) data of 72 PLWH were correlated. RESULTS Higher adiposity was observed in NC (40.3% [n=29]) and WC (31.9% [n=23]). Correlations between NC/BMI, NC/WC, NC/HC, NC/MAC, NC/MAMC, and NC/WHtR were significant. Increased NC (40.3%[n=29]) and WC (31.9 [n=23]) were associated with higher cardiometabolic risk. CONCLUSIONS: NC correlations are adequate for estimating cardiometabolic risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV Infections/complications , Adiposity , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Waist-Hip Ratio , Waist-Height Ratio
3.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(1): e00016020, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153663

ABSTRACT

This article aims to evaluate the joint and separate association between abdominal and general adiposity indicators and mortality. Data was collected from 1,366 older adults in the Bambuí Cohort Study of Aging with complete information for all variables of interest. The outcome variable was all-cause time until death; exposure variables were a body shape index (ABSI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body mass index (BMI), assessed at the beginning of the study, and at the 3rd, 5th and 11th year of follow-up. Association between the quartiles of anthropometric indicators and mortality was calculated using an extended Cox proportional hazards model and adjusted for socioeconomic and behavioral confounding factors. Older adults in the 4th ABSI quartile had a higher risk of mortality regardless of BMI (1.27; 95%CI: 1.01-1.58), but this association was not observed in sensitivity analyses. Older adults in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th BMI quartiles had a lower risk of mortality, even when adjusted for WC or ABSI. WC and WHtR showed no association consistent with all-cause mortality after adjustment for confounding factors. Considering the loss of significance in the sensitivity analyses, ABSI's predictive capacity for mortality is still weak. Thus, adopting ABSI in clinical practice or in epidemiological surveys, in conjunction or replacing BMI and WC, requires more in-depth studies.


O estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a associação isolada e independente entre indicadores de adiposidade abdominal e índice de massa corporal (IMC) e mortalidade. O estudo usou dados de 1.366 idosos que tinham informações completos para todas as variáveis independentes no Estudo de Coorte de Idosos de Bambuí, Brasil. A variável dependente foi o tempo até o óbito por todas as causas, e as variáveis de exposição foram o índice de forma corporal (a body shape index - ABSI), circunferência de cintura (CC), razão cintura/estatura (RCE) e IMC, medidos na linha de base e aos 3º, 5º e 11º anos de seguimento. A associação entre os quartis de indicadores antropométricos e a mortalidade foi investigada usando um modelo estendido de riscos proporcionais de Cox ajustado por fatores de confusão socioeconômicos e comportamentais. Os idosos do 4º quartil do ABSI mostraram maior risco de mortalidade, independentemente de IMC (1,27; IC95%: 1,01-1,58), mas a associação não foi mantida nas análises de sensibilidade. Os idosos do 2º, 3º e 4º quartis de IMC mostraram risco menor de mortalidade, associação esta que foi mantida após ajustar para CC ou ABSI. Por outro lado, a CC e a RCE não mostraram associações consistentes com a mortalidade geral depois de ajustar para fatores de confusão. As análises mostraram que a capacidade preditiva do ABSI para mortalidade ainda é fraca, considerando a perda de significância nas análises de sensibilidade. Portanto, a possibilidade de adoção do ABSI na prática clínica ou em inquéritos epidemiológicos para complementar ou substituir o IMC e CC ainda precisa ser explorada com maior profundidade em estudos futuros.


El objetivo de este artículo es evaluar la asociación conjunta y separada entre los indicadores de adiposidad abdominal y general, y la mortalidad. Los datos se recogieron de 1.366 adultos mayores en el estudio de Cohorte Ancianos de Bambuí, Brasil, con información completa para todas las variables de interés. El resultado de la variable fue por cualquier causa hasta la muerte; las variables de exposición fueron índice de forma corporal (a body shape index - ABSI por sus siglas en inglés), circunferencia de cintura (WC), proporción cintura-altura (WHtR) e índice de masa corporal (BMI), evaluados al principio del estudio, y en el 3º, 5º y 11º año de seguimiento. Se calculó la asociación entre los cuartiles de indicadores antropométricos y mortalidad, usando un modelo extendido de Cox de riesgos proporcionales, y ajustado por factores de confusión socioeconómicos y comportamentales. Los adultos más viejos en el 4º cuartil ABSI tuvieron un riesgo mayor de mortalidad, independientemente del BMI (1,27; 95%CI: 1,01-1,58), pero esta asociación no fue observada en los análisis de sensibilidad. Los adultos más viejos en los 2º, 3º y 4º cuartiles de BMI tuvieron un riesgo más bajo de mortalidad, incluso cuando fue ajustado por WC o ABSI. WC y WHtR no mostraron asociación consistente con todas las causas de mortalidad tras el ajuste para factores de confusión. Considerando la pérdida de significación en los análisis de sensibilidad, la capacidad predictiva de ABSI para la mortalidad es todavía débil. De este modo, adoptar ABSI en la práctica clínica o en encuestas epidemiológicas, en conjunción o reemplazando BMI y WC, requiere más estudios en profundidad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aging , Mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Waist-Hip Ratio , Waist Circumference
4.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 107-116, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1122809

ABSTRACT

a população vem se tornando mais inativa, improdutiva e ociosa. Esses maus hábitos acumulados durante muito tempo se tornam prejudiciais à saúde, podendo ocasionar várias doen ças cardiovasculares e dislipidemias. Para prevenir e tratar essas disfunções recomenda-se a prática regular de exercícios físicos aeróbios (EFA) aliado a um fortalecimento muscular. Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos de quatro semanas do treinamento combinado de corrida de rua e treinamento em circuito funcio nal ( TCF) sobre variáveis relacionadas à saúde e desempenho físico de corredores de rua recreacionais. 32 indivíduos foram divididos, de acordo com a relação cintura/quadril (RCQ), em grupo de risco baixo (GRB; 22,0 ± 1,33 anos; 168,3 ± 3,18 cm; 65,4 ± 3,39 kg), grupo de risco moderado (GRM; 27,7 ± 2 ,04 anos; 167,7 ± 2,03 cm; 71,4 ± 4,66 kg), grupo de risco alto (GRA; 26,8 ± 3,16 anos; 1 63 ,0 ± 3 ,02 cm; 71,80 ± 5,9 kg). Realizaram avaliações físicas de composição corporal, testes das cap acidades físicas (cooper, RAST, flexibilidade, impulsão horizontal e vertical), foram submet idos a quat ro sem anas de treinamento aeróbio e TCF. Foram feitos os testes ANOVA two-way para verificar as diferenças entre o s grupos, e um pós-teste tukey, adotou-se o valor de p < 0,05. Resultados apontaram melho ra n a a ptidão cardiorrespiratória (p=0,0006), aumento na massa magra (p=0,039 1), redução da RCQ (p =0 ,011 6), aumentou a força dos membros inferiores (p=0,0315) e melhora na flexibilidade (p=0,0326). Portanto tais alterações são clinicamente importantes, mostrando assim um progresso na qualidade de v ida de fo rm a ampla e aperfeiçoando também o desempenho físico desse público...(AU)


the population has become more inactive, unproductive and idle. These bad habits accumulated for a long time can become harmful to health, causing various cardiovascular diseases an d dyslipidemias. To prevent and treat these dysfunctions it is recommended to p ractice regular aerobic physical exercises together with a muscular strengthening. The aim of this st udy was t o ev aluate t he effects of four weeks of the combined training of running and training in functional circuit o n v ariabl es related to health and physical performance of recreational street runners. 32 in dividuals were div ided according to waist/hip ratio, in low risk group (22,0 ± 1,33 years old; 168,3 ± 3,18 cm; 6 5,4 ± 3 ,3 9 k g) moderate risk group (27,7 ± 2,04 years old; 167,7 ± 2,03 cm; 71,4 ± 4,66 kg) high risk group (26,8 ± 3,1 6 years old; 163,0 ± 3,02 cm; 71,80 ± 5,9 kg). Physical evaluations of body composition were p erformed and also physical ability tests, they were submitted to four weeks of aerobic training and functional circuit training. The ANOVA two-way test was performed to verify the differences between t he gro up s and a tukey post-test. The p value adopted was p < 0,05. The results indicated an improvement in cardiorespiratory fitness (p=0,0006). Therefore, such improvements are clinically significant, sh o win g a broad progress in the quality of life and also improving the physical performance of this public...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Running , Cardiovascular Diseases , Pliability , Dyslipidemias , Sedentary Behavior , Physical Functional Performance , Endurance Training , Quality of Life , Body Composition , Exercise , Health , Quality Management , Waist-Hip Ratio , Habits
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(2): 645-654, Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055836

ABSTRACT

Abstract The hormonal changes in climacteric women may affect the vestibular system; however, it is not clear in the literature whether the presence of vestibular dysfunction associated with climacteric is related to poorer quality of life. The study sample was composed of 374 women (40-65 years). Socioeconomic and demographic data, menopausal status, practice of physical exercises, presence or absence of vestibular dysfunction, hypertension and diabetes, anthropometric measurements and quality of life (using the Utian Quality of Life Scale - UQoL) were collected. Statistical analyses were performed using the Pearson test, Anova, T-test, and multiple regression considering a significance level of 5%. A significant relationship was found between vestibular dysfunction and health (p = 0.02) and emotional (p = 0.01) domains of the UQoL. In addition, physical activity, menopausal status, body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR), household income and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) mean also remained significantly related to quality of life. A relationship between vestibular dysfunction and quality of life for health and emotional domains in climacteric women was observed.


Resumo Mudanças hormonais em mulheres climatéricas podem afetar o sistema vestibular, porém, não está claro na literatura se a presença da disfunção vestibular associada ao climatério está relacionada à pior qualidade de vida. O objetivo deste artigo é analisar a relação entre disfunção vestibular e qualidade de vida em mulheres climatéricas. Amostra composta por 374 mulheres (40 a 65 anos). Foram coletados dados socioeconômicos e demográficos, status menopausal, prática de exercício físico, presença ou ausência de disfunção vestibular, hipertensão e diabetes, medidas antropométricas e qualidade de vida (por meio do Utian Quality of Life Scale - UQoL). Na análise estatística foi utilizado teste de Pearson, Anova, teste t e regressão múltipla, considerando nível de significância de 5%. Verificou-se relação significativa entre a disfunção vestibular e os domínios saúde (p = 0,02) e emocional (p = 0,01) do UQoL. Além disso, atividade física, status menopausal, IMC (índice de massa corporal), RCQ (relação cintura-quadril), renda familiar e média da PAD (pressão arterial diastólica) também permaneceram significantemente relacionadas à qualidade de vida. Observou-se relação entre disfunção vestibular e qualidade de vida para os domínios saúde e emocional em mulheres climatéricas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Aged , Quality of Life , Menopause/physiology , Vestibular Diseases/epidemiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Exercise/psychology , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waist-Hip Ratio , Income , Middle Aged
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811250

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effects of nutrition management application in a mobile device on obesity management of patients with breast cancer.METHODS: Fifty subjects, who were breast cancer survivors, aged 30 years and older, participated in an obesity management program for four weeks. They were divided randomly into two groups: a control group (n = 25) and a treatment group (n = 25). The treatment group was provided an application for nutrition management and diet consultant, while the control group maintained their ordinary life without any nutrition management.RESULTS: The weight of the treatment group decreased by 0.8 kg, but the change was not significant. In contrast, the waist-hip ratio of the treatment group decreased significantly from 0.75 to 0.71 (p = 0.012). The Nutrition Quotients of the treatment group increased significantly from 61.3 to 69.6 points (p < 0.001), whereas that of the control group decreased significantly from 61.5 to 59.0 (p = 0.002).CONCLUSION: This mobile nutrition management application for breast cancer patients is effective in managing obesity and dietary habits. These results can be used as basic information to prepare an obesity management program for breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Consultants , Diet , Diet Therapy , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Mobile Applications , Obesity , Survivors , Waist-Hip Ratio
7.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 30(3): e212, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126438

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: En Cuba, no existe consenso acerca de qué valor del índice cintura/cadera debe ser considerado de riesgo para identificar disglucemias. Objetivos: Determinar el punto de corte del índice cintura/cadera como predictor de disglucemias para ambos sexos, en personas con sospecha de padecer diabetes mellitus. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal con 975 personas, de ellas 523 mujeres y 452 hombres. La muestra no fue obtenida de población general y no fue aleatoria. A los sujetos se les realizó interrogatorio, examen físico y estudios complementarios. Se determinaron distribuciones de frecuencia de las variables cualitativas y cuantitativas. Se utilizó para el procesamiento estadístico el coeficiente de correlación de Pearson, análisis de regresión logística y el análisis de curvas Receiver Operator Characteristic. Se empleó la prueba Chi Cuadrado para evaluar la significación estadística. Resultados: En ambos sexos observamos una correlación directamente proporcional y significativa entre el índice cintura/cadera y las diferentes variables estudiadas, entre ellas: glucemia en ayunas y a las 2h, insulinemia en ayunas, triglicéridos, ácido úrico y el índice de resistencia a la insulina (HOMA-IR). El colesterol se comportó de la misma forma en los hombres, pero en las mujeres se verificó una correlación débil y no significativa. El punto de corte óptimo del índice cintura/cadera, como predictor independiente de disglucemias, fue de 0,85 en las mujeres y 0,93 en los hombres. El índice cintura/cadera presentó un buen poder predictivo para identificar a sujetos con y sin disglucemias para ambos sexos y superior al de la edad. Conclusiones: El punto de corte óptimo del índice cintura/cadera, como predictor independiente de disglucemias, es de 0,85 en las mujeres y 0,93 en los hombres. Su poder predictor de disglucemias fue bueno(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: In Cuba, there is no consensus about what value of the waist-hip ratio must be considered as a risk to identify dysglycemia. Objectives: To determine the cut-off point of the waist-hip ratio as a predictor of dysglycemias for both sexes, in people suspected of suffering from diabetes mellitus. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study with 975 people, including 523 women and 452 men. The sample was not obtained from general population and it was not random. The subjects underwent interrogation, physical examination and complementary studies. There were identified frequency distributions of qualitative and quantitative variables. It was used for the statistical processing the Pearson's correlation coefficient, logistic regression analysis and the curves analysis called Receiver Operator Characteristic. It was used the chi-square test to assess the statistical significance. Results: In both sexes, it was observed a directly proportional and significant correlation between the waist-hip ratio and the different variables studied, including: fasting and after 2 hours glycemia, fasting insulinemia, triglycerides, uric acid and the insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR). Cholesterol behaved the same way in men, but in women there was a weak and not significant correlation. The optimal cut-point of the waist-hip ratio, as an independent predictor of dysglycemia, was 0.85 in women and 0.93 in men. The waist-hip ratio presented a good predictive power to identify subjects with and without dysglycemia for both sexes and it was higher than that of the age. Conclusions: The optimal cut-point of the waist-hip ratio, as an independent predictor of dysglycemia, was 0.85 in women and 0.93 in men. Its power as predictor of dysglycemia was good(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Prediabetic State/epidemiology , Body Weights and Measures/methods , Waist-Hip Ratio , Obesity/diagnosis , Physical Examination/methods , Insulin Resistance , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 965-970, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012382

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento quirúrgico del cáncer de mama puede dejar secuelas tardías tales como escápula alada, pérdida de movilidad articular del hombro, sobrepeso, etc. Basado en lo anterior, el objetivo del presente estudio fue describir las secuelas morfofuncionales en mujeres operadas de cáncer de mama de las regiones de la Araucanía y del Bío-Bío, Chile, explorando también si el procedimiento quirúrgico conllevaría a la presencia de escápula alada. Para ello, se realizó un estudio cuantitativo, observacional y de corte transversal en treinta mujeres operadas de cáncer de mama, de edades comprendidas entre 28 y 76 años (55,67±11,60). Un profesional entrenado evaluó peso, estatura, índice de masa corporal (IMC), índice de cintura cadera (ICC), rangos articulares de hombro (ROM, Range of Movement) y fuerza prensil, aplicándose además la prueba de Hoppenfeld para identificar escápula alada. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas en el ROM a la abducción de hombro (p<0,05), correlación significativa positiva de leve (r=0,370) a moderada (r=0,514) entre el ROM del lado afectado tanto para la flexión como la abducción con la fuerza prensil. Destacan, un IMC de 28,91±5,31 kg/m2, un ICC de 0,86±0,06 cm y la presencia de escápula alada en el 36,7 % de las participantes. No se encontró asociación entre el abordaje quirúrgico y la presencia de escápula alada. Hubo secuelas morfo-funcionales en las mujeres en estudio, destacándose las alteraciones en el rango de movimiento del miembro superior, sobrepeso, riesgo cardiovascular y la presencia de escápula alada, sin asociarse al tipo de abordaje quirúrgico.


Surgical treatment of breast cancer can leave late sequelae such as winged scapula, loss of joint mobility of the shoulder, overweight, etc. Based on the above, the objective of the present study was to describe the morpho-functional sequelae in women operated on for breast cancer from the regions of Araucanía and Del BíoBío, Chile, also exploring whether the surgical procedure would lead to the presence of scapula winged. For this, a quantitative, observational and cross-sectional study was conducted in thirty women operated on for breast cancer, aged between 28 and 76 years (55.67 ± 11.60). A trained professional evaluated weight, height, body mass index (BMI), hip waist index (ICC), shoulder joint ranges(ROM, Range of Movement) and prehensile strength, and applied the Hoppenfeld test to identify the winged scapula. The results showed significant differences in the ROM to shoulder abduction (p <0.05), positive significant correlation of mild (r = 0.370) to moderate (r = 0.514) between the ROM of the affected side for both flexion and abduction with prehensile force. Highlights, a BMI of 28.91 ± 5.31 kg / m2, an ICC of 0.86 ± 0.06 cm and the presence of winged scapula in 36.7 % of the participants. No association was found between the surgical approach and the presence of the winged scapula. There were morphofunctional sequelae in the women under study, highlighting the alterations in the range of movement of the upper limb, overweight, cardiovascular risk and the presence of the winged scapula, without being associated with the type of surgical approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Scapula/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy/adverse effects , Bones of Upper Extremity/physiopathology , Bones of Upper Extremity/pathology , Postoperative Complications , Scapula/physiopathology , Body Mass Index , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Waist-Hip Ratio , Overweight
9.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 230-236, ago. 2019. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054926

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La obesidad está asociada a un descenso acelerado de la función ventilatoria. Las formas más frecuentes de evaluar el estado nutricional y medir la grasa abdominal y las caderas son el índice de masa corporal (IMC) y el índice cintura-cadera (ICC). Existe escasa evidencia que sugiera su relación con la capacidad residual funcional (CRF). Nuestro objetivo fue determinar la relación entre el IMC, el ICC y la CRF en niños obesos de la ciudad de Talca, Chile. Población y métodos. Se reclutaron niños de ambos sexos (6-12 años). Se evaluaron peso, talla, IMC, ICC y función pulmonar a través de pletismografía corporal. Dependiendo de la distribución de los datos, se utilizó la prueba t de Student o U de Mann-Whitney para muestras independientes y, la prueba r de Pearson o Spearman para establecer la correlación entre ICC y CRF. Resultados. Los niños se dividieron en normopeso (n= 18) y obesos (n= 18). Se reportó una disminución significativa de la CRF (p= 0,025) en niños obesos y una relación inversa entre ICC y CRF, la cual fue moderada en niños normopeso (s= -0,489; p= 0,03) y alta en obesos (r= -0,681; p= 0,001). Conclusiones. Los niños obesos mostraron una menor CRF respecto de los normopeso, que, a su vez, se relacionó con el ICC. Estos resultados indican efectos sistémicos que produce la obesidad en la función ventilatoria en niños y la necesidad de incorporar indicadores de distribución de grasa corporal a temprana edad.


Introduction. Obesity is associated with a rapid decrease in ventilatory function. The most common way of assessing nutritional status and measuring abdominal fat and hips are the body mass index (BMI) and the waist-hip ratio (WHR). There is scarce evidence suggesting their relation to functional residual capacity (FRC). Our objective was to determine the relation among BMI, WHR, and FRC in obese children in the city of Talca, Chile. Population and methods. Male and female children were recruited (6-12 years). Weight, height, BMI, WHR, and pulmonary function were assessed; the latter with body plethysmography. Depending on data distribution, Student's t test or the Mann-Whitney U test were used for independent samples, while Pearson's or Spearman's r test was used to establish the correlation between WHR and FRC. Results. Children were divided into normal weight (n = 18) and obese (n = 18). A significant reduction in FRC (p = 0.025) was reported in obese children, while a reverse association was observed between WHR and FRC, which was moderate in normal weight children (s = -0.489; p = 0.03) and high in obese children (r = -0.681; p = 0.001). Conclusions. Obese children showed a lower FRC compared to normal weight children, which, in turn, was associated with WHR. These results are indicative of the systemic effects caused by obesity on children's ventilatory function and the need to use body fat distribution indicators at an early age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Body Mass Index , Functional Residual Capacity , Waist-Hip Ratio , Abdominal Fat
11.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(2): 177-183, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014638

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Excess trunk body fat in obese individuals influences respiratory physiological function. The aims of this study were to compare volumetric capnography findings (VCap) between severely obese patients and normal-weight subjects and to assess whether there is any association between neck circumference (NC), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and VCap among grade III obese individuals. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical observational case-matched cross-sectional study, University of Campinas. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared VCap variables between 60 stage III obese patients and 60 normal-weight individuals. RESULTS: In comparison with the normal-weight group, obese patients presented higher alveolar minute volume (8.92 ± 4.94 versus 6.09 ± 2.2; P = < 0.0001), CO2 production (278 ± 91.0 versus 209 ± 60.23; P < 0.0001), expiratory tidal volume (807 ± 365 versus 624 ± 202; P = 0.005), CO2 production per breath (21.1 ± 9.7 versus 16.7 ± 6.16; P = 0.010) and peak expiratory flow (30.9 ± 11.9 versus 25.5 ± 9.13; P = 0.004). The end-expiratory CO2 (PetCO2) concentration (33.5 ± 4.88 versus 35.9 ± 3.79; P = 0.013) and the phase 3 slope were normalized according to expired tidal volume (0.02 ± 0.05 versus 0.03 ± 0.01; P = 0.049) were lower in the obese group. CONCLUSIONS: The greater the NC was, the larger were the alveolar minute volume, anatomical dead space, CO2 production per minute and per breath and expiratory volume; whereas the smaller were the phase 2 slope (P2Slp), phase 3 slope (P3Slp) and pressure drop in the mouth during inspiration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/physiopathology , Tidal Volume/physiology , Pulmonary Ventilation/physiology , Spirometry , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Capnography , Waist-Hip Ratio
12.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(1): 112-118, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-984643

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To assess whether the indicators of weight status body mass index and waist-to-height ratio are similar to body fat percentage to identify obese children and adolescents with unfavorable lipid profile. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving 840 children and adolescents (6-18 years). The same individuals were classified as non-obese (<P95) or obese (≥P95) according to body fat percentage and indicators of weight status, body mass index, and waist-to-height ratio. Body fat percentage was obtained by multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance. Linear association between obesity and increased lipid fractions was tested by ANCOVA. Normal distribution curves of non-HDL cholesterol were designed for obese and non-obese. To provide the proportion of obese individuals with elevated non-HDL-c across all indicators, Z-score was calculated. Results: Obese boys presented higher non-HDL cholesterol when compared with those non-obese, classified by body mass index (107 ± 28 vs. 94 ± 25 mg/dL, p = 0.001), waist-to-height ratio (115 ± 29 vs. 94 ± 25 mg/dL, p < 0.001) and body fat percentage (119 ± 33 vs. 94 ± 24 mg/dL, p < 0.001). Differently, obese girls presented with higher non-HDL cholesterol when compared with those non-obese only according to the body fat percentage classification (118 ± 24 vs. 96 ± 26 mg/dL, p = 0.001). A large shift to the right in the distribution curve of non-HDL cholesterol among obese girls compared with non-obese was observed only when body fat percentage was used to discriminate between obese and non-obese. Conclusion: Body fat percentage was better than the indicators of weight status to identify children and adolescents with unfavorable lipid profile, mainly among girls.


Resumo Objetivo: Investigar se os indicadores da condição do peso, índice de massa corporal e razão cintura/estatura são semelhantes ao percentual de gordura corporal para identificação de crianças e adolescentes obesos com perfil lipídico desfavorável. Métodos: Estudo transversal que envolveu 840 crianças e adolescentes (6‐18 anos). Os mesmos indivíduos foram classificados em não obesos (p < 95) ou obesos (p ≥ 95) de acordo com o percentual de gordura corporal e os indicadores da condição do peso, índice de massa corporal e razão cintura/estatura. O percentual de gordura corporal foi obtido por bioimpedância multifrequencial tetrapolar. A associação linear entre obesidade e aumento das frações lipídicas foi tesada por ANCOVA. As curvas de distribuição normal de colesterol não HDL foram construídas para obesos e não obesos. Para fornecer a proporção de indivíduos obesos com colesterol não HDL elevado para todos os indicadores, o escore z foi calculado. Resultados: Os meninos obesos apresentaram maior colesterol não HDL em comparação com não obesos de acordo com a classificação fornecida pelo índice de massa corporal (107 ± 28 em comparação com 94 ± 25 mg/dL, p = 0,001), razão cintura/estatura (115 ± 29 em comparação com 94 ± 25 mg/dL, p < 0,001) e percentual de gordura corporal (119 ± 33 em comparação com 94 ± 24 g/dL, p < 0,001). Diferentemente, as meninas obesas apresentaram maior colesterol não HDL em comparação com as não obesas, somente de acordo com a classificação fornecida pelo percentual de gordura corporal (118 ± 24 em comparação com 96 ± 26 mg/dL, p = 0,001). Um grande deslocamento para a direita na curva de distribuição de colesterol não HDL entre meninas obesas em comparação com não obesas foi observado somente quando o percentual de gordura corporal foi utilizado para discriminar obesas e não obesas. Conclusão: O percentual de gordura corporal é melhor do que os indicadores da condição do peso na identificação de crianças e adolescentes com perfil lipídico desfavorável, principalmente entre meninas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Waist-Hip Ratio , Body Fat Distribution , Lipids/blood , Obesity/blood , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
13.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(1): 49-57, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-985127

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Elaborar pontos de corte de circunferência da cintura de acordo com o estadiamento puberal para identificar sobrepeso em adolescentes. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal, aprovado pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa, com 557 adolescentes, de 10 a 15 anos de idade, selecionados em escolas públicas. Aferiram-se as medidas de circunferência de cintura, braço, pescoço e quadril, percentual de gordura, massa corporal, estatura e pressão arterial. Para determinar a maturação sexual, foi utilizada a autoavaliação da escala de Tanner. Aplicou-se a curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve) para determinar: poder preditivo, sensibilidade, especificidade e os pontos de corte de circunferência de cintura para identificação de sobrepeso. Resultados: Observou-se correlação positiva entre circunferência de cintura e massa corporal, índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência do braço e quadril, razão cintura/quadril e pressão arterial em ambos os sexos. Os pontos de corte para circunferência de cintura de acordo com o estadiamento puberal para identificação de sobrepeso que apresentaram maior desempenho na curva ROC foram: 71,65 cm para meninas pré-púberes, 67,90 cm para meninas púberes, 70,25 cm para meninas pós-púberes e 66,45 cm para meninos púberes. Faixa etária, massa corporal, estatura, IMC, porcentagem de gordura, circunferência do braço e do quadril foram considerados fatores preditores da circunferência da cintura alterada. Conclusões: Os pontos de corte de circunferência da cintura de acordo com o estadiamento puberal demonstraram excelente desempenho para a identificação de sobrepeso, podendo ser considerados fidedignos para a população de adolescentes brasileiros, uma vez que utilizar apenas a idade cronológica na adolescência pode subestimar o estado nutricional.


ABSTRACT Objective: To establish waist circumference cut off points according to pubertal staging to identify overweight in adolescents. Methods: Longitudinal study approved by the Ethics Research Committee and conducted with 557 adolescents, aged 10 to 15 years old, selected from public schools. Waist, arm, neck and hip circumferences, body fat percentage, body mass index (BMI), height and blood pressure were measured. Pubertal staging was evaluated by Tanner self assessment scale. The Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (ROC curve) was used to determine predictive power, sensitivity, specificity and waist circumference cut off points to detect overweight. Results: There was a positive correlation between waist circumference and weight, BMI, upper arm and hip circumferences, waist-to-hip ratio and blood pressure in both sexes. Cut off points for waist circumference according to pubertal stage as related to overweight in adolescents with the best performances in ROC curve were: 71.65 cm for prepubescent girls, 67.90 cm for pubescent girls, 70.25 cm for post pubescent girls, and 66.45 cm for pubescent boys. Age, weight, height, BMI, body fat percentage, arm and hip circumferences were associated to altered waist circumference. Conclusions: The establishment of cut off points for waist circumference according to pubertal staging was proven a good means to identify overweight. These cut off points can be considered reliable for the Brazilian adolescent population, as the isolated use of chronological age in adolescents may underestimate their nutritional status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Waist Circumference , Blood Pressure Determination/methods , Blood Pressure Determination/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Anthropometry/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Waist-Hip Ratio/methods , Waist-Hip Ratio/statistics & numerical data , Overweight/diagnosis , Overweight/epidemiology
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Although the number of laboratory workers is constantly increasing every year, few studies have been conducted on the health and nutritional status of these research workers. This study determined the health status of laboratory workers by analyzing their anthropometric indices, dietary life, vitamin D status and blood clinical indices. METHODS: The subjects consisted of 100 female laboratory workers. This study investigated their diet, anthropometric indices, vitamin D status and blood clinical indices. The subjects were divided into two groups according to their duration of working in a laboratory (<1 year,≥1 year). RESULTS: The average age and body mass index (BMI) of subjects were 23.18 years and 21.51 kg/m2, respectively Those subjects with over 1 year employment (≥1 year) had a significantly higher waist-hip ratio than that of the subjects with the less than 1 year employment (<1 year). The mean serum vitamin D level of all the subjects was 10.04 ng/mL, which is close to a level of vitamin D deficiency. There was a significantly higher average intake of calories in the over 1 year employment group as compared to that of the less than 1 year employment group. The frequency of eating sweet snacks was significantly higher for the over 1 year employment group. The correlation analysis showed a significant positive correlation between the serum 25-(OH)-vitamin D level and the time of exposure to sunlight, while dietary intake of vitamin D did not show correlation with the serum 25-(OH)-vitamin D level. However, the serum 25-(OH)-vitamin D level was also negatively correlated with both the percentage of body fat and visceral fat. CONCLUSIONS: Laboratory workers are a very high risk group in terms of their nutritional status of vitamin D. Therefore, they need greater time of exposure to sunlight as well as increasing their dietary consumption of vitamin D. In addition, it is important for laboratory worker to practice regular and balanced dietary habits in order to maintain a healthy life.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Body Mass Index , Diet , Eating , Employment , Female , Feeding Behavior , Humans , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Nutritional Status , Snacks , Sunlight , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Waist-Hip Ratio
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121936

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El interés de este estudio fue establecer posibles asociaciones con el estado físico, calidad de sueño y consumo de oxígeno máximo (VO2máx) con los síntomas de la enfermedad del síndrome de Intestino Irritables (SII) en los estudiantes universitarios. MÉTODOS: La muestra fue de n = 62 estudiantes universitarios (edad 25 ± 9 años; talla 1,63 ± 0,08 m; peso 68,6 ± 18,5 kg). Se midieron variables antropométricas, el VO2 máx mediante el test Rockport, se aplicó el cuestionario de índice de Calidad de Sueño de "Pittsburgh" (ICSP) y el "BEST-Score" 4 points. Se utilizó la prueba Anova y el coeficiente de Pearson. RESULTADO: En los síntomas del SII (%) se muestran diferencias entre sujetos normopeso vs obesidad (11,5 ± 10 vs 33,3 ± 23,1% p = 0.00). También se muestra diferencias en función del VO2 máx en ICPS: nivel 1 vs nivel 3 (26 ± 0,6 vs 13 ± 0,6% p = 0.04) y síntomas del SII (21,9 ± 10 vs 11,1 ± 17,9% p = 0.02). Los síntomas del SII obtuvieron correlación moderada con el IMC (r = 0,51; p = 0,00) y % de grasa (r = 0,60; p = 0,00), también el VO2 máx con la calidad del sueño (r = -0,52; p = 0,00). CONCLUSIÓN: Los estudiantes de la UPNFM que presentan un mayor VO2 máx muestran valores más bajos en la puntuación de síntomas del SII y podría estar asociado a conciliar mejor el sueño.


INTRODUCTION: The interest of this study was to establish possible associations with the physical state, sleep quality and maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) with the symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) in university students. METHODS: The sample was n = 62 university students (age 25 ± 9 years, height 1.63 ± 0.08 m, weight 68.6 ± 18.5 kg). Anthropometric variables were measured, VO2max using the Rockport test, the "Pittsburgh Quality" Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (ICSP) and the "BEST-Score" 4 points were applied. The Anova test and the Pearson coefficient were used. RESULT: In the IBS symptoms (%) there are differences between subject's normal weight vs obesity (11.5 ± 10 vs 33.3 ± 23.1% p = 0.00). It also shows differences according to VO2max in ICPS: level 1 vs level 3 (26 ± 0.6 vs 13 ± 0.6% p = 0.04) and IBS symptoms (21.9 ± 10 vs 11.1 ± 17, 9% p = 0.02). The IBS symptoms showed moderate correlation with BMI (r = 0.51, p = 0.00) and of fat% (r = 0.60, p = 0.00), also the VO2max with the quality of sleep ( r = -0.52, p = 0.00). CONCLUSION: Students of UPNFM who present a higher VO2max show lower values in the symptom score of IBS and could be associated to better sleep conciliation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Sleep/physiology , Students , Anthropometry , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/physiopathology , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Quality of Life , Universities , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Waist-Hip Ratio , Overweight
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The etiology of colon diverticulosis is related to a range of genetic, biological, and environmental factors, but the risk factors for asymptomatic diverticulosis of the colon are unclear. This study examined the risk factors for asymptomatic colon diverticulosis.METHODS: This retrospective study included examinees who underwent a colonoscopy for screening at the health check-up center of SAM Hospital between January 2016 and December 2016. The examinees with colon diverticulosis found by colonoscopy were compared with those without diverticulosis. The comparison factors were age, gender, alcohol consumption, smoking status, medical history, lipid profile, body mass index, visceral fat area, waist-hip ratio, and severity of a fatty liver.RESULTS: This study included 937 examinees and the overall prevalence of diverticulosis was 8.1% (76/937). Fatty liver was found in 69.7% (53/76) in cases of colon diverticulosis and 50.3% (433/861) in the control group (p=0.001). The average waist-hip ratio was 0.92±0.051 in colon diverticulosis and 0.90±0.052 in the control group (p=0.052). Multivariate analysis revealed the waist-hip ratio (OR=1.035, 95% CI 1.000–1.070, p=0.043), moderate fatty liver (OR=2.238, 95% CI 1.026–4.882, p=0.043), and severe fatty liver (OR=5.519, 95% CI 1.236–21.803, p=0.025) to be associated with an increased risk of asymptomatic colon diverticulosis.CONCLUSIONS: The waist-hip ratio, moderate fatty liver, and severe fatty liver are risk factors for asymptomatic colon diverticulosis. Central obesity, which can be estimated by the waist-hip ratio, and fatty liver might affect the pathogenesis of asymptomatic colon diverticulosis.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Body Mass Index , Colon , Colonoscopy , Diverticulum , Fatty Liver , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Mass Screening , Multivariate Analysis , Obesity, Abdominal , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Waist-Hip Ratio
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775083

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the relationship between serum microRNA-122 (miR-122) and insulin resistance in obese children.@*METHODS@#Forty-seven children with severely obesity aged 7-14 years and 45 age- and gender matched healthy children with normal weight (control group) were enrolled. The levels of height, weight, waistline, hip circumference, fasting blood glucose (FBG), fasting insulin (FINS), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), free fatty acid (FFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and miR-122 in the two groups were measured. Body mass index (BMI), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the height, weight, BMI, WHR, FINS, HOMA-IR, TG, FFA, IL-6, and miR-122 levels in the obese group were significantly increased (P<0.05). MiR-122 levels in the obese group were positively correlated with FINS, HOMA-IR and IL-6 levels (r=0.408, 0.442, and 0.464 respectively, P<0.05). The changes of miR-122 have a linear regression relationship with IL-6 (b'=0.318, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The elevated serum miR-122 levels may be correlated with insulin resistance in obese children. The mechanism needs to be further studied.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Blood Glucose , Body Mass Index , Child , Humans , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Obesity , Waist-Hip Ratio
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739856

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a daily life-based physical activity enhancement program performed by middle-aged women at risk for cardiovascular disease. METHODS: This study used a randomized control group pretest-posttest design. Middle-aged women aged 45 to 64 were recruited from two outpatient cardiology departments, and randomly assigned to an experimental group (n=28) and a control group (n=30). For the experimental group, after providing one-on-one counseling and education, we provided customized text messages to motivate them in daily life. To monitor the practice of physical activity, they also used an exercise diary and mobile pedometer for 12 weeks. Subjects' physical activities (MET-min/week) were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Their physiological data were obtained by blood tests using a portable analyzer, and the data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0/WIN program. RESULTS: There were significant differences in exercise self-efficacy, health behavior, IPAQ score, body fat, body muscle, and fasting blood sugar between the two groups. However, there were no significant differences in total cholesterol, hemoglobin A1c, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and waist-to-hip ratio. CONCLUSION: Strengthening physical activity in daily life without being limited by cost burden and time and space constraints. Therefore, it is essential to motivate middle-aged women at risk for cardiovascular disease to practice activities that are easily performed in their daily lives.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Blood Glucose , Cardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Counseling , Education , Fasting , Female , Health Behavior , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Lipoproteins , Motor Activity , Outpatients , Patient Education as Topic , Self Efficacy , Text Messaging , Waist-Hip Ratio
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739803

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the association between changes in anthropometric indices and fasting insulin levels among healthy adolescents and whether the association differed by baseline obesity status. METHODS: This analysis was based on data collected for the JS High School study; 884 healthy adolescents aged 15 to 16 years followed up for 24 to 30 months were included. Changes in anthropometric indices and fasting insulin levels were computed as the difference between baseline and follow-up values. Multivariate linear regression models were used to determine the association between changes in anthropometric indices and fasting insulin levels. Based on body mass index (BMI)-for-age and waist circumference (WC)-for-age percentiles, participants were classified as normal weight (<85th percentile), overweight (85th percentile to <95th percentile), or obese (≥95th percentile). RESULTS: Changes in BMI, WC, waist-hip ratio, and waist-height ratio were significantly associated with changes in fasting insulin levels in both sexes (P<0.05). In analyses stratified by baseline obesity status, the association between change in BMI and change in fasting insulin was significantly stronger in overweight (males: standardized β=1.136; females: standardized β=1.262) and obese (males: standardized β=1.817; females: standardized β=2.290) participants than in those with normal weight (males: standardized β=0.957; females: standardized β=0.976) at baseline. Results were similar for changes in WC. CONCLUSION: Changes in anthropometric indices were positively associated with fasting insulin level increases. Moreover, those who were overweight or obese at baseline had a higher absolute increase in fasting insulin levels per one standard deviation unit increase in anthropometric indices than adolescents with normal weight.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Body Mass Index , Fasting , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Insulin , Linear Models , Obesity , Overweight , Waist Circumference , Waist-Height Ratio , Waist-Hip Ratio
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761547

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The etiology of colon diverticulosis is related to a range of genetic, biological, and environmental factors, but the risk factors for asymptomatic diverticulosis of the colon are unclear. This study examined the risk factors for asymptomatic colon diverticulosis. METHODS: This retrospective study included examinees who underwent a colonoscopy for screening at the health check-up center of SAM Hospital between January 2016 and December 2016. The examinees with colon diverticulosis found by colonoscopy were compared with those without diverticulosis. The comparison factors were age, gender, alcohol consumption, smoking status, medical history, lipid profile, body mass index, visceral fat area, waist-hip ratio, and severity of a fatty liver. RESULTS: This study included 937 examinees and the overall prevalence of diverticulosis was 8.1% (76/937). Fatty liver was found in 69.7% (53/76) in cases of colon diverticulosis and 50.3% (433/861) in the control group (p=0.001). The average waist-hip ratio was 0.92±0.051 in colon diverticulosis and 0.90±0.052 in the control group (p=0.052). Multivariate analysis revealed the waist-hip ratio (OR=1.035, 95% CI 1.000–1.070, p=0.043), moderate fatty liver (OR=2.238, 95% CI 1.026–4.882, p=0.043), and severe fatty liver (OR=5.519, 95% CI 1.236–21.803, p=0.025) to be associated with an increased risk of asymptomatic colon diverticulosis. CONCLUSIONS: The waist-hip ratio, moderate fatty liver, and severe fatty liver are risk factors for asymptomatic colon diverticulosis. Central obesity, which can be estimated by the waist-hip ratio, and fatty liver might affect the pathogenesis of asymptomatic colon diverticulosis.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Body Mass Index , Colon , Colonoscopy , Diverticulum , Fatty Liver , Intra-Abdominal Fat , Mass Screening , Multivariate Analysis , Obesity, Abdominal , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Waist-Hip Ratio
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