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Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0037, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376781


ABSTRACT Objective: To outline the epidemiological profile of cornea donors and recipients before reaching queue zero. Methods: Epidemiological study, of quantitative approach, with transversal, analytical design, analyzing database records from the Health Secretary of the State of Ceará, from 2013 to 2015. Results: We obtained 1,558 cornea donors and 2,287 cornea recipients from 2013 to 2015. Most donors were male, capital residents, from 21 to 40 years old. Of donated eyeballs, 14.52% were disposed, due to poor condition, infiltration or positive serology. The recipients were predominantly women over 60 years old. The procedures were mostly elective, due to bullous keratopathy (28%). Regarding emergency transplants, ulcer (38.51%) and retransplant (35.14%) were most prevalent. Predominantly, transplants were funded by the Unified Health System. Conclusion: The majority of patients who were submitted to corneal transplantation are senile, especially females, therefore should be cautiously observed. On the other hand, donors are mainly male and young, reflecting the high number of tragic accidents. The surgery for bullous keratopathy is the most frequent among elective transplants, while the ulcer surgery is the main cause of emergency procedures. The fact that most surgeries were financed by the Unified Health System reflects the importance of this system.

RESUMO Objetivo: Traçar o perfil epidemiológico dos doadores e receptores de córnea antes de atingir a Fila Zero. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico, de abordagem quantitativa, com delineamento transversal e analítico, analisando registros da base de dados da Secretaria de Saúde do Estado do Ceará, de 2013 a 2015. Resultados: Foram obtidos 1.558 doadores de córnea e 2.287 receptores de córnea, de 2013 a 2015. A maioria dos doadores era homem, procedente da capital, de 21 a 40 anos. Dentre os globos oculares doados, 14,52% foram descartados por má condição, infiltração ou sorologia positiva. Os receptores eram predominantemente mulheres acima de 60 anos de idade. Os procedimentos foram majoritariamente eletivos, devido à ceratopatia bolhosa (28%). Já para transplantes de emergência, a úlcera (38,51%) e o retransplante (35,14%) foram os mais prevalentes. Em geral, os transplantes foram custeados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Conclusão: A maioria dos pacientes submetidos a transplantes de córnea foram do grupo etário senil, principalmente do sexo feminino, devendo esse grupo ser observado com cautela. Em contrapartida, os doadores eram, principalmente, homens e jovens, refletindo o alto número de pessoas que morrem devido a acidentes trágicos. A cirurgia de ceratopatia bolhosa foi a mais frequente dentre os transplantes eletivos; já a de úlcera foi a principal causa dos procedimentos de emergência. O fato de a maioria das cirurgias ter sido financiada pelo Sistema Único de Saúde reflete a importância desse sistema.

Humans , Male , Female , Tissue Donors/statistics & numerical data , Tissue and Organ Procurement/statistics & numerical data , Corneal Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Eye Banks/statistics & numerical data , Transplant Recipients/statistics & numerical data , Appointments and Schedules , Tissue Donors/supply & distribution , Tissue and Organ Procurement/standards , Tissue and Organ Procurement/organization & administration , Epidemiologic Studies , Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Waiting Lists , Corneal Transplantation/standards , Eye Banks/organization & administration , Eye Banks/supply & distribution
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e2022EDIT01, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365381


ABSTRACT Are presented results of experimental pig kidney xenotransplantation in Brazil, which aims to reduce the waiting list mortality due to shortage of organs. Recent clinical results obtained abroad are commented.

RESUMO Apresentam-se resultados de xenotransplante suíno de rim experimental no Brasil que visa reduzir as listas de espera nas quais falecem muitos inscritos à espera do transplante. Comentam-se os recentes resultados clínicos obtidos no exterior.

Animals , Kidney Transplantation , Swine , Transplantation, Heterologous/methods , Brazil , Waiting Lists , Kidney
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928325


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between preoperative waiting time and prognosis of elderly patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2018, 333 elderly hip fracture patients undergoing surgery were retrospectively analyzed, including 104 males and 229 females, aged from 60 to 99 years with an average of (77.93±8.49) years, and 183 patients were femoral neck fracture, 150 patients were femoral intertrochanteric fracture. Among them, 269 patients (80.78%) had a clustered preoperative waiting time of 2 to 8 days, and then divided into within 4-day group(91 cases) and over 4-day group(242 cases) according to their preoperative waiting time. The survival situation was followed by telephone, and follow-up time started from fracture admission to the death event, or to the research deadline (December 31, 2019). The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and Cox risk proportion model was used to analyze the independent risk factors of hip fracture in elderly patients.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 75 months(means 35 months), 59 patients died and the mortality rate was 17.72%(59/333). Compared with within 4-day group, the mortality rate was higher in over 4-day group[20.66%(50/242) vs. 9.89%(9/91), χ2=5.263, P=0.022]. Multiariable Cox regression analysis showed that preoperative waiting time, age, male and Charlson comorbidity index were independent risk factors for the prognosis of hip fracture in elderly patients (all P<0.05), and every 1-day delay was associated with 5% increase of the risk of death[HR=1.05, 95%CI(1.00-1.10), P=0.045]. Subsequent analyse was stratified according to the Charlson comorbidity index (CCI), and found that over 4-day group had a higher mortality rate in patients with CCI<2, with statistically significant difference(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For elderly patients with hip fracture, most of hospitals could not complete the hip fracture surgery within 48 hours, we also need to shorten the waiting time before surgery, and thereby improve their prognosis.

Aged , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 181-187, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935598


Acute-on-chronic liver failure(ACLF) is the most severe form of acute decompensation that develops in patients with chronic liver disease or liver cirrhosis,and is always accompanied by one or more extrahepatic organ failure, and has an extremely poor short-term prognosis. The causes triggering ACLF are complex and diverse,and the clinical stage and the type and the definition of organ failure differ greatly from one another. Therefore, a universally accepted diagnostic criteria for ACLF is not to be defined, and the epidemiological data and patient outcomes on ACLF are not easy to predict and compare among different regions. Accumulating evidence has shown that liver transplantation(LT) plays a significant role in the surgical treatment of patients with ACLF,but its clinical value is still controversial. The specific management and treatment strategy after the admission of patients with ACLF has not yet formed a unified and standardized process or opinions, which includes the monitoring in the ICU,the support and maintenance of organ functions, the selection of the surgical indication and the timing for LT and so on. Moreover, there still exists many controversies concerning, for example, whether patients with ACLF should receive greater priority for organ allocation compared to other potential candidates on the waiting list. Besides, more prospective controlled studies are urgently needed to investigate the role of the artificial liver support system in the bridging therapy to LT. The aim of this article is to review the indication selection of patients with ACLF suitable for LT,the survival outcomes and prognostic factors after LT, the selection of timing, the organ allocation policy and the bridging therapy to LT, which intends to provide new direction for designing the future clinical studies on LT in patients with ACLF.

Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/surgery , Adult , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Transplantation , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Waiting Lists
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | CUMED, LILACS | ID: biblio-1409009


Objetivo: Evaluar la capacidad resolutiva de la Unidad de Atención Primaria en Oftalmología para disminuir la lista de espera oftalmológica no incluida en el Plan de Garantías Explícitas en Salud (GES) de la Región de Ñuble, entre el año 2017 y el 2019. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio cuantitativo, no experimental, de corte transversal, donde se evaluaron los registros estadísticos mensuales y la lista de espera oftalmológica No GES de la región de Ñuble, generada entre el año 2017 y el 2019. Resultados: Se realizó un promedio de 1 875 (± 983) consultas médicas y 3 407(± 1 625) consultas de Tecnólogo Médico anualmente, con un nivel de resolutividad del 84 por ciento: el 82 por ciento para resolución de vicio de refracción; el 77,7 por ciento (p < 0,001) de las interconsultas por vicio de refracción y el 80,1 por ciento (p < 0,001) de otros diagnósticos se resolvieron en menos de 150 días. Las Unidades de Atención Primaria en Oftalmología en estudio demostraron capacidad resolutiva similar a estudios anteriores, con una disminución de los tiempos de espera para la atención oftalmológica en atención primaria. Conclusiones: Las Unidades de Atención Primaria en Oftalmología tienen una alta capacidad resolutiva, menores tiempos de espera, mejoran el acceso y la oportunidad a través de un modelo integral de trabajo en equipo que puede ser replicado a nivel mundial y también en otras especialidades de salud(AU)

Objective: Evaluate the resolution capacity of ophthalmic primary care units to shorten the ophthalmic waiting list not included in the Explicit Health Guarantees Plan (GES) of Ñuble Region in the period 2017-2019. Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional non-experimental evaluation was conducted of the monthly statistical records and the No GES ophthalmic waiting list of the Ñuble Region generated in the period 2017-2019. Results: An average 1 875 (± 983) medical consultations and 3 407 (± 1 625) consultations with a medical technologist were held annually, with a resolution level of 84 percent: 82 percent for refraction vice resolution; 77.7 percent (p < 0.001) of the interconsultations for refractive vice and 80.1 percent (p < 0.001) for other diagnoses were resolved in less than 150 days. The ophthalmic primary care units studied displayed a resolution capacity similar to previous studies, with a reduction in the waiting time for ophthalmic primary care. Conclusions: Ophthalmic primary care units display a high resolution capacity, shorter waiting times, improved access and opportunity through a comprehensive teamwork model which may be replicated globally and in other medical specialties(AU)

Humans , Ophthalmology , Primary Health Care , Waiting Lists , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical
Diagn. tratamento ; 26(3): 93-6, jul-set. 2021. Este editorial foi previamente publicado em inglês no periódico São Paulo Medical Journal, volume 139, edição número 4, julho e agosto de 2021 (
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291192
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): 266-270, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1280929


Objetivo. Describir el impacto de la pandemia por COVID-19 en el programa de cirugía cardiovascular pediátrica y estimar el tiempo para reducir la lista de espera quirúrgica. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo. Se compararon resultados quirúrgicos del período preCOVID versus el período COVID. Se utilizó un modelo matemático para estimar el tiempo para reducir la lista de espera. Resultados. Entre el 23 de marzo y el 31 de agosto de 2020 se operaron 83 pacientes, que representan una reducción del 60 %, respecto al período preCOVID. La mediana de edad fue de 6 meses (rango intercuartílico [RIC]: 25-75, 1,8 meses a 2,9 años; p = 0,0023. El tiempo para eliminar la lista de espera varía entre 10 y 19 meses. Conclusiones. El programa tuvo una reducción del 60 %. El tiempo de resolución de la lista de espera puede ser al menos 10 a 19 meses

Objective. To describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on a pediatric cardiovascular surgery program and estimate the necessary time to reduce the surgery waiting list. Methods. Retrospective, descriptive study. Surgical outcomes from the pre-COVID-19 period and COVID-19 period were compared. A mathematical model was used to estimate the time necessary to reduce the waiting list. Results. Between March 23rd and August 31st, 2020, 83 patients underwent surgery, accounting for a 60 % reduction compared to the pre-COVID-19 period. Their median age was 6 months (interquartile range [IQR]: 25-75, 1.8 months to 2.9 years; p = 0.0023). The time necessary to eliminate the waiting list ranges from 10 to 19 months. Conclusions. There was a 60 % reduction in the program. The time required to clear the backlog of cases may range from, at least, 10 to 19 month

Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/trends , Waiting Lists , Time-to-Treatment/trends , Health Services Accessibility/trends , Hospitals, Public/trends , Argentina/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology , Models, Theoretical
Distúrb. comun ; 33(2): 279-286, jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401235


Introdução: As ações do serviço de saúde auditiva são executadas pela atenção básica, média e alta complexidade de maneira hierarquizada, organizada para facilitar o diagnóstico, recuperação e reabilitação. Conhecer o itinerário percorrido pelo usuário pode influenciar a solução adotada e identificar dificuldades ao diagnóstico precoce. Objetivo: Analisar o itinerário terapêutico e perfil dos pacientes diagnosticados com deficiência auditiva de um serviço de Saúde Auditiva Microrregional de Minas Gerais. Método: Análise descritiva retrospectiva dos dados de prontuários do serviço auditivo de Sete Lagoas, de 189 sujeitos que receberam aparelho auditivo pelo Serviço Único de Saúde entre os anos de 2018/2019 no serviço de referência em Média Complexidade da Microrregião. Observa-se maior número de usuários com idade superior a 60 anos em Sete Lagoas e também na microrregião. A classificação quanto a sexo demonstra predomínio de mulheres em toda área de atendimento, e, principalmente, no município de Sete Lagoas. Resultados: A análise do itinerário mostra que o tempo entre a chegada ao serviço de saúde auditiva e as etapas de pré molde, teste e entrega do aparelho auditivo é menor para crianças do que para adultos e idosos. Conclusão: O itinerário percorrido pelos pacientes interfere em maior aproveitamento do aparelho auditivo e adaptação adequada devido ao tempo de espera e distância percorridos. Adultos e idosos têm maior itinerário em relação às crianças.

Introduction: The actions of the hearing health service are performed by basic, middle and high complexity care in a hierarchical manner, organized to facilitate diagnosis, recovery and rehabilitation. Knowing the route taken by the user can influence the solution adopted and identify difficulties to early diagnosis. Objective: To analyze the profile and therapeutic itinerary of patients diagnosed with hearing impairment in a Microregional Hearing Health Service in Minas Gerais. Method: Retrospective descriptive analysis of the medical records data from the hearing service Sete Lagoas, of 189 subjects who received hearing aids by the Unified Health Service between the years 2018/2019 at the reference service on Medium Complexity in the Microregion. There are a greater number of users over the age of 60 in Sete Lagoas and also in the micro-region. The classification as to sex shows a predominance of women in the entire service area and mainly in the city of Sete Lagoas. Results: The analysis of the itinerary shows that the time between arrival at the hearing health service and the stages of pre-mold, test and delivery of the hearing aid is shorter for children than for adults and the elderly. A higher number of users over 60 years of age is observed in Sete Lagoas and also in the microregion. Conclusion: The route taken by the patients interferes with the use of the hearing aid and a proper adaptation due to the waiting time and distance covered. Adults and elderly have a longer itinerary in relation to children.

Introducción: Las acciones del servicio de salud auditiva son realizadas por atención primaria, media y alta complejidad de manera jerárquica, organizadas para facilitar el diagnóstico, la recuperación y la rehabilitación. Conocer la ruta tomada por el usuario puede influir en la solución adoptada y identificar dificultades en el diagnóstico temprano.  Objetivo: analizar el perfil y el itinerário y perfil terapéutico de pacientes diagnosticados con discapacidad auditiva en un servicio de salud auditiva microrregional en Minas Gerais.  Método: Análisis descriptivo retrospectivo de los datos de las historias clínicas del servicio de audición en Sete Lagoas, de 189 sujetos que recibieron audífonos por parte del Servicio Unificado de Salud entre los años 2018/2019 en el servicio de referencia de Complejidad Media en la Microrregión. Hay un mayor número de usuarios mayores de 60 años en Sete Lagoas y también en la microrregión. La clasificación por sexo muestra un predominio de mujeres en toda el área de servicio y principalmente en la ciudad de Sete Lagoas. Resultados: El análisis del itinerario muestra que el tiempo entre la llegada al servicio de salud auditiva y las etapas de premoldeo, prueba y entrega del audífono es más corto para niños que para adultos y ancianos. Se observa un mayor número de usuarios mayores de 60 años en Sete Lagoas y también en la microrregión. Conclusión: el itinerario recorrido por los pacientes interfiere con un mayor uso del audífono y una adaptación adecuada debido al tiempo de espera y la distancia recorrida.  Los adultos y los ancianos tienen un itinerario mayor que los niños.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Therapeutic Itinerary , Hearing Loss/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists , Age Factors , Health Services Accessibility , Hearing Aids
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 360-367, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288676


Abstract Objective To measure and document the clinical impact of the waiting time for surgical treatment of patients with spinal deformities in a quaternary center in Brazil. Methods In total, 59 patients with spinal deformity waiting for surgery on our hospital's list were evaluated to observe the impact of the waiting time on the progression of the deformity. Patient evaluation was performed using the SRS-22r questionnaire for health-related quality of life (HRQL) and radiographic images to evaluate the deformity of the spine at the time the patients were included in the waiting list and at the most recent appointment. The radiographic parameters selected for comparison were: Cobb angle of the primary and secondary curves, coronal alignment, apical vertebral translation, pelvic obliquity, sagittal vertebral axis, kyphosis (T5-T12), and lordosis (L1-S1). Results Low HRQL scores according to the SRS-22r questionnaire were observed in patients waiting for surgery. The radiographic parameters showed progression of the deformity on the initial evaluation when compared with the most recent follow-up evaluation. Conclusion The patients waiting for surgical treatment of spinal deformities in our center showed relatively low HRQL scores and radiographic progression of the deformity.

Resumo Objetivo Medir e documentar o impacto clínico do tempo de espera para tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes com deformidades na coluna vertebral em um centro quaternário no Brasil. Métodos No total, 59 pacientes com deformidade espinhal à espera de cirurgia na lista do nosso hospital foram avaliados para observar o impacto dos tempos de espera na progressão da deformidade. A avaliação do paciente foi realizada utilizando o questionário SRS-22r para qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde (QLRS), e imagens radiográficas para avaliar a deformidade da coluna vertebral quando os pacientes foram incluídos na lista de espera e na consulta mais recente. Os parâmetros radiográficos selecionados para comparação foram: ângulo de Cobb de curvas primárias e secundárias, alinhamento coronal, translação de vértebra apical, obliquidade pélvica, eixo vertebral sagital, cifose (T5-T12), e lordose (L1-S1). Resultados Baixos escores de QLRS segundo o questionário SRS-22r foram observados em pacientes que aguardavam cirurgia. Os parâmetros radiográficos mostraram progressão da deformidade na avaliação inicial em comparação com a avaliação de seguimento mais recente. Conclusão Os pacientes que aguardavam tratamento cirúrgico de deformidade espinhal em nosso centro apresentaram os escores de QLRS relativamente baixos e progressão radiográfica da deformidade.

Scoliosis , Spine , Congenital Abnormalities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Waiting Lists , Vertebral Body , Health Policy , Lordosis
Distúrb. comun ; 33(1): 88-102, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1399949


Introdução: Associação entre adaptação de próteses auditivas e treinamento auditivo pode melhorar a comunicação do indivíduo e reduzir os déficits funcionais. Objetivo: verificar o benefício na qualidade de vida, sintomas depressivos, aspectos cognitivos, resolução temporal e limitação em atividades de vida em idosos com perda auditiva, após adaptação de próteses auditivas associadas ou não ao treinamento auditivo musical. Métodos: Grupo Experimental - GE: cinco idosos (64 a 79 anos) e Grupo Controle - GC: cinco idosos (62 a 77 anos), todos com perda auditiva neurossensorial simétrica de grau moderado. Foram submetidos à anamnese, miniteste de triagem cognitiva CASI-S, avaliação audiológica incluindo Índice Porcentual de Reconhecimento de Fala (IPRF), Client-Oriented Scale of Improvement (COSI), resolução temporal (teste GIN), triagem para sintomas depressivos (EDG-15), questionários de qualidade de vida (SF-36) e de autoavaliação para próteses auditivas (QI-AASI). Todos receberam próteses auditivas, e apenas o GE, o treinamento auditivo musical. Avaliação realizada em três momentos: antes da adaptação das próteses auditivas; 11 semanas após a adaptação das mesmas, sendo o GE submetido ao treinamento musical por sete semanas; e quatro meses depois. Resultados: Não houve diferença entre grupos segundo idade, escolaridade e triagem cognitiva. Todos apresentaram melhores limiares no teste de resolução temporal após a intervenção. Os escores dos testes de qualidade de vida e sintomas depressivos não foram significantemente diferentes entre grupos e avaliações. Conclusão: O uso efetivo de próteses auditivas, associado ou não ao treinamento musical, melhorou a resolução temporal. Não houve melhora significativa na qualidade de vida, sintomas depressivos, cognição e COSI.

Introduction: Association between hearing aid fitting and auditory training can improve an individual's communication and reduce functional deficits. Objective: to verify benefit in quality of life, depressive symptoms, cognitive aspects, temporal resolution, and limitation in daily activities for elderly people with hearing loss, after adaptation of hearing aids associated or not with musical auditory training. Methods: Experimental Group - EG: five elderly (64 to 79 years old) and Control Group - CG: five elderly (62 to 77 years old), all with moderate symmetric sensorineural hearing loss. They underwent anamnesis, cognitive screening CASI-S, audiological evaluation including Percentage Index of Speech Recognition (PISR), Client-Oriented Scale of Improvement (COSI), temporal resolution (GIN), screening for depressive symptoms (GDS-15), quality of life questionnaires (SF-36) and IOI-HA self-assessment. All received hearing aids but only the EG received the auditory musical training. Evaluation performed in three moments: before the fitting of the hearing aids; 11 weeks after their adaptation, with the EG undergoing musical training for seven weeks; and four months later. Results: There was no difference between groups according to age, education, and cognitive screening. All had better thresholds in the GIN after the intervention. The GDS-15 and SF-36 scores were not significantly different between groups and assessments. Conclusion: Using hearing aids associated or not with musical training improved temporal resolution. There was no improvement in the quality of life, depressive symptoms, cognition, and COSI scale.

Introducción: Asociación entre adaptación de prótesis auditivas y entrenamiento auditivo puede mejorar la comunicación del individuo y reducir los déficits funcionales. Objetivo: verificar el beneficio en la calidad de vida, síntomas depresivos, aspectos cognitivos, resolución temporal y limitación de la vida de las personas mayores con hipoacusia, tras adaptación de audífonos asociada o no al entrenamiento auditivo musical. Métodos: Grupo Experimental ­ GE: cinco ancianos (64 a 79 años) y Grupo Control - GC: cinco ancianos (62 a 77 años) todos con hipoacusia neurosensorial simétrica moderada. Fueron sometidos a la anamnesis, miniprueba de triaje cognitiva CASI-S, evaluación audiológica incluyendo Índice Porcentual de Reconocimiento de Habla (IPRH), Client-Oriented Scale of Improvement (COSI), resolución temporal (prueba GIN), classificación para síntomas depresivos (EDG-15), cuestionarios de calidad de vida (SF-36) y autoevaluación de audífonos (QI-AASI). Todos recibieron los audífonos, sólo el GE, el entrenamiento auditivo musical. Evaluación realizada en tres momentos: antes de la adaptación de los audífonos; 11 semanas después de la adaptación de las mismas siendo el GE sometido al entrenamiento musical por siete semanas; y cuatro meses después. Resultados: No hubo diferencia entre grupos según edad, escolaridad y triaje cognitivo. Todos presentaron mejores umbrales en la prueba de resolución temporal después de la intervención. Los resultados de las pruebas de calidad de vida y los síntomas depresivos no fueron significativamente diferentes entre grupos y evaluaciones. Conclusión: Usar audífonos asociados o no con entrenamiento musical mejoró la resolución temporal. No hubo mejora significativa en la calidad de vida, síntomas depresivos, cognición y COSI.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Acoustic Stimulation , Simulation Training , Hearing Aids , Presbycusis/therapy , Correction of Hearing Impairment , Control Groups , Surveys and Questionnaires , Waiting Lists , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions
Rev. bras. med. fam. comunidade ; 16(43): 2751, 20210126. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358563


Introdução: A Atenção Primária é a "porta de entrada" do usuário ao Sistema Único de Saúde. Caso o médico tenha dificuldade em conduzir o caso, ele encaminha-o a um especialista. A otorrinolaringologia é uma das especialidades que mais recebe referências, com longo tempo de espera em nosso meio. Objetivo: Estimar a frequência das queixas de tontura e suspeita de doença vestibular nos encaminhamentos dos pacientes que aguardam consulta com otorrinolaringologista. Há poucos estudos semelhantes na literatura, e esse levantamento é importante para traçar o perfil desses pacientes e planejar ações de saúde pública. Métodos: Estudo observacional, longitudinal, descritivo, baseado na coleta de dados secundários do Sistema de Regulação da Secretaria de Saúde da Prefeitura do Recife. Foram incluídas as solicitações dos médicos da Estratégia Saúde da Família para o serviço de otorrinolaringologia em outubro-novembro de 2019, que estavam na fila de espera desde junho­julho de 2018. Resultados: A frequência dos encaminhamentos por tontura e suspeita de doença vestibular foi 22,5% de todas as solicitações para otorrinolaringologia. O tempo de espera foi um ano e quatro meses. A maioria era de mulheres (74,7%) e idosos acima de 60 anos (48,3%). Os motivos dos encaminhamentos foram: zumbido (43,2%), labirintite (20%), múltiplos sintomas (17,3%), tontura (11,6%), vertigem (3,9%), labirintopatia (3,6%) e vertigem posicional paroxística benigna (0,6%). Os sintomas aumentam com a idade. Conclusão: A taxa de encaminhamento foi compatível com a literatura. O zumbido é um sintoma muito incômodo, comum tanto nas doenças do labirinto quanto em outras patologias, por isso a alta frequência de solicitação. O termo labirintite nem sempre se refere à neuronite vestibular, mas erroneamente pode ser usado para qualquer síndrome vertiginosa, o que pode justificar a alta taxa de encaminhamento em detrimento de outras vestibulopatias. A educação continuada na Atenção Primária é importante tanto para o diagnóstico correto quanto para a solicitação apropriada da interconsulta. É preciso novas estratégias para diminuir o tempo de espera, como o aumento da oferta de serviços de especialistas, a qualificação da demanda e a otimização do sistema de regulação.

Introduction: Primary Care is the user's "gateway" to the Unified Health System: if the physician has difficulty conducting the case, they refer it to a specialist. Otorhinolaryngology is one of the specialties that receives referrals the most, with long waiting time in this setting. Objective: To estimate the frequency of complaints of dizziness and suspected vestibular disease in referrals of patients awaiting consultation with an otorhinolaryngologist. There are few studies addressing this topic in the literature, and this survey is important because it helps design the profile of these patients and plan public health actions. Methods: Observational, longitudinal, descriptive study based on collection of secondary data from the Regulatory System of the Health Department of the City of Recife. Requests from Family Health Strategy (FHS) physicians for the Otorhinolaryngology service in October-November 2019 were included, and those who had been on the waiting list since June-July 2018. Results: The frequency of referrals for dizziness and suspected vestibular disease was 22.5% of all requests for Otorhinolaryngology. The waiting time was one year and four months. most patients were women (74.7%) and aged over 60 years (48.3%). The reasons for referrals were: tinnitus (43.2%), labyrinthitis (20%), multiple symptoms (17.3%), dizziness (11.6%), vertigo (3.9%), labyrinthopathy (3.6%), and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (0.6%). Symptoms increase with age. Conclusions: The referral rate was compatible with the literature. Tinnitus is a very uncomfortable symptom, common in labyrinthine diseases and other pathologies, so the high frequency of solicitation. The term labyrinthitis does not always refer to vestibular neuronitis, but it can erroneously be used for any vertiginous syndrome, which may justify a high referral rate to the detriment of other vestibular pathologies. Continuing education in Primary Care is important for both the correct diagnosis and the appropriate request for interconsultation. New strategies to reduce waiting times are needed such as increasing the supply of specialist services, demanding qualification, and optimizing the regulatory system.

Introducción: La atención primaria es la "puerta de entrada" del usuario al Sistema Único de Salud, si el médico tiene dificultades en el manejo del caso lo deriva a un especialista. La otorrinolaringología es una de las especialidades que más derivaciones recibe, con un largo tiempo de espera en nuestro país. Objetivo: Estimar la frecuencia de quejas de mareo y sospecha de enfermedad vestibular en las derivaciones de pacientes en espera de consulta con un otorrinolaringólogo. Existen pocos estudios similares en la literatura, y esta encuesta es importante para perfilar el perfil de estos pacientes y planificar acciones de salud pública. Métodos: Estudio observacional, longitudinal, descriptivo, basado en la recolección de datos secundarios del Sistema de Regulación de la Secretaría de Salud del Municipio de Recife. Se incluyeron solicitudes de médicos de la Estrategia Salud de la Familia, para el servicio de Otorrinolaringología en octubre-noviembre de 2019, y que estaban en lista de espera desde junio-julio de 2018. Resultados: A menudo, dos derivaciones por turbidez y suspensión de enfermedad vestibular representaron el 22,5% de todas las solicitudes de Otorrinolaringología. El tiempo de espera fue de un año, cuatro meses. La mayoría eran mujeres (74,7%) y mayores de 60 años (48,3%). Los dos motivos de derivación fueron: acúfenos (43,2%), laberintitis (20%), síntomas múltiples (17,3%), embotamiento (11,6%), vértigo (3,9%), laberintopatía (3,6%) y vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (0,6%). Los síntomas aumentaron con la edad. Conclusiones: la tasa de derivación fue compatible con la literatura. El tinnitus es un síntoma muy incómodo, común tanto en las enfermedades del laberinto como en otras patologías, de ahí la alta frecuencia de solicitación. El término laberintitis no siempre se refiere a neuronitis vestibular, pero se puede utilizar erróneamente para cualquier síndrome de vértigo, lo que puede justificar una alta tasa de derivación en detrimento de otros trastornos vestibulares. La formación continua en Atención Primaria es importante tanto para el correcto diagnóstico como para la adecuada solicitud de interconsultas. Se necesitan nuevas estrategias para reducir los tiempos de espera, como aumentar la oferta de servicios especializados, calificar la demanda y optimizar el sistema regulatorio.

Primary Health Care , Referral and Consultation , Vestibulocochlear Nerve Diseases , Vertigo , Waiting Lists , Dizziness , Labyrinthitis , Otolaryngology , Vestibuloplasty
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202492, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250703


ABSTRACT Introduction: liver Transplantation is currently the treatment of choice for several terminal liver diseases. Despite the increase in performed transplants, the waiting lists continue to increase. In order to expand the supply of organs, transplantation teams have started to use previously rejected livers for transplants because of an increased risk of unfavorable outcomes. Objective: to evaluate the use of livers of expanded criterion donators. Methods: retrospective study of medical records. The livers were classified as normal or expanded criteria. The groups were divided in low and high MELD. A multivariate analysis was performed through logistic regression. Results: there was no statistical difference regarding early, late and global mortality between the groups. Decreased survival was observed in patients with high MELD (higher or equal to 20) when they received grafts from expanded criterion donators. The association between the occurrence of cardiorespiratory arrest and presence of elevated total bilirubin in donators was associated with higher mortality rates in expanded criterion livers. Conclusion: the overall results are similar, but expanded criteria liver donators was associated with higher mortality in patients with high MELD.

RESUMO Introdução: o Transplante Hepático é atualmente o tratamento de escolha para diversas doenças terminais do fígado. Apesar do aumento de transplantes realizados, as filas de espera continuam aumentando. Com a finalidade de ampliar a oferta de órgãos, as equipes transplantadoras passaram a utilizar fígados até então rejeitados para transplantes devido ao risco aumentado de desfechos desfavoráveis. Objetivo: avaliar utilização de fígados de doadores de critério expandido. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo por meio de análise de prontuários. Classificaram-se os fígados utilizados em padrão ou critério expandido. Os grupos foram subdivididos em MELD baixo e alto. Foi realizada análise multivariada por regressão logística. Resultados: não houve diferença estatística com relação à mortalidade precoce, tardia e global entre os grupos. Observou-se menor sobrevida em pacientes com MELD alto (maior ou igual a 20) quando receberam enxertos de doadores de critério expandido. Foi observada a associação entre ocorrência de parada cardiorrespiratória e presença de bilirrubina total elevada no doador com maiores taxas de mortalidade em receptores de fígados de critério expandido. Conclusão: os resultados globais são semelhantes, porém o uso de fígado de doadores de critério expandido esteve associado a maior mortalidade em pacientes com MELD alto.

Humans , Liver Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists , Liver
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.6): 71-82, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250322


Resumen La pandemia COVID-19 declarada en marzo del 2020, ha generado preocupación mundial por su efecto en la salud de la población y el potencial colapso sanitario. La estrategia de "aplanar la curva" mediante el distanciamiento social permitió adaptar los recursos del sistema de salud a pacientes con COVID-19, pero no se pudo prever su repercusión en otras áreas de la salud. El objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar las consecuencias de la pandemia sobre el trasplante hepático en general y por hepatocarcinoma (HCC). Fueron realizados los siguientes estudios: a) un análisis retrospectivo utilizando datos del CRESI/INCUCAI para comparar ingreso en lista de espera, mortalidad en lista, donación y trasplante hepático desde 20/03 a 15/08, 2019 e igual periodo de 2020, y b) una encuesta a los centros de trasplante de mayor actividad trasplantológica para valorar el efecto de las medidas tomadas en diferentes situaciones institucionales y regionales. El primer análisis evidenció una disminución del 55% de los trasplantes hepáticos, con una reducción similar en la donación y en el ingreso a lista de espera hepática; mientras que el trasplante por HCC ascendió de 10% en 2019 a 22% en 2020. El segundo análisis, mostró que la tasa de ocupación de camas por pacientes COVID-19/semana fue variable: de 0.4% al 42.0%. El número de cirugías, hepato-bilio-pancreática, resección de HCC y trasplante hepático, se redujeron en 47%, 49%, 31% y 36% respectivamente. La reducción de la actividad trasplantológica afectó mayormente los centros con alta ocupación por COVID-19. El impacto final a largo plazo deberá evaluarse.

Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic declared in March 2020, has generated worldwide concern due to its effect on the health of the population and the potential health collapse. The strategy of "flattening the curve" through social distancing made it possible to adapt the resources of the health system to patients with COVID-19, but results in other areas of health could not be predicted. The objective of this work was to analyze the consequences of the pandemic on liver transplantation in general and for hepatocarcinoma (HCC). The following studies were carried out: a) a retrospective analysis using data from the CRESI / INCUCAI to compare admission to the waiting list, mortality on the list, donation and liver transplantation from 03/20 to 08/15, 2019 and the same period in 2020, and b) a survey of the transplant centers with the highest transplant activity to assess the effect of the measures taken in different institutional and regional situations. The first analysis showed a 55% decrease in liver transplants, with a similar reduction in donation and admission to the liver waiting list; while HCC transplantation rose from 10% in 2019 to 22% in 2020. The second analysis showed that the occupancy rate of beds by COVID-19 patients / week was variable: from 0.4% to 42.0%. The number of surgeries, hepato-bilio-pancreatic, resection of HCC and liver transplantation, were reduced by 47%, 49%, 31% and 36% respectively. The reduction in transplant activity mainly affected centers with high occupancy due to COVID-19. The final long-term outcome will need to be assessed.

Humans , Liver Transplantation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(11)nov. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389243


Background: In Chile, organ allocation for liver transplantation (LT) in adults is prioritized according to the MELD-Na score. Exceptions such as Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) and other non-HCC exceptions receive a score called Operational MELD score. Aim: To evaluate the effectiveness of the MELD-Na score and the operational MELD score as a prioritization system for LT in Chile. Material and Methods: Retrospective analysis of the waiting list (WL) of adult candidates (≥ 15 years) for elective LT in Chile from 2011 to 2017. The probability of leaving the WL, defined by death or contraindication for LT was compared in three groups: 1) Cirrhotic patients prioritized according to their real MELD-Na score (CPM), 2) HCC and 3) other non-HCC exceptions. Results: We analyzed 730 candidates for LT, with a median age of 57 years, 431 (56%) were men. In the study period, 352 LT were performed (48%). The annual exit rate was significantly higher in the CPM group (45.5%) compared to HCC (33.1%) and non-HCC (29.3%), (p < 0.001). Post LT survival was 86% at 1 year and 85% at 5 years, without significant differences between groups. In the CPM group, post-transplant survival was significantly lower (p < 0.05) in patients with MELD-Na ≥ 30 at transplant (81% per year) compared to patients with patients with MELD-Na < 30 (91% per year). Conclusions: MELD-Na score can discriminate very well patients who have a higher risk of death in the short and medium term. However, the assignment of operational scores for situations of exception produces inequities in the allocation of organs for LT and must therefore be carefully adjusted.

Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Liver Transplantation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Liver Neoplasms , Severity of Illness Index , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(9)sept. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389325


Background: The Chilean allocation system for liver transplantation (LT) uses the MELD/PELD score to prioritize candidates on the waiting list. Aim: To assess if the Chilean allocation system for LT is equitable for pediatric candidates compared to their adult counterparts. Material and Methods: We used the Public Health Institute's registry between October 2011 and December 2017. We analyzed candidates with chronic hepatic diseases listed for LT. The primary outcome was the cadaveric liver transplantation (CLT) rate. Secondary outcomes were death or disease progression in the waiting list and living donor liver transplant (LDLT) rate. Results: We analyzed 122 pediatric and 735 adult candidates. Forty one percent of pediatric candidates obtained a CLT compared to 48% of adults (p = NS). Among patients aged under two years of age, the access to CLT on the waiting list there was 28% of CLT, compared to 48% in adults (p = 0.001). Fifty-seven percent of candidates aged under two years were listed for cholestatic diseases, obtaining a CLT in 18% and requiring a LDLT in 49%. The median time in the waiting list for CLT was 5.9 months in pediatric candidates and 5.1 in adults, while the median time to death in the waiting list was 2.8 and 5.6 months, respectively. The mortality rate at one year in candidates under two years old was 38.1% compared to 32.5% in adults. Conclusions: Pediatric candidates with chronic liver diseases, especially under two years of age, have greater access difficulties to CLT than adults. Half of the pediatric candidates die on the waiting list before three months. The mortality among candidates under two years of age in the waiting list is excessively high.

Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver Diseases , Severity of Illness Index , Chile/epidemiology , Waiting Lists , Living Donors , Liver Diseases/surgery
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 412-417, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138503


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o tempo de desocupação e ocupação dos leitos na unidade de terapia intensiva; analisar os intervalos entre os tempos durante o período do dia e da noite, finais de semana e feriados e identificar preditores para os tempos de desocupação e ocupação. Métodos: Estudo transversal, de natureza observacional, descritivo, analítico e inferencial. Foram analisados 700 registros de desocupação-ocupação em 54 leitos na unidade de terapia intensiva adulto de um hospital da rede pública de Sergipe, entre janeiro e dezembro de 2018. O teste não paramétrico de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparações entre grupos. Diversos modelos preditivos de tempo de permanência foram elaborados. A razão de taxa de incidência foi utilizada como estimativa de tamanho do efeito. Resultados: Durante o período do estudo, houve 13.477 solicitações de vaga na unidade de terapia intensiva para os 54 leitos, e apenas 5% (700 pacientes) conseguiram o acesso ao leito. Os tempos de desocupação-ocupação tiveram valores menores quando a ocupação do leito era realizada no período noturno (razão de taxa de incidência de 0,658; IC95% 0,550 - 0,787; p < 0,0001) e oferta nos finais de semana (razão de taxa de incidência de 0,566; IC95% 0,382 - 0,838; p = 0,004). O sexo feminino (razão de taxa de incidência de 0,749; IC95% 0,657 - 0,856; p < 0,0001) foi um preditor de menor tempo de desocupação-ocupação. Esse tempo tende a aumentar com a idade do paciente (razão de taxa de incidência de 1,006; IC95% 1,003 - 1,009; p < 0,0001). Conclusão: Identificaram-se disparidades no tempo de espera para a ocupação do leito, sendo maior no período diurno e em dias úteis. Mulheres e pacientes mais jovens são beneficiados por um processamento mais rápido no tempo de desocupação-ocupação.

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the vacancy and occupancy times of intensive care unit beds; to analyze differences in these times between the day and night shifts and weekdays, weekends, and holidays; and to identify predictors of vacancy and occupancy times. Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational, descriptive, analytical, inferential study. A total of 700 vacancy-to-occupancy records from 54 beds of an adult intensive care unit of a public hospital in Sergipe, Brazil, dated between January and December 2018 were analyzed. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney test was used for comparisons between groups. Several predictive models of length of stay were constructed. The incidence rate ratio was used to estimate the effect size. Results: During the study period, there were 13,477 requests for the 54 intensive care unit beds, and only 5% (700 patients) were granted. The vacancy-to-occupancy times were shorter when beds were occupied at night (incidence rate ratio of 0.658; 95%CI 0.550 - 0.787; p < 0.0001) or on weekends (incidence rate ratio of 0.566; 95%CI 0.382 - 0.838; p = 0.004). Female sex (incidence rate ratio of 0.749; 95%CI 0.657 - 0.856; p < 0.0001) was a predictor of shorter vacancy-to-occupancy time. This time tended to increase with patient age (incidence rate ratio of 1.006; 95% CI 1.003 - 1.009; p < 0.0001). Conclusion: Disparities in the waiting time for intensive care unit beds were identified, as the time was greater in the daytime and on weekdays, and women and younger patients experienced shorter vacancy-to-occupancy times.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bed Occupancy/statistics & numerical data , Waiting Lists , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Time Factors , Brazil , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Age Factors , Models, Theoretical
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 254-261, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131667


ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Current policy for listing to liver transplant (LT) may place cirrhotic patients without MELD exception points (CIR) in a disadvantageous position if compared to patients enlisted with appealed MELD scores - patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or special conditions other than hepatocellular carcinoma (SPE). Transplant rates, delisting, and waitlist mortality of CIR, HCC, and SPE candidates were compared. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to counterweight the listing rate and speed of listing of HCC, SPE, and CIR patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study comparing the outcomes of patients enlisted for SPE to those of HCC and CIR. In several countries worldwide, SPE patients also receive appealed MELD scores in a similar way of HCC patients. METHODS: Two cohorts of patients listed for LT in a single institution were evaluated. The first cohort (C1, n=180) included all patients enlisted on August 1st, 2008, and all additional patients listed from this date until July 31st, 2009. The second cohort (C2, n=109) included all patients present on the LT list on October 1st, 2012, and all additional patients listed from this date until May 2014. RESULTS: In both cohorts, HCC patients had a higher chance of receiving a LT than CIR patients (C1HR =2.05, 95%CI=1.54-2.72, P<0.0001; C2HR =3.17, 95%CI =1.83-5.52, P<0.0001). For C1, 1-year waiting list mortality was 21.6% (30.0% for CIR vs 9.5% for HCC vs 7.1% for SPE) (P<0.001). For C2, 1-year waiting list mortality was 13.3% (25.7% for CIR, 8.3% for HCC, and 4.0% for SPE) (P<0.001). Post-transplant survival was similar among the three groups. CONCLUSION: Compared to CIR, SPE and HCC patients had lower wait list mortality. CIR patients had the highest waitlist mortality and the lowest odd of LT. Current LT allocation system does not allow equitable organ allocation.

RESUMO CONTEXTO: É possível que política atual de inclusão no transplante de fígado (LT) esteja colocando os pacientes cirróticos sem pontos de exceção MELD (CIR) em uma posição desvantajosa se comparados aos pacientes listados com escores de critério especial MELD - pacientes com carcinoma hepatocelular (HCC) ou outras condições especiais (SPE). As taxas de transplante, exclusão e mortalidade de lista de espera de candidatos com CIR, HCC e SPE foram comparadas. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo é comparar a taxa de listagem e também a velocidade de listagem de pacientes listados pelas três possíveis categorias de listagem no Brasil (HCC, SPE e CIR). Há muito poucos estudos prévios comparando os desfechos de pacientes listados por SPE ao desfecho de pacientes com HCC e também ao desfecho de pacientes não priorizados (CIR). Em muitos países, pacientes listados para transplante de fígado com SPE são priorizados para transplante em um modo similar ao que ocorre com pacientes com HCC. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliadas duas coortes de pacientes listados para LT em uma única instituição. A primeira coorte (C1, n=180) incluiu todos os pacientes listados em 1º de agosto de 2008 e todos os pacientes adicionais listados dessa data até 31 de julho de 2009. A segunda coorte (C2, n=109) incluiu todos os pacientes presentes na LT em 1º de outubro de 2012 e todos os pacientes listados dessa data até maio de 2014. RESULTADOS: Em ambas as coortes, os pacientes com CHC tiveram uma chance maior de receber uma LT do que os pacientes com CIR (C1HR =2,05, CI95% =1,54-2,72, P<0,0001; C2HR =3,17, CI95% =1,83-5,52, P<0,0001). Para C1, a mortalidade na lista de espera em um ano foi de 21,6% (30,0% para CIR vs 9,5% para HCC vs 7,1% para SPE) (P<0,001). Para C2, a mortalidade na lista de espera em um ano foi de 13,3% (25,7% para CIR, 8,3% para HCC e 4,0% para SPE) (P<0,001). A sobrevida pós-transplante foi semelhante entre os três grupos. CONCLUSÃO: Comparados aos pacientes CIR, os pacientes SPE e HCC, apresentaram menor mortalidade na lista de espera. Os pacientes com CIR tiveram a maior mortalidade na lista de espera e a menor probabilidade de LT. O atual sistema de alocação de LT não permite alocação equitativa de órgãos.

Humans , Liver Transplantation , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Waiting Lists
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(2): 191-200, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134816


ABSTRACT Introduction: National data on chronic dialysis treatment are essential for the development of health policies that aim to improve patient treatment. Objective: To present data from the Brazilian Society of Nephrology on patients with chronic dialysis for kidney disease in July 2018, making a comparative analysis of the past 10 years. Methods: Data collection from dialysis units, with filling in an online questionnaire for 2018. Data from 2009, 2013 and 2018 were compared. Results: 288 (36.6%) centers answered the questionnaire. In July 2018, the estimated total number of patients on dialysis was 133,464. Estimates of the prevalence and incidence rates of patients undergoing dialysis treatment per million of the population (pmp) were 640 and 204, respectively, with average annual increases of 23.5 pmp and 6 pmp for prevalence and incidence, respectively. The annual gross mortality rate was 19.5%. Of the prevalent patients, 92.3% were on hemodialysis and 7.7% on peritoneal dialysis, with 29,545 (22.1%) on the waiting list for transplantation. Median bicarbonate concentration in the hemodialysis bath was 32 mEq/L. Venous catheters were used as access in 23.6% of the hemodialysis patients. The prevalence rate of positive serology for hepatitis C showed a progressive reduction (3.2%). Conclusion: The absolute number of patients and rates of incidence and prevalence in dialysis in the country increased substantially in the period, although there are considerable differences in rates by state. There has been a persistent increase in the use of venous catheters as an access for dialysis; and reduction in the number of patients with positive serology for hepatitis C.

RESUMO Introdução: Dados nacionais sobre o tratamento dialítico crônico são essenciais para a elaboração de políticas de saúde que almejem melhora no tratamento dos pacientes. Objetivo: Apresentar dados do inquérito da Sociedade Brasileira de Nefrologia sobre pacientes com doença renal crônica dialítica em julho de 2018, fazendo análise comparativa dos últimos 10 anos. Métodos: Coleta de dados a partir das unidades de diálise, com preenchimento de questionário on-line referentes a 2018. Foram comparados dados de 2009, 2013 e 2018. Resultados: 288 (36,6%) centros responderam ao questionário. Em julho de 2018, o número total estimado de pacientes em diálise foi de 133.464. Estimativas das taxas de prevalência e incidência de pacientes em tratamento dialítico por milhão da população (pmp) foram de 640 e 204, respectivamente, com médias de aumento anuais de 23,5 pmp e 6 pmp para prevalência e incidência, respectivamente. Taxa anual de mortalidade bruta foi de 19,5%. Dos pacientes prevalentes, 92,3% estavam em hemodiálise e 7,7%, em diálise peritoneal, com 29.545 (22,1%) em fila de espera para transplante. Concentração mediana de bicarbonato no banho de hemodiálise foi de 32 mEq/L. Cateter venoso era usado como acesso em 23,6% dos pacientes em hemodiálise. Taxa de prevalência de sorologia positiva para hepatite C apresentou redução progressiva (3,2%). Conclusão: Número absoluto de pacientes e taxas de incidência e prevalência em diálise no país aumentaram substancialmente no período, embora haja diferenças consideráveis nas taxas por estado. Tem havido persistente aumento no uso de cateter venoso como acesso para diálise; e redução de pacientes com sorologia positiva para hepatite C.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Kidney Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Peritoneal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Censuses/history , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Time Factors , Bicarbonates/analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Waiting Lists , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Central Venous Catheters/supply & distribution , Central Venous Catheters/statistics & numerical data , Nephrology/organization & administration
ABCS health sci ; 45(Supl. 3): e020107, 10 June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252383


INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological studies and about patients' waiting time on queues for corneal transplantation are important, as they allow us to know the assisted population and assist the medical team. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiological and demographic profile of patients undergoing corneal transplantation from January 2014 to September 2018 at a teaching hospital in the city of Santo André, as well as their waiting time for the procedure. METHODS: Retrospective descriptive study, performed through analysis of medical records and data from the website of the Government of the State of São Paulo's transplant center. The study was conducted at the External and Corneal Diseases sector of the discipline of Ophthalmology from Centro Universitário FMABC. The following data were evaluated: gender, age, race, origin and waiting time for the patient to have a transplant. RESULTS: A total of 139 corneal transplant patients were recruited for the study, with a mean age of 47.4±23 years. According to gender, just over half of the transplanted were female (50.4%). Regarding to skin color, 45.3% of the patients were white, 44.6% were brown and 10.1% were black. As for their origin, most patients were from the city of Santo André. CONCLUSION: This study enabled the assessment and knowledge of the epidemiological profile and waiting time for corneal transplantation in our patients. This information is important, as it helps us to understand the profile of the assisted population and in the organization and planning of the medical team, contributing to better guidance and care for the patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Health Profile , Demography , Waiting Lists , Corneal Transplantation , Hospitals, State , Retrospective Studies
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(1): 38-46, ene.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1127002


Resumen Introducción: El problema que se presenta en la atención de salud en los hospitales públicos es la alta cantidad de pacientes, generando un sostenido crecimiento en las listas de espera y provocando un aumento del tiempo de espera, generando un impacto negativo en los usuarios. Objetivo: Mejorar el proceso clínico de atención del prolapso de órganos pélvicos de un hospital público chileno. Metodología: Se identifican nudos críticos mediante diagramas de flujo, realizando un diagnóstico del proceso desde el ingreso del paciente hasta su alta del hospital. Resultados: Se identifican cada uno de los puntos críticos y se proponen soluciones para agilizar el proceso y con ello mejorar la atención a las usuarias, lo que en definitiva llevó a una disminución del tiempo de espera y, lo más relevante, a una disminución en la cantidad de personas en la lista de espera.

Abstract Introduction: The high number of patients is a common issue in public hospitals that causes a negative impact on the users due to the increment in the waiting lists and in the waiting time to be treated. Objective: To improve the clinical process for caring pelvic organ prolapse in a chilean public hospital. Methodology: The methodology was focused on identifying critical knots using flowcharts and diagnosing the patient's process from their admission until their discharge from the hospital. Results: Some solutions were proposed for each critical point identified so as to accelerate the process, thus improving users' health caring. As a result, the high number of people in the waiting lists and the waiting time decreased substantially.

Humans , Prolapse , Time , Delivery of Health Care , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Patient Discharge , Chile , Waiting Lists , Diagnosis , Hospitals