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1.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210131, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1360443

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo identificar os fatores associados ao risco de quedas entre as pessoas com doença de Parkinson cadastradas na Associação Parkinson Santa Catarina. Método estudo transversal exploratório descritivo e de abordagem quantitativa, realizado com 53 pessoas cadastradas na Associação Parkinson Santa Catarina, no município de Florianópolis, Brasil, no período de junho a setembro de 2019. Foram aplicados questionário sociodemográfico, Escala de Hoehn e Yahr, Mini Exame do Estado Mental e Teste de Rastreio do Risco de Queda no Idoso. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados por meio do Sistema online de Ensino-Aprendizagem de Estatística SEstatNet®. Resultados foram identificados fatores de risco, como sexo, aumento da idade, redução da força muscular, instabilidade postural e diminuição da velocidade da marcha. Em relação aos estágios da doença, foi constatado que em todos houve piora da velocidade da marcha e o medo de cair é constante, aumentando com o agravamento da doença e o tempo de diagnóstico. Conclusão e implicações para a prática ao aprofundar o estudo do tema, o enfermeiro consegue compreender os acometimentos motores que levam à fragilização e à queda em pessoas com doença de Parkinson, elaborando estratégias para preveni-las.


RESUMEN Objetivo identificar los factores asociados al riesgo de caídas en personas con enfermedad de Parkinson registradas en la Asociación de Parkinson Santa Catarina. Método estudio descriptivo exploratorio transversal, con abordaje cuantitativo realizado con 53 personas registradas en la Asociación Parkinson Santa Catarina, en la ciudad de Florianópolis, Brasil, de junio a septiembre de 2019. Se aplicaron un cuestionario sociodemográfico, la Escala de Hoehn y Yahr, el Mini Examen del Estado Mental y la Prueba de Detección del Riesgo de Caídas en Ancianos. Los datos se tabularon y analizaron utilizando el Sistema en línea de enseñanza-aprendizaje de estadísticas SEstatNet®. Resultados se identificaron factores de riesgo como sexo, mayor edad, disminución de la fuerza muscular, inestabilidad postural y disminución de la velocidad de la marcha. En cuanto a las etapas de la enfermedad, se encontró que en todas ellas se produjo un empeoramiento de la velocidad de la marcha y el miedo a caer es constante, aumentando con el empeoramiento de la enfermedad y el momento del diagnóstico. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica al profundizar en el estudio del tema, el enfermero es capaz de comprender las deficiencias motoras que conducen a la fragilidad y caída en personas con enfermedad de Parkinson, ideando estrategias para prevenirlas.


ABSTRACT Objective to identify the factors associated with risk of falls among people with Parkinson's disease registered at the Parkinson Santa Catarina Association. Method this is a cross-sectional exploratory descriptive study with a quantitative approach, carried out with 53 people registered at the Parkinson Santa Catarina Association, in the city of Florianópolis, Brazil, from June to September 2019. Sociodemographic questionnaire, Hoehn and Yahr scale, Mini Mental State Examination and Simple Screening Test for Risk of Falls in the Elderly were applied. The data were tabulated and analyzed using the SEstatNet® Statistics Teaching-Learning Online System. Results risk factors were identified, such as sex, increased age, reduced muscle strength, postural instability and decreased gait speed. Regarding the stages of the disease, it was found that in all of them there was a worsening of gait speed and the fear of falling is constant, increasing with the worsening of the disease and diagnosis time. Conclusion and implications for practice by deepening the study of the topic, nurses are able to understand the motor impairments that lead to frailty and fall in people with Parkinson's disease, developing strategies to prevent them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Parkinson Disease/diagnosis , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Risk Groups , Levodopa/therapeutic use , Visual Acuity , Comorbidity , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Drug Interactions , Walking Speed , Pramipexole/therapeutic use
2.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 15(1): 60-68, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286173

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Changes in executive function and motor aspects can compromise the prognosis of older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and favor the evolution to dementia. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in executive function and gait and to determine the association between changes in these variables. Methods: A 32-month longitudinal study was conducted with 40 volunteers: 19 with preserved cognition (PrC), 15 with MCI and 6 with Alzheimer disease (AD). Executive function and gait speed were assessed using the Frontal Assessment Battery, the Clock-Drawing test and the 10-meter walk test. For data analysis, the Pearson product-moment correlation, two-way repeated-measures ANOVA, and chi-square were conducted. Results: After 32 months, an improvement in the executive function was found in all groups (p=0.003). At baseline, gait speed was slower in individuals with MCI and AD compared to those with PrC (p=0.044), that was maintained after the follow-up (p=0.001). There was significant increase in number of steps in all groups (p=0.001). No significant association was found between changes in gait speed and executive function. Conclusions: It should be taken into account that gait deteriorates prior to executive function to plan interventions and health strategies for this population.


RESUMO. Alterações na função executiva e nos aspectos motores podem comprometer o prognóstico de idosos com comprometimento cognitivo leve (CCL) e favorecer a evolução para demência. Objetivos: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar alterações na função executiva e na marcha e determinar a associação entre alterações nessas variáveis. Método: Foi realizado um estudo longitudinal de 32 meses com 40 voluntários: 19 com cognição preservada (PrC), 15 com CCL e 6 com doença de Alzheimer (DA). A função executiva e a velocidade da marcha foram avaliadas por meio de bateria de avaliação frontal, do teste de desenho do relógio e do teste de caminhada de 10 metros. Para a análise de dados, o coeficiente de correlação produto-momento de Pearson, ANOVA de medidas repetidas bidirecional e o qui-quadrado foram realizados. Resultados: Após 32 meses, houve melhora na função executiva em todos os grupos (p=0,003). No início do estudo, a velocidade da marcha foi mais lenta nos indivíduos com CCL e DA em comparação com os PrC (p=0,044), que foi mantida após o acompanhamento (p=0,001). Houve aumento significativo no número de etapas em todos os grupos (p=0,001). Não foi encontrada associação significativa entre alterações na velocidade da marcha e função executiva. Conclusões: Deve-se levar em consideração que a marcha se deteriora antes da função executiva para planejar intervenções e estratégias de saúde para essa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Walking Speed , Aging , Longitudinal Studies , Cognition , Cognitive Dysfunction
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922190

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The number of adults aged over 65 years is rapidly increasing in several Southeast Asian countries. Muscle mass decreases with age, leading to sarcopenia. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether differences exist in the body composition and physical strength, according to ethnicity, among community-dwelling Japanese and Thai older adults living in Chiang Mai Province, Thailand.@*METHODS@#A survey was conducted in February and March 2019. Japanese and Thai adults aged ≥ 60 years living in Chiang Mai Province were recruited through community clubs. Participants completed a self-administered questionnaire that enabled collection of data on age, sex, educational background, marital status, annual income, current medical conditions, smoking and alcohol consumption, and exercise habits. Measurements were collected on height, weight, body composition, blood pressure, hand grip, and walking speed for 6 m. Body composition was measured using a standing-posture 8-electrode multifrequency bioimpedance analysis analyzer. Hand grip of each hand was measured with the patient in the standing position using a digital grip dynamometer. Multivariable logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with skeletal muscle mass index (SMI).@*RESULTS@#Of the total 119 participants, 47 were Japanese (26 men, 21 women) and 72 were Thai (16 men, 56 women). The prevalence of a low SMI was 3/26 (12%), 1/21 (5%), 6/16 (38%), and 5/56 (9%) among Japanese men, Japanese women, Thai men, and Thai women, respectively. The prevalence of low muscle strength was 2/26 (8%), 2/21 (10%), 3/16 (19%), and 13/56 (23%) among Japanese men, Japanese women, Thai men, and Thai women, respectively. There were significant differences between ethnic groups in body mass index for both sexes, percentage body fat in women, SMI in men, and average grip strength in men. Ethnic group, sex, age, and body mass index were independent predictors of SMI.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ethnicity had a clinically important effect on body composition and physical strength among older Japanese and Thai adults living in a similar environment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging/physiology , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/ethnology , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electric Impedance , Ethnic Groups , Female , Hand Strength , Humans , Independent Living , Male , Middle Aged , Muscle Strength , Thailand/ethnology , Walking Speed
5.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e06232020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155605

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Individuals with human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) experience sensorimotor alterations, which can affect functional performance. Virtual reality (VR) videogaming is a therapeutic option, though there is scarce evidence for its use in this population. We aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of a VR video game on functional mobility, balance, and gait speed in individuals with HAM/TSP. METHODS: We conducted a blinded, crossover clinical trial comprising 29 individuals with HAM/TSP and randomized them into two groups: (1) early therapy: rehabilitative protocol started immediately after the initial evaluation and (2) late therapy: rehabilitative protocol started 10 weeks later. We assessed all participants for balance using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) scores, functional mobility using the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and gait speed using video camera and CvMob software. Differences were considered significant if p<0.05. RESULTS: The early therapy group individuals presented with higher BBS scores (p=0.415), less TUG times (p=0.290), and greater gait speed (p=0.296) than the late therapy group individuals. CONCLUSIONS: VR videogaming is a useful option for rehabilitative therapy in individuals with HAM/TSP; it positively affects balance, functional mobility, and gait speed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/therapy , Video Games , Virtual Reality , Walking Speed
6.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 34: eAPE00541, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1152661

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre cognição, velocidade da marcha e resultado final da habilitação veicular de idosos candidatos à Carteira Nacional de Habilitação. Métodos: Estudo quantitativo de corte transversal desenvolvido em 12 clínicas de trânsito de Curitiba/Paraná/Brasil. A amostra do tipo probabilística foi constituída por 421 idosos (≥ 60 anos). Para a coleta de dados foram aplicados o Mini-Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM), teste de velocidade da marcha e realizadas consultas ao formulário Registro Nacional de Condutores Habilitados. A relação entre as variáveis foi identificada por meio do teste de regressão linear múltipla, método stepwise, utilizando-se o programa estatístico R versão 3.4.0. Resultados: Observou-se que, ao aumentar o escore no MEEM em uma unidade a chance do idoso ser considerado inapto temporariamente para dirigir diminui em 54,96% (95%; IC 28,47% - 92,69%; p<0,0001), e ao aumentar uma unidade no escore do MEEM houve um aumento na velocidade da marcha (VM) de 0,0091 (95%; IC 0,0005 - 0,0174; p=0,0366). Conclusão: O elevado escore no MEEM diminuiu a probabilidade do idoso ser considerado inapto temporariamente para dirigir veículos automotores e houve uma tendência de aumento da VM com o aumento dos escores do MEEM. A VM é um importante indicador a ser avaliado em idosos motoristas, logo, é um tópico a ser incluído nas avaliações das clínicas de trânsito, assim como o rastreamento cognitivo, fundamental para avaliar um conjunto de atividades mentais necessárias à direção veicular segura.


Resumen Objetivo: Investigar la relación entre cognición, velocidad de la marcha y obtención del permiso de conducir en adultos mayores que tramitan la licencia de conducir. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo de corte transversal llevado a cabo en 12 centros médicos de evaluación de tránsito de Curitiba, estado de Paraná, Brasil. La muestra probabilística fue formada por 421 adultos mayores (≥ 60 años). Para la recolección de datos se aplicó el Mini Examen del Estado Mental (MEEM), la prueba de velocidad de la marcha y se realizaron consultas al formulario del Registro Nacional de Conductores Habilitados. La relación entre las variables fue identificada mediante la prueba de regresión lineal múltiple, método stepwise, con el programa de estadística R versión 3.4.0. Resultados: Se observó que, al aumentar la puntuación del MEEM una unidad, la probabilidad de que el adulto mayor sea considerado no apto temporalmente para conducir se redujo un 54,96 % (95 %; IC 28,47 % - 92,69 %; p<0,0001), y al aumentar una unidad la puntuación del MEEM, hubo un aumento en la velocidad de la marcha (VM) de 0,0091 (95 %; IC 0,0005 - 0,0174; p=0,0366). Conclusión: La puntuación del MEEM elevada redujo la probabilidad de que el adulto mayor sea considerado no apto temporalmente para conducir automóviles y hubo una tendencia de aumento de la VM con un aumento de la puntuación del MEEM. La VM es un indicador importante que debe ser evaluado en adultos mayores conductores. Por lo tanto, es un tema que deberá ser incluido en las evaluaciones de los centros médicos de evaluación de tránsito, así como también el rastreo cognitivo, fundamental para analizar un conjunto de actividades mentales necesarias para una conducción vehicular segura.


Abstract Objective: To investigate the association between cognition, gait speed and the result of vehicle habilitation of elderly candidates for the National Driver's License. Methods: Quantitative cross-sectional study developed in 12 traffic agencies in Curitiba, state of Paraná, Brazil. The probabilistic sample consisted of 421 elderly people (≥ 60 years). The Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), gait speed testing and consultations to forms of the National Qualified Drivers Registration were used for data collection. The relationship between variables was identified through the multiple linear regression test, stepwise method, using the statistical program R, version 3.4.0. Results: When increasing a unit in the MMSE score, the chance of the elderly person being considered as temporarily unfit to drive decreased by 54.96% (95% CI; 28.47% - 92.69%I; p<0.0001). When increasing a unit in the MMSE score, there was an increase in gait speed (GS) of 0.0091 (95% CI: 0.0005 - 0.0174; p=0.0366). Conclusion: The high MMSE score decreased the probability of the elderly participant being considered temporarily unfit to drive motor vehicles. There was a trend of higher GS with the increase in MMSE scores. As GS is an important indicator to be assessed in elderly drivers, this topic should be included in evaluations of traffic agencies, as well as cognitive screening, which is essential to assess a set of mental activities necessary for safe driving.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Automobile Driver Examination , Automobile Driving , Physical Fitness , Cognition , Walking Speed , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
7.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 25: 1-8, set. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141481

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi verificar a concordância na velocidade da marcha (VM) a partir dos testes de caminhada de seis minutos (6MWT) e de quatro metros (4MWT) em mulheres diabéticas tipo 2 (DM2). Os testes foram realizados antes e após intervenção de 12 semanas com exercícios físicos. O 4MWT foi realizado em espaço de quatro metros, sendo o resultado do teste medido como o tempo gasto (segundos) no percurso. O 6MWT foi realizado em modelo de ir e vir em uma distância de 15 metros e o resultado foi a distância total (metros) percorrida. Os resultados foram padronizados para velocidade de deslocamento (m/s). Para avaliar a concordância (6MWTpré x 4MWTpré) e (6MWTpósx 4MWTpós), utilizou-se o teste de Bland-Altman (B-A) e o coeficiente de concordância de correlação de Lin. O nível de significância aceito para o estudo foi α 5%. Foram medidas 39 mulheres, com idade média de 58,79 ± 10,03 anos e diagnóstico de DM2 a 8,64 ± 8,53 anos. Verificou-se, pelo teste de B-A, diferenças na VM dos testes de -0,001 ± 0,19 m/s (IC95%: -0,37 a 0,37 m/s) no início e 0,02 ± 0,21 m/s (IC95%: -0,39 a 0,42 m/s) ao final e concordância de 0,60 (IC95%: 0,41 a 0,79; p < 0,001) e 0,52 (IC95%: 0,31 a 0,73; p < 0,001) pré e pós, respectivamente, pelo coeficiente de concordância de correlação Lin. Através dos dados obtidos, sugere-se que os dois testes podem ser utilizados para avaliar a VM das mulheres DM2, porém o 6MWT apresentou maior reprodutibilidade para detectar mudanças na VM ao longo do tempo


This study aimed to test the agreement in the gait speed (GS) between the 6-minute walk test and the 4-me-ter gait speed (6MWT - 4MWT) in type 2 diabetic women (T2DM). The tests were performed before and after a 12-week physical exercise intervention. The 4MWT was performed in a space of four meters, with results based on the time spent (seconds) to complete a 4-meter distance. The 6MWT was carried out similar to a yo-yo test in 15 meters and the result was operationalized by the total distance (meters) covered. The results of the tests were standardized as speed (m/s). To evaluate agreements (6MWTbefore x 4MWTbefore) and (6MWTafter x 4MWTafter), Bland-Altman (B-A), and Lin's agreements were used. The level of significance was set at 5%. A total of 39 women were evaluated, mean age 58.79 ± 10.03 years, diagnosis of diabetes at 8.64 ± 8.53 years.The B-A test showed a mean difference in GS of -0.001 ± 0.19 m/s (95%CI: -0.37 to 0.37 m/s) before and 0.02 ± 0.21 m/s (95%CI: -0.39 to 0.42 m/s) after, and Lin's agreements of 0.60 (95%CI: 0.41 to 0.79; p < 0.001) and 0.52 (95%CI: 0.31 to 0.73; p < 0.001) before and after, respectively. Based on our data it is suggested that the two tests can be used to evaluate the GS of T2DM women, but the 6MWT was more reproductible to detect changes in GS over time


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Walk Test/methods , Gait Analysis/methods , Socioeconomic Factors , Fujita-Pearson Scale , Walking Speed
8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(4): 459-468, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127086

ABSTRACT

Background Walking speed is a strong predictor of non-communicable diseases and mortality. Aim To investigate the association of self-reported walking pace with adiposity, metabolic and cardiovascular markers in the Chilean population. Material and Methods Analysis of data from 5,077 participants of the 2009-2010 National Health Survey (ENS 2009-2010). Walking speed was self-reported as average or slow pace. Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and lipid profile were the outcome. Results In Chile, 11% (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 10.0; 12.7) of the population reported a slow walking pace. Compared with average walking people, those reporting a slow pace had a higher body weight (difference (∆) 5.65 kg [95% CI: 3.22; 8.09], p < 0.01), BMI (D 2.48 kg/m 2 [95% CI: 1.53; 3.44], p < 0.01), WC (D 6.23 cm [95% CI: 4.12; 8.34], p < 0.01), serum triglycerides (D 30,9 mg/dl [95% CI: 5,31; 57,5], p = 0.018), and lower HDL cholesterol (D -2.32 mg/dl [95% CI: -4,24; -0,34], p = 0.022). Those reporting a slow pace had also a higher odd of being obese (odds ratio (OR): 2.46 [95% CI: 1.82; 3.33], p < 0.01), being diabetic (OR: 1.54 [95% CI: 1.02; 2.40], p = 0.018) and having metabolic syndrome (OR: 2.03 [95% CI: 1.30; 3.18], p = 0.002). Conclusions In Chilean adults, slow walking pace is associated with and unfavorable adiposity and lipid profile, including a higher probability of being obese, diabetic and having metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases , Walking Speed , Chile , Risk Factors , Walking , Adiposity , Self Report
9.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (Impr.) ; 14(1): 22-30, 31-03-2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097162

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência de sintomas depressivos (SD) e a sua relação com aspectos funcionais, sociodemográficos e antropométricos em idosos da Estratégia Saúde da Família de Porto Alegre (RS). MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo transversal prospectivo e analítico com amostra aleatória de 509 idosos de 30 unidades básicas de saúde. Analisaram-se idade, faixa etária, sexo, estado civil, escolaridade, peso, altura, índice de massa corporal, funcionalidade, atividades básicas e instrumentais de vida diária e presença de SD. Para análise estatística, utilizou-se o teste χ2 (bivariada) e de regressão logística (multivariada). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de SD na amostra foi de 35,4%. O modelo final apresentou associação estatisticamente significativa de SD com sexo feminino (odds ratio ­ OR = 2,87; intervalo de confiança de 95% ­ IC95% 1,92­9,23), analfabetismo [(OR = 2,13; IC95% 1,89­5,12), baixa escolaridade (OR = 1,23; IC95% 1,05­2,74), dependência em atividades instrumentais de vida diária (OR = 4,03; IC95% 1,68­9,64), baixos escores no teste senta/levanta (OR = 0,89; IC95% 0,82­0,96) e menor força de preensão manual (OR = 0,95; IC95% 0,93­0,98). CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência dos SD observada foi alta, e, ante as associações apresentadas, sugere-se que mulheres analfabetas ou com baixa escolaridade, com dificuldade em atividades instrumentais de vida diária, mais fracas e lentas devem ser investigadas quanto à presença de SD, pelo risco de desenvolvê-los.


OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms (DS) and their relationship with functional, sociodemographic and anthropometric aspects in the older adults from the Family Health Strategy of Porto Alegre/ RS. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, prospective and analytical study, with a random sample of 509 older adults from 30 public health units. The following variables were analyzed: age, age group, sex, marital status, schooling, weight, height and body mass index, functionality, activities of daily living, both basic and instrumental, and the presence of DS. For the statistical analyses, the bivariate qui-square test and the multivariate logistic regression were used. RESULTS: The prevalence of DS in this sample was 35,5%. The final model presented a significant statistical association of DS with female gender (OR = 2.87; IC95% 19.2-9.23), illiteracy (OR = 2.13; IC95% 1.89­5.12), low schooling (OR = 1.23; IC95% 1.05­2.74), dependence on IADL (OR = 4.03; IC95% 1.68­9.64), low scores in the sit-to-stand test (OR = 0.89; IC95% 0.82­0.96) and lower HGS (OR = 0.95; IC95% 0.93­0.98). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of DS observed was high (35.4%) and, considering the associations presented, it is suggested that illiterate or poorly educated, weaker and slower women with difficulty in IADL should be investigated for the presence of depressive symptoms, for being at the risk of developing them.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Primary Health Care , National Health Strategies , Depression/psychology , Depression/epidemiology , Muscle Strength/physiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Activities of Daily Living/psychology , Walking Speed , Health Services for the Aged
10.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(6): e20190232, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134919

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Verificar o poder discriminativo e o ponto de corte de diferentes protocolos do teste 4-metre gait speed (4MGS) para identificar capacidade de exercício preservada ou reduzida no teste de caminhada de 6 minutos (TC6min) em pacientes com Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica (DPOC); comparar os protocolos do 4MGS; e comparar as características dos indivíduos de acordo com o melhor ponto de corte encontrado. Métodos Foram avaliados 56 pacientes com DPOC. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à avaliação das características antropométricas, função pulmonar (espirometria) e capacidade funcional de exercício (TC6min e 4 protocolos do 4MGS). No teste 4MGS, os pacientes foram instruídos a caminhar em velocidade usual e máxima em percursos de 4 metros (4MGS 4m - usual e máximo) e 8 metros (4MGS 8m - usual e máximo). Resultados Somente o protocolo 4MGS 4m-máximo foi capaz de identificar capacidade de exercício preservada no TC6min (AUC=0,70) com correlação moderada entre os testes (r=0,52; P<0,0001). O ponto de corte encontrado no 4MGS 4m-máximo foi de 1,27 m/s. Os pacientes com capacidade de exercício preservada (4MGS 4m-máximo ≥1,27m/s) atingiram maior distância percorrida no TC6min em %predito (91±2 vs 76±3; P<0,0001). Nas outras comparações envolvendo gênero, IMC, VEF1%pred e índice GOLD não ocorreram diferenças significantes entre os grupos. Além disso, a concordância de indivíduos classificados com capacidade de exercício preservada e reduzida no TC6min e no 4MGS 4m-máximo foi significante (P=0,008). Conclusão O teste 4MGS 4m-máximo pode ser utilizado para discriminar capacidade de exercício preservada em pacientes com DPOC, e se correlaciona com o TC6min.


ABSTRACT Objective To determine the discriminative capacity and cut-off point of different 4-metre gait speed test (4MGS) protocols in identifying preserved or reduced exercise capacity using the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD); also, to compare 4MGS protocols and characteristics of individuals according to the best cut-off point. Methods We evaluated fifty-six patients with COPD, all of which were submitted to the assessment of anthropometric characteristics, pulmonary function (spirometry) and functional exercise capacity (6MWT and four protocols of the 4MGS). In the 4MGS test, patients were instructed to walk at normal pace and at maximum speed in a 4 meters course (4MGS 4m - usual pace and at maximum) and 8 meters course (4MGS 8m - usual pace and at maximum). Results Only the 4MGS 4m-maximum protocol was able to identify preserved exercise capacity in the 6MWT (AUC=0.70) with moderate correlation between them (r=0.52; P=0<0.0001). The cut-off point found in the 4MGS 4m-maximum was 1.27 m/s. Patients with preserved exercise capacity (4MGS 4m-maximum ≥1.27m/s) walker greater distances on the 6MWT in %pred (91±2 vs 76±3; P<0.0001). In the other comparisons involving gender, BMI, FEV1% pred and GOLD index there were no significant differences between the groups. In addition, the agreement of individuals classified as preserved and reduced exercise capacity in the 6MWT and 4MGS 4m-maximum was significant (P = 0.008). Conclusion The 4MGS 4m-maximum test can be used to discriminate preserved exercise capacity in patients with COPD and correlates with the 6MWT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Exercise Tolerance/physiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/physiopathology , Exercise Test/methods , Walking Speed , Gait/physiology , Quality of Life , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology , Treatment Outcome , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Walk Test , Motor Activity/physiology
11.
Medwave ; 20(1): e7759, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096471

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN La artrosis de rodilla es un problema de salud relevante dada su alta prevalencia y discapacidad asociada. Dentro de las alternativas de manejo no farmacológico se ha planteado el uso de bastones, sin embargo no existe consenso en la literatura respecto a su indicación. MÉTODOS Para responder esta pregunta utilizamos Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante búsquedas en múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, reanalizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis, preparamos tablas de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES Identificamos tres revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron cuatro estudios primarios, de los cuales, uno es ensayo aleatorizado. Concluimos que el uso de bastón contralateral en pacientes con artrosis de rodilla probablemente disminuye el dolor. Además, podría aumentar levemente la funcionalidad, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja.


INTRODUCTION Knee osteoarthritis is a relevant health problem given its high prevalence and associated disability. Within the non-pharmacological management alternatives, the use of canes has been proposed, however, there is no consensus in the literature regarding its indication. METHODS We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We identified three systematic reviews including four studies overall, of which one was randomized trials. We conclude that the use of a contralateral cane in patients with knee osteoarthritis probably reduces pain. In addition, it could slightly increase function, but the certainty of the evidence is low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Canes , Arthralgia/rehabilitation , Osteoarthritis, Knee/rehabilitation , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Databases, Factual , Treatment Outcome , Arthralgia/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/complications , Walking Speed
12.
Afr. j. disabil. (Online) ; 9: 1-14, 2020. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1256866

ABSTRACT

Background: In Africa, primary hip osteoarthritis seems to be less frequent than in Europe. Sickle cell disease is responsible for aseptic osteonecrosis of the femoral head associated with secondary hip osteoarthritis. Very little evidence is available on the influence of aetiology (primary and secondary) and radiographic status on pain and disability in a Beninese population with hip osteoarthritis. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the impacts of aetiology and radiographic status on pain, disability and quality of life in a Beninese population with hip osteoarthritis. Method: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, including participants recruited in the Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the National Teaching Hospital in Cotonou. Assessment was based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model. The main outcomes were severity of osteoarthritis, pain, range of motion, muscle strength, gait speed and quality of life. Statistical comparisons between the aetiologies were performed using a t-test or rank sum test. One-way analysis of variance was used to test the effect of radiographic status. Results: Forty-nine participants (26 women and 23 men; mean age [standard deviation] 40.5 [17.9] years) were recruited. According to the aetiology (59.2% and 40.8% of primary and secondary osteoarthritis, respectively), there were no significant differences for any of the outcomes. Grades I, II, III and IV osteoarthritis were observed in 22.4%, 14.3%, 26.5% and 36.7% of the participants, respectively. Participants with grade IV osteoarthritis were more affected than those with grades I, II and III based on the Kellgren and Lawrence classification. Conclusion: Aetiology did not influence pain, gait speed or quality of life. Participants with grade IV osteoarthritis had more pain, were more limited in walking and had a more impaired quality of life


Subject(s)
Africa , Benin , Bread , Osteoarthritis, Hip , Quality of Life , Walking Speed
13.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 33: e003306, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056181

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common degenerative disease in older people, causing pain, stiffness and dysfunction. Objective: To determine the influence of KOA on functional performance (FP), quality of life (QoL) and pain in older women. Method: This is a cross-sectional study, in which 50 older women diagnosed with KOA and 51 without KOA participated. Participants were assessed using FP tests: Sit-to-stand (STS); Gait speed test (GST); Timed Up and Go (TUG); 6-minute walk test (6 MWT) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Pain was assessed by the visual analog scale (VAS); quality of life by applying the SF-36; and self-perception of the disease by using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Results: No intergroup statistical differences were found in the BBS (p: 0.42), STS (p: 0.59) and 6MWT (p: 0.97). However, the KOA group showed slower GS (p < 0.00) and longer time in TUG (p < 0.00). They also presented higher pain levels (p < 0.01), worse perceived health status regarding pain, stiffness and physical function (WOMAC) (p < 0.01), as well as worse QoL indices in functional capacity, physical limitations, pain and overall health status (p < 0.010). Conclusion: The results of the study demonstrate that older women with KOA showed a decline in FP, QoL and higher pain levels.


Resumo Introdução: A osteoartrite de joelho (OAJ) é uma doença degenerativa comum em idosos que causa dor, rigidez e disfunção. Objetivo: Verificar a influência da OAJ sobre o desempenho funcional (DF), a qualidade de vida (QV) e a dor em idosas. Método: Tratou-se de estudo transversal cuja população participante foi composta por 50 idosas diagnosticadas com OAJ e 51 idosas sem OAJ. As voluntárias foram avaliadas com os testes do DF: Teste de sentar-levantar (TSL); velocidade da marcha (VM); Timed Up and Go (TUG); teste de caminhada de 6 minutos (TC6') e Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg (EEB). A dor foi avaliada pela escala analógica visual (EVA) e analisou-se a qualidade de vida pelo SF-36 e a da autopercepção da doença, pelo questionário Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Resultados: Nos testes funcionais não foram verificadas diferenças estatísticas entre os grupos para os testes EEB (p: 0,42), TSL (p: 0,59) e TC6' (p: 0,97). Contudo nota-se que o grupo OAJ teve menor VM (p < 0,00) e maior tempo no TGUG (p < 0,00). Além disso, apresentam maiores níveis de dor (p < 0,01), pior percepção do estado de saúde nos domínios de dor, rigidez e função física (WOMAC) (p < 0,01), bem como piores índices de QV nos domínios capacidade funcional, limitação por aspectos físicos, dor e estado geral de saúde (p < 0,01). Conclusão: Os resultados do estudo demonstraram que idosas com OAJ apresentam redução do DF na QV e maior nível de dor.


Resumen Introducción: La artrosis de rodilla (AR) es una enfermedad degenerativa común en los ancianos que puede causar dolor, rigidez y disfunción. Objetivo: verificar la influencia de la AR en el rendimiento funcional, en la calidad de vida y el dolor en los ancianos. Método: Estudio transversal, y la población fue composta por 50 ancianas, diagnosticadas con AR, y 51 ancianas sin AR. Las voluntarias fueron evaluadas con pruebas de rendimiento funcional: sit-to-stand (STS); gait speed test (GST); Timed Up and Go (TUG); 6-minute walk test (6 MWT) y Berg Balance Scale (BBS). El dolor se evaluó mediante el cuestionario SF-36 y la autopercepción de la enfermedad con el cuestionario Western Ontario McMaster (WOMAC). Resultados: En las pruebas funcionales, no se encontraron diferencias estadísticas entre los grupos para las pruebas BBS (p: 0.42), TSLC (p: 0.59) y TC6'(p: 0.97). Sin embargo, se observa que el grupo AR tuvo una velocidad de la marcha más baja (p < 0.00) y un tiempo de TUG más largo (p < 0.00). Además, presentan niveles de dolor más altos (p < 0.01), peor percepción del estado de salud en los dominios de dolor, rigidez y función física (WOMAC) (p < 0.01), así como peores índices de calidad de vida en los dominios capacidad funcional, limitación por aspectos físicos, dolor y salud general (p < 0.01). Conclusión: Los resultados del estudio mostraron que las mujeres ancianas con AR presentan una reducción en el DF, en la calidad de vida y un mayor nivel de dolor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Aged , Aging , Walking Speed
14.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3282, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101721

ABSTRACT

Objective: to know the relationship between the sensory function, gait ability, and cognitive function with dependency in older adults. Method: a descriptive cross-sectional design, 146 older adults took part. Measurements: Snellen chart, Audiometer, Stereognosia tests, Semmes-Weinstein monofilament, basic aromas and flavors, GAITRite system, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test, the Barthel Index, and the Lawton and Brody Index. Results: sensory function, cognitive function and gait explain 25% dependence on basic activities of daily life and 21% dependence on instrumental activities of daily life. The variables that influence dependence on basic activities were taste (p=.029), gait speed (p=.009), cadence (p=.002) and step length (p=.001) and, in instrumental activities, gait speed (p=.049), cadence (p=.028) and step length (p=.010). Conclusion: gait speed, cadence and stride length are variables that influence both dependence on basic and instrumental activities of daily life.


Objetivo: conhecer a relação entre a função sensorial, capacidade de caminhar e função cognitiva com dependência em idosos. Método: estudo transversal descritivo, com a participação de 146 idosos. Medições: Carta de Snellen, audiômetro, testes de estereognosia, monofilamento de Semmes-Weinstein, aromas e sabores básicos, sistema GAITRite, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test e índice de Barthel e Lawton e Brody. Resultados: função sensorial, função cognitiva e caminhar explicam 25% de dependência de atividades básicas da vida diária e 21% de dependência de atividades instrumentais da vida diária. As variáveis que influenciam a dependência de atividades básicas foram: paladar (p=0,029), velocidade de caminhar (p=0,009), cadência (p=0,002) e comprimento do passo (p=0,001), e nas atividades instrumentais, velocidade de caminhar (p=0,049), cadência (p=0,028) e comprimento do passo (p=0,010). Conclusão: velocidade de caminhar, cadência e comprimento do passo são variáveis que influenciam a dependência de atividades básicas e instrumentais da vida cotidiana.


Objetivo: conocer la relación entre la función sensorial, capacidad de marcha y función cognitiva con la dependencia en adultos mayores. Método: diseño descriptivo transversal, en que participaron 146 adultos mayores. Mediciones: Carta Snellen, Audiómetro, pruebas de Estereognosia, Monofilamento de Semmes-Weinstein, aromas y sabores básicos, sistema GAITRite, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Test e Índice de Barthel y de Lawton y Brody. Resultados: la función sensorial, función cognitiva y marcha explican el 25% de la dependencia en las actividades básicas de la vida diaria y 21% de la dependencia en actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria. Las variables que influyen sobre la dependencia en actividades básicas fueron gusto (p=0,029), velocidad de marcha (p=0,009), cadencia (p=0,002) y longitud del paso (p=0,001); y en actividades instrumentales, velocidad de marcha (p=0,049), cadencia (p=0,028) y longitud del paso (p=0,010). Conclusión: velocidad de marcha, cadencia y longitud del paso son variables que influyen en la dependencia en actividades básicas e instrumentales de la vida diaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Activities of Daily Living , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cognition/physiology , Walking Speed , Gait Analysis , Gait
15.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 6(2): 8-24, dic. 2019. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088699

ABSTRACT

Revisión de nuestros hallazgos experimentales sobre la relación entre audición y control motor del equilibrio en usuarios de implantes cocleares (UIC). Se realizó posturografía en 34 UIC en dos condiciones sensoriales:1- Implante encendido (ON). 2- Implante apagado (OFF) Se usó como medida el consumo de energía (CE) de la señal del centro de presión corporal. La marcha se analizó mediante la prueba de 10 m, implementada con: A - implante ON y ruido ambiental (EN), B - Implante ON, EN y Tarea dual cognitiva (DT) y C-implante OFF. Se registró la velocidad de marcha (GV) usando acelerómetros en los pies y la región retrosacra. Estadística: Se utilizaron las pruebas de Wilcoxon y Mann-Whitney y el nivel de significación fue p = 0.05. El análisis de la postura en la adolescencia mostró un ajuste adaptativo, disminuyendo la CE con el IC-ON.p = < 0,05, mientras con el CI-OFF no hubo disminución p => 0,05. En adultos, CI- OFF tuvieron valores más altos de CE en edades mayores, mientras que el CE no se incrementó con la edad con el CI-ON. En la marcha, la GV con el implante ON en EN solo disminuyó en UIC solo en aquellos que estaban implantado después de los 3 años. La UIC implantada antes de esta edad mostró un comportamiento de la marcha similar en comparación con los sujetos con audición normal como control. La información auditiva interviene en la postura y el comportamiento motor de la marcha, hechos que se analizan en esta revisión.


Review of publications of our group about the relationship between the auditory input and the balance motor control in subjects with profound hearing loss and cochlear implant users (UIC). A population of 34 UIC in which posturography in two different sensory information was performed, 1-Implant turned on (ON) giving acoustic information. 2-Implant turned off (OFF) and without auditory input. Energy consumption (CE) of the body center of pressure signal was used as measurement. Gait assessment was analyzed by the 10 m test, implemented with: A- Implant turned ON and environmental noise (EN). B- Implant ON, EN and cognitive dual task (DT) and C- Implant OFF with accelerometers in the feet and sacrum region to measure the gait velocity (GV). Statistics: Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney test were used and significance level was p=0.05. Posture analysis for different ages in adolescence showed an adaptive adjustment, decreasing the EC significantly when the CI is ON (p<0.05). With the implant turned OFF, changes were not significant (p>0.05). In adults, (implant OFF) had higher values of CE related with age, while the CE did not show increment of CE with age when receiving auditory input with the implant ON. UIC implanted after being 3 years old showed a significant decrease in GV. The UIC implanted before this age showed similar gait behavior compared to normal hearing subjects as control. The auditory information intervenes in posture and gait motor behavior, facts which are analyzed in this review.


Revisão de publicações de nosso grupo sobre a relação entre a entrada auditiva e o controle motor do equilíbrio em indivíduos com perda auditiva profunda e usuários de implante coclear (UIC). Uma população de 34 UIC em que foi realizada a posturografia em duas informações sensoriais diferentes, o 1-Implant ativado (ON) fornece informações acústicas. 2-O implante foi desativado (OFF) e sem entrada auditiva. O consumo de energia (CE) do sinal do centro de pressão corporal foi utilizado como medida. A avaliação da marcha foi analisada pelo teste de 10 m, implementado com: A- Implante ligado e ruído ambiental (EN). B- Implante ON, EN e tarefa dupla cognitiva (TD) e C- Implante OFF com acelerômetros na região dos pés e sacro para medir a velocidade da marcha (GV). Estatísticas: Foram utilizados os testes de Wilcoxon e Mann-Whitney e o nível de significância foi de p = 0,05. A análise da postura para diferentes idades na adolescência mostrou um ajuste adaptativo, diminuindo significativamente a CE quando o IC está ligado (p <0,05). Com o implante desligado, as alterações não foram significativas (p> 0,05). Nos adultos, o (implante OFF) apresentou maiores valores de EC relacionados à idade, enquanto o CE não apresentou incremento do CE com a idade ao receber entrada auditiva com o implante ON. A UIC implantada após os 3 anos de idade mostrou uma diminuição significativa no GV. A UIC implantada antes dessa idade mostrou comportamento de marcha semelhante em relação aos indivíduos com audição normal como controle. As informações auditivas intervêm no comportamento motor da postura e da marcha, fatos analisados nesta revisão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Acoustic Stimulation/psychology , Cochlear Implants , Persons With Hearing Impairments/rehabilitation , Postural Balance/physiology , Gait Analysis , Adaptation, Physiological , Controlled Before-After Studies , Walking Speed/physiology , Standing Position
17.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 31(4): 529-535, out.-dez. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058058

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Mensurar e comparar a funcionalidade de pacientes após alta da unidade de terapia intensiva e no momento da alta hospitalar. Métodos: Pesquisa quantitativa de coorte prospectiva realizada entre agosto de 2016 e dezembro de 2017 em um hospital universitário. Foi realizado o teste de caminhada de 10m em dois momentos: após a alta da unidade de terapia intensiva e anteriormente à alta hospitalar. Os dados foram expressos pelos testes t de Student e a correlação de Pearson ou Spearman. O programa utilizado para análise foi o Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS), versão 21.0, e o nível de significância adotado foi de p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Foram avaliados 40 pacientes, com média de idade de 57,1 ± 12,2 anos, com predomínio do sexo masculino (60%). No teste pós-unidade de terapia intensiva verificou-se média de velocidade de 0,48m/s e no pré-alta hospitalar, houve aumento para 0,71m/s, evidenciando evolução da funcionalidade durante a internação hospitalar (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Houve melhora significativa da velocidade da marcha no momento da alta hospitalar quando comparada com a velocidade atingida no momento da alta da unidade de terapia intensiva.


ABSTRACT Objective: To measure and compare the functionality of patients after discharge from the intensive care unit and at the time of hospital discharge. Methods: Quantitative study of a prospective cohort performed between August of 2016 and December of 2017 at a university hospital. A 10-meter walk test was performed at 2 timepoints: after discharge from the intensive care unit and prior to hospital discharge. The data were analyzed using Student's t-test and Pearson or Spearman correlation. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 21.0 was used for the analysis, and p ≤ 0.05 was adopted as the level of significance. Results: Forty patients, with a mean age of 57.1 ± 12.2 years and with a predominance of males (60%), were evaluated. For the post-intensive care unit test, a mean speed of 0.48m/s was observed, and for the pre-hospital discharge test, there was an increase to 0.71m/s, evidencing functional evolution during the hospital stay (p < 0.001). Conclusion: There was significant improvement in walking speed at the time of hospital discharge when compared to the walking speed at the time of intensive care unit discharge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Recovery of Function/physiology , Walking Speed/physiology , Intensive Care Units , Patient Discharge , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Hospitals, University , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
18.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4181-4190, nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039505

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo deste artigo é verificar a influência do desempenho físico na mortalidade, funcionalidade e satisfação com a vida de idosos. Foi realizado o seguimento de 900 idosos brasileiros não hospitalizados entre os anos de 2008 e 2016, no qual foram incluídos na análise de sobrevivência 154 óbitos por causas naturais. Os piores desempenhos de força de preensão manual (R.R. = 1,60; IC 95% = 1,15-2,23; p = 0,005) e de velocidade usual de marcha (R.R. = 1,82; IC 95% = 1,30-2,55; p < 0,001) associaram-se com o aumento do risco de mortalidade. A idade foi um fator de confusão para a força (R.R. = 1,06; IC 95% = 1,03-1,09; p < 0,001) e a artrite reumatoide foi um fator de confusão para a velocidade (R.R. = 2,02; IC 95% = 1,36-3,01; p < 0,001). Os idosos com bom desempenho físico faziam mais atividades instrumentais e avançadas da vida diária, e o bom desempenho de marcha apresentou efeito significativo na satisfação com a vida (F = 6,87; p = 0,009). O bom desempenho físico parece ser fundamental para a longevidade e para a realização de tarefas do cotidiano. Além disso, a boa mobilidade pode afetar mecanismos relacionados à satisfação com a vida.


Abstract Objective: To verify the influence of physical performance on elderly mortality, functionality and life satisfaction. Materials and methods: A follow-up was performed on 900 Brazilian non-hospitalized elderly in the period 2008-2016, in which 154 deaths from natural causes were included in the survival analysis. Results: the worst grip strength (RR = 1.60; CI 95% = 1.15-2.23, p = 0.005) and gait speed (RR = 1.82; CI 95% = 1.30-2.55, p < 0.001) performances were associated with increased mortality risk. Age was a confounding factor for strength (RR = 1.06; CI 95% = 1.03-1.09, p < 0.001) and rheumatoid arthritis was a confounding factor for speed (RR = 2.02; CI 95% = 1.36-3.01, p < 0.001). The elderly with good physical performance realized more instrumental and advanced activities of daily living, and good gait performance had a significant effect on life satisfaction (F = 6.87, p = 0.009). Conclusions: good physical performance seems to be fundamental for longevity and for accomplishing daily tasks. Furthermore, good mobility can affect life satisfaction-related mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Personal Satisfaction , Hand Strength/physiology , Walking Speed/physiology , Physical Functional Performance , Brazil , Activities of Daily Living , Survival Analysis , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Age Factors , Longevity
19.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 24(11): 4201-4210, nov. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039496

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo foi estabelecer pontos de corte por sexo para a avaliação dos componentes de fragilidade de idosos residentes na comunidade. Estudo transversal de base populacional, com 555 idosos adscritos às Estratégias Saúde da Família; selecionados por amostragem estratificada proporcional. Foram avaliados dados socioeconômicos e os componentes do fenótipo de fragilidade. Quanto à classificação de fragilidade, 17,7% dos idosos eram frágeis, 45,4% pré-frágeis e 36,9% não frágeis. Os pontos de corte estabelecidos para essa população foram: para força de preensão palmar, em homens e mulheres respectivamente com 0 < IMC < 23 foi 20,30 e 13,36; 23 < IMC < 28 foi 23,52 e 16,12; 28 < IMC < 30 foi 22,04 e 15,17; e 30 < IMC < 50 foi 25,42 e 17,51; para velocidade da marcha, para homens com 0 < altura < 1,67 foi ≥ 7,08s e altura > 1,68 foi 6,46s; e mulheres com 0 < altura < 1,55 foi 7,60s e com altura > 1,56 foi 7,45s; e gasto metabólico semanal para homens foi de 1603,96 e para mulheres foi de 2182,25. Os resultados poderão apoiar as equipes de saúde para avaliar e estratificar o risco de fragilidade dos idosos na comunidade e subsidiar o planejamento de ações de promoção, prevenção e recuperação da capacidade funcional.


Abstract The objective was to establish cutoff points per gender for the evaluation of the fragility components of elderly residents in the community. It involved a cross-sectional population-based study with 555 elderly people enrolled in the Family Health Strategies selected by proportional stratified sampling. Socioeconomic data and the components of the fragility phenotype were evaluated. Regarding the classification of fragility, 17.7% of the elderly were fragile, 45.4% pre-fragile and 36,9% non-fragile. The cutoff points established for this population were: for hand grip strength, in men and women respectively with 0 < BMI < 23 was 20.30 and 13.36; 23 < BMI < 28 was 23.52 and 16.12; 28 < BMI < 30 was 22.04 and 15.17; And 30 < BMI < 50 was 25.42 and 17.51; For gait speed, for men with < height < 1.67 was ≥ 7.08s and height > 1.68 was 6.46s; And women with < height < 1.55 were 7.60s and with height > 1.56 were 7.45s; And weekly metabolic expenditure for men was 1,603.96 and for women it was 2,182.25. The results may support health teams to assess and stratify the risk of frailty of the elderly in the community and to subsidize the planning of actions to promote, prevent and recover functional capacity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Geriatric Assessment/methods , Frail Elderly , Hand Strength/physiology , Frailty/epidemiology , Phenotype , Socioeconomic Factors , Body Mass Index , Family Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Walking Speed/physiology , Frailty/diagnosis , Middle Aged
20.
Acta méd. costarric ; 61(3): 104-110, jul.-sep. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019301

ABSTRACT

Resumen El estudio es de tipo descriptivo prospectivo, con el objetivo de evaluar la marcha de los adultos mayores de 60 años, para definir parámetros de normalidad del patrón de marcha en este grupo poblacional, que sirvan de referencia para el estudio de los adultos mayores con alteración de la marcha. Se les aplicó: una prueba FiCSIT4, Sit-to-stand test, índice dinámico de marcha modificado y una caminata en la alfombra Gait Rite. Los resultados se compararon según género y según los valores de referencia de los test, con un nivel de significancia del 0,05. Se contó con una muestra de 200 participantes seleccionados al azar en la consulta externa del Hospital Nacional de Geriatría y en grupos para adultos mayores, todos independientes para actividades básicas de la vida diaria y sin factores de riesgo de caídas. Se encontró un desempeño promedio en la prueba FiCSIT4 de 26,96(DS 1,206); para el IDMm se evidenció dificultad para la marcha con giros verticales y horizontales de cabeza, con menor rendimiento en los mayores de 80 años y en las mujeres al rodear obstáculos y subir escaleras. Se obtuvo una velocidad de la marcha promedio de 151,6 cm/seg en hombres, y las mujeres 136,8 cm/seg, sin diferencia significativa por género o grupos de edad, con una cadencia promedio de 122 pasos/min, longitud promedio de la zancada izquierda en 141,3 cm y 141,1 cm,la derecha. En conclusión, los adultos mayores presentan un patrón de marcha normal, a pesar de los cambios por el envejecimiento y la comorbilidad, muy similar al de los adultos menores de 60 años.


Abstract The present study is descriptive, its objective was to evaluate the gait of adults over 60 years, to define parameters of normality of the gait speed in this population group to serve as a reference for the study of older adults with impaired gait and describe gait parameters. They tests applied were the FiCSIT4 test, the Sit-to-stand test, mIDM and walked on the Gait Rite walkway. The results were compared according to gender and according with the test reference values with a p <0.05 considered to indicate statistical significance. A sample of 200 participants were randomly selected from the outpatient clinic of the National Geriatrics Hospital and in groups for senior citizens; all of the candidates were independent in basic activities of daily life, without risk factors for falls. The mean performance in the FiCSIT4 test was 26.96 (SD 1.206), in the mIDM test a difficulty walking with vertical and horizontal head turns was found with lower significant performance in the group of 80 to 85 years, as well as a significant difference in favor of men in surrounding obstacles and climbing stairs. An average gait speed of 151.6 cm/s was obtained in men and an average gait speed of 136.8 cm/s in women, without significant difference by gender or age groups, with an average cadence of 122 steps/min, an average length of the left stride of 141.3 cm and 141.1 cm of the right stride. We concluded that the older adults in this study had a normal gait pattern, despite the changes associated with aging and the associated comorbidity and it was very similar to the gait pattern of adults under the 60 years of age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged/physiology , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Costa Rica , Walking Speed , /instrumentation , Gait
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