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1.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 51-55, 2023. tables, figures
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1411143

ABSTRACT

Objective.In the context of the global COVID-19 pandemic, COVID-19 vaccines were made available to different countries. This study aimed to assess travelers' attitudes and practices toward the COVID vaccine and adverse events. Methods. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire from April 1 to June 30, 2021, among travelers who came for their COVID-19 test at the Institut Pasteur of Côte d'Ivoire.Results. A total of 527 travelers agreed to participate in this study, including 336 men and 161 women. Overall, 26% of respondents had already received their COVID-19 vaccine, while 76% of respondents responded they did not want to be vaccinated. The age of those most vaccinated (116) ranged from 25 to 64 years with a small proportion for those over 65 years (0.8%). Travelers (41) to France were the most vaccinated. All vaccinated persons (135) had a high level of education and were either Christian (89 persons), Muslim (45 persons) or animist (1 person). Adverse events related to the COVID vaccination were reported in seven individuals. These included muscle pain, fever and nausea. Conclusion.Negative attitudes towards vaccines are a major public health concern. In view of these results, for awareness raising, vaccination campaign may be focused on youthand people over 65 years of age. Public health messages containing information about vaccine safety should be tailored to address this vaccine hesitancy


Subject(s)
Humans , Vaccines , COVID-19 , Weights and Measures , Dams , Sanitary Control of Travelers
2.
Univ. salud ; 24(2): 124-134, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1377461

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El envejecimiento es un proceso irreversible que genera aumento permanente de la población de 60 o más años. Esta población vulnerable, vive en condiciones de discapacidad, abandono, falta de atención y presenta enfermedades asociadas con su estado nutricional, esto hace necesario determinarlo de forma adecuada. Objetivo: Analizar la concordancia entre diferentes criterios de clasificación nutricional según el Índice de Masa Corporal, a partir de una encuesta poblacional de envejecimiento, Colombia 2015. Material y métodos: Se utilizaron cuatro criterios y la concordancia entre las categorías del estado nutricional. Se calculó con los índices de Kappa directo y ponderado. Resultados: Las concordancias fueron moderadas y buenas, la menor proporción de bajo peso (3,4%) se obtuvo utilizando el criterio Organización Mundial de la Salud y la más alta (22,6%) con Organización Panamericana de Salud (p<0,05). El bajo peso se incrementa a medida que aumenta la edad, mientras el exceso de peso disminuye. Conclusiones: La clasificación nutricional cambia según el criterio y puntos de corte, el de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral, tuvo la mayor concordancia comparado con el de la Organización Mundial de la Salud y mejor capacidad para detectar deficiencia nutricional en la población adulta mayor.


Introduction: Aging is an irreversible process that generates a permanent increase in the 60 and older population. This vulnerable population lives in conditions of disability, neglect, lack of attention, and they present with illnesses related to their nutritional status, which is why it is necessary to understand it fully. Objective: To analyze the accordance between different criteria of nutritional classification according to the Body Mass Index, using an aging population survey, Colombia 2015. Materials and methods: Four criteria were used as well as accordance between categories of nutritional status. Direct and weighted Kappa indices were calculated. Results: The accordance was moderate and good, the lowest proportion of low weight (3.4%) was obtained using the World Health Organization criteria and the highest (22.6%) with the Pan American Health Organization (p<0.05). Low weight is increased as one ages, while excessive weight decreases. Conclusions: Nutritional classification changes depending on the criteria and cut-off points. The criteria of the Spanish Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition had the highest accordance with the World Health Organization and the best capacity in detecting nutritional deficiency in the older adult population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Nutritional Status , Population , Weights and Measures , Body Mass Index , Geriatric Assessment , Nutrition Assessment
3.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 38(2): e1543, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408453

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes que ingresan a la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos son aquellos con alto riesgo de mortalidad que pueden presentar síndrome de disfunción orgánica múltiple. Los pacientes que padecen leucemia linfoide aguda forman parte de este grupo. Objetivos: Validar la escala pediátrica de evaluación del fallo multiorgánico secuencial (pSOFA) en pacientes cubanos graves con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoide aguda. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, prospectivo, multicéntrico, en unidades de cuidados intensivos de hospitales cubanos con 92 pacientes y 184 ingresos. Se calcularon las puntuaciones de las escalas de disfunción multiorgánica secuencial, riesgo de mortalidad e índice de mortalidad pediátrica, y se evaluó la presencia de disfunción orgánica en las primeras 24 h y a las 48 h. Resultados: La puntuación pSOFA fue mayor en los no supervivientes (p < 0,001) y la mortalidad se incrementó de modo progresivo en los subgrupos con las puntuaciones pSOFA más altas. El análisis de las curvas de las características operativas del receptor (ROC) mostró que el área bajo la curva (AUC) para la predicción de la mortalidad con la puntuación pSOFA fue de 0,89, comparado con 0,84 y 0,79 con las escalas PRISM-3 y PIM-2, respectivamente. Conclusiones: La escala pSOFA mostró ser útil para establecer los criterios disfunción orgánica y su especificidad en el riesgo de mortalidad en los pacientes pediátricos cubanos críticos con diagnóstico de leucemia linfoide aguda(AU)


Introduction: Patients admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) are those with a high risk of mortality who may present multiple organ dysfunction syndrome. Patients with acute lymphoid leukemia are part of this group. Objectives: To validate the pediatric sequential multi-organ failure assessment scale (pSOFA) in severe Cuban patients diagnosed with acute lymphoid leukemia. Methods: An observational, prospective, multicenter study was carried out in intensive care units of Cuban hospitals with 92 patients and 184 admissions. The scores of the sequential multiple organ dysfunction, mortality risk and pediatric mortality index scales were calculated, and the presence of organ dysfunction was evaluated in the first 24 hours and at 48 hours. Results: The pSOFA score was higher in non-survivors (p <0.001) and mortality progressively increased in the subgroups with the highest pSOFA scores. The analysis of the receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves showed that the area under the curve (AUC) for the prediction of mortality with the pSOFA score was 0.89, compared to 0.84 and 0.79 with the PRISM-3 and PIM-2 scales, respectively. Conclusions: The pSOFA scale proved useful to establish the criteria for organ dysfunction and its specificity in the risk of mortality in critical Cuban pediatric patients diagnosed with acute lymphoid leukemia(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Sensitivity and Specificity , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Multiple Organ Failure , Weights and Measures , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Observational Study
4.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(2): [1-14], mar. 2022. Ilus, Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363708

ABSTRACT

A prescrição de exercícios físicos em intensidades moderada e alta, para indivíduos obesos, pode induzir maiores percepções de desconforto/desprazer e, consequentemente, desencorajá-los a aderir a uma rotina de exercícios físicos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar os efeitos de um programa de treinamento de força com intensidade autosselecionada, na composição corporal, hipertrofia e qualidade do sono de uma voluntária recémsubmetida a cirurgia bariátrica (idade: 28 anos; altura: 158cm; peso: 69 kg; índice de massa corporal: 27,64). A voluntária realizou um programa de treinamento de força com intensidade autosselecionada, pelo período de oito semanas (2 sessões semanais). Foi avaliada a qualidade de sono, por meio do questionário Pittsburgh sleep quality index; a composição corporal, por absorciometria de feixe duplo; e, a espessura muscular e do tecido adiposo, por ultrassonografia; antes e após a intervenção. Antes e após as sessões de treinamento, a percepção de prazer/desprazer foi mensurada com o auxílio de uma escala de valência afetiva. O programa de exercícios com intensidade autosselecionada resultou em uma diminuição de 2% no percentual de gordura, e de 7% na massa corporal total; sem modificação para a massa livre de gordura. Houve redução de 22% na espessura do tecido adiposo, e de 11% na espessura muscular do bíceps braquial; de 28% na espessura do tecido adiposo, e de 4% na espessura muscular do vasto lateral. A voluntária reportou percepção de prazer/desprazer positiva na maioria das sessões. No entanto, não houve diferença significativa entre os resultados para qualidade de sono. O treinamento com intensidade autosselecionada promoveu respostas positivas, relacionadas à percepção de prazer/desprazer, além de favorecer uma tendência à perda significativa de massa corporal total, sem prejuízos para a massa magra.(AU)


The prescription of physical exercise in moderate and high intensities for obese individuals may induce greater perceptions of discomfort/displeasure, consequently, decline adherence to a physical exercise routine. The objective of this study was investigate the effects of a strength training program with self-selected intensity, body composition, hypertrophy and sleep quality of a participant recently bariatric surgery (age: 28 years; height: 158cm; weight: 69 kg; body mass index: 27.64). The participant performed a strength training program with self-selection intensity, for a period of eight weeks (2 weekly sessions). Sleep quality was evaluated using the Pittsburgh sleep quality index questionnaire; body composition, by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, muscle and adipose tissue thickness by ultrasound. Each measure was before and after the intervention. Before and after the training sessions, the perception of pleasure/displeasure was measured with the affective valence scale. The exercise program with self-selected intensity resulted in a 2% decrease in fat percentage, and 7% in total body mass; without modification to the fat-free mass. Yet, there was a reduction of 22% in the thickness of adipose tissue, and 11% in the muscle thickness of the brachial biceps; 28% in the thickness of adipose tissue, and 4% in the muscle thickness of the vastus lateralis. The participant reported a perception of positive pleasure in most sessions. However, there was no significant difference between the results for sleep quality. The training with self-selected intensity promoted positive responses, related to the perception of pleasure/displeasure, besides promote a tendency to significant loss of total body mass, without damage to lean mass. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Body Composition , Absorptiometry, Photon , Body Mass Index , Adipose Tissue , Bariatric Surgery , Resistance Training , Fats , Hypertrophy , Perception , Sleep , Weights and Measures , Exercise , Surveys and Questionnaires , Pleasure , Muscles
5.
Atlanta; BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth; (2022) 22:151. 11 p. gr. (PCI-268).
Non-conventional in English | LILACS, LIGCSA, REPincaP | ID: biblio-1396781

ABSTRACT

Background: Parity has been associated with both short- and long-term weight gain in women. However, it is not clear if timing of parity across the reproductive age has different associations with BMI. Methods: To prospectively assess the association between age at childbirth and maternal change in BMI, we analyzed data from the ongoing INCAP Longitudinal Study, which started in 1969 in four villages in Guatemala. Cohort women (n=778) provided information on reproductive history and anthropometric measures were measured in 1988-89 (adolescence, 15 to 25y), 2002-04 (early adulthood, 26 to 36y) and 2015-17 (mid adulthood, 37 to 55y). We evaluated the associations of number of live births in the period preceding each study wave (1969-77 to 1988-89, 1988-89 to 2002-04 and 2002-04 to 2015-17) with BMI change in the same period using multivariable linear regression models. Results: Number of live births between 1988 and 89 and 2002-04 was positively associated with increased BMI, while there was not an association between number of live births and BMI in the other intervals. Women who had one, two, or three or more children between 1988 and 89 and 2002-04 had 0.90 (kg/m2, 95% CI: -0.55, 2.35), 2.39 (kg/m2, 95% CI: 1.09, 3.70) and 2.54 (kg/m2, 95% CI: 1.26, 3.82) higher BMI, respectively, than women who did not give birth in the same period. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that women who had three or more children during early adulthood gained more weight compared to women who had no children in the same period. In contrast, women who had children earlier or later in their reproductive lives did not gain additional weight compared to those who did not have children during that period. Childbirth may have different


Subject(s)
Parity , Weights and Measures , Weight Gain , Longitudinal Studies , Obesity
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384327

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El baloncesto es un deporte que requiere capacidades físicas para su desenvolvimiento en cualquier nivel de competencia; la fuerza es uno de los parámetros a evaluar que más exactitud precisa y que puede ayudar a llevar al deportista a su máximo potencial, por esto el objetivo del estudio fue determinar la relación entre las variables dermatoglifia y fuerza muscular en las posiciones de juego del baloncesto universitario, teniendo en cuenta el perfil antropométrico, en jugadores (mujeres y hombres) entre los 17 y 23 años. La muestra fue con 15 atletas de la selección de baloncesto, donde se evaluaron variables dermatoglificas (metodología propuesta por Cummins & Midlo, 1942), medidas antropométricas (la báscula InBody 770 y tallímetro SECA), posición de juego de cada individuo y test de fuerza muscular (T-force, modelo TF-100). Se encontró que la variable de dermatoglifia que más correlación (alta y moderada) tuvo con la prueba de fuerza muscular fueron los Arcos y dentro de este se encontraban los Postes, quienes en esta posición de juego mostraron mayor relación (r= 0,525 p= 0,045). Se demostró que, puede encontrar un lazo entre dos variables como dermatoglifia y fuerza muscular, sin embargo, es importante contar con una muestra más amplia y discriminarla por género, para así tener mayor exactitud.


ABSTRACT Basketball is a sport that requires physical abilities for its development at any level of competition; strength is an evaluated parameter that is more accurate than others and that can help to take the athlete to their maximum potential. For this reason, the objective of this study is to determine the relationship between the dermatoglyphics and muscle strength variables in university basketball playing positions, taking into account the anthropometric profile, in players (women and men) between 17 and 23 years old. The sample consisted of 15 athletes from the basketball team, where dermatoglyphic variables (methodology proposed by Cummins & Midlo, 1942), anthropometric measurements (the InBody 770 scale and SECA height rod), playing position of each individual, and muscle strength test (T-force, model TF-100) were evaluated. The dermatoglyphics variable that had the most correlation (high and moderate) with the muscle strength test were the arches, and within these, were the posts, who, in this playing position, showed the greatest relationship (r = 0.525 p = 0.045). It was shown that you can find a link between two variables such as dermatoglyphics and muscle strength, however, it is important to have a larger sample and discriminate it by gender, in order to have a higher accuracy.


SUMÁRIO O basquete é um esporte que requer habilidades físicas para seu desenvolvimento em qualquer nível de competição; a força é um dos parâmetros a serem avaliados mais precisos e que podem ajudar a levar o atleta ao seu potencial máximo; por esse motivo, o do estudo foi determinar a relação entre as variáveis dermatoglíficas e a força muscular nas posições de jogo de basquete de universidade, considerando o perfil antropométrico, em jogadores (mulheres e homens) entre 17 e 23 anos de idade. A amostra foi composta por 15 atletas do time de basquete, onde variáveis dermatoglíficas (metodologia proposta por Cummins & Midlo, 1942), medidas antropométricas (escala InBody 770 e estadiômetro SECA), posição de jogo de cada indivíduo e teste de força muscular (força T, modelo TF-100). Para análise estatística, foi realizado no software SPSS versão 22, com tendência central (média e desvio padrão). Verificou-se que a variável dermatoglyphic que teve a maior correlação (alta e moderada) com o teste de força muscular foram os Arcos e dentro deste foram os posts, que nesta posição de jogo apresentaram a maior relação (r = 0,525 p = 0,045). Foi demonstrado que, se é possível encontrar um vínculo entre duas variáveis, como dermatoglifos e força muscular, é importante ter uma amostra maior e discriminá-la por sexo, a fim de obter maior precisão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Basketball , Dermatoglyphics , Muscle Strength , Universities , Weights and Measures , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Growth and Development
7.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 39: e190170, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1375419

ABSTRACT

The Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition is a standardized inventory for evaluating the child development from birthto seven years, 11 months old. The objective of this article is to describe the process of cross-cultural adaptation of the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition Protocolto Portuguese-Brazil. This methodological study was conducted in three steps: 1) Pre-condition; 2) Test development; and 3) Evaluation of content validity. Adjustments were performed in the formulation of some items, as well as in the stimuli for structured application of the Brazilian version of Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition. Compared to the original version, the Brazilian version showed good semantic, idiomatic, experiential, conceptual, and operational equivalences, as well as excellent content validity indexes. This adapted version of the Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition for Brazil can be considered aviableinstrument for the usewith a Brazilian infant and child population.


O Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd edition é um inventário padronizado para avaliação do desenvolvimento de crianças de zero a sete anos e 11 meses de idade. O objetivo desse artigo é descrever o processo de adaptação transcultural do Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition para o português-Brasil. O estudo metodológico foi realizado em três etapas: 1) Pré-condição; 2) Desenvolvimento do teste; e 3) Avaliação da validade de conteúdo. Foram feitos ajustes na formulação de alguns itens, além de modificações nos estímulos para aplicação estruturada da versão brasileira do Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition. Comparada com a versão original, a versão brasileira apresentou boa equivalência semântica, idiomática, experiencial, conceitual e operacional, bem como ótimos índices de validade de conteúdo. A versão adaptada para o português-Brasil do Battelle Developmental Inventory, 2nd Edition pode ser considerada um instrumento viável para uso de profissionais das áreas de saúde e da educação do país.


Subject(s)
Weights and Measures , Child Development , Health , Growth and Development
8.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 20(1): e210125, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1365211

ABSTRACT

A new species of Characidium is described from the tributaries of the upper and middle rio Doce basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The new species is distinguished from most congeners, except C. cricarense, C. hasemani, C. helmeri, C. kalunga, C. pterostictum, C. schubarti, C. summus, and C. travassosi by lacking scales in the area between the anterior limit of the isthmus and the anterior margin of cleithrum. The new species differs from the aforementioned species by a series of characters, including the presence of the adipose fin, 2­-4 scales between the anus and anal fin, two rows of dentary teeth, presence of the parietal branch of the supraorbital canal, 4 scale rows above the lateral line, and absence of two conspicuous inclined dark bands on each caudal-fin lobe. The new species further differs from most congeners with an unscaled ventral surface of the isthmus by the presence of 33-34 pored scales on the lateral line and by the dark dashes on the caudal fin-rays not forming well-defined bands.(AU)


Uma nova espécie de Characidium é descrita de afluentes do alto e médio curso da bacia do rio Doce, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A nova espécie se distingue da maioria das congêneres, exceto C. cricarense, C. hasemani, C. helmeri, C. kalunga, C. pterostictum, C. schubarti, C. summus e C. travassosi pela falta de escamas na área entre o limite anterior do istmo e a margem anterior do cleitro. A nova espécie difere das espécies acima mencionadas por uma série de caracteres, incluindo a presença de nadadeira adiposa, 2-4 escamas entre o ânus e a nadadeira anal, duas séries de dentes no dentário, ramo parietal do canal supraorbital presente, 4 séries de escamas acima da linha lateral e ausência de duas bandas escuras inclinadas em cada lobo da nadadeira caudal. A nova espécie difere ainda mais da maioria das congêneres com superfície ventral sem escamas no istmo por ter 33-34 escamas perfuradas na linha lateral e traços escuros nos raios da nadadeira caudal não formando bandas bem definidas.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Water Resources , Absenteeism , Lateral Line System , Characiformes , Weights and Measures
9.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1394492

ABSTRACT

Abstract Item Response Theory represents one of the major advances in the field of developing valid and reliable measures in psychology. Among the main models used in this perspective are the Rasch model and the logistic models. These parametric models, however, are not suitable for all applications in psychology, since a substantial number of databases in psychology do not satisfy the assumptions of these models: unidimensionality; latent monotonicity; local independence; and, for some models, non-intersecting functions. Given this framework, the objective of this study was to present the theoretical and practical foundations of Mokken Scale Analysis (MSA). We present some historical issues involving the development of MSA, in addition to the main characteristics and assumptions of the two models used in this perspective. After exemplifying a MSA application, limitations and final considerations are presented, supporting the decision-making process for researchers who come to use MSA.


Resumo A Teoria de Resposta ao Item representa um dos principais avanços para a construção de medidas válidas e confiáveis em psicologia. Entre os principais modelos utilizados nessa perspectiva estão o modelo de Rasch e os modelos logísticos. Esses modelos paramétricos, no entanto, não podem ser utilizados em todas as aplicações em psicologia, uma vez que um número substancial dos bancos de dados em psicologia não satisfaz os pressupostos desses modelos: unidimensionalidade; monotonicidade latente; independência local; e, para alguns modelos, não-interseção de funções. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste estudo foi apresentar os fundamentos teóricos e práticos da Análise de Escala de Mokken (AEM). São apresentadas questões históricas envolvendo o desenvolvimento da AEM, além das principais características e pressupostos dos dois modelos usados nessa perspectiva. Após exemplificação de uma AEM, limitações e considerações finais são apresentadas, apoiando o processo de tomada decisão para pesquisadores que venham a usar a AEM.


Resumen La Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem representa uno de los mayores avances en el campo del desarrollo de medidas válidas en psicología. Entre los principales modelos utilizados en esta perspectiva se encuentran los modelos logísticos. Estos modelos no son adecuados para todas las aplicaciones en psicología, ya que algunas bases de datos en psicología no satisfacen las suposiciones de estos modelos: unidimensionalidad; monotonicidad latente; e independencia local; y, para algunos modelos, funciones que no se interceptan. Teniendo en cuenta este marco, el objetivo de este estudio fue presentar los fundamentos teóricos y prácticos del Análisis de la Escala de Mokken (AEM). Presentamos algunas cuestiones históricas relacionadas con el desarrollo de AEM, además de las principales características y suposiciones de los dos modelos utilizados en esta perspectiva. Después de ejemplificar un AEM, se presentan las limitaciones y consideraciones finales, apoyando o procesando la tomada de decisión para investigadores que van a usar el AEM.


Subject(s)
Weights and Measures , Logistic Models , Statistics, Nonparametric
10.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(4): 290-299, dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355221

ABSTRACT

La alta prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en las mujeres en edad fértil hace necesario indagar por el impacto que este factor y la ganancia ponderal excesiva en la gestación generan sobre el peso al nacer del neonato. Objetivo: evaluar el efecto del comportamiento del peso materno en dos grupos, gestantes con recién nacido macrosómico y normopeso. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal retrospectivo de medidas repetidas, para comparar la ganancia ponderal en siete momentos de la gestación en dos grupos de gestantes, cuarenta y ocho con recién nacido macrosómico vs cuarenta y ocho normopeso. El estudio se realizó en una institución de segundo nivel de Antioquia-Colombia, a partir de las historias clínicas del control prenatal de los último cinco años. Resultados: Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre grupos, para el peso de los siete momentos del periodo gestacional (p <0,001). El peso gestacional materno, contribuyó a la varianza del peso del neonato, especialmente en el grupo de gestantes con recién nacido macrosómico. Conclusión: La ganancia ponderal materna impacta el peso al nacer, es decir que, a mayor peso gestacional materno, mayor fue el peso del recién nacido(AU)


The high prevalence of overweight and obesity in women of a childbearing age makes it necessary to investigate the impact that this factor and an excessive weight gain in pregnancy have on the weight at birth of the newborn. Objective: To evaluate the effect of maternal weight behavior in two groups, pregnant with a macrosomic newborn and a normal weight. Methods: A retrospective longitudinal study of repeated measures, to compare the weight gain at seven moments of the gestation in two groups of pregnant women, forty-eight with macrosomic newborn vs. forty-eight with a normal weight. The study was carried out in a second-level institution in Antioquia-Colombia, based on the medical records of the prenatal control of the last five years. Results: Statistically significant differences were found between groups for the weight of the seven moments of the gestational period (p <0.001). Maternal gestational weight contributed to the variance of the newborn's weight, especially in the group of pregnant women with a macrosomic newborn. Conclusion: Maternal weight gain impacts birth weight, which means, the higher the maternal gestational weight, the higher the newborn's weight(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Fetal Macrosomia , Body Mass Index , Maternal and Child Health , Gestational Weight Gain , Obesity, Maternal/complications , Weights and Measures , Birth Weight , Weight Gain , Longitudinal Studies , Pregnant Women
11.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 71(4): 261-269, dic. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1355151

ABSTRACT

Insulin resistance is a pathological entity that can lead to alterations in lipid metabolism and can increase cardiovascular risk. Objective. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of different sociodemographic variables such as age, sex and social class and healthy habits such as smoking, physical activity and adherence to the Mediterranean diet on the cardiometabolic profile of Spanish workers. Material and methods. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out in 1457 Spanish workers in an attempt to evaluate the effect of healthy habits (physical exercise determined with the IPAQ questionnaire, Mediterranean diet and tobacco consumption) and sociodemographic variables (age, sex and social class) on the values of different insulin resistance scales. Results. The progressive increase in the level of physical activity and high adherence to the Mediterranean diet achieved an improvement in the mean values and in the prevalence of elevated values in all the insulin resistance scales analyzed in this study. Age over 50 years and belonging to the least favored social classes (social classes II-III) were the variables that increased the risk of presenting insulin resistance. Male sex also increased the risk of presenting insulin resistance. Conclusions. The different healthy habits such as vigorous physical exercise and high adherence to the Mediterranean diet improve the values of the different scales that assess insulin resistance(AU)


La resistencia a la insulina es una entidad patológica que puede provocar alteraciones en el metabolismo de los lípidos y puede aumentar el riesgo cardiovascular. Objetivo. En este trabajo se pretende valorar la influencia de diferentes variables sociodemográficas como la edad, el sexo y la clase social y hábitos saludables como el consumo de tabaco, la actividad física y la adherencia a la dieta mediterránea en el perfil cardiometabólico de trabajadores españoles. Material y métodos. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 1457 trabajadores españoles intentando evaluar el efecto de los hábitos saludables (ejercicio físico determinado con el cuestionario IPAQ, dieta mediterránea y consumo de tabaco) y las variables sociodemográficas (edad, sexo y clase social) sobre los valores de diferentes escalas de resistencia a la insulina. Resultados. El aumento progresivo del nivel de actividad física y la alta adherencia a la dieta mediterránea consiguieron una mejoría en los valores medios y en la prevalencia de los valores elevados en todas las escalas de resistencia a la insulina analizadas en este estudio. La edad por encima de los 50 años y la pertenencia a las clases sociales menos favorecidas (clases sociales II-III) fueron las variables que aumentaron el riesgo de presentar resistencia a la insulina. El sexo masculino también incrementó el riesgo de presentar resistencia a la insulina. Conclusiones. Los diferentes hábitos saludables como el ejercicio físico vigoroso y la alta adherencia a la dieta mediterránea mejoran los valores de las diferentes escalas que valoran resistencia a la insulina(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Insulin Resistance , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Diet, Mediterranean , Lipid Metabolism , Healthy Lifestyle , Cardiometabolic Risk Factors , Social Class , Weights and Measures , Exercise , Nutrition Assessment , Abdominal Circumference , Feeding Behavior
12.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 12(3): 40-56, set-dez.2021. Tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358939

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo tem como objetivo apresentar uma revisão literatura sobre medidas de apego publicadas no período de 2014 a 2019. Foi realizado levantamento de informações relativas ao número de itens, fatores, forma de resposta, dados de confiabilidade, principais métodos de investigação da estrutura interna. As bases de dados utilizadas foram: BIREME, PubMed, PsycNET, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, SAGE, Springer e Redalyc. Dos 1384 artigos foram analisados 10 que corresponderam aos critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Os fatores os instrumentos apresentaram variações de 1 a 5 fatores e diferentes métodos de análise. Uma lacuna importante encontrada, foi a ausência de um instrumento de apego brasileiro (AU).


This study aims to present a literature review on attachment measures published from 2014 to 2019. Information was collected on the number of items, factors, response form, reliability data, main methods of investigation of the internal structure. The databases used were: BIREME, PubMed, PsycNET, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, SAGE, Springer and Redalyc. Of the 1384 articles, 10 that met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were analyzed. The factors of the instruments varied from 1 to 5 factors and different methods of analysis. An important gap found was the absence of a Brazilian attachment instrument (AU).


Este estudio tiene como objetivo presentar una revisión de la literatura sobre las medidas de apego publicadas de 2014 a 2019. Se recopiló información sobre el número de ítems, factores, formulario de respuesta, datos de confiabilidad, principales métodos de investigación de la estructura interna. Las bases de datos utilizadas fueron: BIREME, PubMed, PsycNET, ScienceDirect, Wiley Online Library, SAGE, Springer y Redalyc. De los 1384 artículos, se analizaron 10 que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Los factores de los instrumentos variaron de 1 a 5 factores y diferentes métodos de análisis. Una brecha importante encontrada fue la ausencia de un instrumento de apego brasileño (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychometrics , Weights and Measures , Surveys and Questionnaires , Object Attachment
13.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(1): [1-9], nov. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343754

ABSTRACT

As crianças estão cada vez mais utilizando brincadeiras e jogos eletrônicos, passando muitas horas diante da televisão e isso pode atrapalhar o processo de desenvolvimento motor bem como o desenvolvimento do processo de sobrepeso e obesidade. A educação física escolar é um importante aliado na promoção de hábitos de vida mais ativos, sendo a educação infantil a primeira etapa de escolarização e prática de atividades motoras desta fase é fundamental. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o índice de massa corporal (IMC) e o desempenho motor de escolares com idade de cinco anos dos Centros Municipais de Educação Infantil em Divinópolis/MG. O desempenho motor foi avaliado com o Teste de Coordenação Corporal para Crianças (Körperkoodinations test Für Kinder ­ KTK) composto por quatro testes: equilibrar-se andando de costas, saltos monopedais, saltos laterais e transposição lateral sobre plataforma. O IMC foi calculado a partir de medidas de peso e altura. Os resultados do presente estudo demonstram que 80,65% da amostra apresenta deficiência na coordenação motora, e quando comparado entre os sexos, os meninos apresentaram melhor coordenação motora que as meninas. Ao analisar o IMC e a coordenação motora não foi encontrada qualquer relação significativa entre eles. Pode-se concluir com o presente estudo que o IMC não influenciou no desempenho motor dos alunos, e que a maioria dos alunos está com a coordenação motora abaixo do esperado. A falta de aulas de educação física com o professor especialista e estímulos específicos para o desenvolvimento motor podem ter contribuído para os resultados encontrados neste estudo, reforçando a necessidade do professor de educação física n o ensino infantil.(AU)


: Children are increasingly using games and electronic games, spending many hours in front of the television and this can hinder the process of motor development as well as the development of overweight and obesity. School physical education is an important ally in the promotion of more active life habits, with early childhood education being the first stage of schooling and the practice of motor activities in this phase is fundamental. The objective of this study was to evaluate the body mass index (BMI) and the motor performance of schoolchildren aged five years old from the Municipal Centers of Early Childhood Education in Divinópolis / MG. Motor performance was assessed with the Body Coordination Test for Children (Körperkoordinations test Für Kinder - KTK) composed of four tests: balance on your back, single-legged jumps, lateral jumps and lateral transposition on a platform. BMI was calculated from weight and height measurements. The results of the present study showed that 80.65% of the sample has impaired motor coordination, and when compared between genders, boys showed better motor coordination than girls. When analyzing BMI and motor coordination, no significant relationship was found between them. It can be concluded with the present study that the BMI did not influence the motor performance of the students, and that the majority of the students have motor coordination below the expected. The lack of physical education classes with the specialist teacher and specific stimuli for motor development may have contributed to the results found in this study, reinforcing the need for physical education teachers in early childhood education.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Physical Education and Training , Body Mass Index , Child Rearing , Motor Activity , Play and Playthings , Psychomotor Performance , Television , Weights and Measures , Child , Child, Preschool , Electronics , Overweight , Internet Addiction Disorder , Habits , Obesity
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 175-180, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate knee alignment in the frontal plane and pelvic balance during the step-down test in female and male soccer players. Methods Cross-sectional study carried out with male and female soccer players from under-15 and under-17 teams of a professional club in Southern Brazil. The step-down test was performed, filmed with a video camera, and evaluated according to the angular measurements obtained during movement using the Kinovea software (open source), version 0.8.24. Results The sample consisted of 38 individuals, 19 males and 19 females. Female athletes had a greater varus angle (9.42º ± 1.65º) compared to male athletes (3.91º ± 2.0º; p = 0.04). There was no difference regarding the unilateral pelvic drop between the groups. In addition, the association between the hip-related pelvic drop and the projection angle on the frontal plane of the knee was weak in both genders. Conclusion Even though the pelvic drop was observed in both genders, young female athletes had greater varus knee angles on the step-down test, which require greater attention to minimize the risk of injury.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o alinhamento do joelho no plano frontal e o equilíbrio pélvico durante a descida de um degrau comparando atletas de futebol feminino e masculino. Métodos Estudo transversal, realizado com atletas de futebol das categorias sub-15 e sub-17, de ambos os sexos, de um clube profissional do Sul do Brasil. Foi realizado o teste de descida de um degrau, o qual foi filmado por uma câmera de vídeo, e, em sua avaliação, traçaram-se as medidas angulares durante o movimento por meio do software Kinovea (código aberto), versão 0.8.24. Resultados A amostra foi composta por 38 indivíduos, 19 do sexo masculino e 19 do sexo feminino. As atletas do sexo feminino apresentaram maior ângulo em varo (9,42º ± 1,65º) quando comparadas com os atletas masculinos (3,91º ± 2,0º; p = 0,04). Não houve diferença em relação à queda unilateral da pelve (drop pélvico) entre os grupos, e a associação entre o drop pélvico do quadril e o ângulo de projeção no plano frontal do joelho foi fraca em ambos os sexos. Conclusão Apesar de ambos os sexos terem apresentado queda pélvica, as atletas de base do sexo feminino apresentaram maior angulação do joelho em varo no teste de descida do degrau, e necessitam maior atenção para minimizar o risco de lesão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pelvis , Soccer , Weights and Measures , Genu Varum , Athletes , Hip , Knee
17.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 4-10, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341354

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Lupus nephritis (LN) is one of the most prevalent and severe complications of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), requiring reliable urine and serum biomarkers to evaluate it. Anti-nucleosome and anti-C1q antibodies are associated with LN in several geographic regions. Also, southwest Colombia has a heterogeneous ethnicity, which motivated the evaluation of the frequency and relationship of such markers with LN in this region. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a health centre in south-west Colombia in 84 patients diagnosed with SLE (57 without LN; 27 with LN) between 2016 and 2018. Demographic and clinical and laboratory features, including anti-dsDNA, complement, and anti-C1q and anti-nucleosome antibodies were compared in these patients. ELISA immunoassays were performed to measure the antibodies of interest in blood samples. Statistical analysis was carried out using STATA14 software (StataCorp, College Station, Texas, USA). Quantitative variables were summarised as means or medians and compared with Mann-Whitney or Two-sample t test. Categorical variables were shown as proportions, and compared with Chi-squared or Fisher's exact test. Correlation analysis between quantitative variables was calculated using Spearman's correlation. Results: Of all 84 patients, 27 patients had LN, of which 16 (59.2%) had a positive test for anti-nucleosome antibodies and 10 (37%) for anti-C1q antibodies. An association was found between anti-C1q and proliferative forms of LN and newly diagnosed LN. A correlation was found between anti-nucleosome and anti-C1q antibodies, and anti-dsDNA and low serum complement concentrations. Conclusion: Although both markers were found in variable percentages in SLE patients and seem not to be specific markers of LN in our population, anti-C1q was associated with proliferative forms of LN and de novo LN.


RESUMEN Introducción: La nefritis lúpica (NL), una de las complicaciones más frecuentes y graves del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), requiere biomarcadores confiables de orina y suero para su evaluación. Los anticuerpos anti-nucleosoma y anti-C1q se asocian con la NL en varias regiones geográficas. En el suroccidente colombiano se asienta una etnia heterogénea, lo que motivó la evaluación de la frecuencia y la relación de dichos marcadores con NL en dicha región. Métodos: Realizamos un estudio transversal en un centro de salud en el suroccidente de Colombia, con 84 pacientes diagnosticados con LES (57 sin NL; 27 con NL) entre los anos 2016 y 2018. Se compararon las características demográficas, clínicas y de laboratorio, incluidos los anticuerpos anti-dsDNA, complemento, anti-C1q y anti-nucleosomas entre estos pacientes. Se realizaron inmunoensayos ELISA para medir los anticuerpos de interés en muestras de sangre. El análisis estadístico se llevó a cabo con el software Stata v.14 (Stata-Corp, College Station, Texas, EE. UU.). Las variables cuantitativas se resumieron como medias o medianas y se compararon con la prueba t de Mann-Whitney o Two-sample t test; las variables categóricas se mostraron como proporciones y se compararon con Chi-cuadrado o con la prueba exacta de Fisher. Para el análisis de correlaciones entre variables cuantitativas se calculó el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman. Resultados: Entre los 84 pacientes, 27 presentaban LN, de los cuales 16 (59,2%) tuvieron una prueba positiva para anticuerpos anti-nucleosoma y 10 (37%) para anticuerpos anti-C1q. Se encontró una asociación entre anti-C1q y formas proliferativas de NL, así como formas recientemente diagnosticadas de NL. Hubo una correlación entre los anticuerpos anti-nucleosoma y anti-C1q y el anti-dsDNA y las bajas concentraciones de complemento sérico. Conclusión: Aunque los 2 marcadores se encontraron en porcentajes variables de pacientes con LES y no parecen ser marcadores específicos de NL en nuestra población, la presencia de anti-C1q se asoció con formas proliferativas de NL y NL de novo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Nephritis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Antibodies , Weights and Measures , Immunoassay , Ethnicity , Laboratories
18.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 28(1): 46-51, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341359

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La actual definición de osteoporosis es basada en la absorciometría de energía dual de Rx (DXA, por sus siglas en inglés), lo cual representa la principal técnica para la cuantificación de la densidad mineral ósea (DMO) y la evaluación del riesgo de fractura. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la DMO en columna lumbar y cuello femoral de adultos sanos desde el punto de vista metabólico óseo en una población de Bogotá-Colombia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, analítico, de corte transversal, basado en un cuestionario aplicado a la población de estudio. Las medidas densitométricas fueron realizadas con un equipo compacto de alto rendimiento de la General Electric, modelo iDXA, por el mismo tecnólogo en los sitios esqueléticos de interés, columna lumbar L1, L2, L3, L4 y L1-4 en proyección anteroposterior y en cuello femoral. El cálculo del tamaño de muestra se realizó teniendo en cuenta la estratificación por sexo y 2 grupos de edad: 20 a 29 años y 30 a 39 años. Se encuestó a 805 individuos y 432 se realizaron la densitometría ósea. Resultados: Los valores encontrados en columna lumbar para cada uno de los grupos de nuestra población, fueron: 1,150 g/cm2 (DE: 0,11), 1,180 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10), para mujeres y hombres de 20 a 29 años, y 1,169 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10), 1,209 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10) para mujeres y hombres de 30 a 39 años, respectivamente. A nivel del cuello femoral, 0,991 g/cm2 (DE: 0,10), 1,119 g/cm2 (DE: 0,13), para mujeres y hombres de 20 a 29 años, y 0,970 g/cm2 (DE: 0,11), 1,079 g/cm2 (DE: 0,13) para mujeres y hombres de 30 a 39 años, respectivamente. Conclusión: Este estudio pudo demostrar el comportamiento de la DMO en nuestra población, la cual es inferior a la detectada en otras latitudes y a las utilizadas como valores de referencia en nuestros equipos. Adicionalmente, se determinó el valor máximo de masa ósea en cada una de las regiones de interés para los rangos de edad de la población de nuestro estudio.


ABSTRACT Introduction: The current definition of osteoporosis is based on the dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which represents the main technique for the quantification of bone mineral density (BMD) and the evaluation of fracture risk. The objective of this study was to determine the BMD in the lumbar spine and femoral neck of healthy adults from a bone metabolism point of view in a population of Bogotá-Colombia. Method: An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted based on a questionnaire completed by the study population. The densitometric measurements were carried out using a high-performance compact equipment of the General Electric, iDXA model, by the same technologist at the skeletal sites of interest, lumbar spine L1, L2, L3, L4 and L1-4 in anteroposterior projection, and in femoral neck. The sample size calculation was performed taking into account stratification by gender and 2 age groups: 20 to 29 years, and 30 to 39 years. A total of 805 individuals were surveyed, and 432 bone densitometries were performed. Results: The values found in the lumbar spine for each of the groups in our population were: 1.150 g/cm2 (SD: 0.11), 1.180 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10), for women and men aged 20 to 29 years, and 1.169 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10), 1.209 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10) for women and men aged 30 to 39, respectively. At the level of the femoral neck, 0.991 g/cm2 (SD: 0.10), 1.119 g/cm2 (SD: 0.13), for women and men aged 20 to 29 years, respectively, and 0.970 g/cm2 (SD: 0.11), 1.079 g/cm2 (SD: 0.13) for women and men aged 30 to 39, respectively. Conclusion: This study was able to demonstrate the behaviour of BMD in our population, which is lower than that detected in other latitudes and those used as reference values in our equipment. Additionally, the maximum bone mass value was determined in each of the locations of interest for the age ranges of the population in our study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bone Density , Colombia , Densitometry , Spine , Weights and Measures , Cross-Sectional Studies , Femur Neck
19.
Acta méd. colomb ; 46(1): 50-50, ene.-mar. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1278158

ABSTRACT

El uso de unidades de medida es común en la práctica médica diaria. Una de ellas es el litroy sus derivados, que se utiliza como equivalente de la dimensión física: volumen (es equiparable al decímetro cúbico, dm3).Históricamente, el litro (L) apareció como una medida de «capacidad¼, usado principalmente para describir la cantidad de sustancia líquida o gaseosa que cabe en un recipiente (original-mente fue definido como el volumen ocupado por la masa de un kilogramo de agua pura a 4 °C), mientras que para cuantificar el «volumen¼ de cuerpos sólidos se determinó el metro cúbico (m3). Con el paso del tiempo, estas dos dimensiones, capacidad y volumen, han sido aceptadas como equivalentes, aunque en sentido estricto la primera se refiere a la espaciosidad de un recipiente o contenedor, mientras que la segunda es la magnitud métrica escalar del espacio que ocupa un cuerpo en las tres dimensiones (corpulencia); es decir, no son iguales, pero sí equivalentes, por lo tanto, se pueden utilizar indistintamente para indicar la cantidad de un medicamento o fluido, líquido o gaseoso.


Subject(s)
Physics , Pure Water , Time , Weights and Measures
20.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(1): 34-37, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154016

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The Back Pain Functional Scale (BPFS) was designed to evaluate the functional state of individuals with low back pain. The scale consists of twelve items, covering functional aspects of the daily life activities of these individuals. The final score is calculated by summing the responses to each item, the values of which range from 0 to 5, obtaining a total result of 0 to 60 points. Methods: The validation process was developed in accordance with the World Health Organization (WHO) protocol, covering translation, back translation, semantic equivalence, evaluation by specialists from previous stages, pre-test of the tool, and final version. Subsequently, the final version was applied in a sample of 90 individuals and the data obtained were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis, factorial analysis, evaluation of internal consistency, and correlation with other validated tools. Results: The tool was adapted to Brazilian Portuguese, making use of terms to approximate the language of everyday expressions. The final version presented results similar to those from the original version, as demonstrated by the factorial analysis, the internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha: 0.990), and the strong correlation with tools validated for the Portuguese language. Conclusion: The Brazilian version of BPFS proved to be easy to apply and understand, and presented high internal consistency and construct validity similar to that of the original instrument. Level of evidence 1B; Study of adaptation of a valid score.


RESUMO Objetivo: A Escala Funcional de Dor Lombar (EFDL) foi concebida para avaliar o estado funcional de indivíduos acometidos por lombalgia. A escala é constituída por doze itens e abrange aspectos funcionais em atividades de vida diária desses indivíduos. O escore final é calculado pela soma das respostas de cada item, cujo valor varia de 0 a 5, obtendo um resultado total de 0 a 60 pontos. Métodos: O processo de validação foi desenvolvido de acordo com o protocolo da Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), abrangendo tradução, retrotradução, equivalência semântica, avaliação de especialistas das etapas anteriores, pré-teste do instrumento e versão final. Na sequência, a versão final foi aplicada em uma amostra de 90 indivíduos e os dados obtidos foram submetidos a análise estatística descritiva, análise fatorial, avaliação da consistência interna e correlação com outros instrumentos validados. Resultados: Realizou-se a adequação do instrumento para o português utilizado no Brasil fazendo uso de termos para aproximar a linguagem das expressões do dia a dia. A versão final apresentou resultados similares à versão original, demonstrados pela análise fatorial, pela consistência interna (alfa de Cronbach: 0,990) e pela correlação forte com instrumentos validados para a língua portuguesa. Conclusões: A versão brasileira da EFDL mostrou ter fácil aplicação e compreensão, apresentou alta consistência interna e similar validade de construto ao instrumento original. Nível de evidência 1B; Estudo de adaptação de um escore válido.


RESUMEN Objetivo: La Escala Funcional de Dolor Lumbar (EFDL) fue concebida para evaluar el estado funcional de individuos acometidos por lumbalgia. La escala está constituida por doce ítems y abarca aspectos funcionales en actividades de la vida diaria de estos individuos. La puntuación final es calculada por la suma de las respuestas de cada ítem, cuyo valor varía de 0 a 5, obteniendo un resultado total de 0 a 60 puntos. Métodos: El proceso de validación fue desarrollado de acuerdo con el protocolo de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), abarcando traducción, retrotraducción, equivalencia semántica, evaluación de especialistas de las etapas anteriores, test previo del instrumento y versión final. A continuación, la versión final fue aplicada en una muestra de 90 individuos y los datos obtenidos se sometieron a análisis estadístico descriptivo, análisis factorial, evaluación de la consistencia interna y correlación con otros instrumentos validados. Resultados: Se realizó la adecuación del instrumento para el portugués utilizado en Brasil haciendo uso de términos para aproximar el lenguaje a las expresiones de la vida cotidiana. La versión final presentó resultados similares a la versión original, demostrados por el análisis factorial, por la consistencia interna (alfa de Cronbach: 0,990) y correlación fuerte con instrumentos validados para el idioma portugués. Conclusiones: La versión brasileña de la EFDL mostró tener fácil aplicación y comprensión, presentó alta consistencia interna y similar validez de constructo al instrumento original. Nivel de evidencia 1B; Estudio de adaptación de una puntuación válida.


Subject(s)
Humans , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Low Back Pain , Validation Study , Weights and Measures
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