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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(11): 950-956, Nov. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350128

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Williams-Beuren syndrome is a multisystemic disorder caused by a microdeletion of the 7q11.23 region. Although familial cases with autosomal dominant inheritance have been reported, the vast majority are sporadic. Objective: To investigate the main complaints and clinical findings of patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome. Methods: A total of 757 parents of patients registered in the Brazilian Association of Williams-Beuren Syndrome (ABSW) received a questionnaire via WhatsApp from March to July 2017. Results: In total, 229 parents answered the survey. Age of diagnosis ranged from 2 days to 34 years (median: 3 years). The main clinical findings reported by the parents were abdominal colic (83.3%), failure to thrive (71.5%), feeding difficulty in the first year (68.9%), otitis (56.6%), urinary tract infections (31.9%), precocious puberty (27.1%) and scoliosis (15.9%). Cardiac defects were present in 66% of patients, and the most frequent defect was supravalvular aortic stenosis (36%). Arterial hypertension was reported in 23%. Hypercalcemia was reported in 10.5% of patients, mainly during the first year of life. Hyperacusis and hypersociability were common complaints (both present in 89%). Other behavioral and neuropsychiatric symptoms reported by the parents included attention deficit (89%), anger crises (83%), excessive fear (66%), depression (64%), anxiety (67%) and hypersexuality (33%). The most common complaints were hypersensitivity to sounds, talkative personality, emotional dependence and learning difficulties. In 98.3%, the parents denied family history. Conclusions: Williams-Beuren syndrome requires close follow-up with different medical specialties due to their variable clinical comorbidities, including language and school learning difficulties, behavioral and psychiatric problems.


RESUMO Antecedentes: A síndrome de Williams-Beauren é doença de acometimento multisistêmico causado pela microdeleção da região 7q11.23. Apesar de haver casos familiares com herança autossômica dominante, a grande maioria dos casos é esporádica. Objetivo: Investigar as principais queixas e achados clínicos da síndrome. Métodos: 757 pais de pacientes inscritos na Associação Brasileira de Síndrome de Williams-Beuren (ABSW) receberam um questionário pelo WhatsApp, entre março e julho de 2017. Resultados: 229 pais de pacientes responderam à pesquisa. A idade de diagnóstico variou de 2 dias até 34 anos (mediana: 3 anos). Os principais achados reportados pelos pais: cólicas abdominais (83,3%), deficiência ponderoestatural (71,5%), dificuldade de alimentação no primeiro ano (68,9%), otite (56,6%), infecções do trato urinário (31,9%), puberdade precoce (27,1%) e escoliose (15,9%). Cardiopatias estavam presentes em 66%, sendo que a mais frequente era a estenose pulmonar supravalvar (36%). Hipertensão arterial foi reportada em 23%. Hipercalcemia foi reportada em 10,5%, principalmente no primeiro ano de vida. Hiperacusia e hiperssociabilidade foram achados comuns (89%). Os principais achados comportamentais e psiquiátricos reportados pelos pais foram: déficit de atenção (89%), crises de raiva (83%), medo excessivo (66%), depressão (64%), ansiedade (67%) e hiperssexualidade (33%). As queixas principais referidas foram hipersensibilidade a sons, personalidade excessivamente amigável, dependência emocional e dificuldades escolares. Em 98,3% dos casos os pais negaram história familial. Conclusões: A síndrome de Williams-Beuren é requer um seguimento e manejo estritos, com diferentes especialidades médicas devido às comorbidades clínicas variadas, que incluem dificuldades de linguagem e aprendizagem escolar, além de dificuldades comportamentais e psiquiátricas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Williams Syndrome/epidemiology , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular , Brazil , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with supravalvular aortic stenosis.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents were subjected to conventional G-banding karyotyping, array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) analysis.@*RESULTS@#No karyotypic abnormality was detected in the child and his parents. aCGH has identified a de novo 278 kb deletion encompassing the ELN gene in 7q11.23, which overlapped with the critical region of Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). MLPA has confirmed above findings.@*CONCLUSION@#The proband was diagnosed with atypical WBS. Deletion of the ELN gene may predispose to supravalvular aortic stenosis in the proband.


Subject(s)
Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular , Genetics , Child , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Genetics , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Gene Deletion , Genetic Testing , Humans , Williams Syndrome , Genetics
3.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 879-888, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094095

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: diversos autores reflejan que la morfología de la silla turca constituye un factor predisponente para algunas enfermedades. Por ejemplo, se considera que existe correlación entre la morfología de esta estructura anatómica y varias patologías; como el síndrome de la silla turca vacía, síndrome de Williams, paladar hendido, entre otras. Objetivo: describir las variaciones anatómicas de la silla turca que se observan en las radiografías laterales de cráneo del Hospital Universitario "Faustino Pérez" de la ciudad de Matanzas, en el período de enero del 2017 a enero del 2018. Materiales y métodos: el universo fue 140 radiografías laterales de cráneo, de estas 85 pertenecieron al sexo femenino y 55 al masculino. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo y variaciones anatómicas de la silla turca. Se emplearon métodos teóricos y empíricos. Resultados: se observó un predominio de la variación anatómica de la silla turca en forma de U, en ambos sexos. Seguido de la forma de J, predominando la variación en forma de U en el grupo etario de 41 a 50 años y la forma de J en los pacientes mayores de 60 años. Conclusiones: es imprescindible el conocimiento de la anatomía normal de la silla turca y de sus variaciones anatómicas, tanto para las especialidades quirúrgicas como para las no quirúrgicas. Un análisis exhaustivo de la morfología de esta estructura es necesario para establecer parámetros que excluyan determinadas patologías.


ABSTRACT Introduction: several authors declare that sella turcica morphology is a predisposing factor to several diseases. For example, it is considered that there is a correlation between the morphology of this anatomical structure and several pathologies like empty sella turcica syndrome, Williams syndrome, cleft palate and others. Objective: to describe the anatomical variants of sella turcica observed in side cranial radiographies of the University Hospital ¨Faustino Perez¨ of Matanzas, in the period January 2017-January 2018. Materials and methods: the universe was 140 side cranial radiography: 85 belonged to female patients and 55 to male patients. The studied variables were age, sex and sella turcica anatomical variables. Theoretic and empirical methods were used. Results: it was observed a predominance of the U-shaped sella turcica anatomical variant in both sexes, followed by the J-shaped one. The U-shaped form predominated in the 41-50-years-old age-group and the J-shaped form in patients elder than 60 years. Conclusions: it is essential to know sella turcica normal anatomy and its anatomical variables, both for the surgical specialties and for the non-surgical ones. It is necessary the exhaustive analysis of this structure to establish parameters excluding several pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Aged , Sella Turcica/abnormalities , Sella Turcica/pathology , Sella Turcica/diagnostic imaging , Stomatognathic Diseases/diagnosis , Stomatognathic Diseases/epidemiology , Williams Syndrome/epidemiology , Williams Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Empty Sella Syndrome/epidemiology , Empty Sella Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Endocrine System Diseases/diagnosis , Endocrine System Diseases/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Causality , Anatomy, Cross-Sectional , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Observational Study
4.
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(2): 281-288, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997493

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of this paper was to describe the oral conditions of two children accompanied by their mothers who reported to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry of Fluminense Federal University with Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). Case report: The 9-year-old female patient had a family and medical history significant for placental abruption, caesarean section, delayed psychomotor development, learning disabilities, tendency to selfdistract and congenital heart disease. In contrast, the 7-year-old male patient had a normal birth and no gestational intercurrences. Discussion: Clinically, the female presented with mixed dentition, crowding in the maxillary and mandibular arches, prolonged retention of deciduous teeth, anterior and posterior cross-bite and Angle Class I malocclusion, while the male had mixed dentition and retarded psychomotor development. Due to the patients having congenital heart disease, a prophylactic antibiotic regimen was prescribed prior to the dental procedures in both of them. Conclusion: These patients had been followed up for 2 years and this case report underscores the importance of early dental evaluation and counselling for parents of WBS patients (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste trabalho foi descrever as condições bucais de duas crianças acompanhadas por suas mães que relataram ao Departamento de Odontopediatria da Universidade Federal Fluminense com síndrome de Williams-Beuren (SWB). Caso clínico: Paciente do sexo feminino, 9 anos de idade, tinha história familiar de descolamento prematuro da placenta, cesariana, atraso no desenvolvimento psicomotor, dificuldades de aprendizado, tendência a auto-distribuição e cardiopatia congênita. Em contraste, o paciente de 7 anos de idade teve um parto normal e sem intercorrências gestacionais. Discussão: Clinicamente, a menina apresentava dentição mista, apinhamento nos arcos maxilar e mandibular, retenção prolongada dos dentes decíduos, mordida cruzada anterior e posterior e má oclusão de Classe I de Angle, enquanto o menino apresentava dentição mista e desenvolvimento psicomotor retardado. Devido à doença cardíaca congênita, um regime profilático de antibiótico foi prescrito antes dos procedimentos odontológicos em ambos. Conclusão: Esses pacientes foram acompanhados por dois anos e este relato de caso ressalta a importância da avaliação odontológica precoce e do aconselhamento para pais de pacientes com SWB. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Oral Manifestations , Tooth, Deciduous , Williams Syndrome , Malocclusion
5.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 34(78): 37-48, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116632

ABSTRACT

En personas con discapacidad se presentan las enfermedades prevalentes de la cavidad bucal con mayor frecuencia. Dentro de éstas, las alteraciones oclusales, como el apiñamiento dentario, son muy frecuentes y se considera responsable de exacerbar la patología gingival, periodontal y la estética, con impacto en la salud bucodental y la calidad de vida de estos pacientes. La técnica basada en el uso de placas alineadoras es sencilla, no invasiva y fundamentalmente preventiva de la enfermedad buco-dental (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Orthodontics, Corrective , Quality of Life , Dental Care for Disabled , Malocclusion/therapy , Oral Hygiene , Arthrogryposis/therapy , Beckwith-Wiedemann Syndrome/therapy , Occlusal Splints , Williams Syndrome/therapy , Esthetics, Dental , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739532

ABSTRACT

14-3-3γ plays diverse roles in different aspects of cellular processes. Especially in the brain where 14-3-3γ is enriched, it has been reported to be involved in neurological and psychiatric diseases (e.g. Williams-Beuren syndrome and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease). However, behavioral abnormalities related to 14-3-3γ deficiency are largely unknown. Here, by using 14-3-3γ deficient mice, we found that homozygous knockout mice were prenatally lethal, and heterozygous mice showed developmental delay relative to wild-type littermate mice. In addition, in behavioral analyses, we found that 14-3-3γ heterozygote mice display hyperactive and depressive-like behavior along with more sensitive responses to acute stress than littermate control mice. These results suggest that 14-3-3γ levels may be involved in the developmental manifestation of related neuropsychiatric diseases. In addition, 14-3-3γ heterozygote mice may be a potential model to study the molecular pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric symptoms.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anxiety , Brain , Heterozygote , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Williams Syndrome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772028

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a fetus with ventricular septal defect (VSD) by using modified noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for the detection of microdeletion syndromes.@*METHODS@#Chromosomal karyotypes of the fetus and its parents were analyzed by G-banding technique. Next generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detect genomic copy number variations (CNVs) in cell-free fetal DNA. The results were verified by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).@*RESULTS@#The fetus and its parents all had a normal karyotype at 320-400 band level. NGS revealed a deletion of 1.30 Mb at 7q11.23 in the fetus, with a 93% overlap with that of Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). The father also had a deletion of 1.42 Mb at 7q11.23, with a 99% overlap with that of WBS. Modified NIPT also detected the 1.30 Mb deletion at 7q11.23 in the fetus. The result of FISH has confirmed the above results.@*CONCLUSION@#It is necessary to carry out genetic testing on fetuses with VSD. NGS can detect fetal microdeletion syndromes and help to trace their parental origin. The modified NIPT for fetal chromosomal microdeletions/microduplication syndromes is highly accurate.


Subject(s)
DNA Copy Number Variations , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Williams Syndrome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic diagnosis for a pregnant woman and her fetus.@*METHODS@#Chromosome G-banding and microarray analysis were used to analyze the woman featuring dysmorphism and recognition defect and her fetus featuring developmental retardation.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the woman was normal, but chromosome microarray analysis showed that she has carried a 1423 kb deletion at 7q11.23 region. Her fetus has carried a 1530 kb deletion at the same region. Both individuals were diagnosed as Williams-Beuren syndrome.@*CONCLUSION@#Familiarity with its clinical features and proper selection of genetic testing methods are crucial for the diagnosis of Williams-Beuren syndrome.


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Banding , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Female , Genetic Testing , Humans , Karyotyping , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Williams Syndrome , Diagnosis
9.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 34(4): 121-121, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093473

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El método científico es un método general, constituido por varias etapas necesarias en el desarrollo de toda investigación científica. Es la forma de abordar la realidad y estudiar los fenómenos de la naturaleza, para descubrir su esencia y sus interrelaciones. El método clínico es la aplicación particular del método científico en el ejercicio de la práctica médica, y en las condiciones económicas actuales prevalecientes a nivel mundial resulta de inestimable valor su aplicación por las ventajas que reporta desde ese punto de vista, así como también por el bienestar del paciente que no es sometido a innecesarios y costosos procedimientos diagnósticos. Objetivo: Proporcionar al personal médico los criterios clínicos para lograr, mediante el uso del método clínico, el diagnóstico de algunos síndromes genéticos; los que han sido elaborados luego de una exhaustiva delineación clínica de estos. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión de los textos básicos de genética clínica y sindromología con independencia del año de su publicación y se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos Medline, Lilacs y Cochrane en el periodo comprendido entre 2012 y 2016. Conclusiones: Fueron reflejados los criterios establecidos para el diagnóstico clínico de catorce síndromes genéticos(AU)


Introduction: The scientific method is a general method which consists of several stages necessary for the development of all scientific research. It is the way to approach reality and to study the phenomena of nature, to discover their essence and interrelations. The clinical method is the particular application of the scientific method in the medical practice, and in the current economic conditions prevailing worldwide, its application is of inestimable value because of the advantages it brings from that point of view, as well as for the well-being of the patient, who would not be subjected to unnecessary and expensive diagnostic procedures. Objective: To provide the medical personnel with the clinical criteria to achieve, through the use of the clinical method, the diagnosis of some genetic syndromes. Such criteria have been elaborated after an exhaustive clinical description of those conditions. Methods: A review of basic texts of clinical genetics and syndromology was carried out regardless the year of publication. A search was carried out in the databases Medline, Lilacs and Cochrane, in the period between 2012 and 2016. Conclusions: The criteria established for the clinical diagnosis of fourteen genetic syndromes have been presented(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pigmentation Disorders/diagnosis , Tuberous Sclerosis/diagnosis , Sturge-Weber Syndrome/diagnosis , Proteus Syndrome/diagnosis , Neurofibromatosis 1/diagnosis , Williams Syndrome/diagnosis , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/diagnosis , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Marfan Syndrome/diagnosis
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(3): 205-210, Sept. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975734

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Williams-Beuren syndrome is a rare disease with manifestations such as cardiovascular changes, distinct facial features, mental retardation, and learning disabilities. Oral manifestations are not commonly described and can often be misdiagnosed. This report describes the case of a male patient diagnosed with Williams-Beuren syndrome presenting classic clinical features that affect the face as a convex profile, with maxillary protrusion and mandibular retrusion, a discreetly acute nasolabial angle, passive labial sealing, and an open mandibular angle characteristic of Class II skeletal pattern. In addition, the patient has oral manifestations such as the absence of some dental elements, a Class II of Angle 1st division, dental cross bite, and atresic arches. The periodontal condition presents with generalized gingivitis. Knowledge about the possible manifestations of Williams-Beuren syndrome is important to improve the ability of orthodontists to better serve these patients.


RESUMEN: El síndrome de Williams-Beuren es una enfermedad rara con manifestaciones tales como cambios cardiovasculares, diversas características faciales, retraso mental y problemas de aprendizaje. Las manifestaciones orales no se describen comúnmente y con frecuencia se pueden diagnosticar erróneamente. Este informe describe el caso de un paciente masculino diagnosticado con síndrome de Williams-Beuren que presentaba características clínicas clásicas que afectaban la cara como un perfil convexo, con protrusión maxilar y retrusión mandibular, un ángulo nasolabial discretamente agudo, sellado labial pasivo y un ángulo mandibular abierto característico del patrón esquelético clase II. Además, el paciente presentaba manifestaciones orales tales como, ausencia de algunos elementos dentales, una clase II de Angle 1ª división, mordida dental cruzada y arcos acrílicos. La condición periodontal se presentaba con gingivitis generalizada. El conocimiento sobre las posibles manifestaciones del síndrome de Williams-Beuren es importante ya que mejora la capacidad de los ortodoncistas para atender mejor a estos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Williams Syndrome/diagnosis , Williams Syndrome/genetics , Orthodontics , Tooth Abnormalities/complications , Brazil , Radiography , Radiography, Panoramic , Cephalometry , Dental Care , Disabled Persons , Malocclusion/complications
11.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(8): 723-728, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976850

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY AIM To describe the incidence, diagnosis, and management of systemic arterial hypertension related to renal artery stenosis in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome. METHODS Sixty-five patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome were evaluated for hypertension. Enrolled patients underwent Doppler sonography of the renal arteries and Doppler echocardiography. Those with Doppler sonography-detected lesions or with normal Doppler sonography but severe hypertension underwent computed tomography or gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography of the aorta and renal vessels. Patients needing vascular therapeutic intervention underwent conventional angiography. RESULTS Systemic arterial hypertension was diagnosed in 21/65 patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome (32%; 13 male) with a mean age of 13.9 years (5mo-20yrs). In 8/21 patients renovascular hypertension was detected. Angioplasty was unsuccessful in five patients with renal artery stenosis, requiring additional treatment. Doppler echocardiography showed cardiac abnormalities in 16/21 (76%) hypertensive patients. CONCLUSION Cardiac abnormalities and hypertension in patients with Williams-Beuren syndrome are common. Thus, thorough evaluation and follow-up are necessary to reduce cardiovascular risks and mortality of these patients


RESUMO OBJETIVO Descrever a incidência, o diagnóstico e o tratamento da hipertensão arterial sistêmica relacionada com estenose da artéria renal em pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren. MÉTODOS Sessenta e cinco pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren foram avaliados quanto à presença de hipertensão. Os pacientes foram submetidos à ultrassonografia com Doppler das artérias renais e ecocardiograma Doppler. Aqueles com suspeita de hipertensão renovascular foram submetidos à tomografia computadorizada ou angiografia por ressonância magnética da aorta e vasos renais ou angiografia convencional. RESULTADOS A hipertensão arterial sistêmica foi diagnosticada em 21/65 pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren (32%, 13 do sexo masculino), com idade média de 13,9 anos (5 meses-20 anos). Em 8/21 pacientes foi detectada a hipertensão renovascular. Angioplastia não teve sucesso em cinco pacientes com estenose da artéria renal, necessitando de tratamento adicional. O ecocardiograma Doppler mostrou anormalidades cardíacas em 16/21 (76%) pacientes hipertensos. CONCLUSÃO As anormalidades cardíacas e hipertensão arterial em pacientes com síndrome de Williams-Beuren são muito frequentes, sendo necessários uma avaliação minuciosa e seguimento para diminuir o risco cardiovascular e a morbimortalidade desses pacientes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Renal Artery Obstruction/complications , Williams Syndrome/complications , Hypertension/etiology , Renal Artery Obstruction/epidemiology , Renal Artery Obstruction/diagnostic imaging , Brazil/epidemiology , Echocardiography, Doppler , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Williams Syndrome/epidemiology , Williams Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension/epidemiology , Hypertension/diagnostic imaging
12.
CoDAS ; 30(4): e20170188, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952867

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To verify indicators of cognitive development, receptive language skills and adaptive behavioral patterns in toddlers with Williams syndrome (WS). Methods The sample comprised 8 children of both sex, aged between 48 and 72 months with WS. Instruments of data collection were Denver Developmental Screening Test II; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale; Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1½-5and 6 to 18; Columbia Mental Maturity Scale (CMMS), and Behavior Problems Inventory-01. Results The major developmental impairments were associated with fine motor skills and personal care abilities. Deficits in receptive language and communication skills were reported according to the PPVT and Denver II, respectively. The caregivers reported behavioral and emotional problems associated to anxiety and depression, and attention problems scales of CBCL. Conclusion The toddlers demonstrated deficits in adaptive functioning and behavioral, motor and cognitive difficulties such as inattention and hyperactivity, stereotypies and aggressive behavior.


RESUMO Objetivo Verificar indicadores de desenvolvimento cognitivo, habilidades de linguagem receptiva e padrões comportamentais adaptativos em pré-escolares com Síndrome de Williams (SW). Método A amostra foi composta por 8 crianças de ambos os sexos, com idade entre 48 e 72 meses com SW. Os instrumentos de coleta de dados utilizados foram Denver Developmental Screening Test II; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test; Escala de comportamento adaptativo Vineland; Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) para as idades 1½-5 e 6 a 18; Inventário de Problemas de Comportamento (BPI-01) e Escala de Maturidade Mental Columbia. Resultados Os principais prejuízos de desenvolvimento foram associados a habilidades motoras finas e habilidades de cuidados pessoais. Os déficits em linguagem receptiva e habilidades de comunicação foram relatados de acordo com o PPVT e Denver II, respectivamente. Os cuidadores relataram problemas comportamentais e emocionais associados às escalas de ansiedade e depressão e de problemas de atenção do CBCL. Conclusão Os pré-escolares demonstraram déficits no funcionamento adaptativo e dificuldades comportamentais, motoras e cognitivas, como desatenção e hiperatividade, estereotipias e comportamento agressivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Social Behavior , Adaptation, Psychological , Williams Syndrome/psychology , Language Development , Developmental Disabilities/psychology , Cognition Disorders/psychology , Williams Syndrome/genetics , Intelligence Tests , Language Tests , Neuropsychological Tests
13.
CoDAS ; 30(5): e20170267, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-952874

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Identificar por meio de uma revisão sistemática da literatura quais são as características da avaliação audiológica clínica de indivíduos com síndrome de Williams. Estratégia de pesquisa Inicialmente foi determinada a seguinte pergunta de pesquisa: "Quais são as características da avaliação auditiva clínica em indivíduos com síndrome de Williams?". A partir desta, foi realizado um levantamento bibliográfico em 4 bases de dados, utilizando-se dos seguintes descritores: síndrome de Williams (Williams syndrome), perda auditiva (hearing loss) e audiologia (audiology). Critérios de seleção Foram selecionados artigos com nível de evidência 1 ou 2, publicados na íntegra nos idiomas português brasileiro ou inglês. Análise dos dados Foram analisados os resultados obtidos nos testes auditivos utilizados na rotina clínica, incluindo: imitanciometria, audiometria tonal, emissões otoacústicas e potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico. Resultados 209 estudos foram encontrados, porém apenas 12 contemplaram os critérios de inclusão para o estudo. Foi possível observar prevalência de curva timpanométrica do tipo A, que pode ocorrer juntamente com ausência de reflexos acústicos, perda auditiva neurossensorial de grau leve a moderado acometendo principalmente as frequências altas, emissões otoacústicas ausentes ou de menor amplitude e potencial evocado auditivo de tronco encefálico sem alteração retrococlear. Conclusão O comprometimento coclear é comum em indivíduos com síndrome de Williams e as principais alterações na avaliação auditiva nesta população são a ausência das emissões otoacústicas e dos reflexos acústicos bem como a presença de perda auditiva neurossensorial de grau leve a moderado principalmente nas frequências altas na audiometria tonal.


ABSTRACT Purpose Identify the characteristics of the clinical audiological evaluation of individuals with Williams syndrome by means of a systematic literature review. Research strategies The following research question was initially determined: "What are the characteristics of clinical auditory assessment in individuals with Williams syndrome?". From this, a bibliographic search was conducted in four databases using the descriptors: Williams syndrome, Hearing loss, and Audiology. Selection criteria Only full articles with evidence levels 1 or 2, published in Brazilian Portuguese or English, were selected. Data analysis Results obtained in the auditory tests used in the clinical routine, namely: immittance test, pure-tone audiometry, otoacoustic emissions, and brainstem auditory evoked potential were analyzed. Results Two hundred nine studies were found, but only 12 met the inclusion criteria for the study. It was possible to observe prevalence of type A tympanometry curve, which may occur with absence of acoustic reflexes, mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss, affecting mainly the high frequencies, absent or less amplified otoacoustic emissions, and brainstem auditory evoked potential without retrocochlear alteration. Conclusion Cochlear impairment is common in individuals with Williams syndrome and the main disorders found in the hearing assessment in this population are absence of otoacoustic emissions and acoustic reflexes, as well as presence of mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss, mainly in the high-frequency range, observed by audiometry.


Subject(s)
Humans , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous/physiology , Williams Syndrome/physiopathology , Hearing Loss/diagnosis , Acoustic Impedance Tests , Brazil/epidemiology , Audiology , Hearing Loss/epidemiology
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740583

ABSTRACT

Williams syndrome is a rare congenital disorder with various physical abnormalities and characterized by facial, oral, and dental features. Individuals with Williams syndrome typically have eating disorders in the early childhood, which lead to prolonged night feeding. Prolonged night feeding is a risk factor for rampant dental caries. Williams syndrome is caused by the microdeletion of chromosome 7, resulting in elastin deficiency. Elastin is integral to cardiovascular health. Many patients with Williams syndrome have complex cardiovascular abnormalities that must be considered a part of dental management. Complications related to cardiovascular diseases may induce adverse effects such as dangerously elevated blood pressure. This may occur in patients during stressful dental treatment. In addition, characteristics of auditory hyperalgesia and anxiety disorders among patients with William syndrome, complicate receiving routine dental management. Therefore, dental treatment under sedation or general anesthesia may be preferable for patients with Williams syndrome; in particular, patients who are very uncooperative and/or needs extensive dental treatment. A thorough evaluation of each patient's physical condition is required before making decisions regarding dental treatment. Careful monitoring and preparation for emergencies are very important during and shortly after dental treatment under general anesthesia or sedation. Monitoring is critical until vital signs have stabilized and return to normal. A 28-month-old man diagnosed as having Williams syndrome, visited the Dental Hospital of OO University for the management of rampant dental caries. We reported on the management of this patient who had peripheral pulmonic stenosis, and received dental treatment under general anesthesia. We also reviewed the characteristics of Williams syndrome and discussed considerations for dental treatment under general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, General , Anxiety Disorders , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Cardiovascular Diseases , Child, Preschool , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Dental Caries , Eating , Elastin , Emergencies , Humans , Hyperalgesia , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , Risk Factors , Vital Signs , Williams Syndrome
15.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 209-216, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738689

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of verifying genetic abnormalities using array comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) immediately after diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: Among neonates under the age of 28 days who underwent echocardiography from January 1, 2014 to April 30, 2016, neonates whose chromosomal and genomic abnormalities were tested using a-CGH in cases of an abnormal finding on echocardiography were enrolled. RESULTS: Of the 166 patients diagnosed with CHD, 81 underwent a-CGH and 11 patients (11/81, 13.5%) had abnormal findings on a-CGH. 22q11.2 deletion syndrome was the most common (4/11, 36.4%). On the first a-CGH, 4 patients were negative (4/81, 5%). Three of them were finally diagnosed with Williams syndrome using fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), 1 patient was diagnosed with Noonan syndrome through exome sequencing. All of them exhibited diffuse pulmonary artery branch hypoplasia, as well as increased velocity of blood flow, on repeated echocardiography. Five patients started rehabilitation therapy at mean 6 months old age in outpatient clinics and epilepsy was diagnosed in 2 patients. Parents of 2 patients (22q11.2 deletion syndrome and Patau syndrome) refused treatment due to the anticipated prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Screening tests for genetic abnormalities using a-CGH in neonates with CHD has the advantage of early diagnosis of genetic abnormality during the neonatal period in which there is no obvious symptom of genetic abnormality. However, there are disadvantages that some genetic abnormalities cannot be identified on a-CGH.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Diagnosis , DiGeorge Syndrome , Early Diagnosis , Echocardiography , Epilepsy , Exome , Heart Defects, Congenital , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Infant, Newborn , Mass Screening , Noonan Syndrome , Parents , Prognosis , Pulmonary Artery , Rehabilitation , Williams Syndrome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226721

ABSTRACT

Primary hypothyroidism related to morphological and volumetric abnormalities of the thyroid gland is one of the commonest of several endocrine dysfunctions in Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS). We report a 10-month-old boy with WBS who presented with central hypothyroidism. During the neonatal period, he had prolonged jaundice, feeding difficulties and episodes of colic that continued during early infancy. Additionally, there was slowing of growth and mild developmental delay. He underwent surgical repair for supravalvular aortic stenosis at 6 months of age. An evaluation done to exclude cortisol deficiency before initiating levothyroxine lead to the detection of secondary adrenal insufficiency, unreported previously in WBS. In addition, insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein-3 levels were low. This report of hypopituitarism in WBS indicates a need for complete evaluation of pituitary dysfunction in children with WBS.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Insufficiency , Aortic Stenosis, Supravalvular , Child , Colic , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Hypopituitarism , Hypothyroidism , Infant , Jaundice , Male , Thyroid Gland , Thyroxine , Williams Syndrome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33725

ABSTRACT

Williams syndrome (OMIM #194050) is a rare, well-recognized, multisystemic genetic condition affecting approximately 1/7,500 individuals. There are no marked regional differences in the incidence of Williams syndrome. The syndrome is caused by a hemizygous deletion of approximately 28 genes, including ELN on chromosome 7q11.2. Prenatal-onset growth retardation, distinct facial appearance, cardiovascular abnormalities, and unique hypersocial behavior are among the most common clinical features. Here, we report the case of a patient referred to us with distinct facial features and intellectual disability, who was diagnosed with Williams syndrome at the age of 37 years. Our aim is to increase awareness regarding the diagnostic features and complications of this recognizable syndrome among adult health care providers. Williams syndrome is usually diagnosed during infancy or childhood, but in the absence of classical findings, such as cardiovascular anomalies, hypercalcemia, and cognitive impairment, the diagnosis could be delayed. Due to the multisystemic and progressive nature of the syndrome, accurate diagnosis is critical for appropriate care and screening for the associated morbidities that may affect the patient's health and well-being.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Cognition Disorders , Diagnosis , Health Personnel , Humans , Hypercalcemia , Incidence , Intellectual Disability , Mass Screening , Williams Syndrome
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178700

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report two cases of Williams syndrome with ocular manifestations CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old boy who was diagnosed with Williams syndrome visited our hospital for ophthalmic examination. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in both eyes was 0.6. He had myopic astigmatism and 8 prism diopters of esotropia. Oval-shaped pupil with a stellate pattern of the iris and increased retinal vascular tortuosity were seen in both eyes. Another case of an 8-year-old boy with Williams syndrome also had myopia in both eyes. BCVA was 0.7 in the right eye and 0.4 in the left eye. A stellate pattern of the iris and increased retinal vascular tortuosity were also seen in both eyes. CONCLUSIONS: Williams syndrome, deletion of 7q11.23, has ocular anomalies including a stellate pattern of the iris, refractive errors, amblyopia, and strabismus. Therefore, careful ophthalmic examination should be considered when children are diagnosed with Williams syndrome.


Subject(s)
Amblyopia , Astigmatism , Child , Child, Preschool , Esotropia , Humans , Iris , Male , Myopia , Pupil , Refractive Errors , Retinaldehyde , Strabismus , Visual Acuity , Williams Syndrome
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651394

ABSTRACT

Williams syndrome is a multiple-system disorder, caused by deletion of the locus 7q11-23 gene and characterized by an ‘elfin’ facial appearance, developmental delay, cardiovascular disorders, and transient hypercalcemia. Vertebral abnormalities in Williams syndrome have not been reported yet, except for one case report on cervical stenosis at the C1 level. In this case, the authors incidentally found Williams syndrome with the fusion of the fifth and sixth cervical vertebrae and an associated dysphagia showing delayed, forward-deviating esophageal passage during a videofluoroscopic swallowing study. The authors could not confirm whether the multiple cervical vertebrae fusion was related with the Williams syndrome or was just incidental. However, because physiatrists frequently encounter children with Williams syndrome and numerous kinds of developmental delay, if a patient with Williams syndrome suffers from swallowing difficulty, evaluation of dysphagia and cervical abnormalities should be considered. The present authors report the case of multiple cervical vertebral fusion in Williams syndrome.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Child , Constriction, Pathologic , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders , Female , Humans , Hypercalcemia , Williams Syndrome
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 114(1): e1-e4, feb. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-838165

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de duplicación 7q11.23 es una patología causada por la duplicación de una región del cromosoma 7 que comprende 26 genes. El primer caso descrito en la literatura fue reportado por Somerville et al., en el año 2005, quienes describieron un paciente con dolicocefalia, frente alta y estrecha, pestanas largas, nariz alta y ancha, filtrum corto, paladar ojival, maloclusión dental, retrognatia y retardo grave en el lenguaje. Presentamos una paciente colombiana con hallazgo de duplicación 7q11.23 mediante técnicas de hibridación genómica comparativa y hallazgos clínicos clásicos. Este es el primer caso comunicado en Colombia y en América Latina.


7q11.23 duplication syndrome is a disease caused by duplication of a region of chromosome 7 comprising 26 genes. The first case described in the literature was reported by Somerville et al. in 2005, who described a patient with dolichocephaly, high and narrow forehead, long eyelashes, high and wide nose, short philtrum, high arched palate, dental malocclusion, retrognathia, and severe language delay. We report the case of a Colombian patient with 7q11.23 duplication by comparative genomic hybridization techniques, and classical clinical findings, this being the first reported case in Colombia and Latin America.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Williams Syndrome/diagnosis , Comparative Genomic Hybridization , Chromosome Duplication
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