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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922773

ABSTRACT

Pai-Nong-San (PNS), a prescription of traditional Chinese medicine, has been used for years to treat abscessation-induced diseases including colitis and colorectal cancer. This study was aimed to investigate the preventive effects and possible protective mechanism of PNS on a colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC) mouse model induced by azoxymethane (AOM)/dextran sodium sulfate (DSS). The macroscopic and histopathologic examinations of colon injury and DAI score were observed. The inflammatory indicators of intestinal immunity were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. The high throughput 16S rRNA sequence of gut microbiota in the feces of mice was performed. Western blot was used to investigate the protein expression of the Wnt signaling pathway in colon tissues. PNS improved colon injury, as manifested by the alleviation of hematochezia, decreased DAI score, increased colon length, and reversal of pathological changes. PNS treatment protected against AOM/DSS-induced colon inflammation by regulating the expression of CD4


Subject(s)
Animals , Azoxymethane/toxicity , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Colitis/genetics , Dextran Sulfate/toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Wnt Signaling Pathway/drug effects
2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 788-809, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922475

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary liver malignancy and is the fourth-leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. HCC is refractory to many standard cancer treatments and the prognosis is often poor, highlighting a pressing need to identify biomarkers of aggressiveness and potential targets for future treatments. Kinesin family member 2C (KIF2C) is reported to be highly expressed in several human tumors. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms underlying the role of KIF2C in tumor development and progression have not been investigated. In this study, we found that KIF2C expression was significantly upregulated in HCC, and that KIF2C up-regulation was associated with a poor prognosis. Utilizing both gain and loss of function assays, we showed that KIF2C promoted HCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis both in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, we identified TBC1D7 as a binding partner of KIF2C, and this interaction disrupts the formation of the TSC complex, resulting in the enhancement of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) signal transduction. Additionally, we found that KIF2C is a direct target of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, and acts as a key factor in mediating the crosstalk between Wnt/β-catenin and mTORC1 signaling. Thus, the results of our study establish a link between Wnt/β-catenin and mTORC1 signaling, which highlights the potential of KIF2C as a therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , /metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Protein Binding , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Survival Analysis , Tumor Burden , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , beta Catenin/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921907

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore effect of tobramycin (TOB) on healing of femoral fractures in rats.@*METHODS@#Totally 32 male sprague-dawley (SD) rats were selected and randomly divided into sham group (group A), fracture group (group B), fracture with TOB group (group C) and fracture + TOB + IWR-1 group (group D), 8 rats in each group. Close femoral fracture model in rats were established in group B, C and D, group A was sham operation without otherwise process. Group D was intraperitoneal injected 100 μl (8 μM) of Wnt pathway inhibitor IWR-1-endo (IWR-1) before molding at 1 day. At 1 day after molding, 100 μl (100 μM) of TOB was intraperitoneally injected into group C and D at once a day for 7 days. At 7 weeks after modling, fracture healing of group B, C and D were observed by X-ray, Western blotting was appilied to detect alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and Runt related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and β-catenin of Wnt passway.@*RESULTS@#X-ray results showed fracture line disappeared, callus formation and fracture healing well in group C compared with begning of molding; while a little fracture line, callus formation and fracture malunion in group B and d could be seen. Western blotting results showed ALP, RUNX2 and expression of β-catenin in group B, C and D were higher than that of group A (@*CONCLUSION@#Tobramycin could promote osteoblast differentiation and fracture healing by stimulating Wnt / β-catenin signaling pathway, up regulating expression of ALP and RUNX2.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/genetics , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Healing , Male , Osteogenesis , Rats , Tobramycin , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878726

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of dexmedetomidine(Dex)on sevoflurane-induced cognitive impairment in neonatal rats through Wnt signaling pathway. Methods Sixty 7-day-old SD rats were assigned into five groups:control group(without any intervention),Dex group(intraperitoneal injection of 25 μg/kg Dex),sevoflurane group(3% sevoflurane treatment for 4 hours),sevoflurane+Dex group(inhalation of 3% sevoflurane after injection of 25 μg/kg Dex for 4 hours),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(Wnt inhibitor XAV393 and 25 μg/kg Dex were injected and 3% sevoflurane was inhaled for 4 hours).Three weeks later,Morris water maze was used to detect the cognitive function;TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling(TUNEL)staining was performed to detect the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons;neuronal nuclei (NeuN) staining was conducted to detect the survival of hippocampal neurons;Western blot was carried out to detect the expression of apoptosis-related proteins.The expression of the factors involved in Wnt/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling pathway was detected by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction,and Western blot. Results Compared with the control group,there was no significant difference in the escape latency of Dex group(t=0.304,P=0.768);the escape latency in sevoflurane group(t=5.823,P=0.002),sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.188,P=0.010),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=5.784,P=0.002)was significantly prolonged.Compared with that in the sevoflurane group,the escape latency in sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.646,P=0.005)was significantly shortened.Compared with that in sevoflurane+Dex group,the escape latency in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=3.296,P=0.008)was prolonged.Compared with that in the control group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane group(t=5.179, P=0.004),sevoflurane+Dex group(t=2.309,P=0.043),and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=3.871, P=0.003)decreased.Compared with that in sevoflurane group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane+Dex group(t=3.296,P=0.008)significantly increased.Compared with that in sevoflurane+Dex group,the times of crossing platform in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group(t=2.361, P=0.041)reduced.Compared with the control group,there was no significant difference in the number of apoptotic cells in Dex group(t=1.920,P=0.127),and the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane group,sevoflurane+Dex group,and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group increased by 16%(t=13.436,P=0.002),5%(t=7.752, P=0.001),and 11.5%(t=12.612,P=0.002),respectively.Compared with that in the sevoflurane group,the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane+Dex group and sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group decreased by 11%(t=8.521,P=0.002)and 5.5%(t=3.123,P=0.036),respectively.Compared with that in the sevoflurane+Dex group,the number of apoptotic cells in sevoflurane+Dex+Wnt inhibitor group increased by 6.5%(t=6.250,P=0.003).Compared with that in the control group,the number of positive cells in 0.15 mm


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Cognitive Dysfunction/chemically induced , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sevoflurane/toxicity , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887900

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression and significance of leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein coupled receptor(LGR)5/6 in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL). Methods A total of 39 children who had ALL and achieved complete remission on day 33 after induction therapy were enrolled.The children before induction therapy were considered as the incipient group,and those who achieved complete remission on day 33 by induction therapy were considered as the remission group.According to the degree of risk,they were assigned into 3 groups:low-risk(


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Leucine , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway
6.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2342-2350, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887801

ABSTRACT

The balance of bone metabolism depends on the dynamic balance between bone formation and bone resorption. Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is involved in the regulation of bone resorption and bone formation, and plays an important role in maintaining the balance of bone metabolism. Recently, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is shown to play an essential role in different process of bone metabolism. LncRNA can also regulate the balance of bone metabolism via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Few studies report that lncRNA regulates bone metabolism via Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. Therefore, we summarize here the role of lncRNA in bone metabolism from the perspective of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. LncRNA indirectly regulates Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by targeting miRNAs as well as activating or inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway via targeting the key molecules of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, thus to regulate bone metabolism. These findings provide new ideas and directions for the study of the mechanism whereby lncRNA regulates bone metabolism.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878412

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to explore the effect of sex determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9) on the microtubule formation and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) CAL27 and the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#SOX9-shRNA1 and SOX9-shRNA2 were designed and synthesized and then transfected into CAL27 cells. The expression of SOX9 was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Microtubule formation assay was used to detect the change in the number of microtubule nodules after interfering with SOX9. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the Vimentin content. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of EMT marker molecules and Wnt/β-catenin pathway-related proteins, such as E-cadherin, N-cadherin, Fibronectin, Wnt, β-catenin, T-cell factor-4 (TCF-4).@*RESULTS@#The expression level of SOX9 significantly decreased after transfection with SOX9-shRNA1 and SOX9-shRNA2 in CAL27 cells (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Interference with SOX9 decreased Vimentin content and inhibited the microtubule formation and protein expression of EMT marker molecules, as well as the expression of proteins related to the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. Thus, SOX9 can induce microtubule formation and EMT in CAL27, which was related to the inhibition of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway activation.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Microtubules/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms , SOX9 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 233-243, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878252

ABSTRACT

There is increasing evidence that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) plays critical roles in cancer progression. However, the role of long non-coding RNA 00665 (LINC00665) in most cancers is poorly understood. The purpose of the present study was to reveal the functional role of LINC00665 in cervical cancer cells. HeLa cells were subjected to LINC00665 short hairpin RNA (shRNA) or control shRNA treatment to investigate the metastasis and proliferation phenotype of cervical cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Transcriptome sequencing experiments of HeLa cells in LINC00665 silencing or control group were conducted, and the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened. The DEGs were subjected to Metascape database functional analysis and gene set enrichment analysis. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers and a key element of WNT/β‑catenin pathway, CTNNB1 (catenin beta 1), were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence assay. The results showed that silencing LINC00665 reduced cell viability of Hela cells, up-regulated protein expression level of E-cadherin, down-regulated protein expression levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin and CTNNB1, and inhibited cell migration and invasion of HeLa cells. Bioinformatics analysis results showed that LINC00665 might promote EMT by activating WNT-CTNNB1/β‑catenin signaling pathway. These results indicate that LINC00665 has functions in transcriptional EMT regulation via WNT-CTNNB1/β‑catenin signaling pathway and therefore can be developed as a therapeutic target for cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , HeLa Cells , Humans , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 963-970, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878129

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) regulates chondrocyte hypertrophy and bone formation. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of HDAC4 on Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β)-induced chondrocyte extracellular matrix degradation and whether it is regulated through the WNT family member 3A (WNT3A)/β-catenin signaling pathway.@*METHODS@#Primary chondrocytes (CC) and human chondrosarcoma cells (SW1353 cells) were treated with IL-1β and the level of HDAC4 was assayed using Western blotting. Then, HDAC4 expression in the SW1353 cells was silenced using small interfering RNA to detect the effect of HDAC4 knockdown on the levels of matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) and MMP13 induced by IL-1β. After transfection with HDAC4 plasmids, the overexpression efficiency was examined using Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and the levels of MMP3 and MMP13 were assayed using Western blotting. After incubation with IL-1β, the translocation of β-catenin into the nucleus was observed using immunofluorescence staining in SW1353 cells to investigate the activation of the WNT3A/β-catenin signaling pathway. Finally, treatment with WNT3A and transfection with glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) plasmids were assessed for their effects on HDAC4 levels using Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#IL-1β downregulated HDAC4 levels in chondrocytes and SW1353 cells. Furthermore, HDAC4 knockdown increased the levels of MMP3 and MMP13, which contributed to the degradation of the extracellular matrix. Overexpression of HDAC4 inhibited IL-1β-induced increases in MMP3 and MMP13. IL-1β upregulated the levels of WNT3A, and WNT3A reduced HDAC4 levels in SW1353 cells. GSK-3β rescued IL-1β-induced downregulation of HDAC4 in SW1353 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#HDAC4 exerted an inhibitory effect on IL-1β-induced extracellular matrix degradation and was regulated partially by the WNT3A/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/genetics , Histone Deacetylases/genetics , Humans , Interleukin-1beta/pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3 , Repressor Proteins , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt3A Protein/genetics , beta Catenin/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880093

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 and 6 (LRP5/6) in the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in the pathogenesis and prognosis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 43 children who were newly diagnosed and achieved complete remission after remission induction therapy were enrolled. The children before treatment were included in incipient group, and after treatment when achieved complete remission included in remission group. A total of 39 children with immune thrombocytopenia were enrolled in control group. Three milliliter bone marrow samples were collected from above-mentioned each group. QRT-PCR was used to determine the mRNA expression of LRP5 and LRP6 in blood mononuclear cells of bone marrow. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of LRP5 and LRP6. According to the protein expression levels of LRP5 and LRP6, the children were divided into low-expression group and high-expression group, and the clinical biological characteristics were compared between these two groups. Survival analysis was performed by Kaplan-Meier method.@*RESULTS@#Both mRNA and protein expression levels of LRP5 and 6 were upregulated in the incipient group compared with the control and remission group (P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expressions of LRP5 and LRP6 in the high-risk group were higher than those in the medium-risk group (P<0.05), it is the same as in the medium-risk group than the low-risk group (P<0.05). The mRNA and protein expressions of LRP5 and 6 positively correlated with risk degree in the incipient group (r@*CONCLUSION@#The high expression of LRP5/6 may be one of the pathogenesis of childhood ALL, and the degree of LRP5/6 increase may be related to the risk level.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Lipoproteins, LDL , Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5 , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Receptors, LDL , Wnt Signaling Pathway , beta Catenin/metabolism
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879615

ABSTRACT

Tooth agenesis is the most common form of congenital craniofacial dysplasia seen in stomatology clinics, which may be caused by genetic and/or environmental factors. Tooth development is regulated by a series of signaling pathways, and variants in any of these strictly balanced signaling cascades can result in tooth agenesis and/or other oral defects. Notably, variants of genes of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway are important cause for both non-syndromic and syndromic tooth agenesis. This article has provided a review for the molecular genetics of tooth agenesis associated with Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway, which may shed lights on the etiology and molecular mechanism of this disease.


Subject(s)
Anodontia/genetics , Genetic Research , Humans , Tooth , Wnt Proteins/genetics , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics
12.
Biol. Res ; 53: 33, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131890

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is a common and fatal malignancy of the female reproductive system. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the primary causal agent for cervical cancer, but HPV infection alone is insufficient to cause the disease. Actually, most HPV infections are sub-clinical and cleared spontaneously by the host immune system; very few persist and eventually develop into cervical cancer. Therefore, other host or environmental alterations could also contribute to the malignant phenotype. One of the candidate co-factors is the ß-catenin protein, a pivotal component of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. ß-Catenin mainly implicates two major cellular activities: cell-cell adhesion and signal transduction. Recent studies have indicated that an imbalance in the structural and signaling properties of ß-catenin leads to various cancers, such as cervical cancer. In this review, we will systematically summarize the role of ß-catenin in cervical cancer and provide new insights into therapeutic strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Papillomavirus Infections/pathology , beta Catenin/physiology , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Carcinogenesis
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9488, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132541

ABSTRACT

Macrophages play pivotal roles in host defense and immune homeostasis, which have two major functional polarization states, the classically activated M1 and the alternatively activated M2. Interleukin (IL)-17A is an immune modulator able to shape macrophage phenotypes. Wnt/β-catenin is a developmental signaling pathway that plays crucial roles in morphogenesis and tissue homeostasis, which has also been recently demonstrated playing roles in immune regulation. A growing amount of evidence suggests that both Wnt and IL-17A signaling are involved in macrophage polarization. However, their interaction in macrophage polarization remains elusive. The aim of present study was to explore impacts of Wnt/β-catenin on IL-17A-mediated macrophage M1/M2 polarization in murine monocyte/macrophage-like cell line RAW264.7. Results revealed that IL-17A activated Wnt/β-catenin signaling and induced macrophage M1 polarization, but inhibited M2 polarization. In contrast, the activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling led to the inhibition of M1 macrophage polarization but the promotion of M2 polarization. Importantly, the activation of Wnt/β-catenin also showed abilities to inhibit the IL-17A-induced M1 macrophage polarization while diminishing the IL-17A-inhibited M2 polarization. Molecular analysis further uncovered that the JAK/STAT signaling pathway was involved in the interaction of Wnt/β-catenin and IL-17A in the modulation of macrophage polarization. These results suggested that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling modulated IL-17A-altered macrophage polarization in part by regulating the JAK/STAT signaling pathway. This study thus revealed a novel function of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in regulating IL-17A-altered macrophage polarization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Interleukin-17 , beta Catenin , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(8): e9794, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132540

ABSTRACT

Although estrogen has crucial functions for endometrium growth, the specific dose and underlying molecular mechanism in intrauterine adhesion (IUA) remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of estrogen on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in normal and fibrotic endometrium, and the role of estrogen and Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the formation of endometrial fibrosis. CCK-8 and immunofluorescence assay were performed to access the proliferation of different concentrations of estrogen on normal human endometrial epithelial cells (hEECs). qRT-PCR and western blot assay were utilized to explore the effect of estrogen on EMT in normal and fibrotic endometrium, and main components of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in vitro. Hematoxylin and eosin and Masson staining were used to evaluate the effect of estrogen on endometrial morphology and fibrosis in vivo. Our results indicated that the proliferation of normal hEECs was inhibited by estrogen at a concentration of 30 nM accompanied by upregulation of mesenchymal markers and downregulation of epithelial markers. Interestingly, in the model of transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1)-induced endometrial fibrosis, the same concentration of estrogen inhibited the process of EMT, which might be partially mediated by regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. In addition, relatively high doses of estrogen efficiently increased the number of endometrial glands and reduced the area of fibrosis as determined by the reduction of EMT in IUA animal models. Taken together, our results demonstrated that an appropriate concentration of estrogen may prevent the occurrence and development of IUA by inhibiting the TGF-β1-induced EMT and activating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Uterine Diseases , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Estrogens , Wnt Signaling Pathway
15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 101-108, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811089

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Melasma is a chronic acquired focal hypermelanosis which pathogenesis has not been fully elucidated. Classical pathophysiologic studies have analysed the affected and perilesional areas, but little is known about the status of sun-protected skin, which is subjected to the same endogenous and genetic factors.OBJECTIVE: To assess the histological characteristics of melasma compared to adjacent and retroauricular skin.METHODS: Skin samples were collected from 10 female from: melasma, perilesional area and retroauricular. The samples were stained (haematoxylin-eosin, periodic acid-Schiff, Fontana-Masson, picrosirius red, toluidine blue and Verhoeff), immunolabelled for CD34 and Wnt1. The data from the skin sites were analysed simultaneously by a multivariate model.RESULTS: Melasma skin exhibited noteworthy stratum corneum compaction, greater collagen heterogeneity, solar elastosis, higher number of mast cells, basement membrane zone (BMZ) damage, Wnt1 expression, pendulum melanocytes, higher cellularity and vascular proliferation at the superficial dermis. Stratum corneum compaction, collagen heterogeneity and BMZ abnormalities were variables associated to melasma that not follow a continuum through retroauricular to adjacent skin. Mast cell count was the variable that disclosed correlation with the most other abnormalities as well as had the greater contribution in the multivariate model.CONCLUSION: In addition to melanocyte hyperactivity, melasma skin exhibits alterations in the epidermal barrier, upper dermis and BMZ, which differ from the adjacent sun-exposed skin and retroauricular skin, indicating a distinct phenotype, rather than a mere extension of photoageing or intrinsic ageing. Mast cells appear to play a central role in the physiopathology of melasma.


Subject(s)
Basement Membrane , Collagen , Dermis , Epidermis , Female , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Mast Cells , Melanocytes , Melanosis , Phenotype , Population Characteristics , Skin , Tolonium Chloride , Wnt Signaling Pathway
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828960

ABSTRACT

Once pulp necrosis or apical periodontitis occurs on immature teeth, the weak root and open root apex are challenging to clinicians. Berberine (BBR) is a potential medicine for bone disorders, therefore, we proposed to apply BBR in root canals to enhance root repair in immature teeth. An in vivo model of immature teeth with apical periodontitis was established in rats, and root canals were filled with BBR, calcium hydroxide or sterilized saline for 3 weeks. The shape of the roots was analyzed by micro-computed tomography and histological staining. In vitro, BBR was introduced into stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs). Osteogenic differentiation of stem cells from apical papilla was investigated by alkaline phosphatase activity, mineralization ability, and gene expression of osteogenic makers. The signaling pathway, which regulated the osteogenesis of SCAPs was evaluated by quantitative real time PCR, Western blot analysis, and immunofluorescence. In rats treated with BBR, more tissue was formed, with longer roots, thicker root walls, and smaller apex diameters. In addition, we found that BBR promoted SCAPs osteogenesis in a time-dependent and concentration-dependent manner. BBR induced the expression of β-catenin and enhanced β-catenin entering into the nucleus, to up-regulate more runt-related nuclear factor 2 downstream. BBR enhanced root repair in immature teeth with apical periodontitis by activating the canonical Wnt/β-catenin pathway in SCAPs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Berberine , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Dental Papilla , Male , Osteogenesis , Periapical Periodontitis , Therapeutics , Rats , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt3A Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , X-Ray Microtomography
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1256-1260, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of miR-144 to the biological behavior of multiple myeloma cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#RT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-144 in multiple myeloma cells and plasma of MM patients. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation and cloning ability of myeloma cells transfected by miR-144. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle distribution of myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144. Apoptosis of myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144 was detected by TUNEL assay. Transwell cell invasion and migration assay was used to detect the invasion and migration ability of myeloma cells with overexpressing on miR-144.Western blot analysis was used to detect the protein expression levels of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in myeloma cells with over expression of miR-144, as well as the expression levels of proteins related to Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of miR-144 in MM cell lines and blood of MM patients was significantly lower than that in control group (P<0.05). The proliferation, invasion and migration of myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144 were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the apoptosis level was increased (P<0.05). The expression levels of MMP-9, MMP-2, Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in myeloma cells with over-expression of miR-144 were significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-144 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of multiple myeloma cells and induce cell apoptosis. The specific mechanism may be related with the activity of inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Biological Products , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs , Multiple Myeloma , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wnt4 Protein , beta Catenin
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880817

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism by which fractalkine (CX3CL1; FKN) inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced immunological response in RAW264.7 cells.@*METHODS@#A RAW264.7 cell model overexpressing FKN was established by transfection with the lentiviral vector CX3CL1. The effects of LPS, ICG-001 (a Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway inhibitor), either alone or in combination, on M1 polarization of na?ve and FKN-overexpressing RAW264.7 cells were evaluated by detecting of intereukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-@*RESULTS@#The RAW264.7 cell model of FKN overexpression was successfully established. In na?ve RAW264.7 cells, treatment with both ICG-001 and LPS, as compared with LPS alone, significant promoted TNF-@*CONCLUSIONS@#FKN overexpression suppresses LPS-induced M1 type polarization of RAW264.7 cells by activating Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chemokine CX3CL1 , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Macrophages , Mice , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Wnt Signaling Pathway
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879798

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression and significance of ubiquitin-specific protease 7 (USP7) and the key factors of the Wnt signaling pathway in the lung tissue of preterm rats after hyperoxia exposure.@*METHODS@#A total of 180 preterm neonatal Wistar rats were randomly divided into an air control group, an air intervention group, a hyperoxia control group, and a hyperoxia intervention group, with 45 rats in each group. Lung injury was induced by hyperoxia exposure in the hyperoxia groups. The preterm rats in the intervention groups were given intraperitoneal injection of the USP7 specific inhibitor P5091 (5 mg/kg) every day. The animals were sacrificed on days 3, 5, and 9 of the experiment to collect lung tissue specimens. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of lung tissue. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to measure the mRNA and protein expression levels of USP7 and the key factors of the Wnt signaling pathway β-catenin and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) in lung tissue.@*RESULTS@#The air groups had normal morphology and structure of lung tissue; on days 3 and 5, the hyperoxia control group showed obvious alveolar compression and disordered structure, with obvious inflammatory cells, erythrocyte diapedesis, and interstitial edema. On day 9, the hyperoxia control group showed alveolar structural disorder and obvious thickening of the alveolar septa. Compared with the hyperoxia control group at the corresponding time points, the hyperoxia intervention group had significantly alleviated disordered structure, inflammatory cell infiltration, and bleeding in lung tissue. At each time point, the hyperoxia groups had a significantly lower radial alveolar count (RAC) than the corresponding air groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Hyperoxia exposure can activate the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, and USP7 may participate in hyperoxic lung injury through the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. The USP7 specific inhibitor P5091 may accelerate the degradation of β-catenin by enhancing its ubiquitination, reduce lung epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and thus exert a certain protective effect against hyperoxic lung injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Newborn , Hyperoxia/physiopathology , Lung/physiopathology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Thiophenes/pharmacology , Ubiquitin-Specific Peptidase 7/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Specific Proteases , Wnt Signaling Pathway
20.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7952, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974269

ABSTRACT

Malignant melanoma is an aggressive skin cancer with a high mortality rate. Nucleolar protein 14 (NOP14) has been implicated in cancer development. However, the role of NOP14 in malignant melanoma progression remains largely unclear. In this study, we observed that malignant melanoma tissue showed NOP14 down-regulation compared to melanocytic nevi tissues. Moreover, we observed that NOP14 expression was significantly associated with melanoma tumor thickness and lymph node metastasis. NOP14 overexpression in melanoma cells suppressed proliferation, caused G1 phase arrest, promoted apoptosis, and inhibited melanoma cell migration and invasion. Further investigations revealed that NOP14 overexpression reduced the expression levels of Wnt3a, β-catenin, and GSK-3β of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway. In summary, we demonstrated that NOP14 inhibited melanoma cell proliferation and metastasis by regulating the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Nuclear Proteins/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics , Melanoma/secondary , Skin Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , beta Catenin/genetics , Lymphatic Metastasis , Melanoma/metabolism
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