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1.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 13(1): 1-18, jan.-abr. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090457

ABSTRACT

As mudanças contemporâneas ocorridas no mundo do trabalho impuseram maiores exigências aos trabalhadores e, por vezes, mostraram-se propiciadoras de diferentes violências, tais como o assédio moral no trabalho (AMT). Objetivou-se compreender como esse fenômeno vem sendo investigado por pesquisadores brasileiros. Foi realizada uma revisão de literatura de publicações indexadas nas bases de dados SciELO, PePSIC e Index-psi-periódicos. Analisou-se as características da produção científica, os procedimentos metodológicos e os objetivos e resultados dos artigos. Nos resultados destaca-se a atualidade das pesquisas e intervenções, a diversidade de objetivos e contextos investigados, bem como a necessidade de mais pesquisas que considerem a dimensão subjetiva, as características da organização, da equipe de trabalho e da sociedade para compreender o fenômeno de forma complexa. Por fim, evidencia-se a necessidade de uma visão sistêmica e de conscientizar a sociedade sobre a prevenção e o combate ao AMT.


Contemporary changes in the world of work have imposed greater demands on workers and sometimes proved conducive to different forms of violence, such as moral harassment at work. This study aimed to understand how Brazilian researchers have been investigating this phenomenon. A literature review of publications indexed in Brazilian SciELO, PePSIC and Index Psi Periódicos databases was carried out. The characteristics of the production, methodological procedures, objectives and results presented in the papers were analyzed. It was possible to see the relevance of current research and interventions, the diversity of objectives and contexts investigated, as well as the need for an analysis that considers the subjective dimension, the characteristics of the organization, the work team and the society to understand the phenomenon. Finally, the data demonstrated the need for a systemic view in investigations and interventions and to raise society's awareness of the importance of preventing and tackling moral harassment.


Subject(s)
Violence , Harassment, Non-Sexual , Work , Workplace
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3234, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1101731

ABSTRACT

Objective: to explore self-perception competence among Spanish nurses dealing with patient death and its relationship with work environment, evidence-based practice, and occupational stress. Method: a cross-sectional web-based survey collected information from a convenience sample of 534 nurses from professional Spanish Colleges who answered four validated questionnaires: Coping with Death Scale, Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index, Perception of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) and Nursing Stress Scale. Results: a total of 79% of the participants were women, the average age was 40 years old, 38% had a postgraduate degree and 77% worked in public health settings. Many nurses evaluated their work environment as unfavorable (66%), reported high occupational stress (83.5±14.9), and had high scores on knowledge/skills in EBP (47.9±11.3). However, 61.2% of them perceived an optimal coping (>157 score). The multivariate logistic model indicated positive associations with work environment and EBP characteristics (OR: 1.30, p=0.054; OR: 1.04, p=0.007; OR: 1.13, p<0.001, respectively) but negative associations with occupational stress and short work experience (OR: 0.98, p=0.0043; OR: 0.74, p<0.002, respectively). These factors explained 23.1% of the coping variance (p<0.001). Conclusion: although most nurses perceived optimal coping, the situation could be enhanced by modifying several contextual factors. The identification of these factors would improve the quality of end-of-life care by facilitating nursing management.


Objetivo: explorar a capacidade de autopercepção entre enfermeiros espanhóis que lidam com a morte do paciente e sua relação com o ambiente de trabalho, a prática baseada em evidências e o estresse ocupacional. Método: pesquisa transversal pela internet coletou informações de uma amostra de conveniência de 534 enfermeiros das Faculdades Profissionais Espanholas que responderam a quatro questionários: Escala de Enfrentamento da Morte, Escala Ambiente de Trabalho da Prática de Enfermagem, Percepção da Prática Baseada em Evidências (EBP, acrônimo em inglês) e Escala de Estresse em Enfermagem. Resultados: 79% das participantes eram mulheres com média de 40 anos, 38% tinham pós-graduação e 77% trabalhavam em ambiente de saúde pública. Muitos enfermeiros avaliaram seu ambiente de trabalho como desfavorável (66%), relataram alto estresse ocupacional (83,5 ± 14,9) e altas pontuações em conhecimento/habilidades em EBP (47,9 ± 11,3). No entanto, 61,2% deles consideraram um enfrentamento ótimo (pontuação >157). O modelo logístico multivariado indicou associações positivas com o ambiente de trabalho e as características da EBP (OR: 1,30, p = 0,054; OR: 1,04, p = 0,007; OR: 1,13, p < 0,001, respectivamente), mas negativas com estresse ocupacional e curta experiência de trabalho (OR: 0,98, p = 0,0043; OR: 0,74, p < 0,002, respectivamente). Esses fatores explicaram 23,1% da variância de enfrentamento (p < 0,001). Conclusão: embora a maioria dos enfermeiros considerasse um enfrentamento ótimo, a situação poderia ser melhorada pela modificação de vários fatores contextuais. A identificação desses fatores melhoraria a qualidade da assistência no final da vida, facilitando a gestão da enfermagem.


Objetivo: explorar el afrontamiento autopercibido por los profesionales españoles de enfermería para trabajar con pacientes moribundos y su relación con el entorno laboral, la práctica clínica y el estrés ocupacional. Método: estudio observacional transversal vía internet de una muestra de conveniencia con 534 enfermeros reclutados a través de colegios profesionales españoles que respondieron a cuatro cuestionarios validados: Escala de Afrontamiento de la Muerte, Entorno de la Práctica Enfermera, Práctica Basada en la Evidencia en Enfermería (PBE) y Escala de Estrés para Enfermería. Resultados: la mayoría de los participantes fueron mujeres (79%), de 40 años de media, con estudios de posgrado (38%) y trabajando en el sistema público (77%). Gran parte evaluó su ambiente de trabajo como desfavorable (66%), mostrando estrés ocupacional (83,5 ± 14,9) y altas puntuaciones en conocimiento/habilidades-PBE (47,9 ± 11,3). Sin embargo, el 61,2% autopercibía un afrontamiento óptimo (> 157 puntos). El análisis de regresión logística multivariante mostró que el afrontamiento se asociaba positivamente con el entorno laboral y dos subescalas-PBE (OR: 1,30, p= 0,054; OR: 1,04, p= 0,007; OR: 1,13, p <0,001, respectivamente), pero negativamente con el estrés ocupacional y la poca experiencia laboral (OR: 0,98, p= 0,0043; OR: 0,74, p <0,002, respectivamente). Estos factores explicaban el 23,1% de la varianza (p <0.001). Conclusión: aunque la mayoría de los enfermeros percibían un afrontamiento óptimo, la situación podría mejorarse modificando algunos factores. La identificación de estos factores mejoraría la calidad de la atención de los pacientes al final de la vida, facilitando la gestión de enfermería.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Physician-Patient Relations , Stress, Psychological , Terminal Care , Adaptation, Psychological , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace/psychology , Death , Evidence-Based Practice , Nursing Staff, Hospital
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3235, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1058534

ABSTRACT

Objective: identify the associations between the sociodemographic, and work variables, health conditions and lifestyles, and the risks of illness of nursing workers in a psychiatric hospital. Method: analytical cross-sectional study. The sample of 74 workers answered a questionnaire for sociodemographic, work, health conditions and lifestyles survey characterization. The Work Context Assessment Scale and the Human Cost at Work Scale were used to evaluate the perception of the risks of illness in the interviewee's opinion. A descriptive and bivariate analysis was performed, with significance of 5%. Results: the factors associated with the risk of illness were: insomnia complaints, night work and workday. Conclusion: the associations between the work variables, health conditions and life habits can harm the health of the nursing staff of a psychiatric hospital.


Objetivo: identificar as associações entre as variáveis sociodemográficas, laborais, condições de saúde, hábitos de vida e os riscos de adoecimento do trabalhador de enfermagem de um hospital psiquiátrico. Método: estudo transversal analítico. A amostra de 74 trabalhadores respondeu a um questionário para caracterização sociodemográfica, laboral, levantamento de condições de saúde e hábitos de vida. Para avaliar a percepção dos riscos de adoecimento, na opinião do entrevistado, foram utilizadas a Escala de Avaliação do Contexto de Trabalho e a Escala de Custo Humano no Trabalho. Realizou-se análise descritiva e bivariada, com significância de 5%. Resultados: os fatores associados aos riscos de adoecimento foram: queixas de insônia, trabalho noturno e jornada de trabalho. Conclusão: há evidências de que as associações entre as variáveis laborais, condições de saúde e hábitos de vida podem prejudicar a saúde da equipe de enfermagem de um hospital psiquiátrico.


Objetivo: identificar las asociaciones entre las variables sociodemográficas, laborales, las condiciones de salud, los estilos de vida y de los riesgos de enfermedad de los trabajadores de enfermería en un hospital psiquiátrico. Método: estudio analítico transversal. La muestra de 74 trabajadores respondió a un cuestionario de caracterización sociodemográfica y laboral, condiciones de salud y estilos de vida. Para evaluar la percepción de los riesgos de enfermedad de acuerdo con el entrevistado, se utilizó la Escala de Evaluación del Contexto Laboral y la Escala de Coste Humano en el Trabajo. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo y bivariado, con una significación del 5%. Resultados: los factores asociados con el riesgo de enfermarse fueron: las quejas de insomnio, el trabajo nocturno y las horas de trabajo. Conclusión: existe evidencia de que las asociaciones entre las variables de trabajo, las condiciones de salud y los hábitos de vida pueden perjudicar la salud del personal de enfermería de un hospital psiquiátrico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Workplace , Occupational Stress/psychology , Hospitals, Psychiatric , Nursing Staff, Hospital/psychology , Occupational Diseases/psychology
4.
South African Journal of Child Health ; 14(2), p.94-98, fig., tab., 2020
Article in English | AIM (Africa) | ID: afr-201925

ABSTRACT

Background. Globally, mothers have identified employment as one of the leading barriers to exclusive and continued breastfeeding. The workplace and employment setting has been highlighted as one component of an enabling environment for breastfeeding.Objectives. To assess breastfeeding support practices in designated workplaces in the Breede Valley sub-district, Western Cape, South Africa.Methods. A quantitative, cross-sectional design study was used. An online survey was conducted amongst human resource managers and/or company managers to determine breastfeeding support practices in designated workplaces.Results. Fourteen participants completed the online survey. Breastfeeding support practices in designated workplaces were limited and inadequate, with few supportive breastfeeding practices. Onsite or nearby crèche facilities (n=2; 14.3%), breastfeeding counsellors (n=1; 7.1%), promotion of the benefits of breastfeeding to employees (n=2; 14.3%) and provision of private space for expressing (n=2; 14.3%) were not common practices. Workplace breastfeeding policies (n=4; 28.6%) were not common practice, and were mostly found in the public sector. Forty-three percent of workplaces (n=6; 42.9%) did not provide time for expressing at work.Conclusion. There is an urgent need to create advocacy regarding the benefits of breastfeeding support in the workplace for employers, employees and society as well as the breastfeeding rights of women in the workplace. The legislated breastfeeding break times need to be monitored to ensure better compliance in workplaces.


Subject(s)
Breast , Diet/methods , Workplace , Africa
6.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(4): 392-399, ago. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1013803

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Existe limitada evidencia de la asociación entre actividad física ocupacional y síndrome metabólico. Esto es importante ya que una gran parte del día cotidiano se gasta en el trabajo, el cual es mayormente sedentario. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la asociación entre niveles de actividad física ocupacional y la presencia de síndrome metabólico. Método: Análisis de datos secundarios usando información de un estudio poblacional en cinco estratos geográficos del Perú. La variable dependiente fue síndrome metabólico definido según consenso internacional; la exposición fue el auto-reporte de actividad física ocupacional (alto, moderado, bajo). Se usaron modelos de regresión de Poisson reportándose razones de prevalencia (RP) e intervalos de confianza al 95% (IC95%). Resultados principales: Datos de 4029 individuos fueron analizados, edad promedio 42,1 años (DE: 15,3) y 2013 (50,0%) fueron mujeres. Un total de 1011 (25,1%; IC95%: 23,8%-26,5%) sujetos presentaban síndrome metabólico. El modelo multivariable mostró asociación entre actividad física ocupacional y síndrome metabólico: comparado con los que reportaron altos niveles de actividad física, aquellos con actividad física moderada y baja tenían RP= 1,51 (IC95%: 1,25-1,81) y RP= 1,71 (IC95%: 1,42-2,06) veces más prevalencia de síndrome metabólico. La asociación fue más fuerte en los varones que en las mujeres (p= 0,001). Conclusiones: Nuestros hallazgos confirman la asociación entre niveles de actividad física ocupacional y la presencia de síndrome metabólico. Además 25% de la población de estudio cumplió con los criterios diagnósticos de síndrome metabólico.


ABSTRACT There is limited evidence about the association between work-related physical activity and metabolic syndrome. This is important as a great part of a usual day is related to work, and most of this is sedentary. The aim on this study was to assess the association between work-related physical activity and metabolic syndrome. Methods: A secondary analysis of data from a population-based study in five geographical strata in Peru. The outcome of interest was metabolic syndrome based on international consensus; exposure was the self-report of work-related physical activity (high, moderate, and low). Crude and adjusted Poisson regression models, with robust variance were used, from which prevalence ratios (PR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were reported. Results: Data from 4029 individuals were analyzed, mean age 42.1 (SD: 15.3) years, and 2013 (50.0%) were females. A total of 1011 (25.1%; 95%CI: 23.8%-26.5%) subjects had metabolic syndrome. The multivariable model evidenced an association between work-related physical activity and metabolic syndrome: compared to those reporting high levels of physical activity, those with moderate and low physical activity had 1.51 (95%CI: 1.25-1.81) and 1.71 (95%CI: 1.42-2.06) greater prevalence of metabolic syndrome. The association was stronger among males than females (p= 0.001). Conclusions: Our results confirm the association between work-related physical activity and the presence of metabolic syndrome. In addition, 25% of the study population had metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Workplace , Metabolic Syndrome , Dyslipidemias , Arterial Pressure , Hyperglycemia , Motor Activity , Peru , Prevalence
7.
Av. enferm ; 37(2): 227-236, mai.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1038779

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Proponer un modelo de promoción de salud en el lugar de trabajo fundamentado en los modelos de Nola Pender y de condiciones de trabajo de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Síntesis del contenido: Los trabajadores son un grupo poblacional que puede verse afectado por acciones desarrolladas en los espacios de trabajo, por tanto, la implementación de programas de promoción de la salud es primordial para la persona que labora y para la organización. Desde el sustento teórico-científico de la disciplina de enfermería, el modelo de promoción de la salud de Nola Pender puede ser un primer acercamiento para aportar al marco de promoción de la salud en el lugar de trabajo en Colombia. Conclusiones: El modelo de promoción de la salud de Nola Pender y el de condiciones de trabajo de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia permiten crear un acercamiento a un modelo integral de promoción de la salud en el lugar de trabajo para la implementación de programas enfocados en su contexto, el comportamiento, la percepción de salud y todas aquellas necesidades individuales de los trabajadores.


Abstract Objective: To propose a model of health promotion in the workplace, based on the models of Nola Pender and working conditions of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Synthesis of the contents: The workers are a population group that affects or can be affected by actions carried out in the workplaces; therefore, the implementation of health promotion programs is essential for the person who works and for the organization. From the theoretical-scientific support of the discipline of nursing, Nola Pender's health promotion model can be a first approach to provide to the framework for health promotion in the workplace in Colombia. Conclusions: Nola Pender's health promotion model and the one of working conditions of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia allow to devise an approach to an integrated model of health promotion in the workplace for the implementation of programs focused on its context, behavior, perception of health and all those individual needs of workers.


Resumo Objetivo: Propor um modelo de promoção da saúde no local de trabalho com base no modelo Nola Pender e nas condições de trabalho da Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Síntese de conteúdo: Trabalhadores são considerados como um grupo populacional que afeta ou pode ser afetado pelas ações desenvolvidas nos espaços de trabalho, portanto a implementação de programas de promoção da saúde é fundamental para a pessoa que trabalha e para a organização. A partir do sustento teórico-científico da disciplina de enfermagem, o modelo de promoção da saúde de Nola Pender pode ser um primeiro passo para contribuir no âmbito da promoção da saúde no trabalho na Colômbia. Conclusões: O modelo de promoção da saúde de Nola Pender e o modelo de condições de trabalho desenvolvido pela Universidad Nacional de Colombia nos permitem criar uma abordagem para um modelo abrangente de promoção da saúde no local de trabalho para a implementação de programas focados em seu contexto, comportamento, percepção de saúde e todas as necessidades individuais dos trabalhadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Work , Working Conditions , Workplace , Health Promotion , Colombia
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-777639

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Public service motivation refers to the idea of commitment to the public service, pursuit of the public interest, and the desire to perform work that is worthwhile to society. This study investigates how challenge stress and hindrance stress influence job performance among healthcare workers in Chinese public hospitals. It has also examined the mediating effect of public service motivation.@*METHODS@#Data of 1594 healthcare workers were obtained from typical public hospitals in eastern, central, and western China. To test our hypotheses, we used descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis, structural equation modeling, and subgroup analysis to investigate the sample.@*RESULTS@#Challenge stress and hindrance stress were strongly correlated among healthcare workers in Chinese public hospitals (β = 0.59; p < 0.001). Challenge stress was significantly positively associated with public service motivation (β = 0.14; p < 0.001) and job performance (β = 0.13; p < 0.001). Hindrance stress was significantly negatively associated with public service motivation (β = - 0.27; p < 0.001) and job performance (β = - 0.08; p < 0.05). Public service motivation was directly positively associated with job performance (β = 0.58; p < 0.001), and it indirectly mediated the association between job stress and job performance.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study provides important empirical evidence on the effects of job stress and public service motivation on job performance among healthcare workers in Chinese public hospitals. Job performance may be raised by limiting hindrance stress, which provides moderate challenge stress and increases public service motivation.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Health Personnel , Psychology , Hospitals, Public , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Motivation , Occupational Stress , Psychology , Public Sector , Regression Analysis , Self Report , Work Performance , Workplace , Psychology , Young Adult
9.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3170, 2019. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1043093

ABSTRACT

Objetivo traduzir, adaptar e testar as propriedades psicométricas da Nurse-Work Instability Scale (Escala de Instabilidade no Trabalho de Enfermagem) em português do Brasil. Método trata-se de um estudo metodológico seguindo os passos de tradução: síntese, retrotradução, comitê de especialistas, análise semântica, pré-teste e testes psicométricos. O comitê foi composto por 5 especialistas. Para a análise semântica, 18 profissionais de enfermagem avaliaram o instrumento e 30 fizeram o pré-teste. Para os testes psicométricos, o tamanho da amostra foi de 214 profissionais de enfermagem. A validade interna do construto foi analisada pelo modelo de Rasch. A confiabilidade foi avaliada usando consistência interna e validade concorrente com a correlação de Pearson entre a Nurse-Work Instability Scale, o Work Ability Index (Índice de Capacidade para o Trabalho) e a Job Stress Scale (Escala de Estresse no Trabalho). Resultados a Nurse-Work Instability Scale com 20 itens em português brasileiro apresentou confiabilidade (0,831), estabilidade (p <0,0001) e correlação esperada adequadas com o Work Ability Index (r = -0,526; P 0,0001) e a Job Stress Scale (r = 0,352; p 0,0001). Conclusão o instrumento é apropriado para detectar a instabilidade do trabalho em profissionais de enfermagem brasileiros com distúrbios osteomusculares. Sua aplicação é fundamental para evitar o afastamento do trabalho a longo prazo pela identificação precoce da instabilidade do trabalho. Além disso, a escala pode auxiliar no desenvolvimento de ações e estratégias para prevenir que profissionais de enfermagem acometidos por distúrbios osteomusculares abandonem a profissão.


Objective to translate, adapt and test the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Nurse-Work Instability Scale. Method this was a methodological study following the translation steps: synthesis, back-translation, specialist´s committee, semantics analysis, pretest, and psychometric tests. The committee was composed of 5 specialists. For the semantics analysis, 18 nursing workers evaluated the instrument and 30 pretested it. For the psychometric tests, the sample size was 214 nursing workers. The internal construct validity was analyzed by the Rasch model. Reliability was assessed using internal consistency, and concurrent validity with Pearson's correlation between the Nurse-Work Instability Scale, and the Work Ability Index, Job Stress Scale. Results a Nurse-Work Instability Scale in Brazilian Portuguese with 20 items showed an adequate reliability (0.831), stability (p <0.0001), and an expected correlation with Work Ability Index (r = -0.526; P<0.0001) and Job Stress Scale (r = 0.352; p <0.0001). Conclusion the instrument is appropriated to detect work instability in Brazilian nursing workers with musculoskeletal disorders. Its application is fundamental to avoid long-term withdrawal from work by early identification of the work instability. Furthermore, the scale can assist the development of actions and strategies to prevent the abandonment of the profession of nursing workers affected by musculoskeletal disorders.


Objetivo traducir, adaptar y probar las propiedades psicométricas del Escala Brasileña de Inestabilidad en el Trabajo de Enfermería. Método ha sido un estudio metodológico en la secuencia de las etapas de la traducción: la síntesis, la retrotraducción, el comité de expertos, el análisis semántico, la prueba previa y las pruebas psicométricas. El comité ha sido conformado por 5 expertos. Para el análisis semántico, 18 trabajadores han evaluado el instrumento y 30 han sido probados previamente. Para las pruebas psicométricas, el tamaño del muestreo ha sido de 214 trabajadores de enfermería. La validez del constructo interno ha sido analizada por el modelo de Rasch. La confiabilidad ha sido evaluada por medio de la consistencia interna, y la validez competente con la correlación de Pearson entre la Escala de Inestabilidad en el Trabajo de Enfermería, y el Índice de Capacidad de Trabajo, Escala de Estrés en el Trabajo. Resultados una Escala de Inestabilidad en el Trabajo de Enfermería Portugués con 20 ítems ha mostrado una confiabilidad adecuada (0.831), estabilidad (p <0.0001), y una correlación que ha sido esperada con el Índice de Capacidad de Trabajo (r = -0.526; P<0.0001) y la Escala de Estrés en el Trabajo (r = 0.352; p <0.0001). Conclusión el instrumento es apropiado para detectar la instabilidad del trabajo en trabajadores Brasileños con disturbios musculo esqueléticos. Su aplicación es fundamental para evitar el abandono de largo plazo del trabajo por la identificación temprana de la instabilidad del trabajo. Además de eso, la escala puede ayudar en el desarrollo de acciones y estrategias para prevenir el abandono de la profesión de trabajadores de enfermería que han sido afectados por el disturbio musculo esquelético.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Psychometrics , Translations , Work Capacity Evaluation , Reproducibility of Results , Occupational Health , Workload , Workplace , Nursing Staff, Hospital , Employment
10.
Estud. Psicol. (Campinas, Online) ; 36: e180139, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1039868

ABSTRACT

Close to two million people currently work in Brazil's road transport sector, the country's leading logistical area. Most are self-employed individuals. The objective of this research project was to garner an understanding of the perceptions that Brazilian truck drivers hold regarding themselves. Eight experienced drivers were interviewed, starting from the question â"What is it like being a truck driver in Brazil?", and their responses were analyzed in accordance with social discourse studies. Five main categories - with specific subdivisions - were identified, relating to motivations to work in this area, contextual elements, and positive, group, and negative self-image. It is concluded that self-stereotypes play an important role in maintaining the situation of disadvantage and precarious working conditions that affect truck drivers.


Atualmente cerca de dois milhões de trabalhadores estão envolvidos com o transporte rodoviário, a principal modalidade logística do Brasil, sendo a maioria deles, autônomos. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo compreender a percepção que os caminhoneiros brasileiros têm de si próprios. Oito condutores experientes foram entrevistados a partir da questão "como é ser caminhoneiro no Brasil?" e seus depoimentos foram analisados de acordo com a investigação social de discurso. Cinco categorias principais foram encontradas, com subdivisões específicas, relacionadas com motivações para o trabalho, elementos contextuais, autoimagem positiva, grupal e negativa. Conclui-se que os autoestereótipos exercem importante papel na manutenção da situação de desvantagem e de precárias condições laborais deles.


Subject(s)
Psychology, Applied , Work , Mental Health , Workload , Workplace
11.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 40: e20190176, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1043032

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the studies that approach bullying in the nursing practice environment. Method: Integrative review, conducted between April and December 2018, by combining the descriptors "bullying/bullying" AND "nursing/nursing/nurse" AND "workplace/workplace". We identified 224 studies of which 38 met the inclusion criteria. Results: The studies on nursing bullying presented three main approaches related to the prevalence in nursing practice, the repercussions for health and professional development, and the construction of theoretical models for bullying and nursing work environment variables. Conclusion: Bullying is a negative behavior present in the nursing practice environment and has a direct impact on professional performance, impairing general health and professional performance. Despite being a behavior with recognized negative potential in the work environment, few studies propose effective actions to prevent or control this phenomenon in health institutions.


Resumen Objetivo: Evaluar los estudios que abordan el bullying en el entorno de la práctica de enfermería. Método: Revisión integradora, realizada entre abril y diciembre de 2018, mediante la combinación de los descriptores "bullying / bullying" AND "enfermería / enfermería / enfermera" AND "lugar de trabajo / lugar de trabajo". Se identificaron 224 estudios, de los cuales 38 cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Resultados: Los estudios sobre el bullying de enfermería presentaron tres enfoques principales relacionados con la prevalencia en la práctica de enfermería, las repercusiones para la salud y el desarrollo profesional, y la construcción de modelos teóricos para las variables de entorno de bullying y trabajo de enfermería. Conclusión: El acoso es un comportamiento negativo presente en el entorno de la práctica de enfermería y tiene un impacto directo en el desempeño profesional, lo que afecta la salud general y el desempeño profesional. A pesar de ser un comportamiento con potencial negativo reconocido en el entorno laboral, pocos estudios proponen acciones efectivas para prevenir o controlar este fenómeno en las instituciones de salud.


Resumo Objetivo: Avaliar os estudos que abordam o bullying no ambiente de prática da enfermagem. Método: Revisão integrativa, realizada no período de abril a dezembro de 2018, por meio da combinação entre os descritores "bullying / bullying" AND "enfermagem / nursing / nurse" AND "local de trabalho / workplace". Foram identificados 224 estudos dos quais 38 atenderam aos critérios de inclusão. Resultados: Os estudos sobre bullying na enfermagem apresentaram três enfoques principais relacionados à prevalência na prática da enfermagem, às repercussões para a saúde e desenvolvimento profissional e construção de modelos teóricos para o bullying e variáveis do ambiente de trabalho da enfermagem. Conclusão: O bullying é um comportamento negativo presente no ambiente da prática da enfermagem e apresenta impacto direto na atuação profissional, ao prejudicar a saúde geral e o desempenho profissional. Apesar de ser um comportamento com reconhecido potencial negativo ao ambiente de trabalho, poucos estudos propõem ações efetivas para prevenção ou controle deste fenômeno nas instituições de saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing , Workplace , Bullying
12.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 10(3): e662, 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094641

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Los códigos deontológicos, permiten guiar las acciones para un apropiado ejercicio profesional. En Colombia, la Ley 911 del 2004, establece las disposiciones legales sobre ética para el ejercicio de la enfermería y conceptualiza el acto de cuidado. Objetivo Determinar la percepción de las enfermeras sobre las responsabilidades éticas en la práctica profesional y la relación con el servicio e institución donde laboran. Materiales y Métodos Estudio de corte transversal en enfermeras que laboran en instituciones públicas y privadas. Se realizó análisis descriptivo y estratificado. Resultados Las enfermeras perciben en alto porcentaje que siempre cumple lo establecido en el Título III. Hubo relación estadísticamente significativa entre percepción y la institución donde labora para los ítems de conducta respetuosa, objeción de conciencia y registros de enfermería claros y entre percepción versus servicios, para los ítems de conducta respetuosa, ubicación de acuerdo a la experiencia y formación y diligenciamiento de registros claros, secuenciales y sin errores. Discusión Los resultados de este estudio permiten evidenciar elementos fundamentales del actuar ético de enfermería referidos en la literatura científica. Conclusiones La práctica de enfermería implica una serie de responsabilidades éticas con los sujetos de cuidado que pueden variar según el contexto donde esta se desarrolle. En este estudio, se concluyó que los registros de enfermería, la objeción de conciencia, la ubicación de acuerdo a la experiencia y formación académica eran fundamentales para el ejercicio de la práctica y estaban relacionados con la institución y servicio donde se laboraba.


Abstract Introduction The codes of ethics guide actions for an appropriate professional practice. Colombian Law 911 of 2004 establishes the legal provisions on ethics for nursing practice and conceptualizes the performance of nursing care. Objective To determine how nurses see ethical responsibilities in professional practice and identify their relation with the service they provide and the institution they work at. Materials and Methods Cross-sectional study among nurses working in public and private institutions. Descriptive and stratified analyses were performed. Results A high percentage of nurses believe they always comply with the provisions of Section III. There was a statistically-significant relation between perception versus place of work in the items of respectful behavior, conscientious objection and clear nursing records, as well as, between perception versus services in the items of respectful behavior, location based on experience and training and completion of clear, sequential, and error-free records. Discussion The results of this study evidence the fundamental elements of ethical nursing care stated in the scientific literature. Conclusions Nursing practice involves a series of ethical responsibilities with the people in care that can vary depending on the context in which it is performed. This study found that the nursing records, conscientious objection, location based on experience and academic education are key factors of nursing practice related to the institution and service where nurses work.


Resumo Introdução Os códigos de ética permitem orientar as ações para um exercício profissional adequado. Na Colômbia, a Lei 911 de 2004 estabelece as disposições legais sobre ética para a prática de enfermagem e conceitua o ato de cuidar. Objetivo: Determinar a percepção das enfermeiras no referente às responsabilidades éticas na prática profissional e a relação com o serviço e a instituição onde as enfermeiras trabalham. Materiais e Métodos Estudo transversal em enfermeiras que trabalham em instituições públicas e privadas. Foi realizada uma análise descritiva e estratificada. Resultados As enfermeiras percebem, em um alto percentual, que sempre cumprem o estabelecido no Título III. Houve uma relação estatisticamente significativa entre a percepção e a instituição onde elas trabalham para os itens de comportamento respeitoso, objeção de consciência e registros claros de enfermagem e entre a percepção versus os serviços para os itens de comportamento respeitoso, localização de acordo com a experiência e a formação e o preenchimento de registros claros, sequenciais e sem erros. Discussão Os resultados deste estudo permitem evidenciar elementos fundamentais das ações éticas de enfermagem referidas na literatura científica. Conclusões A prática de enfermagem implica uma série de responsabilidades éticas com os sujeitos que são cuidados, que podem variar de acordo com o contexto em que seja feito esse cuidado. Neste estudo, concluiu-se que os registros de enfermagem, a objeção de consciência, a localização de acordo com a experiência e a formação acadêmica foram fundamentais para a prática e estavam relacionados com a instituição e com o serviço em que as enfermeiras atuavam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nursing , Ethics , Perception , Professional Practice , Workplace
13.
Health SA Gesondheid ; 24, p.1-8, tab., 2019
Article in English | AIM (Africa) | ID: afr-201065

ABSTRACT

Background: Health professionals play a vital role in the stability and sustainability of any healthcare system. However, the well-documented long working hours, lack of wellness support structures, regular occurrence of burnout and low retention rates are concerning. Aim: The aim of this research study was to understand how a group of therapists self-manage their own individual wellness, to provide insight on how other health professionals, working in a demanding environment, could potentially address their individual wellness more effectively. Setting: The research was conducted in a private room at the place of participant employment, in two metropolitans in Gauteng, South Africa. Method: Qualitative, explorative, descriptive and contextual designs were used within the paradigm of constructivism. Purposive sampling was used to select participants. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, field notes and reflective practices, and analysed through open coding. Results: This study revealed disequilibrium between the theoretical knowledge and practical realities of therapists, and indicated that these therapists experience various personal obstacles that hinder the self-management of their individual wellness. Conclusions: Somatology therapists use various personal strategies that allow them to better self-manage their individual wellness. Individual wellness seems to be a personal phenomenon, indicating the need to self-reflect on personal perceptions of wellness, individual wellness obstacles and individual wellness strategies to effectively self-manage individual wellness.


Subject(s)
Health , Occupational Groups , Workplace , Africa
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-764927

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted from an occupational health perspective to document cancer survivors' ability to return to work, the role of clinical care, and the current status of effective return-to-work. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the experiences and opinions of occupational health physicians (OHPs) regarding cancer survivors' return-to-work. A self-reported survey was conducted from December 30, 2015, to January 30, 2016, targeting 337 OHPs. Questions included: 1) treatment experiences of survivors in the words of OHPs, 2) current status of the assessments of fitness for work of cancer survivors, 3) experiences associated with workplace and treatment, and 4) problems of returning to work and overcoming system. RESULTS: Only 25% of the respondents said that they had experience treating cancer survivors, and the average number of patients was 12.6 per annum, which indicated that few cancer survivors were treated. Eleven cases included conducting assessment of fitness for work. There were 17 respondents who did not treat cancer survivors. Both those who had and did not have experience in treating survivors showed higher musculoskeletal system disorders (53.8 vs. 63.5) than cancer (15.5 vs. 11.2) in terms of frequency of the diseases in the assessment of fitness for work. Most respondents said that OHPs evaluate the current role appropriately and preferred OHPs in the future. They responded that OHPs found it difficult to treat cancer survivors, and it was psychologically tough to communicate with them (61.4%). Regarding the association of patient rehabilitation with workplaces, 48.9% said that workplaces provide inadequate support. CONCLUSION: As a preliminary study, we found that OHPs were found to have little experience in treating cancer survivors and undergo difficulties owing to poor collaboration with workplaces and communication with patients. This study will provide basic data for future studies to promote cancer survivors' return to workplaces.


Subject(s)
Cooperative Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Korea , Musculoskeletal System , Occupational Health Physicians , Occupational Health , Rehabilitation , Return to Work , Surveys and Questionnaires , Survivors , Workplace
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-758478

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Public concerns and awareness of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) are essential for improving the survival outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the community. On the other hand, the proportion of OHCA, in which AED is used in a prehospital setting, is very low in Korea. The aim of this study was to identify the barriers and training issues of AEDs. METHODS: A nationwide population-based survey was conducted to analyze the current public trends in AED awareness, training, and intention to use in 2017 (n=506). The barriers and training issues of AEDs were then documented. For trend analysis, previous tri-temporal surveys were obtained in 2007, 2011, and 2015. RESULTS: Public awareness of AEDs has increased: from 5.8% in 2007, to 30.6% in 2011, 82.6% in 2015, and 79.4% in 2017 (P<0.001). The training experience of AEDs has increased over time: from 0.5% in 2007 to 8.2% in 2011 and 33.2% in 2017. Thirty-two percent of respondents knew how and where to find the AEDs, but only 12.5% were able to certainly locate their public-access AED near their residency or work places. The reasons for being unwilling to use the AED included not knowing how to use (65.0%), fear of causing harm to the victim (21.3%), and legal liability (11.7%). CONCLUSION: Not knowing the location of AED and how to use it, and being unaware of the Good Samaritan Law were the major barriers to public access defibrillation. Further research is urgently needed if AEDs are to be increased and more lives saved.


Subject(s)
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Defibrillators , Hand , Intention , Internship and Residency , Jurisprudence , Korea , Liability, Legal , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest , Public Health , Surveys and Questionnaires , Workplace
16.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 437-444, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786578

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Headache/eyestrain symptoms are common health problems that people experience in daily life. Various studies have examined risk factors contributing to headache/eyestrains, and physicochemical exposure was found to be a leading risk factor in causing such symptoms. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of headache/eyestrain symptoms with physicochemical exposure among Korean construction workers depended on worksite.METHODS: This study used data from the 4th Korean Workers Conditions Survey and selected 1,945 Korean construction workers as participants. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the relationship.RESULTS: Exposure to vibrations among all construction workers affected the moderate exposure group [odds ratio (OR) 1.53, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.01–2.32], the high exposure group (OR 1.77 95%CI 1.17–2.67), and the indoor high exposure group (OR 1.61, 95%CI 1.02-2.55) and among outdoor construction workers, the moderate group (OR 6.61, 95%CI 15.4–28.48) and the high group (OR 6.61, 95%CI 1.56–27.98). When exposed to mist, dust, and fumes, the indoor high exposure group was significantly affected (OR 1.63, 95%CI 1.07–2.47). All construction workers exposed to organic solvents were affected, high exposure group (OR 1.69, 95%CI 1.15–2.49) and indoor high exposure group (OR 1.77, 95%CI 1.08–2.89). The high exposure group in all construction worker (OR 1.70, 95%CI 1.20–2.42) and the indoor high exposure group (OR 1.83, 95%CI 1.17–2.89) also were affected by secondhand smoking exposure.CONCLUSION: Many physicochemical exposure factors affect headache/eyestrain symptoms among construction workers, especially indoor construction workers, suggesting a deficiency in occupational hygiene and health environments at indoor construction worksites.


Subject(s)
Dust , Headache , Hygiene , Logistic Models , Risk Factors , Solvents , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Vibration , Workplace
17.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786111

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Previous studies have highlighted that the nutritional behaviors among South Korean workers are far from ideal. This study examined the organizational influences affecting the eating practices of office workers in South Korea.METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with 22 office workers at 12 companies in South Korea. The interviewer inquired about the employees' daily routines on food and beverage intake. The various factors that influence their food choices in their work environments were also explored. The interviews were transcribed and then analyzed using a content analysis.RESULTS: A framework analysis revealed 7 key recurring themes, and these were grouped under three levels: team-, company-, and corporate group-levels. First, team dinners are core social events for all the workers and they tend to include high-caloric food and alcoholic beverages. The frequency of team meals and the food associated with them depend on various team characteristics such as gender composition, the nature of a team's work and the team leaders' emphasis on group meals. Second, the company's policies and practices regarding budget allocation for team meals and subsidies for cafeteria meals affect the workers' food intake practices. In addition, the physical environment of the worksite cafeterias can influence the choices of foods. Third, various corporate group policies that were not designed to target food intake had additional positive effects on the workers' eating behaviors.CONCLUSION: This study provides important insights into the broader organizational influences on the food consumption of employees in their workplace. These insights can be used to design and implement more effective intervention strategies for improving the nutritional behaviors of office workers.


Subject(s)
Alcoholic Beverages , Beverages , Budgets , Diet , Eating , Feeding Behavior , Korea , Meals , Qualitative Research , Workplace
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786003

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was done to identify the factors involved in ageism in nurses.METHODS: The participants in this study were 178 general hospital nurses. Data were collected in March 2019 using self-report questionnaires, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, one-way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, and stepwise multiple linear regression.RESULTS: The total score for ageism was 39.75±5.44 out of a maximum of 72. Ageism had a statistically significant relationship with contact experience (r=-.47, p < .001), attitude (r=.40 p < .001), and aging anxiety (r=.35 p < .001). The determining factors affecting ageism were contact experience (β=-.45, p < .001), attitude(β=.20, p=.002), work place (β=.22, p < .001), marital status (β=.21, p < .001), geriatric nursing preference (β=.18, p=.006), geriatric education (β=.17, p=.006), and aging anxiety (β=.14, p=.041). The explanation power of these variables was 39%.CONCLUSION: The results suggest that contact experience with elders had the largest influence on ageism in nurses. Therefore, it is necessary to develop tailored education programs by hospital type to increase positive contact experience and promote understanding of older patients in acute care settings. Furthermore, the importance of the perception of ageism needs to be highlighted in nursing education and continuing education for nurses.


Subject(s)
Ageism , Aging , Anxiety , Education , Education, Continuing , Education, Nursing , Geriatric Nursing , Hospitals, General , Humans , Linear Models , Marital Status , Workplace
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740900

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to determine the influence of social support on the relationship between emotional labor and nursing performance of general hospital nurses. METHODS: Data collection was conducted at three general hospitals in Jeollabuk-do from August 10 to 25, 2017. Collected questionnaires (188 nurses) were analyzed based on percentages, means, SD, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé, Pearson correlation analysis, and moderated regression analysis using SPSS Statistics 24.0 software. RESULTS: Social support was found to moderate the influence of nurses' emotional labor on nursing performance. That is, high level of social support can reduce the negative effect of emotional labor on nursing performance. CONCLUSION: Based on findings in the present study, it can be said that establishing positive organizational culture through harmonious social support at the work site is necessary to improve nursing performance. In addition, measures to effectively improve social support need to be explored and practiced at the work site. Efforts should be made to come up with strategies to properly cope with and overcome emotional labor. The results of this study suggest the scope for further research to identify additional variables that moderate or mediate the relationship between emotional labor and nursing performance.


Subject(s)
Data Collection , Hospitals, General , Nursing , Organizational Culture , Workplace
20.
Ciênc. cogn ; 23(2): 277-289, dez. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1021178

ABSTRACT

Este artigo faz uma revisão do conceito de gênero da Clínica da Atividade de Yves Clot. O objetivo é demonstrar que a noção de gênero é incompatível coma ideia de representação mental do cognitivismo. Os operadores não agem com base em representação mental, mas sim com base no conjunto de regras e normas tácitas do gênero. Eles não representam um mundo exterior objetivo como se a mente o espelhasse. Na verdade, eles sentem, percebem e agem de acordo com o seu gênero, que funciona como um guia para a ação eficaz sema necessidade de uma representação mental. A mente não realiza um processamento de símbolos como um computador, mas funciona amparada pelo gênero enquanto uma categoria social e histórica que apoia a ação individual dentro de um coletivo.


This article reviews the gender concept of Yves Clot's Activity Clinic. The goal isto demonstrate that the notion of gender is incompatible with the idea ofmental representation of cognitivism. Operators do not act on the basis ofmental representation but rather on the basis of the set of rules and tacit normsof the genre. They do not represent an objective outer world as if the mindwould mirror it. In fact, they feel, perceive and act according to their genre,which acts as a guide to effective action without the need for mental representation. The mind does not perform a symbol processing as a computer, but it works supported by the genre as a social and historical category that supports individual action with in a collective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Working Conditions , Workplace , Work , Employment
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