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1.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(2): 29-34, jul. 2020. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1104006

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever a prevalência dos tipos de feridas com indicação para oxigenoterapia hiperbárica. Método: estudo transversal, quantitativo e retrospectivo. Foram analisados prontuários de pacientes atendidos no setor de medicina hiperbárica referentes ao período de janeiro a dezembro de 2015. Empregou-se estatística descritiva e analítica. Resultados: Nos 60 prontuários analisados foram prevalentes: idade entre 19-49 anos e 61-72 anos (ambas com 27,1%), sexo masculino (68,3%), Diabetes Mellitus (44,1%) e deiscência cirúrgica (20,3%). Pessoas com idade de 61-72 anos tiveram maior tempo de sessões (mediana = 40 sessões). A regressão por modelagem linear utilizando como preditor a variável tempo de tratamento pela doença, demonstrou significância estatística do tabagismo e doença hematológica. Discussão: Os achados corroboram com estudos sobre a ocorrência de feridas. Conclusão: O estudo de prevalência poderá contribuir para a elaboração de um plano de cuidados de enfermagem individualizado ao portador de feridas que realizam tratamento no setor de oxigenoterapia hiperbárica. (AU)


Objective: Describe the prevalence of types of wounds indicated for hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Method: cross-sectional, quantitative and retrospective study. Were analyzed medical records of patients seen in the hyperbaric medicine sector for the period from January to December 2015. Descriptive and analytical statistics were used. Results: In the 60 medical records analyzed, the following were prevalent: age between 19-49 years and 61-72 years (both with 27,1%), male (68,3%), Diabetes Mellitus (44,1%) and surgical dehiscence (20,3%). People aged 61-72 years had longer sessions (median = 40 sessions). Regression by linear modeling using the variable duration of treatment for the disease as a predictor, demonstrated statistical significance of smoking and hematological disease. The findings corroborate with studies on the occurrence of wounds. Conclusion: The prevalence study may contribute to the development of an individualized nursing care plan for patients with wounds undergoing treatment in the hyperbaric oxygen therapy sector. (AU)


Objetivo: describir la prevalencia de los tipos de heridas indicadas para la oxigenoterapia hiperbárica. Método: estudio transversal, cuantitativo y retrospectivo. Se analizaron los registros médicos de pacientes atendidos en el sector de la medicina hiperbárica para el período de enero a diciembre de 2015. Se utilizaron estadísticas descriptivas y analíticas. Resultados: en los 60 registros médicos analizados, prevalecieron los siguientes: edad entre 19-49 años y 61-72 años (ambos con 27.1%), hombres (68.3%), diabetes mellitus (44.1%) y dehiscencia quirúrgica ( 20,3%). Las personas de 61 a 72 años tuvieron sesiones más largas (mediana = 40 sesiones). La regresión por modelado lineal utilizando la duración variable del tratamiento de la enfermedad como predictor, demostró la importancia estadística del tabaquismo y la enfermedad hematológica. Los hallazgos corroboran con los estudios sobre la aparición de heridas. Conclusión: El estudio de prevalencia puede contribuir al desarrollo de un plan de atención de enfermería individualizado para pacientes con heridas que reciben tratamiento en el sector de oxigenoterapia hiperbárica. (AU)


Subject(s)
Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries , Prevalence , Nursing
2.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(2): 103-109, jul. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1104180

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar os pacientes com lesões de pele no início e no fim da internação hospitalar. Metodologia: estudo transversal. Participaram 45 pacientes com lesões de pele. Incluídos pacientes avaliados pela enfermeira, no mínimo duas vezes durante a internação. Dados coletados do prontuário eletrônico e analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial no programa SPSS®. Resultados: maioria de idosos, sexo feminino, média de idade de 67 anos, motivo de internação vascular e comorbidades associadas, tempo médio de internação, 21 dias e desfecho de alta hospitalar. A ferida prevalente foi a lesão por pressão localizada na região lombo-sacra. Os ácidos graxos essenciais, seguidos do alginato de cálcio e da hidrofibra de prata, foram os mais utilizados. Os escores de classificação de risco foram Moderado/Elevado para o desenvolvimento de Lesão por Pressão. Conclusão: Conhecer as características sociodemográficas e epidemiológicas dos pacientes com lesões de pele, instrumentaliza para o planejamento e implantação da assistência integral e sistematizada. (AU)


Objective: To characterize patients with skin lesions at the beginning and end of hospital stay. Methodology: cross-sectional study conducted; 45 patients with skin lesions participated. Included patients evaluated by the nurse at least twice during hospitalization. Data collected from the electronic medical record and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics in the SPSS® program. Results: majority of the elderly, female, mean age of 67 years, reason for vascular hospitalization and associated comorbidities, mean length of stay, 21 days and outcome of hospital discharge. The prevalent wound was the pressure injury located in the lumbosacral region. Essential fatty acids, followed by calcium alginate and silver hydrofiber, were the most used. Risk rating scores were Moderate / High for the development of Pressure Injury. Conclusion: Knowing the sociodemographic and epidemiological characteristics of patients with skin lesions, instruments for the planning and implementation of comprehensive and systematized care. (AU)


Objetivo: caracterizar a los pacientes con lesiones cutáneas al inicio y al final de la estancia hospitalaria. Metodología: estudio transversal. Participaron 45 pacientes con lesiones cutáneas. Pacientes incluidos evaluados por la enfermera al menos dos veces durante la hospitalización. Datos recopilados del registro médico electrónico y analizados mediante estadísticas descriptivas e inferenciales en el programa SPSS®. Resultados: mayoría de los ancianos, mujeres, edad media de 67 años, motivo de hospitalización vascular y comorbilidades asociadas, duración media de la estancia, 21 días y resultado del alta hospitalaria. La herida prevalente fue la lesión por presión ubicada en la región lumbosacra. Los ácidos grasos esenciales, seguidos por alginato de calcio e hidrofibra de plata, fueron los más utilizados. Los puntajes de calificación de riesgo fueron Moderado / Alto para el desarrollo de Lesión por Presión. Conclusión: Conocer las características sociodemográficas y epidemiológicas de pacientes con lesiones cutáneas, instrumentos para la planificación e implementación de atención integral y sistematizada. (AU)


Subject(s)
Wounds and Injuries , Bandages , Nursing , Degloving Injuries
4.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 254-257, apr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1103842

ABSTRACT

Hemangioma infantil (HI) é o tumor vascular mais comum e a neoplasia benigna mais frequente da infância, com maior incidência no sexo feminino e na população branca. Quase 60% dos casos ocorrem em cabeça e pescoço, sendo o tratamento ativo durante a fase proliferativa mais frequentemente indicado, em decorrência dos possíveis problemas funcionais e do potencial desfigurante. Relatamos um caso de paciente com hemangioma infantil involuído de ponta nasal e lábio superior, tratado de forma expectante durante a infância, submetida à correção da deformidade residual com técnicas de rinoplastia, associado à zetaplastia e lipoenxertia do lábio superior com bom resultado e satisfação do paciente.


Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common vascular tumor and the most frequent benign neoplasm in childhood, with the highest incidence in females and the white population. Almost 60% of cases occur in the head and neck, and active treatment during the proliferative phase is the most frequently indicated, due to possible functional problems and disfiguring potential. We report a case of a patient with involute infantile hemangioma of the nasal tip and upper lip, treated expectantly during childhood, submitted to residual deformity correction with rhinoplasty techniques, associated with zetaplasty and upper lip grafting with good results and patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , History, 21st Century , Rhinoplasty , Wounds and Injuries , Case Reports , Nose , Nose Diseases , Vascular Neoplasms , Hemangioma , Lip , Rhinoplasty/adverse effects , Rhinoplasty/methods , Wounds and Injuries/surgery , Nose/surgery , Nose/pathology , Nose Diseases/surgery , Nose Diseases/pathology , Vascular Neoplasms/surgery , Vascular Neoplasms/pathology , Hemangioma/surgery , Hemangioma/pathology , Lip/surgery , Lip/pathology
5.
Rev. SOBECC ; 25(2): 114-119, 30/06/2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1102195

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar na literatura científica intervenções de enfermagem úteis para a prevenção de Deiscências em Feridas Cirúrgicas. Método: Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, norteada pela pergunta: Há ações de enfermagem que possam contribuir para prevenção de deiscência em ferida operatória? Realizou-se a busca no período de março de 2019, incluindo artigos publicados a partir do ano de 1990 até 2018. Para a seleção dos artigos foram utilizadas as seguintes bases de dados e/ou portais: National Library of Medicine (PubMed); Web of Science; Scopus Info Site (Scopus); Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciência da Saúde (LILACS) e Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL). Resultados: A busca resultou em 64 artigos, excluíram-se quatro por estarem duplicados e 40 por não atenderem aos critérios de inclusão (24 por serem sobre tratamento, 13 pela natureza do artigo, dois por não estarem disponíveis e um por ser em francês). Vinte artigos foram avaliados na íntegra e 14 foram excluídos por não responderem à questão norteadora desta revisão. Dessa maneira, ao fim desse processo de análise, foram selecionados seis artigos que responderam aos critérios de inclusão e constituíram a amostra final. Conclusão: Houve pouca produção da enfermagem sobre o tema. As principais ações de enfermagem para prevenção de deiscência em feridas cirúrgicas estão associadas à prevenção de infecções de sítio cirúrgico e à indicação e à utilização de terapia de cobertura a vácuo.


Objective: To identify useful nursing interventions for preventing Surgical Wound Dehiscence in scientific literature. Method: This is an integrative literature review, guided by the question: are there nursing actions that can contribute to the prevention of surgical wound dehiscence? The search was carried out in March 2019, including articles published from 1990 to 2018. We used the following databases and/or portals to select the articles: National Library of Medicine (PubMed); Web of Science; Scopus Info Site (Scopus); Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (LILACS), and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL). Results: The search resulted in 64 articles. We excluded four of them for being duplicates, and another 40 that did not meet the inclusion criteria (24 were about treatment, 13 due to the nature of the article, two were not available, and one was in French). Twenty articles were fully evaluated, and 14 were excluded because they did not answer the guiding question of this review. Thus, at the end of this analysis process, we selected six articles that met the inclusion criteria and constituted the final sample. Conclusion: The nursing production on the subject was scarce. The main nursing actions for preventing surgical wound dehiscence are associated with the prevention of surgical site infections and the indication and use of negative pressure wound therapy.


Objetivo: identificar en la literatura científica intervenciones de enfermería útiles para la prevención de la dehiscencia en heridas quirúrgicas. Método: Esta es una revisión de literatura integradora, guiada por la pregunta: ¿Existen acciones de enfermería que puedan contribuir a la prevención de la dehiscencia en las heridas quirúrgicas? La búsqueda se realizó en el período de marzo de 2019, incluidos los artículos publicados de 1990 a 2018. Para la selección de artículos, se utilizaron las siguientes bases de datos y/o portales: National library of Medicine (PubMed); Web of Science; Scopus Info Site (Scopus); Literatura latinoamericana y caribeña de ciencias de la salud (LILACS) y Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL). Resultados: La búsqueda resultó en 64 artículos, se excluyeron cuatro duplicados, 40 artículos por no cumplir con los criterios de inclusión (24 sobre el tratamiento, 13 por la naturaleza del artículo, dos por no estar disponibles y uno por estar en francés), y 20 los artículos fueron evaluados en su totalidad y 14 fueron excluidos porque no respondieron la pregunta guía de esta revisión. Por lo tanto, al final de este proceso de análisis, se seleccionaron seis artículos que cumplían los criterios de inclusión y constituían la muestra final. Conclusión: hubo poca producción de enfermería sobre el tema. Las principales acciones de enfermería para prevenir la dehiscencia en las heridas quirúrgicas están asociadas con la prevención de infecciones del sitio quirúrgico y la indicación y el uso de la terapia de cobertura con vacío.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Wound Infection , Nursing , Disease Prevention , General Surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Infections
6.
s.l; RedARETS; ene. 2020.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BRISA | ID: biblio-1095210

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Se puede formar tejido cicatricial después de una cirugía, trauma o diversas afecciones inflamatorias. Las cicatrices pueden crear muchas funciones adversas, efectos cosméticos y estructurales, y a veces efectos psicológicos, eso puede afectar la vida diaria de los pacientes (Kerwin et al., 2014). El mecanismo de reparación de cicatrices a nivel molecular no es bien comprendido (Gladstone et al., 2010). BÚSQUEDA: Ensayos randomizados controlados o ensayos no randomizados, meta-análisis y evaluaciones de tecnologías que evalúen el uso de toxina botulínica en el tratamiento de las heridas y/o cicatrices cutáneas. MÉTODOS: De las 3 revisiones sistemáticas con metaanálisis encontradas se seleccionaron dos con alto nivel de confianza de acuerdo con la herramienta AMSTAR-2 que evaluaron Toxina botulínica A frente a placebo. Se evaluó el sesgo de los estudios incluidos y se realizaron perfiles de evidencia utilizando la metodología GRADE con el programa GRADE-PRO GDT teniendo en cuenta los desenlaces seleccionados como criticos o importantes. RESULTADOS: a. Evaluado en postquirúrgico de cirugía reciente, sobre piel previamente sana. b. Heterogeneidad entre estudios I2 27% y p 0,10. c. Evaluado en cocatriz hipertrófica o queloide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries/drug therapy , Burns/drug therapy , Botulinum Toxins, Type A/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Cost-Benefit Analysis
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 229-234, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811473

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to provide a basis for building a master plan for a regional trauma system by analyzing the distribution of trauma deaths in the most populous province in Korea.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the time distribution to death for trauma patients who died between January and December 2017. The time distribution to death was categorized into four groups (within a day, within a week, within a month, and over a month). Additionally, the distribution of deaths within 24 hours was further analyzed. We also reviewed the distribution of deaths according to the cause of death and mechanism of injury.RESULTS: Of the 1546 trauma deaths, 328 cases were included in the final study population. Patients who died within a day were the most prevalent (40.9%). Of those who died within a day, the cases within an hour accounted for 40.3% of the highest proportion. The majority of trauma deaths within 4 hours were caused by traffic-related accidents (60.4%). The deaths caused by bleeding and central nervous system injuries accounted for most (70.1%) of the early deaths, whereas multi-organ dysfunction syndrome/sepsis had the highest ratio (69.7%) in the late deaths. Statistically significant differences were found in time distribution according to the mechanism of injury and cause of death (p<0.001).CONCLUSION: The distribution of overall timing of death was shown to follow a bimodal pattern rather than a trimodal model in Korea. Based on our findings, a suitable and modified trauma system must be developed.


Subject(s)
Cause of Death , Central Nervous System , Hemorrhage , Humans , Korea , Wounds and Injuries
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811429

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the cell viability and migration of Endosequence Bioceramic Root Canal Sealer (BC Sealer) compared to MTA Fillapex and AH Plus.MATERIALS AND METHODS: BC Sealer, MTA Fillapex, and AH Plus were placed in contact with culture medium to obtain sealers extracts in dilution 1:1, 1:2 and 1:4. 3T3 cells were plated and exposed to the extracts. Cell viability and migration were assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-thiazoyl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and Scratch assay, respectively. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's test (p < 0.05).RESULTS: The MTT assay revealed greater cytotoxicity for AH Plus and MTA Fillapex at 1:1 dilution when compared to control (p < 0.05). At 1:2 and 1:4 dilutions, all sealers were similar to control (p > 0.05) and MTA Fillapex was more cytotoxic than BC Sealer (p < 0.05). Scratch assay demonstrated the continuous closure of the wound according to time. At 30 hours, the control group presented closure of the wound (p < 0.05). At 36 hours, only BC Sealer presented the closure when compared to AH Plus and MTA Fillapex (p < 0.05). At 42 hours, AH Plus and MTA Fillapex showed a wound healing (p > 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: All tested sealers demonstrated cell viability highlighting BC Sealer, which showed increased cell migration capacity suggesting that this sealer may achieve better tissue repair when compared to other tested sealers.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Animals , Calcium , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Dental Pulp Cavity , Endodontics , Fibroblasts , Mice , Pemetrexed , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The need for proper wound closure is of paramount importance after any intra-oral surgery. Various wound closure techniques have been described in literature using traditional non-absorbable suture materials. These include like synthetic absorbable sutures, surgical staples and tissue adhesives. Cyanoacrylates are among the most commonly used biocompatible tissue adhesives. To evaluate and compare intraoral wound healing using 3-0 silk sutures and n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate after alveoloplasty.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients requiring bilateral alveoloplasty in the same arch (upper or lower) were included in this study. Patients with any pre-existing pathology or systemic disease were excluded. After alveoloplasty was performed, the wound was closed using 3-0 braided silk sutures on one side, and using n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate bio adhesive on the other side. Patients were evaluated based on the following parameters: time required to achieve wound closure; the incidence of immediate and postoperative hemostasis; the time to the use of the first rescue medication; the side where pain first arises; and the side where wound healing begins first.RESULTS: Compared to 3-0 silk sutures, cyanoacrylate demonstrated better hemostatic properties, reduced operative time, reduced postoperative pain and better wound healing.CONCLUSION: These data suggest that cyanoacrylate glue is an adequate alternative to conventional sutures to close the surgical wound after alveoloplasty, and better than are 3-0 silk sutures.


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Alveoloplasty , Cyanoacrylates , Enbucrilate , Hemostasis , Humans , Incidence , Operative Time , Pain, Postoperative , Pathology , Silk , Sutures , Tissue Adhesives , Wound Closure Techniques , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811229

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand the experiences of married North Korean women's child-rearing, working lives, and their home and work environment in depth.METHODS: This study adopted van Manen's hermeneutic phenomenological method to qualitatively analyze data. The participants were 8 married North Korean women defectors. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and observations from July 4 to August 20, 2018.RESULTS: Nine essential themes emerged: more personal challenges after overcoming a life-threatening crisis; hopes of firmly settling in this land; the wound from the north, which chased them here; a body that becomes stronger through hardship; being stuck in a past full of anxiety and pain; the present is full of hope; hope for the future; sense of alienation from coworkers that cannot be overcome; and sense of power to endure an exhausting work life.CONCLUSION: This study provided a broader understanding of the life and experiences of married women from North Korea. It highlights the need for nurses to recognize their importance in nursing care. The study also suggests that academic and practical approaches for nursing, and basic data for a nursing intervention for married women from North Korea be provided. The study findings can be used as a basis for preparing a national policy that will help North Korean defectors to find employment and gain stability.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Child , Democratic People's Republic of Korea , Emigrants and Immigrants , Employment , Female , Hermeneutics , Hope , Humans , Methods , Nursing , Nursing Care , Qualitative Research , Wounds and Injuries
11.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (herein, lupus) undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. There is disagreement about the effect of lupus on perioperative complication rates. We hypothesized that lupus would be associated with higher complication rates in patients who undergo elective primary THA or TKA.METHODS: Records of more than 6.2 million patients from the National Inpatient Sample who underwent elective primary THA or TKA from 2000 to 2009 were reviewed. Patients with lupus (n = 38,644) were compared with those without lupus (n = 6,173,826). Major complications were death, pulmonary embolism, myocardial infarction, stroke, pneumonia, and acute renal failure. Minor complications were wound infection, seroma, deep vein thrombosis, hip dislocation, wound dehiscence, and hematoma. Patient age, sex, duration of hospital stay, and number of Elixhauser comorbidities were assessed for both groups. Multivariate logistic regression models using comorbidities, age, and sex as covariates were used to assess the association of lupus with major and minor perioperative complications. The alpha level was set to 0.001.RESULTS: Among patients who underwent THA, those with lupus were younger (mean age, 56 vs. 65 years), were more likely to be women (87% vs. 56%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 4.0 vs. 3.8 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.5 vs. 1.4) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). In patients with THA, lupus was independently associated with major complications (odds ratio [OR], 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 1.7) and minor complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 1.0 to 1.5). Similarly, among patients who underwent TKA, those with lupus were younger (mean, 62 vs. 67 years), were more likely to be women (93% vs. 64%), had longer hospital stays (mean, 3.8 vs. 3.7 days), and had more comorbidities (mean, 2.8 vs. 1.7) than those without lupus (all p < 0.001). However, in TKA patients, lupus was not associated with greater odds of major complications (OR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.4) or minor complications (OR, 1.1; 95% CI, 0.9 to 1.3).CONCLUSIONS: Lupus is an independent risk factor for major and minor perioperative complications in elective primary THA but not TKA.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Comorbidity , Female , Hematoma , Hip Dislocation , Hip , Humans , Inpatients , Knee , Length of Stay , Logistic Models , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Myocardial Infarction , Pneumonia , Pulmonary Embolism , Risk Factors , Seroma , Stroke , Venous Thrombosis , Wound Infection , Wounds and Injuries
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-810951

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A kids café is a popular indoor playground in Korea that combines a playground for young children and a café for their caregivers. There have been no national reports about kids café-related injuries in Korea. This study investigated kids café-related injuries in Korea registered in a multicenter injury surveillance database and analyzed the risk factors for significant kids café-related injuries.METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study was performed using the Emergency Department-based Injury In-depth Surveillance registry in Korea between 2011 and 2016. Significant injury was defined as an injury requiring hospitalization or surgery. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to obtain the adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for factors associated with significant kids café-related injuries.RESULTS: Among 1,537,617 injured patients, we extracted 891 patients who were injured in kids cafés. Of these, 46 (5.2%) were admitted, and 39 (4.4%) underwent surgery. The most common injured anatomical site, injury type, and mechanism were lower extremity (28.2%), superficial injury (27.2%), and slip (27.1%), respectively. Among injury-inducing factors, significant injuries were most commonly caused by a trampoline (28.1%), and rock climbing equipment was the only risk factor in a kids café that led to significant injury after adjusting for age, sex, injury mechanism, and injured anatomical sites (aOR, 14.94; 95% confidence interval, 1.51–147.72).CONCLUSION: The rock climbing equipment in a kids café can cause serious injury to children. Establishing safety regulations for rock climbing equipment in kids cafés may have the greatest impact in reducing significant injuries requiring hospitalization or surgery.


Subject(s)
Caregivers , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Emergencies , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Lower Extremity , Odds Ratio , Play and Playthings , Risk Factors , Social Control, Formal , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Foreign patients are more likely to receive inappropriate health service in the emergency room. This study aimed to investigate whether there is health inequality between foreigners and natives who visited emergency rooms with injuries and to examine its causes.METHODS: We analyzed clinical data from the National Emergency Department Information System database associated with patients of all age groups visiting the emergency room from 2013 to 2015. We analyzed data regarding mortality, intensive care unit admission, emergency operation, severity, area, and transfer ratio.RESULTS: A total of 4,464,603 cases of injured patients were included, of whom 67,683 were foreign. Injury cases per 100,000 population per year were 2,960.5 for native patients and 1,659.8 for foreign patients. Foreigners were more likely to have no insurance (3.1% vs. 32.0%, p < 0.001). Serious outcomes (intensive care unit admission, emergency operation, or death) were more frequent among foreigners. In rural areas, the difference between serious outcomes for foreigners compared to natives was greater (3.7% for natives vs. 5.0% for foreigners, p < 0.001). The adjusted odds ratio for serious outcomes for foreign nationals was 1.412 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.336–1.492), and that for lack of insurance was 1.354 (95% CI, 1.314–1.394).CONCLUSIONS: Injured foreigners might more frequently suffer serious outcomes, and health inequality was greater in rural areas than in urban areas. Foreign nationality itself and lack of insurance could adversely affect medical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Emigrants and Immigrants , Ethnic Groups , Health Services , Healthcare Disparities , Humans , Information Systems , Insurance , Intensive Care Units , Mortality , Odds Ratio , Population Groups , Socioeconomic Factors , Wounds and Injuries
14.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782241

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Diquafosol is a pharmaceutical drug used for dry eye treatment with a novel mechanism of action. It is a purinergic P2Y2 receptor agonist that promotes the secretion of tears and healing of corneal epithelial wounds. However, its inhibitory effect on hyperosmotic stress-induced inflammation in human corneal epithelial cells (HCECs) remains unclear.METHODS: A hyperosmotic stress model was established by transferring HCECs from isosmotic (312 mOsm/kg to hyperosmotic medium (500 mOsm/kg). HCECs were incubated with 500 mOsm/kg hyperosmotic medium for 30 minutes, and then treated with diquafosol (0.6–6 mg/mL) for 4 or 24 hours. Cells were then harvested and analyzed by western blot, immunocytochemistry, and real-time polymerase chain reaction to evaluate the expression of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and the phosphorylation status of nuclear factor-kappa B.RESULTS: Diquafosol significantly decreased the mRNA and protein expression of hyperosmotic stress-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6. These results were supported by immunofluorescence staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. Furthermore, diquafosol inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B activation by suppressing the phosphorylation and degradation of the inhibitor of кB.CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that diquafosol inhibits nuclear factor-kappa B signaling and inflammatory factors induced by hyperosmotic stress in HCECs. This suggests that using diquafosol for the improvement of dry eye syndrome could be effective in the treatment of inflammation-related corneal and conjunctival diseases.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Conjunctival Diseases , Dry Eye Syndromes , Epithelial Cells , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Necrosis , Phosphorylation , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Tears , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Wounds and Injuries
15.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Cesarean section is the most commonly performed obstetrical surgical procedure; however, there are no standard guidelines on appropriate skin closure techniques and materials. Only few comparative studies have been conducted on different skin closure techniques, and they have shown conflicting results. Therefore, we compared different skin closure techniques during emergency cesarean section to identify the best technique with minimal wound complication rates.METHODS: Patients were randomized into 3 groups (group A, n=100; group B, n=102; and group C, n=98). In group A, the skin was closed using staples; in group B, via the subcuticular technique using monocryl 3-0; and in group C, using mattress suture nylon (2-0). The primary outcome was a composite of wound complications, including infection, seroma, gaping, and need for resuturing and antibiotic administration. The secondary outcome included closure time, pain perception, patient satisfaction, and cost. Analyses were performed in accordance with the intention-to-treat principle.RESULTS: The composite wound complication rate in the entire cohort was 16.6% (n=50); the complication rate was significantly higher in group A than in the other groups. Infection was the most common wound complication observed in the entire study group (86%) and was significantly higher in group A than in groups B and C (P≤0.001).CONCLUSION: The use of staples for cesarean section skin closure is associated with an increased risk of wound complications and prolonged hospital stay postoperative visits.


Subject(s)
Cesarean Section , Cohort Studies , Emergencies , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Nylons , Obstetric Surgical Procedures , Pain Perception , Patient Satisfaction , Pregnancy , Seroma , Skin , Sutures , Wounds and Injuries
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 79-84, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782120

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hyaluronidase (HAase) has many uses in medicine, and reports suggest that it affects perineal tissue during fetal passage through the vaginal canal. However, its potential use for preventing perineal trauma has yet to be determined. This study sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of perineal HAase injections in reducing perineal trauma during vaginal delivery.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized study was conducted from January 2016 to March 2017. Nulliparous women who planned to undergo vaginal delivery were recruited, and the enrolled women were randomly assigned to the HAase injection group (HAase injection, 5000 IU, n=75) or the control group (normal saline injection, n=73). The degree of perineal laceration, rate of episiotomy, and grade of perineal edema at 1 hour and 24 hours after spontaneous vaginal delivery were compared between the two groups.RESULTS: A total of 148 women who underwent vaginal delivery were recruited. No significant differences were observed between the HAase injection and control groups in the rates of perineal laceration (p=0.422). Perineal edema significantly decreased 24 hours after delivery in the women treated with perineal HAase injections, compared to women in the control group (p=0.008). The overall incidences of adverse events, such as redness of the injection site, infection, and wound dehiscence, were similar between the two groups.CONCLUSION: HAase injections in nulliparous women afforded no reductions in the rates of perineal lacerations and episiotomy. However, the use of perineal HAase injections did reduce perineal edema without severe adverse events.


Subject(s)
Edema , Episiotomy , Female , Humans , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase , Incidence , Lacerations , Parity , Wounds and Injuries
17.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 23(264): 3966-3973, maio.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1102665

ABSTRACT

A Síndrome de Fournier é um processo infeccioso severo que atinge os tecidos moles com avanço acelerado, possui etiologia polimicrobiana, com presença predominante de micro-organismos aeróbicos e anaeróbicos gram positivos e negativos. A finalidade deste trabalho é identificar por meio de revisão bibliográfica o conhecimento e atuação do enfermeiro sobre a síndrome de founier para que a sistematização de enfermagem seja executada de uma forma eficaz, prestando um atendimento eficiente ao paciente. Foi realizada revisão literária entre os anos de 2009 a 2019. Foram enfatizados a aplicabilidade da sistematização da assistência de enfermagem no tratamento, diagnóstico, complicações de acordo com a atuação do enfermeiro. Verificou-se que o tratamento incluiu a antibioticoterapia de amplo espectro e a cobertura mais indicada e utilizada foi à papaína. A oxigenoterapia hiperbárica foi aliada ao tratamento, porém questionada por alguns autores. Conclui- se que, de acordo com a revisão bibliográfica, não há dados publicados suficientes para realizar a análise.(AU)


Fournier syndrome is a severe infectious process that affects fast-advancing soft tissues, has a polymicrobial etiology, with predominant presence of aerobic and anaerobic gram positive and negative microorganisms. The purpose of this study is to identify through literature review the knowledge and performance of nurses about the Fournier syndrome so that nursing systematization is performed effectively, providing efficient care to the patient. A literature review was conducted between 2009 and 2019. The applicability of the systematization of nursing care in the treatment, diagnosis, and complications according to the nurse's performance was emphasized. The treatment was found to include broad spectrum antibiotic therapy and the most appropriate coverage used was papain. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy was combined with treatment but questioned by some authors. It is concluded that, according to the literature review, there are not enough published data to perform the analysis.(AU)


El síndrome de Fournier es un proceso infeccioso severo que afecta los tejidos blandos con un progreso acelerado, tiene una etiología polimicrobiana, con una presencia predominante de microorganismos gram positivos y negativos aerobios y anaerobios. El objetivo de este trabajo es identificar, mediante una revisión bibliográfica, el conocimiento y el desempeño de las enfermeras sobre el síndrome de Founier para que la sistematización de enfermería se realice de manera efectiva, brindando una atención eficiente al paciente. Se realizó una revisión literaria entre los años 2009 a 2019. Se enfatizó la aplicabilidad de la sistematización de la atención de enfermería en el tratamiento, diagnóstico, complicaciones según el desempeño de la enfermera. Se descubrió que el tratamiento incluía antibióticos de amplio espectro y la cobertura más indicada y utilizada fue la papaína. La oxigenoterapia hiperbárica se combinó con el tratamiento, pero algunos autores la cuestionaron. Se concluye que, según la revisión de la literatura, no hay suficientes datos publicados para realizar el análisis.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Fournier Gangrene , Necrosis/prevention & control , Nursing Care/methods , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries/complications
18.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 730-736, jan.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1099476

ABSTRACT

The study's purpose has been to map scientific evidence on interventions targeting people with wounds in palliative care. Methods: It is a scoping review conducted with studies in Portuguese, English, and Spanish, from national and international databases, published from 2010 to 2019. Results: 41 publications from 14 nationalities were included. Studies have as their main theme the evaluation and treatment of wounds of different etiologies. The interventions were presented concerning aspects of care management, basic stages of wound care, psychosocial, and spiritual aspects. Conclusion: Careful assessment of the patient and wound is required. If the parameters are favorable to healing, the team will adopt specific therapy to achieve it. Otherwise, care should include more conservative and less invasive techniques, management of signs and symptoms, and interventions aimed at the social, psychological, and spiritual impacts related to the wound


Objetivo: Mapear evidências científicas sobre intervenções direcionadas a pessoas com feridas em cuidados paliativos. Método: Revisão de Escopo realizada com estudos em português, inglês e espanhol, provenientes de bases de dados nacionais e internacionais, publicados no período de 2010 a 2019. Resultados: Foram incluídas 41 publicações oriundas de 14 nacionalidades. Os estudos apresentam como principal temática a avaliação e tratamento de feridas de diferentes etiologias. As intervenções foram apresentadas em relação aos aspectos da gestão do cuidado, etapas básicas do cuidado da ferida, aspectos psicossociais e espirituais. Conclusão: É necessária uma avaliação criteriosa do paciente e da ferida. Caso os parâmetros sejam favoráveis à cicatrização, a equipe adotará a terapêutica específica para alcançá-la. Caso contrário, o cuidado deverá incluir realização de técnicas mais conservadoras e menos invasivas, manejo de sinais e sintomas, além de intervenções voltadas aos impactos sociais, psicológicos e espirituais relacionados à ferida


Objetivo: El propósito del trabajo es mapear evidencia científica sobre intervenciones dirigidas a personas con heridas en cuidados paliativos. Método: Revisión del alcance realizada con estudios en portugués, inglés y español, de bases de datos nacionales e internacionales, publicados de 2010 a 2019. Resultados: Se incluyeron 41 publicaciones de 14 nacionalidades. Los estudios tienen como tema principal la evaluación y el tratamiento de heridas de diferentes etiologías. Las intervenciones se presentaron en relación con aspectos de la gestión asistencial, etapas básicas del cuidado de heridas, aspectos psicosociales y espirituales. Conclusión: Se requiere una cuidadosa evaluación del paciente y la herida. Si los parámetros son favorables para la curación, el equipo adoptará una terapia específica para lograrlo. De lo contrario, la atención debe incluir técnicas más conservadoras y menos invasivas, manejo de signos y síntomas e intervenciones dirigidas a los impactos sociales, psicológicos y espirituales relacionados con la herida


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Palliative Care/methods , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Nursing Care , Wounds and Injuries/therapy
19.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 84-92, 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095477

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La tomografía corporal (TC) total en la evaluación de pacientes con trauma grave, puede ser una herramienta eficaz y segura para decidir entre un tratamiento quirúrgico y uno no quirúrgico, pero aún no son claras las implicaciones diagnósticas y los riesgos asociados con esta técnica.Métodos. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 15 años con trauma grave que fueron sometidos a TC total. Se evaluaron la seguridad, la efectividad y la eficiencia por medio de los parámetros de incidencia de nefropatía inducida por los medios de contraste, dosis total de radiación por paciente, proporción de casos en los que la TC total cambió el manejo, y el retraso en el diagnóstico. Resultados. Se incluyeron 263 pacientes, 83 % sufrieron trauma cerrado y 17 % sufrieron trauma penetrante. La gravedad de la lesión fue mayor en estos últimos y, sin embargo, el trauma cerrado con inestabilidad hemodinámica se presentó con mayores grados de choque. El 65 % de los pacientes recibió tratamiento selectivo no operatorio. Entre los subgrupos, no hubo diferencias significativas en el tiempo entre el ingreso a la sala de urgencias y la toma de la TC total (p=0,96) y, en la mayoría de los casos, el tiempo entre la práctica de la TC total y el diagnóstico de presencia o ausencia de heridas fue menor de 25 minutos. La mediana de radiación total estuvo por debajo de 20 mSv en todos los grupos. No hubo diferencias significativas en la mortalidad (p=0,17). Conclusión. La TC total es una herramienta segura y eficiente para decidir entre un tratamiento quirúrgico y uno no quirúrgico en los casos de trauma grave, independientemente del mecanismo de la lesión o la estabilidad hemodinámica al ingreso


Introduction: Total body tomography (CT) in the evaluation of patients with severe trauma may be an effective and safe tool to decide between a surgical or non-operative management, but the diagnostic implications and risks associated with this technique are still unclear.Methods: Patients older than 15 years with severe trauma who underwent total CT were included. Safety, effectiveness and efficiency were evaluated through the parameters of incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy, total radiation dose per patient, proportion of cases in which the total CT changed the management, and the delay in the diagnosis.Results: 263 patients were included, 83% presented with blunt trauma and 17% with penetrating trauma. The severity of the injury was higher in the latter, however, the blunt trauma with hemodynamic instability presented with higher degrees of shock. Non-operative management was selected in 65% of patients. Among the subgroups, there was no significant difference in the time between admission to the emergency room and taking the total CT (p=0.96), and in most cases, the time between the total CT and the diagnosis of presence or absence of injury was less than 25 minutes. The median total radiation was below than 20 mSv in all groups. There were no significant difference in mortality (p=0.170. Conclusion: Total CT is a safe and efficient tool to decide between a surgical and a non-operative management in patients with severe trauma, regardless of the mechanism of injury or hemodynamic stability at admission


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries , Tomography , Diagnosis , Conservative Treatment
20.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 108-112, 2020. fig
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095481

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Durante muchos siglos, las heridas del corazón se consideraron fatales. Actualmente, el trauma cardíaco sigue siendo una de las lesiones más letales. Los resultados de pacientes con lesión cardíaca penetrante pueden variar de lesiones letales a arritmias que se resuelven espontáneamente. El hemopericardio en el trauma generalmente es debido a la lesión cardíaca penetrante, pero el saco pericárdico puede llenarse de sangre de grandes vasos y de la ruptura de la arteria pericardiofrénica asociada a laceración pericárdica contusa.Métodos. Para la organización de este estudio, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en la literatura científica. Dos casos fueron observados por el equipo de Cirugía General al describir este raro mecanismo de trauma.Resultados. Descripción de una causa diferente de hemopericardio, ocasionada por la sangre de la cavidad peritoneal.Discusión. En los casos presentados, la lesión por arma de fuego rompió la barrera entre las cavidades pericárdica y peritoneal (diafragma), colocando cavidades con diferentes niveles de presión , favoreciendo la entrada de sangre de la cavidad peritoneal al saco pericárdico.Conclusión. En los casos observados el proyectil pasó muy cerca del corazón, pero sin lesionarlo. La ruptura de la superficie diafragmática del pericardio permitió que la presión de la cavidad peritoneal se igualara con la presión del pericardio


Introduction: For many centuries heart wounds were considered fatal. Currently cardiac trauma remains one of the most lethal injuries. The results of patients with penetrating cardiac injury (PCI) can range from lethal lesions to arrhythmias that resolve spontaneously. Haemopericardium in trauma is usually due to penetrating cardiac injury, but the pericardial sac may fill with blood from large vessels and rupture of the pericardiophrenic artery associated with pericardial contusion laceration.Methods: For the organization of this study, a literature review was performed. Two cases were identified by the general surgery team in describing this rare mechanism of trauma.Results: Description of a different cause of hemopericardium, caused by blood from the peritoneal cavity.Discussion: In the cases presented, the firearm injury broke the barrier between the pericardial and peritoneal cavities (diaphragm), placing cavities with different pressure levels in contact, favoring the entry of blood from the peritoneal cavity into the pericardial sac.Conclusion: In the observed cases the projectile passed very close to the heart, but without injury it. Rupture on the diaphragmatic surface of the pericardium allowed the pressure of the peritoneal cavity to be equal to the pressure of the pericardium


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Cardiac Tamponade
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