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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223120, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365399

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to describe, analyze, and trace the epidemiological profile for cardiac trauma victims on a referral trauma hospital of a major urban center. Methods: a case series study to review, describe, compile and analyze medical records of all patients sustaining traumatic cardiac injuries, from January 2015 to January 2020 admitted to the referral trauma hospital of Curitiba, Brazil. Patients sustaining traumatic heart injuries were identified using the hospitals database. Patients who died prior to reaching hospital care were excluded. Results: all 22 cases were urban victims, mostly penetrating injuries (12 stab wounds, 9 gunshot wounds); 82% were male; mean age, 37.1 years. 17 cases (77%) occurred during night hours, 15 between Friday and Sunday, and 15 were admitted hemodynamically stable. Only 27% were diagnosed with FAST, the remainder requiring other imaging exams. About incisions, 14 had thoracotomies, 6 median sternotomies and in 2 cases both. Of injuries, 8 affected the right ventricle, 3 right atrium, 9 left ventricle, 1 right coronary sulcus and 1 anterior wall. All had cardiorrhaphy repair. 3 patients died, 17 were discharged and 2 were transferred. 17 received postoperative echocardiograms, revealing ejection fractions ranging 55.1% to 75%. Patients spent a mean of 9.6 days on ICU and a mean of 15.2 days of total hospital stay. The mortality rate was 14%. Conclusions: cardiac traumas predominantly occurred in adult males, due to violent causes, during night hours on weekends. The overall mortality rate found (14%), as well as total hospital stay, accords with the literature.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever, analisar e traçar o perfil epidemiológico das vítimas de trauma cardíaco em hospital de referência em trauma de grande centro urbano. Métodos: uma série de casos para descrever e analisar prontuários de todos os pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas, entre janeiro, 2015, a janeiro, 2020, admitidos no hospital referência em trauma de Curitiba, Brasil. Pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas foram identificados no banco de dados do hospital. Pacientes em óbito antes da chegada aos cuidados hospitalares foram excluídos. Resultados: todos os 22 casos foram vítimas urbanas, maioria ferimentos penetrantes (12 por arma branca, 9 por arma de fogo); 82% homens; idade média 37.1 anos. 17 casos (77%) ocorreram no período noturno, 15 entre sexta-feira e domingo. 15 foram admitidos hemodinamicamente estáveis. 27% diagnosticados com FAST; demais demandaram outros exames. Das incisões, 14 receberam toracotomias, 6 esternotomias medianas, 2 casos ambas. Das lesões, 8 afetaram ventrículo direito, 3 átrio direito, 9 ventrículo esquerdo, 1 sulco coronário direito, 1 parede anterior. Todos receberam cardiorrafias. 3 pacientes morreram, 17 tiveram alta e 2 foram transferidos. 17 receberam ecocardiograma pós-operatório, revelando frações de ejeção de 55.1% a 75%. Os pacientes passaram em média 9.6 dias em UTI e 15.2 dias de internamento hospitalar total. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 14%. Conclusões: traumas cardíacos ocorreram predominantemente em homens adultos, devido a causas violentas, durante o período noturno nos finais de semana. A taxa de mortalidade encontrada, assim como o tempo total de internamento hospitalar, esteve em acordo com a literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab , Referral and Consultation , Trauma Centers , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223146, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365389

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: the study aims to analyze the performance and outcome of resuscitation thoracotomy (TR) performed in patients victims of penetrating and blunt trauma in a trauma center in southern Brazil during a 7 years period. Methods: retrospective study based on the analysis of medical records of patients undergoing TR, from 2014 to 2020, in the emergency service of the Hospital do Trabalhador, Curitiba - Paraná, Brazil. Results: a total of 46 TR were performed during the study period, of which 89.1% were male. The mean age of patients undergoing TR was 34.1±12.94 years (range 16 and 69 years). Penetrating trauma corresponded to the majority of indications with 80.4%, of these 86.5% victims of gunshot wounds and 13.5% victims of knife wounds. On the other hand, only 19.6% undergoing TR were victims of blunt trauma. Regarding the outcome variables, 84.78% of the patients had declared deaths during the procedure, considered non-responders. 15.22% of patients survived after the procedure. 4.35% of patients undergoing TR were discharged from the hospital, 50% of which were victims of blunt trauma. Conclusion: the data obtained in our study are in accordance with the world literature, reinforcing the need for a continuous effort to perform TR, respecting its indications and limitations in patients victims of severe penetrating or blunt trauma.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o desempenho e o desfecho das toracotomias de reanimação (TR) realizadas nos pacientes vítimas de trauma penetrante e contuso em um hospital de referência em trauma no Sul do Brasil durante um período de sete anos. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo baseado na análise de prontuários de pacientes submetidos a TR, no período de 2014 a 2020, no serviço de emergência do Hospital do Trabalhador, Curitiba - Paraná, Brasil. Resultados: um total de 46 TR foram realizadas durante o período de estudo, dos quais 89.1% eram do sexo masculino. A média de idade dos pacientes submetidos a TR foi de 34.1±12.94 anos (variação de 16 e 69 anos). O trauma penetrante correspondeu pela maioria das indicações de TR com 80.4%, destas 86.5% vítimas de ferimentos por arma de fogo e 13.5% vítimas de ferimento por arma branca. Por outro lado, apenas 19.6% submetidos a TR foram vítimas de trauma contuso. No que se refere as variáveis de desfecho, 84.78% dos pacientes tiveram óbitos declarados durante o procedimento, considerados não respondedores. 15.22% dos pacientes apresentaram sobrevida após o procedimento. 4.35% dos pacientes submetidos à TR tiveram alta hospitalar, sendo 50% pacientes vítimas de trauma contuso. Conclusão: os dados obtidos em nosso estudo estão em conformidade com a literatura mundial, reforçando a necessidade de um esforço contínuo para realização da TR respeitando suas indicações e limitações em pacientes vítimas de trauma grave penetrante ou contuso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Thoracotomy , Trauma Centers , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(3): 45-49, set.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1291672

ABSTRACT

Os ferimentos por arma de fogo (FAF) são um grande problema de saúde pública. Na face, a mandíbula é o local de maior incidência, sendo a região de corpo mandibular a mais atingida e as lesões aos tecidos moles frequentemente a ela associadas. Em alguns casos, tais ferimentos apresentam-se de difícil resolução, sobretudo, em casos de fraturas cominutivas e lesões de tecidos moles com alta complexidade. Isso torna o atendimento desses pacientes um desafio para cirurgiões buco-maxilo-faciais. Desta forma, o objetivo deste artigo é relatar um caso de FAF em terço inferior da face, com comprometimento de tecidos moles e mandíbula, pela equipe de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial do Hospital Geral do Estado - Bahia. Paciente de 28 anos de idade, sexo feminino, vítima de FAF em terço inferior da face, por disparo acidental de espingarda. Ao exame clínico, pode-se observar ferimento perfuro-contuso em região de mandíbula e fratura cominutiva de corpo e ângulo mandibular à direita. A paciente foi submetida à cirurgia para remoção de fragmentos ósseos/corpos estranhos, fixação dos cotos com placa de reconstrução 2.4mm e sutura dos planos, em mesmo tempo cirúrgico, reestabelecendo a função da mandíbula. Portanto, devido à fisiopatologia variável dos FAF na mandíbula, não se indica um único padrão de tratamento para as fraturas cominutivas. Além disso, é indispensável o emprego de protocolos de limpeza cirúrgica imediata e antibioticoterapia nos casos com alto grau de cominuição, bem como, sugere-se realizar o tratamento definitivo o mais breve possível(AU)


Firearm injuries (FIs) are a major public health problem. On the face, the mandible is the place with the highest incidence of this trauma, with the mandibular body region being the most affected and the lesions to the soft tissues frequently associated with it. In some cases, such injuries are difficult to resolve, especially in cases of comminuted fractures and soft tissue injuries with high complexity. This makes the care of these patients a challenge for oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Thus, the objective of this article is to report a case of care for a FAF victim in the lower third of the face, with soft tissue and mandible involvement, by the Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology team at the Hospital Geral do Estado - Bahia. 28-year-old female patient, victim of FAF in the lower third of the face, due to acidental shotgun firing. On clinical examination, a perforated-blunt wound can be seen in the mandible region and comminuted fracture of the body and angle of the mandible on the right. The patient underwent surgery to remove bone fragments / foreign bodies, fix the stumps with a 2.4 mm reconstruction plate and suture the planes, at the same surgical time, reestablishing the function of the mandible. Therefore, due to the variable pathophysiology of FAF in the mandible, a single treatment pattern is not indicated for comminuted fractures. In addition, it is essential to use immediate surgical cleaning protocols and antibiotic therapy in cases with a high degree of comminution, as well as, it is suggested to carry out the definitive treatment as soon as possible(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Soft Tissue Injuries , Fractures, Comminuted , Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons , Fractures, Bone , Jaw Fractures , Mandible , Anti-Bacterial Agents
4.
Medisan ; 25(6)2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1356479

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de un paciente de 26 años de edad, atendido en la consulta de Ortopedia y Traumatología del Centro de Diagnóstico Integral Salvador Allende de Caracas, en la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, quien desde hacía 6 meses había recibido un disparo de escopeta en la cara posterior de ambos muslos. Esta vez acudió a consulta con dolor intenso en el miembro inferior izquierdo, sobre todo por debajo de la rodilla, acompañado de parestesias en la zona de inervación de ambas ramas de bifurcación del nervio ciático. Se pudo comprobar que el joven presentaba múltiples impactos de proyectiles en la cara posterior de ambos muslos y marcha claudicante. Los estudios radiográficos confirmaron la presencia de 8 proyectiles, 2 en el muslo derecho y 6 en el izquierdo. En la vista lateral se observó que uno de ellos se encontraba a una profundidad que se correspondía con la región anatómica del nervio ciático izquierdo. Para la intervención quirúrgica se utilizó anestesia local, sedación y un intensificador de imágenes. Con la cooperación del paciente se pudo extraer el proyectil alojado en el epineuro del ciático sin complicaciones. A los 3 meses habían desaparecido las molestias y pudo reincorporarse a sus actividades habituales.


The case report of a 26 years patient is described. He was assisted in the Orthopedics and Traumatology Service of Salvador Allende Integral Diagnostic Center from Caracas, in the Bolivian Republic of Venezuela who had received a shotgun shot in the posterior face of both thighs 6 months ago. This time he went to visit the doctor with intense pain in the left inferior member, mainly below the knee, accompanied by paresthesias in the innervation area of both bifurcation branches of the sciatic nerve. It could be demonstrated that the young man presented multiple projectile impacts in the posterior face of both thighs and hesitating gait. The radiographic studies confirmed the presence of 8 projectiles, two in the right thigh and 6 in the left one. In the lateral view it was observed that one of them was at a depth that matched with the anatomical region of the left sciatic nerve. Local anesthesia, sedation and an images intensifier were used for the operation. The projectile located in the epineurium of the sciatic nerve could be removed with the patient cooperation without complications. After 3 months the discomfort had disappeared and he could return to his usual activities.


Subject(s)
Sciatic Nerve/surgery , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wounds, Gunshot
5.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(3): 217-223, July-Sept. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339753

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives Elaborate a care protocol for spinal gunshot wounds (GSWs), based on the experience of more than fifteen years of treating this type of injury. Methods A retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the electronic medical record data of a tertiary hospital related to the treatment of spinal GSWs between January 2002 and January 2018. Results The management proposed was applied to 700 patients. Epidemiological data collected describes the population served. Conclusions An easy-to-use treatment flowchart was developed that, according to factors related to the neurological condition, projectile location, lesion stability and additional criteria, allows the objective determination of the best treatment option for each case. Level of evidence II; Retrospective Study.


RESUMO Objetivos Elaborar um protocolo de atendimento para ferimentos por arma de fogo (FAF) na coluna vertebral, com base na experiência de mais de quinze anos de atendimento desse tipo de lesão. Métodos Realizou-se uma análise transversal retrospectiva dos dados do prontuário eletrônico de um hospital terciário referentes ao atendimento de FAF na coluna vertebral entre janeiro de 2002 e janeiro de 2018. Resultados O manejo proposto foi aplicado a 700 pacientes. Os dados epidemiológicos coletados mostram a população atendida. Conclusões Foi elaborado um fluxograma de tratamento de uso fácil que, de acordo com fatores relacionados com o quadro neurológico, a localização do projétil, a estabilidade da lesão e critérios adicionais, permite determinar objetivamente a melhor opção de tratamento para cada caso. Nível de evidência II; Estudo Retrospectivo.


RESUMEN Objetivos Desarrollar un protocolo de atención a las heridas por arma de fuego (HAF) en la columna vertebral, basado en la experiencia de más de quince años en la atención a este tipo de lesiones. Métodos Se realizó un análisis transversal retrospectivo de los datos de la historia clínica electrónica de un hospital terciario sobre la atención en casos de HAF en la columna vertebral entre enero de 2002 y enero de 2018. Resultados Se aplicó el tratamiento propuesto a 700 pacientes. Los datos epidemiológicos recopilados muestran la población atendida. Conclusiones Se desarrolló un diagrama de flujo de tratamiento de fácil de usar que, de acuerdo a factores relacionados con la condición neurológica, ubicación del proyectil, estabilidad de la lesión y criterios adicionales, permite determinar objetivamente la mejor opción de tratamiento para cada caso. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudio Retrospectivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Spinal Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Spinal Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnostic imaging , Clinical Protocols , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
6.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 88-92, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372537

ABSTRACT

Os defeitos ósseos nos maxilares podem ser causados por patologias como ameloblastoma, carcinoma de células escamosas e sarcomas, bem como, por traumatismos faciais que vão desde acidentes de trânsito a agressões por arma de fogo. As reconstruções de tais defeitos ósseos não deverão apenas devolver a anatomia e contorno da região, mas também, restabelecer a estética e função. A escolha do melhor tipo de enxerto para reconstrução mandibular deverá ser feita de acordo com a característica do defeito e, principalmente, a observação do seu tamanho. O presente trabalho relata o caso clínico de um paciente que procurou o serviço de CTBMF do Hospital da Restauração, queixando-se de deformidade em terço inferior de face após agressão por projétil de arma de fogo (PAF) há, aproximadamente, 2 anos. Ao exame físico apresentava perda de continuidade óssea em região de parassínfise mandibular direita, oclusão pouco funcional e com prometimento funcional. Para o caso foi proposta cirurgia para reconstrução do defeito mandibular com enxerto livre de crista ilíaca. Diante disso, um diagnóstico preciso, planejamento minucioso e boa execução da técnica de reconstrução mandibular com enxerto livre de crista ilíaca proporcionam resultados estéticos satisfatórios, contorno e volume ósseos adequados possibilitando um restabelecimento funcional da área receptora... (AU)


Bone defects in the jaws can be caused by pathologies such as ameloblastoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and sarcomas, as well as facial trauma ranging from traffic accidents to gunshot wounds. Reconstructions of such bone defects should not only restore the anatomy and contour of the region, but also restore aesthetics and function. The choice of the best graft type for mandibular reconstruction should be made according to the characteristic of the defect and, especially, the observation of its size. The present study reports the clinical case of a patient who sought the CTBMF service of the Hospital da Restauração, complaining of deformity in the lower third of the face after aggression by FAP for approximately 2 years. Physical examination showed loss of bone segment in a region of right mandibular paresis, malocclusion and functional impairment. For the case, surgery was proposed to reconstruct the mandibular defect with free iliac crest graft. Therefore, a precise diagnosis, careful planning and good execution of the mandibular reconstruction technique with free iliac crest graft provide satisfactory aesthetic results, adequate bone contour and volume allowing a functional reestablishment of the receiver area... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Bone Transplantation , Facial Injuries , Mandibular Reconstruction , Ilium , Jaw , Malocclusion , Physical Examination , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Bone and Bones
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(5): 1911-1922, maio 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249495

ABSTRACT

Resumo Esse artigo aborda a ocorrência de agravos à saúde decorrentes de ferimentos por arma de fogo (FAF) que atingiram policiais militares da ativa na Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Pesquisa documental, por meio de análise de prontuários médicos de policiais militares atendidos no Hospital Central da Polícia Militar (HCPM) em decorrência de FAF, no período de junho de 2015 a dezembro de 2017 segundo variáveis relativas ao perfil profissional, às características do evento e da lesão, à distribuição espacial dos FAF e às unidades de saúde envolvidas no atendimento. No período investigado, 475 policiais militares sofreram ferimentos por armas de fogo: 98,3% do sexo masculino, 77,3% encontravam-se em serviço, 97,9% eram praças. Quanto à localização anatômica dos ferimentos, as regiões mais acometidas foram: membros inferiores (41,1%) e superiores (33,1%), região da cabeça-pescoço-face (23,5%) e tórax-abdome (17,3%). As áreas na Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro onde foram encontradas as maiores ocorrências de morbidade por arma de fogo foram as áreas de planejamento 3 e 1 e a Baixada Fluminense. Constatou-se correlação entre as taxas de morbidade policial por armas de fogo dos municípios da região metropolitana e densidade demográfica (p = 0,024).


Abstract This article discusses health problems due to firearm injuries suffered on duty military police officers in the metropolitan region of Rio de Janeiro (RJ). Medical records analysis was con ducted referring to military police officers who were treated at the Military Police's Central Hos pital (MPCH) due to gunshot wounds from June 2015 to December 2017 according to professional profile, the characteristics of the event and the le sion, the spatial distribution of the incidents in volving gunshot wounds, and the healthcare units involved in their care. Firearms injured four hun dred seventy-five military police officers: 98.3% were male, 77.3% were in service, 97.9% were soldier personnel. As to the anatomical location of the wounds, the most affected regions were: lower (41.1%) and superior (33.1%) limbs, the head neck-face region (23.5%), and thorax-abdomen (3%). The areas in the metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro with the highest occurrence of firearm morbidity are program areas 3 and 1 and the Baixada Fluminense. There is a correlation between police morbidity rates due to firearm injuries in the municipalities of the metropolitan region and demographic density (p = 0.024).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Wounds, Gunshot/epidemiology , Firearms , Military Personnel , Violence , Brazil/epidemiology , Police
8.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(2): 145-147, Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156090

ABSTRACT

Abstract Transmediastinal gunshot wounds (TGWs) may lead to life-threatening injuries of vital organs such as large vessels, the esophagus, and lungs. Although they are not commonly encountered in pregnant women, additional caution should be given to these patients. Physical examination for the diagnosis and the choice of treatment modality contain controversial points in hemodynamically stable patients, and resuscitation has excessive importance due to physiological changes in pregnancy. We present a hemodynamically stable 26-week pregnant woman brought to the emergency department for TGW. She had a 1-cm diameter of bullet entrance hole on the right anterior 4th intercostal space, 2 cm lateral to the sternum, and a 3-cm diameter exit hole on the right posterior 12th intercostal space on the midscapular line.With our conservative approach, she had an uncomplicated pregnancy period, and gave birth to a healthy baby at term.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/diagnosis , Thoracic Injuries/diagnosis , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnosis , Pregnancy Complications/therapy , Pregnancy Trimester, Second , Resuscitation , Thoracic Injuries/therapy , Wounds, Gunshot/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hemodynamics
9.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202784, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155372

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: the aim of this study was to identify associated factors with the increased length of hospital stay for patients undergoing surgical treatment for liver trauma, and predictors of mortality as well as the epidemiology of this trauma. Methods: retrospective study of 191 patients admitted to the Cajuru University Hospital, a reference in the treatment of multiple trauma patients, between 2010 and 2017, with epidemiological, clinicopathological and therapeutic variables analyzed using the STATA version 15.0 program. Results: most of the included patients were men with a mean age of 29 years. Firearm injury represents the most common trauma mechanism. The right hepatic lobe was injured in 51.2% of the cases, and hepatorraphy was the most commonly used surgical correction. The length of hospital stay was an average of 11 (0-78) days and the length of stay in the intensive care unit was 5 (0-52) days. Predictors for longer hospital stay were the mechanisms of trauma, hemodynamic instability at admission, number of associated injuries, degree of liver damage and affected lobe, used surgical technique, presence of complications, need for reoperation and other surgical procedures. Mortality rate was 22.7%. Conclusions: the study corroborated the epidemiology reported by the literature. Greater severity of liver trauma and associated injuries characterize patients undergoing surgical treatment, who have increased hospital stay due to the penetrating trauma, hemodynamic instability, hepatic packaging, complications and reoperations.


RESUMO Objetivo: identificar fatores associados ao aumento do tempo de hospitalização de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico por trauma hepático e descrever preditores de mortalidade, assim como a epidemiologia desse trauma. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo de 191 pacientes admitidos no Hospital Universitário Cajuru, referência no atendimento de politraumatizados, no período entre 2010 e 2017, com variáveis epidemiológicas, clinicopatológicas, terapêuticas analisadas por meio do programa STATA versão 15.0. Resultados: maioria dos pacientes incluídos eram homens com média de idade de 29 anos. Ferimento por arma de fogo representou o mecanismo de trauma mais comum. O lobo hepático direito foi lesado em 51,2% dos casos e hepatorrafia foi a correção cirúrgica mais empregada. O tempo de internamento hospitalar foi em média de 11(0-78) dias e o tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva de 5 (0-52) dias. Preditores de maior tempo de hospitalização foram mecanismo de trauma, instabilidade hemodinâmica à admissão, número de lesões associadas, grau da lesão hepática e lobo acometido, técnica cirúrgica empregada, presença de complicações, necessidade de reoperação e outros procedimentos cirúrgicos. Taxa de mortalidade foi de 22,7%. Conclusões: o estudo corroborou a epidemiologia descrita na literatura. Maior gravidade do trauma hepático e das lesões associadas caracterizam os pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico, que apresentam aumento de tempo de hospitalização devido a trauma penetrante, instabilidade hemodinâmica, tamponamento hepático, complicações e reoperações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Firearms , Trauma Centers , Injury Severity Score , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Length of Stay , Liver/surgery , Liver/injuries
10.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 36(4): 459-463, dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1144764

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las llamadas armas no letales son parte del arsenal de las fuerzas de seguridad y están diseñadas para reprimir disturbios penitenciarios y protestas masivas en espacios públicos. La falsa idea de que la posibilidad de que causen lesiones graves y muerte es baja ha ayudado a extender su uso. Se presentan dos casos de muertes violentas causadas por impactos de los llamados proyectiles no letales utilizados por el personal policial encargado de la seguridad en los establecimientos de reclusión en nuestro país. Se cuestiona la seguridad de este tipo de armas y municiones en situaciones de estrés, en que no se puede garantizar una correcta utilización (distancia mínima y sector corporal de impacto). Se recomienda erradicar la denominación de "armas no letales" y sustituirla por otra más moderna y ajustada a la realidad como "armas menos letales".


Summary: The so-called non-lethal weapons are part of the weapon arsenal available to the police forces, and they were designed to control prison riots and massive protests in public spaces. The false idea they have low chances of causing severe lesions or death has contributed to their being more widely used. The study presents two cases of violent deaths caused by the impact of the so called non-lethal projectiles used by policemen in charge of security in the prisons of our country. Safety of this kind of weapons under stressful situations is questioned, since there is no guarantee for them to be used properly (minimum distance and impact body area). A recommendation is made to eradicate using the label "non-lethal weapons" and substitute it for a more modern and appropriate one, such as "less lethal weapons".


Resumo: As chamadas armas não letais fazem parte do arsenal das forças de segurança e têm como objetivo suprimir motins em prisões e protestos em massa em espaços públicos. O equívoco de que a possiblidade de causar de ferimentos graves e morte é baixa ajudou a espalhar seu uso. Há dois casos de mortes violentas causadas por impactos dos chamados projéteis não letais utilizados pelos policiais encarregados da segurança dos centros de detenção em nosso país. A segurança deste tipo de armas e munições é questionada em situações de estresse, em que não se pode garantir o uso correto (distância mínima e setor corporal de impacto). Recomenda-se erradicar o nome "armas não letais" e substituí-lo por um mais moderno e realista, como "armas menos letais".


Subject(s)
Wounds, Gunshot , Weapons , Gun Violence
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(5): 625-628, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144203

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To investigate the incidence of infection in patients with gunshot-related fractures, and to correlate this finding with the occurrence of surgical debridement in the emergency room. Methods A retrospective, observational, descriptive study that included all cases of fractures caused by firearms between January 2010 and December 2014; 245 fractures in 223 patients were included. Results There was surgical-site infection in 8.5% of the fractures, and the mean number of debridements required to control the infectious process was of 1.273 ± 0.608. A correlation was identified between the surgical treatment chosen and the affected body segment (p< 0.001). The surgical treatment in the emergency room had a correlation with the occurrence of infection (p< 0.001; Chi-squared test). Conclusion Patients with gunshot injuries treated non-operatively presented less severe and stable lesions; thus, the incidence of complications in this group was found to be lower. On the other hand, those patients with complex lesions underwent debridement and external fixation. Therefore, a greater number of infectious complications in patients submitted to external fixation was found, as expected.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a incidência de infecção em pacientes com fraturas por arma de fogo, e correlacionar esse achado com a ocorrência de desbridamento cirúrgico na sala de emergência. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo, observacional e descritivo, que incluiu todos os casos de fraturas causadas por armas de fogo entre janeiro de 2010 e dezembro de 2014; foram incluídas 245 fraturas em 223 pacientes. Resultados Houve infecção do local cirúrgico em 8,5% das fraturas, e a média de desbridamentos necessários para controlar o processo infeccioso foi de 1,273 ± 0,608. Foi identificada correlação entre o tratamento cirúrgico escolhido e o segmento corporal afetado (p< 0,001). O tratamento cirúrgico na sala de emergência teve correlação com a ocorrência de infecção (p< 0,001; teste do qui-quadrado). Conclusão Pacientes com ferimentos à bala tratados de forma não operatória apresentaram lesões menos graves e estáveis; portanto, a incidência de complicações nesse grupo foi menor. Por outro lado, os pacientes com lesões complexas foram aqueles submetidos a desbridamento e fixação externa. Portanto, como esperado, foi encontrado um maior número de complicações infecciosas em pacientes submetidos à fixação externa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Wound Infection/epidemiology , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot/epidemiology , Firearms , Debridement , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fractures, Bone , Control , Fires , Hand , Infections
12.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 40(3): 265-268, July-Sept. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134982

ABSTRACT

Abstract Up to 80 % of the rectal injuries reported in US trauma centers occur secondary to firearm injuries. Rectal gunshot wounds are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Diverse surgical approaches and techniques have been described; however, controversy persists regarding the best management for these complex injuries. Nowadays, no single approach has proven to provide optimal results when dealing with these injuries. We present a case of a young male that suffered a combined (intra-extraperitoneal) gun shot gun to the rectus and the use of a transanal platform to repair it.


Resumo Até 80 % das lesões retais relatadas nos centros de trauma dos EUA ocorrem secundariamente às lesões por armas de fogo. Ferimentos retais por arma de fogo estão associados a significativa morbimortalidade. Foram descritas diversas abordagens e técnicas cirúrgicas; no entanto, ainda há controvérsias quanto qual é o melhor tratamento para essas lesões complexas. Atualmente, nenhuma abordagem isolada provou ótimos resultados ao lidar com essas lesões. Apresentamos um caso de um jovem do sexo masculino que sofreu um ferimento de pistola combinada (intra-extraperitoneal) no reto e o uso de uma plataforma transanal para repará-la.


Subject(s)
Rectum/surgery , Wounds and Injuries , Transanal Endoscopic Surgery , Wounds, Gunshot
13.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(4): 293-300, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138714

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los traumatismos torácicos por armas de fuego (TTAF) son cada vez más frecuentes. Objetivos: Describir características clínicas, morbilidad, mortalidad y la evolución a través del tiempo de hospitalizados por TTAF. Materiales y Método: Estudio analítico longitudinal. Período enero de 1981-diciembre de 2018. Revisión base de datos, protocolos prospectivos y fichas clínicas. Se utilizó planilla Microsoft Excel® y programa SPSS24® con chi cuadrado y de Mann-Whitney. Descripción de características de TTAF en pacientes hospitalizados y comparación por períodos. Se calcularon índices de gravedad del traumatismo (IGT): Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS-T), Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Resultados: Total 4.306 pacientes hospitalizados por traumatismo torácico (TT), 205 (4,8%) hospitalizados por TTAF. Hombres: 188 (91,7%), edad promedio 28,8 ± 11,2 años, TTAF aislado 115 (56,1%), asociado a lesiones extratorácicas 90 (43,9%), de estos 55 (26,8%) se consideraron politraumatismos. Mecanismo: Agresión 193 (94,1%), autoagresión 11 (5,4%) y accidental 1 (0,5%). Lesiones y/o hallazgos torácicos más frecuentes: Hemotórax 127 (62,0%), neumotórax 96 (46,8%) y contusión pulmonar 51 (24,9%). Tratamiento definitivo: Pleurotomía 88 (42,9%), cirugía 71 (34,6%) y tratamiento médico 46 (22,4%). Mediana de hospitalización 7 días. Según IGT: ISS promedio 16,7 ± 11,7, RTS-T promedio 11,1 ± 2,1, TRISS promedio 9,6. Morbilidad: 44 (21,5%). Mortalidad: 14 (6,8%). En los diferentes períodos, se observó aumento de politraumatismos y TRISS, sin cambios en mortalidad. Discusión: La mayoría de los TTAF fueron aislados. Aproximadamente un tercio de los pacientes requirió cirugía. La mortalidad observada es menor a la esperada. Se observan cambios en los TTAF a través del tiempo.


Background: Thoracic trauma by firearms (TTF) are increasingly frequent. Aim: To describe clinical characteristics, morbidity and mortality and the evolution over time of patients hospitalized due TTF. Materials and Method: Longitudinal analytical study. Period January 1981 - December 2018. Database review, prospective protocols and clinical files. Microsoft Excel® spreadsheet and SPSS24® program with chi square and Mann-Whitney tests were used. Description of characteristics of TTF in hospitalized patients and comparison of TTF by periods. Trauma severity indexes (TSI) were calculated: Injury Severity Score (ISS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS-T), Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS). Results: Total: 4306 hospitalized patients due thoracic trauma (TT), 205 (4.8%) hospitalized due TTF. Men: 188 (91.7%), average age 28.8 ± 11.2 years, isolated TTF 115 (56.1%), associated with extrathoracic lesions 90 (43.9%), and of these 55 (26.8%) were considered polytraumatism. Mechanisms: aggression 193 (94.1%), self-harm 11 (5.4%) and accidental 1 (0.5%). Frequent thoracic injuries and/or findings: hemothorax 127 (62.0%), pneumothorax 96 (46.8%) and pulmonary contusion 51 (24.9%). Definitive treatment: Pleurotomy 88 (42.9%), surgery 71 (34.6%) and medical treatment 46 (22.4%). Median hospitalization 7 days. According TSI: Average ISS 16.7 ± 11.7, average RTS-T 11.1 ± 2.1, average TRISS 9.6. Morbidity: 44 (21.5%). Mortality: 14 (6.8%). There is an increase in polytraumatism and average TRISS, without changes in mortality. Discussion: The majority of TTF were isolated TT. Approximately one third of patients required surgery. The observed mortality is lower than expected. Changes in TTF were observed over time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Wounds, Gunshot/complications , Thoracic Injuries/etiology , Thoracic Injuries/mortality , Wounds, Gunshot/epidemiology , Chile , Longitudinal Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution
14.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(4): 35-39, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252977

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A face é uma região exposta a diversos traumas que são causados por várias etiologias, dentre eles por projétil de arma de fogo que são a segunda maior causa de fraturas perdendo somente para os acidentes automobilísticos. As fraturas acometem com frequência a região mandibular, por ser um osso de destaque na face devido sua proeminência. O objetivo deste trabalho é elucidar uma fratura cominutiva na região de côndilo e colo mandibular causada por ferimento de arma de fogo e seu respectivo tratamento. Relato de Caso: Paciente de 25 anos, compareceu a um serviço de atendimento de cirurgia bucomaxilofacial vítima de um ferimento por arma de fogo. Após a realização dos exames de imagem constatou-se que o projétil estava alojado no pescoço da vítima, causando a fratura cominutiva o ramo e o côndilo mandibular do lado esquerdo. A paciente foi submetida a anestesia geral para realização da osteossíntese da fratura. Considerações finais: O diagnóstico e o tratamento são realizados por uma equipe multidisciplinar para que o tratamento seja o mais correto e efetivo, com finalidade de minimizar morbidades e mortalidades, já que os pacientes sobrevivem com sequelas permanentes quando o diagnóstico e o tratamento não são realizados de forma correta... (AU)


Introduction: The face is a region exposed to several traumas that are caused by several etiologies, among them a firearm projectile that is the second major cause of fractures losing only to automobile accidents. The fractures frequently affect the mandibular region, as it is a prominent bone in the face due to its prominence. The purpose of this study is to elucidate a comminuted fracture in the condyle and mandibular neck region caused by a firearm injury and its respective treatment. Case Report: A 25-year-old patient who attended a buccomaxillofacial surgery service as a victim of a gunshot wound. After imaging examinations it was found that the projectile was lodged in the victim's neck, causing the comminuted fracture of the branch and mandibular condyle on the left side. The patient underwent general anesthesia to perform the fracture osteosynthesis. Final considerations: Diagnosis and treatment are performed by a multidisciplinary team so that treatment is the most correct and effective, in order to minimize morbidities and mortalities, since patients survive with permanent sequelae when diagnosis and treatment are not performed correctly... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Fractures, Comminuted/surgery , Mandibular Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal
15.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 20(1): 27-29, jan.-mar. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1253536

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Todo tipo de trauma facial requer uma avaliação detalhada, a fim de compreender o histórico da lesão e possíveis sequelas. O trauma óculo-orbital não está entre as lesões mais frequentes na epidemiologia do trauma facial, embora esteja associado a altos índices de morbidade e sequelas graves, sendo necessário um acompanhamento multidisciplinar. O objetivo do presente estudo foi relatar um caso clínico de trauma óculo-orbitário severo ocasionado por arma de fogo. Relato do caso: Paciente de 19 anos foi atendido em um serviço de cirurgia bucomaxilofacial, vítima de trauma por arma de fogo, com a presença de um objeto metálico incomum na órbita esquerda e região temporal. Exame clínico e tomografia computadorizada foram realizados, confirmando uma trajetória extracraniana do objeto. O paciente foi submetido à cirurgia sob anestesia geral, e o objeto foi removido pelo orifício de entrada na região orbitária esquerda. Após avaliação oftalmológica, as funções do olho esquerdo não puderam ser recuperadas. Considerações Finais: O diagnóstico correto e o tratamento rápido são imperativos para restaurar a função e a estética agradável na região traumatizada... (AU)


Introduction: Any type of facial trauma requires a detailed evaluation in order to understand lesion history and possible sequelae. Oculoorbital trauma is not between the most frequent injuries within facial trauma epidemiology, although, it is associated to high morbidity rates and severe sequelae, so that a multidisciplinary follow-up is necessary. To report a clinic case of severe oculo-orbital trauma caused by firearm. Case Report: Patient, 19 years-old, attended the oral and maxillofacial surgery service victim of trauma by gunshot with the presence of an unusual metallic object in the left orbit and temporal region. Clinical exam and computed tomography scan were performed, confirming an extra-cranial trajectory of the object. Patient was submitted to surgery under general anesthesia and the object was removed through the entrance orifice in the left orbital region. After ophthalmologic evaluation, functions of the left eye could not be recovered. Final considerations: Correct diagnosis and rapid treatment are imperative to restore function and pleasant esthetics in the traumatized region... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Orbit , Temporal Lobe , Wounds and Injuries , Wounds, Gunshot , Eye Injuries , Lifting , Facial Injuries , Foreign Bodies , Tomography
16.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 43-47, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092889

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Por su ubicación retroperitoneal, las lesiones de vena cava (LVC) son infrecuentes, presentándose en el contexto de un paciente con múltiples lesiones intraabdominales y en estado crítico. Objetivo Describir la experiencia de pacientes politraumatizados con LVC sometidos a resolución quirúrgica en Hospital Dr. Sotero del Río. Materiales y Método Análisis retrospectivo de 36 pacientes politraumatizados que dentro de la intervención quirúrgica se evidenció LVC en un período comprendido entre el 2010 y 2017. Resultados La serie estuvo compuesta por 36 pacientes, con LVC. El 88,8% son hombres, en el 97,2% el mecanismo de trauma es penetrante. Dentro de los niveles anatómicos vasculares más frecuentemente lesionados está la cava infrarrenal (41,6%), suprarrenal (25%), yuxtarrenal (22,2%) y la retrohepática e intratorácica (5,5% cada una). Las estructuras lesionadas asociadas más frecuentes fueron intestino delgado (38,8%), otros vasos de gran calibre (36,1%) y riñón (30,5%). Dentro del tipo de resolución quirúrgica, al 15,6% se realizó ligadura de vena cava y al 83,3% rafia simple. En 33,3% fue necesaria una toracotomía para el control vascular, siendo 2 de estas toracotomías resucitadoras. La media de hospitalización fue de 19,8 días. La mortalidad fue de 33,3%. Conclusiones De acuerdo a lo presentado, la alta mortalidad de LVC se encontró en el grupo de pacientes con inestabilidad hemodinámica y número de lesiones asociadas, en especial si involucran otros grandes vasos. Los esfuerzos para optimizar la supervivencia se deberían dirigir al traslado rápido prehospitalario y al entrenamiento de los cirujanos que enfrentan este tipo de lesiones.


Introduction For its retroperitoneal location, vena cava injuries are infrequent, however, occurring to a patient with multiple intra-abdominal injuries and in critical condition. Aim To describe the experience of polytraumatized patients with VCI who underwent surgical resolution in the Dr. Sotero del Rio hospital. Materials and Method Retrospective analysis of 36 polytraumatized patients that showed VCI during the surgical intervention within 2010 and 2017. Results The series was composed of 36 VCI patients. 88.8% are men, in 97.2% the mechanism of trauma is penetrating. Within the vascular anatomical levels, the most frequently injured are the infra-renal cava (41.6%) suprarenal (25%), yuxta-renal (22.2%) retro-hepatic and intrathoracic (5.5% each). The most frequent associated injured structures were the small intestine (38.8%) other vessels of large caliber (36.1%) and kidney (30.5%). In relation to the type of surgical resolution, 15.6% had a vena cava ligature and 83.3% simple raffia. In 33.3%, a thoracotomy was required for vascular control, two of them were resuscitative procedures. The average of hospitalization was 19.8 days. The mortality was 33.3%. Conclusions According to what presented, the high mortality of VCI was found in the group of patients with hemodynamic instability and the number of associated injuries; specially if other large vessels are involved. To optimize the survival, the efforts should be focused on a fast prehospital transfer and the training for surgeons who face this type of injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/injuries , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Time Factors , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Chile , Treatment Outcome , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/mortality
17.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 24: 1351, fev.2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1155208

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar perfil sociodemográfico, morbimortalidade e distribuição espacial de vítimas de ferimentos por armas de fogo atendidas pelo serviço de atendimento móvel de urgência. Métodos: estudo transversal dos registros de atendimento de 603 vítimas de ferimento por arma de fogo atendidas pelo Serviço de Atendimento Móvel de Urgência. Utilizaram-se estatística descritiva, análise de associação univariada e mapa de Kernel para distribuição espacial. Resultados: a maioria das vítimas era do sexo masculino (94%), com idade entre 21 e 30 anos (61,5%). A maioria dos óbitos (73,7%) ocorreu nessa mesma faixa etária. A distribuição espacial demonstrou a maior parte das vítimas em municípios conurbados da região metropolitana, com elevada morbimortalidade. Conclusão: houve maior prevalência de vítimas e óbitos em homens, na faixa dos 21 aos 30 anos, com ferimento em cabeça e pescoço e múltiplos sítios. Nesta amostra não foi possível estabelecer relação estatística significativa entre as cidades das ocorrências, porém se notam focos bem expressivos nas cidades de Sarandi e Paiçandu. Os resultados podem fornecer subsídios para formular políticas públicas para prevenção da violência e preparo para atenção às emergências.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el perfil sociodemográfico, la morbimortalidad y la distribución espacial de las víctimas de lesiones causadas por armas de fuego atendidas por el servicio móvil de urgencias. Métodos: estudio transversal de los registros de atención de 603 víctimas de lesiones por armas de fuego atendidas por el servicio móvil de urgencias. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, análisis de asociación univariante y el mapa de Kernel para la distribución espacial. Resultados: la mayoría de las víctimas eran hombres (94%), entre 21 y 30 años de edad (61,5%). La mayoría de las muertes (73,7%) ocurrió en este mismo grupo de edad. La distribución espacial mostró la mayoría de víctimas en los municipios conurbados de la región metropolitana, con alta morbilidad y mortalidad. Conclusión: hubo mayor prevalencia de víctimas y muertes en hombres, entre 21 y 30 años, con lesiones de cabeza y cuello y múltiples lugares. A pesar de haberse observado focos bastante expresivos en las ciudades de Sarandí y Paiçandu, en esta muestra no se ha logrado establecer una relación estadísticamente significativa entre las ciudades de los incidentes. Los resultados podrían proporcionar información relevante para formular políticas públicas de prevención de la violencia y preparación para la atención de emergencias.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the sociodemographic profile, morbidity and mortality and spatial distribution of victims of firearms injuries attended by the mobile emergency care service. Methods: cross-sectional study of the care records of 603 firearm injury victims attended by the Mobile Emergency Care Service. Descriptive statistics, univariate association analysis and Kernel map were used for spatial distribution. Results: most of the victims were male (94%), aged between 21 and 30 years (61.5%). Most deaths (73.7%) occurred in this same age group. The spatial distribution showed the majority of victims in conurbated municipalities in the metropolitan region, with high morbidity and mortality. Conclusion: there was a higher prevalence of victims and deaths in men, aged 21 to 30 years, with head and neck injuries and multiple sites. In this sample it was not possible to establish a statistically significant relationship between the cities of the occurrences, but there are quite expressive focuses in the cities of Sarandi and Paiçandu. The results can provide input to formulate public policies for preventing violence and preparing for emergency care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Violence , Firearms , Risk Factors , Emergency Nursing , Emergency Medical Services , Wounds and Injuries/mortality , Wounds, Gunshot/mortality , Residence Characteristics , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Medwave ; 20(1): e7772, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087876

ABSTRACT

ANTECEDENTES La ubicación precisa de un cuerpo extraño intraocular es crucial para el manejo de pacientes con trauma ocular abierto. La tomografía computarizada se usa habitualmente para detectar su ubicación en el segmento posterior. Reportamos tres casos con diferentes cuerpos extraños intraoculares en el segmento posterior, que fueron localizados con precisión mediante la tomografía computarizada y ecografía modo B. PRESENTACIÖN DEL CASO Presentamos tres casos con diferentes mecanismos de trauma, tipos de cuerpo extraño intraocular, síntomas clínicos y pronóstico visual. La tomografía computarizada determinó la ubicación exacta de todos los cuerpos extraños intraoculares en el segmento posterior. El ultrasonido modo B se realizó en un paciente con un cuerpo extraño intraocular no metálico. El primer caso tuvo una lesión ocular perforante con un cuerpo extraño intraorbitario; el caso dos y el caso tres presentaron diferentes tipos de cuerpos extraños intraoculares con pronóstico diferente. El manejo y el pronóstico fue distinto en todos los casos; todos se manejaron con éxito. La ubicación exacta de los cuerpos extraños intraoculares utilizando las diferentes modalidades de diagnóstico es importante en estos pacientes. Estos casos sirven como recordatorio de que el uso adecuado de las pruebas de imagen es indispensable en el contexto de un cuerpo extraño intraocular relacionado con trauma ocular abierto. CONCLUSIÓN Las diferentes técnicas de imágenes son muy importantes para la detección de un cuerpo extraño intraocular. La tomografía computarizada es una de las modalidades de imagen más simple y efectiva para la localización de cuerpos extraños intraoculares relacionadas con trauma ocular abierto.


BACKGROUND: Determining the precise location of intraocular foreign bodies is crucial for the management of patients with open-globe injury. Computed tomography is the most common method for detecting intraocular foreign bodies in the posterior segment. In this article, we describe three cases of open-globe injury with different types of intraocular foreign bodies in the posterior segment that were accurately located using computed tomography scans and B-scan ultrasonography. CASE PRESENTATION: Each of the three cases of open-globe injury described in this report had different types of ocular trauma, clinical symptoms, and intraocular foreign bodies. Computed tomography scans showed the exact location of the intraocular foreign bodies in the posterior segment in two of the three cases. A B-scan ultrasound was used to determine the location of a non-metallic intraocular foreign body in the third case. All three patients had intraocular foreign bodies, and one of them had an additional orbital foreign body. Case 1 had a perforating eye injury with the additional intraorbital foreign body; Cases 2 and Case 3 had different types of intraocular foreign bodies and prognoses. Various treatment approaches were used, ranging from observation to surgery, depending on the location of the intraocular foreign bodies, and all cases were successfully managed. These three cases show that proper use of various types of imaging tests is indispensable in the context of an intraocular foreign body related to open-globe injury. CONCLUSION: Imaging techniques are crucial for the detection of an intraocular foreign body, and computed tomography is one of the simplest and most useful, especially in cases of open-globe injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Eye Injuries, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging , Eye Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Plastics , Wounds, Gunshot/complications , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnostic imaging , Blast Injuries/complications , Blast Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Eye Injuries, Penetrating/complications , Eye Foreign Bodies/etiology , Glass , Metals
19.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 324-328, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879646

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Gunshot wounds are the second leading cause of spinal cord injuries. Surgical intervention for gunshot injury to the spine carries a high rate of complications. There is a scarcity of data on civilian gunshot injuries to the spine in Pakistan. Approximately 60 cases over the last 10 years have been recoded, with unusual presentation and neurological recovery. Thus it is imperative to fill this gap in data, by reviewing cases of civilian gunshot injuries to spine presenting at a tertiary care hospital (Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi).@*METHODS@#This is a retrospective cohort study. Patients of all ages who presented to the emergency department of Aga Khan University Hospital, with gunshot injuries to spine between January 2005 and December 2016 were included in the study. Data were collected on neurological status (American Spinal Injury Association score was used for the initial and follow-up neurological assessment), extent of cord transection, motor and sensory deficits. The patients were further grouped into those with cord transection, and those with fractures of the bony spine but an intact spinal cord. These patients were then followed and the outcomes were recorded.@*RESULTS@#A total of 40 patients were identified. The mean ± SD of patients age was (30.9 ± 9.5) years. Of the 40 patients with gunshot wounds, 31 had the medical imaging performed at the facility, and hence they were included in this categorization. The remaining 9 patients were excluded from this additional grouping. Thirteen patients were managed surgically and 27 patients underwent the conservative management. The mean ± SD of follow-up was (8.7 ± 7.2) months. In our study, the thoracic spine was the most commonly injured region in gunshot injuries. Of the 31 patients with medical imaging performed at our institute, 17 (54.8%) had cord transection, of whom 8 (47%) ultimately developed paraplegia.@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of gunshot injuries to the spine can be varied depending on whether the spinal cord is intact or transected. This will help healthcare providers to plan the further management of the patient and counsel them accordingly.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Motor Disorders/etiology , Pakistan , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Sensation Disorders/etiology , Spinal Cord/pathology , Spinal Cord Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 149-151, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827841

ABSTRACT

Adrenal gland trauma is a rare phenomenon, due to the small size and retroperitoneal location of the organ. The majority of adrenal gland trauma is due to blunt force injury and is only rarely encountered due to the penetrating mechanisms. A 20-year-old male sustained a gunshot wound to the left abdomen. Upon exploration, he was found to have a through and through injury to the left adrenal gland, among other injuries. Injury to the adrenal gland due to penetrating trauma is exceptionally rare. The principles of management are to control bleeding from the gland with debridement and hemostasis rather than attempt to resect the entire organ. The management of a penetrating injury to the adrenal gland is straightforward and should not be a contributor to a patient's morbidity or mortality.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Glands , Diagnostic Imaging , Wounds and Injuries , Adult , Debridement , Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Hemostasis, Surgical , Humans , Laparotomy , Male , Multiple Trauma , Therapeutics , Organ Sparing Treatments , Methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Wounds, Gunshot , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Young Adult
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