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1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223120, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365399

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to describe, analyze, and trace the epidemiological profile for cardiac trauma victims on a referral trauma hospital of a major urban center. Methods: a case series study to review, describe, compile and analyze medical records of all patients sustaining traumatic cardiac injuries, from January 2015 to January 2020 admitted to the referral trauma hospital of Curitiba, Brazil. Patients sustaining traumatic heart injuries were identified using the hospitals database. Patients who died prior to reaching hospital care were excluded. Results: all 22 cases were urban victims, mostly penetrating injuries (12 stab wounds, 9 gunshot wounds); 82% were male; mean age, 37.1 years. 17 cases (77%) occurred during night hours, 15 between Friday and Sunday, and 15 were admitted hemodynamically stable. Only 27% were diagnosed with FAST, the remainder requiring other imaging exams. About incisions, 14 had thoracotomies, 6 median sternotomies and in 2 cases both. Of injuries, 8 affected the right ventricle, 3 right atrium, 9 left ventricle, 1 right coronary sulcus and 1 anterior wall. All had cardiorrhaphy repair. 3 patients died, 17 were discharged and 2 were transferred. 17 received postoperative echocardiograms, revealing ejection fractions ranging 55.1% to 75%. Patients spent a mean of 9.6 days on ICU and a mean of 15.2 days of total hospital stay. The mortality rate was 14%. Conclusions: cardiac traumas predominantly occurred in adult males, due to violent causes, during night hours on weekends. The overall mortality rate found (14%), as well as total hospital stay, accords with the literature.


RESUMO Objetivo: descrever, analisar e traçar o perfil epidemiológico das vítimas de trauma cardíaco em hospital de referência em trauma de grande centro urbano. Métodos: uma série de casos para descrever e analisar prontuários de todos os pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas, entre janeiro, 2015, a janeiro, 2020, admitidos no hospital referência em trauma de Curitiba, Brasil. Pacientes que sofreram lesões cardíacas traumáticas foram identificados no banco de dados do hospital. Pacientes em óbito antes da chegada aos cuidados hospitalares foram excluídos. Resultados: todos os 22 casos foram vítimas urbanas, maioria ferimentos penetrantes (12 por arma branca, 9 por arma de fogo); 82% homens; idade média 37.1 anos. 17 casos (77%) ocorreram no período noturno, 15 entre sexta-feira e domingo. 15 foram admitidos hemodinamicamente estáveis. 27% diagnosticados com FAST; demais demandaram outros exames. Das incisões, 14 receberam toracotomias, 6 esternotomias medianas, 2 casos ambas. Das lesões, 8 afetaram ventrículo direito, 3 átrio direito, 9 ventrículo esquerdo, 1 sulco coronário direito, 1 parede anterior. Todos receberam cardiorrafias. 3 pacientes morreram, 17 tiveram alta e 2 foram transferidos. 17 receberam ecocardiograma pós-operatório, revelando frações de ejeção de 55.1% a 75%. Os pacientes passaram em média 9.6 dias em UTI e 15.2 dias de internamento hospitalar total. A taxa de mortalidade foi de 14%. Conclusões: traumas cardíacos ocorreram predominantemente em homens adultos, devido a causas violentas, durante o período noturno nos finais de semana. A taxa de mortalidade encontrada, assim como o tempo total de internamento hospitalar, esteve em acordo com a literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab , Referral and Consultation , Trauma Centers , Retrospective Studies , Hospitals
2.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(5): 1427-1435, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352122

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las heridas craneocerebrales penetrantes más frecuentes son las provocadas por armas de fuego; las restantes resultan de rara frecuencia. Se presentó un caso que recibió agresión craneoencefálica por arpón, de forma accidental, fuera del agua. Se describieron los detalles del suceso, los exámenes complementarios, la conducta adoptada, el manejo neuroquirúrgico, y la sorprendente evolución postoperatoria del paciente (AU).


ABSTRACT The most frequent penetrating craniocerebral wounds are those caused by firearms; the remaining ones are rare. We presented a case that received accidental cranioencephalic aggression by harpoon, an event that occurred out of the water. Details of the event, complementary examinations, adopted behavior and neurosurgical management that were decided, as well as the surprising post-operative evolution of the patient were described (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Head Injuries, Penetrating/diagnosis , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging , Radiography/methods , Clinical Evolution/methods , Head Injuries, Penetrating/surgery , Head Injuries, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(4): 371-375, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138634

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las lesiones del tracto genital femenino tras relaciones sexuales son un problema frecuente en las urgencias de ginecología, pero poco estudiado salvo su aspecto médico-legal. Su incidencia es desconocida ya que muchas mujeres no llegan a consultar por miedo o pudor. El reconocimiento precoz de estas lesiones y su correcto tratamiento puede evitar la parición de secuelas que acompañarán a nuestra paciente durante el resto de su vida. Presentamos el caso de una paciente de 18 años con un desgarro perineal con mucosa vaginal íntegra tras su primera relación sexual.


ABSTRACT Injuries to the female genital tract after sexual intercourse are a frequent problem in gynecological emergencies, but little studied except for their medico-legal aspect. Its incidence is unknown since many women do not go to their specialist out of fear or embarrassment. Early recognition of these injuries and their correct treatment may prevent the appearance of sequelae that will accompany our patient for the rest of her life. We present the case of an 18-year-old patient with a perineal tear with intact vaginal mucosa after her first sexual intercourse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Vagina/injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Coitus , Vagina/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/surgery , Vaginal Diseases/etiology , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Lacerations , Mucous Membrane/surgery , Mucous Membrane/injuries
4.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(1): 43-47, feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092889

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción Por su ubicación retroperitoneal, las lesiones de vena cava (LVC) son infrecuentes, presentándose en el contexto de un paciente con múltiples lesiones intraabdominales y en estado crítico. Objetivo Describir la experiencia de pacientes politraumatizados con LVC sometidos a resolución quirúrgica en Hospital Dr. Sotero del Río. Materiales y Método Análisis retrospectivo de 36 pacientes politraumatizados que dentro de la intervención quirúrgica se evidenció LVC en un período comprendido entre el 2010 y 2017. Resultados La serie estuvo compuesta por 36 pacientes, con LVC. El 88,8% son hombres, en el 97,2% el mecanismo de trauma es penetrante. Dentro de los niveles anatómicos vasculares más frecuentemente lesionados está la cava infrarrenal (41,6%), suprarrenal (25%), yuxtarrenal (22,2%) y la retrohepática e intratorácica (5,5% cada una). Las estructuras lesionadas asociadas más frecuentes fueron intestino delgado (38,8%), otros vasos de gran calibre (36,1%) y riñón (30,5%). Dentro del tipo de resolución quirúrgica, al 15,6% se realizó ligadura de vena cava y al 83,3% rafia simple. En 33,3% fue necesaria una toracotomía para el control vascular, siendo 2 de estas toracotomías resucitadoras. La media de hospitalización fue de 19,8 días. La mortalidad fue de 33,3%. Conclusiones De acuerdo a lo presentado, la alta mortalidad de LVC se encontró en el grupo de pacientes con inestabilidad hemodinámica y número de lesiones asociadas, en especial si involucran otros grandes vasos. Los esfuerzos para optimizar la supervivencia se deberían dirigir al traslado rápido prehospitalario y al entrenamiento de los cirujanos que enfrentan este tipo de lesiones.


Introduction For its retroperitoneal location, vena cava injuries are infrequent, however, occurring to a patient with multiple intra-abdominal injuries and in critical condition. Aim To describe the experience of polytraumatized patients with VCI who underwent surgical resolution in the Dr. Sotero del Rio hospital. Materials and Method Retrospective analysis of 36 polytraumatized patients that showed VCI during the surgical intervention within 2010 and 2017. Results The series was composed of 36 VCI patients. 88.8% are men, in 97.2% the mechanism of trauma is penetrating. Within the vascular anatomical levels, the most frequently injured are the infra-renal cava (41.6%) suprarenal (25%), yuxta-renal (22.2%) retro-hepatic and intrathoracic (5.5% each). The most frequent associated injured structures were the small intestine (38.8%) other vessels of large caliber (36.1%) and kidney (30.5%). In relation to the type of surgical resolution, 15.6% had a vena cava ligature and 83.3% simple raffia. In 33.3%, a thoracotomy was required for vascular control, two of them were resuscitative procedures. The average of hospitalization was 19.8 days. The mortality was 33.3%. Conclusions According to what presented, the high mortality of VCI was found in the group of patients with hemodynamic instability and the number of associated injuries; specially if other large vessels are involved. To optimize the survival, the efforts should be focused on a fast prehospital transfer and the training for surgeons who face this type of injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Vena Cava, Inferior/injuries , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Time Factors , Wounds, Gunshot/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Chile , Treatment Outcome , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Abdominal Injuries/mortality
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202529, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136588

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess the epidemiological profile of patients undergoing exploratory trauma laparotomy based on severity and prognosis criteria, and to determine the predictive accuracy of trauma scoring systems in terms of morbidity and mortality. Methods: retrospective cohort study and review of medical records of patients undergoing exploratory laparotomy for blunt or penetrating trauma at the Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre, from November 2015 to November 2019. Demographic data, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, physiological (RTS and Shock Index), anatomical (ISS, NISS and ATI) and combined (TRISS and NTRISS) trauma scores, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications, length of stay and outcomes. Results: 506 patients were included in the analysis. The mean age was 31 ± 13 years, with the majority being males (91.3%). Penetrating trauma was the most common mechanism of injury (86.2%), predominantly by firearms. The average RTS at hospital admission was 7.5 ± 0.7. The mean ISS and NISS was 16.5 ± 10.1 and 22.3 ± 13.6, respectively. The probability of survival estimated by TRISS was 95.5%, and by NTRISS 93%. The incidence of postoperative complications was 39.7% and the overall mortality was 12.8%. The most accurate score for predicting mortality was the NTRISS (88.5%), followed by TRISS, NISS and ISS. Conclusion: the study confirms the applicability of trauma scores in the studied population. The NTRISS seems to be the best predictor of morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma com base em critérios de gravidade e prognóstico, e determinar a acurácia preditiva dos escores de trauma em termos de morbimortalidade. Métodos: estudo de coorte retrospectiva e revisão de prontuários dos pacientes submetidos a laparotomia exploradora por trauma contuso ou penetrante no Hospital de Pronto Socorro de Porto Alegre no período de novembro de 2015 a novembro de 2019. Foram avaliados dados demográficos, mecanismo do trauma, lesões associadas, índices fisiológicos (RTS e Shock Index), anatômicos (ISS, NISS e ATI) e mistos (TRISS e NTRISS), achados intraoperatórios, complicações pós-operatórias, tempo de internação e desfecho. Resultados: foram incluídos 506 pacientes na análise. A idade média foi de 31 ± 13 anos, com predomínio do sexo masculino (91,3%). O trauma penetrante foi o mecanismo de lesão mais comum (86,2%), sendo a maioria por arma de fogo. A média do RTS na admissão hospitalar foi 7,5 ± 0,7. A média do ISS e do NISS foi 16,5 ± 10,1 e 22,3 ± 13,6, respectivamente. A probabilidade de sobrevida estimada pelo TRISS foi de 95,5%, e pelo NTRISS de 93%. A incidência de complicações pós-operatórias foi de 39,7% e a mortalidade geral de 12,8%. O escore com melhor acurácia preditiva foi o NTRISS (88,5%), seguido pelo TRISS, NISS e ISS. Conclusões: o estudo confirma a aplicabilidade dos escores de trauma na população em questão. O NTRISS parece ser o sistema com melhor acurácia preditiva de morbimortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Wounds, Penetrating/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy/methods , Abdominal Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Injury Severity Score , Trauma Severity Indices , Predictive Value of Tests , Abdominal Injuries/epidemiology , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(3): 245-252, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058264

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El traumatismo penetrante cardiaco (TPC) por sus características y en particular por su alta mortalidad, constituye un desafío quirúrgico permanente. OBJETIVOS: Describir las características, resultados inmediatos y factores pronósticos en TPC. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Estudio descriptivo transversal, revisión de protocolos prospectivos de traumatismo torácico, registros de pabellón y fichas clínicas. Período enero de 1990-diciembre de 2017. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes con TPC operados. Se describen y analizan diversas variables. Se realizó regresión logística con análisis univariado y multivariado para identificar variables asociadas a morbilidad, deterioro neurológico y mortalidad. RESULTADOS: 220 pacientes operados por TPC, 209 (95,0%) hombres, edad promedio 30,4 ± 13,3, mediana 27 años. Mecanismo: agresión en 202 (91,8%). El agente traumático fue en 186 (84,5%) arma blanca, en 21 (9,5%) arma de fuego. Presentaban taponamiento 169 (76,8%) pacientes, ingresaron en shock 103 (46,8%) y en paro cardiorrespiratorio 20 (9,1%). Vía de abordaje fue esternotomía en 157 (71,4%), toracotomía izquierda en 58 (26,4%). Las cavidades cardiacas lesionadas más frecuentes fueron ventrículo derecho en 110 (50,0%), ventrículo izquierdo en 72 (32,7%). Se hospitalizaron en UCI en el postoperatorio 135 (61,4%), se transfundieron 74 (33,6%), presentaron complicaciones 60 (27,3%) y se reoperaron 21 (9,5%). Mortalidad 28 (12,7%). La estadía postoperatoria tuvo una mediana de 6 días (rango 1-150). Se identificaron factores pronósticos. DISCUSIÓN: Los TPC operados son más frecuentes en hombres agredidos con arma blanca, la cavidad lesionada más frecuente es el ventrículo derecho. Nuestra morbimortalidad es comparable con series internacionales.


INTRODUCTION: Penetrating cardiac trauma (PCT) constitute a permanent surgical challenge due to it characteristics and high mortality. AIM: To describe the findings, outcomes and prognostic factors in PCT. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Cross-sectional descriptive study, review of prospective thoracic trauma protocols and surgical registries. Period January 1990-December 2017. All patients with PCT were included. Various variables are described and analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify factors associated with morbidity, neurologic dysfunction and mortality. RESULTS: 220 patients PCT, 209 (95.0%) men, mean age 30.4 ± 13.3, median 27 years. Mechanism: Aggression in 202 (91.8%). The traumatic agent was cold steel in 186 (84.4%) and fire arm in 21 (9.5%). 169 (76.8%) patients presented with tamponade, 103 (46.8%) shock and 20 (9.1%) cardiopulmonary arrest. Approach was sternotomy in 157 (71.4%), left thoracotomy in 58 (26.4%). The most common injured areas were right ventricle in 110 (50.0%), left ventricle in 72 (32.7%). 135 (61.4%) patients needed postoperative ICU and 74 (33.6%) were transfused. Complications occurred in 60 (27.3%). Twenty-one (9.5%) were reoperated. Mortality 28 (12.7%). The postoperative median stay was 6 days (Range 1-150). Prognostic factors were identified. DISCUSSION: Operated PCT are more frequent in men with stab wound, the most common injured area is the right ventricle. The morbidity and mortality is comparable with international series.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Thoracic Surgical Procedures/mortality , Heart Injuries/surgery , Prognosis , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/mortality , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Heart Injuries/mortality
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 58(1): e607, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1093151

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los traumatismos en cuello se pueden clasificar las lesiones en contusas y penetrantes, en el caso de las heridas penetrantes las ocasionadas por arma punzocortante son las más frecuentes. Las manifestaciones clínicas dependen del mecanismo del trauma, tamaño y nivel de la lesión. Paciente masculino de 26 años de edad con heridas por arma punzocortante en cuello y muñecas se ingresó a quirófano de urgencia, se realizó una exploración vascular de cuello encontrando una avulsión completa del ligamento cricotiroideo, se realizó la reparación del defecto con un colgajo de los músculos cricotiroideos, cursando una buena evolución es egresado al duodécimo día. El diagnóstico de las lesiones traqueales es desafiante y debe realizase rápidamente. Se debe instalar una vía aérea definitiva de manera eficaz y planear la reconstrucción quirúrgica. El seguimiento postoperatorio realizado de manera interdisciplinaria es esencial para el pronóstico(AU)


ABSTRACT Neck injuries can be classified as blunt or penetrating injuries. Penetrating injuries caused by a puncturing gun are the most frequent. The clinical manifestations depend on trauma mechanism, and on lesion size and degree. We present the case of a 26-year-old male patient with puncture injuries to the neck and wrists. After he was admitted to the emergency room, a vascular exploration of the neck was performed, finding a complete avulsion of the cricothyroid ligament. The defect was repaired with a flap of the cricothyroid muscles. The patient had a good evolution and was discharged on the twelfth day. The diagnosis of tracheal lesions is challenging and must be carried out quickly. A definitive airway should be installed efficiently, as well as the planning of the surgical reconstruction. The postoperative follow-up performed in an interdisciplinary way is essential for the prognosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Surgical Flaps/transplantation , Trachea/injuries , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Neck Injuries/surgery , Laryngeal Muscles/transplantation
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(3): e20192154, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013156

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: determinar se a tomografia computadorizada representa uma opção segura para triagem de lesões cardíacas penetrantes. Métodos: estudo transversal retrospectivo, que confrontou os achados tomográficos com os detectados na exploração cirúrgica em pacientes operados por suspeita de trauma cardíaco no período de janeiro de 2016 a janeiro de 2018. Resultados: setenta e dois casos foram analisados; 97,2% eram do sexo masculino e a faixa etária mais prevalente foi de 20 a 29 anos; 56,9% apresentaram ferimentos por projéteis de arma de fogo e 43,1% por arma branca. Em 20 casos, a tomografia computadorizada foi sugestiva de lesão cardíaca, confirmada em 13 casos durante a cirurgia. A sensibilidade da tomografia computadorizada foi de 56,5% e a especificidade de 85,7%. Conclusão: a tomografia computadorizada não deve ser adotada rotineiramente para triagem de ferimentos cardíacos penetrantes.


ABSTRACT Objective: to determine if computed tomography represents a safe option for penetrating heart injury screening. Methods: retrospective transversal study which confronted tomographic findings with the ones detected in surgical exploration in patients that had undergone surgery because of suspected cardiac trauma from January, 2016 to January, 2018. Results: seventy-two cases were analysed; 97.2% of them were males, and the most prevalent age range was 20 to 29 years; 56.9% of them presented injuries caused by firearm shots and 43.1% by cutting weapons. In 20 cases, computed tomography suggested heart injury, confirmed in 13 cases during surgery. Sensitivity of computed tomography was 56.5%, reaching a specificity of 85.7%. Conclusion: computed tomography must not be adopted as a routine for the screening of penetrating heart injuries.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnostic imaging , Heart Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/classification , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(1): 99-103, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897974

ABSTRACT

Abstract Penetrating cardiac trauma has been increasing in clinical experience and is joined to important morbidity and mortality. A case of a 38-year-old female with history of postpartum depression was reported, admitted to our department for cardiac tamponade due to penetrating self-inflicted multiple stab wound of the chest complicated by rupture of anterior left ventricular wall and traumatic ventricular septal defect. Following the unstable hemodynamic instability, a combined therapeutic strategy was chosen: surgery and transcatheter implantation to correct free wall ventricle damage and traumatic ventricular septal defect, respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Heart Injuries/etiology , Patient Care Team , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Echocardiography , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Self-Injurious Behavior/complications , Coronary Angiography , Heart Injuries/surgery
11.
Rev. chil. cir ; 69(4): 325-327, ago. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899610

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Reportar un caso clínico de lesión de la vía biliar intrapancreática tras traumatismo abdominal cerrado. Caso clínico: Paciente que acude a urgencias por intenso dolor abdominal, tras sufrir traumatismo toraco-abdominal cerrado al caer de una bicicleta. Posteriormente a su ingreso desarrolló fiebre, ictericia y patrón analítico de colestasis. Se solicitó colangiorresonancia magnética donde no se pudo valorar correctamente la vía biliar, pero se evidenció abundante líquido intraabdominal que no correspondía a sangre. Se indicó cirugía urgente ante la sospecha de lesión biliar. Se objetivó lesión de la vía biliar intrapancreática mediante colangiografía intra-operatoria y se decidió colocación de prótesis intrabiliar mediante colangiopancreatografía retrógrada endoscópica (CPRE) intraoperatoria. Conclusión: La cirugía ha sido el tratamiento convencional para la lesión de la vía biliar, pero en la actualidad la CPRE con esfinterotomía y colocación de prótesis intrabiliar es un tratamiento adecuado y resolutivo de este tipo de lesiones pudiéndose considerar como tratamiento de primera línea.


Aim: To report a clinical case of biliar injury intrapancreatic in closed abdominal trauma. Clinical case: Patient who comes to the emergency room by severe abdominal pain after suffering thoraco-abdominal blunt trauma after falling from a bicycle. After his admission he developed fever, jaundice and analytical standards of cholestasis. Magnetic resonance which failed to correctly assess the bile duct was requested but showed plenty of intra-abdominal fluid blood that did not match. Emergency surgery for suspected biliary injury was reported. Intrapancreatic injury bile duct was observed by intraoperative cholangiography and prosthesis was decided intrabiliary by intraoperative endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Conclusions: Surgery has been the standard treatment for bile duct injury, but now ERCP with sphincterotomy and placement of intrabiliary prosthesis is adequate and operative treatment of these injuries and can be considered as first-line treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas/injuries , Bile Ducts/surgery , Bile Ducts/injuries , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Abdominal Injuries/complications , Prostheses and Implants , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/complications , Bile Ducts/diagnostic imaging , Cholangiography , Jaundice/etiology , Abdominal Injuries/surgery
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 32(1): 57-59, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843460

ABSTRACT

Abstract The authors report the case of a suicide attempt. A 59-year-old man with self-inflicted penetrating chest trauma underwent emergency cardiothoracic surgery. Pre-operative computed tomography scan showed critical proximity between the blade and the right ventricle. Intraoperative findings showed a pericardial laceration and a huge diaphragmatic lesion with heart and abdominal organs integrity. The diaphragm muscle was repaired with a CorMatrix® patch, an acceptable alternative to the traditional synthetic mesh avoiding infection and repeated herniation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardium/surgery , Suicide, Attempted , Thoracic Injuries/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Diaphragm/surgery , Pericardium/injuries , Diaphragm/injuries , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 43(1): 22-27, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779031

ABSTRACT

Objective : to evaluate the epidemiological variables and diagnostic and therapeutic modalities related to hepatic trauma patients undergoing laparotomy in a public referral hospital in the metropolitan region of Vitória-ES. Methods : we conducted a retrospective study, reviewing charts of trauma patients with liver injuries, whether isolated or in association with other organs, who underwent exploratory laparotomy, from January 2011 to December 2013. Results : We studied 392 patients, 107 of these with liver injury. The male: female ratio was 6.6 : 1 and the mean age was 30.12 years. Penetrating liver trauma occurred in 78.5% of patients, mostly with firearms. Associated injuries occurred in 86% of cases and intra-abdominal injuries were more common in penetrating trauma (p <0.01). The most commonly used operative technique was hepatorrhaphy and damage control surgery was applied in 6.5% of patients. The average amounts of blood products used were 6.07 units of packed red blood cells and 3.01 units of fresh frozen plasma. The incidence of postoperative complications was 29.9%, the most frequent being infectious, including pneumonia, peritonitis and intra-abdominal abscess. The survival rate of patients suffering from blunt trauma was 60%, and penetrating trauma, 87.5% (p <0.05). Conclusion : despite technological advances in diagnosis and treatment, mortality rates in liver trauma remain high, especially in patients suffering from blunt trauma in relation to penetrating one.


Objetivo : avaliar as variáveis epidemiológicas e as modalidades diagnósticas e terapêuticas relacionadas ao trauma hepático de pacientes submetidos à laparotomia exploradora em um hospital público de referência da Região Metropolitana de Vitória-ES. Métodos: estudo retrospectivo de revisão de prontuários dos pacientes vítimas de trauma com lesão hepática isolada ou associada a outros órgãos, submetidos à laparotomia exploradora, no período de janeiro de 2011 a dezembro de 2013. Resultados: foram estudados 392 pacientes submetidos à laparotomia, dos quais 107 com lesões hepáticas. A relação masculino:feminino foi 6,6:1 e a média de idade dos pacientes foi 30,12 anos. O trauma hepático penetrante ocorreu em 78,5% dos pacientes, principalmente por arma de fogo. Lesões associadas ocorreram em 86% dos casos e as lesões intra-abdominais foram mais comuns no trauma penetrante (p<0,01). A técnica operatória mais utilizada foi a hepatorrafia, e a cirurgia para controle de danos foi feita em 6,5% dos pacientes. A quantidade média de hemoderivados utilizados foi 6,07 unidades de hemoconcentrado e 3,01 unidades de plasma fresco. A incidência de complicações pós-operatórias foi 29,9%, e as mais frequentes foram as infecciosas, incluindo pneumonia, peritonite e abscesso intra-abdominal. A taxa de sobrevida dos pacientes acometidos de trauma contuso foi 60% e de trauma penetrante, 87,5% (p<0,05). Conclusão: apesar dos avanços tecnológicos de diagnósticos e tratamentos, as taxas de morbimortalidade nos traumas hepáticos permanecem elevadas, especialmente nos pacientes acometidos de trauma hepático contuso em relação ao trauma penetrante.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/epidemiology , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/epidemiology , Liver/surgery , Liver/injuries , Epidemiologic Studies , Retrospective Studies , Laparotomy , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. chil. cir ; 67(6): 584-589, dic. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-771599

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to report the surgical outcomes in a series of patients undergoing to exploratory cervicotomy by penetrating neck trauma (PNT) in emergency department of Barros Luco-Trudeau Hospital (BLTH), between 2003 and 2013, in terms of postoperative morbidity (POM). Matherial and methods: Retrospective case series of patient undergoing exploratory cervicotomy in emergency department of BLTH, between 2003 and 2013. The outcome variable was development of POM. Other variables were age, sex, etiology and kind of injury, hemodynamic status at admission, surgical time, distribution of injuries by anatomic areas, need for re operation and intra and post operative mortality. Descriptive statistics were used. Results: During the study period, 59 exploratory cervicotomies were performed to patients with PNT, with an average age of 32,5 years old. 89,8 percent of patients were male. The POM was 33,4 percent, being the most frequent the neurological ones. The most frequent etiology was the stab with 83 percent. 66 percent of patients were hemodynamically unstable at admission. Mean operative time was 107 minutes. The most injured area was the area II. Conclusion: The PNT is a little prevalent disease. The outcomes of our study are consistent with those reported in the literature.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es comunicar los resultados quirúrgicos observados en una serie de pacientes sometidos a cervicotomía exploradora por trauma cervical penetrante (TCP) en el Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau (HBLT), entre los años 2003 y 2013, en términos de morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO). Material y método: Serie de casos retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a cervicotomía exploradora en el servicio de urgencia del HBLT, entre el año 2003 y 2013. La variable resultado fue desarrollo de MPO. Otras variables fueron: edad, sexo, etiología y tipo de lesión, estado hemodinámico al ingreso, tiempo quirúrgico, distribución de la lesión según zona anatómica, necesidad de re operación y mortalidad intra y post operatoria. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva. Resultados: En el período en estudio, se realizaron 59 cervicotomías a pacientes con TCP, con un promedio de edad de 32,5 años, de los cuales el 89,8 por ciento era de sexo masculino. La MPO fue de 33,4 por ciento, siendo las más frecuentes las de tipo neurológico. La etiología más recurrente fue el arma blanca con 83 por ciento. El 66 por ciento de los pacientes se encontraban hemodinámicamente inestables al momento del ingreso. El tiempo quirúrgico promedio fue de 107 min. La zona más lesionada fue la zona II. Conclusión: El TCP es una entidad poco prevalente. Los resultados obtenidos en nuestra serie son coincidentes con lo reportado en la literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/etiology , Neck Injuries/surgery , Neck Injuries/etiology , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Wounds, Gunshot , Wounds, Stab
16.
Bol. Hosp. Viña del Mar ; 70(4): 143-144, dic.2014.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-779178

ABSTRACT

A raíz de una publicación de 1945, se realiza una revisión acerca de las heridas penetrantes cardíacas: Los conceptos que han resistido el paso del tiempo, los que han cambiado, y las nuevas tendencias. Se compara con la publicación de hace 70 años y se ofrecen algunas conclusiones...


Following a 1945 publication, a brief review about penetrating heart wounds is performed: The concepts that have stood the test of time, those have changed, and the new trends. We compare with the publication of 70 years ago and offer some conclusions...


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/diagnosis , Heart Injuries/surgery , Heart Injuries/diagnosis
17.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 41(4): 267-271, Jul-Aug/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-724111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the natural healing of the rat diaphragm that suffered an extensive right penetrating injury. METHODS: Animals were submitted to an extensive penetrating injury in right diaphragm. The sample consisted of 40 animals. The variables studied were initial weight, weight 21 days after surgery; healing of the diaphragm, non-healing of the diaphragm, and herniated abdominal contents into the chest. RESULTS: Ten animals were used as controls for weight and 30 animals were operated. Two animals died during the experiment, so 28 animals formed the operated group; healing of the diaphragm occurred in 15 animals (54%), 11 other animals showed diaphragmatic hernia (39%) and in two we observed only diaphragmatic injury without hernia (7%). Among the herniated organs, the liver was found in 100% of animals, followed by the omentum in 77%, small bowel in 62%, colon in 46%, stomach in 31% and spleen in 15%. The control group and the diaphragmatic healing subgroup showed increased weight since the beginning of the study and the 21 days after surgery (p <0.001). The unhealed group showed no change in weight (p = 0.228). CONCLUSION: there is a predominance of spontaneous healing in the right diaphragm; animals in which there was no healing of the diaphragm did not gain weight, and the liver was the organ present in 100% the diaphragmatic surface in all rats with healed diaphragm or not. .


OBJETIVO: avaliar a cicatrização natural do diafragma de ratos que sofreram um ferimento penetrante extenso à direita. MÉTODOS: os animais sofreram uma lesão penetrante extensa no diafragma direito. A amostra foi composta por 40 animais. As variáveis estudadas foram peso inicial e em 21 dias de operados; cicatrização do diafragma, não cicatrização do diafragma e conteúdo herniado do abdome para o tórax. RESULTADOS: dez animais constituíram o grupo controle para o peso e 30 animais foram operados. Dois animais morreram durante o experimento, sendo assim, 28 animais constituíram o grupo de operados; ocorreu a cicatrização do diafragma em 15 animais (54%), outros 11 animais apresentaram hérnia diafragmática (39%) e por fim em dois animais observamos somente lesão diafragmática sem hérnia (7%). Analisando os órgãos herniados, encontramos o fígado em 100% dos animais, seguido pelo omento em 77%; delgado em 62%; cólon em 46%; estômago em 31% e baço em 15%. Os grupos controle e de cicatrização do diafragma apresentaram acréscimo significativo de peso do momento inicial para o momento 21 dias (p<0,001). O grupo não cicatrizado não apresentou alteração de peso (p=0,228). CONCLUSÃO: há predomínio da cicatrização espontânea no diafragma à direita, os animais em que não houve a cicatrização do diafragma não aumentaram de peso, e o fígado foi o órgão 100% presente na superfície diafragmática em todos os ratos com cicatrização ou não do diafragma. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Diaphragm/injuries , Diaphragm/surgery , Wound Healing , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Injury Severity Score
18.
JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2014; 24 (3): 194-197
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-157539

ABSTRACT

To determine the outcome and devise a protocol for emergency management of cut injuries in Flexor Zone 5 of hands. Descriptive study. Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Unit, Mayo Hospital, KEMU, Lahore, Pakistan, from January 2009 to March 2013. All patients above 12 years of age with single sharp cut injuries in Flexor Zone 5, with no skeletal injuries, presenting within 12 hours in emergency were included with follow-up of 6 months, with active range of motion evaluated by Strickland's adjusted formula. Power of opponens pollicis and adductor muscles was evaluated from P0-4. Nerve repair results were evaluated serially by advancing Tinnel's sign, electrophysiological studies and sensory perception scored from S0-4 compared to the normal opposite upper limb. The study group comprised of 31 patients [M: F = 2.4: 1]. Average age was 27 years ranging from 17 - 53 years. In 25 [80%] cases, injury was accidental, in 3 [10%] homicidal and in 3 [10%] injury was suicidal. Four most commonly involved structures included Flexor carpi ulnaris, ulnar artery, ulnar nerve and Flexor digitorum superficialis. Median nerve and radial artery were involved in 10 cases each, while ulnar artery and ulnar nerve were involved in 14 cases each. Longtendons were involved in most cases with greater involvement of medial tendons. None of the patients required re-exploration for ischaemia of distal limb while doppler showed 22 out of 24 vascular anastomosis remained patent. Recovery of long-tendons was good and recovery after nerve repair was comparable in both median and ulnar nerves. Early and technically proper evaluation, exploration and repair of Zone 5 Flexor tendon injuries results in good functional and technical outcome


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ulnar Nerve/injuries , Emergency Medical Services , Lacerations/surgery , Radial Nerve/injuries , Treatment Outcome , Ulnar Artery/injuries , Ulnar Artery/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery , Wrist/blood supply , Wrist/innervation
19.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 71(10): 811-814, out. 2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-689789

ABSTRACT

Traumatic peripheral nerve injury is a dramatic condition present in many of the injuries to the upper and lower extremities. An understanding of its physiopathology and selection of a suitable time for surgery are necessary for proper treatment of this challenging disorder. This article reviews the physiopathology of traumatic peripheral nerve injury, considers the most used classification, and discusses the main aspects of surgical timing and treatment of such a condition.


Traumatismos dos nervos periféricos resultam em lesões incapacitantes e estão presentes em muitas das lesões dos membros. A compreensão da fisiopatologia dessas lesões e a seleção do momento operatório mais adequado são imprescindíveis para que o tratamento seja adequado. Neste artigo revisamos a fisiopatologia das lesões traumáticas dos nervos periféricos, apresentamos a classificação mais utilizada dessas lesões e discutimos os principais aspectos relacionados ao momento da cirurgia e às formas de reparo cirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/surgery , Medical Illustration , Peripheral Nerve Injuries/classification , Recovery of Function , Time Factors , Wounds, Nonpenetrating/surgery , Wounds, Penetrating/surgery
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