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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect between heat-sensitive moxibustion combined with western medication and simple western medication for low back pain of osteoporosis with kidney-@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with osteoporosis were randomized into an observation group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 3 cases dropped off). In the control group, alendronate sodium tablet and calcium carbonate and vitamin D@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores, ODI scores and TCM clinical symptom scores after treatment were reduced in the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Heat-sensitive moxibustion combined with western medication could relieve low back pain, improve BMD in patients of osteoporosis with kidney-


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Hot Temperature , Humans , Kidney , Low Back Pain , Moxibustion , Osteoporosis/drug therapy , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877561

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the therapeutic effect between long-snake moxibustion combined with western medication and simple medication on diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) of spleen and kidney @*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with IBS-D of spleen and kidney @*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the symptom scores of abdominal pain, defecation frequency, mucous stool and appetite reduction were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Long-snake moxibustion combined with western medication can effectively treat the IBS-D of spleen and kidney


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Diarrhea/drug therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/drug therapy , Kidney , Moxibustion , Quality of Life , Snakes , Spleen , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888027

ABSTRACT

Huanglian Ejiao Decoction,firstly recorded in Treatise on Febrile Diseases,could be used to treat heat-conversion syndrome of Shaoyin. It has been identified that,the indications of Huanglian Ejiao Decoction include:(1)in modern medicine,it can be used to treat insomnia,arrhythmia,oral ulcer,Xiali,blood syndrome and other diseases;(2)in terms of symptoms and signs,it is mainly used for restlessness,ritability,insomnia,extremely difficult to fall asleep,palpitation,atrial premature beat,ventricular premature beat and other arrhythmias,stomach distension and stuffiness,stomach pain,vomiting,abdominal pain,cramps,lower edge,constipation,blush,red lips,easy bleeding,red tongue,thin or no coating,dry tongue surface,or light red tongue,or dark red,thin white tongue coating,and rapid pulse. It has been also identified that,(1)although the original statement of Huanglian Ejiao Decoction is very simple,it can not only be used according to irritability and insomnia;(2)tongue image is not the key to syndrome differentiation of this prescription;(3)the essence of Shaoyin syndrome is not completely heart kidney Yang deficiency,which is closest to shock in modern medicine,including septic shock,hypovolemic shock and cardiogenic shock;(4)the essential difference between Shaoyin cold and heat conversion syndrome of Shaoyin lies in the different types of shock,in which cardiogenic shock is the main cold type,while septic shock is the main heat shock;(5)heat-conversion syndrome of Shaoyin is more common in the late stage of septic shock,and part of it can be seen in the stage of heart failure combined with sympathetic activation;(6)Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Rehmanniae Radix are often used to replace egg yolk;(7)Huanglian Ejiao Decoction takes effect quickly and the course of treatment is short.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Gelatin , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/drug therapy , Yang Deficiency
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828093

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the effect of Wubi Shanyao Pills on sexual dysfunction in rats with kidney-Yang deficiency and to investigate its possible mechanism. Adenine(100 mg·kg~(-1)) was administered to male SD rats for 8 weeks to establish kidney-Yang deficiency model, and at the same time, Wubi Shanyao Pills(2, 1, 0.5 g·kg~(-1)) were administered to rats for 8 weeks. The syndrome manifestation of kidney-Yang deficiency was observed in rats and the scores of symptoms were evaluated. Sexual behavior indexes(incubation period and times of capture, straddle and ejaculation) were measured by mating experiment. The levels of serum testosterone(T), estradiol(E_2), follicle stimulating hormone(FSH), luteinizing hormone(LH), and gonadotropin releasing hormone(GnRH) were measured by radioimmunoassay. The wet weights of testis and seminal vesicle were measured. The content of fructose in seminal plasma was detected by UV spectrophotometry. The pathological changes of testis and epididymis were observed by HE staining. The expression levels of transforming growth factor(TGF-β1) and cytochrome P450 aromatase(CYP19) in testis were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The results showed that Wubi Shanyao Pills could significantly reduce the score of kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome, improve the symptoms of kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome, shorten capture, straddle and ejaculation latency, increase capture and straddle times, increase serum T, LH, FSH, E_2 and GnRH levels, increase the wet weight of testis and seminal vesicle and fructose content in seminal plasma, improve the pathological structure of testis and epididymis, and inhibit the expression of TGF-β1 and increase CYP19 in testis of the model rats. Therefore, Wubi Shanyao Pills can significantly improve sexual dysfunction in rats with kidney-Yang deficiency, and its mechanism may be related to regulating the low function of hypothalamus pituitary gonad(HPG) axis and improving the disorder of sex hormone secretion. In addition, it may be also related to inhibiting the expression of testicular TGF-β1, increasing the expression of CYP19 protein, and then regulating the amount of T converted to E_2.


Subject(s)
Adenine , Animals , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Luteinizing Hormone , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testis , Testosterone , Yang Deficiency
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879931

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Chinese medicine Wubi Shanyao pills on sexual function of kidney-yang-deficiency mice induced by hydrocortisone.@*METHODS@#Male Kunming mice were injected with hydrocortisone for 10 days to prepare the kidney-yang-deficiency model, and administrated with Wubi Shanyao pills (0.91, 1.82, 2.73 g/kg) for 9 weeks. The general behaviors of mice (autonomous activity, grasping power) were observed; sexual behaviors (capture, straddle, ejaculation frequency and incubation period) of mice were detected by mating experiment. The serum levels of cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), estradiol (E@*RESULTS@#Wubi Shanyao pills increased the number of independent activities, grasping power, capture frequency of model mice and shortened the capture latency (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#Wubi Shanyao pills can improve the sexual function of mice with kidney-yang-deficiency induced by hydrocortisone, which may be related to regulating the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis), promoting the proliferation of testicular cells, and inhibiting cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Follicle Stimulating Hormone/blood , Hydrocortisone , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy , Male , Mice , Pituitary-Adrenal System/drug effects , Random Allocation , Sexual Behavior, Animal/drug effects , Yang Deficiency/drug therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of herb-separated moxibustion combined with budesonide nasal spray (rhinocort) on moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis (AR) of kidney- deficiency type, and to explore the correlation between nasal temperature and condition of allergic rhinitis.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients with moderate to severe persistent AR were randomized into an observation group (35 cases) and a control group (35 cases, 3 cases dropped off). Both groups were treated with rhinocort, one spray on each side of the nostril (approximately 64 μg each spray), once in the morning and once in the evening, for 4 weeks. On the basis of the above treatment, the observation group was treated with herb-separated moxibustion at Shenshu (BL 23), Feishu (BL 13), Zhiyang (GV 9), Dazhui (GV 14), 3 moxibustions per acupoint, a single treatment lasting about 30 min. This treatment was given once every other day, 3 times every week, and totally continuous 4 weeks. The changes of AR symptom visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were observed before and after treatment and at 3 months follow-up after treatment. The heat variation (temperature, range) on projection areas of the nose, lungs, large intestine and kidneys of the two groups' patients before and after treatment were detected by the infrared thermal imaging diagnostic system, and the correlation between the VAS scores and nasal temperature before and after treatment was analyzed. The clinical effects of both groups were evaluated according to the VAS score.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate in the observation group after treatment was 85.7% (30/35), which was higher than 71.9% in the control group (23/32, <0.05). After treatment and at follow-up, the VAS scores of both groups were lower than those before treatment (<0.05), and the VAS score of the observation group was lower than that of the control group at follow-up (<0.05). After treatment, the nasal temperature, pulmonary range, large intestinal range and renal range of the observation group were all lower than those before treatment (<0.05), the nasal temperature and nasal range of the control group were lower than before treatment (<0.05), and the reduction of nasal temperature, nasal range and renal range in the observation group was greater than that of the control group (<0.05). Before and after treatment, there was a correlation between VAS score and nasal temperature (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The herb-separated moxibustion combining western medication has a better effect and long-term effect than western medication alone for moderate to severe persistent AR, which can improve heat variation on projected areas of the nose, lung, large intestine and kidney of patients. In addition, nasal temperature can reflect the severity of the symptoms of patients with moderate to severe persistent AR, or it can be used as a secondary indicator to evaluate condition of AR.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Budesonide , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Moxibustion , Rhinitis, Allergic , Therapeutics , Yang Deficiency
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774592

ABSTRACT

Mufangji Decoction is a famous herbal formula from Synopsis of Golden Chamber. However,it is easy to be misunderstood due to so its unique compatability. The syndromes treated by Mufangji Decoction included the following aspects:(1) in terms of modern medicine,it could be used to treat acute and chronic heart failure,heart failure aggravated by lung infection,chronic obstructive pulmonary disease acute episode,pulmonary heart disease,bilateral pleural effusion,acute attack of gout,rheumatic fever,rheumatoid arthritis,and rheumatoid arthritis;(2) in terms of symptoms,it could be used to treat asthma,chest tightness,wheeze impacting prostration and dyspnea impacting sitting posture; gastric distention; dark face,cyanotic,and mitral valvular face; edema of head and extremities; dry mouth,thirsty,unwilling to wear thick clothes,intolerance of heat,and irritable; fatigue,shortness of breath,poor appetite,constipation,less urine,yellow color,poor response to diuretics,and diuretic resistance; fast heart rate,which is hard to be controlled by Western medicine and has no response to Zhenwu Decoction; dark red tongue,dry tongue with yellow fur,rapid pulse,or deep tight pulse. In emergency and severe cases,Yang deficiency and fluid retention are normal syndromes of heart failure,while Yang deficiency,fluid retention,and heat are metamorphic syndromes of heart failure,which possessed complex mechanisms of pathophysiology; the mechanisms of Shaoyin heat-conversion syndrome is similar to Yang deficiency,fluid retention,and heat syndrome; the reason of application of gypsum in Mufangji Decoction shall be further studied; the " empty" and " real" in modified Mufangji Decoction are physical signs,rather than pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Heart Failure , Drug Therapy , Humans , Yang Deficiency , Drug Therapy
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775932

ABSTRACT

The clinical experience of professor for anovulatory infertility is introduced from three perspectives of , syndromes and menstrual period in this article. Professor believes that ovulation disorders mainly involves the liver, spleen and kidney, and four syndromes, including spleen-kidney -deficiency syndrome, liver-depression and kidney-deficiency syndrome, phlegm-dampness obstruction syndrome, -stagnation and blood-stasis syndrome are common in clinic. The combination of syndrome differentiation and menstruation differentiation should be adopted in treatment. The syndrome differentiation should be mainly applied. The acupoints for excess syndrome include Quchi (LI 11), Hegu (LI 4), Tianshu (ST 25), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Neiting (ST 44); while the acupoints for deficiency syndrome include Zhongwan (CV 12), Taixi (KI 3), Ganshu (BL 18) and Qimen (LR 14). In auricular acupuncture, kou (CO), wei (CO), pi (CO), neifenmi (CO), sanjiao (CO), dachang (CO) and shenmen (TF) could be selected for excess syndrome, while wei (CO), pi (CO), neifenmi (CO), zigong (TF), pizhixia (AT), shen (CO) and luanchao could be selected for deficiency syndrome. Moxibustion can be added to treat the patients with deficiency syndrome or cold syndrome. The menstruation differentiation could be used as auxiliary method. In the later period of menstruation, strengthening-spleen and promoting-blood method is applied and Zhongwan (CV 12), Guanyuan (CV 4), Qihai (CV 6), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Zusanli (ST 36) are selected; in the intermenstrual period, tonifying-kidney and nourishing-, warming- and nourishing- method is applied and Shenshu (BL 23), Yaoyangguan (GV 3), Qihai (CV 6), Guanyuan (CV 4), Zhongji (CV 3), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Hegu (LI 4) are selected; in the earlier period of menstruation, soothing-liver and tonifying-kidney, promoting- and relieving-depression method is applied and Taichong (LR 3), Qimen (LR 14), Luanchao (Extra), Zigong (EX-CA 1) and Xuehai (SP 10) are selected; during menstruation, Taixi (KI 3), Xuehai (SP 10) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) can be added to nourish kidney, nourish blood, promote blood circulation and regulate menstruation to promote oogenesis. In addition, B-ultrasonography can be used to monitor ovulation and guide intercourse to improve pregnancy rate.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Female , Humans , Infertility , Therapeutics , Moxibustion , Pregnancy , Yang Deficiency
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812336

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have revealed that the property of drug is mainly associated with the body's substance and energy metabolism. The present study aimed to evaluate the drug property of Poria, called Fuling (FL) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), in terms of its effects on the substance and energy metabolism in rat models of cold-deficiency and heat-deficiency syndromes, compared with Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparaia, called Fuzi (FZ) in TCM, with hot property, and Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, called Zhimu (ZM) in TCM, with cold property, as reference drugs, respectively. The appearance score, toe and rectal temperatures of the animals treated were assessed at different time points. Several indices in vivo correlated with substance and energy metabolism (glucokinas, phosphoglycerate kinase, cytochrome c reductase, cytochrome c oxydase, and Na-K-ATPase), endocrine system (triiodothyronine, thyroxine, and 17-hydroxycorticosteroid), nervous system (acetylcholin esterase), and cyclic nucleotide system were determined. The changes in appearance score and indices in vivo suggested the successful establishment of cold-deficiency and heat-deficiency syndrome models. FZ reversed the decreased levels of indices (substance and energy metabolism and endocrine system) and alleviated the syndrome of cold-deficiency model, and ZM showed obviously therapeutic effect on heat-deficiency syndrome (appearance score, substance and energy metabolism, and endocrine system). FL could alleviate cold-deficiency syndrome and raise the decreased levels of glucokinas, phosphoglycerate kinase, cytochrome c reductase and triiodothyronine in cold-deficiency model, but had no significant effect on heat-deficiency syndrome. Drug property of FL was inferred as trending to "flat and warm", which still need further study. It was advisable to adopt both cold-deficiency and heat-deficiency models to study the drugs with "flat" property.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cold Temperature , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Energy Metabolism , Humans , Male , Poria , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Treatment Outcome , Yang Deficiency , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Yin Deficiency , Drug Therapy , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690822

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacy differences between warming acupuncture and conventional acupuncture for diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) with syndrome of deficiency and cold coagulation, obstruction of collaterals and blood stasis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 64 patients were randomly divided into a warming acupuncture group and a conventional acupuncture group, 32 cases in each one. Based on basic treatment of blood glucose regulation, warming acupuncture was applied at Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), Guanyuanshu (BL 26), Zusanli (ST 36), Chongyang (ST 42), Quchi (LI 11) and Hegu (LI 4) in the warming acupuncture group, while acupuncture was applied at the identical acupoints in the conventional acupuncture group. Both the treatments were given once a day with an interval of one day every six days; totally the treatment was given for 4 weeks. The TCM symptom score, Toronto clinical scoring system (TCSS) and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) before and after treatment were compared in the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the TCM symptom scores in the two groups were significantly reduced (both <0.01); the improvement of TCM symptom in the warming acupuncture group was superior to that in the conventional acupuncture group (<0.05). After treatment, the TCSS scores in the two groups were significantly reduced (both <0.01); the TCSS score in the warming acupuncture group was significantly lower than that in the conventional acupuncture group (<0.05). After treatment, the NCV of motor nerve of tibial nerve and nervus peroneus communis, as well as sensory nerve of tibial nerve and sural nerve was improved in the warming acupuncture group (all <0.05), while only the NCV of motor nerve and sensory nerve of tibial nerve was improved in the conventional acupuncture group (both <0.05); there were no significant difference between the two groups (all >0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Warming acupuncture and conventional acupuncture could both increase TCM symptom score, improve NCV in patients of DPN with syndrome of deficiency and cold coagulation, obstruction of collaterals and blood stasis; warming acupuncture has advantage in symptom improvement.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Diabetic Neuropathies , Therapeutics , Humans , Yang Deficiency
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 156-162, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775202

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expression of the G-protein coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) in the testis of the male mouse with kidney yin or kidney yang deficiency and its influence on the reproductive function of the mouse.@*METHODS@#We randomized 30 six-week-old male Kunming mice into three groups of equal number: kidney yang deficiency, kidney yin deficiency, and normal control, and established the models of kidney yang deficiency and kidney yin deficiency by peritoneal injection of hydrocortisone at 50 mg/kg for 5 days and 25 mg/kg for 10 days, respectively. We observed the behavioral changes of the mice using the elevated plus-maze, exhaustive swimming and field experiment, examined the semen quality with the automatic sperm quality analyzer, calculated the average number of the offspring, measured the serum testosterone (T) and estradiol (E2) levels and T/E2 ratio by Roche electrochemiluminescence assay, and determined the localization and expression of GPER in the testis by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the mice with kidney yin deficiency, those with kidney yang deficiency showed remarkably fewer entries into the open arm and central area (P 0.05); the latter group also exhibited significant decreases in the epididymal sperm count ([7.27 ± 1.30] vs [3.05 ± 1.06] ×108/g, P 0.05), and markedly reduced serum T ([24.96 ± 6.18] vs [16.72 ± 5.92] ng/dl,P <0.05), E2 ([19.81 ± 4.01] vs [15.24 ± 1.11] pg/ml,P <0.05) and T/E2 ratio (1.41 vs 1.25, P <0.05). The expression of GPER was found in the cytoplasm of the Leydig cells, negative in the nuclei and cell membrane, significantly higher in the kidney yang than in the kidney yin deficiency group (P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The numbers of sperm and offspring decreased while the percentage of morphologically abnormal sperm increased in both the kidney yang and kidney yin deficiency mice, even more significantly in the former, which might be associated with the up-regulated expression of GPER in the testis of the mouse with kidney yang deficiency and consequently the reduced serum T level and T/E2 ratio.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Kidney Diseases , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Random Allocation , Receptors, Estrogen , Metabolism , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled , Metabolism , Reproduction , Physiology , Semen Analysis , Testis , Metabolism , Yang Deficiency , Metabolism , Yin Deficiency , Metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776914

ABSTRACT

Recent studies have revealed that the property of drug is mainly associated with the body's substance and energy metabolism. The present study aimed to evaluate the drug property of Poria, called Fuling (FL) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), in terms of its effects on the substance and energy metabolism in rat models of cold-deficiency and heat-deficiency syndromes, compared with Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparaia, called Fuzi (FZ) in TCM, with hot property, and Anemarrhenae Rhizoma, called Zhimu (ZM) in TCM, with cold property, as reference drugs, respectively. The appearance score, toe and rectal temperatures of the animals treated were assessed at different time points. Several indices in vivo correlated with substance and energy metabolism (glucokinas, phosphoglycerate kinase, cytochrome c reductase, cytochrome c oxydase, and Na-K-ATPase), endocrine system (triiodothyronine, thyroxine, and 17-hydroxycorticosteroid), nervous system (acetylcholin esterase), and cyclic nucleotide system were determined. The changes in appearance score and indices in vivo suggested the successful establishment of cold-deficiency and heat-deficiency syndrome models. FZ reversed the decreased levels of indices (substance and energy metabolism and endocrine system) and alleviated the syndrome of cold-deficiency model, and ZM showed obviously therapeutic effect on heat-deficiency syndrome (appearance score, substance and energy metabolism, and endocrine system). FL could alleviate cold-deficiency syndrome and raise the decreased levels of glucokinas, phosphoglycerate kinase, cytochrome c reductase and triiodothyronine in cold-deficiency model, but had no significant effect on heat-deficiency syndrome. Drug property of FL was inferred as trending to "flat and warm", which still need further study. It was advisable to adopt both cold-deficiency and heat-deficiency models to study the drugs with "flat" property.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cold Temperature , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Energy Metabolism , Humans , Male , Poria , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Treatment Outcome , Yang Deficiency , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Yin Deficiency , Drug Therapy , Metabolism
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 917-921, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812856

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To make a real-world study on the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with sildenafil in the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) that failed to respond to TCM medication.@*METHODS@#This study included 1 038 ED patients with the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) scores ≤21 and improvement <30% after 4 weeks of TCM medication, differentially diagnosed with kidney-yang or kidney-yin deficiency syndrome. We administered TCM combined with sildenafil (Viagra, Pfizer Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd) at 100 mg 1 hour before sexual intercourse. After 2 and 4 weeks of medication, we recorded the scores in IIEF-5, erection hardness, Sexual Encounter Profile question 2 (SEP-2: whether vaginal penetration is successful), SEP-3 (whether sexual intercourse is successful), and TCM Syndromes Scale as well as the indexes of routine blood, urine, liver function, and renal function of the patients, and compared them with those obtained before treatment.@*RESULTS@#No serious adverse reactions were observed in any of the patients. Compared with the baseline, the patients achieved significantly increased IIEF-5 scores after 2 and 4 weeks of medication (15.01 ± 2.25 vs 16.96 ± 2.55 and 19.41 ± 2.82, P <0.05), penileelectionhardness remarkably improved at 4 weeks (3.36% vs 44.58%, P<0.05), and the positive answers to SEP-2 and SEP-3 both markedly increased at 2 (38.11% vs 90.49%, P<0.05; 22.01% vs 63.77% , P<0.05) and 4 weeks (38.11% vs 96.95% , P<0.05; 22.01% vs 89.73%, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TCM combined with sildenafil is safe and effective in the treatment of ED in Chinese men, which can significantly improve the IIEF-5 score and erection hardness of the patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Coitus , Drug Therapy, Combination , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Erectile Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Penile Erection , Physiology , Sildenafil Citrate , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Yang Deficiency , Yin Deficiency
14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1111-1115, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812824

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the correlation between the syndrome types of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and clinical symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) with chronic prostatitis (BPH-CP).@*METHODS@#We selected 150 cases of BPH-CP in this study and divided them into 7 TCM syndrome types. Using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses, we studied the correlation of each TCM syndrome type with the age, disease course, prostate volume, postvoid residual urine volume (PVR), prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax), and International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS).@*RESULTS@#Kidney-yin deficiency was correlated positively with the prostate volume but negatively with Qmax and IPSS; kidney-yang deficiency positively with the age and prostate volume but negatively with IPSS; the damp heat syndrome positively with the PSA level but negatively with the disease course, prostate volume and Qmax; the spleen-qi deficiency syndrome positively with the prostate volume but negatively with the disease course; liver-qi stagnation positively with the disease course but negatively with the age, prostate volume and PVR; the syndrome of qi stagnation and blood stasis positively with the disease course and IPSS but negatively with PVR; the syndrome of lung-heat and qi blockage positively with the age, Qmax and IPSS but negatively with the disease course.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The TCM syndrome types of BPH-CP are closely correlated to their clinical symptoms. The analysis of the clinical objective indexes of BPH-CP can provide some reliable evidence for accurate identification of the TCM syndrome type of the disease.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Chronic Disease , Disease Progression , Humans , Kidney Diseases , Diagnosis , Liver Diseases , Diagnosis , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Organ Size , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Classification , Diagnosis , Prostatitis , Classification , Diagnosis , Qi , Regression Analysis , Splenic Diseases , Diagnosis , Symptom Assessment , Classification , Methods , Urination , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328302

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore metabolite profiling changes in serum of rats with pi-qi deficiency syndrome (PQDS) and pi-yang deficiency syndrome (PYDS) based on liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer (LC-MS) technique, and to explore the essence of Pi-deficiency syndrome (PDS) from small molecule metabolite level.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 21 male SD rats of SPF grade were randomly divided into three groups, the normal control group, the PQDS group, and the PYDS group, 7 in each group. Rats in the PQDS group overate for 1 day and fasted for 2 days. They drank freely and then swam to be exhausted in water at 35 degrees C - 37 degrees C for 15 successive days. The PYDS model was established by the same method for PQDS rats plus drenching 20% Folium sennae water extract (2 mL/100 g), once in the morning and once in the evening for one successive week. After modeling, models were evaluated according to rat general state, changes in body weight and rectal temperature. Serum metabonomic profiles were detected using LC-MS technique. Difference in inter-group metabolite spectrograms was analyzed using orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Potential biomarkers related to syndrome types in rat serum were selected via the parameter of variable importance in the projection (VIP).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The weight of rats in the PQDS group and the PYDS group decreased more significantly after modeling. The difference in prepost weight was statistically significant from that of the normal control group (P < 0.01). It was more obviously lowered in the PYDS group than in the PQDS group (P < 0.05). Compared with the normal control group, the rectal temperature of rats in the PYDS group and the PQDS group decreased (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). It decresed more in the PYDS group than in the PQDS group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Compared with the normal control group, levels of PC(19:0)/PE(22:0), PC(17:0)/PE(20:0), capric acid, oleic acid, stearic acid, succinic acid, fumaric acid, malic acid, glucose increased; arachidonic acid, linolenic acid, lauric acid, androsterone, 4-heptanone, dihydroxyacetonephosphate (DHAP) (6:0), and uridine decreased in the PYDS group and the PQDS group. Compared with the PQDS group, levels of PC(22:1), PC (22:6), PE (18:0)/PC (15:0), retinol, and deoxycytidine increased significantly in the PYDS group; PC (18:1), PC(19 :3), PC (20:3), PC (17:0)/PE (20:0), PC (19:1)/PE (22:1), PC (19:0)/PE (22:0), PC (17:1)/PE (20: 1), PC (16:1)/PE (19:1), cholic acid, hippuric acid, furoic acid, undecanedicarboxylic acid, palmitoleic acid, hydroxy stearic acid, eicosatrienoic acid, phenylalanine, tyrosine, glutamic acid, serine, carbamoyl aspartic acid, palmitoyl carnitine, tetradecanoyl carnitine, acetylcarnitine, and linoleylcarnitine decreased more significantly in the PYDS group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Comparative contents of various serum metabolites changed significantly in PQDS and PYQS model groups. Some potential small molecular biomarkers related to PDS were preliminarily identified. These results might provide some data reference for exploring scientific connotation and pathological mechanisms of PDS.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Blood , Chromatography, Liquid , Discriminant Analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Least-Squares Analysis , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Metabolome , Metabolomics , Qi , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Yang Deficiency , Blood
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328260

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution of constitution types of Chinese medicine (CM) in the elderly living at home in Beijing downtown, and to explore its relationship with life habits.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 3894 senile more than 60 years old were enrolled in this study. Their constitution types of CM were typed using CM constitution questionnaire. Meanwhile, their demographic features, disease condition, diet habits, exercise habits, sleep habits, and so on were investigated. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between life habits and constitution types of CM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The number of mild type constitution senile was 1111 (28.53%) and the number of biased constitutions 2783 (71.47%). Biased constitutions of the top three were qi deficiency constitution (662, 17.00%), yang deficiency constitution (445, 11.43%), and blood stasis constitution (363, 9.32%). Univariate analysis showed that different habits of diet, exercise, and sleep exist among the senile of different constitutions (P < 0.05). By taking mild type constitution, multivariate Logistic regression analysis (except demographic indices and chronic history) showed that significantly positive correlation existed between qi deficiency constitution and favor for hot food (OR = 1.349, P = 0.015), yang deficiency constitution and favor for hot food (OR = 2.448, P < 0.01), phlegm-wetness constitution and favor for barbecue food (OR = 2.144, P = 0.003), wet-heat constitution and favor for sweet food (OR = 1.355, P = 0.032), wet-heat constitution and favor for tea (OR = 1.359, P = 0.047), blood stasis constitution and favor for hot food (OR = 1.422, P = 0.017), and qi depression constitution and favor for hot food (OR = 1.446, P = 0.031). Regular exercise had negative correlation with qi deficiency constitution (OR = 0.397, P < 0.01), yang deficiency constitution (OR = 0.522, P < 0.01) , phlegm-wetness constitution (OR = 0.475, P < 0.01), wet-heat constitution (OR = 0.647, P = 0.015), blood stasis constitution (OR = 0.608, P = 0.001), qi depression constitution (OR = 0.541, P = 0.001), and special diathesis constitution (OR = 0.466, P < 0.01). Early sleep and rise habit had negative with phlegm-wetness constitution (OR = 0.414, P < 0.01), wet-heat constitution (OR = 0.536, P = 0.015), blood stasis constitution (OR = 0.515, P = 0.004), and special diathesis constitution (OR = 0.526, P = 0.039).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Different constitution types of CM might be highly related to specific life habits. Cultivating better life habits can improve biased constitutions of CM.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Beijing , Diet , Exercise , Humans , Life Style , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sleep , Surveys and Questionnaires , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328259

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the correlation between signs of living body in abdominal and pelvic cavities and syndrome typing of Chinese medicine (CM) in colorectal cancer patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 112 colorectal cancer patients undergoing open abdominal surgery or laporoscopic surgery were syndrome typed as five types, i.e., inner-accumulation of damp and heat, blockage of stasis and toxin, Pi-Shen yang deficiency, blood-qi deficiency, Gan-Shen yin deficiency. Signs of living body in abdominal and pelvic cavities were collected. The correlation between signs of living body in abdominal and pelvic cavities and syndrome typing of CM were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Red colorectal canals or mass were dominated in colorectal cancer patients with inner-accumulation of damp and heat syndrome. Dark purple colorectal canals or mass were dominated in colorectal cancer patients with blockage of stasis and toxin syndrome. Reddish colorectal canals or mass were dominated in colorectal cancer patients with blood-qi deficiency syndrome. Pale colorectal canals or mass were dominated in colorectal cancer patients with Pi-Shen yang deficiency syndrome. Whitish or red-white stripes were dominated in colorectal cancer patients with Gan-Shen yin deficiency syndrome. Dropsy colorectal canal was associated with Pi-Shen yang deficiency syndrome. Intracavitary effusion was often seen in colorectal cancer patients with inner-accumulation of damp and heat syndrome. The effusion was yellowish in less amount. Intracavitary adhesion was often seen in colorectal cancer patients with blockage of stasis and toxin syndrome. There was no correlation between the maximum diameter of mass or each syndrome type of CM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There existed correlation between signs of living body in abdominal and pelvic cavities and syndrome typing of CM, which could be taken as one of references for syndrome typing of colorectal cancer patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Abdominal Cavity , Pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pelvis , Pathology , Yang Deficiency , Diagnosis , Yin Deficiency , Diagnosis
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the distribution of constitution types of Chinese medicine (CM) in patients with osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 130 ONFH patients were recruited. Constitution types of CM were identified in all patients. Distribution features of constitution types of CM in ONFH patients were observed. The differences of distribution in gender, age, single or bilateral hips, course of disease, staging, cause, and region were also analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seventy patients were of complicated constitutions, while 60 patients were of single constitution. Among the 60 single constitution cases, yang-deficiency constitution [18 (13.9%)], damp-heat constitution [10 (7.7%)], blood-stasis constitution [7 (5.4%)], and qi-deficiency constitution [7 (5.4%)] were mainly distributed. Of the complicated constitutions, yang-deficiency dominated constitution occupied the top ratio [30 (23.1%)], followed by blood-stasis dominated constitution [15 (11.5%)], damp-heat dominated constitution [9 (6.9%)]. By putting them together, yang-deficiency constitution occupied the top constitution of CM [48 (36.9%)], followed by blood-stasis constitution [ 22 (16.9%)] and damp-heat constitution [19 (14.6%)]. The aforesaid three constitutions accounted for 68.5% of the total. There were no statistical distribution differences in gender, age, single or bilateral hips, course of disease, staging, or cause.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Yang-deficiency constitution, damp-heat constitution, and blood-stasis constitution were liable constitutions of CM in ONFH patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Femur , Pathology , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteonecrosis , Drug Therapy , Yang Deficiency
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323786

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the difference in acupuncture for pain threshold at different time points among the groups of 9 TCM constitutions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cross-sectional survey was adopted to investigate TCM constitutions among 600 subjects and determine 9 TCM constitution types (neutral constitution, qi-deficiency constitution, yang-deficiency constitution, yin-deficiency constitution, phlegm-damp constitution, damp-heat constitution, blood-stagnation constitution, qi-stagnation constitution, special diathesis constitution). The same acupuncture manipulation was applied to Zusanli (ST 36) on the left side in the subjects and the needle was retained for 30 min. The tenderness threshold was detected with 2390 type Von Frey apparatus at different time points, named before acupuncture, at the moment after qi arrival, in 10 min of needle retaining, in 30 min of needle retaining and in 15 min after needle withdrawal in the subjects of 9 TCM constitutions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The interactive effect happened between the constitution type and time point (P < 0.05). Among the groups of 9 TCM constitutions, the pain threshold values at the moment after qi arrival (except blood-stagnation constitution, qi-stagnation constitution, special diathesis constitution) in 10 min of needle retaining and in 30 min of needle retaining were increased as compared with those before acupuncture separately (P < 0.01), among which, the value increase was the most significant in 30 min of needle retaining. The differences in the pain thresholds were significant in 15 min after needle withdrawal in the groups of neutral constitution and damp-heat constitution as compared with those before acupuncture (both P < 0.01). In 10 min of needle retaining and in 30 min of needle retaining, as compared with the group of neutral constitution, the changes in pain thresholds of the rest abnormal constitutions were apparently lower (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at Zusanli (ST 36) presents different effects among the groups of different constitution types. The effect maintaining durations are different.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Pain Management , Pain Threshold , Yang Deficiency , Therapeutics , Yin Deficiency , Therapeutics , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319983

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of electroacupuncture(EA) at Zhongwan(CV 12) on the energy metabolism along the conception vessel(CV) in volunteers with yang-deficiency constitution,and to explore the relationship of electroacupuncture regulation and body constitution.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eighteen volunteers with mild constitution and 18 volunteers with yang-deficiency constitution were collected out of 200 students of Fujian University of TCM by body constitution questionnaire. Skin microcirculatory blood perfusion units (MBPU) at Danzhong (CV 17), Xiawan(CV 10) and Qihai(CV 6) of CV were measured by a laser Doppler flowmetry in the normal condition and after EA stimulation at Zhongwan(CV 12) for 20 min.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1)Before treatment, (1)MBPU values at Danzhong(CV 17), Xiawan(CV 10) and Qihai(CV 6) in the yang-deficiency constitution group were lower than those in the mild constitution group,but there was no statistical significance (both P>0. 05) except Danzhong(CV 17) (P<0. 01). (Z)As for the three acupoints in the mild constitution group, MBPU level of Danzhong(CV 17) was higher than that of Xiawan(CV 10) without statistical significance(P->0. 05),and MBPU values of Danzhong(CV 17) and Xiawan(CV 10) were higher than that of Qihai(CV 6) (both P<0. 01). (3About the three acupoints in the yang-deficiency constitution group, MBPU result of Danzhong(CV 17) was lower than the value of Xiawan(CV 10), but higher compared with Qihai(CV 6)(P<0. 05, P<0. 01). MBPU of Xiawan(CV 10) was higher than Qihai (CV 6) as well(P<0. 01). (2) MBPU values of Danzhong(CV 17), Xiawan(CV 10) and Qihai(CV 6) were increased apparently compared with those before treatment after EA stimulation at Zhongwan(CV 12) for 20 min in the two groups(all P<0. 01). (3) The rise rates of MBPU level about Danzhong(CV 17) and Qihai(CV 6) in the yang-deficiency constitution group were higher than those in the mild constitution group without statistical significance after EA at Zhongwan(CV 12) for 20 min(both P>0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The energy metabolism in CV of volunteers with yang-deficiency constitution is declined, especially Danzhong(CV 17). EA can rise energy metabolism in CV of mild or yang-deficiency constitution volunteers through regulating MBPU along meridian.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adolescent , Adult , Electroacupuncture , Energy Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Meridians , Microcirculation , Skin , Metabolism , Volunteers , Yang Deficiency , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Young Adult
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