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1.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190185, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132193

ABSTRACT

Abstract The second-generation bioethanol employs lignocellulosic materials degraded by microbial cellulases in their production. The fungus Trichoderma reesei is one of the main microorganisms producing cellulases, and its genetic modification can lead to the optimization in obtaining hydrolytic enzymes. This work carried out the deletion of the sequence that encodes the zinc finger motif of the transcription factor ACE1 (cellulase expression repressor I) of the fungus T. reesei RUT-C30. The transformation of the RUT-C30 lineage was confirmed by amplification of the 989 bp fragment relative to the selection marker, and by the absence of the zinc finger region amplification in mutants, named T. reesei RUT-C30Δzface1. The production of cellulases by mutants was compared to RUT-C30 and measured with substrates carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), microcrystalline cellulose (Avicel®) and Whatman filter paper (PF). The results demonstrated that RUT-C30Δzface1 has cellulolytic activity increased 3.2-fold in Avicel and 2.1-fold in CMC and PF. The mutants presented 1.4-fold higher sugar released in the hydrolysis of the biomass assays. These results suggest that the partial deletion of ace1 gene is an important strategy in achieving bioethanol production on an industrial scale at a competitive price in the fuel market.


Subject(s)
Trichoderma/enzymology , Cellulase/biosynthesis , Zinc Fingers , Biomass , Ethanol , Biofuels
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826386

ABSTRACT

To investigate the DNA methylation in ZNF772 promoter region and its mRNA and protein expressions and analyze the clinical significance of DNA methylation of ZNF772 gene in cervical cancer. Cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) tissues were harvested from three patients (SCC group),and normal cervical tissues from healthy individuals of the same age were used as the control group. Hyper-methylation and lower transcripts were screened by whole-genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) and RNA sequencing. Furthermore,in 40 cervical tissue samples in SCC group and 45 normal cervical tissues in the control group,DNA methylation status and mRNA expression of ZNF772 were measured by using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (BSP). The protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry. In the SCC group,the potential relationships of DNA methylation status in ZNF772 promoter and mRNA expression with the clinicopathological parameters of cervical cancer were analyzed. As shown by WGBS and RNA sequencing,the abnormal DNA methylated gene ZNF772 was associated with mRNA expression. RT-qPCR verified that the mRNA expression of ZNF772 was significantly lower in SCC group than in control group (=8.351,=0.016). Immunohistochemistry further confirmed that the positive expression of ZNF772 protein was down-regulated in SCC group (=3.802,=0.005). BSP showed that the DNA methylation rate of ZNF772 promoter region (-420,-422 locus) in SCC group was significantly higher than that in control group (=8.566,=0.038;=6.332,=0.043). Spearman correlation analysis showed that,in SCC group,DNA hypermethylation in ZNF772 promoter was negatively correlated with the mRNA expression (=-0.351,=0.045;=-0.349,=0.032) and was significantly correlated with HPV16/18 infection,tumor size,World Health Organization pathological grade,and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics clinical stage (=0.018,=0.012,=0.009,and =0.035,respectively). The DNA hypermethylation in the promoter region of ZNF772 gene is involved in the occurrence and development of cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Methylation , DNA-Binding Proteins , Genetics , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Human papillomavirus 16 , Human papillomavirus 18 , Humans , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Genetics , Zinc Fingers
3.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 65-70, July. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053486

ABSTRACT

Background: In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Msn2, which acts as a key transcription factor downstream the MAPKHOG cascade pathway, also regulates the expression of genes related to stress responses. However, little is known about the regulation mechanisms of the transcription factor in Setosphaeria turcica. Results: In this study, a zinc finger DNA-binding protein, designated as StMSN2, was cloned from S. turcica. Sequencing results showed that StMSN2 had a 1752 bp open reading frame (ORF), which was interrupted by an intron (135 bp) and encoded a putative 538-amino acid protein. Phylogenetic analysis further revealed that StMsn2 was more closely related to Msn2 of Aspergillus parasiticus. StMSN2 was cloned into the pET-28a vector with His (Histidine) tags and induced with 1 mM IPTG (isopropyl-ß-D-thiogalactoside) at 37°C. The recombinant His-tagged StMsn2 was purified, and a band of size approximately 58.8 kDa was obtained. The high specificity of the polyclonal antibody Msn2-2 was detected with the StMsn2 protein from S. turcica and prokaryotic expression system, respectively. Conclusions: A new gene, named StMSN2, with 1617 bp ORF was cloned from S. turcica and characterized using bioinformatics methods. StMsn2 was expressed and purified in a prokaryotic system. A polyclonal antibody, named Msn2-2, against StMsn2 with high specificity was identified.


Subject(s)
Plant Diseases , Ascomycota/genetics , Ascomycota/pathogenicity , Transcription Factors/isolation & purification , Ascomycota/metabolism , Stress, Physiological , Transcription Factors/genetics , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Carrier Proteins , Gene Expression , Blotting, Western , Open Reading Frames , Zinc Fingers , Cloning, Molecular , Zea mays , Escherichia coli , Helminthosporium , Epitopes
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764980

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Little is known about epigenetic silencing of genes by promoter hypermethylation in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The aim of this study was to identify prognostic methylation markers in surgically treated clear cell RCC (ccRCC). METHODS: Methylation patterns were assayed using the Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip array on pairs of ccRCC and normal tissue from 12 patients. Using quantitative PSQ analysis, tumor-specific hypermethylated genes were validated in 25 independent cohorts and their clinical relevance was also verified in 152 independent cohorts. RESULTS: Using genome-wide methylation array, Zinc finger protein 278 (ZNF278), Family with sequence similarity 155 member A (FAM155A) and Dipeptidyl peptidase 6 (DPP6) were selected for tumor-specific hypermethylated genes in primary ccRCC. The promoter methylation of these genes occurred more frequently in ccRCC than normal kidney in independent validation cohort. The hypermethylation of three genes were associated with advanced tumor stage and high grade tumor in ccRCC. During median follow-up of 39.2 (interquartile range, 15.4–79.1) months, 22 (14.5%) patients experienced distant metastasis. Multivariate analysis identified the methylation status of these three genes, either alone, or in a combined risk score as an independent predictor of distant metastasis. CONCLUSION: The promoter methylation of ZNF278, FAM155A and DPP6 genes are associated with aggressive tumor phenotype and early development of distant metastasis in patients with surgically treated ccRCC. These potential methylation markers, either alone, or in combination, could provide novel targets for development of individualized therapeutic and prevention regimens.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Epigenomics , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kidney , Methylation , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Phenotype , Zinc Fingers
5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 248-259, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764265

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Triple-negative breast carcinoma (TNBC) is accompanied with high risk of metastasis and recurrence. The present study aimed to explore the clinicopathological and prognostic roles of putative tumor-related genes in patients with TNBC. METHODS: Thirty pairs of frozen-thawed tumors were used to select reliable indicators via real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). Then, 150 pathology specimens were used to evaluate the expression of proteins in TNBC through immunohistochemistry. In addition, Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analysis were also performed to analyze the overall survival and disease-free survival. RESULTS: RT-qPCR results indicated that among all the proteins analyzed using fresh-frozen TNBC samples, the expression levels of only Survivin and zinc finger of the cerebellum 1 (ZIC1) were obviously different from those in the corresponding normal tissues. Survivin and ZIC1 expression had opposite effects on the clinicopathological diagnosis and prognostic assessment in TNBC patients. Further, there was a negative correlation between Survivin and ZIC1 expression. In addition, the “Survivin-positive ZIC1-negative group” was associated with histologic grade, lymph node metastasis, and TNM staging (p < 0.001) and this was also an independent factor for evaluating the prognosis of TNBC in patients. CONCLUSION: In summary, the expression levels of Survivin and ZIC1 in TNBC are different from those in normal tissues and are negatively correlated mutually. The combined detection of Survivin and ZIC1 expression levels could allow better comprehensive diagnosis and prognostic evaluation for TNBC patients.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cerebellum , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Recurrence , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Zinc Fingers , Zinc
6.
Blood Research ; : 144-148, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763057

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Ikaros family zinc finger 1 (IKZF1) is a transcription factor with an important role in controlling hematopoietic proliferation and function, particularly lymphoid cell differentiation. It was previously shown that various mechanisms and expression patterns of Ikaros are linked to a variety of cancers. We hypothesized that aberrant methylation (hypomethylation) of the IKZF1 promoter region might be one of the causes of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). In B-ALL patients, an increased expression of this gene is a potential cause of B-cell differentiation arrest and proliferation induction. Therefore, as more than 90% of patients with ALL are <15 years old, we investigated the methylation pattern of the IKZF1 promoter in childhood B-ALL. METHODS: Twenty-five newly diagnosed B-ALL cases were included (all younger than 15 yr). In addition, we selected 25 healthy age- and sex-matched children as the control group. We collected the blood samples in EDTA-containing tubes and isolated lymphocytes from whole blood using Ficoll 1.077 Lymphosep. Next, we extracted genomic DNA with the phenol/chloroform method. Two microgram of DNA per sample was treated with sodium bisulfite using the EpiTect Bisulfite Kit, followed by an assessment of DNA methylation by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the bisulfite-modified genomic DNA. RESULTS: Our data highlighted a hypomethylated status of the IKZF1 promoter in the ALL cases (96% of the cases were unmethylated). In contrast, the control group samples were partially methylated (68%). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated a hypomethylated pattern of the IKZF1 promoter region in childhood B-ALL, which might underlie the aberrant Ikaros expression patterns that were previously linked to this malignancy.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Child , DNA , DNA Methylation , Ficoll , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Leukemia , Lymphocytes , Methods , Methylation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Sodium , Transcription Factors , Zinc Fingers
7.
Immune Network ; : e14-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740214

ABSTRACT

Invariant NKT (iNKT) cells are a small subset of thymus-generated T cells that produce cytokines to control both innate and adaptive immunity. Because of their very low frequency in the thymus, in-depth characterization of iNKT cells can be facilitated by their enrichment from total thymocytes. Magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) of glycolipid antigen-loaded CD1d-tetramer-binding cells is a commonly used method to enrich iNKT cells. Surprisingly, we found that this procedure also dramatically altered the subset composition of enriched iNKT cells. As such, NKT2 lineage cells that express large amounts of the transcription factor promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger were markedly over-represented, while NKT1 lineage cells expressing the transcription factor T-bet were significantly reduced. To overcome this limitation, here, we tested magnetic-activated depletion of CD24⁺ immature thymocytes as an alternative method to enrich iNKT cells. We found that the overall recovery in iNKT cell numbers did not differ between these 2 methods. However, enrichment by CD24⁺ cell depletion preserved the subset composition of iNKT cells in the thymus, and thus permitted accurate and reproducible analysis of thymic iNKT cells in further detail.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Cytokines , Leukemia , Methods , Natural Killer T-Cells , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , T-Lymphocytes , Thymocytes , Thymus Gland , Transcription Factors , Zinc Fingers
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771398

ABSTRACT

Trichoderma reesei Rut-C30 is widely used in industrial cellulase production, and development of cellulase hyper-producer is of great importance for economic lignocellulosic biorefinery. In this study, T. reesei Rut-C30 was engineered with an artificial zinc finger proteins (AZFPs) library. Two mutants T. reesei M1 and M2 with improved cellulase production were obtained. Compared to the parent strain, the filter paper activity (FPase) of T. reesei M1 and M2 increased 100% and 53%, respectively. In addition, the total amount of extracellular protein from the M1 mutant increased 69%, whereas the endo-β-glucanase (CMCase) activity of the M2 mutant is 64% higher compared to the parental strain. Furthermore, RT-qPCR analysis showed that the major cellulase genes exhibited significantly increased expression in both mutants, but different patterns were observed in the two mutants. On the other hand, the cellulase transcriptional repressor ace1 was down-regulated in both mutants, but the transcription level of the activator xyr1 was only up-regulated in the strain M1. These results demonstrated that different AZFPs exert diverse regulatory mechanisms on cellulase production in T. reesei. Analysis of the target genes of AZFPs from T. reesei M1 and M2 will not only benefit further exploration of the regulatory mechanisms of cellulase biosynthesis in T. reesei, but also enable development of cellulase hyper-producing strains by metabolic engineering.


Subject(s)
Cellulase , Gene Library , Transcription Factors , Trichoderma , Zinc Fingers
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 898-904, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762043

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway is known to play a crucial role in carcinogenesis in various malignancies, including lung cancer regarding tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, and cellular differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of components of Shh pathway as a prognostic marker in extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data of 36 patients who were diagnosed with ES-SCLC between 2008 and 2012 at a single center. We performed immuo-histochemistry for glioma-associated oncogene homolog zinc finger protein 1 (Gli1), patched, Shh, and Ptch-mediated repression of smoothened (Smo) proteins using formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue derived from primary tumors. We then conducted survival analysis to evaluate the prognostic impact of these markers. RESULTS: All 36 patients received platinum-based doublet chemotherapy. The median progression free survival and median overall survival were 6.9 months [95% confidence interval (CI), 6.5–7.3] and 11.7 months (95% CI, 9.1–14.3), respectively. The overall response rate was 84%. Of the 36 tissue specimens examined, over-expression of Gli1, Patched, Shh, and Smo was found in 12 (33.3%), five (13.9%), five (13.9%), and six (16.7%) cases, respectively. We found that high expression of Shh was associated with worse progression free survival (6.3 vs. 7.6 months, p=0.005) and overall survival (9.2 vs. 12.0 months, p=0.039) by both univariate and multivariate analyses, whereas other markers were not related to patient prognosis. CONCLUSION: A high proportion of small cell lung cancer tumors express proteins related to Shh pathway, and over-expression of Shh is correlated with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Carcinogenesis , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Hedgehog Proteins , Hedgehogs , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Multivariate Analysis , Oncogenes , Prognosis , Repression, Psychology , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Zinc Fingers
10.
Rev. salud pública ; 20(5): 637-640, oct.-nov. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004481

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives Hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness and renal disease (HDR) syndrome, also known as Barakat syndrome, is an autosomal dominant transmission hereditary disease with a wide range of penetrance and expressivity. Haploinsufficiency of the GATA3 two finger zinc transcription factor is believed to be its cause. This is the first time this orphan disease is reported in Latin America, so the publishing of this report is expected to raise awareness on these types of syndrome, that are usually underdiagnosed in our region, which in turn causes an increase in the years lost to disability (YLDs) rates, as well as higher costs to be assumed by public health systems. Methods A 36-year-old Colombian woman diagnosed with parathyroid gland agenesis was referred from the Endocrinology Service to the Outpatient Service. According to her medical record, in the past she had developed hypocalcaemia, left renal agenesis, hypoparathyroidism, bicornate uterus and sensorineural hearing loss. Through a genetic analysis a pathological mutation on the short arm of the GATA 3 gen (c.404dupC, p Ala136 GlyfsTER 167) was confirmed, which led to a HDR syndrome diagnosis. Discussion This case proves that there is a possibility that mutations described in other continents may be developed by individuals from our region. Regardless of ethnicity, Barakat syndrome should be considered as a possible diagnosis in patients presenting the typical triad that has been described for this condition, since there could be underdiagnosis of this disease in Latin-America due to the lack of knowledge on this condition in said region, and that genetic counseling in these patients is of great importance for the implications of the syndrome in future generations.(AU)


RESUMEN Objetivos El síndrome de hipoparatiroidismo, sordera neurosensorial y displasia renal (HDR) también llamado síndrome de Barakat, es una enfermedad hereditaria de transmisión autosómica dominante con amplia penetrancia y expresividad genética. El síndrome es causado por la haploinsuficiencia del factor de transcripción de dedos de Zinc GATA3. Esta es la primera vez que esta enfermedad huérfana es reportada en latinoamerica, y buscamos generar consciencia de la presencia de estas enfermedades, las cuales usualmente son infradiagnósticadas en nuestro medio y llevan a un aumento de años perdidos por discapacidad y costos para el sistema de salud pública. Métodos Una mujer colombiana de 36 años ingresó a consulta externa de genética referida por el servicio de endocrinología por una agenesia de paratiroides. La paciente tenía antecedentes de hipocalcemia, agenesia renal izquierda, hipoparatiroidismo, sordera neurosensorial y útero bicorneo. Se realizó un análisis genético que confirmo una mutación patológica en el brazo corto del gen GATA3 (c.404dupC, p Ala136 GlyfsTER 167) diagnóstica del síndrome de Barakat. Discusión Este caso demuestra la posibilidad de existencia de mutaciones descritas en otros continentes en nuestra población. Sin importar la etnia, el síndrome de Barakat debe ser estudiado en pacientes que presenten la triada típica, ya que podría existir un infra diagnóstico de la enfermedad secundario al desconocimiento de la misma en Latinoamérica y teniendo en cuenta la importancia que tiene la consejería genética en estos pacientes por las implicaciones de la enfermedad en futuras generaciones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Uterine Cervical Diseases/physiopathology , Zinc Fingers , GATA3 Transcription Factor/analysis , Hypoparathyroidism/genetics , Colombia , Deafness , Solitary Kidney , Hypocalcemia
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716737

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. HCV core protein has been shown to modulate various cellular signaling pathways including the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway which is associated with inflammation, cell proliferation and apoptosis. However, there have been conflicting reports about the effect of HCV core protein on NF-κB pathway, and the mechanism by which the core protein affects NF-κB activity remains nuclear. In this study, the functional interaction of HCV core protein and IκB kinase γ (IKKγ) was investigated using the expression plasmids of core and the components of IKK complex. The data revealed that HCV core protein activates NF-κB. Also, HCV core protein up-regulated the phosphorylation and degradation of IκBα. The activating effect of HCV core protein on NF-κB was synergistically elevated by IKKγ. It was noticed that the N-terminal IKKβ binding site, C-terminal leucine zipper, and zinc finger domains of IKKγ are not necessary for its synergistic effect. HCV core protein and IKKγ appeared to activate NF-κB by up-regulating the IKKβ activity resulting in the degradation of IκBα. As expected, HCV core protein induced the expression of NF-κB-targeted pro-inflammatory genes such as iNOS, IL-1β and IL-6 in the transcription level. These results suggest that HCV core protein induces NF-κB through the interaction with IKKγ and may play a critical role in the development of inflammation and related liver diseases.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Binding Sites , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cell Proliferation , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis , Hepatitis, Chronic , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Leucine Zippers , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Diseases , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Plasmids , Zinc Fingers
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788653

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the susceptibility genes responsible for lumbar spondylosis (LS) in Korean patients.METHODS: Data from 1427 subjects were made available for radiographic grading and genome wide association studies (GWAS) analysis. Lateral lumbar spine radiographs were obtained and the various degrees of degenerative change were semi-quantitatively scored. A pilot GWAS was performed using the AffymetrixGenome-Wide Human single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 500K array. A total of 352228 SNPs were analyzed and the association between the SNPs and case-control status was analyzed by stepwise logistic regression analyses.RESULTS: The top 100 SNPs with a cutoff p-value of less than 3.7×10⁻⁴ were selected for joint space narrowing, while a cutoff p-value of 6.0×10⁻⁴ was applied to osteophytes and the Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) osteoarthritis grade. The SNPs with the strongest effect on disc space narrowing, osteophytes, and K-L grade were serine incorporator 1 (rs155467, odds ratio [OR]=17.58, p=1.6×10⁻⁴), stromal interaction molecule 2 (STIM1, rs210781, OR=5.53, p=5×10⁻⁴), and transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily C (rs11224760, OR=3.99, p=4.8×10⁻⁴), respectively. Leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 4 was significantly associated with both disc space narrowing and osteophytes (rs1979400, OR=2.01, p=1.1×10⁻⁴ for disc space narrowing, OR=1.79, p=3×10⁻⁴ for osteophytes), while zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7C was significantly and negatively associated with both osteophytes and a K-L grade >2 (rs12457004,OR=0.25, p=5.8×10⁻⁴ and OR=0.27, p=5.3×10⁻⁴, respectively).CONCLUSION: We identified SNPs that potentially contribute to the pathogenesis of LS. This is the first report of a GWAS in an Asian population.


Subject(s)
Asians , Case-Control Studies , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Joints , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Osteoarthritis , Osteophyte , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Serine , Spine , Spondylosis , Zinc Fingers
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715576

ABSTRACT

The zinc finger protein ZBTB48 is a telomere-associated factor and renamed it as telomeric zinc finger-associated protein (TZAP). It binds preferentially to long telomeres competing with TRF1 and TRF2. However, its expression in cancers has not been performed. In the present study, we analyzed the prognosis of TZAP expression in 22 kinds of cancers by using TCGA data analysis. TZAP expression had a prognostic value in cervical, colon, and pancreatic cancers. When sorting the patients differently, it got the significance in bladder, breast, kidney, brain, and lung cancers. TZAP expression was associated with better prognosis in bladder, breast, cervical, lung, and pancreatic cancers. However, it showed poorer survival results in colon, kidney, and brain cancers. This result suggested that TZAP expression appears to be a possible prognosis marker in various cancers.


Subject(s)
Brain , Brain Neoplasms , Breast , Colon , Humans , Kidney , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis , Statistics as Topic , Telomere , Urinary Bladder , Zinc , Zinc Fingers
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713697

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Five members of the zinc finger of the cerebellum (ZIC) family—ZIC1, ZIC2, ZIC3, ZIC4, and ZIC5—have been shown to be involved in various carcinomas. Here, we aimed to explore the clinicopathologic and prognostic roles of ZIC family members in invasive breast cancer patients using immunohistochemical analysis, western blotting analysis, and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). METHODS: A total of 241 female invasive breast cancer patients who underwent radical mastectomy between 2009 and 2011 were enrolled. ZIC proteins in 241 pairs of breast tumors and corresponding normal tissues were investigated using immunohistochemistry and the clinicopathologic roles of proteins were analyzed using Pearson's chi-square test. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analysis were also used to analyze the prognostic value of the ZIC proteins. In addition, 12 pairs of fresh-frozen breast tumors and matched normal tissues were used in the western blotting analysis and RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Only ZIC1 expression in normal tissues was obviously higher than that in tumors (p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, ZIC1 expression (in overall survival analysis: hazard ratio [HR], 0.405, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.233–0.702, p=0.001; in disease-free survival analysis: HR, 0.395, 95% CI, 0.234–0.669, p=0.001) was identified as a prognostic indicator of invasive breast cancer. CONCLUSION: ZIC1, but not the other proteins, was obviously decreased in breast tumors and associated with clinicopathologic factors. Thus, ZIC1 might be a novel indicator to predict the overall and disease-free survival of invasive breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cerebellum , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Mastectomy, Radical , Multivariate Analysis , Pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Zinc Fingers , Zinc
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765223

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the susceptibility genes responsible for lumbar spondylosis (LS) in Korean patients. METHODS: Data from 1427 subjects were made available for radiographic grading and genome wide association studies (GWAS) analysis. Lateral lumbar spine radiographs were obtained and the various degrees of degenerative change were semi-quantitatively scored. A pilot GWAS was performed using the AffymetrixGenome-Wide Human single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 500K array. A total of 352228 SNPs were analyzed and the association between the SNPs and case-control status was analyzed by stepwise logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The top 100 SNPs with a cutoff p-value of less than 3.7×10⁻⁴ were selected for joint space narrowing, while a cutoff p-value of 6.0×10⁻⁴ was applied to osteophytes and the Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) osteoarthritis grade. The SNPs with the strongest effect on disc space narrowing, osteophytes, and K-L grade were serine incorporator 1 (rs155467, odds ratio [OR]=17.58, p=1.6×10⁻⁴), stromal interaction molecule 2 (STIM1, rs210781, OR=5.53, p=5×10⁻⁴), and transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily C (rs11224760, OR=3.99, p=4.8×10⁻⁴), respectively. Leucine-rich repeat-containing G protein-coupled receptor 4 was significantly associated with both disc space narrowing and osteophytes (rs1979400, OR=2.01, p=1.1×10⁻⁴ for disc space narrowing, OR=1.79, p=3×10⁻⁴ for osteophytes), while zinc finger and BTB domain containing 7C was significantly and negatively associated with both osteophytes and a K-L grade >2 (rs12457004,OR=0.25, p=5.8×10⁻⁴ and OR=0.27, p=5.3×10⁻⁴, respectively). CONCLUSION: We identified SNPs that potentially contribute to the pathogenesis of LS. This is the first report of a GWAS in an Asian population.


Subject(s)
Asians , Case-Control Studies , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Joints , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Osteoarthritis , Osteophyte , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Serine , Spine , Spondylosis , Zinc Fingers
16.
Immune Network ; : 365-377, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102689

ABSTRACT

Invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are innate T cells restricted by CD1d molecules. They are positively selected in the thymic cortex and migrate to the medullary area, in which they differentiate into 3 different lineages. Promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF) modulates this process, and PLZFhigh, PLZFintermediate, and PLZFlow iNKT cells are designated as NKT2, NKT17, and NKT1 cells, respectively. Analogous to conventional helper CD4 T cells, each subset expresses distinct combinations of transcription factors and produces different cytokines. In lymphoid organs, iNKT subsets have unique localizations, which determine their cytokine responses upon antigenic challenge. The lineage differentiation programs of iNKT cells are differentially regulated in various mice strains in a cell-intrinsic manner, and BALB/c mice contain a high frequency of NKT2 cells. In the thymic medulla, steady state IL-4 from NKT2 cells directly conditions CD8 T cells to become memory-like cells expressing Eomesodermin, which function as premade memory effectors. The genetic signature of iNKT cells is more similar to that of γδ T cells and innate lymphoid cells (ILCs) than of conventional helper T cells, suggesting that ILCs and innate T cells share common developmental programs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytokines , Growth and Development , Interleukin-4 , Leukemia , Lymphocytes , Memory , Mice , Natural Killer T-Cells , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Thymus Gland , Transcription Factors , Zinc Fingers
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345393

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of VNTR-ZNF and -14C/T variants of the promoter region of the ABCA1 gene on the transcription activity of genes in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The recombinants were constructed by ligating DNA fragment containing VNTR-ZNF ACCCC inserted/deleted allele with or without -14C/T substitution fragments with a PGL2-basic vector containing luciferase reporter gene. The recombinants were then transfected into HepG2 cells using the cationic lipid method. After 48 h, transfected cells were collected and used to detect the luciferase activity.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Luciferase activity of PGL2-ZNF-ACCCCDel was greater than that of PGL2-ZNF-ACCCCIns. Luciferase activity of PGL2-ZNFDel-14C was greater than that of PGL2-ZNFDel-14T, PGL2-ZNFIns-14C, PGL2-ZNFIns-14T.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with the insertion type, the ACCCC-deleted type of VNTR-ZNF can significantly enhance the transcription activity of ABCA1. And co-transfection of -14 C allele can further enhance this activity.</p>


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1 , Genetics , Base Sequence , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Luciferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Minisatellite Repeats , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Genetics , Zinc Fingers , Genetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64172

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the function of Zinc finger protein 488 (ZNF488) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The endogenous expression of ZNF488 in NPC tissues, normal nasopharyngeal epithelium tissues and NPC cell lines were detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. ZNF488 over-expressing and knock-down NPC cell line models were established through retroviral vector pMSCV mediated over-expression and small interfering RNA (siRNA) mediated knock-down. The invasion and migration capacities were evaluated by wound healing and transwell invasion assays in ZNF488 over-expressing and control cell lines. Soft-agar colony formation and a xenograft experiment were performed to study tumorigenic ability in vitro and in vivo. Immunofluorescence and western blotting analysis were used to examine protein changes followed by ZNF488 over-expression. Microarray analysis was performed to explore gene expression profilings, while luciferase reporter assay to evaluate the transcriptive activity of Tcf/Lef. RESULTS: ZNF488 was over-expressed in NPC tissues compared with normal tissues, especially higher in 5-8F and S18, which are well-established high metastatic NPC clones. Functional studies indicate that over-expression of ZNF488 provokes invasion, whereas knock-down of ZNF488 alleviates invasive capability. Moreover, over-expression of ZNF488 promotes NPC tumor growth both in vitro and in vivo. Our data further show that over-expression of ZNF488 induces epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) by activating the WNT/beta-catenin signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: Our data strongly suggest that ZNF488 acts as an oncogene, promoting invasion and tumorigenesis by activating the Wnt/beta-catenin pathway to induce EMT in NPC.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Carcinogenesis , Cell Line , Clone Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Epithelium , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Gene Expression Profiling , Heterografts , Luciferases , Microarray Analysis , Oncogenes , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Small Interfering , Wnt Signaling Pathway , Wound Healing , Zidovudine , Zinc Fingers
19.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 126-130, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351438

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify ikaros family zinc finger1 (IKZF1) deletion in patients with pediatric B cells-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) without reproducible chromosomal abnomalities and further investigate its value in this part of patients' pathogenesis and prognosis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The study was approved by the institutional review board of the authors' hospital and informed consent was obtained from the patients and/or their legal guardians. Data of 96 children with B-ALL patients without reproducible cytogenetic abnormalities whose bone marrows specimens were enough for DNA extraction for the detection were retrospectively selected. All the patients were diagnosed and systematically treated according to CCLG-ALL2008 in our hospital from April 2008 to April 2013. The 96 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of IKZF1's detection by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA): The cases that with any of eight exons of IKZF1 deleted were entered into"Group with IKZF1 deletion"otherwise entered"Group without IKZF1 deletion". Disease free survival (DFS), event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Nineteen out of 96 B-ALL patients without reproducible cytogenetic abnormalities had IKZF1 deletion (20%). Three of 19 patients with IKZF1 deletions of the whole gene; ten of 19 patients with IKZF1 deletions of exon 1; 4 of 19 patients with IKZF1 deletions of exons 4-7; one of 19 patients with IKZF1 deletions of exons 2-7 and one of 19 patients with IKZF1 deletions of exons 1-6. Whose white blood cell (WBC) ≥ 50 × 10(9)/L inIKZF1 diletion group was more than whthout IKZF1 deletion group(42% vs. 13%, P=0.004). Patients with IKZF1 deletions had a lower 3-year DFS (0.67 ± 0.13 vs. 0.93 ± 0.04, P=0.001); EFS (0.67 ± 0.13 vs. 0.90 ± 0.04, P = 0.012) and OS(0.79 ± 0.09 vs. 0.96 ± 0.02, P=0.010) compared to those without IKZF1 deletions. Excluding the influence of sex, age, WBC count at diagnosis, cerebrospinal fluid state and prednisone response IKZF1 deletion still affected the patients' DFS, EFS and OS ( P<0.05 for all comparisons).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Some of pediatric B-cell precursor ALL without reproducible cytogenetic abnormalities had been detected to have IKZF1 deletion; IKZF1 deletion is an independent poor prognostic factor in these patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Chromosome Aberrations , Disease-Free Survival , Exons , Gene Deletion , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor , Genetics , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Genetics , Prognosis , Zinc Fingers
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345346

ABSTRACT

Precise and effective modification of complex genomes at the predicted loci has long been an important goal for scientists. However, conventional techniques for manipulating genomes in diverse organisms and cells have lagged behind the rapid advance in genomic studies. Such genome engineering tools have featured low efficiency and off-targeting. The newly developed custom-designed nucleases, zinc finger nucleases (ZFN), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN) and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated (Cas) system have conferred genome modification with ease of customization, flexibility and high efficiency, which may impact biological research and studies on pathogenesis of human diseases. These novel techniques can edit the genomic DNA with high efficiency and specificity in a rich variety of organisms and cell types including the induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which has conferred them with the potential for revealing the pathogenesis and treatment of many human diseases. This review has briefly introduced the mechanisms of ZFN, TALENs and CRISPR/Cas9 system, and compared the efficiency and specificity of such approaches. In addition, the application of ZFN, TALENs and CRISPR/Cas9 mediated genome modification for human disease modeling and gene therapy was also discussed.


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Genetics , Genetic Therapy , Methods , Humans , Transcription Activator-Like Effector Nucleases , Genetics , Zinc Fingers , Genetics
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