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1.
Dent. press endod ; 11(1): 29-34, Jan-Apr2021. Tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348159

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®) é um extrato de proteína usado para cicatrização periodontal. Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar radiograficamente a resposta pulpar e periapical de dentes de cães após pulpotomia e uso do gel derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®). Métodos: A pulpotomia foi realizada em 30 dentes (60 raízes) de 3 cães, e o tecido pulpar remanescente foi recoberto com os seguintes materiais: Grupos 1 e 4: gel derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®); Grupos 2 e 5: hidróxido de cálcio; Grupos 3 e 6: óxido de zinco e cimento de eugenol. Após 10 dias (Grupos 1-3) e 75 dias (Grupos 4-6) foram obtidas radiografias periapicais e a avaliação radiográfica foi realizada considerando-se: a integridade da lâmina dura, presença de áreas de rarefação óssea periapical, reabsorção radicular (interna e externa) e formação de ponte de dentina. Resultados: No período de 10 dias, todos os espécimes dos Grupos 1-3 apresentaram ausência de rarefação óssea periapical, reabsorção radicular (interna e externa) e formação de ponte dentinária. No período de 75 dias, os Grupos 4-6 não apresentaram formação de ponte dentinária em nenhum espécime. Áreas de rarefação óssea periapical foram observadas em 100% das raízes no Grupo 4, 62,5% das raízes no Grupo 6 e em 25% das raízes nos Grupos 5. Conclusão: O uso do gel derivado da matriz do esmalte (Emdogain®) como material para capeamento após a pulpotomia levou à formação de lesões periapicais e não induziu a deposição de tecido mineralizado (AU).


Introduction: The enamel matrix derivative (Emdogain®) is a protein extract used for periodontal healing. The objective of this study was to evaluate radiographically the pulpal and periapical response of dogs teeth after pulpotomy and use of enamel matrix derivative gel (Emdogain®). Methods: Pulpotomy was performed in 30 teeth (60 roots) from 3 dogs and the remaining pulp tissue was capped with the following materials: Groups 1 and 4: enamel matrix derivative gel (Emdogain®); Groups 2 and 5: calcium hydroxide; Groups 3 and 6: zinc oxide and eugenol cement. After 10 days (Groups 1-3) and 75 days (Groups 4-6) periapical radiographs were obtained and the radiographic evaluation was performed considering the integrity of the lamina dura, presence of areas of periapical bone rarefaction, root resorption (internal and external) and dentin bridge formation. Results: In the 10- day period, all specimens in Groups 1-3 presented absence of periapical bone rarefaction, absence of root resorption (internal and external) and absence of dentin bridge formation. In the 75-day period, Groups 4-6 did not present dentin bridge formation in any specimen. Periapical bone rarefaction areas were observed in 100% of the roots in Group 4, 62,5% of the roots in Group 6 and in 25% of the roots in Groups 5. Conclusion: The use of enamel matrix derivative gel (Emdogain®) as a capping material after pulpotomy lead to formation of periapical lesions and did not induce deposition of mineralized tissue(AU).


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Pulpotomy , Wound Healing , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Dental Enamel Proteins , Dental Enamel , Dentin , Materials
2.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200870, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250190

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bio-C Pulpecto (Bio-CP) was recently developed as the first bioceramic root filling material for primary teeth. Objective To evaluate the physicochemical properties of radiopacity, setting time, pH, cytocompatibility and potential of Bio-CP to induce mineralisation, compared with (1) Calen thickened with zinc oxide (Calen-ZO), and (2) zinc oxide and eugenol (ZOE). Methodology Physicochemical properties were evaluated according to ISO 6876. Saos-2 (human osteoblast-like cell line) exposed to extracts of the materials were subjected to assays of methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium, neutral red, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and mineralised nodule production. The results were analysed using one-way or two-way ANOVA and Tukey's or Bonferroni's post-tests (α=0.05). Results All the materials showed radiopacity higher than 3 mm Al. Bio-CP had lower pH than Calen-ZO, but higher pH than ZOE. Calen-ZO and Bio-CP did not set. The setting time for ZOE was 110 min. The cytocompatibility order was Calen-ZO > Bio-CP > ZOE (1:2, 1:4 dilutions) and Calen-ZO > Bio-CP = ZOE (1:12, 1:24 dilutions) and Calen-ZO = Bio-CP > ZOE (1:32 dilution). Bio-CP induced greater ALP activity at 7 days, and greater mineralised nodule production, compared to Calen-ZO (p<0.05). Conclusions Bio-CP showed adequate physicochemical properties, cytocompatibility and potential to induce mineralisation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Filling Materials , Dental Pulp Cavity , Osteoblasts , Root Canal Obturation , Tooth, Deciduous , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Biology
3.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 9(1): 1-7, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362963

ABSTRACT

Objective: When provisional acrylic crowns are used for a long time, they become more susceptible to marginal leakage by cariogenic bacteria. The objectives of this pilot clinical study were to compare cement based on zinc oxide-eugenol and calcium hydroxide by contamination with Streptococcus mutans, and calculate the sample size for the continuation of this study. Methods: Individuals receiving provisional crowns and following inclusion/exclusion criteria, were randomly distributed into 2 groups: zinc oxide-eugenol (n=8); calcium hydroxide (n=9). The temporary crowns were made by a blind researcher and cemented by another. Patients were also blinded by the cement used inside their crowns. After 2 months, a cement sample from the crowns' peripheral inner face was collected, placed in a tube containing 1 mL of sterile saline, serially diluted, plated on Mitis Salivarius Bacitracin agar, and incubated for 48 hours. Colony-forming units (CFU/mL) were counted. A statistical power analysis was performed to calculate sample size (1-ß=80%) and the Mann Whitney test to compare both cements (α=0.05). Results: Both cements were contaminated with S. mutans, with an average of 166.6 x 102 CFU/mL for calcium hydroxide and 435.3 x 102 CFU/mL for zinc oxide-eugenol, with no significant difference (p=0.311). The sample size calculated for this study was 36 per group. Conclusion: This pilot study suggests that there is important contamination inside provisional crowns used for two months, independent of the cement. The continuation of this study is needed, with a bigger sample size, to enable a comparison between the cements.


Objetivo: Quando coroas dentais provisórias são utilizadas por um longo período, elas se tornam susceptíveis à infiltração marginal por bactérias cariogênicas. O objetivo deste estudo clínico piloto foi comparar os cimentos a base de óxido de zinco e eugenol e hidróxido de cálcio pela contaminação com Streptococcus mutans e calcular o tamanho amostral para continuação deste estudo. Métodos: Indivíduos recebendo coroas provisórias e seguindo critérios de inclusão/exclusão, foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: óxido de zinco e eugenol (n=8); hidróxido de cálcio (n=9). As coroas provisórias foram feitas por um pesquisador cego e cimentadas por outro. Os pacientes também foram cegos quanto ao cimento utilizado dentro de suas coroas. Depois de 2 meses, amostras de cimentos foram coletadas da face interna periférica das coroas, colocadas em um tubo contendo 1 mL de solução salina estéril, diluídas de forma seriada, plaqueadas em ágar Mitis Salivarius Bacitracina e incubadas por 48 horas. Unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC/mL) foram contadas. Um teste de poder estatístico foi realizado para calcular o tamanho amostral (1-ß=80%) e o teste de Mann Whitney para comparar os dois cimentos (α=0.05). Resultados: Os dois cimentos foram contaminados com S. mutans, com uma média de 166.6 x 102 UFC/mL para o hidróxido de cálcio e 435.3 x 102 UFC/mL para o óxido de zinco e eugenol, com nenhuma diferença significativa (p=0.311). O cálculo amostral para este estudo foi 36 indivíduos por grupo. Conclusão: Este estudo piloto sugere que existe importante contaminação dentro de coroas provisórias utilizadas por 2 meses, independente do cimento. A continuação deste estudo é necessária, com maior tamanho amostral, para possibilitar a comparação entre os cimentos.


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans , Dental Leakage , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Calcium Hydroxide , Eugenol , Dental Prosthesis , Tooth Crown , Crowns , Dental Cements , Denture, Partial, Fixed , Clinical Study
4.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(3): 20-29, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133668

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Endodontically treated teeth may be moved, as endodontic treatment is not a contraindication for orthodontic treatment. Apical periodontal repair begins when the periapical or pulp lesion has completely resolved. This may happen immediately after treatment if the filling material causes little or no irritation of periapical tissues, and particularly if the material is fully contained within the canal. When it leaks, a foreign body granuloma forms and persists for some months or indefinitely, depending on the composition of the filling material. Materials containing calcium hydroxide with no resin components undergo phagocytosis and disappear in some months, as macrophages gradually remove them. Materials containing resins, silicone, ionomers, zinc oxide-eugenol, bioceramics or gutta-percha remain in the site and induce the formation of foreign body granulomas. Although this does not preclude tooth movement, patients should be followed up every three months using periapical images to control the position of the material in relation to the tooth apex. "Pseudo" overfilling may be avoided if permanent filling is delayed until the time when orthodontic treatment is completed.


RESUMO Os dentes tratados endodonticamente podem ser movimentados, e não representam contraindicação para o tratamento ortodôntico. O reparo periodontal apical se inicia a partir do momento em que a causa da lesão pulpar e/ou periapical é eliminada. Isso ocorre de maneira imediata se o material obturador for pouco ou nada agressivo aos tecidos periapicais, especialmente se estiver limitado ao canal. Quando extravasado, haverá a formação de granuloma do tipo corpo estranho por alguns meses ou permanentemente, dependendo da composição do material obturador. Os materiais à base de hidróxido de cálcio sem componentes resinosos são fagocitáveis e, em alguns meses, desaparecem do local, pois os macrófagos irão gradativamente removê-los. Os materiais à base de resina, silicone, ionômero, óxido de zinco e eugenol, biocerâmicos e guta-percha permanecerão no local, induzindo granulomas periapicais do tipo corpo estranho, o que não inviabiliza a movimentação dentária, mas devem ser acompanhados a cada três meses com imagens periapicais, para um controle de sua relação espacial com o ápice dentário. A "pseudossobreobturação" pode ser evitada se a obturação definitiva for postergada para quando o tratamento ortodôntico terminar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Orthodontics , Endodontics , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Calcium Hydroxide , Clinical Decision-Making , Gutta-Percha
5.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-6, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1103991

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as propriedades físico-químicas, escoamento, tempo de presa, solubilidade e alteração dimensional, dos cimentos endodônticos à base de óxido de zinco e eugenol: Endomethasone N, Endofill e Grosmann, de acordo com a especificação número 57 da American Dental Association. Métodos: Realizou-se os testes nas condições ambientais de 23° ± 2°C e 50 ± 5% de umidade relativa do ar, mantidas 48 h antes dos procedimentos, repetindo-se cinco vezes e obtendo-se uma média aritmética. Resultados: Os cimentos à base de óxido de zinco e eugenol analisados apresentaram tempo de endurecimento elevados, para o teste de escoamento, o Endofill e Grossman apresentaram-se acima do estabelecido. Em relação à solubilidade, o Endomethasone N esteve dentro do padrão e os demais cimentos excederam. Conclusão:Todos os cimentos analisados obtiveram valores diferentes do recomendado para alteração dimensional. Nenhum dos cimentos enquadrou-se completamente nas normatizações.


Aim: To analyze the physical-chemical properties, flow, setting time, solubility and dimensional change of endodontic cements, based on zinc oxide and eugenol: Endomethasone N, Endo fill, and Grosmann, according to specification number 57 of the American Dental Association. Methods: The tests were conducted under environmental conditions of 23° ± 2°C and 50 ± 5% relative air humidity, maintained for 48 h prior to the procedures, repeating five times and obtaining an arithmetic mean. Results: The cements based on zinc oxide and eugenol analyzed in this study showed high hardening times. For the flow test, Endo fill and Grossman were above the established parameters. Regarding solubility, Endomethasone N was within the standard, while the other cements exceeded this standard. Conclusion: All analyzed cements obtained values that proved to be different from those recommended for dimensional changes. None of the cements were completely compliant with the regulations.


Subject(s)
Solubility , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Materials Testing , Physical and Chemical Properties , Dental Cements , Zinc Oxide , Eugenol
6.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-8, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049266

ABSTRACT

Background: Zinc oxide eugenol(ZOE) has long been the material of choice for obturating primary teeth,but it is resistant to resorption, might result in a deflected successor and has limited antibacterial efficacy. Curcuminpossessesanti-inflammatory and antimicrobialproperties which can be implied by its use as obturating material in primary teeth. Objective: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of Curcumin Gel mixed Endoflas powderand Zinc oxide eugenol as obturating materials in primary molars. Material and methods: A total of 30 primary molars indicated for pulpectomy were selected from 4-9-yearold children and divided into two equal groups based on the obturating material used. Group 1- Curcumin Gel mixed Endoflas powder(CGE) and Group 2- Zinc oxide eugenol(ZOE). The efficacy of these obturation materials was evaluatedboth clinically and radiographically. Follow-up was done after 1, 3 and 6months to evaluate clinical and radiographical success rates. The results were subjected to statistical analysis using SPSS software version 21 using chisquare test. Results: At the end of the 6th month follow-up,there was 93.3% clinical success in Group 1 compared with 86.6% success in Group 2. Whereas, radiographically success reported was 100% with Group 1 and 93.3% with Group 2. The difference in the radiographic success rate between the two Groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Based on the present study results, Curcumin Gel mixed Endoflas powder can be considered as an alternative obturation material for treating deciduous molars with extensive involvement of pulp and periradicular tissues.(AU)


Fundamentação: O óxido de zinco eugenol (OZE) há muito tempo é o material de escolha para a obturação de dentes decíduos, mas é resistente à reabsorção, podendo resultar em um dente permanente desviado e tem eficácia antibacteriana limitada. A curcumina possui propriedades anti-inflamatórias e antimicrobianas que podem indicar seu emprego como material obturador em dentes decíduos. Objetivo: Avaliar e comparar a eficácia da pasta de curcumina Endoflas e do óxido de zinco eugenol como materiais obturadores em molares decíduos. Material e métodos: Um total de 30 molares decíduos indicados para pulpectomia foram selecionados entre crianças de 4 a 9 anos e divididos em dois grupos iguais, com base no material obturador utilizado. Grupo 1 - pasta de curcumina Endoflas (CGE) e Grupo 2- óxido de zinco eugenol (ZOE). A eficácia desses materiais de obturação foi avaliada clinicamente e radiograficamente. O acompanhamento foi realizado após 1, 3 e 6 meses para avaliar as taxas de sucesso clínico e radiográfico. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise estatística no software SPSS versão 21, utilizando o teste quiquadrado. Resultados: No final do sexto mês de acompanhamento, houve 93,3% de sucesso clínico no Grupo 1 em comparação com 86,6% de sucesso no Grupo 2. Considerando que, o sucesso radiográfico relatado foi de 100% no Grupo 1 e 93,3% no Grupo 2. A diferença na taxa de sucesso radiográfico entre os dois grupos foi estatisticamente significante (P < 0,05). Conclusão: Com base nos resultados do presente estudo, a pasta de curcumina Endoflas pode ser considerada como um material de obturação alternativo para o tratamento de molares decíduos com amplo envolvimento de polpa e tecidos perirradiculares (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Palatal Obturators , Pulpectomy , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Curcuma , Anti-Infective Agents
7.
Rev. Cient. CRO-RJ (Online) ; 4(2): 12-18, May-Aug. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1024811

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the pulpal and periapical response of dogs' teeth after pulpotomy and use of Enamel Matrix Derivative (EMD) as capping agent. Methods: Pulpotomy was performed in 40 teeth from 4 dogs and the remaining pulp tissue was recovered with the following materials: Groups I and IV: EMD (Emdogain®); Groups II and V: calcium hydroxide; Groups III and VI: zinc oxide and eugenol cement. After 7 days (Groups I, II, and III) and 70 days (Groups IV, V, and VI), the animals were euthanized and the teeth were removed and processed for histological analysis; were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dunn test or Mann Whitney test ( =0.05). Results: 7-day period: in Group I, it was observed a mild to moderate inflammatory infiltrate and intense vascular proliferation while Group II presented a mild inflammatory infiltrate and an intact pulp tissue (p < 0.05). Group III presented a moderate to severe inflammatory infiltrate. 70- day period: Groups IV and VI showed no dentin bridge formation, the remaining pulp tissue presented necrotic areas with inflammatory cells in the periapical region and bone and cementum resorption (p > 0.05). In Group V, there was dentin bridge formation, absence of inflammation and absence of mineralized tissue resorption (p < 0.05). Conclusion: EMD as a capping material after pulpotomy did not show either satisfactory tissue response or capacity of inducing deposition of mineralized tissue in dental pulp.


Objetivo: Avaliar a resposta pulpar e periapical de dentes de cães após pulpotomia e uso de Derivados de Matriz de Esmalte (EMD) como agente de capeamento. Métodos: A pulpotomia foi realizada em 40 dentes de 4 cães e o tecido pulpar remanescente foi recuperado com os seguintes materiais: Grupos I e IV: EMD (Emdogain®); Grupos II e V: hidróxido de cálcio; Grupos III e VI: cimento de óxido de zinco e eugenol. Após 7 dias (Grupos I, II e III) e 70 dias (Grupos IV, V e VI), os animais foram eutanásiados e os dentes foram removidos e processados para análise histológica; foram analisados pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis, seguido pelo teste de Dunn ou Mann Whitney ( = 0,05). Resultados: Período de 7 dias: no Grupo I, observou-se infiltrado inflamatório leve a moderado e intensa proliferação vascular, enquanto o Grupo II apresentou infiltrado inflamatório leve e tecido pulpar intacto (p <0,05). O grupo III apresentou infiltrado inflamatório moderado a grave. Período de 70 dias: os grupos IV e VI mostraram, na formação da ponte de dentina, que o tecido pulpar remanescente apresentava áreas necróticas com células inflamatórias na região periapical, reabsorção óssea e de cemento (p> 0,05). No Grupo V, houve formação de ponte de dentina, ausência de inflamação e ausência de reabsorção tecidual mineralizada (p <0,05). Conclusão: O EMD como material de cobertura após pulpotomia não mostrou resposta tecidual satisfatória ou capacidade de induzir deposição de tecido mineralizado na polpa dentária.


Subject(s)
Animals , Endodontics , Pulpotomy , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Calcium Hydroxide
8.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 40(1): 9-12, jan.-abr. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-995142

ABSTRACT

O objetivo da endodontia é a obtenção de um sistema de canais radiculares livre de microrganismos. O presente estudo in vitro avaliou a diferença entre o escoamento e espessura de película de quatro cimentos endodônticos, Endofill, Sealer Plus, AHplus e Fill Canal. Os resultados foram avaliados através do teste de ANOVA de uma via e comparações múltiplas de Tukey ao nível de significância de 5%. Os resultados mostraram que os cimentos apresentaram diferença estatística significativa entre os grupos, nos testes de escoamento e espessura de película. Conclusão: o cimento Endofill apresentou um maior escoamento quando comparado ao cimento AHplus porém a diferença entre o restante dos cimentos foram estatisticamente irrelevantes quando levado em consideração todos os resultados obtidos e analises estatisticas realizadas. No teste de espessura de película os resultados mostraram que os cimentos endofill e sealer plus não apresentaram diferença entre si, no entanto apresentaram diferença estatística significativa em relação aos cimentos AH plus e Fill Canal, que apresentaram uma espessura de película maior(AU)


The purpose of endodontics is to obtain a system of root canals free of microorganisms. The present in vitro study evaluated the difference between flow and film thickness of four endodontic cements, Endofill, Sealer Plus, AHplus and Fill Canal. The results were evaluated through the one-way ANOVA test and Tukey's multiple comparisons at a significance level of 5%. The results showed that the cements presented significant statistical difference between the groups, in the tests of flow and film thickness. Conclusion: Endofill cement presented higher flow when compared to cement AHplus, but the difference between the rest of the cement was statistically irrelevant when all results obtained and statistical analysis were taken into account. In the film thickness test, the results showed that the endofill and sealer plus cements did not show any difference between them, however they presented a significant statistical difference in relation to the AH plus and Fill Canal cements, which presented a higher film thickness(AU)


Subject(s)
Root Canal Preparation , Dental Cements , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement , Epoxy Resins
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170562, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-954492

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to compare selective physical-mechanical properties, antibacterial effects and cytotoxicity of seven temporary restorative materials (TRM): five resin-based materials [Bioplic (B), Fill Magic Tempo (FM), Fermit inlay (F), Luxatemp LC (L) and Revotek LC (R)], and zinc oxide-eugenol cement (IRM) and glass ionomer cement (GIC) as the controls. Material and methods The physical-mechanical properties were evaluated by determining microleakage (ML), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and Shore D hardness (SDH). In addition, the polymerization rate (Pr-1), depth of cure (DC), water sorption and solubility (WS/SL) were evaluated. The antimicrobial effects of the materials were assessed by biofilm accumulation of Streptococcus mutans (BT) and the direct contact test (DCT) by exposure to Enterococcus faecalis for 1 and 24 h, and cytotoxicity by MTT assay. The data were analyzed by ANOVA or Kruskall-Wallis tests, and a complementary post-hoc method (p<0.05). Results Group B, followed by FM and GIC had significantly lower percentages of microleakage in comparison with the other groups; Groups FM and L showed the highest WS, while Groups R and FM showed the significantly lowest SL values (p<0.05). Group R showed the statistically highest UTS mean and the lowest DC mean among all groups. Group F showed the lowest S. mutans biofilm accumulation (p=0.023). Only the Group L showed continued effect against E. faecalis after 1 h and 24 h in DCT. The L showed statistically lower viability cell when compared to the other groups. Conclusions These findings suggest the antibacterial effect of the temporary materials Fill Magic and Bioplic against S. mutans, while Luxatemp showed in vitro inhibition of S. mutans biofilm accumulation and E. faecalis growth. Regarding the cell viability test, Luxatemp was the most cytotoxic and Fill Magic was shown to be the least cytotoxic.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Mice , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Composite Resins/pharmacology , Composite Resins/chemistry , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/blood , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids/pharmacology , Polymethacrylic Acids/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/pharmacology , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Solubility , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/pharmacology , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Materials Testing , Cell Survival/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/pharmacology , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/chemistry , Dental Restoration, Temporary/methods , Glass Ionomer Cements/pharmacology , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Hardness Tests , Methylmethacrylates/pharmacology , Methylmethacrylates/chemistry
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170465, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893724

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the absorption/fluid uptake, solubility and porosity of White mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Angelus, Biodentine (BIO), and zinc oxide-eugenol (ZOE). Material and Methods: Solubility was evaluated after immersion in distilled water for 7 and 30 days. Porosity was evaluated using digital inverted microscope, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). For the fluid uptake test, specimens were immersed in Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS) for 1, 7, 14 and 28 days. Fluid absorption, solubility and porosity of the materials were measured after each period. Statistical evaluation was performed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey tests, with a significance level at 5%. Results: After 7 and 30 days, BIO showed the highest solubility (p<0.05). All methods demonstrated that MTA had total porosity higher than BIO and ZOE (p<0.05). Micro-CT analysis showed that MTA had the highest porosity at the initial period, after its setting time (p<0.05). After 7 and 30 days, ZOE had porosity lower than MTA and BIO (p<0.05). Absorption was similar among the materials (p>0.05), and higher fluid uptake and solubility were observed for MTA in the fluid uptake test (p<0.05). Conclusions: BIO had the highest solubility in the conventional test and MTA had higher porosity and fluid uptake. ZOE had lower values of solubility, porosity and fluid uptake. Solubility, porosity and fluid uptake are related, and the tests used provided complementary data.


Subject(s)
Oxides/chemistry , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Solubility , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Water/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Porosity , Drug Combinations , X-Ray Microtomography , Immersion
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(4): 374-380, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893632

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate solubility, dimensional stability, filling ability and volumetric change of root-end filling materials using conventional tests and new Micro-CT-based methods. Material and Methods Solubility (loss of mass) after 7 and 30 days, and dimensional stability (in mm) were evaluated in accordance with Carvalho-Junior, et al. 7 (2007). The filling ability and volumetric change (in mm3) were evaluated by Micro-CT (Bruker-MicroCT, Kontich, Belgium) using resin models with cavities 3 mm deep and 1 mm in diameter. The cavities were filled with materials to evaluate filling ability, and then scanned by Micro-CT. After 7 and 30 days immersed in distilled water, the filled cavities were scanned again to evaluate the volumetric change. MTA Angelus (MTA), Biodentine (BIO) and zinc oxide-eugenol cement (ZOE) were evaluated. Data were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's test with 5% significance level. Results The results suggested correlated or complementary data between the proposed tests. At 7 days, BIO showed higher solubility and at 30 days, showed higher volumetric change in comparison with MTA (p<0.05). With regard to volumetric change, the tested materials were similar (p>0.05) at 7 days. At 30 days, they presented similar solubility. BIO and MTA showed higher dimensional stability than ZOE (p<0.05). ZOE and BIO showed higher filling ability (p<0.05). Conclusions ZOE presented a higher dimensional change, and BIO had greater solubility after 7 days. BIO presented filling ability and dimensional stability, but greater volumetric change than MTA after 30 days. Micro-CT can provide important data on the physicochemical properties of materials complementing conventional tests.


Subject(s)
Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Bismuth/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , X-Ray Microtomography/methods , Reference Values , Solubility , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Dental Models
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 252-254, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126249

ABSTRACT

Although formaldehyde is well known to cause type 4 hypersensitivity, immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated hypersensitivity to formaldehyde is rare. Here, we report a case of recurrent generalized urticaria after endodontic treatment using a para-formaldehyde (PFA)-containing root canal sealant and present a review of previous studies describing cases of immediate hypersensitivity reactions to formaldehyde. A 50-year-old man visited our allergy clinic for recurrent generalized urticaria several hours after endodontic treatment. Prick tests to latex, lidocaine, and formaldehyde showed negative reactions. However, swelling and redness at the prick site continued for several days. The level of formaldehyde-specific IgE was high (class 4). Thus, the patient was deemed to have experienced an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction caused by the PFA used in the root canal disinfectant. Accordingly, we suggest that physicians should pay attention to type I hypersensitivity reactions to root canal disinfectants, even if the symptoms occur several hours after exposure.


Subject(s)
Disinfectants/adverse effects , Formaldehyde/adverse effects , Humans , Hypersensitivity, Immediate/chemically induced , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Skin Tests , Time Factors , Urticaria/chemically induced , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(3): 425-431, dic. 2016. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-840991

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar clínica y radiográficamente la efectividad de la pasta antibiótica CTZ en pulpotomías de molares primarios. Se realizó un ensayo clínico aleatorio controlado, en 40 molares primarios de 40 preescolares con edades entre 3 y 6 años. Los pacientes fueron seleccionados y asignados aleatoriamente a dos grupos: Formocresol (n=20), CTZ (Cloranfenicol-Tetraciclina-Oxido de Zinc Eugenol, n=20). Los dientes fueron restaurados con ionómero de vidrio y coronas metálicas de acero preformadas. La evaluación clínica y radiográfica fue realizada a los 3 y 6 meses. Se utilizó el programa SPSS v.17 para el análisis de los datos, y la aplicación del Test Exacto de Fisher al 5 %. El comportamiento clínico a los 3 meses mostró 75 % de éxito para los molares tratados con formocresol y 70 % para el CTZ. Radiográficamente se obtuvo 90 % de éxito para el grupo con formocresol y 100 % para la pasta CTZ. A los 6 meses el éxito clínico del formocresol fue de 85 % y del CTZ 80 %. El éxito radiográfico mostrado fue 65 % para los atendidos con formocresol y 80 % para el CTZ (p > 0,05). No se observaron diferencias significativas entre los grupos de tratamiento. La pasta CTZ es una alternativa en el tratamiento de pulpotomías de molares temporales. Ofrece un efecto antimicrobiano, estabilización del proceso de reabsorción radicular, sin ocasionar daños a la formación del diente permanente.


The objective of this study to evaluate the clinical and radiographic effectiveness of antibiotic paste CTZ in pulpotomy of primary molars. A randomized controlled clinical trial was performed, in 40 molars of 40 patients aged 3 to 6 years. Were selected and randomly assigned to two groups: Formocresol (n=20), CTZ (Chloramphenicol-Tetracycline-Zinc Oxide Eugenol, n=20). The teeth were restored with glass ionomer and performed steel metal crowns. Clinical and radiographic evaluation procedure was performed at 3 and 6 months. SPSS v.17 program for data analysis, and application of the Fisher exact test was used 5 %. The clinical behavior at 3 months showed 75 % success rate for molars treated with formocresol and 70 % for the CTZ. Radiographically 90 % success rate for the group with formocresol and 100 % for the CTZ paste was obtained. At 6 months formocresol clinical success was 85 % and 80 % CTZ. Radiographic success was shown 65 % for those treated with formocresol and 80 % for the CTZ (p>0.05). No significant differences in the results shown were observed. CTZ paste is an alternative in the treatment of pulpotomy of molars. It provides an antimicrobial effect, stabilizing the process of root resorption, without causing damage to the permanent tooth formation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chloramphenicol/administration & dosage , Pulpotomy/methods , Tetracycline/administration & dosage , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/administration & dosage , Formocresols/administration & dosage , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Dental , Tooth, Deciduous/diagnostic imaging
14.
Rev. ADM ; 73(3): 127-132, mayo-jun.2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-795804

ABSTRACT

La obtención de un sellado hermético en la obturación del conducto radicular es una etapa coadyuvante del éxito endodóntico. Objetivo: Comparar la microfi ltración apical in vitro, calidad de relleno y presencia de espacios vacíos en conductos radiculares obturados con los métodos de obturación cono único, condensación lateral clásica y System B. Material y métodos: Noventa raíces mesiales de molares inferiores fueron instrumentados con ProTaper a un calibre F3 y asignados aleatoriamente para su obturación a tres grupos (n = 30 raíces), grupo 1: condensación lateral clásica con gutapercha #30.02, grupo 2: cono único con gutapercha F3 y grupo 3: System B con gutapercha #30.02; en todas las técnicas se usó una mezcla de óxido de zinc eugenol como sellador.Obturados los conductos las muestras se sumergieron en azul de metileno al 0.5 por ciento, se centrifugaron a 3,200 rpm durante cinco minutos, se diafanizarony se llevaron al microscopio estereoscópico a 12.5x para la mediciónde microfi ltración apical, calidad de relleno y presencia de espacios vacíospor un observador calibrado. Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias significativas en la microfi ltración apical entre el grupo de condensación lateral clásica y System B (p > 0.05) siendo el cono único la técnica que presenta mayor fi ltración. La técnica que ofrece la menor cantidad de espacios vacíos y mejor calidad de relleno es System B. Conclusiones:El método System B y condensación lateral clásica dejan una baja microfiltración apical y adecuada calidad de relleno comparada con la que sepresenta con cono único utilizando como sellador óxido de zinc eugenol...


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth Apex , Analysis of Variance , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Gutta-Percha/chemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Molar , Statistical Analysis
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e16, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952011

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the solubility of a Mineral Trioxide Aggregate sealer (MTA-Fillapex) compared with five other sealers, calcium hydroxide (Sealapex), resin (Realseal), zinc oxide-eugenol (Tubli-Seal), and two epoxy resins (AH-26 and AH-Plus), in chloroform and eucalyptoil in static and ultrasonic environments. Samples of each sealer were prepared (n = 180) and then divided into 12 groups that were immersed in solvents for 5 and 10 min in static and ultrasonic environments. The mean weight loss was determined, and the values were compared using Student's t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Tukey's HSD post-hoc test (p < 0.05). In chloroform, MTA-Fillapex, AH-26, and Sealapex displayed moderate solubility with no significant difference in dissolution (p = 0.125); however, their dissolution was significantly lower than that of AH-Plus (p < 0.001), which was almost fully dissolved after 10 minutes. Realseal was significantly less soluble than all sealers (p < 0.001). In eucalyptoil, MTA-Fillapex showed low solubility, as all of the sealers did, but Tubli-Seal was significantly more soluble than other sealers (p < 0.001). Using ultrasonic activation resulted in a significantly higher dissolution rate in chloroform for all sealers except MTA-Fillapex after 10 min (p = 0.226). In eucalyptoil, ultrasonic activation significantly increased the dissolution rate of all sealers except MTA-Fillapex after 5 and 10 min, Sealapex at 10 min, and AH-Plus at 5 min (p > 0.05). In conclusion, MTA-Fillapex was not sufficiently dissolved in either solvent. Ultrasonic activation had limited effectiveness on MTA-Fillapex dissolution, whereas it significantly increased the efficiency of solvents in dissolving a number of endodontic sealers.


Subject(s)
Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Solvents/chemistry , Chloroform/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Cyclohexanols/chemistry , Monoterpenes/chemistry , Reference Values , Silver/chemistry , Solubility , Time Factors , Titanium/chemistry , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Bismuth/chemistry , Materials Testing , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Salicylates/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Drug Combinations , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Ultrasonic Waves , Eucalyptol , Immersion
16.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 18(supl.2): 132-145, Out.-Dez. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776705

ABSTRACT

Resumo: Objetivo: Analisar as recomendações relacionadas aos comportamentos saudáveis e a adoção das práticas recomendadas entre indivíduos hipertensos e diabéticos. Métodos: Foram analisadas recomendações relacionadas aos comportamentos saudáveis segundo local do último atendimento (atenção básica; outros estabelecimentos públicos; estabelecimentos do setor privado). Os efeitos de ter um diagnóstico de hipertensão ou diabetes sobre a adoção das práticas recomendadas foram analisados por modelos de regressão logística multivariada, usando sexo, idade, e grau de escolaridade como variáveis de controle, e os seguintes desfechos: uso atual de produtos de tabaco; prática regular de atividade física no lazer; consumo recomendado de hortaliças e frutas; percepção de baixo consumo de sal; consumo frequente de doces; consumo excessivo de álcool. Resultados: Aproximadamente, 88% dos hipertensos receberam recomendações de ter uma alimentação saudável, 91% de ingerir menos sal, 83% de praticar atividade física regular, e 76% de não fumar. Entre os diabéticos, todas as recomendações relacionadas à alimentação foram muito frequentes, 95% para o hábito de ter uma alimentação com frutas e hortaliças. O efeito de ter um diagnóstico de hipertensão foi significativo para o não uso de produtos de tabaco e percepção de baixo consumo de sal. O diagnóstico de diabetes influenciou principalmente o hábito de não consumir doces frequentemente. Conclusão: Evidenciou-se que os hipertensos e diabéticos dão prioridade a não usar hábitos nocivos à saúde do que adotar práticas que lhe trarão benefícios. É preciso promover não só os efeitos adversos dos hábitos nocivos, mas também os benefícios dos comportamentos saudáveis para o envelhecimento com qualidade.


Abstract: Objective: To analyze healthy life style recommendations given in health care and the adoption of healthy behaviors among hypertension and diabetes patients. Methods: We analyzed the recommendations according to the place of the last health care visit (primary health care, other public facilities, and private health care facilities). The effects of having a diagnosis of hypertension or diabetes on the adoption of healthy practices were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression models, using sex, age, and educational level as control variables, and the following outcomes: current use of tobacco products; regular physical activity during leisure time; recommended intake of fruits and vegetables; perception of low salt intake; frequent consumption of sweets; and excessive alcohol consumption. Results: Approximately 88% of hypertension patients received recommendations to have a healthy diet, 91% to eat less salt, 83% to practice regular physical activity, and 76% to not to smoke. Among diabetic patients, all recommendations related to nutrition were very frequent, reaching 95% for the habit of having fruits and vegetables regularly. The effect of having a diagnosis of hypertension was significant for non-use of tobacco products and perception of low salt intake. The diagnosis of diabetes mainly influenced the habit of not consuming sweets often. Conclusion: Results evidenced that people with diagnosis of hypertension and diabetes give priority to not use (stop) harmful health behaviors than to adopt practices that will bring benefits to their health. It is necessary to promote not only the adverse effects of harmful habits, but also the benefits of healthy behaviors to aging well.


Subject(s)
Animals , Guinea Pigs , Alloys , Biocompatible Materials , Diamond , Gold , Neural Prostheses , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement
17.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 103(3): 109-115, jul.-sept. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-768634

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: comparar, mediante un modelo de filtración bacteriana, la capacidad de sellado coronario de obturaciones realizadas con conos de gutapercha complementados con Kleppmetthasona (KMS; Klepp/Raysan, Buenos Aires, Argentina); y Pulp Canal Sealer EWT (PCS; Sybron-Endo, Glendora, Estados Unidos). Materiales y métodos: se utilizaron 24 (n=24) premolares humanos sanos extraídos. En todos los casos, los conductos radiculares fueron preparados por medio de instrumentos rotatorios ProTaper Universal (Dentsply/Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK, Estados Unidos) hasta un instrumento #F3. Se distribuyeron 20 de los dientes en dos grupos experimentales (Grupo I y Grupo II) de 10 (n=10) especímenes cada uno. En cada grupo se agregaron un especimen de control positivo (n=1) y un especimen de control negativo (n=1). En el grupo 1, los conductos se obturaron con un cono de gutapercha ProTaper de conicidad correspondiente al instrumento #F3 y se complementó mediante la condensación lateral de conos accesorios. El sellador utilizado fue KMS, a base de óxido de cinc y eugenol que incluye un corticoide en su composición. En el Grupo 2 se realizó el mismo procedimiento, pero se utilizó PCS, un sellador a base de óxido de cinc y eugenol convencional. Para cada especimen, el proceso de filtración bacteriana se realizó por medio de un sistema individual de doble cámara, cada uno de las cuales contenía el medio de cultivo. En todos los casos, el medio de la cámara superior se inoculó con un cultivo de Enterococcus faecalis y el sistema se incubó durante 60 días. En la cámara inferior, la filtración bacteriana se controló diariamente hasta la finalización del experimento. Los datos registrados se analizaron con la prueba de supervivencia de Kaplan-Meyer yla prueba de Fischer, con un nivel de significación de P<0.05. Resultados: todos los controles positivos demostraron filtración bacteriana dentro de las primeras 48 horas. No hubo filtración en ninguno de los controles negativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Culture Media , Enterococcus faecalis/isolation & purification , Dental Leakage/prevention & control , Materials Testing , Microbial Viability , Statistical Analysis
18.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 103(2): 73-80, jun. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-762462

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: analizar comparativamente la respuesta del tejido óseo de la rat a la implantación de Kleppmethasona (KMS), un sellador endodóntico a base de óxido de cinc y eugenol que contiene un corticoide en su composición y Pulp Canal Sealer EWT (PCS), un sellador a base de óxido de cinc y eugenol convencional. Materiales y métodos: se implantaron en ambas tibias de 12 ratas, tubos de silicona obturados a ras en los dos extremos con una preparación fresca de Kleppmethasona (KMS; Klepp/Raysan SA) o Pulp Canal Sealer (PCS; Sybron-Endo) (control positivo). Como grupo negativo se utilizó la pared lateral de los tuobs de silicona (SCN). Luego de los 14 y 94 días, los implantes fueron removidos, fijados en solución de formol al 10 por ciento y procesados para su estudio histológico. Resultados: a los 14 días posimplantación, el análisis histológico reveló una reacción inflamatoria severa compuesta por polimorfonucleares neutrófilos, linfocitos, plasmocitos, macrófagos, fibroblastos y vasos de neoformación en los especímenes que se hallaban en contgacto directo con KMS y PCS. A los 94 días, en los casos en contacto con KMS, la reacción inflamatoria se redujo sustancialmente y se observó un proceso de reparación con presencia de una cápsula fibrosa sin céluals inflamatorias y el desarrollo de nuevas trabéculas óseas. En los especímenes en contacto con PCS la reacción inflamatoria inicial se redujo, pero se observó la persistencia de algunas células inflamatorias. Sin embargo, esta situación no pareció impedir el desarrollo incipiente de nuevas trabéculas óseas. En contacto con el SCN la reacción de los tejidos a los 14 días fue considerada mínima en un solo caso. Al finalizar la experiencia, los tejidos circundantes se encontraban normales en todos los casos. A los 14 días se observaron diferencias significativas (p<0,05) entre KMS/PCS y los SCN, mientras que no las hubo (p>0,05) entre ambos selladores. A los 94 día...


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biocompatible Materials , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Hydrocortisone/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Foreign-Body Reaction , Histological Techniques , Materials Testing , Tibia , Tibia/ultrastructure
19.
Rev. Círc. Argent. Odontol ; 71(219): 12-15, dic.2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-758500

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de toda preparación endodóntica es eliminar la mayor cantidad de gérmenes, detritus, restos orgánicos y material descompuesto del canal radicular. En este trabajo se presentan casos clínicos con controles a distancia que van de 9 a 33 años, de conductos tratados al mayor ensanche posible, siempre y cuando la estructura radicular lo permita, intentando no perforar, no descentralizar, no hacer escalones, no deformar, y obturando por ténica de condensación lateral a conos múltiples, con cemento sellador a base de óxido de cinc eugenol y conos de gutapercha. Todos fueron éxitos clínicos y radiográficos...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Apex/physiology , Wound Healing/physiology , Periapical Diseases/therapy , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/therapeutic use , Follow-Up Studies , Gutta-Percha , Root Canal Preparation , Root Canal Therapy , Treatment Outcome
20.
Full dent. sci ; 5(20): 658-665, jul.-set. 2014. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-737459

ABSTRACT

A realização da Endodontia em decíduos com comprometimento pulpar é importante, uma vez que a permanência destes na cavidade bucal servirá de guia para a erupção dos permanentes sucessores. Ocorre que quando a lesão endodôntica não é tratada e se estende além da polpa coronária pode surgir uma fístula, sinal clínico de que na região existe infecção em atividade. A incidência de fístula no palato em crianças é rara. O objetivo deste artigo foi relatar um caso clínico de tratamento endodôntico radical realizado em molar superior decíduo com presença de fístula. Paciente infantil, gênero feminino, 3 anos, apresentava inicialmente edema facial no lado esquerdo e dor de grande intensidade. O dente 64 tinha uma restauração com recidiva de cárie e polpa necrosada com fístula no palato, levando ao diagnóstico de abscesso dentoalveolar agudo. Foi feito como urgência cirurgia de acesso e localização dos condutos radiculares com uso de formocresol como medicação e o dente foi restaurado provisoriamente. Retorno após 7 dias, com sensível melhora do quadro clínico. Com respeito às técnicas de manejo do comportamento infantil, na sequência foi realizado um eficiente preparo biomecânico e obturação com cimento de óxido de zinco e eugenol. A restauração definitiva foi feita com resina composta após 7 dias. Controle após 8 meses não apresentou alterações clínicas ou radiográficas. A manutenção de elementos decíduos na arcada permite completar seu ciclo biológico e proporcionar condições apropriadas para o crescimento e desenvolvimento das bases apicais e do sucessor permanente.


Endodontics in deciduous teeth with compromised pulp is important, since their permanence in the oral cavity will guide the permanent successor eruption. When the endodontic lesion is not treated it extends beyond the coronary pulp and a fistula may appear indicating a clinical sign of infection activity in this site. The incidence of palatal fistula in children is rare. The aim of this paper was to report a clinical case of endodontic treatment performed in a deciduous superior molar presenting fistula. A 3-year-old female patient presented facial edema on the left side and great intensity pain. Dental element 64 was restored. However, it had recurrence of decay and pulpal necrosis with palatal fistula, leading to diagnosis of acute dentoalveolar abscess. As an urgency procedure, access surgery and location of radicular canals were made and formocresol used as an interappointment dressing in pulpectomy with temporary restoration. There was an improvement in her clinical state after 7 days. Respecting the management of infant behavior, it was performed an efficient biomechanical instrumentation and filling with zinc oxide eugenol cement. Definitive restoration was made with composite after 7 days. After 8 months there was no clinical or radiographic worsening. The permanence of deciduous teeth in the dental arches allows the end of their biological cycle and provides appropriate conditions to apical bases growing and development including the permanent successor teeth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry , Tooth, Deciduous/abnormalities , Oral Fistula , Odontometry/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena , Composite Resins/chemistry
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