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1.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 47(2): 171-180, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115486

ABSTRACT

La bioaccesibilidad de un nutriente en un alimento sirve para determinar la calidad nutricional de éste para el consumo humano. El arroz es uno de los alimentos más importantes en la dieta por su gran aporte calórico y nutricional. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la bioaccesibilidad in vitro del zinc en arroz mediante espectrofotometría ultravioleta-visible y espectrometría de absorción atómica de llama y su relación con el contenido de ácido fítico. El porcentaje de bioaccesibilidad del zinc, respecto al porcentaje de ácido fítico, presentó una relación logarítmica inversamente proporcional (r= −0,669; p<0,05). Los valores porcentuales de bioaccesibilidad del zinc y ácido fítico en las líneas de arroz evaluadas se hallaron en un rango de 1,98,7% y 0,039-0,946% respectivamente. Se encontró que el ácido fítico afecta la bioaccesibilidad del zinc y que ésta no estuvo ligada a la concentración total del zinc presente en las líneas de arroz evaluadas. Las técnicas implementadas para cuantificar el zinc dializado presentaron diferencias significativas y se mostró que la técnica ultravioleta-visible no fue apta para este tipo de ensayos.


The bioavailability of a nutrient in a food serves to determine the nutritional quality for human consumption. Rice is one of the most important foods in diet due to its caloric and nutritional contribution. The objective of this study was to analyze the in vitro bioavailability of zinc in rice by ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry and flame atomic absorption spectrometry and its relationship with phytic acid content. The percentage of zinc bioaccessibility with respect to phytic acid percentage, showed an inverse proportional logarithmic relationship (r= −0.669; p<0.05). The percentage values of zinc bioavailability and phytic acid in the evaluated rice varieties had a range of 1.9-8.7% and 0.039-0.946%, respectively. Phytic acid affected the bioaccessibility of zinc and was not linked to the total concentration of zinc present in the rice lines evaluated. The techniques implemented to quantify zinc dialyzed presented significant differences. It was shown that the ultraviolet-visible technique was not suitable for this type of assay.


Subject(s)
Phytic Acid/analysis , Oryza , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet , Zinc/analysis , In Vitro Techniques , Biological Availability , Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy , Absorption , Minerals/analysis , Nutritive Value
2.
Rev. chil. nutr ; 46(5): 511-517, oct. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042690

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La leche humana materna tiene una composición única para proporcionar a los recién nacidos todos los nutrientes esenciales como proteínas, grasas, hidratos de carbono, minerales, vitaminas y otras substancias fisiológicamente activas, con el fin de suplir en cantidad y calidad las necesidades calóricas y nutricionales del lactante. El objetivo fue establecer las concentraciones totales de cobre y zinc en la leche materna en sus distintas etapas: calostro, de transición y madura, determinadas espectrométricamente y la influencia del estado nutricional de madres lactantes; estudio descriptivo transversal en madres entre 18 y 35 años, sanas y no fumadoras; los resultados evidencian una disminución en las concentraciones de cobre y zinc a medida que la lactancia va evolucionando, además, el promedio de índice de masa corporal de las madres en período de lactancia reflejaron sobrepeso. Concluimos que el contenido calórico de los oligoelementos de la leche materna es esencial para el crecimiento de los niños por los beneficios nutricionales e inmunológicos que proporciona, por lo que es importante que la madre se encuentre en un estado nutricional adecuado que permita suministrar los requerimientos adecuados al niño para su crecimiento y desarrollo.


ABSTRACT Human milk has a unique composition and provides newborns with all essential nutrients such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins and other physiologically active substances, in order to supply in quantity and quality the caloric and nutritional needs of the infant. The objective of this study was to establish the total concentration of copper and zinc in breast milk in its different stages: colostrum, transitional and mature milk, determined spectrometrically and the influence of the nutritional status of nursing mothers. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in healthy non-smoking mothers between 18 and 35 years of age. Lower concentrations of copper and zinc as lactation progressed were observed. The average of body mass index of nursing mothers reflected overweight. We concludes that the caloric content of the trace elements of breast milk is essential for the growth of children because of the nutritional and immunological benefits that it provides, so it is important that the mother has an adequate nutritional state that allows to supply the adequate requirements for the child to grow and develop.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Zinc/analysis , Nutritional Status , Copper/analysis , Milk, Human/chemistry , Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 70(4): 1135-1140, jul.-ago. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-916634

ABSTRACT

Nos sistemas de criação de ruminantes, a anemia crônica pode levar a grandes prejuízos econômicos, sendo decorrente da deficiência de ferro no organismo. Quando este se torna indisponível para ser incorporado à hemoglobina, forma-se um composto denominado zinco protoporfirina (ZPP), que pode ser um marcador precoce para a anemia, útil, portanto, para seu diagnóstico. Porém, para a utilidade dessa mensuração, é necessário que se conheçam os valores normais de ZPP para cada espécie. Assim, foram utilizados 30 bezerros, 30 caprinos e 30 ovinos, todos saudáveis, nos quais foram mensurados esses valores. Essa mensuração foi determinada em amostras de sangue refrigeradas, coletadas com EDTA, obtendo-se valores em hemácias não lavadas e lavadas. A lavagem visou à eliminação de substâncias interferentes nessas medidas. A média da ZPP nas amostras não lavadas foi de 80,9µmol ZPP/mol de heme nos bezerros; 55,09µmol ZPP/mol de heme nos caprinos e 73,76µmol ZPP/mol de heme nos ovinos. Após a lavagem, os valores foram 61,4µmol ZPP/mol de heme; 43,92µmol ZPP/mol de heme e 59,36µmol ZPP/mol de heme, nos bezerros, caprinos e ovinos, respectivamente. Devido à praticidade da técnica, essa pode ser empregada para a detecção precoce da anemia ferropriva, sendo recomendada a prévia lavagem das hemácias.(AU)


In ruminant breeding systems, chronic anemia can lead to economic losses, resulting from iron deficiency in the organismo. When iron is unavailable for incorporation into hemoglobin, a compound called zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) is formed, may be an early marker for anemia and is useful for its diagnosis. However, for this measurement to be useful, it is necessary to know the normal values for the species. Therefore, 30 calves, 30 goats and 30 sheep, all of them healthy, to standardize the values were used. This measurement was determined on refrigerated blood samples collected with EDTA, obtaining values in red blood cells not washed and washed. The washing aimed at the elimination of interfering substances in these measures. The mean of the ZPP in the unwashed samples was 80,9µmol ZPP/mol of heme in calves; 55,09µmol ZPP/mol of heme in goats and 73,76µmol ZPP/mol of heme in sheep. After washing, the values were 61,4µmol ZPP/mol of heme; 43,92µmol ZPP/mol of heme e 59,36µmol ZPP/mol of heme, in calves, goats and sheep, respectively. Due to its practicality, the techniquecan be used for the early detection of iron deficiency anemia, recommending the previous lavage of the red blood cells.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Protoporphyrins/administration & dosage , Ruminants/physiology , Zinc/analysis , Anemia/veterinary
4.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(3): 1881-1893, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886722

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT There is a huge lack of researches that evaluate the nutritional limits in tree species used in urban forestry, especially in terms of micronutrients. This study aimed to establish limits and range of micronutrients levels for the proper development of tree species utilized in urban forestry. The study was conducted in the city of Santa Maria-RS-Brazil. Through forest inventory, 23 forest species present in urban forest were selected, and 05 vegetative branches of each tree were collected, in which the contents of B, Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn were analyzed. Ranges of micronutrients' contents were developed for class limits criteria. Nutritional problems were detected for B, Cu and Zn in G. robusta and S. cumini, indicating a need of fertilization and management of these trees. The levels of Mn were within an adequate range only for the species C. illinoensis and H. chrysotrichus. The contents of B were higher than the level considered adequate for H. chrysotrichusand M. nigra. The rates of Fe showed high levels for E. japonica, H. chrysotrichusand S. babylonica. The estimated nutritional limits enable a greater control in the classification of the results for each tree species utilized in urban forestry.


Subject(s)
Forests , Micronutrients/analysis , Urban Population , Zinc/analysis , Cobalt/analysis , Copper/analysis , Iron/analysis , Manganese/analysis
5.
Braz. dent. j ; 27(6): 717-726, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828056

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to characterize the physico-chemical properties and bone repair after implantation of zinc-containing nanostructured porous hydroxyapatite scaffold (nZnHA) in rabbits' calvaria. nZnHA powder containing 2% wt/wt zinc and stoichiometric nanostructured porous hydroxyapatite (nHA - control group) were shaped into disc (8 mm) and calcined at 550 °C. Two surgical defects were created in the calvaria of six rabbits (nZnHA and nHA). After 12 weeks, the animals were euthanized and the grafted area was removed, fixed in 10% formalin with 0.1 M phosphate buffered saline and embedded in paraffin (n=10) for histomorphometric evaluation. In addition, one sample from each group (n=2) was embedded in methylmethacrylate for the SEM and EDS analyses. The thermal treatment transformed the nZnHA disc into a biphasic implant composed of Zn-containing HA and Zn-containing β-tricalcium phosphate (ZnHA/βZnTCP). The XRD patterns for the nHA disc were highly crystalline compared to the ZnHA disc. Histological analysis revealed that both materials were biologically compatible and promoted osteoconduction. X-ray fluorescence and MEV-EDS of nZnHA confirmed zinc in the samples. Histomorphometric evaluation revealed the presence of new bone formation in both frameworks but without statistically significant differences (p>0.05), based on the Wilcoxon test. The current study confirmed that both biomaterials improve bone repair, are biocompatible and osteoconductive, and that zinc (2wt%) did not increase the bone repair. Additional in vivo studies are required to investigate the effect of doping hydroxyapatite with a higher Zn concentration.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi caracterizar físico-químicamente e avaliar o reparo ósseo de discos de hidroxiapatita porosa contendo zinco após a implantação em calvária de coelhos (nZnHA). O pó de nZnHA e o pó hidroxiapatita porosa estequiométrica nanoestruturada (controle - nHA) foram confeccionados em discos (8 mm) e calcinados a 550˚C. Dois defeitos cirúrgicos foram criados na calvária de seis coelhos para a implantação dos discos. Após 12 semanas, os animais foram eutanasiados e as áreas enxertadas foram removidas, fixadas em formol a 10% e embebidas em parafina (n=10) para avaliação histomorfométrica. Além disso, uma amostra de cada grupo (n=2) foi embebida em metilmetacrilato para análise de MEV e EDS. O tratamento térmico dos discos de nZnHA transformou-os em implantes bifásicos compostos por HA contendo Zinco e β fosfato tricálcico com Zinco (ZnHA/βZnTCP). Os discos de nHA, apresentaram-se altamente cristalinos e com baixa solubilidade quando comparados aos discos de ZnHA. A análise histológica revelou que ambos os materiais foram biologicamente compatíveis e promoveram a osteocondução. As análises de FRX e MEV-EDS confirmaram a presença do zinco nas amostras de nZnHA. A avaliação histomorfométrica revelou a presença de neoformação óssea em ambos os grupos, porém sem diferenças estatísticas entre eles, com base no teste de Wilcoxon (p>0,05). O presente estudo confirmou que ambos os biomateriais otimizaram o reparo ósseo, foram biocompatíveis e osseocondutivos e a presença do zinco não favoreceu o reparo ósseo. Estudos adicionais in vivo devem ser conduzidos a fim de investigar o efeito de maiores concentrações de zinco.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Durapatite/analysis , Skull/chemistry , Zinc/analysis , Biocompatible Materials , Fluorescence , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Skull/anatomy & histology , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , X-Ray Diffraction
6.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 50(4): 635-642, dic. 2016. graf, mapas, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-837636

ABSTRACT

Se describe la validación de un método para la determinación de manganeso, molibdeno y zinc, a niveles traza, en soluciones acuosas, mediante espectroscopia de emisión-plasma inductivo de argón. Se optimizó y validó la cuantificación de manganeso, molibdeno y zinc en solución acuosa ácida usando un espectrómetro de emisión atómica de plasma inductivo. Se determinaron: selectividad/especificidad, linealidad, repetibilidad y precisión intermedia utilizando materiales de referencia, y sesgo contrastando contra material de referencia certificado de matriz. Las longitudes de onda (nm) seleccionadas fueron: Zn 213.857, Mn 257.610 y Mo 202.031, las cuales permitieron discriminar interferencias espectrales. Se probó la linealidad de las funciones respuesta mediante evaluaciones estadísticas ad hoc. La precisión intermedia varió entre 5 y 11% y el sesgo no superó el 12%. Los límites de cuantificación (μg/L) fueron: Mn: 5; Zn: 10 y Mo: 10. Las incertidumbres asociadas a las determinaciones oscilaron entre 10 y 16%. La validación del método propuesto demostró que es selectivo, proporciona incertidumbres adecuadas y es de utilidad para cuantificar de manera rápida y certera los metales traza estudiados en matrices que puedan ser llevadas a solución acuosa, previa digestión en medio ácido.


A method to accurately determine and quantify manganese, molybdenum and zinc using Optical Emission Spectroscopy-Inductively Coupled Plasma by optical emission spectrometer was optimized and validated. Selectivity/ specificity, linearity, repeatability, intermediate precision and bias using reference materials and certified matrix reference material, respectively, were determined. Selected wavelengths (nm) Zn 213.857; Mn 257.610 and Mo 202.031 made it possible to discriminate spectral interferences. Linearity was proved by ad hoc statistical evaluations. Intermediate precision ranged between 5 and 11% and bias was never greater than 12%. Quantification limits (mg/L) were: Mn: 5; Zn: 10 y Mo: 10. Uncertainties associated to analytical determinations ranged between 10% and 16%. The validation of the proposed method demonstrated that it is selective, it provides adequate uncertainties and it is useful to quantify quickly and accurately the studied trace metals in matrices that can be taken intoaqueous solution with prior digestion in acid medium.


Descreve-se a validação de um método para a determinação de manganês, molibdênio e zinco a níveis-traço, em soluções aquosas, por Espectrometria de emissão por plasma acoplado indutivamente de argônio. Foi maximizada e validada a quantificação de manganês, molibdênio e zinco em solução aquosa ácida, utilizando um espectrômetro de emissão atômica por plasma acoplado indutivamente. Foram determinados: seletividade/especificidade, linearidade, repetibilidade e precisão intermediária usando materiais de referência, e viés contrastando contra material de referência certificado de matriz. Os comprimentos de onda (nm) selecionados foram: Zn 213.857; Mn 257.610 e Mo 202.031, os quais permitiram discriminar interferências espectrais. A linearidade das funções resposta foi provada por avaliações estatísticas ad hoc. A precisão intermediária variou entre 5 e 11% e o viés não ultrapassou 12%. Os limites de quantificação (μg/L) foram: Mn: 5; Zn: 10 e Mo: 10. As incertezas associadas com as determinações variaram entre 10 e 16%. A validação do método proposto demonstrou que é seletivo, proporciona incertezas adequadas e é útil para quantificar com rapidez e precisão os metais-traço estudados em matrizes que podem ser levadas a solução aquosa, prévia digestão em meio ácido.


Subject(s)
Zinc/analysis , Manganese/analysis , Molybdenum/analysis , Analytical Methods , Reference Parameters
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 34(3): 1097-1104, Sept. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828992

ABSTRACT

Mandibular deformity is a condition that affects the jaw bone of adult salmon and has been observed in Norway and Chile, causing weight loss, poor quality of farmed fish and increased mortality. The causes range from high temperatures of the state of eggs, to poor nutrition phosphorus or vitamin C. This work aims to analyze this deformity by histochemical and mineral analysis technique during an episode presented in centers of the Scotia Sea. Jaw and spinal segments of 21 Atlantic salmon in Scotland were used. These samples were classified into three groups: Group 1: Severely deformed. Group 2: Mildly affected. Group 3: Normal controls. Four jaws per group were fixed in 10 % formalin and embedded in Paraplast, sections of 5 microns were performed using a Microm® microtome histochemical technique Von Kossa was used for the detection of calcium deposits, which highlights the calcium osteoid black and red color. For proximate analysis, and in order to obtain and compare levels of calcium, phosphorus, zinc and magnesium in total 9 bone jaws (6 affected with DM and 3 controls) and 9 body sections the Mann-Whitney test was used to compare these values between misshapen salmon and controls. To correlate values, jaw and body segment a Spearman corrrelation was applied. Fish group 1 presented a ventral deviation of the alveolar bone body. In fish group 2 prominence of the visible joint on both sides or unilaterally was observed. Comparing the values of % Ca, % P, % Mg and Zn jaws with DM and healthy ones with Mann Witney method it was found that the values of these minerals vary between salmon and controls affected. There was a significant difference in the percentage of P, which indicates that there is less P in affected fish vertebrae. Spearman correlation noted that the percentages of the minerals studied in dental bone and vertebral segments are uncorrelated. Rather, Von Kossa distribution indicates that Ca/P is not homogeneous in the dental bone, as a result of mineral resorption from the skeleton including the operculum, articular bone and dental towards kype. This paper states that Von Kossa histochemical technique showed significant differences between deformed fish and controls and also showed differences between the various segments of the dental bone. The alveolar bone is a dynamic structure adapted to continuous histological changes may be involved in MD, phosphorus deficient diets, coupled with the initial formation of Kippe.


La deformación mandibular es una patología que afecta al hueso dentario de salmones adultos, se observó en Noruega y en Chile, ocasionando disminución de peso, baja calidad de peces cultivados y aumento de la mortalidad. Las causas varían desde temperaturas elevadas al estado de ovas, hasta alimentación deficitaria en fósforo o vitamina C. Este trabajo tiene como propósito analizar esta deformación mediante una técnica histoquímica y de análisis de minerales durante un episodio presentado en centros de mar de Escocia. Se utilizó la mandíbula y segmento vertebral de 21 salmones del Atlántico de Escocia. Estas muestras se clasificaron en tres grupos Grupo 1: Severamente deformes. Grupo 2: Levemente afectados. Grupo 3: Controles normales. Cuatro mandíbulas por grupo fueron fijadas en formalina al 10 % y se incluyeron en paraplast, se realizaron cortes de 5 µm utilizando un micrótomo Microm®. Se utilizó la técnica histoquímica de Von Kossa para la detección de depósitos de calcio la cual destaca al calcio de color negro y el osteoide de color rojo. Para el análisis químico proximal, y con el propósito de obtener y comparar niveles de calcio, fósforo, zinc y magnesio en los huesos se utilizó un total de 9 mandíbulas (6 afectadas con DM y 3 controles) y sus 9 secciones corporales. Para comparar estos valores entre salmones deformes y controles se utilizó la prueba de Mann-Whitney. Para correlacionar los valores de mandíbula y segmento corporal se hizo una correlación por jerarquías de Spearman. Los peces del grupo 1, presentaron una desviación ventral del cuerpo del hueso dentario. En los peces del grupo 2 se observó la prominencia de la articulación visible en ambos lados o unilateralmente. Al comparar los valores de % Ca, % P, % Mg y Zn de las mandíbulas con DM y sanas con el método de Mann Witney se encontró que los valores de estos minerales no varían entre salmones afectados y controles. Hubo una diferencia significativa en el porcentaje de P, lo cual indica que existe menos P en vértebras de peces afectados. La correlación de Spearman señaló que los porcentajes de los minerales estudiados en huesos dentarios y segmentos vertebrales no están correlacionados. Por el contrario, la técnica Von Kossa mostró que la distribución de Ca/ P no es homogénea en el hueso dental producto de la reabsorción mineral desde el esqueleto incluyendo el opérculo, hueso articular y dental hacia la kype. El presente trabajo establece que la técnica histoquímica de Von Kossa fue la que permitió observar diferencias importantes entre peces deformados y controles, además mostró diferencias entre los distintos segmentos del hueso dentario. El hueso dentario es una estructura dinámica adaptada a continuos cambios histológicos pudiendo estar involucrados en la DM, dietas deficientes de fósforo, sumado a la formación inicial del Kippe.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mandible/abnormalities , Mandible/chemistry , Metals/analysis , Salmon/anatomy & histology , Calcium/analysis , Chile , Magnesium/analysis , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Phosphorus/analysis , Zinc/analysis
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 76(2): 396-401, Apr.-June 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781383

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effects of seasonal variations and the methods of collection of propolis produced by Africanized honey bees Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758, on the composition of constituent minerals such as magnesium (Mg), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), and potassium (K) were evaluated. Propolis was harvested from 25 beehives by scraping or by means of propolis collectors (screen, “intelligent” collector propolis [ICP], lateral opening of the super [LOS], and underlay method). During the one-year study, the propolis produced was harvested each month, ground, homogenized, and stored in a freezer at -10 ºC. Seasonal analyses of the mineral composition were carried out by atomic absorption spectrophotometry and the results were evaluated by analysis of variance (ANOVA), followed by Tukey-Kramer’s test to compare the mean values (p<0.05). The results showed that seasonal variations influence the contents of 5 minerals (Mg, Fe, Na, Ca, and Cu), and the propolis harvesting method affects the contents of 4 minerals (Mg, Zn, Fe, and Ca).


Resumo A influência da sazonalidade e de métodos de produção de própolis por abelhas africanizadas Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758, sobre a concentração de magnésio (Mg), zinco (Zn), ferro (Fe), sódio (Na), cálcio (Ca), cobre (Cu) e potássio (K) foram avaliados. 25 colmeias foram utilizadas, e a colheita de propolis ocorreu por raspagem ou a partir de coletores (tela, coletor de própolis “inteligente” – CPI, abertura lateral da melgueira – ALM e calço). Durante um ano a própolis foi colhida mensalmente, homogeneizada e armazenada em freezer a -10 ºC. A análise sazonal de minerais foi realizada por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica e os resultados avaliados por análise de variância (ANOVA) seguida do teste de Tukey-Kramer para comparação de médias (p<0,05). Os resultados demostraram que a sazonalidade afetou o conteúdo de cinco minerais (Mg, Fe, Na, Ca e Cu) e os métodos de coleta afetaram o conteúdo de quatro minerais (Mg, Zn, Fe e Ca).


Subject(s)
Animals , Propolis/chemistry , Seasons , Bees , Minerals/analysis , Potassium/analysis , Sodium/analysis , Spectrophotometry, Atomic , Zinc/analysis , Calcium/analysis , Copper/analysis , Iron/analysis , Magnesium/analysis
9.
Hig. aliment ; 30(252/253): 29-32, 29/02/2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-846563

ABSTRACT

O presente estudo visou identificar os alimentos fonte de zinco consumidos por gestantes atendidas em unidades básicas de saúde de Caxias, Maranhão. Tratou-se de um estudo quantitativo de abordagem transversal, realizado em Unidades de Atenção Básica de Saúde de Caxias, tendo como referência a população de gestantes assistidas nas consultas pré-natais. Para a pesquisa foram selecionadas gestantes que eram atendidas pela equipe da Estratégia de Saúde da Família, no período de abril a junho de 2014. O estudo foi realizado com 68 gestantes, das quais, 52,9% (36) tinham de 19 a 26 anos e 47,1% (32) tinham de 27 a 35 anos, com média de idade de 27,8 anos. A análise do consumo do micronutriente zinco revelou que a prevalência desse consumo pelas gestantes está acima do recomendado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Nutrition Surveys , Prenatal Nutrition , Primary Health Care , Zinc Deficiency , Zinc/analysis , Eating/standards , Foods of Animal Origin , Micronutrients
10.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2016. 94 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-846565

ABSTRACT

O câncer de mama é um importante problema de saúde pública, sendo o mais frequente em mulheres no mundo. A alimentação influencia diretamente o desenvolvimento do câncer de mama. Assim, por exemplo, dietas ricas em ácidos graxos poliinsaturados ômega 3 (AGPI ω-3), flavonóides, vitaminas A e E, bem como em minerais, incluindo selênio e zinco, têm sido associadas a redução de risco desta neoplasia. Neste contexto, zinco tem-se destacado por regular mecanismos celulares e moleculares como reparo de DNA, controle de ciclo celular e controle de fatores transcricionais. Uma hipótese pouco descrita na literatura, ainda que biologicamente plausível, aponta a origem do câncer de mama já na vida intrauterina, período em que a glândula mamária estaria mais suscetível à influência da alimentação e níveis hormonais maternos. A dieta materna no período gestacional parece ter importante influência na modulação do ambiente intrauterino e, consequentemente, na programação do risco de desenvolvimento do câncer de mama na progênie. Assim, fatores dietéticos e níveis hormonais poderiam induzir modificações na morfologia da glândula mamária durante as fases iniciais do desenvolvimento, alterando, assim, o risco para o desenvolvimento do câncer de mama. Do ponto de vista molecular, a modulação inadequada do epigenoma no início da vida pode ter implicações para os descendentes ao longo da vida, modificando a suscetibilidade ao risco de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, incluindo o câncer de mama. Sugere-se que a exposição, durante o período fetal, ao zinco parece também modular a suscetibilidade ao desenvolvimento de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis. Dessa forma, propôs-se avaliar se o zinco representa fator dietético que modula o risco de câncer de mama já no início da vida. Camundongos fêmeas C57BL/6 foram expostas, durante a gestação, a dieta controle (AIN-93G; grupo CO); dieta deficiente em zinco (8 ppm; grupo ZND) e dieta suplementada com zinco (45 ppm; grupo ZnS). Neoplasias mamárias foram induzidas na prole feminina com 6 semanas de idade com a administração subcutânea de 15 mg de medroxiprogesterona, seguida pela administração oral de 1 mg 7,12-dimetilbenz [a] antraceno uma vez por semana durante 4 semanas. As glândulas mamarias da prole feminina com 7 semanas de idade não iniciadas, de todos os grupos, foram usadas para análise morfológica, proliferação celular, apoptose e análise molecular. Em relação a prole feminina do grupo CO, a do ZnS apresentou aumento (p<0,05) da incidência final de neoplasias mamária, proliferação celular (Ki67) e apoptose. A expressão da proteína p21 foi maior (p=0,06) no grupo ZnS em relação ao grupo CO. Em relação a prole do grupo ZnD, ZnS apresentou maior (p<0,05) nível de expressão da proteína p53. Sem diferença (p>0,05) em relação a estas variáveis entre o grupo CO e ZnD. Em relação a prole femina do grupo CO, ZnS apresentou aumento (p=0,08) marginal da expressão dos genes RASSF1 e STAT3. Em relação a prole feminina do grupo ZnD, ZnS apresentou maior (p=0,02) expressão de ZPF382. H3K9me3 e H4K20me3 foram regulados positivamente (p<0,05) na glândula mamária da prole feminina do grupo ZnD em relação aos grupos CO e ZnS. A suplementação com zinco, mas não a deficiência, no início de vida foi associado com aumento da susceptibilidade de câncer de mama na vida adulta


Breast cancer is an important public health problem, representing the main cause of women death worldwide. Dietetic factors, such as omega-3 fatty-acids, flavonoids, vitamins A and E, and micronutrients have been associated with the reduction of breast cancer risk. Zinc is a micronutrient of remarkable importance for health, essential for several cellular mechanisms, which may influence the development of breast cancer through epigenetic mechanisms, among others. A hypothesis not frequently addressed in the literature, although biologically plausible, considers the fetal origin of breast cancer, a developmental stage in which the mammary gland would be more sensitive to the influence of maternal diet and hormone levels. The maternal diet during pregnancy seems to have significant influence in the modulation of the intrauterine environment and, consequently, in programming the risk of development of breast cancer in offspring through the induction of morphological and molecular changes. The inadequate modulation of the epigenome in early life may have implications for the offspring throughout life, modulating the susceptibility to the risk of chronic diseases, including breast cancer. The exposure during the fetal period, to zinc, seems also to modulate the susceptibility to the development of chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases and renal dysfunctions. Thereby, it would be interesting to evaluate the effects of zinc deficiency or supplementation in maternal diet during pregnancy period in the susceptibility of breast cancer in offspring. In this context, we propose to evaluate if zinc is a dietary factor that may modify the risk of breast cancer during early life, by modulation of morphological, molecular and epigenetic events. C57BL/6 female mice consumed during pregnancy control diet (AIN-93G; CO group); zinc-deficient diet (8 ppm; ZnD group) and zinc-supplemented diet (45 ppm; ZnS group). Mammary tumors were induced by subcutaneous administration of 15mg of medroxyprogesterone to 6-week-old female offspring, followed by oral administration of 1mg 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene once-a-week for 4 weeks. Non-initiated mammary glands of 7-week-old female offspring from all groups were used to morphological, cell proliferation, apoptosis and molecular analysis. Compared to CO group offspring, ZnS presented increased (p<0.05) mammary tumor incidence, cell proliferation (Ki67) and apoptosis. Expression levels of p21 protein was higher (p=0.06) in ZnS compared to the CO group. Compared to ZnD group offspring, ZnS showed higher (p<0.05) expression level of p53 protein. There were no differences (p≥0.05) concerning these variables between CO and ZnD group. Compared to CO offspring group, ZnS also showed marginal increased (p=0.08) expression of RASSF1 and STAT3 genes. Compared to ZnD offspring group, ZnS showed higher (p=0.02) expression of ZPF382. H3K9me3 and H4K20me3 were upregulated (p<0.05) in the mammary gland of ZnD female offspring compared to CO and ZnS groups. Thereby, zinc-supplementation, but not zinc-deficiency, in early-life was associated with an increased susceptibility to breast cancer development in adulthood


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Nutritional Sciences/education , Zinc/analysis , Epigenetic Repression , Fetal Development , Nutrigenomics/instrumentation , Nutritional Sciences
11.
Rev. bras. plantas med ; 18(2,supl.1): 613-620, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830060

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Zinc (Zn) participates of numerous metabolic processes in plants. However, it can become toxic to plants in excessive concentrations in the soil. Pfaffia glomerata is a Brazilian medicinal species that has stood out because of its numerous chemical and functional properties, mainly by the triterpene saponins and ecdysteroids accumulated in its roots. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of zinc excess on many root morphological parameters of Pfaffia glomerata. A 4 x 3 factorial design was employed in a completely randomized scheme with 3 replicates. The treatments consisted of four concentrations of Zn (2, 100, 200, and 300 µM) and three accessions of P. glomerata (BRA, GD, and JB) grown in a hydroponic system for 7 and 14 days. Differences in root morphology and dry mass production were observed among the three accessions in response to excessive Zn. Some growth parameters of GD accession increased with the addition of Zn, ranging from 36 to 79 µM. However, the GD and JB accessions presented reduction in dry mass production, root area, length, and volume with increasing Zn levels. The BRA accession, which had the lowest growth among accessions, presented chlorotic leaves. The shoot/root dry mass ratio and root diameter increased linearly for BRA and GD accessions at 7 days. Based on the evaluated parameters, we observed the following order of Zn excess tolerance in P. glomerata accessions: GD> JB> BRA.


RESUMO O zinco (Zn) participa de numerosos processos metabólicos nas plantas. No entanto, em concentrações excessivas no solo pode tornar-se tóxico para os vegetais. Pfaffia glomerata é uma espécie medicinal brasileira que tem se destacado devido as suas inúmeras propriedades químicas e funcionais, devido principalmente às saponinas triterpênicas e ecdisteróides acumuladas em suas raízes. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos do excesso de Zn sobre vários parâmetros morfológicos radiculares de Pfaffia glomerata. O delineamento experimental utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado com três repetições, dispostos em um arranjo fatorial (4 x 3). Os tratamentos consistiram em quatro níveis de Zn (2, 100, 200 e 300µM) e três acessos (BRA, GD e JB) de P. glomerata cultivados em sistema hidropônico em casa de vegetação por 7 e 14 dias. Diferenças na morfologia radicular e na produção de material seca foram observadas entre os três acessos em resposta ao excesso de Zn. Alguns parâmetros de crescimento do acesso GD aumentaram sob a adição de Zn variando entre 36 e 79 µM. No entanto, os acessos GD e JB apresentaram redução na matéria seca, bem como na área de superfície, comprimento e volume radicular com o aumento dos níveis de Zn. O acesso BRA, que teve o menor crescimento entre os acessos, apresentou folhas cloróticas. A razão entre matéria seca da parte aérea e raízes e o diâmetro radicular aumentou linearmente para os acessos BRA e GD aos 7 dias de cultivo. Baseando-se nos parâmetros avaliados foi observada a seguinte ordem de tolerância ao excesso de Zn: GD> JB> BRA.


Subject(s)
Amaranthaceae , Panax , Zinc/analysis , Growth , Metals, Heavy/analysis
12.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-19, 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950851

ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to determine the effects of varied salinity regimes on the morphological traits (plant height, number of leaves, number of flowers, fresh and dry weight) and major mineral composition of 13 selected purslane accessions. Most of the morphological traits measured were reduced at varied salinity levels (0.0, 8, 16, 24 and 32 dS m-1), but plant height was found to increase in Ac1 at 16 dS m-1 salinity, and Ac13 was the most affected accession. The highest reductions in the number of leaves and number of flowers were recorded in Ac13 at 32 dS m-1 salinity compared to the control. The highest fresh and dry weight reductions were noted in Ac8 and Ac6, respectively, at 32 dS m-1 salinity, whereas the highest increase in both fresh and dry weight was recorded in Ac9 at 24 dS m-1 salinity compared to the control. In contrast, at lower salinity levels, all of the measured mineral levels were found to increase and later decrease with increasing salinity, but the performance of different accessions was different depending on the salinity level. A dendrogram was also constructed by UPGMA based on the morphological traits and mineral compositions, in which the 13 accessions were grouped into 5 clusters, indicating greater diversity among them. A three-dimensional principal component analysis also confirmed the output of grouping from cluster analysis.


Subject(s)
Portulaca/anatomy & histology , Portulaca/chemistry , Salinity , Minerals/analysis , Phosphorus/analysis , Potassium/analysis , Reference Values , Sodium/analysis , Zinc/analysis , Calcium/analysis , Plant Leaves/anatomy & histology , Flowers/anatomy & histology , Salt Tolerance , Iron/analysis , Magnesium/analysis
14.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 39(2): 187-195, ago. 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-725994

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O presente estudo avaliou o estado nutricional relativo ao ferro e zinco em m�es de beb�s de risco. M�todos: Foi conduzido em 125 mulheres, que se encontravam no per�odo puerperal, com tempo m�dio de 10,2 dias. O estado nutricional do ferro foi avaliado por meio das concentra��es de hemoglobina, pelo m�todo da cianometahemoglobina, e da ferritina, por ensaio imunoenzim�tico. O zinco foi determinado no plasma e nos eritr�citos, por espectrofotometria de absor��o at�mica. O consumo diet�tico para macronutrientes, ferro e zinco, foi analisado no programa Dietsys, vers�o 4.01. Para compara��o das m�dias, foi utilizado o teste T student, adotando- se 5% como n�vel de signific�ncia. Resultados: A m�dia de hemoglobina nas m�es foi de 10,03�2,31 g/dL. A mediana da ferritina encontrada foi de 38,29 ng/mL, variando de 3,49 a 413,09 ng/mL. A m�dia do zinco plasm�tico foi de 56,20�13,10 ?gZn/dL e, nos eritr�citos, de 49,56�16,48 ?gZn/gHb, sendo, nestes �ltimos, mais elevada nas m�es de beb�s a termo do que nas m�es de prematuros (p = 0,001). Quanto ao consumo alimentar, as m�dias di�rias para energia, zinco e ferro foram de 2043,05�889,64 kcal, 10,73�6,89 mg e 17,66�8,40 mg, respectivamente. O consumo abaixo do recomendado para o per�odo gestacional foi identificado em 56,0% e 73,6% das mulheres, em rela��o ao zinco e ferro, respectivamente. Conclus�es: As baixas concentra��es de hemoglobina encontradas nas pu�rperas n�o refletiram na idade gestacional e no peso ao nascer. As m�dias de zinco nos eritr�citos estavam dentro dos valores de normalidade, sendo mais elevadas nas m�es de rec�m-nascidos a termo do que nas m�es de prematuros.


Objective: The present study assessed the nutritional status of iron and zinc in mothers of infants at risk. Methods: The study was conducted on 125 women, who were in the postpartum period, with a mean of 10.2 days. The nutritional status of iron was evaluated by means of hemoglobin by the cyanmethemoglobin method and ferritin by enzyme immunoassay. Zinc was determined in plasma and erythrocytes by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The dietary intake of macronutrients, iron and zinc was analyzed using the Dietsys program, version 4.01. The T student test, adopting a 5% significance level, was used for comparison of means. Results: The mean hemoglobin in mothers was 10.03 � 2.31 g / dL. The median ferritin was 38.29 ng / mL, ranging from 3.49 to 413.09 ng / ml. The means of zinc were 56.20 � 13.10 ?gZn / dL in plasma and 49.56 � 16.48 ?gZn / gHb in erythrocytes, with the latter being higher in mothers of term infants compared with mothers of preterm infants (p = 0.001). As for food intake, the daily averages for energy, zinc and iron were 2043.05 � 889.64 kcal, 10.73 � 6.89 mg, and 17.66 � 8.40 mg, respectively. Consumption below recommendations for pregnancy was identified in 56.0% and 73.6% of the women investigated for zinc and iron, respectively. Conclusions: The low hemoglobin concentrations found in the mothers assessed did not affect gestational age and birth weight. The mean of zinc in erythrocytes was within normal range, being higher in mothers of newborns at term than in mothers of preterm newborns.


Subject(s)
Female , Infant, Newborn , Iron/analysis , Nutritional Status , Zinc/analysis , Hemoglobins/classification
15.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 64(2): 108-115, jun. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-752681

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present work was to evaluate molar ratio iron:zinc and the levels of folic acid in biscuit and snacks commercialized in Brazil, prepared with folic acid and iron fortified flours. These nutrients are important for human nutrition; however, iron can have a negative effect on zinc absorption. Molar ratio iron:zinc can indicate if there will be any problems for absorption of these nutrients. The folic acid content varied from 58 to 433 μg/100g and iron and zinc levels varied from 2.9 to 9.4 mg/100g and from 0.2 to 1.3 mg/100g, respectively, for 75 analyzed samples. The average iron contents observed in the products and molar ratio iron:zinc (in average 8:1 for biscuits and 12.8:1 for snacks) could result in problems with the zinc absorption. Moreover, principal component analyses (PCA) indicated low uniformity in the distribution of minerals and vitamin in the majority of the samples, mainly among brands. The results indicated that for the majority of the samples tested folic acid and iron content was higher than expected for flours and could be useful to governmental authorities in their evaluation program of flour fortification.


O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar razão molar ferro: zinco e os níveis de ácido fólico em biscoitos e snacks, comercializados no Brasil, preparados com farinhas fortificadas com ácido fólico e ferro. Esses nutrientes são importantes para nutrição humana, porém, o ferro pode ter efeito negativo na absorção do zinco. A razão molar ferro:zinco pode indicar se haverá problemas para absorção desses nutrientes. O teor de ácido fólico variou de 58 a 433 μg/100g e os níveis de ferro e zinco oscilaram de 2.9 a 9.4 mg/100g e de 0.2 a 1.3 mg/100g, respectivamente, para 75 amostras analisadas. O valor médio observado para o teor de ferro nos produtos e a razão molar ferro:zinco (em média 8:1 para biscoitos e 12,8:1 para snacks) podem resultar em problemas na absorção do zinco. Além disso, a análise por componentes principais (PCA) indicou baixa uniformidade na distribuição dos minerais e da vitamina na maioria das amostras, principalmente entre marcas. Os resultados mostraram que para muitas amostras o teor de ácido fólico e de ferro estava acima do esperado para as farinhas e podem ser utilizados pelas autoridades governamentais para a avaliação do programa de fortificação de farinhas.


Subject(s)
Folic Acid/analysis , Food Analysis/methods , Food, Fortified/analysis , Iron, Dietary/analysis , Zinc/analysis , Brazil , Flour/analysis , Nutritive Value , Principal Component Analysis , Reference Values
16.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 17(4): 249-252, out.-dez.2014. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-758596

ABSTRACT

Fungos basidiomicetos têm a capacidade de bioacumular metais pesados, no entanto existem poucos trabalhos sobre bioacumulação de zinco em micélio de Agaricussubrufescens. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a bioacumulação de zinco em micélio vegetativo de A. subrufescens cultivado em meio sólido e líquido. O fungo foi crescido em meio sólido ou em meio líquido a base de extrato de malte adicionado de ZnSO4 a fim de obter zero; 2,5; 5; 7,5; 10; 15 ou 20 ppm de zinco. Os meios foram inoculados e após 14 dias foi determinada a biomassa e a bioacumulação de zinco. A adição de zinco no meio de cultivo inibiu o crescimento micelial e induziu a bioacumulação na biomassa tanto no cultivo sólido como no líquido. Adições acima de 7,5 ppm de zinco inibiram totalmente o crescimento micelial. O fungo crescido em meio de cultivo líquido sofre maior inibição do crescimento com a adição de zinco e maior bioacumulação que no meio sólido...


Fungi basidiomycetes have the ability to bioaccumulate heavy metals, but there are few studies on zinc bioaccumulation in the mycelium of Agaricus subrufescens. The objective of this study is to evaluate the zinc bioaccumulation in the mycelium of A. subrufescens cultivated in solid and liquid culture media. Mycelium was grown on solid or liquid medium in malt extract base added with ZnSO4 to obtain zero, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15 or 20-ppm zinc. Mycelial biomass and zinc bioaccumulation were determined 14 days after inoculation in the culture media. Addition of zinc in culture medium inhibited mycelial growth and induced biomass bioaccumulation both in solid and in liquid culture. Additions higher than 7.5-ppm zinc completely inhibited mycelial growth in culture medium. Mycelial growth in liquid culture presented greater increase of growth inhibition with the addition of zinc and greater bioaccumulation than in solid medium...


Hongos basidiomicetos tienen la capacidad de bioacumular metales pesados, sin embargo hay pocos estudios sobre la bioacumulación de zinc en el micelio de Agaricus subrufescens. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido evaluar la bioacumulación de zinc en el micelio de A. subrufescens cultivado en medio sólido y líquido. El hongo ha crecido en medio sólido o líquido a base de extracto de malta agregado de ZnSO4 para obtener cero; 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10, 15 o 20 ppm de zinc. Los medios fueron inoculados y después de 14 días se determinó la biomasa y la bioacumulación de zinc. La adición de zinc en el medio del cultivo inhibió el crecimiento micelial y indujo la bioacumulación de la biomasa tanto en el cultivo sólido como en el líquido. Adiciones superiores a 7.5 ppm de zinc inhibieron completamente el crecimiento del micelio. El hongo crecido en medio de cultivo líquido sufre mayor inhibición del crecimiento con la adición de zinc y mayor bioacumulación que en el medio sólido...


Subject(s)
Animals , Bioaccumulation/analysis , Bioaccumulation/classification , Mycelium/enzymology , Mycelium/chemistry , Zinc/analysis , Zinc/chemistry
17.
Salvador; s.n; 2014. 127 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1000948

ABSTRACT

A leishmaniose tegumentar (LT) é um problema de saúde pública nas Américas, não somente por sua alta incidência e ampla distribuição geográfica, mas também, pela possibilidade de produzir úlceras persistentes e desfigurantes. É endêmica no Brasil, ocorrendo em ambientes florestais e extraflorestais. A detecção de áreas de alto risco para a infecção humana pode auxiliar na implementação de estratégias de controle mais eficientes nas áreas endêmicas rurais. Objetivos: descrever as características epidemiológicas, prevalência da infecção por Leishmania ssp nas populações do povoado de São Gonçalo/Contendas do Sinçorá - Bahia e no Distritode Florestal/Município de Jequié, Bahia, correlacionando os fatores de risco estabelecidos na literatura com os diferentes grupos estudados (indivíduos infectados, não infectados, e doentes) e avaliar a influencia da desnutrição na infecção e ou progressão para a doença, para isso, foram avaliados parâmetros bioquímicos como dosagem de fosfatase alcalina e ferritina, além dos níveis de metais Zn, Cu e Fe no plasma dos indivíduos.Material e Métodos - desenvolveu-se um estudo de corte transversal, através de inquérito epidemiológico, e imunoalérgico (exames intradermorreação de Montenegro/IDRM, e sorológico/ELISA). Foram cadastradas 36 famílias (170 indivíduos) de São Gonçalo e 129 famílias (480 indivíduos) de Florestal...


The cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a public health problem in the Americas, not only for its high incidence and wide geographical distribution, but also by the possibility of establishing persistent and disfiguring ulcers. It is endemic in Brazil, occurring in forest and around environments. The detection of high-risk areas for human infection may assist in implementing strategies for more efficient control in rural endemic areas. Objectives -.This study aimed to describe the epidemiological characteristics, prevalence of Leishmania spp, infection in populations of São Gonçalo a rural communities/Contendas do Sincorá - Bahia and Florestal (District/Jequié, Bahia), correlating risk factors established in the literature with different groups studied (infected individuals not infected, and patients) and assess the influence of malnutrition on infection and progression for disease, for that biochemical parameters will be evaluated as measure alkaline phosphatase and ferritin, beyond the levels of metals Zn, Cu and Fe in the plasma of subjects. Materials and Metholds.- We developed a cross-sectional study through epidemiologic and immunological investigation (Montenegro skin tests/MST, and serological/ELISA). 36 families (170 individuals) of São Gonçalo and 129 families (480 individuals) were registered in Florestal District...


Subject(s)
Humans , Epidemiology/statistics & numerical data , Leishmaniasis/parasitology , Leishmaniasis/pathology , Leishmaniasis/prevention & control , Leishmaniasis/transmission , Micronutrients/analysis , Micronutrients/supply & distribution , Zinc , Zinc/analysis , Zinc/supply & distribution
18.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-8, 2014. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950767

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rootstocks play an essential role to determining orchard performance of fruit trees. Pyrus communisand Cydonia oblonga are widely used rootstocks for European pear cultivars. The lack of rootstocks adapted to different soil conditions and different grafted cultivars is widely acknowledged in pear culture. Cydonia rootstocks (clonal) and Pyrus rootstocks (seedling or clonal) have their advantages and disadvantages. In each case, site-specific environmental characteristics, specific cultivar response and production objectives must be considered before choosing the best rootstock. In this study, the influence of three Quince (BA 29, Quince A = MA, Quince C = MC) and a local European pear seedling rootstocks on the scion yield, some fruit quality characteristics and leaf macro (N, P, K, Ca and Mg) and micro element (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn and B) content of 'Santa Maria' pear (Pyrus communis L.) were investigated. RESULTS: Trees on seedling rootstock had the highest annual yield, highest cumulative yield (kg tree(-1)), largest trunk cross-sectional area (TCSA), lowest yield efficiency and lowest cumulative yield (ton ha(-1)) in the 10th year after planting. The rootstocks had no significant effect on average fruit weight and fruit volume. Significantly higher fruit firmness was obtained on BA 29 and Quince A. The effect of rootstocks on the mineral element accumulation (N, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn and B) was significant. Leaf analysis showed that rootstocks used had different mineral uptake efficiencies throughout the early season. CONCLUSION: The results showed that the rootstocks strongly affected fruit yield, fruit quality and leaf mineral element uptake of 'Santa Maria' pear cultivar. Pear seedling and BA 29 rootstock found to be more prominent in terms of several characteristics for 'Santa Maria' pear cultivar that is grown in highly calcareous soil in semi-arid climate conditions. We determined the highest N, P (although insignificant), K, Ca, Mg, Fe and Cu mineral element concentrations on the pear seedling and BA 29 rootstocks. According to the results, we recommend the seedling rootstock for normal density plantings (400 trees ha(-1)) and BA 29 rootstock for high-density plantings (800 trees ha(-1)) for 'Santa Maria' pear cultivar in semi-arid conditions.


Subject(s)
Plant Roots/metabolism , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Pyrus/classification , Pyrus/growth & development , Pyrus/chemistry , Desert Climate , Crop Production/methods , Fruit/metabolism , Phosphorus/analysis , Potassium/analysis , Rain , Soil , Temperature , Turkey , Zinc/analysis , Boron/analysis , Calcium/analysis , Copper/analysis , Rosaceae/physiology , Seedlings/growth & development , Seedlings/physiology , Iron/analysis , Magnesium/analysis , Manganese/analysis , Nitrogen/analysis
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 33(8): 1045-1048, ago. 2013. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-686084

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho objetivou determinar a atividade sérica dos microminerais ferro, cobre, zinco e manganês em 30 equinos atletas da raça Puro-sangue Lusitano (PSL), antes e depois de exercícios, atestados por avaliações clínicas e laboratoriais. Amostras de sangue foram colhidas, antes e imediatamente após 20 minutos de exercício físico de trote e galope suaves realizados em pista de areia, para a realização das dosagens dos microminerais. A concentração dos microelementos foi determinada por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica. Observou-se que após o exercício, a atividade sérica de ferro não sofreu variações (P=0,2365), enquanto os valores de cobre se elevaram significativamente após o treinamento (P<0,001). Já o zinco e o manganês diminuíram após o exercício (P<0,001). Pode-se concluir que o exercício físico de curta duração pode gerar sudorese capaz de alterar as concentrações séricas de ferro, cobre, zinco e manganês em cavalos atletas da raça Puro-sangue Lusitano.


In order to evaluate the sera concentrations of iron, copper, zinc and manganese trace minerals in thirty Pure-bred Lusitano athlete horses before and after exercise certified by clinical and laboratory assessments were studied. Blood samples were taken before and after 20 minutes of a dairy trot and gallop slight training, perfomed in a sandy floor ring, to measure the mineral concentrations, by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. It was observed that after exercising, the serum activity of iron did not change (P=0.2365), whereas copper values have significantly risen after training (P<0.001). On the other hand, zinc and manganese trace minerals decreased after exercise (P<0.001). In conclusion, it is possible to consider that the short time exercise may trigger sweating and consequently to change the serum concentration of iron, cooper, zinc and manganese in Pure-bred Lusitano athlete horses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Copper/analysis , Iron/analysis , Manganese/analysis , Minerals/analysis , Zinc/analysis , Horses/metabolism , Equidae/classification , Spectrophotometry
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-157489

ABSTRACT

73 liver cirrhosis patients have been selected. Serum zinc and albumin levels were estimated in them in comparison to controls. Significant decrease in zinc and albumin levels were observed in liver cirrhosis patients. This work is an attempt to understand the important role that the zinc plays in the pathogenesis and therapy of liver cirrhosis and the role of albumin in zinc transport.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Serum Albumin/analysis , Serum Albumin/blood , Zinc/analysis , Zinc/blood
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