Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 470
Braz. j. oral sci ; 22: e231336, Jan.-Dec. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1442820


Aim: To investigate and compare the effects of different thicknesses of medium-translucency monolithic zirconia and light curing times on the polymerization of two types of dual-cured resin cement. Methods: A total of 200 cement specimens were prepared from TheraCem and RelyX U200 cement. The specimens were divided into 5 groups: Group I, without interposing zirconia; Group II, 0.50 mm thickness; Group III, 1.00 mm; Group IV, 1.50 mm; and Group V, 2.00 mm thickness. Each group was subdivided into (1) RelyX U200 and (2) TheraCem. Each subgroup was subdivided according to the light-curing time into (a) 20 s and (b) 40 s (n =5). The polymerization was tested using Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and a Vickers microhardness tester. The data were statistically analyzed using ANOVA, an independent sample t-test, and Tukey's test at a significance level of 0.05. Results: The control group had the highest values of DC and VMH, followed by 0.50, 1.00, and 1.50 mm, respectively, while the 2.00 mm group showed the lowest values. The specimens irradiated for 40 s had greater DC and VMH than those irradiated for 20 s. RelyX U200 revealed higher values for both parameters compared to TheraCem cement. Conclusion: The polymerization of selfadhesive cement depends on the thickness of the monolithic zirconia, the light curing time, and the composition of the cement. The cement should be irradiated for a longer period than recommended to overcome the light attenuation of zirconia. TEGDMA-based self-adhesive cement showed a higher DC and VMH than BISGMA-based cement

Zirconium , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Resin Cements , Polymerization
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 94-100, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971279


OBJECTIVE@#To study microstructure, friction and wear behaviors of silicon-lithium spray coating on the surface of zirconia ceramics and to preliminarily evaluate its esthetic so as to provide support and guidance for the clinical application.@*METHODS@#Zirconia ceramic specimens were randomly divided into three groups: coating group (two subgroups), polishing group (two subgroups), and glazing group (four subgroups), with 10 samples in each subgroup. The two subgroups of coating group were the zirconia ceramics with the untreated and preliminary polishing surfaces sprayed with silicon-lithium coating, respectively. The two subgroups of polishing group were preliminary polishing and fine polishing of zirconia ceramics, respectively. The four subgroups of glazing group were preliminarily polished zirconia ceramics glazed with Biomic and Stain/Glaze products, respectively; and untreated zirconia ceramics glazed with Biomic and Stain/Glaze products, respectively. The above 8 subgroups of zirconia ceramic specimens were used as friction pairs with 80 steatite ceramics for 50 000 chewing cycles under 50 N vertical load and artificial saliva lubrication using chewing simulation. Scanning electron microscope was used to observe the microstructure of the surface and section of the coating group, and the thickness of the coating and glazing were measured. The linear roughness of the coating and polishing groups was mea-sured using a laser confocal scanning microscope. Vickers hardness was measured using a microhardness tester and the esthetic of zirconia ceramic full crown sprayed with silicon-lithium coating was preliminarily evaluated. White light interferometer was used to measure the width, the maximum depth and the volume of the wear scars of each group, and the wear depth of steatite ceramics and wear rate of zirconia ceramic specimens were calculated. Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric test and Dunn's multiple comparisons test were used to analyze the wear depth of each group (α=0.05).@*RESULTS@#The microstructures of the silica-lithium spray coatings on the untreated and preliminarily polished zirconia ceramic surfaces showed the protruding defects, and the line roughness of coating group was larger than that of the polishing group. The median thickness of the silica-lithium spray coating on the preliminarily polished zirconia ceramic was 13.0 μm (interquartile range, IQR: 11.6, 17.9), while that of the silica-lithium spray coating on the untreated zirconia ceramic was 4.4 μm (IQR: 4.1, 4.7). The Vickers hardness and wear rate of the coating group were between the polishing group and the glazing group. The wear depths of the wear scars of steatite ceramics were the glazing group, coating group, and polishing group in descending order, and there was statistically significant difference between glazing and polishing groups (P < 0.05). With the increase of polishing procedure, the wear depth of steatite ceramics decreased in each subgroups. The orders of maximum depth and volume of wear scars of zirconia ceramic were the glazing group, coating group, and polishing group in descending order, and there was statistically significant difference in the maximum depth of wear scars between glazing and polishing groups (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The silica-lithium spray coating on the zirconia ceramic, can be used as a new method for zirconia ceramic surface treatment, because it can increase the esthetic of zirconia ceramics compared with polishing and reduce the wear of steatite ceramics compared with glazing.

Humans , Silicon , Materials Testing , Friction , Lithium , Cicatrix , Surface Properties , Silicon Dioxide , Zirconium/chemistry , Ceramics , Dental Porcelain
Natal; s.n; 14 nov. 2022. 53 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1532258


A escassez de dados científicos que validem os benefícios da diatomita para as propriedades físicas da resina composta Zirconfill® torna imperioso a realização de novos estudos, principalmente no tocante a utilização dessa resina contendo diatomita em restaurações semidiretas. Objetivo: Avaliar in vitro a polimerização e resistência de união entre uma resina composta contendo diatomita e de uma resina composta bulk-fill após 24 horas e após 06 meses de envelhecimento em água. Materiais e métodos: Foram utilizados 28 incisivos bovinos para produzir cavidades dentinárias cônicas (4,8 mm de diâmetro maior x 2,8 mm de diâmetro menor x 4 mm de espessura) e fator C de magnitude 3,1. Esses preparos cavitários (n=28) foram restaurados com as resinas compostas Filtek™ One Bulk-fill (BF) (3M ESPE) ou Zirconfill ® (ZF) (BM4), através da técnica semidireta, utilizando o sistema adesivo Single Bond Universal (3M ESPE) e o cimento resino dual Relyx™ Ultimate (3M ESPE). A análise da polimerização foi realizada através da razão base/topo (B/T) de dureza Vickers. E a resistência de união RU foi realizada através do teste de extrusão push-out em máquina de ensaio universal. As amostras foram armazenadas em água destilada a 37 ºC por 24 horas ou 06 meses, mas apenas a RU avaliou as amostras após 06 meses de envelhecimento. Os dados da B/T e da RU foram submetidos à análise de variância (ANOVA) a um e a dois critérios, respectivamente, com pós-teste de Tukey (p <0.05). Resultados: Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as resinas compostas na B/T. Para a RU, a resina composta ZF mostrou valores maiores do que a resina BF em ambos os tempos avaliados. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa de nenhuma resina na avaliação ao longo do tempo. Conclusão: A resina composta contendo diatomita mostrou-se promissora quando utilizada em restaurações semidiretas, visto que obteve resultados similar e até superior a resina composta bulk-fill (AU).

The scarcity of data validating scientific diatomite benefits for physical properties of Zirconfill® resin composite makes essential to develop new studies, especially regarding the use of this resin composite containing diatomite in semi-direct restorations. Aim: To evaluate in vitro the cure and bond strength between a resin composite containing diatomite and a bulk-fill resin composite after 24 hours and after 06 months of water storage. Materials and methods: Twenty-eight bovine incisors (n=28) were used to produce conical dentinal cavities (4,8 mm of larger diameter x 2,8 mm of smaller diameter x 4 mm of thickness) and C-factor of magnitude 3.1. These cavities were restored with Filtek™ One Bulk-Fill (BF) (3M ESPE) or Zirconfill® (ZF) (BM4) resin composites, through the semi-direct technique, using Scotchbond™ Universal (3M ESPE) adhesive system and Relyx™ Ultimate (3M ESPE) dual resin cement. The cure analysis was performed through bottom-to-top (B/T) ratio of vickers hardness, while bond strength (RU) was performed through the push-out test in a universal testing machine. The specimens were stored in distilled water at 37 ºC for 24 hours or 06 months, but only RU analyzed the specimens after 06 months aging. B/T and RU data were, respectively, submitted to one-way and two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with Tukey's post-test (p <0.05). Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the composite resins in B/T. For RU, the ZF composite resin showed higher values than the BF resin at both evaluated times. However, there was no statistically significant difference in resin composites over time. Conclusion: The resin composite containing diatomite showed promise when used in semi-direct restorations since it obtained similar or even superior results to bulk-fill resin composite (AU).

Animals , Zirconium , Polymerization , Diatomaceous Earth , Time Factors , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Analysis of Variance , Dental Restoration, Permanent , Hardness Tests
Revista Naval de Odontologia ; 49(2): 33-38, 21 out. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1410681


A principal desvantagem da zircônia convencional é sua alta opacidade. Dependendo de diversas condições, especialmente o conteúdo do estabilizador ítrio, é possível contornar essa questão. Em vista disso, várias gerações de zircônia estabilizada com ítrio foram desenvolvidas buscando aliar a robustez da zircônia com a estética das facetas em porcelana. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo realizar uma análise a respeito de como o aumento ou a redução do percentual de ítrio na composição das zircônias monolíticas podem influenciar em suas propriedades, sobretudo no que tange à translucidez. Este estudo foi executado através de uma revisão nas bases de dados SciELO, PubMed e Google Scholar, com artigos publicados entre 2013 e 2021.Desse modo, concluiu-se que o maior teor de Y2O3 tendeu a aumentar a quantidade de fase cúbica isotrópica presente e reduzir a quantidade de fase tetragonal birrefringente no ZrO2, juntamente com uma minimização da dispersão de luz por fases secundárias, levando ao aumento da translucidez e resistência ao envelhecimento. À medida que o óxido de ítrio aumenta, os tamanhos dos grãos de zircônia tendem a aumentar também. A tenacidade e a resistência à fratura podem ser consideravelmente sacrificadas.

Humans , Zirconium , Dental Materials , Ceramics , Dental Prosthesis
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365234


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the marginal adaptation of computer-aided designing and computer-aided machining (CAD/CAM) fabricated cobalt-chromium and zirconium-oxide-based ceramic crowns compared to those produced by a conventional method. Material and Methods The study consists of three groups; 45 crowns fabricated from cobalt-chromium (CAD-CoCr) and 45 crowns manufactured from zirconium CAD/CAM technology (CAD-Z), and 45 control (C) which consists of conventional metal-ceramic crowns. The marginal discrepancies in vertical dimensions were assessed utilizing a microscope in four surfaces (mesial, distal, vestibular, and oral) for each crown. On completion of the microscopic evaluation, multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to study the difference in the four surfaces, considered altogether. Two-way ANOVA revealed the effect of three systems used for gap measurements of each landmark. The differences observed were considered significant at p<0.05. Results There were no differences in the four surfaces revealed by АNOVА in the three groups when considered altogether. Two-way ANOVA of each surface discovered no differences among all groups as well. Conclusion The CAD/CAM crowns revealed a comparable and satisfactory marginal adaptation compared to conventional metal-ceramic crowns.

Zirconium , Chromium Alloys , Dental Prosthesis/instrumentation , Crowns , Dental Porcelain , In Vitro Techniques , Analysis of Variance , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Marginal Adaptation , India
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 31-39, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936109


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of porous surface morphology of zirconia on the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts.@*METHODS@#According to different manufacturing and pore-forming methods, the zirconia specimens were divided into 4 groups, including milled sintering group (M-Ctrl), milled porous group (M-Porous), 3D printed sintering group (3D-Ctrl) and 3D printed porous group (3D-Porous). The surface micromorphology, surface roughness, contact angle and surface elements of specimens in each group were detected by scanning electron microscope (SEM), 3D laser microscope, contact angle measuring device and energy-dispersion X-ray analysis, respectively. MC3T3-E1 cells were cultured on 4 groups of zirconia discs. The cell morphology of MC3T3-E1 cells on zirconia discs was eva-luated on 1 and 7 days by SEM. The cell proliferation was detected on 1, 3 and 5 days by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). After osteogenic induction for 14 days, the relative mRNA expression of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), type Ⅰ collagen (Colla1), Runt-related transcription factor-2 (Runx2) and osteocalcin (OCN) in MC3T3-E1 cells were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#The pore size [(419.72±6.99) μm] and pore depth [(560.38±8.55) μm] of 3D-Porous group were significantly larger than the pore size [(300.55±155.65) μm] and pore depth [(69.97±31.38) μm] of M-Porous group (P < 0.05). The surface of 3D-Porous group appeared with more regular round pores than that of M-Porous group. The contact angles of all the groups were less than 90°. The contact angles of 3D-Ctrl (73.83°±5.34°) and M-Porous group (72.7°±2.72°) were the largest, with no significant difference between them (P>0.05). Cells adhered inside the pores in M-Porous and 3D-Porous groups, and the proliferation activities of them were significantly higher than those of M-Ctrl and 3D-Ctrl groups after 3 and 5 days' culture (P < 0.05). After 14 days' incubation, ALP, Colla1, Runx2 and OCN mRNA expression in 3D-Porous groups were significantly lower than those of M-Ctrl and 3D-Ctrl groups (P < 0.05). Colla1, Runx2 and OCN mRNA expressions in M-Porous group were higher than those of 3D-Porous group (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The porous surface morphology of zirconia can promote the proliferation and adhesion but inhibit the differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells.

Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Ceramics , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Porosity , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 516-522, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935895


Objective: To evaluate the effects of pre-sintering heating rate and powder size on dental recycled zirconia. Methods: Recycled zirconia powders were sieved to obtain the large (50 μm<particle diameter≤125 μm) and small (particle diameter≤50 μm) particles, these powders were then formed into green bodies. According to the pre-sintering heating rates, the recycled-zirconia green bodies were divided into 3 groups: group A, pre-sintering heating rate of 2 ℃/min; group B, pre-sintering heating rate of 5 ℃/min; group C, pre-sintering heating rate of 8 ℃/min. The relative density open porosity and machinability of the recycled zirconia pre-sintered bodies were evaluated and compared with the commercial zirconia pre-sintered bodies. Zirconia pre-sintered bodies were then fully sintered according to the manufacturer's instructions. The relative density, open porosity, linear shrinkage and flexural strength of fully sintered zirconia were further compared. The microstructure of fracture surfaces and the crystalline structure were analyzed by scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffractometer, respectively. Results: With the same particle size, the recycled zirconia pre-sintered at different heating rates showed no significant differences in the relative densities, and the open porosities (P>0.05). When the pre-sintering heating rates were 2 ℃/min, 5 ℃/min, and 8 ℃/min, the flexural strengths of the large-particle recycled zirconia were (421.2±54.7), (444.2±70.1) and (427.5±68.4) MPa, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were (750.1±74.1), (777.2±95.5) and (746.7±73.0) MPa, respectively. The flexural strength of commercial zirconia was (988.4±129.8) MPa. The flexural strengths of the recycled zirconia were significantly lower than that of the commercial zirconia (P<0.05). At the same pre-sintering heating rate, the flexural strengths of the small-particle recycled zirconia were significantly higher than that of the large-particle recycled zirconia (P<0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the large particles, small-particle recycled zirconia powders can effectively improve the properties of recycled zirconia, while the pre-sintering heating rate has no effect on the properties of the recycled zirconia.

Ceramics , Dental Materials/chemistry , Heating , Materials Testing , Powders , Surface Properties , Yttrium , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 418-423, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935883


Zirconia is widely used in the field of dentistry because of its superior mechanical and esthetic characteristics. However, the tetragonal zirconia polycrystal restorations commonly used in clinics will degrade at low temperatures in the oral environment, resulting in increased surface roughness, microcracks, and decreased mechanical properties. Low-temperature degradation of zirconia can be affected by grain size, stress, stabilizer content and type, surface treatment, sintering conditions, and other factors. Through a literature review and analysis, this review summarizes the research progress on the low-temperature degradation of zirconia in prosthetic dentistry to provide references for the improvement of zirconia in clinical and research applications.

Ceramics , Dental Materials , Esthetics, Dental , Materials Testing , Prosthodontics , Surface Properties , Temperature , Yttrium/chemistry , Zirconium
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 272-279, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935861


Objective: To compare the clinical performance of posterior single implant-supported monolithic zirconia crowns fabricated by full digital workflow and that of those fabricated by conventional workflow. Methods: This is prospective clinical research. Thirty-five patients who participated in a previous study during August 2017 to October 2018 at Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology were included in this 3-year follow-up study. The 35 patients, 17 females and 18 males, aged (49.0±15.4) years (24-86 years old), was allocated into two groups. In the full digital workflow group, intraoral scanning was taken immediately after implant placement, and a full zirconia implant crown was fabricated using model-free computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) procedure (n=14). In the conventional group, a conventional impression was taken 3 months after implant placement and the stone model was produced. A full zirconia implant crown was fabricated using conventional model-based procedure (n=21). Three years following crown delivery, all the prostheses were evaluated in the aspect of color, surface roughness, contour and marginal integrity using modified US Public Health Service criteria (MUSPHS criteria). The soft and hard tissue around implant was evaluated using modified plaque index, probing depth (PD), number of implants with bleeding on probing, marginal bone loss (MBL). The biological and mechanical complication were also recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using independent samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher's exact test. Results: The total survival rate of prosthesis and implant was 100% (35/35). No significant difference in MUSPHS criteria ratings on color, surface roughness, contour and marginal integrity of these crowns were found between the full digital workflow group and the conventional group (P>0.05). Sixteen out of the 35 crowns had a contour score of B due to loss of interproximal contact. Ten out of the 35 crowns had the screw hole sealing resin sinking or falling off, four in the full digital workflow group and six in the conventional group. There was no significant difference in the rate of prostheses mechanical complications between the two groups (P=1.000). For all the implants, there was no significant difference in MBL, PD, the modified plaque index, and number of implants with bleeding on probing between the two groups (U=119.50,133.00,142.50, t=-0.53, P>0.05). Conclusions: The clinical performance of implant-supported posterior single monolithic zirconia crowns fabricated by full digital workflow was stable. There was no significant difference in the clinical performance of the single implant crowns between the full digital workflow group and the conventional group.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Crowns , Follow-Up Studies , Prospective Studies , United States , Workflow , Zirconium
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 229-234, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1293367


La caries de la infancia temprana, al igual que otras formas de caries, se caracteriza por ser multifactorial, infecciosa y de rápida evolución. Puede presentarse como lesiones cavitadas o no cavitadas, se diagnostica principalmente en menores de seis años en la superficies de los dientes anterosuperiores, debido a que son los primeros órganos dentales en erupcionar y tienen mayor contacto con el estímulo cariogénico. En casos severos pueden llegar a ocasionar la pérdida de órganos dentales, influyendo en la salud general del paciente y repercutiendo en su autoestima y desarrollo psicosocial. Para devolver las características y funciones perdidas en ausencia de algún órgano dental, se recurre a sustituirlo mediante aparatología, mayormente en forma de un mantenedor de espacio funcional. Las necesidades estéticas individuales de cada caso generan diversas alternativas para adaptarnos a la situación del paciente (AU))

Early childhood caries, like other forms of caries, is characterized by being multifactorial, infectious, and rapidly evolving. It can present as cavitated or uncavitated lesions, it is mainly diagnosed in children under six years of age on the surfaces of the anterior superior teeth, because they are the first dental organs to erupt and have greater contact with the cariogenic stimulus. In severe cases they can cause the loss of dental organs, influencing the general health of the patient and impacting on their self-esteem and psychosocial development. In order to restore the lost features and functions in the absence of any dental organ, it is resorted to by means of appliances, mostly in the form of a functional space maintainer. The individual aesthetic needs of each case generate various alternatives to adapt to the patient's situation (AU)

Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Space Maintenance, Orthodontic/methods , Zirconium , Crowns , Dental Caries/therapy , Tooth, Deciduous/injuries , Mexico
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 56-64, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345501


Abstract It aims on evaluate the effect of the test environment on static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based (LD), and yttrium oxide-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics. Specimens of LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) and YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3 mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) were randomly allocated into three groups: tested in air, inert (paraffin oil, Sigma Aldrich) or distilled water. The static fatigue test (n=15) was performed using a piston-on-three ball assembly, adapted from ISO 6872, as follows: starting load 100 N for LD and 300 N for YSZ; loading application time set to 1 hour for each loading step; step size of 50 N for LD and 100 N for YSZ, applied successively until fracture. Data from static fatigue strength (MPa) and time to fracture (hours) were recorded. Fractographic analysis was executed. Survival analysis corroborates absence of influence of environment on static fatigue outcomes (fatigue strength, time to fracture and survival rates) for YSZ. For LD, specimens tested in air presented statistically superior survival rate and static fatigue strength (p= 0.025). In regards of time to fracture, LD tested in air were superior than when tested in distilled water (p=0.019) or inert (p=0.017) environments. No statistical differences for Weibull modulus were observed. Failures started on the tensile stress surface. Thus, the test environment did not affect slow crack growth (SCG) mechanisms during static fatigue test of YSZ ceramics, but it plays a significant role for the static fatigue behavior of lithium disilicate-based glass ceramics, indicating a high susceptibility to SCG.

Resumo O presente estudo objetivou investigar a influência do ambiente de teste no comportamento a fadiga estática (resistência à fratura e tempo para falha) de cerâmicas à base de dissilicato de lítio (LD) e zircônia estabilizada com ítria (YSZ). Espécimes de LD (IPS e.max CAD, Ivoclar Vivadent) e YSZ (IPS e.max ZirCAD MO, 3mol% Y2O3, Ivoclar Vivadent) foram obtidos e alocados aleatoriamente em três grupos: testado em ar, em líquido inerte (óleo de parafina) ou em água destilada. O teste de fadiga estática (n= 15) foi realizado usando o teste pistão sobre três esferas, ISO 6872, da seguinte forma: carga inicial 100 N para LD e 300 N para YSZ; tempo de aplicação de carregamento definido para 1 hora para cada etapa de carregamento; tamanho do passo de 50 N para LD e 100 N para YSZ, aplicados sucessivamente até a fratura. Dados de resistência à fadiga estática (MPa) e tempo até a fratura (horas) foram registrados. A análise fractográfica foi executada. A análise de sobrevivência corrobora a ausência de influência do ambiente de teste nos resultados de fadiga estática (resistência à fadiga, tempo de fratura e taxas de sobrevivência) para a YSZ. Para LD, os corpos de prova testados em ar apresentaram taxa de sobrevivência e resistência à fadiga estática estatisticamente superiores (p= 0,025). Em relação ao tempo de fratura, os espécimes LD testados em ar foram superiores aos testados em água destilada (p= 0,019) ou em ambiente inerte (p= 0,017). Não foram observadas diferenças estatísticas para o módulo de Weibull. Todas as falhas começaram no lado onde se concentra a tensão de tração (lado de baixo) durante o teste. Com base nisso, observa-se que o ambiente de teste não afetou os mecanismos de crescimento lento de trinca durante o teste de fadiga estática da cerâmica YSZ, mas desempenha um papel significativo na resistência à fadiga estática da cerâmica de vidro à base de dissilicato de lítio, indicando alta susceptibilidade ao crescimento lento e subcrítico de trincas.

Ceramics , Dental Porcelain , Surface Properties , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Stress Analysis , Glass
Braz. dent. j ; 32(3): 44-55, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345505


Abstract In the RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), veneering ceramic and framework are fabricated by computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) and then cemented to obtain the restoration. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the thickness of veneering ceramic manufactured by the RLT technique on the fracture resistance (FR) of bilayer crowns with zirconia frameworks. Twenty zirconia frameworks and twenty feldspathic posterior crowns with two different veneering ceramic occlusal thicknesses (1mm=TF1; 2mm=TF2) were manufactured using CAD/CAM system. The specimens were luted to an epoxy resin abutment with resin cement and mechanically cycled (200N and 4.5×105 Pa, 37°C, 2×106 cycles, 3Hz). The FR test was performed (10kN, 0.5mm/min), and the specimens were analyzed in a stereomicroscope. For the stress analysis (finite element analysis, FEA), a 10kN load was equal to the in vitro test, and the principal stress was evaluated. The FR data were analyzed by Student's t-test and Weibull's analysis. The thickness influenced the FR of bilayer crowns. The FR was higher in the TF2 than in the TF1 group. The TF2 group presented the highest characteristic strength compared to the group TF1. The predominant type of failure was delamination. The FEA showed higher stress concentrations below the loading application point at the veneering cement interface in the 1-mm-thick model. The bilayer crowns manufactured using the approach of 2mm of veneering ceramic promoted higher FR compared to the group with 1mm veneering ceramic. Also, the FEA showed that the veneer ceramic thickness has an effect on stress distribution in zirconia-based bilayer crowns.

Resumo Na RLT (Rapid Layer Technology), a cerâmica de cobertura e infraestrutura são fabricados pelo Computer-Aided Design / Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAD / CAM) e cimentados para obter a restauração. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito da espessura da cerâmica de cobertura fabricada pela técnica RLT na resistência à fratura (RF) de coroas bilaminadas com infraestrutura de zircônia. Vinte infraestruturas de zircônia e vinte coroas posteriores feldspáticas com duas espessuras oclusais da cerâmica de cobertura (1mm = TF1; 2mm = TF2) foram fabricadas usando o sistema CAD / CAM. Os espécimes foram cimentados em preparos de resina epóxi com cimento resinoso dual e ciclados mecanicamente (200N e 4,5×105 Pa, 37° C, 2×106 ciclos, 3Hz). O teste de RF foi realizado (10kN, 0,5mm / min) e, posteriormente, os espécimes foram analisados em estereomicroscópio. Para a análise de tensão (análise de elementos finitos, FEA), uma carga de 10kN foi aplicada igual ao teste in vitro, e a tensão principal foi avaliada. Os dados de RF foram analisados pelo teste t de Student e análise de Weibull. A espessura mostrou forte influência na RF das coroas bilaminadas. A RF foi maior em TF2 do que no grupo TF1. O grupo TF2 apresentou a maior resistência característica em relação ao grupo TF1. O tipo de falha predominante foi a delaminação. O FEA mostrou maiores concentrações de tensões abaixo do ponto de aplicação da carga, na interface cimento e cerâmica de cobertura no modelo de coroa de 1 mm de espessura. As coroas de bilaminadas confeccionadas com 2 mm de cerâmica de cobertura promoveram maior RF em comparação ao grupo com cerâmica de cobertura de 1 mm. Além disso, a FEA mostrou que a espessura da cerâmica de cobertura tem um efeito na distribuição de tensões em coroas bilaminadas à base de zircônia.

Humans , Dental Porcelain , Dental Veneers , Technology , Zirconium , Materials Testing , Ceramics , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Restoration Failure , Crowns , Dental Stress Analysis
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Porto Alegre (Online) ; 62(1): 82-89, jan.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1443694


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo é fornecer ao cirurgião-dentista conhecimento sobre aspectos gerais da zircônia e abordar a introdução das diferentes gerações. Materiais e métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa eletrônica da literatura atual em inglês, incluindo artigos científicos publicados até 2019. Resultados: De acordo com os artigos selecionados, diferenças importantes foram encontradas em relação as novas composições da zircônia, sua microestrutura, diferenças no conteúdo da fase cúbica, e de ítria na fase tetragonal, levando a diferentes propriedades ópticas, mecânicas e de resistência ao envelhecimento. Conclusão: A zircônia é o material mais resistente disponível entre as cerâmicas, com diferenças mecânicas e ópticas entre os materiais disponíveis. A introdução das coroas monolíticas resolveu o problema de lascamento da porcelana de cobertura, mas foram necessárias modificações estruturais para fornecer adequada translucidez.

Purpose: This study aims to provide knowledge to clinicians about general aspects of zirconia and to approach the introduction of different zirconia generations. Methods:An electronic search of the English current literature was conducted including scientific articles published up to 2019. Results: According to the selected articles, important differences were found in terms of the novel compositions of zirconia, microstructures among the materials, differences in cubic phase content and yttria in the tetragonal phase, leading to different optical, mechanical and aging resistance properties. Conclusion: Zirconia is the most resistant material available among ceramics with mechanical and optical differences on available materials. The introduction of the monolithic crowns solving the veneering delamination but struc-tural modifications were necessary to provide adequate translucency

Zirconium/analysis , Zirconium/therapeutic use
Rev. Fundac. Juan Jose Carraro ; 24(44): 10-19, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223003


La percepción hacia el alcance de la excelencia estética se traduce especialmente en saber interpretar y satisfacer los deseos del paciente, empleándose para eso, todos los conocimientos disponibles en la literatura científica. La utilización de carillas, coronas cerámicas o de Circonio pueden representar un tratamiento, predecible y confiable, cuando las condiciones, básicas de salud se encuentran ya resueltas. Una de estas condiciones, se refiere a un marco de salud Periodontal, con contornos gingivales estéticos y naturales. En algunos casos, donde esto no sucede, la microcirugía estética puede ser un recurso práctico y predecible. A su vez la evidencia científica nos ofrece parámetros para guiarnos y así alcanzar un correcto diagnóstico, planeamiento seguro, técnica adecuada y la utilización del material más indicado para cada situación clínica. La subjetividad estética puede estar escondida entre líneas en la ciencia. Con ésta recopilación acompañado con la ejemplificación de los casos clínicos desarrollados, intentaremos aproximarnos a la excelencia (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Zirconium , Ceramics , Crowns , Esthetics, Dental , Microsurgery , Patient Care Planning , Electrosurgery , Evidence-Based Dentistry , Gingival Recession/therapy
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(5): e212118, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345936


ABSTRACT Introduction: Various surface pre-treatment methods have been adapted to optimize the bonding between the zirconia ceramics and the orthodontic brackets. Objective: This review is aimed at systematically analyzing the relevant data available in the literature, to find out the most effective and durable bonding protocol. Methods: Database search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, and ScienceDirect, during September 2020. The review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. Results: Based on the inclusion criteria, 19 articles were selected for qualitative analysis. Meta-analysis could not be performed due to the heterogeneity of the methodology among the studies. Most of the studies scored medium risk of bias. Compared to the untreated surface, surface pretreatments like sandblasting and lasers were advantageous. Primers and universal adhesive were mostly used as an adjunct to the mechanical pretreatment of the zirconia surface. In most studies, thermocycling seemed to lower the shear bond strength (SBS) of the orthodontic brackets. Conclusion: Based on this qualitative review, surface pretreatments with lasers and sandblasting can be suggested to optimize the bracket bond strength. To clarify this finding, meta-analysis is anticipated. Hence, high heterogeneity of the included studies demands standardization of the methodology.

RESUMO Introdução: Diferentes métodos de pré-tratamento da superfície foram adaptados para otimizar a colagem entre os braquetes ortodônticos e as cerâmicas de zircônia. Objetivo: A presente revisão teve como objetivo analisar, de forma sistemática, os dados relevantes na literatura, para buscar o protocolo de colagem mais efetivo e duradouro. Métodos: As buscas foram feitas em setembro de 2020, nas seguintes bases de dados: PubMed, Scopus e ScienceDirect. A revisão foi feita de acordo com as diretrizes do PRISMA. Resultados: Com base nos critérios de inclusão, 19 artigos foram selecionados para análise qualitativa. A metanálise não pôde ser feita, devido à heterogeneidade na metodologia dos estudos incluídos. A maior parte dos estudos apresentou risco de viés moderado. Comparadas às superfícies não tratadas, as superfícies com pré-tratamento usando jateamento ou laser apresentaram vantagem. Primers e adesivos universais foram mais usados como adjuntos ao pré-tratamento mecânico da superfície de zircônia. Na maioria dos estudos, a termociclagem parece ter reduzido a resistência ao cisalhamento dos braquetes ortodônticos. Conclusões: Com base nessa revisão qualitativa, os pré-tratamentos de superfície com laser e jateamento podem ser sugeridos para otimizar a resistência ao cisalhamento dos braquetes. Para esclarecer esse achado, uma metanálise é necessária. Para isso, faz-se necessária a padronização da metodologia, para lidar com a alta heterogeneidade dos estudos incluídos.

Orthodontic Brackets , Zirconium , Ceramics/chemistry , Shear Strength
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(4): 1-10, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1293129


Objective: The purpose of this in vitro study is to evaluate the effect of four finish line configurations and two cement types on the fracture resistance of zirconia copings. Material and Methods: Forty yttrium tetragonal zirconia polycrystals copings were manufactured on epoxy resin dies with four preparation designs: knife edge, chamfer, deep chamfer 0.5, 1 mm and shoulder 1 mm. The copings were cemented with two cement types (glass ionomer and resin cement); (n = 5). Two strain gauges were attached on each coping before they were vertically loaded till fracture with a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed by 2-way analysis of variance ANOVA (p < .05). Fractured specimens were examined for mode of failure with digital microscope. Results: Knife edge showed the highest mean fracture resistance (987.04 ± 94.18) followed by Chamfer (883.28 ± 205.42) followed by Shoulder (828.64 ± 227.79) and finally Deep chamfer finish line (767.66 ± 207.09) with no statistically significant difference. Resin cemented copings had higher mean Fracture resistance (911.76 ± 167.95) than glass ionomer cemented copings (821.55 ± 224.24) with no statistically significant difference. Knife edge had the highest strain mean values on the buccal (374.04 ± 195.43) and lingual (235.80 ± 103.46) surface. Shoulder finish line showed the lowest mean strain values on the buccal (127.47 ± 40.32) and lingual (68.35 ± 80.68) with no statistically significant difference. Resin cemented copings had higher buccal (295.05 ± 167.92) and lingual (197.38 ± 99.85) mean strain values than glass ionomer copings (149.14 ± 60.94) and (90.27 ± 55.62) with no statistically significant difference. Conclusion: Vertical knife edge finish line is a promising alternative and either adhesive or conventional cementation can be used with zirconia copings (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo in vitro é avaliar o efeito de quatro configurações de términos cervicais e dois tipos de cimentos na resistência à fratura de copings de zircônia. Material e Métodos: Quarenta copings de zircônia tetragonal policristalina estabilizada por ítrio foram confeccionados em matrizes de resina epóxi com quatro tipos de términos cervicais: lâmina de faca, chanfro, chanfro largo 0,5, 1 mm e ombro 1 mm. Os copings foram cimentados com dois tipos de cimento (ionômero de vidro e cimento resinoso); (n = 5). Dois extensômetros foram fixados em cada coping antes de serem carregados verticalmente até a fratura com uma máquina de teste universal. Os dados foram analisados por análise de variância ANOVA 2 fatores (p < 0,05). Os espécimes fraturados foram examinados quanto ao modo de falha com microscópio digital. Resultados: A Lâmina de faca apresentou a maior média de resistência à fratura (987,04 ± 94,18) seguida pelo Chanfro (883,28 ± 205,42), pelo Ombro (828,64 ± 227,79) e finalmente o Chanfro largo (767,66 ± 207,09), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. Os copings cimentados com cimento resinoso apresentaram maior média de resistência à fratura (911,76 ± 167,95) em relação aos copings cimentados com ionômero de vidro (821,55 ± 224,24), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. A lâmina de faca apresentou os maiores valores médios de deformação na superfície vestibular (374,04 ± 195,43) e lingual (235,80 ± 103,46). O término em ombro apresentou os menores valores médios de deformação na superfície vestibular (127,47 ± 40,32) e lingual (68,35 ± 80,68), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. Os copings cimentados com resina apresentaram maiores valores médios de deformação na superfície vestibular (295,05 ± 167,92) e lingual (197,38 ± 99,85) do que os copings cimentados com ionômero de vidro (149,14 ± 60,94) e (90,27 ± 55,62), sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. Conclusão: O término cervical em lâmina de faca é uma alternativa promissora e a cimentação adesiva ou convencional pode ser usada na cimentação de copings de zircônia. (AU)

Prosthodontics , Zirconium , Cementation , Tooth Preparation , Flexural Strength
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 70 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1359883


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a resistência à fadiga e ciclos até a falha de 3 zircônias odontológicas após envelhecimento hidrotérmico isolado e um novo protocolo alternado. Discos de zircônia "Y"Z T (VITA), INCORIS "T"ZI (Dentsply Sirona) e "K"ATANA UTML (Noritake Kuraray) (N=135) ­ 1ª, 2ª e 3ª gerações, respectivamente ­, foram divididos em 9 grupos (n=15), com 3 tratamentos para cada zircônia: CF ­ Controle, somente com fadiga mecânica; EF ­ Envelhecido em reator hidrotérmico a 134 ºC por 20 h + Fadiga; EFA: 4 passos de envelhecimentos de 5h alternados com fadiga. O teste de fadiga em flexão biaxial foi realizado com configuração de pistão sob 3 esferas, utilizando o método step-stress (carga inicial: 100 Mpa, step: 50 MPa/10.000 ciclos, frequência: 20 Hz). Os dados foram analisados através de teste Kaplan-Meir e Mantel-Cox com α=0,05, além da análise de Weibull. Discos fraturados foram analisados em estereomicroscópio, Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV) e Difratômetro de Raios-X (DRX). O envelhecimento isolado com fadiga aumentou a resistência do grupo TEF (810 ± 76 MPa), enquanto diminuiu a do YEF (516 ± 38 MPa), o protocolo alternado aumentou a resistência apenas para a YZ T (730 ± 59 MPa). A KATANA UMTL não apresentou diferenças para ambos os tratamentos. Igualmente, foi a única a não sofrer transformação de fase T-M. O grupo TEF apresentou maior taxa sobrevivência à fadiga (147,000.00 ciclos). A origem de fratura para todos os espécimes deu-se no lado de tração em defeitos pré-existentes. Zircônias de 2ª geração possuem melhor comportamento mecânico e longevidade pós-envelhecimento e fadiga. Embora seja menos resistente, a KATANA UTML não sofreu degradação

This study aimed to evaluate the fatigue strength and cycles for failure of 3 dental zirconias after isolated and a novel hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue cycling aging protocol. "Y"Z T (VITA), INCORIS "T"ZI (Dentsply Sirona) and "K"ATANA UTML (Noritake Kuraray) zirconia discs (N=135), were divided into 9 groups (n=15), according to 3 proposed treatments for each zirconia: CF (control ­ only mechanical fatigue cycling); AF (aging in hydrothermal reactor at 134°C for 20 h + mechanical fatigue cycling ); AFA (Alternating protocol: 4 steps of 5 h of hydrothermal aging intercalated with mechanical fatigue cycling). Mechanical fatigue aging was performed according to the step stress approach through biaxial flexural setup (piston-on-3-balls, initial strength: 100 MPa, step: 50 MPa/ci000, frequency: 20 Hz) until failure. Data were analyzed using KaplanMeier and Mantel-Cox test (α=0.05), in addition to Weibull analysis. Fractured discs were analyzed in stereomicroscope, Scanning Electron Microscopy and XRay Diffraction. Continuous hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue cycling decreased the fatigue strength of YAF group (516 ± 38 MPa), while the alternating protocol increased it (730 ± 59 MPa). KATANA UTML showed no differences for both treatments and did not undergo T-M phase transformation. The TAF group showed the highest fatigue strength (810 ± 76 MPa) and cycles for failure (147,000.00 cycles). The fracture origin for all specimens was on the tensile side in pre-existing defects. INCORIS TZI zirconia have higher fatigue strength after hydrothermal and mechanical fatigue aging. Although less resistant, KATANA UTML did not suffer chemical degradation

Tensile Strength , Zirconium/chemistry , Materials Testing , Ceramics , X-Ray Diffraction , Biocompatible Materials/analysis , Microscopy, Electrochemical, Scanning
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 75 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362274


Este estudo avaliou a resistência à fadiga cíclica de estruturas em forma de disco cerâmico multicamada de configuração tradicional (T) e bionispirado em macroescala (B), cimentadas de forma adesiva ao substrato analógo à dentina. As amostras foram produzidas com zircônia (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 0,5 mm) e cerâmica feldspática (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm) e foram unidas com três técnicas diferentes (n = 15): Injeção (inj); com vidro de fusão Crystal Connect (cv) e técnica cimentada (cim). Para a configuração tradicional a zircônia foi a infraestrura sobre qual a cerâmica feldspática foi aderida. Para os bioinspirados, a zircônia foi a supraestrutura e a cerâmica feldspática foi a infraestrutura. Os discos foram cimentados em resina G-10 (Ø = 10 mm, espessura = 1,5 mm). As amostras foram testadas sob a abordagem de fadiga cíclica até apresentar alguma trinca observada por transluminação. O método stepwise: 20 Hz, seguidos por etapas incrementais de 200 N a cada 10 x 103ciclos, com carga inicial de 600 N até 2600 N com pistão de 40 mm de diâmetro e célula de carga de 5 KN (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, EUA). Todas as amostras foram analisadas estereomicroscópio para determinar o tipo de falha e uma amostra representativa de cada grupo foi analisada no microscópio eletrônico de varredura (MEV). As configurações bioinspiradas testadas foram estatisticamente semelhantes (p > 0,05) e não aumentaram a sobrevivência à fadiga das estruturas comparadas com a técnica tradicional. A bioinspiração apresentou predominantemente trincas radias e únicas. A gradação do modulo elástico em macroescala e a configuração das estruturas. A utilização do conector vítreo se mostro favorável para diminuir das trincas no material análogo á dentina.

This study evaluated the cyclic fatigue resistance of multilayer ceramic discshaped structures of traditional configuration (T) and macroscale bionispirate (B), cemented adhesively to the substrate analogic to dentin. The samples were produced with zirconia (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 0.5 mm) and feldspar ceramics (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm) and were joined with three different techniques (n = 15): Injection (inj); with Crystal Connect melting glass (cv) and cemented technique (Cim). For the traditional configuration zirconia was the infraestrura on which the feldspathic ceramic was adhered. For the bioinspired, zirconia was the superstructure, and feldspathic ceramics was the infrastructure. The discs were cemented in G-10 resin (Ø = 10 mm, thickness = 1.5 mm). The samples were tested under the cyclic fatigue approach until some crack was observed by translumination. The stepwise method: 20 Hz, followed by incremental steps of 200 N every 10 x 103 cycles, with initial charge from 600 N to 2600 N (40 mm diameter piston) and 5 KN load cell (Instron Electropuls E 3000, Instron, Glenview, IL, USA). All samples were analyzed stereomicroscopically to determine the type of failure and a representative sample of each group was analyzed in the scanning electron microscope (SEM). The bioinspired configurations tested were statistically similar (p > 0.05) and did not increase the fatigue survival of the structures compared to the traditional technique. The bioinspiration presented predominantly radial and unique cracks. The use of the vitreous connector was favorable to decrease the cracks in the analogous dentin material.

Zirconium/chemistry , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Survival Analysis , Shear Strength
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 576-581, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921377


OBJECTIVES@#This study was performed to investigate the microstructure and mechanical properties of dental zirconia manufactured by digital light processing (DLP) 3D printing and the clinical application prospects of this material.@*METHODS@#The experiment (DLP) group was zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing, and the control (MILL) group was milled zirconia. The density, grain size, and phase composition were measured to study the microstructure. Flexural strength was measured by using three-point bending tests, while Vickers hardness was determined through a Vickers hardness tester. Fracture toughness was tested using the single-edge V-notched beam method.@*RESULTS@#Zirconia density of the DLP group was (6.019 8±0.021 3) g·cm@*CONCLUSIONS@#Zirconia manufactured by DLP 3D printing had microstructure and mechanical properties similar to those of the milled zirconia. Only the flexural strength and the Vickers hardness of the experimental zirconia were slightly lower than those of the milled zirconia. Therefore, DLP-manufactured zirconia has a promising future for clinical use.

Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Zirconium
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 770-775, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942251


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of femtosecond laser treated microgrooved surface on microscopic topography, phase transformation, and three-points flexural strength of zirconia, and to provide reference for surface microstructure optimization of zirconia implant.@*METHODS@#According to different surface treatment methods, 57 computer aided design/computer aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) zirconia bars (20.0 mm×4.0 mm×1.4 mm) were evenly divided into three groups: sintered group, no treatment after sintering, taken as control; sandblasted group, sandblasted with 110 μm aluminium oxide (Al2O3) after sintering; microgrooved group, femtosecond laser fabricated microgrooves with 50 μm width, 30 μm depth, and 100 μm pitch. Surface microscopic topography was observed with scanning electron microscope (SEM) and 3D laser microscope. Further, surface roughness in each group and microgroove size were measured. Crystal phase was analyzed with X-ray diffraction. Specimens were subjected to three- points flexural strength test, and Weibull distribution was used to analyze their strength characteristics.@*RESULTS@#SEM showed that sintered surface was flat with clear grain structure; sandblasted surface exihibited bumps and holes with sharp margins and irregular shape; microgrooves were regularly aligned without evident defect, and nano-scale particles were observed on the surface inside of the microgrooves. Ra value of microgrooved group [(9.42±0.28)] μm was significantly higher than that of sandblasted group [(1.04±0.03) μm] and sintered group [(0.60±0.04) μm], and there was statistical difference between sandblasted group and sintered group (P < 0.001). The microgroove size was precise with (49.75±1.24) μm width, (30.85±1.02) μm depth, and (100.58±1.94) μm pitch. Crystal phase analysis showed that monoclinic volume fraction of sandblasted group (18.17%) was much higher than that of sintered group (1.55%), while microgrooved group (2.21%) was similar with sintered group. The flexural strength of sandblasted group (986.22±163.25) MPa had no statistical difference with that of sintered group (946.46±134.15) MPa (P=0.847), but the strength in microgrooved group (547.92±30.89) MPa dropped significantly compared with the other two groups (P < 0.001). Weibull modulus of sintered, sandblasted, microgrooved groups were 7.89, 6.98, and 23.46, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Femtosecond laser was able to form micro/nanostructured microgrooves on zirconia surface, which deleteriously affected the flexural strength of zirconia.

Humans , Ceramics , Dental Materials , Flexural Strength , Lasers , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Surface Properties , Yttrium , Zirconium