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1.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e18628, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364417

ABSTRACT

Abstract Degenerative diseases diabetes and oxidative stress constitute a major health concern worldwide. Medicinal plants are expected to provide effective and affordable remedies. The present research explored antidiabetic and antioxidant potential of extracts of Carissa opaca roots. Methanolic extract (ME) was prepared through maceration. Its fractions were obtained, sequentially, in hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol. An aqueous decoction (AD) of the finely ground roots was obtained by boiling in distilled water. The leftover biomass with methanol was boiled in water to obtain biomass aqueous decoction (BAD). The extracts and fractions showed considerable porcine pancreatic α-amylase inhibitory activity with IC50 in the range of 5.38-7.12 mg/mL while acarbose had 0.31 mg/mL. The iron chelating activity in terms of EC50 was 0.2939, 0.3429, 0.1876, and 0.1099 mg/mL for AD, BAD, ME, and EDTA, respectively. The EC50 of beta-carotene bleaching activity for AD, BAD, ME, and standard BHA were 4.10, 4.71, 3.48, and 2.79 mg/mL, respectively. The total phenolic content (TPC) and total flavonoid content (TFC) of AD and BAD were also considerable. In general, ethyl acetate fraction proved to be the most potent. Thus, the C. opaca roots had excellent antioxidant activity while having moderate α-amylase inhibitory potentia


Subject(s)
Plants, Medicinal/adverse effects , Plant Extracts/analysis , Iron Chelating Agents/analysis , beta Carotene/analysis , Apocynaceae/classification , Disease , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants
2.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 64: e21200071, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278445

ABSTRACT

Abstract Composting of domestic residues to replace cattle manure was evaluated as a fertilization option for the cherry tomato crop. Two sources of organic compounds (CO) were used to prepare compost piles: Domestic residues (DR) and bovine manure (BM), used in 5 proportions (CO1 = 15% DR + 15% BM, CO2 = 10% DR + 20% BM, CO3 = 20% DR + 10% BM, CO4 = 30% BM (control) and CO5 = 30% DR). To compost the compost piles, the organic waste (carbon source) was mixed with remnants of tree pruning (filler) from the urban cleaning service in a ratio of 1: 3. After 90 days, the compost from each matured pile was mixed with 1: 1 coconut fiber substrate and filled into 15 L plastic bags where the cherry tomato plants were grown. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse using the experimental design of randomized blocks with 5 treatments and 5 replicates (6 fruits per sample). The organic fertilization in the proportions of manure and food residue did not provide statistically significant differences in soluble solids, total sugars, lycopene, β-carotene and micronutrients Zn, Fe, N and P in cherry tomato fruits. Fertilization with CO1 and CO2 increased AT, Mn and decreased the SS / AT, K and Ca ratio. There was no nutritional deficiency of tomatoes in any of the proportions of the organic residues studied.


Subject(s)
Lycopersicon esculentum , beta Carotene , Fertilization , Minerals , Manure
3.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190184, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132268

ABSTRACT

Abstract Nanoparticles demonstrate an important role in the protection of bioactive compounds from external factors such as temperature, oxygen and light. In this study, poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) nanoparticles entrapped β-carotene was produced using the nanoprecipitation method. Firstly, was evaluated the lipophilic surfactant effect and carrier agent of the active compound in the nanocapsules formulation. After choosing the most stable formulation, the nanocapsules production was optimized using β-carotene, caprylic/capric triglycerides (CCT) and soybean lecithin. Response surface methodology (RSM) was adopted to evaluate the influence of soy lecithin concentration, volume of CCT and β-carotene concentration in the particle size, zeta potential, polydispersity index (PDI), encapsulation efficiency and recovery. Formulations containing soy lecithin and CCT demonstrated better stability comparing to the other formulations tested. The nanoparticle formulations presented an optimized particle size below 200 nm, PDI lower than 0.1 and encapsulation efficiency above 95%. Based on the results obtained, the optimum conditions to prepare PCL nanocapsules were 0.2160 mg/mL of β-carotene, 232.42 μL of CCT and 2.59 mg/mL of soy lecithin, suggesting an applicability to promote controlled released of β-carotene in food system.


Subject(s)
Caproates , beta Carotene , Nanotechnology/methods , Nanocapsules , Lactones , Chemical Precipitation , Bioreactors , Process Optimization
4.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(6): 488-498, dic. 28, 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224476

ABSTRACT

Objectives: A systematic review was conducted to evaluate effectiveness and safety of beta carotenes for the treatment of oral leukoplakia regarding clinical resolution and prevention of malignant transformation. Material and Methods: The systematic search was conducted in three electronic databases and the study's selection was performed according to pre-set eligibility criteria. Four studies evaluating the efficacy of beta carotenes in oral leukoplakia compared to placebo were included in the review; three of which were assigned for quantitative analysis. Data were extracted, tabulated, quality assessed and statistically analyzed. Results: The meta-analysis revealed that when comparing clinical resolution the beta carotene group favored was favored compared to placebo, with statistically significant difference. However, a meta-analysis comparing beta carotene and placebo groups regarding malignant transformation as a primary outcome failed to show any significant benefit. Furthermore, results showed evidence of beta carotene safety. Conclusion: the overall quality of evidence about efficacy of beta carotene in oral leukoplakia treatment was not high. However, given the obvious safety of this agent, data suggests it could have a promising effect in clinical improvement of oral leukoplakia lesions. However, no evidence supporting its benefits in reducing risk of malignant transformation in these lesions was found. Therefore, further long term, well designed randomized clinical trials are highly recommended.


Objetivos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática para evaluar la efectividad y la seguridad de los betacarotenos para el tratamiento de la leucoplasia oral en relación con la resolución clínica y la prevención de la transformación maligna. Material y Métodos: la búsqueda sistemática se realizó en tres bases de datos electrónicas y la selección del estudio se realizó de acuerdo con los criterios de elegibilidad preestablecidos. En la revisión se incluyeron cuatro estudios que evaluaban la eficacia de los betacarotenos en la leucoplasia oral en comparación con el placebo; tres de los cuales fueron asignados para el análisis cuantitativo. Los datos fueron extraídos, tabulados, su calidad evaluada y analizados estadísticamente. Resultados: El metanálisis reveló que al comparar la resolución clínica, el grupo de betacaroteno fue favorecido en comparación con el placebo, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa. Sin embargo, un metaanálisis que comparó los grupos de betacaroteno y placebo con respecto a la transformación maligna como resultado primario no mostró ningún beneficio significativo. Además, los resultados mostraron evidencia de seguridad de betacaroteno. Conclusión: La calidad general de la evidencia sobre la eficacia del betacaroteno en el tratamiento de la leucoplasia oral no es alta. Sin embargo, dada la obvia seguridad de este agente, los datos sugieren que podría tener un efecto prometedor en la mejora clínica de las lesiones de leucoplasia oral. Sin embargo, no se encontraron pruebas que respalden sus beneficios en la reducción del riesgo de transformación maligna en estas lesiones. Por lo tanto, se recomiendan ensayos clínicos aleatorios bien diseñados a largo plazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral/drug therapy , Carotenoids/therapeutic use , beta Carotene/therapeutic use , Precancerous Conditions , Mouth Neoplasms/drug therapy
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(5): 502-504, oct. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054971

ABSTRACT

La carotenemia es, en general, benigna y suele ser causada por la ingesta excesiva de alimentos ricos en betacaroteno. Su presentación clínica puede ocurrir a cualquier edad, pero es frecuente en los niños. En este artículo, describimos un caso raro de carotenemia con afectación nasal aislada con el objetivo de recordar la presencia de carotenemia en el diagnóstico diferencial de ictericia. A menudo, la carotenemia se reconoce fácilmente y la manejan los médicos de familia y los pediatras, que podrían participar potencialmente en el tratamiento de estos casos. También es importante conocer y reconocer la carotenemia para informar a las familias y evitar la realización de pruebas innecesarias.


Carotenemia is generally benign and usually caused by excessive intake of beta-carotene rich food. This clinical presentation can occur in any age group but frequently occurs in children. We report a rare case of carotenemia with an isolated involvement of the nose and presented in order to remind carotenemia in the differential diagnosis of jaundice. Carotenemia is often easily recognized and dealt with by family medicine and pediatricians who may potentially get involved in the management of these cases. It is also important to know and recognize carotenemia in terms of informing families and preventing unnecessary tests.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , beta Carotene , Vegetables , Vitamin A , Nose/abnormalities , Diagnosis, Differential , Fruit , Jaundice
6.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 35(3): 723-731, may./jun. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048630

ABSTRACT

Most sweet potato genotypes marketed in Brazil have white, yellow or cream pulp color with negligible carotenoid contents. The use of beta-carotene rich sweet potato materials may contribute to improve people welfare, especially those at critical nutritional conditions. The yield-related traits and marketable tuber quality of 10 beta-carotene biofortified (or not) sweet potato genotypes were assessed in a Brazilian Cerrado area. Differences for all traits were found, with some materials prevailing. However, four of them (CNPH 1190, CNPH 1206, CNPH 1210 and CNPH 1310) showed good adaptability. CNPH 1210 had the highest yield (52.21 ton ha-1), 4.28 times higher than the Brazilian sweet potato average yield. CNPH 1210 and CNPH 1310 had the highest tuber numbers and the most preferred mass class for consumers, and therefore, they furnished the best marketable genotypes. Nevertheless, the materials CNPH 1210 and CNPH 1310 (both orange-fleshed sweet potatoes) stood out for tuber market quality. Our results may stimulate organized civil society efforts to improve the production and consumption of beta-carotene-rich sweet potato materials in municipalities in the Brazilian Cerrado.


A maioria dos genótipos de batata-doce comercializados no Brasil tem cor de polpa branca, amarela ou creme, com conteúdo desprezível de carotenóides. O uso de materiais de batata-doce ricos em beta-caroteno pode contribuir para melhorar o bem-estar das pessoas, especialmente aquelas em condições nutricionais críticas. Características relacionadas ao rendimento e a qualidade comercial dos tubérculos de 10 genótipos de batata-doce biofortificada (ou não) com beta-caroteno foram avaliadas em uma área do Cerrado brasileiro. Diferenças para todas as características foram encontradas, com alguns materiais predominantes. No entanto, quatro deles (CNPH 1190, CNPH 1206, CNPH 1210 e CNPH 1310) mostraram boa adaptabilidade. O CNPH 1210 teve o maior rendimento (52,21 ton ha-1), 4,28 vezes maior que o rendimento nacional médio da batata-doce brasileira. CNPH 1210 e CNPH 1310 tiveram o maior número de tubérculos e a classe de massamais preferida para os consumidores e, portanto, forneceram os melhores genótipos comercializáveis. Noentanto, os materiais CNPH 1210 e CNPH 1310 (ambos batata-doce de polpa alaranjada) destacaram-se pelaqualidade dos tubérculos comerciais. Nossos resultados podem estimular esforços da sociedade civil organizada para melhorar a produção e consumo de materiais de batata-doce ricos em beta-caroteno em municípios contidos no Cerrado brasileiro.


Subject(s)
beta Carotene , Convolvulaceae , Ipomoea batatas , Nutritive Value , Nutritional Sciences
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760354

ABSTRACT

We investigated whether β-carotene (β-CA) or ellagic acid (EA), originating from various fruits and vegetables, has a preventive effect against male infertility induced by exogenous scrotal hyperthermia. ICR adult mice were intraperitoneally treated with 10 mg/kg of β-CA or EA daily for 13 days consecutively. During this time, mice were subjected to transient scrotal heat stress in a water bath at 43℃ for 20 min on day 7, and their testes and blood were obtained on day 14 for histopathologic and biochemical analyses. Heat stress induced significant testicular weight reduction, germ cell loss and degeneration, as well as abnormal localization of phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) in spermatogenic and Leydig cells. Heat stress also altered the levels of oxidative stress (lipid peroxidation, SOD activity, and PHGPx, MnSOD, and HIF-1α mRNAs), apoptosis (Bax, Bcl-xL, caspase 3, NF-κB, and TGF-β1 mRNAs), and androgen biosynthesis (serological testosterone concentration and 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase mRNA) in testes. These changes were all improved significantly by β-CA treatment, but only slightly improved by EA treatment. These findings indicate that β-CA, through modulations of oxidative stress, apoptosis, and androgen biosynthesis, is a potent preventive agent against testicular injuries induced by scrotal hyperthermia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Apoptosis , Baths , beta Carotene , Caspase 3 , Ellagic Acid , Fever , Fruit , Germ Cells , Glutathione Peroxidase , Hot Temperature , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Infertility, Male , Leydig Cells , Male , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Oxidoreductases , Superoxide Dismutase , Testis , Testosterone , Vegetables , Water , Weight Loss
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764309

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Helicobacter pylori infection is a major risk factor in the development of gastric cancer. H. pylori infection of gastric epithelial cells increases the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), activates oncogenes, and leads to β-catenin-mediated hyper-proliferation. β-Carotene reduces ROS levels, inhibits oxidant-mediated activation of inflammatory signaling and exhibits anticancer properties. The present study was carried out to determine if β-carotene inhibits H. pylori-induced cell proliferation and the expression of oncogenes c-myc and cyclin E by reducing the levels of β-catenin and phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase 3β (p-GSK3β). METHODS: Gastric epithelial AGS cells were pre-treated with β-carotene (5 and 10 μM) for 2 hours prior to H. pylori infection and cultured for 6 hours (for determination of the levels of p-GSK3β, GSK3β, and β-catenin) and 24 hours (for determination of cell viability and protein levels of c-myc and cyclin E). Cell viability was determined by the MTT assay and protein levels were determined via western blot-based analysis. RESULTS: β-Carotene inhibited H. pylori-induced increases in the percentage of viable cells, phosphorylated GSK3β (p-GSK3β), and the levels of β-catenin, c-myc and cyclin E. CONCLUSIONS: β-Carotene inhibits H. pylori-induced hyper-proliferation of gastric epithelial cells by suppressing β-catenin signaling and oncogene expression.


Subject(s)
beta Carotene , beta Catenin , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cyclin E , Cyclins , Epithelial Cells , Glycogen Synthase Kinases , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Oncogenes , Reactive Oxygen Species , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 404-414, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771366

ABSTRACT

Isoprenoids are all derived from two five-carbon building blocks called isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP), which are synthesized either by the mevalonate (MVA) pathway or 2-C-methyld-D-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) pathway. In this study, the MVA pathway genes were integrated into the chromosome of LYC101, in which the expression of key genes in the MEP synthesis pathway and lycopene synthesis pathway were optimized by artificial regulatory parts, to further improve the production of isoprenoids in Escherichia coli. The plasmids pALV23 and pALV145 were screened from a plasmid library that constructed by using the RBS library to link the genes of the MVA pathway, which greatly increased the production of β-carotene. The effects of plasmids pALV23 and pALV145 on the lycopene production in low and high lycopene production strain, LYC001 and LYC101, were compared, respectively. The production of lycopene was increased by plasmids pALV23 and pALV145 in both strains. In high lycopene production strain LYC101, pALV23 produced more lycopene than pALV145. Then, the MVA gene together of promoter of pALV23 was integrated into the chromosome of LYC101 at poxB site using method of homologous recombination helped by CRISPR-Cas9 system, resulted in genetically stable strain, LYC102. The yield of lycopene of LYC102 was 40.9 mg/g DCW, 1.19-folds higher than that of LYC101, and 20% more than that of LYC101 with pALV23. Simultaneous expression of MVA pathway and MEP pathway in recombinant E. coli can effectively increase the yield of terpenoids. In this study, a plasmid-free, genetically stable, high-yielding lycopene strain was constructed, which could be used for industrialization. Also, the platform strain can be used for the synthesis of other terpenoids.


Subject(s)
Chromosomes, Bacterial , Escherichia coli , Lycopene , Mevalonic Acid , beta Carotene
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785915

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Beta-carotene (BC) is a carotenoid which exerts anti-cancer effects in several types of cancer, including colorectal cancer. Epigenetic modifications of genes, such as histone deacetylation and DNA hypermethylation, have also been detected in various types of cancer. To understand the molecular mechanism underlying cancer preventive and therapeutic effects of BC, microRNAs (miRNAs), histone acetylation, and global DNA methylation in colon cancer stem cells (CSCs) were investigated.METHODS: HCT116 colon cancer cells positive for expression of CD44 and CD133 were sorted by flow cytometry and used in subsequent experiments. Cell proliferation was examined by the MTT assay and self-renewal capacity was analyzed by the sphere formation assay. The miRNA sequencing array was used to detect miRNAs regulated by BC. Histone acetylation levels were measured by the Western blot analysis. mRNA expression of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) was examined by qPCR and global DNA methylation levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.RESULTS: Treatment of CD44⁺CD133⁺ colon CSCs with BC caused a reduction in both cell proliferation and sphere formation. Analysis of the miRNA sequencing array showed that BC regulated expression of miRNAs associated with histone acetylation. Histone H3 and H4 acetylation levels were elevated by BC treatment. In addition, BC treatment down-regulated DNMT3A mRNA expression and global DNA methylation in colon CSCs.CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that BC regulates epigenetic modifications for its anti-cancer effects in colon CSCs.


Subject(s)
Acetylation , beta Carotene , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA Methylation , DNA , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epigenomics , Flow Cytometry , Histones , Methyltransferases , MicroRNAs , RNA, Messenger , Stem Cells , Therapeutic Uses
11.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 90(1): 283-293, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886918

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Yellow sweet potato is mostly produced by small farmers, and may be a source of energy and carotenoids in the human diet, but it is a highly perishable crop. To increase its industrial application, yellow sweet potato flour has been produced for use in bakery products. This study aimed to evaluate the technological quality and the carotenoids content in sweet breads produced with the replacement of wheat flour by 0, 3, 6, and 9% yellow sweet potato flour. Breads were characterized by technological parameters and β-carotene levels during nine days of storage. Tukey's test (p<0.05) was used for comparison between means. The increase in yellow sweet potato flour concentrations in bread led to a decrease of specific volume and firmness, and an increase in water activity, moisture, orange coloring, and carotenoids. During storage, the most significant changes were observed after the fifth day, with a decrease in intensity of the orange color. The β-carotene content was 0.1656 to 0.4715 µg/g in breads with yellow sweet potato flour. This work showed a novel use of yellow sweet potato in breads, which brings benefits to consumers' health and for the agricultural business.


Subject(s)
Bread/analysis , beta Carotene/analysis , beta Carotene/chemistry , Ipomoea batatas/chemistry , Flour/analysis , Food Handling/methods , Reference Values , Rheology , Time Factors , Food Quality , Reproducibility of Results , Color , Food Ingredients/analysis , Nutritive Value
12.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 90(1): 449-459, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886902

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This study evaluated the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of fatty acids from the marine red algae Pterocladiella capillacea (S. G. Gmelin) Santelices & Hommersand 1997 and Osmundaria obtusiloba (C. Agardh) R. E. Norris 1991. The gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) identified nine fatty acids in the two species. The major fatty acids of P. capillacea and O. obtusiloba were palmitic acid, oleic acid, arachidonic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid. The DPPH radical scavenging capacity of fatty acids was moderate ranging from 25.90% to 29.97%. Fatty acids from P. capillacea (31.18%) had a moderate ferrous ions chelating activity (FIC), while in O. obtusiloba (17.17%), was weak. The ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) of fatty acids from P. capillacea and O. obtusiloba was low. As for β-carotene bleaching (BCB), P. capillacea and O. obtusiloba showed a good activity. This is the first report of the antioxidant activities of fatty acids from the marine red algae P. capillacea and O. obtusiloba.


Subject(s)
Rhodophyta/chemistry , Fatty Acids/analysis , Fatty Acids/chemistry , Antioxidants/analysis , Antioxidants/chemistry , Reference Values , Analysis of Variance , Free Radical Scavengers/analysis , beta Carotene/analysis , FMN Reductase/analysis , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740091

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress occurs in white adipose tissue and dysregulates the expression of adipokines secreted from adipocytes. Since adipokines influence inflammation, supplementation with antioxidants might be beneficial for preventing oxidative stress-mediated inflammation in adipocytes and inflammation-associated complications. β-Carotene is the most prominent antioxidant carotenoid and scavenges reactive oxygen species in various tissues. The purpose of this study was to determine whether β-carotene regulates the expression of adipokines, such as adiponectin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) in 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with glucose/glucose oxidase (G/GO). METHODS: 3T3-L1 adipocytes were cultured with or without β-carotene and treated with G/GO, which produces H2O2. mRNA and protein levels in the medium were determined by a real-time PCR and an ELISA. DNA binding activities of transcription factors were assessed using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. RESULTS: G/GO treatment increased DNA binding affinities of redox-sensitive transcription factors, such as NF-κB, activator protein-1 (AP-1), and STAT3. G/GO treatment reduced the expression of adiponectin and increased the expression of MCP-1 and RANTES. G/GO-induced activations of NF-κB, AP-1, and STAT3 were inhibited by β-carotene. G/GO-induced dysregulation of adiponectin, MCP-1, and RANTES were significantly recovered by treatment with β-carotene. CONCLUSIONS: β-Carotene inhibits oxidative stress-induced inflammation by suppressing pro-inflammatory adipokines MCP-1 and RANTES, and by enhancing adiponectin in adipocytes. β-Carotene may be beneficial for preventing oxidative stress-mediated inflammation, which is related to adipokine dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Adipokines , Adiponectin , Adipose Tissue, White , Antioxidants , beta Carotene , Chemokine CCL2 , Chemokine CCL5 , DNA , Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Inflammation , Oxidative Stress , Oxidoreductases , Reactive Oxygen Species , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Transcription Factor AP-1 , Transcription Factors
14.
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(3): 151-156, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-859753

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Postmen are daily exposed to high levels of solar radiation, and lack of protection can result in many health damages. The present study aimed to identify cutaneous phototypes and evaluate the intake of oral photoprotectors by postmen. Methods: Cross-sectional study, carried out from August 2011 to December 2012 in the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Socioeconomic and behavioral data regarding daily solar exposure were collected through a questionnaire. To evaluate the intake of beta-carotene, lycopene and omega-3, two 24-hour dietary recalls were applied. Cutaneous phototypes were assessed by Fitzpatrick's classification. Results: A total of 181 postmen were analyzed, whose mean age was 40.2±11.4 years old, and 140 (77.3%) were male. The cutaneous phototypes II, III and IV were the most prevalent (n=138), totaling 76.3% of the sample. The median for the oral photoprotectors intake was 1.16 mg (0.46-2.29) of beta-carotene, 3.60 mg (1.01-6.31) of lycopene and 0.95 g (0.61-1.45) of n-3 fatty acids, all values significantly lower than the minimal doses to obtain photoprotective effect (p<0.001). The individuals in the group of phototypes V and VI showed lower adherence to the use of sunscreen and lower intake of beta-carotene, comparing to the other groups. Conclusions: The intake of oral photoprotectors is low in this population. Future studies may evaluate the real effect of oral photoprotectors, so that preventive measures using this approach can be included in photoprotection education actions for outdoor workers (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Diet , Occupational Exposure/prevention & control , Postal Service , Sunscreening Agents/administration & dosage , beta Carotene/administration & dosage , Brazil/epidemiology , Carotenoids/administration & dosage , Cross-Sectional Studies , Environmental Exposure/prevention & control , Fatty Acids, Omega-3/administration & dosage , Radiation Protection , Skin Pigmentation/radiation effects , Ultraviolet Rays
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173856

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori is a dominant bacterium living in the human gastric tissues. In H. pylori-infected tissues, the infiltrated inflammatory cells produce reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to gastric inflammation with production of various mediators. According to numerous epidemiological studies, dietary carotenoids may prevent gastric inflammation due to their antioxidant properties. Recent studies showed that antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of astaxanthin and β-carotene may contribute to inhibition of H. pylori-induced gastric inflammation. Astaxanthin changes H. pylori-induced activation of T helper cell type 1 response towards T helper cell type 2 response in the infected tissues. Astaxanthin inhibits the growth of H. pylori. Even though astaxanthin reduces H. pylori-induced gastric inflammation, it does not reduce cytokine levels in the infected tissues. β-Carotene suppresses ROS-mediated inflammatory signaling, including mitogen-activated protein kinases and redox-sensitive transcription factors, and reduces expression of inflammatory mediators, including interleukin-8, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and cyclooxygenase-2 in the infected tissues. Therefore, consumption of astaxanthin- and β-carotene-rich foods may be beneficial to prevent H. pylori-induced gastric inflammation. This review will summarize anti-inflammatory mechanisms of astaxanthin and β-carotene in H. pylori-mediated gastric inflammation.


Subject(s)
beta Carotene , Carotenoids , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Epidemiologic Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukin-8 , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Reactive Oxygen Species , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Transcription Factors
16.
Hig. aliment ; 30(258/259): 108-113, 30/08/2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-2620

ABSTRACT

Objetivo do trabalho foi desenvolver pão de forma adicionado de polpa de batata-doce, cultivar Beauregard, e avaliar sensorialmente o produto, verificando a sua aceitação entre os consumidores. Foram desenvolvidas três formulações com substituição da farinha de trigo pela batata-doce cozida nas porcentagens de 20%, 40% e 60% e comparadas com o padrão, sem substituição. A avaliação sensorial foi feita por 32 provadores, não treinados, utilizando-se escala hedônica para os atributos de sabor, cor, textura, aroma e aceitação global. Os pães de forma elaborados com a batata-doce não apresentaram diferença estatística na análise sensorial para os atributos avaliados. Os pães obtiveram notas relevantes, com boa aceitação entre os consumidores. Em relação ao sabor, as melhores notas foram dadas para a amostra com 20% de substituição de farinha de trigo por batata-doce, comparada com a amostra, sem substituição de farinha de trigo. O aroma dos pães foi destaque também nas amostras com maior porcentagem de substituição, 60% e 40%. Para os demais atributos não houve diferença significativa em relação à amostra padrão, com 100% de farinha de trigo, o que permitiu concluir que a adição de batata-doce com polpa laranja na formulação de pão de forma pode ser considerada uma opção saudável de consumo de alimento biofortificado para combater a "fome oculta", que é a carência dos micronutrientes vitamina A, ferro e zinco, essenciais para a saúde.


The objective was to develop a loaf of bread with sweet potato pulp, Beauregard, evaluate the product by sensory analysis and verify their acceptance among consumers. Three formulations were developed to replace the wheat flour for sweet potatoes baked in percentages of 20%, 40% and 60%, compared with the standard, without replacement. The sensory evaluation was performed by 32 panelists, untrained, using hedonic scale for the attributes of flavor, color, texture, aroma and global acceptance. The loaf of breads elaborate with sweet potato showed no statistical difference in sensory analysis for the evaluated attributes. The breads obtained relevant notes, with good acceptance among consumers. Regarding the taste, the best grades were given for the sample with 20% wheat flour substitute for sweet potatoes, compared with the sample without wheat flour replacement. The aroma of bread was also featured in the samples with the highest percentage of replacement, 60% and 40%. For other attributes there was no significant difference from the standard sample, 100% wheat flour, which showed that the addition of sweet potatoes with orange pulp in the form of bread formulation can be considered a healthy option consumption biofortified of food to fight "hidden hunger", which is the lack of micronutrients vitamin A, iron and zinc, essential for health.


Subject(s)
Bread/analysis , Food, Fortified , Ipomoea batatas , Flour , Consumer Product Safety , Consumer Behavior , beta Carotene/administration & dosage , Food Analysis
17.
Acta sci., Biol. sci ; 38(2): 139-147, abr.-jun. 2016.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-2475

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides L. and to determine its secretory structures. The essential oil was extracted through the hydrodistillation technique using a modified Clevenger apparatus (2 hours) and chemically characterized by GC/MS and GC-FID. The antioxidant activity was determined by monitoring the reduction of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and by the oxidation of the ß-carotene/linoleic acid system. The evaluation of antibacterial activity was performed by the agar cavity diffusion technique using the microorganisms Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli and Salmonella Cholerasuis. The characterization of trichomes was accomplished by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and histochemical tests with Nadi and Sudan IV reagents. The antioxidant activity demonstrated by the ß-carotene/acid linoleic test, with IC50 = 455.7 µg mL-1. This oil also presented antibacterial activity for both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The minimal inhibitory concentration ranged 62.5 to 250 µL mL-1. The presence of terpenes in the glandular trichomes was observed, suggesting that the essential oil is secreted by these structures.


Objetivou-se neste trabalho avaliar as atividades antibacteriana e antioxidante do óleo essencial de Chenopodium ambrosioides L. e determinar as suas estruturas secretoras. A extração do óleo essencial foi realizada pelo método de hidrodestilação, utilizando o aparelho de Clevenger modificado com duração de 2 horas, sendo, posteriormente, analisado por CG/EM e CG-DIC. A atividade antioxidante foi determinada monitorando-se a redução do radical livre DPPH (2,2-difenil-1-picril-hidrazila) e utilizando o ensaio de oxidação do sistema ß-caroteno/ácido linoleico. A avaliação da atividade antibacteriana foi realizada por meio da técnica difusão cavidade em ágar, utilizando os micro-organismos Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli e Salmonella Cholerasuis. A caracterização dos tricomas foi realizada por Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura (MEV) e pelos testes histoquímicos com os reagentes de Nadi e Sudan IV. A atividade antioxidante foi evidenciada pelo teste ß-caroteno/ácido linoleico, com CI50 455,7 µg mL-1. O óleo também apresentou atividade antibacteriana tanto para bactérias Gram -negativas como para Gram-positivas. A concentração mínima inibitória do mesmo variou entre 62,5 e 250 µL mL-1. Constatou-se a presença de compostos terpênicos nos tricomas glandulares, inferindo-se que o óleo essencial seja secretado nessas estruturas.


Subject(s)
Chenopodium ambrosioides , Oils, Volatile , beta Carotene , Escherichia coli , Listeria monocytogenes , Salmonella , Staphylococcus aureus
18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 61(2): 116-120, mar-apr/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-749013

ABSTRACT

Objective: patients suffering systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) constitute a group susceptible to elevated levels of oxidative stress. This study’s aim is to evaluate the state of oxidative stress and levels of serum retinol and β-carotene in these patients. Methods: forty-six patients were divided into 2 groups: those those without diet (G1; n=18) and those with enteral nutritional support (G2; n=28). Serum levels of retinol and total carotenoids were measured. C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and Apache scores were also calculated. Oxidative stress was estimated by measuring thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels. Results: the patients’ median age was 66.9 (SD=19.3) years. Lower concentrations of retinol and carotenoids were found in 68.6 and 66.7% of G1, respectively. In G2, despite average vitamin A levels being 8078 + 4035, retinol and β-carotene were considered insufficient (31.2 and 33.4%, respectively). No difference was noted between the 2 groups, according to the variables studied, with the exception being PCR and β-carotene (p=0.002; p=0.01). Conclusion: the data presented in this study supports the need to establish/revise clinical practices in treating SIRS patients, in light of this micronutrient’s role in the immune system and antioxidant defense without it interfering with its toxicity. .


Objetivo: pacientes que apresentam a síndrome da resposta inflamatória sistêmica (SIRS) constituem um grupo suscetível a níveis elevados de estresse oxidativo. O objetivo do presente estudo é avaliar o estado de estresse oxidativo e os níveis séricos de retinol e β-caroteno nesses pacientes. Métodos: quarenta e seis pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: aqueles sem dieta (G1; n = 18) e aqueles com suporte nutricional enteral (G2, n = 28). Foram investigadas as concentrações séricas de retinol e carotenoides totais, proteína C reativa, estresse oxidativo e escore Apache. O estresse oxidativo foi avaliado por dosagem da peroxidação lipídica e estimado por meio da dosagem de TBARS (substâncias reativas ao ácido tiobarbitúrico). Resultados: a média de idade dos pacientes foi de 66,9 (±19,3). Baixas concentrações de retinol e carotenoides foram encontradas em 68,6 e 66,7% do G1, respectivamente. No G2, a concentração sérica média de vitamina A foi de 8078 (± 4035), e o retinol e o β-caroteno apresentaram percentual de inadequação de 31,2 e 33,4%, respectivamente. Não foi observada nenhuma diferença entre os dois grupos, de acordo com as variáveis estudadas, com exceção do PCR e do β-caroteno (p=0,002; p=0,01). Conclusão: os dados apresentados neste estudo indicam a necessidade de estabelecer/rever práticas clínicas no tratamento de pacientes com SIRS, tendo em conta o papel desse micronutriente no sistema imunológico e na defesa antioxidante, sem que isso interfira na sua toxicidade. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/blood , Vitamin A/blood , beta Carotene/blood , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/physiopathology
19.
Applied Food Biotechnology. 2015; 2 (1): 39-44
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-171592

ABSTRACT

Microalgae can produce various natural products such as pigments, enzymes, unique fatty acids and vitamins that benefit humans. The objective of the study was evaluation of carotenoids [beta-carotene, zeathanthin, lutein, lycopene and astaxanthin] and chlorophyll a in spirulina microalgae. Spirulina powder has been produced by Jordan's method in Iran. Carotenoids were extracted from Spirulina platensis by adopting a method described by Reboul; then the sample was prepared and injected into a HPLC instrument with triplicate injection. Chlorophyll`s biomass content was determined by spectrophotometer. After assaying the curves of HPLC, the amount of chlorophyll a, astaxanthin, beta carotene, lycopene, zeaxanthin and lutein in spirulina was determined as 4.3 +/- 0.14, 0.21 +/- 0.02, 7393 +/- 2.76, 741 +/- 2.32, 665[+2]/-3.69 and 424 +/- 2.83 microg/ml respectively [p<0.05]


Subject(s)
Carotenoids , Chlorophyll , Natural Resources , Food , Microalgae , beta Carotene , Lutein , Xanthophylls
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237671

ABSTRACT

1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene (1,3,5-TMB) was used as the pore-enlarging modifier to expand the pore size of MCM-41 (mobil company of matter) mesoporous silica nanoparticles. The solvent impregnation method was adopted to assemble non-water-soluble β-carotene into the pore channel of MCM-41. The MCM-41 and drug assemblies were characterized by TEM, FT-IR, elemental analysis and N2 adsorption-desorption. The results showed that MCM-41 has good sphericity and regular pore structure. The research also investigated the optimal loading time, the drug loading and the vitro stability of the β-carotene. As a drug carrier, the modified MCM-41 showing a shorter drug loading time, the drug loading as high as 85.58% and the stability of β-carotene in drug assemblies has improved. The study of this new formulation provides a new way for β-carotene application.


Subject(s)
Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems , Drug Stability , Nanoparticles , Chemistry , Silicon Dioxide , Chemistry , beta Carotene , Chemistry , Pharmacology
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