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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect on supplementary analgesia after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) treated with electroacupunture, and explore it's mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 patients with severe knee osteoarthritis were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 20 cases in each one. During the operation, patients were given epidural anesthesia in the two groups, conventional patient controlled epidural analgesia and oral celecoxib were applied after the operation. In the observation group, electroacupunture was used at Liangqiu (ST 34), Xuehai (SP 10), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Qiuxu (GB 40) on the operation side from the 1st to 7th day after the operation to support analgesia, 30 min for each time, once a day. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to record postoperative pain of resting state and active state. The levels of serum prostaglandin E and β-endorphin were measured on the 1st and 7th day after surgery in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the observation group, the VAS scores of resting state and active state were superior to the control group on the 3rd, 5th and 7th day after the operaton (all <0.05); after the treatment, the level of serum β-endorphin was increased and the level of serum prostaglandin E was reduced in the two groups (all <0.05), and the change of the observation group was larger than that of the control group (both <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupunture has the effect of supplementary analgesia for patients after TKA, the mechanism may be related to promote the synthesis of β-endorphin and inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandin E.


Subject(s)
Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Humans , Pain Management , Pain, Postoperative , Prostaglandins , beta-Endorphin
2.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 120-128, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714114

ABSTRACT

µ-opioid receptor (MOR) is a class of opioid receptors with a high affinity for enkephalins and beta-endorphin. In hippocampus, activation of MOR is known to enhance the neuronal excitability of pyramidal neurons, which has been mainly attributed to a disinhibition of pyramidal neurons via activating Gαi subunit to suppress the presynaptic release of GABA in hippocampal interneurons. In contrast, the potential role of MOR in hippocampal astrocytes, the most abundant cell type in the brain, has remained unexplored. Here, we determine the cellular and subcellular distribution of MOR in different cell types of the hippocampus by utilizing MOR-mCherry mice and two different antibodies against MOR. Consistent with previous findings, we demonstrate that MOR expression in the CA1 pyramidal layer is co-localized with axon terminals from GABAergic inhibitory neurons but not with soma of pyramidal neurons. More importantly, we demonstrate that MOR is highly expressed in CA1 hippocampal astrocytes. The ultrastructural analysis further demonstrates that the astrocytic MOR is localized in soma and processes, but not in microdomains near synapses. Lastly, we demonstrate that astrocytes in ventral tegmental area and nucleus accumbens also express MOR. Our results provide the unprecedented evidence for the presence of MOR in astrocytes, implicating potential roles of astrocytic MOR in addictive behaviors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies , Astrocytes , Behavior, Addictive , beta-Endorphin , Brain , Carisoprodol , Enkephalins , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Hippocampus , Interneurons , Mice , Microscopy, Electron , Neurons , Nucleus Accumbens , Presynaptic Terminals , Pyramidal Cells , Receptors, Opioid , Synapses , Ventral Tegmental Area
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1261-1265, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the change trend and correlation between the perioperative pain degree and neuroendocrine hormone levels in the perioperative period on patients with thyroid surgery by electroacupuncture combined with cervical plexus block.@*METHODS@#Forty patients with elective thyroidectomy were enrolled and divided into a control group and an observation group according to the random number table method, 20 cases in each group. In the control group, cervical plexus block was performed. In the observation group, the cervical plexus block combined with electroacupuncture (EA) were given. After the cervical plexus block was completed, the EA was applied at the bilateral Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) for 30 min. The visual analog scale (VAS) was used to assess the pain level before anesthesia (T), 2 h after operation (T), 12 h after operation (T), 24 h after operation (T) and 48 h after operation (T). Blood samples such as adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), C-reactive protein (CRP) and β-endorphin (β-EP) were collected to measure the level of neuroendocrine hormones, and to analyze the correlation between ACTH, CRP, β-EP and VAS scores.@*RESULTS@#The VAS scores at T, T, T were higher than those at T in the two groups (all <0.05). The VAS scores T, T and T in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (all <0.05). The ACTH and CRP in the control group at T, T and T were significantly higher than those at T (all <0.05). The β-EP in the observation group at T, T and T was significantly higher than that at T (all <0.05). The ACTH and CRP in the observation group at T, T and T were lower than those in the control group,and the β-EP level was higher than that in the control group (all <0.05).The VAS score was significantly positively correlated with ACTH and CRP levels, and negatively correlated with β-EP.@*CONCLUSION@#EA stimulation can inhibit the secretion of ACTH and CRP, promote the release of β-EP, reduce the perioperative pain score, and inhibit the body's stress response.


Subject(s)
Cervical Plexus Block , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Pain Management , Thyroid Gland , General Surgery , beta-Endorphin
4.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 249-254, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130323

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of strenuous exercise on β-endorphine (β-END) level in fibromyalgia (FM) patients compared to healthy subjects. METHODS: We enrolled 30 FM patients and 15 healthy individuals. All study participants underwent a treadmill exercise test using modified Bruce protocol (M.Bruce). The goal of the test was achieving at least 70% of the predicted maximal heart rate (HRMax). The serum levels of β-END were measured before and after the exercise program. Measurements were done while heart rate was at least 70% of its predicted maximum. RESULTS: The mean ± the standard deviation (SD) of exercise duration in the FM and control groups were 24.26 ± 5.29 and 29.06 ± 3.26 minutes, respectively, indicating a shorter time to achieve the goal heart rate in FM patients (P < 0.003). Most FM patients attained 70% HRMax at lower stages (stage 2 and 3) of M.Bruce compared to the control group (70% versus 6.6%, respectively; P < 0.0001). Compared to healthy subjects, FM patients had lower serum β-END levels both in baseline and post-exercise status (Mean ± SD: 122.07 ± 28.56 µg/ml and 246.55 ± 29.57 µg/ml in the control group versus 90.12 ± 20.91 µg/ml and 179.80 ± 28.57 µg/ml in FM patients, respectively; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We found that FM patients had lower levels of β-END in both basal and post-exercise status. Exercise increased serum the β-END level in both groups but the average increase in β-END in FM patients was significantly lower than in the control group.


Subject(s)
beta-Endorphin , Exercise Test , Fibromyalgia , Healthy Volunteers , Heart Rate , Humans , Plasma
5.
The Korean Journal of Pain ; : 249-254, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130310

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the effect of strenuous exercise on β-endorphine (β-END) level in fibromyalgia (FM) patients compared to healthy subjects. METHODS: We enrolled 30 FM patients and 15 healthy individuals. All study participants underwent a treadmill exercise test using modified Bruce protocol (M.Bruce). The goal of the test was achieving at least 70% of the predicted maximal heart rate (HRMax). The serum levels of β-END were measured before and after the exercise program. Measurements were done while heart rate was at least 70% of its predicted maximum. RESULTS: The mean ± the standard deviation (SD) of exercise duration in the FM and control groups were 24.26 ± 5.29 and 29.06 ± 3.26 minutes, respectively, indicating a shorter time to achieve the goal heart rate in FM patients (P < 0.003). Most FM patients attained 70% HRMax at lower stages (stage 2 and 3) of M.Bruce compared to the control group (70% versus 6.6%, respectively; P < 0.0001). Compared to healthy subjects, FM patients had lower serum β-END levels both in baseline and post-exercise status (Mean ± SD: 122.07 ± 28.56 µg/ml and 246.55 ± 29.57 µg/ml in the control group versus 90.12 ± 20.91 µg/ml and 179.80 ± 28.57 µg/ml in FM patients, respectively; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We found that FM patients had lower levels of β-END in both basal and post-exercise status. Exercise increased serum the β-END level in both groups but the average increase in β-END in FM patients was significantly lower than in the control group.


Subject(s)
beta-Endorphin , Exercise Test , Fibromyalgia , Healthy Volunteers , Heart Rate , Humans , Plasma
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328278

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the protection of high intensity microwave radiation on hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) activity and hippocampal CA1 structure in rats and the protectiveeffect of Qindan Granule (QG) on radiation injured rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 48 Wistar rats were randomlydivided into 8 groups, i.e., the normal control group, post-radiation day 1, 7, and 10 groups, 7 and 10days prevention groups, day 7 and 10 treatment groups, 6 in each group. Rats in prevention groups wererespectively administered with QG liquid (1 mL/100 g, 4. 75 g crude drugs) for 7 days and 10 days bygastrogavage and then microwave radiation. Then preventive effect for radiation injury was statisticallycalculated with the normal control group and the post-radiation day 1 group. Rats in treatment groupswere firstly irradiated, and then administered with QG liquid (1 mL/100 g, 4.75 g crude drugs). Finally preventive effect for radiation injury was statistically calculated with the normal control group, post-radiation day 7 and 10 groups. Contents of corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH), beta endorphin (beta-EP), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) were detected. Morphological changes and structure of hippocampal CA1 region were observed under light microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal control group, contents of CRH and beta-EP significantly decreased in each radiation group. Serum contents of ACTH and beta-EP significantly increased in post-radiation day 1 and 7 groups (P < 0.05). Compared with radiation groups, beta-EP content in serum and pituitary significantly increased, and serum ACTH content significantly decreased in prevention groups (P < 0.05). Pituitary contents of CRH and beta-EP significantly increased in prevention groups. Serum contents of ACTH, beta-EP, and HSP70 were significantly lower in day 7 treatment group than post-radiation day 7 group (P < 0.05). Morphological results showed that pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region arranged in disorder, with swollen cells, shrunken and condensed nucleus, dark dyeing cytoplasm, unclear structure. Vessels in partial regions were dilated with static blood; tissues were swollen and sparse. In prevention and treatment groups pathological damage of hippocampal CA1 region was obviously attenuated; neurons were arranged more regularly; swollen, pycnotic, or deleted neuron number were decreased; vascular dilatation and congestion was lessened.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>QG could affect HPAA function and activity of high intensity microwave radiated rats, showing certain preventive and therapeutic effects of microwave radiated rats by adjusting synthesis and release of partial bioactive peptides and hormones in HPAA, improving pathological injury in hippocampal CA1 region.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Blood , Animals , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Pathology , Radiation Effects , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Blood , Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System , Radiation Effects , Microwaves , Pituitary-Adrenal System , Radiation Effects , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , beta-Endorphin , Blood , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328277

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the analgesic mechanism of small knife needle for treating transverse process syndrome of the third vertebra (TPSTV) by observing peripheral and central changesof β-endorphin (β-EP) and enkephalin (ENK) contents.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 30 Japanese white big-ear rabbits of clean grade were divided into 5 groups according to random digit table, i.e., the normal control group, the model group, the small knife needle group, the electroacupunture (EA) group, and the small knife needle plus EA group, 6 in each group. The TPSTV model was established by inserting a piece of gelatin sponge into the left transverse process of 3rd lumbar vertebrae. Rabbits in the small knife needlegroup were intervened by small knife needle. Those in the EA group were intervened by EA at bilateralWeizhong (BL40). Those in the small knife needle plus EA group were intervened by small knife needleand EA at bilateral Weizhong (BL40). Contents of β-EP and ENK in plasma, muscle, spinal cord, and hypothalamus were determined after sample collection at day 28 after modeling.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the normal control group, contents of β-EP and ENK in plasma and muscle increased significantly, and contents of β-EP and ENK in spinal cord and hypothalamus decreased significantly in the model group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Contents of β-EP and ENK approximated normal levels in the three treatment groups after respective treatment. Compared with the model group, the content of β-EP in muscle decreased, and contents of β-EP and ENK in hypothalamus increased in the three treatment groups after respective treatment (P < 0.05). There were no significant difference among the three treatment groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Small knife needle treatment and EA had benign regulation on peripheral and central β-EP and ENK in TPSTV rabbits. Small knife needle treatment showed better effect than that of EA.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Enkephalins , Metabolism , Hypothalamus , Metabolism , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pathology , Muscle, Skeletal , Metabolism , Needles , Rabbits , Random Allocation , Spinal Cord , Metabolism , Spinal Diseases , Therapeutics , beta-Endorphin , Metabolism
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 241-248, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331660

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the contribution of prostaglandins to the maintenance of inflammatory pain. Inflammation was induced by intraplantar (i.pl.) injection of carrageenan in right hindpaw in rats. Indomethacin (non-selective COX inhibitor) was administered i.pl. 1 h after the carrageenan injection, and paw withdrawal latency (PWL) responding to noxious heat was measured. β-endorphin (β-END) and μ-opioid receptor (MOR) expressed in the inflamed site were examined by using immunocytochemistry, ELISA and RT-PCR techniques. The results showed that indomethacin dose-dependently increased PWL to the levels that were above the baseline on the day 2 and 3, referred to as hypoalgesia. The hypoalgesia was abolished by a local injection of the non-selective opioid receptor inhibitor naloxone methiodide. The number of β-END-positive cells, the content of β-END and the expression of MOR mRNA in the inflammatory site of inflammation model rats were all significantly increased by indomethacin. These results reveal a novel mechanism of prostaglandins for the inhibition of inflammation-induced endogenous opioid activity. This study provides further evidence that inhibition of prostaglandins in inflamed site could be a promising therapy for inflammatory pain.


Subject(s)
Analgesics, Opioid , Animals , Carrageenan , Indomethacin , Inflammation , Naloxone , Pain , Prostaglandins , Rats , Receptors, Opioid , beta-Endorphin
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307717

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the impact and effect mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) on oocyte quali ty in the patients with infertility of kidney deficiency pattern.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-six cases differentiated as kidney de ficiency and with in vitro fertilization-embryo transplantation (IVF-ET), aged fromnt 35 to 42 years were rando- mized into an observation group and a control group, 33 cases in each one. The IVF-ET therapy of the long proto- col with gonadotrophin releasing hormone agonist was adopted in the two groups. In the observation group. on the 5th day of menstruation in IVF cycle, EA was applied to Sanyinjiao (SP 6). Zigong (EX CA 1), Zhongji (CV 3) and Guanyuan (CV 4). In the control group, the sham-acupuncture was applied to the same acupoints. The treatment was given once every two days till the date of egg collection and the needles were retained for 30 min each time. The change in the score of kidney deficiency syndrome, the high-quality oocyte rate, the high-quality embryo rate and clinical pregnant rate were observed in the two groups. The levels of insulin-like growth factor-i (IGF-1) and IGF-2 in follicular fluid and the serum β-endorphin β-EP) on the date of egg collection and the correlation with oocyte quality were compared bIetween the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1) In the observation group, the kidney deficiency syndrome score after treatment was reduced apparently as compared with that before treatment (P<0. 05), the score after treatment in the observation group was reduced much more apparently as compared with the control group (P<0.05). 2) The high-quality egg rate and the high-quality embryo rate in the observation group were both higher than those in the control group [81.3% (161/198) vs 57.6% (98/170), 59.8% (58/97) vs 37.7% (26/69), both P<0.05]. 3) Compared with the control group. the levels of IGF-1 and IGF-2 in follicular fluid and serum β-EP on the day of egg collection were all increased obviously in the observation group (all P<0. 05). 4) The levels of IGF-1 and IGF-2 in follicular fluid and serum β-EP presented the linear positive correlation with the high-quality egg rate.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EA effectively improves the expressions of IGF in follicular fluid and serum β-EP, increases the high-quality egg rate and high-quality embryo rate and relieves the symptoms of kidney deficiency.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Adult , Electroacupuncture , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Humans , Infertility, Female , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I , Metabolism , Kidney , Oocytes , Pregnancy , beta-Endorphin , Metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-283054

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical significance of dynamic changes in the serum inflammatory cell factors consisting of β-endorphin (β-EP) , endothelins (ET) , tumor necrosis factor (TNF) , and nitric oxide (NO) after acute paraquat poisoning (APP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The 26 patients with APP (as observation group) were treated and the serum levels of plasma β-EP, ET, TNF, and NO were measured simultaneously. The 20 healthy volunteers from relatives of the patients (as control group) were also included in the study and their serum levels of β-EP, ET, TNF, and NO were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the 26 patients with APP, 10 were cured and 16 died. The serum levels of β-EP, ET, NO, and TNF in the 10 cured patients increased significantly immediately after admission, reached the peak values on day 2, and then decreased gradually and returned to the normal ranges after day 9. The serum levels of β-EP, ET, NO, and TNF in the 16 dead patients increased significantly on admission and kept rising in the course of treatment. The dead patients had significantly increased serum levels of β-EP, ET, NO, and TNF compared with the cured patients (all P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared with those in cured patients with APP, the serum levels of β-EP, ET, NO, and TNF in dead patients with APP are significantly higher, keep rising, and maintain at high levels, indicating a severe condition.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Endothelins , Blood , Humans , Nitric Oxide , Blood , Paraquat , Poisoning , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood , beta-Endorphin , Blood
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360253

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical efficacy of acupoint catgut embedding therapy on chronic pelvic cavity pain syndrome differentiated as kidney deficiency and stagnation of damp heat, and explore the impacts on plasma P substance (SP), plasma beta-endorphin (β-EP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eighty cases were randomly divided into a catgut embedding group (90 cases) and a western medication group (90 cases). In the western medication group, tamsulosin capsules 0. 2 mg were prescribed for oral administration, once a day; indometacin sustained release tablets, 25 mg, three times a day. Totally, the oral administration for 8 weeks was required. In the catgut embedding group, the acupoint catgut embedding therapy was applied to Qugu (CV 2), Shenshu (BL 23), Zhibian (BL 54), Huiyin (CV 1) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), once every two weeks; the treatment of 4 weeks made one session, and two sessions were required. Before and after treatment, TCM symptom score, NIH-CPSI (the National Institute of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index) score, lecithin body numbers in prostatic fluid, score in SAS (self-rating anxiety scale), score in SDS (self-rating depression scale), the levels of SP and β-EP, etc. were observed in the two groups, and the clinical efficacy was assessed in the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Ten cases were dropped in either group. The total effective rate was 91. 25% (73/80) in the catgut embedding group, higher than 78. 75% (63/80) in the western medication group (P<0. 05). (2) After treatment, TCM symptom score, total score in NIH-CPSI, pain score and the scores in SAS and SDS were all reduced as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all P<0. 05). After treatment, TCM symptom score, total score and pain score in NIH-CPSI, and the scores in SAS and SDS in the catgut embedding group were both lower than those in the western medication group (all P<0. 05). (3) After treatment, the lecithin body numbers were both increased as compared with those before treatment in the two groups (both P<0. 05), and the result in the catgut embedding group was higher than that in the western medication group (P<0. 05). (4)After treatment, the SP level was lower than that before treatment in the two groups (both P<0. 05); the level of p-EP was increased as compared with that before treatment (both P<0. 05). The SP level in the catgut embedding group was lower than that in the western medication group (P<0. 05); the level of β-EP was higher than that in the western medication group (P<0. 05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The acupoint catgut embedding therapy apparently relieves the clinical symptoms of chronic pelvic cavity pain syndrome differentiated as kidney deficiency and stagnation of damp heat as well as the condition of anxiety and depression, increases lecithin body numbers in prostatic fluid and β-EP level and reduces SP level.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Catgut , Chronic Disease , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Pelvic Pain , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Prostatic Diseases , Metabolism , Young Adult , beta-Endorphin , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the analgesic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats and its regulating effect on inflammation reaction and the endogenous opioid system of synovial tissues. Methods A total of 30 healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group and an EA group, 10 rats in each one. The chronic pain model of CIA rats was made by cattle type-II collagen in the model group and EA group. Rats in the EA group were treated with EA at "Zusanli" (ST 36) and "Kunlun" (BL 60) for 30 min from 16th day after model establishment, once a day for consecutive 10 days. Rats in the control group did not receive any treatment. Rats in the model group were treated with fixation as the EA group. Threshold of pain, arthritis index, paw swelling were measured before model establishment and 16 d, 20 d, 23 d and 25 d after model establishment. The levels of beta-endorphin (β-END), met-enkephalin (met-ENK), dynorphin A (Dyn A) were measured by radioimmunoassay; the mRNA expressions of mu opioid receptor (MOR), kappa opioid receptor (KOR) and delta opioid receptor (DOR) in synovial tissues of CIA rats were detected by I quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, threshold of pain was reduced (all P<0. 01), arthritis index was increased (all P<0. 01) and paw swelling was increased (all P<0. 01) in the model group on the 16th day, 20th day, 23rd day, 25th day after model establishment. Compared with the model group, the threshold of pain was increased in the EA group (all P<0. 01), arthritis index and paw swelling were reduced (all P<0. 01) on the 23rd day and 25th day after model establishment. Compared with the control group, the level of Dyn A in synovial tissues of CIA rats was increased in the model group (P<0. 01); the mRNA expressions of MOR, KOR and DOR were down-regulated lower than 0. 5 fold of normal level. Compared with the model group, the level of β-END in synovial tissues of the knee joint was increased in the EA group (P<0. 05), and the mRNA expressions of MOR, KOR and DOR in synovial tissues of CIA rats were up-regulated more than 2 folds of normal level.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The intervention of EA on chronic pain of CIA rats is superior, which is likely to be related with effects of EA on anti-inflammation and up-regulation of synovial tissue β-END and MOR, KOR, DOR.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Analgesics, Opioid , Allergy and Immunology , Animals , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Cattle , Chronic Pain , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Dynorphins , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Electroacupuncture , Enkephalin, Methionine , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Opioid, mu , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Synovial Fluid , Allergy and Immunology , beta-Endorphin , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12444

ABSTRACT

Lameness is one of the most painful conditions that affects dairy cattle. This study was conducted to evaluate clinical signs and plasma concentration of several pain and stress biomarkers after oligofructose-induced lameness in dairy heifers. Lameness was induced using an oligofructose overload model in 12 non-pregnant heifers. Clinical parameters and blood samples were obtained at 48 and 24 h and at 6, 12, 24, 36 and 48 h after induction of lameness. Clinical parameters included heart rate, respiratory rate, ruminal frequency and lameness score. Plasma biomarkers included cortisol, haptoglobin, norepinephrine, beta-endorphin and substance P. Differences were observed in all parameters between control and treated heifers. The plasma concentration of biomarkers increased significantly in treated animals starting 6 h after induction of lameness, reaching maximum levels at 24 h for cortisol, 48 h for haptoglobin, 6 h for norepinephrine, 12 h for substance P and at 24 h for beta-endorphin. Overall, our results confirm that lameness associated pain induced using the oligofructose model induced changes in clinical parameters and plasma biomarkers of pain and stress in dairy heifers.


Subject(s)
Animals , beta-Endorphin , Biomarkers , Cattle , Haptoglobins , Heart Rate , Hydrocortisone , Norepinephrine , Plasma , Respiratory Rate , Substance P
14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 363-366, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309705

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship of the common Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome pattern of chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) with the contents of substance p and beta endorphin in the plasma, and provide reference data for the clinical diagnosis, differentiation and treatment of CPPS by TCM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We observed 98 cases of CPPS, which were classified into a lower-part damp-heat invasion group (group A, n = 32), a blood stasis-induced collateral obstruction group (group B, n = 34), and a damp-heat stagnation group (group C, n = 32) according to the TCM syndrome differentiation. Another 35 normal healthy young men were enrolled as controls. We measured the contents of substance p and beta endorphin in the plasma by immunoradiometry and ELISA, and analyzed their relationship with the TCM syndrome pattern.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The contents of plasma substance p were significantly higher in groups A ([1135.76 +/- 166.45] pg/ml), B ([1 337.84 +/- 170.81] pg/ml), and C ([1 210.01 +/- 162.27] pg/ml) than in the control ([574.99 +/- 113.09] pg/ml) (all P < 0.01), while the contents of plasma beta endorphin in groups A ([212.70 +/- 29.49] pg/ml), B ([157.99 +/- 24.01] pg/ml), and C ([180.81 +/- 20.20] pg/ml) were remarkably lower than that in the control ([274.73 +/- 27.64] pg/ml) (all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the plasma of CPPS patients, the content of substance p is significantly elevated and that of beta endorphin markedly reduced, which suggests that they may be involved in the inflammatory reaction of CPPS. The levels of plasma substance p and beta endorphin can be used as valuable reference for the TCM classification of chronic prostatitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , Chronic Disease , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pelvic Pain , Blood , Classification , Prostatitis , Blood , Classification , Substance P , Blood , Syndrome , beta-Endorphin , Blood
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253875

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture (EA) at Neimadian (Extra) and Neiguan (PC 6) for analgesia after thoracic surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty cases of thoracic surgery were randomly divided into an electroacupuncture (EA) group (60 cases) and a medication group (60 cases). EA was applied at Neimadian (Extra) and Neiguan (PC 6) for postoperation analgesia in the EA group, while patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) was applied in the medication group. The score of visual analogue scale (VAS), analgesia effect, safety and beta-endorphin level after the treatment in both groups were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with those before the treatment, the VAS scores in every time point after surgery were decreased (all P < 0.05), which were lower in the EA group (P < 0.01). The excellent and good rates were 96.7% (58/60) and 75.0% (45/60) seperately, the analgesia effect in the EA group (2 h after operation) was superior to that in the medication group (P < 0.01). The safety degree in EA group was higher to that in the medication group (P < 0.01). Compared with that before the treatment, the beta-endorphin level in two groups after treatment was both increased, which was higher in the EA group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Electroacupuncture at Neimadian (Extra) and Neiguan (PC 6) has better analgesia effect (2 h after operation) and safety than PICA on analgesia after thoracic surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Aged , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative , Blood , Therapeutics , Thoracic Surgery , beta-Endorphin , Blood
16.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 187-190, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-120912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Capsaicin, a noxious stimulant and main component of the hot flavor of red peppers, has an analgesic effect when administered to humans. We investigated the expression of proopioimelanocortin (POMC) mRNA in the arcuate nucleus of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats after administering capsaicin, hypothesizing that administering capsaicin activates the central opioid system. METHODS: SD rats were divided randomly into two groups; one group received a saline injection and the other received a capsaicin injection. The POMC mRNA level in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus was measured by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction at 0, 20, 40, 60, and 120 minutes after capsaicin administration. RESULTS: Capsaicin administration resulted in a significantly increased POMC mRNA level, compared to that in saline-treated rats at the 20-minute time point (t=-4.445, p=0.001). However, no significant group differences were observed at other times (t=-1.886, p=0.089; t= -0.973, p=0.353; t=-2.193, p=0.053 for 40, 60, and 120 minutes, respectively). CONCLUSION: The analgesic effect of capsaicin might be associated with increased activity of the cerebral opioid system. This finding suggests that capsaicin acted for nociception and analgesia and could affect alcohol-intake behavior, which might further imply that a food culture could affect drinking behavior.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Animals , Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus , beta-Endorphin , Capsaicin , Capsicum , Drinking Behavior , Humans , Hypothalamus , Nociception , Pro-Opiomelanocortin , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , RNA, Messenger
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45686

ABSTRACT

Opioid receptors have been pharmacologically classified as micro, delta, kappa and epsilon. We have recently reported that the antinociceptive effect of morphine (a micro-opioid receptor agonist), but not that of beta-endorphin (a novel micro/epsilon-opioid receptor agonist), is attenuated by whole body irradiation (WBI). It is unclear at present whether WBI has differential effects on the antinociceptive effects of micro-, delta-, kappa- and epsilon-opioid receptor agonists. In our current experiments, male ICR mice were exposed to WBI (5Gy) from a 60Co gamma-source and the antinociceptive effects of opioid receptor agonists were assessed two hours later using the hot water (52degrees C) tail-immersion test. Morphine and D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly-olenkephalin(DAMGO), [D-Pen2-D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE), trans-3,4-Dichloro-N-methyl-N-[2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl]-benzeneacetamide (U50,488H), and beta-endorphin were tested as agonists for micro, delta, kappa, and epsilon-opioid receptors, respectively. WBI significantly attenuated the antinociceptive effects of morphine and DAMGO, but increased those of beta-endorphin. The antinociceptive effects of DPDPE and U50,488H were not affected by WBI. In addition, to more preciously understand the differential effects of WBI on micro- and epsilon-opioid receptor agonists, we assessed pretreatment effects of beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA, a micro-opioid receptor antagonist) or beta-endorphin1-27 (beta-EP1-27, an epsilon-opioid receptor antagonist), and found that pretreatment with beta-FNA significantly attenuated the antinociceptive effects of morphine and beta-endorphin by WBI. beta-EP1-27 significantly reversed the attenuation of morphine by WBI and significantly attenuated the increased effects of beta-endorphin by WBI. The results demonstrate differential sensitivities of opioid receptors to WBI, especially for micro- and epsilon-opioid receptors.


Subject(s)
3,4-Dichloro-N-methyl-N-(2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-cyclohexyl)-benzeneacetamide, (trans)-Isomer , Animals , beta-Endorphin , Enkephalin, Ala(2)-MePhe(4)-Gly(5)- , Enkephalin, D-Penicillamine (2,5)- , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Morphine , Naltrexone , Receptors, Opioid , Water , Whole-Body Irradiation
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263130

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the analgesia effectiveness and safety of electroacupuncture at Neimadian(Extra) for postoperation of abdominal surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty patients with routine abdominal surgery were randomly divided into an acupuncture group and a medication group, 60 cases in each group. The acupuncture group was treated with electroacupuncture at Neimadian(Extra), which was located on the inside of lower leg, 7 cun above the internal malleolus and 0.5 cun from post edge of tibial. The medication group was treated with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) with Sufentanil. After the treatment, the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), the security, the analgesic effect and beta-endorphin content were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The postoperative VAS score at 2, 4, 8, 16, 24 and 48 h in the acupuncture group was lower than those in the medication group (all P < 0.05). The analgesic effect at 2, 4, 16 and 24 h after surgery in the acupuncture group were superior to those in the medication group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The beta-endorphin content at 0, 8, 16 and 48 h after surgery in both groups were increased, and the acupuncture group was superior to the medication group (all P < 0.05). The security class after surgery in the acupuncture group was higher than that in the medication group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The analgesic effect and safety of electroacupuncture at Neimadian(Extra) in postoperation of abdominal surgery are superior to those of the PCIA with Sufentanil.</p>


Subject(s)
Abdomen , General Surgery , Acupuncture Analgesia , Acupuncture Points , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative , Blood , Therapeutics , Young Adult , beta-Endorphin , Blood
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285210

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of preventive moxibustion at the acupoint of 'Guanyuan" (CV 4) on the stress-related hormones, proteins and genes in natural menopausal rats, and explore its protective mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty eight healthy female SD rats were used in this study, in which 16 rats aged 4 months were used as normal control group, the rest 10-month-old rats with disorder of estrus cycle were randomly divided into 7 groups, including 4 control groups at the age of 10, 12, 14 and 16 months, and 3 preventive moxibustion groups at the age of 12, 14 and 16 months, 16 cases in each group. The 10-month-old rats were treated with preventive moxibustion at the acupoint of "Guanyuan" (CV 4), twice a week for 8 weeks consistently, then observed on the following 12, 14 and 16 months. Its effects on the level of heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70), heat shock protein 70 mRNA (HSP 70 mRNA), corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), beta-endorphin (beta-EP), adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) in the different nuclei of hypothalamus were examined with radio-immunity, immunohistochemistry or in situ hybridization methods.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the control groups, the expression of HSP 70 and HSP 70 mRNA was increased in paraventricular, arcuate and supraoptic nucleus, the level of CRH, beta-EP was showed with declining trend in volatility, while the content of ACTH was increased. In comparison to the same-aged control groups, the preventive moxibustion groups were showed that the expression of HSP 70 in the 14-month-old group was lower and the expression of HSP 70 mRNA in the 12 and 16-month-old group was significantly higher in the paraventricular nucleus (all P < 0.05), the expression of HSP 70 in the 12 and 14-month-old groups and HSP 70 mRNA in the 12-month-old group was significantly increased in the arcuate nucleus (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), while the expression of HSP 70 in the 14-month-old group and HSP 70 mRNA in the 12 and 16-month-old group was significantly decreased in the supraoptic nucleus (all P < 0.05), the content of CRH and ACTH decreased significantly in 14-month group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), but the content of beta-EP obviously went up in the 12-month-old group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Preventive moxibustion at the acupoint of "Guanyuan" (CV 4) can regulate the expression of stress proteins, genes and hormones in the hypothalamus for the natural menopausal rats, which might be playing a protective role.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Metabolism , Animals , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone , Metabolism , Female , Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Hypothalamic Hormones , Metabolism , Menopause , Genetics , Metabolism , Models, Animal , Moxibustion , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , beta-Endorphin , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254863

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To probe into the optimal frequency of electroacupuncture for the access to the best anesthesia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty cases of optional thyroid surgery were randomly divided into group A, group B and group C, 20 cases in each group. In group A, 2 Hz/100 Hz disperse-dense wave was selected in stimulation. In group B, 2 Hz/15 Hz disperse-dense wave was selected. Group C was the control group without electric stimulation applied. Hegu (LI 4) and Neiguan (PC 6) were stimulated bilaterally. Cervical plexus block was produced after 15 min acupuncture. The concentration changes in plasma cortisone (COR) and beta-endorphin (beta-EP) were compared among 4 time-points, named before anesthesia (T1), before skin incision after induction (T2), thyroid traction in surgery (T3) and the end of surgery (T4).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Group B achieved the highest significant rate of analgesia (50.0%, 10/20) and that in group C was the lowest (10.0%, 2/20). COR content was the highest at T2 in group A and that was the lowest at T3 in group B. At the end of surgery, COR content was up the maximum in 3 groups, but still COR content was the lowest in group B in comparison. The plasma beta-EP content decreased apparently at T3 and T4 in group B as compared with the value before (both P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In electroacupuncture-assisted anesthesia, 2 Hz/15 Hz disperse-dense wave achieves the optimal anesthesia compared with 2 Hz/100 Hz disperse-dense wave, and moreover inhibits stress reaction induced by anesthesia surgery.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Adult , Electroacupuncture , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Thyroid Diseases , Blood , General Surgery , Thyroid Gland , General Surgery , Young Adult , beta-Endorphin , Blood
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