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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1493-1497, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922284

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationships between caspase-8 (CASP8), fatty acid synthetase (Fas) gene polymorphisms and prognosis of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients in Han nationality.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 85 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were analyzed retrospectively. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas gene were detected, and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas gene in patients with different prognosis were compared, and the relationships between gene polymorphisms and the poor prognosis of the patients were investigated.@*RESULTS@#The incidence rate of poor prognosis of the patients enrolled in the study was 65.88%. The polymorphisms of CASP8 and Fas genes in the patients with poor or good prognosis were in accordance with Hardy Weinberg's law of genetic balance. The frequencies of GG genotype and G allele at rs 1035142 of CASP8 gene, GA genotype and A allele at rs 1377 of Fas gene in patients with poor prognosis were lower than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). The frequencies of GT, TT and T alleles at rs 1035142 of CASP8 gene, GG and G alleles at rs 1377 of Fas gene in patients with poor prognosis were higher than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). The proportions of Ann Arbor stage III-IV and high malignancy in patients with poor prognosis were higher than those of the patients with good prognosis (P<0.05). Logistic multiple regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage III-IV, moderate malignant, high malignancy, CASP8 rs 1035142 GT genotype, CASP8 rs 1035142 TT genotype and Fas rs 1377 GG genotype were all the risk factors for the poor prognosis of the patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The poor prognosis rate of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients in Han nationality is relatively high, and the risk factors for the prognosis of the patients include Ann Arbor stage III-IV, moderate and high malignancy, CASP8 rs 1035142 GT genotype, CASP8 rs 1035142 TT genotype and Fas rs 1377 GG genotype.


Subject(s)
Caspase 8/genetics , Ethnic Groups , Fatty Acids , Humans , Ligases , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , fas Receptor
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772062

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X inactive specific transcript (XIST) in modulating cisplatin (DDP) resistance of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells and investigate the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Realtime PCR was performed to detect the expression of XIST in cisplatin-resistant human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE1/DDP. The effects of up-regulation and down-regulation of XIST on DDP resistance, proliferation and apoptosis of HNE1/ DDP cells were assessed using MTT assay, EdU assay and flow cytometry. Western blotting was used to detect the changes in the expressions of programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) and Fas ligand (Fas-L) proteins in the cells in response to up-regulation or down-regulation of XIST.@*RESULTS@#The expression of XIST was significantly up-regulated in HNE1/DDP cells in comparison with HNE1 cells (0.57±0.06 0.1±0.02, < 0.05). Down-regulation of XIST significantly decreased while up-regulation of XIST obviously increased DDP resistance of HNE1/DDP cells ( < 0.05). Down-regulation of XIST significantly reduced the proliferation (6.17 ± 1.93 16.59 ± 4.86, < 0.05) and enhanced apoptosis [(18.04 ± 4.72)% (4.22 ± 1.65)%, < 0.05], while upregulating XIST enhanced the proliferation (25.40±7.21 13.16±3.95, < 0.05) and inhibited apoptosis [(2.82±0.88)% (6.46± 1.75)%, < 0.05] in HNE1/DDP cells. Down-regulation of XIST significantly increased the protein expressions of PDCD4 and Fas-L ( < 0.05) in HNE1/DDP cells, and up-regulation of XIST resulted in reverse changes in PDCD4 and Fas-L expressions ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#XIST is up-regulated in HNE1/DDP cells, and down-regulation and up-regulation of XIST expression reduce and increase DDP resistance of the cells, respectively, possibly as a result of changes in the expressions of PDCD4 and Fas-L.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma , RNA, Long Noncoding , RNA-Binding Proteins , fas Receptor
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 40(8): 450-457, Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-959031

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to investigate the association between caspase-8 (CASP8) (rs13416436 and rs2037815) and Fas cell surface death receptor (FAS) (rs3740286 and rs4064) polymorphisms with endometriosis in Brazilian women. Methods In the present case-control study, 45 women with a diagnosis of endometriosis and 78 normal healthy women as a control group were included. The genotyping was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with Taqman hydrolysis probes (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Darmstadt, Germany). Genotypic and allelic frequencies were analyzed using Chi-squared (χ2) test. In order to determine the inheritance models and haplotypes ,SNPStats (Institut Català d'Oncologia, Barcelona, Spain) was used. Levels of 5% (p = 0.05) were considered statistically significant. Results No significant difference was observed in genotypic or allelic frequencies between control and endometriosis groups for rs13416436 and rs2037815 (CASP8 gene). On the other hand, a significant difference between rs3740286 and rs4064 (FAS gene) was found. Regarding polymorphisms in the FAS gene, a statistically significant differencewas found in co-dominant and dominantmodels. Only the haplotype containing the rs3740286A and rs4064G alleles in the FAS gene were statistically significant. Conclusion The polymorphisms in the CASP8 gene were not associated with endometriosis. The results indicate an association between FAS gene polymorphisms and the risk of developing endometriosis.


Resumo Objetivo Investigar a associação entre os polimorfismos dos genes caspase-8 (CASP8) (rs13416436 e rs2037815) e FAS (rs3740286 e rs4064) em mulheres brasileiras com endometriose. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo do tipo caso-controle, no qual foram incluídas 45 mulheres com diagnóstico de endometriose e 78 controles. A genotipagem das amostras foi determinada usando a reação em cadeia de polimerase em tempo real com sondas de hidrólise TaqMan (Thermo Fisher Scientific, Darmstadt, Germany). As frequências genotípicas e alélicas foram analisadas usando o teste do qui-quadrado. O SNPStats (Institut Català d'Oncologia, Barcelona, Espanha) foi usado para determinar os modelos de herança e os haplótipos. Os níveis de significância estatística considerados foram de 5% (p = 0,05). Resultados Não foi observada diferença significativa nas frequências genotípicas ou alélicas entre os grupos de controle e de endometriose para os polimorfismos rs13416436 e rs2037815 (gene CASP8). Por outro lado, foi encontrada uma diferença significativa entre os polimorfismos rs3740286 e rs4064 (gene FAS). Em relação aos polimorfismos do gene FAS, foi encontrada uma diferença estatisticamente significativa nos modelos codominante e dominante. Apenas o haplótipo contendo os alelos rs3740286A e rs4064G no gene FAS foi estatisticamente significativo. Conclusão Não há associação entre os polimorfismos do gene CASP8 e endometriose. Entretanto, há associação entre os polimorfismos do gene FAS e o risco de desenvolver endometriose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Polymorphism, Genetic , fas Receptor/genetics , Endometriosis/genetics , Caspase 8/genetics , Brazil , Case-Control Studies
4.
Rev. argent. endocrinol. metab ; 55(1): 50-59, mar. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041727

ABSTRACT

ABSTRAC This article presents the results of a comprehensive analysis of the combined influence of genetic polymorphisms associated with various links of apoptosis regulation (BCL-2, CTLA-4 and APO-1/Fas) on the development of nodular goiter with autoimmune thyroiditis and thyroid adenoma in the studied population. The analysis was performed using the Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction (MDR) method by calculating the prediction potential. Graphic models of gene-gene interaction with the highest cross-validation consistency created by the MDR method showed complex "synergistic or independent" impact of polymorphic loci of the CTLA-4 (+49G/A), Fas (-1377G/A) and BCL-2 (63291411 A>G) genes on the onset of thyroid pathology in general, or its individual types (nodular goiter with autoimmune thyroiditis and thyroid adenoma) in the population of Northern Bukovyna.


RESUMEN Este artículo presenta los resultados de un análisis exhaustivo de la influencia combinada de polimorfismos genéticos asociados a diversos enlaces en la regulación de la apoptosis (BCL-2, CTLA-4 y APO-1/FAS) sobre el desarrollo de bocio nodular con tiroiditis autoinmune y adenoma tiroideo en la población estudiada. Para ello, se utilizó el método de reducción de dimensionalidad multifactorial (MDR) mediante el cálculo de los potenciales de predicción. Los modelos gráficos de interacción gen-gen con la mayor consistencia de validación cruzada creada por el método MDR mostraron un complejo impacto «sinérgico o independiente¼ de los loci polimórficos de los genes CTLA-4 (+49G/A), FAS (-1377G/A) y BCL-2 (63291411A>G) en el inicio de la patología tiroidea en general, o sus tipos individuales (bocio nodular con tiroiditis autoinmune y adenoma tiroideo) en la población de Bucovina septentrional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/physiology , Thyroiditis, Autoimmune/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Goiter, Nodular/physiopathology , Goiter, Nodular/genetics , Apoptosis/physiology , fas Receptor/analysis , Genes, bcl-2/genetics , Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction/methods , Abatacept/analysis , Goiter, Nodular/etiology
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771666

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of leech on lipid metabolism and liver function in hyperlipidemia rats and the possible mechanism, biochemical analyzer was used to examine the regulation of leech on levels of serum triglycerides(TG), total cholesterol(TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C). The levels of ALT and AST in serum were detected by ELISA. The proteins expression of ACAT-2, Fas and HMGCR in liver tissue was detected by Western blot. The weight of body and liver were weighed, and liver index was calculated. Oil red O staining was used to observe the lipid accumulation in liver tissue of rats by light Microscope. The results showed that leech could decrease the levels of TC, LDL-C obviously, and increase HDL-C, decrease the levels of ALT, AST and the liver index, down-regulate the proteins expression of ACAT-2, Fas and HMGCR. And oil red O staining indicated that the lipid accumulation was less in the liver tissue of the rats intervented by leech. These data indicated that leech may affect the expression of ACAT-2, Fas and HMGCR in liver tissue to reduce the synthesis of cholesterol and fatty acid, and promote the cholesterol transforming, then regulate lipid metabolism to decrease the levels of serum lipid, and reduce lipid accumulation in liver tissue and ease liver injury of rats, then slowing down the process of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) in hyperlipidemia rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cholesterol , Blood , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Metabolism , Hyperlipidemias , Therapeutics , Leeches , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Therapeutics , Rats , Sterol O-Acyltransferase , Metabolism , Triglycerides , Blood , fas Receptor , Metabolism
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-229548

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the apoptosis mechanism of Wenxia Changfu Formula (, WCF) in reversing drug resistance of lung cancer in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty model mice were randomly assigned to three groups: control group, cisplatin (CDDP) group, and WCF group. A transplanted tumor model of lung adenocarcinoma was established in all groups. Mice in the WCF group received intragastric administration of WCF (0.2 mL/10 g body weight) everyday in addition to CDDP intraperitoneally (5 mg/kg body weight) twice a week. The mice in the CDDP group received CDDP intraperitoneally (5 mg/kg body weight) twice a week, while the control group received normal saline intraperitoneally (0.2 mL/10 g body weight) everyday. The weight of the nude mice and respective tumors, tumor volume and tumor-inhibiting rate were measured. Electron microscopy was used to observe the existence of apoptosis body. Apoptosis index (AI) was detected by TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling staining. The expression of Fas and FasL mRNA was investigated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, while immunohistochemistry was applied to detect the protein expression of Fas and FasL, caspase-3 and caspase-activated DNase (CAD), respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with CDDP group and control group, WCF could significantly reduce the tumor volume from the 19th day and alleviate the tumor weight (P <0.05), and the apoptosis body was found in tumor cells in the WCF group. WCF could also enhance the level of AI, up-regulate the expression of caspase apoptosis pathway related protein caspase-3 and CAD, as well as the expression of Fas, FasL mRNA and protein (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>WCF could improve the sensitivity of tumor cells to CDDP and reverse the drug resistance by inducing the apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Animals , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Fas Ligand Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Mice, Nude , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Burden , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , fas Receptor , Metabolism
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical value of detection of preoperative urinary soluble Fas (sFas) expression in predicting the recurrence of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC).
@*METHODS@#We performed a prospective research, which included 128 cases with NMIBC from January 2008 to April 2011. Expression levels of sFas in urine, which was saved at the first morning from preoperative NMIBC patients, were analyzed by ELISA. Clinical and pathological data, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) risk group category, follow-up data and urinary sFas values were collected from each patient, and each prognostic outcome was evaluated by statistical analysis of non-parametric test. Urinary sFas values and recurrence-free probabilities were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log rank test. Cox proportional hazards regression models were performed to determine the independent predictors of NMIBC recurrence. The prognosis index (PI) was established.
@*RESULTS@#The urinary sFas level was significantly elevated in the NMIBC cases with a higher stage or grade or high-risk EORTC group category than in those with a lower stage or grade or low-risk EORTC group category (each P0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a significant increase in incidence of recurrence in the NMIBC patients with high sFas levels in the urine (P<0.001). According to Cox regression analysis, the urinary sFas level and EORTC risk group category (each P<0.05) were the independent predictors of NMIBC recurrence. Based on the outcome of Cox regression, the formula of PI=(0.004×sFas value+1.179×EORTC score) was established.
@*CONCLUSION@#Our study indicates that urinary sFas test may help to identify NMIBC patients at risk of tumor recurrence and it deserves further research.


Subject(s)
Disease Progression , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Pathology , Urine , fas Receptor , Urine
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209973

ABSTRACT

5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is a chemotherapeutic agent commonly used for treatment of solid tumors, including colorectal cancer. However, chemoresistance against 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) often limits its success for chemotherapy and, therefore, finding out appropriate adjuvant(s) that might overcome chemoresistance against 5-FU bears a significant importance. In the present study, we have found that α-mangostin can sensitize 5-FU-resistant SNUC5/5-FUR colon cancer cells to apoptosis. Exposure of α-mangostin induced significant DNA damages and increased the intracellular 8-hydroxyguanosine (8-OH-G) and 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) levels in SNUC5 and SNUC5/5-FUR cells. Western blot analysis illustrated that α-mangostin-induced apoptosis was mediated by the activation of the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways in SNUC5/5-FUR cells. In particular, we observed that Fas receptor (FasR) level was lower in SNUC5/5-FUR cells, compared with SNUC5 cells and that silencing FasR attenuated α-mangostin-mediated apoptosis in SNUC5/5-FUR cells. Together, our study illustrates that α-mangostin might be an efficient apoptosis sensitizer that can overcome chemoresistance against 5-FU by activating apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
fas Receptor , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA Damage , Drug Therapy , Fluorouracil
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287114

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the anti-cancer effects of crude extract from Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc and its possible molecular mechanisms in vitro and in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Transonic alcohol-chloroform extraction method was used to extract toosendanin from the bark of Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc, and the content of toosendanin in the crude extract was measured by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Anti-cancer effects of crude extract from Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc were investigated in in vivo and in vitro studies. In the in vitro experiment, human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines SMMC-7721 and Hep3B were co-incubated with toosendanin crude extract of different concentrations, respectively. In the in vivo experiment, BALB/c mice were subcutaneously inoculated with mouse hepatocellular carcinoma H22 cells and treated with crude extract.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HPLC revealed the content of toosendanin was about 15%. Crude extract from Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc inhibited cancer cells growth in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50, 72 h) was 0.6 mg/L for SMMC-7721 cells and 0.8 mg/L for Hep3B cells. Both high-dose [0.69 mg/(kg d)] and low-dose [0.138 mg/(kg d)] crude extract could markedly suppress cancer growth, and the inhibition rate was greater than 50%. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed necrotic area in cancers and transmission electron microscopy displayed necrotic and apoptotic cancer cells with apoptotic bodies. Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of Bax and Fas increased and the expression of Bcl-2 reduced.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Toosendanin extract has potent anti-cancer effects via suppressing proliferation and inducing apoptosis of cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. The mechanism of apoptosis involves in mitochondrial pathway and death receptor pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Immunohistochemistry , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Male , Melia , Chemistry , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Neoplasm Transplantation , Plant Extracts , Therapeutic Uses , Reference Standards , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Metabolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-728512

ABSTRACT

This study surveys the improvement characteristics in old-aged muscular mitochondria by bio-active materials coated fabric (BMCF). To observe the effects, the fabric (10 and 30%) was worn to old-aged rat then the oxygen consumption efficiency and copy numbers of mitochondria, and mRNA expression of apoptosis- and mitophagy-related genes were verified. By wearing the BMCF, the oxidative respiration significantly increased when using the 30% materials coated fabric. The mitochondrial DNA copy number significantly decreased and subsequently recovered in a dose-dependent manner. The respiratory control ratio to mitochondrial DNA copy number showed a dose-dependent increment. As times passed, Bax, caspase 9, PGC-1alpha and beta-actin increased, and Bcl-2 decreased in a dose-dependent manner. However, the BMCF can be seen to have had no effect on Fas receptor. PINK1 expression did not change considerably and was inclined to decrease in control group, but the expression was down-regulated then subsequently increased with the use of the BMCF in a dose-dependent manner. Caspase 3 increased and subsequently decreased in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that the BMCF invigorates mitophagy and improves mitochondrial oxidative respiration in skeletal muscle, and in early stage of apoptosis induced by the BMCF is not related to extrinsic death-receptor mediated but mitochondria-mediated signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Actins , Animals , fas Receptor , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , DNA, Mitochondrial , Mitochondria , Mitophagy , Muscle, Skeletal , Oxygen Consumption , Rats , Respiration , RNA, Messenger
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) on cisplatin (DDP)- induced apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell and the underlying mechanisms.
@*METHODS@#Hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells were divided into a control group, a LMWH group, a DDP group and a LMWH plus DDP group. The effect of the drugs on proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma SMMC-7721 cells were evaluated by 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-di- phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) assay, and the apoptosis were detected by acridine orange/ethidium bromide (AO/EB) double fluorescence method and flow cytometry method. The expression levels of apoptosis-related protein Fas, Bcl-2 and Bax were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot.
@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells was inhibited in the DDP group and the LMWH plus DDP group (both P0.05). The Fas level was increased obviously (P0.05). Compared with the control group and the DDP group, the Bcl-2 level was reduced significantly in the LMWH plus DDP group (both P0.05).
@*CONCLUSION@#LMWH can enhance the cisplatin-induced apoptosis in SMMC-7721 cells, which might be related to activation of mitochondrial pathway.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight , Pharmacology , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246091

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The study aimed to test if Paridis Rhizoma total saponins (PRTS) could induce apoptosis of human gastric cancer cell MKN-45.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Based on the previous researches, PRTS was set by different concentrations to treat human gastric cancer cell for 12 h (5, 10, 20 mg x L(-1)). Fluorescent staining methods were adopted to observe apoptotic morphological changes of MKN-45. The apoptosis rates were analyzed by flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The enzymatic activities of caspase-3 and caspase-8 were measured by ELISA. The protein levels of Fas and FasL were detected by Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Under a fluorescence microscope, MKN-45 treated by PRTS was seen typical apoptotic morphological features. PRTS significantly increased the rate of apoptosis. Compared with the control group, there exsited significant differences in apoptosis rate of PRTS concentration of 20 mg x L(-1) (P < 0.01); besides, the enzymatic activities of caspase-3 and caspase-8 were promoted obviously after the effect of PRTS on MKN-45 cells for 12 h (P < 0.01). The protein levels of Fas and FasL in the MKN-45 were upgraded significantly.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PRTS can induce apoptosis of human gastric cancer cell MKN-45 , which is concerned with caspase-3 and caspase-8 and upgraded Fas and FasL.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fas Ligand Protein , Metabolism , Humans , Magnoliopsida , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry , Saponins , Pharmacology , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Metabolism
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250355

ABSTRACT

Various kinds of schiff base metal complexes have been proven to induce apoptosis of tumor cells. However, it remains largely unknown whether schiff base zinc complexes induce apoptosis in human cancer cells. Here, we synthesized a novel schiff base zinc coordination compound (SBZCC) and investigated its effects on the growth, proliferation and apoptosis of human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells. A novel SBZCC was synthesized by chemical processes and used to treat MG-63 cells. The cell viability was determined by CCK-8 assay. The cell cycle progression, mitochondrial membrane potential and apoptotic cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The apoptosis-related proteins levels were determined by immunoblotting. Treatment of MG-63 cells with SBZCC resulted in inhibition of cell proliferation and cell cycle arrest at G1 phase. Moreover, SBZCC significantly reduced the mitochondrial membrane potential and induced apoptosis, accompanied with increased Bax/Bcl-2 and FlasL/Fas expression as well as caspase-3/8/9 cleavage. Our results demonstrated that the synthesized novel SBZCC could inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of MG-63 cells via activating both the mitochondrial and cell death receptor apoptosis pathways, suggesting that SBZCC is a promising agent for the development as anticancer drugs.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Genetics , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Genetics , Metabolism , Caspase 9 , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Coordination Complexes , Pharmacology , Fas Ligand Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Pathology , Osteoblasts , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Schiff Bases , Chemistry , Signal Transduction , Zinc , Chemistry , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254998

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To extract two kinds of phenols 4-hydroxy-3, 5-dimethoxy-4-(2-oxopropyl) cyclohexa-2, 5-dien-l-one and 6-methoxy-5,7-dihydroxy coumarin (named as I and H compounds respectively) from Ajania salicifolia and to investigate their antioxidation and cytotoxicity to tumors and explore their pro-apoptosis mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The antioxidant activities of two compounds were assessed by ABTS and DPPH radical-scavenging assays. Two compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicity against human chronic myelogenous leukemia (K562) cells using the MIT assay. The expression of NF-kappaB P65 mRNA in K562 apoptotic cells was measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), real-time quantitative PCR. In addition, protein expression levels of the NF-ICB P65, p-Akt, Fas, P-catenina and E-cadherin were also measured by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) We found that compound I displayed significant inoxidizability, while compound II had no obvious antioxidizability. (2) In cytotoxicity experiments, compound I didn't display cytotoxicity while compound H displayed obvious cytotoxicity. (3) Compared with the blank group, the expression of NF-kappaB P65 mRNA in K562 cell after treatment with compound II was obviously up-regulated. (4) Compared with the blank group, the expression levels of NF-kappaB P65, Fas, beta-catenina and E-cadherin were significantly increased in compound II treated groups and it appeared obvious dose-effect relationship between the expression of protein and drug concentration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Two phenols have obvious antioxidizability and cytotoxicity respectively. On the one hand, the tumor-suppressing mechanism of compound II maybe act by up-regulation the expression of NF-kappaB P65 and Fas protein; thereby, affecting the classical Fas apoptosis signaling pathways. On the other hand, it can also up-regulate the expression of protein beta-catenin and E-cadherin, which participate in the adhesion between cells, and accordingly, playing an important role in preventing the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Asteraceae , Chemistry , Cadherins , Metabolism , Humans , K562 Cells , Oncogene Protein v-akt , Metabolism , Phenols , Chemistry , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Up-Regulation , beta Catenin , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Metabolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242848

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the growth-inhibitory effect of sunitinib malate on human bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Human bladder TCC cell line T24 was cultured and exposed to graded concentrations of sunitinib malate for 72 hours in vitro to determine the sensitivities to drug. Cell viability was measured by MTT assay. Cell apoptotic morphology was observed by fluorescence microscope following DAPI staining. Band expressions of Fas, Fas ligand, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and β-actin were analyzed by Western blot. Wound healing process of T24 cells exposed to sunitinib malate was assayed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Sunitinib malate exerted a concentration-dependent and time-dependent inhibitory effect on the T24 cell lines. Fluorescence microscopy showed that small vacuoles appeared in the nuclei of T24 cells and the vacuoles were bigger with higher drug concentrations. The expressions of Fas ligand and PARP in T24 cells treated with sunitinib malate exhibited a concentration-dependent increase. Moreover sunitinib malate suppressed the wound healing process in a concentration-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sunitinib malate exerted marked inhibitory activity against bladder cancer cell line T24.</p>


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Fas Ligand Protein , Metabolism , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Indoles , Pharmacology , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases , Metabolism , Pyrroles , Pharmacology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Wound Healing , fas Receptor , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-312997

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Shugan Jianpi Recipe (SJR) on LXRα/FAS signaling pathway mediated hepatocyte fatty deposits in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 75 SPF grade male SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups, i.e., the normal control group, the model group, the Shugan Recipe (SR) treatment groups, the Jianpi Recipe (JR) treatment group, and the SJR group. Except rats in the normal control group, the NAFLD rat model was duplicated using high fat diet (HFD). SR (Chaihu Shugan Powder) was administered to rats in the SR group. JR (Shenlin Baizhu Powder) was administered to rats in the JR group. SJR (Chaihu Shugan Powder plus Shenlin Baizhu Powder) was administered to rats in the SJR group. Changes of liver fat were analyzed using automatic biochemical analyzer. Liver cells were separated by low-speed centrifugation. Their activities and purities were identify using Typan blue and flow cytometry (FCM). Expression levels of LXRα and FAS mRNA in hepatocytes detected by Real-time quantitative PCR. Expression levels of LXRα and FAS protein were detected by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Pathological results showed in the model group, hepatocytes were swollen with nucleus locating at the cell edge after oil red O staining; unequal sized small vacuoles could be seen inside cytoplasm. Some small vacuoles merged big vacuoles. All these indi- cated a NAFLD rat model was successfully established by high fat diet. Pathological structural changes could be impaired to some degree in all medicated groups, especially in the SR group. (2) Compared with the normal control group, expression levels of LXRα and FAS genes and proteins obviously increased in the model group (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, their expression levels were obviously down-regulated in the JR group and the SR group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LXRα/FAS signaling pathway was an important signaling pathway for mediating lipid metabolism disorders of NAFLD rats. SJR could make hepatocyte fatty deposits tend to repair by adjusting the LXRα/FAS signaling pathway in NAFLD rats, which might be one of important mechanisms for SJR to prevent and cure NAFLD.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat , Down-Regulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatocytes , Male , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Metabolism , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Metabolism , Orphan Nuclear Receptors , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , fas Receptor , Metabolism
17.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 224-234, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-757507

ABSTRACT

We have recently reported that Ginsenoside Rh2 (G-Rh2) induces the activation of two initiator caspases, caspase-8 and caspase-9 in human cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanism of its death-inducing function remains unclear. Here we show that G-Rh2 stimulated the activation of both caspase-8 and caspase-9 simultaneously in HeLa cells. Under G-Rh2 treatment, membrane death receptors Fas and TNFR1 are remarkably upregulated. However, the induced expression of Fas but not TNFR1 was contributed to the apoptosis process. Moreover, significant increases in Fas expression and caspase-8 activity temporally coincided with an increase in p53 expression in p53-non-mutated HeLa and SK-HEP-1 cells upon G-Rh2 treatment. In contrast, Fas expression and caspase-8 activity remained constant with G-Rh2 treatment in p53-mutated SW480 and PC-3 cells. In addition, siRNA-mediated knockdown of p53 diminished G-Rh2-induced Fas expression and caspase-8 activation. These results indicated that G-Rh2-triggered extrinsic apoptosis relies on p53-mediated Fas over-expression. In the intrinsic apoptotic pathway, G-Rh2 induced strong and immediate translocation of cytosolic BAK and BAX to the mitochondria, mitochondrial cytochrome c release, and subsequent caspase-9 activation both in HeLa and in SW480 cells. p53-mediated Fas expression and subsequent downstream caspase-8 activation as well as p53-independent caspase-9 activation all contribute to the activation of the downstream effector caspase-3/-7, leading to tumor cell death. Taken together, we suggest that G-Rh2 induces cancer cell apoptosis in a multi-path manner and is therefore a promising candidate for anti-tumor drug development.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 8 , Metabolism , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cytochromes c , Metabolism , Enzyme Activation , Ginsenosides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , HeLa Cells , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Protein Transport , Receptors, Death Domain , Metabolism , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism , Up-Regulation , bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein , Metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329264

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To construct a lentivirus-mediated vector for RNA interference (RNAi) of Fas and establish a human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (UC-MSCs) line with stable Fas gene silencing.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four short hairpin RNA sequences targeting the coding region of human Fas mRNA were designed. The synthesized oligonucleotides were ligated with the lentivirus vectors harvested from BamHI and EcoRI double digestion of LV3 recombinant vector. The recombinant lentivirus vectors were transfected into the packaging cells 293T, and the lentivirus titers were determined. Cultured UC-MSCs were infected with the lentivirus, and real-time PCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expressions of Fas mRNA and protein in the transfected cells.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Restriction digestion and DNA sequencing showed that the lentiviral vectors were successfully constructed, and the titer of lentivirus reached 3 × 10⁸ TU/ml in the packaging cells. Real-time PCR and Western blot demonstrated significantly suppressed Fas gene expression in UC-MSCs after infection with the recombinant lentivirus.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Lentivirus-mediated RNAi can effectively inhibit Fas gene expression in cultured UC-MSCs.</p>


Subject(s)
Cells, Cultured , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Lentivirus , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , RNA Interference , RNA, Messenger , RNA, Small Interfering , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Transfection , Umbilical Cord , Cell Biology , fas Receptor , Genetics
19.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 47-50, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320536

ABSTRACT

In the research community, resistance to apoptosis is often considered a hallmark of cancer. However, pathologists who diagnose cancer via microscope often see the opposite. Indeed, increased apoptosis and mitosis are usually observed simultaneously in cancerous lesions. Studies have shown that increased apoptosis is associated with cancer aggressiveness and poor clinical outcome. Furthermore, overexpression of Bcl-2, an antiapoptotic protein, is linked with better survival of cancer patients. Conversely, Bax, CD95, Caspase-3, and other apoptosis-inducing proteins have been found to promote carcinogenesis. This notion of the role of apoptosis in cancer is not new; cancer cells were found to be short-lived 88 years ago. Given these observations, resistance to apoptosis should not be considered a hallmark of cancer.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Physiology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Carcinogenesis , Metabolism , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Humans , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , Treatment Outcome , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism , fas Receptor , Metabolism
20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 923-926, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293889

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of a case with autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) .</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The patient was diagnosed as autoimmune lymphoproliferactive syndrome (ALPS) after being admitted to the Department of Rheumatism and Immunology of Tianjin Children's Hospital in February 20, 2014. The clinical characteristics, physical examination, laboratory tests, gene tests, and treatment process were analyzed and related literature was reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The patient was a 16-month- old boy.Since the first month of life, he started to have repeatedly fever, diarrhea, shortness of breath, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, anemia (HGBmin 50 g/L) and thrombocytopenia (min 35 × 10⁹/L) . But multiple exams showed a normal peripheral blood leukocyte count, hypergammaglobulinemia (IgG 19 800 mg/L, IgA 1 710 mg/L, IgM 2 590 mg/L) and significantly increased serum vitamin B12. Flow cytometric measures showed that CD3⁺ CD4⁻ CD8⁻ T lymphocytes significantly increased ( > 10%) at four times. The count of CD3⁺ TCRαβ⁺ CD4⁻ CD8⁻T lymphocytes (double negative T cells; DNTs) >3% twice. The genetic test showed that 309th FAS gene area showed heterozygous mutations, the boy was diagnosed as ALPS. Added examinations of lymphocytes apoptosis induced by FAS was positive. He was treated with prednisone 15 mg once daily and immunomodulator 150 mg three times a day, while in maintaining period with normal levels of hemoglobin and platelet, the dose of prednisone was reduced gradually. Till now, the patient has been treated and observed for 8 months. We retrieved the reports of ALPS in the databases at home and abroad published in recent 10 years, more than 400 cases reported from foreign countries, but there were only 5 domestic cases. Among those, 4 had onset in infancy and 1 at 6-years of age. All the cases presented servere lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly with anemia (4 of them with hemolytic anemia) and thrombocytopenia. Three cases had a history of frequent infection, one of them had glomerulonephritis. All patient with significant high level of serum immunoglobulin ( > 1.5 times upper limit of normal range), in 3 of them serum vitamin B12 was > 1.5 pg/L (the other 2 cases missed the exam). In 5 cases CD3⁺ CD4⁻ CD8⁻T cells > 10%, and in 2 case DNTs were 8.9% and 15.7% respectively (the other 3 cases missed the exam). Three cases were clearly detected with FAS mutations. All patients were treated with corticosteroid, 2 of them were added with mycophenolate mofetil. The therapy presented effective result in early 1-3 months, but no long-term follow-up reports were available.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ALPS is a disorder of disrupted lymphocyte homeostasis caused by defective Fas-mediated apoptosis, and it is one of the primary immunodeficiency diseases. The onset of the disease occurs during infancy mainly. Clinical lymphoid hyperplasia and autoimmune phenomena are outstanding signs, which can be associated with frequent infections and allergies. The level of serum vitamin B12 > 1.5 pg/L and the count of CD3⁺ CD4⁻ CD8⁻ T cell show important significance. Exact diagnosis should depend on detecting DNTs and FAS gene.</p>


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Lymphoproliferative Syndrome , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Cell Count , Humans , Infant , Male , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Vitamin B 12 , Blood , fas Receptor
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