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1.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e528, oct.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156460

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la principal causa de mortalidad y morbilidad a nivel mundial. Reconocidas como problemas de salud de impacto social, han motivado a muchos científicos a tratar de explicar su patogénesis. Actualmente se plantea de la existencia de otros factores de riesgo, independientemente de los clásicos. Entre estos factores se describen el papel de las altas concentraciones de ácido úrico y la actividad de la enzima gamma-glutamiltransferasa en sangre, biomarcadores de estrés oxidativo. Estos elementos que de manera individual pudieran contribuir a las enfermedades cardiovasculares, parecen tener un efecto sinérgico. Objetivo: Revisar las evidencias que sostienen que altas concentraciones de ácido úrico y la actividad de la enzima gamma-glutamiltransferasa en sangre pueden constituir factores de riesgo que desde el estrés oxidativo contribuyan a las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Métodos: Se recopiló la información a partir de las bases de datos de diferentes buscadores (Medline-Pubmed, Cochrane, Scopus y SciELO) entre el 1 de marzo del 2019 y el 23 de mayo 2020. Conclusiones: Se encontró que, tanto el ácido úrico como la gamma-glutamiltransferasa son productos horméticos que a bajas concentraciones tienen efecto antioxidante en el organismo, pero al elevarse involucran la ocurrencia de procesos oxidativos que conducen a la disfunción endotelial y las enfermedades cardiovasculares(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Recognized as a health problem of social impact; they have prompted many scientists to try to explain their pathogenesis. New risk factors are currently acknowledged alongside the classic ones. These factors include the role of high uric acid concentrations and the activity of the enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase in blood, both of which are biomarkers of oxidative stress. These elements may individually contribute to the development of cardiovascular diseases, and seem to have a synergistic effect. Objective: Review the evidence supporting the idea that high uric acid concentrations and the activity of the enzyme gamma-glutamyltransferase in blood may be risk factors contributing to the development of cardiovascular diseases via oxidative stress. Methods: Data were collected from the databases of various search engines (Medline-Pubmed, Cochrane, Scopus and SciELO) from 1 March 2019 to 23 May 2020. Conclusions: It was found that uric acid and gamma-glutamyltransferase are hormetic products causing an antioxidant effect on the organism at low concentrations. However, when concentrations rise, they are involved in the occurrence of oxidative processes leading to endothelial dysfunction and cardiovascular diseases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Uric Acid/analysis , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Oxidative Stress/physiology , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 371-378, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1128217

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolic, inflammatory, and hepatic aspects, as well as the milk yield in heifers submitted to protocol for induction of lactation compared to primiparous cows. Sixty Holstein heifers were selected and enrolled into two groups: Control (n= 30), pregnant heifers and Induction heifers (n= 30), non-pregnant femeales, submitted to a lactation induction protocol. Blood samples were collected at: pre-lactation period (weeks -3, -2 and -1) and post-lactation period (weeks 1, 2 and 3), aiming to evaluate glucose, non-esterified fatty acids, paraoxonase-1, albumin, ALT, GGT and cortisol. The protocol efficiently induced lactation in all the heifers, which produced 74.54% of the total production of milk from primiparous cows. In the pre-lactation period, induced animals presented higher concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids than the Control heifers, and the opposite was observed in the post lactation period. In both moments albumin and ALT were lower in the Induction group, and paraoxonase-1 activity and GGT concentrations were higher, compared to the Control. Thus, lactation induction protocol is efficient to initiate milk production in dairy heifers with no considerable changes in energetic, metabolic and hepatic profile when compared to heifers in physiological lactation.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os perfis metabólico, inflamatório, hepático e a produção de leite de novilhas induzidas à lactação comparadas a primíparas. Sessenta novilhas da raça Holandês foram selecionadas e alocadas em grupos: controle (n=30), novilhas prenhas, e indução (n=30), novilhas vazias submetidas a um protocolo de indução de lactação. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas nas semanas -3, -2 e -1 (pré-lactação) e nas semanas 1, 2 e 3 (pós-início de lactação) para avaliação de glicose, ácidos graxos não esterificados, paraoxonase-1, albumina, ALT, GGT e cortisol. O protocolo induziu eficientemente a lactação em todas as novilhas, que produziram 74,54% da produção total de leite do controle. No período pré-lactação, o grupo indução apresentou maiores concentrações de ácidos graxos não esterificados que o controle, e o oposto foi observado pós-lactação. Em ambos os momentos, albumina e ALT foram menores no grupo indução, e a atividade da paraoxonase-1 e as concentrações de GGT foram maiores, em comparação ao controle. Assim, o protocolo de indução de lactação foi eficiente para iniciar a produção de leite em novilhas induzidas, além de terem sido observadas alterações nos perfis energético, metabólico e hepático em comparação a novilhas em lactação fisiológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Lactation/physiology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Albumins/analysis , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/analysis , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis , Milk
3.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 553-559, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1128404

ABSTRACT

Durante o periparto, as vacas leiteiras são submetidas a uma grande demanda de energia, ao mesmo tempo em que reduzem sua ingestão de matéria seca. O balanço energético negativo, resultante dessa equação, acarreta severos transtornos metabólicos, à produção e, principalmente, à reprodução. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito da colina protegida sobre os parâmetros metabólicos, o intervalo entre parto e concepção e a produção de leite em vacas no período de transição. Cinquenta e quatro vacas leiteiras foram divididas em três grupos: controle, suplementação com colina por 10 dias pré-parto (T10) e suplementação com colina por 20 dias pré-parto (T20). Após o parto, foram mensurados os teores de frutosamina, colesterol, ácidos graxos não esterificados (AGNE), beta-hidroxibutirato (BHB), aspartato aminotransferase (AST), gamaglutamiltransferase (GGT) e total de oxidantes (TOS), nos dias 10, 20 e 30. Ainda foram avaliadas produção de leite e intervalo entre parto e concepção. Não houve efeito da suplementação com colina sobre os parâmetros sanguíneos e a produção. O intervalo entre parto e concepção foi menor no grupo T20. A colina suplementada por 20 dias durante o pré-parto melhorou a performance reprodutiva de vacas leiteiras(AU)


During the periparturient dairy cows undergo a large energy demand, at the same time reducing their intake of dry matter. The negative energy balance resulting from this equation leads to severe metabolic disorders in production, and mainly in reproduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of protected choline on metabolic parameters, reproductive performance, and milk production in cows during the transition period. Fifty-four dairy cows were divided into three groups: control, supplementation with choline for 10 days prepartum (T10) and supplementation with choline for 20 days prepartum (T20). After delivery we measured fructosamine levels, cholesterol, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHB), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT), and total oxidant (TOS) on days 10, 20 and 30. We also evaluated milk production and interval between calving and conception. There was no effect of supplementation with choline on blood and production parameters. The interval between calving and conception was lower in the T20 group. Choline supplemented by 20 during the antepartum improved reproductive performance of dairy cows, although it did not change the metabolic profile.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Cattle , Sexual Behavior, Animal , Choline/administration & dosage , Peripartum Period/physiology , Metabolism , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Cholesterol , 3-Hydroxybutyric Acid , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified , gamma-Glutamyltransferase
4.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(1): e104, ene.-abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126797

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El ozono médico tiene eficacia clínica e incrementa la relación beneficio/riesgo en pacientes con artritis reumatoide tratados con la terapia combinada metotrexate + ozono. Hoy, la gamma glutamil transferasa se considera como un marcador de riesgo de enfermedades de una alta morbilidad y mortalidad, y tiene particular valor en la artritis reumatoide por desempeñar un papel patológico asociado al estrés oxidativo y a la remodelación ósea, lo que causa daño al cartílago y al hueso. Objetivo: Evaluar los efectos del ozono médico sobre los niveles de gamma glutamil transferasa. Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes portadores de dos enfermedades artríticas: artritis reumatoide (n = 100; grupo tratado con metotrexate [n = 50] y grupo con metotrexate + ozono [n = 50]) y osteoartritis de rodilla (n = 40; grupo precondicionado con ozono antes de la artroscopía [n = 20] y grupo sin pretratamiento con ozono antes de la artroscopía [n = 20]). Los pacientes con artritis reumatoide fueron valorados con indicadores clínicos específicos, incluidos los niveles de anticuerpos contra péptidos cíclicos citrulinados, así como las concentraciones de glutatión reducido, importante antioxidante endógeno. Resultados: El ozono médico reguló la actividad sérica de gamma glutamil transferasa. Correlacionó de forma inversamente proporcional con los niveles de glutatión reducido que, a su vez, fue el único marcador redox que para los pacientes tratados con la terapia combinada metotrexate + ozono fue directamente proporcional con todas las variables clínicas evaluadas. Conclusión: Se debe considerar a la gamma glutamil transferasa un indicador de la eficacia clínica del ozono médico en las enfermedades estudiadas, por su doble función: biomarcador de estrés oxidativo e indicador de la remodelación patológica del hueso(AU)


Introduction: Medical ozone has demonstrated its clinical efficacy as well as the increase of beneficial/risk relationship in rheumatoid arthritis patients treated with metotrexate+ozone combined therapy. At present, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase is considered as risk indicator of high morbimortality diseases. It has a special value in arthritis diseases due to its pathologic role associated to oxidative stress and in the abnormal bone remodeling processes. Objective: Assess the ozone medical effects on gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase levels. Method: Patients who suffered of two arthritic diseases: rheumatoid arthritis (n=100; Group treated with Metotrexate (n=50) and metotrexate+ozone (n=50) and knee osteoarthritis (n=40); Group preconditioned with ozone before arthroscopy (n=20) and Group without previous treatment with ozone before arthroscopy (n=20). Rheumatoid arthritis patients were assessed through specific clinic indicators which included antibodies against cyclic citrullinate peptides as well as reduced gluthatione concentrations which are an important endogenous antioxidant. Results: Medical ozone regulated serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase activity which correlated in inverse proportion to reduced glutathione levels which was the only one redox marker that correlated with all clinical variables (p < 0.05) when patients were treated with metotrexate+ozone. Conclusion: Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase should be considered as biomarker of medical ozone clinical efficacy in rheumatoid arthritis and knee osteoarthritis due to GGT´s both pathologic functions: indicator of oxidative stress and abnormal bone remodeling processes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ozone/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Osteoarthritis, Knee , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1114648

ABSTRACT

El consumo crónico de alcohol en Uruguay es un problema creciente, sin embargo, las determinaciones de biomarcadores consensuados no se realizan sistemáticamente ni se investigan otros marcadores potenciales. Para validar la hipótesis de que las metaloproteinasas de matriz con actividad gelatinasa son biomarcadores de consumo crónico de alcohol, se evaluaron muestras de sangre de 100 alcohólicos que comenzaron a atenderse en la Unidad de Trastornos Relacionados con el Alcohol y de 50 donantes sanos no alcohólicos. Las muestras de alcohólicos presentaron actividad de gelatinasas que triplicaron la de los controles y aumentos pequeños pero significativos en los niveles de γ-glutamil transferasa, aspartato-aminotransferasa y volumen corpuscular medio. Los valores de transferrina deficiente en carbohidratos fueron menores en alcohólicos que en controles. Estos resultados permiten proponer a las gelatinasas como los indicadores más sensibles del consumo sostenido de alcohol en la población analizada, ya que las enzimas hepáticas y el volumen corpuscular medio muestran una tendencia acorde con la literatura pero no alcanzaron valores asociados a la patología. Dado que la transferrina deficiente en carbohidratos es considerada el biomarcador indirecto más sensible y específico de consumo crónico de alcohol, los valores menores obtenidos en alcohólicos respecto de controles sugieren problemas metodológicos que podrían subsanarse aplicando otras técnicas de medida o por la presencia de interferencias que deben ser identificadas. Finalmente, estos hallazgos justifican una extensión de este trabajo piloto, así como estudios adicionales centrados en la participación de las metaloproteinasas de matriz con actividad gelatinasa en las cascadas de daño asociadas al consumo crónico de alcohol.


Chronic alcohol consumption in Uruguay is a growing problem, however, determinations of consensual biomarker are not performed systematically neither potential markers are explored. To validate the hypothesis that matrix metalloproteinases with gelatinase activity are biomarkers of chronic alcohol consumption, blood samples of 100 alcoholics that began medical treatment at the Unidad de Trastornos Relacionados con el Alcohol and 50 healthy non-alcoholic donors were evaluated. Alcoholic samples showed gelatinase activity that tripled that of controls and small but significant increases in levels of γ-glutamyl transferase, aspartate-aminotransferase and mean cellular volume. Carbohydrate deficient transferrin values were lower in alcoholics than in controls. These results allow proposing gelatinases as the most sensitive indicators of sustained alcohol consumption in the population analyzed since hepatic enzymes and mean cellular volume showed a tendency consistent with the literature but did not reach values associated with the pathology. Since carbohydrate-deficient transferrin is considered the most sensitive and specific indirect biomarker of chronic alcohol consumption, lower values in alcoholics related to controls suggest methodological problems that could be solved by applying other measurement techniques or by the presence of yet unknown interferences. Finally, these findings justify an extension of this pilot work, as well as additional studies focused on the participation of matrix metalloproteinases with gelatinase activity in the cascades of damage associated with chronic alcohol consumption.


O consumo crônico de álcool no Uruguai é um problema crescente, no entanto, as determinações consensuais de biomarcadores não são realizadas sistematicamente ou os potenciais marcadores são explorados. Para validar a hipótese de que as metaloproteinases de matriz com atividade gelatinase são biomarcadores do consumo crônico de álcool, foram avaliadas amostras de sangue cd 100 alcoólatras que começaram a ser tratadas na Unidad de Trastornos Relacionados con el Alcohol e 50 doadores não-alcoólatras saudáveis. As amostras alcoólicas apresentaram atividade de gelatinase que triplicou a dos controles e pequenos más significativos aumentos nos níveis de γ-glutamil transferase, aspartato-aminotransferase e volume médio celular. Os valores de transferrina deficientes em carboidratos foram menores nos alcoolistas que nos controles. Esses resultados permitem que as gelatinases sejam propostas como os indicadores mais sensíveis do consumo sustentado de álcool na população analisada, uma vez que as enzimas hepáticas e o volume celular médio apresentam uma tendência consistente com a literatura, mas não alcançaram valores associados à patologia. Como a transferrina deficiente em carboidratos é considerada o biomarcador indireto mais sensível e específico do consumo crônico de álcool, os valores mais baixos em alcoólatras do que em controles sugerem problemas metodológicos que poderiam ser sanados pela aplicação de outras técnicas de mensuração pela presença de interferências que deben ser identificadas. Finalmente, esses achados justificam uma extensão deste trabalho piloto, bem como estudos adicionais voltados para a participação de metaloproteinases de matriz com atividade de gelatinase nas cascatas de danos associados ao consumo crônico de álcool.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/blood , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/blood , Alcoholism/diagnosis , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Double-Blind Method , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Alcoholism/enzymology , Alcoholism/blood , Erythrocyte Indices , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811413

ABSTRACT

We present an 8 years old girl who was diagnosed at 6 months of age of Progressive Familial Intrahepatic Cholestasis type 2. Although liver transplantation (LT) was classically considered curative for these patients, cholestasis recurrence with normal gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), mediated by anti-bile salt export pump (BSEP) antibodies after LT (auto-antibody Induced BSEP Deficiency, AIBD) has been recently reported. Our patient underwent LT at 14 months. During her evolution, patient presented three episodes of acute rejection. Seven years after the LT, the patient presented pruritus with cholestasis and elevation of liver enzymes with persistent normal GGT. Liver biopsy showed intrahepatic cholestasis and giant-cell transformation with very low BSEP activity. Auto-antibodies against BSEP were detected therefore an AIBD was diagnosed. She was treated with Rituximab and immunoadsorption with resolution of the AIBD. As a complication of the treatment she developed a pneumocystis infection successfully treated with corticoids, cotrimoxazol and anidulafungin.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Antibodies , Bile , Biopsy , Child , Cholestasis , Cholestasis, Intrahepatic , Female , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Pneumocystis Infections , Pruritus , Recurrence , Rituximab
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(10): e201901003, Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054672

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate that Connexin (Cx43) plays a role in lesions after hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. Methods: We use Cx43 deficient model (heterozygotes mice) and compared to a wild group. The groups underwent 1 hour ischemia and 24 hours reperfusion. The heterozygote genotype was confirmed by PCR. We analyzed the hepatic enzymes (AST, ALT, GGT) and histology. Results: The mice with Cx43 deficiency showed an ALT mean value of 4166 vs. 307 in the control group (p<0.001); AST mean value of 7231 vs. 471 in the control group (p<0.001); GGT mean value of 9.4 vs. 1.7 in the control group (p=0.001); histology showed necrosis and inflammation in the knockout group. Conclusions: This research demonstrated that the deficiency of Cx43 worses the prognosis for liver injury. The topic is a promising target for therapeutics advancements in liver diseases and procedures.


Subject(s)
Animals , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Connexin 43/deficiency , Disease Models, Animal , Liver/blood supply , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Reference Values , Time Factors , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Knockout , Connexin 43/analysis , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Genotyping Techniques , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis , Liver/pathology , Necrosis
8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(2): 251-255, Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004340

ABSTRACT

Liver involvement occurs in 0.2 to 3% of patients with syphilis. We report three patients with liver involvement in syphilis. A 52-year-old male presenting with erythema and malaise. Laboratory showed a gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) of 853 u/l, alkaline phosphatases of 1,010 U/L and VDRL was positive. Treatment with penicillin resolved the skin problem and normalized liver enzymes. A HIV positive 30-year-old male in peritoneal dialysis presenting with itching, malaise and markedly elevated GGT and alkaline phosphatases. VDRL was positive. He was treated with penicillin with remission of symptoms and enzyme normalization. A 43-year-old male presenting with erythema, malaise, arthralgias and elevated GGT and alkaline phosphatases. VDRL was positive and treatment with penicillin reverted symptoms and laboratory abnormalities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Syphilis/diagnosis , Hepatitis/diagnosis , Syphilis Serodiagnosis , Cholestasis/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781712

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) combined with direct bilirubin (DB) in the diagnosis of biliary atresia.@*METHODS@#A total of 667 infants with cholestasis who were hospitalized and treated from July 2010 to December 2018 were enrolled as subjects. According to the results of intraoperative cholangiography and follow-up, they were divided into biliary atresia group with 234 infants and cholestasis group with 433 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of age of onset, sex, and serum levels of total bilirubin (TB), DB, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bile acid (TBA), and GGT. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed for indices with statistical significance, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) and the optimal cut-off value for diagnosis were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The biliary atresia group had a significantly younger age of onset than the cholestasis group (P0.05), while the biliary atresia group had significantly higher serum levels of TB, DB, TBA, and GGT than the cholestasis group (P<0.05). GGT combined with DB had the highest AUC of 0.892 (95% confidence interval: 0.868-0.916) in the diagnosis of biliary atresia. At the optimal cut-off values of 324.0 U/L for GGT and 115.1 μmmol/L for DB, GGT combined with DB had a sensitivity of 79.8% and a specificity of 83.2% in the diagnosis of biliary atresia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#GGT combined with DB has high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of biliary atresia and can be used as an effective indicator for diagnosis of biliary atresia in infants.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biliary Atresia , Diagnosis , Bilirubin , Humans , Infant , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Blood
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758989

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (AP) and γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT) are commonly observed in patients with acute pyelonephritis. The goal of this study was to examine the clinical significance of elevated serum AP and γ-GT levels and to explore the mechanisms underlying these changes. METHODS: We examined serum AP and γ-GT levels in 438 patients with acute pyelonephritis. Urine AP/creatinine (Cr), urine γ-GT/Cr, fractional excretion of AP, and fractional excretion of γ-GT (FE(γ-GT)) were evaluated in patients with elevated and normal serum levels. AP isoenzymes were also examined. RESULTS: We identified 77 patients (17.6%) with elevated serum AP and 134 patients (30.6%) with elevated serum γ-GT. Among them, both enzymes were elevated in 64 patients (14.6%). Older age, longer hospital stay, elevated baseline serum Cr, and complicated pyelonephritis were associated with increases in serum AP and γ-GT. Multivariate analysis showed that high serum AP levels were significantly correlated with renal impairment (odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.08–4.19; P = 0.029). FE(γ-GT) was significantly lower in patients with elevated serum enzyme levels. The liver fraction for AP isoenzyme profile did not increase in patients with elevated serum AP. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that elevated serum AP and γ-GT levels are associated with complicated pyelonephritis and renal impairment. Lower FE(γ-GT) levels in patients with elevated serum enzymes may be the result of decreased urinary excretion of these enzymes.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , Isoenzymes , Length of Stay , Liver , Multivariate Analysis , Pyelonephritis , Transferases
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758473

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Unperforated and perforated acute appendicitis need to be differentiated because appendicitis with a free perforation requires an emergency operation to prevent contamination inside the bowel from spreading into the peritoneal cavity. The sensitivity of imaging tests is not reliable enough alone for determining the existence of a perforation. The aim of this study was to determine the differences in laboratory values between unperforated and perforated acute appendicitis to help distinguish perforated acute appendicitis. METHODS: The laboratory values and demographic data of a total of 175 patients who visited the emergency room and were diagnosed with acute appendicitis were collected. The time elapsed from symptom presentation to the ER visit, length of admission, patient demographics, and laboratory values, including sex, age, leukocyte count, neutrophil %, neutrophil count, C-reactive protein (CRP), platelet count, prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time, international normalized ratio (INR), serum glucose, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, total and direct bilirubin, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase, and gamma-glutamyltransferase were analyzed. RESULTS: The factors associated with appendix perforations were an elevated leukocyte count, neutrophil count, neutrophil %, CRP, serum glucose and total bilirubin; and delayed PT and INR. CONCLUSION: Acute appendicitis patients without definite imaging evidence of the perforation but with the laboratory values suggesting a perforation, such as elevated leukocyte count, neutrophil count, neutrophil %, CRP, serum glucose, and total bilirubin; and delayed PT, and INR should raise concern for a possible undiscovered perforation.


Subject(s)
Abdomen, Acute , Alanine Transaminase , Alkaline Phosphatase , Appendicitis , Appendix , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bilirubin , Blood Glucose , Blood Urea Nitrogen , C-Reactive Protein , Creatinine , Demography , Diagnosis, Differential , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , International Normalized Ratio , Leukocyte Count , Neutrophils , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Patient Admission , Peritoneal Cavity , Platelet Count , Prothrombin Time
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785723

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine whether there is a positive correlation between gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) levels and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and whether GGT can be used as an easily checkable metabolic index using data from the large-scale Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES).METHODS: We obtained data of 211,725 participants of the KoGES. The collected data included age, sex, height, weight, waist circumference, and various biochemical characteristics, including serum GGT levels. The data of study participants who ingested more than 40 g/day of alcohol and who were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome at baseline was excluded. We analyzed the prevalence of metabolic syndrome according to GGT quartiles in both genders.RESULTS: The GGT level was significantly higher in subjects with metabolic syndrome compared to normal subjects (37.92±48.20 mg/dL vs. 25.62±33.56 mg/dL). The prevalence of metabolic syndrome showed a stepwise increase with GGT quartiles in both male and female subjects. Compared to the lowest GGT quartile, the odds ratio was 1.534 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.432 to 1.643), 1.939 (95% CI, 1.811 to 2.076), and 2.754 (95% CI, 2.572 to 2.948) in men and 1.155 (95% CI, 1.094 to 1.218), 1.528 (95% CI, 1.451 to 1.609), and 2.022 (95% CI, 1.921 to 2.218) in women with increasing GGT quartile. The cutoff value of GGT predicting risk of metabolic syndrome was 27 IU/L in men and 17 IU/L in women.CONCLUSION: We suggested that GGT could be an easily checkable marker for the prediction of metabolic syndrome.


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , Female , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Genome , Humans , Male , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Waist Circumference
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(5): e201900504, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1010871

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To establish a new rat model, the pathogenesis of which is closer to the clinical occurrence of chronic obstructive jaundice with liver fibrosis. Methods: 90 SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups. Group A common bile duct ligation, group B common bile duct injection compont and group C injection saline. The serum of three groups was extracted, and the liver function was detected by ELISA. HE staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemistry were used to detect liver pathology. Results: Group B showed a fluctuant development of jaundice, obstructive degree reached a peak at 2 weeks, and decreased from 3 weeks. HA, LA and PCIII were significantly higher than control group. 3 weeks after surgery, liver tissue fibrosis occurred in group B, and a wide range of fiber spacing was formed at 5 weeks. Immunohistochemistry showed that hepatic stellate cells were more active than the control group. Conclusion: Intra-biliary injection of Compont gel is different from the classic obstructive jaundice animal model caused by classic bile duct ligation, which can provide an ideal rat model of chronic obstructive jaundice with liver fibrosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Bile Ducts/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Gels/administration & dosage , Liver Cirrhosis/chemically induced , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Azo Compounds , Time Factors , Bile Ducts/pathology , Bilirubin/analysis , Serum Albumin/analysis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Immunohistochemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Jaundice, Obstructive/chemically induced , Jaundice, Obstructive/pathology , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood , Injections , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Methyl Green
14.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 168-174, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Pathological diagnosis of biliary strictures with atypical or suspicious cells on endoscopic retrograde brush cytology and indeterminate strictures on imaging is challenging. The aim of this study was to identify markers for malignant strictures in such cases. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data collected from 146 consecutive patients with indeterminate biliary strictures on imaging who underwent endoscopic retrograde brush cytology from 2007 to 2013. Factors associated with malignant strictures in patients with atypical or suspicious cells on brush cytology were identified. RESULTS: Among the 67 patients with a malignant disease (48 cholangiocarcinoma, 6 gallbladder cancer, 5 pancreatic cancer, 5 ampulla of Vater cancer, and 3 other types), 36 (53.7%) had atypical or suspicious cells on brush cytology. Among these, the factors that independently correlated with malignant strictures were stricture length (odds ratio [OR], 5.259; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.802– 15.294) and elevated carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) (OR, 3.492; 95% CI, 1.242–9.815), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) (OR, 4.909; 95% CI, 1.694–14.224), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) (OR, 3.362; 95% CI, 1.207–9.361), and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (rGT) (OR, 4.318; 95% CI, 1.512–12.262). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated levels of CA19-9, CEA, ALP, and rGT and stricture length are associated with malignant strictures in patients with indeterminate biliary strictures on imaging and atypical or suspicious cells on brush cytology.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Ampulla of Vater , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Cholangiocarcinoma , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Gallbladder Neoplasms , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Humans , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
15.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1464-1478, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763214

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive disease with high recurrence rate. However, current staging systems were lack of predictive capacity for HCC recurrence. We aimed to develop prognostic nomograms based on inflammation-related markers for HCC patients underwent hepatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 889 surgically treated patients from two medical centers. Independent prognostic factors were identified by cox regression analyses. Nomograms for recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) were established, and validated internally and externally. The performance, discrimination, and calibration of nomograms were assessed, and compared with existed staging systems. RESULTS: Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase to platelet ratio (GPR) were the two inflammation-related factor that independently correlated with survival. NLR, GPR, international normalized ratio (INR), microvascular invasion, satellite lesions, tumour number, tumour diameter, and macrovascular invasion were used to construct nomogram for RFS while GPR, total bilirubin, INR, α-fetoprotein, microvascular invasion, satellite lesions, tumour diameter, and macrovascular invasion were for OS. In the training cohort, the C-index of nomogram was 0.701 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.669 to 0.732) for RFS and 0.761 (95% CI, 0.728 to 0.795) for OS. These results received both internal and external validation with C-index of 0.701 (95% CI, 0.647 to 0.755) and 0.707 (95% CI, 0.657 to 0.756) for RFS, and 0.706 (95% CI, 0.640 to 0.772) and 0.708 (95% CI, 0.646 to 0.771) for OS, respectively. The nomograms showed superior accuracy to conventional staging systems (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The nomograms based on inflammation-related markers are of high efficacy in predicting survival of HCC patients after hepatectomy, which will be valuable in guiding postoperative interventions and follow-ups.


Subject(s)
Bilirubin , Blood Platelets , Calibration , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cohort Studies , Discrimination, Psychological , Follow-Up Studies , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Hepatectomy , Humans , Inflammation , International Normalized Ratio , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Nomograms , Recurrence
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(6): 795-801, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977110

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Portal hypertension and periportal fibrosis commonly occur in severe Schistosoma mansoni infection. Changes in lipid profile and elevated levels of circulating liver enzymes have also been described in infected individuals. The present study sought to assess the alterations in laboratory parameters associated with liver disorder in individuals infected by S. mansoni who visited a private routine laboratory service. Levels of circulating liver enzymes (gamma-glutamyl transferase [γ-GT], aspartate transaminase [AST], alanine transaminase [ALT], and alkaline phosphatase [ALP]) and a lipid panel (total cholesterol [COL], high-density lipoprotein [HDL], low-density lipoprotein [LDL], very low-density lipoprotein [VLDL], and triglycerides [TRI]) were evaluated in both infected and non-infected individuals and relative risk was used to measure associations. METHODS Data were collected for analysis from a total of 1,078 cases identified in 379,600 individuals who submitted samples to the Datalab Laboratory (Salvador, Bahia) between 2004 and 2008. RESULTS S. mansoni infection led to increased circulating levels of γ-GT in both women and men, AST (women), and ALP (men). S. mansoni infection was a protective factor against increased levels of TRI, CHO, and VLDL for individuals aged 19 years or older. The results of our analysis indicate that alterations in lipid metabolism and circulating liver enzymes in asymptomatic S. mansoni-infected individuals might be attributed to eggs lodged in the hepatic sinusoids. CONCLUSIONS Parasitological testing for S. mansoni should be indicated in endemic areas when this pattern of alterations is detected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Schistosoma mansoni/isolation & purification , Schistosomiasis mansoni/blood , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnosis , Schistosomiasis mansoni/enzymology , Biomarkers/blood , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Feces/parasitology , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood , Lipids/blood
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 964-974, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973473

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the hepatic changes associated with gastric ischemia. Methods: Thirty male rabbits were studied, distributed in 3 groups (n=10). Group 1: ligature and section of the gastric vasculature and removal of the liver after three hours; Group 2: ligature and section of the gastric vasculature and removal of the liver after 6 hours; Group 3: ligature and section of the gastric vasculature and removal of the liver after 12 hours. Blood samples were collected immediately before surgery and after the determined time of ischemia in each group to evaluate the hepatic function. After the death of the rabbits, the liver was removed for macro and microscopic study. Results: An increase in aminotransferases and bilirubin occurred in groups 2 and 3. Total protein and albumin diminished in all of the animals. All of the rabbits from groups 2 and 3 presented hepatocellular necrosis. Conclusion: The devascularization of the stomach for a period of above three hours is associated with hepatic morphological and functional disorders.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Stomach/blood supply , Stomach/pathology , Ischemia/complications , Liver/pathology , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Reference Values , Time Factors , Bilirubin/blood , Serum Albumin/analysis , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Random Allocation , Alanine Transaminase , Alkaline Phosphatase , gamma-Glutamyltransferase , Ischemia/pathology , Liver/blood supply , Liver Diseases/etiology , Liver Diseases/pathology , Necrosis
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 291-296, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689762

ABSTRACT

Human seminal plasma is rich in potential biological markers for male infertility and male reproductive system diseases, which have an application value in the diagnosis and treatment of male infertility. The methods for the detection of semen biochemical markers have been developed from the manual, semi-automatic to the present automatic means. The automatic detection of semen biochemical markers is known for its advantages of simple reagent composition and small amount of reagents for each test, simple setting of parameters, whole automatic procedure with few errors, short detection time contributive to batch detection and reduction of manpower cost, simple calibration and quality control procedure to ensure accurate and reliable results, output of results in the order of the samples in favor of clinical diagnosis and treatment, and open reagents applicable to various automatic biochemistry analyzers. At present, the automatic method is applied in the detection of such semen biochemical markers as seminal plasma total and neutral alpha-glucosidase, acid phosphatase, fructose, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, zinc, citric acid, uric acid, superoxide dismutase and carnitine, sperm acrosin and lactate dehydrogenase C4, and semen free elastase, which can be used to evaluate the secretory functions of the epididymis, seminal vesicle and prostate, sperm acrosome and energy metabolism function, seminal plasma antioxidative function, and infection or silent infection in the male genital tract.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Biomarkers , Carnitine , Citric Acid , Epididymis , Metabolism , Fructose , Humans , Infertility, Male , Diagnosis , Isoenzymes , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Male , Prostate , Metabolism , Semen , Chemistry , Seminal Vesicles , Spermatozoa , Chemistry , alpha-Glucosidases , gamma-Glutamyltransferase
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 37(4): 346-354, Apr. 2017. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-895420

ABSTRACT

Os alimentos funcionais têm sido empregados como adjuvantes no tratamento do câncer de mama. Neste estudo avaliaram-se as respostas hematológicas e bioquímicas clínicas à ação de um alimento funcional administrado a cadelas com diagnóstico de neoplasia mamária maligna. Após a mastectomia, 16 cadelas foram divididas em dois grupos: suplementadas (S) e não suplementadas (NS) com um composto comercial contendo Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mananoligossacarídeos e nutracêuticos. Ambos grupos receberam tratamento quimioterápico com doxorrubicina e carboplatina, alternadamente, em intervalos de 21 dias, por oito sessões, totalizando 168 dias de tratamento. As avaliações clínicas e laboratoriais foram realizadas nos momentos de aplicação do tratamento. Os resultados dos perfis hematológico (hemograma, leucograma e plaquetograma) e bioquímico sérico (ureia, creatinina, albumina, bilirrubina total e direta, alanina aminotransferase, fosfatase alcalina e gama glutamiltransferase - GGT) foram analisados pelo teste de Kruskall Wallis. No grupo S comprovou-se elevação do peso corporal e não foram observados transtornos gastrointestinais ou outros sinais de alteração clínica ao longo do tratamento. Diferentemente no grupo NS, ocorreu perda de peso e alterações clínicas, como diarreia e vômito. No quadro hematológico, constatou-se leucopenia por linfopenia no grupo de cadelas NS e preservação do valores dentro dos parâmetros considerados normais para a espécie no grupo S. Dentre todas as variáveis da bioquímica clínica, constatou-se apenas a elevação da atividade sérica da GGT nos animais do grupo NS, sem alterações no grupo S. Conclui-se que cadelas com neoplasia mamária quando suplementadas com com alimento funcional imunoestimulante apresentam melhor condição clínica, hematológica e dos níveis bioquímicos, particularmente da GGT.(AU)


Functional foods have been used as adjuvant for breast cancer treatment of bitches. The aim of the present study was to evaluate hematological and clinical biochemistry response in female dogs diagnosed with malignant mammary tumors and supplemented with functional food. After the mastectomy, 16 bitches were divided into two groups: supplemented (S) and none supplemented (NS) with a commercial product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, mannanoligosaccharides and nutraceuticals. Chemotherapy with doxorubicin and carboplatin was performed alternately at intervals of 21 days for eight sessions during 168 days of treatment. Clinical and laboratorial assessments was made at the treatment moments. The results of the hemogram (erythrogram, leukogram and platelet count) and serum biochemistry (urea, creatinine, albumin, total and direct bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gamma glutamyltransferase - GGT) were analyzed by Kruskal Wallis test. In the S group, increase body weight was observed, but gastrointestinal disorders or other clinical disorders were not detected over the treatment. In the NS group, loss of weight and clinical disorders were observed. All hematology parameters were normal in the S group; however, leukopenia and lymphopenia were detected in the bitches of the NS group. Among all the clinical biochemistry parameters tested, only serum GGT was increased in the NS group, with no changes in the S group. In conclusion, female dogs with mammary tumor supplemented with immunostimulant functional food have better clinical condition, they demonstrate normal levels of hematological and biochemical exams, particularly GGT.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/diet therapy , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/drug therapy , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , Functional Food/analysis , Blood Chemical Analysis/veterinary , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis , Hematologic Tests/veterinary
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 54(1): 51-56, Jan.-Mar. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838823

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Periportal fibrosis is the major pathological consequence of the Schistosoma mansoni infection. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of serum markers and to construct an index to assess fibrosis. METHODS Patients (n=116) with schistosomiasis were evaluated by ultrasound scan and measurements of serum levels of aminotransferases, γ-glutamyl transferase, alkaline phosphatase, hyaluronic acid, cytokines and platelets. Ultrasound images were used to evaluate the fibrosis using Niamey's classification and identified 19 patients without periportal fibrosis (patterns A and B), 48 with mild to moderate fibrosis (C and D) and 49 with advanced fibrosis (E and F). RESULTS Using multivariate analysis, a model was created, which involved alkaline phosphatase and platelets and could separate patients with different patterns of fibrosis. This index showed a better performance in separating patients without fibrosis from with advanced periportal fibrosis. The biological index showed an area under the ROC curve of 1.000. Using values below the lowest or above the highest cut-off point, the presence or absence of advanced fibrosis could be predicted in all patients. CONCLUSION The index constructed can be used to separate patients with different patterns of periportal fibrosis, specially to predict advanced fibrosis in schistosomiasis patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO A fibrose periportal é a maior consequência patológica da infecção pelo Schistosoma mansoni. OBJETIVO Avaliar a acurácia de marcadores séricos e construir um índice para avaliar a fibrose. MÉTODOS Pacientes (n=116) com esquistossomose foram avaliados pela ultrassonografia e dosados os níveis de aminotransferases, γ-glutamil transferase, fosfatase alcalina, ácido hialurônico, citocinas e plaquetas. Imagens de ultrasom foram utilizadas para avaliar a fibrose através de classificação de Niamey e identificados 19 pacientes sem fibrose periportal (padrão A e B), 48 com fibrose média a moderada (C e D) e 49 com fibrose avançada (E e F). RESULTADOS Através de análise multivariada, um modelo foi criado, que envolveu a fosfatase alcalina e plaquetas e conseguiu separar pacientes com diferentes padrões de fibrose periportal. Este índice mostrou um melhor desempenho em separar pacientes sem fibrose dos pacientes com fibrose avançada. O índice biológico mostrou uma área sob a curva ROC de 1,000. Usando valores infereiores e acima do ponto de corte, a presença ou ausência de fibrose avançada pode ser prevista em todos os pacientes. CONCLUSÃO O índice construído pode ser usado para separar os pacientes com diferentes padrões de fibrose periportal, especialmente para prever fibrose avançada em pacientes com esquistossomose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Schistosomiasis mansoni/blood , Schistosomiasis mansoni/diagnostic imaging , Biomarkers/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnostic imaging , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Platelets , Schistosomiasis mansoni/complications , Predictive Value of Tests , Cytokines/blood , Sensitivity and Specificity , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/blood , Transaminases/blood , Hyaluronic Acid/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/parasitology , Middle Aged
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