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1.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 50-57, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-41695

RESUMO

We present a new next-generation sequencing-based method to identify somatic mutations of lung cancer. It is a comprehensive mutation profiling protocol to detect somatic mutations in 30 genes found frequently in lung adenocarcinoma. The total length of the target regions is 107 kb, and a capture assay was designed to cover 99% of it. This method exhibited about 97% mean coverage at 30x sequencing depth and 42% average specificity when sequencing of more than 3.25 Gb was carried out for the normal sample. We discovered 513 variations from targeted exome sequencing of lung cancer cells, which is 3.9-fold higher than in the normal sample. The variations in cancer cells included previously reported somatic mutations in the COSMIC database, such as variations in TP53, KRAS, and STK11 of sample H-23 and in EGFR of sample H-1650, especially with more than 1,000x coverage. Among the somatic mutations, up to 91% of single nucleotide polymorphisms from the two cancer samples were validated by DNA microarray-based genotyping. Our results demonstrated the feasibility of high-throughput mutation profiling with lung adenocarcinoma samples, and the profiling method can be used as a robust and effective protocol for somatic variant screening.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , DNA , Exoma , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Programas de Rastreamento , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
2.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-171929

RESUMO

Genome-wide association (GWA) studies are the method of choice for discovering loci associated with common diseases. More than a thousand GWA studies have reported successful identification of statistically significant association signals in human genomes for a variety of complex diseases. In this review, I discuss some of the issues related to the future of GWA studies and their biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Genoma Humano , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos
3.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 181-188, 2011.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-73131

RESUMO

In planning a model-based phylogenic study for highly related ethnic data, the SNP marker number is an important factor to determine for relationship inferences. Genotype frequency data, utilizing a sub sampling method, from 63 Pan Asian ethnic groups was used for determining the minimum SNP number required to establish such relationships. Bootstrap random sub-samplings were done from 5.6K PASNPi SNP data. DA distance was calculated and neighbour-joining trees were drawn with every re-sampling data set. Consensus trees were made with the same 100 sub-samples and bootstrap proportions were calculated. The tree consistency to the one obtained from the whole marker set, improved with increasing marker numbers. The bootstrap proportions became reliable when more than 7,000 SNPs were used at a time. Within highly related ethnic groups, the minimum SNPs number for a robust neighbor-joining tree inference was about 7,000 for a 95% bootstrap support.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Consenso , Grupos Étnicos , Genótipo , Humanos , Filogenia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
4.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 161-165, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-203278

RESUMO

In 2008 at least five complete genome sequences are available. It is known that there are over 15,000,000 genetic variants, called SNPs, in the dbSNP database. The cost of full genome sequencing in 2009 is claimed to be less than $5000 USD. The genomics era has arrived in 2008. This review introduces technologies, bioinformatics, genomics visions, and variomics projects. Variomics is the study of the total genetic variation in an individual and populations. Research on genetic variation is the most valuable among many genomics research branches. Genomics and variomics projects will change biology and the society so dramatically that biology will become an everyday technology like personal computers and the internet. 'BioRevolution' is the term that can adequately describe this change.


Assuntos
Biologia , Biologia Computacional , Variação Genética , Genoma , Genômica , Humanos , Internet , Microcomputadores , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Visão Ocular
5.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 142-146, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-22934

RESUMO

In order to understand the protein functions that are related to disease, it is important to detect the correlation between amino acid mutations and isease. Many mutation studies about disease-related proteins have been carried out through molecular biology techniques, such as vector design, protein engineering, and protein crystallization. However, experimental protein mutation studies are time-consuming, be it in vivo or in vitro. We therefore performed a bioinformatic analysis of known disease-related mutations and their protein structure changes in order to analyze the correlation between mutation and disease. For this study, we selected 111 diseases that were related to 175 proteins from the PDB database and 710 mutations that were found in the protein structures. The mutations were acquired from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD). We selected point mutations, excluding only insertions or deletions, for detecting structural changes. To detect a structural change by mutation, we analyzed not only the structural properties (distance of pocket and mutation, pocket size, surface size, and stability), but also the physico-chemical properties (weight, instability, isoelectric point (IEP), and GRAVY score) for the 710 mutations. We detected that the distance between the pocket and disease-related mutation lay within 20 A (98.5%, 700 proteins). We found that there was no significant correlation between structural stability and disease-causing mutations or between hydrophobicity changes and critical mutations. For large-scale mutational analysis of disease-causing mutations, our bioinformatics approach, using 710 structural mutations, called "Structural Mutatomics," can help researchers to detect disease-specific mutations and to understand the biological functions of disease-related proteins.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Cristalização , Humanos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Ponto Isoelétrico , Biologia Molecular , Mutação Puntual , Engenharia de Proteínas , Proteínas
6.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 196-199, 2007.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-21113

RESUMO

BOD is an FTP service management tool on the Internet. It was developed for biological researchers in South Korea. It enables easier and faster access of bioinformation without having to go through foreign FTP sites. BOD includes an automatic downloader with a management and email alert service from which the user can easily select and schedule any biological database. Once listed in BOD, the user can check and modify the download status and data from an additional email alert service.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Correio Eletrônico , Internet , Coreia (Geográfico)
7.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 125-128, 2006.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-61949

RESUMO

We present an openfree hypertext (also known as wiki) web cluster called BioCC. BioCC is a novel wiki farm that lets researchers create hundreds of biological web sites. The web sites form an organic information network. The contents of all the sites on the BioCC wiki farm are modifiable by anonymous as well as registered users. This enables biologists with diverse backgrounds to form their own Internet bio-communities. Each community can have custom-made layouts for information, discussion, and knowledge exchange. BioCC aims to form an ever-expanding network of openfree biological knowledge databases used and maintained by biological experts, students, and general users. The philosophy behind BioCC is that the formation of biological knowledge is best achieved by open-minded individuals freely exchanging information. In the near future, the amount of genomic information will have flooded society. BioGG can be an effective and quickly updated knowledge database system. BioCC uses an opensource wiki system called Mediawiki. However, for easier editing, a modified version of Mediawiki, called Biowiki, has been applied. Unlike Mediawiki, Biowiki uses a WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) text editor. BioCC is under a share-alike license called BioLicense (http://biolicense.org). The BioCC top level site is found at http://bio.cc/


Assuntos
Anônimos e Pseudônimos , Biologia , Biologia Computacional , Humanos , Hipermídia , Serviços de Informação , Internet , Licenciamento , Transferência Linear de Energia , Filosofia
8.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 35-38, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-126994

RESUMO

We present BioSubroutine, an open depository server that automatically categorizes various subroutines frequently used in bioinformatics research. We processed a large bioinformatics subroutine library called Bio.pl that was the first Bioperl subroutine library built in 1995. Over 1000 subroutines were processed automatically and an HTML interface has been created. BioSubroutine can accept new subroutines and algorithms from any such subroutine library, as well as provide interactive user forms. The subroutines are stored in an SQL database for quick searching and accessing. BioSubroutine is an open access project under the BioLicense license scheme.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional , Licenciamento
9.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 80-85, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-62313

RESUMO

HExDB is a database for analyzing exon and splicing pattern information in Homo sapiens. HExDB is useful for specific purposes: 1) to design primers for exon amplification from cDNA and 2) to understand the change of ORFs by alternative splicing. HExDB was constructed by integrating data from AltExtron which is the computationally predicted exon database, Ensemble cDNA annotation, and Affymetrix genome tile published recently. Although it may contain false positive data, HExDB is good starting point due to its sensitivity. At present, there are as many as 2,046,519 exons stored in the HExDB. We found that 16.8% of the exons in the database was constitutive exons and 83.1% were novel gene exons.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Animais , DNA Complementar , Ectima Contagioso , Éxons , Genoma , Humanos , Fases de Leitura Aberta
10.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 52-54, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-40266

RESUMO

Visualization of the homology information is an important method to analyze the evolutionary and functional meanings of genes. With a database containing model genomes of Homo sapiens, Mus muculus, and Rattus norvegicus, we constructed a web-based comparative analysis tool, BioCovi, to visualize the homology information of mammalian sequences on a very large scale. The user interface has several features: it marks regions whose identity is greater than that specified, it shows or hides gaps from the result of global sequence alignment, and it inverts the graph when total identity is higher than the threshold specified.


Assuntos
Animais , Genoma , Genômica , Humanos , Camundongos , Ratos , Alinhamento de Sequência
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