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1.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-715052

RESUMO

A previously healthy 1-year-old boy suddenly began coughing while eating a dried sweet potato. Because he continued gagging after vomiting a piece of the dried sweet potato, his mother brought him to our emergency room. Upon arrival, despite normal pulmonary findings, he was drooling and gagging. Ultrasonography was performed because food impaction at the upper esophagus was suspected based on his medical history and physical examination, and results showed that a linear hyperechoic lesion was obstructing the posterior esophageal wall. Computed tomography was also considered for a detailed examination of the foreign body. However, the patient vomited the dried sweet potato before the test was performed. After vomiting the foreign body, the patient stopped gagging, and his ultrasonographic findings were normal. Therefore, the patient was discharged without any complications.


Assuntos
Criança , Tosse , Ingestão de Alimentos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Esôfago , Corpos Estranhos , Engasgo , Humanos , Ipomoea batatas , Masculino , Mães , Exame Físico , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Sialorreia , Ultrassonografia , Vômito
2.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-152983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Donepezil is used to improve cognitive impairment of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Visuo-spatial dysfunction is a well-known symptom of DLB. Non-verbal Raven’s Colored Progressive Matrices (RCPM) were used to assess both visual perception and reasoning ability in DLB subjects treated with donepezil. METHODS: Twenty-one DLB patients (mean age, 78.7±4.5 years) were enrolled. RCPM assessment was performed at the time of starting donepezil and within one year after starting donepezil. RESULTS: There were significant improvements of RCPM in the total scores between one year donepezil treatment (p=0.013), in both Set A score (p=0.002) and Set AB score (p=0.015), but trend in the Set B score (p=0.083). CONCLUSION: Donepezil is useful for improving visuo-spatial impairment in DLB, but not for problem-solving impairment.


Assuntos
Inibidores da Colinesterase , Transtornos Cognitivos , Demência , Humanos , Corpos de Lewy , Doença por Corpos de Lewy , Processamento Espacial , Percepção Visual
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