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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-798887

RESUMO

Objective@#To assess the quality of data of intervention in population at high risk for HIV/AIDS, especially in female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM), in China during 2014-2018, for the purpose of improving intervention data quality.@*Methods@#Data accuracy was evaluated by sampling monthly reported intervention data and comparing the consistency of the information recorded in national HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment information system to original paper records. Data authenticity was assessed by visiting intervention sites and interviewing owners, manager and/or target groups at sites. The assessment results of both national level and provincial level were summarized by year and analyzed with descriptive statistical method. The data quality problems recognized by assessments were summed up.@*Results@#The annual concordance rate of the data recorded in information system to paper records was 94.6%(17 671/18 673) in provincial level assessment and 79.4%(558/703) in national level assessment. Up to 81.6%(8 617/10 559) and 84.4% (249/295) of all sampled intervention sites were annually evaluated as "good" in provincial and state level assessments respectively. The assessment found that the intervention data in original paper records were not completely consistent to that recorded in the information system, the deficiency of ability on intervention data management, and the insufficient coverage and effect of intervention service influenced the intervention data quality.@*Conclusions@#In general, the accuracy and authenticity of intervention data were fine in China during 2014-2018. Intervention data quality can be improved through measures of enhancing data quality management, strengthening training for the prevention and intervention in FSWs and MSM, and providing high- quality intervention service.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-787703

RESUMO

To assess the quality of data of intervention in population at high risk for HIV/AIDS, especially in female sex workers (FSWs) and men who have sex with men (MSM), in China during 2014-2018, for the purpose of improving intervention data quality. Data accuracy was evaluated by sampling monthly reported intervention data and comparing the consistency of the information recorded in national HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment information system to original paper records. Data authenticity was assessed by visiting intervention sites and interviewing owners, manager and/or target groups at sites. The assessment results of both national level and provincial level were summarized by year and analyzed with descriptive statistical method. The data quality problems recognized by assessments were summed up. The annual concordance rate of the data recorded in information system to paper records was 94.6(17 671/18 673) in provincial level assessment and 79.4(558/703) in national level assessment. Up to 81.6(8 617/10 559) and 84.4 (249/295) of all sampled intervention sites were annually evaluated as "good" in provincial and state level assessments respectively. The assessment found that the intervention data in original paper records were not completely consistent to that recorded in the information system, the deficiency of ability on intervention data management, and the insufficient coverage and effect of intervention service influenced the intervention data quality. In general, the accuracy and authenticity of intervention data were fine in China during 2014-2018. Intervention data quality can be improved through measures of enhancing data quality management, strengthening training for the prevention and intervention in FSWs and MSM, and providing high- quality intervention service.

3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781698

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To study the association of related maternal factors with the susceptibility to congenital hypothyroidism (CH) in neonates.@*METHODS@#A case-control study was designed. The neonates who were diagnosed with CH in Neonatal Screening Center of Henan Province from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2017 were enrolled as cases. Healthy neonates, matched for sex and age were enrolled as controls. A conditional logistic regression analysis and additive and multiplicative interaction analyses were used to identify the risk factors for susceptibility to CH.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 771 661 neonates were screened during this period, among whom 1 494 neonates were diagnosed with CH, with a crude incidence rate of 53.9/100 000. A total of 843 pairs of the cases and the controls completed the telephone survey and provided qualified data. The conditional logistic regression analysis showed that an older maternal age at delivery, a low educational level in mothers, living in the rural area, a family history of thyroid diseases, histories of exposure to formaldehyde during pregnancy, exposure to radiation during pregnancy, and medication during pregnancy, were risk factors for CH (P<0.05), while low maternal age at delivery and progesterone intake during pregnancy were protective factors against CH (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#An older maternal age at delivery, a low educational level in mothers, living in the rural area, a family history of thyroid diseases, and histories of exposure to formaldehyde during pregnancy, exposure to radiation during pregnancy and medication during pregnancy may increase the susceptibility to CH in neonates.


Assuntos
Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hipotireoidismo Congênito , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Idade Materna , Triagem Neonatal , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
4.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-762164

RESUMO

PURPOSE: An older female predominance has been reported among chronic cough patients in Western countries, which is considered to be associated with a higher cough sensitivity in females. However, the characteristics of Chinese chronic cough patients remain unclear. This study aimed to explore the age and sex distribution as well as their relationship with cough reflex sensitivity to capsaicin in Chinese chronic cough patients. METHODS: We analyzed the demographic features of 1,882 consecutive chronic cough patients who attended our cough clinic in Guangzhou, China. Cough sensitivity to capsaicin, which was defined as the lowest concentration of capsaicin causing 5 coughs or more (C5), was measured in 539 of the 1,882 patients and 68 healthy volunteers. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 43.0 ± 13.7 years and patients aged <50 years accounted for more than two-thirds of the study population. Around 87% of the patients were never-smokers. The proportion of females (51.5%) was almost equal to that of males (48.5%). The pattern of the age and sex distribution was consistently reflected within most common causes of chronic cough, while a female predominance was shown in patients with cough-variant asthma and patients aged ≥50 years. Female patients had higher cough sensitivity to capsaicin than male patients (log C5: 1.58 ± 0.84 vs. 2.04 ± 0.84 μmol/L, P = 0.001), and patients aged ≥50 years had higher cough sensitivity to capsaicin than patients aged <50 years. CONCLUSIONS: In China, patients with chronic cough have a roughly equal sex distribution and a middle-aged predominance, irrespective of a higher cough sensitivity to capsaicin in females and older patients. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02591550


Assuntos
Distribuição por Idade , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Asma , Capsaicina , China , Tosse , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Reflexo , Distribuição por Sexo
5.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776898

RESUMO

Two new isomeric modified tripeptides, aspergillamides C and D (compounds 1 and 2), together with fifteen known compounds (compounds 3-17), were obtained from the marine sponge-derived fungus Aspergillus terreus SCSIO 41008. The structures of the new compounds, including absolute configurations, were determined by extensive analyses of spectroscopic data (NMR, MS, UV, and IR) and comparisons between the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Butyrolactone I (compound 11) exhibited strong inhibitory effects against Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein tyrosine phosphatase B (MptpB) with the IC being 5.11 ± 0.53 μmol·L, and acted as a noncompetitive inhibitor based on kinetic analysis.


Assuntos
4-Butirolactona , Química , Farmacologia , Animais , Aspergillus , Química , Técnicas de Química Analítica , Dipeptídeos , Química , Farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos , Química , Farmacologia , Indóis , Química , Farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Peptídeos , Química , Farmacologia , Policetídeos , Química , Farmacologia , Poríferos , Microbiologia , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases , Química
6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a patient with early-onset Parkinson disease from a consanguineous family.@*METHODS@#Homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing of cDNA were used to identify the causative mutation.@*RESULTS@#A homozygous missense variation (c.56C>G, p.Thr19Arg) in the PARK7 gene was identified in the patient. In silico analysis suggested the c.56C>G variation to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#Homozygous c.56C>G variation of the PARK7 gene was the disease-causing variation in this family.


Assuntos
Consanguinidade , Homozigoto , Humanos , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Doença de Parkinson , Genética , Linhagem , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1 , Genética
7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy presenting as spastic paraplegia of the lower limbs.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patient and his mother. Potential variant was detected with a panel for genes associated with spastic paraplegia. Candidate variant was verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Both the proband and his mother presented with walking difficulty. A previously known variant, c.623T to A (p.V208E), was identified in the ABCD1 gene mapped on chromosome X in both.@*CONCLUSION@#X-link adrenoleukodystrophy should be taken into account as a possible diagnosis for this pedigree.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília D de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Genética , Adrenoleucodistrofia , Genética , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária
8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-801007

RESUMO

Objective@#To study the mechanism of lncRNA-mtb in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tuberculosis)-infected macrophages.@*Methods@#A predicting software and Western blot assay were used to verify the non-coding nature of lncRNA-mtb. RT-qPCR was performed to detect lncRNA-mtb expression in macrophages infected by different Mycobacteria. Cytokine secretion was detected with ELISA after silencing the expression of lncRNA-mtb in macrophages with RNA interference (RNAi) technology. Western blot and RT-qPCR were performed to analyze whether the activation of macrophage inflammation could be induced by lncRNA-mtb during M. tuberculosis infection. Effects of lncRNA-mtb silencing on the bactericidal activity of M. tuberculosis-infected macrophages were evaluated.@*Results@#Increased expression of lncRNA-mtb was observed in macrophages infected with M. tuberculosis H37Rv or H37Ra. After silencing the expression of lncRNA-mtb, IL-1β secretion in H37Rv infected-macrophages was significantly decreased. Further studies revealed that lncRNA-mtb might be involved in the activation of NLRP3 in M. tuberculosis-infected macrophages. The bactericidal activity of macrophages against H37Ra was impaired after silencing the expression of lncRNA-mtb.@*Conclusions@#Enhanced expression of lncRNA-mtb could be induced in macrophages infected with H37Rv or H37Ra. Moreover, lncRNA-mtb was involved in M. tuberculosis-induced inflammation in cells. Silencing lncRNA-mtb wolud attenuate the ability of macrophages to clear M. tuberculosis.

9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-800864

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy presenting as spastic paraplegia of the lower limbs.@*Methods@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patient and his mother. Potential variant was detected with a panel for genes associated with spastic paraplegia. Candidate variant was verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*Results@#Both the proband and his mother presented with walking difficulty. A previously known variant, c. 623T>A (p.V208E), was identified in the ABCD1 gene mapped on chromosome X in both.@*Conclusion@#X-link adrenoleukodystrophy should be taken into account as a possible diagnosis for this pedigree.

10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 791-794, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-810729

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the methods of establishing and maintaining community injecting drug user (IDU) cohort.@*Methods@#From June 2014 to June 2017, a community survey was conducted on basis of local needle and syringe exchange site to recruit 200 HIV sero-negative IDU for a prospective cohort study in Longyang district of Baoshan city, Yunan province. Follow-up was carried out every six month to investigate high risk drug use behavior and sexual behavior, and blood samples were collected from them for the tests of HIV and HCV serum antibodies. The cohort would be opened every 12 months to replenish the cohort to 200 subjects.@*Results@#The follow up was conducted for 3 years in 229 IDUs. Cohort follow-up rate was 93.0% (213/229) for 6 months, 92.1% (211/229) for 12 months, 91.7% (200/218) for 18 months, 87.2% (190/218) for 24 months, 86.0% (172/200) for 30 months and 86.0% (172/200) for 36 months.@*Conclusion@#The community IDU cohort has a high follow-up rate.

11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-805847

RESUMO

Objective@#To observe the disease type and the changes of symptom load during treatment of patients with Ph chromosome/BCR-ABL fusion gene negative myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN).@*Methods@#A total of 84 patients with MPN diagnosed from May 2017 to January 2019 in People′s Hospital of Longhua District of Shenzhen were selected, and were divided into polycythemia vera (PV) group, essential thrombocyhemia (ET) group, and myelofibrosis (PMF) group according to their subtypes, with 28 cases in each group. The scores of MPN-SAF-TSS were compared among the three groups. Besides, the scores of the scale (myeloproliferative neoplasm symptom assessment form total symptom score, MPN-SAF-TSS) in different treatment periods (at the time of the visit, when the disease progressed, when the disease was stable, when the clinical improvement was made, when the partial remission was completed, at the time of remission and recurrence) were also compared.@*Results@#At the time of initial diagnosis, there were significant differences in the incidences of symptom burdens among the three groups of MPN patients with abdominal fullness (χ2=6.095, P=0.047), abdominal discomfort (χ2=7.342, P=0.025), poor mobility (χ2=13.029, P=0.001), inattention (χ2=6.099, P=0.047), pruritus (χ2=6.956, P=0.031), bone pain (χ2=7.807, P=0.020), fever (χ2=8.000, P=0.018) and weight loss (χ2=27.340, P<0.001). The incidences of poor mobility (85.71%, 24/28), inattention (67.86%, 19/28) and weight loss (82.14%, 23/28) in PMF group were significantly higher than those in PV group [42.86% (12/28), 39.29% (11/28), 35.71% (10/28)] and ET group [46.43% (13/28), 39.29% (11/28), 14.29% (4/28)] (all P<0.05). The incidences of abdominal discomfort (75.00%, 21/28) and bone pain (60.71%, 17/28) in PMF group were higher than those in PV group [39.29% (11/28), 25.00% (7/28)] (both P<0.05). The incidences of abdominal fullness (89.29%, 25/28) and fever (42.86%, 12/28) in PMF group were higher than those in ET group [60.71% (17/28), 10.71% (3/28)] (both P<0.05). The incidence of pruritus in PV group (71.43%, 20/28) was higher than that in ET group (42.86%, 12/28) and PMF group (39.29%, 11/28) (both P<0.05). Symptom load scores of patients with fatigue (χ2=368.594, P<0.001), abdominal fullness (χ2=261.312, P<0.001), abdominal discomfort (χ2=195.629, P<0.001), poor mobility (χ2=217.862, P<0.001), lack of concentration (χ2=280.664, P<0.001), night sweats (χ2=239.650, P<0.001), pruritus (χ2=254.418, P<0.001), bone pain (χ2=180.291, P<0.001), fever (χ2=231.613, P<0.001) and weight loss (χ2=227.831, P<0.001) were significantly different during different therapeutic periods. The fatigue symptom load score was higher when the disease progressed than that at the time of the visit (P<0.05), and the symptom score of abdominal fullness was lower than that at the time of visit (P<0.05). Symptom load scores of weakness and pruritus when the condition was stable was lower than those when the disease progressed (both P<0.05). When the clinical improvement was made, symptom load scores of weakness, abdominal discomfort, inattention, night sweats, weight loss were lower than those when the disease was stable (all P<0.05). Symptom load scores of abdominal fullness, poor mobility, inattention, night sweats and pruritus in partial remission period decreased compared to temporary improvement period (all P<0.05). Compared to the partial remission period, the symptom load scores of weakness, abdominal fullness, night sweats, pruritus, bone pain and weight loss in complete remission period were lower (all P<0.05). At last, symptom load scores of weakness, abdominal fullness, abdominal discomfort, poor mobility, inattention, night sweats, pruritus, bone pain, fever and weight loss in recurrence period were higher than those in complete remission period (all P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#There are several differences in the main clinical symptoms among patients with different MPN subtypes, and there are significant changes in the main clinical symptoms as the disease progresses or turns around.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1563-1571, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-802555

RESUMO

Background@#Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is sensitive to radiotherapy (RT). However, neurocognitive complications such as memory loss and learning and attention deficits emerge in the survivors of NPC who received RT. It remains unclear how radiation affects patient brain function. This pilot study aimed at finding cerebral functional alterations in NPC patients who have received RT.@*Methods@#From September 2014 to December 2016, 42 individuals, including 22 NPC patients and 20 normal volunteer controls in National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College, were recruited in this study. All patients received resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans and neurocognitive tests 1 day before the initiation of RT (baseline) and 1 day after the completion of RT; the 20 normal controls were also subjected to the same scans and tests. The amplitude of the low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) in blood oxygen level-dependent signals and functional connectivity (FC) were used to characterize cerebral functional changes. Independent t test, paired t test, and analysis of variances were used to obtain statistical significance across groups.@*Results@#After RT, NPC patients showed significantly decreased ALFF values in the calcarine sulcus, lingual gyrus, cuneus, and superior occipital gyrus and showed significantly reduced FC mainly in the default mode network (P < 0.05, corrected by AlphaSim). Relative to the controls, ALFF was decreased in the lingual gyrus, calcarine sulcus, cingulate cortex, medial prefrontal gyrus (P < 0.05, corrected by AlphaSim), and FC reduction was found in multiple cerebellar–cerebral regions, including the cerebellum, parahippocampus, hippocampus, fusiform gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, inferior occipital gyrus, precuneus, and cingulate cortex (P < 0.001, corrected by AlphaSim).@*Conclusions@#Cerebral functional alterations occur immediately after RT. This study may provide an explanation for the cognitive deficits in the morphologically normal-appearing brains of NPC patients after RT and may contribute to the understanding of the complex mechanism of RT.

13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 675-682, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-801437

RESUMO

Objective@#To investigate the clinical outcomes and second-look arthroscopic findings after high tibial osteotomy (HTO) combined with medial meniscus posterior root (MMPR) repair.@*Methods@#Twenty-five patients who underwent HTO combined with MMPR repair were subjected to second-look arthroscopy and retrospectively analyzed. Biplane HTO combined with MMPR repair was performed on these patients. Arthroscopic transtibial pullout repair was employed to repair the MMPR. The relative degree of the medial meniscus extrusion (MME) were measured. Cartilage regeneration and the healing of MMPR were evaluated at the time of second-look arthroscopy. Clinical outcomes were assessed based on Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) scores and Lysholm scores.@*Results@#The MMPRs were completely healed in 12 cases (48%), partially healed in 9 cases (36%), healed with scarring in 3 cases (12%), and no healed in 1 case (4%). Follow-up duration was 13.04±1.06 months (12-16 months). There were no statistically significant differences in the Kellgren-Lawrence classifications of the cases before and after surgery (χ2=0.786, P=0.675). The relative position of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity through the tibial plateau was 19.88%±6.44% preoperatively and 58.68%±7.71% after operation with significant difference (t=-18.561, P<0.001). The Lysholm scores was increased significantly from 34.76±3.62 points to 82.08±4.35 points after operation (t=-52.717, P<0.001). The HSS scores was increased significantly from 33.52±6.48 points to 81.52±4.79 points after operation (t=-38.685, P<0.001). The degree of MME was changed from 51.12%±13.55% to 50.48%±15.15% without statistical difference (t=0.550, P=0.588) . The comparison between different degrees of healing groups revealed no statistical differences in all variables (P>0.05). The comparison between different degree of cartilage regeneration groups revealed no statistical differences in all variables (P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#HTO combined with MMPR repair can effectively improve the lower limb alignment and patients' symptoms with a satisfactory healing rate of MMPR. The effects of post-root repair after a short period is not obvious. The longer-term clinical effects is worthy of further observation.

14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-796456

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the genetic basis of a patient with early-onset Parkinson disease from a consanguineous family.@*Methods@#Homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing of cDNA were used to identify the causative mutation.@*Results@#A homozygous missense variation (c.56C>G, p. Thr19Arg) in the PARK7 gene was identified in the patient. In silico analysis suggested the c. 56C>G variation to be pathogenic.@*Conclusion@#Homozygous c. 56C>G variation of the PARK7 gene was the disease-causing variation in this family.

15.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 495-500, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-818267

RESUMO

Objective Circular RNA is a research hotspot of non-coding RNAs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the basic characteristics and expression effect of the overexpression vectors of circular RNA hsa_circ_0082626 transcribed from antiviral gene ZC3HAV1. Methods The basic characteristics of hsa_circ_0082626 were studied by the verification of reverse cleavage site, RNase digestion assay and intracellular distribution location with extraction of cytoplasmic and nuclear RNA. In the RNase digestion assay, samples were divided into RNase R treatment group and control group. RNase. 20 U (2 U/μg) of RNase R was added to the R treatment group, and the control group was replaced with an equivalent amount of ddH2O to detect changes in expression levels after RNase treatment. The cells were divided into 2 groups: overexpression group and negative control group. At 24, 48 and 72 h after transfection, cells were collected to detect the expression of circular RNA by RT-qPCR. Results Compared with the control group, the expression of ZC3HAV1, CDR1as and GAPDH in the RNase R treatment group was increased (0.144±0.002 vs 1.000±0.016, 0.772±0.058 vs 1.000±0.122, 0.077±0.009 vs 1.000±0.164, P<0.05). Hsa_circ_0082626 could resist the treatment of RNase R and was mainly distributed in cytoplasm. The expression level of hsa_circ_0082626 in the overexpression group was significantly higher than that in the negative control group, and the expression level was the highest at 48 h after transfection. Conclusion The characteristics of hsa_circ_0082626 reverse cleavage site, RNase resistance and expression in cells were successfully analyzed, which proved that hsa_circ_0082626 does have a circular structure. The overexpression vector of hsa_circ_0082626 was successfully constructed to provide an experimental basis for the biological function and mechanism of RNA hsa_circ_0082626.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 138-142, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-818199

RESUMO

Objective There are a few researches on the mechanism of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). The article aimed to examine the changes of COX-2 expression in the urethra, vagina and urethral smooth muscle of SUI rat mode to evaluate the effect of estrogen on COX-2 expression. Methods Sixty unbearing healthy female SD rats and fifteen male SD rats were gathered for spontaneous delivery. SUI rat models were constructed using expanded vagina, expanded vagina + ovariectomy respectively after delivery, which were expanded vagina group and expanded vagina + ovariectomy group. Six successfully modeled rats were chosen for the follow-up experiment. SD rats modeled after normal pregnancy were the control group. Sneezing experiment and urodynamic examination were used to examine the maximum bladder capacity (MBC) and abdominal leak point pressure (ALPP). Fluorescent quantitative PCR and western blot were applied to detect the expressions of COX-2 mRNA and protein, and immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expressions of COX-2 in urethra, vagina and urethral smooth muscle. Results Compared with control group, ALPP in two experimental groups were significantly decreased, among which ALPP in expanded vagina + ovariectomy group was significantly decreased in comparison to expanded vagina group(P<0.05). Compared with control group, the expressions of COX-2 mRNA and protein in expanded vagina group and expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were significantly higher, among which the figures in expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were significantly higher than those in expanded vagina group(P<0.05). The result of immunohistochemistry showed staining intensity integral expression of COX-2 in vaginal tissues of control group, expanded vagina group and expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were 0.50±0.54, 5.55±0.54, 9.33±0.81, so differences between any two groups were of statistical significance(P<0.05); staining intensity integral expression of COX-2 in urethral smooth muscle of control group, expanded vagina group and expanded vagina+ovariectomy group were 0.66±0.51, 5.33±0.51, 8.50±0.54, so differences between any two groups were of statistical significance (P<0.05). Conclusion The expression of COX-2 was related to the mechanism of SUI. The decrease of estrogen may increase the expression of COX-2 in SUI rats, which supports the treatment of SUI.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-817730

RESUMO

@#【Objective】To evaluate the efficacy of three different methods of subcostal transversus abdominis plane(TAP)block for patients undergoing open liver carcinoma resection.【Methods】A total of 60 adult patients,undergoing elective open liver carcinoma resection through a“reverse L”incision below the rib bow,were enrolled. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups(20 cases in each),including Group A,B and C,according to the position of local anesthetic injection. All patients underwent ultrasound- guided bilateral subcostal TAP block under local anesthesia. The TAP injection was injected at the middle line of the clavicle in Group A;Two separate injections were at the parasternal line and at the anterior axillary line in Group B;Multiple injections were proformed between the anterior median line and the middle axillary line in Group C. After completion of TAP block,the onset time,duration,blocking extent,hemodynamics and abdominal muscle thickness were evaluated. The operating time of TAP block and incidence of complications were recorded.【Results】The blocking extent of Group B or Group C was greater than that of Group A(P < 0.05),with no significant difference between Group B and Group C. The duration of TAP block in Group B or Group C was longer than that of Group A,while the onset time was not significantly different between the three groups. The mean arterial pressure and heart rate during laparotomy were higher than the base value in Group A,while there were no evident changes in Group B and Group C. The rectus abdominis became thinner after TAP block in all patients,but there was no significant difference in muscle thickness change among the three groups. The operating time of TAP block in the three groups was (8.4±1.9),(13.8±3.1),(23.3±4.2)min,respectively,with significant difference between any two groups(P < 0.05). None of the patients enrolled showed such complications as local anesthetic poisoning,abdominal wall hematoma,nerve injury, abdominal viscera injury,and puncture point infection.【Conclusion】The outcome of subcostal TAP block for patients undergoing open liver surgery is related to injecting position of anesthetics. Two- point-injection method is superior to one- point-injection method or multiple-point-injection method,for adequate analgesic extent as well as less operating time.

18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781675

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of Qufu Shengji ointment(QFSJO) in promoting the wound healing after trauma.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to June 2018, 60 patients with soft tissue injury, skin defect and wound infection caused by violent trauma were admitted, including 32 males and 28 females, aged from 18 to 65 years, with an average age of 41.3 years. Among them, 30 patients were treated with QFSJO (QFSJO group) and 30 patients were treated with normal saline iodophor (control group). The reduction rate of wound area, the days of decayed flesh, the time of new epithelium and the recovery rate of 28 days after dressing change were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the QFSJO group, after using large dose of QFSJO, the pus of the wound increased, the granulation grew, and the new epithelium appeared on the edge of the wound, showing a rapid healing phenomenon. The wound healing rate of QFSJO group was higher than that of the control group at all time points, and the time of decaying flesh and new epithelium appeared in QFSJO group was earlier than that of the control group. The recovery rate of QFSJO group was significantly higher than that of the control group(<0.05). All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged form 6 to 12 months, with an average of 9.4 months. The exposed areas of bone and teadon were covered well. The vital signs of the two groups were stable and no adverse reactions occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#QFSJO can promote the growth of granulation tissue, promote the production of new skin, and accelerate the healing of infectious wound after trauma.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Feminino , Tecido de Granulação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cicatrização , Infecção dos Ferimentos , Tratamento Farmacológico , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-773904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To systematic evaluate the outcome of open-wedge high tibial osteotomy(OWHTO) and unicomartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) in treating medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee.@*METHODS@#According to the retrieval strategy made by the Cochrane collaboration, a computer-base research of Medline, Pubmed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CBM, CNKI, and Wanfang databases was performed and search deadline was March 2018. Related Chinese and English orthopedic journals and conference papers were manually searched. Controlled studies of OWHTO and UKA in the treatment of medial knee osteoarthritis were included. The quality of included researches was evaluated, and the data of postoperative knee function, complications, total knee arthroplasty(TKA) revision rates, and postoperative pain were extracted. Meta analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.0 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8 articles that met the criteria were included containing a total of 675 patients. Meta-analysis showed that there was no significant difference in postoperative HSS score, knee score, functional score, and Lysholm score between the OWHTO and UKA groups(=0.32, =0.87, =0.22, =0.53). The range of joint motion in the OWHTO group was better than that in the UKA group, and the difference was statistically significant(=0.009). There was no significant difference in postoperative complications and the rates of revision to TKA between the two groups(=0.81, =0.23). There was no difference in postoperative knee pain between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In the treatment of medial compartmental osteoarthritis of the knee that meets the surgical indications, OWHTO had better postoperative joint mobility. The results were similar in postoperative knee score, postoperative complications, and postoperative TKA revision rates between OWHTO and UKA groups.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Osteotomia , Tíbia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-773884

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To study the predictive value of procalcitonin as a serum biomarker in diagnosis of late periprosthetic joint infection(PJI) for providing theoretical reference basis for diagnosis of PJI.@*METHODS@#A total of 77 cases were retrospective included from January 2015 to December 2017 for revision of total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty, according to the diagnostic criteria of Musculoskeletal Infection Society(MISI). All cases were divided into infection group and non-infection group. Infection group included 21 cases, 7 cases for male and 14 cases for female, with an average age of (60.70±8.75) years old (ranged 43 to 75 years old). Non-infection group 56 included cases, 24 cases for male and 32 cases for female, with an average age (64.40±12.14) years old (ranged 43 to 85 years old). Concentration of preoperative serum procalcitonin was examined and the chi-square test was used to compare positive rate between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Two cases in the infection group had positive serum procalcitonin, 0.06 ng/L and 0.10 ng/L respectively, with the positive rate of 9.52%; 4 cases in non-infected group had positive serum procalcitonin, 0.05 ng/L, 0.06 ng/L, 0.06 ng/L, 0.16 ng/L respectively, with the positive rate of 7.14%. No statistically significant difference was observed between the two groups (=0.662).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Most of PJI were low toxicity infection with little systemic inflammatory response, so the concentration of serum procalcitonin was normal or slightly higher level, had little clinical significance for diagnosis of PJI. But the cases of this retrospective study are not enough, more cases are needed for further study.


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pró-Calcitonina , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
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