Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 5 de 5
Filtrar
Adicionar filtros








Intervalo de ano
1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-247720

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the phenotype, genotype and molecular mechanism for two pedigrees affected with hereditary antithrombin (AT) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical diagnosis was validated by assaying of coagulation parameters including prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, fibrinogen, antithrombin activity (AT:A) and specific antigen (AT:Ag), protein C activity, as well as protein S activity. To detect potential mutations in the probands, all exons, exon-intron boundaries and the 3', 5' untranslated regions were amplified by PCR and subjected to direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was confirmed by reverse sequencing and silver staining. The effect of mutations on the AT protein was analyzed with bioinformatics software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The AT:Ag of pedigree 1 was normal, but its AT:A has reduced to 30%. A heterozygous c.235C>T mutation in exon 2 causing p.Arg47Cys, in addition with two single nucleotide polymorphisms (c.981G>A, c.1011G>A) in exon 5 were identified in the patient. His four children, except for the elder daughter, were heterozygous for the mutations. The plasma levels of AT:A and AT:Ag in proband 2 have decreased to 39% and 103 mg/L, respectively. A heterozygous deletion (g.5890-5892delCTT) leading to loss of p.Phe121 was also detected in his father. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the missense mutation Arg47Cys can affect the functions of AT protein. Meanwhile, lacking of Phe121 will result in loss of hydrogen bonds with Ala124, Lys125 and the cation π interactions with Lys125, Arg47, which may jepordize the stability of the protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The proband 1 had type II AT deficiency, while proband 2 had type I AT deficiency. The p.Arg47Cys and g.5890-5892delCTT mutations of the AT gene are significantly correlated with the levels of AT in the two probands, respectively.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antitrombina III , Genética , Metabolismo , Deficiência de Antitrombina III , Genética , Éxons , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Proteína C , Genética , Metabolismo , Proteína S , Genética , Metabolismo
2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-247687

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutation underlying coagulation factor X (FX) deficiency in a consanguineous Chinese pedigree.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen, FX activity (FX:C) and other coagulant parameters were determined with a one-stage clotting assay. The FX antigen (FX:Ag) was determined with an ELISA assay. All coding exons and exon-intron boundaries of the F10 gene were amplified with PCR and subjected to direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was confirmed by reverse sequencing and analyzed with CLC Genomics Workbench 7.5 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT and APTT in the proband were prolonged to 67.2 s and 102.9 s, respectively. Further study showed that her FX:C and FX:Ag were reduced by 1% and 8%, respectively. The PT of her father, mother, and little brother were slightly prolonged to 14.5 s, 14.4 s and 14.4 s, respectively. The FX:C and FX:Ag in her father, mother and little brother were all slightly reduced. Genetic analysis of the proband has revealed a homozygous G>A change at nucleotide 27881 in exon 8 of the F10 gene, which predicted a p.Val298Met substitution. The proband's father, mother, and little brother were all heterozygous for the p.Val298Met mutation. The proband has inherited the homozygous mutation from her parents by consanguineous marriage. Other family members were all normal. Bioinformatics analysis has indicated that this mutation may result in changes in the secondary structure of the FX protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A homozygous mutation g.27881G>A(p.Val298Met) of the F10 gene has been identified, which probably accounts for the low FX concentrations in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Consanguinidade , Fator X , Genética , Deficiência do Fator X , Genética , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Linhagem , Tempo de Protrombina
3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-239500

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutations in a family affected with inherited factor Ⅶ (FⅦ) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen, FⅦ activity (FⅦ:C) and other coagulant parameters of the proband and 15 family members were measured. Potential mutations were screened in the pedigree by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT of the proband and his younger brother was significantly prolonged to 39.0 s and 30.1 s, respectively. FⅦ:C of the proband and his younger brother was obviously reduced to 2% and 3%, respectively. FⅦ:C of his grandmother, maternal grandmother, aunt, father, mother, maternal uncle and maternal aunt was all below the normal range (80%-108%), which measured 68%, 54%, 71%, 73%, 62%, 72% and 59%, respectively. The other coagulant parameters were in the normal range. Two heterozygous mutations, g.11349G>A and g.11482T>G, both reside in exon 8 of the F7 gene, have resulted in p.Arg304Gln and p.His348Gln substitutions, were identified in the proband. The same mutations were also found in the proband's younger brother. Four maternal members in this family (grandmother, mother, maternal uncle and maternal aunt of the proband) were heterozygous for the p.Arg304Gln mutation, while three paternal members (grandmother, aunt and father of the proband) were heterozygous for the p.His348Gln mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The proband had inherited two independent mutations of the F7 gene including g.11349G>A and g.11482T>G from his mother and father, respectively. The compound heterozygous mutation probably explains the low FⅦ concentrations in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Fator VII , Genética , Metabolismo , Deficiência do Fator VII , Sangue , Genética , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linhagem , Adulto Jovem
4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-239477

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the genetic mutation underlying congenital hypofibrinogenamia in a Chinese pedigree.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Standard coagulation tests including the prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), plasminogen activity (PLG:A), D-Dimer (DD) and fibrin degradation products (FDP) were tested with fresh plasma using a STA-R analyzer. The activity of fibrinogen (Fg:C) and fibrinogen antigen (Fg:Ag) were measured respectively with the Clauss method and immunoturbidimetry. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of the fibrinogen Aα-, Bβ-, and γ-chain genes (FGA, FGB and FGG) were amplified by PCR followed by direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was confirmed by reverse sequencing and analyzed with a Swiss-PdbViewer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT level in the proband was normal, while the APTT and TT were slightly prolonged. The functional and antigen fibrinogen levels were both significantly reduced (0.91 g/L and 0.95 g/L, respectively). Similar abnormalities were also found in her father, elder sister, son and niece. The coagulant parameters of her mother were all within the normal range. Genetic analysis has reveled a heterozygous A>C change at nucleotide 5864 in exon 7 of γ gene in the proband, predicting a novel Lys232Thr mutation. The proband's father, elder sister, son and niece were all carriers of the same mutation. Protein model analysis indicated that the Lys232Thr mutation did not disrupt the native network of hydrogen bonds, but has changed the mutual electrostatic forces, resulting in increased instability of the protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The heterozygous Lys232Thr mutation identified in the FGG gene probably underlies the hypofibrinogenemia in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Afibrinogenemia , Genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Genética , Sequência de Bases , China , Feminino , Fibrinogênio , Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linhagem , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Genética , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-239474

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutation underlying hereditary coagulation factor XII (FXII) deficiency in a pedigree and explore its molecular pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), FXII activity (FXII:C) and FXII antigen(FXII:Ag) and other coagulant parameters of the proband and 5 family members were measured. Potential mutations in the 14 exons and intron-exon boundaries of the FXII gene were screened with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct DNA sequencing. Suspected mutations were confirmed with reverse sequencing. Corresponding PCR fragments from other family members were also sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>APPT of the proband and his son were significantly prolonged to 121.5 s and 98.5 s, respectively. FXII:C and FXII:Ag of the proband and his son have reduced to 5%, 6.8% and 9%, 12.2%, respectively. Plasma plasminogen activity (PLG:A) in both individuals was slightly higher than the normal reference range. FXII:C of his second daughter and grandson were slightly reduced to 64% and 60%. FXII:C of the other family members were all in the normal range (72%-113%). A heterozygous missense mutation, g.8597G>A, was identified in exon 13 of the FXII gene in the proband, which resulted in an p.Asp538Asn substitution. For the promoter regions of the FXII gene, the genotype of the proband was 46TT. The same mutations and 46T/T were also found in the proband's son but not in other members of the family. The genotypes of the proband's spouse, eldest daughter and grandson were 46CT, and his second daughter was 46TT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The heterozygous mutation of g.8597G>A identified in exon 13 of FXII gene is a novel mutation. Heterozygous p.Asp538Asn mutation and 46TT in the FXII gene can cause hereditary FXII deficiency, which was probably responsible for the low FXII concentrations in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Éxons , Fator XII , Genética , Deficiência do Fator XII , Genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linhagem , Mutação Puntual , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA