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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776756

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To detect potential mutations of the coagulation factor Ⅶ (F7) gene in a pedigree affected with hereditary FⅦ deficiency and explore its molecular pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#The FⅦ antigen (FⅦ:Ag) was analyzed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Prothrombin time (PT), FⅦ activity (FⅦ:C) and other coagulant parameters were quantified with an one-stage clotting assay. The F7 gene was amplified by PCR and sequenced. Mutational sites were confirmed by reverse sequencing. Impact of amino acid substitution was assessed using SIFT and PolyPhen-2 software. Structure of the mutant protein was analyzed using Swiss-pdb Viewer software based on the three-dimensional structure in the Protein Data Bank.@*RESULTS@#The propositus had prolonged PT (36.3 s), with FⅦ:C and FⅦ:Ag significantly reduced to 2% and 44%, respectively. Her father, mother, younger sister and daughter had slightly prolonged PT and reduced FⅦ:C (86%-120%). The FⅦ:Ag of her father and younger sister were also reduced. DNA sequencing revealed that the propositus has carried compound heterozygous mutations (Lys341Glu and IVS6-1G>A) of the F7 gene. Her father and younger sister were heterozygous for the IVS6-1G>A mutation, while her mother and daughter were heterozygous for the Lys341Glu mutation. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that Lys341Glu mutation may affect the stability and function of the FⅦ protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The Lys341Glu and IVS6-1G>A mutations probably underlie the reduced activity of FⅦ in this pedigree.


Assuntos
Fator VII , Genética , Deficiência do Fator VII , Genética , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem
2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776737

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the phenotype and F5 gene variant in a pedigree affected with hereditary coagulation factor V (FV) deficiency.@*METHODS@#All of the exons, flanking sequences, and 5' and 3' untranslated regions of the F5 gene were subjected to PCR and direct sequencing. Suspected variant sites were confirmed by clone sequencing. Influence of the variants was predicted by using software including ClustalX and Mutation Taster.@*RESULTS@#The prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) of the proband were prolonged to 20.3 s and 59.2 s, respectively, while FV activity (FV:C) and FV antigen (FV:Ag) were reduced by 13% and 17%, respectively. The FV:C and FV:Ag of his father, sister and daughter were decreased to 35%, 37%, 29% and 42%, 46%, 35%, respectively. The proband was found to carry a heterozygous c.2851delT variant in exon 13 of the F5 gene, which caused a frameshift and resulted in a truncated protein (p.Ser923LeufsX8). In addition, a heterozygous c.1538G to A (p.Arg485Lys) variant was found in exon 10. The father, sister and daughter of the proband all carried the p.Ser923LeufsX8 variant, while his mother and son carried the heterozygous p.Arg485Lys polymorphism. His younger brother and wife were of the wild type. Bioinformatic analysis showed that p.Ser923 was highly conserved across various species. Mutation Taster scored 1.00 for the p.Ser923LeufsX8 variant, and the result has predicted a corresponding disease.@*CONCLUSION@#A heterozygous deletional mutation c.2851delT in exon 13 of the F5 gene and a heterozygous c.1538G to A polymorphism harbored by the proband may be associated with the decreased FV level in this pedigree.


Assuntos
Fator V , Genética , Deficiência do Fator V , Genética , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Testes Genéticos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo
3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-800863

RESUMO

Objective@#To analyze the phenotype and F5 gene variant in a pedigree affected with hereditary coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) deficiency.@*Methods@#All of the exons, flanking sequences, and 5′ and 3′ untranslated regions of the F5 gene were subjected to PCR and direct sequencing. Suspected variant sites were confirmed by clone sequencing. Influence of the variants was predicted by using software including ClustalX and Mutation Taster.@*Results@#The prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) of the proband were prolonged to 20.3 s and 59.2 s, respectively, while FⅤ activity (FⅤ∶C) and FⅤ antigen (FⅤ∶Ag) were reduced by 13% and 17%, respectively. The FⅤ∶C and FⅤ∶Ag of his father, sister and daughter were decreased to 35%, 37%, 29% and 42%, 46%, 35%, respectively. The proband was found to carry a heterozygous c. 2851delT variant in exon 13 of the F5 gene, which caused a frameshift and resulted in a truncated protein (p.Ser923LeufsX8). In addition, a heterozygous c. 1538G>A (p.Arg485Lys) variant was found in exon 10. The father, sister and daughter of the proband all carried the p. Ser923LeufsX8 variant, while his mother and son carried the heterozygous p. Arg485Lys polymorphism. His younger brother and wife were of the wild type. Bioinformatic analysis showed that p. Ser923 was highly conserved across various species. Mutation Taster scored 1.00 for the p. Ser923LeufsX8 variant, and the result has predicted a corresponding disease.@*Conclusion@#A heterozygous deletional mutation c. 2851delT in exon 13 of the F5 gene and a heterozygous c. 1538G>A polymorphism harbored by the proband may be associated with the decreased FⅤ level in this pedigree.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-796468

RESUMO

Objective@#To detect potential mutations of the coagulation factor Ⅶ (F7) gene in a pedigree affected with hereditary FⅦ deficiency and explore its molecular pathogenesis.@*Methods@#The FⅦ antigen (FⅦ∶Ag) was analyzed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Prothrombin time (PT), FⅦ activity (FⅦ∶C) and other coagulant parameters were quantified with an one-stage clotting assay. The F7 gene was amplified by PCR and sequenced. Mutational sites were confirmed by reverse sequencing. Impact of amino acid substitution was assessed using SIFT and PolyPhen-2 software. Structure of the mutant protein was analyzed using Swiss-pdb Viewer software based on the three-dimensional structure in the Protein Data Bank.@*Results@#The propositus had prolonged PT (36.3 s), with FⅦ∶C and FⅦ∶Ag significantly reduced to 2% and 44%, respectively. Her father, mother, younger sister and daughter had slightly prolonged PT and reduced FⅦ∶C (86%-120%). The FⅦ∶Ag of her father and younger sister were also reduced. DNA sequencing revealed that the propositus has carried compound heterozygous mutations (Lys341Glu and IVS6-1G>A) of the F7 gene. Her father and younger sister were heterozygous for the IVS6-1G>A mutation, while her mother and daughter were heterozygous for the Lys341Glu mutation. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that Lys341Glu mutation may affect the stability and function of the FⅦ protein.@*Conclusion@#The Lys341Glu and IVS6-1G>A mutations probably underlie the reduced activity of FⅦ in this pedigree.

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-733793

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of human brucellosis in Baotou City,Inner Mongolia in 2003-2017,conduct short-term forecasting of incidence of brucellosis in 2018-2020,and provide evidence for early warning and scientific prevention of brucellosis.Methods The epidemic data of human brucellosis in Baotou City from 2003 to 2017 came from the Infectious Disease Monitoring Information System of China Disease Prevention and Control Information System,and the demographic data came from the statistical yearbook of Baotou City.Descriptive epidemiological method was used to analyze the prevalence,time distribution,regional distribution,and population distribution of brucellosis.According to the monthly incidence of human brucellosis in 2003-2017,autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model was established using R language,and the ARIMA model was used to predict the incidence of human brucellosis in Baotou City in 2018-2020.Results From 2003 to 2017,there were 5 180 cases of human brucellosis in Baotou City,among them,354 cases in 2016 and 357 cases in 2017.The age of onset was concentrated in 35-64 years old (4 046 cases);the high-incidence areas were pastoral areas (2 218 cases) and rural areas (1 975 cases);the occupational distribution was dominated by farmers (3 930 cases) and herders (552 cases);the peak incidence was from April to July every year.The prediction model of human brucellosis onset in Baotou City was ARIMA (2,1,2) × (1,0,1)12,and the average absolute scale error predicted by the model was 0.585.The constructed ARIMA model predicted that the annual incidence of human brucellosis in Baotou City will be 349,331,and 324 cases in 2018-2020.Conclusions There are seasonal,regional and population distribution characteristics of human brucellosis in Baotou City.Compared with those of 2016 and 2017,the incidences of human brucellosis in Baotou City are relatively stable in 2018-2020,but the possibility of high incidence is not ruled out.We should pay close attention to the trend of epidemic disease,and adopt comprehensive prevention and treatment measures according to epidemiological characteristics,to effectively control human brucellosis.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-772006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To identify potential mutations of F11 gene in a pedigree affected with hereditary coagulation factor XI (FXI) deficiency and explore its molecular pathogenesis.@*METHODS@#Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), coagulation factor VIII activity (FVIIIC), coagulation factor IX activity (FIXC), coagulation factor XI activity (FXIC), coagulation factor XII activity (FXIIC) and lupus anticoagulation (LA) of the proband and eight family members were determined. FXI antigen (FXIAg) was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). For the proband, potential mutations in the exons, flanking introns and 5'-, 3'-untranslated regions of the F11 gene were screened by direct DNA sequencing. The results were confirmed by reverse sequencing. Suspected mutations were detected in other family members. ClustalX-2.1-win and four online bioinformatic tools (PolyPhen-2, PROVEAN, SIFT, and Mutation Taster) were used to study the conservation and possible impact of the mutations. The structure of the mutational sites was processed with Swiss-PdbViewer.@*RESULTS@#The propositus had prolonged APTT (69.6 s), whose FXIC and FXIAg were reduced to 6.0% and 10.7%, respectively. Her mother, elder sister, one younger sister, little brother, daughter and son showed slightly prolonged APTT and moderate FXIC and FXIAg levels. Gene sequencing revealed that the propositus carried a heterozygous nonsense mutation c.738G>A (p.Trp228stop) in exon 7 and a heterozygous mutation c.1556G>C (p.Trp501Ser) in exon 13. Her mother, elder sister and daughter were heterozygous for the p.Trp228stop mutation, while one younger sister and little brother and son were heterozygous for p.Trp501Ser. Her husband and the youngest sister were of the wild type. Phylogenetic analysis suggested that Trp501 was highly conserved among all homologous species. The p.Trp501Ser was predicted to be "probably damaging","deleterious", "affect protein function" and "disease causing" corresponding to PolyPhen-2, PROVEAN, SIFT and Mutation Taster. Model analysis demonstrated that the non-polar Trp501 has two benzene rings, forming a hydrogen bond with Gln512 in the wild type. Once substituted by Ser501, the side chain may form another hydrogen bond with the benzene of His396. This may affect the normal space conformation and stability of FXI protein.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous mutations of the F11 gene probably accounted for the low FXI concentration in this pedigree.


Assuntos
Fator XI , Genética , Deficiência do Fator XI , Genética , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Filogenia
7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-712148

RESUMO

Objective To analyze the phenotype and genotype of inherited dysfibrinogenemia pedigree associated with a novel heterozygous and deletion mutation in the FGG gene,and to investigate its molecular mechanism.Methods The clinical data were collected from the proband found at our hospital and her family members in April 2016.The activity plasma fibrinogen(Fg:C), activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT),prothrombin time(PT), thrombin time(TT)were detected by coagulation method and the antigen plasma fibrinogen(Fg:Ag), D-Dimer(D-D), fibrinogen degradation products (FDPs)were analyzed by immunoturbidimetry method.All of the exons and exon-intron boundaries of the genes of FGA, FGB and FGG with the fibrinogen(Fg)were amplified by PCR and followed by direct sequencing.And further verification were performed by cloning sequence and non-denatured polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and silver staining.The conservatism of mutated gene locus were analyzed by ClustalX-2.1-win.The change of the protein spatial structure and the intermolecular forces with mutation were analyzed by Pymol.Results The Fg:C of the proband was significantly reduced(0.30 g/L)and the Fg:Ag of the proband was normal(2.00 g/L).Their Fg:C were both significantly reduced and the Fg:Ag were both normal(0.42 g/L,2.09 g/L & 0.47 g/L,2.42 g/L, respectively), these were found in her mother and grandma.Genetic analysis revealed a novel heterozygous and deletion mutation with c.944 _c.952 delCCTTTGATG in exon 8 of FGG gene in the proband,predicting a heterozygous 289_291delAla,Phe,Asp mutation.The same mutations were carried by her mother and grandma, but her father and grandpa were normal.Homology analysis indicated that the Ala 289,Phe290 and Asp291 were maintained highly conservative in homogenous species.Protein model analysis found that the original hydrogen bonds were disappeared when the deletion mutation happened with the Ala 289,Phe290 and Asp291.Conclusion The heterozygous and deletion mutation with 289_291delAla,Phe,Asp in the γchain of fibrinogen were identified that could cause the rearrangement of the Fg molecular space structure and the reduction of the structure stability,so the mutation probably underly the dysfibrinogenemia in this pedigree.(Chin J Lab Med,2018, 41:305-311)

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-687978

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the molecular pathogenesis for a pedigree affected with coagulation factor Ⅴ (FⅤ) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen (FIB), coagulation factor Ⅱ activity (FⅡ: C), FⅤ activity (FⅤ: C), coagulation factor Ⅶ activity (FⅦ: C), and coagulation factor Ⅹ activity (FⅩ: C) were determined with a STAGO automatic coagulometer. FⅤ antigen (FⅤ: Ag) was detected with enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All exons and their flanking regions, and 5' and 3' untranslated regions of the F5 gene were analyzed by direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was verified by reverse sequencing as well as testing of family members. ClustalX software was used to analyze the conservative property of the mutation sites. PROVEAN and MutationTaster online software was used to predict the effect of the mutation on the protein function. Swiss-pdbViewer was used to analyze the protein model and interaction of amino acids.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT and APTT of the proband were slightly prolonged to 15.2 s and 41.8 s, respectively. And the FⅤ: C and FⅤ: Ag measured 55% and 62%, respectively. The FⅤ: C and FⅤ: Ag of his father and son were decreased to various extent (60%, 65% and 31%, 40%, respectively). A c.911G>A heterozygous mutation (Gly276Glu) was detected in exon 6 of the proband, for which her father and son were heterozygotes. The same mutation was not found in her mother, brother and husband. Conservation analysis showed that the Gly276 is highly conserved across various species. By bioinformatic analysis, the PROVEAN (scored -6.214) indicated Gly276Glu was harmful, and MutationTaster (scored 0.976) suggested that it is pathogenic. Model analysis suggested there are two hydrogen bonds between Gly276 and Ile298 in the wild type protein. When Gly276 was replaced by Glu276, the original hydrogen bond did not change, but the side chain of Glu was extended, which added steric hindrance with the surrounding amino acids, which resulted in decreased protein stability.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The heterozygous c.911G>A (Gly276Glu) mutation of the F5 gene probably underlies the decreased level of FⅤin the proband.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Biologia Computacional , Fator V , Química , Genética , Deficiência do Fator V , Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo
9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-344126

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To analyze the laboratory phenotype and FXII gene mutation in a consanguineous Chinese pedigree affected with factor XII (FXII) deficiency. METHODS Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), FXII activity (FXII:C) and FXII antigen (FXII:Ag) of the proband and her family members (10 individuals from 3 generations) were determined. Sanger sequencing was used to detect potential mutation within the 14 exons, their flanking regions and 5',3'-untranslated regions of the FXII gene. Suspected mutations were verified by backward sequencing. Conservation of the amino acids were analyzed with ClustalX-2.1-win. Four online bioinformatics software (PolyPhen-2, PROVEAN, SIFT and MutationTaster) were used to assess the impact of the mutations on the protein function. RESULTS The APTT of the proband and her elder brother have prolonged to 61.6 s and 68.6 s,and their FXII:C and FXII:Ag have decreased to 12%, 10% and 11%, 10%, respectively. The APTT of the paternal grandmother, maternal grandmother, father, mother, elder paternal aunt and elder maternal aunt were all normal, but their FXII:C and FXII:Ag have reduced to half of the normal value. Gene sequencing found that the proband and her elder brother have both carried a homozygous missense c.1078G>A (p.Gly341Arg) mutation in exon 10 of the FXII gene, for which the paternal grandmother, maternal grandmother, father, mother, elder paternal aunt and elder maternal aunt were heterozygous. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the Gly341 is highly conserved, while p.Gly341Arg is a harmful mutation which may cause disease by affecting the function of FXII protein. CONCLUSION Homozygous p.Gly341Arg mutation, caused by consanguineous marriage, probably underlies the congenital FXII deficiency in this pedigree.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-345335

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the pathogenesis of protein C deficiency in two pedigrees through mutation detection and model analysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Chromogenic substrate method and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used to determine the plasma protein C activity (PC: A) and protein C antigen (PC: Ag) in the two probands and their family members. All of the 9 exons and intron-exon boundaries of the PROC gene were amplified by PCR and analyzed with Sanger sequencing after purification. Corresponding mutate sites of the family members were also amplified and sequenced. The PolyPhen-2 software was used to analyze the perniciousness of the mutations and Clustal X was to analyze the conservatism. The protein model and amino acids interaction of the mutations were analyzed by Swiss-PdbViewer software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PC: A and PC: Ag of proband 1 was 30% and 35%, while PC:A of his father, mother and aunt were all slightly under the reference range. Two heterozygous missense mutations were found in exons 7 and 5 of the PROC gene, namely c.565 C>T (p.Arg147Trp) and c.383 G>A (p.Gly86Asp). His father and aunt were carriers for c.565 C>T, while his mother had carried c.383 G>A. The PC: A of proband 2 and his son were 50% and 64%, respectively. And they were both positive for p.Arg147Trp. Analysis of PolyPhen-2 indicated that p.Arg147Trp was benign, while p.Gly86Asp was damaging. Clustal X analysis indicated that the p.Arg147Trp was non-conservative, while the p.Gly86Asp was highly conservative. Modeling for the mutant proteins revealed that the simple aromatic ring of Trp147 in p.Arg147Trp destroyed the two hydrogen bonds between Arg147-Lys146 and Arg147-Lys151, and steric hindranted with Arg178. The side chain of Asp86 extended and generated steric clash with Gln90 with the occurrence of p.Gly86Asp. The change of hydrogen bonds and steric effects has altered the spatial configuration of amino acids, which led to unstable mutate proteins and interfered with the secretion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both probands had hereditary protein C deficiencies, for which their parents were all carriers. The heterozygous mutations p.Arg147Trp and p.Gly86Asp were the main cause for PC: A activity decrease. Among these, p.Gly86Asp was discovered for the first time.</p>


Assuntos
Sequência de Bases , Criança , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Métodos , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Moleculares , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Proteína C , Química , Genética , Metabolismo , Deficiência de Proteína C , Sangue , Genética , Domínios Proteicos
11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-498613

RESUMO

Objective To explore the association between the C46T polymorphism of coagulation factor Ⅻ (FⅫ) gene and the involvement of FⅫ activity (FⅫ:C) in patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA), and to elucidate its role in the pathogenesis of URSA. Methods This study included 203 patients with URSA (URSA group) and 171 healthy women with at least one child and no history of infertility or miscarriage (control group) in the southern area of Zhejiang Province. The C 46T polymorphism of the FⅫ gene was analyzed with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight-mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) in all subjects. The values of prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen, FⅫ:C and other coagulant parameters were determined. The frequency distribution of the wild-type (CC), heterozygote (CT), homozygote (TT) genotypes and C and T alleles were compared between the patients and controls. A comprehensive analysis of association was conducted between C46T genotypes and the FⅫ:C levels in URSA patients. Results The CC, CT, TT genotypes of the FⅫgene were observed in 7 (3.4%, 7/203), 83 (40.9%, 83/203) and 113 (55.7%, 113/203) patients with URSA versus 7 (4.1%, 7/171), 46 (26.9%, 46/171) and 118 (69.0%, 118/171) controls. The frequency of CT in the patients with URSA was significantly higher than that in controls, but the frequency of TT in the patients was lower than that in controls (χ2=7.939, OR=1.884, 95%CI:1.210-2.935, P<0.05). The frequencies of allele C and allele T were observed in 97 (23.9%, 97/406) and 309 (76.1%, 309/406) patients with URSA versus 60 (17.5%, 60/342) and 282 (82.5%, 282/342) controls. The distribution frequency of allele T in URSA group was lower than that in control group (χ2=4.510, OR=1.475, 95%CI:1.029-2.115, P<0.05). The FⅫ:C levels in the patients were (102±13)%in CC genotype, (78±11)%in CT genotype and (59± 9)%in TT genotype, respectively. The differences of the FⅫ:C levels between the CC and CT, CT and TT, CC and TT genotypes in the patients were significant (all P<0.05). Conclusions The low level of FⅫ:C maybe result from the T allele of the FⅫgene in URSA patients. The CT genotype might be relative to the pathogenesis of URSA in a Chinese Han female population from the southern area of Zhejiang province.

12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-494288

RESUMO

Objective To detectthe phenotype and gene mutations underlying aninherited dysplasminogenemia pedigree and search the virulence gene.Methods The peripheral venous blood samples of the proband and his family members (fourteen subjects of three generations in total) were collected,and their prothrombin time(PT),activated partial thromboplastin time(APTF),thrombin time(TT),fibrinogen (FIB),fibrinogen degradation products (FDP),D-dimmer (D-D)weretested on a STAGO analyzer,the plasminogen activity (PLG:A) and plasminogen antigen (PLG:Ag) were analyzedby thechromogenic substrate assay and rocket immunoelectrophoresis,respectively.All 19 exons,5' and 3' untranslated regions of PLGwere amplified with PCR.Direct DNA sequencing was used to analyze the amplified products,which wereconfirmed by backward sequencing.Three bioinformatics online softwares (SIFT,PolyPhen-2 andMutationTaster) were used to forecast the possible impact of the mutations on the protein function.At last,themodel analysis of mutate site was taken on a Swiss-Pdb Viewer software.Results The PLG:Avalue of theproband and other 6 family members were decreased to the half,while the PLG:Ag was normal.The D-Dand FDP value of the proband,his grandma and father were slightly higher.DNA sequencing has revealedthat the proband and the other 6 members of this family had the same mutation of g.38829G > A in exon 15,leading to the missense mutationp.Ala601Thr.The results of bioinformatics softwares showed that themutation could affect the thePLGfunction.Protein model analysis indicated that the hydrophobic interaction force and hydrogen bond between the amino acids were changed,which might affect the stability of the PLG.In addition,all the members of this family take the heterozygous SNP of g.2501C > A in the 5 'UTR.Conclusions The p.Ala601Thr found in the inherited dysplasminogenemia pedigree in the exon 15 was responsible for the reduced PLG:A of the family,the dysplasminogenemia and this mutation were both reported for the first time in China.

13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-247720

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the phenotype, genotype and molecular mechanism for two pedigrees affected with hereditary antithrombin (AT) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical diagnosis was validated by assaying of coagulation parameters including prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, thrombin time, fibrinogen, antithrombin activity (AT:A) and specific antigen (AT:Ag), protein C activity, as well as protein S activity. To detect potential mutations in the probands, all exons, exon-intron boundaries and the 3', 5' untranslated regions were amplified by PCR and subjected to direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was confirmed by reverse sequencing and silver staining. The effect of mutations on the AT protein was analyzed with bioinformatics software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The AT:Ag of pedigree 1 was normal, but its AT:A has reduced to 30%. A heterozygous c.235C>T mutation in exon 2 causing p.Arg47Cys, in addition with two single nucleotide polymorphisms (c.981G>A, c.1011G>A) in exon 5 were identified in the patient. His four children, except for the elder daughter, were heterozygous for the mutations. The plasma levels of AT:A and AT:Ag in proband 2 have decreased to 39% and 103 mg/L, respectively. A heterozygous deletion (g.5890-5892delCTT) leading to loss of p.Phe121 was also detected in his father. Bioinformatic analysis suggested that the missense mutation Arg47Cys can affect the functions of AT protein. Meanwhile, lacking of Phe121 will result in loss of hydrogen bonds with Ala124, Lys125 and the cation π interactions with Lys125, Arg47, which may jepordize the stability of the protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The proband 1 had type II AT deficiency, while proband 2 had type I AT deficiency. The p.Arg47Cys and g.5890-5892delCTT mutations of the AT gene are significantly correlated with the levels of AT in the two probands, respectively.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antitrombina III , Genética , Metabolismo , Deficiência de Antitrombina III , Genética , Éxons , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Mutação , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Proteína C , Genética , Metabolismo , Proteína S , Genética , Metabolismo
14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-247687

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutation underlying coagulation factor X (FX) deficiency in a consanguineous Chinese pedigree.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen, FX activity (FX:C) and other coagulant parameters were determined with a one-stage clotting assay. The FX antigen (FX:Ag) was determined with an ELISA assay. All coding exons and exon-intron boundaries of the F10 gene were amplified with PCR and subjected to direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was confirmed by reverse sequencing and analyzed with CLC Genomics Workbench 7.5 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT and APTT in the proband were prolonged to 67.2 s and 102.9 s, respectively. Further study showed that her FX:C and FX:Ag were reduced by 1% and 8%, respectively. The PT of her father, mother, and little brother were slightly prolonged to 14.5 s, 14.4 s and 14.4 s, respectively. The FX:C and FX:Ag in her father, mother and little brother were all slightly reduced. Genetic analysis of the proband has revealed a homozygous G>A change at nucleotide 27881 in exon 8 of the F10 gene, which predicted a p.Val298Met substitution. The proband's father, mother, and little brother were all heterozygous for the p.Val298Met mutation. The proband has inherited the homozygous mutation from her parents by consanguineous marriage. Other family members were all normal. Bioinformatics analysis has indicated that this mutation may result in changes in the secondary structure of the FX protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A homozygous mutation g.27881G>A(p.Val298Met) of the F10 gene has been identified, which probably accounts for the low FX concentrations in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Consanguinidade , Fator X , Genética , Deficiência do Fator X , Genética , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Linhagem , Tempo de Protrombina
15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-239500

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutations in a family affected with inherited factor Ⅶ (FⅦ) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen, FⅦ activity (FⅦ:C) and other coagulant parameters of the proband and 15 family members were measured. Potential mutations were screened in the pedigree by polymerase chain reaction and direct DNA sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT of the proband and his younger brother was significantly prolonged to 39.0 s and 30.1 s, respectively. FⅦ:C of the proband and his younger brother was obviously reduced to 2% and 3%, respectively. FⅦ:C of his grandmother, maternal grandmother, aunt, father, mother, maternal uncle and maternal aunt was all below the normal range (80%-108%), which measured 68%, 54%, 71%, 73%, 62%, 72% and 59%, respectively. The other coagulant parameters were in the normal range. Two heterozygous mutations, g.11349G>A and g.11482T>G, both reside in exon 8 of the F7 gene, have resulted in p.Arg304Gln and p.His348Gln substitutions, were identified in the proband. The same mutations were also found in the proband's younger brother. Four maternal members in this family (grandmother, mother, maternal uncle and maternal aunt of the proband) were heterozygous for the p.Arg304Gln mutation, while three paternal members (grandmother, aunt and father of the proband) were heterozygous for the p.His348Gln mutation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The proband had inherited two independent mutations of the F7 gene including g.11349G>A and g.11482T>G from his mother and father, respectively. The compound heterozygous mutation probably explains the low FⅦ concentrations in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Testes de Coagulação Sanguínea , Fator VII , Genética , Metabolismo , Deficiência do Fator VII , Sangue , Genética , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linhagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-239477

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the genetic mutation underlying congenital hypofibrinogenamia in a Chinese pedigree.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Standard coagulation tests including the prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), thrombin time (TT), plasminogen activity (PLG:A), D-Dimer (DD) and fibrin degradation products (FDP) were tested with fresh plasma using a STA-R analyzer. The activity of fibrinogen (Fg:C) and fibrinogen antigen (Fg:Ag) were measured respectively with the Clauss method and immunoturbidimetry. All exons and exon-intron boundaries of the fibrinogen Aα-, Bβ-, and γ-chain genes (FGA, FGB and FGG) were amplified by PCR followed by direct sequencing. Suspected mutation was confirmed by reverse sequencing and analyzed with a Swiss-PdbViewer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The PT level in the proband was normal, while the APTT and TT were slightly prolonged. The functional and antigen fibrinogen levels were both significantly reduced (0.91 g/L and 0.95 g/L, respectively). Similar abnormalities were also found in her father, elder sister, son and niece. The coagulant parameters of her mother were all within the normal range. Genetic analysis has reveled a heterozygous A>C change at nucleotide 5864 in exon 7 of γ gene in the proband, predicting a novel Lys232Thr mutation. The proband's father, elder sister, son and niece were all carriers of the same mutation. Protein model analysis indicated that the Lys232Thr mutation did not disrupt the native network of hydrogen bonds, but has changed the mutual electrostatic forces, resulting in increased instability of the protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The heterozygous Lys232Thr mutation identified in the FGG gene probably underlies the hypofibrinogenemia in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Afibrinogenemia , Genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Genética , Sequência de Bases , China , Feminino , Fibrinogênio , Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linhagem , Fragmentos de Peptídeos , Genética , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-239474

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutation underlying hereditary coagulation factor XII (FXII) deficiency in a pedigree and explore its molecular pathogenesis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), FXII activity (FXII:C) and FXII antigen(FXII:Ag) and other coagulant parameters of the proband and 5 family members were measured. Potential mutations in the 14 exons and intron-exon boundaries of the FXII gene were screened with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and direct DNA sequencing. Suspected mutations were confirmed with reverse sequencing. Corresponding PCR fragments from other family members were also sequenced.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>APPT of the proband and his son were significantly prolonged to 121.5 s and 98.5 s, respectively. FXII:C and FXII:Ag of the proband and his son have reduced to 5%, 6.8% and 9%, 12.2%, respectively. Plasma plasminogen activity (PLG:A) in both individuals was slightly higher than the normal reference range. FXII:C of his second daughter and grandson were slightly reduced to 64% and 60%. FXII:C of the other family members were all in the normal range (72%-113%). A heterozygous missense mutation, g.8597G>A, was identified in exon 13 of the FXII gene in the proband, which resulted in an p.Asp538Asn substitution. For the promoter regions of the FXII gene, the genotype of the proband was 46TT. The same mutations and 46T/T were also found in the proband's son but not in other members of the family. The genotypes of the proband's spouse, eldest daughter and grandson were 46CT, and his second daughter was 46TT.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The heterozygous mutation of g.8597G>A identified in exon 13 of FXII gene is a novel mutation. Heterozygous p.Asp538Asn mutation and 46TT in the FXII gene can cause hereditary FXII deficiency, which was probably responsible for the low FXII concentrations in this pedigree.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Sequência de Bases , Éxons , Fator XII , Genética , Deficiência do Fator XII , Genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Linhagem , Mutação Puntual , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-254518

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify potential mutations and explore the molecular mechanism underlying combined inherited coagulation factors VII(FVII) and X(FX) deficiency for a family featuring consanguineous marriage between maternal cousins.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), fibrinogen, FVII activity (FVII:C), FX activity (FX:C), FVII antigen (FVII:Ag), FX antigen (FX:Ag) and other coagulant parameters of the proband and 5 family members were measured. Potential mutations in exons, exon-intron boundaries and 5', 3' untranslated sequences of F7 and F10 genes were screened by polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing. Suspected mutations were confirmed by sequencing the opposite strand.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PT and APTT of the proband were obviously prolonged to become 76.4 s and 60.2 s, respectively. FVII:C, FVII:Ag,FX:C and FX:Ag of the proband were obviously reduced to become 4%, 6%, 6% and 33%, respectively. Both PT and APTT of her grandmother, father, mother and daughter were slightly prolonged, which have measured 16.4 s, 15.8 s,16.9 s, 16.5 s, and 44.0 s, 42.1 s, 41.1 s, 43.5 s, respectively. And their FVII:C (34%, 39%, 31%, 40%, respectively), FX:C (50%, 58%, 47%, 42%, respectively) and FX:Ag (51%, 54%, 58%, 47%, respectively) were slightly reduced, while FVII:Ag was in the normal range. The coagulant parameters of her younger brother were within normal range. Two homozygous mutations, g.11267C to T in exon 8 of F7 gene, which resulted in an Arg277Cys substitution, and g.28139G to T in exon 8 of F10 gene which led to a Val384Phe substitution, were identified in the proband. The proband's grandmother, parents and daughter were heterozygous for both Arg277Cys and Val384Phe mutationss. Wild-type alleles of both F7 and F10 genes were also found in the younger brother.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A homozygous Arg277Cys mutation and a Val384Phe mutation have been respectively identified in the F7 and F10 genes, which can explain the low levels of FVII and FX in this family. The former has been inherited from the consanguineous parents.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Consanguinidade , Deficiência do Fator VII , Genética , Deficiência do Fator X , Genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo
19.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-432291

RESUMO

Objective To study the relationship between the valine/leucine247 (817G/T) polymorphism in exon 7 of apolipoprotein H (apoH) gene and the generation of antiphospholipid (APL)antibodies in patients of Han nationality with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in Wenzhou region.Methods This study included 165 patients with SLE and 160 healthy controls of Han nationality in Wenzhou region.Venous blood samples were obtained from all of the subjects followed by the isolation of blood plasma,sera and white blood cells.PCR and DNA sequencing were carried out to assess the Leu/Va1247 polymorphism in apoH gene.Lupus anticoagulant (LAC) was detected by Russell viper venom time (RVVT) assay.Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was carried out to quantify the serum levels of anti-β2-glycoprotein Ⅰ (GPI) antibodies and anticardiolipin antibodies (ACA).Chi-square test was carried out to compare the 817G/T polymorphism between the patients and controls,and Logistic regression analysis to evaluate the correlation between the 817G/T polymorphism and production of antiphospholipid antibodies.Results There were significant differences between the patients and controls in the genotype distribution and allele frequency at position 817 of apoH gene (both P < 0.01).The TT,GT genotypes and T allele were more frequent,while GG genotype and G allele were less frequent,in the patients than in the controls.The GT genotype at position 817 was a risk factor for the production of LAC (P< 0.05,OR =2.33,95%CI =1.18-4.59),anti-β2GPl antibodies(P< 0.01,OR =5.92,95%CI =2.61-13.46) and ACA(P< 0.05,OR =2.52,95%CI =1.22-5.24),and the TT genotype was associated with an increased frequency of anti-β2GPI antibodies (P < 0.01,OR =5.84,95%CI =1.69-20.20).Conclusions The 817G/T(Leu/Va1247) polymorphism in exon 7 of apoH gene is associated with the generation of APL antibodies in patients of Han nationality with SLE in Wenzhou region.The TT and GT genotypes at position 817 of apoH gene appear to be a risk factor for the production of APL antibodies.

20.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-237259

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze genetic mutation and molecular pathogenesis in a family affected with inherited coagulation factor XII(FXII) deficiency.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), FXII procoagulant activity (FXII:C), FXII antigen (FXII:Ag) and other coagulants were measured. For affected members of the family, exons 1-14 and flanking intronic regions of the FXII gene were amplified with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced thereafter. Expression plasmids containing mutant FXII cDNA was constructed and transfected into COS7 cells transiently. Expressions of FXII:Ag and FXII:C were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proband has manifested a prolonged APTT of 108.1 s (reference range: 27.0-41.0 s). Her husband has a normal APTT. Other members of the family had slightly increased APTT. The FXII:C and FXII:Ag of the proband have both dropped to about 0.01 (reference range: 0.72-1.13). The FXII:C levels of her husband, son, daughter and grandchild were 0.57, 0.24, 0.14, 0.16, respectively. And the FXII:Ag levels in her husband, son, daughter and grandchild were 0.55, 0.27, 0.15, 0.21, respectively. The proband and her daughter have both carried a heterozygous deletional mutation 6800-6808delAGCTGGGAG (6800-6808del9bp) in exon 9. For the promoter region of the FXII gene, the genotypes of the proband, her son, daughter and grandchild was TT, whilst that of her husband was CT. Expression study has shown that, whilst the mutant FXII protein has accumulated in the cells similar to wild-type protein, its secretion has reduced approximately by half.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A novel deletional mutation 6800-6808del9bp has been identified in the FXII gene. Although mutant FXII protein can still accumulate in cells, its secretion has become insufficient. The 6800-6808del9bp mutation and 46T/T have both contributed to the pathogenesis of FXII deficiency in the family, but may have not been the sole cause.</p>


Assuntos
Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Células COS , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Fator XII , Genética , Metabolismo , Deficiência do Fator XII , Diagnóstico , Genética , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo , Adulto Jovem
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