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1.
Rev. bras. cineantropom. desempenho hum ; 22: e59870, 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1092435

RESUMO

Abstract Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine that generates changes in the biomechanics of the rib cage. Digital photogrammetry enables the recording of subtle changes and the interrelationship between parts of the human body that are difficult to measure by other means. The aim of this study was to create angles and thoracic distances and to evaluate the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of these measurements using the Software de Avaliação Postural (SAPO) in patients with AIS. This cross-sectional study evaluated 30 individuals aged between 11 and 18 years with AIS. We used SAPO with the thoracic markers in the form of angles (A) and distances (D) with involves structures like acromion, manubrium, xiphoid process, lower angle of the scapula, last false rib, anterior iliac spine process. Two experienced observers (A and B) analyzed the photos and all followed the same routine of analysis. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility was assessed by the Bland-Altman plot and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), while intraobserver and interobserver reliability was assessed by the T-Test and Wilcoxon's Test. A high repeatability index was obtained among the evaluations, with twelve of the sixteen variables considered as reliable in all statistical tests. The interobserver analyzes presented excellent correlation coefficients (ICC), showing good reliability for six of the sixteen variables proposed. The SAPO method presented good reproducibility and reliability for most of the thoracic markers created, showing that photogrammetry may be a complementary tool in the evaluation of thoracic alterations in patients with AIS.


Resumo A escoliose idiopática do adolescente (EIA) é uma deformidade tridimensional da coluna que gera alterações na biomecânica da caixa torácica. A fotogrametria digital permite o registro de mudanças sutis e a inter-relação entre partes do corpo humano que são difíceis de medir por outros meios. Objetivou-se criar ângulos e distâncias torácicas e avaliar a confiabilidade interobservador e intraobservador dessas medidas utilizando o Software de Avaliação Postural (SAPO) em pacientes com EIA. Este estudo transversal avaliou 30 indivíduos com idades entre 11 e 18 anos com EIA. Utilizamos o SAPO com os marcadores torácicos na forma de ângulos (A) e distâncias (D), envolvendo estruturas como: acrômio, manúbrio, processo xifóide, ângulo inferior da escápula, última costela falsa, processo da espinha ilíaca anterior. Dois observadores experientes (A e B) analisaram as fotos e todos seguiram a mesma rotina de análise. A reprodutibilidade intraobservador e interobservador foi avaliada pelo gráfico de Bland-Altman e coeficiente de correlação intraclasse (CCI), enquanto a confiabilidade intraobservador e interobservador foi avaliada pelo Teste T e Teste de Wilcoxon. Um alto índice de repetibilidade foi obtido entre as avaliações, com doze das dezesseis variáveis ​​consideradas confiáveis ​​em todos os testes estatísticos. As análises interobservadores apresentaram excelentes coeficientes de correlação (ICC), mostrando boa confiabilidade para seis das dezesseis variáveis ​​propostas. O método SAPO apresentou boa reprodutibilidade e confiabilidade para a maioria dos marcadores torácicos criados, mostrando que a fotogrametria pode ser uma ferramenta complementar na avaliação de alterações torácicas em pacientes com EIA.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-793064

RESUMO

To investigate the clinical values of nutritional status and chest CT phenotypes in the assessment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). A total of 256 patients with stable COPD were enrolled from Peking Union Medical College Hospital and Civil Aviation General Hospital from June 2017 to June 2018.Demographic data,height,weight,smoking history,and number of exacerbations were collected.Pulmonary function tests and COPD assessment test(CAT)questionnaire-based survey were performed.The correlations of Goddard score with pulmonary function,CAT score,and number of exacerbations were analyzed.The clinical features of COPD patients with different body mass index(BMI)grades and CT phenotype were analyzed. The forced expiratory volume in one second as percentage of predicted value(FEV%pred)was significantly higher in normal body mass group(=-2.701,=0.0080),overweight group(=-3.506,=0.001),and obese group(=-4.323,=0.000)than in low body mass group and was significantly higher in obese group than in normal body mass group(=-3.096,=0.002).The forced vital capacity as percentage of predicted value(FVC%pred)of normal body mass group(=-3.081,=0.002)and overweight group(=-2.766,=0.006)were significantly higher than that of low body mass group.The forced expiratory volume in one second(FEV)/forced vital capacity(FVC)was significantly higher in overweight group than in normal body mass group(=-3.702,=0.001)and significantly higher in obese group than in low body mass group(=-4.742,=0.000),normal body mass group(=-5.785,=0.000),and overweight group(=-2.984,=0.003).In addition,the carbon monoxide diffusing capacity as percentage of predicted value(DLco%pred)was significantly higher in overweight group than in underweight(=-3.042,=0.003)and normal body mass groups(=-3.128,=0.002)and significantly higher in obese group than in underweight group(=-4.742,=0.000)and normal body mass group(=-5.785,=0.000).The Goddard scores of overweight(=4.535,=0.000)and obese groups(=5.422,=0.000)were significantly lower than that of normal body mass group.Partial correlation analysis showed that Goddard score was negatively correlated with FEV/FVC( =-0.230, = 0.022)and DLco%pred( =-0.531, = 0.000)and positively correlated with CAT score( = 0.244, = 0.021).BMI of phenotype E(=3.467,=0.001)and M(=3.031,=0.003),FEV/FVC of phenotype E(=2.484,=0.015)and M(=2.969,=0.004)as well as DLco%pred of phenotype E(=4.928,=0.000)and M(=2.489,=0.0163)were significantly lower than those of phenotype A.Patients with phenotype M had worse FEV%pred,FVC%pred,residual volume/total lung capacity and number of acute exacerbations than patients with phenotypes A and E,but the differences were not statistically significant(all >0.05). The nutritional status is closely related to lung function,severity of emphysema,and number of exacerbations in COPD patients.Chest CT phenotype is clinically valuable in the assessment of COPD.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-787667

RESUMO

To investigate the safety and feasibility of longitudinal transpancreatic U-sutures invaginated pancreatojejunostomy (Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique) in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD). Clinical data of 116 consecutive patients who underwent LPD using Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique in Hunan Provincial People's Hospital from May 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 66 were males and 50 were females. The median age was 58 years old (32-84 yeas old). All 116 patients underwent pure laparoscopic whipple procedure with Child reconstruction method, using Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique. The intraoperative and postoperative data of patients were analyzed. All 116 patients underwent LPD successfully. The mean operative time was (260.3±33.5) minutes (200-620 minutes). The mean time of pancreaticojejunostomy was (18.2±7.6) minutes (14-35 minutes). The mean time of hepaticojejunostomy was (14.6±6.3) minutes (10-25 minutes). The mean time of gastrojejunostomy was (12.0±5.5) minutes (8-20 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was (106.0±87.6) ml (20-800 ml). Postoperative complications were: 11.2%(13/116) of cases had postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), including 10.3% (12/116) of biochemical fistula and 0.9%(1/116) of grade B POPF, no grade C POPF occurred; 10.3%(12/116) had gastrojejunal anastomotic bleeding; 3.4%(4/116) had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula; 3.4%(4/116) had delayed gastric emptying; 4.3% (5/116) had localized abdominal infection; 12.1%(14/116) had pulmonary infection; postoperative mortality were 0(0/116) and 1.7%(2/116) within 30 days and 90 days, respectively. One patient died of massive abdominal bleeding secondary to Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm rupture, the other patient died of extensive tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery. Chen's pancreaticojejunostomy technique is safe and feasible for LPD.It is an option especially for surgeons who have not completed the learning curve of LPD.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 971-978, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-821673

RESUMO

To identify major bioactive components and metabolites of Gandou decoction (GDD) in urine of normal and copper-laden rats, an integrative approach that ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MSE) coupled with xenometabolomics analytical platform was established. Mass spectral data information about retention time, accurate m/z and ionic strength of rat urine samples was performed under positive and negative ion modes. Unsupervised principal components analysis (PCA) and supervised orthogonal partial least-squared discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to reveal the differential ions. As a result, a total of 77 compounds including 45 prototypes and 32 metabolites in urine were detected. Results indicated that anthraquinones, alkaloids and tetracyclic triterpenoids and flavonoids were the main chemical components of GDD in rat urine; the main metabolic pathways of these compounds in rat urine mainly include hydroxyl, methylation, sulfating, glucuronidation, and so on. UPLC-QTOF-MSE coupled with xenometabolomics analytical platform is fast and efficient so that facilitates authentication of the material basis of Chinese herb compound in vivo, can also be used as an effective tool for ascertaining trace bioactive components in vivo. The animal experiments were approved by the Experimental Animal Ethics Committee of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine (No. 2019025).

5.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781337

RESUMO

This article reports a case of an orthodontic adolescent patient without a right inferior incisor. The right lower canine was used as the abutment. The single-retainer all-ceramic resin-bonded fixed partial denture was used to restore the complete dentition. Thus, the missing space was filled, and the function and aesthetics were restored.


Assuntos
Adolescente , Cerâmica , Planejamento de Dentadura , Prótese Parcial Fixa , Prótese Adesiva , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo
6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781298

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a patient featuring global developmental delay, intellectual disability, cleft palate, seizures and hypotonia.@*METHODS@#Clinical examination and laboratory tests were carried out. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the patient and his parents. Whole genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variation was analyzed by using bioinformatic software and validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The proband was found to carry a heterozygous c.2117T>C (p.Leu706Pro) variant of the NEDD4L gene, which was a de novo variant validated by Sanger sequencing and predicted to be likely pathogenic according to the American College of Medical Genetics Guidelines.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous variant of c.2117T>C (p.Leu706Pro) of the NEDD4L gene probably underlies the disorders in the patient.


Assuntos
Testes Genéticos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual , Genética , Masculino , Mutação , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases Nedd4 , Genética , Heterotopia Nodular Periventricular , Genética
7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781279

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a girl featuring epilepsy, speech delay and mild mental retardation.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood samples of the child and her parents were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to next generation sequencing. Suspected variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to carry a de novo heterozygous c.3592G>A (p.V1198M) variant of the SMARCA2 gene, which was predicted to be pathogenic by bioinformatic analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The child was diagnosed with Nicolaides-Baraitser syndrome due to heterozygous variant of the SMARCA2 gene.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a neonate featuring global developmental delay.@*METHODS@#Clinical and laboratory tests were carried out for the patient. Peripheral venous blood samples were collected from the neonate and his parents for the extraction of DNA. Potential variant was detected by using targeted capture and next generation sequencing for a panel of genes associated with nervous system diseases. Suspected variant was validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The nine-month-old boy manifested global developmental delay and was unstable to sit alone and distinguish strangers from acquaintance. Genetic testing revealed two novel variants of the SLC19A3 gene in him, namely c.448G>A and c.169C>T. The amino acids encoded by the two codons are highly conservative, and both variants were predicted to be pathogenic by bioinformatic analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous c.448G>A and c.169C>T variants probably underlay the onset of disease in the patient. Above finding also enriched the variant spectrum of SLC19A3 gene underlying Biotin-thiamine responsive basal ganglia disease.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 82-86,f4, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-799705

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic liver resection in the treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).@*Methods@#The retrospective study was adopted. The clinical data of 58 patients with ICC who underwent laparoscopic liver resection in the Department of Hepatobiliary Minimally Invasive Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hu′nan Normal University were collected From January 2016 to December 2018. Among them, 34 patients were males and 24 were females, aged from 34 to 71 years with a median age of 54 years. Observation indicators: (1) Surgical treatment: surgical methods, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion rate, intraoperative hepatic portal blocking time, conversion rate, postoperative complications, postoperative hospital stay. (2) Postoperative pathological conditions. (3) Follow-up.Follow-up visits were conducted using an outpatient clinic and telephone to understand patient survival after surgery. The follow-up period was until June 2019. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as (Mean±SD), count data was expressed as frequency and percentage.@*Results@#A total of 58 patients were included in this study, of which 48 patients underwent laparoscopic radical surgical resection of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and 10 patients underwent laparoscopic conversion to laparotomy. (1) Surgical treatment: laparoscopic resection of the left liver (segments Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ), laparoscopic resection of the right liver (segments Ⅴ, Ⅵ, Ⅶ and Ⅷ), laparoscopic resection of the right posterior lobe (segments Ⅵ and Ⅶ), laparoscopic extended resection of the right posterior lobe, laparoscopic resection of the middle lobe (Ⅳ, Ⅴ and Ⅷ), laparoscopic resection of the V and Ⅵ, laparoscopic resection of the left liver (segments Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ) combined with the caudate lobe (segments I and Ⅸ), laparoscopic extended left hemihepatectomy, laparoscopic resection of the VI, laparoscopic resection of the Ⅶ and Ⅷ, laparoscopic resection of the left lateral lobe (segments Ⅱ and Ⅲ) and laparoscopic resection of the right hepatic mass; operation time: (320.38±107.68) min; intraoperative blood loss: (262.34±76.06); intraoperative blood loss: 0 (0/58); Intraoperative hepatic portal occlusion time: (48±15) min, the conversion rate was 17.2% (10/58); the incidence of postoperative biliary fistula was 6.8% (4/58), and the patient was discharged after conservative treatment and unobstructed drainage (T-tube vacuum suction); the postoperative gastrointestinal recovery time was (1.84±0.57) d; no other serious complications occurred.Postoperative hospital stay: (9.34±3.39) d; there were no deaths and unplanned surgeries during the perioperative period. (2) Pathological conditions: 32 cases received lymph node dissection during the operation, and 26 cases showed cholangiocarcinoma without lymph node dissection; pathological examination showed that the pathological reports of all tumor margins were negative, and 4 cases showed lymph node dissection and positive lymph node metastasis. (3) Follow-up results: of the 58 patients with ICC, 49 were followed up for 6 to 36 months. The tumor survival time was (4 to 36) months. 28 patients survived without tumor. 17 patients had intrahepatic metastasis with multiple lymph node metastasis. 4 patients were treated with microwave ablation after intrahepatic metastasis was found. 9 patients were lost to follow-up.@*Conclusion@#Laparoscopic treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is safe and feasible in experienced centers.

10.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 106-109, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-799483

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the effects of free perforator propeller flap from buttock in repairing deep wound of buttock.@*Methods@#From February 2016 to May 2018, 27 patients with buttock skin and soft tissue defects caused by various reasons were admitted to the Burn and Plastic Surgery Center of the 940th Hospital of the Joint Logistic Support Force of People′s Liberation Army, including 19 males and 8 females, aged from 28 to 70 years. Among the protopathy, there were 14 cases of pressure sores, 7 cases of scar carcinoma, 2 cases of low-temperature scald, 2 cases of abscess, and 2 cases of pilonidal sinus. The wounds were located in the sacrococcygeal region in 15 cases, the ischial tuberosity in 8 cases, and the rest area of buttock in 4 cases after injury or lesion resection. The size of wounds ranged from 4.0 cm×4.0 cm to 12.0 cm×6.0 cm after debridement or extended resection. The free perforator propeller flaps from buttock with areas of 8.0 cm×4.0 cm-16.0 cm×6.0 cm were used to repair the wounds, and the donor sites were selected adjacent to the wounds where the skins were relatively loose. All flaps took buttock free perforator vessels as the axis and were transferred in propeller-type to repair the wounds. The donor sites were directly closed and sutured. The survival, complications, and follow-up of flaps were recorded.@*Results@#All the flaps survived 100% in 27 patients. Congestion formed under flaps 2-6 days post operation in 2 patients due to inadequate drainage, which were healed after dressing change and drainage for 14-18 days. The sutures of flaps in the other cases were removed in 10-14 days post operation, and the wounds were healed. Follow-up for 2-12 months showed that the shapes of flaps and the donor sites were plump, which were not much different from the healthy sides, and the flaps could bear weight.@*Conclusions@#Repairing buttock deep wound with buttock free perforator propeller flap has good effects. The donor site can be designed in the area adjacent to the wound where the skin is relatively loose and can be directly closed and sutured while repairing the wound, which can ensure plump buttock appearance.

11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 81-84, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-799479

RESUMO

Skin graft and flap are common tools for wound repair, but donor site would be damaged when harvesting skin graft or flap. If donor site treatment is ignored, various problems concerning the appearance and function of donor site will appear. Therefore, when choosing skin graft or flap, donor site treatment should be considered as an important factor. We should not only seek for the repair effect of recipient site but ignore adverse effect on donor site. We should comprehensively weigh the pros and cons between donor site and recipient site. And paying the lowest price of donor site to achieve the best repair effect of recipient site should be the essential requirement to choose skin graft or flap. For wound cosmetic repair, how to achieve cosmetic repair of donor site should be considered. In recent years, donor site treatment of skin graft and flap has drawn widespread attention and achieved some progress. But compared with cosmetic repair, there still exists some gap. The objective to publish this special topic is to further lay emphasis on the cosmetic repair of donor site by introducing some domestic studies about cosmetic repair of donor site.

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-799375

RESUMO

Objective@#To investigate the safety and feasibility of longitudinal transpancreatic U-sutures invaginated pancreatojejunostomy (Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique) in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) .@*Methods@#Clinical data of 116 consecutive patients who underwent LPD using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique in Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital from May 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 66 were males and 50 were females. The median age was 58 years old (32-84 yeas old). All 116 patients underwent pure laparoscopic whipple procedure with Child reconstruction method, using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique. The intraoperative and postoperative data of patients were analyzed.@*Results@#All 116 patients underwent LPD successfully. The mean operative time was (260.3±33.5) minutes (200-620 minutes). The mean time of pancreaticojejunostomy was (18.2±7.6) minutes (14-35 minutes) . The mean time of hepaticojejunostomy was (14.6±6.3) minutes (10-25 minutes). The mean time of gastrojejunostomy was (12.0±5.5) minutes (8-20 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was (106.0±87.6) ml (20-800 ml). Postoperative complications were: 11.2% (13/116) of cases had postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) , including 10.3% (12/116) of biochemical fistula and 0.9% (1/116) of grade B POPF, no grade C POPF occurred; 10.3% (12/116) had gastrojejunal anastomotic bleeding; 3.4% (4/116) had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula; 3.4% (4/116) had delayed gastric emptying; 4.3% (5/116) had localized abdominal infection; 12.1% (14/116) had pulmonary infection; postoperative mortality were 0(0/116) and 1.7% (2/116) within 30 days and 90 days, respectively. One patient died of massive abdominal bleeding secondary to Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm rupture, the other patient died of extensive tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery.@*Conclusions@#Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique is safe and feasible for LPD.It is an option especially for surgeons who have not completed the learning curve of LPD.

13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 114-118, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-799374

RESUMO

Objective@#To investigate the safety and feasibility of longitudinal transpancreatic U-sutures invaginated pancreatojejunostomy (Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique) in laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD).@*Methods@#Clinical data of 116 consecutive patients who underwent LPD using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique in Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital from May 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among these patients, 66 were males and 50 were females. The median age was 58 years old (32-84 yeas old). All 116 patients underwent pure laparoscopic whipple procedure with Child reconstruction method, using Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique. The intraoperative and postoperative data of patients were analyzed.@*Results@#All 116 patients underwent LPD successfully. The mean operative time was (260.3±33.5) minutes (200-620 minutes). The mean time of pancreaticojejunostomy was (18.2±7.6) minutes (14-35 minutes). The mean time of hepaticojejunostomy was (14.6±6.3) minutes (10-25 minutes). The mean time of gastrojejunostomy was (12.0±5.5) minutes (8-20 minutes). The mean estimated blood loss was (106.0±87.6) ml (20-800 ml). Postoperative complications were: 11.2%(13/116) of cases had postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), including 10.3% (12/116) of biochemical fistula and 0.9%(1/116) of grade B POPF, no grade C POPF occurred; 10.3%(12/116) had gastrojejunal anastomotic bleeding; 3.4%(4/116) had hepaticojejunal anastomotic fistula; 3.4%(4/116) had delayed gastric emptying; 4.3% (5/116) had localized abdominal infection; 12.1%(14/116) had pulmonary infection; postoperative mortality were 0(0/116) and 1.7%(2/116) within 30 days and 90 days, respectively. One patient died of massive abdominal bleeding secondary to Gastroduodenal artery pseudoaneurysm rupture, the other patient died of extensive tumor recurrence and metastasis after surgery.@*Conclusions@#Chen′s pancreaticojejunostomy technique is safe and feasible for LPD.It is an option especially for surgeons who have not completed the learning curve of LPD.

14.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 11-15, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-799296

RESUMO

Objective@#To study the effects of different anesthesia depths on stress response during single-lung ventilation in patients with thoracoscopic lobectomy.@*Methods@#Sixty patients selected for elective thoracoscopic lobectomy in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from September 2018 to May 2019 were randomly divided into three groups according to the digital random table method, with 20 patients in each group. Group A maintained deep anesthesia with the bispectral index (BIS) 36-45, group B maintained moderate anesthesia with BIS 46-55, and group C did not undergo BIS monitoring. The changes of heart rate, mean arterial pressure (MAP), stress indexes cortisol and blood glucose before anesthesia induction (T0), immediately after one-lung ventilation (T1), 60 min after one-lung ventilation (T2) and immediately after skin suture (T3) in the three groups were compared.@*Results@#The concentration of blood glucose in group A at T1, T2 and T3 was (5.28±0.49) mmol/L, (5.34±0.49) mmol/L and (5.40±0.47) mmol/L, and the cortisol was (142.75±31.45) ng/ml, (181.36±19.62) ng/ml and (153.81±33.92) ng/ml; the blood glucose in group B was (5.63±0.35) mmol/L, (6.06±0.19) mmol/L and (5.79±0.44) mmol/L, and the cortisol was (168.45±31.16) ng/ml, (171.09±25.28) ng/ml and (159.39±18.77) ng/ml; the blood glucose in group C was (6.35±0.56) mmol/L, (7.04±0.26) mmol/L and (6.17±0.54) mmol/L, and the cortisol was (191.13±46.00) ng/ml, (283.25±30.07) ng/ml and (183.01±19.71) ng/ml, respectively. The blood glucose and cortisol levels in group C at T1, T2 and T3 were higher than those in group A and group B (all P < 0.05). The MAP in group A at T1, T2 and T3 were (69±5) mmHg (1 mmHg= 0.133 kPa), (67±6) mmHg and (75±7) mmHg, respectively, and group B was (80±8) mmHg, (79±4) mmHg and (84±9) mmHg, the differences between the two groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). There was significant difference in cortisol between group A and group B at T1 (P < 0.05). The heart rate and MAP at T1, T2 and T3 in group A and group C were significantly different from those at T0 (all P < 0.05). The heart rate and MAP at T1 and T2 in groups B were significantly different from those at T0 (all P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#BIS anesthesia depth monitoring should be performed during single-lung ventilation in thoracic surgery, and BIS should be maintained at 46-55, which can not only inhibit the stress response but also have a slight effect on hemodynamics.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-798911

RESUMO

Objective@#To investigate the influencing factors for poor jaundice resolution after radical pancreaticoduodenectomy in patients with malignant obstructive jaundice.@*Methods@#The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 121 patients with malignant obstructive jaundice who were admitted to the Affiliated Changzhou No.2 People′s Hospital of Nanjing Medical University between March 2013 and June 2018 were collected. There were 70 males and 51 females, aged (69±9)years, with a range from 39 to 85 years. Of 121 patients, 112 underwent open radical pancreaticoduodenectomy, and 9 underwent totally laparoscopic radical pancreaticoduodenectomy. Observation indicators: (1) situations of jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy; (2) influencing factors for poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test, t test, Fisher exact probability or Mann-Whitney U test. Multivariate analysis was performed by the Logistic regression model using P<0.10 as an inclusion criteria in the univariate analysis .@*Results@#(1) Situations of jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy: of 121 patients, 97 had good jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy, and 24 had poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy. (2) Influencing factors for poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy: results of univariate analysis showd that preoperative level of serum total bilirubin, comorbidity with diabetes mellitus were influencing factors for poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy (t=-2.073, χ2=10.201, P<0.05). Postoperative pancreatic fistula was also an influencing factor for poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy (P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that comorbidity with diabetes mellitus and postoperative pancreatic fistula were independent risk factors for poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy (odds ratio=0.258, 0.129, 95% confidence interval: 0.087-0.769, 0.023-0.726, P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Preoperative level of serum total bilirubin, diabetes mellitus, and postoperative pancreatic fistula are influencing factors for poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Comorbidity with diabetes mellitus and postoperative pancreatic fistula are independent risk factors for poor jaundice resolution after pancreaticoduodenectomy.

16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-798653

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the genetic basis of a patient featuring global developmental delay, intellectual disability, cleft palate, seizures and hypotonia.@*Methods@#Clinical examination and laboratory tests were carried out. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the patient and his parents. Whole genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to next generation sequencing. Candidate variation was analyzed by using bioinformatic software and validated by Sanger sequencing.@*Results@#The proband was found to carry a heterozygous c. 2117T>C (p.Leu706Pro) variant of the NEDD4L gene, which was a de novo variant validated by Sanger sequencing and predicted to be likely pathogenic according to the American College of Medical Genetics Guidelines.@*Conclusion@#The heterozygous variant of c. 2117T>C (p.Leu706Pro) of the NEDD4L gene probably underlies the disorders in the patient.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-798609

RESUMO

The purpose of this study is to investigate the matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and its significance in identifying disease activity and pulmonary infections. A total of 122 SLE patients were enrolled, including 21 with pulmonary infections, 16 with arthritis, 26 with nephritis, 10 with vasculitis, and 23 healthy controls. Serum MMP-3, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), and haptoglobin (HPT) levels were measured in all subjects. The results showed that the levels of MMP-3 in SLE combined with pulmonary infections [(230.10±44.92) μg/L], arthritis [(140.20±20.76) μg/L], nephritis [(155.40±23.36) μg/L] were higher than those in SLE only [(91.74±10.47) μg/L]. The levels of MMP-3 [(210.30±45.71) μg/L], CRP [(12.11±5.21) mg/L], HPT [(1.57±0.23) g/L] in active SLE combined with pulmonary infections were higher than those inactive SLE without pulmonary infections including MMP-3 [(124.00±15.22) μg/L], CRP [(7.76±2.96) mg/L], HPT [(0.89±0.09) g/L]. The levels of CRP [(10.03±2.70) mg/L], SAA [(89.22±36.77) mg/L] in active SLE with pulmonary infections and CRP[(7.76±2.96) mg/L], SAA [(60.22±19.7) mg/L] in active SLE without pulmonary infections were higher than CRP [(1.90±0.39) mg/L], SAA [(17.60±3.89) mg/L] in stable SLE with pulmonary infections. It suggests that the levels of CRP and SAA are elevated in active SLE with pulmonary infections. Serum MMP-3 in combination with CRP may assist in differentiating from SLE pulmonary infections.

18.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(2): 225-233, Apr.-June 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1013295

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the chest wall shape in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in comparison to healthy subjects and the association between the chest wall shape with the spine deformity and lung function in patients with AIS. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 30 AIS patients and 20 healthy subjects aged 11-18 years old. The Cobb angle evaluation was performed in AIS patients. The chest wall shape was assessed by the photogrammetry method, using the Postural Assessment Software (PAS). We created thoracic markers shaped as angles (A) and distances (D), as follows: A2 (right acromion/xiphoid/left acromion), A4L (angle formed between the outer point of the smallest waist circumference and its upper and lower edges on the left side), A7 (angle formed by the intersection of the tangent segments of the upper and lower scapulae angles), D1R/D1L [distance between the xiphoid process and the last false rib on the right (R) and left (L) sides], and D3 (distance between xiphoid process and anterior superior iliac spine). Results: The thoracic markers A2 and A7 were significantly higher, while the A4L and D1R/D1L were significantly reduced in the AIS group compared to the control. Moderate correlations were found between: A2 and the main and proximal thoracic Cobb angles (r=0.50, r=0.47, respectively); D1R/D1L and the main thoracic Cobb angle (r=- 0.40); and the forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and D3R (r=0.47). Conclusions: The photogrammetry method was able to detect chest wall changes in AIS patients, besides presenting correlation between Cobb angles and lung function.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o formato da caixa torácica em pacientes com escoliose idiopática do adolescente (EIA), comparando-os com indivíduos saudáveis e analisar a associação do formato da caixa torácica com a deformidade da coluna vertebral e função pulmonar em pacientes com EIA. Métodos: Estudo transversal que avaliou 30 pacientes com EIA e 20 indivíduos saudáveis com idade entre 11 e 18 anos. O ângulo de Cobb foi avaliado em pacientes com EIA. O formato da caixa torácica foi analisado pelo método da fotogrametria, utilizando o Software para Avaliação Postural (SAPO). Foram criados marcadores torácicos descritos como ângulos (A)e distâncias (D): A2 (acrômio direito/processo xifoide/acrômio esquerdo), A4E (ângulo formado entre o ponto externo da menor circunferência da cintura e suas bordas superior e inferior do lado esquerdo), A7 (ângulo formado pela interseção das retas tangentes aos ângulos superior e inferior das escápulas), D1D/D1E [distância entre o processo xifoide e a última costela falsa nos lados direito (D) e esquerdo (E)] e D3 (distância entre o processo xifoide e a espinha ilíaca anterossuperior). Resultados: Os marcadores torácicos A2 e A7 foram significativamente maiores, enquanto o A4E e o D1D/D1E foram significativamente menores no grupo EIA em relação ao controle. Foram encontradas correlações moderadas entre: A2 e os ângulos de Cobb torácico principal e proximal (r=0,50 e r=0,47, respectivamente); D1D/D1E e o ângulo de Cobb torácico principal (r=-0,40); e o volume expiratório forçado no primeiro segundo (VEF1) e D3D (r=0,47). Conclusões: O método da fotogrametria detectou alterações na caixa torácica de pacientes com EIA, além de apresentar correlações significativas entre os ângulos de Cobb e a função pulmonar.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Escápula , Vértebras Torácicas , Fotogrametria/métodos , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Escoliose/diagnóstico , Escoliose/fisiopatologia , Escoliose/patologia , Brasil , Antropometria/métodos , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Parede Torácica/fisiopatologia , Parede Torácica/patologia
19.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-742067

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the effect of different materials and techniques on the shear bond strength of veneering ceramic materials to zirconia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 136 sintered zirconia cubes were prepared and randomly divided into four study groups according to corresponding methods of surface treatment and materials: GLN (grinding followed by laser scanning using Noritake Cerabien ZR), SLN (sandblasting followed by laser scanning using Noritake Cerabien ZR), GLV (grinding followed by laser scanning using VITA VM 9), and SLV (sandblasting followed by laser scanning using VITA VM 9). Spraying technique was performed to coat the core. Profilometer, SEM, XRD, EDS, universal testing machine, and stereomicroscope were used to record surface roughness Ra, surface morphology, phase transformation, elemental compositions, shear bond strength SBS values, and failure types, respectively. Specimens were investigated in unaged (not immersed in artificial saliva) and aged (stored in artificial saliva for a month) conditions to evaluate SBS values. RESULTS: Grinding and GLN as first and second surface treatments provided satisfactory Ra values in both conditions (1.05 ± 0.24 µm, 1.30 ± 0.21 µm) compared to sandblasting and other groups (P < .05). The group GLN showed the highest SBS values in both conditions (30.97 ± 3.12 MPa, 29.09 ± 4.17 MPa), while group SLV recorded the lowest (23.96 ± 3.60 MPa, 22.95 ± 3.68 Mpa) (P < .05). Sandblasting showed phase transformation from t-m. Mixed failure type was the commonest among all groups. CONCLUSION: GLN showed to be a reliable method which provided satisfactory bond strength between the veneer ceramic and zirconia. This method might preserve the integrity of fixed dental crowns.


Assuntos
Cerâmica , Coroas , Métodos , Saliva Artificial
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 506-509, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-719766

RESUMO

@#AIM: To explore the factors of macular parameters in the patients with the different degrees of myopia.<p>METHODS: Totally 313 myopia patients who volunteered to participate in the study were selected and divided into mild, moderate and severe myopia groups. Optical coherence tomography(OCT)was used to measure the central area of the macula thickness, the temporal, upper, nasal and lower areas of the inner and outer ring. And the correlation between the macular parameters and age, gender, different of eyes, axial length and spherical equivalent were analyzed.<p>RESULTS: The central fovea of macula was the thinnest. The superior and the nasal of inner ring were the thinner among all parts of macular and there were significant differences in macular thickness among three groups(<i>P</i><0.05). Correlation analysis showed that there was no correlation between the macular thickness and age, different of eyes(<i>P</i>>0.05). Macular thickness in different areas were correlated with gender, and the thickness in women was thinner than men(<i>P</i><0.05). The macula thickness in all areas of the inner and outer ring was negatively correlated with axial length except the center(<i>P</i><0.05). The macula thickness in all areas of the inner and outer ring positively correlated with spherical equivalent except the center(<i>P</i><0.05). <p>CONCLUSION: The macular parameters of myopia were closely linked to the spherical equivalent and axial length.

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