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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a patient with early-onset Parkinson disease from a consanguineous family.@*METHODS@#Homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing of cDNA were used to identify the causative mutation.@*RESULTS@#A homozygous missense variation (c.56C>G, p.Thr19Arg) in the PARK7 gene was identified in the patient. In silico analysis suggested the c.56C>G variation to be pathogenic.@*CONCLUSION@#Homozygous c.56C>G variation of the PARK7 gene was the disease-causing variation in this family.


Assuntos
Consanguinidade , Homozigoto , Humanos , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Doença de Parkinson , Genética , Linhagem , Proteína Desglicase DJ-1 , Genética
2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy presenting as spastic paraplegia of the lower limbs.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patient and his mother. Potential variant was detected with a panel for genes associated with spastic paraplegia. Candidate variant was verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Both the proband and his mother presented with walking difficulty. A previously known variant, c.623T to A (p.V208E), was identified in the ABCD1 gene mapped on chromosome X in both.@*CONCLUSION@#X-link adrenoleukodystrophy should be taken into account as a possible diagnosis for this pedigree.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília D de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Genética , Adrenoleucodistrofia , Genética , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Paraplegia Espástica Hereditária
3.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-800864

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the genetic basis for a pedigree affected with X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy presenting as spastic paraplegia of the lower limbs.@*Methods@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patient and his mother. Potential variant was detected with a panel for genes associated with spastic paraplegia. Candidate variant was verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*Results@#Both the proband and his mother presented with walking difficulty. A previously known variant, c. 623T>A (p.V208E), was identified in the ABCD1 gene mapped on chromosome X in both.@*Conclusion@#X-link adrenoleukodystrophy should be taken into account as a possible diagnosis for this pedigree.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-796456

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the genetic basis of a patient with early-onset Parkinson disease from a consanguineous family.@*Methods@#Homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing of cDNA were used to identify the causative mutation.@*Results@#A homozygous missense variation (c.56C>G, p. Thr19Arg) in the PARK7 gene was identified in the patient. In silico analysis suggested the c. 56C>G variation to be pathogenic.@*Conclusion@#Homozygous c. 56C>G variation of the PARK7 gene was the disease-causing variation in this family.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-775830

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree where three siblings were affected with Parkinson's disease.@*METHODS@#Multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were employed to detect the causative mutation. Sanger sequencing of cDNA was also used for verify the effect of mutation on the transcription of RNA.@*RESULTS@#Heterozygous deletion of exon 3 of the PARK2 gene was detected by MLPA, while a heterozygous splice site variant c.619-3G>C was detected by NGS. Both mutations were shown to result in aberrant transcripts of the PARK2 gene (loss of exons 3 and 6, respectively) by Sanger sequencing of cDNA. Both mutations have co-segregated with the disease in the pedigree.@*CONCLUSION@#Compound heterozygous mutations of the PARK2 gene probably underlie the disease in this pedigree. Identification of the splice site variant c.619-3G>C has expanded the mutation spectrum of the PARK2 gene.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Éxons , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Mutação , Doença de Parkinson , Genética , Linhagem , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases , Genética
7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 856-863, 2016.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-501855

RESUMO

Objective To explore the prevalence of sialorrhea and its clinical correlation with dysphagia in Chinese patients with Parkinson′s disease ( PD ).Methods One hundred and sixteen consecutive patients with a clinical diagnosis of PD were selected.Demographic data included sex , age, years of education, age at onset of PD, clinical genotype, disease duration, treatment, Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) stage.Sialorrhea was assessed using the Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) Ⅱitem number 6.All patients were studied with videofluoroscopic study of swallowing ( VFSS).Results The prevalence rate of sialorrhea in PD was 59.5% (69/116, 95% CI 50.6%-68.4%).Males were more likely to develop sialorrhea than females (47/70 vs 22/46,χ2 =4.298, P=0.038).PD patients′sialorrhea correlated with oral dysphagia:with food leaking from the mouth ( liquid r=0.229, P=0.014; juice r=0.197, P=0.034;pudding viscosities r=0.231, P=0.013;solid food r=0.255, P=0.006), with more than 1 ml of oral food residues (liquid r=0.319, P<0.01;solid food r=0.185, P=0.047), with delay in food transfer to the root of the tongue (liquid r=0.279, P=0.002; juice r=0.209, P=0.024), and delayed swallow transfer ( pudding viscosities r=0.257, P=0.005).Sialorrhea score was not related to H&Y stage, clinical course and levodopa equivalent doses (LED).The prevalence rate of dysphagia in PD was 87.1%(95% CI 81.0% -93.2%).Liquid was more likely to cause pharyngeal dysphagia ( P=0.03).With the increase in H&Y stage , so did the oral and pharyngeal stages of dysphagia.Late and mid-course was more likely to develop oral and pharyngeal dysphagia than those with early clinical course .Conclusions Sialorrhea and dysphagia are common non-motor symptoms in PD patients.Sialorrhea is more prevalent in males and correlates with oral phase of dysphagia.Liquid is more likely to cause pharyngeal dysphagia.With increase in H&Y stage , so did oral and pharyngeal dysphagia.Even though late clinical course is more likely to develop oral and pharyngeal dysphagia than early clinical course , the comparison between late and intermediate clinical courses does not reach statistical significance .

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-287991

RESUMO

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical and genetic features of a family with Parkinson's disease caused by expansion of CAG triplet repeat in the ATXN2 gene.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CAG/CAA repeat in the ATXN2 gene was analyzed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and Sanger sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Molecular testing has documented a pathological heterozygous expansion of the CAG repeat from 33 to 35 in 6 patients and other 8 family members. Two patients had pure CAG triplet repeat expansion in their ATXN2 gene, while others had CAA interruption.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Expanded CAG/CAA repeat in the ATXN2 gene is the causative mutation of the disease in this family.The 8 members with expanded CAG/CAA repeat may be asymptomatic patients. It is supposed that the number and configuration of the ATXN2 CAG/CAA repeat expansion may play an important role in the phenotypic variability of Parkinson's disease.</p>


Assuntos
Idoso , Ataxina-2 , Genética , Sequência de Bases , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença de Parkinson , Genética , Patologia , Linhagem , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Métodos , Expansão das Repetições de Trinucleotídeos , Genética
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