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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 793-798, June 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1098321

RESUMO

Sirenomelia or mermaid syndrome is an extremely rare congenital lethal malformation with a frequency between 1.5 and 4.2 per 1 000 000 pregnancies.The association of sirenomelia with the VACTERL association is very rare, with twenty cases reported in the literature and only two cases with VACTERL-H. We present two cases of sirenomelia, type I and type II associated with VACTERL-H and VACTERL syndromes and we review the literature. First time pregnancy women aged 15 and 40 years, without harmful habits and diseases, where between 25-27 gestational week (GW) the prenatal study identifies malformative fetus and the pregnancy is interrupted by medical evidence. The fetopathological examination in the first case identified sirenomelia type I associated with myelomeningocele, hydrocephalus, anal imperforation, single umbilical artery, bilateral renal agenesis, ureteral and bladder agenesis, tracheo-esophageal fistule, agenesis of external genitals, monkey fold of the left palm of the hand - VACTERL-H. In the second case, where genetic testing is normal, sirenomelia type II associated with agenesis of external genitalia, anal imperforation, myelomeningocele, dolichocrania, macroglossia, low set ears, left preauricular skin tag, long philtrum, lung hypoplasia, split cadiac apex, single umbilicalis artery, blind end colon, hepatomegaly, accessory spleen, polycystic horseshoe kidney, uterine and vaginal agenesis, presence of two ovaries and duodenal stenosis - VACTERL association. This two cases, lead us to believe that sirenomelia and the VACTERL association are probably different manifestations of a pathogenetic process leading to disorders of blastogenesis at different levels during embryonic development.


La sirenomelia es una malformación congénita y excepcionalmente rara, con una frecuencia entre 1,5 y 4,2 en un millón de embarazos. La combinación de la sirenomelia con el síndrome de VACTERL es igualmente rara. La literatura especializada informa sobre la existencia de una veintena de casos solamente; en lo que respecta a su asociación con el síndrome de VACTERL-H se conocen solo dos casos. Luego de realizar una revisión de la literatura presentamos dos casos de sirenomelia asociada con los síndromes de VACTERL-H y de VACTERL En el estudio se analizaron los primeros embarazos de dos mujeres, edad de 15 y de 40 años, respectivamente, ambas mujeres completamente sanas y sin hábitos viciosos. Entre la vigésima quinta y la vigésima séptima semana gestacional (SG) del embarazo ambas mujeres, el análisis prenatal comprueba la existencia de malformación del feto debido a lo cual los embarazos fueron interrumpidos por prescripción médica. El análisis fetopatológico del primer caso comprueba la existencia de sirenomelia de tipo I asociada con mielomeningocele, hidrocefalia, atresia anal, arteria umbilical única, agenesia bilateral de los riñones y de los ureteres que transportan la orina desde los riñones hasta la vejiga, fístula traqueoesofágica, agenesia de los órganos genitales externos, línea simiesca en la palma de la mano izquierda - VACTERLH. En el segundo caso, en que el análisis genético ha resultado normal, se observó la presencia de sirenomelia de tipo II asociada con agenesia de los órganos genitales externos, atresia anal, mielomeningocele, dolicocrania, macroglosia, orejas bajas, filtrum alargado, hipoplasia pulmonar, ápice cardíaco escindido, arteria umbilical única, colon terminado en ciego, bazo accesorio, poliquistosis renal, riñón en herradura, agenesia vaginal y de útero, presencia de dos ovarios y estenosis duodenal - VACTERL asociación. Los dos casos investigados permiten llegar a la conclusión de que la sirenomelia y su combinación con el síndrome de VACTERL probablemente sean manifestaciones diferentes de un proceso patogenético que conlleva la alteración de la blastogénesis en distintos niveles durante el proceso del desarrollo embrionario.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Adolescente , Adulto , Anormalidades Múltiplas , Ectromelia/complicações , Ectromelia/diagnóstico , Doenças Fetais/diagnóstico , Canal Anal/anormalidades , Síndrome , Traqueia/anormalidades , Evolução Fatal , Esôfago/anormalidades , Rim/anormalidades
2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the clinical features,inheritance pattern, and genotype-phenotype correlation of a Chinese patient with a 17q25.3 duplication.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing(WES), chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), chromosomal karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were employed for the analysis of the proband and his family members.@*RESULTS@#A 5.7 Mb duplication at 17q25.3→qter was identified by WES and CMA in the 4-year-old boy with multiple congenital anomalies, which was classified as a clinically pathogenic variant. This duplication was confirmed by FISH, and was inherited from his unaffected mother who carried a balanced translocation. Further study revealed that his grandmother also carried the balanced translocation but had gestated three healthy children and had no abortion history. His uncle also carried the balanced translocation, while his aunt was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Above results have enriched the clinical phenotypes of 17q25.3 duplication. Genetic counseling was provided for the family. P4HB, ACTG1, BAIAP2 and TBCD genes may underlie the clinical features for the 17q25.3 duplication.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Genética , Adulto , Pré-Escolar , China , Duplicação Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17 , Genética , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento , Genética , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos , Translocação Genética
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 900-902, Sept. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1012372

RESUMO

Dextrocardia with situs inversus is an uncommon anomaly affecting about 1 to 2 per 10,000 in the general population. This report describes an adult male patient with dextrocardia and in a Turkish subject. The photographic illustrations revealed transposition of some of the visceral organs such as the spleen was located right and the liver and gall bladder on the left. The heart was flattened and flipped to the right. Many people with situs inversus totalis are unaware of their unusual anatomy until they seek medical attention for an unrelated condition. So, early detection may lead to a successful surgical management and consequently offer a safer chance of survival. This report showed that dextrocardia and situs inversus can be seen amongst Turkish subjects.


La dextrocardia con situs inversus es una anomalía poco frecuente que afecta aproximadamente de 1 a 2 personas por 10.000 en la población general. Este informe describe un paciente masculino adulto con dextrocardia. Las figuras revelaron que la transposición de algunos de los órganos viscerales, como el bazo, se ubicada a la derecha y el hígado y la vesícula biliar a la izquierda. El corazón fue aplastado y girado hacia la derecha. Muchas personas con situs inversus totalis desconocen su anatomía inusual hasta que buscan atención médica por una afección no relacionada. Por lo tanto, la detección temprana puede llevar a un manejo quirúrgico exitoso y, en consecuencia, ofrecer una posibilidad más segura de supervivencia. Este informe mostró que la dextrocardia y el situs inversus se pueden encontrar entre los sujetos turcos.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Situs Inversus/patologia , Anormalidades Múltiplas , Dextrocardia/patologia , Situs Inversus/diagnóstico por imagem , Dextrocardia/diagnóstico por imagem
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 377-381, ago. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS (Américas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054940

RESUMO

El síndrome lumbocostovertebral se define por la presencia de hernia lumbar, hemivértebras y anomalías costales. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir el primer caso reportado en Argentina. El paciente fue comunicado a la Red Nacional de Anomalías Congénitas de Argentina. Se describe el cuadro clínico, los diagnósticos diferenciales y los posibles mecanismos patogénicos involucrados. Se sugiere que esta entidad sea considerada como una asociación. La hernia lumbar en un recién nacido es un hallazgo infrecuente y debe pesquisarse la presencia de otras anomalías asociadas.


Lumbocostovertebral syndrome is defined by the presence of lumbar hernia, hemivertebrae and costal anomalies. Our aim was to describe the first case reported in Argentina. The patient was reported to the National Registry of Congenital Anomalies of Argentina. The clinical picture, differential diagnoses and possible pathogenic mechanisms involved are described. We suggest considering this as a lumbocostovertebral association. Lumbar hernia in a newborn is an infrequent finding and other associated anomalies should be evaluated.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Recém-Nascido , Costelas/anormalidades , Escoliose/congênito , Hérnia/congênito , Costelas/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Coluna Vertebral/anormalidades , Anormalidades Múltiplas/embriologia
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 406-412, ago. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS (Américas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054946

RESUMO

El síndrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn es una entidad polimalformativa debida a la microdeleción en la región distal del brazo corto del cromosoma 4 (4p16.3), el cual produce una serie de manifestaciones clínicas, que pueden variar dependiendo del tipo y tamaño del defecto genético en este síndrome de genes contiguos. Se presentan cinco pacientes, tres de ellos de sexo femenino, todos con los hallazgos clínicos primordiales, con rasgo facial característico de "apariencia en casco de guerrero griego", retraso en el crecimiento y del desarrollo psicomotor. Además de la deleción parcial en la región distal del brazo corto del cromosoma 4, en dos pacientes, se encontraron alteraciones genéticas adicionales, mediante el uso de microarrays de polimorfismos de nucleótido único. Se resaltan las características clínicas del síndrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn con la finalidad de orientar el diagnóstico, brindar una atención médica interdisciplinaria y, a través de su confirmación, brindar un adecuado asesoramiento genético familiar.


Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome is a polymalformative entity due to the microdeletion in the distal region of the short arm of chromosome 4 (4p16.3), which produces a series of clinical manifestations that can vary depending on the type and size of the genetic defect in this contiguous gene syndrome. Five patients are presented, three of them female, all with the primary clinical findings, characterized by "Greek warrior helmet appearance" facial feature, growth retardation and psychomotor development delay. In addition to the partial deletion in the distal region of the short arm of chromosome 4, two additional genetic alterations were found in two patients, through the use of single nucleotide polymorphism arrays. The clinical characteristics of Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome are highlighted in order to guide the diagnosis, provide interdisciplinary medical care and, through its confirmation, provide adequate family genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Síndrome de Wolf-Hirschhorn , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Anormalidades Múltiplas , Análise em Microsséries , Aconselhamento Genético
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(3): 341-343, May-June 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1011101

RESUMO

Abstract: CHILD syndrome (Congenital Hemidysplasia, Ichthyosiform erythroderma, Limb Defects) is a rare X-linked dominant disease. The authors report a 2-month-old patient presenting with typical features of CHILD syndrome that was treated with a topical solution containing cholesterol and lovastatin, with complete clearance of her CHILD nevus. The changes in skin lipid metabolism that explain the CHILD ichthyosiform nevus and their correction through topical application of cholesterol and lovastatin are discussed.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Lactente , Anormalidades Múltiplas/tratamento farmacológico , Lovastatina/administração & dosagem , Colesterol/metabolismo , Eritrodermia Ictiosiforme Congênita/tratamento farmacológico , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/tratamento farmacológico , Anticolesterolemiantes/administração & dosagem , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Colesterol/biossíntese , Administração Tópica , Eritrodermia Ictiosiforme Congênita/genética , Deformidades Congênitas dos Membros/genética , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças Metabólicas/genética
7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-819038

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze clinical and genetic features of a family affected with Van der Woude syndrome.@*METHODS@#The umbilical cord blood of the proband and the peripheral blood of the parents were used for the whole exon sequencing to find the candidate gene.Peripheral blood of 9 members of the family were collected for Sanger sequencing verification, bioinformatics analysis and genotype-phenotype correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The proband was diagnosed with cleft lip and palate by ultrasound. His father and grandmother had hollow lower lip and all other family members did not have the similar phenotype. A missense c.263A>G (p.N88S) mutation was found in exon 4 of gene in the proband, his father and his grandmother.The mutation was not found in other family members.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A missense c.263A>G (p.N88S) mutation in gene probably underlies the pathogenesis of Van der Woude syndrome in the family and the mutation has been firstly discovered in China.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Genética , China , Fenda Labial , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Genética , Fissura Palatina , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Genética , Cistos , Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores Reguladores de Interferon , Genética , Lábio , Anormalidades Congênitas , Masculino , Mutação , Linhagem , Ultrassonografia
8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-819030

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between 22q11.2 duplication and clinical phenotype.@*METHODS@#Eight fetuses with 22q11.2 duplication syndrome diagnosed by chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) through amniocentesis from February 2015 to March 2017 were enrolled in the study. The prenatal diagnostic indications, fetal ultrasound, chromosome karyotype, peripheral blood CMA results of parents, pregnancy outcomes and follow-up of postnatal growth and development were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Prenatal serological screening indicated 6 cases with high risk of trisomy 21, 1 case with nuchal fold (NF) thickening and 1 case of maternal chromosomal balanced translocation. Fetal ultrasonography showed 1 case of NF thickening, 1 case of fetal cerebral ventriculomegaly and 6 cases with normal ultrasound. CMA demonstrated that the size of duplication was between 651 kb and 3.26 Mb, and 22q11.2 duplication. Parents' CMA results revealed that 6 cases inherited from one of the parents with normal phenotype, and the parents of 2 cases refused the CMA test. Two couples chose induced labor; 6 cases of continued pregnancy had normal phenotypes at birth. All 6 cases were followed up with longest of 3.5 years. The growth and psychological development were normal in 5 cases, and one case was growth retardation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There were no specific clinical phenotypes in 22q11.2 duplication syndrome, and most of them were inherited from one parent who has normal phenotype.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Diagnóstico , Genética , Duplicação Cromossômica , Genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 22 , Genética , Síndrome de DiGeorge , Diagnóstico , Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-772013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the nature and origin of aberrant chromosomes in a child with multiple anomalies and psychomotor retardation.@*METHODS@#Routine G-banding was carried out to analyze the karyotypes of the patient and his parents, and next generation sequencing for copy number variations (CNV-seq) was used for the fine mapping of the aberrant chromosomal regions.@*RESULTS@#The proband and his uncle exhibited psychomotor retardation, craniofacial malformation, infantile external genitalia, and concealed penis. Cytogenetic analysis indicated that the child has a 46,XYqh+,+(9),t(9;13)(q13;q12),pat,-13 karyotype. His uncle was XYqh+,+(9),t(9;13)(q13;q12)mat,-13, his father was 46,XYqh+,t(9;13)(q13;q12)mat, his grandmother was 46,XX,t(9;13)(q13;q12), and his grandfather was 46,XYqh+. The result of CNV-seq assay for the child was 46,XY,+9p(pter-p13.2,-40 Mb×3). No deletion was detected.@*CONCLUSION@#The partial trisomy 9 and partial monosomy 13 probably underlie the phenotypic abnormalities in the child. Combined chromosomal karyotyping and DNA sequencing can facilitate delineation of the nature and origin of the aberrant chromosomes.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Criança , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 13 , Cromossomos Humanos Par 9 , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino , Monossomia , Linhagem , Translocação Genética , Trissomia
10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-771984

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic cause for a patient with intellectual disability, short stature and multiple congenital anomalies, and to correlate the result with the clinical phenotype.@*METHODS@#Routine karyotyping analysis was carried out on GTG-banded metaphase chromosomes. Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarray was used to detect microdeletions or microduplications in the patient. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to ascertain the origin of aberrant chromosomes.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the patient was 46,XY,der(18), while both of his parents had a normal karyotype. SNP array identified a 1.23 Mb deletion at 18p11.32-pter (chr18: 136 227-1 370 501, hg19) and a 33.76 Mb duplication at 18q21.1-qter (chr18: 44 250 359-78 013 728, hg19) in the patient. Above finding was confirmed by dual-color FISH with one color for 18p and another for 18q. The patient presented with some common features of 18p deletion and 18q duplication including intellectual disability and growth retardation, in addition with some features of 18p deletion including pectus excavatum, short stature and growth hormone (GH) deficiency. The patient showed progressive improvement of stature with GH therapy. Comparison of patients with previously reported dup(18q)+del(18p) recombinations suggested that, even for patients with similar breakpoints, their phenotypes have ranged from normal to severe and there were no consistent findings.@*CONCLUSION@#As aberrations involving double chromosomal segments often result in phenotypic variability, it has been difficult to correlate the genotype of our patient with his phenotype.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18 , Genótipo , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Cariotipagem , Monossomia , Fenótipo , Trissomia
11.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-771939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the pathogenesis of two fetuses from one family affected with Joubert syndrome (JS).@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing was employed to screen potential mutations in both fetuses. Suspected mutations were verified by Sanger sequencing. Impact of intronic mutations on DNA transcription was validated by cDNA analysis.@*RESULTS@#Two novel TCTN1 mutations, c.342-8A>G and c.1494+1G>A, were identified in exons 2 and 12, respectively.cDNA analysis confirmed the pathogenic nature of both mutations with interference of normal splicing resulting in production of truncated proteins.@*CONCLUSION@#The genetic etiology of the family affected with JS has been identified.Above findings have enriched the mutation spectrum of TCTN1gene and facilitated understanding of the genotype-phenotype correlation of JS.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Diagnóstico , Genética , Cerebelo , Anormalidades Congênitas , Anormalidades do Olho , Diagnóstico , Genética , Humanos , Doenças Renais Císticas , Diagnóstico , Genética , Proteínas de Membrana , Genética , Mutação , Linhagem , Retina , Anormalidades Congênitas , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
12.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781710

RESUMO

Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease caused by SRCAP mutation. This article reports the clinical features of a boy with FHS. The boy, aged 11 years and 7 months, attended the hospital due to short stature for more than 8 years and had the clinical manifestations of unusual facial features (triangularly shaped face, thin lips and long eyelashes), skeletal dysplasia (curvature finger), expressive language disorder, and retardation of bone age. Genetic detection revealed a novel heterozygous mutation, c.7330 C>T(p.R2444X), in the SRCAP gene. The boy was diagnosed with FHS based on these clinical manifestations and gene detection results. FHS is rare in clinical practice, which may lead to missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis, and gene detection may help with the clinical diagnosis of FHS in children.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Adenosina Trifosfatases , Criança , Anormalidades Craniofaciais , Transtornos do Crescimento , Comunicação Interventricular , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-781313

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a child with moderate mental retardation and multiple malformations.@*METHODS@#The child and his parents underwent conventional G banding karyotype analysis and single nucleotide polymorphism-based mircoarray (SNP-array) scan. A systematic review for chromosome 13q deletions was also conducted to explore the correlation between genotype and clinical phenotypes.@*RESULTS@#G banding karyotype of the child showed a partial deletion in the long arm of chromosome 13 described as 46,XY,del(13)(q32). SNP-array detected a deletion fragment of 11.367 Mb in 13q32.1-q33.3 region, which encompassed 30 OMIM (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man) genes including FARP1, STK24 and ZIC2. The parents were found with no obvious abnormality in their karyotypes and SNP-array results, suggesting a de novo origin for the deletion. Combined with previous reported cases, chromosomal 13q deletions seem to have various pathogenic effects on the patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Chromosomal 13q32.1-q33.3 deletion probably underlies the disease phenotype in the child, and EFNB2 may be a candidate gene for congenital heart defect, genital malformation, hypospadias and anorectal malformations.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Genética , Criança , Bandeamento Cromossômico , Deleção Cromossômica , Transtornos Cromossômicos , Cromossomos Humanos Par 13 , Genética , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Masculino
14.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776824

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To correlate genotype with clinical phenotype of a child featuring multiple congenital malformations.@*METHODS@#Clinical examination of the patient was carried out. Chromosome microarray analysis (CMA) was employed to detect genomic copy number variations (CNVs), and quantitative PCR (qPCR) was used for verifying the result.@*RESULTS@#The child had congenital heart disease (ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, pulmonary arterial hypertension, and tricuspid regurgitation), psychomotor retardation, agenesis of corpus callosum, hypospadias and scoliosis. CMA has detected a 1.8 Mb deletion at 7p22.3, a 1.8 Mb duplication at 7p22.3p22.2 and a 23.5 Mb duplication at 7q33q36.3 in the fetus, all of which were de novo in origin.@*CONCLUSION@#CMA can precisely detect microdeletion/duplications and facilitate the genotype-phenotype correlation analysis.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Genética , Criança , Cromossomos Humanos Par 7 , Genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Testes Genéticos , Cardiopatias Congênitas , Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Deleção de Sequência
15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776823

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of a child affected with Glass syndrome.@*METHODS@#Clinical manifestations and auxiliary examination results of the child were analyzed. Potential mutation was detected with next generation sequencing and validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child has featured growth and mental retardation, delayed speech, cleft palate, crowding of teeth, and downslanting palpebral fissures. DNA sequencing revealed a de novo heterozygous missense mutation c.1166G>A (p.R389H) in exon 8 of the SATB2 gene in the child.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous mutation c.1166G>A (p.R389H) of the SATB2 gene probably account for the Glass syndrome in the patient.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Genética , Criança , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 2 , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual , Genética , Proteínas de Ligação à Região de Interação com a Matriz , Genética , Mutação , Fatores de Transcrição , Genética
16.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-776751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child affected with multiple malformations.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples from the child and her parents. Tro whole exome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were carried out. Suspicted mutations were verified by PCR and Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The patient, a 2-year-old girl, presented with multiple malformations including dysmorphism, skeletal malformations and ambigulous genitalia. Through genetic testing, she was diagnosed with Antley-Bixler syndrome caused by compound heterozygous mutations of the POR gene (c.919G>T and c.1615G>A), which were derived from her mother and father, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous mutations of the POR gene probably underlie the Antley-Bixler syndrome in this patient.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas , Genética , Fenótipo de Síndrome de Antley-Bixler , Genética , Pré-Escolar , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450 , Genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 723-725, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-949938

RESUMO

Abstract: Vohwinkel syndrome belongs to the group of hereditary palmoplantar keratoderma, having an autosomal dominant inheritance. In this report, the authors present a case of a four-year-old boy with diffuse scaling over his entire body and transgredient palmoplantar hyperkeratosis with some fissured areas. Family evaluation revealed that his mother and other family members were affected. Based on his clinical findings and on family history, the diagnosis of the ichthyotic Vohwinkel syndrome subtype, characterized by generalized ichthyosis and palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, was established.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Deformidades Congênitas da Mão/genética , Ceratodermia Palmar e Plantar/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Ictiose/genética , Linhagem
18.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 15(2): 11-18, ago. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-994505

RESUMO

Introducción: El consumo de cocaína durante la gestación gatilla isquemia, muerte y licuefacción celular en el cerebro fetal, consolidando en la infancia grados variables de retraso mental. El presente estudio busca identificar mediante test de drogas en orina los recién nacidos (RN) expuestos a cocaína en el embarazo y describir el procedimiento clínico y social a seguir. Metodología: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo enero 2016 y enero 2018 en RN con exposición antenatal a cocaína, Unidad de Neonatología del Hospital Clínico San Borja Arriarán. Resultados: Se estudió a 64 RN con test en orina positivo a cocaína. El 42% fue pequeño para la edad gestacional, 33% tenía microcefalia. Se encontraron malformaciones en sistema nervioso y vías urinarias, trastornos del ritmo cardíaco e hipoacusia. Solo 32,8% de las madres controló su embarazo y 52% rechazó la rehabilitación. Servicio Social interpuso medidas de protección a los RN e instó a las madres a programas de rehabilitación. El 12,5% de los RN no tenía familia de apoyo y debió ser derivado a instituciones gubernamentales. Conclusiones: Las consecuencias de la exposición a cocaína antenatal en el RN son devastadoras. Este trabajo permite orientar la pesquisa, estudio y pasos legales a seguir con los RN afectados y sus madres.


Introduction: The consumption of cocaine during pregnancy triggers events such as ischemia, death and cell liquefaction in the fetal brain, consolidating varying degrees of intellectual disability. This study proposed to identify by urine drug test the newborns (NB) with antenatal exposure to and describe the clinical and social procedure to follow with them and their mothers until neonatal discharge. Methodology: Prospective cohort study, conducted in RN who met criteria for risk of antenatal exposure to cocaine, Neonatology Unit of the San Borja Arriaran Clinical Hospital between January 2016 -2018. Results: Antenatal exposure to cocaine was confirmed on 64 NB. Forty-two percent of them were small for gestational age and 33% had microcephaly. Malformations were found in the nervous system urinary tract, as well as disorders in the rhythm of the heart and loss of hearing. Only 32% of mothers controlled her pregnancy, none of them was derived to the secondary. Social Services implemented all the NB protective measures in place and urged mothers to participate in rehabilitation programs. Fifty-two percent rejected rehabilitation and 12.5% of the NB have not family support and had to be referred to government institutions. Conclusions: The consequences of exposure to antenatal cocaine in the NB are devastating. This work allows orienting the research with the NB and showing the legal steps should be taken with the RN and their mothers.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente , Cocaína/efeitos adversos , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/diagnóstico , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/terapia , Anormalidades Múltiplas/induzido quimicamente , Recém-Nascido Pequeno para a Idade Gestacional , Estudos Prospectivos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/complicações , Microcefalia/induzido quimicamente
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 135-137, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-887143

RESUMO

Abstract: Trichothiodystrophy refers to a heterogeneous group of rare genetic diseases that affects neuroectodermal-derived tissues with multisystem involvement. The hallmark of these syndromes is the deficiency of sulfur in hair matrix proteins, leading to short and brittle hair. Few cases of this rare disorder have been published. The authors report a case of trichothiodystrophy in a male infant with ichthyosis, photosensitivity, spastic paraparesis, short stature, and neurologic and psychomotor retardation. Diagnosis was based on clinical and microscopic features of hair samples.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pré-Escolar , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Síndromes de Tricotiodistrofia/diagnóstico , Ictiose/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Fotossensibilidade/complicações , Síndromes de Tricotiodistrofia/complicações , Ictiose/complicações , Deficiência Intelectual/complicações
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(1): 102-105, feb. 2018. ilus
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | LILACS (Américas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-887438

RESUMO

El origen anómalo aislado de la arteria coronaria derecha desde la arteria pulmonar principal es una anomalía congénita rara y se han notificado pocos casos en la población pediátrica. En este artículo informamos el caso asintomático de un lactante varón de dos meses de edad al que se le diagnosticó origen anómalo de la arteria coronaria derecha desde la arteria pulmonar principal durante la evaluación realizada para detectar anomalías cardíacas. Debido a la sospecha durante una ecocardiografía, se realizaron un cateterismo cardíaco y una angiografía coronaria para verificar el diagnóstico del origen anómalo de la arteria coronaria derecha desde la arteria pulmonar principal. El paciente se sometió a la cirugía y estaba en buen estado en el seguimiento a los dos meses. El diagnóstico temprano podría evitar que los pacientes tengan complicaciones cardiovasculares.


Isolated anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery is a rare congenital anomaly, and few cases have been reported in the pediatric age group. Here in, we report an asymptomatic case of a 2-month-old male infant who has been diagnosed as anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery during the evaluation for cardiac abnormalities. For a suspicion on echocardiography, cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography performed to verify the diagnosis of anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery. The patient underwent surgery and did well after two months follow up. Early diagnosis may prevent patients from cardiovascular complications.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Lactente , Artéria Pulmonar , Artéria Pulmonar/anormalidades , Anormalidades Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Achados Incidentais
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