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1.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 13(1): 1-19, jan.-abr. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1090455

RESUMO

Trata-se de revisão sistemática para investigar as definições de pornografia utilizadas por pesquisadores e os efeitos do consumo desse material nos relacionamentos amorosos. Buscaram-se artigos teóricos ou empíricos, nos idiomas espanhol, inglês e português, publicados em periódicos nacionais e internacionais, indexados nas plataformas eletrônicas Doaj, SciELO e Scopus, que contivessem, em qualquer parte do texto, os termos "pornografia" e "relacionamento". Retornaram 433 documentos que, aplicados os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, resultaram em 45 artigos. Na amostra estudada, material sexualmente explícito parece ser a definição mais aceita de pornografia. Em relação aos aspectos negativos percebidos do consumo de pornografia ao relacionamento, foram elencadas as categorias: prejuízos à saúde, prejuízos ao relacionamento, violência contra as mulheres e aspectos socioculturais. Em relação aos aspectos positivos, foram levantadas as categorias: sexualidade, desenvolvimento pessoal e benefícios ao relacionamento. Os possíveis impactos do consumo de pornografia nos relacionamentos são ainda bastante imprecisos e ambíguos.


This systematic review aims to investigate pornography definitions used by researchers and the effects of the consumption of this material in romantic relationships. We searched for theoretical or empirical papers published in Brazilian and international journals indexed in the DOAJ, SciELO and Scopus electronic platforms, which contained, in any part of the text, the terms "pornography" and "relationship" in Spanish, English or Portuguese. This search resulted in 433 documents that, after application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulted in 45 papers. Within the sample, sexually explicit material seems to be the most accepted definition of pornography. Regarding the perception of negative aspects of pornography consumption on the relationship, the following categories were listed: health damage, relationship impairment, violence against women and social and cultural aspects. In relation to the positive aspects, the categories surveyed were: sexuality, personal development and benefits to the relationship. The possible impacts of pornography consumption in relationships are still quite vague and ambiguous.


Assuntos
Casamento , Literatura Erótica , Sexo , Sexualidade , Literatura Erótica/psicologia
2.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 13(1): 1-15, jan.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1090463

RESUMO

Este estudo tem por objetivo investigar as percepções de sujeitos casados acerca da ausência de filhos na atualidade. Participaram da pesquisa dez sujeitos, cinco homens e cinco mulheres do segmento socioeconômico médio, com idades entre 33 e 37 anos, sem filhos. Os resultados foram analisados de acordo com o método de análise de conteúdo. Da análise do material, emergiram seis categorias de análise. Tendo em vista os objetivos do presente trabalho, serão apresentadas e discutidas as categorias: satisfação conjugal de casais sem filhos e sociedade e o projeto de ter filhos. Os resultados apontaram que casais sem filhos têm um nível mais elevado de satisfação no relacionamento conjugal. Apesar de a sociedade atual aceitar com mais naturalidade a opção dos casais de não ter filho, ainda há uma cobrança muito grande acerca desse projeto, visto que a escolha pela não parentalidade interrompe a continuidade geracional.


This study aims to investigate the perceptions of married individuals about the absence of children today. Ten subjects, five men and five women from the middle-class segment, aged 33 to 37, who do not have children, participated in the study. The results were analyzed according to the content analysis method. From the analysis of the material, six categories of analysis emerged. Considering the objective of this paper, the following categories will be presented and discussed: marital satisfaction of couples without children and society and the project of having children. The results have shown that couples without children have a higher level of satisfaction with their marital relationship. Although today's society accepts a couple's choice of not having children more naturally, there is still a lot of pressure regarding this project, since the choice for non-parenting interrupts generational continuity.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Casamento , Psicologia Social , Autonomia Pessoal , Absenteísmo
3.
Diagn. tratamento ; 24(4): [170-173], out - dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1049394

RESUMO

Casais tendem a um declínio do interesse sexual, mais intenso na população feminina, acompanhado de menor satisfação conjugal. Mindfulness, ou consciência plena, é um estado caracterizado pela atenção centrada no momento. Possíveis mecanismos que tornam essa prática eficaz incluem: maior satisfação relacional, melhora na imagem corporal, maior consciência interoceptiva, diminuição do humor deprimido e da ansiedade. O treinamento na prática mindfulness baseia-se em oito sessões de grupo em que se associam diferentes procedimentos para a consciência corporal, tais como o escaneamento corporal, a respiração com atenção, a caminhada meditativa e os exercícios de compaixão e autocompaixão. Intervenções baseadas em mindfulness estimulam o foco nas sensações de excitação, o que pode melhorar a função sexual. A prática mindfulness desempenha papel importante no aumento da satisfação com o relacionamento conjugal e na habilidade do indivíduo em responder com menos emocionalidade ao estresse, além de favorecer a percepção positiva da relação, por melhorar a qualidade da comunicação durante uma interlocução. Atenção plena pode ajudar a amenizar interferências cognitivas durante a atividade sexual. O aumento da consciência corporal facilita a regulação emocional e comportamentos mais intencionais. A prática mindfulness atua nas barreiras psicológicas para uma experiência sexual satisfatória, diminuindo distrações relacionadas ao corpo e ao desempenho e melhorando a autoimagem genital, condições que favorecem a consciência interoceptiva e a satisfação conjugal.


Assuntos
Casamento , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas , Saúde Sexual , Atenção Plena
4.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 10(2): 20-40, ago.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-1025489

RESUMO

O presente artigo objetiva compreender e investigar os sentidos atribuídos ao sentimento de gratidão por sujeitos que vivenciam a experiência de uma relação amorosa na atualidade. Esse estudo baseia-se numa pesquisa qualitativa que empregou a entrevista semidirigida como instrumento de coleta de dados, visando refletir acerca da presença e do desenvolvimento da gratidão em meio às relações amorosas em que se encontram os sujeitos no contemporâneo. Os resultados expressaram dúvidas e questionamentos, mostrando a gratidão como um sentimento difícil de ser pensado e experienciado, mas que também figura como algo presente e de grande importância na vida e relações desses sujeitos (AU).


This article aims to understand and investigate the meanings attributed to the feeling of gratitude by subjects who experience the experience of a loving relationship. This study is based on a qualitative research that used the semi-structured interview as an instrument of data collection, aiming to reflect about presence and development of gratitude in the midst of the fragile relationships that contemporary subjects find themselves. The results expressed doubts and questions, showing the gratitude as a difficult feeling to be thought as well as experienced, but which also appears as something present and of great importance in the life and relationships of these subjects (AU).


En este artículo se pretenden comprender e investigar los sentidos atribuidos al sentimiento de gratitud por sujetos que experimentan la experiencia de una relación amorosa. Este estudio se basa en una investigación cualitativa que empleó la entrevista semidirigida como instrumento de recolección de datos, para reflejar la presencia y el desarrollo de la gratitud en medio de las relaciones frágiles que se encuentran los sujetos contemporáneos. Los resultados expresaron dudas y cuestionamientos, mostrando la gratitud como un sentimiento difícil de ser pensado, pero que también figura como algo presente y de gran importancia en la vida y relaciones de esos sujetos (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Casamento/psicologia , Amor , Afeto
5.
Vínculo ; 16(1): 98-112, jan.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1014770

RESUMO

Objetivou-se neste estudo analisar e refletir sobre o vínculo conjugal na atualidade, buscando compreender os sentidos inferidos a escolha e manutenção do casamento por aqueles que optaram por esta forma de conjugalidade. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa que se utilizou da entrevista semi dirigida como instrumento de coleta de dados. Os dados obtidos foram analisados em consonância com as discussões e reflexões teóricas sobre os relacionamentos amorosos na atualidade e os apontamentos da Psicanálise das Configurações Vinculares. Pode-se observar que cada sujeito infere um significado pessoal ao optar pelo casamento, este devendo ser pensado em sua dimensão psíquica e social. Além disso, o vínculo conjugal é configurado pela coexistência de elementos do passado com os reflexos das transformações relacionais, sendo uma representação das contradições e desafios da contemporaneidade.


This study aimed to analyse and reflect about the marriage bond in the present, seeking to understand the inferred meanings of choice and maintenance of marriage by those who have chosen for this form of conjugality. It is a qualitative research that used the semi-directed interview as a data collection instrument. The data obtained were analysed in accordance with the discussions and theoretical reflections on current loving relationships and notes of psychoanalysis of binding configurations. From the data analysis, it was observed... that each subject infers a personal meaning when opting for marriage, this having to be thought in its psychic and social dimension. Moreover, the conjugal bond is shaped by the coexistence of elements of the past with the reflections of the relational transformations, being a representation of the contradictions and challenges of the contemporaneity.


En este estudio se objetivó analizar y reflexionar sobre el vínculo conyugal en la actualidad, buscando comprender los sentidos inferidos a la elección y manutención de las bodas por aquellos que optaron por esta forma de unión conyugal. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, utilizándose de la entrevista semidirigida como instrumento de colecta de datos. Los datos obtenidos fueron analizados en consonancia con las discusiones y reflexiones teóricas sobre las relaciones amorosas en la actualidad y los apuntes de la Psicoanálisis de las Configuraciones Vinculares. Se puede observar que cada sujeto infiere un significado personal al optar por el matrimonio, debiendo este ser pensado en su dimensión psíquica y social. Además, el lazo conyugal es configurado por la coexistencia de elementos del pasado con los reflejos de las transformaciones relacionales, siendo una representación de las contradicciones y desafíos de la contemporaneidad.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Casamento , Amor , Apego ao Objeto
6.
Pensando fam ; 23(1): 34-46, jan.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1040674

RESUMO

O presente estudo tem como objetivo investigar o modo como o casal se constitui, com base no enfoque psicanalítico, levando em consideração os aspectos intrapsíquicos e intersubjetivos examinam-se, inicialmente, a escolha amorosa como base do processo identificatório e suas implicações na formação do casal. Em seguida, investigam-se o conceito de vínculo e a formação conjugal, a partir das concepções de Puget, Berenstein, Eiguer e Kaës. Por fim, discute-se o conceito de alianças inconscientes, a partir de suas tipologias. Constata-se que a formação do casal oferece, por um lado, um continente, palco de encenações de acordos e pactos inconscientes, por outro, possui mecanismos defensivos para lidar com a vida coletiva. Conclui-se que o casal tende a uma estabilidade quando os modelos de referência são recriados, formando uma estrutura inédita de relação, e quando se adequam ao macro contexto sociocultural.


The purpose of this study is to investigate the formation of the married couple through a psychoanalytical approach, taking into consideration its intrapsychic and intersubjective aspects. The authors start by examining the love choice as the foundation of the identification process and its implications in the formation of the couple. Next, they investigate the concept of bond and the conjugal formation from the standpoints of Puget, Bernstein, Eiguer and Käes. Finally, the authors discuss the concept of unconscious ties through its typologies. The study observes that the formation of the couple offers, on one hand, a continent for the staging of agreements and unconscious pacts, and on the other, defensive mechanisms to deal with collective life. The study concludes that the couple tends towards stability when the circumstances recreate reference models - forming an unprecedented relationship structure - and when such models fit into the broader sociocultural context.


Assuntos
Humanos , Ligação do Par , Inconsciente Psicológico , Casamento/psicologia , Complexo de Édipo , Contratos
7.
Pensando fam ; 23(1): 47-57, jan.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1040675

RESUMO

Realizada uma revisão de literatura envolvendo a Terapia Familiar Sistêmica e o trabalho com casais e as estruturas que caracterizam um casamento de longa duração. Considerando que um relacionamento saudável e estável é marcado pela presença de uma identidade conjugal permeada pelas trocas afetivas e fidelidades. O propósito desta revisão é levantar o nível de interesse dos pesquisadores nacionais e latinoamericamos sobre o tema casal longevo, verificando ainda, como o tema é discutido na perspectiva sistêmica familiar. Trata-se de uma contribuição da terapia sistêmica para os estudos da família contemporânea, especificamente, o subsistema conjugal e as interações em casamentos de longa duração. Dentre as poucas publicações encontradas há uma tendência em partir do conflito conjugal para ter acesso aos casais longevos. O amor e o respeito pela individualidade do parceiro foram decisivos na manutenção da conjugalidade de longa duração.


A review of literature involving Systemic Family Therapy and the work with couples and the structures that characterize a long-term marriage were carried out. Considering that a healthy and stable relationship is marked by the presence of a conjugal identity permeated by affective exchanges and fidelities. The purpose of this review is to raise the level of interest of the Brazilian and Latin American researchers on the theme longevity couple, as well as to verify how the topic is discussed in the family systemic perspective. It is a contribution of systemic therapy to studies of the contemporary family, specifically, the conjugal subsystem and the interactions in long-term marriages. Among the few publications found there is a tendency to start from marital conflict in order to have access to long-lived couples. Love and respect for the individuality of the partner were decisive in maintaining long-term conjugality.


Assuntos
Humanos , Casamento , Cônjuges , Relações Familiares , Ligação do Par
8.
Pensando fam ; 23(1): 121-136, jan.-jun. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1040680

RESUMO

Este estudo objetivou compreender a percepção de cinco adolescentes, com 13 a 19 anos, sobre o divórcio e o recasamento dos seus pais. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas, submetidas posteriormente à Análise de Conteúdo. Identificaram-se cinco categorias. Encontrou-se que tanto a vivência do divórcio quanto do recasamento dos pais traz aos filhos a possibilidade de uma nova vivência familiar, que pode ser mais afetiva e segura do que a relação que havia entre a família primária. No entanto, não se pode subestimar o sofrimento que estes eventos podem gerar nos filhos, especialmente quando estes não se adaptam às novas mudanças e papeis familiares. Observou-se um distanciamento entre os participantes e a figura paterna, ficando a mãe responsável não apenas pelos cuidados básicos e afetivos próprios da relação mãe-filhos, mas também por intermediar as relações que se estabelecem entre os filhos e os padrastos e entre os filhos e os pais.


This study aimed to understand the perception of five adolescents, aged 13 to 19 years, about the divorce and remarriage of their parents. Semi-structured interviews were realized and submitted to Content Analysis. Five categories were identified. The experiences of divorce and remarriage of the parents brings to the adolescents a possibility of a new family experience, which can be more affective and secure than the relationship of their primary family. However, these experiences can also generate suffering, especially when the adolescents do not adapt to the new changes and familiar roles. It was observed a distant relationship between the participants and their fathers, while the mothers were responsible not only for the health and affective care, but also for intermediate the relations between the children and the stepfathers and between the children and their fathers.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Divórcio , Casamento , Adolescente , Relações Familiares
9.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 19(1): 238-260, jan.-abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas), INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-999543

RESUMO

As relações afetivas na infância repercutem no estilo de apego do indivíduo no decorrer do seu ciclo vital. Assim, o objetivo deste artigo é analisar o perfil de estudos nacionais e internacionais acerca da relação entre o apego dos membros do casal desenvolvido na infância e o relacionamento conjugal e parental. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão de literatura integrativa nas bases de dados PsycInfo, Scielo e CAPES, por meio de descritores preestabelecidos, em português, inglês e espanhol, entre 2013 a 2017. Foram selecionados 32 artigos completos indexados, os quais foram submetidos a análises metodológicas e semânticas, derivando-se três categorias temáticas. Identificou-se a predominância de estudos longitudinais e quantitativos, cujas publicações concentram-se, em grande parte, na América do Norte. Constatou-se também, que pessoas com características de apego inseguro apresentam maior tendência de desenvolver conflito conjugal e baixa qualidade do relacionamento amoroso. Não foi encontrada nenhuma pesquisa que integrasse em um único estudo, a relação estabelecida entre o apego dos membros do casal na infância e suas repercussões sobre os vínculos conjugal e parental. Verifica-se a lacuna de estudos que discutam a teoria do apego em uma perspectiva transgeracional e seus efeitos sobre a vida adulta.(AU)


The affective relationships in infancy have repercussions on the attachment style of the individual during the course of the life cycle. Thus, the aim of this article is to analyze the profile of national and international studies on child attachment and the relationship between parents and children. For this purpose, an integrative literature review was carried out in PsycInfo, Scielo and CAPES databases, with the use of pre-established descriptors in Portuguese, English and Spanish between 2013 to 2017. It was selected 32 complete indexed articles, which were submitted to methodological and semantic analyzes, deriving three thematic categories. The predominance of longitudinal and quantitative studies, whose publications are largely concentrated in North America, has been identified. It was also found that people with characteristics of insecure attachment have a greater tendency to develop conjugal conflict and low quality of the love relationship. No research was found that integrated in a single study, the relationship established between the couple's attachment in childhood and its repercussions on the marital and parental bonds. There is a gap in studies that discuss attachment theory in a transgenerational perspective and its effects on adult life.(AU)


Las relaciones afectivas en la infancia repercuten en el estilo de apego del individuo en el transcurso de su ciclo vital. Así, el objetivo de este artículo es analizar el perfil de estudios nacionales e internacionales acerca de la relación entre el apego de los miembros del matrimonio desarrollado en la infancia y la relación conyugal y parental. Por lo tanto, una revisión integradora de la literatura se realizó en las bases de datos PsycINFO, Scielo y capas, a través de descriptores preestablecidos en portugués, Inglés y Español, entre 2013 y 2017. Se seleccionaron 32 artículos completos indexados, que fueron sometidos a análisis metodológicos y semánticos, derivando tres categorías temáticas. Se identificó el predominio de estudios longitudinales y cuantitativos, cuyas publicaciones se concentran, en gran parte en América del Norte. Se constató también, que personas con características de apego inseguro presentan mayor tendencia a desarrollar conflicto conyugal y baja calidad de la relación amorosa. No se encontró ninguna investigación que incluyera en un solo estudio, la relación establecida entre el apego de los miembros de la pareja en la infancia y sus repercusiones sobre los vínculos conyugal y parental. Se verifica la brecha de estudios que discutan la teoría del apego en una perspectiva transgeneracional y sus efectos sobre la vida adulta.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Relações Familiares , Apego ao Objeto , Casamento/psicologia , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Afeto
10.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4401, 01 Fevereiro 2019. map, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS (Américas), BBO | ID: biblio-998036

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the coefficient of inbreeding of consanguinity (F) and its correlates in Aligarh city, India. Material and Methods: Cross sectional household survey with a sample size of 2000 (1600 non-consanguineous and 400 consanguineous couples) using systematic random sampling. Researcher conducted the study by visiting every tenth household of every tenth ward of Aligarh city. Information was recorded on a pre-tested questionnaire, which had questions pertaining to religion, details regarding relationship between couples (consanguineous / non consanguineous marriage), type of consanguinity (first cousin/second cousin/third cousin), level of education and occupation (a proxy for socioeconomic status). Descriptive statistics, Chi-square, and multivariate logistic regression were used. Results: Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that Islam (p<0.001) and Christianity (p<0.001) were significantly associated with consanguinity. Private employment with (-) B value (p<0.001) showed a significant association of the variable with non-consanguineous group. Coefficient of inbreeding for the present study was 0.0538, highest reported from any part of India. Conclusion: Consanguinity is a prevailing problem in Aligarh city, India. Evidence based guidelines needed. Information ­ education ­ communication and pre-marital counseling suggested to make population aware of the consequences of consanguinity and to help couples make a decision.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Casamento , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Cristianismo/história , Consanguinidade , Islamismo , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Prevalência , Análise Multivariada , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 12(1): 159-174, jan.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS (Américas) | ID: biblio-968274

RESUMO

Objetivo. Este artigo toma por base um estudo empírico, com delineamento qualitativo, e busca compreender os posicionamentos e estratégias dos casais para a resolução de dilemas financeiros. Método. Participaram 12 indivíduos casados que apresentaram os níveis mais altos e os mais baixos na escala de ajustamento diádico. Essa seleção dos participantes ocorreu a partir de uma pesquisa anterior que avaliou 246 indivíduos casados para investigar relações entre significado e manejo do dinheiro, e ajustamento diádico e conflito conjugal. A análise foi realizada a partir de análise do conteúdo. Resultados. Os posicionamentos e as estratégias utilizadas pelos casais participantes reproduzem padrões financeiros aprendidos com suas famílias de origem, além de concordarem que o diálogo deveria ser a principal estratégia utilizada para a resolução dos conflitos financeiros. Conclusão. O diálogo sobre finanças pode oportunizar aproximação afetiva entre os cônjuges e maior empatia para compreender dificuldades oriundas do ciclo de vida conjugal.


Objective. This is an empirical study, with a qualitative design, that aims to understand how couples use their positions and strategies to solve financial dilemmas. Method. Six couples (twelve married individuals), who had the highest and lowest levels on the dyadic adjustment scale, participated in this study. Participants were selected based on an earlier survey, that evaluated 246 married individuals, in order to investigate relationships between meaning and money management, and dyadic adjustment and marital conflict. Content analysis of data was performed. Results. The couples used positions and strategies that reproduced financial patterns learned from their families of origin; besides, they agreed that dialogue should be the main strategy to solve their financial conflicts. Conclusion. Dialogue on finances can provide an affective approximation between the spouses and a higher empathy to understand difficulties that come from the conjugal life cycle.


Assuntos
Casamento , Administração Financeira , Relações Familiares
12.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-759795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fertility and childbearing are the most important determinants of population variation around the world. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the psychological and sociodemographic factors predicting fertility intention among women referred to comprehensive health centers in Hamadan based on the beliefs, attitudes, subjective norms, and enabling factors (BASNEF) model. METHODS: This descriptive analytical study was performed in comprehensive health centers in Hamadan in 2016. Through a multi-stage sampling method, 484 women were enrolled in the study. The data collection tool was a self-report questionnaire based on the constructs of the BASNEF model. Data were analyzed using linear regression, independent t-test, and a one-way analysis of variance using IBM SPSS software ver. 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: The mean±standard deviation of the women's age was 31.85±6.13 years. The variables of motivation to comply (β=0.228), enabling factors (β=0.162), subjective norms (β=0.134), and attitude (β=0.122) were the predictors of fertility intention in women. This model was able to explain 16.8% of variance in behavioral intention. Also, lower age, higher education, shorter duration of marriage, and having a daughter resulted in a greater fertility intention. CONCLUSION: It seems that designing and implementing educational programs to improve attitudes, promoting positive subjective norms, and enhancing enabling factors can play a major role in increasing fertility intention in women.


Assuntos
Causalidade , Coleta de Dados , Educação , Feminino , Fertilidade , Humanos , Intenção , Irã (Geográfico) , Modelos Lineares , Casamento , Métodos , Motivação , Núcleo Familiar
13.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763927

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2003, Korea has consistently shown the highest suicide rate among the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries, and suicide remains the major cause of death. In particular, men are 2–3 times more likely to commit suicide than women, which called the ‘gender paradox of suicide.’ The areas with frequent suicide have spatially clustered patterns because suicide with a social contagion spreads around the neighborhood. The purpose of this study was twofold. The first was to estimate the hotspot areas of age-standardized male suicide mortality from 2008 to 2015. The second was to analyze the relationship between the hotspot areas and the regional characteristics for study years. METHODS: The data was collected through the Korean Statistical Information Service. The study areas were 227 si · gun · gu administrative districts in Korea. The hotspot area was used as a dependent variable. Socio-demographic variables (number of marriages per 1,000 population, number of divorces per 1,000 population, and urbanization rate), financial variables (financial independence and social security budget), and health behaviors (EuroQol-5 dimension [EQ-5D], and depression experience rate) were used as independents variables. RESULTS: The hotspot areas were commonly located in Gangwon-do, Chungcheongnam-do, Gyeongsangbuk-do, and Chungceongbuk-do. According to the results of panel logit regression, the number of divorces per 1,000 population, social security budget, and EQ-5D were statistically significant variables. CONCLUSION: The results of hotspot analysis showed the need for establishing a prevention zone of suicide using hotspot areas. Also, medical resources could be considered to be preferentially placed in the prevention zone of suicide. This study could be used as basic data for health policymakers to establish a suicide-related policy.


Assuntos
Orçamentos , Causas de Morte , Depressão , Divórcio , Feminino , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Serviços de Informação , Coreia (Geográfico) , Masculino , Casamento , Mortalidade , Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico , Características de Residência , Previdência Social , Suicídio , Urbanização
14.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2019019-2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that marital status is associated with household composition and living arrangements, which partially explain observed differences in health status according to marital status. However, due to the rapid socioeconomic and demographic transformations of the last few decades, the distribution of marital status among middle-aged adults has become more diverse. Therefore, this study aimed to obtain up-to-date information on the associations between marital status and health and to investigate the implications of these findings for conventional explanations of the health effects of marriage. METHODS: The data for this study were obtained from the 2015 Korean Community Health Study. We compared 4 modifiable lifestyle behaviors—smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and self-rated health status—as outcome variables in association with marital status in Korean middle-aged men (age 40-44) living in Seoul and other regions. RESULTS: Married men showed the lowest cigarette smoking prevalence and the highest subjective health status both before and after adjusting for education and income. The odds of engaging in vigorous physical activity did not show a major difference before and after adjustment for income and education. CONCLUSIONS: In married men, the prevalence of cigarette smoking was lowest and subjective health status was highest, similar to previous studies. However, the prevalence of engaging in physical activity was highest in divorced/widowed/separated men. The health behaviors and health status of Korean middle-aged adults should be more closely followed, since they are representative of demographic changes in the Korean population.


Assuntos
Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Educação , Características da Família , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Estado Civil , Casamento , Atividade Motora , Prevalência , Características de Residência , Seul , Fumar
15.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2019023-2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763739

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In recent decades, due to the high prevalence of divorce in numerous countries and the detrimental aftermath thereof, it has become increasingly important to study the components of marital stability. The current study explored fundamental protective factors in long-term marriage through a systematic review. METHODS: Searches for relevant publications were conducted in Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Magiran, and Scientific Information Database from their inception through January 30, 2019. Through the keyword search, 1,706 articles were found, of which 25 articles remained after screening based on the eligibility criteria. RESULTS: The extracted protective factors associated with marital stability in long-term marriage were classified as interpersonal and intrapersonal. Notable extracted factors included spirituality and religion, commitment, sexual relationship, communication, children, love and attachment, intimacy, and conflict resolution approach. These findings show that some aspects of relationships, such as commitment, act to preserve the pillars of marriage in critical situations, while other aspects, such as intimacy, help to construct marital identity and satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: The identified components of marital stability are structures that enhance a couple’s identity and sense of togetherness. Identifying the specific aspects of marital relationships that contribute to marital stability may help specialists and researchers to target specific types of marital interaction that may enhance the happiness and longevity of relationships, thereby preventing avoidable divorces.


Assuntos
Criança , Divórcio , Felicidade , Humanos , Longevidade , Amor , Casamento , Programas de Rastreamento , Negociação , Prevalência , Fatores de Proteção , Especialização , Espiritualidade
16.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-763106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As patients with brain metastasis (BM) of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have dismal prognosis, some of them decide to discontinue further treatment for BM. The objective of this study was to determine factors for renouncing further active therapy in patients with BM of NSCLC, focusing on their demographic and socioeconomic status. METHODS: Medical records of 105 patients with radiological diagnosis of BM of NSCLC for the recent 11 years at authors' institution were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical features as well as demographic and socioeconomic characteristics such as marriage status, cohabiting family members, religious affiliations, educational background, and economic responsibility were reviewed. RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS) was 13.84 (95% CI: 10.26–17.42) years in 67 patients (group A) who underwent active treatment (radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy) and 4.76 (95% CI: 3.12–6.41) years in 38 patients (group B) who renounced active treatment. Less patients were unmarried (p=0.046), more cohabitating family members (p=0.008), and economically independent (p=0.014) in group A than those in group B. Similarly, the unmarried, and none cohabitating family members had short OS (5.17 and 7.38 years, respectively). In multivariate analysis for predisposing factors of OS in these patients, the following demographic and socioeconomic factors had independent significance: marriage status and cohabitating family members. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that demographic and socioeconomic status as well as clinical factors could influence the decision of further active treatment and prognosis of patients with BM of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Causalidade , Demografia , Diagnóstico , Humanos , Casamento , Registros Médicos , Análise Multivariada , Metástase Neoplásica , Cuidados Paliativos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pessoa Solteira , Classe Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-762581

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between long workhours and marital status change from married to divorced or separated status that might have bad health effects. METHODS: A total of 40,654 participants with married status in 2014 were followed up in 2015. Weekly workhours were categorized into four groups: ≤ 40, 41–52, 53–60, and > 60 hours per week. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to determine the relationship between groups of workhours and marital status change after adjusting for age, total monthly household income, working type, and depression with sex stratification. RESULTS: The study populations consisted of 8,346 (20.5%) females and 32,308 (79.5%) males. Odd ratios (ORs) of marital status change for females working for more than 60 hours per week was 4.26 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.25–14.5), when working less than or equal to 40 hours per week was used as reference in the crude model. ORs of working more than 60 hours per week was 4.57 (95% CI: 1.02–20.5) in female workers when considering age, total household earning per month, working type of daytime, and depression in a dose-response manner. However, for male workers, long workhours were not significantly related to change of marriage status. CONCLUSIONS: Long workhours for more than 60 hours per week had significantly higher risk of divorce or separation in females, but not in males. Further follow-up studies are needed to evaluate long term effects of long workhours on divorce risk.


Assuntos
Depressão , Divórcio , Características da Família , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Estado Civil , Casamento
18.
Artigo em Coreano | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-740901

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to investigate perception, satisfaction and needs for continuing education for nurses in Korea. METHODS: Participants were selected 1,106 using disproportional stratified sampling for the 110,601 members of the 10 affiliated organizations of the Korean Nurses Association and 873 nurses participated in the online survey. Data were collected from February 2 to 27, 2015, and analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 24.0 program. Descriptive statistics, independent t-test, One-way ANOVA, and Scheffé test were conducted. RESULTS: The perception of continuing education averaged 0.69 on a scale of 1, satisfaction with continuing education was 3.66 out of 5, and need for continuing education was 4.33 out of 6. Perception, satisfaction and needs for continuing education showed significant differences depending on age, marriage, education, work department, type of work and clinical career, while perception and satisfaction differed more among type of institution and the affiliated groups. CONCLUSION: For the development of continuing education for nurses, it is necessary to establish an integrated information system for nurse continuing education and to develop various education programs for career development.


Assuntos
Educação , Educação Continuada , Sistemas de Informação , Coreia (Geográfico) , Casamento
19.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 836-842, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-786540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The image of the wicked stepmother has created a prejudice against stepmothers, which makes it difficult for them to adjust to their stepfamilies. This study compared fairy tales from different cultures to reestablish the nature of stepmothers.METHODS: Grimms’ Fairy Tales (GFT) was used to represent Western culture, with stepmother characters appearing in 15 out of 210 tales. “The Collection of Korean Traditional Fairy Tales” (KFT) was used to represent Eastern culture, with stepmother characters featured in 14 out of 15,107 tales. We examined the relationships between stepmothers and stepchildren in GFT and KFT.RESULTS: Daughters were abused more often than sons in both genres. In GFT, jealousy spurred the abuse in 12 of 15 cases, while in KFT greed was predominant in 12 of 14 cases.CONCLUSION: The fairy tale portrayals of wicked stepmothers may be associated with the stigma children place on their stepmothers, which needs to be overcome.


Assuntos
Criança , Divórcio , Folclore , Humanos , Ciúme , Casamento , Núcleo Familiar , Pais , Preconceito
20.
Epidemiology and Health ; : 2019019-2019.
Artigo em Inglês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wprim-785767

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that marital status is associated with household composition and living arrangements, which partially explain observed differences in health status according to marital status. However, due to the rapid socioeconomic and demographic transformations of the last few decades, the distribution of marital status among middle-aged adults has become more diverse. Therefore, this study aimed to obtain up-to-date information on the associations between marital status and health and to investigate the implications of these findings for conventional explanations of the health effects of marriage.METHODS: The data for this study were obtained from the 2015 Korean Community Health Study. We compared 4 modifiable lifestyle behaviors—smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and self-rated health status—as outcome variables in association with marital status in Korean middle-aged men (age 40-44) living in Seoul and other regions.RESULTS: Married men showed the lowest cigarette smoking prevalence and the highest subjective health status both before and after adjusting for education and income. The odds of engaging in vigorous physical activity did not show a major difference before and after adjustment for income and education.CONCLUSIONS: In married men, the prevalence of cigarette smoking was lowest and subjective health status was highest, similar to previous studies. However, the prevalence of engaging in physical activity was highest in divorced/widowed/separated men. The health behaviors and health status of Korean middle-aged adults should be more closely followed, since they are representative of demographic changes in the Korean population.


Assuntos
Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Educação , Características da Família , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Coreia (Geográfico) , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Estado Civil , Casamento , Atividade Motora , Prevalência , Características de Residência , Seul , Fumar
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